Henry VIII: March 1537, 26-31

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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'Henry VIII: March 1537, 26-31', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537, ed. James Gairdner( London, 1890), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp323-354 [accessed 13 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: March 1537, 26-31', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Edited by James Gairdner( London, 1890), British History Online, accessed July 13, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp323-354.

"Henry VIII: March 1537, 26-31". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Ed. James Gairdner(London, 1890), , British History Online. Web. 13 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp323-354.


March 1537, 26–31

26 March.
R. O.
Trial of Dr. Mackerell and others, (fn. 1)
(1.) Special commission to Sir Thos. Audeley, chancellor, Sir Ralph Waren, mayor of London, Charles, duke of Suffolk, Thomas lord Cromwell, Privy Seal, Sir William Fitzwilliam, lord Admiral, Sir John Baldewyn, Sir Wm. Paulett, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Wm. Kyngston, Sir John Russell, sen., and Sir Roger Cholmeley, recorder of London, or any three of them, as justices of Oyer and Terminer for the trial of all treasons and offences in the counties of London and Middlesex and of Lincoln: sessions to be at the Guildhall. Westm., 23 March 28 Hen. VIII.
(2.) Lincolnshire.—Panel entitled an inquisition taken at the castle of Lincoln, 5 March 28 Hen. VIII., before Edward lord Clinton, Thomas, lord Burgh, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Wm. Parre, Sir John Markeham, Sir John Villers, Sir Wm. Newenham, John Haryngton, and Thos. Nevile, of Holt, justices assigned to receive indictments in the same county, by the oath of Sir Robert Tyrwhit, Sir Thos. Brughe, Thos. Portyngton, John Hennege, John Wastlen, Ant. Saltmersshe, Thos. Dymmok, Thos. Wychecotte, Ric. Fysshborne, Geo. Skupholme, Ant. Robertson, Wm. Tharold, Nic. Baylyffe, and John Rudde; who say that the bill annexed is a true bill.
(3.) Lincolnshire.—Indictment charges that Nic. Leche of Belcheforthe, clk., Thos. Retforthe of Snelland, clk., Bernard. Fleccher of Fulletby, yeoman, Robt. Sotheby of Horncastle, draper, Robt. Leche of Fulletby, husbandman, Philip Trotter of Horncastle, mercer, Roger Neve of Horncastle, sadler, Brian Stone of Mynnyngesby, labourer, Thos. Kendall, vicar of Louthe, Wm. Burreby of Louth, clk., monk of the late monastery of Louth Park, Matthew Makkerell, clk., abbot of Barlyngs, and George Huddeswell of Horstowe, gentleman, did on Monday, 2 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., at Louth riotously assemble with others in great numbers, compassing and imagining the death of the King; and for that intent held a discourse amongst themselves that they with a great multitude and power would rule and govern the King against his will and deprive him of his royal liberty and power, and subvert and annul divers statutes ordained in the reign of the said King for the common weal and government of the England; and for such purpose did levy war against the King. And that they with arms, &c., levied war against the King and slew divers of the lieges who refused to fulfil their traitorous intent; and made proclamations, and rang the common bells and so assembled 4,000 persons until Wednesday, 4 Oct., when, having chosen captains and assembled 6,000 persons, they proceeded to Caister and compelled Sir Robt. Tyrwhit and his fellow justices, then holding sessions there, to fly, and took certain of the said justices. Further, that the said Leche, &c., continued in arms, &c., at Louth, Caister, Legbourne, and elsewhere from that Wednesday until the Thursday following, when they assembled at Towys to the number of 10,000 persons, and thence on the following Friday, to the number of 12,000 with banners displayed, went towards Lincoln and continued the same day in a field at Netlam, called Netlam Field, in war against the King. And thus the said Leche, &c., compassed and imagined the King's death, &c. Endorsed: Billa vera.
(4.) Writ of certiorari addressed to Edw. lord Clinton, Thos. lord Burgh, &c. (as in § 2), commanding them to return into Chancery all indictments against Nic. Leche, &c. Westm., 21 March, 28 Hen. VIII.
(5.) Writ commanding the sheriffs of London to bring up Nic. Leche, &c., being in their custody in Newgate, before the justices of oyer and terminer at the Guildhall on Monday next. Westm., 24 March 28 Hen. VIII.
(6.) Special writ of venire to the sheriff of Lincolnshire. Westm., 24 March 28 Hen. VIII.
(7.) Precept to the sheriff of Lincolnshire for the return of a petty jury of the vicinage of Netlam for the trial of the said Nich. Leche, &c. London, 26 March 28 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed by the lord Chancellor.
(8.) Panel of petty jury, namely, Sir Chr. Willowbye, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Clement Harleston, Sir John Aleyn, Sir Wm. Holes, Sir Edw. Madison, Sir Ric. Scapcotts, Sir George Griffeth, Robt. Turwhit, Wm. Skipworth Thos. Denton, Edw. Skipwith, Thos. Edgar, Edm. Haselwode, (fn. 2) Wm. Nevell, Vinc. Grauntam,* Geo. Hill,* Thos. Bounten, Robt. Askbe, Paul Withepoll, merchant tailor,* Wm. Manbi, Fras. Askbe,* Geo. Dalison,* Robt. Hennage, and Hen. Laci.* The first twelve of these are marked "jur." All, except those marked above with an asterisk (*), have a dot placed opposite them.
(9.) Record of pleadings, setting forth the above (§ 1, 4, 6, 5), held before the lord Chancellor and justices aforesaid at the Guildhall on Monday next after the feast of Annunciation of St. Mary, 28 Hen. VIII. (26 March). The indictment at Lincoln (§ 3), being delivered into Court, the prisoners severally pleaded Not guilty. Verdict Guilty against all the prisoners. Judgment as usual in cases of high treason; execution to be at Tyburn,—viz, to be hanged, cut down alive, disembowelled and their entrails burnt (while they are still alive), and beheaded.
Record delivered by Sir Thos. Audeley, Trinity Term 29 Hen. VIII.
26 March.
R. O.
Yesterday when I came home from Court, after I had showed you a thing that grieved my mind, the fever touched me, "whom I thought clearly to have been departed from me." Tonight, I lay awake, turning from one side to the other, remembering the thing I showed your Lordship, and when I could get no sleep, I called for pen and ink, and wrote these verses enclosed, "rough hewed and rude," which I send only to let you see how my mind is occupied with the subject. All I did was for the love I owed the King that his Highness should not file his hands upon such a sort,* whom I then reputed very obstinate wretches, and of whom I never had a penny nor reward except a dish of apples, worth 4d. or 6d. From my house in Aldersgate Street, 26 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
26 March.
R. O.
736. RICHARD LAYTON, priest, to [the ABBOT of _].
I commend me unto your Lordship, and I thank you for my great cheer. Whereas you gave 40s. yearly to Mr. Thomas Knyght for his time being at Oxford, I require you to give him the same now, under your convent seal, he being a servant of my lord Privy Seal, here in his house. I require you notwithstanding any commandment given unto you and your convent at my late being with you, to certify me of your toward mind in this behalf. From the Court, 26 March.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
At the top, in another hand: In my most hearty manner I commend me unto you. And whereas ye be informed that I have let pass my studies of the law, pleasith it you hereof to understand."
With some further scribblings in the margin.
26 March.
R. O.
Cromwell has written to the Prior and his brethren for the preferment of his servant John Myllsent to the farm of Lynford. They beg to be excused, as the founder of their house, the duke of Norfolk, has the custody of their convent seal. Thetford, 26 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 March.
R. O.
Received, on Monday last, 19 March, the King's letters dated the 12th, showing that his Grace is informed Shelley will commune with his Council for the sale of the manor of Knell. Has never been moved for the sale of the manor, but only of the woods, and that was by Cromwell. Mr. Legh, surveyor of the King's works at Calais, surveyed the woods, but Shelley does not know what report he will make. Will tell, next time he waits on Cromwell, what he himself thinks they are worth. March 26.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
In compliance with my lord Privy Seal's command gives a valuation of the manor of Knell and the woods there, which it is the King's pleasure to have for the commodity of his town of Calais. The lordship is worth 48l, a year, and the yearly wood sale has been 40l. or 40 marks, never under 20l.. saving of late years, since the restraint of carrying wood beyond sea. Thinks he could sell the wood for over 2,000l. Has been offered 1,500l. for it. It would be hard to find such plenty of timber so near the water. The lordship of Knell is the old house of the Belknaps, given to the writer by Mr. Belknap as part of his late wife's portion, and he would not part with it to any other. Hopes the King will recompense him and his children with lands in Sussex, and would prefer the manor of Fynden and some of the lands of the duchy of Lancaster in that co., viz., Marsefield, Willingedowne, Endyllwyke, and Seford. Fyndon is in the hands of the Chancellor of the Augmentations, but he might take suppressed lands for it.
Pp. 3. Not signed or add., but endd.: Mr. Shelley. Begins: Master Wreseley.
"I am glad your men have thus well sped about the matter they came for. I shall be glad if these hawks do you pleasure." Desires Lee to show the truth to "my Lord" concerning the report Jamys has made. The hawks were bred on his father's ground within "three flight shot" of his house. Sent for Jeamys to help to take them for "my Lord;" who wished to carry them to "my Lord" as of himself, which Shelley would not suffer. Showed Jeameys he would present them to his Lordship, and supposes Lee or any gentleman would have thought it shame in him to give in to a stout word.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 March.
R. O.
In accordance with a commission directed to him 10 Feb. concerning preaching the true word of God, declaring the usurped power of the bp. of Rome, and setting forth the King to be Supreme head of the Church of England next immediately under God, certifies that since that day neither the vicar, his curate, nor any other made any sermon or preached any thing at all, except the accustumable bidding of the beads. Newherk-upon-Trent. 26 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 March.
Bp. Foxe's
f. 21.
Injunctions (fn. 3) given by Edward bp. of Hereford to John Episcopus Pavadensis, commendatory of the monastery of St. James, Wigmore, and to the canons.
1. The abbot is to forbear the company of suspected women, especially those (if any be) with whom he is accused of incontinence. 2. To avoid undue severity towards his brethren. 3. Not to alienate the lands or waste the property of the monastery. 4. To certify the brethren that he has redeemed the jewels he has pledged, or to restore them to the monastery. 5, 6. To render due accounts, &c. 7. The canons are to be obedient; 8. And observe chastity. 9. Ric. Cubley is to abstain from irregularities, such as hunting and brawls. 10. No one is to reveal the comperta of the visitation made by Hugh Coren, LL.D., the Bishop's vicar-general, on the 19 Sept. 1536 to anyone not a member of the fraternity. Dated 26 March 1537.
R. O. 2. Articles (fn. 4) to be objected against John Smart abbot of Wigmore, Heref., to be exhibited to Thos. Crumwell, lord Privy Seal and Vicegerent, by Sir John Lee, canon of the said monastery.
These articles are 29 in number, and accuse the abbot of every kind of misrule, disorder, and licentiousness, as simony, perjury, selling orders for money, alienating the jewels and property of the abbey, keeping concubines, selling corrodies and cheating purchasers, and nourishing enmity among the brethren. He would promote men to orders by 60 at a time, and sometimes by night in his chamber, having usurped the office of a bishop, long after other bishops had renounced the bp. of Rome, by virtue of his first bulls. He has made a thousand priests during these seven years in the diocese of Llandaff and elsewhere. He robbed one Ric. Gyles upon his death-bed, and caused him "after much sorry keeping to be taken from his feather-bed and laid upon the cold mattress," keeping his friends from him till he died. He also poisoned Gyles' widow and procured the murder of John Tykehull by Sir Ric. Cubley his chaplain, who has ever since been chief of his council. He is believed to have made a false inventory of the goods of the monastery to the King, and was denounced in full chapter for breaking Dr. Cave's injunctions, but put his accuser in prison. He delayed the delivery of the bull of his bishopric from Rome till long after he had delivered other bulls. He has had in times past "a great devotion to ride to Llan Yevan in Wales upon Lammas day," and on the even he would lie with Mary Haule an old concubine at Walshpole, get absolved, and then return to her company, and that of Katherine "hyr suster doghter," whom he has long kept as a concubine "and had children by her that he lately married at Ludlow, and others that have be taken out of his chamber and put in the stocks within the said abbey, and others that have complained upon him to the King's Council of the Marches of Wales, and the woman that dashed out his teeth that he would have had by violence I will not name now, nor other men's wives, lest it would offend your good lordship to read or hear the same." He used to preach at Leyntwardyne on the Nativity of the Virgin, where the people were wont to offer to an image; but since the oblations "be decayed" he has appropriated the silver and gilt of the image, valued at 40l.
