Henry VIII: October 1536, 6-10

Pages 221-257

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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October 1536, 6-10

6 Oct. 555. Cromwell.
See Grants in October, Nos. 5 and 6.
6 Oct.
R. O.
556. Henry VIII. to Lord Montague.
Certain lewd persons have lately made insurrection, and though the King has taken measures for their repression he commands Montague to see to the quiet of the country about him, and to be ready at a days' warning to advance with those under his rule to a place to be appointed. He is to apprehend at once all suspicious persons. 6 Oct. anno r.r. 28 at Windsor Castle. Signed with a stamp.
Letters missive, p. 1. Add. (fn. 1)
R. O. 2. Similar letter to lord Scrope of Bolton.
R. O. 557. Henry VIII. to —.
As a number of evil disposed persons have assembled in Lincolnshire, robbing our subjects and putting them in danger, you are in all haste to set a sure stay in the parts about you, and advance to the place where you hear the said persons haunt, joining with other faithful subjects to repress them, and from time to time you shall apprehend such as you think fit, &c. Signed with a stamp.
P. 1. Endd: The first minute for Lincolnshire.
R. O. 2. Draft commencement of royal letters, setting forth that forasmuch as the King, understanding of a traitorous assembly in Lincolnshire, intending the destruction of his person and the robbing and murdering of his true subjects and "deflouring" and ravishing of their wives and daughters, "hath for the subduing of their most traitorous and malicious attemptate and purpose" —.
P. 1. In Wriothesley's hand.
558. Sir John Markham to Cromwell.
R. O. "The certificate or answer of Sir John Markham, knight, to the letter of the right honorable Lord Privy Seal lately to him sent," inquiring what men he could have within the forest of Sherwood by his office of chief justice of the same, no man offended. Thinks he may have 20 of the retinue of the town of Nottingham, and four who fill offices granted by the King's patent. The rest of the King's lands there and all other offices are within the compass of my lord of Rutland's patent. Has already given orders to the tenants of the suppressed monasteries in Notts, to retain themselves to no man, but be ready to serve the King in Cromwell's retinue.
P. 1. Endd.
[6 Oct.]
R. O.
559. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
Received his letters about midnight last night, that the King wishes him to go again to Essex and take respect for the quiet of that shire. Will do so, though he has never been so long absent from the King since he has been in office. Is glad he heard before he began his journey from London towards the King. Will devise the proclamations for cloth makers, and admonish the mayor or aldermen to take good respect for order and quiet. Will also devise a commission to the duke of Suffolk for levying the people to repress the rebellion in Lincolnshire. Instructions how to use it should be sent to him. If Cromwell will send, will forward them together. Asks to how many shires his authority shall extend. Advises that he should have another commission, ad audiendum et terminandum all treasons, that the chief ringleaders may be put to execution immediately on their apprehension. Spilman, the judge, Jenney, the King's serjeant, and others in Lincolnshire, may be put in the commission. Asks Cromwell to send him the bill for Terlyng, and a declaration what his charges will be to the King for it. London, Friday.
Desires to be recommended to the King and Queen. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
560. G. [Earl of] Huntingdon to Henry VIII.
This morning, at 6 o'clock, I received from Ralph Sacheverell, a letter to him from my lord Steward (copy enclosed), whereby it appears that divers of your disobedient subjects have assembled contrary to their allegiance, but where I do not know. If I am to raise any of your subjects let me have your command, so that we may not incur the danger of your laws. At my poor house of Asheby de la Zouche, Friday, 6 October. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
561. Lord Hussey to Shrewsbury.
I received a letter from the King yesternight by Mr. Robert Tyrwhit, Sir Marmaduke Constable, and Mr. John Hennege, who had also letters to sundry gentlemen now in the hands of the Commons. On such news as they heard they departed at midnight to the King again. They said there were things in your Lordship's letter of which you would advertize me. I would come to your Lordship, but am so environed that I dare not leave my house. Please let me know your pleasure by bearer, and I will be with you as shortly as I may. My poor cabin at Sleford, Friday, 6 Oct. Signed "John Huse."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Steward.
6 Oct.
R. O.
562. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Henry VIII.
This day at 11 a.m., received the King's letters missives, sealed, but not signed, commanding him to assemble his servants, tenants, and friends to repress the evil disposed persons lately asssembled in those parts, and to apprehend the ringleaders and examine them of the grounds of the insurrection. Yesternight came to a lodging he has in the forest of Shyrwod that he might he nearer the King's servants in Derbyshire, whom he has warned to meet at Nottingham on Monday night. This is thought by his son Francis Talbot, the King's servant, Sir Henry Sacheverell, Sir John Markeham, Sir John Byrren, Sir Nicholas Styrley, and Sir Roger Mynors, knights, and Francis Leyke, Michael Stanhop, and John Leyke, the bearer, esquires, to be the meetest time and place. Begs credence for the bearer in that and also in the state of the writer's "wretched carcass."
After writing the above, by advice of my cousin, Sir John Markeham, and because the rebels are expected to be at Newark on Sunday night next, where we cannot be ready to meet them; I intend to be at Nottingham on the Sunday night with all the force I can. My poor cot at Herdewyke in your forest of Shyrwod, 6 Oct., 8 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: My lord Steward.
6 Oct.
R. O.
563. Darcy to Henry VIII.
On Wednesday last a friend wrote to me from Lincolnshire that there in Louth and along the Humber your subjects had rebelled against your commissioners, chased away lord Burgh and taken Sir William Askew and Sir Robert Tirwhit, &c. My fellow, Sir Ralph Ellercarr, jun., who dwells on the other side of the Humber from the rebels, sent word that on Wednesday night they burned beacons. He was ready to ride to your Grace and sent for my advice. Considering the bruits from Yorkshire and Northumberland, advised him to tarry and stay the East Riding and to send to know your pleasure. No doubt by your warden of the Marches and captain of Berwick you are informed of the seditions in Northumberland; but, sir, it is necessary that your officers should repair thither, for an insurrection there is the more slanderous, being so nigh the Scots and by them encouraged. The West Riding, where I dwell, and the North Riding are peaceful, saving certain dales and countries named in a bill which my son, Sir Arthur Darcy, has. As these countries adjoin my lord of Cumberland I have advertised him for their better order. Please give credence to Sir Arthur. Templehirst, 6 Oct. Signed.
The address is on a fly leaf attached to § 2.
R. O. 2. "Brief instructions for Sir Arthur Darcy, k., credence to be showed to the King's grace with speed."
(1.) Seditions in Dent, Sedbarr, Wenslaydaill, &c. and their oaths to suffer no spoils nor suppressions of abbeys, parish churches, or their jewels, &c., and to pay no more money. (2.) Insurrections in Lincolnshire and Northumberland, and the bruits thereof in Yorkshire. (3.) For ordnance and money. Who is to be warden-general in the North? (4.) That I intend to lie in Pomfret Castle as accustomed in times of business. (5.) His Grace shall be advertised of further news. If posts be laid it is better. (6.) Because of my debility and rupture my son Sir Arthur should hasten back to me with the King's orders. (7.) Greater rebellions are to be feared by reason of abbeys and churches and payments as aforesaid. (8.) Md. Langkeshir, &c.; heads, bows, pikes, arrows, &c. bought lately in many places. "T. D."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: My lord Darcy. Received 9 Oct.
R. O. 3. Corrected draft of § 1 in Darcy's hand, endorsed by him "Vera copia," after which his clerk has added "of the first letter sent to the King by Sir Arthur's servant."
Pp. 3.
6 Oct. 564. Darcy to the Earl of Cumberland.
The countries of Dent, Sedbar, and Wenslaydale have confederated with their neighbours and sworn to certain unlawful articles, of which great bruits and murmur are sown all over Yorkshire. This overture is made to him by credible folks that come thence this week and afore. Desires credence for Pikering, the earl's servant, touching Thos. Hemsworth and others that last came thence and saw in Wenslaydale above 500 sworn, and also as to the news of the great rebellion in Lincolnshire. Temple Hurst, 6 Oct.
Half page from Darcy's Letter Book (No. iv.). In margin "Vera copia."
6 Oct. 565. Darcy to Shrewsbury.
Begs credence for his son, Sir Arthur Darcy, who heard the reports brought by the writer's servants from all parts of this shire and Northumland, which parts are far out of frame. In haste, 6 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. From Darcy's Letter Book (No. i).
6 Oct. 566. Darcy to Sir Thos. Metham.
I have this day sent in post to the King my son Sir Arthur Darcy, by whom I doubt not to have comfortable answers from his Grace for me and all his true subjects touching their reasonable grievances. I beg you therefore to beware of entering into the hasty follies that others are assembled in, but to await the return of Sir Arthur and make them fast. T[emple] Hurst, 6 Oct. 1536.
Copy, p. 1. From Darcy's Letter Book (second copy).
[6 Oct.]
R. O.
567. Chr. Ascugh, Gentleman Usher to the King, to [Cromwell].
Has been as far as he could without being taken by the insurgents. They number 10,000 or 12,000 spears, well harnessed, and 30,000 others, some harnessed and some not. They are this night at Lincoln, "and there prepared for." The country rises wholly as they go before them. Thinks lord Hosey will be taken tonight or tomorrow by noon, for he dare not stir, and none of his tenants will rise for him. The journeymen will not abide with their masters, and no one is left in the towns who can bear harness.
About Stamforthe, Spalldyng, and Peterborogh they are very faint in rising against the rebels. Advises that the gentlemen should have commissions to charge the people to rise and certify them that the King would come down. Hears that they murmur among themselves that if they hold not together they will be undone, for it is reported that they shall pay the third part of their goods to the King and be sworn what they are worth, and if they swear untruly other men will have their goods. Some of them have gone to Gainsborough, and say they will burn lord Borugh's house and all the town unless he comes in again, for he escaped by reason of a good horse, and his man was slain. They have hanged Mellessent, Cromwell's servant, and baited Bellowe to death with dogs, with a bull skin upon his back, with many rigorous words against Cromwell. Will come to him tomorrow if his ague permits him. Master Harryngton was in Holland about Spalldyng and Peterborough when they were rising with the traitors. He showed them the King's commission to prepare to go with the King and they are pacified and glad of the King's coming down. They have taken out the "gootes," so that the traitors cannot come in, and men-at-arms keep the straits. The bailly of Tatersall is taken, also the gentlemen who are taken against their wills, as they say:—Sir Robt. Tyrwyt, Sir Wm. Askugh, with his two sons, Thos. and Francis, Sir Thos. Messendyn and Thos. his son, Sir Chr. Askugh, with one of his sons, with many other gentlemen of the country, and all the gentlemen of the country beside Louth. "Also they have mayde a nowne in your abbey Legeborne and an abbot in Lowthparke." Mr. Harryngton commanded the prior of Spallding to be ready with as many men as he could for the King, and he answered he was a spiritual man and would make none. God save the King and Queen and preserve your lordship.
Hol., pp. 2. Add., in the same hand: To the King's highness. Begins: Please it your lordship. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
568. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Examination of Sir Edward Madeson, 6 Oct., before the King's Council.
(1.) The ringleaders in the field at Castre called Castrefild were one Huddiswell, gent., Walter Redmere, of Fulstow town, Chas. Godande, of Kermounde, the bailiff of Middle Rasen, parson Skerne, a monk late of Lowthparke, a priest of Elkington, the parsons of Rothewell juxta Castre and Thurswey, Richard Curson and Thos. Foster of Lowth, one Bawnes, Wm. King bailiff of Lowthe, Rob. Browne, a shoemaker called Melton, Robert Spencer and his brother, of Lowthe; at Hornecastell one Andrewson the schoolmaster, Wm. Persley, and one Stoones were the chief. (2.) On Monday one Thos. Nevell told him they were busy at Lowthe. On Tuesday morning Nevell said he had met some 100 persons coming "by North," and one Huddiswell had made him swear "to be true to God and the King and to do as they did." Madeson, with his brother John Madeson and both his sons, then went up into Castrefield to see the number of rebellious and there met Sir Wm. Askew and Marbery the serjeant and one Bonetenne of the Exchequer. The rebels took them all except Boneteyne and Marbury; and the bailif of Reason, made them swear "to be true to God and the King and to do as they did." The rebels then went down into the More and took Sir Rob. Turwitt and Mr. Portyngton, made them swear, and then brought them all to Lowthe, except his brother John Madeson and his youngest son. (3.) Turwit, Askew, Portington and deponent supped at Gnye Kayme's at Lowthe, and after supper were desired to devise a letter to the King for a general pardon; which they did, and one Curson of Lowthe wrote it, and the rebels despatched deponent with it after midnight.
"Sir Robt. Benson, parson of Gaiton juxta Louth; another called Theyre, husbond of Gaiton; another called Grayson of the same town; another called Willm., herdman of Commerwith" (Cumberworth).
