Henry VIII: April 1537, 1-5

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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'Henry VIII: April 1537, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537, (London, 1890) pp. 354-366. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp354-366 [accessed 29 February 2024]


April 1537, 1–5

Begs remembrance of his fee for the half-year ended on Lady Day in Lent last, for the lieutenantship of the honour of Waylyngford, which he had of the King when his Grace gave the constablewick to Harry Nores, deceased. Was charged at his own risk with the gaol till the day of deliverance, which was about the middle of August next ensuing. Sir John Dawnse promises to pay him if Cromwell will write in his favour. Stonor.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
I thank you for your pains of late in speaking to Sir John Dawnse for my fee. A poor man in Watlyngton spoke words concerning the King, which I send in writing. He has been in prison now six days. "He is a very simple person and axeth from door to door." He said he had a letter from Lord Darcy to my lord of Exeter in his cape, in cutting of which they cut the letter, which I send. I beg to know your pleasure, Stonore.
The party has always denied speaking the words, and his accuser is a very simple person.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Thanks to his host and hostess for their tokens, and to Edw. Parkynson, to whom he has been too busy to write. Wishes a dagger of the best fashion, and will pay for it within a twelvemonth. "Theis Sotherone bois says they will bett your Notherone cottes, and thus they make ther pratyng at homme; but when they sholde have commyd heder wardes, then they begain to weippe and cryed owt lyke made men." The most of those that were up in this country were boys; and here a man may not speak one word but he shall be hanged by and by. Your enemies here have been so often up and down that they say ere they rise again the King shall as soon hang them up at their own doors. "And they have a book in print upon you all that be Northern men that ye be all traitors to the King. And to write of the halters and the iron gallows that was sent down, I think you know of them already."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his right well-beloved host, Robert Hatchet in Duram, this letter be delivered. From Oxford.
Informations by Thomas Erryngton of Parkshaw, South Tynedale, John Bedenell, David Carnabye, and Thomas Car.
Concerning the outlaws Edward, Ninian and John Charleton; and also John Heron, bastard son of John Heron of Chipchase and others; with list of persons who will not rise to hue and cry, including Nich. Errington of Byngfeld and his sons, John Errington of Buklee, the townships of Byngfeld, Halleden, Colwell, Ralph Witherington of Swynburne, &c. The Charltons remain in Heslysyde, &c., doing much harm to the King's subjects. Sir Reynold Carnaby has two keepers in Heslysyde; one of whom is servant to Edw. Charlton. Prat Charlton of the Bower and others named have not given pledges to the duke of Norfolk.
Large paper, p. 1.
R. O. 800. THOMAS VOGELER, of Haverfordwest, to CROMWELL.
Being this year the King's officer in the town of Haverfordwest, received a complaint from Antony Alverys, ", Portyngal," who showed that his goods were taken at Cape St. Vincent by two ships of war by Francis Lucas, and divers Bretons and Normans, to the number of 26. The said Francis Lucas was present at the time, and two days before the complaint offered the goods to your orator "to Sallis." (for sale?). Required security from Alverys in proof of his demand, and he bound himself and others in 500l. to sue the said Frenchman. As Admiral under the charter of the town of Milford, your orator then manned two picards or crayers with the burgesses of the town, and rescued the Portuguese ship from the French till the King's Council should take order in the premises. Meanwhile Mr. Ric. Devereux, deputy justice of S. Wales under my lord Ferrys, his father, took the ships and goods out of the liberty of the town without any authority; and your orator, before the Council of the Marches, was required of the Portuguese to deliver their ship and goods. Devereux confessed to having them, and was discharged by the Council, before whom the Portuguese and French were ordered to appear; but the said Ric. Devereux, little regarding the order, forestalled the King's highway with servants and horses, took your orator prisoner on Good Friday last, detained him for five days, and then bound him in a recognizance of 500l. to appear before you, for what reason your petitioner knows not, and begs he may be discharged.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Sir Thomas Cromwell, Chief Secretary and lord Privy Seal.
