Henry VIII: October 1536, 11-15

Pages 257-284

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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October 1536, 11-15

11 Oct.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 214. B. M.
656. Henry VIII. to Gardiner and Wallop.
Has received their letters of the 2nd inst., dated Valence, touching their communications with the French king about the princess Mary and the declaration made by him of his late success against the Emperor. As to the matter of the Princess, as they are now entered into it, they shall "haste slowly the further entreating thereof, and give them leave to seek upon you for it, and to devise rather to confirm us therein towards them than to think that we esteemed it for anything." If they are very urgent to proceed in it, they shall say, they have no further powers, and advise that a solemn embassy be sent to England. Secondly, as to the king of Scots, who is now in France, as to whom they wished for instructions how to demean themselves:—they shall take occasion first, at some time, when he is repairing to Francis' presence, if convenient, at his first access, "so that attending of our good brother, you may seem both to congratulate his prosperous arrival from the danger of the seas, and yet do him no more honor in the solemn visitation of him, than his estate requireth." Afterwards, if desired, they may visit him at his lodging. If not, they are to hint to persons who they know will tell him, that they would like to visit him. They are to note his inclination in such sort that "though we knew not his person, yet by your relations, we may know his nature and qualities." In conference with him, they are of themselves, because he is the King's near kinsman, to regret that the proposed interview of this last summer between him and Henry did not take place, and to use all means to discover the real causes which prevented it. Injurious rumors have been blown abroad lately that the King intends to confiscate all the ornaments, plate, and jewels of all the parish churches, and to impose such a tax upon the commons as was never known. These reports have been spread by traitors, of whom two are already executed, and more are ready to suffer. Certain of the King's subjects, with a number of boys and beggars, have assembled in the county of Lincoln. To repress the rising, as the duke of Suffolk has married the daughter of lord Willoughby, and is thereby become a great inheritor in those parts, the King has sent him thither as his lieutenant, and joined with him the earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon, the lord Admiral, lord Talbot, lord Borough, lord Clinton, Sir John Russell, Sir Fras. Brian, Ric. Cromwell, and all who have lands or rule thereabouts. Doubts not they will soon chastise the rebels. Nevertheless, for the quiet of the rest of the kingdom, according to ancient custom, has assembled to wait upon him a powerful army "of pure tried men" sufficient to give the greatest prince christened three great and main battles, "and yet the great part of our realm is not touched." The levying of these men and conveying them to Ampthill did not occupy more than six days. Is sure the number will not be less than 40,000. Windsor, 11 Oct. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 5. Add.: The bishop of Winchester and Sir John Wallop, ambassadors resident at the court of France. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
657. Chr. Lord Conyers to Cromwell.
The King's Council and servants have been commanded to such places as appear most fitting for the King's service "in his Grace's affairs at this present time." Conyers desires to know the King's pleasure; he is the King's officer in Richmondshire, and yet bound by injunction not to pass the circuit of seven miles from the city of London. Newington, 11 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
[11 Oct.]
R. O.
658. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
Last night my lord of Suffolk arrived here at Stamford. I and my train attended upon him and found Sir John Russell, Sir Francis Brian, Sir Wm. Parre, and others well furnished with men. About 8 p.m. arrived also my lord Admiral who, like my lord's Grace, showed me great attention. We hear the traitors about Lincoln are so dismayed at the assembly of these noblemen that they know not what to do. The township of Boston, with others, have fled home again within these two days, to the number of ten or twelve thousand men, and I suppose the rest will flee shortly. My lord Admiral, with Russell, Brian, Parre, and me will ride towards them on Saturday. Yesterday in riding hither I met George Stanes, sometime clerk to the King's late attorney, who was one of the chief captains of those traitors, and had a letter from them to the King. I brought him before my lord's Grace who, I suppose, will send him to the King. The great traitor Sir John Thymbleby, dwelling at Burne, seven miles from Stamford, knowing of Mr. Russell and Mr. Parre's approach, assembled all his tenants under color of doing the King service, and threatening to burn the houses of those who refused to go with him, then joined the traitors upon Monday last.
Has just received of John Freman Cromwell's letter and 100l. Stamford, Wednesday.
One of Sir John Thymbleby's sons has just come in, who says that five or six thousand of them have fled home, so that there remain not 10,000 at Lincoln, and his father has also come home again. Lament nothing so much as that they fly thus, as we hoped to have used them as they deserved. My lord Admiral is so earnest in the matter that I dare well say he would eat them with salt. I never saw one triumph like unto him. My lord's Grace has committed young Thymbleby to ward and, if his father come not in by 8 o'clock tomorrow, will spoil all he has and cut him in pieces. Signed.
P.S.—My lord's Grace has written to the King that their purpose is to spoil both Lowthe and Horncastle after we come to Lincoln. These two towns I dare boldly say "is better stored of arrant traitors than any towns in England:" I would that the whole shire should be sacked up. I beg your Lordship to comfort my poor wife in my absence.
Pp. 3. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
659. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Received the King's letter last night, and will joyfully show what he can do to serve his Highness. If he had harness he would bring out of his stewardship of Bury, with the aid of the good abbot, Sir William Drewry, Sir Thomas Jermyn, Sir W. Walgrave, &c., 1,000 men more than he now can. As for the leaving of his son of Surrey behind, begs that he may take Surrey with him. For the stay of Norfolk, he will leave at his house, his son Thomas with 300 or 400 tall fellows, and Roger Townesende and Robert Holdishe his steward; at Norwich, Nicholas Hare, the recorder; at Lyn, Wm. Conysby; about Brandon Ferry, Sir Thomas Bedyngfelde and Sir John Tyndale; in another part the judge Spylman and serjeant Jenny; and towards the sea, Sir John Heydon. In Suffolk he will leave lord Wentworth, to whom he desires the King to write to take the chief rule, and to assist him, Sir Humph. Wyngfelde, Sir Thomas Rushe, and Sir John Gernyngham, "a man of good estimation," towards the sea coasts, and here, about Bury, the abbot. Desires the bows and arrows promised him may be sent to Cambridge, where his company will be on Sunday night; also money, as what he has will be spent on coats and conduct money. Amptell, 11 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
660. Norfolk to Cromwell.
Thanks for the letter I received yesternight from the King. This shall be to desire you to order bows and arrows to be sent to Cambridge to me by Sunday noon, and to licence my servants to take carts to carry my bills from London. I would I had 1,000 pair of harness; we should not lack men to put in them. "In haste at Wolpytt homewards," Wednesday, 11 Oct.
Send word whether I shall with my company draw to Huntingdon or come to Ampthill alone or with the company of these two shires. "If the King will towards the enemies it were pity for the company to come to Ampthill, as I wrote yesternight."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
661. John Gostwyk and Will. Gonson to Cromwell.
Mr. Gonson and I are at Huntingdon with the King's artillery, ordnance, and treasure. I have here in money 8,700l., and doubt not to do the King service. I hope to be at Staunforde with the said artillery tomorrow night or early on Friday, and, when there, shall inform you of the number of men to serve the King, and also of traitors. The country is very loyal. Huntingdon, 11 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Privy Seal.
[11 Oct.]
R. O.
662. Sir Bryan Hastyngs to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
On Sunday last I received the King's letters at Pomfret Castle in the presence of my lord Darcy, and accordingly, with all speed, assembled my servants and tenants to await your lordship at Nottingham this Thursday. On Tuesday night after the date of my former letter to you word came that the east parts of Yorkshire have assembled, and are gone toward York, and thence to Pomfret. Have sent Richard Fletcher, servant of my lord Admiral, to the Court to inform my lord hereof. Give credence to this bearer. Stirsthorp, this Wednesday at 12 of the clock afore noon. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
[11 Oct.]
R. O.
663. Sir Bryan Hastyngs to Fitzwilliam.
I received the King's letters and yours of Sunday last at Pountfret in presence of lord Darcy at 2 p.m., and accordingly made what company I could, intending on Wednesday last to set forward to my lord of Shrewsbury at Nottingham. On Tuesday night I had word that all Yorkshire was up, over 20,000, and going towards York; whereupon I wrote to lord Darcy (copy enclosed). The common people murmur, but I keep Haitfeld, and Doncaster, and all places under your rule in good order. The common people of all the North are so confederated that they will not be stayed without great policy. I send my fellow Fletcher to you to declare more. I shall keep all under you in order, but advise that the common people should have wages. Haitfeld, Wednesday, 2 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Admiral.
R. O. 2. Copy of his letter to lord Darcy, dated Haytfeld, Tuesday (See No. 646).
11 Oct. 664. Darcy to Sir Brian Hastings.
The Commons of Howdanshire and Marshland are up, as you write. So is Beverley and nearly all the East Riding to Hull. They "intend to York" to take the King's treasures, and have taken Sir Peter Vavasour and others. I had already written to the mayor and city of York, and am glad you are ready with 300 to serve the King. I am putting all gentlemen within my room in readiness at an hour's warning, when I shall know the King's pleasure. 11 Oct.
I have no answer from the King or my lord Steward. If you have any "certainty from above, let me share it."
Copy, half page from Darcy's Letter Book (No. viii.).
11 Oct.
R. O.
665. Sir Robt. Tyrwhyt and others to Sir Edward Madyson.
We have received your letters and thank you for the pains you have taken for us. According to your advice, we will do our best to accomplish the King's command; howbeit, the commonalty was in such fury at the reading of the King's letter that we were in jeopardy of our lives, as your servant can show. Nevertheless, we trust to stay them two or three days, and meanwhile pray persevere in your suit to my lord of Suffolk for the King's general pardon. In haste. 11 Oct. Signed by Sir Robt. Tyrwhyt, Sir William Ayscugh, Sir Wm. Skipwith, and Andrew Byllesby.
