Henry VIII: July 1513, 16-31

Pages 952-967

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 1, 1509-1514. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.

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July 1513

16 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 19. R.O.
2097. NAVY.
Bill of provisions delivered to the Mawdelen of Pole, for Sir Adrian Fortescu and 54 mariners, for six weeks from 16 July.
Small paper, mutilated, p. 1.
16 July.
Lit. Cantuar. (J. B. Sheppard), III. 430.
2098. HENRY VIII. to the QUEEN.
Desires her to call the Archbishop of Canterbury and three or four of her Council and show the said Chancellor that, whereas the King has twice written to him to conform to certain ordinances made in the cause testamentary between him and certain other bishops, he has not agreed, although it was by his assent that the King took up the matter and the parties have "continued" (stopped) the cause in the Court of Rome by the King's command. Understands by his Privy Seal, the bp. of Winchester, being here in his service, that the Chancellor has cited and vexed Mr. John Incent, commissary of the said Privy Seal in Hamshyre, for usurping the jurisdiction of Canterbury. She shall charge the Chancellor both to cease vexing Incent and to obey the ordinances and certify the King directly by letter of his conformity. Calais, 16 July (A.D. 1513).
16 July. 2099. JAMES IV. to HENRY VIII.
See No. 2122 (2).
17 July.
Stowe MS. 146, f. 86. B.M.
Warrant to John Daunce to pay lord Richard Gray, one of the King's spears, a year's wages from 14 July next. Calais, 2 July 5 Hen. VIII.
Small parchment, p. 1. Endd. with Thos. Rokeby's receipt for 56l. 3s. 4d. in payment of the above wages for his master, dated 17 July.
17 July.
Vitell. B XVIII., 89. B.M.
"... the Emperor's advice is, that the King [send for the Duke of Bruns]wik folks, and appoint with them in which the Emperor would should be appointed by "
15 July.
"That the Emperor was not content with the truce of Gueldres, specially ... the ransoming of Monsr. de Wafner, albeit ... have patience because he thought thereby to bry ... Base contre to the war and to give sufficient assistance. Item that the Emperor thought by such knowledge as he had out [of France] that if the French King may be sure that the King of [Aragon] will keep the truce betwixt them he would give ... the King of England. And he thinketh that consi[dering] the fame of the Swiss and that within two days [they shall] be personally within six days' journeys of Paris the [French King] will withdraw part of his power to those ... Item that the Emperor marvelleth that the King would not a[dvertise him] what way he would take after his descent and [thinketh that] the King wasteth both money and time in [laying] siege to Tirwayne for lack of expert folks. An[d if the] King intend to have his assistance in body ... that from henceforth he will ask his advice [which shall] procede of long experience and true meaning. Item that he hath sent to the Swiss the Mares[chal of Bur]goyne with 500 horsemen, 300 horse of the Du[ke of Wirtem]bergis, 100 horse of the Marquis of Branden[burg ... of] the Counte of Somme and 200 [* * * some lines lost] to the King to have ... King's matters to his comfort; for he hath a ... that the King's matters should go well, and he [calleth] him the King's soldier, because he hath [rece]ived his money, and after the making of his oath [hath] shewed always that he intended in his own person to enter into France and to speak with you, and that he marvelled that he had never knowledge by Sir Robert Wingfield that it should be the King's desire that he should so do." As he is coming nearer, he will think it strange if he be not advertised of the premises. When he enters Luxembourg he expects to know how the affairs of France go.
17th July.
When Sir Robert Wingfield requested the licence the Emperor readily consented to it. The Emperor says he wrote to the King, on the 15th July, of his intended entry into France, and that he had urged the Swiss to haste. Wingfield says he does not appear to meditate an enterprise against Burgundy unless the Prince's subjects consent and help. "And that he was cause the Swissers to . . . through his country of Ferrat and so to pass into Champayne . . . that he may come in betwixt both armies, and that [he did not kno]w whether the French King will give the King battle . . . one (?) of puissance out of such quarters as it . . . thereof 15 days' warning, and if he . . . with the King, and if the battle be . . ."
In Fox's hand, very badly mutilated, pp. 2.
Hist. MSS.
Com., Rep. X. App. 4, p. 446.
News, for the prior of Worcester, of proceedings in the siege of Terouenne from 10 to 18 July [1513] stating, inter alia, that on Sunday night, 10 July, many dozen fair young women were killed by the fall of a house, the English guns battering the walls and breaking many houses; that on Saturday, St. Kenelm's Eve (16 July), 6,000 French who appeared on a hill a mile to the north-west were routed by Sir Rice ap Thomas; and that on St. Kenelm's Day the French showed on the south side of the town but were driven in at the gates.
[18] July.
Le Glay, Corresp. de Max. et de Marg., II., 185.
On her writing that the King of England desired to have Duke Henry of Brunswick's services the Emperor sent to the Duke, who replied that he already had sent deputies to the King. Sends herewith a letter which the English ambassador here writes to his master therein. Desires her to forward it and report to him what despatch the said deputies obtain. Bitberg, [18] July 1513.
18 July.
Sanuto, XVI., 524.
2104. VENICE.
[Note of letters read 23 July 1513.]
From the Signory of Florence to Peter Bibiena, 16 July.—The Bishop of Marseilles, ambassador of France, arrived on the 17th from Genoa and left for Rome on the 18th with a great commission from the King. Letters, of the 3rd, from France state that the French in Terouenne have made a sally and captured three pieces of artillery.
Ib., 525. ii. From the Bishop of Marseilles to Andrea Griti, Florence, 18 July.—Found letters at Florence stating that the French and English had fought a battle in which 15,000 persons were killed, mostly English, and the French won.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 260–1.