Fears the abbot will also appropriate a gold cross with precious stones, one diamond of which was valued by bp. Boothe at 100 marks. In this cross is enclosed a piece of wood said to be of the cross that Christ died on.
Pp. 5. Endd.
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2 with some differences, the accusations being stated sometimes more succinctly and in a different order, with a few others added; among which one states that his horseman Thomas came into his service after the insurrection in the North, and is thought to have been one of the risers.
Pp. 4. Endd.
ii. Another statement of the charges against the abbot by the same accuser, in which he is accused as having been promoted by simony, giving my lord Cardinal, 100l., Mr. Tunnes, 20l., Mr. Larke, 20l., "and other like."
Pp. 2.
26 March.
R. O.
Asks his advice and aid for his son Humphrey, who is repairing to Court, with a suit to the King. Preston, 26 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 March.
Shrews. MSS.
P. 19.
Herald's Coll.
744. JOHN SALTER to [the EARL OF SHREWSBURY]. (fn. 5)
Received lately a letter from his Lordship "da[ted] at Wynfeld this month of March." Has done his best to help the abbot of Shrewsbury in his right before the Commissioners in the Marches. That the Courts of the honor of Tutbury have been unkept this half year is owing to Rob. Mylwart, to whom Salter had written to supply his place during his going into North Wales and to the King's Commissioners. Has been so vexed with sickness since he last came from the Commissioners at Ludlow, shortly after Candlemas, that he has not been able to go about, except to church and home again. Hopes, however, to be able to keep the courts soon after Low Sunday. His cousin, Will. Chorlton, will inform him what they have done in the dispute between the abbot of Shrewsbury and John Trowe. "From my poor house in haste, 26 March."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my good lord.
26 March.
Cleop. E. VI.,
B. M.
Burnet VI.
The Emperor has sent to inform them of the General Council summoned by the Pope to be held at Mantua, on the 23rd May, requesting that they would appear there or send proxies. Have always wished for a Council to correct errors, due partly to the negligence or cupidity of Popes, but the bull shows clearly that the Pope will not permit the restoration of true doctrine or the correction of abuses. Their confession is condemned beforehand, and the Pope wishes princes to confirm his Act. Have therefore desired to be excused to the Emperor. Declare their reasons to the King. Dated, vii. cal. April. 1537. Subscribed with the names of John Frederic duke of Saxony and Philip Landgrave of Hesse, in behalf of the Cities of Germany professing the pure Gospel.
Lat., pp. 2.
Ib. f. 306. 2. Translation of the preceding without the date.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 3.
27 March.
R. O.
746. JOHN MADOWELL, Chaplain of the Bp. of Salisbury, to CROMWELL.
"Prudentissime Mecenas," at the command of my superior, the bp. of Salisbury, I have preached every Sunday this Lent in Salisbury Cathedral; when some complained that I preached against the bp. of Rome, saying that it was not in my text so to speak against him. But (what is worse) the King's dispensation pro lacticiniis this Lent, which I published in the church, they have plucked down from the gate (postis) or common place of the city and torn, and neither mayor nor bailiff makes any inquiry about the matter. Yet, a little before, a schedule was posted up against the Minorite Wattes, who preached seditiously, and those who found it took counsel together ex utroque statu, and cast the author of it into close prison, not allowing even his wife to visit him for some time. In short, no tortures were sufficient for this man who wrote against a wretched friar, but they made no attempt to find the man who tore down the King's commission and letters. 27 March.
Hol., Latin, p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
27 March.
Cleop. E. IV.
B. M.
of the
Sir John Dawtree, Mr. Palmer, and he, have, according to the King's commission and instructions, dissolved Boxgrave Priory, Sussex. Finished doing so the 26th inst., when he received Cromwell's letter in favour of lord Lawarre, which he has followed, and trusts Lawarre is content.
The value of the goods he (Lawarre) has bought is 125l. 13s. 4d., whereof he has paid 40l., the rest to be paid at Michaelmas next and Easter following. The King, by the vigilance and diligence of lord Lawarre, has more profit there than in any other house dissolved in Sussex. Boxgrave, 27 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 March.
R. O.
Have received a letter from Mr. Mayor of Ry, according to which we send herewith the complaints of neighbours who have lost goods by Flemings on the sea. Have sent it by Persell Mell. Certain are at London, whom, on their coming, we will send to your Lordship. Our limbs Pensay and Seffourthe have lost nothing. We received "this your letter" on Palm Sunday. Hastings, sealed with the seal of the bailliwick, 27 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 March.
R. O.
Although the King has pardoned the inhabitants of the North their offences from the beginning of the commotion till our Lady's Even the Conception before Christmas, and has sent down your Lordship to reside there; yet ill-disposed persons have made of late insurrection which you have taken intolerable pains to put down. To mitigate your labours I think inquiry should be made as to how such an army was assembled, through whose aid and at whose costs. This should be privately done by an examiner sworn to secrecy, and first to begin with abbots, priors, and spiritual men who should be examined as follows:—1. What thing they gave to any man at the time of the commotion, as horse, ring, cowl, plate, or money. 2. How much they gave or promised. 3. To whom. 4. And for what purpose. 5. When, where, and in whose presence it was delivered, and whether all that he promised was paid before the proclamation of the pardon.
Pp. 2. Add. at the head: To the duke of Norfolk, the King's lieutenant in the North.
ii. At the bottom of this letter are a few lines written by Norfolk to Cromwell, saying that this bill was delivered by Bowier this day, when the Duke thought him on his way towards Cromwell. Thinks his flattering words are meant to make him abuse his authority. Is not so remiss to neglect the most part of the contents without using such a minister as Bowier. It would put many in fear to act on his advice without circumspection. Shryfhoton, 27 March.
Sealed by Norfolk. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 March.
R. O.
Arrived at Calais 26th inst. Has licensed the bearer Chalcott to return to set his house in order, and to advertise the writer's wife and friends of his safe arrival.
Asks for a letter to the surveyor to make him a kitchen at Guysnes. Has at Guisnes no place to dress his meat, but under a wall, for his kitchen was taken down and is not yet rebuilt. Desires an order to the surveyors for the speedy making of a kitchen. Callice, 27 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 March.
R. O.
The bearer Hery is gone thither (pardela) for other prisoners, and I beg you to deliver him four livres of Flemish money, which I lent you in my lord Deputy's name to complete the payment for your horses. Ostend, 27 March 1537.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
27 March.
Add. MS.
8,715, f. 356.
B. M.
The exiles of Florence.—The French determined to do all they can against the Emperor. They are still engaged against the castle of Hédin and in fortifying St. Pol.
It is said that certain Flemings having gone to take a French ship within an English port, the English there issued out and retook it and also took one of the Flemings in which was the Imperial Admiral. From England it is reported that the King seeks in every way to get into his hands those poor men who rebelled, and puts to death all he can capture; wherefore the people are more than ever malcontent and ready for other movements. The nuncio will be the first day of Easter in Paris and will then come hither, as he writes from Lyons on the 15th; where shortly after the Legate is to arrive, being already on the 10th at Turin, as I wrote on the 23rd. Mons. di Vandomo died last night of a fever. The count of Mirandola with the King.
Ital., modern copy, pp. 3. Headed: D'Amiens, li 27 Marzo 1537.
27 March.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 270.
B. M.
Wrote a formal letter by the Infant and will now answer hers sent through Louis Sarmiento. Thanks her for her painstaking in his affairs. The King's affairs and his are one, so he has only to tell her that what he said to Alvaro Mendez about the marriage, about Milan, and about the affairs of France was what he wrote to his ambassador. Said the same to the Infant both as regards Milan and England. There is no one to whom he would more willingly give Milan. Valladolid, 27 March 1537.
Spanish, modern copy from the archives of Simancas, pp. 3.
Ib., f. 272, 2. The Emperor's reply to the bp. of Ariete who came to Valladolid from the Pope about the peace. 27 March 1537.
General Council.—The Turk.—Milan.
Spanish, modern copy from the archives of Simancas, pp. 6.
See GRANTS in MARCH, No. 44.
28 March.
R. O.
As chaplain to the bp. of Salisbury, preached this Lent in Salisbury, and published the King's dispensation for white meats in Lent and the Act of Parliament that dispensations, &c. of the bp. of Rome should come in before Michaelmas. (fn. 6) Both were set upon the cathedral gate whence they were torn down the Monday after Passion Sunday. On Palm Sunday he preached at St. Edmund's and said:—There was a bill put up against a certain friar (Friar Watts) who did preach naught indeed and the setter up was imprisoned with stocks and fetters, but when the King's commission is torn down no man searches for the traitors. There is a variance betwixt the mayor and bailey, which is immediate officer under the King, but none of them serveth his Grace; but on my faith I shall advertise the King's council hereof. For these words, is in ward. The bearer can name men of London who were at the sermon. Is reproved for speaking against the bp. of Rome because it is not in the text of the Gospel. At Sarisbury, 28 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell.
This matter has chanced not by my folly but by their malicious hearts. In token thereof they put in, last sessions, three indictments of heresy against your Lordship to my lord Chief Justice "this same Lent when he was at Sarum," which Mr. Butleif, your counsellor, "hath keping to ye King's Grace, and he did stop them that the passit not to the 12 men's hands." In your cathedral church no collect is said pro Rege: the King's commissions and dispensations are torn down, the bishop of Rome's name is in their mass books "even in the canon, fair and fresh pardons, up even before the mayor's face stands in golden letters in his parish church." I was accused before Mr. Chancellor for eating eggs, and Mr. South and Mr. Homis said they were flesh and blood, though the King had dispensed with them. Wattes, who preached against God's truth and the King's, is praised, and another Grey Friar hath preached as badly before the mayor's face and no fault found with him. The King's Act of Parliament is torn down and no inquiry made. Quid plura? Ex carcere.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: John Maydewell.
28 March.
R. O.
Since your Lordship's licence to me to preach, I have made this year about three score sermons, not failing in every one of them to speak effectually against the bp. of Rome and his cardinals and cloistered hypocrites. Has shown, first, that Peter had no primacy given him by God; (2), nor by the Scriptures; (3), that the Nicene Council recognised the bp. of Rome as last of four patriarchs; (4), that, in the primitive church, the authority of the bishops and priests was all but one; (5), that the bishops of Rome have been the chief cause of schisms; (6), that the "especial" of a bishop is to preach and teach, which the bishop of Rome can only do at Rome. Has proved these points by the authority of ancient doctors and of More and other papists. Many people have come to him after his sermons lamenting their long ignorance, and desiring him to repeat his arguments. If all preachers would sincerely touch these matters, doubts not the people would soon be utter enemies of the bp. of Rome and all his cloisters. Encloses a list of the churches in which he has preached, so that Cromwell may examine whether he has been in earnest. Begs that his absence from the college during the time he was so occupied may not be turned to his prejudice. Bugbye, 28 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. List of churches, enclosed, on a long strip of paper, containing the names of 37 churches, mainly in Northamptonshire, Oxford, Herts, and Bucks. Dots are prefixed to the names of the churches in which he has preached more than once.
Form of a letter to be addressed by my lord Privy Seal to the dean and canons of Henry VIII.'s College.
As Mr. Croke has this year taken great pains in preaching against the bishop of Rome's usurped power, both in the churches appropriated to the King's college in Oxford and in others, his Grace's pleasure is that you shall not stay from him any of the emoluments pertaining to him by reason of this said college while he is occupied in so preaching. Also that whereas you have delivered him only 18l. 13s. 4d. for a year and a half on the ground that his servant, the treasurer of your college, was robbed of about 24l. by the chamberlain of the "Pote" inn at Stroude, you do no longer defer to pay him his reasonable charges. Also, when you have read these letters, you are to return them to Mr. Croke, signed by you, for the discharge of his absence from college.
My lord, I desire to have this letter again, subscribed with their hands, else they will keep it and say they had no such letter, thus putting me to a new suit.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My lord of Worcester. Endd.
[28 Mar.]
R. O.
I wish I had the 40l. your Lordship wrote to me for of my own, or even 20l., and you should have it with good will, but I was sore charged at this last business, and I proved my friends about East Meon, and offered them sureties for repayment, but could not get 20 nobles among them all. I never knew money so scant, but I have sent you by the bearer, your servant Goodhale, my own little store of 10l. I have not left myself 40s. I will make provision with all speed to send such rents as I can collect. God make my lady a glad mother. Est Men, Teneber Wednesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
28 March.
R O.
St. P. v. 72.