P. 1. In Ayscugh's hand. Add. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
666. Sir Thomas Wharton to Cromwell.
Sir James Layborn has been very diligent in the King's service upon the West Marches. He dwells in the country of Kendal, the inhabitants whereof be very troublous. He is in Lancashire. Had a day of march with lord Maxwell on Tuesday, 10th inst., where good proceeding was for the conservation of peace. Carlisle, 11 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Oct.
R. O.
667. Adolf de Bourgoigne [Seigneur de Beures] to Lord Lisle.
I have received your letter by the bearer touching the safe conducts for the herring fishery, to know whether French subjects under protection of the said safeconducts might take refuge in the Emperor's ports if driven by stress of weather. The thing is not expressly mentioned, and cannot be well conceded. I have no knowledge about the fishing boats said to have been taken hereabouts. La Vere, 11 Oct. 1536. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
11 Oct.
R. O.
668. Jehan des Gardins, priest, to Lady Lisle.
I have received your message by Mr. Hygfeld, who says you and your husband would like to send your son George to me at St. Omer (who as I have before written has a noble understanding), but for the mortality. I assure you it has now ceased, and all danger is over. 11 Oct.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
12 Oct.
Harl. MS. 1052, f. 205b. B. M.
669. Waxchandlers' Company.
Grant of arms to the corporation of Waxchandlers of London by Thos. Hawley, Clarencieux.
12 Oct.
R. O.
670. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Seventy-seven letters missive under the privy signet, addressed to the under-mentioned persons, countermanding a late order addressed to each of them by similar letters to be at Ampthill by Monday next, so as to attend the King in his expedition to put down the rebels in Lincolnshire, as they have been already overthrown by the loyal subjects in those parts. The person addressed is therefore desired to return home and keep watch to apprehend seditious persons and strong vagabonds who may be scattered abroad by the defeat of the rebels. Each of these letters is signed with a stamp and dated Windsor Castle, 12 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. The persons addressed are the following:—
Abingdon, abbot of.
Alyngton, Sir Giles.
Amidas, John.
Arundel, John, son and heir of Sir John Arundel.
Athelney, abbot of.
Audeley, lord.
Bangor, bishop of.
Barend[yne?], Sir Will.
Barnewell, prior of.
Bray, lord.
Browne, John.
Bukfast, abbot of.
Capell, Sir Giles.
Carewe, Geo.
Carewe, Thos.
Chalcot, Walter.
Champernon, Sir Philip.
Cheyne, John.
Chicheley, Thos.
Corbet, —.
Cornewall, Sir Thos.
Covert, John.
Cromwell, lord, Privy Seal.
Dacre of the South, lord.
Darcy, Sir Thos.
Dawtrey, Sir John.
Dennes, Sir Thos.
Edgecombe, Sir Piers.
Ely, prior of.
Exeter, dean and chapter of.
Ferres, lord.
Fetiplace, Edw.
Gage, Sir John.
Gates, John.
Gifforde, Geo.
Gifforde, Thos.
Glastonbury, abbot of.
Goryng, Sir Will.
Guilliams, Thomas à.
Guyse, Thos.
Heyles, abbot of.
Horsey, Sir John.
Lawarr, lord.
Lewes, prior of.
Lingham, Sir John.
Lisle, Sir Thos.
Lister, Michael.
Lutterell, Sir Andrew.
Megges, Thos.
Mochelney, abbot of.
Mountague, prior of.
Parys, Philip.
Payton, Sir Rob.
Pelham, Sir Will.
Plymton, prior of.
Poulet, Thos.
Powes, lord.
Reading, abbot of (undated).
Rotherham, Sir Thos.
Saintclere, Sir John.
St. Osythe's, abbot of.
Scudamore, John.
Shurley, Sir Ric.
Stranguyse, Sir Giles.
Sulierd, Eustace.
Sulierd, Will.
Tavistock, abbot of.
Thomas, Sir Will.
Tirell, Sir John.
Waller, Will.
Wells, dean and chapter of.
Wells, Thos.
Westminster, abbot of.
Winchester, abbot of St. Swithin's.
Wryothesley, Thos.
Wynchecombe, abbot of.
Wyndser, Sir Anth.
R. O. 2. A similar letter, not addressed, but dated like the preceding.
R. O. 3. Four others, neither dated nor addressed,—one of them only a fragment.
R. O. 4. Another copy, neither signed, dated, nor addressed.
R. O. 5. Draft of the same in Derby's hand.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 6. Corrected draft of the same in Wriothesley's hand.
Pp. 5. On the back is the first sentence of the King's letter to Darcy, 8 Oct.
R. O. 7. Commencement of similar letters to be addressed to a bishop.
12 [Oct.]
R. O.
671. Norfolk to Cromwell.
Thanks for accomplishing my letters sent to you from Colchester. By Robyn, I received your letters dated Windsor 11th inst. Where you write me to have my company at Ampthill on the 17th and to hasten to the King; it was yesternight before I returned hither, and when I received the King's letters to come to Ampthill I was within seven miles of Chelmsford, towards his Grace, and had ridden that day 50 miles. I cannot have them at Ampthill by that day, but on Monday night shall have a good part of them at Cambridge, which, as I have twice written to the King and you, is but 12 miles from Huntington. To come to Ampthill and then to Huntington I shall go 30 miles out of my way, which were pity with ill-horsed men. I desire to come to the King, but dare not till I have my company well on their ways, for, without my presence, they would not set forward. If I had harness and time to carry footmen I could bring three times as many. Though not at Ampthill on the 17th, I trust to be at Cambridge on that day, and, with the King's leave, will meet him at Huntington on the 18th with a company meet to be a pretty wing to a battle. As for my "gests," I have determined with the gentlemen, and send a schedule. I will myself be with the King on Monday or sooner. Unless my son remain with them the number will be less. Let me lack no bows and arrows. Kenynghale, "the xij. day."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Oct.
R. O.
672. Charles duke of Suffolk, Sir William Fitzwilliam, and Sir J. Russell to Henry VIII.
Have just received the enclosed letters, which they send, together with the man who brought them. Tomorrow the King's money and ordnance will arrive, and they will at once send part of it to the lord Steward, with whom they have appointed to join on Monday next, if he may be ready to set forward from Nottingham on Saturday. Ask the King's pleasure on two points, viz.: Whether the King will grant the traitors in Lincolnshire their pardons, so that the lord Steward and the writers may march straight towards the rebels in the North, or whether they shall do their best to subdue the traitors in Lincolnshire. The danger from the multitude of men that is in the North, if they have time to gather, is to be considered. Also, if by the King's pardon the traitors in Lincolnshire might be sparpled, the King's force would advance and be between them and the Northern men in case they should again rise. Beg to know the King's pleasure with speed by bearer. Stamfford, Thursday, 12 Oct., at midnight. Signed.
P.S.—The messenger between Madyson and the gentlemen of Lincoln has arrived, and showed us that the gentlemen named in the enclosed bill are come this night to Sir John Thymblebye's house, 10 miles from this town, and will be with me, your lieutenant, tomorrow morning. They wish to know whether to come in harness or not, and that I will be a mean to your Highness for them. I have referred them to their own discretions, and will keep them in surety till your pleasure be known, begging that at your Grace's pleasure I may be a petitioner for them. The sheriff and three others of the Dymmokks have just arrived. Three hours ago arrived the artillery committed to Gonson's charge both for this place and Ampthill. Signed by Suffolk, Fitzwilliam, and Russell.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Names of the gentlemen now coming from Lincoln:—Sir Robert Tyrwhit, William Ascue, William Skipwith, Andrew Billesbye, William Sandon, John Cupledike, Chr. Ascue, knights, Edward Forset, Thomas Moigne, squires, Nich. Girlington, Rich. Thmbleby (sic), gents., Thos. Portington, squire, John Booth, gent., and Mr. Etton, of Lowth.
P. 1. Enclosed in the preceding, and written in the same hand.
12 Oct.
R. O.
673. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Henry VIII.
There are many of the King's true subjects among the rebels against their wills. Beg to know what to do if any such repair to them. Send, by bearer, letters received from lord Dacres and from Sir Brian Hastyngis, with a bill enclosed in the former. Nottingham castle, 12 Oct. Signed: G. Shrouesbury—Thomas Rutland—G. Hunttyngdon.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
12 Oct.
R. O.
674. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
Thanks for remembrances sent him by his friend, John Leek, and fellow, William Coffen. His friend, Lancaster herald, the bearer, in making proclamations among the commons yesterday, at Lincoln, used himself manly and wisely, so that Shrewsbury trusts they will submit. Begs favour for Lancaster herald. Nottingham castle, 12 Oct., 12 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Oct. 675. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Darcy.
I hear your neighbours begin to rise against the King as they did in Lincolnshire. I advise you to remain in your country and call some worshipful gentlemen thereabouts to make proclamation according to the tenor here enclosed. Nottingham castle, 12 Oct.
From Darcy's Letter Book half page, (No. xxi.). In margin: "Vera copia of my Lord Steward's first letter sent to me."