19 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 4, f. 106. R.O.
"Paid by me, John [Da]unce, by the King's commandment, the 19th day of July, the 5th year of his reign, these sums of money following, in the presence of Mr. Almoner:—
"First, 40l. for espyall to the captain of Remyngham; item, 10 marks for free passage at the ferry at the nunnery beside Gravelinge; item, 40s. for espyall to Mr. Ponynges; and 200 crownes of the soillels (accounting every crown 4s. 4d. st., that is 43l. 6s. 8d. st.) in reward to the Duke of Broneswyke ambassadors; in all, 92l."
Signed: Thomas Wulcy.
19 July.
Galba B. III., 126. B.M.
2106. [4355.] SPINELLY to [HENRY VIII.].
Wrote last on the 17th. The Governor of the Merchants Adventurers and he delivered Henry's letters to my Lady of Savoy. She will use her influence with Dissilsteyne to serve the King. Details the terms of his service. By letters that came yesternight from the Emperor, he is at Treves and will in eight days be at Lusshyngbourne, where a band of men of war shall meet him. By letters from Verona, the 10th, the Viceroy of Naples was at Montagnana. Barth. Dalbiano has fled to Padua and Treviso. The Bp. of Gource started for Verona on the 8th. Has offered 4,000 g. guilders to compound the matter of the carrack. My Lady again recommends Loys Moreton and the two grooms of the Emperor's chamber. Lord Berghis told him that one of the chief causes of his being sent to the King was to persuade him to go to Rens in Champagne, where the Emperor would meet him, and see him crowned. The ratification had not come from Gueldres. Sends a letter from Sir Robt. Wingfield to the King. Brussels, 19 July 1513. Signed.
Pp. 4. Mutilated. Noted by Fox.
Add. MS.
32,091, f. 97. B.M.
2. Modern copy of the above.
Pp. 2.
19 July.
Sanuto, XVI., 585.
2107. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 4 Aug. 1513.]
From Dr. Marco Dandolo, knight, ambassador, Paris, 14–19 July.—The King at Bois de Vincennes preparing to go against the King of England. Terouenne holds out. The King of Scotland sent ships and wrote expressing surprise that the King had not written to him to attack England. The King at once wrote to him to do so. Told the King how the Venetian army in the Cremonese had retreated after the rout of the French. He answered that the Signory should keep their men, for he hoped to be in Milan by Michaelmas, having 1,000 lances in Dauphiny and Lyons ready to go to Italy as soon as some arrangement is made with the English; he was glad to hear of Andrea Griti's arrival in Venice. Terouenne and the King of England. The deceased King of Talmor, that is Denmark, uncle of the King of Scotland, left him 100,000 ducats, who wanted them to use against the English. The King of Scotland sent the King, to Brittany, 11 ships one of which is of 1,000 tons and two of 500. Some of them were built to go against the Infidels. The Bishop of Murray, ambassador of Scotland, is there seeking certain money, and has asked Dandolo to help him. The two captains deputed against the English are Mons. d'Angoulême, the King's son-in-law and heir presumptive, and the Duke of Bourbon. The latter, with Mons. d'Aubigny, is already departed. The King will not give battle. Terouenne can last two months, and if it should fall the King of England, who goes thither in person, will there be imprisoned with his army. * * * The King of England will not be able to stay very long.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 268.
19 July.
Vitell. B. II., 46b. B.M. Rym. XIII., 373.
2108. [4354.] The CARDINALS to HENRY VIII.
Notifying the death of Julius II. on the 21 Feb., and the election of Leo X. the 11 March. Rome, 19 July.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add.
21 July.
Hist. MSS. Com., Rep. on Various Collections, vol. IV., p. 88.
2109. EXETER.
Commission by Hugh bp. of Exeter to Thomas bishop of Solubria to consecrate the church of St. Petroc, Exeter. Exeter, 21 July 1513.
21 July.
Le Glay, Negoc. entre la France et l'Autriche, I., 527.
The French are strong in cavalry but not in infantry; however, Mons. de Gheldres is now leading 8,000 to join them. Hears they will not give battle. They say that Mons. d'Angoulême and Mons. de Bourbon have arrived at Amiens with the pensioners of the King and 200 archers. The French say that if the English should suffer a reverse the Prince's countries, especially Hainault, will suffer next; and he knows they would like to have this town to retire to at need. Warns her of this as he has but few men. Does not fear their taking it by stratagem. Learns, from a letter, that Mons. du Pont-de-Remy captain of Terouenne, has destroyed two of the English mines. The English say they will have the town whatever it cost. Thinks the town must be short of provisions as two or three unsuccessful attempts have been made to revictual it. They have gone to-day within a league of their camp. They number 1,500 men at arms, but he does not know the number of the infantry. Was told yesterday that Henry was at Ardres. He spreads the report of his progress that the French may come and meet him, which they do not seem inclined to do. Thanks her for her letter. The Castle at Hesdin, 21 July 1513.
22 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 4, f. 107. R.O.
2111. [5759.] T. [RUTHAL] BP. OF DURHAM to LORD DARCY (fn. 1).
Thanks him for his letters dated Berwick the 14th instant. Has not leisure to write all he intended. "The post departed so suddenly, for divers causes, as well touching the King's ships at the New Castell, as also such espial as by your wisdom should be had out of Scotland, wherein ye have at this time and divers other acquitted yourself to your honour and much praise here." Desires that his constable may be informed of whatever news Darcy hears from Scotland. Two lines occasionally from Darcy would do much for the security of the bishop's castle (Norham). Will write more by next post. London, on Mary Magdalene Day. Signed: Your awn, T. Duresme.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 July.
Sp. Transcr., I., 5, f. 278. R.O.
