Henry VIII: November 1536, 21-25

Pages 451-468

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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November 1536, 21-25

21 Nov.
Titus B., i. 377. B. M. St. P. i. 510.
1124. Sadler to Cromwell.
On receipt of your letters by the bearer I immediately declared to the King the cause of your delay in coming to Court, and that you intend to be tomorrow night at Mortlake; that you have 5,500l. ready to send forth to morrow which, with the 500l. remaining in my lord of Rutland's hands will, you hope, be more than is spent before the end of this matter. As to the capture of the Frenchman by the three Flemish ships within the port of Southampton, and your sending in that behalf to the Emperor's ambassador, the King approves your conduct, saying your Lordship was in the same case when you came to the Rolls as his Grace when he came to Westminster, for when he is there he has much ado to get away. He commanded me to send you these letters enclosed, received this day from my lord of Norfolk. As the meeting of Norfolk with Darcy is deferred, the King approves of the resolution of the Duke and Admiral, while continuing their journey to view the fortifications of Nottingham, the bridges and the fords, adding that they had better look upon those of Doonne also. Richmond, Tuesday, 21 Nov.
Add. Lord Privy Seal.
21 Nov. 1125. Safeconduct for the Meeting at Doncaster.
See Grants in November, No. 19.
[21 Nov.]
R. O.
1126. Norfolk and Fitzwilliam to Henry VIII.
Send a letter from Ellercar and Bowes, by which the King will see that the meeting is protracted. Notwithstanding this, intend to keep on their journeys, so as to remain longer at Nottingham to view the castle, the bridge, and the fords, and other matters towards Derby; and also to meet Suffolk at Newark to consult with him, and until the meeting to practise what will be best for the King's affairs. From Sir Robt. of Lee his house. Tuesday, at 11 o'clock. Signed.
In Norfolk's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.
[21 Nov.]
R. O.
1127. Robert Chaloner to Lord Darcy.
It was agreed by the whole baronage and commonalty of York on this Tuesday that Darcy and other lords of this country should meet my lord of Norfolk on this side Doncaster on St. Nicolas' Eve, and on the Saturday before to be at Pontefract. Meantime the Archbishop will call the doctors and other learned men in divinity to search for matters concerning our suits to Christ. Complaint was also made to the baronage and commonalty of the misdemeanour of Mr. Savell and his tenants, and because the lord Steward and Darcy have corresponded concerning them, it was agreed that Darcy should order that matter. Asks him to write about it to Master Gryce. York, Tuesday night.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1128. Aske to Darcy.
R. O. Begs Darcy to excuse his coming this day. Has a severe colic, and is using himself tenderly; for he would rather die than "be sick at Pomfret." Touching "thanswer of the letters": the taking of the ship at Scarborough, and detaining of Mr. Walter is explained in our former letter. Mr. Walter is not kept as a prisoner, but hunts and shoots with me, and has a servant, chamber, feather bed, &c. His taking was the deed of the commons, who divided the money, 3s. a piece. Mr. Lambert's money was returned on my letter. He at first said it was his own; and it was feared he intended to steal it both from the King and us. By the order at York the number at Pomfret should not pass 1,000 or 2,000; but there will be more, because of the report of Suffolk's coming with 20,000, which is supported by Sir Ant. Browne's being at Doncaster. There is still a vessel of two tops lying at Scarborough to victual the castle. Please write to Norfolk not to fortify Doncaster bridge. Watch Ferry Bridge and Pomfret; for this night a secret friend came from London with word that on Thursday 10 ships of war left the Tower with ordnance. "The King lieth at Richmond and Cromwell only the ruler about him. Crumwell is in such hatred above that they cry out upon where they dare speak of him." The south parts long for our coming. At York at the General Council it was agreed that provision should be made for our coming to Pomfret on Saturday; that on Sunday and Monday our Council may discuss certain articles to be treated on by the nobility of both parties and arrange the meeting. You shall not have my advice to answer any more letters till the baronage come to Pomfret. (fn. 1) Otherwise they will grudge, "and also my lord of Norfolk will descend into particulars with you, which is not to be moved unto our general pardon were granted Cromwell (sic) and to have none but the nobility here to rule as yet and this the commonalty will have promised first."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. by Darcy: "Mr. Ask letter nom."
21 Nov.
R. O.
1129. John Waren to my Lord Admiral [Fitzwilliam].
This day, 21 Nov., arrived in this town (Dover ?) Mons. de la Pomeroy. Have provided the best ship of the town for his conveyance to Calais or Boulogne, but he dare not depart without some of the King's ships to accompany him, as there are divers Flemish ships of war doing hurt about the coast, owing, as he thinks, to some Flemish spies in London.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my right honorable and most singular good lord Admiral.
21 Nov.
R. O.
1130. Gardiner and Wallop to Lord Lisle.
We thank you for your last good letters, "so full of evil tidings which be now, thanked be God, well amended." The tidings which I, Wallop, wrote from Valaunce, although they were true, are so displeasant to the Frenchmen that they do not wish any one to "boast them abroad;" and they have charged me with doing so. The king of Scots will shortly be ensured to Madame Magdalene, and soon after marry her. "He is a man of the fewest words that may be. The ambassador of Venice was with him, and spake a long matter unto him, and neither by himself ne any other answered him one word. He spake not to us very many. His wife shall temper him well, for she can speak; and if she spake as little as he, the house should be very quiet." Commend us to our good lady. Blease, 21 Nov. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
21 Nov.
R. O.
1131. Guidus Jannettus to Ric. Pate.
Gregory Casali, who has been ill with fever, received yesterday Pate's letter dated Nov. 3. He is sorry to hear of Pate's illness. Sends the copy of the letter which Pate wanted. Casali advises him to go to Rome, to recover, and offers him his house there.
Letters from Italian merchants in England state that the sedition "in regione North" is nearly pacified, and that the King had marched against the rebels with 100,000 horse and foot.
Those who had killed the Commissioners (triumviris) about the business of the monasteries and the new taxes, and taken Lincoln, being nearly 40,000 armed men, had disbanded on hearing of the King's approach. Several bishops, among them Reginald Pole, have been summoned to Rome by the Pope, in reference to the Council.
The Emperor has embarked for Spain. Gives these letters to a Spanish courier. Johannes Blanchettus, of Boulogna, Casali's kinsman, whom Pate commended to the King, sends thanks. Rome, 21 Nov. 1536.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1132. Lady Lisle.
