Henry VIII: November 1536, 11-15

Pages 418-435

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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November 1536, 11-15

11 Nov.
R. O.
1040. The Council to —.
Notifying that as the King has pardoned the rebels of Yorkshire who have been deceived by false tales spread by traitors, except only 10 wretched persons, the chief instigators of the rebellion, who are to be apprehended and brought to justice, he has also made answer to their petitions, and whatever reception they give to this his most princely pity, he has commanded us to send you the proclamations with copies of his answer to their demands which you are to proclaim in all the good towns about you, leaving copies in the hands of those who will honestly declare the same. From the Rolls, 11 Nov. Signed by Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, T. duke of Norfolk, Cromwell, the earl of Sussex, and the bishops of Hereford and Chichester.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Another copy dated and signed as above.
R. O. 3. Three other copies undated and unsigned in which the clause after the direction for proclamation to be made in the towns "about you" runs as follows:—" And semblably in Craven, Kendal, and all other places adjoining to that county, if you can accomplish your desire in the same."
11 Nov.
R. O.
1041. John Barlo, dean of Westbury, to Cromwell.
On Michaelmas day, as I was riding to quarter sessions at Gloucester, I found at the church house of the parish of Yate, Glouc., where the lady Anne Barkley dwelleth, fourteen evil-disposed persons playing at the unlawful game of tennis during morning service. They fled at my coming, but I got some of their names, to have prosecuted them at the sessions, but there I found such a band of the said lady Barkley's servants, all being common jurors there, impanelled rather to let justice, as I feared, than to advance it, that I put off the matter to the assizes. Lady Barkley was much displeased on hearing of it and railed at me, wishing the men had beaten me, and threatening to sit upon my skirts. Since then, at a "purchased gaol delivery" at Gloucester, 6 Nov., she has caused me and divers of my friends to be indicted by her servants for divers trespasses, one of which is, that more than a year past I caused Sir Wm. Norton, a priest, to be attached for keeping books not reformed of the bp. of Rome's names, and a book of bp. Fisher's in defence of the bp. of Rome's authority. Sir Nich. Poyntz, to whom I have written, can declare to you the rest. Westbury College, 11 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1042. Gervis Clyfton to Mr. Banks.
"Mr. Banks, I recommend me to you and to your good wife with all other friends." Mr. Bowes and Mr. Ellerker are coming home, and have been well taken with the King and Council. The King will pardon all except five, of whom Aske is one. He will be at liberty to chose his own council, and orders my lord Steward to keep Derby, the duke of Suffolk, Newark, and my lord of Rutland, Nottingham, all this winter; "and if they will be busy, to stop them, or else to lie still; for if they stir not we shall not [molest] them. And I think ye shall have a garrison o[f] men to keep the water of Donne, for the which Mr. St[u]rllay and Mr. Nevell is gone to the King." Show "my lord" that Ratclyff was at Nottingham on Thursday last and spoke with my lord Rutland, "who hath him commended to my Lord, and, but that he was taken in Wakefeld with Grice, he had been come home or now, and Grice stripped him naked and set him in the stocks and loked (sic) his lettre, which went to my lord Admiral." We are commanded to go home and keep the country in good frame. The King "says he will not forego my lord of the Privy Seal for no man living." Nottingham, 11 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Endd. by Darcy (?): Mr. Clyfton letter.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1043. Sir William Pykeryng to Cromwell.
Cromwell commanded him when at Court "to inquire of the behaviour" of the dean of Lincoln in the late rebellion. Finds the dean did not meddle in it, but remained at Tatarsall all that time. Begs remembrance of his late suit to Cromwell. Lincoln, 11 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1044. John Travers to the Duke of Suffolk.
Has spoken with men of London who came from Northumberland, and say no man stirs beyond Tweed. They came through the bpric. of Durham, and lay at Fery Briges beside Pomfrith on Saturday night, when the alarm was: which alarm was by reason of Sir Brian Hastings sending men for cattle over a river beside Snape, who were supposed to have come to take lord Darcy or get Pomfrith Castle. Before that, "they" were well pacified by Mr. Bouse's servant, and are pacified again. The men of London met a merchant of Berwick, who says 20,000 Scots are ready on the border; but their intention is not known. Expects, by 3 p.m., Mr. Ichingham's man, who went to lord Darcy yesterday. Has sent a servant this day in post to Doncaster with Foxley, who will send the "truth of all." Newark, 11 Nov., 11 o'clock.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. King's lieutenant in Lincolnshire. Endd.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1045. Darcy to [Norfolk].
I have received your lordship's letters dated Windsor, 6 Nov., showing that the King has been pleased to take the pains himself to pen the answer to the overture of the articles made by your Lordship to his Grace. Good men must rejoice to live under so gracious a prince; and I am sure "the sortyng and tymyng that passes hys Mageste is penning or devisyng shalbe herd for any man to amend." (2.) You also say that Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes should have brought the said answers if word had not come that Aske had, contrary to the appointment made at Doncaster with your Lordship and my lord Steward, sent letters to Sir Marmaduke Constable and into Lancashire, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and elsewhere to make new commotions, concerning which your Lordship wishes to know the truth. I do not know of any such [motions] or spoils since that time "but that [Mr.] (fn. 1) Aske af[firms] that for the surety of Sir Marmaduke from the commons [he sent to] him to come speak with him under assurance." The rest of the countries foresaid, both he and I by several letters and messages have clearly stayed, with the help of my lord Steward's letter to my lord of Derby, though these were out of the appointments at Doncaster, for their assemblies were then unknown both to your Lordships and us. It is true that on my return from you to Pomfret it was as much as he with myself and others could do to stay and return the rearward which my lord Scrope, Sir Chr. Danbye, Sir Wm. Malyere, and many others led, and did their parts very well therein. I know of no spoils committed since then nor of any man that leans to such ways [except what the bearer has a bill to show you.] (fn. 2) (4.) (fn. 3) As to the charge against myself that I was joined with Aske, captain, and the commons before I was forced in Pomfret Castle for lack of victuals, fuel, ordnance and artillery and all other means of defence, I have declared my part fully in writing to Percival Cryswell so that it will appear never man of my fashion was so evil answered and dealt with "which to the death will never from my heart." (5.) Where your Lordship advises me to take Aske, quick or dead, as you think I may do by policy and so gain the King's favor; "alays in[y good lord] yt ever ye being a man of so [much honour] and gret [experyence] shold advice or chuss mee a man to be of eny such sortt or facion to betray or dissav eny liffyng man, French man, Scott, yea or a Turke; of my faith, to gett and wyn to me and myn heyres fowr of the best dukes landdes in Fraunce, or to be kyng ther, I wold nott do it to no liffyng person." Will be ready to do what he can as a true knight and subject and would be ready to serve the King in his scullery the rest of his short life without a penny rent from his lands, so that these businesses were brought to a good pass. Begs credence for the said bearer.
