Henry VIII: January 1537, 26-31

Pages 116-144

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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January 1537, 26–31

See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 22.
26 Jan.
R. O.
A bundle of papers relating to the dissolution of the nunnery of Crabhouse, Norf., including, among other things:—
1. Depositions of the prioress, Margery Studyfeld, before the commissioners 7 Aug 28 Hen. VIII., as to the nature of the house, the number of nuns in it (four, of whom three, including the prioress, are marked "dispens' "), the servants (six, of whom four were women and two herds), the woods (none), and the debts (none). Below is written: "Bonæ famæ et conversationis."
2. Accounts of Sebastian Stuttfeld, bailiff of the prioress.
3. Rewards paid by Richard Southwell to the nuns and servants, 26 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.
26 Jan.
R. O.
Begs his favour to her poor husband (fn. 1), who has done the King faithful service in his county much to his charge. Expected he would have had thanks at his coming home, but finds him pensive. Fears he has fallen in displeasure, either of Cromwell or of some other of the Council, but he will not disclose it. Whatever he has done, hopes Cromwell will not be offended, as he bears as true a heart to the King as any man alive, and has been as much against his country for their rebellion, "so that to my knowledge he will never inhabit in the same," which is a great comfort to her, as her going thither would make an end of her. Begs if any suit be made for his going down Cromwell will stop it. His office there is in as good stay as any man's. At my poor house at Dowgate, 26 Jan. Signed.
Pp 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Elizabeth Musgrave.
26 Jan.
R. O.
I sent your letters to the vice-alderman of the Trinity Guild of Walsoken, who read them before divers brethren, and they thought best not to assemble the whole guild, for the master lies at the point of death, and desired me, being their alderman, not to publish your said letters, lest the master should die, whose death, they think, would redound to my slander for procuring your said letters, and to your Lordship's for sending them. The master's incontinent living is manifest to all, for he hath by one woman a son and daughter and was about to marry the daughter of the same woman, yet many doubt whether she be his own daughter or not. We have sent, by bearer, the copy of the foundation of our guild, which shows that the aldermen and brethren have power to depose the master. My suit has been for the King's letters in my favour for the mastership, which room is of small profit, but, in any case, without prejudice of the said guild. Downam in the Isle of Ely, 26 January.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Jan.
R. O.
246. [NORFOLK] to the Abbot of ABINGDON.
Thanks for kindness from his monastery. In favour of his cousin germain lord Beauchampe to have the writer's room of steward of the abbey. Cannot find his own patent of the office, but resigns it by this letter, and will send the patent when found. Kenyngale, 26 Jan.
P. 1. Below, in Norfolk's hand: "The copie of my lettre sent to the abbott of Abyngdon wiche is with this."
26 Jan.
R. O.
I have called before me a great number of the common people of this country and informed them that the King's mercy, shown to us, was all through the suit of your Lordship specially. No doubt all the people are well pacified, and do sore lament their follies "with great exclamations against Aske." I was this very day with my lord, my father, by the means of my lord of Shrewsbury; who, so far as I can perceive, has highly stayed the commons before my coming from London, and intends to continue doing so. My kinsman, William Maunsell, who should have accounted for me in the Exchequer this term, cannot come up yet because he has taken a servant of the abbot of Salleys, who wrote to Sir Thos. Percy and caused Lancaster herald to be taken at Durham; he intends also to take one Leche, who came out of Lincolnshire. Also George Lumley, "which was accompanied with Sir Francis Bigod in this last attempt, is with him and Sir Oswald Willesthrope at York." I beg your favour for him and me for the said accounts till Easter. Please give credence to Richard Dawkyns, the bearer, who has been with me everywhere. Gaitesforde, 26 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Jan.
R. O.
At this last insurrection of Sir Francis Bygod, Mr. Boynton used himself like a true servant to the King. He raised 500 men in Holderness, and came to Beverley to set upon Bygod, put him to flight, and took many of his company, who shall be forthcoming before the duke of Norfolk. As most of his men were rulers of the commons at the last insurrection and now came to him of good will to serve the King, he asks that they may have knowledge that the King accepts their service thankfully. The names of the Holderness men and headsmen of the said commons are William Barker, Nic. Appylyerde, John Brigham, and Wm. Tomson. Scarborough Castle, 26 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Jan.
Add. MS.
8,715, f. 332.
B. M.
To-day the gentleman of the English cardinal (Pole) arrived here. Hears from him that Pole's book has greatly displeased the King, and it is thought will not be printed; he was of great consideration with the King, who is much displeased at his promotion; his relations are trying, through this gentleman, to make him amenable to the King's wishes. He is sorry that his master accepted the hat now and displeased the King, who, he says, is obstinate as usual and does not wish to hear anything about Rome.
The people are not quite quiet. The King has little money. "Gramuel" shows himself friendly to Pole, whom they wish to go to Flanders as a private person, and without commission from the Pope, and the King, will send persons to meet him. As they stand in fear of his virtue, I will not fail to remind the Pope to see that his relations do not cool his zeal. Advanced the man 100 cr. for his voyage. They are apprehensive here of England agreeing with the Emperor, in consequence of his great offers. The king of Scotland wants to leave, but they are afraid of a sea voyage, and even of the journey through England, and so they are staying on here.
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: A Mons. Ambrogio, per Mons. Miguolo (sic) Inglese. Da Parigi, li 26 Gennaro 1537.
[27 Jan.]
R. O.
Has not been out of his chamber eight weeks. To have forborne the sight of Cromwell so long is as grievous as his sickness. Encloses a letter [see No. 179.] received this day from his nephew Chr. Ascoughe, written in a very bad hand, but Cromwell can read it if any man can. Assures Cromwell of his good heart: and whereas he "was ill intreated with the city for being their captain," it has been at Aleyn's great cost in providing for him and his 20 men, in case the King had desired his service. Cromwell promised him 200 tun of beer for his charges, but there is come a discharge to the customers that none shall pass. Sir Thos. Cheyney has destroyed Aleyn's cattle and beaten his servants, so that some lie in jeopardy of their lives. Begs to be heard if he report ill of Aleyn. He cares nothing for my lord Chancellor's writs or Cromwell's letters. Begs Cromwell to consider the pains his brother Sir Chr. Ascoughe has taken in this business. Saturday. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
27 Jan.
R. O.
A file of papers relating to the suppression of the monastery of Blackborough: among which are depositions of Eliz. Dawny, the prioress, showing that it is a head house and no cell, having 11 men servants and eight women and a priest in the household. A list of the nine religious persons is subjoined, who have dispensations. In another paper is a list of "rewards" given by the commissioners at the dissolution, 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., to each of those nuns and also to the chaplain and other servants. There is also a paper dated 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., stating the sums for which all the "stuff" in the hall and other chambers was sold.
27 Jan.
R. O.
By my servant, Mondy, this bearer, you shall receive my will, sealed in a box, which I require you to keep unopened while I live. I leave my servant to attend on you and convey such news as you shall send me. Take some pains in this, for, having been so long privy to the affairs of the realm, I would be glad to hear of good successes. If I should die at this time in my master's service, see my will performed, and thereto beg the King, whom I have made supervisor of it, and whom I love better than myself and trust more than the rest of the world. Since I saw you, I have not been well, and but for a continual laxe, "I think such thing was grown abouts my heart that it would have cost me my life." But desire to serve my master and anger mine enemies will, I trust, make me shortly strong and lusty. If you knew the crafty drifts used here to bring me out of credit, you would say I was not well handled, "but God shall send a shrewd cow short horns and for my part veritas liberabit." Be good solicitor for my daughter's cause. Give audience to Hare and Mondy in my behalf. Kenynghale Lodge, 27 Jan.
Find means that my wife (fn. 2) may sojourn in some honest house, for if she "continue in her most false and abominable lies and obstinacy against me," if I come home again, I shall lock her up. Never were such lies contrived by a wife of her husband.
Hol., pp. 2. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 27 Jan. Sealed.
27 Jan.
R. O.
The country is daily stirred by writings, as his Grace may perceive by the copy of a bill, enclosed. Light "mysdedy" persons set it forward, but the honest men are willing to abide the order of the Parliament. Begs to be advertised where to give attendance on his Grace's coming down to the country. Bolton, 27 January. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Jan.
R. O.
254. T. BATCOK to JOHN WHALLEY. (fn. 3)
1536, 6 Dec., in the Rendre.—On Oct. 28, Mr. Bayzing from Bordeaux sent him a letter from Whalley, dated Dover 25th Sept., asking him to search for masters to make the port at Dover. Can find none between this and Sant Tander. They all have too much work on hand.
Has spoken to the masters who are going to make a port at Portugalett, and are now making the quay in San Sabastions. They want to know what stone is to be had near Dover. Here they have a great quarry of hard stones, one stone weighing two, three, or four tons. Asks Whalley to send a stone of 1 cwt. for them to see. The walls at St. Sebastian are six fathom thick, 125 high, 150 long. They will not be paid more than 6,000 ducats. They are content to go to England, but ask two ducats a piece a day from the day they leave this place. They say that in two months they can teach the English masons how to lay the stones, and to make the litters to carry them, and the cranes to lift them. They say "they fare not" to make the foundations six or seven fathoms in the water. Has spent more than 15 ducats in this search. The King and Mr. Secretary must make some arrangements for paying them, by the advice of Mr. Roger Bayzin, with merchants who trade in Bilbow. The master has only had 30 men at work at San Sebastian as the quarries are near, but thinks he will want 100 at Dover.
24 Jan.—Understands from pilots that the foundations at Dover can be made at low water, which will be a great ease for those who will work at it. These men ask 800 ducats beforehand, and will give sureties for doing the work.
P.S.—They advise that great stones should be carried down to low-water mark ready for the work.
The 27th inst., Ph. Hoby, Mr. Cromwell's servant, came hither to tell Batcok to send two of the best masters. Sent him on to St. Sebastian. If the money is sent before his return, they will go with him.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Paymaster of the King's works in Dover. Endd.
27 Jan.
Vit. B. XIV.
B. M.
"Reverendo Monsignor, fratello carissimo. Dopo la partita di Battistella da noi ... di Novembre, ritenuta sino alli 25, l'altra dupplicata della predetta, con una ... Alle quali non mi accade far molta risposta, salvo ch'io commendo molto la dilige[nza] ... dispiace che appresso quello serenissimo Re mi sia stato dato carico, et gli sia stata data ... di me, che in verita sempre gli son stato devoto et fidele servitor, et sempre che [in publico] et in privato ho fatto testimonio delle singolar virtu sue, come veramente si puo dir ... corporis et fortunæ di sua Maesta; et questa e la mera verita, ne mai si trove ... bene che in la causa matrimoniale, havendo in Consistorio come uno del collegi[o] ... con ogni debita riverentia della persona sua, dissi il parer mio, con quelle ragioni ch ... che prima in præsentia dissi a sua Maesta. Il che solamente feci per satisfattione della ... et volentieri secondo il desiderio mio, havrei voluto poter satisfare a sua Maesta, et s ... se non interesse delle cose temporiali, non obstante ogni cosa che me ne havesse pot[uto] ... captivato il senso mio, et servito a sua Maesta, ma andandovi la conscientia, et ... potuto mancare di quello che mi pareva fosse la justitia, et cosi con sua Maesta, o alt[ro] potrete affermare esser la mera verita.