Receipt by John Husee, one of the King's retinue in Calais, of satin and saye from Chr. Campyon, of London, mercer, for lady Lisle's son, John Basset. 22 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed, the seal being an intaglio of Leda and the Swan.
P. 1. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1133. Edward Thwaytes to Cromwell.
On 21 Nov. one Ric. Swann, going about with a pedlar's budget, was brought to him to be examined for certain words. Has sent him to the King's gaol at Canterbury. Encloses the depositions. 22 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1134. Aske to Darcy.
"This Council" require Darcy to write to the lord Steward to send in post to the earl of Derby to make no commotion in Lancashire. There is such mustering there that the commons adjoining cannot be kept in or[der] for dread of being overrun. Darcy is to require [answer] from the lord Steward therein, or it will "empeche" the meeting at Dankaster. York, 22 Nov. Signed: "Robert Aske, captain.
P. 1. Add.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1135. The Council at York.
Five copies of an order "taken at York by the Captain, barons, and commonalty" 22 Nov., and signed by Aske. Ordering that if Lancashire musters, then Craven, Kendall, Dent, Sedber, Lonsdale, and Fornes shall likewise muster, and send word to the Captain of the "demeanour" of Lancashire.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Copy of an order, by the captain and barons of the commons in the North, that Robert, prior of Guysborn, may enjoy his prioralty, and that Sir John Bulmer, the steward, shall see this accomplished. York, 22 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Copies of signatures of Aske, "the captain," lord Latimer, Sir James Strangways, and Sir Robt. Constable.
P. 1.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1136. Thomas earl of Rutland to [Cromwell].
Thanks for your letter by Mr. Ratclif. According to the King's former letters I have not only fortified and victualled the castle here, but also the bridge of Nottingham, with such fortifications as shall be to the rebels, in case they march hitherwards, no little discomfort. Of late I received from my lord Steward, the King's lieutenant-general in these North parts, certain instructions, minute enclosed, and have fulfilled them. I have thus disbursed all the King's money and some of my own. I pray you deliver to the bearer sufficient money, and advertise him how I shall entertain Sir Marmaduke Constable, Mr. Ratclif, and other gentlemen here. I lack gunners, powder, and artillery, see bill enclosed, and for the conveyance of the same I have sent the master of the ordinance here his servant. Nottingham, 22 November.
Credence for his servant, the bearer. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Order taken, 18 November Ao xxviii°, by my lord with the advise of Lord Talbot, Sir Brian Hastinges, Sir Henry Sacheverell, Sir Philip Draycote, and John Vernon, esquire, for the sure keeping of Dancaster, Roderham, and the fords of Donne.
First. Sir Brian to watch the rebels at Pountfret and occupy the bridge there.
Item. A letter to be sent to lord Rutland to send six pieces of ordnance, with gunners, to Tickhill Castle, five miles from Dancastre, and with them a "substantial gentleman" with 100 footmen.
Item. Sir Nic. Sturley is a meet gentleman for the same.
Item. Lord Rutland to appoint two captains of the country, each with 100 footmen, to be ready to repair to Dancastre, if required by Sir Brian.
Item. As for Roderham, my lord will look to it. The earl of Shrewsbury's signature (copied).
The above articles were devised upon the letter to me from the King, whereof I last sent your Lordship a copy.
P. 1. Copy in the hand of Rutland's clerk.
R. O. 3. "This is the ordinance and monyshions that remains with in the castle of Notyngham."
Of brass: 2 sacars, 19 falcons, and 5 falconets. Of iron: 16 "baces." Shot of iron and lead, sufficient. List of amounts of powder, bows, arrows, strings, bills, fare carts, demy lawnces, hewing axes, crows of iron, spades, pickaxes, horseshoes, and horseshoe nails.
It is thought by my Lord and the Council 20 gunners more is few enough to furnish this ordenance. And one last of powder, considering my lord of Suffolk has not much and lord Shrewsbury little or none.
Remember the chains and "shevars" of brass: my Lord must have of the "lettys galtropis" 100 for passages; any casting "galtropis" would be welcome.
The lords of Suffolk, Shrewsbury, and others send always to my lord of Rutland here for ammunition, which is scant enough already.
Pp. 2.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1137. Thos. Cave to Cromwell.
Has sent to Lincolnshire for the rents, pensions, and arrearages due to the King by the attainder of the parson of Barton, (fn. 2) whereof part is received and part denied.
Desires credence for his servant, and asks how what is denied shall be obtained. The amount is 8l. and above. Stamfford, 22 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[22 Nov.]
R. O.
1138. Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell.
Asks him for his help in his daughter's (fn. 3) cause, that the opinion of the judges and the King's counsel may be notified to the King before the end of this term, and that the King may be content to do justice to her. The marriage was made by his Highness' commandment, when the duke had fully concluded with the earl of Oxford. Wishes that marriage had taken effect, for there is neither lord nor lord's son, nor other good inheritor of this realm, of convenient age to marry her, so that he reckons her half undone. Asks Cromwell to help in the matter, for he would be sorry to depart to dwell in the North and leave her behind. Is somewhat jealous of her, that being out of his company she might bestow herself otherwise than he would. It is not possible for a young woman to handle herself more discreetly than she has done since her husband's death. Does not like the delay of this meeting at Doncaster, fearing that the three arrant traitors Darcy, Aske, and Constable will essay to make some new business. Wants his commission to take up hay, oats, and other things for his money, about Sheriffhutton, and similar commissions for Sir Edw. Gower, Roger Lasselles, and John a Berton. A servant of my lord Steward has just come with news that the rebels have sought Sir Hen. Savell from house to house, so that he and his wife have fled to my lord Steward, and that Sir Oswold Wolstrope keeps the ways beyond Pomfret Northwards, so that none can escape him; spoils many and casts some in prison. Will write shortly to lord Darcy. The commons have sworn perforce many of Sir Henry Savell's tenants. Towcester, Wednesday.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Sealed.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1139. [Norfolk] to Darcy.
