Henry VIII: April 1537, 16-20

Pages 433-447

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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April 1537, 16–20

16 April.
R. O.
Commanding him on his allegiance to allow the King's scholar, Hugh Whytford, to enjoy the benefice of Whyteford, dioc. of St. Asaph, until the matter between him and Mr. Harryson has been brought before the Council; the said scholar having been molested in his benefice notwithstanding Cromwell's previous letters to Brereton and Master Sulyard about Oct. was twelvemonth. At my house in London, 16 April. Not signed.
Draft, p. 1, with corrections in another hand. Add.: "To my loving friend, Master Roger Brereton, sheriff of Flintshire and deputy chamberlain of Chester."
16 April.
R. O.
Begs him to be good lord to the bearer Chr. Ascue, who repaired to him like a true man during the rebellion in Westmoreland and Cumberland, and continued with him till it was suppressed. Sheriff Hutton, 16 April. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
16 April.
R. O.
Harry Ray has been in Scotland with a letter from my lord of Norfolk to the Chancellor and Regents, and as none of them were in Edinburgh the bishop of Aberdeen forwarded the letter to the Chancellor without suffering Ray to pass further. Whilst waiting for an answer he heard from "such friends as ye know" and from lovers of my lord of Anguyshe that their king intends as soon as he arrives in Scotland to make sharp war upon the King our master. The Council of Scotland will rig certain ships to conduct the King home. The writer is urged by the mayor and townsmen here to write to Clifford to provide against a siege, and to speak to the King and Council about it. Begs him to help the bearer, who is come up about his own affairs. Berwick, 16 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
16 April.
Calig. E. I. 46. B.M.
Yesterday we came to the castle of Heyding and perused it both within and without, as the King commanded. Had they been true men in it the French had not had it so soon; for an Italian gentleman who has great acquaintance at the French Court, told me the castle was yielded because there was a division within. The captain therefore "composed" with the King, and that without dishonor, for they left with bag and baggage and harness. The French say they were 1,200; but I think they were not so many, for the French sent them away in the dark of the night as though afraid to show how few men had so long held it against the puissance of France. No other news but what is sent to the King, which I trust ye shall know. The bishop of Winchester makes an answer to the bishop of Worcester's sermon, which shows he loveth him never a dele. I have not seen it, "but as he was w ... he shewed part thereof to ... Bryan, whereby I might perceive he l ... to the bishop of Worcester. It ma[y like you to] keep this to yourself, and I trust yo[u shall hear] more hereafter." A[t] ... 16 April.
Mr. Rogers and Mr. Harber[t] commend themselves to your Lordship. They will like England the better now they have seen France.
Hol., pp. 2. Injured at edges by fire.
16 April.
R. O.
I shall be glad to have some effectual news to recompense you in part for your many kind advertisements. But little comes here except by your goodness. I beg your favour for one Holliday, who has done long service in these parts, to have the room of a quartermaster gunner. Guisnes, 16 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd. by Lord Lisle.
16 April.
R. O.
I perceive by your letter that you have been informed of the great misfortune that it has pleased God to send me. No worse thing could have occurred to me. I shall put your daughter into mourning, as I understand that you will not be ill pleased. I am anxious to know when you will be brought to bed. I pray God give you a good time. Jean Semy will give you news of this country. My daughter Dazincourt recommends herself to my lord and you, and so does your daughter. Abbeville, 16 April.
Jean Semy has not gone to you as he promised. The bearer told me he was returning to Calais, and would soon be back here. The Queen has been in this town. She has seen your daughter and been much pleased with her.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
16 April
R. O.
Thanks for his letter and two English and Flemish cheeses received by the bearer. Has written to his lieutenant and the anciens of justice to grant speedy justice to Christopher Frel, Englishman. Supposes he has heard about the castle of Hesdin, which is now in the possession of the King. He and his army make good cheer. From the camp at Hesdin, 16 April. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
"Articles of certain injuries and wrongs done unto us your beadmen for presenting of our parson to the lord Archbishop of Canterbury."
James Newynden said, coming from Hedcrone, where he and two or three more of his "hold" had been with Sir Edw. Wootton for counsel, that he gave them good counsel like a worshipful knight and bade them be contented and let the parson clear himself; but, not satisfied with this, he went to Mr. Welford, who was there also, and he bade them stick together like men and beat down your beadmen, and they should be delivered of them. These words Newyden rehearsed by the way home, and said it would never be well till they had killed four or five of us your beadmen, as John Sharpe, a rich man in their company, bears us witness. On Saturday, 14 April, after the bill of witnesses was delivered to my lord of Canterbury, James Newynden threatened him that delivered it, fetched a forest bill, and chased him for presenting this matter. On Sunday, 15 April, he called the same man, whose name is Richard Webbe, before all the parish, and reviled him, crying out in church "Drive these heretic knaves out of the parish;" and said he would do so if it cost him 40l. Thomas Lakes said he would spend 20l. in their parson's cause. So they go daily together with unlawful weapons, and we dare not come out of our houses to speak to each other for fear of our lives. Newynden also threatened Roger Baker, another poor man who was one of the witnesses, with a wife and many children, that he should never have more work to live upon within the parish. Thomas Sharp, on Monday, 16 April, came to Edward Battarst, and said he was weary of all together, for we cannot agree within ourselves, and that there would be no peace till five or six of these new fellows were killed. Simon Hancoke said they were sworn and commanded by all the justices of Kent that if at any time there should be three or four of these new fellows together, they should present them at every sessions as they have done now.