Ho havuto grandissimo piacere d'intendere che quelli tumulti si sieno concertati, et spero che ... overo Parlamento le cose debbano pigliare ottimo fine, et per che intendo che fra ... quelli populi domandano che si viva nel modo che prima si solea, et si dia 1 ... a N. S. et alla Santa Sede Apostolica, di qua pendera ancora la restitutione del possess ... Penso che per occasionem non havrete mancato di quello si convenghi a detto effetto ... Et se ben habbino fatto, et etiamdio di nuovo confirmassero che fosse necessaria ... volesse godere li beneficii d'Anglia, questo si dovria intendere di quelli si des ... si puo intendere di quelli che sono dati a cardinali, quali essendo vocati in p ... ecclesiæ tenentur residere apud Pontificem et sunt absol[uti] ... gubernare ecclesias suas. Pero riducendosi le cose ad pristinum, procurarete l'honore ... in tutti quelli meglior modi che vi parranno espedienti, essendo voi in fatto, et ancora ... cordo della protettione mia di detto regno, la quale pero mi fu data dalla felice me. di [Clemente VII.] secondo che si usa, essendo lui prima ante promotionem ad Papatum protettore. Procurarete ... et ingegno de reintegrarmi nella solita et antiqua servitu mia con quella Maesta ... etiam quanto per Battistella vi scrissi, procurando pero secundum opportunitatem temporis et ... 1 che etiam depende il ritorno vostro, quale rimetto alla prudentia vostra. Io sto, Dio gratia, assai bene, pur andiamo verso il tempo che mi sogliono molto molestar le gotte, quello che sara. Attendete a star sano." Rome, 27 Jan. 1537. Signed.
Mutilated. Add. Endd.: "Italyan."
28 Jan.
R. O.
C.'s Works,
Has received his letter desiring him to send up Hugh Payne after his appearance before the archbishop. Gives an account of Payne's case, who, as curate of Hadley, in Suffolk, preached that one paternoster said by a priest's commandment, was worth 1,000 said voluntarily. Enjoined him penance under an oath, but he was forsworn, and is now preaching at Stoke Nayland, and, not having appeared when cited again, has been excommunicated.
Asks Cromwell to help to have him punished. Though many of the Observants were wolves in sheepskins, he ought to give place to none in dissimulation and other qualities of the wolfish Pharisees.
Sends a letter from a monk of Christchurch, Canterbury, Dan John Walteham, in consequence of which he has examined Dan Stephen Giles and Dan John Stone, and will examine Dan Thos. Becket tomorrow. Has committed Stone to ward. Wishes to know the King's pleasure. Sends on letters from Turney of Calais to himself and Cromwell. Forde, 28 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. John Waltham, "with other of his company," to [Cranmer].
Informs his Grace that on the eve of SS. Fabian and Sebastian (fn. 4) the names of two bps. of Rome were read in the chapter house, calling them popes. They fear not also by name to prate rather than pray for their God and Lord Apostolic in their Litany by name every day when custom is they should have the seven Psalms with Litany.
One of the monks named John Stone "on this day past which was Friday," openly said that these new books will be the destruction of the King. These words were spoken before Stephen Gylles and Wm. Goldwell, monks of "your church."
In the hand of Cranmer's clerk, p. 1.
R. O. 3. Articles ministered to Stevyn Gyles and John Stone, Monks of Canterbury.
1. What bishops of Rome's names were read in the Chapter House on SS. Fabian and Sebastian's even? 2. Why they do read in the Litany, "ut dominum Apostolicum"? 3. Whether Dan John Stone on Friday last said that these new books which now go abroad will be the destruction of the King? 4. Whether Dan Thos. Becket said that Dan Stephen Giles should lose his good name and no man would company with him, because he discloseth this matter, and said further that if Stone would speak against mass, matins, and God's service he would not have been troubled?
Dan Steven Giles, sworn 28 Jan., says: 1. The names of two bps. of Rome were read in the Martiloge, calling them popes, and papa was not stricken out of the book. 2, 3, and 4. He affirms these articles.
Dane John Stone denies ever having heard the bp. of Rome's name read by the name of pope in the chapter or Litany or church since the prohibition. 3. He confesses it and desires forgiveness. 4. He heard Becket say these words to Giles, but to his remembrance he said not, if he would speak against mass, matins, and God's service, but he said "if thou wouldest be froward as they be, then thou shouldest live in quietness."
In the hand of Cranmer's clerk, p. 1.
R. O. 257. HUGH PAYN, Priest of Naylond, to the DUKE OF NORFOLK.
Prays the Duke to solicit the lord Privy Seal, that he may come to his answer, for in the Marshalsea he is like to die with sickness and the weight of his irons. Doubts not but in Suffolk shall be honest men to testify to his conversation. Lord Wentford has taken from him his letters, which should be his defence, and his gown, which should now succour him in need. From the Marshalsea.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: High Treasurer and yerle marshall of Ynlond. Endd.
28 Jan.
R. O.
I have received your letters. As to the priest you have sent up to me, it lies not in me to weigh his crime, but only in the King and those of his Council who shall examine him. For my part, I will not make it better or worse, but leave the matter to the discretion of the Council. For your sake, I will rather further than hinder him. In answer to your question how such charges are borne when men are sent for, as far as I have experience in such matters as touch the King, "every subject is bound to bear his own expenses [unto] such of the King's officers as make deliverance of any such person, as I myself must bear his charges to the Court from where I abide. Other allowance I know of none." Nevertheless, I have delivered 10s. to the bearer towards the charges. Forde, 28 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
St. P. I. 529.
Writes, having an opportunity by the captain of Berwick's chaplain going to London. Wrote to Cromwell from York. The country between York and Newcastle was reported to be very wild; but he found men in the Bpric. very desirous of quiet, except those who had nothing of their own and might gain by robbery. Yet there was some stir in the Bpric., and only two or three days before his coming, musters made in Cleveland by bills and scrolls set on posts and church doors, suggesting that Norfolk came down with a great army and to hang and draw, from Doncaster to Berwick, notwithstanding the King's pardon, so the people of the North would be in worse case than the Lincolnshire men. Had not Mr. Bowes come home when he did there would have been a new insurrection. Now people will make no more assemblies, but await Norfolk's coming. Only at Daryngton they seemed very "tykell," and there was a dangerous gathering in the street after he alighted, which his host quieted by telling them he was the King's ambassador to Scotland, although at first they would not believe it, as the king of Scots was in France. They then demanded when Norfolk would come, and Sadler sent them word he would be at Doncaster on Candlemas even, bringing only his household servants with him. It will require much circumspection to "establish" them.
Found Mr. Bowes at Durham. He goes continually from place to place bringing the people into good stay. If he and the other gentlemen had done so at first, thinks there had been no insurrection. Arrived at Newcastle on Friday. The mayor and aldermen there pacified the commons. The mayor and Jas. Lawson, an alderman, took him on the walls and showed him how they had fortified the town, which is very strong.
Was informed on his arrival here that his safe conduct will not be had out of Scotland before Thursday, as the chancellor of Scotland is away from Edinburgh. The captain of Berwick is at Tynemouth, and will be here to-morrow, when Sadler will give him Cromwell's letters and credence. Will then address himself to Berwick where he expects to wait two days for his safeconduct, though he sent his servant for it this seven night. Cromwell knows he loves home too well to tarry long. Newcastle, 28 Jan.
P.S.—The captain of Berwick has arrived. Has given him Cromwell's letters and the King's addressed to the Percyes. Notwithstanding Cromwell's injunctions of secrecy the captain says he heard nearly a week ago that such a matter would be committed to him. He thinks it was revealed by Sir Raynold Carnaby. Nevertheless he will cause the letters to be delivered with speed to the Percyes, and if needful will execute the rest according to the King's pleasure. The captain has heard that the said Percyes were preparing to meet Norfolk at Doncaster. Hears also that the queen of Scots has become a sister in a religious house in Scotland, which he thinks "no gospel."
Hol. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Jan.
R. O.
We have helped to despatch my lady Borro as she can show you. Mr. Doctor and I will do our best to bring your causes to good effect. I hear by Ric. Golthorp that Spore will not be at London this term; "and as despatching of Mr. Pakkyngton, Mr. Broke is so good as to deliver me 20l.," which I hope to repay him before Will. Lystar depart. London, 28 Jan. 1536. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 Jan.
R. O.
Thanks for Cromwell's letters which have saved his life. Doubts not Cromwell has seen his letters by Mr. Raynsford to the lord Admiral. The commission was to examine his accusations against the abbots of Ossney and Ensam, not the matter between the abbot of Ossney and Parkyns. Wrote that he was compassing a politic means, &c., not that he had compiled a book, &c. Gives his scheme for destroying the traitors in the North by courtiers pretending to take their part and then betraying them. Oxford, 28 January.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. A system, by John Parkyns, of reorganisation of the universities, bishoprics, abbeys, priories, and almshouses.
Concerning the universities of Cambridge and Oxford.
In lieu of the head of every college, a politick wise man, being no priest, to be put and named master; he to enjoy all interest and authority in the possessions and profits of his college, to appoint officers and pay the victuallers. The master to be made by the King's letters patent with the clause quamdiu nobis placeat and the sub-master, who may be a priest, the fellows and scholars, to be made by the King's letters. The overplus of rents to be allowed to the master to maintain servants, who should be archers, &c. armed with harness, bow, arrows, sword, and dagger, and provided with 20 shillings and a horse for the King's service.
On Sundays and feast days, such as the master shall appoint shall preach the gospel or gospel and epistle of that day at certain appointed places within seven miles or more of the universities.
The canons in the King's College, Oxford, to be replaced by "politic wise" men, not priests, who shall keep their commons together in the new builded hall. And in lieu of the dean, a politic wise man, no priest, to be master of the college and have servants as before rehearsed.
The daily service to be continued as now.
The master to find six doctors and bachelors of divinity to preach on Sundays, with four marks stipend and their livery, gown cloth, chamber, barber, and commons.
The number of lawyers of civil and canon law in the New College, Oxford, and others, to be abated.