12 Oct.
R. O.
676. Thomas earl of Rutland to Cromwell.
No doubt you perceive our affairs here by our letters from my lord Steward and us to the King. Albeit I must send to know how you do, desiring you to write to me again. Commend me to my wife. Nottingham castle, 12 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
12 Oct. 677. John [Lord] Scrope to the Earl of Cumberland.
Yesterday the commons in Mashamshire and Netherdayll rose and came to Coverham abbey and Midlame and burned beacons yesternight. Learning that they would be at his house at Bolton this day, either to swear him, or to take him, left his bedfellow and house this morning and goes abroad till he knows what their purpose is. Begs Cumberland's advice by letter with bearer to his bedfellow. Bolton, St. Wilfrid's day.
Copy, half page, from Darcy's Letter Book (No. x.).
[12 Oct.]
R. O.
678. Thomas Gryce to Lord Darcy.
It is openly spoken here that certain horse-loads of bowstaves and bows have been sent for to York to be carried into Lancashire, and part gone thither already to the earl of Derby. The common people say openly that surely they will pay no more money, for they have it not, and as for the jewels of their churches, they will part with none. The commissioners in these parts have not yet sat, for fear of the commonalty. I hear of no commissioners in hold. I purpose to see your Lordship shortly. Thursday, at night.
Hol., p. 1. Small page. Add.
12 Oct.
R. O.
679. John Dynham to Cromwell.
I and my son are daily called upon for the annual "decimes" of Wike (fn. 1) School by the bishop and his officers, and as he has now twice paid the same they threaten process. Others wrongfully occupy the lands of the schoolmaster, which this man, not yet brought in corporal possession, cannot redress. I hope for an end of our troubles from your answer by Nich. Wyse. Lyfton, 12 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[12 Oct.]
R. O.
680. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
This Thursday I was at Stamford, 9 a.m., and found my lord Lieutenant, my lord Admiral, Sir John Russell, and others. My lord Lieutenant has taken order for the payment of the soldiers by bills signed with his own hand—a good discharge for me. Tonight at midnight, by his direction, I ride to Nottingham to my lord Steward with 4,000l., for it is thought he has a greater company than my lord Lieutenant, but I have not seen the muster books of either. The King may be of good heart, for we trust within few days to give his enemies a foul fall. Written this night at 11 o'clock. Signed.
Please send the money speedily, and as much silver as possible. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Oct.
R. O.
681. Sir Piers Dutton to Sir Thomas Audeley.
Mr. Combes and Mr. Bolles, the King's commissioners in Cheshire, were lately at Norton to suppress the abbey. They had packed up the jewels and stuff and were departing on the morrow, when the abbot gathered a company of 200 or 300 persons, and the commissioners were fain to take a tower and send me a letter giving notice of their danger. I received it on Sunday last at 9 p.m., and about two in the night came thither with such lovers and tenants as I had. Found divers fires within and without the gates. The abbot had caused an ox and other victuals to be killed for his company, and it was thought on the morrow he expected many more. But I used policy, came suddenly upon them, and dispersed them. Some of them "took poles and waters," and it was so dark I could not find them. It was thought if it had not been quickly handled the matter would have grown to further inconvenience. I took the abbot and three of his canons and committed them as rebels to the King's castle of Halton; then saw the commissioners with their stuff conveyed thence, and Will. Parker, who is to be the King's farmer, restored to possession. Dutton, 12 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Sir Thomas Audeley, knight, Lord Chancellor. Endd.
12 Oct.
R. O.
682. William Vaghan to Robert Fowler.
"A memorandum to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phelyp and to Mr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ." Relative to some acquittance. But for my ague I would have seen you ere this. If I may have leave I will be in those parts shortly. London, 12 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Very mutilated. Add.: Mr. Fuller, treasurer of Calais.
R. O. 683. — to Robert Fowler.
Thanks him for two letters, the last received by master Towrner, Islyngton, . . . . . . . . .
Desires commendations "to my [fellow Thomas] Fouller and his wife."
Hol., p. 1. Very mutilated. Add.: His right well-beloved fellow Robert Fouller, treasurer of Calais, at Calais.
12 Oct.
R. O.
684. J. de Morbecque to the Deputy of Calais.
In answer to what you wrote me yesterday by your trumpet, I have this morning delivered to his hands one named Pierchon, shoemaker, of Ardre, to go with the said trumpet and his fellows to the place where they were taken, because the said trumpet has promised on the faith he owes to you that if the said Pierchon was not taken within your pale, but in French territory, he will send him back to me as a prisoner. Tournehen, 12 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
12 Oct.
Vat. MS. 3,915 f. 81.
685. [Paul III.] to the Archbishop of St. Andrews.
Formal notification by the bearer, Dionisius Laurerius, general of the Order of the Carmelites (Fratres Beatæ Mariæ Servi), of the indiction of the General Council to be held at Mantua, 23 May next. Rome, 12 Oct. 1536.
Lat., from a modern copy, p. 1.
13 Oct.
R. MS. 7 F. xiv. 67. B. M.
686. Ordnance.
Payments made by Erasmus Kyrkenar, the King's armourer, by his Majesty's command, from 15 Sept. to 13 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. To 18 armourers (names given), working some for ten and some for six, eight, or nine days at 6d. a day, "in the scouring, leathering, and buckling of the harnesses that was brought by the King's Majesty's commandment from Krond Kye (the Crowned Key), in Southwark, to the armoury in the Tiltyard, when the rising was in the North parts," 3l. 13s. Three laborers (named) at 5d. a day lading and unlading the harness, &c. at Greenwich, 5s. 10d. Various payments for land and water carriage of two harnesses for the King's own body "with a fote harnesh and 100 dymee hauke busshes," 4l. 17s. 9d. For the guilding "of anayles" of a harness presented by the King to the French ambassador, the Admiral of France, 30s. Carriage by land and water of harness and other stuff from Krond Kye when the rising was in the North, 16s. 8d. To various persons named for oil, buckles, nails and boat hire, 18s. 5d. For various bundles of harness bought of Mr. Locke, merchant of London, and of Dyrycke Borne, merchant of the Steelyard, &c.
Large paper, pp. 3.
13 Oct. 687. Henry VIII. to Darcy.
Marvels to hear of an unlawful assembly in Holderness and Holdenshire still unrepressed; and that, if as reported, Darcy was forced to fly to Pomfret Castle with 12 horses, he has not informed the King. Has written to the gentlemen thereabouts to muster their forces, and also to Sir Arthur Darcy (as lord Darcy may not be able to lead the force) to repress the traitors as he hopes to be reported a loyal servant. Windsor Castle, 13 Oct. 28 Henry VIII.
Copy, p. 1. From Darcy's Letter Book (No. xvii.). In margin: Vera copia of the King's third letter.
13 Oct.
R. O.
688. Henry VIII. to Sir Ralph Elderker, jun.
Privy signet commanding him, with all the force he can make, to aid Sir Arthur Darcy whom, under his father, the King has appointed to repress certain traitors lately assembled in those parts, that the traitors may either suffer by dint of sword or else so yield, with halters about their necks, that the captains and ringleaders may be committed to prison to await the determination of the law. Given under our signet, Windsor Castle, 13 Oct., 28 H. VIII.
P. 1. Signed with stamp, sealed, and addressed.
R. O. 2. Seven other copies addressed to Sir Wm. Malyverey, Sir John Constable of Holderness, Sir Edward Gower, Sir George Conyers, Sir Wm. Mydilton, Edmund Copendale, and John Norton.
R. O. 3. A list [of persons to be written to]:—
John lord Scrope of Bolton, Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Ralph Elderker, jun., Sir John Constable of Holderness, Sir Robert Constable, Sir Marmaduke Constable, jun., Sir Wm. Constable, Edm. Copendale, Sir Wm. Mydilton, Sir George Darcy, Sir Wm. Gascoyn, (fn. 2) Sir Robt. Nevell, Sir Wm. Malyverey, Sir Wm. Copeley, Sir Henry Everyngham, John Norton, Sir John Boulmer, Sir Roger Chomley the elder, Roger Lascelles, Sir George Conyers, Sir Edward Gower, Sir Nich. Fayrefaxe, Sir Wm. Fairefaxe, Sir Brian Hastynges.
P. 1. Endd.: Gentlemen's names of Holderness.
R. O. 4. Four forms of letters missive signed with a stamp but not addressed, stating that certain evil-disposed persons have rebelliously assembled "in those parties" and requiring the person addressed to raise his tenants, servants, and friends, and join with the other gentlemen of the country to appease the multitude and apprehend the ringleaders.
Two of these forms begin " Right trusty and well beloved," the two others "Trusty and well beloved."
