Henry VIII: April 1537, 26-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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'Henry VIII: April 1537, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537, ed. James Gairdner( London, 1890), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp477-516 [accessed 23 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: April 1537, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Edited by James Gairdner( London, 1890), British History Online, accessed July 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp477-516.

"Henry VIII: April 1537, 26-30". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Ed. James Gairdner(London, 1890), , British History Online. Web. 23 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol12/no1/pp477-516.


April 1537, 26–30

26 April.
R. O.
As he is sending a servant to London on his business, desires to thank Wriothesley for his kindness, which has been of the greatest service to him. Wishes to know by bearer the day Dr. Peter is to come to him. Hyde, 26 April.
Hol., p.1. Add. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
Send the confessions of two persons, father and son, with the examinations of other persons to whom they disclosed their mischievous purposes. Raff Rogerson, who procured Geo. Gysborough, the father, to this unhappy purpose, is fled. Will try to apprehend him. 26 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. An information given to Sir John Heydon, 26 April 29 Hen. VIII., by one John Galant, of Laryngsete, Norf.
One George Gysburghe of Walsingham, Norf., showed him, upon his promise of counsel and help, that he (Gysburghe), with George Gysburgh, jun., Ralph Rodgers, Henry Capon, James Henley, Ric. Henley, one Howse, a lime burner, and others, intend to make an insurrection, assemble people in the night, fire the beacons on the coast, and raise the country and kill and spoil all who might resist them. Gysburghe said whoever disclosed their counsel should die. They purpose compelling head constables of hundreds to ca[use the] under-constables to raise the people; they will then set a company at Brandon ferry to stop people at Brandon Brigge passing to and from London, and then go to aid the Northern men.
P.1. Slightly mutilated.
26 April.
R. O.
One John Galant, my servant, has told me of a great insurrection like to be among the King's subjects about Walsyngham. I have sent him to you with his confession in writing, that you may have him examined by my lord Privy Seal. To-night, or early in the morning, I intend to be at Walsingham to apprehend some of these rebellious, and trust to hear from my lord how I shall act. Bakonethorp, 26 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Master Richard Gresham, or in his absence to my son Richard Heydon, at London.
26 April.
R. O.
The Queen Gouvernante and the Emperor's Council are informed of the daily infraction of their orders against delivering horses to the French, and have ordered me to take measures for the punishment of such offenders. As you have written to me formerly that you were surprised at seeing daily a great number of horses taken both to Boulogne and elsewhere, I beg you will for the Emperor's sake make all the "hostellains" of Marke, Nieullay Bridge, and the Causeway, and elsewhere in your country, who can give evidence about it, to be sworn as to what they know of such cases, especially if they are acquainted with Hane Ghis, Jehan Ghis, and others (named), and make them declare how many horses these men have sold to the French during the last year and a half. Gravelines, 26 April '37 apres Pasques. Signed.
Fr., p.1. Add.
26 April.
R. O.
I have received your letter and thank you for sending me Jehan de Calais. My object in asking for him was to learn something about a countermine ("aulcune contremy[ne?]") within the castle of Hesdin, in which he was once shut up along with me; but as the place is now in the King's hands, I send him back to you. The King is in good health and getting stronger. His army receives daily reinforcements. The Grand Master was yesterday at St. Venant, which, though marvellously fortified, was taken by assault and 1,000 or 1,200 men cut in pieces. The King's affairs prosper as well as could be wished, and I think you will not be sorry. From the camp at Pernes, 26 April. Signed.
Fr., p.1. Add.
27 April.
R. O.
There are in the King's wages at Dover for the repair and new making of the harbour 70 persons, laborers, clerks, and overseers, whose wages amount to 80l. a month, besides those of the controller and paymaster, 8 boats at 8l. the month, 24 courts (carts?) at 24l. the month, and provision of timber, iron, &c. at 30l. the month. The works go well forward. The west pier is not yet set forth, but on Monday next it shall be in hand. Dovor, 27 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.. Privy Seal. Endd.
27 April.
Calig., B.I., 322. B. M.
Has received his letter by his servant Thos. Arthingtoun this last Thursday, 26 April, touching an attempt by the inhabitants of Liddisdale against those of Tynedale. If Norfolk will send the names of those who committed the slaughter and robbery he will cause them to be attached to answer at a meeting to be appointed by Norfolk, and will make restitution, provided he get the like for similar outrages by the inhabitants of the West Borders of England. Wishes Norfolk were better inclined to the weal of Scotland than the bruit goes. Lochmaban, Friday, 27 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.