Pp. 2.
17 April.
R. O.
Inventory of goods and chattels at the cell of Stanelowe, belonging to the late monastery of Whalley, taken before Ric. Snede and Thos. Burgoyn, auditor, 17 April 28 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
In the chapel:—Vestments; a silver chalice and paten (valued together at 53s. 4d., and apparently sold to Thos. Burgon, whose name appears in the margin); an altar table of alabaster, with a blue cloth hanging before the same; "an image of Our Lady of Grace, old gilt with plate of silver upon the feet and 15 pence nailed about the tabernacle," a wooden image of St. Michael, a little alabaster image of St. Katharine, and another of St. John Baptist; various other altar cloths, hangings, &c.
Cattle, described.
An old banner cloth of old tuke.
Corn, &c. in the barn and garner.
Implements of husbandry, kitchen utensils, &c.
Will. Whyttall is admitted to the custody of the above to the King's use. Signed by Snede (Sneyde) and Burgoyn.
Pp. 3.
17 April.
R. O.
Deposition of John Ayrey of Patton, 17 A[pril] 28 Hen. VIII.
Collyngs, bailey of Kendale, 3 Feb. last, moved him, "in the court loft of Kendall town," to go to Richmond and learn what the commons would conclude upon; and showed two bills, one from D[ent], the other from Richmond or Westmoreland. Collins made out bills [to] Bethum and Wynondermere and other parts; and, when he could not get deponent to go, moved Roland Browne, Adam Wilson, and others. Collyngs was the principal doer in all the insurrection, and harboured and lodged "the said" Atkynson and them of Dent and Sedber. Deposed on oath before Sir James Layburne, Nicholas Thornbrouaghe, Chr. Johnson, and others, the day and year above written. Signed: "By me Jhon Ayray of Patton."
P. 1. Edge worn.
17 April.
R. O.
Depositions of Edw. Palades, yeoman, taken 17 April 28 Hen. VIII., by Thos. Lister, mayor of Southampton, and John Mille, recorder, before whom the deponent came along with Sir Chr. Canon clk., and Sir Nich. Amechen clk., viz. that on Friday last he met Stephen Caston, clk., at the house of Will. Knyght who keeps a tavern in the said town, and Caston said his name was Dr. Stevyns. On Sir Christopher remarking that that was the bp. of Winchester's name he replied "Yea, marry, he and I met together at Calais when the water stood in both our eyes." He added that the bp. was kept abroad for a purpose, for if he were here many things would be brought to pass otherwise; "for I know" he observed, "somewhat of the King's mind." "By my soul, Master Doctor" said Sir Christopher, "me thinketh I have seen you many times in London." Caston said it was possible, for there he was wont to preach much, but he had been absent from thence a good while as some murmured at his preaching. Signed by Cannon, Amechen and Paladye.
ii. Stephen Caston was called before the mayor to know whence he came, and replied that he had a benefice in London called St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, which my lord Privy Seal caused him to resign and go to Ireland with the abp. of Dublin to preach against the bp. of Rome, promising him an archdeaconry there worth 100 marks; but neither he nor the abp. "could have the things in value as it was promised them," and he returned without licence from the abp. Signed by the mayor and recorder.
Pp. 2.
17 April.
R. O.
Supposes my lord deputy of Calais, the treasurer and surveyor, have informed Cromwell of what he lately wrote as to the view taken of Guisnes Castle by my said lord Deputy, himself, and others of the Council. As the matter is urgent, begs Cromwell to supply the surveyor, with money and other things lacking, by Sir Chr. Morres, according to the schedule lately sent. Hopes however there will be no great need. Word was brought yesterday that Arde is taken up to lodge the Italians in, who are called bad neighbours. Last night, was informed that De Buyce captain of Boulogne is going to lay siege to Tourneham.
Desires Cromwell's mediation that the King may give the chantry in Southampton Castle to his chaplain Sir Nic. Hall, M.A. As he is constable of the castle it has always been given to one of his chaplains, and the last incumbent, Sir Michael Puckering, is deceased.