After a dangerous passage, being on the seas from 5 a.m. to 5 p.m., was with difficulty landed at a little village called St. John's Rode, six miles from Boulogne. Arrived here in Amyas this Wednesday at 8 a.m., and delivered the King's letters to my lord of Winchester, who at once sent to the Court, 14 leagues off, to learn of the Grand Master when he might have audience with the King. As the Grand Master is engaged in besieging Heding castle, Winchester thinks he will not have an opportunity to speak with the French King before Easter, but he is glad of this commission Sadler has brought him, and trusts to force the French King either to deliver this traitor Pole or else violate the treaty. The said traitor will not be here in Amyas till after Easter. Arrived at Montrell, intending to pass by Abbeville, but found the posts turned and laid from Heding to Paris. Had therefore to pass by Heding and the French King's camp, where are said to be 40,000 men, but saw no likelihood of such a number. The French King has 2,000 miners undermining the castle: he daily encourages them in person and causes great pieces of artillery to be shot, but the castle is so strong that all the ordnance the French King has can little prevail. "The French King is suddenly entered into this war, and daily levyeth more force."
Intends to-morrow to repair to the Scottish King, who is still at Roan awaiting a fair wind, and having executed the King's instructions to him will make haste home. Amyas, 28 March.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[Calig.E. I.,
B. M.
761. _ to WALLOP.
Is glad to hear of his good health, and desires to be commended to [m]y good lady. Has sent him his bird safe and sound [by He]w Gelis. The King of Scots was received in the town of ... with a triumph. He is so sore afraid of the King of England ... that he dare not go into Scotland. All the saying of the Frenchmen and the Scots is that the King hath put [ships ou]t for no other purpose. "And they say, because that [your m]astership departed the Court without demanding the [King w]hether he would anything to the King of England or not, [they my]strust it much the more. And I made them answer ... that I thought that your mastership had no such ... ement. The Monday after Passion Sunday the camp ... ce have laid siege before Hedyng. Musure Thesqeys is ... wne with 14,000 Swesys and 4,000 horsemen, and the Cunys ... their captain after him with 8,000 mo. The number [in the] camp is 80,000 footmen and 9,000 horsemen. Sir, my cap[tain] hath sent for me out of the camp, and I must go in to ... d with him to cunde the King of Scots, which I pray [God sen]d us all a fair wind to blow us all in to England. [I have] been before the King of Scotland to be examined of [the Kin]ges ships, and I have made him answer that he [had no nee]d to be afraid of the King's Grace of England."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: Sir John Walluppe at Calais.
There is much trouble here. The countries are destroyed. People flee hither and thither. There is nothing left in the houses. The commissaires have gone as far as the Loire, and are over the whole of Beausse, and Orleans, and Normandy to procure victuals for the King's camp, who has already lost many good men, and near Turin 2,000 Italians. The King is fully informed that the Emperor has the finest army in Spain that any Emperor ever raised. The King hates the Venetians, and they give money to the Emperor. The duke of Huystenbergue (Wirtemberg), who has sent his son into France, has promised to give the King 20,000 or 30,000 lance knights, of whom a number have come. The King of Scots has promised the King to put 50,000 men in your country if you make the least stir against his father-in-law. He fears no prince but you, and has made the treaty with Scotland only to keep you in subjection. The King of Scots has been content with a small marriage portion. He has but 100,000 cr. of gold, of which he has received 100,000 livres, and of the remaining 125,000 livres the King delivers to him every year 10,000 livres on the county of Maine, and 30,000 livres from his coffer at Paris. The Scotch have sent to their King at the Port de Grace, in Normandy, 14 ships, and eight others given him by the French King. The Admiral conducts the said King of Scots to the said Havre de Grace to his embarcation. The said Admiral has notified the King that there are 10 English ships armed and well equipped on the coast of England, and 10 others in Flanders to intercept the said King of Scots, at which they are surprised. The king of Scots is in danger of leaving his wife behind him, for they say she is consumptive, and remains ill at Rouen. The Admiral has lost influence, and is much hated by the princes as the cause of these wars, with Mons. de Vere, a gentleman of Savoy, who has been taken and beheaded by the duke, and another Italian named Marc Anthoyne de Cuzam, who has been killed in Piedmont. The said Admiral is going to his home in Burgundy. The ambassador [of] Barbarossa is here. The Turk offers the King 4,000,000 ducats, and asks for nothing in return. He will cause 100,000 Turks to invade Naples and Sicily. It is said they are already in Sicily. The King is wonderfully afraid of you. The King of Scots told him not to trust the King of England. He has promised the King that he has always 100,000 Scots ready to do him service. The King is on the point of concluding with the Turkish ambassador. The Turk offers him 40,000,000 ducats, of which sum he will never ask anything back, except that the King will put in his chronicle the conquests he will make in the time of such a Turk. The Turk is making war against the Venetians for allying themselves with the Emperor, and has put them to an immense expense. The King has 700,000 livres a month to pay his gendarmerie, which with his other expenses oppress the people. The towns and villages are eaten up. The King is informed that the English have a multitude of ships at sea, and they say here he is ready to declare himself.
Fr., pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
Pp. 3.
28 March.
R. O.
St. P. VII.
On the 9th inst. anwered Moryson's of the 1st Feb. On the 11th inst. the Turks slew some 3,000 Almains and Italians sent by Ferdinand and the Pope to succour Clissa in Dalmatia. Clissa is lost, which was inexpugnable. The Turks will next month have 300 sail, which fills all Italy with terror, especially the Venetians, who are arming 100 galleys. They openly court the Emperor, being persuaded that if the Turk occupy Puglia, then actum esset de Venetis. No letters have come from Spain for a long time, but it is said the Emperor makes great preparations, and will be ready to come in person to Italy in April. The Pope will go from Rome to Bononye about the 15th of next month, for fear of the Turk. In Piedmont the Imperialists far exceed the French, and number about 20,000 men. They lately took St. George by storm and sent the prisoners, 100, to the galleys, "a thing not used." The French have abandoned all but three towns. Is pleased to learn that England is now "utterly pacified." Venice, 28 March 1537. Signed: Tuus Haruellus.
Hol. Add.: in Londra.
[29 March.]
Titus B. I.
B. M.
Reminds him that he said he would obtain a promise of the King of the deanery of Exeter, and asks him to get the enclosed letter signed, and keep it until the King wishes it put forth. The token Audeley promised Cromwell is ready for him, with any other pleasure that Dr. Brewoode may do him in anything that he shall have by the deanery. Is importunate only for the advance of his poor scholar and kinsman, and that is all he will win by it.
To day the prisoners (fn. 7) go to their execution. As the gates of London are full of quarters not yet consumed, has ordered the heads of these prisoners to be set up at London Bridge and at every gate, and the bodies to be buried. This order can be changed if it is not liked. Shall not come to Court until Easter Monday. Is full of suits for small matters, and the days are now appointed that men should consider with themselves against this holy time. Asks for an answer tonight or tomorrow.
This morning at Christchurch.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Privy Seal. Endd.
First he sent to a priest of Lincoln, Sir James Hill, a hamper of plate, locked with a hanging lock. Item, the same priest has in keeping 100l. in money. Item, the vicar of Scothorne beside Barlings has 100l., and plate worth over 20l. belonging to the house of Welbeck, which was laid in pledge by the abbot of Welbeck, deceased. Thomas Osgraby, of Stanton, (fn. 8) has in keeping 100l. and better. Gave his sister Margaret about 60l., and she has certain bonds of debts due to him, amongst which Ric. Tollson, of Caton, Lanc., has paid him 20l. Given to Mr. Parre and others, by the hands of Alison, of Lincoln, 88l.; by the hands of his chaplain, 20l. 9s. 4d. The prior and Thos. Eskerig can tell where certain vestments, counterpoints, beds, and other trifles are. Signed: per me, Math'm Makerel.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: "Th. of Barlings."
R. O. 2. Notes of property concealed by the abbot of [Barlings], with marginal directions in Wriothesley's hand.
With Thos. Osgraby, of Stenton, 200l. and better (In margin: This parcel certain.) With Sir Jas. Hill plate worth 100l., delivered three weeks before Michaelmas. (In margin: The abbot delivered Hill a hamper of plate, with a hanging lock, and three weeks before Michaelmas delivered more). Alenson, (fn. 9) vicar of Scothorne, had 48l. of the abbot when he was in prison, and 10l. plate more than he has delivered, by the abbot's confession. Margaret, the abbot's sister, had certain plate, and the abbot, when he went to prison, told his servants to take what they could get. (In margin: Alenson and the abbot's sister and servants should be well examined, not forgetting "to handle well the herdman that delivered unto you the 20l."
P. 1.
[29 Mar.]
R. O
I beg you will be so good lord to my poor sister Wyatt as to write your favourable letters to Mr. Wyatt before his departure (appointed to be on Saturday next from Dover) desiring him to remember his poor wife and give her something reasonable towards her living, for Mr. Palmer sent her to me to Cobham Hall, saying Mr. Wyatt would not find her any longer. I used every effort to make him grant her some honest living, but he would promise nothing. I wrote to Sir John Russell to speak to him, and he said he would give her something, but soon after told my servant he would not. I also got Sir Wm. Hawte to break the matter to him, and Master Henry Wyld and his brother, but all to no purpose. Cobham Hall, Maundy Thursday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy seal. Endd.
29 March.
R. O.
This day I received your letters with the effect of my lord Privy Seal's letters concerning priests of your diocese. Your surveyor and I have warned the most part to beware of such misbehaviour and the residue shall have warning shortly. I know none, within your diocese, of seditious opinions touching the bp. of Rome, or favourable to the late insurrections. If I hear of any I will ascertain your Lordship. Lichfield, 29 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Dr. Pole.
[29 Mar.]
R. O.
Received this morning his letters concerning the examination of Osgraby, Sir Wm. (James ?) Hill, and the vicar of Scothorne, for the getting forth of more plate and money, &c. Having come so far homewards, and being so near "the good time," sent back persons to apprehend them and take inventories of their goods. Before leaving Lincoln had got 288l. 3s. 4d. out of Osgraby, which, with plate worth 40l., he will bring up to London, and give an account of what he has spent in wages of either of the monasteries. The Abbot's sister, Medilton the herdman, and other servants shall be examined. Has received something from the Abbot's sister, but a quicker examination shall be used to her. Desires credence for the bearer. Grantham, Thursday before Easter Day. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
29 March.
R. O.
I beg you to send me here one of your soldiers named Jehan de Calais to speak to him of some matter. The King is before the castle of Hédin with a fine troop, and is determined not to leave it till he has gained possession, which I think will be soon. From the camp by Hédin, 29 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
29 March.
R. O.
Money paid by Robt. Lorde to the bp. of Winchester, ambassador in France, for his diets at 4 mks. a day, from 1 Oct 27 Hen. VIII. To his own hands, 9 Oct., 298l. 13s. 4d. To Peter Larke his servant, 5 Jan., 133l. 6s. 8d.; 24 Feb., 100l.: 22 April, 200l.; 29 June 28 Hen. VIII., 233l. 6s. 8d.; 22 Aug., 200l.; 22 Oct. 116l. 13s. 4d.; 26 Dec., 100l.; 26 Feb., 200l.; 29 March, 200l. Total, 1,782l. Signed by Robt. Lorde.
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley.
R. O. 2. Due to the bp. of Winchester for his diets for 26 months, which is the whole time he has been forth, 1,941l. 6s. 8d.
Whereof paid to Master Parys, Peter Larke, and other his servants, 1,782l.
For post money there is not in all due, 26l. 13s. 4d. Now delivered to Mr. Parys, 360l.
And so he hath aforehand, all things allowed, 174l.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
29 March.
Theiner, 607.
771. JAMES V. to PAUL III.
Writes in behalf of James Hamiltoun, notwithstanding previous letters of a different tenor. Some years ago Hamilton abjured his heresies, but. afterwards, being suspected and called to account, he fled the kingdom and was condemned in his absence for contumacy, and as one suspected of a relapse. Now he appears penitent, and James hopes if he be found constant that the Pope will be lenient to him. Rouen, 29 March 1537.
29 March.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 275.
B. M.
Received by bearer the Emperor's letter. Arrival of a Portuguese, native of the Azores, who calls himself ambassador of Prester John (Preste Juan); and his story. Since the Portuguese fleet every year leaves for India and returns "otra que al yngles que la otra vez fues a otros muchos" the Emperor could by that way learn news of the Sophi and the Turk and the negociations of the Turk with France. Hevora, 29 March 1537.
Spanish, pp. 7. Modern copy from the Archives of Simancas.
See GRANTS in MARCH, No. 49.
30 March.
Vesp. F. XIII.
B. M.
Is in great perplexity. Desires Cromwell's intercession with the King that he may obtain the money due to him for the wardenry of the East and Middle Marches, which is now in arrear for the quarter ended 1 Dec. last 100l., and for a whole quarter ended 1 March, 200l.; so that he may pay his deputies their fees. Though he is discharged of the office, trusts the King will remember his poor service. Newington Green, 30 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Cromwell lord of Wimbul[don] and lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
30 March.
Calig. B. I.