Received yesterday, at Aylesbury, a letter from Sir Ralph Ellercar and Rob. Bowes mentioning their arrival at Templehirst, and that a meeting had been appointed at York on Monday last to settle all troublous matters in those parts, which had been deferred five or six days after the time appointed by them and Norfolk to secure the presence of some persons far distant. Sent the letter to the King. I and my lord Admiral have advanced thus far with little company without harness, intending to bring this business to good purpose, but we hear this day of more innovations attempted, as the driving of Sir Hen. Savell from his houses, the swearing of his tenants, the stopping of the ways Northwards, so that no man can pass unsearched, and many are spoiled and imprisoned, "books made what number [t]owneshippes shall send furthe on one hour's warning, and ho[w] they shall be furnished of money," &c., contrary to the appointment taken at [Don]cast[er]. "Good my lord, in your old wise head, con[sid]re what occasion these unwise demeanours may give [su]spition of ill, and plainly and frankly advertise us by this bearer of your answer concerning the premises; wherein I doubt not ye will at length write to us the truth. I pray God a few malicious persons have not such stroke that ye, we, and others of the nobility have not cause to be sorry thereof." Towcestre, Wednesday, 22 Nov. Not signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Darcy: My lord of Norfolk's letter and answer, the 25th day of November, Ao 1536. Sealed.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1140. Darcy to Shrewsbury.
The great Council being now assembled at York to hear Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes declare the King's instructions, signed by his Grace, and my lord of Norfolk's two letters [to] me for a meeting at Doncaster, which has been agreed to by the Captain and Council, news have just arrived that the earl of Derby is busy assembling folks, whereupon they have written me a letter, of which I enclose a copy. Unless your Lordship write me an answer to send to them at York, I fear this will stop the meeting and turn to great business, for the wild countries adjoining Lancashire are in such areadiness that I fear they will [not] be stayed if the earl of Derby set forward. Temple Hurst, 22 Nov.
Draft in Darcy's hand, p. 1. Endd.: "A letter to my lord Steward "the xxij. day of November for the stay of my lord of Derby Ao. 1536, "upon the Captain's letter sent to me."
22 Nov.
R. O.
1141. Shrewsbury to Darcy.
I have received your good and kind letters both by my friend Ralph [M]yddleton, your serva[n]t, this bearer, and my servant Nicholas Smale[ma]n. "Glad I am [to] hear the good tow[ardn]ess of your good lordship [in u]syng yourself tow[ard]s the King's [Gra]ce." Wherefore, good my lord, follow the same and credit no light tales for I will do nothing contrary to the appointment taken at Dancaster. Wynfeld, Wednesday, 22 Nov., 7 a.m. Signed.
P. 1. Mutilated and worm eaten. Add.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
P. 1. Add to the King.
22 Nov.
R. O.
1142. Laurence Stauber, Castellan of Camerstain, to the Captains and Council of Calais.
Hearing of the rebellion in England, is ready to raise for the King a body of foot and horse. Desires to know whether they think such assistance desirable. An answer may be sent to Peter Rynck at Cologne. "Camerstayn juxta Suobachium (fn. 4) Germaniæ oppidum," 22 Nov. 1536.
Hol. Lat., p. 1. Add.
22 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 101. B. M.
1143. The Emperor's Letters from England.
"Relacion de las cartas del Embaxador de Ynglaterra, de 5, 14, 22 de Noviembre de 1536."
He has heard from one of the principal gentlemen in the King's army that the duke of Norphoch, Taleboch, the Marquis, the earl of Rotelland, and other captains had gone to speak with the men of the North who had risen against the King. They never did anything so prudently, as otherwise they would have placed the King's life and estate in great danger.
All the nobility of the duchy of Dior (York) is risen. They number 40,000 combatants, and among them 10,000 horse. They are in good order and have a crucifix for their principal banner. The archbishop of York and lord Darcy are in the army. The King blames the latter more than any man. Norfolk and his colleagues do not wish for a battle. They are all good Christians, showing tacitly that the petitions of the insurgents are lawful, and giving them hopes that the King will yield. It is thought that Norfolk has come to Court as much for his own justification as to assist the ambassadors from the men of the North. One of them is Master Raphael Endecherche (Sir Ralph Ellercar), one of the four knights of the King's chamber, and the other is Master Dos (Bowes), a lawyer. They are only allowed twelve days to go and return, and three days to negotiate.
The ambassadors desire that their demand and petition may be authorised by Parliament so as the better to curb the King; that henceforth parliaments may be held in the ancient way; that all pensioners and officers of the Crown may be excluded. They intend to provide a remedy in Parliament (alli) for the Princess's affairs and other things, especially that the King shall not take money from his people except to make war on France and Scotland. The instructions to these ambassadors were signed by most of the gentlemen.
The determination of the King cannot yet be known. It is feared that his arrogance and the persuasions of those who govern him, will prevent him from granting the demands, and also that he congratulates himself that the French King has offered to come and help him with 4,000 or 5,000 men.
The men of the North are able to defend themselves, and their number will probably grow every day, but they have little money, in which the Pope ought to help them. If the Pope has determined to send Master Pole, it can easily be done, because he is at present in Rome. (Marginal note: This Pole has lately been made Cardinal, and is one of the principal men of England.)
Among 15 or 20 articles which the Northern ambassadors have proposed, two are exorbitant. One is that they wish to know what the King has done with the treasure which his father left him, and the incredible sums he has exacted from his vassals, ecclesiastics and others. The other is, that there may be no confiscation of property in cases of treason or other crime, but that the criminal's property may be kept for his lawful heirs. They ask tbat the property of the duke of Buckingham and others, which has been taken by the King and his ministers, may be restored to the lawful heirs. It is to be feared that if the King yields to some of their demands they will stick at this, or others like it. The other parts of the kingdom wish the men of the North to come on and join them, or at least to stand firm and not listen to the good words and practices which the King employs to make a division among them.
It is to be feared that they will allow themselves to be deceived, as their leaders have no means of providing money. If the Pope would send Reginald Pole with funds, matters would be remedied in a moment, especially if some musketeers were sent over, as there is great need of them.
Answer has been given to the ambassadors that the King will not change anything that has been settled by Parliament, and, therefore, do nothing that they ask, much less reform his Privy Council to please them, as it is a thing in which they had no right to meddle. The King said that he had had divers letters of pardon made, excepting only 10 or 15 of the chief culprits. A province near the said North has newly risen because the ambassadors are still detained. It is probable that it will be advisable to give them a more friendly despatch, in which the duke of Norfolk is using his influence (tiene la mano).
That the Emperor may know the dissimulation and inconstancy of the king of England, it is not a week ago that he allowed himself to say publicly that he was much obliged to the French king, who wished for his daughter as a wife for the duke of Orleans, although she was a bastard.