The news of the captain of Turneham, who married De Prat's sister, is that four head captains are about to enter Picardy and make war on all sides. They are equal in authority, and their names are as follows. Mons. de Pratte, with 14,000 Almains, 4,000 of whom are gentlemen with double wages; Mons. de Istylstein, Count de Bewre, with the Clevois and other subjects of the Emperor to the same number. [Na]sso, with the same number from Namewr, Lwsamborg, and Law ..., and Mons. Derrews (De Rœux), the Great Master, who has a force of Hennwers, ... oysyens, and others. The ordinary garrisons are to remain in their places. 1,400,000 fl., that is "xiiiic ml ij. s. vj. d. st." (fn. 1) was demanded for their sustenance from Brabant, Holland, Zealand, and Namur, but by Nassau's means they have granted 2,800,000 fl. The "boownde of Allmyn" have promised to invade Burgundy at their own expense, and the Spaniards are coming to Bayonne with the Emperor.
The captain hears also that Andrew Doore has taken the Turk's ambassador to the French king, by whom he writes to the said King, "Right dearly-beloved brother and ally," and says he cannot give him any aid this year as he is hindered by other affairs, but that next year he would bring such a force "that never after as long as the world should stand, there should be any more memory of the Emperor of Rome."
P. 1, mutilated.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 333.
B. M.
Mons. de Matignon, after explaining to the cardinal of England, the legate, your commission to him, presented a letter of credence to me and told me what the said legate had said. On my asking that if the legate came to you I might come also, he desired me to wait till he should hear again. My coming with this cardinal has two special causes, one that the Pope, knowing I have always been your most loving servant, is assured that a certain commission he has given me to negotiate with your Majesty touching the service of God and your public and private welfare will be received in the spirit in which it is put forth. The other cause is my own desire to pay my reverence to your Majesty. I enclose a brief from the Pope upon the first of these. The legate going towards Cambray, I will go to Amiens, where, if it please you to show your mind to the cardinal of Carpi, I will do all you command.
Italian, pp. 2. Headed: Al Christianissimo. Modern copy from Simancas.
1 April.
R. O.
Have pity on me and my poor wife now in our time of adversity. Though I perceive I have had hinderers more ways than one, I trust that by God's grace and yours my perverse chances will cease, and out of sorrow will come joy; which I and my poor wife have much need of, for our poor hearts are like to break at the unkindness of those whom we specially trusted and loved. By the way we have been handled, we have been driven to seek our friends spiritual and temporal. "My poor elders have given much lands to the Church" Help me to get succour of the King's Grace that I may in my old age creep up to some honesty and ability to do the King service. Powyntyngtune, 1 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
1 April.
R. O.
On Thursday last came to Berwick. Has devised such fortifications that he hopes the King will be content with the plats. It will take three or four months to fortify the town and castle against a siege; but if Norfolk's device be followed, the town will be stronger than Pavia was when the French king laid siege thereat; and he thinks the Scots will not meddle if they see it is doing. Has inspected Wark, which he finds not much worse than when besieged by Albany. It could be made strong for 40l. Has also viewed Norham. My lord of Durham will bestow 200l. in fortifying it, for which Norfolk has devised plans and furnished it with some artillery. By three months it shall be tenable. Intends to pass through Riddesdale to-morrow and see Harbottle and Sir John Witherington's house called Haghton, which the Council proposed for the keeper of Tyndale to lie in. Will give his opinion when he sees the King. That night means to lie at Hexham, and to-morrow (next day?) and Thursday to have before him the Tyndale and Riddesdale men. Met to-day near Norham, Dan Car of Fernyherst, warden of the Middle March of Scotland, and two other light young men, wardens of the March, sent thither by the king of Scots to speak with him. Their communications were as satisfactory as could be as to peace and good rule of the Borders. Thinks he himself, my lord of Westmoreland, and Sir Wm. Evers conducted themselves so as to give the King satisfaction. Did not forget to urge them to advise their master not to give so much confidence to his kirkmen, who would rather lead him into war than lose part of their livings, fearing he would suppress the religious houses there. One of them answered:—"My lord, the King your Sovereign hath be a good season of bringing his purposes in those matters to pass, and our master is much younger than he, and yet he hath made somewhat his profit of abbeys; and doubt you not, if he do live ten years he will not forget the good ensample the King his uncle hath given him; provided always he cannot abide the Lutherians sects." Replied by telling him of the King's virtuous proceedings against Sacramentaries, Anabaptists, and other heretics; which they commended. Sees no likelihood, from their words or from the report of Lancaster of what he saw and heard in Scotland, that they intend war. Esshelington, Robert à Colingwod's house, 1 April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
[1 April.]
R. O.
Fragment of an account, but to what it relates does not appear.