"Item. Roundly and truly by that I can perceive for the best and most sure stay of all the people in every country is that Sir Rawf Ellerker and Robert Bowes in all ha[ste] be sent down to declare the King's gracious answer and his further pleasures upon the articles sent up by the said Sir Ralph and Robert," especially that there be a Parliament at the time appointed, which is the thing they most desire, and that no advantages be taken against the inhabitants of the said North countries. This declared to the lords and gentlemen at a meeting at York with speed would, it is thought, be a sure stay, "for no fail of, the letter of Sir Ralph Ellerk[er] and Robert Bowes without the answering of every of the articles by them in proper persons in the King's name is as yet to them that hath [seen] it taken but for persuasions, seeing their abode there and no such matters of any effect done against the appointment at Doncaster as is pretended, and [if] any have cause of complaint for spoils afore or since at their said coming down and council foresaid, I put no doubt that remedy shalbe provided therein for all that of right doth shew their griefs, and the mo noblemen and gentlemen that meites to counsell and her of them as afor the Kyng is gracius plesers declaryd in myn opini[on] the better shall the Kyng be served." Temple Hurst, 11 Nov.
In Darcy's hand, pp. 4. Mutilated.
R. O. 2. Copy of the preceding, from which the words lost by mutilation have been supplied.
Pp. 3. The two leaves found apart.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1046. Darcy to Sir R. Ellerker and Robert Bowes.
I have received your letter by Creswell this bearer. My lord of Norfolk's letter, for the matters alleged to be your "stops" from coming to declare the King's answer to the articles you went up for (contrary, as appears in the "foresaid letters," to the appointment at Doncaster), is answered now by my letter to my lord of Norfolk, and in articles, sent with this letter, by Aske. I know of no such acts. "Your stops and other acts that is declared to Persyvall this bearer to disclose to my lord of Norfolk is greatly contrary to the said appointment; and your letter taken but for a persuasion." Your declaring the King's pleasure by mouth at a council of nobles and gentlemen shall do more good than 20 letters. Business increases daily in other countries. 11 Nov. at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Copy of the same, p. 1. Endd.: Sir R. Ellerker and Rob. Bowes' letter and answers in November Ao 1536.
R. O. 3. "The answer of Robert Ask to any his letters or spoils made syth order taken betwixt my lord of Norfolk and my lord Shrewsbury and barons of the North parts at Doncaster."
First, touching the letter to Sir Marmaduke Constable the elder, Aske says Sir Marmaduke by letter "gave defiance" when he was with Shrewsbury's host; and therefore the commons held him in great hatred. After the said appointment at Doncaster Sir Marmaduke repaired to his house, and Aske, at York, hearing the commons intended to destroy him, wrote offering him a safe conduct to come to York with the intention of showing him how to avert their rigour. That night Sir Marmaduke departed in harness, and Aske has ever since preserved his goods in Yorkshire from spoil, for which he has rather deserved thanks than complaint. As to letters into Lancashire, since the appointment, he sent none, although after the appointment at Pomfret two letters came to him from Craven declaring the letter of the earl of Derby that he would be at Whalley the Monday after, "and to host of them in Cravyn," and the country of Cravyn, Kyndall, and other places were assembled to resist him. Wrote at once to them, declaring the order taken at Doncaster and enjoining them to disperse, as Shrewsbury also had written to Derby to do; and even if Derby continued to invade them, not to give battle till they had certified Aske, but to be ready at warning, for the duke of Suffolk's host lay at Lincoln and not sparpled. The fear that Suffolk would assauit Hull has kept the country more on the alert. Wrote no letters to Westmoreland but to have Sir Thomas Wharton from them; for a bill had been set up in Wyrkyngton that, for old displeasures between him and lord Dacres, he should die. Wrote to them to make no spoils, and to treat gentlemen with favor, and to disperse until the King's answer to our petitions. Declared this and the order taken at Doncaster to one of the leaders of Westmoreland at Pomfret. Never personally made any spoils, and since the order at Doncaster none were made by his command. If any such are proved, of Bekwith's goods or others, he will do his best that restitution may be made "upon your coming and upon our Sovereign Lord's pleasure in that behalf known. Show these to my lord of Norfolk and fail not."
Pp. 4, with corrections.
11 Nov.
R. O.
1047. William Mansell to Sir Arthur Darcy.
The last insurrection did much come of the friars of St. Robert's [Knaresborough], who made bills and proclamations that the King should have 6s. 8d. of every plough, 6s. 8d. of every baptism, and 4d. of every beast. Now by their superiors other devices are made, wherein the people are determined against the King's council. There is spoiling of true men daily, and because the King's letters have not come, men trust that those who never offended shall suffer like offenders. "He is not in Yorkshire, dare misname any of the commons, calling them traitors;" for they say they will fight all the world with the King's person, and yet his laws are daily broken.
Proclamation has been made that, if the writer may be gotten in Richmondshire, he is to be beheaded. Has escaped but is spoiled of goods worth 100 marks. Commends Sir Arthur's loyalty and asserts his own. Could never get letters nor write until he had counselled with Sir Arthur's brother, who sore repents that he went with "them," and the commonalty do not trust him for he has openly spoken that he will take the King's part. If they were sure the King would accept their service, many of high worship "would sure me to his Grace." As touching the abbeys, "yf every man be commanded to bryng in the hede governour off the house, I shall sure bryng in my prioress, or elles all my frendes shall do worse." Of Sir Arthur's land of Sauley " quorum Trinities" cannot make any certificate but will keep the books and reckoning. If the nobles and honest persons knew the falsehood of these feigned religious persons, other suits might the better take place. York, 11 November.