27 April.
R. O.
I have received your letter by Jacques Groutier, and thank you for your promise of a horse. The bearer is going to Calais (par de la) to conduct the horses of Mons. de Limoges, who is going to convoy the queen of Scotland. He will afterwards return towards the King, your master, for other business between my King and him. I beg you to procure passage for the bearer for the sake of the bishop of Limoges. Havre de Grace, 27 April. Signed.
Fr., p.1. Add.
27 April.
Poli Epp. II. 41.
Yesterday I had sent my secretary to you, nobilem virum; and to make his journey to Brussels easier, where I heard you were in council with the Queen, I asked the bishop of Cambray to give him a guide; but at Valenciennes he was stopped by the governor of the town (a duce qui ei oppido prœest), who said he had orders to let no one pass without first consulting the Queen. It seemed new to me that the bearer of letters to the Queen's chief Councillor should be prohibited from going to the court by one who professes to obey the Queen in everything. Cannot but think, however, that he only did his duty; for he is said to be a most courteous man, as I can suppose from the courtesy I have experienced in this bishop his brother. I wish your advice what to do. At the instance of two of the Emperor's ambassadors, the one in England and the other at Rome, the Pope gave me this legation, and nothing has been done in it but by their counsel, nay, at their request. In all these matters the Pope has been ruled by them, and the count of Cifuentes, Imperial Ambassador, and Dr. Ortis, who was Queen Katharine's agent at Rome, and now is the Emperor's proctor, almost compelled me against my will to take my journey through France. They were glad that the bp. of Verona was going with me. But it was concluded that the journey through France, unless an opportunity offered of crossing to England, should end in Flanders, where I might expect every facility in conducting the business. But since my legation contained not one head only, the settling the affairs of England, but also peace between the Emperor and French king and the General Council; it was appointed that unless the affairs of England allowed me to go to the King I should send Verona to him about the peace and the Council and myself await his return in some place from which English affairs could be watched.
After I had entered France and was expecting to speak with the King about my legation, when I came to Paris the King sent one of his courtiers to desire me not to ask it, for the English ambassadors urged him so that he was compelled to decline. In other things he treated me very honourably, and did not forbid Verona's going to him about the peace and the Council. He therefore went to the camp, but finding the King averse to the truce proposed by the Pope he immediately returned to me.
Since his mission was at the instance of the Emperor's ambassadors it does seem strange that one of his people going with letters to so great a man should he stopped; and he will be in suspense until he learns the cause. Defers other matters until they meet. In spite of the benevolence of this bishop he cannot be free from anxiety, not so much because of the soldiers who daily make raids up to the very gates, so that one can neither go out nor send, as because of the licence of passage, which is open to all, so that, since even Englishmen may come, the King being so hostile to him, he fears spies and betrayers, of the former of whom he has had experience these few days he has been here. The sum of this letter is to explain his mission and get the cardinal of Liege's assistance. Cambray, 27 April 1537.
27 April.
Borghese MS.
Wrote last from Amiens of his going to the French King and all that passed and the reasons given by the French King for not admitting the Legate. Does not now enclose a copy, but will do so when he can be sure of his messenger. From Amiens went to Cambrai, where he found the Legate longing for him. Seeing no hope of peace or aid in the affairs of England from Francis, the Legate thought, before writing to the Pope, to try the other side, that of the Emperor, in whom it seems more reasonable to trust, although because of the war and other reasons there is not much hope. The Legate therefore, as soon as Verona arrived, despatched a man to Brussels to the Queen Regent, with direction to go first to the cardinal of Liege, from whom every assistance might be expected. This man was stopped by the commander at Valentianes, the first place on the road to Brussels, who said he had orders to allow no foreigner (huomo de forastiere) to pass, and would not listen even to his offer to proceed under guard. Then it was said that Verona's staying behind and going to the French King was an additional cause for suspicion. Not being able to send a man, the Legate got this bishop, (fn. 1) who is very kind, to forward a letter to the card. of Liege, complaining of such strange treatment and asking for means to leave this place, where commodities are scarce because of the war, and where he is not safe, because (as he must keep himself neutral) he cannot prevent ingress to whoever comes and goes, and already spies have been taken and men who go around watching the movements of the Legate and seeking to intrude upon him and strike a blow. The Legate's desire would be to do what was concluded at Rome with the Count (fn. 2) and Dr. Ortiz, [who said] that when in France he could go into these parts to the court or elsewhere as the cause required; but since he cannot do so "per li rispetti del mondo" he seeks to retire into a safe place and no place seems so suitable as Liege.