The New College, Oxford, are owners of Pecwaters Inn, where the company are all students of canon and civil law; it were well to expel them, and all such students, from the universities. Pecwaters Inn would then be a good almshouse, and so would other places of lawyers, as Brodyates, Hynksee Hall, Edward Hall, and Whighte Hall.
All the fellowship, and all those having degrees, to wear the same apparel as other lay people, and so all scholars, not priests.
No congregation kept in any of the universities except four masters of principal colleges be at it.
There be many robbers of goods and conveyers of letters, especially at Oxford, cloaked under the name of poor scholars; all such should be put to daily labour.
Exequies, masses, &c. to be done as heretofore.
Their beadle goes before their doctors with a clubbed staff and a "peik in the end intending to hold by conquest." Once a year the company of the halls goes to the wood and returns through the town every man with a club on his shoulder. David Pratt, one of the baileys of the town of Oxford, now in London, can show what arms the beadles' staff has upon them, for he is stationer to the University.
The bishops founders of the colleges in Oxford, made statutes for the fellows and scholars to come only from the shires where they have lands, nor will they have any poor man's child.
Supposes the University of Oxford have no incorporation to be a body politic; and, if so, all the liberties they claim are without right or title. And, admitted they be incorporate, all charters dated before the incorporation are void. And if the charter to the town be of former date than that to the University, the later is void for such things as be contained in the former.
For bishops:—
A bishop when he is created has the Holy Evangile laid on his back where he cannot see it, and the bishop of Rome their extorte master when he celebrates mass, which is seldom, stands upon a book of the Holy Evangelists. It were well the lands of the bprics. were divided among the King's true subjects, and the bps. to have a certain annuity if their spiritualties are not sufficient.
In every shire of their diocese should be an almshouse, for impotent priests and others, and a free grammar school for poor men's children.
The King to have all unnecessary plate, jewels, and money. Rich mitres, "sindaleis," and crosses may go to the King and be replaced by those of baser gear.
The King always to have the tenth and first fruits.
For abbots, priors, abbesses, and prioresses:—-
They should be but administrators of the goods of the monastery, and live in the cloisters; their lands, &c. to be ordered as before-mentioned of bishops, and they to have a certain stipend. Every Sunday and feast day a sermon to be made in the monastery, and the King to have their plate, jewels, and money, the tenth and first fruits.
Archdeacons, deans, prebendaries, and masters of hospitals and "spittills" are many of them no priests, some but children; they should be ordered as the bps. It is not against Holy Scripture, for such men to have wives (quotes texts).
Hol., pp. 10. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, with long addition to the effect that I, John Parkyns, pray you to excuse my rude book, for it was written with great speed, for on Saturday night last there was never a word written of it.
"My right honourable, especial and most singular good lord," I, John Parkyns, pray God to preserve your Lordship. Amen.
I trust it is not unknown to your Lordship, what rebukes and shame, undeserved, I have of late suffered, to the detriment both of my good name and health. I beg your favour that I may be restitute to my good name, and have amends for deterioration of health; and shall daily pray, &c. Amen.
In my "little rude book" is omitted all parsonages which have vicars "induid," which, the King not offended, it were well done to order as of monasteries in my said book mentioned.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
Out of my "little rude book" is omitted the vicarages of great value, as Kendal, as well as parsonages of great value which have no vicars "induid." These should be ordered as of abbots in my said book mentioned, mutatis mutandis. So also free chapels.
Most honoured lord, my hope is in thee, O! pluck me from evil and deliver me. Thou hast been my hope a primordio repudiationis mee usque in eternum. Do not cast me away in my old age, do not desert me now when my enemies have conspired to lay snares for me. I am poor and needy, make haste to succour me.
Hol., last paragraph in Latin, p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
In my "little rude book" is omitted the place of St. John Baptist in London, with its commandries, which it were well to use as of monasteries in my said book mentioned.
Concerning my late undeserved punishment and shame; when I came before the commissioners one Richard Cripps, fellow of the Inner Temple, began to taunt me. As he said he was not retained of counsel in the matter, advised him to keep silence. Then one of the commissioners clothed in a coat of the new colour, with a chain of gold about his neck, asked me what a "rowtt" of men was. Answered that they inquired both of riots and rowtts at every sessions. Has never seen the gentleman before, but since coming to London by Cromwell's command, has seen him about the Rolls in a gown of tawny chamblatt double girded with black "felfatt." Then Sir William Barrantyne and Sir Simon Harcorte began to taunt him, and finding they could not "deface" him ordered their commission to be read. Then Serles, priest, showed his matter, and when Parkyns made answer turned his face to the multitude and laughed, on which they all laughed also and made a great noise; among whom were many religious persons. When he showed his matter the commissioners checked and taunted him, favouring the abbots of Osney and Ensam and Serles, prieste. They commanded him to write it, which he offered to do standing there. They were all as partial of the abbots parts as if they had been retained with them. Their meat and drink was at the abbots' cost, and the abbots dined and supped with them at the mayor of Oxford's mansion, and also one Mr. Fallofeild, whose daughter is married to one of the abbot of Ensam's servants, and one Richard Gontar, retained, as he reports, with one of the abbots. One Dr. Cottesford and one Dr. Smythe supped with the commissioners the first day. I was commanded to a house to write my matter; and, in going through the multitude, had three knocks on the reins of my back with the clubs of some priests. I was kept there under lock and key while the commissioners and abbots made merry at dinner at Mr. Mayor's. Wrote my matter of the abbots and their meeting at Ensam Ferry as in my letters to your Lordship. Their dinner complete, I came before them in the Guildhall of Oxford, and Richard Cripps was assigned to read my writing. He omitted the most effectual word, i.e., "tusche," and said it was not there, so I read it myself. The commissioners said it was but a "brabbillinge" matter, yet it was the matter certified in my letters upon which the commission was granted. Then the commissioner in the new coloured coat said he marvelled I should write to the abbot of Ossney for 100l. fee and 100l. in money. I showed the abbot's letters to me and desired that the abbot should show mine to him, which he did with much business; these letters show the cause, I doubt not your Lordship has seen them. The abbot of Ossney is also guilty of buggery. I certified against the abbot of Ensam the matter of Sir Thomas Eliot; but they said it was of no value. Then one Mr. Worth, having 20l. annuity out of Ensam, furiously asked the commissioners what the abbots should have if guilty: they said death, and he desired I might have the same. Then I was put in ward at the mayor's and the abbot of Ensam called Stephen Crossley, of Carsyngton, Oxfordsh., to testify that he saw me turned upside down and so banished Westminster Hall, about 20 years past. I showed my lord Admiral's letter sent with the consent of your Lordship and the Lord Chancellor, but they regarded it not. I was committed to ward that night in Bailly Pratt's house; was hooted and taunted on the way. In the morning I wrote of the demeanour of the abbot of Ensam concerning the King's commission to the abbot of Ossney and others for a lease, to one Thos. Fyscher, of the abbot of Ensam's waters, which writing I trust your Lordship has seen. Was brought to the Guildhall where I asked that I might enjoy the laws. Sir Wm. Barrantyne said I was not well in my mind and was frantic; and henceforthe I kept silence, but I thought they were not well in their minds and, at least, of base discretion not to observe the Acts of Parliament. Upon the abbot's negative alone Sir Wm. Barrantyne sentenced me to Bocardo prison till next market day, when I should be brought out, with a paper on my head, to the Carfax and there ask pardon of the abbots; then to be had to Bocardo again for three days, and by Saturday sevennight avoid the shire. In prison I was craftily proved whether I would speak or consent to treason; and, being in a small house with a charcoal fire, I was almost "smoullderid" with the smoke. I also wrote a supplication to be admitted to enjoy the laws, which, I doubt not, your Lordship has seen. I beg your favour that I may be restored to my good name, and that my servant, in prison in Oxford, may be delivered.
Hol., pp. 9. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
May your enemies be confounded! May those who say to your Lordship Euge! Euge! exult and be joyful! I am a beggar and poor. Hasten to aid me. Amen.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. at the head: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Thanks Cromwell for promising to send word by the bearer of a "fynall end" concerning such a mean living as his Lordship thinks expedient for him. Will give 100l. and his life-long service. Could have profited to Cromwell 2,000l. more than his Lordship has for the nomination of abbots and priors.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Has as yet no certain mean living. For Cromwell's favour towards enjoying the same, will give 100l. into his Lordship's hands the very next day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Thanks Cromwell for accepting his writing for such a living as his Lordship shall think expedient; and for commanding his attendance concerning the same.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at head: Lord Privy Seal and Conservator of the Public Weal. Endd.
As commanded, daily "sunyse" (since ?) the term ended, has attended on Cromwell to have a conclusion concerning such mean living as his Lordship shall think expedient for him, and cannot speak with his Lordship. Desires to know Cromwell's pleasure, and will gladly give him 100l.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
According to your Lordship's letters, I have this three weeks given attendance to your Lordship, and am almost destitute of money. Where your Lordship heard me speak and "willed me to be content to live the mean life;" I cannot do so without your Lordship's favour. I desire your favour that I may enjoy the mastership of the Savoy, the present master having sufficient over and above that: he should have 13 sisters of that hospitality and has but seven.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at head: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[28 Jan.]
R. O.
The stewardship of Whitby is given already by the King, as Master Boynton can show you, for he heard young Sir Ralph Evers tell the same to Sir George Conyers, and said that the King and his Council had taken direction that whoever was constable of Scarborough castle should be steward of Whitby Strand. To which Evers answered that Sir Francis Bygod had it for life from the earl of Northumberland, to whose inheritance it belonged, and that the earl was induced to release his title to the King, who had it confirmed to him in reversion by Act of Parliament. Then because the said Mr. Evers knew that the earl had promised it to Sir George Conyers and his heirs, inasmuch as the earl had written to the abbot and convent to make a new patent in his favour, he (Evers) was content that the King's patent should be made to them both. So if Mr. Bygod had not offended he had forg[o]yn (?) the said office. The order taken about wearing the crosses of St. George is in order that the King may know those who have thankfully accepted his free pardon and mean to be as loyal as before the insurrection. "For I assure you, sir, the King himself of Sunday after Twelfthtide which was this same Sunday was a fortnight openly in the presence of all noblemen and worshipful men of the country and many other he laid his hand of his breast and swore by the faith that he did bear to God and St. George he had not only forgiven and pardoned all his subjects of the North by his writing under seal, but also freely in his heart." As to the rumour that the King will take our harness, no such thing is intended, "but all grace and goodness; and this I dare be bold to write unto your mastership, for I have been of late in such places that I know as much of the secrets of these matters as may become so mean a man as I am. And, Sir, further, I dare be so bold to show you in counsel, I know that the King is and daily will be certified by post from time to time of every man of worship in this country of their diligence, how they endeavour themselves every man in his quarter of his country to stay the commons." I purpose to be with your mastership on Tuesday or Wednesday next. I should have come today, but that we have appointed to have all our neighbours of Whitby Strand tomorrow to show them the King's pleasure. My lord of Norfolk will be at Do[ncaster ?], "of Candlemas even." Whitby, Sunday before Candlemas.