The ambassadors sent by Ferdinand have delivered all their letters and declared their mission, and although he gave his answer by mouth he thinks it advisable to repeat it in this letter. An invasion of Bearn would not profit him, as the French would certainly not send troops thither and he does not believe that it would cause a rupture with France. An attack on the frontiers of France was expressly promised when Henry was induced to undertake the common war with the French. Begs his good father not entirely to forsake him; and to decide quickly as a battle is imminent. Camp near Calkewell, 22 July 1513.
See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 125. Latin. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 4.
22 July.
Galba B. III., 128. B.M.
2113. [4359.] SPINELLY to HENRY VIII.
Wrote his last on 20th. The same day the Emperor arrived at Namur; he is expected here or at Mechlin on Sunday next. Dissilsteyne is gone to Grave to get ready. The Lord of Shmurzemborg will join him with 150 horse. Dissilsteyne left word the bands should resort to Lord Walham, in his absence. The Swiss have passed by Geneva. The Lords Vargy and Varembon have left Burgundy to join them. The French have burnt the suburbs of Lyons in dread of their approach. My Lady has sent the ambassador of Aragon here resident to the Emperor to have the Viceroy of Naples joined in commission with the Bp. of Gource, who, she suspects, is not well affected to the treaty between the Emperor and the Venetians. President Delaroche and two doctors of the Council have urged her to do justice to the patron of the carrack, and grant him letters of reprisal upon Henry's subjects. Spinelly answered by repeating the offer of 4,000 gold gilders; and they finally concluded to write the letter to Henry which goes with this. Brussells, 22 July 1513. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
23 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 4, f. 108. R.O.
Wrote last on the 21st, stating the Emperor had asked him whether he had heard from Henry. Yesterday Sir Symond de Ferrette came to him from the Emperor with Mr. Hans Reynner, demanding whether he had yet received news from Henry, as Ferrette had shown him that the King was glad the Emperor had come into these parts and desired that he (the Emperor) "should come straight to him," and had advertised Ferrette to that effect. Wingfield replied, that though the King was pleased with the Emperor's arrival, there must be some misunderstanding as to his words; that whenever a place for a meeting is appointed, Wingfield will be advertised thereof. They said the Emperor was willing to go over to Henry, and trust him as his own son. Thinks there is some mystery in it, and that Henry did not so expressly say the Emperor should come to him, and there are "some sherewis that would your words should be taken to the worst sense." Some persons have been setting the Emperor against the King's enterprise in France, pointing out that if successful it will make him too proud, and if unsuccessful put the Prince's country in great danger. Brussells in Brabant, 23 July 1513.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
23 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 4, f. 110. R.O.
2115. [4362.] NEWS FROM GERMANY.
"Coppie des lettres que le maistre d'hostel de Monsieur le mareschal de Bourgoyne, estant devers lempereur, a escript a ung gentil homme nomme Bellegarde, qui est a la court de Monsieur larchiduc avec le filz de mondit seigneur le mareschal, et luy a rescript affin que Madame fut advertye du voullior et emprinses des Suiches, desquelles la tenur sensuit." Arrived this evening at Cologne, and has spoken to the Emperor touching the affair of the Swiss, who wish to go by Burgundy, and have sent to Mons. le Marechal requiring horse and artillery. The marshal is waiting the determination of the Emperor, who will send Madame a copy of the Swiss letter. The writer, hearing that the Emperor had started for Cologne, went straight thither. The marshal will doubtless send the news. Cologne, 23 July.
Fr., p. 1. Copy described as signed Jehan Bourdot and addressed to Mons. de Bellegarde. Endorsed by Spinelly.
24 July.
Sanuto, XVI., 648.
2116. VENICE.
[Note of letters received 22 Aug. 1513.]
From the Ambassador in France, [Paris], 24 July.—The Scots have invaded England, in one place with 14,000 and in another with 10,000, advancing 30 miles and taking four towns. They have sent into ... a fleet of 22 ships, one of which is large, carrying 6,000 combatants and 2,000 mariners, to meet the King of France in ... The King of Scotland in person would invade England.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 276.
Ib., 647. ii. Other notes from the same letters, viz.: that the King who was at Bois de Vincennes would have his army (numbers estimated) together by 15 Aug. and go in person against the King of England. Terouenne holds out. There will either be a battle or an appointment, and afterwards the King will come to Italy in person. The Duke of Gueldres has offered to come to Italy.
Ib., 651. iii. A procession has been made there at St. Denis for the King's departure, who goes against the English with better heart than legs, as he is still suffering from gout. The Queen was against his going. He will have 44,000 foot, counting the 10,000 whom the Duke of Gueldres will bring, and 2,800 men of arms. The Queen has said "The King will never sever himself from the Signory; but I see that unless he aggrandises himself in Italy he will never be in peace, and therefore both you and we must grow in Italy."
25 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 20. R.O.
Receipt, from John Daunce, 25 July 5 Hen. VIII., by Ric. Prowes, of 5 mks. for "bringing letters to the King's Grace from the King of Aragon, and now is returned back again."
P. 1.
25 July.
Stowe MS. 146, f. 87. B.M.
2118. HARNESS.
Warrant to John Dauncy to pay Richard Fermour 113l. 11s. 10d. for harness (specified) bought on 20 July. Field beside Guysnes, 24 July 5 Hen. VIII.
Parchment, p. 1. Endd. with Fermour's receipt dated 25 July.
25 July.
Sanuto, XVI., 592.
2119. VENICE.
[Extract from letters seen 5 Aug. 1513.]
From Roberto Acciaioli, Florentine ambassador in France, 21 to 23 July.—Siege of Terouenne. The English have lost reputation by lying there 29 days without making a single assault. The King of France has been detained by gout. He will leave for Amiens within two days.