At last, the ambassadors departed, with no other reply than is mentioned above. The King said he would rather lose his crown than be so limited by his vassals. He has sent Norfolk and the Admiral to try and corrupt the said men of the North. It is more likely that they will be taken, and it is conjectured that they would not mind it if they could allow themselves to be taken without reproach. The King brags that if the insurgents persist he will go thither in person, and five or six ships are being prepared.
Lord Hussey (el senor de Usey) has sent to the King to say that the men of the North are strong enough to fight the King's men, being a third more numerous, and having plenty of victuals and money, and hope of help from the Emperor. For fear of the King doing harm to the Princess, her restoration was not mentioned in the articles. The King has made the Princess sign letters to the Pope and Emperor, and wishes her to write to the Imperial Ambassador to deliver them.
The King complained to the Princess about the expense caused by this movement, and said that it amounted to not less than 200,000l. st.
La Pomerage (Pommeraye), a French gentleman, has come about the marriage of the Princess with the duke of Orleans. The Princess has sent to say that Pomerage and the other ambassador had let fall that they hoped she would soon have a French husband. The King also said that he was going to give her a husband, and that it ought to be one whom he thought of (uno que el pensava). Cromwell, Norfolk, and the Admiral sent for him on the 10th inst. to communicate to him the marriage of the Princess with Don Luis of Portugal, which they hoped would soon be concluded, as the King was favorably inclined to it. The Princess should be declared heiress in default of other lawful issue, and while this was uncertain she should have the title and a corresponding income, and they thought the Emperor ought to persuade the Infante to make no objections, as the king of Scotland and other princes had wished to marry her on these terms and even less. Finally they promised to do what they could to find out the King's will about the terms and the marriage.
The Princess sent to the ambassador to say that her father's reason for approving of the marriage with Don Luis was anger at the French king's having married his daughter to the Scotch king, contrary to his treaties and promises, and that he said, with insulting gestures, that he did not care for the French king nor for what he could do. The Princess asked him (the ambassador) to help on this marriage as it was so agreeable to the Emperor.
Cromwell sent to the ambassador to say that the King's desire for this marriage had increased, having heard what had passed between them, and there was nothing wanting but that the Emperor seeing that the Princess must be asked for and not offered, should write to the King on the subject; the negotiations of the French ambassadors had much helped matters; he was sure that everything would go on well, and as he held the tiller he would guide the ship where he thought necessary.
The Princess has again sent to assure him that the King persists in his intentions with regard to the marriage, and is continually speaking of it, saying that since his wife has not given him a son he hoped to have such a son-in-law as would supply the place, and even be better than a son by nature.
Cromwell says that the King is without hope of having sons, implying that the Emperor ought not to stop, although the King in the marriage treaty reserves the succession for future issue.
The Princess has sent to say that the importunity of the French king for her marriage with the duke of Orleans has been inconceivable, offering to give an income of 80,000 ducats, of which the King made little account, saying that the Emperor would have greater desire to aggrandise the Infante. He thought but little of the help offered him by the French king, who among other things gave him to understand that the Emperor and king of the Romans would be much pleased with the marriage of the duke of Orleans.
Sp., pp. 11. Modern copy.
Ib. f. 98. 2. "Relacion de las cartas que el Embexador de Su Md. en Ynglaterra escrevio, a 5, 14 y 22 de Nov., sobre el casamiento del Señor Infante don Luis con la Señora Princesa; otras tales se embiaron a Portugal con el embaxador Alvaro Mendez."—This is a copy of the latter portion of the preceding, with the following paragraph added:—
Since the arrival of these letters others have been received stating that the King continues to show himself inclined for this marriage, and to treat the Princess well. He wishes for a speedy answer.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
23 Nov.
Vesp. F. iii. 16. B. M.
1144. Queen [Jane Seymour] to [Cromwell].
Desires him to advise the bearer, Thomas Dudeley, squyer, concerning certain injuries done to him. As he is in great necessity and destitute of all help from his elder brother, Cromwell could not do a better deed for the increase of his eternal reward in the world to come. At my lord's castle of Windsor, 23 Nov. Headed: "By the Quene."
P. 1. Add: T . . . . . Cru[mwell] . . . lord . . . . .
23 Nov.
R. O.
1145. John Poletensis, Abbot of Pershore, to Cromwell.
By the seditious means of my prior and three others, my convent will not be content with the stipend they have had for 10 years past and grudgeth and complaineth at this visitation. I beg your Lordship to assign under your hand, to every priest 6l. 13s. 4d., every young monk 5l., and to the prior 10l., annually, in sickness and health; to be paid quarterly by their father abbot; their debts to be paid by the father abbot out of the stipend, and they to have leave to take 11 score loads of fuel annually. For your Lordship's pains in this I send by my servant, this bringer, 20 marks. Pershore, 23 November.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Nov.
R. O.
1146. Sir Brian Hastings to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
I have received your letters sent me, the one from your Lordship and the other from my lord of Norfolk, and my lord Admiral, and will fulfil the contents. I enclose the order taken at York. Doncaster, 23 Nov.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
23 Nov.
R. O.
1147. Sir Brian Hastings to Lord Darcy.
I received your letter of 20 Nov. the same day; which I send according to the premises of your letter. It was high and comfortably received by all the three lords. As desired by your servant, I have provided two or three honest clear houses in Doncaster, of which you can choose one, against your meeting with Norfolk and other noblemen. Doncaster, 23 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Francys Hastynges.
1148. Beacons.
R. O. First a barrel of pitch and tar with flax, for a beacon to be set on fire when enemies enter those parts, and then every man resort to his captain, and the captains send to one another and set forward to the first fire; and bells to be rung.
P. 1. Small slip headed: The order of beacons.
23 Nov.
R. O. St. P. ii. 385.
1149. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
Besides letters from the King and Cromwell delivered by Thos. Alen to him and the Council, on the 15th inst., received duplicate letters from Cromwell to himself alone, by Thos. Alen and by Cassy, the King's servant, charging him with various "abuses and enormities."