Has just received Cromwell's letter dated Westminster the 13th complaining of his not writing earlier. Thanks him for his loving advertisement. Did not wish to trouble him with fables and light matters. Thanks God for the quiet of the realm, and that Aske, Darcy and other traitors are taken. Sent five days ago to De Rewis governor of Flanders for licence to buy two horses in those parts, of which he pretended to be in want, in order to get information of the state of that country. The man returned with the enclosed answer. He had been at Arras, St. Omers, Ayrye, and Buytayne, and says that in all these towns there are not above 5,000 men of war. At Buytayne he heard say that five standards of Almains, equal to 5,000 men, had come; but for surety he viewed them and says there were but four standards, each but 500 men. Their lodgings were appointed without the town, and the captain shut the gates against them as they insisted on coming in. Neither Ghent nor the good towns will deliver money into the "argentours'" hands but will disburse the payment themselves. Thinks the surveyor a discreet man and that he should have a sum of money to be employed in fortifications. Guisnes, 17 April, 28 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add.: Lord [Priv]y Seal. Endd.
17 April.
R. O.
I send you herein a plat of Hesdin Castle very rudely made. I had made you a fair one, but Mr. Bryan took it from me this morning and sent it to the King. I beg that lord Edmund, Mr. Wingfeld, and Mr. Marshal, may see it. Abbeville, 17 April.
There was in the castle not more than 13 pieces of ordnance besides hagbushes.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endorsed by Lisle: John Venant. Cordeleler de Ardar, le xvij day of Aperell. Commandyd all the vetylers to bryng us vytell her. (?)
17 April.
R. O.
Requests Cromwell to write again to Mr. Treasurer Brabazon to suppress the house of Holmepatrick and put him in possession. Francis Herbard is now laboring for the same, but there are other houses in the commission much more profitable of which he might have one. Dublin, 17 April.
Hol., p. 1. Very illegible from damp. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Robert Cowley for your godewill of Holmepatrick.
18 April.
R. O.
"Raffe Goodknape, mayor of Lincoln, the xviijth day of April Anno H. viij xxviijo, before the Lord Admiral, Privy Seal, the bishop of Chichester, Sir William Kyngston and Sir William Pare, knights."
First he says that on Tuesday after Michaelmas day last, after the first insurrection at Lowth, Lord Hussey wrote to him to make sure all the artillery, i.e. bows, arrows, and harness, in Lincoln "for to defend the rebellious."
On next page "Touching the gathering of money out of the close of Lincoln."
In Cromwell's hand. Pp. 2. Endd.
18 April.
R. O.
965. WILLIAM COLYNS, Bailiff of Kendal.
Saying of Nich. [Laybur]ne to [Sir] James Layburn, 18 [April x]xviij Hen. VIII.
Came into the Court loft in Kendal town on Saturday after the Purification of Our Lady last and found William Collynge, bailey of the town, with letters from the commons of Westmoreland and Dent to move divers of the barony of Kendal to be at Richmond on Monday next. Deponent refused to look at the letters. Collynge said he was sworn to the commons and would be true to them, and sent Rob. Tailor into the market to summon divers persons to hear the said letters. Signed Nycoles Layburn.
ii. Depositions of James Brathwat of Wynond[ermere] to Sir James Layburn, 18 April 28 Hen. VIII.
On Saturday after the Purification of Our Lady last, Wm. Collynge, bailey of Kendall, sent Rob. Taylor for him from the market; and delivered him a letter to the "parishynge" of Wynondermer, being the King's tenants, desiring two or four of them to be at Richmond the Monday after to consult with the captains and commons of Yorkshire, Richmondshire, Mashomeshire, the bpric. of Durham, Westmoreland, and Cumberland "for common wealth." The bailey and others of Wynondermer tore up the letter and cast it from them. "Records hereof" Milles Dicson, Chr. Johnson, and others.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Saying of Christopher Eskrigge and Robert Sledd[all] [be]fo[re] Sir James Layburne, 18 April, 28 Hen. VIII.
They saw William Collynge, bailey of Kendal, make a letter to the canons of Cartmell to re-enter their house. Sleddall says that Collynge made other two bills, to Conyshed and Furness, at the same time, namely between the meeting at Doncaster and the proclamation at Kendal. Collynge, through Sir James Eskrigge, canon of Cartmell, got the bill back since Midlent last. Signed Robert Sledall.
P. 1.
18 April.
R. O.
Certificate by Robert Ross, curate of Watford, Linc. dioc., 18 April, 1537, that he has heard the confession of Katharine Yngram and administered the sacrament to her. Signed in the same hand: Robertus Semper.
Latin, small paper, p. 1,
18 April.
R. O.
Yesternight, received two letters from Cromwell by Sir Arthur Darcy, the first containing the King's pleasure touching the offices that his father had of His Grace's gift, the other mentioning the receipt of the Duke's letter by Mr. Thirlby touching the affairs of Tyndale and Riddesdale. As to Sir Arthur Darcy's cause, has done as much as he desired, and will do more if he require it. Cromwell need not fear that the said lord's apprehension will create new disturbance. As to Tyndale and Riddesdale, has pledges in his own hands for their good order and for restitution to be made as he commands. This restitution troubles him more than anything, the injured demanding so much and they having so little. Thanks Cromwell for his pains in writing about the defraying of his daughter's charges and about his own pardon. As to the former, would rather have heard the King's pleasure about her dower. As to his pardon; "considering how many reckonings have be handled" which Anth. Rous can show, begs Cromwell to proceed no further till he can be present at the taking of the accounts. Sends a letter from the Chancellor of Scotland in answer to what he wrote by the pursuivant of Berwick; and also a bill signed by the said pursuivant of the reports of their sayings there. Sends also his own letter to the Chancellor now returned. Has now sent the pursuivant purposely to learn news with a secret message to the Queen there to inform him if their intents be towards war. Malton Abbey, 18 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 April.