P.S., 25 July.—The King has left for Amiens.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 269.
26 July.
Calig. D. VI., 92. B.M. Ellis, 1 S., I., 79.
As she is not likely to hear so often from the King after his departure from Calais, "for the great business in his journey that every day he shall have,"—sends her servant to bring her word, and begs that Wolsey will write by her messengers successively of the King's health. As he draws near the enemy, she will never be at rest till she often have letters from Wolsey. Was glad to see the brief sent by the Pope to the King—will be more so, if he make an honorable peace for the King, or "help on his part as much as he can, knowing that all the business that the King hath was first the cause of the Church." Trusts he will come home shortly, with as great a victory as ever prince had. "Mr. Almoner, touching Frauncesse de Casserys matter, I thank you for your labor therein. True it is she was my woman before she was married, but now since she cast herself away, I have no more charge of her. For very pity to see her lost I prayed you in Canterbury to find the means to send her home into her country. Now ye think that with my letter of recommendation to the Duchess of Savoy, she shall be content to take her into her service. This, Mr. Almoner, is not meet for her, for she is so perilous a woman that it shall be dangerous to put her in a strange house. And ye will do so much for me, to make her go hence by the way with the ambassador of the King my father, it should be to me a great pleasure, and with that ye shall bind me to you more than ever I was." Would be glad if he will ask the King to write and thank the Council for their diligence. R[ichmond 2]6 July.
The Lord Admiral has sent [a prisoner] taken with his ship, and brought to him as the said ... from Depe towards Flanders. Signed.
Slightly mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: To Master Almoner.
26 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 230, f. 21. R.O.
2121. BERWICK.
Warrant to John Heron, treasurer of the Chamber, to deliver Wm. Pawne "[the so]me of t . . hundreth poundes" to be employed upon wages and necessaries for the defence of Berwick upon Tweed. Richmond, 26 July 5 Hen. VIII. Signed by the Queen. Countersigned: Will'm Cantuar, W. Mountjoy, T. Englefild, Ni. West, W. Hungerford, Will'm ...
ii. Subscribed as received by Pawne, 28 July.
Mutilated, p. 1.
26 July.
Calig. B. VI., 50. B.M.
2122. [3339, 4351.] JAMES IV. to HENRY VIII.
Has received his letter sent by Rosse herald, approving the proceedings of the English commissioners upon the Borders in delaying the meeting for redress until the 25th Oct.; also, letters by Iley, declining to enter into the truce between the Kings of France and Aragon, without consent of his confederates, and stating that the Emperor, the King of Aragon, and himself were bound to make war against France during the present summer, according to their oaths taken in St. Paul's church, in London, upon St. Mark's day last past. Further, Henry has refused safe-conduct to a servitor of James' to come to his presence.
Complains that the meeting of Commissioners upon the Borders had been appointed after mature deliberations; that the assertion that slayers by sea should appear only by their attornies, is a proof that Henry "will neither kepe good wais of justice and amytie nor goodness"; that protection was given to Bastard Herne who slew James' warden (fn. 2); that Henry withholds his (James's) wife's legacy; that Andrew Barton had been killed; that the Duke of Gueldres was molested; that the King of France had been caused to lose his country of Milan and was now invaded without cause; that Henry told the herald that James gave fair words and thought the contrary; that the Cardinal of York, Henry's ambassador, misrepresented James's intentions to Pope Julius; that safe-conducts had been denied, although requested by the English ambassador, Dr. West; and therefore James will take part with France, and has granted letters of marque to his subjects. Edinburgh, 26 July.
Contemporary copy, pp. 4.
* This defiance as printed in Hall's Chronicle exhibits a few verbal differences, of which the most important are "Raff harald" for "Rosse harald," and "xvth day of October" for "xxvth day of October."
S.P. Scotland,
Hen. VIII., 1, f. 15. R.O.
2. Another contemporary copy reading "xv" Oct. and the date "16" July. (fn. 3)
Large paper, p. 1.
Harl. MS. 2252,
f. 39. B.M.
3. Another copy reading "xv" Oct. and "Lyon" instead of "Ilay." Undated.
Copy, pp. 4. Headed as sent to King Harry VIII. as he lay at the siege of Turwyn in France by Ilay, the Scottish herald of arms.
Sanuto, XVI.,
4. Italian translation of the above, read at Venice, 27 Aug. 1513, and described as a defiance which was to be presented to the King of England, 4 Aug., at his camp against Therouenne.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, No. 278, for a comparison of this translation with the text in Hall's Chronicle.
Club, No. 37. (Edit. Spencer).
5. Contemporary Latin translation printed at Rome in 1513.
26 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII., 4, f. 111. R.O.
2123. [4364.] SPINELLY to HENRY VIII.
Wrote last on the 25th. Yester even the Emperor had arrived at the castle of Voura, two leagues hence, with Lord Berghis, and is expected here to-night, bringing 400 horsemen in harness. The ambassadors of Gueldres brought the ratification of the truce this morning. The Lady Margaret proposes that England should retain all the 1,500 foot that served in Gueldres. She will give orders that 400 horse at Mastrik in the retinue of Dissilstain be sent to the English army. The governor of the Merchants Adventurers departs to-morrow. Lord Fenys has written that the English will be successful at Terouenne, but their captains do not very well agree. Sir Robert Wingfield will transmit the good news from Rome sent him by the Emperor. The Aragonese ambassador with the Emperor came hither yesternight with his fellow here. Marnyx tells him secretly they are urgent that Loyes Moreton (Maroton) should be sent to Henry "with the ambassador's brother that came from the King of Aragon." Sends a letter received from the man he sent to Camfere, and a copy of one written by the Count de Carpe to the Emperor concerning the restitution of the two schismatic cardinals (fn. 4). Trusts my Lord Cardinal of York (Bainbridge) has sent to the King many days ago the other writing comprised in the same. Wishes him victory over his enemies. Brussells, 26 July 1513.