"Sir, consider, seing ye put me to the King, I will never dishonour you and shame myself for ever."
Pp. 4. Endd.: Maunsell's letter to Sir Arthur Darcy.
12 Nov.
R. O.
1048. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Henry VIII.
This day seven-night, I, hearing the earl of Northumberland was sick and in danger, and to learn the state of the country, sent my chaplain Sir John Moreton this bearer, to him to Wresyll in co. York for money he owes me, with a letter, copy enclosed. When my chaplain was almost at Wresill the rebel Robert Aske's servants overtook him and brought him to Aske, being with lord Darcy at Templehurst. I trust he will declare their communications with him and in what case the earl of Northumberland and the country there standeth. According to your command sent me by my son I sent to Pomfret to know what beacons were set upon your castle there. There is a "broche" set out upon a tower and two barrels ready to set fire on. Yesterday lord Darcy and the captain wrote in your Grace's name to all bailiffs and constables in the honor of Pomfret to warn every man to be ready at an hour's warning. My informant saw one of the letters and says the rebels await the coming of Sir Ralph Eldercar and Robert Bowes. Wynfeld, 12 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed and Endd.
ii. [Shrewsbury] to the Earl of Northumberland.
I trust you do not forget your promise to my son Francis and Mr. Holmes that I should have 200 mks. a year " for my lady your wife her finding." She has been with me two years past on Our Lady day the Nativity last and I have received nothing but the stuff your Lordship sent her. Desires him to send, by the writer's chaplain Sir John Moreton, the bearer, the 300 mks. due or an assignment for the same: where Northumberland assigned him last year he could get nothing. Wynfeld, 5 Nov.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: The copy of my letter sent unto the earl of Northumberland.
12 Nov.
R. O.
1049. Darcy to Shrewsbury.
I send by the bearer, Thos. Wentworth, copies of news received lately "from above and otherwise," and of my answers to the same, and of some Scotch letters and a little bill of instructions and credence. I wait your answer, and trust to the appointments made at Doncaster, "for the taking of your honors there hath been, with others letters sent upon the same into wild countries, more stay of the commons than I reckon without that 40,000l. spent should have done." 12 Nov. 1536. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: my lord Steward. Endd.
R. O. 2. Draft of the same in Darcy's hand.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 3. "Memorandum for Thos. Wentworth to my lord Steward."
(1.) To deliver the copy of Sir Rauf Ellerker and Bowes' letter. To show my lord apart the copy of my answer sent to the duke of Norfolk upon his letter sent to me by Percival Creswell, now his servant, which answer recites the effect of the whole letter, else I would have sent both.
(2.) That the same Percival declared by credence that, on his return to the Court, Sir Ralph and Bowes "should come straight with the whole answers that the King's Majesty had devised graciously with his own pen."
(3.) To know from his Lordship whether the appointments made at Doncaster serve and be for the duke of Suffolk's band, and these North parts or not.
(4.) "Of threats and persuasions from thence and by Sir Bryan Hastynges and Sir H. Savyll, and the not coming of Ellerker and Bowes contrary to the said appointment."
(5.) "Of businesses, that is in Cumberland, and others that was unknown at the appointment, and yet what daily and importune labour is taken with writings to appease and stay the same."
(6.) "Of the duke of Suffolk's messages by a herald and also by his letters of allegiance to Hull for delivery of prisoners."
(7.) "Of the duke of Norfolk, his servant and harness, restrained by the duke of Suffolk."
(8.) "Finally and principally, all and every appointment made at Doncaster is and shall be kept to the uttermost of all our power that be gentlemen, and else or now many countries commons had been of float, for marvellously, extremely, and wilfully they be banded and ready to rise and to do evil acts."
"Surely much of the stay lies in Sir Ralf Ellerker and Bowes' return, and in their discreet declaration of the King's answers at an assembly of all the barons and folks of worship of every shire, and countries that hath been up.
"And how we may trust to the same, to beseech my good Lord, in whom all our most special trust is, that I may be ascertained even the very plainness and truth of.
"Which rests specially that no assurance shall be broken nor any advantages stolen or taken of any party, to Sir R. Ellerker and Bowes return, and over that to sufficient warning given to us in writing or otherwise."
In Darcy's hand, pp. 2. Headed: "The 12th day of October [should be Nov.] 1536."
[12 Nov.?]
R. O.
1050. Percevall Creswell to Lord Darcy.
This morning at Newark I found Sir John Russell, to whom I showed "the commons' grief." He affirms that my lord of Suffolk neither has nor shall invade your parts, but will only keep the passages on their side as you do on yours, because they heard your company would invade them. Newark, 5 a.m. Sunday.
P.S.—If you send to my lord of Suffolk "he will send you assurance, as Mr. Russell affirmeth to me."
Hol., p. 1. Small paper. Add.
12 Nov.
R. O.
1051. Sir Robt. Nevill to Lord Darcy.
Reminds him that Sir Henry Savell caused the constable of Dewsbury to restore certain money to those of his tenants who "helped to make soldiers with the commons to Doncaster, and further hath manyshyd divers gentlemen of many displeasures." Hears he is now going southward. Thinks he should be hindered, if it may stand with the league and appointment and will not endanger the said gentlemen. Doubts not but he and Sir Ric. Tempest can take him, and then Darcy can order him as he thinks fit. Asks for news from the South. Leverseige, 12 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1052. Thos. prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his goodness to him and his brethren. Sends by Cromwell's servant John Antony the bearer, 5l. for his half year's fee. Canterbury, Monday, 13 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1053. Thos. prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Received today by Thos. Hardres, his letter stating that he had heard that the convent were contented to leave Eastry parsonage to such as Cromwell should appoint. It is from the profits of this parsonage that he and his brethren live, and it is so necessary for provision of the house that they cannot leave it. There they have corn, bring up cattle and poultry, and keep their horses at livery. The benefice was never put to farm since it was impropried to them above 100 years ago. Before this time Cromwell never wrote nor spake to him for it. Never made any grant thereof, nor intended to leave it. Those that told Cromwell so have not done well. Made a like answer to my lord of Canterbury, who wrote for it for Lenard his servant. He has been good lord to them, more than they can deserve, and they have been and will be glad to do him pleasure, but this is so necessary that he doubts not he will be content for them to keep it. If they put the parsonage to farm, he shall have the preferment thereof. Canterbury, Monday, 13 (fn. 4) Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1054. Wm. Snow, minister of Bradenstoke, to Cromwell.