B. M.
Information against Henry Wyclyffe, servant to Sir Rauffe Bowmer, brother to the said Sir Rauffe's wife, for saying on the Thursday in Cleansing week, whilst drinking in John of Blade's alehouse in the town of Grenton in Swaldell, "Sirs, what mean ye? Is your hearts done? Let me have 200 men, and I shall give the duke of Norfolk an onset, and I shall other save Pecokks life or have the Duke's chain (meaning to have slain him), with many other such seditious words to make a new commotion; which Pecoke the Duke hanged at Rychemont the Friday, next day following." And to that purpose Wyclyffe moved divers persons present, who would not consent. He had also a secret conversation with Rauffe Medecauffe, officer in Swaldell under Sir Francis Bygote. Alderson, a widow's son, of Grynton, was present in the alehouse. Wyclyffe was the first riser in Swaldell, and then went to Richmond, and was with Rauffe Gower in attacking Barne Castle, which was surrendered to him by Robert, George, and Richard Bowes and Thomas Rowkisbye, without a stroke, "the said Robert Bowes not having the castle and the manorhede of the men there in good governance before under Sir Thomas Clyfforde past 10 or 12 days. The men of the said lordship is good 800 or mo."
In Ric. Layton's hand, pp. 2. Headed: "Penultimo Marcii coram me Ric' Layton Anthon' B."
31 March.
R. O.
C.'s Works,
Wishes lord Cobham to be put in the commission not concerning Canterbury but only for Rochester, within three or four miles of which he lies. Knows no benefit that can come to my Lord thereby, but only pleasure both to him and Cranmer. Croydon, last day of March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
31 March.
R. O.
Received to-day his letters of the 28th by Sir Oswald Wylstrope, directing him to remain in these parts, as matters were under examination that required his presence there, and to send up 16 persons named in the letters in sure custody, and that he might send any private communication by his son. Would not risk anything if he saw danger likely to arise from his departure for three weeks, going and coming. Reminds Cromwell that he has been here both Michaelmas and Candlemas terms, leaving his own affairs so raw that it he died now men would think him of small discretion. Needs to come up if only for money; "for my Maker that I intend to receive to-morrow be my damnation if at this present hour I have not spent in this journey sith my coming from my house above 1,600l., and and have not 300l. left." Begs licence therefore to be at Court against St. George's day. Does not know how to send up the 16 persons till his return from Newcastle and Durham. Must then send them up with not fewer than 30 of his own servants, whom he can ill spare till this journey be over. His presence, too, would be necessary at their examination. Also they be now far abroad, and as he goes to Newcastle on Tuesday, does not see how to get them till his return. Thinks Sir Stephen Hamerton, Nich. Tempest, and the prior of Bridlington will come up if privy seals be sent for them, for they are in no fear. As to Hutton of Snathe, has appointed the sheriff of Yorkshire to send him to Durham, where Norfolk will proceed against him or send him up as directed.
Cannot send up the names of such as were on the inquests for the indictments and arraignments, as the clerks who have the records dwell far from hence; but will send for them. Fears, however, if they be sent for to come up, it will lead to rumour "that men should be compelled to pass otherwise than their conscience should lead them." Could show as much as any man if he had leave to come up, and would bring with him the greatest stickers in the King's part to have the indictments pass, who will show the truth. "Some that were acquit was not without good grounds, and specially Lutton," and if he had been cast I would have reprieved him, thinking he deserved thanks and no blame. Will follow Cromwell's instructions as to the Scots remaining at Carlisle. Has already sent into Scotland to have deliverance of the murderers of Roger Fenwick, and expects answer at Newcastle. Has no secret matters for which he should send up his son; only said to Sir Arthur Darcy that he had many matters of importance, of which he ought to speak with the King, and could not inform his Grace well by writing.
One of the two monks of the Charterhouse has sent him the enclosed letter. Wonders how he was sent into these parts and not put to execution there, as he says he has showed his opinion to Mr. Bedyll and others. Thinks he should be "justified" there and not here, for now the people in these parts are clearly turned from the bp. of Rome. Wishes to know who shall be keeper of Tyndale, and whether the 100 men shall remain longer in garrison. Newburgh, 31 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.
Offered lately, before Norfolk and others of the Council, to prove that the King had been deluded by those who enticed him to assume the authority of Supreme Head of the Church of England.
Is ready to do so and begs Norfolk will help this matter to come to the King. Believes God has chosen Norfolk to be the King's minister in this "as ye were when he, by your Grace, staid Purgatory." Would rather die than have the truth cloaked and hidden as it has been. Begs he may come to the King's presence, and meanwhile to be ordered after the diet of his "religion," that he may have strength, for he is commonly very weak. Wishes he had come before the King or Norfolk two or three years ago as he did of late. In haste, _ (fn. 10) March.
Hol., pp. 2, Add.: Lieutenant in the North Parts.
31 March.
R. T. 137,
f. 327.
R. O.
Bull appointing him legate de latere to the king of England, to exhort that king to return to the Faith. It may be that the Enemy of mankind has such a hold upon the King that he will not be brought to reason except by force of arms. It is better, however, that he and his adherents should perish than be the cause of perdition to so many; and, hoping that the same people who lately took up arms to recall him to the Faith, will do so again if they see that the hope he gave of his returning to his right mind was illusory, Pole is to encourage them in that case to persevere until the King returns to the way of truth. Prays that God will be a shield to them in that war, and promises full remission of sins to such as fight in it. Rome, at St. Peter's, 1537, prid. cal. Aprilis.
Latin, modern copy, pp. 2.
2. Another modern copy will be found in Add. MS. 30,662, f. 246, B. M.
R O. 780. DOVER.
Flyleaf of an account endorsed "The number of the workmen at Dover." Inscribed also with a memorandum of a bond of John Johnson, of Canterbury, mercer, due at Easter 29 Henry VIII., for the first fruits of the rectory of Stonore in the Isle of Thanet 56s. 8d.
Requesting a warrant for payment of the expenses of 5l. 3s. incurred by him whilst acting for seven weeks as attorney to the earls of Derby and Sussex, Sir Anthony FitzHerbert, Sir John Porte, and others, commissioners of oyer and terminer in the county of Lancaster.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
Petition of William Hutton, of Tenby, in West Wales, as attorney for Peter Alves, "Portingale," showing that, 3 Sept. 25 Henry VIII., Alves hired Wm. Phelipp, mariner, to pilot his ship the Santa Maria Desaie from Tenby to Bastabill haven, that it was attacked by 35 English pirates in a bark called Furtuskewys Bark, who set Alves ashore in Wales, and took the ship to Cork, in Ireland, where they sold it to the mayor and others, &c. Value of ship and goods, 1,524 crs.
That Alves had obtained from the King's Council a command to the mayor of Cork for restitution, and, when this was not regarded, "letters of distreyne" to arrest all merchandise coming from Cork. A Picard was accordingly arrested, but the owners said Ric. Gowllys, who had bought the ship from the pirates, was then mayor of Cork, and that he was in London and ought to answer for the whole. The said Richard obtained Cromwell's letters to Alves to discharge the ship and appear before the Council. Whereupon petitioner resorted to Cromwell, 16 March. And at the Rolls that day Gowllys said he would spend 100l. rather than make restitution, and two days after departed to Bristol, whereas Cromwell had appointed Mr. Polsted and Mr. Popley to examine both parties. Here appeared for Gowllys one Barnwell, a learned man, who says Gowllys showed him the pirates said they took the ship from Scots. Now the petitioner has been 21 days here at great cost, and the Portingale by the loss of the goods and these three years' suit, will be ruined without Cromwell's help.
Pp. 2. Add at the head: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
In obedience to his lordship's command, writes what he knows concerning words between my lord Steward and Sir Arthur Darcy when he came from my lord his father to my lord Steward who was setting forward against the Lincolnshire rebels.
My lord of Shrewsbury showed him he asked Sir Arthur how many men his father could make for the King; and Sir Arthur answered, 5,000, "if abbeys might stand." My lord Steward answered "Go and bid your father stay his country or I will turn my back upon yonder traitors and my face upon them." My lord Steward then began to mistrust lord Darcy.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
"These be the articles that William Myddylton yeomen of the parish of Halifax to be examined upon of his own confession before Sir Henry Sayvell, knight, Doctor Haldesworthe and Robert Fournes."
John Lacy, son in law to Sir Richard Tempest, and bailey of Halifax under Sir Richard, commanded Hen. Farrore and others of the town, in Tempest's name, to put on their harness and carry the cross of the church into Lancashire and raise the commons. This before any of those parts went to Aske. Conversation between Lacy and Farrore, who refused to go.
What rhyme Lacy made at his house of Cromwelbothome touching the King very sore. The rhyme was read by Robt. Watourhows in Byrkhedd's house "that as for the King a nappyll and a fair wench to dally with all would please him very well." Myddylton reported this to the vicar of Halifax and on the Monday they two went to Mr. Sayvell's who was sick in bed. There Middleton said he had told the vicar wrong; for his wife had reminded him that the tale was "by" (about) the Bishop of Canterbury; and this he repeated [before] Sayvell and Fournes. Then the vicar sent his servant, Chr. Walton, to make good cheer with Middleton and his wife and spy a time to ask whether the rhyme was against the King or the bp. of Canterbury "Nay Marry ! said she, it was made against the King and my lord Privy Seal." Myddleton said it was not, and she answered "Marry ! it is so, for it was so indeed against the King and my lord Privy Seal, by God ! without fail."
Mutilated. pp. 3. Endd: "Accusations against Sir Richard Tempest and John Lacy."
"Instructions for certain letters to be had into Lancashire." Letters from the King to my lord of Derby asking for information about the coming of Sir Thomas Langton to Latham and the communication he had there of Sir Thomas Butler and other; to Sir John Byrrone concerning the same matter; to Sir Richard Houghtton, concerning the communication of Henry Bannester, with William Syngleton, Gilbert Hadocke and others of Sir Richard's servants, about coming through Lancashire with three hosts, and about his master, Sir Richard Tempest; and to Sir Thomas Suthwarthe, about a letter from Aske and the captains of Yorkshire, asking Sir Steven Hammarton and others to come to their council at York.
P. 1. Endd.: The instructions for the letters that were sent into Lancashire, at the request of Sir Thomas Butler.
1. Who were at the consultation of the clergy upon the articles at Pomfret? 2. Who conce[ived] those articles and what every man said? 3. What [did my lor]d of York say on that or any like matter during the insurrection? 4. How oft heard you the said bp. of York or his chaplains preach, and whether they did bid the beads, &c. in the form appointed? [5.] What have you heard Dr. Marshall say touching the premises? 6. What have you heard touching the new learning and the old, and what complaints? 7. Who were ringleaders of the Insurrection? 8. Who devised the letters sent to stir your country and those set on church doors? What was the effect of them, and where be t[he letters you receive]d, being in Gervesse? 9. What messages were sent from the South? 10. Who aided them with money, victuals, &c. 11. What religious men were most ready to provoke a rising? 12. Whether the gentlemen might have stayed them at the beginning? 13. Who devised the banner and who bare it when they came by your house? 14. (fn. 12) What communications he has had touching the authority of the Bishop of Rome and what were his own opinions in the matter of Supremacy? 15.† Whether he knows of any one who had any trust of mutation within the realm or had intelligence with any foreign "potestate," or who desired the alteration of anything passed by Parliament during the King's reign? 16.† What he himself thinks and has spoken concerning the King's supremacy.? 17.† Whether, in his conscience, the laws made in the King's reign are just or not? 18. (fn. 13) What mean you by "So that peace and unity might be in this realm"? 19.* Do you know whether the laws have been or are likely to be a cause of discord?
Pp. 4. Mutilated and illegible.
ii. Answers "of me, John Dakyn" to Articles ministered by the Council.
1. The undernamed were at the consultation at Pomfret, the Monday and Tuesday (fn. 14) before the Conception of Our Lady last. They were assembled in the abbey church by the Archbishop, through his chancellor Dr. Cliff, and the prior of the house led them into a parlour. At the table end sat the abbot of Cristall, who seems to be a sober man and spoke little, and next him, on the one side, Dr. Cliff, Dr. Langrege, Dr. Downes, Dr. Brandisby, myself, and the abbot of Cristall's chaplain learned in divinity; on the other side sat Dr. Marshall, the prior of Pomfret, not learned in any faculty, Dr. Shirwood, Dr. Waldby, Dr. Pykering, Dr. Rokeby and another friar. Dr. Palmes came late. The same order was not always kept. I was desired to sit in the midst to write.
