Henry VIII: November 1536, 26-30

Pages 468-491

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1888.

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November 1536, 26-30

[26 Nov.]
R. O.
1163. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
According to your letter received last night I have sent to Thos. Atclif, treasurer with my lord of Suffolk, the 2,000l. for wages, which should be there tomorrow night. I wish to know your pleasure by bearer for payment of the merchants in London. London, Sunday morning. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1164. John Feylde (fn. 1) to Cromwell.
Has committed nothing worthy of punishment, but doubts not that such grievous complaint is made against him that those in authority may no less do than keep him in prison till the time of judgment. As his previous life gives small presumption to the truth of such complaint, and it is manifest that he has already undeservedly suffered imprisonment for nearly three years, begs that this present imprisonment may be diminished in time and grief as much as possible. "It is not little grief to the flesh to bear both day and night cold irons, and yet shall my flesh be content to wear them at your lordship's commandment, though I love it as much as it becometh me, knowing that it hath received more prosperity at your hands than this adversity is." The Counter, 26 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1165. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Enclosing a letter from Sir Brian Hastyngs, a copy of which he has sent to the duke of Norfolk. Lincoln, 26 Nov., 10 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1166. Suffolk to Norfolk and Fitzwilliam.
This morning Jasper Owen and a spy of Holderness have told him that all the beacons in Holderness, Holdenshire, and Marshelande have been set on fire and burned Thursday and Friday last; that they of Holderness mustered yesterday, and tomorrow will muster again, and where they took one man heretofore, they now take seven. Thinks it is for no good purpose. Supposes Myrfyn, Sir Fras. Bryan's servant, has declared to Norfolk what he heard they intend to do "at your next meeting." Lincoln, 26 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: At Nottingham. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1167. Darcy to Norfolk.
By my fellow this bearer, I have received your letter (as I think by the seal, but it is unsigned) dated Towcester, 22nd inst., showing that you and my lord Admiral have advanced towards these parts, of which I am very glad. You are informed of divers new innovations attempted in these parts, as to Sir Harry Savell and his tenants, contrary to the appointment taken with your Lordship and my lord St[eward] at Doncaster. I trust at your next meeting it shall plainly appear "articlerly to every point of your letter, by Sir Harry and others," great occasion has been given whereby some cries and assemblies were made only for defence of the commons. And where you desire me frankly to tell you the truth, I will be no supporter of the commons in their evil acts. When the King knows all his conduct, has no doubt he will be justified. (fn. 2) Great multitudes have been stayed by the lord Steward's and the Captains' letters and Darcy's no little pain, from such wild countries as were not stirring nor communed of in the appointment at Doncaster. Trusts my lord Steward has partly explained this to Norfolk and the lord Admiral. Hopes that those who would procure that matters should not come to a good stay may come to a shameful death, and may he himself perish body and soul if he do not his best to serve God and the King. Templehurst, 26 Nov.
P.S.—At your next meeting near Doncaster the nobles and worshipful men of these parts fear not to prove that none of the appointments last taken at Doncaster have been broken by them. * * * *
Mutilated, pp. 2. Rough draft, in Darcy's hand, corrected. Headed: To the duke of North[folk].
[26 Nov.]
R. O.
1168. Darcy to Sir Brian H[astings.]
Sayings of William Wolfed, 26 Nov. That he was at Sturthorppe with Mr. Hastings the same day at 10 a.m. That there have been hunters in the wastes since Wednesday was se'n night who seem to be of Holderness and Hulke. Wolfed dwells in "field houses" nigh Gowlle in Snayth parish and swears "before my lord his steward Gilbert Scott and this bearer" that he knows of no deer slain by any within my lord's room.
Added in lord Darcy's hand: "Cousin Haystyngs," I can perceive nothing but that this William is a timorous dissembling knave. His twice coming to me between 9 and 10 at night is suspicious. Credence for bearer against my lords of Norfolk and Shrewsbury's appointments and their letters. "T. Darcy."
P. 1. Endd.: Sir Brian H . . . . .
26 Nov.
R. O.
1169. Sir Antony Wyngfeld, Sir Arthur Hopton, and John Candysshe to the Duke of Suffolk.
This morning the boat of this town went to Hull, and mine host sent over to buy victuals and spices. The soldiers of the town wished to take away what he had bought, but were prevented by the captains. They, however, told him that if he came again without corn or other victuals, he would not be allowed to return. Many of the soldiers said that Sir Rauffe Eldercarre was come "and that they all should go west and go to it." Do not know what was meant.
Ask that provisions may be made of bows, arrows, and strings. The Hull boat has not been here these two tides, though usually it comes every tide. Thinks there is some mystery in it. "My cousin Candysche" has brought two of his men, whom he sent to Hull to espy. They brought word that the customer of Hull had gone towards London with the King's money, amounting to 300 marks, but Sir Robert Constable hearing of it, sent after him, took away the money and swore it was the first money that should be spent. The tale of the mayor and other honest and substantial men agrees with that of the bailiff of Barton. The bailiff has gone this morning to Hull with Sir Antony Browne's letter to Sir Rauf Eldercar. Have heard nothing of the gentlemen of Lincolnshire who were to relieve them of their watch. Cowghche and one of Candysche's men say that four Hull ships are at Bordeaux and two in Flanders, which will come home by Leistafte or Yarmowthe roads. Barton, 26 Nov., 8 a.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1170. Sir Antony Wyngfeld, Sir Arthur Hopton, and John Candysshe, to Suffolk.
A servant of "my cousin Candysche" has brought this news from Wakefield and Pomfret this day:—Lord Darcy has sent to prepare his lodging at Pomfret Castle against Thursday next, and for the mayor and his brethren to prepare for 10,000 men against the same day; and like warning is given to Wakefield to prepare for other 10,000 the Monday after. They say this assembly is that they may commune with the King's Council in surety. They have appointed those to speak with the King's Council, but it is not known who they be. They will have no pardon but by Act of Parliament, and will have Parliament kept where they may safely come and go. One Walker, a petty captain, said to the gentlemen, in their Council at York, to look to the matter, and not shrink from it, and said to Aske, "Look you well upon this matter, for it is your charge, for if you do not you shall repent it." One of the captains of Pomfret Castle, in a letter to a gentleman, said he heard from a man (whom he named) of Berwick, that there were 20,000 Scots in readiness. One Foxley, servant of Sir John Russell, dwelling about Pomfret, "doth fear them much" by bruiting that the Emperor and French king have offered 40,000 men each to the King. The gentlemen are weary of the matter, but the commons are still ready to fight. Foxley has bruited that so many men came to Ampthill that the "prest money for their return" was 50,000l. The commons are in great dread of the King's ordnance. Barton, 26 Nov.
P.S.—Beg him to send to Barton the ordnance "entitled" in a bill enclosed. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1171. G. [earl of] Huntingdon to the Duke of Norfolk.
I thank you for your painstaking at my desire now at Leicester. Yesternight, after my coming home, a tenant of mine in this shire, a Northern man born, came from the rebels from York. He was amongst them from Tuesday last till Friday at noon, and brought word from a servant of mine, Hugh Hilton, who is amongst them: I have sent him to you. Desiring you to have good espial at your meeting, for as Hilton sent me word, "he reckoned ye should not agree at your meeting." Asheby, Sunday, (fn. 3) 27 November.
In his own hand: If you want any of my servants, I will send you those I trust best. Please send me word by this bearer. I will come myself to do the King service with as few as you shall appoint. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
Harl. MS. 1,244, f. 174. B. M.
1172. James V.
Contract for the marriage of Magdalene of France and James V. Blois, 26 Nov. 1536.
Lat. Copy, pp. 10.
Leonard, ii. 397. *** Another copy will be found in Add. MS. 30,666, f. 204, in B.M.
26 Nov.
R. O.
1173. Faenza's Letters.
"Di Mons. di Faenza de 26, 27, 28, e 29 di Novembre."