Hol., pp. 2. Injured by damp and faded. Add.
28 Jan.
R. O.
I thank you and my lady for your manifold good remembrances. My pupil Mr. Bassett is in good health, diligently applies his learning and keeps good rule. I beg you to be good lord to Ric. Morgan in his suit to your lordship. London, 28 Jan. 1536. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Jan.
R. O.
According to what I wrote, Jehan le Marissal has bought a horse for you in Flanders, on which for your sake I have forborne to claim any dues. Gravelinghes, 28 Jan. '36.
If you have received an answer from the King of England about the four compagnons of this town now at Boulogne who were taken within your pale, please let me know. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
29 Jan.
Add. MS.
25,114, f. 241.
B. M.
Recalls them, in consideration that their stay is no longer necessary, Gardiner having accomplished with much dexterity the object of his mission and Wallop being desirous to see to the inheritance which has come to him since his departure. Sends Thos. Wyatt in their place. Wallop is to take leave of the French King and tell him Wyatt will arrive soon after his departure, when Gardiner will be at liberty to return after he has instructed Wyatt of the state of affairs. Hears from the deputy of Calais that De Bies, captain of Boulogne, has taken certain Burgundians within the English pale. Wallop is to remonstrate about this on taking leave, and say that the King has written to the Burgundians to respect his neutrality. Gardiner is to speak to the Great Master that order may be taken before his return for the payment of the King's pension, now much in arrear. Greenwich, 29 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.
Signed, pp. 2. Add: our councillors and ambassadors resident in the court of France. Endd.
29 Jan.
R. O.
The confession of Chr. Parker, late of Ryngwood and now of Thorley, before Sir Jas. Worsley, captain of the Isle of Wight, 29 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.
Deposes that Crystofer Carlyll, vicar of Thorley, said, on 11th Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. in the house of Isabel Bastard, widow, that the King was never made Supreme Head but by a sort of heretics and lollards.
Corroborative evidence is given by Thos. Flight, Thos. Turner, John Curle, John Chike, Ric. Goodale.
Pp. 2.
29 Jan.
R. O.
276. STROOD, Kent.
Award of George Lord Cobham and Lawrence, Prior of Rochester, 29 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., between John Nicholsoune and Alice his wife, complainants, and John Jeames, defendant, concerning the title to lands in the parish of Strowde, Kent, in favour of the defendant. Signed.
P. 1.
[29 Jan.]
R. O.
There came to Falmouth Haven a fleet of Spaniards, and the day after four ships of Dieppe, men of war, and the Spaniards shot unto the Frenchmen till the latter were glad to leave their cables and anchors behind them. The Frenchmen shot at the Spaniards and for two hours great gunshot passed betwixt them. The French were glad to come up higher in the haven, and for 9 or 10 days neither party sought the other. On the morrow of St. Paul's day the Spaniards came up to assail the Frenchmen, but the Frenchmen went up almost to the town of Truro and ran aground. I then went to the admiral of the Spaniards commanding him in the King's name not to follow the Frenchmen further. But the Spaniard said he would have them or die for it. The Spaniards put their ordnance into their boats and fired 40 or 60 shots at the French admiral, being aground, injuring his ship and departed; but returned next day and made another assault for a whole hour. The gentlemen of the country as John Killegrew, Thomas Trefusys, and others take pleasure at that. I then came to the Spaniards and desired them to make no more war in the King's streams or I would raise the country upon them; so the Spaniards left off, for there were men slain both times. We desire the King's help to have blockhouses made upon our haven, else we shall have more such business. Monday after St. Paul's day.
Desires instructions how to act in case of like offences at Falmouth.
Hol., p. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Jan.
R. O.
Received Cromwell's letters dated at the Rolls 22 Dec., which have comforted him in sickness "more than a great sort of millance of gold would have done." Begs continuance of favour to him and his house. Kirkested, 29 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Jan.
R. O.
I have received your letters of 24 Jan., written by the King's command—the most comfortable words that ever came to me—with 20l. for my efforts in taking the traitor Halom and his fellows. Will do my best to subdue all those who misuse themselves after the King's pardon. The King's aid to his town of Hull is so abundant, and his letters to us so comfortable, that we doubt not to keep it surely. "From the said King's town" [Hull], 29 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Jan.
R. O.
Where you did send me by John Elys the King's letters, this Monday night about evensong, concerning Pomfret Castle, and desired advice; whereunto I gave answer, that, seeing no such haste nor matter requires but that both I, who have more ample letters of the same date, and you, may rest to the coming of my lord of Norfolk to Pontfrett, on Saturday next: I think you should be here tomorrow to see the King's letter to me. His Grace wills me to keep it secret; and so I advise you to do yours as I showed Elys. Templehurst, 29 Jan. after supper. T. D.
Allan Gefrayson's credence from me to my son was that I would not for 1,000l. he should meddle further till he saw the King's letter to me; the steward Gilbert Scott and Ralph Middilton, present.
Copy in Darcy's hand marked by him "Vera Copia," pp. 2. Address copied: To my son Sir George Darcy. Endd. in another hand.
29 Jan.
R. O.
The country for 20 miles round where I dwell is in good condition. From Sawllay Abbey Northwards those who have little are still wild; but I trust before Easter to see them quiet. The gentlemen prepare to meet my lord of Norfolk. Riots are used daily, and correction of them will do good. Religious houses keep not their injunctions, but say the commons compelled them to use their old fashions; but I marvel they continue it since the pardon. The abbot of Crystaull made a fray, since the pardon, on Sir Chr. Danby's servants and divers were hurt on both sides, "and a monk or two hurt." Now they are going to stop the matter by agreement. The "lightness" of the abbot is cause enough to depose him; and a good man there (for it is a house with great lands) would do the King good service. The poor man on whom the fray was made has promised not to treat without consulting me. I send you a letter of the vicar of Braton's showing how he visited under Aske in these parts. I have seen a letter of lord Darcy to the gentlemen of the west parts of the honour of Pomfret to give credence to the bearer, who was Thos. Lacy, a servant of Sir George Darcy, and hasten to Pomfret Castle. He had given up the Castle before he sent Lacy, and when they came he caused them to be sworn. Few gentlemen would rise with him if he would "melle" any more. At this petty insurrection at Hull I suppose the procurers were not there but had set light persons on to prove the country. Sotthyll Hall, 29 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
29 Jan.
R. O.
I have long sued "for certain petitions and duties in my late husband's behalf to me due for matters in Ireland," and also to be discharged of certain vexatious demands of the King's officers there. Now proclamations and outlawries are out against me and those who were sureties for my husband to the King. As I am impoverished and by age and sickness unable to follow these suits, I beg credence for the bearer my servant. Collyweston, 29 Jan.
Hol., (fn. 5) p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
29 Jan.
Lamb. 602.
f. 124.
Requesting that the monastery of Selskyr joined to St. Peter's parish church of the same in Wexford, may be turned into a college. The lands do not exceed 7l. a year and great part of the tithes are in the power of the King's enemies. Wexford, 29 Jan. Signed: The suffryng and council of the aforesaid town in Ireland. Per me, Patricyum Stafford, superiorem villæ prædictæ—Per me Nicho'm Rychford, recordatorem villæ prædictæ—(and 10 other signatures).
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, and vicegerent, &c.
29 Jan.
R. O.
I was very glad to find this gentleman to thank you for the friendliness you show me. I understand by your last letter que vous portiez bien rondement. I should like if I could be with you when you are brought to bed. Your daughter (fn. 6) is still very well, and sends her respects to my lord and you. She has no leisure to write. Ten or twelve days ago I was much distressed by the death of Mons. Gamache, my brother. He was only two days ill. I am never without new troubles. My daughter d'Azincourt thanks you for the present you have sent her. Abbeville, 29 Jan.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
29 Jan.
R. O.
Has written to him by Master Lowfday then being in Paris. I have come from Paris with one of my lord Admiral's butler's, who has delivered me, for you, 10 pieces of wine of Byan (Beaune ?) and two pieces of "Auceros" from the High Admiral. I have given him three crowns to drink for his pains. Will ship this in Hugh Colton's ship. Sends him two letters from both the Admirals. Could not write so frequently as he wished because he was in Borgon and had no conveyance. Rouen, 29 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
29 Jan.
Theiner, 607.
286. JAMES V. to PAUL III.
As Dionysius Huralis (? Laurerius), general of the Servites, the Pope's nuncio, is returning to Rome, has given him a message for his Holiness. St. Germain, 29 Jan. 1536.
29 Jan.
Poli Epp. II.
Excuses delay in answering his congratulatory letters, which indeed seem to require deeds not words. Asks time to show his gratitude. Rome, 4 Kal. Feb. 1537.
29 Jan.
R. T. 154.
R. O.
Licence granted by John III. of Portugal (in answer to the complaints of English merchants at Lisbon, that they were molested for wearing their usual silk garments), to all English merchants coming to his kingdom to wear such garments for a month after landing. 29 Jan. 1537.
Portuguese, pp. 3. Modern copy from the Archives of Torre do Tombo.
See GRANTS in JANUARY, Nos. 36–48.
See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 35.
30 Jan.
Harl. 6989,
f. 63 b.
B. M.
At your departure the King was inclined to confer the wardenry of the East and Middle Marches upon the earl of Westmoreland; but, as he seemed loath to receive it, the King, remembering that your lordship, who hath some knowledge of those parts, has often recommended some meaner man to that office, which is destitute by the absence of my lord of Northumberland, and eftsoons a little moved by the late conspiracy of Bigode, has appointed as deputy wardens Sir Wm. Evers and Sir John Witherington, retaining in fee under them all the gentlemen and headmen of Tynedale and Ryddesdale, as appears by book sent herewith. Sir Ant. Brown goes in post to receive their oaths. Greenwich, 30 Jan. Signed by Suffolk, Cromwell, Sussex, Fox bp. of Hereford, Paulet, Kingston, and Russell.
Modern copy, p. 1. Numbered "cxxvii." Headed: The Privy Council to the duke (of Norfolk). Orig. endd. Rec. Doncaster 1 Feb.
30 Jan.
R. O.
Met the bearer at this town's end with letters to the King from Hull, which he opened to see if there was anything urgent. Has just received a letter from the bp. of Durham with a schedule which is enclosed. Thinks he puts more doubts than necessary. Will go to Newcastle as the Bp. desires, after bringing Yorkshire to a good stay. Three monks of Watton are taken and brought to Hull; and divers other people, who are accused by Halam, are likely to be taken shortly. Asks, if he find them consenting to any new rebellion, whether he shall send for them to York to be executed. It would be the best place, and the sooner the better. If there are 20, 40, 60, 100, or more, asks how many shall be executed. Encloses lewd bills sent to him by the earl of Cumberland and lord Scrope. Will try to find the makers of them. Lincoln, 30 Jan., at night. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Jan.