Notes how by his retiring and the mutiny of the army he has lost the praise of the journey of Monster. Is sorry his services are not esteemed. Has seen men advanced for less than the taking of Thomas Fitzgerald, or of his five uncles, or the breaking of O'Breen's bridge, while he had never a letter of thanks. It has been bruited that he left Mr. Treasurer behind so as to have the whole praise of the Munster journey: in reality Mr. Treasurer remained by his own choice to defend the country, reëdify Powerscourt, and continue the works at Athye Bridge and Woodstock. The journey was prolonged by Ossory and his son seeking to make friends with O'Breene and make the earl of Desmond conform to their appetites. This must be looked to, for they scheme to have whosoever shall be earl of Desmond at their command, and in this the son is worse than the father. Writes not to accuse or injure them; "for they be noble men and may do the King high service."
Defends himself from a charge of partiality. Was commanded to follow the advice of the Council, especially the Treasurer, Chief Justice, and Master of the Rolls; and albeit Mr. Treasurer has held aloof "which now he hath promised me he will amend," he cannot but admit that Grey "ensued" his advice above all other. None of the Council come to him so much as the Chief Justice, Master of the Rolls, and Justice Houth, but the others shall be no less welcome. Takes all three for honest men. Knew Houth before coming hither. Commends their services to the King, for which alone he loves them; but not they all are so dear to him as William Brabazon, "doing now at the last as he hath promised to the Council." Cromwell notes him to cherish seditious persons who sow dissension in the Council, and especially Stephen Apary, whom the King commands to be sent over there. Has done so with grief. Apary has been his servant 17 years. Commends his faithful service and begs Cromwell's favour to him.
Denies a charge that he does not use "plain dealing." If he and his friends used a tenth of the extortion that was in Skeffington's time he would not wonder at the charge. Thomas Cusake had more profit under Sir William than Grey and all his friends have had; and Wm. Brabason "has used him being his enemy after another sort that ever he used me."
Cromwell writes he wishes Grey would not desire to come home, and that the King and he both favour him as before. Would rather have lived at home as a poor gentleman than be exposed to so much detraction. Thanks Cromwell for promising to favour equally all who serve the King honestly.
As to the names of the mutineers in Munster, has written conjointly with the Council to the King and Cromwell. Encloses depositions of such of Wm. Sayntlowe's men as detected Watken Apowell and Gerbert, petty captains under the said William. Mr. Treasurer will not agree to diminishing the army, saying it is the device of the Chief Justice and Master of the Rolls, and will mar all. Where Cromwell writes of the consumption of treasure to small purpose; it is very discouraging to hear so notable an act noted as of so little moment. Surely the repression of such a rebellion and winning of 7,000 or 8,000 mks. a year is fair work for two years, whatever Mr. Body report to the contrary. On landing in North Wales he said this land was in as great rebellion as ever, to the pacifying of which he did little good. Cromwell would have marvelled to see his demeanour here. As to discharging Poole, he is very sore sick and might thereby be made worse; when he recovers will discharge him honestly.
As to not answering the particulars of Cromwell's letters; has done so as well as he could, for none dare help him for fear of Mr. Treasurer. Howbeit if Cromwell "frame" Mr. Treasurer to assist the Council, as he has now promised, the influence of his office is such that he will be a great assistance. Kilmainham, 23 Nov. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Nov.
R. O. St. P. ii. 391.
1150. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Cromwell.
On the 15th inst. received by Thos. Alen the King's letters from Ampthill 19th Sept., and Cromwell's from the Rolls, 24 Sept., containing answer to the letters which "part of us" with Ossorie and lord Butler, his son, wrote from Munster; with orders to despatch such of the army as should be unnecessary at this dead time of the year, and to send an opinion as to the most profitable enterprise for next year, the names of the ringleaders of the mutiny in Munster, and, by William Body, particulars of the revenues here.
Wrote lately that 500 or 600 of the army might be dismissed. Had these last letters arrived sooner and not been detained by the Chamberlain of North Wales at the command of Wm. Body, this might have been done better, the King's treasure having newly arrived. It cannot now be done until money is sent, but the Deputy and Treasurer of the wars will make shift to borrow and pay off 150 horsemen. Have written that the best enterprise for next year would be the reformation of Leinster between Dublin and Waterford; but as Ossory, lord Butler, and others will not be with them before the Octave of St. Hilary, to which date Parliament is prorogued, will send a device then. Refute a charge of wasting the King's money, dilating upon the importance of the rebellion they have suppressed. Marvel that Cromwell, being "of great experience and knowledge in wars" does not consider that if wages are not paid an army is sure to mutiny. As to names of mutineers: before the journey of Munster the Northern men and retinue of Sir Wm. Skeffington, late Deputy, made an insurrection for four or five days. In Munster the whole of Wm. Saynctlow's retinue mutinied, so that the Deputy with the host, both English and Irish, had to march upon them in battle array to suppress them. Two petty captains were accused by their comrades of being procurers of this, but Saynctclow and his undercaptains seem not to blame. The whole army, except 100 horse and 100 foot being the Deputy's own guard, refused to stay in Munster without "indilate" payment of their wages. As to revenues the treasurer has advertised the King by Wm. Body.
Are surprised to hear there is a report that their dissensions have hindered the King's affairs. All that the Deputy has done has been by their unanimous consent. True they subscribe not together all their letters, but except for an urgent affair the whole Council cannot assemble continually. Sometimes affairs are to be known to none but the Privy Council, of which are Ossory and his son, who are seldom here: moreover, when matters touched the Butlers or Geraldines it has not been the custom to make them privy to them. The pretended earl of Desmond had agreed with the mayor of Limerick, the Chief Justice and the Master of the Rolls, to deliver his two sons as hostages, and find viscount Barry, lord Roche, Thos. Butler FitzEdmond, John Butler, brother to the baron of Dunboyne, Gerald McShane of Drommanaugh, and others to be bound for him in 1,200 mks., to obey the King's laws, and abide the order of the Deputy and Council between him and James FitzMorice; as contained in a pair of indentures, copy now sent by Patrick Barnewaill, the King's serjeant. This determination was defeated through the fault of Ossory and his son. Cromwell orders them to despatch lady Skeffington favourably. Her late husband left such debts that such trouble for recovery and payment of them has not for long been seen in this land; so that they could not discharge her otherwise than they did without wronging the creditors, Dublin, 23 Nov. Signed by Leonard Gray, J. Barnewall, Chancellor, George bishop of Dublin, J. Rawson, prior of Kilmaynham, R. baron of Delvyn, and Wm. Brabason, Gerald Aylmer, Justice, Thos. Luttrell, Justice, Patrick Fynglas, Baron, John Alen, Thos. Houth, Justice, Fraunces Harbart.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Nov.