I have not had greater satisfaction since I was in France than I have now, finding my anticipations realised about the parentado of Scotland with this King. I have succeeded quite according to the commissions which I received yesterday from you by letters of the 11th, though there have been many intrigues to stop it, both by the English and by individual persons here, so that there were great doubts whether it would come to a good end. I delayed till I should hear from you, and have done most effectually, not only with the most Christian King, but with everyone else, insisting particularly upon the obstinacy of the king of England against the Church, and upon the natural hatred of Scotland against England, and the little obligation Francis has to support the latter. Thank Heaven everything is to be concluded this night, and I could not tell you how much pleasure Francis showed yesterday at the Pope's judgment on this, and how he suddenly resolved to conclude today, telling me he well knew the goodwill of his Holiness towards all his interests, and that the Pope might be assured he was ready to shed his blood to do him service, showing me in this matter all possible respect and reverence, taking off his hat every time he mentioned his Holiness' name. Thinks it a great opportunity to accomplish the designs of his Holiness, so as to reduce the king of England to the right road by one way or another. For this Francis is very desirous, and the King of Scotland tells me that he will always act, with the assistance of France, to bring England to reason, having 40,000 men of war in his kingdom ("potendo de 40 m. huomini di guerra ch'a nel suo regno havere sempre 40 m. in arme tenuti sopra tutto da Inglesi et potendo si valere d'artigliaria e di qualch' archibusieri di quà et anche de navili da guerra"), and being a young man much loved by the people, of good disposition, and utterly opposed to the methods of that King; also, that being now allied here, as he confesses, he has used every mode to gain the most Christian king, and has sought his daughter frankly, without any other demand. Two days ago they discussed conditions, and he gave a carte blanche, so that nothing was wanting now but the confirmation of his Holiness, upon which his Majesty called me when I had scarcely read my letters, and was much pleased at what I had been commissioned to tell him about the union with Scotland. He said the commotions in England had little foundation, and were quieted, and said that although that King had at first pretended that this alliance with Scotland would not displease him, he had afterwards bragged, and said he saw well how they were treating him here, and that he had two millions of gold by which he could make an agreement with the Emperor, and so forth, in order to delay the match. I told his Majesty that Scotland appeared to me the true bridle of England; that as that King had shown so little friendship for Francis no doubt he would seek new aids in his present troubles; but if Scotland keeps him in apprehension it will make him keep his money to himself, and not give it to the Emperor, although he is so avaricious that he would not readily part with it. And to prevent his making friends with the Emperor, his Holiness might make a declaration against him, which will make it impossible for anyone to aid him, at least openly; and this I believed his Holiness would be willing to do, knowing that with the aid of France he could more easily now than ever bring that kingdom into the right way. His Holiness has always relied upon the French king, and, James having such opportunities of raising tumults in England, I humbly begged Francis to open his eyes, and, since these disturbances had ceased, to try and stir up others for the service of God and his own interest, and that he would always let me know the truth, because I believed that the censures would issue suddenly against that King, without respect of persons, as it would be clearly both for the service of God and of the French king.
I put this to his Majesty in such wise, judging that now we cannot conveniently consider the bull (non ci possiamo vedere comodamente della bolla), the cause having ceased; that now, and not before, I urged his Holiness to fulminate it, keeping, however, the whole thing secret to myself, as you command. To which his Majesty replied, thanking me, and saying that in effect the king of Scotland will do everything to serve his Holiness, he being one with himself, and that he will intimate to me when the time comes to act against that King as I suggested. For he was certain that Henry, being assured of this alliance, would see to his own interest, though he was not able to refrain from bragging when Francis sent to him an express messenger to speak of this alliance as a thing which he was unable to deny to the king of Scotland, and as a matter already settled.
And as to the Signor Reynold Pole, I say that his Holiness has esteemed him in the same measure as he is esteemed in England, where he is in great repute for learning and goodness, and where I should think he could do service to God by going there whenever any insurrection may arise. Affairs being quiet he could not go there without manifest danger. Wallop, the English ambassador here, a great friend of Pole's, tells me his master has a suspicion that his Holiness may make Pole a cardinal to spite and harm him (the King). If his Holiness keeps him ready, in case of insurrection, to be sent to England, he could do much among the people there, who are mostly alienated, if not from the King, who indeed seems to stand in some estimation, as being rather good-natured (assa[i] buono di sua naturale), at least from all his ministers, who, for what they impiously think their own advantage, do not scruple to bring their master to this blindness and misery. It might be well too, this gentleman being in such estimation, that he should disseminate, especially in England, some of his compositions to strengthen the good people in their opinions and call the others to the right road. However, you know the needs of England better than I, and can well advise his Holiness.
I presented the brief to the king of Scots as soon as I left his Most Christian Majesty, adding what you require me to do. He replied in a few words in French, not knowing much of any language that I speak. However, his interpreter, one of his prelati, (fn. 4) who conducts everything, and is a man of good wit, told me that the brief would be answered, and that the King thanked me heartily for my good offices, and would show his Holiness he did not differ from his ancestors in good will and obedience towards the Holy See. I showed them what had been done in his Holiness' name with Francis as regards James' object; whereat both by countenance and actions he showed much pleasure, and desired to reply if he had been able. With his man I executed your commission; but his Holiness may know that, as matters stand, Scotland will in important affairs be governed from here.
Cardinal du Bellay has been very warm in this business, and expresses to me his anxiety to serve his Holiness. He hopes that with this [affair] of Scotland the king of England will come to terms, for what he will not do out of duty to God he will do out of mere necessity. Praises the Grand Master's devotion to the Pope: "he is indeed a virtuous and pious gentleman, and well deserves the place he holds." When Pole's servant comes he should tarry here a few days, in order that if some new occasion offer in England we may avail ourselves of it. Only remember to send me that brief to constitute a notary and courier for the purpose.
ii. Extracts from the letter of 21 (27) Nov. as in No. 1183.
iii. Extracts from the letter of 28 Nov. as in No. 1194.
Ital., from a modern copy, pp. 11.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1174. Henry VIII. to Norfolk and —.
We have received your letters written at Leicester, 24th inst., with those of the 22nd to you from Sir Ralph Ellerker, Robert Bowes, with others, the contynue whereof is very strange to us, i.e., that the gentlemen have rather willingly entered into this rebellion than by "such sudden surreption" as Ellerker and Bowes alleged. We have written our answer to Ellerker and Bowes to declare to the rest and then advertise you of their dispositions (copy enclosed). We desire you to use all good means with lord Latymer and others to induce them "to contemn that villain Aske," and submit themselves to our clemency. "As it may be doubted what way these rebels shall yet take," fortify the passages of the Doon, put Doncaster under Sir Brian Hastyngs, fortifying the bridge, and desire Shrewsbury to do the like with Rotheram. Whereas the rebels desire hostage for Aske, there is no man of any honesty "that we repute so little as to put him in pledge for such a vile villain." As to their request for an abstinence of 14 days, if you should not agree, we will wait till we hear from Ellerker and Bowes, for our instructions treat of a time to be won with policy and not of an abstinence by pacte, which would give them time to fortify themselves. If Shrewsbury's health permits him to travayl with you, we will send you "all three" a commission jointly.
Corrected draft in Vaughan's hand, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to my lord of Norfolk, 27 Nov.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1175. Henry VIII. to Ellerker and Bowes.
We have read the letters addressed by you and others from York to the duke of Norfolk, and greatly marvel at the ingratitude shown to us in this insurrection, especially by men of nobility and worship, and the great slackness of you twain that were messengers from the whole company of that assembly to us, especially that you have not made us a full answer of your instructions. You might well perceive when you were with us that unless the inhabitants of those parts would, in their deeds, show themselves true subjects, allowing our people freely to resort to us, and our letters to be conveyed without interruption, and make redress for all attemptates since the appointment taken at Doncaster, we would not have directed our cousin of Norfolk and our Admiral into those parts, and that the reason our answer was not sent by you was that they had, since the appointment, committed so many offences. This is also the cause why Norfolk and the Admiral do not repair to them until they have assurance of their loyalty.
2. We are much surprised that, as the commons be now down, and perhaps not so ready to rise again as some pretend, the nobles and you, the gentlemen, should have signed such a letter to the duke of Norfolk, by which it seems they make themselves a party with the commons. This is clean contrary to the reports of you, Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes, who declared them to have been taken against their wills, which did then chiefly move us to take compassion on them. "And now the intent of your pilgrimage with the devotion of the pilgrims may appear, for who can reckon that foundation good which is contrary to God's commandment, or the executors to be good men which, contrary to their allegiance, presume, with force, to order their prince?" God commanded them to obey their prince whatever he be, yea though he should not direct them justly, and their oath of allegiance passeth all other oaths, without the keeping of which all other oaths be but nought and vain. Wherefore, who can think that you, persevering in this madness which daily by your letters and doings ye declare more and more, should not be ashamed to call yourselves humble subjects when your deeds be so far contrarious? For who would think that true subjects, though they were offenders, would not come to any part of our realm we should allot under our safe conduct? The Scots, when they were most enemies, would do as much and more, for upon the duke of Norfolk's word they resorted to his camp: how much less then ought subjects to indent with their prince either of the place or the coming in arms and forcible array? This is not like subjects, but like war between princes, and we wonder they would blind us by fair words, desiring mercy of us as their sovereign lord when your letter in sundry points, as in desiring hostages, a place indifferent, and an abstinence of war for 14 days after the meeting, shows the contrary. What madness has seized them not to see that a small continuance of this will destroy themselves and utterly devast those parts which they inhabit? Would be sorry to be obliged to repress them by force, but if they persevere, will take measures to cut them off as corrupt members.