As to the Legate's opinion, so far as it can be expressed before an interview with these lords here, not much is to be hoped. He thinks that the causes which moved his Holiness to send him hither, should leave him to persevere; because the first intention of his Holiness was to show that he took account of this important cause and the demonstrations that those poor people had made and to have here an apt and faithful instrument ready when God should give opportunity. His staying here will prevent these poor people from utter despair, whereas his departure would be a derogation of the dignity of the Apostolic See and of the Pope, and would give that poor man in England occasion to boast that with his authority he had driven the Legate out of France and out of these countries, and animate him to insult those wretched people still more. The efforts the King makes against the Legate show how much he dreads the latter's being here. It is said that he sent an ambassador in post to the Queen Regent to make the same instances as were made to the French King against the Legate's coming. Writes in great haste as he only heard when the Legate was going to bed that the letters must be sent this evening to Brussels from whence the post for Italy starts. Hopes that the Pope through "your Lordship" will favour the writer's affairs of Verona. Will write about expenses to card. Contarini. Encloses copy of the Legate's letter to the bishop of Liege. Money to be sent through the merchants of Antwerp.
By my last, I informed you of the conversation I had through a messenger with the English ambassadors in France. I told you that as soon as I was here we should see whether we could make use of the briefs that were written to the French King and were not used (?) ("et non se n'eravano valsi"), by sending them into England to show that the Cardinal's coming to France was not for anything that could be complained of. Having seen them we find they are not suitable; but the Cardinal will write something once more although there is no longer any hope. Every day he (the King) perseveres in cruelty and has in prison two principal men of the country of the tumult and (che qu. et ?) has got the archbishop of York to trust himself in his hands and put him in prison. It is said he has made a new Act against the See Apostolic and the Cardinal; and I think that in that council of his (conciliabulum), in which is convened that poor Church of England, he will have excommunicated the Pope and done some like enormity "et il sigr. Cardinale."
Italian, pp. 7. From a modern transcript in R. O. headed "Lettere del Vescovo di Verona, Cambrai, 27 April 1537."
Lanz, II., 672.
Reports the retreat of Francis—perhaps an artifice. Sends Vauldrey by England and Falaix by Genoa. Difficulty of paying the troops, &c. Dated April.
27 April.
Lanz, II., 673.
"L'Empereur, par ses lettres du xxvii d'avril audict an, advertist que le regent de Thionville n'est encores arrivé, mais sa depesche par Engleterre. Il fait passer gens en Italic et deux armées par mer, l'une contre Bregtanic l'autre pour les Indes; et envoye contre le Turcq. Que le roy de France se vante passer en Italie et estre allié du Turcq, et du tout reboutè de la paix; toutefois l'Empereur fera ce qu'il poura pour parvenu a paix. Il ay venu ung herault de France, lequel n'a voulu déclarer sa charge si non à l'Empereur, lequel il est delibéré de ouyr."
28 April.
R. O.
Depositions taken before Sir Roger Touneshend and Sir John Heydon, 28 April, 29 Hen. VIII., against Geo. Gysburgh of Walsingham for saying that he thought it very evil done, the suppressing of so many religious houses where God was well served, and suggesting an insurrection of the commons who were oppressed by gentlemen. The deponents are Rob. Hawker and John Semble of Little Walsingham, Geo. Gysborne (as he signs his name) himself, Will. Gysborowe, and Thos. Howes.
Each deposition is signed by the justices.
Pp. 4. Endd.
R. O. 2. Further examination of Geo. Gisborough, at Stepney, 29 April, 29 Hen. VIII.
Met about a fortnight ago at Walsingham one Ralph Rogerson, who said to him, "You see how these abbeys go down, and our living goeth away with them; for within a while Bynham shall be put down and also Walsingham, and all other abbeys in that country;" adding that the gentlemen bad all the farms and cattle in the country in their hands, and poor men could have no living; that some men "must step to and resist them," and he would try to get company for that purpose, which he thought he could do by firing some beacon, and when the company was gathered, they would go to the King to complain. They each agreed to speak to others upon the subject, hoping by St. Helen's day to gather a company on the heath called Shepcotes, and deponent spoke to Thos. Howes of Walsingham, husbandman, John Symley, mason, and a glover whose name he forgets, but none of them would consent to it. Signed.
He and Rogerson had five or six conferences on this subject, and at one of them Will. Gisboroughe, his son, Thos. Howes, and John Scemley were present, but to the purpose of the assembly they said neither yea nor nay. Signed.
ii. Deposition of Will. Gisboroughe, confirming the preceding. Signed.