Pp. 5. Title on fly leaf: "Liber Septimus Decimus." Endorsed: "Thexa. of Sir Edwarde Madeson, knight." (fn. 2)
569. Henry VIII. to [the Commissioners for the Subsidy].
R. O. We have received your letters sent by Sir Edward Madeson, mentioning an unlawful assembly of our subjects, and desiring our pardon for you and them. We cannot but marvel that you, being our sworn servants, and warned of their assembly, should put yourselves in their hands, instead of assembling for the surety of your own persons and for their suppression. Secondly, we take it as great unkindness that our common and inferior subjects rise against us without any ground:—for, first, as to the taking away of the goods of parish churches, it was never intended; yet, if it had been, true subjects would not have treated with Us, their prince, in such violent sort, but would have humbly sued for their purpose. 2. As touching any enhancement or other charge, we never desired more than is granted to us by the Act of Parliament by the whole body of the realm; and the most part of the first payment, and some part also of the second, in most of the shires, is lovingly granted, and partly paid already. Nevertheless, we marvel at the unkindness of our subjects, that would move any insurrection against us for such a cause, considering that the tenth man of those assembled "is not within the limit or burden of the same," and he that is worth 20l. is a bad subject to rebel against Us for 10s. The rumours of other impositions were untrue; and this assembly is so heinous that unless you can persuade them, for the safety as well of your lives as theirs to disperse, and send 100 of the ringleaders, with halters about their necks, to our lieutenant, to do with them as shall be thought best, and thus prevent the fury of the great puissance, which we have already sent against them, we see no way to save them. For we have already sent out the duke of Suffolk, our lieutenant, the earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon, lord Darcy, with Yorkshire, the lord Admiral, and divers other nobles, with 100,000 men, horse and foot, in harness, with munitions and artillery, which they cannot resist. We have also appointed another great army to invade their countries as soon as they come out of them and to burn, spoil, and destroy their goods, wives, and children with all extremity, to the fearful example of all lewd subjects.
Corrected draft in Cromwell's hand, pp. 4.
6 Oct
R. O.
570. Katharine Bulkeley, Abbess of Godstowe, to Cromwell.
Sends his old fee of 40s. and the new one of 40s., both due at Michaelmas last. If Cromwell will send her the same two convent seals, she will make them both in one, to him and his son Gregory, in survivorship. Sends a dish of old apples, some one year and some two years old. Desires licence to open a back gate of the monastery which has been shut since the King's visitation. The neighbours have to go two miles round to come to the house, as the bearer can declare. Godstowe, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Prioress of Godstowe.
6 Oct.
R. O.
571. Edward Dymmoke and others to —
We desire you, as the King's true subjects, "to prepare yourselves forward" to meet us at Ancastre Heath on Sunday next, at 2 p.m., and raise the country, swearing every man to be true to the King and common wealth. Sturton, Friday, 6 Oct. Subscribed in the same hand: Edward Dymmoke —Arthure Dymmoke—Mathewe Thymylby—Thomas Dymoke—Robert Dyghton.
P. 1. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
572. [Lord Lisle to Cromwell].
I desire you to give your commission to Geo. Rollis and John Husee, one of the King's retinue here, for my evidence of Fristok, as the King has given it me. Calais, 6 Oct. Subscribed in Lisle's hand: "Your Lordship's own," but without signature.
P. 1. Begins: "Right worshipful Sir."
573. [John Husee to Lord Lisle].
R. O. Has received his deeds and letters of attorney from Mr. Judd, who was at his house, near Mortlake. Mr. Hollys would not stay payment nor disburse money after 20 per cent., but wrote a favourable letter to my lord Beauchamp. As it had no effect, I got my lord Privy Seal to write to the said lord, but he would grant no respite. I carried his answer to my lord Privy Seal at Mortlake, who was not well pleased with it but said, "This man will be by no means entreated." At my request he commenced with lord Beauchamp next day at the court at Windsor, but without any result. I then begged my lord Admiral's intercession, who talked an hour with lord Beauchamp in the King's chamber ineffectually. In despair, I desired my lord Privy Seal to move the King in it, and for that purpose tarried four days at Windsor; when he called me to him and said that you should write a letter to the King showing how he (lord Beauchamp) first entered into this land by buying the reversion of Sir John Dudley and then sued unto your Lordship for possession, and by your acquiescence you brought yourself into this trouble; that for the 400l. he lent you he had good interest and his money repaid, and since has endeavoured to put you from the whole, and by an arbitrament brought you to pay him an annuity of 120l. Considering this, and other circumstances detailed, you think his Lordship should have waited 20 days. You are driven to write in this way because lord Beauchamp will listen to no remonstrance. You must send a copy of this letter to the lord Privy Seal, with a letter of thanks to him and my lord Admiral, but the money must be ready. Cannot see how that shall be unless Mr. Skryven comes over. Judd will be bound for 100l.; Whalley for as much; but those who are to raise the money will have two men of the city bound in the whole, and then they will deliver it at 12 to 15 per cent. The chancellor of the Augmentations tells me that he has received no certificate respecting the house of Frystock, and, unless you can let the parsonage by lease, it will do him no pleasure. As soon as the Commissioners come I shall have your patent. Mr. Sadler says, when convenient, he will move his old master; but they are not so quick here in the speeding of causes as it is thought. Sends instructions as to the denizens. They must either come over, or a dedimus potestatem must be sent to Calais to take their oaths. Corbet delivered the boar's head and sturgeon to the King, as my Lady desired.
And now I cannot but express my grief that you should have said that I had more mind to make banquets and ride about to my kinsfolk than apply to your business. I have not exceeded in banquets, nor been in any kinsman's house for a twelvemonth, and scarcely to my brother's house in town. It sticks not a little in my stomach, for I thought that your Lordship would have been a better lord unto me than to have this reported. Your Lordship also complains that if you had not trusted to the letter I sent you by Smythe you would have kept your day; but I only wrote that my lord Privy Seal commanded me to tarry. I did not encourage you to trust thereunto, but wrote, that if my lord Privy Seal did not go thorough, you should send me instructions what to do; for there were better men than the best of my kin that were glad to tarry my lord Privy Seal's answer. In truth, I wrote to your Lordship before the King's coming to Dover, the offer Hide made me by Button for Kynston Lisle, viz., six years' purchase, which would have come to 400l.; and my Lady answered me that I should meddle no further till I came to Dover, and that it should not be sold under eight years' purchase. Then at my coming to Dover my Lady bade me commence a new suit for the loan of 1,000 marks from the King by means of the chancellor of the Augmentations and Mr. Hemings, neither of whom would meddle with it. Your Lordship then desired me to go to Hide, "who, then being sought upon, would grant to no more than 500 marks," which you would not take. Then, at my return, your Lordship and my Lady wrote to the vice-treasurer of Calais, who said he could do no good in it. Afterwards your Lordship willed me to go to my lord Privy Seal concerning Kybworthe, "who at length made me answer that he would not deal with it." * *
Hol., pp. 4. Imperfect.
6 Oct.
R. O. St. P. ii., 373.
574. Alen to Henry VIII.
Considering the charges the King has incurred in suppressing the Geraldines in the North and in reducing this land to obedience, sends certain devices by which to alleviate them either by withdrawing the army, or extending the King's dominion.
Desmond, and the Geraldines of his kin, and the four shires of Munster are not reformed, and if this army be withdrawn those parts will fall into their old train. None of the wild Irish, for 250 years, have ever lost lands and possessions for rebellion, and they are, therefore, ever ready to stir the King's subjects to rebel in hope of getting their lands too. Does not advise that the wild Irish should be banished, but their heads subdued. For 250 years the land has been decaying and reformation has been deferred. Gives scheme for holding O'Chonghors country against the Breenes and others beyond Shannon, and for holding the parts of Leinster where McMorgho, the Byrnes, and the Tholes dwell, between Waterford and Dublin. Now that his bridge is broken, O'Breene will not venture into O'Chonghors country as long as Ossory does his duty. Gives a scheme for the government of Carlagh and four shires above Barrow water, i.e., Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford, and Wexford, which are now brought into order, by assizes, or else by a Chamberlain (holding the castles of Kilkenny, Dungarvan, Knockgraffen, the Carricke, and Wexford), as in Chester or the three shires of North Wales.
If the King will not proceed further in this, it would save money to let some man of this land take the governance thereof for term of years. This device seems the more profitable, the former the more honorable. The King should grant his lands away as he wins them, and they will be better defended than by farmers and officers. The Treasurer is a vigilant man and has done good service considering his many charges, yet Kildare's lands are worse by 300 marks than they were when Maynooth was won. Dublin, 6 Oct.
Hol. Add. Endd.
6 Oct. 575. Jacques de Coucy [Sieur des Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. I have received your letter, and willingly permit Mathias Quesnel of Ardre to be in your service, and supply you with victuals. Boulogne, 6 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
576. Chapuys to Charles V.
I have this instant received letters from the Princess stating that yesterday the King, her father, sent her two drafts of letters which he wished her to write to your Majesty, to the effect that, being better instructed by continual consultation of books and holy and learned persons, but principally by the Holy Spirit, than she had been before, she freely, willingly, and without fear or restraint, had acknowledged and approved the statutes made by parliament declaring her mother's marriage unlawful and the King her father head of the Church, and requested that you would permit the truth to have place and not hinder it, either at the General Council or elsewhere, in order that the King, who treats her so kindly, may not have occasion to act towards her otherwise. The Princess has charged me to write this to your Majesty to forewarn you of the said letters, and likewise of her opinion touching the reply, in which she would like you to show some dissatisfaction both with her and with her acts. But I think it is not a time to do this; still I could not refuse to write of it in compliance with her command. Your Majesty will probably have a good excuse for dissembling and declining to do so or else to devise some other answer, because even though the King caused these letters to be written he may not send them but keep them, to be used at some suitable opportunity. This has made me write more fully the substance of these letters. I have also informed Cifuentes of everything, especially of the protestations that the Princess has hitherto made (and ought to have made before writing the said letters according to the advertisement and form which I sent her), that the Count may speak of it and reply as the case requires.
Five days ago in Lincolnshire, 50 miles from here, a great multitude of people rose against the King's commissioners, who levied the taxes lately imposed by parliament and put down the abbeys. It is said some of the commissioners have been killed; others who allowed themselves to be taken have been compelled to swear fidelity first to God, secondly to the Church, and thirdly to the King, and that they would not consent to the demolition of the churches or the exaction of the taxes demanded by the King. They have given the same oath to their band and to three or four gentlemen whom they take with them. Their numbers are reckoned by some at 10,000; by some more, by others less; but, to judge by the preparations made against them, the numbers must be very great and apparently increasing, for there is not a gentleman or man of influence whom the King has not ordered to be ready with his power. He has sent for the duke of Norfolk, although it was rather against the grain, for he has been somewhat angry with him at Cromwell's suggestion, and it was said that he was half banished the Court but urgent necessity has caused him to be recalled. He came hither the day before yesterday from his home to go to Court, and today he has dined with the bp. of Carlisle, and they have done me the honor to send for my wine. Immediately after dinner he left in great haste for Norfolk, both to raise men and to give orders to prevent disturbances there. The bp. tells me the duke does not think much of the said commotion and believes it will be easily remedied, saying that the rebels cannot exceed 5,000 men. The bp. also has sent to me to say that he never saw the duke so happy as he was today, which I attribute either to his reconciliation with the King, or to the pleasure this report itself has given him, thinking that it will be the ruin of his rival Cromwell, to whom the blame of everything is attached, and whose head the rebels demand; also that it may be the means of stopping the demolition of the churches and the change in matters of religion, which is not to his mind. It was because he declared a part of his wishes in these matters that he incurred the King's displeasure. The duke was one of those whom the good lord (fn. 3) of whom I formerly wrote, counted as willing, when occasion required, to defend the cause of the Church, though he did not rely much upon him, considering his inconstancy. The King does wisely in using every effort to remedy it, otherwise all would go to ruin; yet there may be a danger that when the King has assembled a number of men, several may pass over to the rebels, as 500 have lately done whom the husband (fn. 4) of the mother of the duke of Richmond had raised. It is true there is no great probability that the rebels can hold out long for want of money and of an experienced head, for as yet they appear to have no leader except an abbot, a secular priest and a shoemaker.
However merry the duke may appear the King is all the more dejected, and, as Cromwell's nephew said today in secret to an honest man, he was in great fear. It has much astonished him that two lords (fn. 5) of my acquaintance, belonging to that country where the rebels are, have written that where they expected to serve him with a great number of men they can scarcely find the fourth part of them. There were here and in several other places a number of debtors and malefactors who had taken refuge in the churches, who have been shut up for fear they should go and join the rebels. Today Cromwell's nephew (fn. 6) has got out of the Tower a great quantity of arrows and other implements of war, and they have despatched a number of men from here, among whom were not exempted 60 or 80 masons and carpenters who were at work on Cromwell's house. I forgot that the duke of Norfolk had requested the bp. of Carlisle and a merchant here to get some rich merchants of London to buy a great quantity of cloths which were here, otherwise it would compel those who made the cloths to dismiss their servants, who would pass over to the rebels. The bp. has promised to lend 5,000 or 6,000 ducats to one of the said merchants to be spent on the said purchase, and I doubt not several other bps. will be compelled to do the same. London, 7 Oct. 1536.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 4.
7, 11 Oct. 577. Sir Thomas Audeley.
See Grants in October, Nos. 8 and 11.
R. O.
578. [Sir] M. Constable to Thomas Henag and Robt. Tirwhit.