3. We think it no little shame to all you that have been accounted noble to suffer such a villain as Aske, having neither wit nor experience, to subscribe the letters sent to the duke of Norfolk before you all as if he were your ruler. Where is your nobility become to suffer such a villain to be privy to any of your affairs, who was never esteemed in any of our courts but as a common pedlar in the law? We and all our nobles here consider your honor greatly touched by the same. It is only his filed tongue and false surmises that have brought him in this unfitting estimation among you. Finally, you are to tell them we are as much inclined to mercy as ever prince was if we find in them a disposition to seek it. But unless they will permit our subjects free recourse to us, and not intercept our letters to them or theirs to us, withdraw their men from our towns and castles, which they keep now contrary to the duties of good subjects, restore the ship that was sent to Evers and molest him no further, but show their submission to us by deeds, we do not intend my lord of Norfolk to common any further with them but to stay till we know by your answer to these, to be sent to the duke of Norfolk, whether we shall repute them as good subjects or traitors.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 10. Endd.: Mynute of the King's letters to Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robert Bowes of the 27th November.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1176. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.
Recollecting that, in certain former letters, Suffolk signified that the inhabitants of Marshland, Holdenshire, and Holderness had made overtures for submission, desires him to practise with them for this, promising them their pardons. As Sir Robert Constable is now at York, Suffolk is to practise with the merchants and inhabitants of Hull and get them to promise, for their pardons, to deliver the town to Suffolk as the King's lieutenant, in case he shall "enterprise" it; so that in case of new commotions he may at once take the town. Suffolk shall enquire of the gentlemen of Lincolnshire separately, how many men they would, for a gratuity, find to the King for a month at their own cost, and make a book of the same with an opinion whether they are to be trusted. Sends copy of a letter lately sent by certain of the rebels to the duke of Norfolk, and the copy of the King's answers both to Norfolk and to Ellerker and Bowes.
Draft with corrections in Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to my lord of Suffolk, 27 Nov.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1177. [Cromwell to Suffolk.]
"After my most hearty recommendations to your good Grace." I caused John Browne and John Patison, of Lowthe, to be apprehended and committed to the Fleet. Upon examination they have proved themselves honest men, and I have discharged them with leave to go home. I desire your favour to them. London, 27 Nov.
P. 1.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1178. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
Has perused his letters of the 19th inst. to the earl of Sussex, his brother, and perceives the readiness of lord Monteagle for the repression of the rebels, and also that the good subjects in those parts complain that the King has not paid their charges in repairing to the earl of Derby. Desires Derby to make a book of the names of those who [prepared themselves in his last journey towards Salley], (fn. 5) with the distances they came and the time they were out, and the King will send money.
By the traitor Aske's letter to John Atkynson, captain of the commons of Kendal, inserted in Derby's, it appears Aske is trying both to keep Yorkshire in rebellion, and also to stir the commons of Lancashire and Cheshire. Derby is to put his force in readiness to meet at an hour's warning, and make an estimate of what number he may trust, in case the King should advance in person or otherwise require them. To discover the inclination of the people, he is to lay secret espial throughout all parts, and, in case they appear inclined to sedition, to apprehend the authors and certify the King by letter.
Draft in Vaughan's hand, with corrections by Wriothesley, pp. 5. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to the earl of Derby, 27 Nov.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1179. Suffolk and Sir Wm. Parr to Henry VIII.
This morning I received letters from Barton, enclosed, and have sent copies of them to my lord of Norfolk. Begs that bows, arrows, strings, powder and shot may be sent. Lincoln, 27 Nov., 12 noon.
P.S.—Beg the King to consider the furniture of money for the army, as by the last declaration, it appeared the treasure there would be clearly disbursed the 3rd November (sic) next coming. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. wrongly, "third November."
27 Nov.
R. O.
1180. Suffolk to Cromwell.
This day John Heneage showed me a letter from you to him, directing him in one clause to pay no debts or pensions to any but very poor men. Thinks this inopportune, for thank God this shire is now in good stay, and I hope this will be a good furdell to others to do the same. I beg, therefore, that nothing be attempted which may make men think of their late folly. If I were able I would myself pay all the charges of all the suppressed houses in Lincolnshire rather than it now should be put in their heads that they should not be paid. Commissions given to men who have not discreetly used their power have been a great cause of this business. I have therefore desired John Heneage in no wise to disclose the restraint of payment till I hear from you again. Lincoln, 27 Nov.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
1181. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I have received your sundry letters. As to lord Beauchamp's payment, if Mr. Arundell had kept promise, even if all others had failed, I could have brought the matter to a point long ago. He promised Mr. Skryven and me to enter the statute before his departure, and left without speaking to us. He sent word that he would be here at St. Katharine's day and only sent his servant, by whom I have sent him my lord's letter. Mr. Wyndsor is not yet come, and I cannot tell what he has done with Hide, but I still hope, if money could be got by Christmas, that by my lord Privy Seal's means it might be taken. Unless Mr. Arundell come, or Wyndsor be at a point with Hide, I cannot tell how to make this money. As for your priory, my lord and your ladyship should say at once what parcels you will have. What George Carow has is given by the King, and if you take that you will have only the rent; but if you take others you will enter with the profits out of hand. Holt is dissatisfied that he has not his money, and Wat à Pertlond says he never owed my lord a penny. Mr. Basset will tarry at Lincoln's Inn till seven days before Christmas, which is against my mind, for they die daily in the city, but Mr. Suylyard must be obeyed. I have bespoken the torches and "quaryers," and have persuaded the chandler to wait for his money. Ling is very dear, and can only be got with ready money. I am glad your ladyship is so well sped. Jesu send you a son! London, 27 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1182. The Conference at Pomfret.
R. O. Queries and notes upon this clause in the Creed: Credo in Sanctam Ecclesiam Catholicam, involving the authority of the Church.
Begins: "Nota primo quod pro manutenencia et defensione Orthodoxi (sic) fidei Christianæ et libertatibus Ecclesiæ Catholicæ."
Ends: "quamvis sunt æquales potestates in auctoritate ligandi atque solvendi."
P. 1, long leaf. Endd.: Amonges the comyns of Mr. Grise at Pontfract.
R. O. 2. [Propositions in the Conference at Pomfret ?]
* * * * * . . . . . [w]heder by th . . . . . . . they ought to be p[un]yshe[d or n]oo.
"Item, if one oath be . . . . . . . the same may be adnulled or noo.
"Item, if one oath be made, [an]d after one other oath to the contrary, and by the latter oath the party is sw[orn to] repute and take the first oath void, wheder it may be so by . . . . law or noo.
"Item, if a king by his last w[ill] will his realm after his death," especially out of the right line of inheritance, whether his subjects are bound by God's laws to obey the will.
Item. Whether canons made by General Council and admitted in a realm may be avoided by any means but by General Council.
[Here some articles appear to be lost.]
* * * . . . . . [r]ebellions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ers committed and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the date of the . . . .
"Item, that where his Highness is recognised to be the [supreme head of] the Church of England," yet as he is a temporal man and the cure of souls and administration of sacraments are spiritual, "whereof necessity must be one head," and as the bp. of Rome is the most ancient bishop and has been admitted in all realms to have such cure; it may please our "said sovereign lord" to admit him head of spiritual matters, giving spiritual authority to the abps. of Canterbury and Yorke, "so that the said bishop of Rome have no further meddling * * * * * * * * [Cant]erbur[y]. The bysshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rochester, The by[sshope] . . . . . . . . . . T[he byss]hope of Dublyne, The lord Chancellor, The lord Privy Seal, which be of the same sect, or at the least maintainers of the same," and all others of the same, especially those who have preached and taught against the Faith. And that the book of articles lately commanded, by the advice of the Catholic bishops and doctors, be taught, and the aforesaid offenders punished. "So that there remain but one God * * * * . . . . surplessage of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . g the reparac[ion]s of the . . . . . . . . . . . . kept always reserved which is thought to be suffi[cient f]or defe[nce] of the said realm and maintenance of lawful war, if it be kept for the same use."