Remainder at Mich. ao 28:—1,101l. 7s. 11d. Rec. between that and Easter following:—199l. 7s. 8d. Total, 1,300l. 15s. 7d. Disbursements, 1,148l. 4s. 8. Remainder at this day, 152l. 10s. 11d.
Md. on back.—Mich. ao 27:—3,071l. 16s. 10d. Paid "ut supra," 901l. 16s. 4d. Received, Easter anno 27:—479l. Paid, 1,070l.
P. 1. Small paper.
2 April.
R. O.
Of late I received a letter from my lord Privy Seal, whereby it appeareth your Majesty desires to have my house, &c. at the Stronde, for lord Beauchampe, in exchange for a house of his at Cewe (Kew) foranempst Brayneforde (Brentford). When I attend on your Majesty at London, I have no other house there save that. And if I should take a house of that distance it should be tedious for me so far to seek my lodging. I beg your Majesty to suffer me to enjoy my said house. Castle of Wigmore (with the reparations whereof at this time I am partly occupied), 2 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
R. O. 5. Copy of the same, dated 2 March.
Endd.: The bp. of Chester.
2 April.
R. O.
I have received your letters, dated 21 March, and perceive the King is minded to have my house in the Strand. To part with it would be a "discommodity" to me and my successors. I beg you counsel me for the best, and be a mean with the King for an honest recompense. Concerning the curates of my diocese, I wrote to my officers, according to your letters, and have answer. In this and other business, give credence to the bearer, my servant. Have also made answer to the King. Wygmore Castle, 2 April,
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
2 April.
R. O.
Deposition of Nicholas Holte, taken at Wigmore, 2 April 28 Hen. VIII., viz.:—That about 10 March, being at Shrewsbury, he heard his host John Barber, at the sign of the Lion, and one Thomas Cowper, say they were informed the King intended to send down commissioners shortly to view the goods and jewels of all churches; and as they were of the parish of St. Julian there, and had in the church 9 chalices, they asked deponent's counsel and trusted the King would be good to their church, as his Grace is founder thereof. Told them not to credit such stories as "it" was never intended by the King. Departed thence to a tavern called the Sceptre, and was there sitting at the table when Thos. Cowper aforesaid came and said to him:—"Sir, the honesty of the parish do will you to speak with them at our church; forasmuch as ye have taken a house in our parish, they would have your advice as touching the treasure of our church." Replied he would not meddle, but desired them to pardon him, and advised Cowper to believe no such stories, and to call to mind who first told the tales. Cowper answered that one Thomas Lloid of Shrewsbury, then at London, sent a letter to the town reciting the said matters, but named not to whom the letter was sent. Cowper also said the King would have but one church where now were two, and in every parish church but one chalice. After advising Cowper to beware of giving credit to such light tales, for such tales had been the cause of much displeasure, deponent bade him secretly inquire who was beginner of the same, that the said beginner might be a precedent to all others. Departed home to Bruggenorth. Shortly afterwards William Abbotts, the King's servant, came to Bruggenorth, and deponent called him, John Raynolds, and Mr. Ley, of Bruggenorth, together, and told them the said slanderous tales, willing them as the King's servants to examine the matter further. Abbott answered he could not return to do so, but desired Reynolds and deponent secretly to search it out, and we should hear from him how to open the matter to the King's Council. After this deponent asked Cowper what he heard further concerning parish churches, who replied it was but a light tale and known to be untrue. Signed: per me Nich'm Holte.