13 Oct.
R. O.
689. Edward Archbishop of York to Henry VIII.
" * * * my said tenants and freeholders . . . . . . . . . . jealousy for the same, by the fayt[h] . . . . . . . . and to your Highness because he . . . . . . . . . both Newmyster and Hexham w . . . . . . . at the return of the prior of H[e]x[ham from] London after his suit made to your Highn[ess] for saving of his house from suppression," I in my barge coming from York in the hearing of my chaplains and servants charged him not to resist your commissioners. "T[he] same charge I gave to a canon which sa . . . . . . . after the prior was returned h . . . . . . . your Highness I nothing heard of an . . . . . . . by your Highness but ye had some . . . . . . . . . prior was not then returned . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * . . . . . . . I . . . ve . . . . . to spea . . . . . . . . [sai]de canons as also with the tenants there an[d ch]arge them to cease to make any resistence and [r]eceive your Highness commissioners and to submit themself to your Highness' mercy and grace." Which charge I repeated to them in writing on the information of old Carnabie three weeks after they shut the gates and I gave like charge to all of Hexham who came to me, so that I had twice before receiving your letters done what you command. "And if I would give counsel or comfort to empeach anything of your Highness' [r]ight or title or would in any case move or stir [a]ny against your Highness, pity it were that I should [liv]e one hour. If old Carnabie had adverty[sed] . . . whan th . . . . . d[id] shett th[eir gates] . . . . . * * * * * * * * * . . ten of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . is to discharge me to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . soden cases, peradventure if he . . . . . . . . might have fonnd me and by . . . . . . . . . made some good stay, which . . . . . . . . been done in the beginning th . . . . w . . . . . my endeavour to the uttermost of my power . . . . . done and will do, friends or servants . . . . . . . officers I have none in that country and . . . . . be here could not pass thither now . . . . . . . although they did my tenants not be[ing] . . . . by other means or greater strength of some gr[eat] man of that country, they could have done no good. And now I am in such case, that if I had mo than I have, all should be little enough to defend me from the malice of the rebels of this country; for which cause and for safeguard of my l[ife] I am now constrained to make my abode . . . . . . . licence in your castle with your true . . . . . . . knight the lord Darcy, and if I [had remained in] Cawod but iij hours longer th[e commons of the] shire had taken me; and yet the . . . . . . me . . . . . . self from them (?) at . . . . . . of the said lord Darcie and . . . . . . . pane (?) To write to your . . . . . . . * * * * * * * . . . . . . To . . . . . . . that came . . . . . . . . as a captain sworn amongst them . . . . . . we do nothing here of the certainty thereof . . . . no thing I doubt, but if it be so it is sore against his will for many ways they use to constrain men by violence to come to them." Castle of Pountfret, 13 Oct. 1536. Signed.
Pp. 4. Very mutilated and faded. Add. and Sealed.

MSS. L. f. 15 b. Coll. of Arms.
690. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Submission of the Lincolnshire rebels.
Early copy, p. 1.
[13 Oct.]
R. O.
691. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
We here lead our lives like men of war, one day in gladness another in sorrow. But to day we hear that the traitors about Lincoln are dispersed and the gentlemen and their servants have offered unconditionally to come in tomorrow if my lord's Grace will receive them. Stamford, Friday night. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Oct.
R. O.
692. Darcy to Henry VIII.
I have received your letters dated at Wynnesoor the 8th and 9th inst., thanking me more than I deserved, and answering in part my late letter about the insurrections in Lincolnshire. Although policy has been used according to your letters yet a great number of your subjects rebelliously assembled on Monday last, and are up in the East Riding, and all the commonalty of this shire seem to favor their opinions, "sounding in every behalf to the very like matter begun in Lincolnshire." The gentlemen cannot trust any but their household servants. As I wrote before I have repaired to your Castle of Pomfret for the better ordering of the country; but have received no answer of money, ordnance, artillery, gunpowder, gunners, laying of posts, or who shall be your lieutenant. I hear the rebels will visit me here in two or three days, and that they hasten to York trusting there to find part of your treasure. On hearing of the insurrection I wrote to the mayor of York to look to the safety of the city and the good order of the people there who, I hear, are lightly disposed. As I think my last letters to your Grace not fully answered I enclose copy of the instructions sent by my son, Sir Arthur, which seem not to have been declared. Meanwhile I shall do my best with policy. I have great assistance from the archbishop of York and your counsellor, Mr. Magnus. Pomfret Castle, 13 Oct. Signed.
ii. Copy of the first three articles of the instructions to Sir Arthur Darcy (No. (2)), with the following note added in lord Darcy's hand:— "Item, that in any wise posts must be laid with diligence, for it is thought very necessary."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
2. Instructions further sent to the King's highness.
(1.) Most of the East Riding is up. The beginning was at Beverley.
(2.) Marshland, Snathe, and others of the West Riding joined with them this day.
(3.) Dent, Sedbar, Richmondshire, Middleham, Wensladale, and Mashamshire are also up with most part of the North Riding, and in effect all the commons of Yorkshire; and the city of York favors them.
(4.) There is not one gun in Pomfret Castle ready to shoot. There is no powder, arrows and bows are few and bad, money and gunners none, the well, the bridge, houses of office, &c., for defence, much out of frame.
(5.) It is said the Lancashire commons are of the same mind as the others, and arrows' heads, bows, spearheads, and morres pike heads, they buy up all they can. " And in any wise to haste laying of posts." 13 Oct. 1536.
Copy. P. 1. From Darcy's Letter Book (No. xvi.).
R. O.
693. Lords in Pomfret to Henry VIII.
This insurrection so increases that we are in great danger and see no means of resistance. We beg credence for Sir Arthur Darcy who knows all the occurrences and to whom we have given a remembrance. [Pomfret, the — day of October]. (fn. 3)
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: Copy of a letter sent to the King from the lords in Pomfret Castle by Sir Arthur Darcy and none answer again.
13 Oct.
R. O.
694. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Lord Darcy.
We sent Lancaster herald to the rebellious in Lincolnshire with a proclamation, copy enclosed, upon hearing which they were content to depart home, but tarried for answer from my lord of Suffolk, and, we think, when they hear from him they will go home. Where they have had aid from Yorkshire, and "divers have come over the waters of Humber, Owis, and Trent, they have now promised to stay the boats there, so that none shall come over but be glad to return homewards like fools." If they come those here will fight against them, "as they mind themselves [to be] the King's true and faithful subjects [at all time]s and from time to time accordingly. [Wherefore my lord] we think, this proclamation [once made, and they] having no succour of these [Lincolnshi]re men will in likewise shortly [depa]rte." Nottingham, 13 Oct. Signed.
Mutilated., p. 1. Add. Endd.: "my lord Steward's first letter." The lost words are supplied from a copy in Darcy's Letter Book (No. xxii.).
R. O.
St. P. i. 462.
2. "George earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas earl of Rutland, George earl of Huntingdon, to the commons of Lincolnshire now rebelliously assembled send special commandment" that upon this proclamation you depart to your houses without delay. God save the King.
P. 1. Small slip.
13 Oct. 695. Sir Ric. Tempest to Lord Darcy.
Encloses copy of a letter from lord Scrope, sent to him this morning by my lord of Cumberland. Requests Darcy to advise Cumberland what to do. If Darcy and he will set forward against the rebels, Tempest will be ready to join them in the West parts. Bollyng, Friday, 13 Oct.
Half page from Darcy's Letter Book (No. viii.). In margin of Second Letter Book: "Vera copia of Sir Ric. Tempest's letter."
Has received his letter this Friday, with enclosure. If Cumberland and Tempest have authority to assemble the King's subjects, is ready to join them with his sons and such friends as he can make, though as yet he has no authority from the King to raise men. Has, however, received two letters from his Grace which he showed to Mr. Chalanarr and Mr. Grice to report to Tempest. Desires credence for more than my lord Scrope wrote of. Thinks Tempest would have done best service near Wakefield. 14 Oct. 1536.
Half page as above (No. ix.). In margin: "Vera copia answer to Sir Ric. Tempest's letter."
13 Oct.
R. O.
696. [Sir] Wm. Harbart to Cromwell.
In 27 Henry VIII., one John Davy Grono of Tenby brought from beyond sea some French wine, which was seized by John Giles of Gilston and Philip Loughour, who came into the King's chancery of Cardiff and entered the same in the King's books before me, being deputy chancellor there. Davd Grono complained to your Lordship and you wrote to me to be good to him, on which I sent for the parties that entered the seizure and made them deliver to him three tuns and a pipe, the rest, 2 tuns was praised for 5l. 6s. 8d., which one of the seizers Philip Loughour received. After this I heard no more of Davy, till now of late he has brought me a privy seal commanding me to pay 24l. I owe him or appear before the Council in the quinzaine of St. Michael. I was of late sick but hoped to have kept my appearance, and came 24 miles, but was forced to take to bed. Chepstow, 13 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Oct.
R. O.
697. J. De Morbecque to [Henry] Palmer.
I send my drummer to you for information about the capture of four of my fellows by the French, who have been taken on your pale, as reported by two others who escaped. I beg you to write the facts that I may solicit to have them back again. Tournehen Castle, 13 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. de Palmere, ou en son absence a Madame sa compaigne, a Campaignes.
R. O. [P.S.] Since writing I have received news that the French have taken within your pale four of my compaignons named Adolf, Huchon, and Jean Robillart, brothers, and Colnet Calier. I beg you to procure their liberation.
Fr., p. 1. The P.S. is bound up in a different volume from the letter.
14 Oct.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 85. B. M.
698. Eustace Chapuys to the Empress.
The Princess is well, and is expected to visit her father in two or three days. Thinks he repents the time he has not enjoyed such a daughter, whose virtues people cannot stop praising.
A great number of men have risen, some say 30,000, some 50,000, who refuse to pay the taxes imposed by the last Parliament, and object to the suppression of churches, wishing ecclesiastical matters to be as formerly. It seems to be of importance as the King is making great preparations. However, it is reported here that since yesterday the people have returned to their homes, but this does not tally with the King's continual sending of men and artillery, of which there are 80 pieces. The people who have assembled have not yet said anything about the Princess, but if the rising had had any foundation, as some suspect, this would have been its principal foundation, next to the Church. Will write when the truth is known. London, 14 Oct. 1536.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy. The original is chiefly in cipher.
14 Oct.
R. O.
699. Henry earl of Essex to Ric. Riche and Th. Knyghton.
Sends depositions against certain persons accused of robbery, and who refuse to acknowledge the same. Begs they will take the advice of Mr. Yngelffeld. Desires one of them should be sent to the Tower, and so handled that the truth may be known. Stanstead, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 Oct.