R. O.
1151. Gerard de Hamericourt to Mons. de Curlu.
I am asked by Francois Bertheloit, principal factor of the chatellerie of Berghez, to recommend to you the bearer, who is son of a wealthy man at Houscoit, and well trained in commerce. If he succeeds in his intention, Bertheloit has promised to give him his command, which is worth 600l. or 700l. a year, for he makes by trading 50,000 livres de gros a year. As this matter rests entirely with you, I recommend this man. St. W[in]ocq, 23 Nov. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: [à] St. Omer. Endd.: Lettres de Mons. de Berghes. Saint Winocq, receues le 25 Nov. 1536.
24 Nov.
R. O.
1152. Robert Lorde to Cromwell.
Sends an account of the money received by him from the Mint. In Crowns of the Rose, by Hen. Polsted, Robt. Draper, and Ric. Aleley, 360 lb. weight Troy = 9,059l. 15s. In new groats, 500 lb. = 1,130l. 2s. 6d.
Has delivered to John Freman by virtue of Cromwell's letters, 9,500l. Has also in hand 1,700l. of the first fruits. Has received no more money from the Mint, as the finers can make no speed. There is more silver ready than they are able to do. London, 24 Nov. Signed.
Asks Cromwell to move the King for him. Has served two years without wages or profit.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Nov.
R. O.
1153. G. earl of Shrewsbury to [Lord Darcy].
This morning by your servant the bearer, I received your letter enclosing a letter from Robert Aske to you, and thank you for your advertisement touching the meeting at Yourke. Upon receipt of your letters, I have written to my lord of Derby by a servant of my own, charging him to stay making any mustering of people in Lancashire until he hear f[urther] from my lord of Norfolk of the King's plea[sure]. "For surely, my lord, there sh[all nothing be] done contrary to the appointment taken between [my lord of] Norfolk, me, you, and others at our last being at [Doncaster]." I think my said lord has only assembled his friends without intending to invade the commons. Wynfeld, in haste, 24 Nov.
Sends a signed copy of his letter to Derby. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: [T]o the lord [Darcy] is lord[sh]ip.
24 Nov.
R. O.
1154. Shrewsbury to Derby.
This morning he received letters from Lord Darcy, and perceives that the commons now assembled at York are alarmed at Derby's mustering of men in Lancashire, which (by copies of the letters enclosed) is likely to prevent the meeting of the duke of Norfolk and the commons at Doncaster.
Charges him in the King's name to make no further mustering till he hears from Norfolk. Norfolk will be at Nottingham tomorrow night. Wynfeld, 24 Nov.
Signed copy, p. 1. headed A true copy. Endd.: "Serched."
24 Nov.
R. O.
1155. The Conference at York.
(1.) "First it is agreed a meeting betwixt the duke of Norfolk and the baronage and the commonalty of the North parts on the north side Doncaster at such place as shall be appointed at Pomfret." (2.) Item, 300 on each side to be appointed. (3.) To meet on St. Nicholas even on this side Doncaster and at Pomfret on the Saturday before. (4.) Lord Darcie to have victual and tents provided. (5.) [Letters] to be made to the earl of Westmoreland, or in his absence, to lord Nevell and lord Conyers to be also at Pomfret. (6.) Sir Thos. Percey, Sir Curbert Ratclif, Sir John of Wydderington for Northumberland. (7.) Hexhamshire: George Ogill of Holdyngfelde, John Redill; for Tynedale Edward of Shelton, and others for Redesdale. (8.) Westmoreland: Sir John Lowther or his brother Launcelot Lowther, Sir Wm. Lancaster, Sir Thos. Wharton, Sir Wm. Musgrave and eight of the tallest commoners. (9.) Sir Thos. Curwen, Sir John Lamplew and two other gentlemen and seven of the best horsed commoners. (10.) Roger Duket of Estmer, Wm. Kevest, Sir Robt. Belyngham and seven commoners of the best. (11.) Lancashire: John Hoghton of Quenylton (?) and John Towneley, brother to Sir John Towneley and six of the best horsemen in coats of plate.
ii. Order taken at York 24 November "by the captain, barons and commonalty," forbidding the making of any spoil, &c. See § 2 ii.
iii. Order taken at York, 22 Nov. (Copy as in No..)
iv. Jottings of names of districts in the North (qu. to be represented at the meeting at Doncaster ?).
v. "Due at the feast of St. Martin or any arrearages behind and unpaid for the feast of Pentecost last past."
Pp. 3.
R. O. 2. "Th'order taken at York."
1. A meeting to be betwixt the duke of Norfolk and the baronage and commonalty of the parts north of Doncaster at a place to be appointed at Pontefract. 2. 300 of either party in defensible array to be appointed of all the North parts. 3. "To meet of Saint Nicholas Even on this side Doncastre and at Pomfrait of the Saturday before." 4. Lord Darcy to have victual and tents prepared at Pontefract and beyond on this side Doncaster. 5. Letters to be made to the earl of Westmoreland, or in his absence lord Nevell, and lord Conyers "to be at Pontefract the same time." 6. Sir Thos. Percy, Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, Sir John Wytherington, for Northumberland; for Hexhamshire, George Ogill, Oswald Sheley, John Ridley of Corsynside; for Tyndale, Edw. Charleton of Hesleside, and Cuthbt. Charleton of Belingham. Dent and Sedber: four of the tallest men. Bishopric of Durham: the earl of Westmoreland, lord Lumley, Sir Thomas Tempest, Sir Thos. Hilton, Sir Wm. Evers, Mr. Frankleyne, with 12 gentlemen. Lancashire: John Houghton of Pendilton, John Townley, brother to Sir John Townley, with 6 or 8 tall men. West Riding: lord Darcy, Sir Wm. Gascoign, sen., Sir Geo. Darcy, Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Wm. Middilton, Sir Wm. Maleuerer, Sir Steph. Hamerton, and Nich. Tempest with all other knights and esquires of that riding with the head yeomen. The East and North Riding: the earl of Northumberland, lord Latimer, lord Scrope, Sir Robt. Constable and all the other worshipful men. Riddisdale: John Halle of Otterburn. Westmoreland: Sir John Lowther, or in his absence, his brother Lancelot Lowther, Sir Thos. Wharton, Sir Wm. Musgrave, Wm. Lancastre, and 8 others. Cumberland: Sir Thos. Curwen, Sir John Lampelew, and John Legh with 2 other gentlemen and 8 commoners. Kendale and Lonsdale: Ric. Doket, Wm. Knyvett, Sir Robt. Belingham, Walter Strikland, and 6 commoners. Furness: Ric. Kyrkby, Mr. Berdesey, Gervase Middillam, Ric. Newmen and 6 others. Cartmell: Nic. Thornborow and 3 yeomen. "Edward Manser, Thomas Croft and 2 with them of the same sort." City of York: Sir George Lawson with one alderman and 6 commoners. The Ainsty: Sir Oswald Wylstrop, Sir Wm. Fayrfax and all the worshipful men with 6 commoners. Hull: Mr. Eland and Mr. Knowles: "item, a letter to be sent to Mr. Nevyll to appear at his peril."
ii. The order for spoils made at York.