Pp. 2. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
Has this day received the King's letters of 30 March desiring the Duke to remain for a time without resorting to his presence. No subject is more anxious to give him satisfaction, but he thinks the reasons given for his not coming up are insufficient. As to the danger of Mr. Pole's traitorous practises, they cannot be so soon set on hand in these parts. Indeed, no part of the realm is less to be doubted. As to the king of Scots he is not to be trusted, but were he to attempt anything, even if the Duke were at Calais he could come in time convenient. Moreover, if anything is to be devised against the king of Scots it were more than necessary that he should be present to discuss it. Thinks he cannot come into the realm and crown his queen before Norfolk's return. No Scotch king ever invaded this realm before "gresse" were full on the ground and corn in manner ripe. As to the malicious minds of the spiritualty, will not excuse their inward thoughts, but outwardly there is no such thing; if there were it would be to his disgrace that he had not repressed it. As to the harness that is confessed by examinations to be in religious houses and in the dean's and treasurer's of York, he certainly brought no harness when he first came to York, and when he went towards Carlisle he borrowed all the harness the said dean and treasurer and other priests had in the city, and also of the abbot of St. Mary's, Sir George Lawson, Mr. Magnus, and the substantial men of the said city, and could not furnish his household servants with all theirs, nor even with all those of the abbeys not suppressed. As to sending up of the five prisoners named in the King's letters, with 16 others named in my lord Privy Seal's, begs to be excused till his return from Durham, as he cannot do so sooner without "disappointing" his going to Newcastle for the ordering of Northumberland and the execution of the prisoners at Durham. Within eight days after his return the King shall have them all. Newburgh, 2 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
This day I received the King's letters of 30 March, and have answered them by letters, and desire your favour that the allegations contained in them may not hinder my coming up. No time is more suitable than now between this and winter, when the King has promised I shall return with my whole household. If I should longer remain, those who wish my life short should have their desire. Protests that it is not to make suits to the King that he would come up but for business of his own, and because he thinks it "more than necessary" he should be at the debating of the King's affairs. Trusts Cromwell will further his suit to come up. When he was lieutenant here last and open war with Scotland he had licence to come up for a month on his own business, as Mr. Kingston can tell. Newburgh, 2 April.
Added in his own hand: I marvel Gregory Coniers is accused, for when Bigod fled from Beverley he pursued him so sore that he captured two of his three horses and compelled him to flee on foot from Mowgreve to the place where he was taken. Unless there be pregnant matter against him I think it were pity to have him brought up in ward, and so I beg you show the King, and let me know concerning my coming up. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April.
Cott. Appx.
I. 70.
B. M.
Expresses his great obligations to him. Since his last letter, has received a letter from the King concerning the custody of [Pomfret] Castle. Rode thither immediately, as the commons in the North began to make new [commotions], and stayed there till the coming of my lord lientenant, "[who] toke and ordered that my lord my father schuld lye ther accordyng unto [the] Kyng's Majeste wryttyng, seyng yt was all alyk to my said lord [or to] my broder Sir Arthur and me." Was appointed by the lord lef[tenant] to lie at his own house and to resort to Pomfret Castle if his father needed him. Wishes to know if he is to remain now the country is quiet. Gaytforth, 2 April. Subscribed: By zowris lord[ship's at] commandment. [Signature lost.]
P. 1. Mutilated. Add.
2 April.
R. O.
I have received your sundry letters. I will see the letter to John Davy conveyed with speed. Mr. Basset has received 40s. and 5s. by the bp's man, for which he thanks you. I have received 26s. 8d. for your caps, and the warrant for the man, who paid 40s. I gave Rauff three yards cloth at 5s., which Goodall has now paid me. Your nightgown and waistcoats are made in every point like lady Beauchamp's, that is, the very fashion the Queen and all the ladies wear, and so were the caps. I have caused that your Ladyship sent to be new made; which I send in a box, "with such a past as they doth now use to wear." Some ladies have their nightgowns embroidered with gold, others with silk. Your ladyship does not wish Mrs. Katharine to be where I wrote last. My lady Sussex and Mrs. Staynyngs think she can be nowhere better, but you ladyship knows best. I have thanked Mr. Coffyn for his good mind in your ladyship's behalf. He is a very honest gentleman. Where your ladyship gave Cranwell's man 7s. 6d. I made it up to 12s., which he swore it cost him every penny. I was at the delivery of the horses and caused Donyngcourt to ride one in my lord Privy Seal's presence. I caused him to have half the reward, 30s., and Petley as much. I shall exchange the pewter, as you direct, when I receive it. The danger of sickness does not increase; if it do, I will see Mr. Basset conveyed hence in season. You will receive all your stuff in Cawndeler's ship, who waited a day for it. I bought a chest to pack it in, which cost 5s. 4d. Mine hostess would lend me none. There is only reserved the carpet and the cradle, which is all the stuff my lady Sussex sends, and six carpets which I have borrowed of Tylsley, a box with your cap of ermines and the lawn Mrs. Whalley gave you, and a red travers which I borrowed of one of the Queen's wardrobe, and the holy water stock with the sprinkle, and one casting bottle. I enclose the goldsmith's bill. I send also two pair of hosen for my lord. I hope you will be good lady to Goodalle, for he was sick three days, and I made him wait two days to carry this stuff. London, 2 April.
Do not forget my bargain when God shall send my lord a son. I shall never be heartily merry till I speak with some that shall hear him cry. Mr. Popley has merited thanks for the cradle and does not forget your weir; nor I to procure you some cramp-rings. Thos. Owdall of Tychefyld will not deliver Mr. Basset my lord's nag without a special letter.