R. O.
I have no news other than I sent the King, which shall come first to your hands. My lord of Durham puts more doubts than reasonable. Get me answer concerning the number to be executed; by hearing say, I shall find no small number. Sir Anthony Browne has ridden Northwards, to what intent I know not; at which I marvel considering the room I hold here. Lincoln, 30 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Sealed.
30 Jan.
R. O.
Has received by master Sadler, now sent by the King to Scotland, Cromwell's letter secretly to put into execution a matter which Sadler was to declare to him. A week before the receipt of the letter, was informed by Sir Thomas Hilton, as he is by Sadler's credence, that he would be commanded to apprehend Sir Thomas and Sir Ingram Percy. Sadler can report the bruit thereof spread abroad in the country; to whom Sir Thomas Hilton declared the source of his information. If the Percies, who repaired to the King two days before Cromwell's letter came, had remained in the country, it would have been very dangerous for Clifford, though he would have executed the King's command at the risk of his life. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 30 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
30 Jan.
R. O.
The King sent me his gracious letters concerning Pontffret, which I sent you by your servant John Elys, and I have received your advice by Elys, and by letter by Allen Jeffreyson, "which in effect rests on three points:—"One is, seeing the country at such quietness, and no such haste nor matter it needeth not," and so I may rest till the coming of my lord of Norfolk. Also that your lordship has like letters from the King of the same date. Also you think best that I be with you this morning. As to the first, I see not the country in such quietness that I dare take on me to await my lord of Norfolk's coming, "neither I am I [perceive ?] discharged" by any article in the King's letter. Where you have like letters, "I shall be ... to indeve[r] m[e to] folo the contents of ... to my ..." And where you think I should be with you this morning, "I can not see how the charge of the castle can be without your lordship, my brother, or me." I send up, according to the King's pleasure, for such necessaries as are lacking in the castle. Pontfret, 29 (fn. 7) Jan.
Hol., pp. 2, faded and worn. Add. Endd.: Sir George Darcy to the lord Darcy. Headed in margin: "1. 4."
30 Jan.
Add. MS.
8,715, f. 333.
B. M.
Wrote last about the Englishman who left here on the 27th * * * The nuncio to Scotland will be sent for by the Great Master to speak to the French king about peace. Presented the brief to the queen of Scotland, who thanked the Pope for his remembrance of her and offered to do his Holiness what service she could.
Though you speak so resolutely about the censures of England, I think, as matters stand now, that I ought to wait for a new commission.
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 6. Headed: A Mons. Ambrogio. Da Parigi, li 30 Gennaro 1537.
31 Jan.
R. O.
297. J. [HILSEY], Bishop of ROCHESTER, to CROMWELL.
Has sued to him divers times concerning one Frer Harcocke, late prior of the Black Friars, Norwich, for seditious preaching and for keeping a nun in the said house. He would not obey the Master-General or Provincial, who then sued for further process out of Cromwell's court, which was served by Dr. Peter, and that he also disobeyed, feigning himself to be sick, which is not like to be true, and now these six days he has been in the city or near it and would not appear. Begs that the Master-General and Provincial and Harcoke may be heard before Cromwell and his commissioners. He has used himself craftily in his preaching not only against the King and Cromwell, but against the rules and heads of his Religion. London, 31 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
31 Jan.
R. O.
Information given in the house of John Peers, of Launceston, by Sir Will. Genys, late canon of Launceston, in presence of Will. Kendall, of Launceston, and Sir Stephen Lampray, chaplain, 31 Jan., 28 Hen. VIII., against his late master, John Shere, prior of Launceston, who showed him on Friday 19 Jan. last, in riding between Okehampton and Launceston, that if the Northern men should continue rebellious, a scholar of Oxford said his Grace should be in great danger of his life or avoid his realm before the end of March. Being asked the scholar's name, said he had forgotten. Confessed the premises also 1 Feb., after the prior was informed of them, in the "chamber chapel" of the house of Launceston, before Will. Pipar. Signed by Pyper, Kendall, Lampray, and Genys.
On parchment, indented.
31 Jan.
R. O.
Sends my lord Privy Seal's letter in answer to Lisle's, written to him and the King. There has been such business that it was obtained with great difficulty, for what with the establishing of the King's household, the the making of spears, and other matters for the North parts, the Privy Council sits in manner from morning till night; but the household matters and spears are at a point, though the result is not published. As to Northern matters, we think here all is well. With this you will receive letters from Mr. Suylyard and George Rolles. As to your Lordship's patent, I doubt not but all will be for your advantage if my lord Privy Seal keep promise. His Lordship enquired of me for great horses, and would like one or two from your Lordship. I thank you for the pains you have taken in my matter with the Frenchman. I told Wytworth and wrote to your Lordship that I would give him 10l., because your Lordship had entered with him for my sake, but I shall have difficulty in paying it, and as for a nag or hackney two or three years hence, I will do as you command me. I have declared your Lordship's pleasure to Mr. Basset, who will be ready when sent for. Mr. Onley is now content to take a tun of Gascon wine. Hopes the letters he wrote by Castell have come to hand. Desires speedy return of the warrant. Would be glad to come to Calais, as Lisle wishes, but must first finish his suit. Hopes Ric. Gylliam has explained about Essex's farm. My Lord Chamberlain comes up next week. Will write how he speeds, and what is done about Mr. Poolle. London, 31 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
The letter printed in State Papers II. 403 as of January 1537 should belong to the year 1535, if the heading of the Lambeth copy may be trusted. See Vol. IX., No. 574.
Very mutilated petition "of the foresaid John Byrde," which seems to set forth that Sir John Laurens, vicar of Raynham, desired him to carry a treasonous letter, (fn. 8) which he would not do. At "Midsummer before the rising in the North ... Spinthe, gentleman, keeper of Berweke park, in Essex, the which he ... I ... so I did not receive the letter of him, for it was some matter that was ... him again and say ye will carry it, and bring it to the King's ... I met the foresaid vicar in the harvest time and asked him and ... letter and I would be content to carry it. And he said ... for to make dubbet men (?) a void yt a man shall not pass with ow[t] ... and searching and if it were the said letter found about the .. whero ... [bu]t if ye will do it by mouth ye shall go to one Sir Dav ... All Hallows in the north part of Wales and say that I ... me unto him, the which we were school-fellows (?) at W[est]h ... e (?) ... cruelty of the King and his Council to we priests and all other rel[ygious] ... [sha]ll reforme other to see it and ordain against it. As thus to ... archers for a while and buy each of them bows and arrows, if y ... hollde or see starke parson or vicar and shoot never so far from the mark." Goes on to suggest that "if ye will hold together we shall have our will," and speaks of the 52,000 parish churches in England. Reported this to Mr. Cooke (?), justice of Havering, and was brought before Sir Brian Tuke. Never was confronted with the vicar, who went home on surety of Wm. Blake, of Hornchurch. Since Xmas the vicar has offered him money to "keep his counsel fawselee a ... whose names is Mr. Spineth, keeper of Berweke park, and Wyllm. Wa ... [of] Hornchurch."
Pp. 2, large paper, much mutilated. The amount lost in the margin is uncertain, and many words are ambiguous from the bad writing and spelling. Endd.: "Supplication."
R. O. 302. INSTRUCTIONS given by the KING to the EARL OF SUSSEX, "whom his Majesty sendeth in to the parts of Lancashire for the purposes ensuing."
The King at this time sends into the North parts of his realm the duke of Norfolk to receive the promised submission of his subjects and administer an oath, and to reside there as his Grace's lieutenant; and as Lancashire, where the Duke's commission does not extend, is likewise infected with rebellion and must therefore make submission and take oath like Yorkshire, the King has determined to send into Lancashire the earls of Sussex and Derby jointly. Sussex is to take "all instructions, letters, escripts, writings, and muniments prepared for his despatch," and address himself into Lancashire.
And (1) on his arrival he shall communicate these instructions to Derby and devise with him, as joint commissioner, how to proceed. Then, before administering the oath to the common sort, they shall call the men of reputation and learning who have been offenders in the late rebellion, "dilate" to them their unkindness and the King's mercy, and cause them to make submission and receive the oath as in the accompanying schedule. After that they shall appoint certain wapentakes to appear before them every day to take the oath. When those who have been spoiled make suit for restitution of their goods, the earls are to try out the names of the principal "stirrers" of the rebellion, and entreat the parties grieved to have patience till the King's repair to the North, when his Grace will consider these matters. Thus they shall neither be in despair nor yet in assurance of restitution, which assurance might move the offenders, in despair, to further commotions. The earls shall labour especially to discover the beginners of the insurrection, those who devised the articles last put in at Doncaster, and those who had intelligence with the Yorkshiremen. If any refuse to swear, and so exempt himself out of the King's pardon, the earls, if they think themselves able to punish such, are to have them apprehended and judged by law to suffer execution; if they cannot so punish them, they shall seem to forget them till they have sworn the rest. (2.) The earls shall inquire if any persons have made unlawful assemblies or committed spoils since the publication of the pardon, and cause such persons "incontinently to be justified." (3.) Divers monks, nuns, and canons have entered again into monasteries within the Act of Suppression, and others not yet suppressed have kept their houses with unseemly force, trusting to have had the rebellion continue, and to have forced the King "to relinquish his right in such monasteries, whereunto by law he is justly entitled." The earls, after the country is quiet, are to see the farmers appointed to these monasteries restored, and force the religious persons to take their living in other houses of their rule, or else apprehend them as vagabonds. They shall also assist all commissioners appointed for the dissolution of such monasteries. If it be alleged that the duke of Norfolk and lord Admiral promised at Doncaster that religious persons should have victum and vestitum of their monasteries till further direction should be taken, the earls shall answer that no such promise was made; that Norfolk and the Admiral only promised to be suitors therein to the King. The earls shall "dilate" to the people how such monks, canons, and nuns refusing to take their living in other monasteries vary from their professions of wilful poverty, chastity, and obedience. Sketch of how this is to be explained: the prince must expend his treasure and risk his life in defence of his poor subjects, while the monks and canons lie warm in their demesnes and cloisters; they may not fight for their prince and country, but have declared at this rebellion that they may fight against them. The husbandman and artificer must labour in all weathers, and must go in person to defend his prince and country; the monk and the canon is sure at all times of a good house and good food, &c. For better instruction of the people, the King has determined to send with Sussex "certain discreet, learned, and great personages to teach and preach the word of God sincerely;" these the earls are to commend to the people. Great sums of money have been detained from the King and from lords and gentlemen having rents in those parts; the earls shall first inquire who so stayed the King's revenues and receive them from those who have them by indenture. They shall likewise command all to pay their duties to their lords as accustomed. (4.) If any commons have been enclosed, or any gentlemen take such excessive fines that their tenants cannot live, the earls shall labour to bring such enclosers and extreme takers of fines to such moderation that they and the poor men may live in harmony. And that the King may be ready for all events, his Grace has written to all the gentlemen of Cheshire and Lancashire to be ready at an hour's warning to serve under the said earls, and to certify the latter in writing what number of horse and foot they shall each be able to make. Of these letters the earls are to make a book and send it to the King.