I thank you for your great goodness in the preservation of our house. We and all the inhabitants about pray for you and I beg you to accept a poor present by the bearer with your last year's fee. Bradenstoke, 13 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1055. Sir Ric. Bulkeley to Cromwell.
Has received Cromwell's letter showing that untrue reports have been made of him touching Llangaffo and Llangynwen, which Dr. Bulkeley has of the bishop's gift. If he had known Cromwell's pleasure, would not have said a word against the simplest groom of his stable. Though not very wise, is not so stark mad as to contend with his Lordship and would have been glad to yield when Mr. Price's servant came into the country, as he will do now. Wishes his cousin Dr. Bulkeley had only told him that he knew Cromwell's determinate pleasure. Will write by the bearer to Dr. Bulkeley and send the letter open that Cromwell may see it. The suffragan shall take possession for Cromwell's nephew, and the writer would aid him even if Dr. Bulkeley were at home and not in London. Complains of Cromwell's unkind words on several occasions in connection with this matter. Speaks of his debts to lord Beauchamp and others. Has sent for Serjeant Puleston and Edm. ap Robert, the patrons of the benefice of Llandorok, and will examine the matter that the suffragan may make report. A commission has been obtained under the Great Seal by Edward Gruffith and Serjeant Puleston his father-in-law, to enquire for the patronage of Clumnok Vawor, which they say was got by Serjeant Vaughan of Cheapside. Wonders that Vaughan would meddle against Cromwell's pleasure, for the commissioners have power to enquire by all ways and means and they have been in the treasure house and the King's Exchequer, but have found no records to suit their purpose. Bewmaris, 13 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1056. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Since the dispatch of George Harper, your servant, with letters to your Highness, arrived the enclosed letter showing the cause of the beacons burnt at Pomfret on Saturday night last and how the alarm is pacified. Lincoln, 13 Nov., 5 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1057. Wm. Sabyn and Wm. Notyngham to Cromwell.
There are now within the haven and port of Ipswich seven or v[iij.] . . . . . . . . some laden and some to be laden [with] corn and grain to be conveyed [beyo]nde sea. Wheat has therefore risen from 5s. 4d. to 7s. 4d. a quarter. Last Saturday night there was not half a quarter of malt upon the market hill to be sold, for much had been sent to Flanders. (fn. 5) Malt has therefore risen from 3s. 4d. and 4s. to 4s. 8d. It is a common saying in Suffolk that this year wheat in the sheaf has no great increase, for 20 sheaves make a scant bushel, and of rye, 30 sheaves. There is small tillage here in comparison of other shires, and many buyers. Ask what order they shall take. Ipswich, 13 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord [Privy] Seal. Endd.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1058. Shrewsbury to Darcy.
Answer to articles sent to me the earl of Shrewsbury from lord Darcy by his servant Thos. Wentworth, 13 Nov. 28 [Henry VIII.]
1. Has received from Wentworth the copy of the letter sent by Darcy to Sir Raffe Ellerker and Bowes. 2. Has received the copy of Darcy's answer to Norfolk's letter of Nov. 11, by Perceval Creswell. 3. Thinks Ellerker and Bowes are come home, or shall, shortly, with the King's answer. This shows the King's great zeal and love to his faithful subjects. If this be declared to the commons by the lords and gentlemen, it will much persuade them to act according to their duties and leave their follies. Desires him and other lords and gentlemen to declare themselves the King's true subjects. 4. Neither Suffolk nor any other were excepted from the appointment at Doncaster. 5. As to the supposed threats and persuasions of his cousin Sir Bryan Hastings and Sir Hen. Seyvell, perceives by Wentworth's credence that Hastyngs had 40 or 50 persons in harness in a wood near his house and the people espying them fired the beacons and began to assemble. Hears that Hastyngs has had much spoil of his goods since the appointment taken. If he had any such company in harness it was for safeguard, which is not contrary to the appointment, but if his goods have been taken, it is. Hopes Darcy will see restitution made. If Seyvell has done anything contrary to the appointment, it shall be amended. 6. He has done well in keeping Cumberland quiet. 7. It was appointed at Doncaster that prisoners should be delivered, which Shrewsbury has done for his part. Thinks Suffolk may therefore send a herald for the delivery of prisoners. 9. (sic) Is glad to hear that Darcy and other gentlemen have stayed the country, which was ready to rise. Such conduct will make the King "better good lord" to him. None of the appointments taken by Norfolk or Shrewsbury have been broken, or shall be. Prays Darcy to see them kept on his behalf. Signed: G. Shrouesbury.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Another copy, not signed.
13 Nov.
R. O.
1059. Sir Brian Hastyngs to Shrewsbury.
On St. Martin's day last word came to my house at Fenweik that the rebels thereabouts intended to take more of my cattle; wherefore I desired certain neighbours to walk up and down in their white coats "as, in chance that such enterprise had been made, to have rescued." It was told lord Darcy that I had raised the country and my lord Admiral was come by water to Thorne with 5,000 men to take lord Darcy. Whereupon the said lord sent that night and raised all the country. The Sunday next I wrote to the said lord assuring him I had no such intention. The rebels intended to have had a general council or parliament at York on Saturday last, but the posts from my lord of Norfolk, Sir Ralph Elycar, and Mr. Bowes have stayed them. Sir Robert Constabill lies at Hull and there arrests all ships from this country. They have made posts from Hull, by Templehurst, York, and Durham, to Newcastle, and keep strict watch. I sent your letters to Mr. Darcye who wished they had come in time. On Friday last I wrote him, partly in your name, that if he would submit to you and ask the King's pardon, I would be his safe-conduct to you. Some of the lord Darcy's servants met my servant, "ryped" him, and found the letter and took both Mr. Darcy and the letter to my lord his father. They suffer no rents to be paid but to those of their host nor goods sent from amongst them; but they seem more gentle, and deliver certain articles, enclosed, to every man " that they examine and finds nothing with." Haytfeld, 13 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: My lord Steward Endd.
ii. "The oath is to be true to the King, his issue and the common wealth of the realm."