Hol. pp. 2. Add.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding, with the following addition:—"This is the copy of the letter sent by Goodalle, but I do not with this send the particular bill nor the goldsmith's bill."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
2 April.
R. O.
I have received yours of 12 March informing me that by command of the King you had got Du Biez to consent to deliver without ransom the four compagnons of Gravelinghes, prisoners at Boulogne taken within your Pale, and because he had not sent them back you had sent a messenger to ask why he did not fulfil his promise. I beg you to let me know more by bearer. The king of France is still before Hesdin. His artillery makes no impression, and he hopes to take it by mining, but they have as good miners in the castle as any in the world, and they have already caused some of the French mines to fail. I am sorry to hear there have been encounters between English ships and some of ours, but I understand all is since arranged. Aire, 2 April '37. Signed.
Fr. p. 1. Add.
2 April.
Pap. d'Etat
rel. à. l'Ecosse.
I. 125.
The clerk of the master of the Chambre aux deniers will give the Chancellor the account of the expenses of the king of Scotland, and of the money remaining in his hands. At Rouen he was offered 2,000 livres for the expenses of the king and queen of Scotland and Madame Margaret, which he has not taken. Desires the Chancellor to attend to the matter before Sunday next. Sends a statement of expenses up to April 1. Rouen, 2 April.
II. Expenses of the king of Scotland from Oct. 13 to Jan. 31., 9,458l. 11d.; February, 2,370l. 10s.; March, 2,786l. 9s. 11d. Total, 14,615l. 10 deniers Tournois.
Titus B. I.
481. B. M.
Things to be treated of in the Council.
1. The surety of the town of Calais, the castles of Hampnes and Guisnes; 2. The towns of Berwick and Carlisle, and their speedy victualling; 3. To note in what estate the King's affairs stand, and to provide so that he may at least have one friend; and now, the case standing as it doth, to accelerate that matter so that it may be done in time.
4. What are the ways for the King to acquire this friendship, and upon what ground. The King has two daughters, not lawful, yet King's daughters, and as princes commonly conclude amity and things of importance by alliances, it is thought necessary that these two daughters shall be made of some estimation, without which no man will have any great respect to them. As one of them is older and more apt to make a present alliance than the other, if it might please the King to declare her according to his laws, which, to her estimation, it is thought will be a great thing; or else to advance her to some certain living decent for such an estate, whereby she may be the better had in reputation; it is thought more acceleration would be made for her. A like direction should then be taken for lady Elizabeth, so that the King by one may provide himself of a present friend, and have the other in store hereafter to get another friend. We think the only "showte anker" the French king has is to compass a marriage between the duke of Orleans and the duchess of Milan, who in estate is not to be compared to one of the King's daughters, if she wanted that endowment of Milan, which the French king thinks thus to get into his hands. If that happen the French king and the bp. of Rome would join together by all likelihood against us, so that the King would be destitute of friendship on all sides, and his daughters remain unprovided for, and no prince of honour would desire the King's amity by mean of either of them.
5. That all the King's navy may be put in readiness to do present service if the case require. 6. A direction to be taken for the preservation of the realm in quiet, and the punishment of those that would interrupt it. 7. Letters must be written to the justices of peace and certain noble men reside for a time in their countries. 8. No man to remain in the commissions of the peace but men of worship and wisdom, meet for the same.
Pp. 3. In Wriothesley's hand.
3 April.
Titus B. I. 489. B. M. St. P. I. 545.
The matters treated in Council at Westminster, 3 April, anno 28.
1. That letters should be immediately despatched to the Deputy of Calais to see the town victualled and put in order for defence. 2. Order to be taken for the surety and victualling of Carlisle and Berwick. 3. To note specially the state of the world and the practices for unity between the Emperor, the French king, and the bp. of Rome, and to devise how the King may have at least one friend, which may be effected by these means:—4. [As in preceding paper].
5. Although the Queen is now pregnant, these devices are necessary, both to provide for his daughters and "to take away the remainder hanging upon the king of Scots," who while the matter is in suspense may be encouraged "to practise to that end," especially with the aid of France. 6. The King's navy to be got ready for present service in case of need.
7. None but men of worship to be allowed to remain in the commissions of the peace. 8. Letters to be written to all justices of the peace to keep watch for the apprehension of seditious persons; and that certain noblemen may for a time reside in their countries.