Pp. 26. Endd. An inner leaf is endd. wrongly: Ao xxvij.
"First after the overtures to make by deliberations mine answers." Item, to show him my answers from above, the King's letters, &c., with thanks for his good reports of me. Item, anempst Pontfrett and my going up, Sir G. D. to ask his Grace's (Norfolk's) advice. Item, if I see the opportunity, to "shew the words of Ric. Crum. brother afore my servant and others by the way. Item, to sew for hys and CC. (fn. 9) advice frankly for my living and staying of my offices as I se caws wich (some words lost). Item, [un]d[er] coreccon as I see caws even (?) of trew mynd, memorandum, an abbulicion in resunable maner after custum of the Marches or pi (our principal?) offenders be punished considering the nombers of offenders sithens the pardon granted in so many cuntreys.
"Item, for Strangwissh[e] my playn mynd and thereafter hys Grace is pleasure and CC.* to know and folloo thereyn.
"Item, memorandum, Leych, Hoton, Russhton and others such: and with my letters of the late stayes with help of my frendes mayd and thereof to show the copyes.
"Item, to consyll with Sir Arthur for bestowyng of my servants or helpyng with fees anuetes or vyer (other) wys; and hym selff. For I peremptor ffeyll my broken hertt, and grett diseasses, without remedy, to the deth of body, wich God not offendid I most desire, after hys hye plesure, and my sowll helth: and he be my jugge never lost Kyng a trewer servant and subject withowt eny caws but lak of furniture and by falsse reaports and pyke thanks. God save the Kyng: thow I be withowt recovere. Item, of old matters betwist C. H. S. T. and others and me, which I think hath revived now. Item, if it need, to be at perfect stay for the whole furniture of P. C. (Pomfret Castle) and for myself in every behalf. Item, of writings up and posts. All such is to be sequestered, but all to pass by his Grace and CC*.": and warnings to be given to gentlemen to report dangers. Item, of Derby, Westmoreland, Cumberland and Percy and all the Marches. "Item, if I go of his Grace and my 1. S. (lord Steward), letters to their friends up, by Sir Arthur's advice ... Item, by G. D. words and after his acts and fashions wa[s] rather motions to rumor and stir all the whole countries of new, and me clearly to absent my self, as far as in him was, than otherwise; but that I neither mistrust God the King nor my said 1. is Grace, to accept my declarations of my duty and truth, which, against all pickthanks and unjust men, shall try my parts first and last like an honest man."
Pp. 2. In Darcy's hand. Worn and faded.
Son Boynton, I thank you for your good counsel in your letter to me "but that matter was past help or word came to me." I am informed that you and divers gentlemen have letters from my lord of Norfolk, but I have none; whereof I marvel, for my brother Sir William and Ralph showed me his Grace had said he thought I should meet him. I pray you send me advice and such news as my cousin Sir Ralph Ewre, the younger, has brought, and who is like to be in favour and who not, "for I shall keep it close to myself." Lastyngam "by your loving father in law."
P.S.—"My wife recommends her to you and to my daughter."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Esquire.
R. O. 305. [RYCHARDIN ?] to [CROMWELL].
"Pleaseth it your gracious lordship to be advertized that the poor Scottish clerk, which came to you at the time of the Insurrection, hath been since before Michaelmas" preaching at York, Gysborough, Kendall, Perote (sic qu. Penrith ?) &c. "to such effect that much people there do bow their hearts to obey God's word and the Prince's laws." Desires, (1) to have "short audience to inform your lordship of certain things as concerneth God's word and the Commonwealth," (2) to have a pension out of Furness or some other abbey there, (3) to have speedy answer.
P. 1. Endd.: A supplication of a Scottishman. The handwriting is very like that of Robert Rychardin. See No. 5.
During the insurrection in Lincolnshire, hearing that the earl of Shrewsbury was at Nottingham, I went thither to know his pleasure, being the King's sworn servant. At Ferry brigg, hearing that Lord Darcy was at Pontefract, went thither and found him in the abbey with divers learned men, gentlemen and knights. He gave me letters to Shrewsbury concerning his impotence, and asking that Sir Arthur Darcy might come and rule the King's people under him. At Queensborough I saw Sir Arthur who bade me go on to Nottingham, where I found the lord Lieutenant, lords Huntingdon and Rutland and others. At Sir Arthur's coming, my lord Steward bade us ride to lord Darcy with the King's letters, of which I have a copy. At Worksop Sir Arthur went to Tyckhill Castle to put his men in readiness, and I took the letters to his father at Pontefract Castle, the archbishop of York, Sir Wm. Gascoyne the elder, Magnus and others being there. By their desire I took on the letters to the mayor and commonalty of York, albeit I killed a horse. Next day Mr. Harington the mayor made proclamation thereof, and I read the letters to many men.
It was determined to send for the gentlemen of the Ainsty to come and help keep the city after the old custom. Captains were appointed at every ward and bar, Bothumbar ward being assigned to me. So I put on my harness "with red cross as they wear and bear at Nottingham," and did all I could for the keeping of the city. For this the commons in Holderness and Yorkes Wolde have threatened to sack my house and waylay me. And now there comes a fellow from Lincolnshire to York, with their articles, to the mayor, and three petty captains from the commons with letters to the mayor desiring passage through the city, which was granted without the consent of the commonalty, on condition that they did no harm and paid 2d. a meal for what they took. The next day there came in the commons of Holderness and Yorkes Wolde, Aske and his petty captains Rudstone, Cawod, Monktone, Donyngton, and others to the number of 14, who all supped with Mr. Lawson. "And they being at supper I came unto them, and the prior of the Austen Friars, called Aske, (fn. 10) said there unto me 'Bowier, where are now thy red crosses?' And I said 'Upon my breast and upon my back, as they were.' And so Mr. Lawson caused me to drink, and then I departed."
Afterwards they went to Pontefract and allured to their company the Archbishop, Darcy, and others, and the Archbp's. harness at York was sent for and barrelled. Told Lawson thereof, who was then sick, and he sent to the mayor and stopped it. Afterwards, Lawson, Rauff Pullayn, now mayor, (fn. 10) and I had that armour for 24 men by indenture of the keeper of the palace by the mayor's commandment for defence of the city, till Aske commanded the dean and chapter to send him men, and then by the mayor's commandment, Lawson and I delivered harness for 12 men to the dean's servants. "They assembled to Doncaster" and I kept York and did not assist them in deed or word, abstaining from spoil, robbery, or taking other men's goods. After treaty taken at Doncaster, Sir Rauff Ellerker and Robt. Bowes were sent to the King at London. At their return a meeting was appointed at York, where certain articles and devices were made "whereof I have copy;" and there it was proclaimed that, by the King's safe conduct, 300 should meet of either party at Doncaster and hear the King's answer to the articles sent by Ellercar and Bowes. For York, Lawson, 6 burgesses, and others were chosen, and I, being a burgess, accompanied them. At Pontefract certain articles were devised for the declaration of the generality of the articles sent to the King, of which I got a copy and showed it to the Archbishop, who said " 'Ye do see I cannot better it. How I am entreated ye know. And [then I we]nt unto Sir Geo. Lawson, and shewed them unto [him; whic]h desired a copy of them, and I wrote him a copy. O[n the] morough my red crosses were cut off my back by Aske's servants. I [du]rst not resist their fury. And so then it was said that there wa[s a] convocation of the clergy at the abbey in Pontefract, and Sir Geo. Lawson said unto me 'I wold ye saw who they be and whereabout they go.' And I said I would do my best and went to the abbey, and would a been in their council, howe but (howbeit ?) I could not get in. And when they were at dinner I entered and tarried there unto the return of Drs. Clif, Marshal, Dakyns, Palmes, Walby, the abbot of Crist Stall and others, to whom I said these words: 'My masters, if ye have anything to write, I can help you.' And they said 'Nothing we thank you.' And so I departed. How be it they drew articles, whereof afterward I got a copy," as well as of other things, as of the safe conduct, pardon and commission.
Hol., pp. 3. Mutilated. Endd.: ... [Bowi]ers ... the.
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
307. JOHN BALE, Priest, to CROMWELL.
"Be it known unto your Highness, most honorable lord, that I, John Bale, doctor of divinity unworthy, and at the only desire of faithful Cristen men late parish priest of Thorndon in Suffolk, for zeal of God's word and most faithful obedient love towards my Prince, have not only forsaken mine own wealth and pleasure, as God and the world knoweth, but also suffered poverty, persecution, and hate of ill persons for it; yea and at this present season such vileness, stink, penury, cold, and other incommodities as the prison containeth, with opprobrious rebukes of my keepers and open shame of the world." His opponent, the baily of Thorndon, is neither God's friend, his Prince's, nor Cromwell's, as many would witness but for fear of my lord of Suffolk. One honest man now in the city can report, if you will hear him, what he said of you at Lincoln. I wish you knew of such doubleness as lord Wentworth, Mr. Edw. Grymston and others can tell you of him. "With gifts and rewards to them which knoweth not his devilish cawtels he hath made strong byldyngs against me, grounded on lies." Of them that have sealed against me one lies bedrid at home and never heard me preach. Another sort were at Lincoln when I preached, and have sealed only upon the witness of their wives. Some were threatened with loss of their copyholds; some sealed because I rebuked their wives for unfaithful language towards their Prince, and some are common perjurers. Most of them know not whereto they have sealed, and those who now know it will not affirm it. Since Christmas they have had no other matters against me than they would have clearly discharged me of before honest men, if I would have forsaken the town. The articles they have gathered against my preaching were never my sayings, and they have twice altered them. In one manner of style they left them with lord Wentworth to examine me, in another with Sir Umfraye Wyndfylde. If I have indiscreetly taken so much upon me in God's cause and my Prince's, yea, when I have heard your honor, my lord of Canterbury, of Hely, of Worcester, of Salisbury, St. David's and others slanderously reported, I shall be content hereafter to follow your gracious information.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 308. JOHN HUGGYNS and JOHN RESTELL to Mr. GARARD, Chaplain to the Bishop of Worcester.