The "captain, baronage, and commonalty" command that no man is to rob or spoil till after the meeting at Doncaster or to enter upon lands, cast down enclosures or assemble unless "commanded by our captain general or else warned by burning of beacons or ringing of bells awkward" (sic); that such warning be not given except upon sufficient cause; and that every man of honor and worship help to see redress near about him.
Pp. 5. Endd.: Order taken at York at the return of Sir Ralph Ellerear and Mr. Bows. Also endd.: Stirley.
R. O. 3. Another copy.
Pp. 3. Endd. by Darcy: "Th'order taken at the Council of York and their orders in Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshires and the copies of our letters past in Nov. A° 1536."
R. O. 4. List of names.
"Powmfret; the lord Darcy and Chaloner. Howden; Sir Robert Constable and Babthrope. Wakefeld; Sir Richard Tempest and Grisse. Halyfax; Sir Thomas Tempest and Lassy. Beverley and Hull; Sir Ralph Ellercar, Sir W. Constable, the mayor. Skarborow; Sir Ralph Evers and W. Constable of Sherborne. Malton; Sir Edward Gower and John à Barton. Poclyngton; Wilberfosse and Rudstone. York; Sir George Lawson, Sir Oswald Wilstrope, Sir W. Fairefax, the mayor. Richmond; W. Coniers, Richard Bowes, Ralph Bulmer, k. Bedale; the lord Latymer and Sir Christopher Danby. Northalderton; Sir James Stranguyshe and Roger Lassells. Barney Castle; Robert Bowes and Thomas Rokby. Derham; therle of Westmoreland and Sir Thomas Hilton. Newcastle; Sir Thomas Tempest and the mayor, Skypton in Craven; therle of Cumberland or his son and Sir Stephen Hamerton. Ryppon; Sir William Malery and John Norton."
In Norfolk's hand. Endd.: Names of certain towns and gentlemen in the North.
R. O. 5. Copy of letters under privy signet, dated Windsor, 9 Nov., 28 H. VIII. [See No. 1022.]
ii. Nottingham:—The castle is laid round with guns. There is killed and laid in pile 100 swine, 300 sheep, 200 oxen, and neat. There is provision of wheat at 16d. per bushel, rye 14d., malt, 7s. 6d., peas, green 7d., dried 10d. "oats at 4s." The country is commanded to bring grain thither at the appointment of John Horsy and Edward Thyrland, esquires, and other purveyors assigned for this side Trent. There is a new drawbridge, &c. at the entry of the castle though the country is "with us." The townships are charged with certain grain. The castle is kept by the earl of Rutland, captain, and the knights of the country with four or five hundred men. The captain and knights sit in council there weekly.
Newark upon Trent:—Like provision for grain. The captains there, Sir Francis Brian, Sir John Russell, and Richard Cromwell, now with the King, by post, have concluded to make a blockhouse at the Bridge end and a drawbridge at Muskham. The castle has three "chesse" of guns. Lord Burght has been at Markham on this side Trent and taken away the people's harness. The commons are with us, but fear to be spoiled like Lincolnshire by lord Burght and the captains of Lincolnshire. The castle and town are kept with 700 men.
Lincolnshire: The duke of Suffolk, captain, lies in the dean's house at Lincoln. In the cathedral church is all the harness of Lincolnshire. At Grimsby, Stanyburgh, Nuneryk, Heningham, Wryntringham at Barton Barre, and Skytter, &c. are garrisons to stop the streams of Humber. At an hour's warning all the boats on Trent can be drowned. In the castle of Lincoln are above seven score prisoners, and more are in the town, "all of . . . . . . . . s": some had been "headed" but for the earl of Shrewsbury, namely the abbot of Barlings, for aiding the commons. The Council have concluded to build a new tower, without the town, on the hill towards Trent. There is much corn.
iii. Copy of "the order taken at York" (§ 2) with some variations in the order of the places.
Pp. 6. Very mutilated.
24 Nov.
R. O.
1156. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
To the same effect as their letter to Cromwell of 23 Nov. (No. 1150); but not quite so full. Dublin, 24 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add.
R. O. 2. Contemporary copy of the above.
Headed: "The copy of such letters as the King's Deputy and Council sent to the King's Majesty, and the like to my lord Privy Seal, at such time as Patrick Barnewal came thither, which were delivered by Stephen Aparry."
Pp. 5.