In Wriothesley's (fn. 2)hand. Endd.
3 April.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 253. B. M.
The bailly of Troys having declared his credence, as the King wrote in his last, the King desired him on account of its importance to put the matter in writing. This he refused to do, declaring he had no commission, and said it required no such particular answer. Determined accordingly to write to the French king to declare the specialty of the same and how he takes it. Sends a copy of his letter. It is of like sentence to the device of Gardiner "for your entry into conference" therein, contained in the King's last letter, except that the King has not told him any part of his purpose, lest Francis should disappoint his desire for the apprehension of the person (fn. 3) of whom Henry has written. Gardiner will perceive what answer the King made to the Bailly's renewed demand for the ships. If Francis refuse or delay to apprehend the person alluded to, so as to allow him to be conveyed out of his dominions, Gardiner shall immediately despatch a post to John Hutton in Flanders, that he may present the King's letters for the same purpose to the Lady Regent. Westminster, 3 April 28 Hen. VIII. Signed..
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand.
Pp. 3. Endd.: The iijde of Aprille; and lower down "Bygott" crossed out.
3 April.
Cleop. E. V. 364. B. M.
Sir John Gale, parson of Twayte, Suff., was indicted at the assizes for erroneous opinions and for that he did contemn to publish the articles set forth by the King's command. Encloses copy of the indictments and precept to the sheriff to bring him before the justices at Ipswich on Friday week after Easter Day, by force whereof he is now in custody. Keeps him without bail and has not delivered him to the ordinary as the matter touches the King. Begs instructions by letter. The party denies the charge and says the substance of his neighbours will witness with him. I beg answer before the said Friday sevennight after Easter, when my precept is to have him before the justices at Ipswich. 3 April. Signed.
P. 1.
ii. Indictment of John Gale, rector of Tweyte, Suff., for saying, 4 March 28 Henry VIII., that any man can consecrate the body of Christ and that holy water and holy bread have no strength, and he would make none the next Sunday; also charging him and John Augustyn, with having, like schismatics and infidels, broken up certain ironwork before the images of Our Lady and St. Erasymus, and turned the face of the picture of St. Erasymus towards the wall.
(2.) Another indictment for saying on the second Sunday of Lent, "I will not declare the articles the which were commanded by the King's Grace, for the one half of them were naughte."
Latin, p. 1.
3 April.
Add. MS. 11,041, f. 27. B. M.
According to your desire left with your kinsman Mr. Bryan Foule, I have procured letters, from the Chancellor of the Augmentations to Mr. Scudamore, to survey the lead of the late house of canons beside Stafford, (fn. 4) which are enclosed, for you to read and forward. On his return you should send letters to Mr. Chancellor, that you may go through with him for the same. Commendations to good Mr. Justice. London, 3 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 April.
R. O.
After writing my former letters, I am informed from your Lordship, by my servant the bearer, that the King's pleasure is to have my house and rents at the Strond. I am so bounden to his Grace that I cannot say nay. Begging your lordship to remember my suit for the priory of St. Thomas, wherein give credence to the bearer. Wigmore Castle, 3 April.
"If your Lordship will not remember the commission, here will be no good done." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
My lord President is very sad and in heaviness because Cromwell has written to him that the King desires him to exchange his house and tenantries in the Strond with my lord Beauchamp for a house of his at the Cewe for anempst Braynford. He hopes Cromwell will remind the King of his faithful service here, so that if it is his Highness' pleasure that he gives up his house he may be recompensed with other lands and tenements to like value. The Marches of Wales were never in better order nor more quietness in any man's remembrance. Wigmore Castell, 3 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
When, of your goodness, you preferred me to the room of the priory of Tynemouth, I showed your Lordship that my lady Mary Carye, now Stafford, had an annuity of 100 mks. under convent seal of my house, for no cause except it should be for preferring my predecessor (fn. 5) to his room. The said lady can now demand no such annuity, as she can do no great good for me or my house, which is now onerate by first fruits and charges. I once stopped the payment, but could not continue through the command of my lord Chancellor. These be to desire your Lordship that the said convent seal may be reversed, as this bearer, Mr. Warmyngton, your servant, shall declare. For your kindness herein your annuity of 20 nobles shall be made 20 mks., to your Lordship and Mr. Gregory your son in survivorship. Tinmoth, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding, addressed, with the following memoranda endorsed:—
"Mr. Doctor's letter to the prior with a strait commandment for the convent, &c.