First is for reformation of heresies, that the faith of Christ may be as in Harry VII.s time; and for abbeys to be restored. Item, that subverters of laws may be punished and noblemen have rule under his Grace as formerly.
P. 1. Small paper.
13 Nov.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report VI. 446.
1060. The Earl of Derby to Sir Richard Hoghton.
Whereas Hoghton sends word by his servant Alexander Clayton that he has had warning that the rebels of Dent, Sedbar and those parts are coming to see his houses, Derby thinks they will not dare, and even if so, he thinks he and Hoghton and the Cheshire man can resist them . . . . . Nevertheless he advises Hoghton to make good espials. He (Derby) will do the same; asks H. to send any information he gets, and also to stop the rebels at straits and passages "where ye be like to annoy them." Derby will then come up quickly. Latham, Nov. 13.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1061. Henry VIII. to the Duke of Suffolk [and others].
Comparing the submission and the repentant demeanour of his subjects of Lincolushire with that of the rebels of Yorkshire, who, notwithstanding their promise to abstain, have attempted sundry offences, as the King learns especially by "your last letters and credence addressed by Harper"; sends a free pardon for all that country, except the persons they have in ward, of whom the King thinks Kyme is one, and two others named in the pardon. Desires them to have it proclaimed in the towns. Thinks part of the weapons remaining in their custody should be delivered again for the defence of the country; they are to call the gentlemen of the most trustworthy parts of the shire and deliver to them, as men whom the King especially trusts, a part of the weapons. The gentlemen are to indent for it, and promise to commit it to none but men of perfect loyalty. Has as yet given no certain answer to the petitions of the Northern men, but has despatched Bowes and Elerker with an "instruction," imputing their offences since the "appointment taken at Doncaster," and "yet to continue them" in hope; intending to send the duke of Norfolk to Doncaster, for whom the King has appointed "you Sir John Russell, Sir Anthony Browne, and [Richard Crumwell]" (fn. 6) with 500 of their best horse to meet him at such place as he shall appoint by letter. Desires Suffolk, in case Norfolk shall by letter desire to meet him for a conference or require his aid, to agree to it. They are to return Wm. Gonston to the King, who requires his services, and commit the ordnance in his charge to Edward Waters and John Lawden. Finally in case Suffolk ("you our lieutenant") repairs to the duke of Norfolk, he is to leave Sir Francis (fn. 7) and Sir William a Parre at Lincoln, and meanwhile to take order for keeping all passages in those quarters from the rebels of Yorkshire in case of any new commotion. Begs them to remember his former letters touching the fortification of Newark and the passages there, and the withdrawing of victual; but they are to make no spoil of victual unless the rebels are marching thither. The powder, &c. they write for shall be sent.
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 9. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to my lord of Suff., 14 Nov.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1062. [Henry VIII. to Rutland].
Has received his letter of the 10th inst., dated at Nottingham. Thanks for his zeal and for his diligence in executing the King's former letters. Begs him to weigh and consider the said former letters for their accomplishment. As to the sending of a man expert in wars; does not mistrust [Rutland], but, as Roger Ratcliff is already sent, begs him to use his advice. Has pardoned the Lincolnshire men, all except the wretches in ward at Lincoln and the vicar of Louth, and one Leche at Horncastle. Touching the Yorkshire men; has sent back their messengers Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes with "general instructions of comfort," and reserved the final answer to be declared by the duke of Norfolk, whom he intends to send to Doncaster. Which answer he has mitigated so that they shall have cause to be content. That lord Darcy and others, ["the great traitors"] (fn. 8) may come to Doncaster without fear, he has granted a safeconduct for 300 of them.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: Minute of the letters to my lord of Rutland, 14 Nov.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1063. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury.
Has received his letters of the 9th inst., and credence, sent by Anthony Nevil. Thanks for his readiness in the King's service. Thinks best, before answering these letters, to show him the state of affairs. First, in consideration of the submission of the Lincolnshire men, the King has made a free pardon to all, except those ringleaders who have been, by the inhabitants, apprehended and delivered to the King's lieutenant, as appears in the said pardon, copy enclosed, without whose punishment the gentlemen would not remain in the country. Second, as the Yorkshire men, since their "retyre," have committed robberies, stayed good subjects from coming to the King, intercepted their letters, &c. contrary to the order taken at Doncaster, the King has sent home their messengers, Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes, with "general instructions of comfort," but reserved his answer to be sent by the duke of Norfolk, who goes immediately to Doncaster to intimate it. In order that lord Darcy and others the (fn. 9) [great traitors and] "doers in this matter" may come to Doncaster, the King has given them a safeconduct for 300 persons.
Now to answer his letters. First, desires him, as in former letters, to be prepared for any new insurrection. Where he writes of the great number of passages over Trent, and of the bridge over Trent beyond Derby; desires a view of the same with an estimate of the men adequate to keep them. The King and his Council, as advertised by Nevel and Stirley, think the passages of Donne more advantageous; requires him to see to their keeping. If he thinks the mayor and townsmen of Doncaster inclined to "that faction," he is to send thither Sir Brian Hastyngs, "an assured man," reinforced with footmen, &c. If the rebels have already surprised that place, he is at once to levy a force and drive them out, but not risk a defeat. In case they are too strong he must look the better to the passages of Trent. Though the King purposes to send a "personage of honour" to assist him, in consideration of his age and weakness, yet is resolved to make him lieutenant, joined with the other as he was before with Norfolk. Begs him therefore to consider how the rebels may be annoyed, see to fortifications, &c., for which money shall be sent shortly.
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 10. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to the earl of Shrewsbury, 14 Nov.
R. O. St. P. i. 498.
1064. Henry VIII.
Instructions to the duke of Norfolk and Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, lord Admiral, whom the King sends to the North.