". . . . . . . being with my lord Husey I . . . . . . was to have removed that . . . . . . . . . r from Slefford now I hearsay [that the people above] Slefford will not suffer [him . . . . . so] that I think he is or [will be soon in the] hands of the King's rebe[ls] . . . . . . . . . s and so of Lyncolnshire (?) . . . . . . . perceive the King shall have . . . . . . s time the first forward . . . . . . . d is John Herryngton I . . . . . . my brethren John Constable . . . . . [co]myng forward of my lord [Steward ?] . . . [com]yng down of my lord of [Suffok's gra]ce whom I can not see there . . . . . . . . onset again the said traitors . . . . . . shew the King and my lord Privy Seal . . . . . . . there can be none onset indeed . . . . . . . d but there should then I pray . . . . . . . [k]now from you the King's pleasure . . . . . . . what is best that I shall [do, whether to] return up to his grace again [or go forward] into Yorkshire and see what . . . . . . And Our Lord God have you [in His keeping]. At Mr. Ratcleff's house . . . . . . . . . . of October.
"Yours M. Constable."
Hol., p. 1, half lost. Add.: Cousins.
7 Oct.
R. O.
579. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Thirty-one forms of letters under the Privy Signet, each signed with a stamp, but none of them addressed, announcing the King's intention to advance in person or send some great personage against the rebels of Lincolnshire, and requiring the person to whom the letters were to be directed to prepare— (fn. 7) men and horses fit for war, of whom— (fn. 7) were to be archers, and lead or send them to— (fn. 7) by the— (fn. 7) day of this month. Windsor Castle, 7 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
*** There are slight differences in the text in these forms, mostly immaterial. They are intended for persons of different rank. Only three are fully dated. In 15 the day of October is left blank, (fn. 8) and 13 are entirely undated.
R. O. 2. Memoranda.
To write letters to the ports and all the sea coasts, as Kent, Sussex, Hampshire, Dorsetshire, Devonshire, and Cornwall, to search what ships come along the coast.
That my lord of Norfolk be sent immediately to Ampthill to exercise the office of high marshal, and to set the army which shall be then arrived in order, that the King at his repair thither on Monday may view them and dismiss them from time to time with thanks and good entertainment.
P. 1. In Derby's hand.
R. O. 3. Things to be sent with diligence for the suppression of the "King's rebels."
Money and a treasurer, 6 guns, 8 or 10 feet long, powder, gunners, bows, &c. To know whether the King will allow coats for gentlemen's servants. To set posts. A commission under Great Seal for discharge of my lord and the gentlemen with him. (8 items).
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 580. The Northern Rebellion.
Names of persons who are to supply men against the northern rebels, and the number.
Hampshire: Sir Wm. Paulett, 100; Sir Geoff. Pole, 10; Sir Thos. Lysle, 50; Sir Ant. Windesor, 50; Sir Peter Philpott, 20; Sir Ric. Lyster, 40; Thos. Wriothesley, esquire, 12; Prior of St. Swithin's Winton, 50; Nic. Tycheburn, 20; Thos. Uvedale, Francis Dawtry, and Michael Lyster. Glouc.; Sir Wm. Kingston,—; Sir John Abridges, 400; George Bayneham, 150; Thos. Whittington, 100. Worc.: Walter Walshe, 200. Essex: Sir Giles Capell, 50; Sir John Raynesforde, 50; John Tyrrell of Herun, 40; Wm. Suliarde, 20; Sir Ric. Riche, 40; John Browne, 20; Sir Roger Wentworth, 50. Kent: Sir Thos. Cheney, 200; Sir Edw. Nevell, 100; Sir Wm. Hawte, 50; Sir Edw. Wotton, 50; Sir Thos. Poynings, 150; Thos. Wiat, 150; Ant. Sellengier, 40; John Norton, 40. Surrey: Sir Nic. Carewe, 200. Sussex: Sir John Gage, 50; Sir Wm. Pellam, 50; Sir Ric. Shorley, 50; Sir John Dawtrie, 40; West, 10. London: —, 200. Hertford: Sir Hen. Parker, 50; Sir Philip Butler, 50; Sir Griffith Donne, 110; John Conesby, 30. Total, 2,110.
The abbots of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, 40; Westminster, 100; Glastonbury, 100; Oseney, 30; and Reynesham, 20; prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, 60; abbot of Battle, 40; prior of Lewes, 40; abbots of Reading, 60; and Abingdon, 60.
Pp. 4. Endd.: Names for the number of men to be sent northward.
R. O. 2. "The names of such noblemen and gentlemen as be appointed to attend upon the King's own person."
The duke of Norfolk 600, marquis of Exeter 500, earl of Oxford 500, earl of Sussex 300, lord Crumwell 100, viscount Beauchamp 200, lord Ferres 1,000, lords Delawar 200, Sandes 400, Bray 200, Powes 100, Mountague 200, Wentworth 100, Sturton 200, Hungreforde 200, Cobham 200, Dacre of the South 200, earl of Arundel (substituted for "lord Matravers") 500, lord Fitzwater —, Wm. Hawarde 100, Wynsor 200, bishop of Hereford 50, bishop of Chichester 50, lord Audeley 20.
Beds:— Sir John St. John 100, Sir Thos. Rotherham 50. Bucks:—[Sir Robt. Dormer] (fn. 9) John Williams 20, Ralph Verney 50, Geo Gifforde 10, —Corbett 40, Thos. Gifford 10. Berks:—Sir Humph. Foster 100, Sir Wm. Essex 100, Sir Ant. Hungreford 100, John Cheyney 40, Sir John Norres 100, Edw. Fetiplace 40, Thos. Warde 30, Wm. Hyde 30, Walt. Chalkott 2. Oxon:—Sir Wm. Barynden 100, Sir Walt. Stoner 100, Sir John Brome 50, Wm. Fermer 30, Wm. Raynesforde 6, Ant. Coope 20. Wilts:—Sir John Bouchier 200, Sir Edw. Baynton 200, Sir Hen. Long 100, Thos. ap Rice 20, Edw. Mountpesson. (These five are bracketed with the name "my lord Beauchamp" as if under his leadership. Opposite T. ap Rice, the only name in the document not marked with a cross, are the words "written to already to join with th'other.") Glouc.:—Sir Wm. Kingston 500 [in margin "himself"], Sir John Abruges 200, Sir Nic. Poyntz 100, Sir Walt. Denyse 60, Sir Ric. Lygon 100, Ant. Kingston 100, Robt. Witney 40, Sir Edm. Tame 100, John Enyse 10, Thos. Enyse 10,— Butler—, Thos. ap Guilliams 100. (All but the last two are marked as under Mr Kingston.) Somers.:—Sir And. Lutterell 200. Sir John St. Lowe 100 [in margin Mr. Kingston], Sir Hen. Capell 100, Sir Hugh Poulet 300, Thos. Clerk 40, Thos. Speke—. Dorsetsh.:—Sir Giles Stranguyse 300, Sir Thos. Arrundell 200, Sir Thos. More 100, Sir Edw. Willoughby 200, Sir John Horsey 150, John Rogers 100. Devon.:—Sir Thos. Dennes 200, Sir Piers Edgecombe 200, Sir Ph. Champernon 100, John Arrundell the heir apparent 100, John Amidas 40, Thos. Carewe 40, George Carewe —. Cornw.:—Sir Wm. Goodolgan 100, Sir Hugh Trevenyon 100, John Arrundell of Tririce 40, John Rescomer 40. Total 2,110 "my lord marquis of Exeter." (fn. 10)
Hants (in margin "Mr. Powlet"):—The lord Audeley 20, Sir Wm. Poulet 200, Sir Geoff. Pole 20, Sir Ric. Sands 20, Sir Thos. Lisle 100, Sir Ant. Windsour 100, Thos. Uvedale 4, John Poulet 10, Thos. Poulet 6, Geo. Poulet 6, Ric. Poulet 6, Thos. Writhesley 6, Sir John Cayleway 50. Thos. Wells 10. Sussex (in margin "my lord of Chichester"):—Sir John Gage 50, Sir Wm. Pelham 50, Sir Ric. Shurley 50, Sir John Dawtrey 50, Sir Wm. Goryng 50, Wm. Waller 20, John Coverte 20. Kent: Sir Thos. Cheyney 300, Sir Edw. Nevell 200, Sir John Dudley 200, Sir Wm. Cromer 50, Sir Wm. Hawte 100, Sir Wm. Fynche 50, Sir Edw. Wotton 100, Sir Wm. Kempe 50, John Guyldforde 50, Ant. Selenger 50, Thos Wyate 200, Sir Thos. Poyninges 150, Thos. Roydon 20, John Norton 100, Thos. Wynkefelde 40. Surr.:—Sir Ric. Weston 150, Sir Nic. Carew 200, Sir Ant. Browne 50, Sir Matth. Browne 50, Sir Ric. Page 20, Thos. Studholf 10, Midd.:—Robt. Cheseman 30, John Nudygate 20, Sir Roger Chomley 30, Wm. Roult 4. Essex: Sir Giles Capell 100, Sir John Raynesford 100, Sir Thos. Darcye 100, Sir Wm. Pyrton 50, Sir John Saincrclere 50, Sir John Tyrell 50, Wm. Solyarde 20, Eustace Solyarde 6, Ant. Darcy 30, John Gates [in margin To himself] 6, John Browne 40, Sir Wm. Weste 10. Suff.:—Sir Chr. Willoughbye 100, Sir Geo. Somerset 40, Sir Arthur Hopton 100, Sir Ant. Wyngfeld 100, Sir Thos. Rushe 60, Sir John Jernyngham 30, Sir Wm. Drury 100, Sir Thos. Jermayn 100, John Springe 60, Geo. Colte 50, Ric. Candishe 30. Norff.:—Sir Edm. Benyngfeld 100, Sir Thos. Straunge 50, Sir John Heydon 150, Sir Wm. Paston 150, Sir Roger Townesende 50, Sir John Tyndale 50, Sir Fras. Lovell 60, Sir Edw. Chamberlaine 50, Edm. Windeham 60, Ric. Sowthwell 60. Herts:—Sir Hen. Parker 100, Sir Griffith Dunne 20, Sir Ph. Butler 60, John Conysbye 60, John Peryent 20, Hector Asheley 2. Camb. (in margin Ric. Flower):— Sir Robt. Payton 80, Sir Giles Alyngton 80, Ph. Parrys 30, Thos. Megges 30, Thos. Chicheley 30. Warw.:—Sir Geo. Throgmerton 200, Sir Wm. Fyldyng 100, Sir Walt. Smythe 100, Fulk Gryvell 40, Simon Mounteforde 30. Worc.:—Sir Gilbert Talbot 100, Sir John Russell jun. 100, Walt. Welshe 200, Robt. Acton 30, Thos. Acton 30, Wm. Goore 20. Heref.:—Sir Jas. Baskervile 100, Sir John Lyngham 100, Sir Thos. Cornwall 100, Sir Wm. Thomas 100, Mich. Licetor 60, John Skudamor 40, Nic. Fytton 12, John Abguyllams, 6.
Pp. 9. Various crosses and marks opposite each name and many of the numbers have been altered to higher figures.
R. O. 3. Personages appointed to attend upon the Queen's Grace."
The Lord Chancellor, archbishop of Canterbury, earls of Oxford, Essex, and Rutland, lord of St. John's, lord Windsor, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Brian Tuke, Sir John Dance, Sir John Gage, the Queen's Chancellor, Sir Edw. Baynton, the master of the Queen's horses, and the residue of her Council, Dr. Woolman, Dr. Bell. (The first 9 of these and Sir J. Gage have the letter "P" prefixed to their names.) "These men of the Privy Council to have authority to break up the King's letters and to write their opinions." This council to reside at London, saving such as must attend her person as she shall command. "These men" to have special respect to London and its neighbourhood. Watches to be kept in every shire from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. under the charge of honest householders. A special letter to all ports to keep watches and prepare beacons. "A special commandment to Sir Brian Tuke for the laying of posts, the same to be better ordered than they have been: and the Council thinketh the King's own servants be most meet to lie in all places for this purpose."
ii. List of gentlemen in the southern and midland counties, to whom apparently it was proposed to write.