"Item. Mr. Blithman's letter to the convent."
P. 1.
4 April.
R. O.
Answer of Mr. John Madowell, clerk, to three articles ministered unto him on the King's behalf, 4 April 28 [Hen. VIII.], by Thos. Benet, clerk.
1. That on Palm Sunday, at St. Edmund's church, New Sarum, when he prayed for the King, as Supreme Head next under God of the Church, he added that he supposed it was against some men's wills, and that of the best of both sorts.—Denies saying "that of the best of both sorts." By "against some men's wills" he meant "that it was for taking down of the King's authority, both for the eating of white meats and other dispensations which were set up within the city of New Sarum."
2. That he said there was a person in prison and in the stocks that had set up the picture of a lewd friar which preached nought in deed; but to him that had taken down the King's license for eating white meat was nothing done, wherefore he supposed the King had few friends there, and as he was true Christian man the King's council should know it shortly.—Denies the words "lewd friar."
ii. Interrogatories and answers.
1. Saw the said license openly set up. 2. Knows not by whom. 3. It was set on the gate on the north side of the close next to the house of Thos. Byggs the porter. Does not know on what day, but he saw it there on Saturday before Passion Sunday. 4. Heard that it was taken down on Monday after Passion Sunday, the fair being there. Saw that it was torn down on Palm Sunday after the said sermon. 5. Has no knowledge nor conjecture who took it down. 6. Does not know that the mayor was informed of its taking down, but supposes he knew it. 7. Said that the King had few friends there, because he did not hear that any search was made for them that did it.
Article 3.—Where he said that there was variance between the Bishop and the city, because the mayor would be the King's officer and not the Bishop's, where, as far as he could perceive, he would neither be the one nor the other:—Denies this as it is written. Said in his sermon that he heard there was a variance between the mayor and the bailly as to which is immediate and chief officer under the King, but that neither did their duty in searching out these privy traitors which had dishonoured the King in pulling down his authority.
To further interrogatories:—1. As to what moved him, and what he meant, refers to his answer to Article 3. 2. Denies that he had any knowledge or vehement presumption that the mayor would not be officer to the King nor the Bishop. Signed by Madowell.
Pp. 5. Endd.
4 April.
R. O.
Learnt this morning that Richard Ducate and Mr. Parr's kinsman and deputy in Kendall, a man of 100l. land, have taken John Atkynson. I have sent for him to meet me at Newcastle to examine and take order with him consonant to justice. Newburgh, 4 April.
P.S. in Norfolk's hand. This Atkynson was chief captain of Kendall and was betrayed by his own sister's son. In these parts men are desirous to deserve thanks and detect ill people. I trust ere night to hear of some not before suspected. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Sealed.
4 April.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] I. 122. B. M.
On Saturday last rode to Heding [to] the French king's host and abode two days. The French king, Dolphin, and duke of Orleans lodge at Meynie Castle, a mile and a half off. The town of Heding is French, the castle remains Burgundian. Describes how the siege progresses, and how the French had ceased to batter the castle with their 12 bombards, and had taken to mining when he left on Tuesday last. Went with a French friend, Mons. de Focqu ..., into the trench and found in a little wooden cabin near the castle the Great M[aster] of France, and Messieurs de Sent Polle, de Neba . ., and Barbesiers, the Comte Sansere, Mons. du Byes, and Mons. Sircuys consulting together, who licensed him to view the camp. Describes the camp and the numbers. On Thursday last the Master of Flanders thought to have taken Sent Polle, but was beaten off with loss. Other frontier news. Campe, 4 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 April.
R. O.
I beg you to take good courage in the state in which I hear you are at present, expecting your confinement shortly. I pray that your offspring may receive name and baptism. If you have any news of your daughters Anne and Mary and of Madame de Riou please send them. I have neither friend nor relative here. Dunkirk, 4 April.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
4 April.
R. O.
Complains of his not writing. I beg you to come "a la diducasse de ma mere," aud I will be there too and speak with you. I wish to drink with you. Commend me to your brother Adrian. I am staying at Bailleul. When you want to send anything send it to my mother, who sends commendations to you, as also does Jacquet. Bailleul, 4 April 1537.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: à Callais.