Has just learned that the Emperor has sent Simon de Ferret to the King, for what intent neither Spinelly nor my Lady knows. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
26 July.
Galba B. III., 85.
Wrote last on the 23rd from this t[own]. Yesterday the Emperor sent James de Banyssis to him, stating he had received letters from Count de Carpi, his ambassador at Rome. After long solicitation the Pope declined to join the league, which he considers to be made "so straightly betwixt the Emperor and you against the French King"—he is, however, ready to join a league betwixt the Emperor, England, Aragon, Duke of Milan, and the Swiss generally, without naming the French. Hereupon the Card. of England, Jerome Vyke, and the ambassador of Milan had authority to act, and Carpi sent to the Emperor for instructions, while the Pope sent to the Swiss for an authority from them. Wingfield brought to the notice of Banyssis that article in the treaty specifying it should remain, though both the Pope and the King of Aragon should refuse to join; and thought that the mandate should be sent at once to Carpi. My Lady continues friendly to England, and trusts the King of Aragon will join the Emperor and Henry. Yesternight visited the ambassadors of Spain. The brother of Don John de la Newce, who came lately to Henry from the King of Aragon, had just arrived, and had, apparently "departed from your Grace not best content." To-night the Emperor will be here. B[russells], 26 July 1513.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
27 July.
Le Glay, Negoc.
entre la France
et l'Autriche,
I., 529.
Has heard since her last letter that Henry is within two leagues of St. Omer. Intends to visit him to-morrow. This morning after the King had marched about half a league, the French showed themselves leaving a wood, in number about 1,500 men at arms and 2,000 foot, on which a skirmish ensued at the rear. Henry was much pleased at this as he desires a battle. The French, however, withdrew without doing anything, seeing the good order of the English. He will probably join his army before Terouenne without danger. Encloses letters from Bresilles, who is with the King. Saint Omer, 27 July.
27 July.
Sanuto, XVI., 561.
2126. VENICE.
[Note of letters read 30 July 1513.]
From the Signory of Florence to Peter Bibiena.—News from the French court written by the Florentine ambassador, 14 July. The King going in person against the English.
Ib., 566. ii. [Read 31 July.]
From the Ambassador at Rome, 26 and 27 July.—Letters from France of 14 to 18 July state that the King is going in person against the King of England (who landed at Calais with 32,000 men and 3,000 horse); and all the nobility of France would muster at Amiens. The captains are Angoulême and Bourbon. The Duke of Gueldres is expected, with 10,000 foot and some horse. Terouenne stood firm and the English had rather lost ground.
Italian. See Venetian Calendar, II, Nos. 265–6.
27 July.
Pet. Mart.
No. 525.
Pescara has gone to Genoa, which has surrendered. D'Alviano, after laying siege to Verona, has been driven into Padua by Pescara and Prosper Colonna. Leo has received the revolted Cardinals, Santa Croce and San Severino, who made their submission in a very humble manner. The English and Swiss Cardinals condemned Leo, and would not be present at the ceremony; they said it was opening the door to similar offences, and left Rome in anger. The King of England has besieged Terouenne. The French endure the disgrace and dare not attack them. The English have lost some of their wagons sent to fill up the foss at Terouenne, on a sally from the French, as they had advanced too far and were not supported. Valladolid, vi. kal. Aug. 1513.
[29 July.]
Le Glay, Negoc.
entre la France
et l'Autriche,
I., 530.
On Thursday (fn. 5) the English and French armies, the latter of which consists of 1,700 or 1,800 men at arms and 12,000 foot, were drawn up opposite each other for some time. No attack was made but ten or twelve archers were killed by the English artillery. While in this position the bands of Mons. de Lignes, Mons. de Walain and the bastard of Hemeries came up in good order and the French retired. The King of England marched on towards the camp, leaving a large piece of artillery in a ditch. Several men left to extricate it were attacked by the French, 34 or 36 being killed. Henry, hearing of this, sent back the Hennuyers, who pursued the French a long time and took six or seven. The King of France is still at Vincennes, Augoulême and Bourbon at Beauvais. Augoulême is going to Lyons, and Bourbon to Guienne. Hears from a person who came from Paris that the French have lost (fn. 6) 400 men at arms. Begs that she will ask the Emperor to order the payment of the 3,000 fl. g. promised him for his services in Italy.
30 July.
Le Glay,
Corresp. de
Max. et
de Marg.,
II., 183.
Has granted to a servant of the King of England an eschevinaige du Franc (fn. 7) which he had previously granted to his councillor and secretary, Maître Anthoine de Waudripont. Now one of these eschevinaiges is vacant and Waudripont making suit for it. She must keep the matter in suspense till her coming to the Emperor. Grantmont, 30 July 1513.
31 July.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
4, f. 113.
2130. [4374, 4421.] WAR WITH FRANCE.
Indenture, made 31 July 5 Hen. VIII., witnessing receipt of money for soldiers' wages (specified) from Sir Robert Dymok, treasurer of the King's rearward, for the month 31 July to 27 Aug., viz.:—(1) By Henry earl of Northumberland, grand captain of his own retinue, for 439l. 9s. 8d. Signed.
Mutilated, p. 1.
Ib., 5, f. 16. (2) By Sir [Robert Willoughby] Lord Broke for 251l. 15s. 8d. Signed: "Wylughby."
Ib., 17. (3) By Will. Morgan for 79l. 2s. Signed.