2. I know not who conceived the Articles. I received a copy from the Archbishop by Dr. Brandisby his chaplain, as in my other confession I have declared. Dr. Cliff read them out and every man gave his opinion on the first article, "concerning heresy." I was urged to write and did so. On the article of "Supreme Head" Dr. Marshall spoke most for the Bp. of Rome. Dr. Pykering, Dr. Brandisby, and Dr. Waldby also spoke, saying they had been at the Convocation when that "superiority" was granted to the King. Some produced from their purses protestations made at these Convocations, and said the clause "in quantum per legem Christi licet" was now omitted. Gives some of the arguments used but did not regard the matter much, as he had previously showed Dr. Cliff and Dr. Rokeby that this article should be referred to a General Council. Dr. Sherwood was most on the King's side. Finally they agreed that the King might be called Caput Ecclesie, but might exercise no jurisdiction, such as visitation or the like. On the matters of law Dr. Cliff and Dr. Palmes were most affectionate. And truly my own affection at that time was "quod res semel Deo consecrata non deberet prophanari" and it moved me to hear that the servants of those who suppressed monasteries had made apparel (yea even saddle cloths) of the abbey vestments. On Monday afternoon Aske came in, reciting articles concerning the temporalty, (fn. 15) and saying the Pope's laws should have place or else he would fight, and that if he had known my lord of York would preach as he did he should not have preached, for he had preached that none might make battle but by authority of a king. My lord had preached so the day before in the parish church, when he declared "the King's book of articles," and had said lands given to the church might not be put to profane uses and that "priests might not fight but were irregular." For this sermon the Archbishop was in danger of his life and on Tuesday rude soldiers made a tumult in the church and took away his "meate." It is impossible to recite all that was said.
3. On Tuesday afternoon when we had finished we took the articles to the Archbishop who read them till he came to the article "that the Bishop of Rome should be Supreme Head." That article, he said, was not necessary, but Dr. Marshall and Dr. Pykering contended it was. After long reasoning (partly described) the Archbishop allowed it to stand as expressing "the consent of Christian people."
4. I have heard the bishop preach five or six times in his chapter house at York, but not more than twice heard him declare the King's "superiority." He "has written much and set it out with Scripture," sending it to me, as the archdeacon of Richmond's officer, and his other archdeacons to be published. Never heard him bid beads or use prayers. Heard his chaplain Dr. Downes preach two years ago, and think he preached nothing special or I should have remembered it.
5. Never heard Dr. Marshall say more than the above.
6. Have heard both the Abp. and Dr. Cliff murmur at the abrogation of holy days. My Lord showed me at Cawood before the insurrection that, by his registers, the judges coming down to the assizes at York in old time could not sit during Lent without special licence from the Archbishop; and now, he said, we must keep holyday as in Westminster Hall. I said the Invention and Exaltation of the Holy Cross might be kept holy and not some years holyday and some years workday; and asked him to write to my lord Privy Seal for a command "that common markets should not be kept on Sundays as I know where they be in ij places within tharchdeaconry of Richmond."
7. About Richmond where I dwell one Hutton, Lobley, Pecock, and the bailiffs of Richmond (one of them Ralph Gowre, who for his slackness has been in jeopardy of spoiling) were ringleaders. There were no captains in Richmond, for Mashamshire were the chief movers and preceded Richmond in the insurrection by two days.
8. I know not who devised the letters set on church doors the effect of which I have recited in my other confession. One Hutton of Bedall was said to have conveyed them.
As to the letters we received at Jervaux; the originals we sent to their addresses, and the copies, by me transcribed, I delivered to the abbot. I have never heard of them since my departure thence ten days after the insurrection.
9. Can tell nothing.
10. Wherever a company was assembled men aided them for fear of spoiling or death: I know my part because the insurrection at Richmond assembled but two miles from my house.
11. The abbot of Jervaux was carried by force with the Mashamshire men to Durham. I saw Sir Wm. Tristram, chantry priest of Lyrtington in Romaldkirk, in harness at York, and heard that he and the parish priest of Romaldkirk, were at Doncaster, "the first time" in harness. On his return from Pomfret he came in harness to my house for money and was like to have killed me, when I said he did not the office of a priest. He was the busiest priest in those parts; but I think we should all have been compelled to go with the host but that Mr. Robert Bowes at my desire dissuaded the people.
12. The gentlemen could have done little amongst the commons. Mr. Robert Bowes was the most influential.
13. I cannot tell who devised or bare the banner, for some 500 men came to my house, and I, being a stranger born, doubted they would have killed me and other officers as Dr. [Ray]nes was killed. As I knew many of Richmond, where four years ago I was parson, I gave them an angel noble to drink and they passed on to Barnard Castle.
14. I have heard ignorant persons of my parish, such as Cotes, Horton, Henrison, and others, say the alteration of the bp. of Rome's power was not good. When I was student in Cambridge, and afterwards when doctor of the Arches, before such power was abrogated I "irrided" some of the bp. of Rome's laws. I cannot discuss the law of God, for I never gave my principal study thereto till within this four years when I have had a benefice with cure. Since then I have often exhorted them in my church to accept the King for Supreme Head as I did. At Richmond I did the same since this insurrection at the risk of my life. I know no learned men who uttered their opinions except those at Pomfret.
15. Since I was beneficed I have been resident and kept hospitality. I have heard religious persons, &c. lament the suppression of their houses and desire that the King would have pity on them. I myself laboured at Easter last to an acquaintance, servant to Queen Anne and Mr. Popley, with the treasurer of York that a nunnery called Nunmonketon might stand, but it was suppressed. I have never desired any alteration of laws and have been content to follow the opinions of men learned in Divinity if commanded by the King or by Act of Parliament.
16. As before: adding that I think the realm well exonerated of the bp. of Rome's authority. When I was in the Arches I thought (though I durst not then say so) that appeals to Rome were the occasion of much contention and delay.
17. Thinks the laws made in the King's time just.
18. I mean that if Christ were on Earth and spoke His own laws, if there were not peace and unity, some people would think his laws not good. So evil disposed persons might take offence at the King's good laws. In the time of the insurrection I heard a simple poor man they called Lord Poverty say h[ewould] die in the matter; and I suppose none knew [more] of the matter than he, such is the rudeness of the people.
19. I do not think the laws the cause of discord; but after men were up, they said with open mouth, they would have all the laws made in the King's reign revoked and abbeys restored. Now, after this good order and punishment of the deserving, I think perpetual quiet shall succeed.
In Dakyn's hand, pp. 14. Mutilated.
R. O. 787. [JOHN DAKYN.]
i. "Whether you wrote any letters to the prior of Conyshed or Cartmell or any religious person"?: ii. At whose instigation did you write?: iii. In what tenor?: and iv. At what day and place?
To the first; I wrote only to the prior of Cartmell. To the third; as far as I remember the effect was:—That all religious persons in the North had re-entered their houses by the commons' order, and I advised the prior of Cartmell to do the same until the next Parliament, and no doubt he would continue there. If I saw the letter I would confess my deed.
To the 2nd: one Colyns, bailey of Kendall, told me at Pomfret that all the canons of Cartmell had gone back to their house except the foolish prior, and asked me to write to him to do likewise. I promised to write. I came to York the morrow after the Conception of Our Lady, and deferred writing until I had news of the convocation at Doncaster. Meanwhile Colyns came to York for the letter, and I wrote it the more readily as the common voice at York was that abbeys should stand till the next Parliament. Within six days after my coming home to Kirkby, Robert Bowies, in presence of Sir Henry Gascoign, desired me to exhort the wisest of the canons of St. Agatha's by Richmond to be put forth by the King's authority and taken in again by the same authority until the next Parliament. I spoke to one Coke, the prior, and it was done. "And this manner of putting out and taking in was commonly spoken of to be true, after our return from Pomfret, in all those parts, as well with gentlemen as others," till the coming of the duke of Norfolk.
To the 4th: I wrote the letter at York on Saturday or Sunday after the Conception of Our Lady, which fell upon Friday, the day I departed from Pomfret homewards, and a fortnight before the publication of the pardon which was published at Richmond, three miles from where I dwell, on market day, Saturday, 23 Dec. Wrote no other letters concerning the insurrection, except that when I lay at Jervasse Abbey, 10 days after the insurrection began, the abbot there, Mr. Siggeswick, Mr. Witham, gent., and I together wrote to the abbot of Fountains for post horses, and to Sir Chr. Danby to subscribe his name to letters he had sent us. Supposes the copies remain at Jervaux Abbey. Wrote nothing else.
In Ap Rice's hand, pp. 3.
Harl. MS.
283 f. 85.
2. Modern copy of the preceding.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 788. JOHN DAKYN, prisoner, to CROMWELL.
Petition excusing his conduct in the insurrection.
Is charged with being the first stirrer of Kendall and Lancashire. Never even imagined such a thing. At Richmond, being a stranger, and in fear of death, as even the gentlemen of the country, James Rokeby, Ant. Brakenburie, and others were, he was forced to do as the rebels did. Concerning certain articles they consulted on at Pomfret, which are imputed to him, has truly declared his innocence. Desires that the abp. of York, Dr. Brandesby his chaplain, and Dr. Rokeby of the Arches should be examined thereof. Confesses sending the letter to the prior of Cartmell 13 days before the pardon. Begs he may have the King's pardon for his simplicity. It was written at another man's desire, and grounded on the communications at Doncaster, and only told him to go to his brethren who were there before. Admits that if God and the King were pleased, his desire was that no abbey should have been suppressed. Though in this declaration and in his former confession he showed his inward thoughts, Cromwell has taken an evil opinion of him. Begs his Lordship to read what he has done, as follows:—
First, when Aske came "over Hull" he fled from York, where he was about his office, home to Kyrkby by Richmond. The first day of the insurrection at Richmond he fled to a great moor, and only came upon threats of being destroyed. The second day he was set from home with 500 armed men of Richmond. The third day he was accused of putting down holidays, and had to give a man 5 mks. to stop the report and save his life. That day, on his motion to Mr. Robert Bowies, the priests were allowed to stay at home. Three days after, Robert Bowes and other gentlemen of the Bpric. commanded him and other aged gentlemen, named in his confession, by John Brian, to Jervaux Abbey to convey letters by post, which he was glad to do to escape from the host.
About Martinmas he was sent by his parishioners to a council at York preparatory to a further meeting at Doncaster. The above are the only times he left home until the first Sunday in Lent, when the duke of Norfolk was in the country. Was in danger of death as a traitor to the commons, because he helped to speed Mr. Blitheman in his business in those parts, also because he entertained Dr. Legh and Mr. Layton at his house when on their visitation, and also as a kinsman and friend to George Dakyn, servant to Mr. Richard Cromwell. Was threatened, because of his office, by Langdale, Fawcet, Ant. Metecalf, Swale, and others. Swale actually did come in the night with a company to rob him and Ant. Brakeuburie, but he was defended by his parishioners. Was near being slain by Sir William Tristram, priest, whom he urged to serve his chantry and not go about in harness. After returning from Pomfret he wrote to Tristram "admonishing him of his office, by good authorities of Scripture because he is learned." Has the copy, and desires that Tristram may be compelled to produce the letter which will show he was no seditious person. After Xmas, when a new insurrection was talked of, he exhorted the parish of Romaldkyrk, where his master is parson, to quietness, saying they should restore the bp. of Durham's and other spoiled goods. The Sunday following he exhorted the parishioners of Richmond, where he was parson four years ago, saying their belief in the bp. of Rome was nihil ad salutem. For this he would have been pulled out of the church but for Ralph Gowre and other honest men. These two parishes and his own were the quietest in the last insurrection.
Begs favourable acceptance of these writings.
Pp. 6.
* * * "called me to them, and th[ereupon sw]are me [to be true] to God, the King and [the] commentie, and ... me to go to Galowbaughen to Richmond, and they proceeded forth towa[rds] Mr. Bowes and the gentlemen then being at Barnard Castell. I, so commanded, for fear [of] my life (for ever the chancellor of Lincoln's death moved my mind), I (sic) went to Richmond, [where] I found my lord Latymer and Sir Christopher Danby knights, with a great multitude of [M]assham shire (?), and there tarried [a]ll that da[y with] them, but I durst say nothing that sh[oul]d sound contrary th'insu[rgents, neither so] durst my lord Latymer n[or] Mr. Danby, as 1 perceived." Mentions Hutton and Mr. Sulby. Returned on Sunday. "And than came in Mr. Bowes and divers other gentlemen forth of Barnard Castle, and all other gentlemen of those parts, ne[ither] would suffer Sir Henry Gascoigne, knight, to be absent, although [my] lady Boynton, his mother-in-la[w was] dead, and lay then unburied." The same Sunday one Thomlynson, of Bedall, [against whom] I had given sentence ... years ago in a cause of matrimony, came to me in the field with his bow bent, and an arrow in it, asking 40l. for "amoines" (alms), or else I should die; and a hundred more that day, publishing abroad that I was maker of the new laws, and putter down of the holidays. In the end, by help of friends, gave him five marks and one ..., to be free from further vexation.