Pp. 3. The text is in Wriothesley's hand.
28 April
R. O.
Reminds Cromwell that Dr. Wendy, his physician, in compensation for the farm of the suppressed monastery of Iklington, Camb., for which a signed bill was passed, but by the labours of others did not take effect, obtained from Cromwell a grant of the desmesnes of the monastery of Royston; but there is much delay in executing it. Newington Green, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
No to give occasion to "pike" the King to make haste in providing against the Scots, but to show his Majesty the news out of the Marches; sends letters received that day. By the common bruit of Scottish opinions, they intend war after the arrival of their master, for whom they look daily; and they have made unusual preparations for his and his wife's reception. Has so many espials there that it will be hard to attempt war without his having warning. Needs not write again how Berwick and Carlisle are fortified. Still, thinks the King of Scotland will not meddle with England if France say nay. Shrifhoton, 28 April. Signed.
P. S. in his own hand, "Arrived here with mo Rossey herald of Scotland," and desired a passport through the realm, which I would only give him to London, advising him to repair to your Lordship for his further passport. From him, "I doubt not, you shall get some knowledge of the occasion of their musters," which I cannot perceive by him are for war. He desires dispatch from London, and I perceive his master would fain have passed through this realm.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
In behalf of Ant. Laych the bearer, merchant of Hull, who was spoiled at sea by the French, that he may have restitution. Sheriff Hutton, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 April.
Calig. B. I. 323. B. M.
Has received his Grace's letter at Carlisle this 28 April, stating that Maxwell had complained he could have no meeting for justice on the West Borders. Had written to him for a day of truce, but he has deferred, as Norfolk may perceive by the enclosed letter under his own hand. Thinks he does not wish it till he hear of the king of Scots' coming home. He told Edward Story, the warden-serjeant, "what should he and I do meeting, and the King his master stoppit of his coming home by the means of England." The commons of Scotland are ordered to be ready with horse and harness. The last time but one Edw. Story was with Maxwell the latter told him if the king of Scots did come "without thanks of England, it were like to be no good world betwixt the reams." To-morrow Edw. Story will go to Maxwell with new request for a meeting. Will inform Norfolk of the result. Carlisle, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. at ƒ. 326.
28 April.
R. O.
Received at Barough on the 26th his lordship's letters dated Stepney 23 April, with one from the Emperor's ambassador to the Queen. Took horse immediately and came to Brussels next morning; but the Queen having been sick of late, had gone to an abbey called Grunendal, and as she did not return that day went thither this morning. She did not rise before 9, at which hour when in health she commonly dines. Delivered the ambassador's letter to her in presence of the lords of St. Pye, Bevers, and Hambarcourt. After reading it she asked if Hutton had any message. Said he knew it was her dinner hour and offered to wait on her after. She accordingly ordered that he should dine with the lords and called him after dinner into a gallery, where Hutton told her that her last letter was ill taken and implied a plain breach of treaties; for neither prince ought to receive the other's rebels, but she had declared he might not only enter the Emperor's dominions but even come to her presence if he desired it. That she only admitted him as a legate was a dangerous plea. Desired to know if she would observe the treaties. Before he had ended his address she was in a heat, "havyng gotten much collor, and in that I cold perseve she swet." She said she was sorry her meaning had been misunderstood, that she did not mean to break treaties either for pope or cardinal, but if she had denied him entry she knew not in what danger she might have run against the Pope. She had, however, heard no more of him and believed, as she had said, it was the king of France's drift. She would consult with her Council tomorrow at Brussels. Said he had always certified her towardness, but desired an answer with all speed. She replied that but for this she would have remained there four or five days, not being well at ease, but he might write to the Council that they might be assured she would not agree to his entry contrary to the treaties; and that if he would despatch a messenger to England she would send an answer to the Emperor's ambassador.
On returning to Brussels, found Guisnes pursuivant returned from Cambray. Between Valenciennes and Cambray the French took from him all that he had. He says Pole is lodged at the abbey of Mobbrey at Cambray, in the sub-prior's lodging, and has no Englishman, that he can perceive, in his service, but 21 Italians and Frenchmen, and six mules. He is said to be waiting for a safe conduct to come to England and wishes to speak with the card. of Liege. He has appointed his lodging there for six weeks. Three of his servants came to Brussels last night, but Hutton has no knowledge of them yet. Brussels, 28 [April].