R. O.
700. The Northern Rebellion.
Letters missive commanding the person addressed to order his officers and tenants for 30 miles round him to bring victuals to Stampford for the army appointed to attend upon the King's person—at least 100,000 men. Windsor Castle, 14 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. Not signed or addressed.
P. 1. Headed: "By the King."
14 Oct.
R. O.
701. The Council to the Duke of Norfolk.
As the King is informed that most of the traitors have gone home, and that the rest offer to submit to his mercy at the commandment of my lord lieutenant, much lamenting their offences and complaining of those that set them on, you shall, till further knowledge, cause my lord your son to stay where he shall be on the receipt of this, without marching further forward. Windsor, 14 Oct. Signed by Cromwell, the earls of Oxford and Sussex, the bishops of Hereford and Chichester, and Sir William Kingston.
P. 1. Add.
[14 Oct.]
R. O.
702. Thomas Tempest to Sir Ric. Tempest.
"Right Worshipful father," this day I had before me in the moothall all the men of Wakefield, and they all say they will follow you in the King's part. If the commons come to Wakefield before you they will follow them. If you purpose to come, make haste; for the commons are within 10 miles of Wakefield, and "if ye come not ye shall run in the King's displeasure." Wakefield, Saturday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
14 Oct.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report VI., 445.
703. The Earl of Derby.
Writes about the Lincolnshire rebels to divers, and orders them to put themselves in readiness. Knowsley, 14 Oct.
14 Oct.
R. O.
704. City of York to Henry VIII.
The commons of Beverley, Cottyngham, Holdenshire, Marcheland, Richmondshire, &c., some willingly and many by coercion, have rebelliously assembled to take York. York is ill provided for defence; they therefore desire the King to aid them and to write to the noblemen of Yorkshire and elsewhere to help them. York, 14 Oct.
"By your Grace is most humble and faithful subjects, the mayor and his brethren, aldermen and sheriffs of your Grace is city of York." Signed by Willm. Haryngton, mayor, and Sir George Lawson.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 705. The Northern Rebellion.
Articles (fn. 4) addressed by the rebels "To the King our sovereign lord."
1. By the suppression of so many religious houses the service of God is not well performed and the people unrelieved. 2. They desire the repeal of the Act of Uses, which restrains the liberty of the people in the declaration of their wills concerning their lands, as well in payment of their debts, doing the King service, and helping their children. 3. The tax or "quindezine" payable next year is leviable of sheep and cattle, which are now in manner utterly destroyed "in the said shire." The people will therefore be obliged to pay 4d. for a beast and 12d. for 20 sheep, which will be an "importunate" charge, considering their poverty and losses these two years past. 4. The king takes of his Council, and has about him, persons of low birth and small reputation, who have procured these things for their own advantage, whom we suspect to be lord Cromwell and Sir Ric. Riche, Chancellor of the Augmentations. 5. Are grieved that there are bishops of the King's late promotion, who have subverted the faith of Christ, viz., the bishops of Canterbury, Rochester, Worcester, Salisbury, St. Davids, and Dublin. Think the beginning of all this trouble was the bishop of Lincoln.
P. 1. Endd.: The V. first articles brought to the mayor of York, Harington.
R. O.
St. P. I. 466.
2. Proclamation by Robert Aske, denying that they have assembled on account of impositions laid on them, but because evil-disposed persons in the King's Council intend to destroy the Church and rob the whole body of the realm. Whether this be true we put it to your conscience; and if you fight against us and win, you put both us and you and your heirs and ours in bondage for ever. Therefore, if you will not come with us we will fight against you and all who stop us. "Per me Robertum Askeum, in the name of all the baronage and commonalty of the same."
ii. "The Articles":—1, for the suppression of religious houses; 2, for the Act of Uses; 3, for the first fruits; 4, for the payment of money of the temporality; 5, for the base counsel about the King; 6, for the new bishops.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 3. Another copy of the proclamation, with some different readings.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
R. O. 4. Oath taken by the insurgents:—
"Ye shall not enter to this our pilgrimage of Grace for the common wealth, but only" for the maintenance of God's Faith and Church militant, preservation of the King's person and issue, and purifying the nobility of all villains' blood and evil counsellors; to the restitution of Christ's Church and suppression of heretics' opinions, "by the holy contents of this book."
Headed: Oath of all men sworn unto them.
ii. Copy of § 2.
Copies, pp.3.
14 Oct.
R. O.
706. William Dalyson to Lord Darcy.
This day one Robt. Brokylsby, a man of wit and learning, who was a captain of the "great assembly in Lincolnshire," showed me that yesterday they received the King's letters, promising them pardon if they returned home; and thereupon proclamation was made for all to depart " and to be ready within an hour's warning." Sir Robt. Tyrwhyt, Sir Wm. Ayscugh, and other of the best captains wait at Lincoln for the King's pardon. Mr. Dymmok, sheriff of Lincolnshire, and Thomas Dymmok, his kinsman, rode yesterday to Staumforth to the duke of Suffolk. Saturday, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Mr. Gryce and Mr. Dalyson letters, 14 Oct. 1536.
14 Oct.
R. O.
707. Sir Will. Goryng to Cromwell.
I have sent the King 50 able men, and would fain they were under your Lordship. I am so diseased I cannot come myself, and weary riding to deliver the King's letters and on other business as sheriff. The country is very naked of men and worse of harness, and the young canons and monks remain yet in the houses dissolved. I trust to serve the King if God sends me health, and hope these traitors will be overthrown. Burton, Sussex, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
708. John Russell to Cromwell.
By your letters, delivered me the 12th inst., you doubted not but that the King's letters were before then come to my hands. Have received no such letters. So, as I stand doubtful whether to send my servants, tenants, and friends, as my neighbours, having the King's letters, do, or remain here for the better stay of this shire, please let me have by this bearer the King's letters of authority. 14 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. inaccurately: Sir John Russell.
14 Oct.
R. O.
709. Robt. Cowley to Cromwell.
Divers of Kildare's lands are embezzled because the evidences cannot be found. The said earl had a fair parchment book written by one Philip Flattisbury as a register of his evidences. Please examine Thomas Fitzgerald as to where it is that it may come to Mr. Treasurer. There are too many captains; the Deputy going one way and the Treasurer another cannot have the army with them, who, in spite of proclamations, will remain in the towns, using shameful order and suffering the Deputy and Treasurer to lie in the fields. There should be a clerk of the check to inspect captains and retinues and check absentees upon their wages. The King gives sufficient wages to the army, and yet there is everywhere an outcry that they "pylle and extorte the people." Praises the Deputy as painstaking and flexible to the order of the Council. As to "taking little gifts," has not heard he has done so, but indeed no deputy could maintain his room with honor with nothing but his stipend of 1,000 marks a year. Norfolk had 3,000l. a year and all his own revenues besides, and could scarcely sustain his room. Considering the expenses it is little to have a horse or a trifle in gift. Trusting to have Holmpatrick, has left his living in Kilkenny and come to Dublin to be near the Deputy and Council. Now the archbishop of Dublin goes about to deprive him of this, and to defraud the King, "naming himself founder there, which is not so." Dublin, 14 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
710. J. De Morbecque to Henry Palmer.
I have caused the beasts of Lukard to be restored in favour of the Deputy and you, so far as I have been able to recover them, and for the others I have returned the money for which they have been sold, as the trumpet of my said lord will inform you. I beg you to have my men restored, who were taken by the French within your pale. Tournehen castle, 14 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add: Mons. de Palmere, bailly de Guysnes, a Calleis.
14 Oct.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 291. B. M.
711. Bishop of Faenza to Girolamo Dandino.
Francis left three days ago for Molins and is to meet the king of Scotland on the way, at Rouen; "quale non havendo poi havuto altramente male a Parigi volse venire di longo." The King intends to go to Picardy and stay at Bles a few days where it is thought he will give Madame Madelena to the king of Scotland, and the daughter of Vendome to the marquis of Lorraine.
Ital., pp. 4. Modern copy. Headed: A Mons. Girolamo Bandini (sic), in assenza del Signor Protonotario. Di (sic, for Da) Lione, 14 Ottobre 1536.
R. O.
712. [Henry VIII. to —.]
"Right trusty and right well-beloved cousin," we received, about nine this morning, your letters of the 12th inst. declaring the receipt of ours of the 5th, about your repair to Hexham and how you have deferred it on account of certain attempted rebellions in those parts. We marvel you have not repressed it without waiting for our commandment, "for force is the chief reyn (?) [of] such sudden enterprises and easeth them to be redressed, which cannot now [be] done without some difficu[lty]."
However, hearing that there is a great rebellion in Yorkshire, as no doubt you know ere this, we have sent, with an army to those parts, our cousins of Norfolk, Exeter, Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon.
We desire you to assemble your servants and friends and show such face against the rebels as shall make them foresee their destruction unless they speedily retire, as others lately up in Lincolnshire, have done, lamenting that upon false reports they did attempt such insurrection. Further, you are to exhort our true subjects to take example by those of Lincolnshire of the danger of rebelling, upon false rumours, against their natural lord; declaring what marvel it is that they should be so ready to rebel against us, by whom they have been so many years preserved in peace from outward enemies; "declaring also unto them the effect of these books in the marquet place, and in the most public and open audience that you can have."
Draft, pp. 5. In Wriothesley's hand, with corrections and additions in another hand.
15 Oct.
Add., MS. 28,589. f. 87. B. M.
713. News from Brussels.
Yesterday the nephew of the Imperial ambassador in England arrived here. There is a rumour that 50,000 men have risen in consequence of the King having nearly exterminated and plundered all the convents and monasteries. Their intentions are not yet known. "Deest illis dux qui animos excitet et regat populum meum Israhel."