The people were very glad of Bowes' coming, and, whatever he said, took it as of authority. He caused parishioners to divide. and every parish church to choose four men to order the other. Afterwards a letter, by whom conceived I know not, was read by Bowes, and committed to Lucas Metcalf to copy, advising the country of Cleveland, with sore comminations, to meet with their neighbours of Richmondshire at Oxenfeld beside Darnton, in the Bpric. Next day, Monday, Bowes stayed the people, who would have been revenged on each other for old grudges, and, at my desire, advised them to let priests remain at home, for before they were fully resolved to have all priests that were young and able in their company, and many had told me priests should not choose but go forward and fight. Thus they proceeded on Monday into the Bpric., where they spoiled the, Bp., contrary to their own proclamation, and took my lord of Westmoreland. On Wednesday one John Brian brought me commandment from Mr. Bowis, and others in the Bpric., as he said, to go to Jervaulx Abbey, 12 miles from my house, with Mr. Sigiswick and Mr. Withome, aged gentlemen, and remain with the abbot to despatch the posts with letters from host to host; for the multitude was then divided into two parts, one to go east ward to York, the other westward to lord Scrope and my lord of Cumberland. Went thither accordingly, and remained five or six days. Mr. Sigiswik, being aged and sick, returned home, and Mr. Caterick, also aged, was sent in his place. We received many letters there to be conveyed from place to place, some written by Sir Christopher Danby, as it was said, but his name did not appear; others by Mr. Will. Conyers; of all which by advice of the gentleman he took copies, which he left with the abbot.
When the hosts were joined at Pomfret we went home from the Abbey. and I remained at home till a meeting was appointed at York, after Mr. Bowes' return from the King, to which I was moved to go by my parishioners. Durst not displease them at that time, but was glad to give them money, seven nobles, or thereabouts, besides the freest hospitality he could keep, lest they should treat me like some neighbouring parsons, whom they robbed of all they could get. And at York it was determined that I, as I was somewhat learned, and an officer, should be at the meeting at Pomfret, of which I was afterwards advertised by Mr. Robert Bowes. Upon these occasions I went thither, as appears by another bill of my confession which remains with my lord Privy Seal.
ii. "The causes of communication with my lord of York."
My lord of York wrote to me 12 Feb., to gather the King's tenths in Richmondshire, and because my master, the archdeacon of Richmond, is not charged by the Act, but only the bp. of every diocese, I thought not to undertake such a charge without my master's knowledge, the country not being then in good order. And as I was elected an arbiter between my lord and his chapter, for an account of 700 mks., which the Abp. claims for the time of vacation before him, on coming to London the second week in Lent, partly for my master's business, I went to the Abp. to know his pleasure on these two matters. As to his own, he soon concluded with me, and sent a letter of his mind to Mr. Babthorp, my co-arbiter of Yorkshire. As to the gathering of the tenths, he sent Dr. Cliff, his chancellor, to my master, and it was finally arranged that I should accompany one of his chaplains in it. At my departing hence, I came to him for two letters, one to Mr. Babthorp, for his own matter, the other to Teshe, of York, for the King's tenths. Hearing, while in the city, from Dr. Waldbye and others of dissensions among bishops concerning the four sacraments omitted in the King's book of Articles, I asked the Abp. whether I should proceed according to his previous command in declaring that book. He said "Yea," and added, "Those four sacraments that were omitted be found again now, and we be concluded upon them yesternight, and the book shall be printed new again; but in the mean season let the curates declare the old book." On this I departed, and took occasion to show some men, whose names I remember not, to say the four sacraments omitted be now found by the bps. The Sunday that my lord of Bath preached before the King, I was in the chapel, and spoke with Mr. Waldby, who told me that he had been before my lord Privy Seal concerning the answer to the articles at Pomfret, and thought that business was past. The same day and place Dr. Marshall told me that he had spoken with the King, and had good words of his Majesty, to whom he declared that he had done all for fear, although his manner at Pomfret was as I declared in my confession. Spoke likewise with Dr. Cliff, who also wished me to say that we did it for fear. In truth, I believe, in conscience, every one of us at Pomfret came thither for fear, and when we came together, every man was weary of his part, and doubtful what to do. Yet for the articles that concerned the law, we that were lawyers said what we thought, as also did the divines. My lord of York and I said nothing together about the insurrection, nor did he ever write to me about it. Signed: John Dakyn.
Hol. A paper roll of four sheets sewn together. Mutilated.
790. ALEXANDER ALESIUS. (fn. 16)
"Of the auctorite of the Word of God against the bp. of London, wherein are contained certain disputations had in the parliament house between the bps. about the number of the sacraments and other things very necessary to be known, made by Alexander Alane Scot and sent to the duke of Saxon."
Wrote five years ago to the king of Scots, "the father of my country," complaining of a proclamation wherein the bps. had forbidden Holy Scripture to be read in the mother tongue. Answered also certain slanderous lies of Cocleus, "whom the bishops had hired to spew out all the poison in his belly against me." For when at Antwerp a countryman named John Foster sent money to Cocleus, by a merchant, from the bp. of St. Andrews, who gives him a pension, and a "pistle" of Cocleus written to a bp. of Pole came to the writer's hands, complaining that no one would read his books, and requesting a stipend of the bp., saying he had been nobly rewarded by the king of Scots, the bp. of St. Andrews, and the abp. of Glasgow. Describes his going to England afterwards on the invitation of Cromwell and the abp. of Canterbury; his being sent to read a lecture at Cambridge, where his doctrine was challenged, and he came to the schools to defend it before a great audience, but after waiting an hour or two his adversary did not appear. Yet he created such envy against him that some threatened his life, and finding that there were "statutes sent forth from the bishops and from the whole council of the realm," which it would have been wickedness not to have reproved, but that it would have been counted sedition, and the chancellor of the University, (fn. 17) who sent him thither, would allow none of his University to speak against any of the common laws, he determined to serve the time and change the preaching of the Cross for the science of physic, wherein he had "a little sight before." Went accordingly to a learned physician in London named Dr. Nicolas, who had practised there many years with high praise, and at length took to practice himself. Came into contention, however, with certain bishops of England, who maintain the bp. of Rome as far as they dare, whether all things necessary to our salvation be contained in Scripture, or part out of the acts of old councils, and of "Popes' lousy decrees." Came to this disputation unprepared, when by chance he met in the street lord Cromwell "going unto the parliament house in the year 1537," who called him and took him with him to the parliament house at Westminster, where they found the bps. assembled. "Unto whom, as he went and took me with him, all the bishops and prelates did rise up and did obeisance unto him as to their vicar-general. And after he had saluted them he sat him down in the highest place; and right against him sat the Archbishop of Canterbury; after him the archbishop of York; then London, Lincoln, Salisbury, Bath, Ely, Hereford, Chichester, Norwich, Rochester," and others whose names he has forgotten "at a table covered with a carpet, with certain priests standing about them."
Cromwell, addressing the bps., thanked them for obeying the King's summons, who was anxious to settle controversies in the Church by their determination and that of Parliament, for though he himself, by his excellent learning, understood these controversies well enough, he would allow no change except by the consent of the bps. and his whole parliament. He hoped, therefore, that they would conclude all things without brawling or scolding. Neither would his Majesty suffer the Scripture to be wrested or defaced by any glosses or papistical laws.
Gives an account of the discussion which followed. The bp. of London, "which was an earnest defender of the Pope's part, whom a little before the lord Cromwell had rebuked by name for defending of unwritten verities," maintained that there were seven sacraments, and had upon his side the abp. of York, the bps. of Lincoln, Bath, Chichester, and Norwich, while the bps. Salisbury, Ely, Hereford, and Worcester, with the abp. of Canterbury, were against him. The abp. of Canterbury at last said it did not become them to dispute about mere words, and the question was whether ceremonies of confirmation, orders, &c. deserved to be called sacraments in comparison with baptism and the Lord's Supper. They must therefore determine as to the number of sacraments, and what a sacrament means in Holy Scripture. Seeing that he was pleased with these remarks, Cromwell then called on Alesius to say what he thought, telling the bps. beforehand that he was the King's scholar, to whom he desired them to give an indifferent hearing. Alesius seconded the abp.'s proposal and gave his own view as to the meaning of the word sacrament, citing the opinions of various Fathers. The bp. of London interrupted him, angrily saying it was false that all sacraments were instituted by Christ or must have a signification of remission of sins. But the bp. of Hereford, then newly come out of Germany, urged Alesius not to contend with him as to the opinions of doctors and schoolmen, and made "a pithy speech" about what the Germans had done to elucidate the Bible, and he urged the bps. not to make their conclusions a laughing-stock to the world.
Alesius was encouraged by his oration to go on, and the bp. of London answered him with "his old rusty sophistry and unwritten verities," at which Cromwell and the abp. smiled. So Alesius wound up at 12 o'clock, offering to prove next day that the Christian faith rested only on the word of God written in the Bible. Next day, on the bps. being assembled, a certain archdeacon came to him from the abp. of Canterbury telling him that great offence was taken by the other bps. at his interference as a stranger in their discussions. Having shown this to Cromwell, he desired Alesius to give place to them, else they would hunt him to death in their malice, but to give him the paper wherein he had written his disputation. Gives an account of the argument contained in it, in the course of which he rails at "Cochleus and other blasphemous liars which for the belly's sake have saleable tongues," and accuses the bp. of London of impudent blasphemy; then cites texts to prove that Scripture is the only foundation of Christian faith, and finally quotes Cyril and St. Austin on his side.
Black letter, 8o. Pp. 91, including title page.
R. O. 791. THEOLOGY.
"Of divers things which began by the power of Rome and be yet used among the people, and that the power of Rome will not be fully avoided as long as they continue."
Among the points touched upon are the authority by which tithes are levied, which custom is confirmed by the Statute 27 Henry VIII., the seven sacraments, the special powers of bishops, sponsors at baptism, ceremonies used at marriage, the determination of matrimonial causes, the setting up of images, the authority on which the remaining holidays are observed, observances on the eves of holidays and the "frayre cart"; and that pardons are still granted from Rome for the souls of deceased persons.
In Wriothesley's hand, evidently a copy, pp. 28. Begins: "The first chapter." "Doctour. Confirmation, which is the most laudable administration." Ends in the middle of the 20th paragraph: "they say that every priest has by authority of the keys."
On Saturday night the enclosed schedule (fn. 18) was set upon Arnclif church door, and the vicar, who is rural dean of Craven, gave the parishioners to answer that if they would be bound by writing to discharge him against the King and his ordinary, concerning his body, benefices and goods "he would apply unto them because he was not of power to resist against a multitude." My lord (fn. 19), who has had but late word thereof and could not sign this letter, has desired me to inform you that you may advertise my lord Cromwell that the tenants of the earl of Northumberland have destroyed almost all his game in Langstrothdale and throughout are so wild that they will not live in quietness. The people in every parish demand like beads, Skipton, Sunday night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.:
"Sir William Fayrfax bill for goods spent and wasted at the abbey of Fereby."
An account of provisions, from which it appears that malt is 6s. 8d., wheat 8s., and pease 5s. a qr., "brawnes" 7s., great fat hogs 6s., hens 3d., veals 2s. 2d., geese 7d. and pigs 5d. each, salt fish 14d. per couple, barrels of white herring 16s., mays of red herring 6s., chaldars of coal 6s., hay 2s. 8d. per load. Fresh fish is mentioned as bought from Andrewmas until the 3rd week in Lent; also a gelding "which they took from Feryby" and barley and wheat "by them destroyed, stolen," &c. Total 199l. 4s. 1d.
P. 1.
R. O. 794. WILL. COWFFOLD, Priest, to LADY LISLE.
I pray God send you deliverance of that fair babe ye go great with. I thank you for writing in my favour to Sir Fras. Cheyny and to Mr. Paige for my promotion. I have not yet delivered his letters to Mr. Paige because the incumbent has changed his mind and will not resign. I am now compelled to solicit what my lord alone can do. I keep a poor house as yet, lacking pastures for cattle, and would be glad if my lord would let to me some of his pastures. I complained to Will Leeke when he was here and he granted me his mead, which he holds of my lord as long as he shall be in Calais.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
795. GRANTS in MARCH 1537.
1. Thos. Pope, Treasurer of the Court of Augmentation, and Margaret his wife. Reversion, in fee, of the premises contained in a 21 years' Crown lease, 10 Nov. last, to Wm. Raynsford of Wroxton, Oxon (with the rents reserved thereon), of the rectories of Wroxton and Balscot, Oxon., belonging to the late priory of Wroxton, with all tithes, &c., thereto belonging; and the tithes of the demesne lands of the priory, viz., of a field of arable land called Townfeld, two closes of pasture called "lez Crosse Pastures," closes called "le Shepehouse close," "le Inne Mede," "Lendge close," "le Oxe close," "le Inne land," "le Downes"; with reservation of vicarages and advowsons; the rents of which premises amounted in all to 14l. 16s. 5½d.