Kent:—The earl of Wiltshire, lord Cobham, Sir Thos. Cheyney, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Wm. Hawt, Sir Wm. Kempe, the Master of the Rolls, King's attorney and Sir Wm. Cromer. Sussex:—Earl of Arundel, lord Laware, Sir Ric. Shurley, Sir John Dawtry, Sir Wm. Goryng, Sir Wm. Pellam, John Sakfylde, John Palmer, Ric. Covert, Wm. Bellingeam, Ric. Waller. "Like commandment for watches." "A like letter to Chichester." Hants:—The chief baron, Sir Ant. Wyndsore, Sir Peter Philpott, Thos. Uvedall, John, George, and Ric. Poulet, Sir Th. Lile, Sir Wm. Barkeley, Harry Huttoft, John Mylles, Sir Jas. Ursley,— Kyngsmyll, Sir John Calawey, Sir Wm. Gifforde. "Like letters for watches, &c." A special letter to Sir. Jas. Worseley for beacons, &c. in the Isle and Mewes to be joined with him. A like letter to Huttoft, Milles, and Poulet. Somers:—Earl of Bath, bishop of Bath, Chief Justice, Sir And. Lutterell, Sir Hugh Poulet, Sir Nic. Wadham, the lord Sturton, Sir Edw. George, Wm. Portman, Thos. Clerke: "like letters, &c." Dorset:—Sir G. Strangwys, Sir Thos. Trencharde, Sir John Horsey, Sir Thos. Lyne, Sir Edw. Wilughbye, Ric. Philips, Sir Wm. Uvedall, Thos. Bassett: like letters, &c. Wilts:— bishop of Sarum, lords Hungerford and Fitzwaren, Sir Hen. Longe, Thos. Yorke, John Erle, Chas. Bulkley, Thos. ap Rice, Edm. Montperson, Wm. Button, John Pye: like letters, &c. Oxon:—Sir Walt. Stoner, Sir Wm. Barentyene, Sir John Broune, Sir John Clerke, Wm. Fermer, John Denton, Thos. Wayneman, Sir Simon Harcourte, Sir Adrian Fortescue: "letters to the town of Oxford and to the University." Berks: —Sir Wm. Essex, John Chenie, Edw. Fetipace, Hen. Brigys, Ric. Brigys, Ric. Stafforde, Wm. Hyde, Wynchcombe of Newbery, Thos. Carter. Norfolk:—The duke of Suffolk, earl of Surrey, lord Fitzwalter, Sir Roger Touneshend, Sir John Heydon, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Thos. Lestrange, Sir Thos. Bedingfeld, Sir Jas. Bulleyn, Sir John Tyndale, Chr. Cheney, Wm. Conesbye, Robt. Holdishe, Robt. Towneshende, Nic. Hare: special letters to Norwich and Ipswich. Suffolk:—The duke of Suffolk, lords Oxford, Fitzwalter, and Wentworth, abbot of Bury St. Edmonde, Sir Ant. Wingfeld, Sir Arth. Hopton, Sir Thos. Rushe, Sir Humph. Wingfield, Sir Thos. Jermyn, George Colte, Sir Thos. Tey, Sir John Jerningham, Sir Wm. Drury, John Spring. Essex:—My lord of Oxford, Sir Rog. Wentworth, Sir Giles Capell, Sir Wm. Pyrton, Sir John Seyntclere, Sir John Tyrell, John Tyrell of Heron, Sir John Raynesforde, Sir Ric. Riche, Humph. Browne, Guy Crayforde, Edw. Tyrell, Sir Clement Harliston, John Christmas of Colchester, Ant. Coke. Herts:—The lord Morley, (blank space for another name), Sir Hen. Parker, Sir Ph. Butler, John Conesbye, Sir Griffith Dune, Edw. Brokett, John Perent, Robt. Dacres. Bucks:—Lord Windsor, Sir Robt. à Lee, Sir John Baldwyn, Sir John Dauncye, Sir Edw. Dune, Thos. Gifforde, Robt. Drurye, Geo. Bulstrode, Robt. Cheyne, Sir John Hampden: letters. Beds:—The lords Bray and Mordant, Sir Wm. Gascoyn, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Mich. Fisher: letters. Cambridge:—The bishop of Ely, Sir Giles Alington, Sir Robt. Paynton, John Hynde, Thos. Checheley, Thos. Megges, Thos. Hutton,—Cotton: letters. Hunts:—Sir Lawr. Taylerde, Robt. Kyrkham, Thos. Hall of Huntingdon, Thos. Aprice, Oliver Leder, Thos. Dunholde: letters. Devon:—Sir Piers Egecombe, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Ph. Champernon, Sir George Carew, Sir John Fulforde, Sir Hugh Poulet: letters. Cornw.:—Sir John Arundell, John Arundell, Sir John Chamonde, Sir Wm. Godolghan, Sir Hugh Trevanion, John Reskemer, Peter Coryngton, John Arundell of Terrise: letters. Glouc.:—Sir Ant. Hungerforde, Sir John Walshe, Sir Edw. Wadham, Sir John Seytlow, John Arnold, Robt. Wye, Nic. Wekes, Rol. Morton, Sir Ric. Legon, Ric. Trace, Sir John Huddelston, Robt. Witney, Sir Chr. Beynham, Geo. Baynham, Thos. Whittington: letters. Worc.:—The bishop of Worcester, Sir Geo. Throgmerton, Sir Gilb. Talbot, Sir John Russell, jun., Robt. Acton, Thos. Acton, Wm. Gower, Walt. Welshe: letters. Warw.:—Sir John Willughby, Sir Wm. Felding, Sir Walt. Smyth, Rog. Wigston, John Grevell, Simon Mounteforde, —Boughton, Edw. Conwey, Humph. Dymok, Fulk Grevall, —Lucye: letters. Derby:—The lord Steward, lord Talbot, Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Matth. Kynston, Sir Godf. Fulgram, Rol. Babington, Fras. Cokyn: letters. Herefordsh.:—The King's Council of the Marches, Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir John Baskervyle, Sir John Lyngham, Sir Wm. Thomas, Sir Thos. Cornewall, Jas. Vaugham, Ric. Palmer, Thos. Havarde, John ap Williams, Nic. Fitton: letters. Salop:—The King's Council of the Marches, Thos. Bromeley: "letters to my lord Ferrers for his going into Wales." Stafford:—Sir Ant. Fitzherbert, Sir John Talbot, Sir John Gifforde, Sir Ph. Draycot, Edw. Lytleton, John Vernon, Sir Geo. Grisley. Surrey:—Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Matth. Browne, Sir John Gaynsford, Ch. More, Wm. Westbroke, John Morys, Thos. Stydoll, John Danester, John Skynner.
Hol., pp. 13.
R. O. 4. Gentlemen appointed by the King to abide in their countries to keep good order in the absence of the rest of the noblemen.
Kent:—Bishop of Canterbury, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir Alex. Coulpeper, Chr. Hales, John Baker, the King's attorney, John Cromer, the abbot of St. Austens, the prior of Christchurch, Thos. Herdes. Essex:—The earl of Essex, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir Richard Riche, Humfrey Browne, Edw. Greue, the abbot of Waltham, Rich. Higham. Bartholomew Prowse, Guy Crayforde, John Christmas. Suffolk:—Sir John Hennyngham, the abbot of Bury, Sir Humfrey Winkefeld, Sir John Wisman. Lyonel Tallmeshe, Robt. Crane, John Harvey, Robt. Browne, Thos. Sprynge, Robt. Raynolde of Barfelde, the prior of Butley, the bailiffs of Ipswiche. Norfolk:—Sir Thos. Bennyngfelde, Sir John Jermy, Sir John Tyndale, Robt. Holdishe, Wm. Coningsby, Thos. Thursbye, Nic. Hare, the mayor and aldermen of Norwich, the mayor of Thetforde, Ph. Calthrop, the priors of Walsingham, Westacre, and Castelacre, Chr. Gennye. Herts.:—John Bolles, George Hyde, Edw. Broket, Robt. Dacres, Hen. Heydon, John Sewster, John Peryent, John Bassingbourne, Thos. Knighton, John Gylle, Rauf Rowlett, the abbot of St. Albans. Cambrige:—The bishop of Ely, John Hynde, Wm. Everarde, Thos. Hutton, Robt. Tylney, Thos. Rudston, Thos. Dunmowe, Thos. Castell, Edw. Bestney, the vice-chancellor and the mayor of Cambridge. Surrey:—Sir Matthew Browne, Nicholas Lee.
Pp. 3. Endd. Mem. on another leaf. Answers to be made to my lord Admyrall. Answers to be to my lord of Shrewsburye.
R. O. 5. A list of names without any heading, similar in form to § 2, but the names in the counties are more numerous, while on the other hand the numbers of the retinues are generally smailer, often less than half. The names at the beginning are:—
The duke of Norfolk* 500, the duke of Suffolk 500, marquis of Exeter* 500, of Dorset 500; earls of Northumberland—, (fn. 11) Arundel 300, Oxford* 500, Essex 400, Sussex 300, Rutland*—, (fn. 11) Westmoreland 500, Cumber land 500, Bathe 200, Worcester—, Wiltes 300, Shrewsbury 2,000, Huntingdon 400, and Derby 1,000. Viscounts Lisle—, (fn. 12) and Beaucham* 200; lords Admiral 400, Crumwell* 100, Ferres* 500, Dalawar* 200, Sandes* 400, Scrope of Bolton 300, Bray* 100, Powes* 100, Windsour 200, Mountegu 200, Brought*—, (fn. 12) Huse*—, (fn. 12) Lumley 100, (fn. 12) Morley 100, (fn. 12) Wentworth* 100, (fn. 12) Clynton —, (fn. 12) Sturton* 200, Zouche 100, Hungerford* 100, Cobham 100, Darcy 500, Dacres of the North 200, Dacres of the South* 100, Waux —, (fn. 12) Matravers* —, (fn. 12) Fitzwater* —, (fn. 12) Hastings —, (fn. 12) Mountegle 100, Ogle —, (fn. 12) Conyers 300, Talbot —, (fn. 12) Sent Jones 300, Grey Wilton —, (fn. 12) William Howard* 100, bishops of Canterbury 300, Winchester 200, York 400, Durham 1,000, Lincoln 300, Norwich —, (fn. 12) London 200, Sarum 200, Bath 300, Exeter 400, Hereford* 100, Chichester* 100, Chester 200, Bangor —, (fn. 12) Carlisle 100, Elye 200, St. Davids 100, St. Asaph 50.
The totals of the counties are:—Beds., 1,451; Bucks, 585; Berks, 559; Oxon 346; Wilts, 338; Glouc., 594; Somerset, 440; Dorset, 348; Devon, 986; Cornw., 364.
The names marked with an asterisk (*), and a number of others in the counties have the letter "k" prefixed to them.
Pp. 10.
R. O. 6. Sir Adrian Fortescu and his retinue, 28 Hen. VIII.
Wm. Whitton, gent., Ric. Ford, Ric. Kenrike, Gregory Spenceley, John Atkyns, John Kene, Ric. Browne, Thos. Rawlynson, Owen Dee, Harry Bennam, Robt. Buklond, John Hobbis, John Osburn, Wm. Robynson, John Rawlynson, Robt. Mafferleyn, Wm. Westfeld, Nic. Pekover, Robt. Swadelyng, Robt. Bullok, Wm. Spryngold, John Rose, John Gay, Harry Roberdes, Lawrence Westfeld, William Flaxman, Robt. Eton, Richard Lock, Thos. Farlion, Ric. Banaster, Thos. Savage, John Even, Barnabe Saunders, Edward Hale, John Heron, John Prentyse, Thos. Barett, Wm. Wyng, John Wrenne, Ric. Durnell, Ric. Andrewys, Wm. Blont, John Wright.
P. 1. Endd.
7 Oct.
R. O.
581. Thomas earl of Rutland to Cromwell.
This Saturday I came to Nottingham at 8 a.m. You will perceive the state of this town and country in the King's letters. I beg you to forward the things in the bill enclosed in the King's letters; especially for money, every man asks who shall pay their wages. I have sent out a "spiall" this day. "All the country be well as I come. I pray you lay in the country for posts." Nottingham, 7 October, at 8 o'clock at night.
"Sir Marmaduke Constable is at this present time come to me, and Sir Henry Safwell, out of Yorkshire." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct.
R. O.
582. Clement abbot of Evesham to Cromwell.
I beg you to continue my good lord so long as I do not deserve the contrary. About two years ago Mr. Wever, the King's servant, brought letters from his Grace for the pastures called Powdon, when it pleased you to accept a little fee of our house, and I showed you, by Drs. Leighton and Gwent that they could not be spared. I sought your advice how to satisfy the gentleman, but he now says he has authority to put me down, and make whom he will abbot. I beg you will continue my good lord; and as to the priory of Alcettur, I will perform all I declared to Mr. Richard Cromwell, at his late being here. Evesham, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct.
R. O.
583. Robt. prior of Lewes to Cromwell.
Mr. Edward Schelley, the King's servant, has told me of your pleasure that I should advertise you what grant I made to him of my manor of Swainburgh, and whether it was before the receipt lately of the King's letter in favor of his Majesty's servant, Thomas Audley. In December, about two years past, I received a letter from your Lordship in favour of Edward Schelley, for the farm of Langney, and as that farm was leased out under convent seal, I granted Swainburgh to him instead. Immediately after this your Lordship and my lord of Norfolk commanded me to stay all such leases, so I deferred sealing it. Now, of late, at the King's command and yours, I granted the said farm to Thomas Audley, but his lease is not yet sealed. Please let me know which of the two to make the lease to. Lewes, 7 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[7 Oct.]
R. O.
584. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
The mayor and his brethren of Guildford met him here on his way to Waverley, and are willing to do the King service. They have offered him horses, or anything else they have.
Hugh Ascue, the bearer, tells him that a servant of Sir Wm. Husey's reported before him and Wm. Abbot, and others in the Cellar, that everywhere by the way that he and his master came he heard all the people, both old and young, praying God speed the rebellious people in Lincolnshire, and saying that if they came that way they should lack nothing that they could help them to.
Advises Cromwell to examine Husey why he did not tell the Council this at first. Many of his neighbours of the hundred of Godalmyne and other places have come to him. Never saw men more willing to serve the King. If he could serve the King with footmen, could have but too many; but, considering the distance and the shortness of the time, takes only those whom he can horse, with horses that can go 40 miles a day. Guldeford Manor, this Saturday. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Mr. Fitzwilliam.
7 Oct.
R. O.
585.— to Lord Chancellor Audeley.