24 Nov.
R. O. St. P. ii. 396.
1157. Lord Leonard Grey to [Cromwell].
Cromwell writes about the diversity of opinion in the Council here, and says he has rather nourished than assuaged it. Assures him that there has been no such diversity, and that members have put aside their private grudges to unite in the King's service. It was when the familiarity between the Chief Justice, Master of the Rolls, and Treasurer began to cool that seditious persons began to raise dissension between them, but the two former were in nowise to blame. On returning from England after bringing over Thomas Fitzgerald, found the Treasurer was informed, probably by young Cowley and Agard, that Aylmer and Alen had preferred something against him; and Agard came to him secretly, saying Aylmer and Alen were two false knaves, but for whom Grey would have been Deputy, and advising him rather to join Mr. Treasurer, my lord Butler and others. Replied that he "knew them for no such men," and that Mr. Treasurer was his greatest friend in Ireland. A few days after, Mr. Treasurer made a secret amity with the old Deputy, notwithstanding the inward malice betwixt them. Aylmer and Alen were then appointed to go with Grey into the "over parts" against Christmas, and the day before they joined him at Kilca, came Pole with a message from the Treasurer that they were two false knaves. Proceeded with them nevertheless and at our coming to the earl of Ossory's all these inventions betwixt Pole and others were disclosed to them. The Deputy then died, and Grey was chosen Justice and Governor, and Agard denying the matter before him and the Privy Council the affair was pacified. There was much debate who should be Deputy. Was visited by Thos. Cusake, who was seeking favour of him, and who told him he should miss his purpose of being Deputy, as the Treasurer looked to be Deputy. The bishop of Meath said the same, Grey showed this to the Treasurer before the Master of the Rolls, and said if he were of that mind he would write in his favour. He said he intended no such thing; but a few days after a letter to Agard fell into Grey's hands, which showed his intent was not like his words. Aylmer and Alen going with Kildare's five brethren to England, the Treasurer wrote in their favour; but Agard, Bowes, the Bishop's (fn. 5) servant, and Robt. Apowell put certain books to Cromwell against them. Describes how these books were supposed to be instigated by the Treasurer, and how the matter was ultimately pacified as John Brabason, Cromwell's servant, can declare. Then came over Agard and confederated with Pole, Young Cowley, and Cusake to break this peace, making Grey their jesting stock daily at Mr. Treasurer's board. Then came the Bishop and Body, who were quick to give credit to these light reports. Although Grey, for Cromwell's sake, entertained Body as if he had been a great man, within four days the Bishop collated him to the benefice of Swordes, to which he had no right, and so won him over. Took him, however, to the journey of Mounster, where he everywhere named himself the King's High Commissioner, and would have precedence and command in everything, although full unmeet both in experience and temperance, "being once a day, commonly, in that case that I was sorry to see it." He was indeed evil accompanied, having brought over with him one Coo and Rising, whom Cromwell knows, and here chose to his service Cantie, Weste, Dowce, and Chaumberlen, worthless fellows. They were always quarrelling and calling each other drunken knaves. Describes Body's demeanour at O'Breen's Bridge, and how he left the army and went to England and spread a report at the boards of the Bishop and Treasurer that Grey was recalled to England, &c. Gives the items in which he has been wronged by Mr. Treasurer; but they are now at accord, and he begs Cromwell to pardon them both. Must maintain that the Chief Justice and Master of the Rolls seem honest men. Kilmainham, 24 Nov. Signed.
Endd., but not addressed. Commences: "My lord, where in your letters."
24 Nov.
R. O.
1158. Adolf de Bourgogne [Seigneur de Beures] to Lord Lisle.
Calais (fn. 6) brought me yesterday yours of the 16th, complaining that some hoys of Calais had been taken by one named Graeuwen Dierick and others under my vice-admiral. None of them have come to Zealand, but, as I understand some of them have arrived at Dunkirk, I have written to Peter Kant, my vice-admiral there, to restore them. I assure you, as I wrote a few days ago, I do everything to prevent the subjects of the king of England receiving injury. Nieuwerkercke in Duuelande (Duyveland), 24 Nov. 1536. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 154. B. M.
1159. Cifuentes to Charles V.
* * * * * *
Informed the Pope of what the ambassador in England had written— that part of the rebels had been crushed (cuasi deshechos) and the other part would be also for want of a head. He replied that he had letters from France of the 3rd, saying that the rebels had not been crushed but had got a leader, the last syllable of whose name was folc, and that he had sent them money to succour them by a secret person whom he had in Picardy, and would not desist from aiding them. The writer makes no entreaty in this matter, owing to the Emperor's previous instructions. (fn. 7) Rome, 24 Nov. 1536.
Sp. Modern copy, pp. 5.
24 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 152. B. M.
1160. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote on the 24 Sept., 19 Oct., and 6 Nov. On the 15 Oct. Chapuis wrote of a rising in Lincolnshire to resist payment of the subsidy and the suppression of abbeys; but on the 23rd he wrote that most of the people had thrown themselves on the King's mercy, except a few who were ready to die for the cause; while on the other hand there were new risings. The Pope said yesterday he had letters of the 13th, showing that the insurgents had placed the King in danger. The ambassador writes that the King had now sent for the Princess to court and placed her at his table. Perhaps it is only for a time. There is here a knight named Renaldo Polo, a brother of the duchess of Buckingham, whose husband was beheaded. (fn. 8) He is studying at Venice. He was six years ago at Paris trying to procure the determination of the university in favor of the King. He is now, however, very Catholic and learned, and the Pope has lodged him in his palace over his own chamber, but though he goes in ecclesiastical habit he is not in holy orders.
It was said the other day that the Pope had ordered the bull of privation to be printed, but he has since foreborne to publish it here. I do not know, but suspect copies have been sent secretly into England to encourage the rebels. His Holiness has done nothing yet about the consultation he wishes to have here with the learned men of Italy, who have come hither on his summons. Rome, 24 Nov. 1536.
Sp. Modern copy, pp. 3.
25 Nov. 1161. Commission touching Papal Bulls and Briefs.
See Grants in November, No. 22.
25 Nov.
R. O.
1162. Duke of Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Received this morning a copy of a letter from Darcy and others to Norfolk and the lord Steward, of which he thinks the King has already received the original. The said letter mentions how the King's letters to Rauf Ivers were intercepted by the commons. Wrote to Wm. Gonson at Grymsby for conveyance of these letters and 100l., by some sure man with instructions not to deliver the money if he perceived any danger :—if Ivers had made any composition with the rebels, or if the castle were yielded. Asks the King to inquire of Gonson how he sent the said letters. Was never privy to the King's letters sent to Ivers by his chaplain, except that the King advertised him that Ivers had promised to do a notable act. The chaplain would not open any part of the secret, but said that he should go by water. Lincoln, 25 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.


  • 1. Noted in margin.
  • 2. Will. Duffeld, vicar of Barton-on-Humber. See Valor Eccl. iv. 69.
  • 3. The Duchess of Richmond's.
  • 4. Schwobach in Franconia.
  • 5. "The Bishop" here and later in this despatch means the archbishop of Dublin, not the bishop of Meath, who is mentioned before.
  • 6. Calais pursuivant.
  • 7. An extract made of this paragraph for the Emperor's use was apostyled with a note that the rebels had been dispersed, but only after obtaining conditions disgraceful to the King. See f. 113 b. of the same volume of transcripts.
  • 8. This is a mistake. It was not the duke of Buckingham's wife, but his son's wife (Ursula Pole, married to Henry lord Stafford) that was sister to Reginald Pole.