5 April.
R. O.
Thanking you for your goodness the last time I was with you when my heart was full heavy; I take patience, trusting to have the King's favour again. By your Lordship's advice I would be a suitor to my lord Privy Seal to come to the King: I have business this term for myself and if as desired by my lord Privy Seal and the others before whom I was present, I should come to London and not, as wont, come to the court, men would marvel. I desire a letter from your Lordship to Mr. Morres, "which cometh into this country to the suppressed abbeys for rent now this week," that I may have the preferment of such stuff as is there at 30l. upon reasonable days of payment, "but if ye be hasty on me now I cannot do it." 5 April, at Lordyngton.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 April.
Cleop. E. IV., 262. B. M.
On receipt of his letters delivered the remainder of the goods of the chaunter of St. David's. As to the charge of having rifled his house and carried away his goods; caused nothing to be removed but certain chests containing his plate and money. Did this after his voluntary submission because of the riotous demeanour of his friends and the menacing rumours of Mr. Richard Devurax's coming hither. The bringer, the writer's brother, can show your Lordship the "circumstance of the chaunter's far abused demeanour and intolerable fashion." Justice is perverted by valiant "bearers," of whom the chief are two of the richest canons, sworn chaplains to the lord Ferreis, Mr. Griffith ap Owen, and Mr. John Lewes, treasurer of St. David's, who since the matter have absented themselves contrary to the King's acts, idly sojourning in Carmerdyne and determined without cause to be plaintiffs against the writer. They can have no grief against him except that in the late seditious season, learning that certain of the rebellious letters were amongst the canons he examined them and found that the treasurer had a copy, but pretended to have lost it. Wrote to his brother, then in London, to certify Cromwell of this, but the letter never reached him, and was afterwards delivered to Mr. Wm. Popley. As for the other, Mr. Lewis Griffith ap Owen found in the late visitation he had children by a woman whom he had caused one of his servants to marry, and that he suffered her to accompany with another canon his neighbour by whom she had two children. Laid this and like matters charitably to his charge. Perhaps they are aggrieved by his continual preaching and setting forth the King's articles to the reproach of superstition and idolatry, which, with blasphemy and delusion of the King's subjects, have been here shamefully supported. If they can "convince" him of "any rash inordinate extremity" he is ready to forfeit Cromwell's favour. St. David's, 5 April. Signed.
Pp. 2.
5 April.
R. O.
Thos. Bell, of Gloucester, was sent for by privy seal to London on Easter even last, and is now come up. Knows not the cause, but, notwithstanding my Lord's letters to him and others, Bell used my friend, the bearer, most ungently in his suit, as shown by certain articles enclosed; which articles might be tried by a commission to three or four such gentlemen of these parts as I shall name. Is prevented by a disease in his hips from waiting on his Lordship himself, and trusts to Wriothesley to handle the matter so as to defend true preachers from such ungodly people as this Bell. Hyneham, 5 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
5 April.
Cleop. E. IV. 246. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 153.
Md. that at Whalley Abbey, Thursday, 5 April 28 Hen. VIII., I, Roger abbot of Furness, knowing the misorder and evil life of the brethren there, surrender all my interest in the house and lands to the King in presence of the earl of Sussex, the King's lieutenant in Lancashire, Sir Thomas Butteler, Sir Wm. Leyland, Mr. John Cladon, clk., Sir John Beron, and Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, justice. Signed by the abbot, Sussex, Fitzherbert, Leyland, Sir Henry Farryngton, and Clayden.
Pp. 2.
5 April.
R. O.
Received [this present] hour, 2 o'clock, their lordships' [letters], and will prepare a crayer for the purpose to be ready within two days, though there is no ship here at present for "that parts." 5 April.
P. 1. Mutilated. Add.: Lord Privy Seal and lord Admiral.
5 April.
R. O.
Madame de Bours sends her respects and her excuses for not writing. She has lost her husband. She wishes to know whether I am to go into mourning, and thinks it would not be suitable that I should have a different costume from her at present. Wishes to know when lady Lisle will lie in. Abbeville, 5 April.
Hol. (?) Fr., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. Apparently meaning that 1,400,000 florins were equal to 1,400,000 half-crowns.
  • 2. Not Paget's, as stated in the State Papers.
  • 3. Cardinal Pole.
  • 4. St. Thomas' priory.
  • 5. Thomas Gardiner, who is said to have been the son of a natural daughter of Jaspar duke of Bedford, and so connected with the blood royal. See Dugdale's Monasticon, III., 307.
  • 6. This document has already been printed by an oversight in the year 1536, which is not its proper place.
  • 7. Otherwise Du Mont, as he signs himself in a later year.