On Friday last, 6th inst., I and other gentlemen of Holland, in Lincolnshire, were compelled to appear before the commons assembled at Boston, to the number of 2,000, who constrained us to swear to be true to God, the King, the commons, and common wealth; and said it was the sheriff's command that the goods of all who would not come in and take like oath should be seized to the maintenance of his army, and as Mr. Gildon and Mr. Tamworth were fled, if they came not in that night they would spoil their houses. Further, they have commanded myself, Mr. Holland, and all other justices of the peace to raise the towns about us and lead them to meet the sheriff and the great army on Sunday by 2 p.m. on Ankaster Heath, where the sheriff will be, as appears by the copy of his letter to the commons of Holland hereinclosed. They are over 40,000 harnessed men and naked men clad in bends of leather, and say they will die in God's quarrel and the King's. We dare not withstand their rebellious command ment; and the sheriff and other gentlemen, their captains, are brought in by like compulsion. Because Mr. Eton, a gentleman of 100l. land, was one of their captains, and afterwards withdrew himself, they have slain him and also Dr. Raynes, chancellor to the bishop of Lincoln, who was going in his visitation by virtue of the King's writ. They took from his (Dr. Raynes') scribe all the bishop's registers and other books and burned them in the market stead of Louthe, which is the bishop's own town. Also they took one Wolcy, sometime servant to my lord Cardinal, as a spy, and have hanged him. They compel the priests of the country to give them money for their army, and took Sir Francis Stoner, priest, surveyor to my lady Willoughby, and compelled him to give them 100l., else they would have slain him. They have in durance one Bellow and other servants of my lord Privy Seal, who daily expect death. And though I, Mr. Holland, and other justices of the peace have shown the most honest persons of the town the danger of this rebellion, and advised them not to assist it and to dissuade their neighbours from it, they said they would do as their neighbours did, for they could not die in a better quarrel than God's and the King's. Most of the commons of this shire of Lincoln are in one opinion and resolved to proceed in their rebellion for certain reforms which they desire. One of these is that the Church of England shall have its old accustomed privileges "without any exaction." Another that suppressed houses of religion shall be restored, "except such houses as the King hath suppressed for his pleasure only." The third, to have the bishops of Canterbury and Rochester, bishop Latemer, the bishops of Lincoln and Ely and others, and my lord Privy Seal, the master of the Rolls and the chancellor of the Augmentations, delivered up to them, or else banished the realm. The fourth, that the King shall not now or hereafter demand any money of his subjects except for defence of the realm in time of war. All this insurrection rises of persons of no reputation; "it is the dangerest insurrection that hath been seen." I pray God to inspire you and other the King's counsellors to give such counsel that they may be subdued without effusion of blood. Study for the suppression thereof or else all we and our children shall be undone; "for I myself is in doubt that I shall never see you," and if I do not I pray you be good to my wife and children, whom I have commanded to sue to your Lordship if need shall be. Gosberton, 7 Oct. Not signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: "A letter with no s[ubscri]ption."
7 Oct.
R. O.
586. Abp. Lee to Cromwell.
Thanks him for receiving into his service the archbishop's nephew Ric. Coddington. Is much bound already for other of his kinsfolk in Cromwell's service as Poynengs, Owen, Welbecke, Fogg, and Weshington. Two monasteries of nuns are void within his diocese, the one a very poor house, not past 20l. a year, the other of 100l. or more. Dare not proceed to any election, as they are both under the Act of Suppression, and as yet they have no confirmation. Thinks if they should sue for their congé they cannot bear that charge and pay first fruits also. Cawood, the 7th of — (blank), Signed,
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Oc. 7.
7 Oct.
587. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Henry VIII.
At seven o'clock that morning lord Clynton arrived with the King's letters. Many of his fellows to whom they are directed are with the rebels, so he has forborne sending the same to them. Sends this day's news of the "unthrifty rebellious" in writing, and by whom it was showed; also letters sent him from lord Hussey and lord Burrowe, and a copy of his answer to Hussey's letter. Will, according to his letter yesterday, be at Nottingham tomorrow night, and there tarry for the King's subjects on Monday or Tuesday. Begs remembrance of the bill he sent yesterday, signed by himself and others, for money and ordnance: "for money is the thing that every poor man will call for." Herdwyk in Shyrwod Forest, 7 Oct. 6 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "The lord Steward's letters," &c.
R. O. 2. Saying of Martin Grene, servant to Sir John Markeham, 7 Oct., Ao. 28.
On Friday 6th inst., he came into the town of Lincoln, by his master's sending, between 4 and 5 o'clock in the morning, and saw some 40 of the rebels come in to prepare lodging for their company that night; thinks there are 40,000–16,000 in harness. Met one Cuttler, servant to lord Hussey, who had been prisoner with the rebels until lord Hussey wrote to them. Cuttler thinks Hussey, by his letters, promised to yield to the rebels. Heard one Cocks, servant to Sir William Askewe, who is one of the captains of the rebels, say that on Thursday last, lady Willoughby's auditor came to fight the rebels, but was taken prisoner and went over to them. The rebels have sent Sir Edward Maydynson and John Henege to the King and expect an answer this day and tarry about Lincoln till it come. Cutler and Cockes showed him that lord Hussey and the rebels were to meet this day at Ancaster, three miles from Lincoln. Deponent promised to return to the rebels and must do so this day. His watchword was given him; it is "Remember your promise."
In the hand of Shrewsbury's clerk, pp. 2. Add.: To the King. Endd.: My lord Steward, received 9 Oct.
R. O. 3. Saying of Rauff Warcopp, servant to lord Hussey, 7 Oct. Ao 28.
He brought me a letter from lord Hussey which I send your Grace, together with a copy of my answer. He says he came to his master yesterday from Lytyllbytham, beside Staunford, and knows nothing of the commons; but his master bade him say he durst not leave his house "for losing of his head," and that the commons would muster at Ancaster on Monday next.
P. 1.
7 Oct.
R. O.
588. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
Begs Cromwell to excuse him for not writing. His letters to the King, which no doubt Cromwell has seen, contain everything. Begs that the things sent for by John Leke, in a bill signed by the writer, &c. may be despatched, especially money, which will be most required. Tomorrow and Monday there will be at Nottingham a great number of the King's subjects. Hardweke, 7 Oct. 6 p.m.
Sent last night to Nottingham Castle to know what ordnance and artillery was there, and learns there is none. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[7 Oct.]
R. O.
589. [Earl of Shrewsbury] to Lord Hussey.
"The copy of my Lord's letter sent unto my lord Hussey, upon his letter."
I received this day by your servant this bearer your letter, dated Slefford, Friday, 6th inst., showing that you had received a letter from the King yesternight by Mr. Tyrwhyt, Sir Marmaduke Constable, and Mr. John Henage, with letters to other gentlemen which you think cannot be delivered, and also that "the said Robt. Tyrwhyt and others" showed you there were things in my letter I should show you. There is nothing in my letter but commandment to suppress the rebellious, which I doubt not you will help. My lord, for the old acquaintance and familiarity between us I will be plain with you. You have always shown yourself an honorable and true gentleman, and no man may do the King higher service in those parts by staying these misruled persons and finding means to withdraw the gentlemen and men of substance from among them, when the commons could do small hurt. For I assure you, on my troth, all the King's subjects of the counties of Derby, Stafford, Salop, Worcester, Leicester, and Northampton will be with me tomorrow night at Nottingham, to the number of 40,000, and I trust you will keep us company.
Copy, p. 1.
7 Oct.
R. O.
590. Edward lord Clynton to Cromwell.
On Friday afternoon I delivered the King's letter to my lord of Huntingdon at his house called Ashby, and on Saturday morning I delivered it to my lord Steward. I could not pass the waters that night, and I had also ridden to Nottingham, thinking to have found him there. A servant of my lord Hussey's informed me that my Lord is so environed with the traitors he dare not stir out of his house, and that they will muster at Ankester on Monday next. I find all the knights to whom the King's letter is directed are in company with the said traitors, except Sir Robert Dymmok and Sir Robert Tyrwhyt, so I shall deliver it to none of them except my lord Borro. Hardwyk, 7 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
7 Oct.
R. O.
591. [Sir] M. Constable, Roger Radclyff, and John Haryngton to Henry VIII.
The rebels in Lincolnshire daily increase in number, and the writers find the King's subjects in their parts unprovided with harness, &c., to withstand them. Beg that ordnance and persons to use it may be sent; and also artillery for the King's true subjects. Wtcokke, (fn. 13) Saturday, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
[7 Oct.]
R. O.
592. Sir Arthur Darcy to [Lord Darcy].
My lord Steward is "sore crassyd" and assembles with all the powers he can make to be at Nottingham on Monday next. He wished Sir Arthur to make his recommendations to the King, with assurances that he will serve him to the uttermost of his power. "I said that I would be no messenger when the King should need; and further that I knew well that he being at so near a point to try his friends that I would be with him, thoff I had but my page and my man." He thanked Sir Arthur heartily. Asks lord Darcy therefore to send up his men, " and I shall be there found near to the Talbott." Worksop. (fn. 14)
"Remember a truss bed and my harnesses for me and my men."
Hol., p. 1.
7 Oct.
R. O.
593. The Friars of Grimsby.
Information against the prior of the Austin Friars, Grimsby, who on the 4 Oct., when the insurrection of the commons began, was desired to send out his friars, but as he was but newly come, sent to know if the warden of the Grey Friars had like command. The latter replied that he had not. At night, when the commons came home, Leonard Curtis came past the Friars' gate in a coat of fence covered with leather, and with a long spear in his hand, and said to two friars there, "It were alms to set your house of fire; therefore command your prior that you come tomorrow." They desired him to go in himself, and so he did, and commanded the prior to have his friars ready when called, and afterwards the "sargyn" brought the same command. So in the morning he went to the commons and presented his company, saying he was not able, so they held him excused. Yet when the commons were assembled "apong towes," he came riding with the warden of the Grey Friars, and gave them money and lent the warden money to give them. "Freres John Tyallzer: testes"—
And also I, frere Richard Robinson, prior of Tykyll, testify the foregoing "by his own confession," 7 Oct., in his chamber.
P. 1. In Tyallzer's hand.
7 Oct.
R. O. [1536–9.]
594. Robt. Salisbery to Dr. Belowses.
Intended to have come and proffered his service to "my good lord" but his business is so great in studying for his lecture on the gospel of S. Matthew and reading it that he will not come till he know Belowses' advice. If my lord wishes him to wait upon him will forsake the university and his lecture. Cambridge, 7 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
7 Oct.
R. O.
595. J. de Morbeque to the Bailly of Guisnes.
In reply to your letter received this morning I find the said beasts do not belong to Lukard but to the host, "du Val mont de Bouguenhault." Yesterday morning I sent word by your messenger that Lukard should send me a certificate of ownership, else the beasts would be sold, and as I have not heard from him this has been done. Tournehen Castle, 7 Oct. Signed.
Since writing I have told the bearers what they will report to you. I have written of it to the Deputy to know how we are to conduct ourselves henceforth.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 Oct.
Add. MS. 8715 f. 290 b. B. M.
596. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
* * * The king of Scotland, who was hourly expected here, has stayed at Paris, being slightly ill. Francis is going in a few days to Picardy.
Ital., pp. 2. Modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Protonotario Ambrogio. Da Lione, li 7 Ottobre 1536.
8 Oct.
Add. MS. 28589, f. 76. B. M.
597. [Eustace Chapuys] to the Count of Cifuentes.
The king of England wishes to compel the Princess to write two letters, one to the Pope the other to the Queen [of Hungary]. In the letter to the Pope she is to acknowledge the invalidity of her mother's marriage, and that she has consented willingly, and not under compulsion, to do what the King wished, and that she hopes the Pope will forbear meddling with English affairs (dexe de proveer en lo de aca), as the King is in the right. To the Queen she is to say that she wishes her to inform [the Emperor] of the truth of the above, and that she has freely renounced her right; that he will not favour an opposite course either in the Council or elsewhere for the sake of the king of Portugal, because she is well satisfied with what she has done. The Pope must be warned of all this, and if they come to inform him of such letters, or present them, his Holiness may answer as if annoyed with the Princess for what she has done, that as they are doubtful here (at Rome ?), what she has agreed to they are doing their utmost to make sure of her Highness, endeavouring, if possible to bring her into Court (vdn en lo que pueden assegurandosse de su Alteza por poderla traer en corte). If her Highness goes thither she will gradually administer an antidote. As nothing else can be done at present, it is necessary to help her, that credit may be given to her words, and that it may not be thought that there is poison beneath what she does (es necessario ayudar a su Alteza en que de credito a sus dichos y no piensen, &c.).
Even if Cifuentes ought not to know that the Princess has for a long time used such remedies for what concerns her right, and has done so now again, (athough what was done before was so complete that there is no need of anything else); still, he ought to know that if anything is found out about it here, they will not let her live long. No one else should, therefore, know it except Cifuentes, to whom for this reason he cannot write the certainty of what the letter written by the Princess will contain. Cifuentes may, however, believe that she is in great danger of being compelled to sign, and has accordingly sent to tell him to inform the Emperor and Cifuentes of everything.
In consequence of the taxation and the suppression of the monasteries, the people in Lincolnshire have begun to rise. It cannot be of small importance, because the King is making preparations as if the greater part of the kingdom were against him. Can say nothing about it yet, as the people have no head, and often what seems important turns to nothing.