"6." Item. That the Church of England may enjoy the liberties granted them by Magna Carta, and used until six or seven years past.
"7." Item. That the laws may be used as in the beginning of the King's reign; and that injunctions, sub-pœnas, and privy seals be not granted so commonly and into countries distant from London "as of late time they have been."
* * * * . . . . . majeste in cap[ite] . . . . . . . . . . . . e is at hys liberte to g . . . . . . . . . . . s wyll, and to the intent that these lands which are holden of the King's Majesty in capite may be know from other lands."
Item. That the King would cause his Exchequer records to be searched to know "which they be"; for as they are not known certain of the Exchequer for money "finds untrue offices against the King, and in like case often times bribes and extortions the King's * * * * * * . . . . . . t rowmes offi[ces] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [M]ajeste ha[t]h shewy[d] . . . . . . . . . . . . . for maintenance of their authority and their children and blood . . . continue in the same," they have also bribed and extortioned the King's subjects. Wherefore his baronage and commonalty beg his Highness that they may be punished and honorable men put in their rooms and offices.
* * * * . . . se acts of parliame[nt] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of the King's most noble r . . . And . . . . [cont]rar[y] to the law of God may be avoided," and the acts concerning high treason reformed.
12. Md. that all money taken of first fruits, augmentations, &c. and other extortions which the lord Chancellor, lord Cromwell, and their servants yearly collect from all parts of this realm, "it is clearly determined within short space that no money should * * * * * * * realm.
[1]4." . . . . . . . . . . . . the parliam[en]t shuld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . unknown that such persons as were elected to the said parlia[ment] were named in the King's letters."
15. Item. Every burgess of parliament ought to be inhabit within the borough he represents; yet many were to the contrary, "yea, that of the worst sort."
16. Item. The old custom was that none of the King's servants should be of the Commons House; yet most of that house were the King's servants.
17. Item. If a knight or burgess died during parliament his room should continue void to the end of the same; "And it not unknown that * * * * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . which cause they . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ght. And so all void."
Pp. 10. About half of each leaf torn off.
3. Petition to Henry VIII.
R. O. * * * * * "is diminiss[hed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . esor our petition is the same . . . . to be aunullyd, and a new qualified order commodiose unto your Grace to be takyn, so that the sayde monasteries ma stand and your cominaltie and poore subgietts therin to be relevyd, and the prayer for the founders and service of God mayntenyd.
"Item, thacte of dispensations, and of g . . . . made, as we take it, your Grace to be the supreme heed of the Church in that it ma stande with the law of Christ.
* * * * "[o]f supreme heed . . . . . . . . . . and herctiques bisshoppis an . . . . . . . . noughtely understanding that term [supreme] heed, enforce your Grace thorough flaterye and blynde fables to graunt them commissions and auctorities to exercise all manner of jurisdiction, as well against the laws of God as the auctoritie of those cownsayls, and so to make acts in your parliaments and convocations to annull all laws and the sequele that by ye laws of God, of the Church, and of these cownsayls should be good thoroughowt all the world approvid and admyttid for laws * * * * ". . . . . [n]atural ladye of . . . . . . . . . . . . . legitimate daughter (if any laws in Christendom ma have place) though that noble prince your brother prince Artor married her moder and before your Grace. The matter depending in the Court of Rome, and by your Grace's consent, afterwards decided by your own commission, this cannot stand a man to be both judge in his own c[ause] and partie. If it be replied that the bisshop of Canterbury did that acte, where had he that auctoritie, the matter hanging before his su[per]ior, a . . . . . . . . [t]he cownsayls aforsayde. * * * *
"[And further] we your poore . . . . . . . . your Graces lieg peple and comon[s] . . . . . . . beseche your Grace to pardon us for that we [be] unlernyd and lak convenyent pen men to wryte in forme and compendiusly.
"Thus Jesu preserve your Grace."
Pp. 4. Mutilated very much like § 2, so that it is clear the two documents have lain together.
27 Nov.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 306. B. M.
1183. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
Yesterday evening the king of Scots and Madame Madalena were betrothed per verba de futuro. The marriage will be completed at Paris. The ambassadors of England and Venice were present. The Portuguese is at Paris, and the Ferrarese was not, I think, invited. The English ambassadors, seeing the good cheer the king of Scots made me, asked if I had spoken to him. I answered "Many times," and Wallop then said he thought the Pope was on the way to giving the kingdom of England to the first taker, as Navarre has been given, and that this countenance shown me by the king of Scotland, "con un certo riso e cosi domesticamente," (fn. 6) had a meaning, and that he had observed it, as he noted further that the King wished me to go to Ciambour, as he had heard, which was an extraordinary favor, by which he appears to me to hold them not less in fear than in suspicion. It is certain that the king of Scotland when they (the English) have spoken with him (by what the French king has told me, and by what I saw yesterday evening), treats them as if they were his subjects and makes them very poor cheer.
Today we have come hither where they have given me quarters in his Majesty's own house, and I supped with him familiarly this evening, when they showed me extraordinary attention. His Majesty told me that he had news through various channels that the Emperor overcome with grief and anxiety, showed many symptons of weakness of intellect, and this is confirmed tonight by an intercepted letter of the abot Negro. His Majesty says further that as soon as he gets to Paris, he will with his parliament confiscate Flanders and the Emperor's countries, of which they have the superiority.
As to English affairs, Du Bellay said to me that the Pope might be sure that the time was very near, in which he hoped to show his Holiness his mind, and perform what he had promised. Although these disturbances have been appeased, having been immature, and having no head of importance, the wish of those men is the same, and now that by means of Scotland much can be done, no time shall be lost, and the Grandmaster will take an active part. It is he who has forced on this marriage, having on his side the queen of Navarre, Madame Madalena, who wished to be a queen, and the Card, du Bellay, their opponents being Lorraine, St. Pol, and the Admiral.
Explains their different views.
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 4. Headed: Al Signor Mons. Ambrogio, Da Cambono, li 27 Novembre 1536.
1184. Dr. John London to Gostwik.
R. O. I understand that Dr. Whyte's friends desire your intercession with my good lord, inasmuch as he lost the lecture of the canon chair by the acts against the power of the bishop of Rome, which lecture cost them 40l. to Dr. Hunt, deceased, and that you wish to know his qualities. You will never bide reproach for preferring him; the whole University will testify to his learning. The thing his friends desire is of no great value, for he pays the school rent of his reader, four marks, and his beadle, 20s., which I think will not leave him 20 nobles more. He has a chantry in Oxford of 8l. and a small benefice, and this would help his living. He is diseased with the stone, or he would have waited on your mastership and my lord Privy Seal.
It is rumoured you take much in reformation of heresies. Mr. Bedill and I are in commission for Northamptonshire, whither I go now, and something might be done in the visitation. I begin, 28 Novembris.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. erroneously: The bishop of London.
1185. Ro. Talbot to Mr. Moryson.
R. O. Thanks for "that ye have done." In case this matter be brought before my Lord your master, I being forth, I open to you the chief point of the matter. My adversaries will object that I put the matter in the hands of Dr. Hunt, and must be bound by what he has done. I answer, I did it not sponte but straitly exacted by the sub-warden of the house (fn. 7) that then was, whose name is Sutton, and Dr. Whyzte and Dr. Hunt; which three were sent to me and my fellow, Sir Quynby, deceased, by the warden, whose prisoners we then were, and required us, for the saving of the college's privileges, to put our rights respectively in the two doctors' hands. Mr. Sutton and Dr. Whyte, who are still alive, will not deny this upon oath. I write this in case my Lord should speak to you in the matter. Signed: Your client, Ro. Talbot.
P.S.—If you once bring all well your part shall be worth a doublet cloth of satin.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1186. Thos. Collepeper to Cromwell.
By your letters and the diligent labor of Mr. Mason I have obtained the lease and common seal of the college without a penny fine. The warden (fn. 8) has shown himself your faithful friend, as I shall report to you at my return. Such stops and lets as I found came from those, who, by their flattering letters made you liberal promises for me. But their subtley did not impose on Mr. Mason. Oxford, 28 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Privy Seal.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1187. Shrewsbury to Darcy.
Yesterday I received a letter from my lord of Darby affirming that, as I wrote you, he had assembled his friends in Lancashire to be ready to serve the King, not to invade the commons. I marvel to hear that your Lordship and others assemble in great number about Pounteffret, seeing that my lord of Norfolk by the appointment is prepared to "meet" with 300 only with him.