Further grant to the said Thomas and Margaret, in fee, of all manors, granges, messuages, lands, &c., in Wroxton and Balnescote alias Ballyscote in the parish of Wroxton, Oxon., and two water-mills in Wroxton and Balnescote called Ballam mill and Wroccam mill alias Rokham mill, and all rents and services in said co. belonging to the said late priory; with all court leets, views of frankpledge, &c., as enjoyed by Th. Smith, late abbot or prior of Wroxton, or his predecessors. Del. Westm., 1 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 12.
2. Rog. Radclyff of Wythcock, Leic., a gentleman usher of the King's chamber. Exemption from serving on juries in assizes, &c., being made sheriff, justice of the peace or of gaol delivery or sewers, commissioner or constable, escheator or coroner, receiver or comptroller, &c., and from having his goods and chattels seized by purveyors. Westm., 21 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Mar.—P.S. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 27.
3. John Bevelar, a native of the Emperor's dominions, Denization. Westm., 1 Mar.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
4. Commission of the Peace.
Westmoreland:—Sir Th. Audeley, chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Henry earl of Northumberland, Ralph earl of Westmoreland, Henry earl of Cumberland, Sir Wm. FitzWilliam, lord Admiral of England, J. bishop of Carlisle, Sir John Spelman, Chr. Jenney, serjeant-at-law, Sir Th. Clyfford, Sir Rob. Belyngham, Sir Th. Tempest, Sir John Lowetber, Sir Edw. Musgrave, Sir Thos. Wharton, Rob. Bowes, Ric.Redmayn, Th. Sanford, Lancelot Salkelde, Rouland Thornborugh, Geoff. Middelton, Ambrose Middelton, Th. Musgrave, jun., Wm. Lancastre, John Warcope, John Lambert, sen., Th. Blenkynsop, Ric. Dukett, Gilb. Wharton. 1 Mar. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 6d.
5. Bishopric of Llandaff. Congé d'élire to the archdeacon or president and cathedral of Llandaff vice [G.] last bishop resigned. Westminster palace, 1 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 2 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
6. Cornelius Clouser of London, goldsmith, a native of Cleves (? Clema, perhaps Clevia) and born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 2 Mar.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
7. Ric. Lloyd. Lease of the fourth part of the escheat lands in Segroyte park in the commote of Kemerght which John Mutton, Hugh Dukworth, and Jevan Ap Robyn Ap Blethyn previously held; and all escheat lands in the vills of Garthounok and Okenwodd which the said John Mutton held; 28 acres of land, late of John, son of Eligh, which Rees Ap Pohell Ap Robyn Ap Eden held in the lordship of Denbyth, parcel of the earldom of March, N. Wales; with reservations, for 21 years, at certain stated rents. Del. Westm., 3 March, 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
8. Ric. Fermour, citizen and grocer of London. Licence to alienate the manor of Smetoune Hall and 10 messuages, 200 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 60 acres of wood, and 100s. rent in Bulmer, Lammarshe and Pedmarsshe, Essex, to Hen. Everard and Lora his wife. Westm., 4 Mar.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
9. Cistercian priory of St. Mary and St. John, Cockhull, Worc. Exemption from suppression. Eliz. Hewes to be prioress. Del. Westm., 5 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 13.
10. John Onley, the King's attorney in the Court of Augmentation, and Elizabeth his wife. Grant in fee (in exchange for 400l. and a moiety of the manor of Ricardys Castell, Heref. and Salop) of the house, site, &c., of the late nunnery of Catesby alias Shopys, Northt., dissolved, with two water mills, and all houses, &c., within and without the site, the church, &c., of the monastery and the advowson of the parish church of Catesby; 253 acres of pasture (described and named) in Cattesby, and 535 acres of pasture in a field called "le Highfeld" in Cattesby; 83 acres of meadow, partly in "le Netherfeld" and partly in Cattesby feld; 161 acres of arable land and "lees" in certain fields (named); five messuages and one cottage in Overcattesby, Northt.; 3 messuages in Haliden in the parish of Cattesby; and all other messuages, lands, &c., in Cattesby alias Shopys, Overcattesby and Halyden. Annual value 70l. 18s. 2¼d., rent 7l. 2s. Del. Westm., 5 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 11.
11. John Gille. Licence to enfeoff Rob. Perys and Rob. Cowper, clks., of the manor of Wediale, Herts, to the use of the said John Gille and Margaret his wife in survivorship, with remainder to Geo. Gille, son and heir apparent, &c. Westm., 5 Mar. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
12. Yorksh.—Commission to Thos. Wentworth of Gaunton, Ralph Pulleyn of Scotton, Ant. Hamond of Scardingwell, and Chr. Marshall of Rigton, to make inquisition p. m. upon Alfred s. and h. of Robt. Flemmyng. T. Westm., 6 Mar[cii].
Yorksh.—The same to make inquisition p. m. on John Flemmyng of Crofton. Same date.
Salop.—Commission to Sir John Talbot, John Dode of Chorely, Wm. Yong of Keynton, and John Chetwyn of Aston to make inquisition p. m. on Alex. Plymley. Same date.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 1d.
13. Gervase Clifton. Livery of lands as son and heir of Rob. Clifton, deceased. Westm., 4 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 6 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 29.
14. Sir Wm. Parr, knight of the Royal Body. Release of the annual rent of 70l. 10s. 10d., remainder of an annual rent of 76l. 10s. 10d. reserved upon a 40 years' lease, by patent 10 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII., of the manor and hundred of Rothewell, Northt., and certain lands, &c., thereto belonging, which came to the King by the attainder of Edward late duke of Buckingham; of which annual rent 6l. were remitted by patent 27 June 16 Hen. VIII., with proviso that if the said Wm. Parr die before the expiration of the said 40 years, his executors and assigns shall pay the said annual rent of 70l. 10s. 10d. for the remainder of the term.
Also grant of the manors of Kyrby in Kendall, Croftewayte, Lithe, Helsyngton, and Sampole, Westmor.; and all lands, rents, &c., there and in Weresdale and Clevely, Lanc., lately in the demesne, possession, reversion, or use of Sir John Lumley lord Lumley, and which Henry late duke of Richmond and Somerset lately held, with remainder to the King, by virtue of the Act 23 Hen. VIII. Westm. palace, 8 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. No delivery date.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 10.
15. John Higford, a sewer of the King's chamber. Lease of the manor of Spillesbury, Oxon., with reservations; for 21 years, at 32l. 5s. 4¼d. rent, and 4s. 7¾d. increase; the lessee to account yearly to the auditor of Warrewik's lands, for all courts-leet, views of frankpledge, fines, &c. Del. Westm., 8 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
16. Henry earl of Worcester. Grant in tail, of the site, &c., of the dissolved abbey of St. Mary, Tyntern, S. Wales, with the monastery, church, and all messuages, &c.; the manors or granges of Tyntern, Wollaston, Rogeston, Ruddyng, Mora Trelege, Modesgate, Matirgiry, Brokweir, Pelthenly, Seculery Firmery, Wollaston, Alverston, and Halishall, Magor, Purcasset, Strugull, and Hewelsfeld, S. Wales; the weirs called Plumweir, Assheweire, Ithelweyre, and Walweyre in the water of Wye, a mill called Angedy mill, and a farm near the monastery called Tanhouse; the rectories of the parish churches of Magor, Redwyk, Wollaston, Halston, and Alwyngton, S. Wales, and all other possessions of the said monastery in the places aforenamed (names repeated), in as full manner as Ric. Wyche, late abbot of Tyntern and his predecessors held the same; with views of frankpledge, courtleets, &c. Annual value, 188l. 3s. 10d.; rent, 88l. 3s. 10d. Del. Westm., 10 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
17. Th. Leigh, LL.D. Reversion of the mastership of the hospital of Burton Lazars, Linc. dioc., now held by dom Thomas Ratclyff. Westm., 10 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII. Del. same day.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 20.
18. Eliz. Vaux, widow and executrix of Edw. Vaux. Lease of the herbage or pasture in the park of Cotingham, York; for 28 years, at 6l. 16s. rent; on surrender of patent 19 May 15 Hen. VIII., granting a similar lease to the said Edward for 21 years. Del. Westm., 10 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
19. Rob. Lawrence, of Willyngthrop, Soms., husbandman. Pardon for having, 2 Dec. 21 Hen. VIII., with others, broken and entered the house of John Fricke, at Corton, Soms., and stolen therefrom 20l. in money. Del. Westm., 10 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 10.
20. Anth. Cottes. Lease of the site of the manor of Lenthall Starkes, with a close and all desmesne lands, &c., a moiety of 1½ acres of meadow in Elismed, with the herbage of the meadows called Kingesborne, Dichmede, Rudemede, and Mortymer Stokkyngs, with appurtenances in Lenthal Starkes, in the lordship of Wigemore, parcel of the earldom of March (with reservation of the meadows of Segemede, Normanscroft Magna and Parva, in Lenthall Starkes, and all woods), for 21 years, at stated rents. Del. 10 March 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
Vacated on surrender 18 May 37 Hen. VIII. by William Barbour, who held the right of the said Anthony in the lease, in order that another patent might be granted to the said William.
21. City of Cork. Licence to Wm. Copynger, mayor, and his successors, to have a sword in a proper scabbard carried before him, and the swordbearer distinguished by his hat. Also grant to the mayor, bailiffs, and commonalty of the said city, of the custody of Corke castle in the said city, to the exclusion of the sheriff of co. Cork. Also licence to the said mayor, bailiffs, and commonalty to import from England yearly 40 weighs of beans and malt when the price of such beans and malt in England is not above 8s. a quarter. Westminster palace, 8 March. 28 Hen. VIII., Del. 11 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 11.
22. John Musting. Grant of the office of buying and repairing the King's arras and tapestry, with the usual fees, as enjoyed by Thomas Garton or John Lysen or Lyson. Westm. Palace, 6 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 11 March—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 9.
(2.) Duplicate of the above. Richmond, 8 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
23. Henry earl of Worcester. Lease of the fishery in the waters of Uske and Seyn in the lordship of Uske and Kaerlion, the manor of Wondy, with its demesne lands, &c. in Wondy, Nova Grangia, Llantriffen, and Holygosse, in the lordship of Uske and Kaerlion aforesaid, all which are parcel of the earldom of March; with reservations; for 21 years, at 53l. 4s. 5d. rent. Del. Westm., 12 March 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
24. Wm. Fitzwilliam, gent. Grant in tail male of the manor of Kildroghte or Castelton of Kildroghte, co. Kildare, upon certain stated conditions. Westm., 11 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 12 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 2.
25. Ric. Catesby. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Geo. Catesby, deceased, and Elizabeth his wife, mother of the said Richard, viz., lands held by different tenures by or to the use of Geo. Catesby and lady Eliz. Luce, widow, late his wife. Westm., 10 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 12 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
26. Edw. Northe. Licence to grant the advowson of the parish church of Kyrtelynge, Camb., Norwich dioc., to John bishop of Rochester and successors. Westm., 12 March.
ii. John bishop of Rochester. Licence to appropriate the parish church of Kyrtelyng, Camb., Norwich dioc., from the death of Rob. Foster, clk., the present rector, and the parish church of Bromley, Kent, Rochester dioc. from the death of Emerus Tukfelde, the present rector, or on the first voidance of each respectively; subject to a reasonable allowance which the bishop of Norwich shall cause to be made to the poor of the parish of Kyrtelyng and the bishop of Rochester to the poor of the parish of Bromley, out of the fruits of those churches.
iii. The same. Licence to alienate the manor of Frekenham alias Frakenham, Suff., and all his other lands, &c., there, and in Iselham or elsewhere in cos. Suff. and Camb. to Edw. Northe. Del. Westm., 12 March 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 31.
27. Sir Th. Nevyll and John Hynde, serjeant-at-law. To be, during good conduct, surveyors of all liveries or prosecutions general and special, of possessions in England, Wales, and Calais, out of the King's hands; to hold the office as Sir Th. Inglefelde lately did by the King's order or by letters patent, or as Sir Rob. Norwich, the said Sir Thos. Nevell, and Sir Ric. Riche held it, with fees of 50l. a year; on surrender of patent 20 April, 26 Hen. VIII., granting the like appointment to the said Sir Th. Nevill and Ric. Riche, then the King's solicitor. Del. Westm., 14 March 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 22.