R. O.
Hears from my lord of Norfolk that the King wishes him to go to Berwick to victual it, but how or in what wise he does not know. Sends the bearer to learn the King and Cromwell's pleasure. Cromwell is mistaken in thinking that he has much of the King's money in his hands. Has, as Gostwyk can show him, 180l. in surplusage of his accounts of Berwick, besides the reparations of Shirefhoton Castle, which will amount to a good sum, and divers other payments. Considering his charges and losses this year, is not so well stored with money as he wishes he was, to serve the King. Asks him to send a warrant or letter to Tristram Teshe to deliver him money to provide victuals. York, 18 April. Signed.
Asks him to thank the Captain of Berwick on his behalf.
P.S. in his own hand.—Has always had a New Year's gift from the King, but this year had none. Begs him to command Master Williams to deliver it to his servant. The abbot of St. Mary's has been sick of ague for a month and more, or he would have been with Cromwell before this time, to have asked him to move Sir Arthur Darcy to compound with him for the farm of Grymston, which Lawson asks Cromwell to remember.
Pp. 2. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 April.
R. O.
This day this Council is informed that a friar, a Scot born, is in ward with the bailiffs of Worcester for traitorous words. Have sent for him for further examination. The priest of Gowersland, within George Herbert's office, of whom your Lordship wrote, died before he might be brought to this Council. No other news. Wigmore, 18 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 April.
R. O.
As it pleased the King to command him to attend upon the earls of Derby and Sussex in Lancashire, writes his mind about their proceedings. Thinks the sending of the earl of Sussex there, with the authority committed to both earls, has caused the inhabitants now to be faithful and true. Their griefs and causes are pacified, and he thinks the shire will be better for many years hereafter. The earl of Derby has showed himself as willing to serve the King as any nobleman could do. Has never seen any nobleman more circumspect and diligent than the earl of Sussex. The bringing of the possessions and goods of the monasteries of Whalley and Fournesse to the King, was due to him. He has also done much in trying traitors. Excuses himself for not coming up with Sussex. The Earl has licensed him to stay nine or ten days at home to rest his horses. Will be at London on Sunday after St. George's day. Thanks him for his goodness to Sir Rauff Longford. Trusts he will now amend himself and live after his substance. 18 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 April.
R. O.
At your being here I informed you of the lack of five "sagers," (fn. 1) for which I send the bearer, Walter Jamys, with a gunner to choose them. I beg they may he delivered with shot for the same. I hear the French are now at Fawconbridge and this day will march towards St. Thomas, to which place summons is sent against Saturday next. We should therefore have everything necessary before such neighbours come too near. Commend me my lady. Guisnes, 18 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
18 April.
R. O.
Thanks for a demy angelot sent by St. Martin, and a crown sent by a relation who was with the ambassador, who told me my father was very glad expecting a son, and I am no less so, expecting a brother. As I have written to you, I am in the house of Mons. Le Gras, studying Latin and music. Madame Le Gras sends her respects. Paris, 18 April. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: "Madame la Debitiz a Callez."
"Remembrances to be remembered for the King's affairs."
Touching Lord Hussey's words, upon his apprehension, touching Lord Darcy and Sir Robt. Constable. Touching Robt. Aske's examination and to what effect it doth tend. For answer to my lord of Norfolk of all things touching Mr. Thirleby's credence; and to Sir Raff Ellerker and to Sir Raff Evers for the discharge of their garrisons. The despatch of Sir Thos. Clifford and Robert of Collyngwood. Order to be taken for Carlisle and the West Borders. The repairs of Berwick and Carlisle. Drawing indictments against the traitors in the Tower. To certify my lord of Norfolk of the material points concerning Lord Darcy, Lord Hussey, Sir Robt. Constable, and Robt. Aske. To certify my lord of Norfolk of the apprehension of Coleyns of Kendall. For ordering the King's journey Northwards and to speak with the Queen. To answer my lord of Norfolk concerning Tyndale and Ridesdale for their restitution, "which is said they will not do without compulsion, and it is alleged that they be not able to do the same." That Sir John Witheryngton has kept the nine prisoners of Riddesdale only at Harbottell, where it is said "they cannot be kept strong, ne yet hath any victual for them." Sir Wm. Evers has kept two meetings upon the East marches since he was deputy. There has not yet been any meeting on the Middle marches made by Witherington. Touching the burning of "Carnabies man's house," and of the disdain of the garrison left with him. How they of Riddesdale have made a road upon Tyndall and spoiled one Mylborne, which has not been heard of hitherto, and yet Riddesdale is not so powerful as Tyndale. It is said that it is necessary for a nobleman to be warden of the marches, but my lord of Norfolk will name no one. The sessions at Durham were held, Wednesday, 11 April. Order to be taken for all lord Darcy's offices in the North. To remember Sir Thos. Wentworth for Bamborough. Letters to be written to my lord of Chester for the prior of St. Thomas and to thank him for granting his house to Lord Beauchamp. To take order for the King's children's house.