Because of this stir of the commons my lord of Norfolk has sent my cousin Sir Anthony Brown to Doncaster, Rotherham, and Doon to keep the passages. Help that all may proceed bonâ fide, and send word by bearer what to trust. Herdwike, 28 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Copy of the same, p. 1. Darcy has filled in the signature, "G. Shrosbere," and after that, "the true copy of my 1. Shrosbere letter to the 1. Darcy," and addressed it: To my neighbours on this side the water of Don to Pontfret to see, copy, and follow "as I have promised."
28 Nov.
R. O.
1188. Robt. Byrntun, servant to the archbp. of York, to John Daylby.
I desire to be commended to your wife, to my brothers, William and John, to my sisters, and to Mr. Fox. I thank you for your letter. If Sir John Frend is dead, I am sorry for his death. I trust he has showed you of the stuff that he would I should have. As to coming down to you in Oxfordshire, I will not forsake my master now. Written in haste on horseback, 28 Nov.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: John Daylby, dwelling at Mellcum (Milcombe), beside Banbury.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1189. [Lord Lisle] to Cromwell.
Though I have written several times I have had no answer since 31 Oct. I hear that Mons. de Rewe, governor of Flanders, says that he trusts a peace will be concluded between the Emperor and the French king shortly, and then he would see what the heretics of England would do. The Marquis of Gwast has lost many of his men. The Emperor is gone to Spain and left the countries behind him unprovided. I know of no news but what I hear from France. It is not a little heaviness to me that I cannot hear from your Lordship. I will see to the provision of wheat here, but the retinue must be paid, for when I tell them to make their provision, they answer, a hundred or two together, that they have not wherewith to do it, and more than their power is they cannot do, which doth pity me to hear. Calais, 28 Nov.
Draft, pp 2. Endd.: The copy of my lord Privy Seal's letter.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1190. J. de Morbecque to the Deputy of Calais.
In reply to your complaint that some of my men act as spies and commit outrages within your pale, new compaignons come hither every day, and if I knew they did the things you write, I would punish them to your satisfaction. Tournehen Castle, 28 Nov. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1191. Anne de Rouaud (Madame de Bours) to Lady Lisle.
Two days ago I received from Abbeville a letter you wrote me, expressing your wish to obtain some "osteurs." I have been long promised some, and will do my best to get them for you. I have not been able to procure any glasses. They have not been busy at the glasshouse (a la vererie) for a long time. I was glad to hear my Lord and you are well. I beg to hear often from you by the bearer. He will give you a report of your daughter, whom he saw not long ago. She writes to you the news. I hope, if the weather be fine, we shall come and see you at Easter. Bours, 28 Nov.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1192. Jehan des Gardins, priest, to Lord Lisle.
I am very glad you have been pleased to send me your son Geo. Basset to be instructed in French and Latin along with his brother James, who is making good progress. I hope he will prove as obedient and intelligent as his brother. 28 Nov.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
1193. Jehan des Gardins, priest, to Master Hyghfelg, Manat-arms at Calais.
Sends compliments to his wife and remembrances from his son John, who is in good health and getting on well with his learning, as the servants of my lord Deputy can inform him, who have brought the sire James Basset, much to my satisfaction. I thank you for your friendship, as without your aid my lord and lady would not have sent their children to me. 28 Nov.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 307b. B. M.
1194. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
Has spoken again with the king of Scotland, being yesterday and today familiarly with these princes. "The good prince" said to me all the few good words that he knows in this language (Italian), but the abbot (fn. 9) who rules him has assured me fully of his master's good will towards the Pope, telling me of his pious conduct when the king of England tried to convert him to his opinions. He said the Pope must not think that there is a prince more obedient to him, and he would put his kingdom and his life at his service; that he wished his uncle to repent, but if he persevered in these abominable errors he will be at his Holiness's orders, and forget that he is his nephew. Thinks they speak with the best intentions, and that much can be founded on it. The King recommends cardinal Salviati and his house to the Pope.
Ital., pp. 3. Modern copy.
Headed: Al Sig. M. Anbr. Da Cambuoy, li 28 Novembre 1536.
29 Nov.
R. O.
1195. The Northern Rebellion.
Report made by Harry Osberne, of Gloucester, and John Yngby, constable of Maydynhyth, on St. Andrew's Eve last, and after to Sylvester Pecke, gent.
Went Northward with his father, as a soldier with Sir Chas. à Trowen. After being a space with the King's host, asked leave of his father to go among the Northern host to know the fashion of them. Was with them three or four days. They have meat and drink enough, many of them harness of deer skins. Their chief captain is a knight, but he does not know his name. Lord Stafford came to them with 1,000 men, and lady Rysse with 3,000. She brought half a cartload of plate, which they are coining among themselves. He has a groat of the same coin, which the constable has to show, "and yt ys a feye kyng Harry grote." The saying is among them that the lady Dowager is alive and not buried. At the duke of Norfolk's last coming, many of his men went over to the other side, and then my Lord was not content with them, "and then one of his men did start to him with a dagger and said if he would not return to them he should die for it." They have proclaimed to have a parliament among them.
P. 1.
[29 Nov.]
R. O.
1196. Norfolk and Fitzwilliam to Sir Peter Vavesour.
We have received a letter from Sir Anthony Browne, purporting that one Knight, servant to Sir Francis Bryan, should say that you desired his master to be a petitioner to the King to pardon Aske, who might do better service now than many greater men, and that Aske had said there were not mistrusted who were worse than he, and that he would gladly accept the King's pardon. We would be glad to see Aske's deeds as good as your opinion of him. If you are his friend, you may show him we would be glad to see him at this meeting give us occasion to be suitors for him. If he desires the King's mercy he must deserve it at this meeting, and come thither without hostage, relying upon our honors. If he will do so let him keep this letter for his safeguard, by which we promise he shall take no hurt. You may show him we marvel so great a company is at Pomfret, which has caused us to send men to keep the passages of the river Donne. If he intends to do good let him show it now, without mistrusting us or my lord Steward who will be at this meeting, bonâ fide and without fraud. Nottingham, Wednesday night. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Nov.
R. O.
1197. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Your Grace's letter, dated Richmond, 27th inst., I received the 28th at 10 at night, and perceive your Highness "would have [us] to practise with them of Marshland," and also for Hull. I have sent this gentleman, my friend Sir Francis Bryan, to your Highness with letters of credence. If I could have undertaken this journey he should not have gone, nor would he unless that I charged him upon his allegiance. I beg your Highness not to be angry with us, for I cannot be in quiet till your Grace "know my hearty mind." Newark, 29 Nov., 12 noon. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Nov.
R. O.
1198. Hen. Holbeche, prior of Worcester, to Cromwell.
As Cromwell has had a small fee from him in times past as a remembrance of his duty, sends now a grant under convent seal of an annuity of 20 nobles from the manor of Aulstone, Warw. Worcester, 29 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1199. Violation of Neutrality.
R. O. End of instruction to John Hutton to complain to the Regent [of the Low Countries] of the violation of the port of Hampton, by taking out of the same a French ship with brasil, and to demand restitution.
Modern copy, p. 1. Endd.
29 Nov.
Galba B. x. 71. B. M.
1200. [Mary Queen of Hungary.]
"Memoire et instruction pour vous M. George Desplegchem, secretaire . . . . et ordonnance de l'Empereur, monsieur et frere, de ce que aurez a faire de[vers] le Sieur de Beures, Admiral de la Mer, nostre cousin et es autres lieux . . en Zellande."
He is to give lord Beures the Queen's letters of credence and copies of Cromwell's letters, complaining of piracy committed in English ports by ships of the Low Countries, which is contrary to the alliance with England, and to the prohibitions issued here. In conjunction with Beures he shall make inquiries with a view to proceeding against the delinquents as violators of the peace; take possession of captured ships and goods, and imprison the culprits. Penult. Nov. 1536.
Fr., pp. 2, copy.
29 Nov.
R. O.
1201. The Merchants Adventurers of London to Lord Lisle.
In behalf of a hoy belonging to Anthony Burnal or John van Creke, laden with cloth for the Low Countries, which had run aground within Lisle's jurisdiction. London, 29 Nov. 1536. Signed: Walter Mersche, governor. —Richard Gresham.—Edmond Kempe.—William Lok.