28. Dame Alice More, widow. Annuity of 20l. to date from Michaelmas last. Del. Westm. 16 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
29. David Ap John Ap David. Lease of all lands remaining in onere escaetoris sub titulo firmæ in Kernevet in the commote of Keymergh in the lordship of Denbighe which Gruffith Ap Llewellin Ap Dicus Ap Meilir, and Jonet daughter of Jevan Ap Jollyn formerly held, parcel of the earldom of March (N. Wales); with reservation; for 21 years at 11s. 8d. rent and 11s. 8. anew approved. Del. Berechurch, 16 March 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 20.
30. Bishopric of Llandaff, Significavit of assent to the election of dom. Robert Holgate, master of the order of Sempryngham and prior of Watton, as bishop, vice George last bishop resigned. Westm., 16 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 19 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27. Rymer XIV. 579.
ii. Petition for the same by the president and chapter of Llandaff Cathedral. 8 March.
31. Edw. Clifford. Licence to export 300 tuns of beer. Berechurch, 19 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
32. Anth. Kyngeston. Lease of 9 acres of meadow in Avenham, 94 acres of meadow, called Severneham, and a pasture called Holeham and Middeldich, in the manor of Tewkesbury, parcel of Warrwycke's lands, Glouc.; for 21 years, at rents of 23s. 4d., 14l. 13s. 4d., and 26s. 8d. respectively, and 6s. 8d. increase. Del. Westm., 20 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
33. Rob. Codd, priest. Grant of the hospital of St. Giles, Norwich, void by resignation of Th. Symondes last warden, and in the King's hands with the temporalities of the bishopric of Norwich. Del. Berechurche, 20 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: The bishop of Chichester for an Hospital in Norwich for the prior of Pentney that was lately. Pat. p. 4, m. 21.
34. Sir Wm. Knolles. Annuity of 20l. out of the issues of the town of Kyngestonupon-Hull. Westm., 20 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 21 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 21.
2. S.B. for the above. Del. 22 March.
35. Sir Edw. Pomerey and Joan his wife, Th. Pomerey and Joan his wife. Licence to alienate a moiety of the manor of Bryxham, and 40 messuages, a mill, 400 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 20 acres of wood, 200 acres of furze and heath, and 20s. rent in Bryxham, Devon, to And. Hillersdon and John Ford, and the heirs of the said Andrew; and to the said Andrew and John to re-grant the premises to the said Thomas and Joan and the heirs male of the body of Sir Edward, and in default to the right heirs of the said Sir Edward. 22 March. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27.
36. Rog. Hacheman. See Vol. X., No. 597 (45).
37. Nich. Coggeswell. See Vol. X., No. 597 (46).
38. Dame Eliz. Savage, widow. Lease of the manors of Shepeshed, Leic.; Granby, Sutton, Greseley, and Kymberley, Notts.; Ilkeston, Holmesfeld, Elmeton, Stansby, Heyth and Holcotts, Derby; Hubybundrell alias Hopbadler, Watton alias Wotton, Corffton, Gwdonburnell alias Gwdeburnell. and Onybury, Salop; and 100s. rent in the town of Leicester, term nine years, rent 200 marks.
The occasion of this lease is thus stated: Charles late earl of Worcester and others recovered by writ of entry sur disseizin in le post against Sir John Savage, sen., now deceased, the said manor of Shepeshed and 100s. rent in the town of Leicester, and all other lands of the said John in Shepeshed; the said manors of Granby, Sutton, Greseley, and Kymberley, Ilkeston alias Ekelston, Holmesfeld, Elmeton, Stansby, Heith alias Helth, and Holcotts and divers other lands, &c. in those places to the King's use for the payment of 3,066l. 13s. 4d., in which the said Sir John Savage, sen., and Sir John Savage, jun., knts., now deceased, were in debt to the King, both on account of certain debts of the said John Savage, sen., and for the pardon of the said John Savage, sen., and John Savage. jun., on account of the murder of John Pauncefote by the said John Savage, jun., and his confederates. The said earl and his corecoverers also recovered against the said John Savage, sen., in the Common Pleas at Westminster the manors of Sutton, Hubybundrell alias Hopbadler, Watton alias Wotton, Onybury, Corffton, and Gwdenburnell alias Gwdeburnell, Salop, and all lands, &c., late of the said John Savage in those places for the payment of 1,000 marks to Bridget late wife of the said John Pauncefote, or any other person to be named by the King, to be expended in pious works of charity for the soul of the said John Pauncefote, as appears by the records of the said recoverers and their several indentures made between the late cardinal archbishop of York and others for the King on the one part and the said John Savage sen. and jun. on the other. And James Morice, by virtue of the King's commission, by an indenture bearing date 18 July 21 Hen. VIII., leased all the above manors, &c. to the said Elizabeth for the term of 18¼ years at the annual rent of 240 marks, and 10l. over during the first eight years of the term for the payment of 120 marks, in consideration of rent unpaid during one-half year in auno 28 Hen. VIII. And of the said sum of 3,066l. 13s. 4d. due to the King's use as above, there was liquidated from Nov. 12 Hen. VIII. to the feast of All Saints 28 Hen. VIII. 1,984l. 6s. 8d. in the following manner, viz.:—50l. paid to Sir John Heron, late treasurer of the King's Chamber, 239l. 6s. 8d. paid to Sir Hen. Wyat, and 1,695l. to the said James Morice, leaving unpaid the sum of 1,082l. 6s. 8d. And of the sum of 1,000 marks due to the said Brigid as above, nothing has been paid. And the lease made to the said dame Elizabeth by the said James Morice as above has been forfeited by the attainder of Wm. Brereton, late husband of the said Elizabeth. Del. Westm., 24 March 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 20.
39. Sir Edm. Bedyngfeld and Grace his wife. Grant, in fee, of the house and site of the dissolved monastery of Redlyngfeld, Suff., the church, &c., messuages, houses, and lands (named and described) in Redlyngfeld, Bedingfeld, Walpole, Eye, Denham, Alyngton, Southwold, and Thornedon, Suff.; the manor of Redlyngfeld, and its appurtenances in the aforenamed places, and in Melton, and elsewhere, Norf., in as full manner as Grace Sampson, late prioress of Redlingfield, held the same, with views of frankpledge. The premises are of the annual value of 31l. 4s. 5d., and are to be held at the annual rent of 63s. 6d. Westm. Palace, 20 March. Del. 25 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 6.
40. Ric. Gibson, a soldier of Calais. Lease of a tenement in Langhamstrete, a tenement called Blynde Esyll in Hempstrete, two tenements and a cottage in Personagestrete, in Calais; tenants named, Ric. Smyth, Ric. House, and Hen. Oulthers; acquired by the Crown from the staple of Calais; annual value 6l. 5sd., term 20 years, rent 12d. money of Calais. Westm., 22 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 25 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 9.
41. Pet. Mutas, a gentleman usher of the King's Privy Chamber. Annuity of 20l. Westm., 20 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 26 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 9.
42. Sir Wm. Kyngeston. Grant, in tail, of the house and site of the suppressed abbey of Flaxley, Glouc., the church, steeple and churchyard of the same, and all houses, buildings, granges, &c., the lordships, manors, and granges of Flaxley Howse, Goodriche, Clymperwell, Walmore, Blecheden, Arlynham, Le Moukyn, Rewardyn, Newland, Parva Dean, Newenham, Pulton, and Dymmok, Glouc.; and the lordship or manor of Rochelbury, Somerset; and all manors, messuages, &c. in the vills, fields, hamlets, and parishes of Flaxley Howse, Holle, Goodriche, Weston, Clymperwell, Walmore, Northwood, Adcette, Claxhill, Cleve, Elvyngton, Borsley, Denny, Mynsterworthe, Gloucester, Blecheden, Arlyngham, Le Monken, Rewarden, Newland, Parva Dean, Newenham, Pulton and Dymmok, Glouc.; Rochelbury and elsewhere, Somerset; belonging to the said late abbey; in as full a manner as Th. Were, late abbot, held the same on the 4 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Westm., 21 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 27 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 19.
Vacated on personal surrender 10 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII., by Sir Anth. Kyngeston, son and heir of Sir Wm. Kyngeston, deceased, in order that another grant of the premises might be made to the said Anthony.
43. John Peryent, one of the King's auditors. Custody of the possessions of Th. Robertys, deceased, during the minority of Clement Roberts, son and heir of the said Thomas; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 27 Mar. Del. Westm. 27 March.—P.S. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 29.
44. Grey Friars, Greenwich. Warrant to Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the Chamber, for the payment of an annuity of 100l. to the convent of Grey Friars which the King has appointed "to demore and continue in the house at Greenwich lately inhabited by the friars calling themselves Observants." To be paid by quarterly instalments from Mich. last. Westm. Palace, 27 Mar. 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 Mar.—P.S.
45. Gilbert Lathum, M.A., to whom the Queen Consort Joan has granted the custody of the hospital of St. Katherine near the Tower of London, Midd. Livery of lands of the said hospital without the payment of first fruits to which the same is liable by virtue of the Act 26 Hen. VIII., and to hold the same so long as he is master of the said hospital free of the annual payment of 31l. 11s. 5d., as a tenth of their whole annual value of 315l. 14s. 2d., it having been represented by the said Queen and others that the said hospital is too much burdened with the support of poor men and women to be able to sustain such payments. Westm., 20 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 Mar.—P.S. Pat., p. 4, m. 26.
46. Sir Wm. Drury and Eliz. his wife, John Constable and Joan his wife, and Joan Perpoynte widow. Licence to alienate the manor of Hakunby with 30 messuages, 20 tofts, 20 cottages, 300 acres of land, 200 acres of meadow, 300 acres of pasture, 200 acres of wood, and 20s. rent in Hakunby, Morton and Burne, Linc., to Wm. Cunstable clk. and And. Eglesthorpe and heirs of the said William to the intent that the said William and Andrew should regrant the same to the said Joan Perpoynt for life, the one moiety thereof to remain after her decease to the said Sir Wm. and Eliz. his wife, and heirs of their bodies, and in default to the said Eliz. and heirs, in default to the said John Cunstable and Joan and their heirs, and in default to heirs of Hen. Suttell; the other moiety to remain on the death of the said Joan Perpoynt to the said John Cunstable and Joan his wife and heirs, and in default to the said William and Elizabeth and heirs, in default to the said Eliz. and heirs, in default to right heirs of the said Hen. Suttell. Westm., 28 March 27 Hen. VIII. (fn. 20) Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
47. Bishopric of Llandaff. Restitution of temporalities on the election, confirmed by Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, of Rob. Holgate master of the order of Sempryngham and prior of Watton. Westm., 24 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 29 March—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27. Rymer XIV. 586.
48. Philip van Wylder. Licence to import 600 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Westm. Palace, 10 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 29 March.—P.S.
49. Benedictine monastery or priory of St. Bartholomew, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumb., Durham dioc. Exemption from suppression:—Agnes Lawson, to be prioress. Del. Westm. 30 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat., p. 5, m. 16.


  • 1. See Rep. III. of Dep. Keeper of Public-Records, App. II., p. 245.
  • 2. The Charterhouse monks.
  • 3. For his knowledge of this document the Editor is indebted to the researches of the Rev. F. A. Gasquet, who has kindly shown him a copy.
  • 4. These articles may have been drawn up after bishop Foxe's death in May 1538; but as the preceding injunctions have a precise date, they may be conveniently placed here.
  • 5. The year in which this letter was written is not very certain.
  • 6. See Stat. 28 Hen. VIII. c. 16.
  • 7. The abbot of Barlings, the vicar of Louth, and 10 other of the Lincolnshire men. See Wriothesley's Chronicle I. 62.
  • 8. Apparently Stainton. See Valor Eccl. IV. 130.
  • 9. John Alenson. See Valor Eccl. IV. 129. The living of Scothern was appropriated to the monastery of Barlings. Ib. 130.
  • 10. Blank.
  • 11. Rector of Kirkby Ravensworth. See Valor Eccl. V. 238.
  • 12. These Articles are added in Cromwell's hand.
  • 13. Added in the same hand as the first 13.
  • 14. 4 and 5 Dec.
  • 15. This sentence marked "n." in margin.
  • 16. Although this little book was certainly published some years later (not later, however, than 1540, five years after his arrival in England, for which see Vol. IX., Nos. 224–5, 508), its main interest is in connexion with the theological disputations mentioned in the last No., and it is accordingly inserted here.
  • 17. Cromwell.
  • 18. Probably the document noticed in Vol. XI., No. 655.
  • 19. The Earl of Cumberland.
  • 20. This document has been enrolled in the wrong year, and a marginal note added to call attention to the error; but unfortunately this was not perceived in time to give the abstract in its true place among the Grants in March 1536.