Hol., pp. 5. Add: lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
Is grieved to hear, by his servant Dr. Wendy, that Cromwell is informed "that I should in the time of rebellion len Robert Aske my house of Wresill and recognise him captain of the baronage." He came to the earl, at Selby, who put his hand to a bill drawn up by him granting him his house of Wresill to lie in. Did so that he might be safely conveyed from the danger of the commons, and especially to get his evidences out of Wresil Castle for the King's use which he was afraid would be taken by Aske and his brother Sir Thomas Percy. Aske afterwards pressed him to make his brother lieutenant of one of the marches under his rule and left a bill for his signature; which he refused. Never named him captain in any bill, but cousin Aske. Caused his servants, Henry Smythe and Wm. Key, to convey his evidences out of the said castle at midnight, and they are now here ready for delivery to the king. Caused Aske to void the castle at Christmas, and sent Henry Smyth and others to destroy his victuals there. Newington Green, 29 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
This Sunday, the 30th (29th ?) April, between 4 and 5 in the morning, I arrived at the house of Sir John Heydon and delivered your letters. By one William Andrewes, bailiff of Walsingham, he has sent you George Gysborowgh and Gysborough the younger, with their confessions before him and Sir Roger Towneshend. The residue I will apprehend to-night.
Sir John says the conspirators do not pass 12 in number, all very beggars, and there is no likelihood of any commotion. After apprehending the rest I will return to London and leave them in Norwich Castle. Bakenesthorpe the day within written, Ao 29 Hen. VIII.
Sir John Heydon has him recommended with thanks for your letters.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
Mr. Magnus on his return from taking an inventory of Lord Darcy's goods informed me that he had left in the said lord's house a book (fn. 3) written with his own hand of divers matters concerning my lord Cardinal. (fn. 4) Sent to the sheriff to forward the book, which came to hand to-day. Has perused it, and though it was written long ago, yet as it shows the said lord has been long dissatisfied with the governance of the King's affairs, and the King may by his great wisdom pick out some matters long since imagined, sends it to Cromwell. Supposes Cromwell is too busy to answer his letters, for he has had no news since this day fortnight. Sheriffhutton, 29 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal.
29 April.
R. O.
A young man named Otuel Janson (Ottwell Johnson) has arrived here passing through this kingdom. He calls himself agent of the mayor of Calais, but gives no proof of it, and as several of the Emperor's subjects have passed through France to Spain, I have detained him till I hear from you. Monstrocul, 29 April 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.
St P. II. 434.
As you are our only refuge, we wish to declare:—
1. It is no small grief to us after doing our best in the King's affairs that his Grace and you write so coldly to us, joining us in a generality with all the residue. If the army had been paid monthly it had cost less and done more, although what has been done is far above what was expected. 2. In establishing this garrison it should be remembered that, though Thos. FitzGerald and his uncles be gone there are others who would do naught if opportunity served. Let not the inhabitants be strained by strange impositions (as it is bruited); for without them the garrison cannot defend the country. 3. In former times the lords of these 4 shires were wise and active assistants to the Deputy, now they are the contrary. On the marches of Meath are three of the Plunkettes, the lords of Dunsany, Kyllyen, and Rathmore, men neither of wisdom nor activity, who keep no men to defend the marches, but suffer them to be wasted by the Irish. The lord of Dengen is the same. The Baron of Slane is of little better wit, but keeps men to defend his borders. Viscount Gormanston has fair possessions, but is of mean wit and less activity and keeps no defence. The lord of Trymlettiston is wise in council, but keeps no defence. Lord Roche in Uriel has good wit, but is aged, and keeps no men; so that his lands on O'Neyle's frontier are wasted. The lord of Howth, in co. Dublin, is another with neither wit nor men.
These lords should be commanded to keep suitable retinues and to dwell upon their lands, and if incapable of leading their borders to pay 40l. a year to some able man of their own nation (i.e., tribe) to do so. They and others who must sue for their pardons have lands in the heart of the country; the King should give them march lands in exchange for these. The King should exchange the spiritualties of the abbeys for temporal lands with the abp. of Dublin and other clergy. Ossory and his son grow dangerously powerful. When the son "comes thither" at this season the King might thank him for their services and then direct them to deliver to his officers Carlagh, Kylca, Castledormont, and Leighlen Bridge, and meddle not with the Fasagh Bentey and old Rosse which Richard Butler now holds. They should also be ordered not to meddle with the counties of Wexford, Waterford, Kilkenny, and Tipperary. They might have the title of earl of Ormond, but not the lands, resumed by Parliament from the earl of Wiltshire; rather let the King give them the abbey of Dusque which is to be suppressed, and any other march abbey. Dublin, 29 April. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Annotated in the margin by another hand.