Pp. 3.
"A commission for my lord of Norfolk." A commission for Sir William Parre and other. Item to despatch Halle of Huntingdon. Item, a letter to my lord of Norfolk with the names of the jury within the said letter. [Letters to be written to Robert Chaloner and Bekwith to give attendance and be ready to give evidence for the King.] (fn. 2)
"My Lord Darcy's speaking with Levenyng. My Lord Darcy's saying that it was better to rule than to be ruled. My lord Darcy's counsel to Aske at his coming to the King at Christmas to leave horse and man at Lincoln, Stamford, Huntingdon, Royston, and Ware, to give warning one to another in case Aske should be taken; promising to the said Aske that if he were by the King or his Council committed to the Tower that then he would fetch him out or it should cost 20,000 men's lives. Item, how Aske spake also with Levenyng after the last insurrection, and promised him to be a suitor for his pardon."
P. 1. In Cromwell's hand, except one memorandum.
19 April. 975. DINGLEY and CAVE, Knights of St. John.
See GRANTS in APRIL, 28 Hen. VIII., No. 28.
19 April.
R. O.
Memorandum that on Thursday 19 April 28 Hen. VIII., Anthony Busterd and John Edmonds told me in my house at supper that Perswall, servant to Lord Hussey, told them in great secretness that at such time as the Lord Darcy was examined at my Lord Chancellor's, Darcy said to Lord Cromwell, "Cromwell it is thou that art the very original and chief causer of all this rebellion and mischief, and art likewise causer of the apprehension of us that be noble men and dost daily earnestly travail to bring us to our end and to strike off our heads, and I trust that or thou die, though thou wouldest procure all the noblemen's heads within the realm to be stricken off, yet shall there one head remain that shall strike off thy head." These words the said Percival heard of one that stood by. And other words were spoken by the said Percival which the said Busterd and Edmonds would not declare unto me for as much as the same were spoken secretly to them.
In the handwriting of Lord Chancellor Audeley, p. 1.
19 April.
Wilkins, III. 826. C.'s Letters, 468.
The King, as head of the Church of England, with the consent of the bishops and clergy in Convocation assembled, ordained that all Saints' days falling in harvest or autumn, that is between 1 July and 29 September, or at times in which the justices sit at Westminster, shall not be observed, and that any subject may work on such days (days upon which the justices are not accustomed to sit at Westminster Hall, however, excepted). Lately, however, the King has, for sufficient reasons, ordained that the feast of St. Mark the Evangelist is to be kept as formerly at whatever time it falls. Commands him to publish this and report what he has done. Lambeth, 19 April, 1537, consec. 5.
Latin. Addresses him as his commissary and official in the city and diocese of Canterbury.
19 April.
R. O.
Desires his favour to procure a pardon for the bearer, Rinian Menvill, servant to my lord of Westmoreland, who was enticed by light persons to commit a robbery. My lady of Westmoreland urges him to write for the same. Malton Abbey, 19 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 April.
R. O.
"Remembrances" of James Cokerell, made in his host's house, at the sign of the George, in Stamforth, 19 April 28 Henry VIII., of his money, gold and silver plate, and other goods in his own or other men's hands, and money delivered to Mr. Silvester, now prior of Gisburne since his own resignation. Among the items are: Delivered to prior Silvester:— towards his charges at his election, 100l. in gold; acquittance from the convent of all debts from the time of his election, amounting to 160l.; bonds from my lord Conyers for loans of 120l. and over.; bond of 40l. from the abp. of York; receipts and acknowledgements of debt from Sir Ralph Ellerker, Sir John Bulmer, Nic. Pacok, canon, &c. In his own hands:—40l. lent him by Sir Wm. Wilson, parson of Hert; also 20l. in the same purse; 20 marks in a little casket in his parsonage; and 46l. delivered to Sir Ralph Evers, jun.
ii. Money due to him from others, viz., Sir Francis Bigod, Edm. Wright, husband of Anne Salven, Mr. George Salven, Sir John and Sir William Bulmer, Roland Pudsay, Percival Maddeson, the executors of Wm. Whitby and William Porret; with memoranda touching the disposal of a small coffer in his parish church, containing plate, and some other parcels of plate, when he was arrested by Sir Ralph Evers, and also concerning certain cattle taken away from him. The commons took his brother Nicholas at his house at Skelderscugh, and threatened and held him down and beat him with their daggers' pommels, when they took from him 5l. in money, seven silver spoons, a little flat piece of silver, three pair of beads with silver gawdies, 20 head of cattle, oxen, and kye, and three horses, all because he refused to join them. His debts amount to 96l. 13s. 4d., and the monastery owes him 350l. or thereabouts. Signed by Cromwell.