Whereas the rebels lately assembled in Yorkshire signified to Norfolk and the earl of Shrewsbury in a conference at Doncaster that their insurrection had grown upon certain causes which they called abuses, but that they would withdraw to their houses if Norfolk would signify their griefs to the King, and take with him Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes to declare them; his Highness having accordingly heard their complaints and preferring to make a gracious answer, desires the duke and Fitzwilliam to repair to Doncaster with a copy of these instructions, a safeconduct under the Great Seal, a proclamation implying a pardon, copies of the same, certain books of his Highness' answer, &c.; and there to act as follows:—
1. On their arrival at Doncaster, being assured by secret espial of the state of the country, they shall send to lord Darcy and others to meet them there with a company not exceeding 300 to hear the King's answer assuring them of safe passage and re-passage. And if Darcy and his complices nevertheless refuse to commit themselves on surety of the Duke's word, they shall declare to them that though the King would rather have avoided giving them his safeconduct in his own realm, yet, to avoid extremities, he has agreed to do so, and the Duke and Admiral shall accordingly send it under his Great Seal. On their coming they shall first tell them in the King's name that his Majesty takes their proceedings very unkindly, first, for attempting rebellion when none of them sued to him for redress of the things they considered abuses; 2nd, that although the King might have been justified in repressing the rebellion with extreme severity, they are so little grateful for his mercy that he is almost compelled to send his said counsellors to those parts and put many others to trouble and expense; 3rd., that, notwithstanding they promised at Doncaster that nothing should be innovated, they have attempted many unlawful assemblies, the spoil of many of his subjects, the fortification of Hull and other places, the firing of beacons, the ringing of their bells aukward, the making of proclamations, the keeping of the earl of Cumberland in his castle, detaining the King's revenues, intercepting his letters, &c. The Duke and lord Admiral shall therewith make unto them, as it were, a friendly exhortation, showing what great cause they have on their knees to thank God that hath sent them so merciful a prince, and how far their doings have varied from their pretence. For first their pretence was to maintain the Faith, and what is more contrary to God's Commandment than rebellion ? Then they said they made their insurrection for the common wealth, and have they not injured many and robbed many honest and poor men? Is it a common wealth for poor men to leave their lands untilled, their corn unsown, to leave their wives and children, to rise like madmen against their Prince? The Duke and Admiral shall enforce the subject to the best of their wisdom, and reproach them with having set up a traitorous villain as their governor who writes himself so as he says by the consent of the baronage of those parts. If lord Darcy and others with him persist in their malice and demand an answer to their articles, the Duke and Admiral shall reply that although their articles were in such general form that certain answer could not be conveniently made to them, yet His Majesty, as a merciful prince, has put his own pen to the answering of every article in a much more certain sort than the articles were proponed, so that all indifferent men must be contented. Nevertheless they are commanded to stay the publication of the same till they perceive conformity in the rest, or else inform His Majesty of their obstinacy. If on this Darcy and the others desire the King's pardon without further conditions, they shall first show some of them secretly the said proclamation of pardon, to the intent they may assist in the apprehension of those vile persons that are excepted. Then they shall deliver to them copies of his Grace's answer, and cause the proclamation to be openly published. If the men submit they shall cause those present to receive such oaths as the Lincolnshire men have sworn, and further promise to do anything required for the King's honor and declaration of their repentance. When the oath is administered to Darcy and the other principal persons they shall insist on the miseries that ensue of such insurrections, and command them to have vigilant regard to apprehend seditious persons who spread tales. Leaves much to their discretion, but if the rebels refuse to submit they shall first advertise the King with all diligence, and meanwhile advise them by way of private counsel, to weigh the dangers of their obstinacy, that by staying them from any new attempts the King may meanwhile make his preparations against them while they are unprovided, and thus having gained five or six days, immediately to make proclamation that all who wish to be taken for true subjects shall forbear from making any new insurrection, and treat those as traitors who would move them thereto.
Corrected draft, partly in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 36.
R. O. 2. "Instructions given by the King's Highness to Sir Ralph Ellerker, knight, and Robert Bowes, esquire, for the declaration of his Grace's pleasure at their return to Yorkshire."
First, on their coming hither with the duke of Norfolk, the King heard from the said Duke the cause of their coming and their credence, and afterwards heard the very same tale from them. And albeit the articles they presented were so "general, dark and obscure" as to be difficult to answer, the King would have dispatched them again long ere this had he not heard of certain innovations attempted on that side, whereupon the said Duke sent down one Persevall with letters. and Ellerker and Bowes sent each a servant to notify the King's clemency and learn whether the appointment taken at Doncaster was kept. And as, since the return of the said Persevall with a certain excuse for the said innovations contrary to the appointment, the King has heard that in Hull, and in Cumberland and Westmoreland, there have been new spoilings and robberies, conventicles, bells rung "awkward," routs, and assemblies, contrary to the appointment at Doncaster, as the taking of lord Clifford, the forcing of the earl of Cumberland to keep his castle, the readiness of a great number to have fought the earl of Derby, "the pulling and gathering upp of botes," and the interception of letters to the King; albeit their unnatural demeanour shows them very malicious towards the King, yet his Majesty makes large allowance for their ignorance and their having been misled by false traitors. But to reduce things to a good quiet his Highness thinks it not convenient to make a resolute answer through the said Sir Ralph and Robert Bowes but to signify it by a man of honor. He has therefore appointed the Duke to repair again to Doncaster and signify it to the lords and gentlemen of that party, promising upon his honor safety for them to repair to him and return home. And if they will not trust that, his Grace has granted them a safe-conduct under his great seal for the number of 300 persons or under to come to the Duke and know his Majesty's final determination. And the said Sir Ralph and Robert Bowes shall declare to all who sent them that the Duke will give them in everything an answer with which they will have cause to be satisfied and to acknowledge the King's great clemency. They shall also tell those who sent them that his Highness taketh it marvellous unkindly that they being his subjects and having long experience of his clemency and his readiness to hear the petitions of all and redress grievances, would attempt a rebellion rather than sue to him; and therefore they shall advise them to consider their ingratitude and by repentance " redubbe" some part of their grievous offence. Finally they shall say his Majesty takes it unkindly that they should thus assemble, leaving their natural country, their wives, children, and households behind them for a prey to their ancient and deadly enemies the Scots, who, the King is informed, are preparing, upon the occasion of their insurrection to execute their malice upon them unless the King provides for their defence.