Ib., 18. (4) By Sir Alex. Beynam, for 81l. 18s. Signed.
Ib., 19. (5) By John Savage, for 156l. 16s. Signed.
Ib., 20. (6) By Thos. Philippes, for 79l. 16s. Signed.
Sp. Transcr.,
I., 5, f. 273.
Instruction to Diego de Quiros to tell Don Luis Caroz, who has tried to justify his conduct, that at any rate he acted without orders and caused inconvenience, and in future he must conclude no treaty of which the draft has not received Ferdinand's sanction. As to his question about sending news, Ferdinand wishes to know all that happens. Quiros shall tell Don Luis why the Provincial of Aragon did not go and that it was afterwards doubtful whether the Queen wished a Spanish confessor. Will send a confessor in the course of the summer and meanwhile Don Luis shall see "that neither the honour of the Queen suffer not that she be put to inconvenience." Good Spanish physicians do not like to go abroad, but the best that can be found willing to go to England shall be sent. Approves of Francisca de Caceres entering the service of Princess Maria his daughter, and has written to Madame Margaret and Juan de Lanuza therein. Despatch of Caroz's letters through a merchant of Burgos. According to Spanish law subjects are forbidden to sell ships to foreigners. Has out of paternal love pardoned those who sold vessels to the King of England, but begs that in future neither the King nor his subjects buy any unless the seller can show licence to sell.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 6. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 22.
Ib., f. 280.
Wrote by Pedro de Lanuza and afterwards, on 8 July inst., via Flanders, by Pedro Beltrian and by sea by Lope de Mena, servants of Don Pedro de Urea. Has had no answer. Can best succour the King of England from Italy and has ordered his viceroy to concert with the Emperor and Pope an invasion of France through Savoy; but the Emperor must first make peace with Venice, and this the King of England must urge. Cannot immediately invade France on the Spanish frontier, but will do so when the treaty for the conquest of Guienne is concluded. The French have made new offers for peace which he has declined to consider without the previous consent of the King of England. Caroz must persuade the Emperor and King to write continually to the Pope that they remain allies of Spain for defence of the Church and that he ought to enter their League too, for unless the power of France is lowered she will always disturb Italy. Hopes thus to get the Pope to contribute to the pay of Spanish troops in Italy and censure the French. That the King of France has abandoned the schismatic Council is not enough. He must make public penance. Otherwise "the Pope would harbour in his bosom the snake which would poison the whole church." The accession of the Pope is necessary to give their alliance a colour of justice. French plan of campaign against the English. Has appointed two swift vessels to pass between Calais and Guipuscoa as long as the King of England remains in France; and Caroz must send continual news of the King, and of the Emperor who will soon join him.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 5. See Spanish Calendar, Vol. II, No. 126.
Egerton MS.
544, f. 130.
2. Another modern copy.
Pp. 6.
Eras. Ep. VII.
[Edit. Allen,
I. 271.]
2133. [1404.] ERASMUS to THOMAS MORE.
Lupset thinks he has been saved from the grave by Erasmus. The masters of the University do all they can to bring him back from the study of Greek into their mill of dialectics. Urges More to help the good cause. Is translating Plutarch's De discernendo adulatorem ab amico. Pray salute Lazarus and exhort him to finish writing out the things he has in hand; for Erasmus has several novelties which will please him. Cambridge, 1510.
Eras. Ep.
(Edit. Allen),
I. 272.
Preface to his translation of Plutarch's De discrimine adulatoris et amici.
Royal MS.
14 B. XII.
2135. [4310.] ARMY.
"Wages appointed by the King and his Council for the master of the Ordnance" and others of the rearward, viz.:—
Master of the ordnance, my lord Curson, and four councillors (wages not stated). Four clerks at his nomination at 12d. a day. Treasurer, appointed by the King's Council, 2s.; with 8 yeomen (wages not stated) and 2 clerks at 12d. Comptroller, 2s.; with 6 yeomen at 8d. and 2 clerks at 12d. Provost, "wages by the day as it was by Sir Robert Dymmokkes book"; with _ (blank) yeomen at 8d. Purveyor at 2s., with a clerk at 12d. and 10 yeomen at 8d. John de Lucy, lieutenant of the ordnance, and the Master Gunner (wages not stated). Gunners, accounting two to each piece of ordnance, 200, paid as follows, viz., such as shoot bombardes and bombardynes 2s. a day, such as "shoot a great piece as curtowe or postill" 16d., such as shoot slyng or serpentyne 10d., such as shoot orgonnes or fawconys 8d., their men in each case 8d.; the chief conductor of the guns, 4s.; Garett, "his wages by the day as it was by Sir Dymmokes book." Carters, "rateably after the numbers of the horses that draweth the guns," with one headman, at 8d., to every two great guns or to every five serpentines and smaller guns, in charge of horses, carts, gunshot and powder. Chief conductor of artillery and carriage, at 4s. Principal director for every 30 carts, at 2s. Headman for every 10 carts, at 8d. Miners, 100 at 6d., with captain at 4s., petty captain 2s. and ten head men at 8d. Two surgeons at 12d. A master smith and 20 smiths, master carpenter, 40 carpenters, master wheeler and 20 wheelers, master bowyer and 20 bowyers, master fletcher and 12 fletchers, master plumber and 4 plumbers, master mason and 4 masons, master stringer and 4 stringers, master horseharnessmaker and 20 horseharnessmakers, master gunpowdermaker and 2 gunpowdermakers, the masters at 12d. and their men at 8d.; four sawyers at 8d.; and a captain of the said artificers at 4s. Pioneers, 500 (wages not stated); with chief captain at 4s., 10 petty captains at 2s., and 50 headmen at 8d. The master trenchmaker with wages as in Dymmoke's book, and four servants at 8d. Provider for guides at 2s. and four guides at 8d. Two "harbigers" at 8d. Carters besides the headmen 600, at 6d. Four chaplains, at 6d.