I trust, my lord your master is well. I marvel that you send again for testimonies against Mr. Bell, for I have already written two or three bills, and you had sufficient instructions here at Gloucester. Notwithstanding, will recite these things once again. At Midsummer, Bell called my lord heretic in his own house, to "Wm. Ryse bedder, dwellyng yn Cornell, and Mr. Etkynson, silkman, on the Bridge at London." John Stokys, my servant, heard him. At St. Thomas' tide next after he called him the same before Mr. Huggyns and Mr. Gethyn. About Lammas, at his own house, when the Easterlings were there, he railed likewise before his brother Bell, Dyrycke Stanbacke, Rowland Fox, the Alderman of the Styllyard, and other Easterlings, Byrtun of Kyngeswod, clothier, and Wm. Mychell, of Gloucester, and many more. Within these three weeks he called my lord "horesone heretycke" before John Hawkyns, Henry Jonys, the Queen's usher, and Mr. Huggan, of the Court. After Twelfthtide last, at Marlborough, riding with a wedding to Salisbury, he boasted how he had trimmed the bishop and his chaplains, that he had preferred his bill to the duke of Norfolk and the Parliament House, and so handled them that none of his chaplains durst in manner come to Gloucester. Wm. Morgan of Lanthonye, Thos. Hele, of Salisbury, merchant, and a brewer, of the same town, can swear to it. When the abbot counselled him to submit to my lord, he said he was not his friend, and he would never do so while he lived, as Sir Hew can show. "He suspected the abbot, saying that if he had written up that he was against Sir Hugh's last entering, he was undone; ergo, he confessed his fault." John Wylliams, late friar, said the abbot told him. The pursuivant being sharply examined by the lord Privy Seal, can show something of his behaviour after he had served the privy seal. On Tuesday after evensong Sir Hugh came to our church and gently desired an answer, as they were then certified of the visitor's mind and the vicar's; to whom Jurden answered, "I do make you the same answer that made I you first. I will make no other answer. I will not warn you the church." The old brawling Barker said, "Sing here, an you will, but you shall never have my good will." To this Huggyns, Gethyn, and a dozen more can bear witness. Bell and his adherents would be known of no bill sent them by Mr. Poole. Thinks if the bill might be seen, Garard would see a point of craft therein. He must see that he has the articles which Mr. Arnold has delivered to Sir Hugh, so that they may be preferred, all save the first, which also may be preferred, if he will not recant and submit. He has such affiance in Dr. Bell and Mr. Wm. Kyngeston, by the mediation of our official, our recorder, his brother, and other, and also in the bishop of London, that he sets not a point by the bishop of Worcester, and, I think, as little by the lord Privy Seal. Wm. Morgan, of Lanthonye, says that the official prayed Kyngston and Dr. Bell to recompense him in defending this Bell. Alex. Dobbyns confessed before his master that the mayor, before Christmas, at the High Cross, said, "Well, my lord might be an honest man, but it was much unlike, for he kept none but heretic knaves about him." Mr Porter heard him call Garard a heretic at his own house, before the abbot. "The abbot and his monks and other religious mockers, would not so oft dine and banquet such railers if they delighted not in it. Mr. Huggyns would needs have Sir Hugh serve in our church again, but I think it is no wise good, for it shall seem that we go about rather to be controllers or convincers, and to have the upper hand of our enemies, than to seek concord and amity and the preferment of God's word." Thinks my lord should write to Mr. Chancellor to speak to the suffragan that Sir Hugh might be curate at St. Nicholas, which, the Chancellor says, shall shortly be void. Wishes they had a commission like Bristol, and that the mayor, the recorder, Mr. Lane, Mr. John Arnold, or Mr. Nicholas Arnold and good Mr. Porter might be the commissioners. Trusts the arrogant words of brabbling Barker be not forgotten, for Jurden and he mar all the parish. One John Dull, butcher, spoke foolish proud words, as appears by his last letter. Many will abide by the words spoken by these rebellious at the rejecting of my lord Privy Seal's most honourable and gentle letters. "I suppose that if they had not been altogether brutish mad, Poolys trouble had been a sufficient warning for them."
Hol., (fn. 12) pp. 2. Add. Endd.
Poli Epp. II.
From your letters congratulating me upon the honour of the cardinalate, I perceive your desire for letters from me. Your second letters have filled me with joy. Protests he has not forgotten him, and that their friendship is inseparable. His feelings were far from eager and joyful when that "Reverendissimus" (Contarini), to whom Benedict desires to be commended, proposed to him this honour of the cardinalate. Compares it with the scene between young Tobias and the angel Azarias, with Contarini as the angel. Rome.
R. O. 310. THE TURKS.
Intelligence concerning the movements of the Turks.
The Turk hastened his army to be ready by the end of March. Many new galleys had been put forth at Constantinople, which, with the others, would make the number 300. They are intended for Naples. The Turk intends to be in Velona by the end of March with 100,000 men. Through all the Turk's dominions men from 20 to 30 years of age were being taken up. Commissioners had been sent to collect money in haste. "The writer hereof concludeth" that the Turk will go in person into Italy. "From other places of this country they write from the 27th January in like wise." There are 30 ships already made at Velona, "which may pass over 40 horses apiece." "The Turks make diligent inquisition of Pullia and of the depths of the waters there." The "Bassau of Bosyna" had been ordered to collect his forces, and proceed to take Clysa.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 2. Endd.
311. GRANTS in JANUARY 1537.
1. Richard bishop of Chichester, John Chamber, M.D., the King's physician, and the King's chaplain, Ric. Corant, S.T.P. Next presentation to any canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Stephen in Westminster palace. Greenwich, 29 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Jan.—S.B. and P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25. Rym. XIV., 577. [Also inrolled without date, pp. 4, m. 1.]
2. Master Ric. Coren, S.T.P. Canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Stephen in Westminster palace, vice John Algar, deceased, Greenwich, 29 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
(2.) Duplicate of the above, not quite so full. Endd.: Exped. apud Greenwich, 29 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 1. Undated.
3. Carthusian priory of Holy Trinity de Bella Valle alias Bevall, Notts., York dioc. Exemption from suppression. Th. Woodkok to be abbot. Richmond, 16 Dec. 28 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 17.
4. Augustinian priory of St. Mary de Novo Loco alias Newsted in Shirwood, Notts., York dioc. Like exemption. John Blake to be prior. Richmond, 16 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 18.
5. Mark Caron, a native of the marches of Calais, in the Emperor's dominions. Denization. Westm., 3 Jan. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
6. Th. Brome, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Lighthorne, Warw., Worc. dioc., void by death. Greenwich, 3 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25. Undated.
7. Prior and convent of Kenelworth. Congé d'élire on the death of the last abbot. Greenwich, 3 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
8. John Jakys, chaplain. Presentation to the chantry of St. Mary in the parish church of St. Olave in Old Jewry, London. Greenwich, 1 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 1.
9. Edm. Pekham, cofferer of the Household. Annuity of 21l. out of the manors of Audford, Echelles, and Alderley, Chesh.; in consideration of the surrender of his patent 8 Aug. 21 Hen. VIII., as constable and keeper of Skarburghe Castle, Yorks., and of his right in the manor of Northsted, Yorks. Greenwich, 13 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 3. Enrolled with "T. R. apud Westm.,_."
10. Sir Ralph Evers, jun. To be constable and keeper of Scardeburgh Castle, Yorks., vice Edm. Pekham, cofferer of the Household, resigned, who held by patent 8 Aug. 21 Hen. VIII.; with fees enjoyed by Wm. Tunstall, Sir Walt. Griffith, or any other. Also grant for life of the manor of Northsted, Yorks, rent 24l. Greenwich, 14 Jan. 28 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 6. Westm., 15 Jan.
11. Th. Culpeper. Annuity of 46l. 13s. 4d. from Michaelmas last. Del. Westm., 16 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 26.
12. Wm. Harbert. Annuity of 46l. 13s. 4d. from Michaelmas last. Del. Westm., 16 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
13. James Marabut, a native of the dominions of the King of the French. Denization. Westm., 16 Jan.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
14. Commission of the peace:
Wilts.:—Sir Th. Audeley, chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Sir Wm. FitzWilliam, lord admiral of England, N. bishop of Salisbury, Henry lord Mountague, Henry lord Mautravers, John lord Audeley, Sir John FitzJames, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Th. Willoughby, serjeant-at-law, Sir Wm. Pawlett, Sir Edw. Baynton, Sir Hen. Longe, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir John Brigges, Sir Anth. Hungerford, John Bonham, Anth. Stylman, Th. Apprice, Edw. Mompesson, John Erneley, Barth. Husey, Hen. Poole, Chas. Bulkeley, Rob. Wye, John Hamelyn, Wm. Button, Ric. Woodcoke, John Pye. 16 Jan.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 6d.
15. Hugh Hoper, of Sidbury, Devon, husbandman. Pardon for having, along with Rob. Chaundeler, of Sidbury, husbandman, on 27 March 27 Hen. VIII. at Stoklegh Pomerey, Devon, stolen two oxen worth 40s. belonging to one Rob. Sampson. Del. Westm., 17 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 1.
16. Cornelius Adryan, a born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 18 Jan.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
17. Anne Clyfford, widow of the King's servant Charles Clyfford. Licence to export 500 woollen cloths, unwrought, notwithstanding the Act of 3 Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 19 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII—S.B. In English.
18. John Hales, baron of the Exchequer, John Norton of Norwodde and Alice his wife. Licence to alienate one messuage, one water mill, 100s. rent in Harieteisham, the advowson of the parish church of Wychelyng, a moiety of the manor of Haryettisham, and a moiety of certain lands in Hariettisham, Ulcombe, Cranebroke, Fretynden, and Stapilherst, Kent, to Th. Hales and Wm. Hales, and the heirs of the said Thomas. Westm., 20 Jan—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
19. Augustinian monastery of Kenelworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc. Assent to the election of Simon Jekys, canon of the said monastery, as abbot, vice Wm. Wall, dec. Greenwich, 15 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
20. Master John Fayrewall, clk., M.A. Canonry and prebend of a fourth part of the tithes of corn ["decimarum garbarum cursalium"] in Llandaff Cathedral, vice Master Wm. Clerke, resigned. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 11.
21. Hugh Wylloughby. To be bailiff and keeper in reversion of the lordship and manor and two parks of Henley in Ardern, Warw., which were granted by pat. 25 May 9 Hen. VIII. to John Dyngley. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
22. Augustinian priory of St. Leonard, Wormesley, Heref., Heref. dioc. Exemption from suppression. Roger Strotty to be prior. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 28, which is dated 27 Jan.
23. Chr. Golde. To be master of the King's gunners in the Tower of London and in England, with fees of 12d. a day. Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 19.