Sp. pp. 3. Headed: Al conde de Cifuentes. El embaxador de Ynglaterra, 8 Oct. 1536. Modern copy.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
598. Henry VIII. to Lord Darcy.
By letters sent us from the rout of those traitors assembled in Lincolnshire, suing for their pardon, it appears that this insurrection grew by crafty persons reporting that we would take the goods of all the churches, and levy unheard of impositions. In order that the people may see the malice of these persons, you are to read these letters to those about you, and to show that we never intended to take one pennyworth of parish church goods, or to levy more than has been given by an Act of Parliament which charges no man that is not worth 20l. in goods, and those worth more with only 6d. in the pound. So a man worth 40l. is a very traitor that for 20s. would rebel against his prince. "By this declaration, which we assure you is true, our good subjects may perceive the wretched and devilish intents of those false traitors and rebels." Given under our signet at our castle of Windsor, [the viij. day of October] in the xxviij. year of our reign.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: True copy of the King's letter to lord Darcy.
8 Oct.
R. O.
599. Lord William Howard to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness to me in my sickness, that it pleased you to see me both at Oking and Guildford. I have received a letter from the King directing me to go to the country and be in readiness in case of need, and also to hearken if there be any ill-disposed people in those parts likely to be busy. If I find any, they shall have short courtesy at my hands. I beg you will write half a dozen words, "when you have certain news how they speed." Walworth, 8 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
600. [Sir Edmund Walsingham] to Suffolk.
The King directed me "the master of the ordinances, he being absent this present Sunday," to send in post to show your Grace of the ordnance and artillery that comes to you, in order that you might write where you would have it conveyed. It is, under Wm. Gonson or some other, to be 16 falcons with shot and powder, 1,500 sheaf arrows, 700 bows, 700 demy lawnces, 300 chavelynes, 18 half-barrels of gunpowder, 4 barrels of bowstrings, 600 fighting bills, and other necessaries. Credence for bearer. Wishes him victory over the traitors. Signed: E. W.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
601. Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Being here with lords Oxford and Suffolk, received the King's letters, the most "discomfortable" that ever came to his hands, commanding him to send his son with as many horses as he can furnish, and himself to stay at home. If he sends away his horses, can do no service in repressing the people here, nor come to the King when commanded. Does not wish to sit still like a man of law while other noblemen either come to the King or go towards his enemies. Unless he hears again by Tuesday night, will rather set forward to the enemy, though he has only 40 horses with him, than remain at home with so much shame. Esterford, Sunday, 1 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
602. Norfolk to Cromwell, the Bishop of Hereford, and Paulet.
To the same effect, mainly, as the preceding. Sends his son to the King in post as pledge for his truth. My lords of Oxford and Sussex might have stayed this country as well as the writer. Esterford, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: To my lord Pryve Seale, my lord of Herfford, and M[a]ster Controller. Endd.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
603. Norfolk to the Council.
Since my coming to this town I have learned that light persons rejoice at this business in Lincolnshire, and that if I had not come, and the proclamation for clothmaking been made, "some business might have chanced." Sir Thomas Rushe, being sick of an ague, has written that the young clothiers are very light. I have sent to him for particulars. Sir William Walgrave and other substantial men have been with me, and in the morning as I ride homewards Sir William Drewry, Sir Thomas Jermyn, and John Spryng will be with me.
Notwithstanding my letter to you from Esterford, after the tales shown me here I dare not leave these parts without the King's command, nor send away my son with my horses; of which I have not above 70, for my great horses and geldings are in Sussex, at Sheffield (sic). The geldings ought now to be on this side London towards me. I think I had much wrong offered me to send my son and servants from me, considering that he cannot overtake my lord of Suffolk, who will be tomorrow night at Huntingdon, and "they shall be fought withal or tomorrow noon by my lord Steward." In any other place I could be ready at a day's warning, and would, my lord of Oxford being sent down, leave these parts in good order. Stoke, Sunday, 6 p.m.
Hol., pp. 2 Add.: My lord Privy Seal and others of the King's Council. Endd.
8 Oct. 604. H. C. [earl of Cumberland] to Darcy.
Thanks him for monition of the confederacy of Dent, Cedbarr, and Wenslaydale. Though these parts are out of his rule has written to Sir James Metcalf, Sir Geoff. Midilton, and others to see them stayed. Begs Darcy will send him any news he receives from Court. My castle of Skipton, 8 Oct.
Copy, half page from Darcy's Letter Book, (No. v.).
8 Oct.
R. O.
605. Lord Darcy to Sir Arthur Darcy.
Desires him to tell the lord Steward that the best means he has hitherto found to stay the countries is by such persuasions of wise men and letters as in the copy enclosed, which he has sent abroad and done much good with. The country, the city of York and all, leans clearly to join with the commons. He and his friends have thought it best to stay and defer all commissions, leets, and other assemblies, more than gentlemen and their household servants, till the King's pleasure is further known. Never heard of gentlemen better minded to serve God and the King. Desires credence for the bearer and haste to him, for considering his debility, my said lord will see that you will be a great aid to me, and do great service to the King. Doubts not my lord will use good espials and hear the true opinions of his friends. Tell my lord if it were the King's pleasure my heart and will were to be with my said lord, or where else I could serve the King. Pontefract Castle, 8 Oct. 1536.
Draft in Darcy's hand, pp. 2. Begins: Son Sir Arthur.
8 Oct.
R. O.
606. Lord Darcy to —
"Cousin." Charges him in the King's name to come to him immediately. Will then disclose to him matters concerning the King's pleasure, and counsel with him. Pountefrett Castle, 8 Oct. Signed.
P. 1.
[8 Oct.]
R. O.
607. Richard Cromwell to Cromwell.
This night I am lodged at Ware with 100 horsemen, and have appointed Thurston and Goodwyn and his brother Thomas as guides to 40 handguns which lie this night at Waltham. I intend soon after midnight to repair before to Huntingdon and gather such company as I can. Mr. Cotton, sometime governor to the late duke of Richmond, met me with 20 tall men well horsed, and will go with me in this voyage. Today on my journey to Ware I met with one Hall, who was taken prisoner by the traitors in Lincolnshire and sworn as their captain, but by policy escaped; he reckons them at 40,000 or 50,000, and that they increase by 500 or 600 a day and encamp themselves very substantially. I send Hall to your Lordship, and also a servant of Tyrwitt's who can give information. Five or six hundred handguns are required, and some of the small pieces in the Tower, for many of them are good archers. Written this night, 10 p.m.
I bought harness for a hundred men at London, because it is scant here. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
608. Sir James Layburn to Cromwell.
I have sent you by my servant, Will. Sleddall, 50l. due to the King, Michaelmas last. I am so crased that I could not bring it myself. Whereas at your request my lord Admiral promised you that I should be farmer of a benefice belonging to the monastery of Cartmell or Conyshyd, pray show my nephew Thos. Cayrus your further pleasure in the same. Asheto[n], 8 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
609. John Babyngton to Cromwell.
Please give credence to the bearer, my servant, Thomas Belyald (?). I and my cousin Hersy are ready to do the King's service; we do our best to keep this country of Nottinghamshire not past one mile from our enemies. We beg to be enrolled in your retinue. I would write at more length, but the bearer dare scant carry this, seeing the dangerous sorts of the wilful. I would come to you but I think I can do you better service here.
Dated at the head: 8 Oct., apud Rampton.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: "Resc. 10 Oct."
8 Oct.
Add. MS. 28, 589, f. 78. B. M.
610. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
* * * Since writing to the Emperor that it would be of no use to ask the Pope for a brief of absolution for the Princess of England, not having learned from the ambassador there sufficient causes for postponing the satisfaction which ought to be made publicly in such cases, the ambassador has written that there are just causes, both for the service of God and of the Princess. If the Pope knows what she has done, the French may hear of it, and then her father, which would be dangerous for her. The Pope might be asked for "un vive vocis oraculo en genere," in which the Princess would be tacitly comprehended, giving power to the confessors of all who have incurred this error in England, tacitly to absolve them. The Princess can therefore postpone for a short time the necessary public satisfaction. In order that the Princess may be secure, there must be very strong reasons, and though the ambassador has pointed them out, they are not understood, and the matter is referred to him to supply them with the assistance of persons in whom he can trust. In this way the Pope will not know for whom the request is made. Thinks Ortiz will write more fully. Rome, 8 Oct. 1536.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
9 Oct.
R. O.
611. Henry VIII. to Lord Darcy.
We have received your letters with certain instructions or articles of the misdemeanours in those parts, and thank you for your wisdom and diligence in quieting the same. No doubt the business begun in Northumberland is ere this suppressed; and for this in Lincolnshire we have made such preparation that you shall shortly hear that the beginners of it have had their deserts. Your good advertisement and politic proceedings before the signification of the same declare what an opinion we must have of your fidelity; and we desire you therefore to apprehend as seditious all persons who shall speak of the suppression of abbeys, taking away of their church goods or of levying new impositions: also, when the insurrection of Lincolnshire breaks up, to keep watch that the country be not molested with those vagabonds nor the notable companions of the same escape. Given under our signet. Windsor Castle, 9 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. Signed with a stamp and sealed.
Pp. 2. In Wriothesley's hand. Add. Endd.: The King's second letter.
9 Oct.
Shrewsb. MS., A. f. 61. Coll. of Arms. Lodge, i. 40.
612. Cromwell to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
Is so much comforted by his letters that he would honor the earl while he lives, and if he might, after his death, as the most worthy earl that ever served our prince, "and such a chieftain as is worthy eternal glory. My lord, I assure [you] I write this with my very heart, and I pray God to give me some occasion to do you pleasure while ye live, and to your posterity if I overlive you. I would ye knew as well as I how the King's highness reputeth your most acceptable and loyal service, which ye shall right well perceive by the tenor of his gracious letters to you directed at this time." All the habiliments and munitions he wrote for are on the way with plenty of money. "Our Lord send your lordship as long life and as well to fare as I would wish, and then ye should be in good health and but 30 years of age." Windsor, 9 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., "with the hastye and layserles hande of hym that ys yours in hert," &c.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
[9 Oct.]
R. O.
613. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
Met today divers persons from the parts where the lord Steward is who say he is at Nottingham. Trusts to be at Stamford tomorrow. Has no doubt of anything but that the rebellious persons will not abide them. If they do, trusts the King will hear that they are ordered so as to be an example to other rebels. Desires to be commended to the Council. Aylisbury, Monday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Lord Admiral.
9 Oct.
R. O.
614. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Four forms of letters similar to those in No. 579, with an additional clause directing the person addressed to bring more men if he can, and if he cannot bring the required number of horse to make it up in foot. Two of these forms begin "Right trusty and well beloved" (or "entirely beloved") "cousin," and are fully dated Windsor Castle 9 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII. The two others, beginning "Trusty and well beloved," have a blank left for the day of the month.
9 Oct.
R. O.
615. Charles duke of Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Arrived this Monday, 9th inst., at 6 a.m. at Huntington, leaving his company to follow, and intended with the men he should find there to proceed to Standfforde for staying the traitors, according to the King's command. Found there neither ordnance nor artillery nor men enough to do anything; such men as are gathered there have neither harness nor weapons. Begs that ordnance, and artillery, and a thousand or two of harness may be sent with speed; also a sufficient number of horsemen [as well out of Wales as out of the north parts]. (fn. 15) Ordnance and horsemen must do the feat; and, considering that the traitors are well horsed and harnessed and so numerous, the success of a battle would be doubtful. Has just seen the King's gracious letters to Sir Robt. Tirwhit and others now amongst the rebels, and has himself sent Tirwhit and the rest a letter, (copy enclosed). Begs to know what to do if they submit according to the King's letters; if they do not he will at first refuse to make any more suit to the King for them unless they stay themselves without approaching nearer the King's army. Thus he intends to gain time to put the King's people in readiness and have the ordnance. Begs for money, without which the men are unwilling to set forth; many captains are unable to relieve their company, though in the meantime Suffolk does what he can to help them. Reminds the King of the sending down of horsemen and ordnance. In his late letters, considering his sudden departure out of Suffolk, he desired that his cousin Sir Ant. Wingffeld, Sir Arthur Hopton, and Sir Francis Lovell might levy his servants and tenants in Suffolk for him. Now he hears the King has commanded them to remain in the country, so he lacks a great part of his servants. Begs the King to send them command to repair to him with their companies, assuring his Grace he has not taken out of Suffolk and Norfolk any gentlemen except his cousin Sir Ant. Wingfield, Sir Arthur Hopton, and Sir Thomas Tyrrell, "and out of Norfolk" Sir Francis Lovell. Has just received a letter from Sir Francis Bryan, who is at Kimbolton with 300 horse, and trusts to have his foot with him tomorrow night. It is said the rebels will be at Standfforde "this night," where Sir William Aparr and others are. Has written to Aparr that if he thinks his force and Suffolk's sufficient to stop the rebels there, he (Suffolk) will repair thither; if not, then Sir Wm. Aparr and the rest, and also Sir Francis Bryan, must join forces with those of the writer at Huntingdon, where they will make a determined stay. Encloses two letters received that day from Mr. Richard Cromwell which show the state of the country. Huntingdon, 9 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
616. [Duke of Suffolk] to Sir Robert Turwhit, Sir William Askew, and — Portington.