29 April.
R. O.
Begs continuance of favour and trusts, with licence of the King and Lord Privy Seal, to see him in England shortly. The Council here and others who have lately repaired thither can best declare the news Dublin, 29 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 April.
R. O.
Has received the dottrels by Goodall; which were presented to the King by Long of the Privy Chamber, saying that you desired to be commended to the King and Queen. The King thanked you for your present and had them conveyed into the garden at Greenwich, where I trust the kite will not lose his part. If you send any more, have them killed at Dover, for they get lean by the way, and the King has many sent out of Lincolnshire. I have been urgent with my lord Privy Seal for the copy of the clause. Hopes to have the matter settled before Whitsuntide. As he professes to be your friend I cannot speak to the King; for, as you have scarcely one assured friend to speak in your behalf, you may perchance put him in hazard of losing, or else lose him altogether. When Kyngston spoke to him he made him the same answer as to me. The King goes seldom abroad because his leg is something sore; therefore you had better speak to Brian on his return, who has for influence no fellow in the Privy Chamber. Will write to Windsor for your money. Sends the letter received from the prior of the Friars at Reading, who will not deliver the certificate without money. My lord of Canterbury told Kyngston that he never made such a capacity as is asked for Mr. James, and he never will, as he has refused the King and most part of the peers similar requests. This is the answer to me and Pottyn. Sends him Brian's gelding. Will send the saddle and harness. Kyngston has promised you a nag. Let me know who is to be named in your licence for victualling. "The letters which came with the post and marche was well taken," and your ordering of that matter has "dymeryted" the King's hearty thanks. We are waiting for the fate of the prisoners in the Tower and the conclusion of our bishops' long sitting. I think we shall have a breach with France London, 30 April.
P.S. (on the address). St. George's feast is kept on Sunday after Ascension day, and my lord Marquis of Exeter is president thereof.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
I have received your sundry letters and hope you have by this time received all the things sent by Henry Vernam and my letters by Petley with the warrants enclosed. I am anxious for an answer to them, especially about Mr. Basset's horse, for here they die more or less in every corner, both within and about the city. I await your pleasure about money for him and a coat and cloak for him with a jerkin and coat for his man, and letters to the prior of Southwick and Seller. The action is taken against the hunters and both your ladyship's letters are sent into Devonshire. The others that came first were not sent with too much speed, but Mr. Rolles says they are delivered. I have also received the letter from my lord and lady Sussex. My said lord took great kindness in the sending of my lord's letters, and says he must be at your commandment, seeing that he married your niece. I was also with my lady of Sussex when she read your letter, and she laid many things to my charge, but she took all things well, and would not make her husband privy to all the contents of your ladyship's letter, but read the most part to him. I return my lady of Sussex's letter. You might send them some piece of wine. My lady Rutland is not at the court, but I will deliver your token when she comes. Mr. Culpeper thanks you for his token and is at your commandment. Mr. Tyldesley was glad of your letter. Your weir will be remembered when time comes. As to Mrs Katharine, none of your friends can tell how she might be better bestowed for her advancement. Mrs. Ashley is shortly to be married, and if she had been now here, she might have supplied her place, but she must be seen or known before she is taken into the Queen's service. The dottrels you sent were thankfully received but some of them were dead. They are all put into the garden at Greenwich. I could find none of your friends to present them, but got Mr. Long to do it. The Queen asked heartily after my lord and your ladyship; but these birds should not be sent alive, for they wax lean and take hurt by the way. Moreover many come from Lincolnshire. It is said the Queen is with child. Jesu send her a prince ! I cannot find where your woman or cushion is. Please send a piece of French wine to Mr. Holte, and get my lord to write to Mr. Windsor for payment of the money. I long to hear that your ladyship has a son. London, 30 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
For consideration of the late "foleus" rebellion, by your high policy suppressed without effusion of Christian blood, we commissioners for the subsidy in Glouc. and Worc. have prorogued the same. Wherefore, as by my letters I made request last term, so by these presents I require to be resolved whether we shall stand to the old taxation or attempt higher sums. Enlarges upon his own fidelity and the spiritual administration of the country. At my poor house of Twynnyng, 30 April, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal.
30 April.
R. O.
Some time ago I sent some colts to graze in the pastures of the Hems de St. Pol, now leased by Hans Van Cales, Jacques Robert, and George Quenis, but they have refused this year to allow me to pasture 4 young colts, and when I put them on, the said Hans drove them off with dogs and threatened to strangle them. I beg you will get him to allow the said colts to pasture as formerly. Aire, 30 April, 1537.