P. 1. Add.
29 Nov.
R. O.
1202. Jehan des Gardins to Lady Lisle.
Apologises for not writing about the quinces (pommes de quint) and little earthen vessels. Has explained the cause to Peter le Cordier that he had not been able to get pommes in good condition, nor any such earthen vessels as lady Lisle desired in the town of St. Omer. Sends by the bearer some pommes, some of them being bellins and others preserved (chucres). St. Andrew's Eve.
Fr. Hol., p. 1. Add.
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 309. B. M.
1203. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
A letter from the king of Scotland to the Pope will be enclosed in this. The King has sent to the king of Denmark to conclude a treaty, which will be of great importance against England. * * * * *
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: Al Signor Mons. Ambrogio Da Cambour li 29 Novembre 1536.
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 160, B. M.
1204. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Glory to our Lord, yesterday came news from England of the 10 Nov., that the rebels number 70,000 or 80,000, and are quite capable of defeating the King's troops—that on All Saints' Day three honored persons came from them to London, hostages being given for their security by the chief lords of the King's army, and next day had an interview with the duke of Norfolk and other captains on the King's side. Their demands were that the Pope and the King should be as they used to be, that the late Queen's marriage should be held good, and her daughter legitimate and heir of the kingdom, that the abbeys should not be dissolved, that recent statutes should be repealed, and that Parliaments be held as of old, without any servant or paid man of the King's. And before sending these three persons to the King they communicated their intention to those who were on the King's side, that it might be seen they did not desire bloodshed but the good of the kingdom. Many think the King will not grant these demands unless he is forced, but many believe he must or it will be his own ruin, as his adversaries are strong and his own men have little heart to fight. Certainly the Pope has offered them excellent opportunity of preserving the Faith and punishing the King if he do not amend, and exalting the Princess. Rome, 29 Nov. 1536.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 3.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1205. The Northern Rebellion.
Commission given in consequence of certain insurrections in the North, not yet put down, to Thomas duke of Norfolk, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas earl of Rutland. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, high admiral of England and treasurer of the Household, lord Wm. Howard, Francis lord Talbot, Sir John Russell, Sir Francis Brian and Sir Ant. Brown, to make answer in the King's name to certain articles lately presented by his subjects in the North, and to treat and conclude with John lord Scrope, John lord Latymer, John lord Lumley, and Thos. lord Darcy, upon any other articles, petitions, &c. to be presented by them. Westm., 30 Nov. anno 28 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, p. 1. Endd. . . . . . commissioners at Doncaster.
R. O. 2. Another copy dated Richmond, 30 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.
Endd. by Darcy: "Copy of my lord of Norfolk's and others' authority by the King's commission."
30 Nov.
R. O.
1206. The Northern Rebellion.
Safe conduct for John lord Scrope of Bolton, John lord Latimer, John lord Lumley, and Thomas lord Darcy, with 300 others, to come to Doncaster; there to treat with Thomas duke of Norfolk, George earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas earl of Rutland, Sir William Fitzwilliam, great admiral and treasurer of the Household, lord William Howard, Francis lord Talbot, Sir John Russell, Sir Fras. Brian, and Sir Ant. Brown, upon certain articles lately presented to the King by his subjects of the North parts. For 16 days after the delivery of these letters. Westm., 30 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. "Pexsall."
Latin. Copy, pp. 2. Edge worn. Endd.:" * * * and oders . . . Duncastre [to] Pontfraet vii."
R. O. 2. Another copy.
Large paper, p. 1. Mutilated. Subscribed: Pexsall.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1207. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
This day arrived a servant of Sir William Mussegravis with a letter of credence, and Suffolk having debated with Sir Wm. Parr, who knows that country, sends him to the King to be examined before some man who knows those parts. Thinks the King should write to the earl of Cumberland, lord Clifford and lord Dacre of the North to unite, "all displeasures set apart," for the stay of Cumberland and Westmoreland to Stayneburghe; which so stayed, Kendal, Sedbarre, and Londesdale shall not dare to stir. The bearer can show what he has heard of the state of Tyndesdale and Riddysdale; and letters sent to the King by Norfolk, which letters were sent by Cumberland to Suffolk, show that Sir Reynold Carnebe can do much to stay these parts, who has been spoiled by the rebels and is fled. Thinks the King should write to him and the countries of Tyndesdale and Riddesdale to stay these parts, and it would help to keep all Northumberland and the Bishopric in stay. An espial lately sent to Newcastle reports that that town "and chiefly the mayor himself" have served the King well and will resist the rebels: the King should write them a letter of thanks. If the meeting at Doncaster do not take effect according to the King's pleasure, the King may perceive the advantage of Norfolk's device, the writer's, and others', sent by Sir Francis Bryan in their letters from Newark, for "there lakketh nothing there but a head." Thinks the King's letters to Newcastle, Carlisle, Carnebie, Tyndesdale, and Riddesdale should be sent by land to him, to forward by water to the captain of Berwick for delivery, for they cannot go by land. Lincoln, 30 Nov. 8 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1208. Duke of Norfolk and others to Henry VIII.
Since writing, the enclosed came from my lord of Cumberland. The poor Earl though sore handled by the rebels shows his true heart. His letter will show in what state the King's affairs are. Ask the King's pleasure. Nottingham, 2 p.m., Thursday, 30 Nov. Signed: T. Norffolk— Thomas Rutland—W. Fytzwyllam.—W. Howard—Fraunces Talbott—Roger Radclyff.
P. 1. Endd.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1209. Darcy to Shrewsbury.
I have received your letter d[ated] at Hardwick, the 28th inst. The stay of my lord of Derby's assemblies stopped great businesses intended by his neighbours. I find my lord of Norfolk, you, and my lord Admiral, have been certified of great assemblies made at Pomfret at my repairing thither, and that you intend nothing but that next meeting shall be bonâ fide. I know of [no] assembly except what was appointed at York by the captain, lords, and commons at their last being there, "which is of every country East, West, and North, certain lords spiritual and temporal, gentlemen with three or four of the heads of the commons of every quarter." What number these will be I cannot tell; but, at the coming of the herald with the King's safe conduct, who is expected at Pomfret on Sunday next at least, your Lordship shall know the truth by him. I know of no dishonor meant but the meeting to be bonâ fide, else I would inform you. There have been many messages sent and reports made to the captain of musters to be made at Newark, Nottingham, Tekyll and elsewhere to break the assurances promised by the lords, which neither I nor any other gentleman believes. We will do our best that the meeting be sorted as your Lordship wrote. I wait the captain's answer to my lord of Norfolk's letters accordingly. The m[eeting] at Pomfret is much to make and declare the first five general articles of the petitions in specialties against the meeting next at or nigh Doncaster." Templehirst, 30 Nov.
P. 1. Endd.: "My lord Steward is letter and my L. Darcy answer, the last day of November A° 1536."
R. O. 2. Corrected draft of the preceding in Darcy's hand.
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1210. Darcy to Sir Brian Hastings.
Cousin, I received your letter this day; perceive my lord of Norfolk and lord Admiral have commanded you to keep Doncaster with 600 men against their coming, and promise to do no displeasure on this side the Don contrary to the order taken by the assembly at York. The assembly at Pontfrett will do the said lords no displeasure contrary to the appointment for the meeting at Doncaster, but all shall be "bonâ fide." I will give warning of any attempt to the contrary, as I have written to my lord Steward. I will show your letter so that like order may be taken on this side the Don. Commend me to my good son Sir Anthony Brown. Templehirst, 30 Nov.
Corrected draft, p. 1. Subscribed by Darcy: Copy of my answer to Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter. Endd: 1536.
R. O. 2. Another copy. Copy.
P. 1. Mutilated.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1211. Sir T. Tempest to Robert Aske.
A cold, caught through being plunged in water in coming from York, has raised upon him his "old diseases of colic, stone, and strangurion," so that he cannot come to the meeting at Doncaster appointed for Tuesday next. Is very sorry, considering the urgency of the causes to be treated there, and also because he was "of old much acquainted with my lord of Norfolk." This excuse is unfeigned, as he is a Christian man. St. Andrew's Day.
P.S.—"Sir, in the great cause of the country I have written my poor conceit to my cousin Robert Bowes," who will show it you.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. Incip.: "Master Captain."