For as much as Sir Edward Maddasson was, at the mediation of the inhabitants of Loithe, sent with your letters to the King; considering he was amongst you and was a suitor for you, the King "was in such high displeasure that he was in great danger of his life." The King, however, out of pity for the slaughter which is prepared for you if you continue in your detestable purpose, has sent you his gracious letters, which if you are minded to follow I would know by bearer. If you refuse and march further towards the King's army I shall put the King's command "of persecution" in execution. Huntingdon, 9 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Add. Endd.: Copy of a letter sent to Sir Robert Tirwit, &c.
9 Oct.
R. O.
617. Charles duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
Knows Cromwell will be privy to all his letters to the King at this time so he makes no rehersal of them but desires that the things he has written for may be despatched. Requests that there may be sent him "one herald, one pursuivant, two trumpets, and the King's banner, if need so shall require, that I may occupy the same." Two gentlemen have just come in who escaped from "these rebellious" yesterday. Has sent them on to Cromwell. Trusts to have more shortly and asks how to order them. Huntingdon, 9 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Rec. 11 Oct.
9 Oct.
R. O.
618. Sir Rob. Tyrwhyt and Others to Shrewsbury.
As the commonalty of Lincolnshire would that Shrewsbury should know the cause of their rising at this time and their suit to the King, they enclose a copy of their supplication to the King. Beg favor. Lincoln, 9 Oct. "Your poor beadsmen the commonalty of the shire of Lincoln."
The commonalty desire favor for the bearer, who, since their business began, has done what he might to stay them in quietness. Signed: Robt. Tyrwhyt.—William Ayscugh.—William Skipwith.—Andrew Byllesby.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
619. Sir Robert Kyrkham to Richard Cromwell.
Last Sunday there mustered before him, in two sundry places, over 1,000 persons, from whom he has chosen 500 able to fight if they had armour and weapons, but not 30 of them are harnessed. They are poor and clamour for money. Begs for money and armour in all haste or they will not tarry. "Yesterday night late" he was at Stanforde with Sir William Parre and others when Marbery and Madyson, the King's servants, came in, having escaped from the rebels, who they say are 20,000. Others say 40,000, and part within 20 miles of Stanford. Knows not who are their captains. Offord (Ufford?) beside Stonford, Monday, 2 o'clock in the morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Sir Robert Kirkham.
9 Oct.
R. O.
620. Confession of George Cutlerd, servant to Lord Hussey.
On Wednesday last he and Dalles rode, by Hussey's command, from Slefforthe to Horne Castle and spoke with Kebson (?), asking the cause of the rising of the country and offering lord Hussey's help to stay them. "Aftar thes com in Lech and sad, Wye herre sa that my lord Husse wyel rasse the conttre a kyend hows, and I sad a kyn it was a faws tale, wyerre wythe the ware glad of the answer" [In margin "Nom the saying of Cuttler"]. Was then sworn, and he and Dalles were taken before the sheriff and detained that night but allowed to depart next day on the return of certain of the company who had ridden to lord Hussey [In margin, "Nom the Lord Hussey"]. On Friday Hussey sent him with a letter John Henehce had left for the gentlemen that were with them at his departure [In margin "Nom the letter"]. The gentlemen said they were coming to fetch Hussey from his house, for they must have his counsel to stay the people. Reported this the same night to Hussey, who rode from Slefforthe on the Saturday. Rode himself to Skens (?). Signed.
P. 1. In Cutler's hand (spelling very bad) with heading and marginal notes in other hands. Endd. by Wriothesley. Liber XVus.
ii. A note in Derby's hand: To be inquired who devised that every man should be sworn and who devised the oath.
9 Oct.
R. O.
621. Sir J. Russell and Sir William Parre to Henry VIII.
This day we have viewed the walls of this town and inquired of the most discreet and substantial persons into the state of the commons' hearts, who would, if we had tarried longer, have joined the traitors; indeed this day there have left Bourne, under one of your own servants, about 100 persons, whom we have sent a company to apprehend or else to take such goods as are left. The walls of this town are very weak, but if "I" had ordnance they should be defended, whatever assault was made. The bridge the inhabitants will not willingly permit to be broken up: however we shall do as cause shall require. Within two miles above the bridge are divers fords where "some policy shall be practised" to hinder and annoy the offenders. Request that harness, artillery, and money may be sent. Ordnance is what "will most fear and put th'offenders in despair and dread." Stamforde, 9 Oct. Signed. "J. Russell—Wyllm Parre."
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Sir John Russell and Sir Wm. Aparre.
[9 Oct.]
R. O.
622. Aske's Rebellion.
Copy of a proclamation by Robt. Aske, chief captain of Marshland, the Isle, and Howdenshire, and Thomas Metham, Robt. Aske, jun., Thos. Saltemarche, Wm. Monketon, Mr. Franke, and Mr. Cawood, captains of the same; for all men to assemble on the morrow at Skypwithe Moor and appoint captains Mr. Hussye, Mr. Babthorp, Mr. Gascoign, and other gentlemen, to warn all "beyond the Water" and to take oath to be true to "the King's issue and the noble blood," to preserve the Church from spoil and be true to the common wealth.
P. 1.
623. The Northern Rebellion.
R. O. Money delivered in prest by Mr. Cofferer, Mr. Hatclif, and Robert Pakenam, to the duke of Norfolk, marquis of Exeter, and other knights and gentlemen in the King's "intended army" against the rebels in the North.
To the duke of Norfolk, marquis of Exeter, Anthony Kingstone, Sir Anthony Hungreforde, Sir Nich. Pointz, Sir Edmund Tame, Sir John Saintlo, Sir Walter Dennys, Sir John Dudley, Sir John Lygons, Sir Richard Page, Peter Mewtys, John Barkley, Robert Kyrk, harbinger, George Hontley, and Robert Pakenam. (Amounts to each from each paymaster are set down.)
Pp. 2. Endd.: Prests.
[9 Oct.]
R. O.
624. John Roke to Cromwell.
Received this morning his letter directed to his master, (fn. 16) and opened it in his absence. Will do what he can to accomplish his pleasure. His master set forward yesterday, and before his departure consulted with Gonson. They agreed that the King's treasure for safety should come after, this day, with the ordnance from the Tower, secretly, Roke and others attending on it. His master and Gonson would meet tomorrow at Huntingdon and go forward to Stamford. Will truss the 3,000l. he has received from Cromwell's servant with the other 3,000l. had before. Robt. Lord is gone to Mr. Pope to receive the plate and money, according as Cromwell wrote, "and also of Hales." If any more money may be had, will take it with him. London, Monday morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[9 Oct.]
R. O.
625. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Last night at my town of Stoke, and this morning coming through Hadley, Bexford, Neylonde, Bylston, Ratlestdene, &c., I have set such order that it shall be hard for any one to speak an unfitting word without being incontinently taken and sent to me. I have arranged to have 1,400 or 1,500 tall men out of Suffolk at an hour's warning. What I shall have out of Norfolk I cannot yet say, but trust by tomorrow night to have a good company. I have of my own five fawcons and 20 brass hakbushes, but want gunners. This morning lord Wentworth showed me he had word from beyond the Wash that on Friday last the traitors took lord Hussey, "which if it be true there is folly upon folly. I pray God there be truth though there be much folly." He showed also that the traitors are at Boston. Sir William Drewry and Sir Thomas Jermyn have heard the same, but say lord Hussey and lord Clynton have escaped, and that great part of Kesteyne and Holonde has risen. If this be true I think it unwise to be too hasty in giving them battle, and unless my lord Steward and lords Darcy, Huntingdon, and Rutland join my lord of Suffolk he shall be too weak to meddle with them. Before I receive your Majesty's answer I shall have 2,500 men; and as you have appointed Suffolk your lieutenant I will gladly serve under him, and be with him two or three days after his company from these parts. If you send my lord of Oxford to make sure of his town of Lavenham the rest of these parts will be safe. If they come from Boston, trusting to the clothiers of Suffolk I shall stop them at Mawdelyn Bridge or elsewhere. Two or three carts of bows and arrows are requisite, even though I tarry here. Wolpyt, Monday 11 o'clock.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
626. Norfolk to the Council.
My Lords, according to the King's letter of the 7th inst., I shall set forward towards his Highness tonight as the moon rises. I wrote to his Majesty from Wolpyte three hours ago. I pray God his Majesty may command me to return home and set forward towards my lord of Suffolk, and I will have a good company ready by Thursday. I will come by Colchester and Chelmsford. 9 Oct., 3 miles from Kenynghale.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Privy Seal and others of the King's Council. Endd.
9 Oct. 627. Darcy to the Lord Mayor of York.
Writes to him as a man of substance having the rule of the second city in the realm. The commons of the Marshland, Howdanshire, Beverley, and the East Riding intend to invade the city of York and seize the King's money. Advises him to put himself and the citizens in readiness to resist; for the said commons are men of high experience in war, wanting artillery and other things. He must summon the gentlemen of the Ainstey to his assistance. 9 Oct.
P. 1. From Darcy's Letter Book (No. vi.). In margin "Vera copia of my lord Darcy's letter."
628. The Commons at Beverley to the Lord Mayor of York.
R. O. "My lord mayor and all the commons," we require you to send us word, to Newburgh against tomorrow night, whether you will suffer us "to pass through this the King's city with your favor or not, if case so require. And at Newborowe at the White Lion shall a post be ready from us to receive your answer; and thus fare you well. From Beverley this morning, in haste.
"By the Commons assembled there."
P. 1. Small slip. Headed: "My lord mayor of York letter."
R. O. 2. Another copy in same hand.
P. 1. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
629. Mylyse Spensere to Sir Thomas Russhe, knight.
My lord of Norwich, my master, upon knowledge of the death of the late bishop of Chichester by the King's visitors, on St. Mathie's day last, has given me the archdeaconry of Suffolk, belonging to his collation by the Act of Parliament. I have surrendered to him the advocation of it granted me by his predecessor. I requested you, two years past when the said vowson was given me, to intercede with my lord Privy Seal, and you offered him on my behalf 100l. that I might enjoy the same without displeasure. I pray you write to my lord Privy Seal: these letters shall be a bond for payment of the said 100l. to his use. Norwich, 9 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: At Ipswich. Endd.
9 Oct. 630. Sir William Brereton to Cromwell.
The letter printed in St. Papers II. 377 appears to be of the year 1539. The entries in Brabazon's accounts cited in the footnote at p. 378 are retrospective, referring to the years 1534–5, as will be seen by the abstract of them printed at the end of October in this Volume.
9 Oct.
R. O. St. Pap. vii., 667.
631. John Hutton to Cromwell.
The king of Scots arrived in the road of Dieppe 27 Aug. at 2 p.m. with five sail, and landed with 15 gentlemen in the twilight. Where his lodgings were appointed they used themselves so "universally" that none could judge which was King. Next morning he rode to Rowne and kept himself so secret that few knew of his being there,—the ships being still at anchor at Dieppe. These discharged some horse coffers, and four left for Habre Newiffe; the fifth is rigging in Dieppe haven. Has seen them all, and thinks them the slenderest fleet any king ever adventured his body with. One of them, the Mary Willoughby, is English; the rest are in comparison but balingers. He went to Paris, whither the writer means to go with diligence.
On coming to Dieppe, a merchant named Odenell Turke told him he had a letter of the 25th ult. from his brother at the French court at Marseilles; that Francis was coming to Lyons; that the Emperor was that day at Monaco beside Nice; and that Kanapillis had attacked the Emperor's troops and made great slaughter. Some, however, say that Kanapillis is taken prisoner and has lost 15,000 men, while, on the contrary, it is alleged that the Swiss have turned from the Emperor to the French king, and offer to deliver Milan to him. The Viscount of Dieppe has informed me that the Queen is with child, and that the King is waiting to see whether the Emperor or the French king shall prosper best and side with the stronger. On the 5th the Burgundians had a great booty, both of cattle and prisoners, between Abbeville and Montreuil. The town of Dieppe has taken many prizes. The Viscount has four ships abroad and expects to be enriched, for they take all they find, Englishmen and Portuguese. Dieppe is visited with sickness, which they say was brought from Rye. Rouen, 9 Oct.
Hol., Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
632. J. de Morbeque to Lord Lisle.
I have today received your letters by your trumpet, whom I have requested to convey my answer by word of mouth, both about the matter of Lukard, and about the taking of the shoemaker of Ardre named Pierchon Le Leu (?). Tournehen Castle, 9 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
9 Oct.
R. O.
633. Willebrordus Montanus to Peter [Beckwith].
Fears he has forgotten him. Would have written sooner if he had known he had been at Calais. Heard a year ago that he was staying in England. Asks him to write to him and to send a letter to the writer's mother at Baleul, where she is staying to learn Flemish. Was at the festival at St. Omer to see his friends, and heard that his correspondent was in good health. Desires to be recommended to his brother and to Adrien Seel. St. Omer, 9 Oct. '36.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: Soit donne a Pierres . . . cutihz. A Callais.