A parchment roll.
S.P. Hen. VIII.,
4, f. 91.
2136. [4313.] WOLSEY to [SIR ROBERT] DYMMOKE.
Has bargained with the bearer, John Van Esyll of Acon, for the carrying of the King's two great culverins with 28 mares, at 10d. a day for each mare. Signed: "Thomas Wulcy."
Small paper, faded, p. 1. Below, in another hand: "Notandum, that this warrant serroffes for the 4l. 13s. 4d. that John Vanessell had for 4 days wages for 28 mares at 10d. by the day for every mare."
2137. GRANTS IN JULY, 1513.
1. William Corteney, squire for the Body. To be, for life, lieutenant of the forest of Racche and keeper of the park of North Petherton, with the forest and chace adjoining, lately held by Sir Edmund Carrewe, deceased, formerly by Giles late Lord Dawbeney. Dover Castle, 28 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 July. P.S. (in English). Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17. [4315.]
ii. Duplicate of the above. P.S. (a fragment).
2. Edward Gregson late of Fladebury, Worc., alias late of Kirton, Devon, clk., and James Gregson late of Kirton, yeoman. Pardon for all trespasses of vert and venison; and of judgments obtained against them in the Common Pleas by Hugh bp. of Exeter. S.B. (without note of delivery). Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17. (Westm., 1 July.) [4316.]
3. Gaol Delivery.
Norfolk Circuit.—Commission to Sir John Fyneux, Sir Rob. Reed, and Wm. Mordaunt. Westm., 1 July. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8d. [4317.]
4. John Turnor and Robert Browne. To be bailiffs and receivers, in survivorship, of the lordships and manors of Ailewarton and Pensaunce, Cornw., parcel of the lands of Alianora late countess of Somerset, from the first day of the reign; in as ample manner as the said John held the offices under Henry VII. Also to be in survivorship keepers of the mansion or inn called Warwike's Inne, in the city of London, and receivers general of the possessions called Coopercionarslandes, which were of the said Alianora and were afterwards in the hands of divers coparcioners; from the first day of the reign. Greenwich, 15 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18, and p. 2, m. 30. (Teste Regina.) [4321.]
5. Henry Pole. Livery of lands as son and heir of Sir Richard Pole, viz.: the manors of Ellesborough and Medmynham, Bucks, and elsewhere. Greenwich, 14 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19. (Teste Regina.) [4325.]
6. Christopher Urswik, clk., and Robert Cressy. Next presentation, to a prebend and canonry in the collegiate chapel of St. Stephen, Westminster. Greenwich, 15 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20. (Teste Regina.) [4332.]
7. Priory of Marton. Mortmain licence for John Norton, John Baker, clk., Bartholomew Stable, clk., Richard Otterburne, Thomas Weresdale, Thomas Lamme, Nicholas Maland, and Thomas Gammyll, to alienate 24 acres of meadow and 116 acres of pasture in Cornburgh, to the prior and convent of St. Mary Marton. Greenwich, 15 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17. [4335.]
8. Prior and Convent of Ledes, Kent. Mortmain licence to acquire lands to the annual value of 20l. Dover Castle, 28 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6. [4334.]
9. Thomas Chambre, grocer, London. Protection for one year; going in the suite of Sir Gilbert Talbot, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 5 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17. [4338.]
10. George Throgmorton, one of the King's spears. To be keeper of the park of Claredon, Warw., for life, vice John Whyting. Dover Castle, 29 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9. [4337.]
11. Association of Justices of Assize.
Norfolk Circuit.—Wm. Mordaunt with Sir John Fyneux and Sir Rob. Rede. Westm., 11 July.
Western Circuit.—Thos. Elyott and Thos. Fitzhugh with Ric. Elyott and Lewis Pollard. Same date.
Midland Circuit.—John Jenour and Ric. Heigham with Humphrey Conyng[esby] and Guy Palmes. Same date.
Home Circuit.—Simon Fitz with John Butteler and John More. Same date. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7d. [4339.]
12. Bartholomew Westby, secondary baron of the Exchequer. Annuity of 40 marks during pleasure, out of the petty custom and subsidies of London, with arrears from 22 April 1 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 14 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17. [4340.]
13. Walter Harper, yeoman of the Male, and William Holme, page of the Cellar. Grant, in survivorship, of the manor of Frutewell, Oxon, and lands in Frutewell, lately held for life by Sir Robert Spencer, on surrender of patent 28 June 3 Hen. VIII., granting the said Walter two tenements in Frutewell; with issues from Mich. 2 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 July 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19. [4342.]
14. Commission of the Peace. See Appendix.
[Berks.]—Westm., 12 July. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d. [4341.]
15. John Cavallari, merchant of Lucca. Denization, to him and the heirs of his body. Del. Westm., 13 July 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15. [4344.]
16. William Wygeston, of Leicester, junr., merchant of the Staple of Calais, Thomas Wygeston, clk., Roger Wygeston and William Fissher, clk. Licence to found a hospital for two chaplains and twelve poor men in the town of Leicester, to be called the hospital of William Wygeston; with mortmain licence to acquire lands, &c. to the annual value of 40 marks. Calais, 3 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Mortlake, 13 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17 (dated Westm., 13 July). [4345.]
17. Thos. Seneawgh. To be, during pleasure, searcher in the port of Breggewater. Westm., 13 July. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18. [4346.]