Lat., p. 1. Headed: Ex literis scriptis Bruxell., 15 Oct. 1536.
Vienna Archives. 714. [Chapuys's Nephew] to the Queen of Hungary. (fn. 5)
I am instructed to inform your Majesty: 1st, that on Monday 2 Oct. 1536, in the North country and in the bishopric of Lincoln there rose against the King's officers and commissioners, who were to proceed to the pitiful demolition of about 400 abbeys, certain peasants under the leading of a shoemaker named William Keing Hardy (?), a man of persuasive manner. They first took and hanged the cook of Dr. Ly, the chief of the said deputies, —a man much hated by the whole country for his arrogance ever since he dared to cite before the archbishop of Canterbury your late aunt the queen of England. He at the beginning of the tumult escaped; and because a servant of my lord Privy Seal reproved them for the execution of the said cook they took the said servant, wrapped him in the hide of a cow newly killed and caused him to be attacked and eaten by dogs, threatening to do the like to his master. They then went to the bishop of Lincoln's lodging, where, failing to find him, they put to death his chancellor (fn. 6) out of spite to his master, who is regarded by the people as one of the principal councillors who raised scruples in the King to repudiate your said aunt. On Tuesday after more than 10,000 persons met together well armed, who that day and afterwards took and still take the gentlemen of the country, making them swear to be loyal to God, the King, and the Common wealth; and from that time the said shoemaker began to wear a cloak of crimson satin, embroidered with the words "I love God, the King, and the Commonwealth" (Je ayme Dieu le roy et le prouffit du commung). Some of the gentlemen who have been sworn to their party withdrew towards the King and informed him on Wednesday about 9 a.m., on which he summoned the gentlemen then at London to go thither under the command of Richard Cromwell, and ordered the mayor of London to supply them with horses, who did his duty well, going from stable to stable and taking them alike from merchant strangers and from those of the country. At this there was great murmuring; to appease which it was reported that they were taken in order to meet Nassau, who they pretended was coming to England with a great company of men, but unprovided with horses. On Saturday after they were more than 50,000, and among them over 10,000 priests, monks, and religious persons, of whom the most learned continually admonish their men to continue the work begun, pointing out the advantages which will come to them of it. That day the men of lord Clinton, who has married the mother of the duke of Richmond, went over to the rebels, and the said lord was compelled to fly with only a single servant. So also did those of lord Bron (Borough) and several other gentlemen who had intended to serve the King. On hearing of this the King sent for the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk and other lords, who after having spoken with him, withdrew to their countries, as it is said to prevent their dependants rebelling. The Admiral and Mr. Briant, at Ampthill, assembled it is said 10,000 men from thereabouts and Northamptonshire.
The Admiral on Sunday after planted his standard and "guydon." It was said that the King too intended to go to Ampthill. On Sunday after dinner I saw 34 little falconets of those made by the King last year taken out of the Tower, but I saw nothing done about bullets and powder, nor about the master of artillery. Next day when they were leaving the town, it was pity to see the horses yoked in such a fashion that for want of good ones they returned from one mile beyond the town 13 of the said pieces to the place before the Tower, and the rest did not go far. The King musters as many men as he can in Kent and elsewhere, but not without fear that when they are assembled they will turn their coats like the others for the good quarrel which they pretend, viz., that they wish to live like their ancestors, defend the abbeys and churches, be quit of taxes and subsidies, and recover those they have paid already more by fear than by love, especially that which they lent in the time of the Cardinal, which amounts to a very horrible sum. Finally they demand a shearer of cloths to be given up to them, meaning Cromwell, and a tavern keeper, meaning the archbishop of Canterbury, the Chancellor of the country, Chancellor of the Augmentations, and certain other bishops and lords of the King's Council.
On Monday last it was said at London that the earl of Northumberland's brother had brought 30,000 to join the commons in revenge for the wrong the King tried to do him when he wished to be declared heir to the earldom; also that they had seized several great lords of the country whom they compelled to remain with them for fear of their lives and goods, as they have already pillaged the goods of those who, after being sworn to them, have deserted to the King; and that the King had that morning caused to be arrested (hanged?) (fn. 7) a priest and a shoemaker merely for having said it was great pity to muster men against these poor people. The King alleged that they had more pity for these knaves than for him.
On Thursday morning a knight came to Dover to select 120 of the workmen labouring on the abbey (qu. harbour?) which the King is erecting there. Those of Sandwich sent 60 "assez mal en ordre." If he acts thus the frontiers (qu. coasts?) will be more easy to conquer ("Ainsi faysant il de peuple les frontieres, lesquelles en demourent plus facilles a conquerir"). They compel the French tailors in London to go thither and furnish them with arquebuses, giving them two groats a day, which makes four ducats a month, and one groat for every five miles they go for drink money. They compel also the Flemish shoemakers to go at the same wages. To the English they only give 6d. and the same drink money.
And now, Madame, it appears to him who has sent me to your Majesty, that considering the said troubles and that they fish well in troubled water, the time is come (and no such opportunity could be looked for in 100 years) to take revenge upon the Schismatic for all his intrigues with the French against the Emperor, and the indignities he inflicted upon your aunt, and the innumerable iniquities he has committed against the patient Princess, to restore whom to her rightful estate would require but part of the army which was prepared in Zealand, and that it should land in the river which goes up to York ("et queste print port a la riviere que monte a Yort.") with 2,000 arquebusiers and some ammunition, which is what they are most in need of.
Fr. from a modern copy, pp. 5.
15 Oct.
R. O.
715. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury.
Thanks him for his readiness to serve against the rebels as shown by his letters and by Lancaster herald [whom he sent with a proclamation to them] (fn. 8) Considers their humble petition for grace, "marvellously detesting the authors and causers" of their rebellion, and Shrewsbury's information of the assembly in Holderness and the borders of Yorkshire, [and also that since the arrival of the said herald, the King has heard from his lieutenant and others of the council at Stampforde, that most of the rebels in Lincoln shire have dispersed, and the rest offered to submit]. (fn. 9) We have therefore ordered that if the rest, being the gentlemen, yield according to that promise, so that half of them may be examined by you, and the other half by our said lieutenant and his band, and so with good words dismissed (saving such as you think should be sent to us, whom you shall send up together with their examinations and your opinions, letting the rest return to our lieutenant at Lincoln, there to tarry till the commonalty have performed the articles we send herewith):—then shall our lieutenant and his band repair to Lincoln and make proclamations for the rebels to deliver up their harness and munitions by a day prefixed, further appointing them to take the close at Lincoln and keep it till further instructions. If the traitors cannot be brought to this point, you, our lieutenant, and the rest are to join together and use them as directed in our former letters. As you have now the sword in hand, and we hear nothing yet of the repression of the traitors in Holderness and the borders of Yorkshire; if the Lincolnshire insurrection be appeased you are to advance against those parts, taking with you our cousins of Rutland and Huntingdon, and leaving behind you for the keeping of Lincoln, Suffolk and the rest of the Council that lay at Stamford. You shall have money sufficient from hence, and your commission will be sent before you can come to any stroke, but meanwhile we ratify that commission you have already under the Privy Seal. If the gentlemen of Lincolnshire will not submit you shall join with our lieutenant as aforesaid, and as soon as that may be compassed, march against those of Yorkshire. In that case, you shall send to our cousin of Derby, Sir Ric. Tempest and the gentlemen of those parts, requiring them to come to you with all their forces, "so that you may be in their face and they on their backs," which will ensure success. You are also to send to us the traitors Huddiswell and Cutler to be examined here at leisure. If the Lincolnshire men submit, no further spoils are to be made upon them, but Louth, Horncastle, and Caster‡ are to be kept till we devise further. But four of the chief captains of Louth, three of Horncastle, and two of Castre (fn. 10) must be delivered to our lieutenant, to remain at our pleasure. And for greater surety, as soon as Sir Anthony Browne arrives to remain with our lieutenant, you, with Rutland and Huntingdon, shall immediately set forward against the traitors of Holderness if they continue in rebellion, but if all things be appeased you shall dissolve and repair home, leaving our lieutenant, our admiral, and their band till further knowledge of our pleasure. If the traitors come in before the receipt hereof you shall not need to send the answer devised to be made to them, but retain it without saying a word about it.
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: The minute of the letter sent to the lord Steward, 15 Oct.
R. O. 716. [Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury.]
"Post scripta, arrived here certain letters addressed unto us from the Lord Darcy" declaring how inconvenience is like to ensue in Yorkshire if it be not speedily repressed. Sends copy of the letter. Since, by letters from our lieutenant we perceive that the matter of Lincolnshire is well appeased, and the gentlemen come in to our said lieutenant, we desire you to turn your face towards Yorkshire to repress those traitors. If you think your force sufficient to give the stroke without danger to our honor, give them the buffet with all diligence and extremity. If you think it any risk, send word to the duke of Norfolk, who is now at Ampthill mustering of that band which should have attended on our person and whom we have appointed to come to you with 5,000 men upon your advertisement and to be joined with you in commission of our lieutenantship.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, corrected by Derby, pp. 2.