Pp. 3. Endd.
19 April.
R. O.
Compliments to my lady. In pursuance of your command, I send you your son George, whom I have found a diligent and obedient scholar. I had hoped he would have remained longer to get a thorough knowledge of grammar, but the time does not suffer it. I am glad you have withdrawn him in good time. I intended, if the French had come near St. Omer, to have brought him to Calais, through Flanders. I thank you for your liberality. It the danger had been greater, I would have withdrawn towards you. Fearing the evil which may happen to us, I have delivered to your good friend a packet containing some pieces of gold and silver and some silver goblets, which he has promised to deliver at your lodging for security. As to what is due to me, James came on the 19th August, and George leaves on the 19th April. During eight months I have spent for the two 40s., but the money had better remain in your hands. 19 April.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
20 April.
R. O.
Examination of Catharine Cresswell, wife of Percival Cresswell, 20 April 28 Hen. VIII., in presence of Richard Sowthwell and Thomas Pope. Says that she asked the lady Hussey, at Limehouse, on Tuesday or Friday last, how her husband did, and she said, As pleased God. Asked her further how the lord Darcy did; and lady Hussey replied that she heard say that when examined he said to the lord Privy Seal certain words (as in No. 976), which words she reported to no one but to Anthony Busterd, except it were to her husband. Signed by Pope and Sowthwell.
P. 1. Endd.
20 April.
R. O.
I am informed that on Sunday last, 15 April, certain of Liddisdale, as the Armstrongs, Fosters, and Routleges came in to Tyndale and spoiled certain tenants of the Charltons in the daytime of 12 score oxen and kine, and 12 horses and mares, and slew three men, viz., two of the Yarrows and one of the Robsons. They were in all about 200 persons. Demands restitution, else it will seem he does not intend peace. Sheriffhutton 20 April.
P. 1. Headed: The copy of the letter sent to the lord Maxwell.
20 April.
R. O. St. P. II. 426.
Your gracious letters, dated Westminster, 25 Feb., addressed to the whole Council here were delivered to me your deputy on the 2nd instant; whereupon I wrote to the earl of Ossory and the rest to assemble here on the 6th; on which day we agreed, as one of the chief points was that, with what money we had or could levy, we should dispatch as many of the army as possible, to defer our answer till this time in order to see how much money could be raised.
On the apprehension of Thos. FitzGerald it was unmeet to discharge any of the army, his five uncles and all the Irish being unstaid; yet immediately upon his committal to the Tower 500 were discharged. After that, upon the unexpected apprehension of his five uncles by policy, there was never a better time for reformation, and as O'Brene, the pretended earl of Desmond, O'Chonnor, and others were united, it was a time rather to increase than to diminish the army: but the summer passed over, and the army being unpaid, mutinied and were useless. Explain why they put the revenue at 7,000 mks. As to any grant by the "lay fee," they sticked at the demand of a 20th, when Wm. Body was here and sent two of the Commons' house to declare their inability. The under-treasurer has the sole receipt of the revenue, and sent an account by Wm. Body. The revenues from Kildare's lands in Limerick cannot be raised until a point be come to with the pretended earl of Desmond. He was promised a pardon to him and his brethren by May Day. If he have no answer he will be more in fear than ever, "especially now upon the death of the other Geraldines." Much of the King's land has been wasted. The men of Kildare are in much fear; they should have their pardons. Device for augmenting and maintaining the King's revenue; the King's lands in the marches must be inhabited by men of war; Ossory and his son must suffer the revenue to be raised in the four shires above Barrow (Kilkenny, Tipperary, Wexford, and Waterford). Will pass an Act in this Parliament to have current money only at the "rate of sterling." As to the garrison, the King's commissioner who is to be sent should follow the advice of the writers. Will make an "extent" of the revenues, and despatch the worst of the army. Remind him of their letters by Patrick Barnewell, showing that the deputy and treasurer borrowed 800l., Irish, and discharged 250 of the army, and now the treasurer has despatched 50 horsemen, but can do no more until the King furnish him with money. The gentlemen of the country are not in a position to pay ready money for fines for their pardons, and would rather pay 20l. by days than 10l. down. When the army is all despatched, except such as shall remain permanently, the half year's revenues will not be due until Michaelmas nor paid before Hilary term, so that the garrison shall go unpaid all summer and be useless. Begs they may be paid up to Michaelmas. Will proceed to suppress the monasteries expressed in a commission under the Great Seal. Dublin, 20 April. Signed by Grey, Trymleston, Geo. abp. of Dublin, Edw. bp. of Meath, Rawson, R. B. of Delvyn, Brabason, Aylmer, Luttrell, Fynglas, and Alen.
Add. Endd.
Lamb. MS.
611, f. 34.
2. Copy of the preceding. There is also a contemporary abstract of it in Lamb. MS. 602, f. 46.
20 April.
R. O.
To the same effect, but in parts more full. Dublin, 20 April. Signed.