10 Oct.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report vi. 445.
634. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
Divers traitors have lately assembled in Lincolnshire and thereabouts; we have prepared for them and doubtless they will be subdued. Yet seeing the event of such enterprises is uncertain, put yourself and all people about you in readiness. Windsor, 10 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
R. O. 635. Thomas Stanley, priest, to Lord Darcy.
Yesternight came to me a servant of Banester's who dwells in the isle of Oxame. Banester is with his master the earl of Derby at Knowsley, who reckons me in ill health because I come not to him. This man told me there is no stirring in Lancashire but my lord of D. attends the King's command. They say those that are up are for the maintenance of Church and Faith and they will not strike against them. This week past, Manchester college should have been pulled down and there would have been a rising, but the commissioners recoiled. Your Lordship may trust the bearer he is "a tall man if need be." Signs as "your faithful son and beadsman."
P. 1. Add.
10 Oct.
R. O.
636. Lord William Howard to [Cromwell].
I have received the King's letter to make 100 men against the 15th inst., of whom 30 must be archers and all on horseback. Cannot do it because the land is in division between my lady Russell's daughter and me, and I am sure Mr. Russell has taken up the best of them already. I beg therefore that my lady my mother may have a letter to furnish me with 100 men for I cannot make 40 without her help. Written at my lady's house at Cheseworth, 10 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[10 Oct.]
R. O.
637. Sir William Poulet to Sir Adrian Fortescu.
My lord Privy Seal is sorry your letter is forgotten. The King desires Sir Adrian to be ready to attend him with his company at a day's warning. The army is appointed to assemble on 16th inst., at Amptell; but as the warning is thus late, he need not be there. Windsor, Tuesday, "immediately upon the receipt of your letter."
Hol., p. 1. Add.
[10 Oct.]
R. O.
638. William Gonson to Cromwell.
Could not leave London before this day for lack of horses and carts. The former part of the things appointed for Staunford, with the King's treasure, lodges here tonight, and will be at Huntingdon tomorrow. Touching the receipt of more spears, bows, and javelins, with arrows, I have not meddled for lack of carriage. It may be sent after us. This country is as peaceable as my own house. Buntingforde, Tuesday, 9 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
10 Oct.
R. O.
639. Kateryn Champernon to Cromwell.
Thanks him for preferring her to her present room, (fn. 17) and reporting well of her to the King. Is not able to maintain her room to the King's honor without some yearly stipend, and asks him to remember it to the King. Would not have troubled him, but for necessity. Will be loth to charge her father, who has as much to do with the little living he has as any man. Hunsdon, 10 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
640. Sir Christopher Morrece to Cromwell.
I have all in readiness to march to Ampthill, finding few persons in London to serve the King in this business. Please direct your letters for money for prest to our men, &c., and let us know the King's pleasure where the ordnance delivered to Gonstone shall be conveyed; the part is gone towards Stamforde, yet it may be turned to Amptell, and be there tomorrow. There be many tall men in the King's works at Dover, if you would direct your letters to my brother Whalley for them. London, Tuesday, 10 Oct.
Hol., but not in his own hand, p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.
Titus B. i. 389. B. M.
641. William Cavendish to Cromwell.
At our repair to the monastery of Bruerne, Oxon., letters came from the King to Sir John a Brigges to be ready with as many as he could make to meet his Grace on the 17th at Ampthill; and he said he could not both serve the King and disburse money for such goods, corn, and cattle as was here. Having therefore discharged the monks and part of the servants of the house with the money we have received elsewhere, and being even obliged to borrow to despatch the other affairs of the house with such gentle rewards as we have used, we desire instructions what to do, as the other grantees of houses not yet dissolved likewise intend to do the King service. Breuern, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
10 [Oct.]
R. O.
642. Norfolk to Cromwell.
"Coming this morning in post to the King wards," I received his Grace's letters to come to Ampthill, with day and number left blank; yet, by other letters, I am to have all the men at Ampthill on the 16th inst. I will not fail, but for those coming out of Norfolk it will be hard to keep day and place; also it is out of our way, for at Cambridge we shall be 12 miles from Huntingdon, to which we must come, and Ampthill is 30 miles further backwards; yet, if by your other letters it is the King's pleasure, I will come thither with as many as I can. The King has commanded divers gentlemen, abbots and priors, of the country, to send men. I am steward and founder of most of the houses of religion, and "under me many of the gentlemen have the rules of them, as of Bury Sir Thomas Germyn, Sir William Drury and John Spryng of the bishop of Ely's lands, and in Norfolk many others." My lord of Suffolk has under him Sir Ant. Wingfield, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Thomas Tyrrell, Sir Fras. Lovell, Sir John Glemam, and other gentlemen, and I trust the King will be as good to me as to him. My lord Steward, Sir Fras. Bryan, and others, bring gentlemen under them. Help me in this and in two other matters, i.e., one, that as Marshal of England "I may have vanguard," the others to help me with at least 400 bows and 500 sheaves of arrows. This were better than gold and silver, for for money I cannot get bows nor arrows. I pray you answer this by post, "which lie both by Essex and also by Newmarket to my house." Colchester, 10th of this month, 6 p.m.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 643. The Muster at Ampthill.
"A direction taken" for my lord Chamberlain's repair towards Ampthill to prepare victual and lodging for the King and his train, and such as shall repair thither to attend on his Grace's person.
First, he has a commission to command "by his billet" as if it had passed under the Great Seal. Item. The following persons are appointed to attend him:—Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir John Dyve, Sir Michael Fissher, Sir Walter Luke, Clement Fizth . . . . ., John Fe . . . . ., Nicol[as] . . . . . ., Sir . . . . . . . . . ., Sir . . . . . . . . . ., Sir . . . . . . . . ., Henry Bridges, Walter Chalkett, Wm. Rayneforde, John Norreys, Warde the harbenger.
"A calendar of the book of the army for the appointment of the lodgings."
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
10 Oct.
R. O.
644. G. earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas earl of Rutland, and G. earl of Huntingdon to Henry VIII.
This morning, in the spring of the day, the "scowtewache" of such gentlemen as we sent to defend Newark and the passage there took a person with a letter to me, your simple steward, from the rebels, which you shall receive by bearer, as yet unopened. We have examined the person and detain him: he was glad to have the conveyance of the letter as the only means of getting out of their company, and would rather lose wife, children, goods and chattels than return to them. It may please your Highness with diligence to advertise us of your Gracious pleasure. Nottingham castle, midnight, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
645. Town of Beverley to [the Commons of Lincolnshire].
We, the commonalty of Beverley, Yorks., are risen and sworn to God, our Prince, and the commons against counsellors, inventors and procurers to undo both Church and Commons. We desire to know by the bearers, our messengers, whether you, both captains and commons, need our help. We beg your counsel, and pray for your good speed. Beverley, 10 Oct. "By zowrs ye cominalte aforsaide and sealyd wt. owr comyn sealle: and Gode sawe ye Kynge, ye Churche, and ye Comynalte."
P. 1. Endd.
[10 Oct.]
R. O.
646. [Sir Brian Hastings to Lord Darcy.]
I am sure your lordship is advertised of this insurrection in Howdenshire and Marshland. They intend to go to York, wherefore my advice is, with haste, to stop them before they reach York, and to send a force to York to overawe their faction in that city. If you think this necessary I will wait upon you with 300 men. Let me know your pleasure by bearer. Haytfeld, Tuesday, 9 p.m.
P. 1. Badly mutilated. But the full text is contained in the copy sent by Hastings to Fitzwilliam on the 11th. See No.
10 Oct.
R. O.
647. William lord Dacre to Shrewsbury.
A countryman of mine in his journey towards London, at Hassillupon-Humber, met two religious men that came from Barton who gave him this bill (enclosed), without which he might not pass the ferry. I send it you for your Lordship to send, if you think good, to the King. My countryman says the commons of Beverley are sworn to one another and are risen. Hildreskelf, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
648. Roger Wygston, Ric. Catysby, and Thos. Trye to Cromwell.
According to his writing, have examined the matter at variance between John Drayton of Adderson, pl., and Sir Walter Smythe and Wm. Fyndern, defts. The plaintiff was very stiff and obstinate and has refused to abide by arbitration. Rokebye, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
649. William Shelburn to Cromwell.
Desires remembrance for the King's licence to preach and to set forth his Grace's injunctions, according to the petition of his master, Mr. Williams, who showed him Cromwell had made grant thereof. Begs to know whether he is to remain in Woburn or not. Woburn, 10 Oct. Signed: Sir Will'm Shelburn.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[10 Oct.]
R. O.
650. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
This night my lord of Suffolk's Grace received a letter from my Lady, his wife, showing that there is a great bruit that his Grace has lost a field and 20,000 men, and that the King will have throughout England all such cattle as be not marked. This is supposed to have been put in the heads of the people by the traitors of the clergy to make them murmur. Tuesday night. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
651. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
I hear that Sir Henry Brettan, priest, alleges "that I should resign unto him in the name of Master Colyns, treasurer of York, the benefice of Towcetour." It is not so. Colyns made to Dr. Knyght, Dr. Bell, and me, a proxy of resignation of the said benefice under certain conditions, which, not being fulfilled, I returned the proxy to Colyns. Brettan afterwards brought an aged man who he said was a notary, to my house in London, desiring a new proxy to be drawn, and I said if he made a draft I would forward it to Colyns. York, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct. 652. Edw. Dudley to Cromwell.
The letter printed as of this date in State Papers II. 379, is of the year 1539.
10 Oct.
R. O.
653. J. de Morbeque to the Bailly of [Guisnes].
Sends his drummer with a message "touchant les bestes Lukard." Tournehen, 10 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. de Parlme (fn. 18) a Campaignes. Begins: "Mons. le Bailly."
10 Oct.
Poli Epp. i. 483.
654. Pole to Card. Contarini.
The more frequent and the more terrible (atrociora) the letters are which I have lately received from England as to the King's disposition towards me, the more needful it is that I should trust for my safety entirely to the Pope, by whose authority I incurred the King's indignation. A messenger whom I myself had a few days before despatched to the King was sent back to me by the King in post (per dispositos equos) that he might give me letters before I commenced my journey, and overtook me at Verona. The King certainly thought that these letters would prevent my going if anything would; and he was right, but that divine grace maintained me in my resolution. Of these letters one was from Cromwell, written in the King's name, full of all kinds of threats; a second from Tunstall endeavouring to show at great length by authority of Scripture that I was more bound to obey the King's summons than the Pope's; a third, which moved me deeply, was from my mother and my brother, written in such a miserable strain that on reading them I almost succumbed. I certainly had begun to change my plans, as they so earnestly besought me not to go on this journey against the King's will, otherwise they would renounce all the ties of nature between us. I did not see how to avoid this blow, aimed at my very vitals, except by a change of plan, and I intended to ask leave of the Pope's kindness; but I was dissuaded by those two excellent bishops, in whose company you know I am, saying that my perseverance would redound all the more to the glory of Christ, when neither the King's threats nor the love of parents could make me swerve. I therefore sent back the messenger to the King, who had charged him to come back immediately with my answer; and I gave such an answer that the King might easily see no threats of man would prevail with me in this matter. I answered also the letters, or rather volume, of Tunstall with a no less long oration. I did what I could to satisfy my relations and dismissed the messenger at Bologna. I send this messenger that you may understand my danger and confer with the Pope how I may be protected from the snares of my enemies, for they will certainly do their utmost now to remove me. Sienna, 10 Oct.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 655. — to "Master Deyn."
"Master Deyn, we recommend us unto you, desiring you that ye bid beads and reherse the points of cursing in your parish church as hath been accustomed afore time after the true laws of God, as pray for the pope of Rome, the head of our mother Holy Church. And hath (sic) as hath been grant by holy popes. And thus in this cause of Almighty God fail not to do, and we shall die and live with you as ye intend to have the favor of God and ours, and intendeth to have any duty of us, and if ye will not send us word the contrary.
"By the whole assent of all the whole parishioners and tenants of my lord's of Northumberland."
Endd.: Letter sent to one Mr. Deyn.


  • 1. The addresses of both these letters are in Wriothesley's hand.
  • 2. There are two endorsements on the inner leaves of the document in the same words as that outside. The outer cover with this endorsement and title on flyleaf is of a different texture of paper from the document itself, and was probably added in the spring of the following year when the examinations of witnesses during the whole series of Northern rebellions were arranged in books and numbered.
  • 3. Lord Darcy. See Vol. VIII., p. 253, and index.
  • 4. Lord Clinton, second husband of Elizabeth Blount, lady Tailboys.
  • 5. Probably lord Hussey and lord Burgh.
  • 6. Richard Cromwell.
  • 7. Blanks in MS.
  • 8. Another of these forms, with the day lett blank in the date, is in Harl. MS. 283, f. 257, B. M.
  • 9. Crossed out.
  • 10. Totals are given throughout at the foot of each page, but, owing perhaps to the corrections made in the numbers the arithmetic is not very intelligible. The page at the foot of which this total is given comprises the four western counties.
  • 11. Blank.
  • 12. Blank.
  • 13. Withcote in Leicestershire?
  • 14. The copy in Darcy's Letter Book dates this letter Worksop, 7 Oct.; but the day and month are not in the original.
  • 15. Crossed out.
  • 16. Gostwick. See Vol. IX., No. 279.
  • 17. Of gentlewoman waiting on lady Elizabeth, see Vol. X., No. 1187 (2, 3).
  • 18. Henry Palmer, bailly of Guisnes.