Corrected draft, pp. 10. Endd.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1065. [Norfolk] to Lord [Darcy].
I received your letter yesterday by Percevalle, and have noted two points, (1) your desire to do the King service, and (2) for the soon send[ing] to you of Sir Ralph Ellerker and Rob. Bowes. As to the first, you will never have such au opportunity as now. As to the second, they would have been sent long ago but for continual news of new outrages against the appointment at Doncaster, as they both can declare to you. Further, as I was one of the beginners to bring this matter to some good end, his Grace has determined to send me to Doncaster to declare his pleasure to you and others of those parts. I beg you will put away suspicion and induce others to unite with me. I have lived too long to think otherwise than truly and honestly, and when I do otherwise may God take my life. As you cannot well muster earlier, assemble the gentlemen at Doncaster by the 29 Nov.
(fn. 10) "And finally, good my lord, as your old friend, I advise you and heartily pray you now to shewe your wisdom and good will to conduce these troublous matters to a good end. And thus most heartily fare you well. From [Windsor] the xiiij. day of November." (fn. 11)
"[At my] humble suit his Majesty [is content] that my lord Admiral [your kinsman] shall come with me."
Copy, p. 1, mutilated. Headed: Vera copia of the first letter.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1066. Edw. earl of Derby to Cromwell.
Has received the King's and Cromwell's letters by Cromwell's servant, Ric. Hoghe. Rejoices that the King so well accepts his poor heart, goodwill, and service. Asks that the King's subjects under his leading may have wages when they serve him. The country is bare of money. They have been at great cost of horse and harness, and much dearth of corn. In times past every man has had an allowance of 4s. for a jacket in time of war, and this time they have paid for them at their own costs. Besides they were two or three days with the earl at their own costs towards Salley, or the matter was stayed. Lathom, 14 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1067. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Henry VIII.
"Yesternight" the 13th inst., about 9 p.m., one Thomas Wentworth, servant to lord Darcy, brought him from Darcy a letter, a bill of instructions, and a verbal credence touching Sir Brian Hastyngs and Sir Henry Seyvell, with other writings. Sends all in a packet, with copies of his letter to lord Darcy, and answer to the letter of instructions and credence. Begs they may please the King, for he has " not been accustomed to make answer in any such causes."
"This instant hour" since the departure of Darcy's servant, he has received a letter from Sir Brian Hastyngs with a bill enclosed, which he also sends in the packet. Perceives that "of likelihood" Hastyngs has put Sir George Darcy in great danger. Assures the King that Sir Brian made him "nothing of counsel to his said letter nor sending thereof." Wynfeld, 14 Nov., at— (fn. 12) of the clock at—. (fn. 12) Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Lord Steward's letter; and also: "Haste, haste, post," 14 Nov. at 5 o'clock in the night.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1068. Earl of Shrewsbury to Darcy.
"The copy of my lord's letter to the lord Darcy, the 14th day of November."
Has received by Darcy's servant, Thos. Wentworth, the bearer, his letter dated the 12th inst., and copies of the news he received "from above and otherwise," of his answers to the same, and of Scotch letters, and his bill of instructions. Has heard also his servant's credence, and sends answer in writing. [See No. 1058.] Hopes he will follow such ways as shall be to the pleasure of God and his prince. Wynfeld, 14 Nov.
P. 1. Endd.: The copy of my lord Steward's letter and answer to the lord Darcy's letters and instructions.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1069. Robert Aske to the Subprior and Brethren and the Prioress and Convent of Watton.
Thanks them for " spice plate" received by the hands of Mr. Prior of Ellerton. Never intended to be a suppressor, but a maintainer, of religions, and therefore begs them to be merry. Selby, 14 Nov. Signed: Robert Aske, Capitan.
P. 1, small slip. Add.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1070. John Lambart to Sir Robt. Constable.
I sent your letter to my master your brother Sir William Constable, for delivery of my money; but he refused, alleging a countermand from you, which I will not believe, seeing your letter and promise before my lord Darcy. Please deliver my money to my servant the bearer, Austin Bank; it is 165l. 8s. 3d., as appears by the copy of the indenture between you and me. York, 14 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at foot. Endd.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1071. Sir John Walsshe, John Barlo, Edw. Wadham, and John Huntley to Cromwell.
Send the presentments of jurors taken at a sessions at Sodbury on Thursday last concerning the riots and misdemeanours about which Cromwell wrote. Sodbury, 14 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Keeper of the Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Nov.
R. O.
1072. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I received your letter by Horsay. As to the payment of lord Beauchamp's money, there is no fear, if it might be made before the day of payment of his 60l. come, but it should be received by the Lord Privy Seal's and the King's instance. I think there is little chance of having the money from Hide so shortly, but I have written to Wyndsor, who will find out. George Rolles is a "very fine merchant," but I will do my best and know his full mind. I have not yet "owit" my lord's patent, and know not which of three bills will take effect. If the Chancellor speed the best, he is worthy reward, if not, scant a grammercy. Your ladyship shall know as soon as it is sped. Mr. Basset will be here in three days, "for so Mr. Sywllyard willed Bremylcome," and at his coming I will go with him to Chr. Campyoun.
Mr. Holt calls daily. Mr. Wyndsor sends word by Leke that my lord's money is ready, and asks what he shall do with it. I will write again by Leke, who goes to Calais in three days. London, 14 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 108. B. M.
1073. Charles V.'s Council.
"La Consulta de las Cosas de Estado," held at Genoa, 14 Nov. 1536, the day before the Emperor's embarcation.
Heads of 24 points to be considered, of which the 21st is, Whether application should be made to the king of England to do his duty [i.e., take part with the Emperor against France], though it is no use.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 7.
15 Nov.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report, VI. 446.
1074. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
The King has determined to recompense those that went with Derby, or were ready to do so. Therefore he (Derby) is to publish this intent,— get the gentlemen and townships to send certificates of the men they brought, and send them to the King. Derby is to tell the distances and what recompense he thinks right. Windsor, 15 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.
[Sent by Sir James Layburn's servant, and received the 20th of Nov.]