18. John Gros. To be general receiver, during pleasure, of the following lands, viz., arrears of the late lord Fitzwater; lands late of Simon Mounford, Humphrey Stafford, Killingworth, Fenwik, William Kendale (afterwards of John Trefry in co. Gloucester), and Botryngon; fee farms of York, Rochestre, and Aylesbury; the farm of the office of sheriff of Northumberland; the farm of the swans in the Thames; [lands of] Yoxhale, Gry[ms]tone, Shawe, Werke and Plenymellor, Norstede, and Cleygate; the ulnage in co. York; [lands of] Charleton in Craven, with the members; [lands] of Penrith; the herbage of the forest of Galtres; [lands of] Chebsey [and ?] Southwold, intrusions, liveries, voidances of temporalities, as well of bishoprics as of abbeys and priories, annuities of the lord Roos, earl of Devon, Francis Cheyny, Catisby, Skelton, Baten, Denghby, and William De la Pole; of the manors of Stillingflete, Ryngehouses, Bryansaham and Upton; of 6s. 8d. on every butt of Malvesey wine imported, and all fines for leases of the crown lands made by Sir Robert Southwell and Bartholomew Westby, the King's surveyors; with an annuity of 20 marks. Dover Castle, 28 June 1513. Del. Westm., 14 July. P.S. [4347.]
19. Crown lands. Warrant to the Chancellor, upon certificate signed by Sir Rob. Southwell and Barth. Westby, baron of the Exchequer, to make leases, for 40 years or under, of such crown lands as are specified in patent 7 May 5 Hen. VIII. to Southwell and Westby. Greenwich, 12 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 July. P.S. (in English). [4348.]
20. John Yong, keeper of the Records and Rolls in Chancery. To cancel two recognizances, each of 500l., made by Domynyk Lomylyn, Lawrence de Marinis, and Bartholomew Lomelyn, merchants of Jeane (Genoa), 30 October 23 Hen. VII. Richmond, 18 July 3 Hen. VIII. Delivered 15 July 5 Hen. VIII. to J. T. esquire, by Lomelyn, that the recognizance might be cancelled. S.B. [4358.]
21. Sir William Sydney. Annuity of 50 marks, for life, Calais, 13 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24. [4356.]
22. Master Edmund Horde, "juris canonice inceptor." Grant of the canonry or prebend of Yerdington, in the collegiate church of St. Mary Magdalene, Bridgenorth, void by death of Master Esterfeld. Calais, 13 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18. (Teste Regina.) [4357.]
23. William Pole of Pole, Cheshire, alias of London, serjeant-at-arms. Richard Dawne of Utkynton, Cheshire, Thomas Massy of Podyngton, John Whitmore of Thursteston, Richard Bunbury, of Staney, Chesh., Henry Gleyve of Carnesdale, in co._(blank), esquires, and Hamlet Treves, John Aldersey, Peter Motton, Peter Mynchull, John Radley, John Wilde, Ranulph Hough, Richard Hunt, Richard Birkhed, and Richard Hale, late of London, yeomen. Pardon of riots &c.; and release to the said William Pole and Margaret his wife, late wife of Sir William Troutbek, of all fines due to the King for marrying without licence; and of all reliefs in respect of the lands of the said Sir William. Del. Westm., 22 July 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11. [4360.]
24. Commission of the Peace. See Appendix.
Lincolnshire (Lindsey).—Westm., xx[ii ?] July. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d. [4358.]
25. Wm. Bysley of Longe Assheton, Somerset. Protection; going to the war. Westm., 23 July. French Roll, 5 Hen. VIII. m. 10. [4363.]
26. Robert Warcopp. Custody of the lands and wardship and marriage of Thomas s. and h. of Richard Goldsborogh; on surrender of patent 22 July 1 Hen. VIII., found to be invalid. Canterbury, 23 June 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14. (Teste Regina.) [4369.]
27. Sir John Raynesford, junr., late of East Greenwich, alias of Danbury, Essex, alias of London, Edmund Vale, Thomas Cokke, John Bourne alias Borne, all late of Danbury, Maurice Walssheman alias Griffith, John Gettyng, Thomas Hyggyns, John Owen, Robert Cutbert, and Robert Butter, yeomen, Richard Cornewell, gentleman, and William Courtnay, esquire, all of East Greenwich. Pardon of all felonies committed before the 29th April last. Calais, 18 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18. (Teste Regina.)
ii. To the same effect. S.B. (much mutilated). [4367.]
28. John de Berni, merchant of Toulouse, Bartholomew Pansatichi and Michael Banchi, merchants of Florence. Licence to import 1,000 tons of Toulouse woad. Del. Mortlake, 26 July 5 Hen. VIII. S.B. [4368.]
29. Ric. Cornewell, of Greenwich, gentleman. Pardon of all murders and felonies committed before the 29th April 5 Hen. VIII. Westm., 26 July. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10. [4370.]
30. Edward Stanbanke. To be bailiff of the town and lordship of Hollesworthy, Devon, in the King's gift by death of his grandmother. Richmond, 26 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Mortlake, 29 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18. (Teste Regina.) [4372.]
31. Richard Pynson, native of Normandy. Denization for life. Richmond, 26 July 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 July. P.S. Pat. 5 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18. (Teste Regina.) [4373.]


  • 1. It was not noticed in time that this letter is probably of the year 1512, certainly not 1513.
  • 2. Sir Robert Kerr. The murder must have been shortly before 6 Nov. 1500, when his father, Walter Kerr of Cessford, obtained licence to found a chantry for his soul.—Regist. Magni Sigilli, No. 2552.
  • 3. That 26 July is, however, the true date is shown by an entry in the Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of Scotland under that date "to Lyon herald the time he past in France, in money and finance, 40l."
  • 4. St, Cross and St Severin.
  • 5. July 28th.
  • 6. At Novara.
  • 7. Of Bruges.