Pp. 9. Fly leaf with address gone.
20 April.
R. O.
Asks his favour against her son, who will not suffer his late father's will to stand. Was married 46 years and bore 14 children, and has had much trouble by reason of her husband's "prisonment" and otherwise, which he has right well considered in his will. Two younger sons and two daughters are yet unmarried. There are debts for his ransom, and for lands purchased for his youngest sons, that "my unnatural son's" living might be the better. He was also at great charge for the suit for a room for him here. Was worth to her husband's friends better than 1,000 marks, and now to be left with nothing were against all reason and conscience. Her son has taken a letter ad colligendum, and has 'praised his father's goods, including the bed she lies on. Calais, 20 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. Privy Seal. Endd.
20 April.
Vit. B. XXI. 168. B. M.
"Serenissime ac idem potentissime ... mearum latorem, ideo intermitte ... Vestræ Majestati nova illa quæ jam in ... perscriberem. Quare serenissima vestra ... Hungariæ Regem adversa valetudine i[t]a ... ori ejus vita, haud ulla spes supersit, propte[r ...]rator sibi proposuit Budam regalem Ungariæ ... persona de novo occupare, et ibi sedem suam ponere ... enim elapsis diebus Ferdinande regi ultra quatuor mi[lia] ... inter quos plures de nobilibus extiterunt, a Turcarum in H[unga]ria existentium militibus occisa sunt."
A great number of soldiers are being collected in Germany, who will be sent "ad a ... dendam Viennam." Ten thousand Germans are assembled at Treves, it is said to serve the French king against Henry earl of Nassau. I wrote some years ago about some excellent guns which are made at Nuremberg, and could be easily sent to England. I have talked on the subject with Erasmas, your Majesty's faber laminarius, who can give you information. Cammerstain, 20 April 1537. Signed: Laurentius Stauberus, eq[ues] auratus, et Georgii Marchi[onis] Brandenbur[gensis] ...
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated.
20 April.
Borghese MS.
In coming hither from the court I heard that the bishop of Winchester and Brian, the one being English ambassador here and the other one of the principal mignons of the king of England, who has come "sopra questa instantia del Cardinale," were lodged in a town that I could take in my way. Having known them both, and seeing no other way practicable, although I have little hope of them, yet I thought it could do no harm if I took occasion to speak with them. I sent, therefore, to find out if I might come to visit them. They at once sent one of their people to thank me, showing their recollection of my old good will to all the kingdom, and to themselves in particular, and to make the excuse that they were vexed not to have the pleasure of seeing and embracing me; because being public personages and I a public personage in company with the Legate, their King's enemy, and our masters being so little at accord. we could have no dealings with one another. I told their messenger that if their proposition were true I would not have sent, and I would only reply that first I was not a public personage, but came privately by command of his Holiness in the service of the Legate (which command I had not refused, because I had always had the greatest love for the King, as the King knew, both when Pope Clement was his friend and when he was the contrary, and his Majesty had written to me with his own hand to go thither); that now, being in Rome, and seeing that his Holiness desires as much good for the King as for himself, and sends on this account Card. Pole, who I know, loves the King's salvation as his own, to serve the King, I let myself be induced to come in the Cardinal's company, thinking it was a great argument that his coming was to do good, that I, who had never done anything that was not to the King's service and honour, had taken the trouble to come with him; and that if the King means to be the Pope's adversary, his Holiness only desires to cure him of error, and could have no greater consolation in the world than that the King should accept his holy mind to his own salvation. For these respects, therefore, I had taken courage to meet them, for if his Holiness' mind had been otherwise, it would have become me to avoid them as much as they do me. Their messenger was very discreet and seemed inclined to the Cardinal, speaking most gently of him. He asked, however, what the Cardinal came to do with the French King. (fn. 3) I said I was very glad of the question, for no argument could better show the good intention of his Holiness in the coming of the Cardinal than to show the briefs which his Holiness wrote to the French king, in which he could see that he was principally directed to his Majesty in order that, for the friendship between the two Kings, his Majesty might interpose to make some good settlement: moreover his Holiness being quite intent upon peace, and having an instrument of such virtue and goodness had given him command to that effect; and in order that they might know the truth and be freed from all doubt I would willingly have spoken with them, but if they disapproved, they discharged me of that duty.