30 Nov.
R. O.
1212. Sir Piers Dutton to Cromwell.
I lately received the King's letters to me and Sir Will. Brereton, deputy chamberlain in these parts, touching the traitorous demeanor of the late abbot and canons of Norton when the commissioners were there after the suppression (copy enclosed). Appointed a short day for the execution of the same, but received letters before that day from the earl of Derby, rehearsing the effect of a letter from the earl of Shrewsbury, the King's lieutenant, and the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon, that Norfolk and they had stayed the commons in Yorkshire, and charging Derby to dismiss his company. Copy enclosed. Respited the execution of the King's commandment accordingly till his pleasure known, and drew up a certificate of the fact which Dutton signed, keeping the offenders in Chester Castle. But Brereton has since refused to certify, and Dutton cannot execute the King's command alone, as it was directed to both. Dutton, 30 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Henry VIII. to Dutton and Brereton.
The letter above referred to, ordering them to inquire into the conduct of the abbot and canons, and if they found it such as they had reported to Sir Thomas Audeley, to hang them as traitors. Windsor, 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 3. E. earl of Derby to Sir Piers Dutton.
Has received a letter from the earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon by Berwick herald, of which he quotes the words, the effect being that the rebels had dispersed, that Norfolk had departed to the King, and that he should dismiss the forces with which he was going to meet Darcy at Whalley Abbey on Monday. This letter was dated Doncaster, 28 Oct. Desires Dutton, therefore to dismiss his company. Preston, 30 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
30 Nov.
R. O.
1213. Jehan des Gardins, priest, to Lady Lisle.
Your two sons desire to be recommended to you. Your servant Jacques and I have bought eight ells of black damask at 16 scoitres the ell and five qrs. of velvet at 6s. the ell, but I have not been able to get fringes for your son George's cap nor cloth for a winter gown of the same colour as your son James's. Your servant, therefore, wishes to know if you will send the cloth from Calais, where you will get it cheaper, and also when you want him to return. 30 Nov.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
1214. Sir William Poulet to Cromwell.
R. O. I moved you for your favor to my lord prior of St. Swithun's for the sale of certain old plate, whereof he has made a bill, sent herewith. Strike out what you will not have sold and leave him the rest. "Which is done for the King's money to be paid this next term." Let this bringer know your pleasure. Richmond, Thursday morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1215. Against Rebellion.
An exhortation to loyalty addressed to some assembly in answer to a treatise put out by a certain "fond religious father," who had professed to receive a revelation from an angel, tending to stir up the people to disobedience and rebellion. Points out that kingly authority is founded in nature and confirmed by the Gospel. Combats the suggestion that the preaching of bishops and pastors, or their decrees when assembled in a general council can absolve subjects from their allegiance, and advises the people not to murmur though the King take money of them.
Corrected draft, pp. 49. Mutilated. The beginning illegible from damp. Ends: through Christ Jesus our Saviour, the autor of unity and peace, unto whom be all honor and glory with the Father, &c., &c., Amen.
1216. Preaching the King's Title.
R. O. Answer of John Stokes the younger to certain articles against him, presented to the lord Privy Seal by the lord visitor of the diocese of Norwich, excusing himself for his "long absence." He had "resorted whom" [home] for the dean's (fn. 10) bill, "sent to me before he heard my judgement, and bycause the house was ruffelyd before my commyng whome, yt was the lenger or I cowld fynde it." Asserts that "the first time when your Lordship sent for me by the bishop of Dublin, two days before, I preached our Prince's most just title by Scripture in Latin to the congregation of all the priests in Norfolk or Suffolk, 15 days before the abrogation of the usurped power of the bishop of Rome by Act of Parliament, of mine own mere motion, the which sermon in Latin I showed your Lordship." And being afterwards commanded by the King and Cromwell to preach the King's title at Norwich in English he complied, and is ready to show the letter and sermon in evidence. Was also desired by the bishop of Norwich to continue preaching on Sundays and principal feasts as directed in the bill. In answer, therefore, to the visitor's first charge of preaching against his inhibition, he replies that he "did smally esteem the visitor's inhibition, proceeding by none ordinary power committed unto him of the King's grace," "and if preaching of God's word indifferently with my Prince's title largely with his Grace's ordinances in matters of our religion be ageyn the dean of Stoke, then I preached ageyn the dean, for I inveyed non other matters ageynst him, but commended him by name, preaching the Sunday before me. Also, my Lord, these matters be not seditious without the said visitor be of Tartullus' opinion, who accused holy Paul of sedition, shewing Christ's death and His resurrection. And for the more credence of this my poore answer, I have brought sufficient witness to your Lordship, and that I entreated no other matters. Upon these premises I was arrested at Norwich openly as a high offender, to the great detriment of my name and living, the Friday after Midsummer Day, and so continued a prisoner till I came before your Lordship the Sunday before All Hallows' Day, to my utter undoing unless your Lordship, graciously moved with pity, do look upon me with some charitable help and comfort."
Large paper, p. 1 Four articles brought against him by the visitor are noted in the margin.
1217. Grants in November 1536.
1. Thomas Hennage, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and Katherine his wife. Grant, in tail male, on surrender of patent 18 Feb. 26 Hen. VIII. (See Vol. VIII., No. 291 (38)), of the rents and farms of the lands and tenements of the tenants-atwill in Salteflytby and the manor of Stewton, Linc., with the tenements called Esthowse and Westhowse and enclosures adjoining, and 5 acres of meadow called Hollands in Stewton, leased to Sir Wm. Skypwith as recited in previous patent; with contingent remainder to John Hennage brother of the said Thomas.
Also grant of the manor or lordship of Barton on Humbre, Linc., and messuages, &c. belonging; with free warren, waifs and strays, &c., in the King's hands by attainder of Hen. Norres.
Also reversion of the ferry and passage from Barton on Humbre to the vill of Hasshyll, commonly called "Hasyll fery" alias "Barton fery" which were granted to Anth. Cotton, steward of the Chamber by pat. 24 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, ms. 5 and 6.
2. Stephen Mabyll, a native of the dominions of the king of the French. Denization. Westm., 2 Nov. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
3. Geo. Windeham, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Stoke Neylond, Norwich dioc., vice Wm. Hedge, deceased [in the King's gift by the suppression of Prytelwell priory (fn. 11) ]. Windsor Castle, 7 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. at Windsor same day.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16. (?) Westm.
4. Th. Legh, LL.D., Ralph Sadler, and Wm. Legh. Next presentment to the office of warden, &c. of the collegiate church of the royal chapel of St. Buriana the Virgin, Cornwall. Windsor Castle, 23 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
Nov. Grants 5. Wm. Russell, jun., of Hinton-on-leGrene, Glouc., husbandman. Pardon for the homicide and murder of Rob. Item of Hynton, husbandman. Greenwich, 20 July 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 2.
6. Henry marquis of Exeter and Gertrude his wife. Grant in tail of the said marquis (on surrender of pat. 28 Oct. 11 Hen. VIII., granting the said Henry and Gertrude an annuity of 66l. 13s. 4d.), of the site, &c. of the dissolved priory of Brymmer; the manors of Bulborn Haywode, Roksted, Langley, Hants.; Wilton, Corton with Osterum or Ostern St. George's, Wilts.; Candfford and Pympern, Dors.; Portbury, Soms.; and Northcote, Devon; with all lands, &c. in those places and in Bernes, South Charfford, Herdell, Crechurche, Fordonbrigge, Gorby, and Isby, Hants.; Ecclesburn and Gyrardston, Wilts.; the rectories and chapels of Brymmer, Rokburn, Whittisbury, and Bardyng, Hants.; and all other manors, &c. in said cos. and elsewhere in England belonging to the said late priory; with as much fuel as the grantees shall require at Brymmer out of the New Forest, Hants, and other rights enjoyed by William Fynche the late prior. Annual rent 16l. 15s. 7d. Del. Westm., 9 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
7. Urian Brereton, groom of the Privy Chamber, and Ranulph Wodall. Grant in survivorship of the office of serjeant of the peace in the lordships of Bromefelde and Yale, marches of Wales, with fees of 4l. a year. Windsor Castle, 3 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
8. Nich. Sandford, a sewer of the Chamber, and Edw. Brokett. Next presentation to the parish church of Churche Langton, Leic. Windsor Castle, 2 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Linc. dioc. Westm., 12 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
9. Ric. Staverton. Reversion of the offices of — and keeper (officia et custod' apparently a word being left out) of Cramborne alias one of the foresters of Wyndesore Forest, and a house called "le New loge," with an enclosure thereto adjoining in the said forest in the bailiwick of Batusbayly; the office of keeper of the said bailiwick, and the custody of the new tower or lodge called "le Towre in the Heth," with the enclosure or grove of Swynley, and the office of riding forester in the said forest, on the death of Sir Ric. Weston, who now holds the premises; with certain daily fees in each of the said offices, and herbage and pannage, &c. in Crambourne and the said park. Westm., 12 Nov. —Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 18.