The king of France after gaining the castles of Hesdin and Contes (?) encamped at the town of Pernes, which was easy to take. He is there still but threatens to come and besiege this town, but threatened men live long. He has been 15 days at Pernes and gives us alarms daily, but gains nothing, and we have many of his men and horses prisoners. If you have any occasion for pack-mules I can get them cheap for you.
(Added in his own hand.) Since writing news has come that the king of France has withdrawn into his country by Arras and Bapausmes. I think he has done what he can this year in this quarter. He knows a great number of lance-knights and horsemen have come to us. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
I send the bearer to my lord Deputy to complain of the outrages committed by Hans van Calles on my cattle, and also George Quenis, although I am willing to pay them as the bearer will tell you. The French king has been encamped for 15 days at Pernes intending to lay siege to this town, but perceiving the strength of the situation, has refrained. It is said he is withdrawing to his own country to go to Italy, where he will have enough to do. Make my recommendations to my lord Chamberlain Sanse, and Mons de Winfil. I recommend to you the bearer, who has some business at Calais. Aire, 30 April, '37. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons le Maistre Portier de Callais, Messire Thomas Palme, a Calais.
30 April.
R. O.
I have received your letters touching the bearer, of which I am very glad. I am sure you have taken in good part that I have done what I have been commanded by the King my master. Monstreuil, 30 April 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
In reply to your letter, it is true that some adventurers have been in search of five pieces of wine; but they do not know to whom it, and the six tuns of beer, belong. The beer which they say is Bastiaen Lambert's does not belong to him, but to Adrien de Rabere. The compagnons have taken the wine to St. Omer's; but I am informed Mathias has only a third of it. On the other hand, a very short time ago he remained at Boulogne during the war ("D'aultre coste il ny a gaires de tamps quil se a tenu toutte la guerre a Boulloinye"). His son is at home and he is expected tomorrow or after in quest of Bastian. I will send your letter to Mons. de Curlu that he may do what he thinks right, though the French have several times spoiled the subjects of the Duke bringing victuals to Calais; and I think the Emperor's subjects should have as much authority as the French on English territory. La Montoire, 30 April 1537.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
As you have long done me the honour to make me good cheer, I beg you to have pity on one named Simon Desquire, who has for two years employed Bastien Lambert and his son, a young boy, and two cows, in sending victual and merchandise into your country, and had leave of you to inhabit the English pale; but my lord Sandys has made some prohibition against keeping strangers and cattle. I beg you to write to Lord Sandys in behalf of the said Simon, who dwells at Balinguen, that he will permit Bastien Lambert of Braues (?) bearer of this, to enter your lands with his son and two cows. From your house of Landreteun this Tuesday.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
On 30th April the French king's camp is to be removed from Pernes to Houdain and the two adjoining villages; thence, it was said, to Bapasmes. Some say the King is to go to Italy. The King and all the princes are daily in council, and several embassies are at his court. On Saturday, 28 April, a cardinal arrived from Rome with 20 horses well equipped, to speak with the King. He slept at Hesdin. It is said he has come to mediate a peace between the Emperor, the King, and the Pope; also, that he is seeking help against England. On Saturday 120 Germans were despatched to Desverve (Desvres), near Samer, to be in garrison, and I saw a little man named Ferry Dachicourt, who led them, who had 20 cr. for his expenses. Few know where the said King means to go. It is commonly reported the king of England does not wish him to advance further.
Fr., p. 1.
30 April.
R. O.
Where I, the King's deputy, lately wrote that certain of the Council accused Mr. Brabazon, treasurer of the wars, of deceiving the King, I, with others of the Council whom I have made privy to the matter, think good to explain. The abp. of Dublin showed it to me, saying he had beguiled the King in the account of receipts of the lands of the bpric. above 100l. st., and that unless I would advertise the King thereof he would accuse me too. Afterwards he declared it in presence of part of us, and we showed it to Mr. Brabazon. Seeing they were both members of the Council we decided "to article with the same archbishop therein," and called him before us; whereupon he was unable to justify his sayings, and denied having spoken them. Marvelled at this, as we heard he had written of the thing to the King and your Lordship; whereupon he confessed having advertised you. Beg him to give no credit to such reports until substantiated. Dublin, 30 April. Signed: Leonard Gray; P. Barnewall, lord Chancellor; J. Rawson, pr. of Kyllmaynam; Gerald Aylmer, justice; Thomas Lutrell, justice; Patrik Fynglas, baron; John Alen, Mr. of the Rolls; Thoms. Houth, justice.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
R. O. 1078. THE GARTER.
"Promulgation of the knight which shall be removed or deposed from the noble order of the Garter." (fn. 5)
"All men shall know that N. late knight and fellow," &c., is found guilty of treason, &c.
ii. "The manner of deposing and throwing down such a traitor's arms" (which is to be done by Garter).