He went and returned, showing that both felt the greatest satisfaction at what they heard, but thought that they would have more credit to do a good office in England by relating the matter as it passed, if, without speaking to them I would report what was said by means of [their secretary. And they prayed me to get card. Pole also to write and send the briefs, which I had offered to show, into England, because his Majesty was [ill ?]informed and inflamed against the Cardinal by this his coming "a quibus nomine (qu. minime ?) oportebat" (this he repeated several times with sighs, as of one unwillingly doing a wicked duty); "ma dicendomi, che non gli era lecito aadar piu oltre, che si vogli dire patienza, havesse a conoscer la bugia, et detraherli il credito, et lasciarsi persuadere ad accettar questa sua venuta, come si era contentato quando la permesse privata." When I am with the Cardinal I will report everything to him, and we will examine the briefs, and, as I think they contain nothing but what would go to remove this bad impression from "quel povero Signore," it can do no harm to send them to him and to write to him, so as not to omit clutching at every twig that offers; although the card. of Carpi has given the excommunications to that Scotchman who has undertaken to publish them, which in any case when done will be a great antidote, still one can always make this excuse that card. Pole had no hand in it. I made haste to learn if it were true, as the French king said, that the Cardinal's brother (fn. 4) was put in the Tower, and this man repeatedly denied it; for, having gone to learn about it from his masters, they said it was impossible, because no fresh despatches had arrived here, and though they indeed had information of certain lords who had dissembled in these tumults in the North, yet, as for the Cardinal's brother, there was no intention of it nor could there be any suspicion of him.
Commendations to card. Farnese. Kisses the Pope's feet. Amiens, 20 April 1537.
Italian, pp. 5. From a modern copy in R. O.
[20 April ?]
Poli Epp. II. 33.
His regret at being compelled to leave France without seeing the card. of Carpi with whom he hoped to have consulted upon his whole commission. The bp. of Verona, however, promised to go to him and bring his advice to Pole. Could not accede to Carpi's wish expressed by his servant Francis, to bend his journey somewhat nearer the court; for not only he promised otherwise to the King's messenger but other causes prevent it. Blames the times when a king by nature most generous and by religion Most Christian is compelled to deny audience to a legate of the Pope. Knows that he does so unwillingly by the honour Pole has met with in journeying through his country and the assurances of the French ambassadors at Rome, both to the Pope and to Pole, that his coming would be most welcome to the King, though there were some even then who predicted what has happened. Never himself doubted the King's good will, but when he came almost to the doors of the court and was shut out and then driven away, what more can he say but blame the injustice of his friendship towards him whom the King thought necessary to gratify in this; for that friendship demanded that the most Christain King should lay hands upon an ambassador and legate of the vicar of Christ coming to him in the cause of Christ and deliver him bound to a hostile king. Such a thing would be a violation of all the laws of nations, and the request was an insult to which he is astonished the French king could listen with patience. As for himself he is consoled by the thought that he is now following the footsteps of his ancestors (majorum nostrorum) from whom all honour and dignity has flowed into the Church, and who suffered the severest persecution from those whose welfare they most cherished. For his legation was to treat first for peace, then for the Council. Could anything be more important for the honour of God and the utility of the Church? The third thing which is added about the affairs of England, does it not pertain to the same? For what is his mission but to bring an island fluctuating in dogmas and tumultuous with all kinds of sedition back to its ancient stability? When, therefore, this disease had from the head overflowed the whole body of the island, to remedy which there were two methods, one by surgery (to speak medically) the other by diet, and when many advised the first method for so inveterate a disease—indeed, many in the island showed this was their opinion by taking up arms—could Pole have taken a gentler course than the method of diet? Explains how he had expected much assistance from the French king. In case the king of England should be unwilling at first to listen to Pole, from whose order his mind is alienated, Pole was taking with him one who did much service for the King and for England in Pope Clement's time and whose good services Pole has often heard the King speak of. That is the bp. of Verona, whose services also to the king of France, and singular virtues seemed to indicate him as a most fitting assistant. Since those distinguished counsellors of the king of England have persuaded him to write to the French king that Pole was a traitor, Pole demands judgment of the French king upon the matter and trusts the time will come when he may show to all Christian kings in the sight of the universal Church, what kind of traitor he is. Those who have persuaded a king by nature religious, observant of the institutions of his ancestors, modest, benign, and liberal, to desire honours never before imagined by kings, alter dogmas, rob churches, overthrow monasteries, vex the ministers of the church, and lastly to slay those who were the greatest ornaments of the island (not Rochester and More only but all the rest who have been murdered); those who have persuaded him to write these letters such as a thief would scarcely write to a thief; those are the traitors. Enlarges upon this. "Datum, &c." (fn. 5)
20 April.
Baronius XXXII., 447.
Bull of Paul III. proroguing the Council which was indicted to meet at Mantua on the 23 May to the 1 Nov., owing to the demand of the duke of Mantua for a military force to protect the city and for pay for its support. An armed council would have been a bad precedent, otherwise the Pope would have endeavoured to meet the demand, notwithstanding that the Turk was threatening the shores of Italy and even the Papal states. Rome, xii. kal. Maii, pont. 3.


  • 1. Sacres, a kind of ordnance.
  • 2. In a different hand.
  • 3. "Et perche questo internuntio era molto discreto, et a quello che me accorsi molto inclinato al Cardinale, et exhilarava tutto, parlando dolcissimamente di sua Signoria, mi dimandò benche veniva a fare il Signor Cardinale dal Christianissimo."
  • 4. Lord Montague.
  • 5. A copy of this letter in the library of St. Mark's at Venice is apparently dated Cambray, and the editor of the Venetian Calendar has supplied the date "April 20?" with a query.