10. Edw. Clyfforde. Licence to export 300 unbarbed, unrowed, and unshorn woollen clothes, notwithstanding the Act 9 Nov. 3 Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 13 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B.—Fr., m. 1.
11. Geo. Wyndam, clk. Licence in consideration of his services to Thomas duke of Norfolk, to receive and hold any cure or incompatible benefice, provided it be not a pontifical dignity, along with those he now enjoys. Windsor Castle, 13 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
12. Hen. Andrews, of London, yeoman, late servant of Sir John Daunce. Pardon for the murder, 7 March 28 Hen. VIII., of Geoffrey Jones, of the King's household, yeoman, alias late servant of Hen. Parker, page of the King's chamber, in Towre Strete, in the parish of St. Dunstan in the East, Tower Ward, London, of which the said Henry stands indicted. Del. Westm., 13 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 24.
13. Cistercian Abbey of St. Mary, Byndon, Dors., Salisbury dioc. Licence to continue unsuppressed, and that John Norman be abbot. Windsor Castle, 2 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, ms. 32, 33.
14. Premonstratensian Abbey of St. Mary Magdalen de Heppa, alias Shapp, Westmor. Similar licence; Ric. Baggot, alias Evenhood, to be abbot. Del. Westm., 16 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 23.
15. Hen. Huttofte. Grant of the offices of keeper of the house and park of the manor of Wade, Hants., and bailiff of the same manor; with 6d. a day. Westm., 16 Nov.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 32.
16. Commission of the Peace.
Rutland: Sir Th. Audeley, chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thomas earl of Rutland, Sir Wm. FitzWilliam lord Admiral of England, J. bishop of Lincoln, Sir John Zouche lord Zouche, Sir Anth. FitzHerbert, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Everard Digby, Edw. Mountague, serjeantat-law, Edw. Warner, Th. Brudenell, Hen. Digby. 17 Nov.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 6.
17. Sir Ric. Riche, chancellor of the court of Augmentation. Wardship and marriage of Francis Barley, s. and h. of Rob. Barley, deceased. Del. Westm., 20 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Countersigned: William Poulet. Pat., p. 2, m. 28.
18. Nich. Hardy, servant to the French king. Licence to depart the realm with servants, three horses, &c. Windsor, [blank] Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Nov. —S.B.
19. Safe conduct for John lord Scrope of Bolton, John lord Latymer, John lord Lumley and Thos. lord Darcy, with 300 persons in their suite, and all necessary articles to and from Doncaster, to treat with Thos. duke of Norfolk, and Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the household and admiral of England, touching certain articles proposed by persons in the North parts, and to receive the King's answer thereto from the said councillors.—Dated in the margin below. T. Westm., 21 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. —S.B.
20. Oxon.: Commission of the Peace: —Sir Th. Audeley chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, lord admiral of England, Sir Th. Inglefeld, Sir John Porte, Sir John Daunce, Sir Wm. Barentyne, Sir Walt. Stoner, Sir Edw. Chamberleyn, Sir Wm. Harecourte, Sir John Clerke, Sir Rob. Le, Sir Anth. Hungerford, Th. Elyot. Sir John Broune, Wm. Fermour, John Wyllyams, Th. Nevell, Th. Carter, John More, Wm. Raynesford, John Denton, Anth. Cope, Th. Brigges, Th. Wayneman, Anth. Bustard, Chr. Ayssheton, John Pollarde. 22 Nov. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 5 d.
21. Nic. Hethe, archdeacon of Stafford in Lichfield Cathedral, the King's chaplain. Licence to absent himself from all his benefices. Windsor Castle, 16 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Nov.—P.S. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 7. Enrolled 24 Nov.
22. Th. Bedell, archdeacon of Cornwall, John Tregunwell and Wm. Peter, masters of Chancery. Commission to receive all bulls, briefs, and faculties from the bishop of Rome, brought to them according to the provisions of the Act 28 Hen. VIII. (cap. 16.) for the purpose of being put in writing to pass the Great Seal; to examine such writings with the originals, to see whether the effects of the same be under the compass of such cases as the archbishop of Canterbury may dispense with by law; and to cause such effects as they shall think fit to pass the Great Seal to be written, &c. Chertsey monastery, 9 Aug. 28 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
23. Sheriff Roll.
Cumb.: *Sir Th. Curwen, Sir John Lamplewe, John Lee.
Northumb.: Henry earl of Northumberland.
York.. Sir Hen. Savyle, *Sir Brian Hastyngs, Sir Ralph Ellercar, jun.
Notts. and Derb.: Sir John Byron, *Sir Godfrey Fuljambe, Sir Th. Cokeyn.
Linc.: *Sir Wm. Tyrwyt, Vincent Grantham, — (blank) Dyghton.
Warw. and Leic.: *SirWalt. Smyth, John Grevyle, Sim. Mountford.
Salop.: Sir Ric. Maynwaryng, *John Corbet of Lee, Th. Newport.
Staff.: *Sir John Dudley, Sir Wm. Basset, Geo. Gresley.
Heref.: *John Scudamore, John Blount of Grendon, Th. Bodenham.
Worc.: Walt. Walssh.
Glouc.: *Sir John Seyntlowe, Sir Walt. Denys, Sir Edm. Tame.
Oxon. and Berks.: Sir Wm. Barantyne, Sir Wm. Essex, *Sir Anth. Hungerford.
North.: *Sir Wm. Newenham, Sir Rob. Kyrkham, John Hasilwood.
Camb. and Hunts.: Sir Giles Alyngton, Th. Megges, *Ric. Cromwell.
Beds. and Bucks.: Sir Wm. Wyndesor, Sir Rob. Dormer, *Th. Longvyle.
Norf. and Suff.: John Spryng, *Sir Wm. Drury, Sir John Tyndale.
Essex and Herts.: John Tyrrell, Sir John Raynsford, *Sir Hen. Parkar.
Kent: *Th. Wyatt, Anth. Sandes, Sir Wm. Hawght.
Surr. and Suss.: Sir Wm. Pelham, John Sakvyle, *Sir Ric. Page.
Hants.: Sir Th. Lysle, *Sir Wm. Barkley, Ric. Andrewes.
Wilts.: *Sir Hen. Long, Sir John Brugges, Edw. Mountpeson.
Soms. and Dors.: *Sir Hugh Pawlet, Sir John Horcey, Sir Edw. Willoughby.
Devon: *Sir Geo. Carew, Sir Ph. Champernon, Sir Th. Speke.
Cornw.: *Sir John Chamond, John Arundell son of Sir John Arundell, Th. Seyntabyn.
Rutland: Th. Brudenell, *Th. Sherard, And. Newelme.
Westmor.: Henry earl of Cumberland.
Cheshire: *Sir Piers Dutton, Wm. Damport, Sir Wm. Stanley.
Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.— S.B.
***Those names marked with an asterisk were chosen by the King.
24. John Denton, livery of lands as son and heir of Th. Denton, deceased. Westm., 24 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII. Del., 27 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 33, m. 30.
25. Th. Cotton, livery of lands as s. and h. of Th. Cotton, viz., of the possessions of his said father or any other ancestor, which came or should come to the King's hands on the death of the said Thomas the father, or on the death of Eleanor late his wife, or on the death of Joan late his wife, &c. Richmond, 17 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
26. Cistercian priory of St. Mary, Hevenynges, Linc. Linc. dioc. To continue unsuppressed; Joan Sandford to be prioress. Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.— S.B.—Pat. p. 3, m. 14.
27. Denizations. John Laurence, a born subject of the Emperor. Westm., 27 Nov.
John Albertson, a born subject of the Emperor. Westm., 27 Nov.
Pat. 28 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 13.


  • 1. See Vol. VI., No. 1,059.
  • 2. Sentence mutilated.
  • 3. Wrong: the 27th was a Monday in 1536.
  • 4. David Beton, at this time only abbot of Arbroath.
  • 5. Substituted for, "repaired either to him or lord Monteagle."
  • 6. These words are omitted in the Vatican Transcript in R. O.
  • 7. New College, Oxford.
  • 8. John Warner, M.D., warden of All Souls.
  • 9. David Beton, abbot of Arbroath, afterwards cardinal archbishop of St. Andrews.
  • 10. Mentioned later as the dean of Stoke. Matthew Parker was at this time dean of the College of Stoke by Clare in Suffolk, having been appointed in 1535. See Vol. IX., page 213 note.
  • 11. This clause does not appear in the entry on the patent roll.