Vacated on surrender before Th. Wilson, LL.D., 14 Dec., 5 Eliz., by virtue of a writ directed to the said Thomas, to the intent that the office might be granted by another patent to the said Christopher and one Robert Thomas in survivorship.
24. Ric. Mody. Reversion after Thos. Combes of the auditorship of the possessions late of William late marquis of Berkeley and Sir Edw. Burghe (by right of Anne his wife), and the lordships and manors of Elcombe, Uscote, Vamburgh, Lovell, and Polet Place, late of Sir John Cheyney, and the lordships and manors of Wockyng and West Horelegh, Surr., and lordship of Morant, Northt.; the said office having been granted in survivorship by patent 14 Jan. 1 Hen. VIII. to Th. Combes and Th. Roberdys, now deceased. Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 4.
25. Wm. Slythurst. Lease of a watermill, house, &c., in Watlyngton, parcel of the honor of Wallyngford, Oxon., for 21 years; rent 66s. 8d. and 16d. of new increase: on surrender of patent 27 Jan. 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 18.
26. Edw. Bestney, of Saham, Camb., yeoman. Licence to shoot with a crossbow at all manner of marks, deer, game, and fowl (except heron). Greenwich, 18 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 19.
27. Rob. Whitborowe, a yeoman of the guard. Grant of 6d. a day as fee of the crown, vice John Beadon deceased. Greenwich, 24 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 5.
28. Wm. Melton alias Wormell, the King's chaplain, and Wm. Draper, literatus. Grant in survivorship of the chapel of St. James within the walls of London, near Crepulgate, in the King's hands by the suppression of the late monastery of Garadon, Leic. Greenwich, 28 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—P.S. (two copies) no date of delivery. Pat. p. 4, m. 28. Enrolled: T. R. apud Westm.,—. Also enrolled in the 29th year, p. 5, m. 18.
29. Wm. Carvanell, a yeoman of the Guard. Licence to purchase hides in co. Cornwall and export them from any ports in said county free of the 8d. a "diker" which the "havenatores" or keepers of the King's ports in the said co. have been accustomed to levy; on surrender of patent 28 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII. granting the same to John Tregian, a gentleman sewer of the King's chamber. Greenwich, 27 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 3.
30. Commissions of Gaol Delivery:
Bedford Gaol: Sir John Baldewyn, Sir Ric. Lyster, Th. FitzHugh and Ric. Milward.
Aylesbury Gaol The same.
Cambridge Castle: The same.
Huntyngdon Castle: The same
Norwich Castle: The same.
Ipswich Gaol: The same.
Bury St. Edmund's Gaol: The same.
Oxford Castle: Sir Th. Englefeld, Sir John Porte, John Porte, jun., and Th. Sutton.
Worcester Castle: The same.
Gloucester Castle: The same.
Hereford Castle: The same.
Shrewsbury Castle: The same.
Stafford Castle: The same.
Winchester Castle: Sir John FitzJames, Sir Th. Willoughby, Nich. Rockwood, and John Dyer.
Fyssherton Anger Gaol: The same.
Dorchester Gaol: The same.
Yevelchester (Ilchester) Gaol: The same.
Exeter Castle: The same.
Launceston Castle: The same.
Guldeforde Castle: John Hynde, King's serjeant-at-law, John Baker, attorney-general, and Ric. Lyndesell.
Lewes Castle: The same.
Canterbury Castle: The same.
Colchester Castle: The same.
Hertford Castle. The same.
Northampton Gaol: Sir Anth. Fitz-Herbert, Sir Walt. Luke, and John Jenour.
Okeham Gaol: The same.
Lincoln Castle: The same.
Lincoln (City) Gaol: The same.
Notyngham Gaol: The same.
Notyngham (Town) Gaol: The same.
Derby Gaol: The same.
Leicester Gaol: The same.
Leicester (Town) Gaol: The same.
Coventry Gaol: The same.
Warwick Gaol: The same.
York Castle: Sir John Spelman, Chr. Jenney, and Fran. Frobyser.
York (City) Gaol: The same.
Westm., 28 Jan. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 7d.
31. Mich. de Lasao, doctor of physic. Annuity of 100 marks as attendant upon the lady Mary. Greenwich, 26 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Jan.—P.S.
Pat. p. 1, m. 8. Rym. xiv., 578.
32. John Soda, poticary. Annuity of 40 marks as attendant upon the lady Mary. Greenwich, 26 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8. Rym. xiv., 578.
33. Sir Edw. Baynton, vice-chamberlain to the queen consort Joan [Jane Seymour]. Site, church, &c., of the late abbey of St. Mary, Stanley, Wilts., dissolved, the manors of Stanley, Loxewell, Nethermore, Chippenham, Godwell near Chapmans Slade, alias Godwell and Chapmans Slade, Heywood, alias Hewoode, Yatton Parva, Haselbury, Rowde, Yatton Kaynell, Thickewood, and Studley, alias Stodley, Wilts.; Lambourne, Chippynglambourne and Uplambourne, Berks.; Eston in the parish of Welles, Marcome, alias Marcombe, and Buklondynam, Soms.; and the rectory and advowson of the parish church of Rowde, Wilts., whether appropriated or not to the said late abbey; and all lands, &c., in the aforenamed places and in Tyderton Lucas, Mygehale alias Mygehall, Nelonds, Pewesham and Bowslade, Heywode and Haukeruge, Westbury under the Playne, Laycok, Calne, Coloron, Barkeley, Corseley, and Westbury, Wilts.; with commons of pasture and all other privileges of the abbey, as fully as Th. Calne alias Morley late abbot, enjoyed the same on the 4 Feb. last. Annual value 111l. 9s.; rent 11l. 9s. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 6.
34. Ric. Edwardes of Grewell, Hants, husbandman. Pardon for killing in selfdefence, on the 27 May last, Edward Waterman of Grewell, who attacked him while fishing in a certain water of one Th. Heydok at Grewell. Westm., 29 Jan. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 31.
35. Monastery of Kenelworth, Warw. Restitution of temporalties on the election of Simon Jekes as abbot. Greenwich, 29 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26. Rymer, xiv. 579.
36. Premonstratensian abbey of St. Mary de Alba Landa alias Blancheland, Northumb., Durham dioc. Exemption from suppression. Wm. Spragen to be abbot. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 14.
Similar exemptions for:—
37. Premonstratensian abbey of St. Mary Alnewyke, Northumb., Durham dioc. Wm. Halton, abbot. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 17.
38. Augustinian abbey of SS. Mary and John, Cannonleigh, Devon, Exeter dioc. Eliz. Fowell, abbess. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 16.
39. Benedictine priory of St. Mary in the city of Chester, Cov. and Lich. dioc. Eliz. Gravenor, prioress. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 21.
40. Augustinian monastery or abbey of St. Mary, Dale, Derby, Cov. and Lich. dioc. John Bybe, abbot. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
41. Premonstratensian abbey of St. John the Baptist, Eggleston, in the archdeaconry of Richmond, York dioc. Th. Dranton, abbot. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 16.
42. Augustinian abbey of St. Mary and St. Bernard, Laycok, Wilts., Salisbury dioc. Joan Temmys, abbess. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 7.
43. Cistercian Abbey of St. Mary, Neth., Llandaff dioc. Leisanus Thomas, abbot. Westm., 30 Jan.—S.B. Date of delivery illegible.—Pat. 28 Hen.VIII. p. 4, m. 11.
44. Benedictine abbey of St. Edith, Pollesworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc. Alice Fitzherbert, abbess. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat., p. 3, m. 12.
45. Benedictine priory of St. Katharine, Polslow, Devon, Exeter dioc. Marg. Trowe, prioress. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
46. Cisterian abbey of St. Mary de Strata Florida, Cardigan, S. Wales, St. David's dioc. Ric. Talley, abbot. (The possessions confirmed are as follows, viz., the monastery or abbey, the church, steeple, site, churchyard, ground, &c. of the church thereof; the granges of Mevennyth, Pennarth, Commoscowth, Blaynearon, Annynyok, Trevais, Morbabychan, Dywarchyn, Havoodwen, Nauntvaye, Haberde, Honowe, Commoddythur, Habermewill, Morvayraker, and Beallte; and all other manors, granges, &c. belonging to the said abbey; and the lordships, manors, messuages, &c. of Llangarik, Bangor dioc., and Penkarrek, St. David's dioc). Del. Westm, 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 8.
47. [Benedictine] priory of St. Mary, Studley, Oxon, Linc. dioc. Joan Williams, prioress. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 18.
48. Augustinian house or priory of Holy Trinity and St. Mary, Ulvescroft, Leic., Linc. dioc. Edward Dalbye, prior. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 2.
49. John Bevyson, a native of the dominions of the king of the French. Denization, Westm., 30 Jan.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
50. John Fox. Grant (in consideration of a payment of 20l.) of two several leases of a messuage or tenement in St. John's Strete, Midd., lately held by Wm. Breerton, of Fincheley, Midd., attainted; the first made by Sir John Kendall, late prior, and his brethren of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, 27 Nov. 1499, to John Tonge and Katharine his wife; the interest wherein came to the said William by lawful conveyance; and the second made by Sir Wm. Weston, knt., now prior, and his brethren, 27 June 25 Hen. VIII., to the said Wm. Breerton, 22 June 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Jan.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII., p. 3, m. 11.


  • 1. Sir William Musgrave.
  • 2. A letter from the duchess of Norfolk to Cromwell in Titus B. I. (392) was omitted in Vol. XI. of this Calendar, where it should have been noticed. It is dated Redborne, 30 Dec., and must have been written in the year 1536. In it she thanks Cromwell for his kindness, but declares she will never sue for her husband to take her back, considering his treatment of her ever since he loved Besse Holond, who was washer of her nursery eight years. She begs to have a better living allowed her before he go Northward, or she must take a lodging in a cheaper quarter.
  • 3. Notwithstanding the date at the head of this letter, which would make it appear to have been written in December 1536, with two postscripts added in January 1537, it would seem to be here out of place; for it is clear from Philip Hoby's letter in Vol. x., No. 208, that he arrived in Spain on this business in January 1536. So the body of this letter must have been written in December 1535 and the postscripts in January 1536. It must now, however, stand in the Calendar according to the date which it actually bears.
  • 4. 19 Jan.
  • 5. Probably not her own hand.
  • 6. Mary Basset.
  • 7. Should be 30th.
  • 8. See Vol. XI., No. 1495.
  • 9. Evidently lord Cromwell's.
  • 10. John Aske. See Report VIII. of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. II., 51.
  • 11. The mayors of York were elected on 15 Jan., and Pulleyn was mayor in 1537.
  • 12. The letter is apparently in the hand of John Huggyns, though written in behalf of John Rastell, and signed by Huggyns for both.