15 Oct.
R. O.
717. Henry VIII. [to the Duke of Suffolk and others.]
We have received your letters by our servants Holcroft and Harper, one containing the insurrection in Holderness and Yorkshire, the other the offer of the gentlemen at Lincoln to submit. As to the first; we send special letters to our cousin of Shrewsbury, that, as soon as things are appeased in Lincolnshire, so that the gentlemen be come to your hands and you peaceably in Lincoln, he, as our lieutenant, shall advance against them of Holderness with our cousins of Rutland and Huntingdon. See him furnished as you would be yourself; for, as we go not in person, we will refurnish you with the ordnance we have at Ampthill. Concerning the submission of the said gentlemen, our pleasure is that if they shall come unto Stamfford, (fn. 11) you and your band shall address yourselves to Lincoln and proclaim that, if all who have been in company with these traitors will deliver you their harness and weapons in the open market place [or other such place], those in the town at once and the rest on a fixed day, and the commonalty perform the articles sent herewith, then they may depart home and you will be suitors for our favour to them. And yet you shall examine the gentlemen and urge them to declare how this matter began, keeping their examinations in writing, and dismiss them with good words; retaining such as you think for their offences should be sent hither. John Hennage may be of help to you by declaring to whose house he came after escaping from Louthe. If they will not yield thus, you and Shrewsbury shall join and set upon them; and so we have written to Shrewsbury. And when you shall, by "the one mean or other," have Lincoln, you shall remain in the Close with an eye to the country round so that no man stir again "but he be straight had by the head and hanged up." Before the receipt of your said last letters, we had, on the arrival of the "said herald," devised an answer to the traitors, sent herewith. It should be, by a herald, sent thither before you and read openly, and then "you to press to the entry" before the ringleaders can appease the multitude. We take the sending of the herald in good part, for our coat was a mean to abash them, and he could see more than an ordinary espial. If you and Shrewsbury are together, you shall, in full council, examine all the gentlemen; if not, you shall take one-half and Shrewsbury the other foreseeing ever that he abide not for this if the matter of Holderness continue, but march on them of Holderness and Yorkshire, while you, with the gentlemen, ride to Lincoln and tarry there till the "said articles" be performed. If the traitors submit, we wish Louthe, Horncastle, Castre, (fn. 12) &c., kept from pillage, but of the captains, 4 of Louthe, 3 of Horncastle, and 2 of Ancastre (Caistor), should be detained. And when you, our lieutenant, with our admiral and your band, shall be in Lincoln, you of our Council shall secretly view the Cathedral Church and Close there and signify your opinion of the site, "for we be yet in mind" in memory of this insurrection, to establish a garrison there, to keep them in mind that their forefathers were traitors and for the keeping under of their posterity. We have determined to send you a good band of horse and foot. And as soon as Sir Ant. Brown shall arrive to remain with you our lieutenant, then our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon shall start against the traitors of Holderness if their rebellion continue: and if not and all be appeased, then Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to repair home, seeing their forces quietly bestowed, and you our lieutenant, our admiral, and the rest of our Council to remain there. Windsor, 15 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
If the traitors be gone before receipt of this you need not send the answer before spoken of, but keep it without making mention of it. (fn. 13)
Draft with alterations on the first page, pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Earlier draft of a portion of the preceding, beginning "shall have wholly examined the said gentlemen."
Pp. 2.
R. O. 3. Drafts of two proposed insertions in the foregoing despatch.
P. 1.
R. O. 4. An earlier draft of the preceding despatch, less explicit in many places, especially towards the close; but with a final clause stating that John Gostwike is appointed with the treasure he has remaining to wait upon Shrewsbury, and that Thos. Hatteclif shall hasten to replace him with Suffolk.
Mostly in Wriothesley's hand, with corrections, pp. 10. Add.: To our right trusty, &c. the duke of Suffolk "our lieutenant for the repression late assembled in our county of Lincoln," and to Sir William Fitzwilliams, lord Admiral of England, Sir John Russell, Sir Francis Bryan, and Sir William Parre. Endd. by Wriothesley: Copy of letters sent to my lord of Suffolk, 15 Oct.
R. O. St. Pap. i. 468. 718. [Henry VIII. to the Rebels in Lincolnshire.]
Accepting their submission made to the herald at arms sent to them by the earl of Shrewsbury, who has reported that they lament their offences, and detest those who instigated them to rebel against their King after he had reigned 28 years over them. Promises to show them mercy if they leave all their harness and weapons in the market-place of Lincoln, to be received by persons appointed by the Council, and depart home to their occupations.
Draft, pp. 15. In Wriothesley's hand.
R. O. 2. Fair copy of the preceding, mutilated, pp. 2.
Hist. MSS. Com., Report, VI. 445. 719. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
He has appointed lord Shrewsbury as his lieutenant, and sent him with forces against the rebels. He has told Rutland and Huntingdon to join; and therefore he is to get ready and meet them. 15 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
Two letters.
ii. The earl of Derby to the Lord Steward [Shrewsbury] about the above letter.
iii. A letter devised to the gentlemen and staid; not sent by reason of the King's letter.
15 Oct.
R. O.
720. Henry VIII. to —.
Fifteen copies of letters missive intended to be directed to persons of different ranks, all but six signed with a stamp, stating that the traitors of Lincolnshire having submitted and retired home, the King, minding in no wise that our good subjects appointed to wait on us with you at Ampthill the 15th and 17th inst. should travel any further "in the cold and foul season," commands the person addressed to thank them and send or lead them home again; also to send a bill of their charges. Windsor Castle, 15 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. [Two undated].
15 Oct.
R. O.
721. — to —.
The King is informed that the rebels lately assembled in Lincolnshire have submitted to his mercy: wherefore his pleasure is that you and your company remain where you shall be at the receipt of this, or at the next convenient lodging, and send me word where you shall be, so that you may be informed of the King's further pleasure. Windsor, 15 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Begins: "In my right hearty wise I commend me unto you."
[15 Oct.]
R. O.
722. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
The letters which arrived at Cromwell's departure contain that the gentlemen whose names are enclosed were last night lodged at Sir John Thymblebye's, and this morning were appointed to come to the lord lieutenant; that the sheriff and three of the Dymockes are come in already, and all the common people gone and retired. Concerning Holderness, they doubt not that all is well also, for since the despatch of Holcrofte, they have heard no word more of it. The King will send forth his letters, but with what "adjections" Wriothesley does not know. Wyndesor, Sunday night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. "The names of all such gentlemen as at this present time be coming from Lincoln." (fn. 14)
Sir Robt. Tirwhit, Sir Wm. Ascue, Sir Wm. Skipwithe, Sir Andrew Billesby, Sir Wm. Sandon, Sir John Copledike, Sir Chr. Ascue, Edw. Forset, esq., Nic. Girlyngton, gent., Ric. Thymblebye, gent., Thos. Portyngton, esq., John Bothe, John Etton.
P. 1.
15 Oct.
R. O. St. p. 1.468.
723. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Since writing, a post has arrived from lord Darcy, declaring the greater part of Yorkshire to be up and the whole country to favor their opinions— the same that were reported in Lincolnshire. He says they will visit him shortly at Pomfret and go on to York, and that he mistrusts the commons. "This matter hangeth yet like a fever, one day good, another bad." The King will send at once the letters to my lord Steward. Darcy's letters were written on the 13th, but of the matter of Lincolnshire there is no doubt. Windsor, 15 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[15 Oct.]
R. O.
724. John Freman to Cromwell.
I received your letter of John Hutton at 7 on Saturday night, and the same night I received of Robert Lorde, 4,000l. I purpose to lie this Sunday night at Ware, and after speed to Lincoln. Fear not that I shall lose time in this or any business. I only hope if any grievance of the false rebels of Yorkshire be redressed it may appear you are a suitor for it, that the ignorant wretches may bear you good will.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
725. John Freman to Wriothesley.
R. O. "I pray you to certify my Lord that I delivered his letters the next day after I received them at Cambreg, and was the next day with Mr. Richard, where I have tarried ever since." The first post to the King and my Lord after my coming was Harry Parkar, the next Mr. Bryan, the third Howlcrofte, and now Mr. Harper, with whom I came to London, and would have come "thorough," but that my Lord shall hear from Mr. Richard's letters as well as the King's of the running away of the traitors; which I am sorry for, as I trusted the most part should have been slain, and I intended to bring prisoner the false traitor Doctor Makrell, abbot of Barlyngys, who was the occasion of their spoiling my house. Mr. Richard heard before I came that he and others had determined to slay me, and he and his monks aided the rebels. All my Lord's folk are well. Mr. Richard Esterday (?) came to him from the abbot of Ramsey, and Mr. Tayler and Mr. Hale came with 400 tall men. Mr. Williams has done good service; he was of the first there with Mr. Par and Mr. Rosell, whose coming betimes stayed all the country about Stanforde.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Oct.
R. O.
726. Rich. bishop of Chichester to Cromwell.
About 9 p.m. the King commanded me to write to you to cause Mr. Tuke diligently to lay his posts betwixt his Grace and my lord of Suffolk, "to my lord Steward from Huntingdon, also to Ampthill," and from the North to the King. I asked my lord of Norfolk and he wrote me the bill of names enclosed, for the places of the posts. My lord of Norfolk returned again this night by reason of letters he received by the way from lord Darcy, which are such as we had before. I trust it is no worse. There is a commission that in case of danger my lord of Norfolk shall be jointly with my lord Steward and have with him my lord marquis of Exeter, who is returned hither this night, and Anthony Kingston and all that band. Windsor, 15 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, at London. Endd.