15 Nov.
R. O.
1075. Sir Anthony Browne to Suffolk.
This night at 7 o'clock arrived the trumpet I sent to Hull this morning. Divers townsmen and not 20 soldiers had met him and brought him to Sir Robert Counstabll (sic), to whom he showed that I heard there was plenty of wine there, and wished to buy some. Sir Robert answered I should have what I list, and bade him choose what he would in the town, and gave him a crown. He brought me two or three bottles of wine, not meet for your grace, but if you send one to choose it, you shall have the best. With him arrived the bailey of Bartoon, trusting to "try" himself a true subject, "which I think he shall have much to do," and saying they are all sorry for what they have done. This I know also by two "espials" out of Holderness and the borders of Yorkshire. To-morrow I look for news from York. Concerning Hornclyeff and the others I sent your Grace on Sunday, who were prisoners at Hull, the bailey affirms it to be true, "and that they brake the prison." As the bailey is come in upon my promise he seems unwilling to return. I enclose a "writing." 11 p.m., 15 Nov.
P.S.—The bailey assures me Sir Robt. Constable, the mayor, or any in Hull, will come if I send for them. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
15 Nov.
R. O.
1076. Sir Robert Constable to [Sir Anth. Browne].
As it is wrongly supposed that the bearer Robt. Knolles brought over from Barton certain goods not his own, I have given him safe-conduct to pass over to you to clear himself. Begs favor for bearer. Kingston-uponHull, 15 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Endd. Commences: "Right worshipfull."
15 Nov.
R. O.
1077. John Candysshe to Suffolk.
We have spoken with one of the gentlemen of Marshland; the other the people, fearing betrayal, would not suffer to come. Neither could come at us but by bringing a message from "the country," which was desiring an assurance from us to do them no harm, and they would make us like assurance. Answered that we desire no assurance, but, if they will acknowledge their offences and submit to the King's mercy, swearing henceforth to be true subjects, we will assure them, and be suitors to your Grace for them; and we doubt not but, at your suit, the King will have compassion on them. How they will take it, many of the greatest towns being under lord Darcy's rule, this gentleman doubts; but he trusts to bring substantial persons of every town to speak with us. "The gentlemen of Yorkshire take up all the void houses in York: what they mean thereby I know not." Burton, Wednesday, 15 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Nov.
R. O.
1078. William Gonson to the Duke of Suffolk.
The bearer is his servant Will. Scarlet, who has just arrived here with the letter from Hull, and will declare what he heard and saw. He has brought Gonson from honest men unknown to him sugar and bottles of wine. The townsmen of Beverley assembled in the church on Sunday morning last and wished those who were forth before to have risen again; but they would not, and the provokers rode to Pomfret. Desires instructions about the two crayers stopped, of York and Hull. Grimsby, 15 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Nov.
R. O.
1079. Aske to Sir Francis Brian.
Is informed by Brian's servant that a chaplain of his has fled into those parts to escape punishment for certain robberies. Asks for a description of the man that he may be searched for and delivered up; for no offender of the King's laws shall find aid there. The delay of the King's answer to their petitions, and the fact that Brian's company in Lincolnshire has not sparpled according to the appointment at Doncaster, are likely to produce serious commotions. 15 Nov. Signed, "Robert Aske, captain by the consent of the barons and commonalty of the North."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Nov.
R. O.
1080. The Commons of Westmoreland to Lord Darcy.
Ask him to show them some favour concerning the wealth of their country, by giving them advice "consernynge the gyrsumes for power men to be laid a parte but only penny farm (?) penny gyrsum, with all the tythes to remayn to every man hys awne, doynge therfor accordynge to thair dewtye, also taxes casten emongst the benefest men, as well tham in abbett with in us as thai that is notte incumbent."
Wish to know Darcy's pleasure, what they may do in these causes. Think that they may put in their room to serve God others that would be glad to keep hospitality, for some of them are no priests that have the benefice in hand, and some are lord Cromwell's chaplains. Accept no gentlemen of their counsel, because they are afraid of them as yet, "and to haffe nowte gyelt and sargeant corne layd downe, qwyche we thynke war a great welthe for all the contrethe, and all the intakes yt noysum for power men to be layd down."
Ask for an answer in writing, for they have more trust in him than any other. Kyrkby Stephen, 15 Nov. Subscribed in the same hand as the text:—"By your servandes, Robert Pullen to dethe, Nycolles Musgrayffe, the captaynes of Westmerland, and ye commaunallyte of ye saym."
P. 1. Add.: At Templehyrst.
15 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589 f. 118. B. M.
1081. Charles V.
Instructions to the marquis de Aguilar, his ambassador at Rome, sent to replace the count of Cifuentes.
* * * * * * * *
Refers to the circumstances of Henry VIII.'s separation from the Church. Cifuentes will show him the copy of a letter lately written by Henry to the Emperor, with the Emperor's answer from the camp of Haes (Aix), that he may see the friendship Henry has with France. The Emperor's ambassador in England will also advise him continually of all that takes place there; with whom he is to correspond and help him in anything that may be necessary about the Princess. He will obtain from Cifuentes the executorials and writings touching this matter, especially the original dispensation which the Queen had from pope Julius to contract marriage with the King, which he is to take great care of. As to the executorials, he is to keep them also, and go no further in the matter without obtaining the Emperor's sanction to what should be done.
* * * * * * * *
Genoa, 15 Nov. 1536.
Sp. Modern copy, pp. 46.


  • 1. Here and elsewhere Darcy had written "Mr. Aske" originally, but afterwards struck out the "Mr."
  • 2. Crossed out.
  • 3. The writer passes from "secondly" to "fourthly."
  • 4. Corrected apparently into 14th; but if that were the true date the day of the week should have been altered as well, for the 14th never was a Monday while Cromwell was Lord Privy Seal.
  • 5. Probably for the Emperor's troops in 1536. The statistics given by Rogers as to the fluctuations in the price of grain at this period, though very unsatisfactory, seem also to favor 1536 more than any other year.
  • 6. Crossed out.
  • 7. Sir Fras. Brian.
  • 8. Underlined, being apparently intended to be cancelled. See next letter.
  • 9. Crossed out.
  • 10. This latter part is unintelligible from the mutilations in the present copy, but these have been partly supplied from No. 1121 i.
  • 11. See another copy misdated 8 Nov., from which some lost words have been supplied.
  • 12. Blank.