15 Oct.
R. O.
727. H. earl of Surrey to Norfolk.
This Sunday, about 9 p.m., I received letters from my lord Privy Seal and others of the Privy Council to your grace from Windsor, the 14th inst., which (as was your pleasure) I unclosed; and as they, declaring the submission and retirement of most of the traitors, import a commandment of stay to your company (which is judged by those here who have seen many musters the finest ever raised on such short warning) I have consulted with my friend Mr. Sowthwell and the treasurer of your house alone (lest if it were generally known the companies might withdraw without the King's command) and decided to hold the musters here tomorrow, according to your former letters, and inform you of what has been done, so that you may give orders for the payment of the soldiers and appoint me a council, for otherwise they give their advice with diffidence. The gentlemen have doubled and trebled the numbers limited to them by the King's letters, so that the livery you provided was too little by 1,500 coats, for which I have sent into Suffolk. The soldiers received 3s. 4d. each, as you commanded, at Thetford, Bury and Newmarket, upon Friday and yesterday, and this day the gentlemen conductors of companies have been importuned by them for an advance of wages as they have spent all their money, which is not unlikely considering the great price of victuals, for redress of which we have here devised. Cambridge, 15 Oct. Signed "your humble son, H. Surrey."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley: "My lord of Norfolk with the letters from my lord of Surrey."
15 Oct.
R. O.
728. Suffolk and others to Henry VIII.
Yesternight at 6 we received your letters by Sir Francis Bryan and shall see them followed. Today we removed from Stamford hither, and tomorrow trust to join my lord Steward, and next day or the day after to be at Lincoln. As we wrote yesterday, Sir Rob. Tyrwhit, Sir Wm. Ascue, and others named in a bill, intended to be with us; they are come and rejoice to have escaped from the rebels. They beg our intercession for your gracious favour and advise due punishment of the traitors, offering to die against the rebels and do their best for the apprehension of the ringleaders. This day the sheriff, who arrived yesterday as we then wrote, presented to us one of the most arrant traitors. We have committed him to ward at Stamford where he shall remain, for divers causes, two or three days, and then be executed. He has 40l. or 50l. of goods, which, with your pleasure, we give to Sir Wm. Pikering. We hear only that the rebels are all retired, and hear nothing of the insurrection in the north, so we trust all is well. Grymsthorpe Hall, 15 Oct.
P.S.—Have received the letter enclosed. The bringer was yesterday at Pomtfrait. He says the commons are up in the North, and he saw in Pomfret Castle lord Darcy, the bishop of York, and 200 men, and in the town 1,000 men. Sir Brian Hastyngs was driven to Thurne pile; and there was rising in Tyndale and Riddisdale. Though we reckoned all was appeased, for we had heard nothing since we sent Holcrofte to your Grace, we send what we hear.
P.P.S.—Lord Talbot, with Sir Marmaduke Constable, has been with us and showed us that the lord Steward has the above news confirmed by a substantial man whom he has sent to your Grace. Signed by Charles duke of Suffolk, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Sir J. Russell, and Sir Francis Bryan.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
15 Oct. 729. The Lords in Pomfret Castle to Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon.
It is true the commons for most part of Yorkshire be up, and to-day we hear there meet before York, above 20,000 men, besides many who have gone to them in Lincolnshire. There is no doubt the commons of this shire and Lincolnshire receive messages from each other. They increase in every parish, the cross goes before them. "And herein be others, our fellows and friends, with certain of their household servants as be named in a bill here enclosed, and a great number of gentlemen, both within my rooms, the lord Darcy, and without, ready upon an hour's warning to come to me." The inhabitants of Pomfret and Knaresborough sit still, but favour the commons. We remain here according to your advice, and indeed know not whither we could depart in surety. I, Darcy, have twice written to the King of the weakness of the castle but have got no answer, and without speedy succour we are in extreme danger, for Tuesday next, at the furthest, the commons will be here as they do affirm, notwithstanding your proclamation was sent to York to them to be read. And whereas we hear that the commons of Lincolnshire are on the point of returning home on certain conditions as expressed in your letters, we think it were right expedient that the like comfort should be sent hither, "and for the obtaining thereof we entirely desire your good Lordship to be a mean to the King's Highness that it were sped, for we think that it is more need of such comfort here than in Lincolnshire." Pomfret castle, 15 Oct., 1536.
P.S.—News has just come that lord Latimer and Sir Chr. Danbie be taken with the commons and be with them, but we have sent to have sure knowledge. Think if so they were sore constrained. Signatures (transcribed) of E. Ebor., T. Darcy, T. Magnus, G. Darcie, Arthur Darcie, R. Constable, W. Babthorpe.
From Darcy's Letter Book (No. xxiii.). Pp. 2.
15 Oct.
R. O.
730. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Suffolk.
At 11 this forenoon came a servant of John Constable's, whom we send to your Grace to declare the news of Yorkshire. Nottingham, 15 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
15 Oct.
R. O.
731. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Darcy.
Send the King's letter to Darcy and other letters to gentlemen in those parts, which they desire him in the King's name to cause to be delivered. Nottingham, 15 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "My lord Steward's third letter."
[15 Oct.]
R. O.
732. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
No news since my arrival here, except what Sir John Russel can declare, who is now sent in post. I have licenced Mr. Palmer, your servant, to return home on business; the rest of your servants are merry. Nottingham, Sunday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
[15 Oct.]
R. O.
733. Sir Rich. Tempest to the Earl of Cumberland.
I received your letter this morning by your servant, this bearer, and perceive you would have me come to speak with you. By Walter Paslew's servant I sent you, before your letter arrived, a letter which came on Saturday night from my son Thomas. This day I repair myself to Wakefield to see to the defence of the King's subjects there, whom I have in rule. After that I shall return to you in haste. Bollyng, Sunday morning afore daybreak. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Thomas Tempest and Richard to the earl of Cumberland.
15 Oct.
R. O.
734. Thomas Grice to Lord Darcy.
This instant Sunday Sir Richard Tempest came to Wakefield with a number of men well horsed, who would have served the King's Grace in your company. This day, at one o'clock, he received word, by one of his espials out of Lincolnshire, that the host there has dispersed on receiving the King's pardon by proclamation of his Grace's herald. Only the sheriff and a certain number with him remain in Lincoln waiting for their pardon.
One Roland Tod, servant of Sir John Nevell, has brought word that the King is at Hamptell at furthest, and but 200 horse with him, and that His Grace intends to come into these parts with all haste. Scribbled at Wakefield, 15 October.
Whilst writing I had word of one of my servants that spake with Lawrence Bayns for to have come to your Lordship, "but now I trust it shall not need."
Copy, p. 1.
15 Oct.
R. O.
735. Jenne de Senlis to Lady Lisle.
On Thursday last I received from you some very handsome white cloth, and would have written by the man who brought it, but he was going further. I have further received from you today by the bearer "ungne grand hoste de vustres (?)" for which I also thank you. Is sorry she has nothing to send in return, but will do so whenever she can get anything. Boulogne, 15 Oct.
Commendations to her husband.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Madame la Gouvernante de Calais.
Harl. M.S., 289, f. 32. B. M. 736. The Scotch Borders.
"It is ordained and appointed that all ye gentlemen of Northumberland shall meet at Alnwick upon Sunday, the 22nd day of October, at 11 of the clock, for to take a order by all their advices and consents, what is best for them to do that may be pleasure to Almighty God and most acceptable service to the King's highness, and for the common weal of this country and the safe guard of the Marches."
1. To see that all the gentlemen of Northumberland and their dependents take one way in the King's service. 2. To see what is best to do for the safeguard of the King's subjects if a host of any other country come into your country. 3. As my lord Warden is so far from this country and has no vice-warden under him, and there is no lieutenant of the Marches of the King's appointing, if no man will take on him the office of lieutenant in my lord Warden's name, the gentlemen must choose two persons, one to be lieutenant of the Middle March and the other of the East March for a time, to meet the Scotch officers and take redress according to the truce, that if there be any break it may be due to the Scots, not to the English. 4. If two worshipful men will undertake the rule, it must be known how they shall be counselled and supported.
The gentlemen of the Middle March must wait upon him that is lieutenant of that March as diligently as if they had each 20l. fee from him; and the gentlemen of the East March likewise on their lieutenant.
The two lieutenants shall then by counsel of the two keepers of Reddysdell and Tyndell take a substantial order to stop the Reddysdell and Tyndell men harrying the King's true subjects. As ill disposed men rob the King's true subjects every night, all true men should at any cost do their best to defend them. Whatever is agreed to should be written in a fair book and every gentleman set his hand to it. "Vryttyn be Robert Collyngwod."
Hol., pp. 2.


  • 1. Week St. Mary, in Cornwall.
  • 2. This name is added in Wriothesley's hand.
  • 3. Crossed out.
  • 4. These are a portion of the articles printed in Speed, p. 785.
  • 5. A translation of this despatch from a copy in the Brussels Archives is printed in Froude's "The Pilgrim," p. 113.
  • 6. Dr. John Raynes.
  • 7. Mr. Froude's copy apparently read "pendre" instead of "prendre," and probably the former reading is correct. Stowe and Wriothesley speak of a priest and a butcher (not shoemaker) being hanged on the 9th Oct. for the sympathising with the Northern rebels.
  • 8. Cancelled.
  • 9. Seems to be cancelled.
  • 10. Originally written Ancaster, but the first syllable struck out.
  • 11. A passage is here cancelled setting forth that Suffolk had in both letters desired instructions how to act in case the Lincolnshire men fled or submitted as they pretended; "whereunto we join also your last letters, omitting the part of Holderness, for that we have as is before expressed and otherwise also as you know, provided for the same."
  • 12. Ancastre corrected to Castre.
  • 13. This sentence in Wriothesley's hand.
  • 14. Same names as in No. 672 (2) with the exception of Moigne.