Corrected draft, pp. 2.
Titus, B. I.,
441. B. M.
Touching such communication as has been between the prior of Pontefract and Aske, and of all the circumstances. How that this day I and my lord of Worcester be in hand with the Lord Darcye at the Tower. Of the apprehension of Dr. Walbye and of the conventicle in sending to the Emperor and the bp. of Rome for aid in the time of the rebellion and how that Dr. Marmaduke should have been the messenger. For the assignment of Gostwykk's warrants. The speaking with Dr. Insent and his answer. For the assigning of Ant. Sellinger's warrant for the farm of Bilsington, Kent.
P. 1, in Cromwell's hand. Endd.
"This is the knowledge that I, Marmaduke [Waldby], have touching the consultation to send one into Flanders to speak with my lady Margaret (Mary), the Emperor's sister, to have aid of [mo]ny 2,000 hackbusshes and 2,000 horsemen, and send word to the bishop of Rome to have absolution of all offences."
Being at Templehirst with Sir Robert Constable, was entreated to do this by him, Lord Darcy, and Robert Aske. Excused himself on the ground of his lack of acquaintance and language, his age, and poverty. Darcy said his name was known well enough there by noblemen, as well as others who had been here ambassadors. Whether it was said that the Imperial ambassador should have knowledge thereof "to the intent that I should have the more credit I am not sure, but I suppose like sentence was spoken." Finally it was determined that he should go and 20l. given him. Went to Hull, and while there Darcy sent word that he should tarry, and not go. Went home to his own house. This is all he knows.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 1081. SIR THOS. ROSSE, Clk., to [CROMWELL].
Was presented five years ago to the benefice of Kyrkedighton, Yorks. The earl of Rutland, chief lord of the manor of Igmanthorpe, to which the advowson is appendant, upon wrong information that Robt. Rosse, heir to the patron, was under age, presented another clerk. By an inquisition de jure patronatus the first presentation was found good, but being a poor man and glad to live without trouble or evil will of any nobleman, they forced him to consent that Dr. Waldby, now in the Tower, should have the benefice, paying him a yearly pension of 5l. Asks Cromwell to re-present him to the said living.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Pleasyth hyt your right honorable lordship to be advertysed. Endd.
R. O. 1082. ROBERT ASKE.
Report of William Wall, glover, of Ware.
Robt. Wall, his brother, late servant to Aske, said on his death bed at Ware, that his master left a gelding at Buntingforde on Easter eve last that he might send back word how he was treated in London. Robt. Wall came with Aske from the North, and was brought up with him from a child. Robt. Wall died six or seven days after Aske was in the Tower, for sorrow, saying the commissioners "would hang him, draw him, and quarter him."
P. 1. Endd.
"Md. that Sir James Otterbu[r]ne said to me on Good Friday in the church at Rosdayle. Here is gr[ea]t destruction of people since my lord of Norfolk came"; and he feared it would make more business, "for if ever they might get a stranger to be their head but they would never gentleman in the country after." He said he would show me more, but, as I tarried but a little space, he came not again to me. Item, Sir William Staynhus showed me he heard that my lord Lumley said, "if he were commanded to come up he would bring 10,000 at his tail." I said he could not of himself make half ten hundred and no number we could make "would serve to let us to appear": he answered, "Nay, that y[s tre] wyth but thus speak they there." Item, my brother, Sir William, coming by me to meet my lord of Norfolk, brought me the bills which ran among those who stirred the people. I took a copy and sent the bills to my lord of Norfolk, and sent to old Sir Ralph Ewre and young Sir Ralph Ewre for advice and to make search "gyn any came from their quarters." They answered they would do their best, but Sir Francis Bygod was fled, and whoever took him would do the King pleasure. I laid wait for him in Blacomoyre and Cl[ev]eland, but could not meet him. I made search for bills from constable to constable, and "over at Stowylay they staid." One Stokton was ever the bringer of them to Gysborn; but would not say how he came by them when he was hanged. "There was one bill that one Presteman brought to me his self and said that he came from the c[ommo]ns to me to see as I liked it;" the effect was "that men should pay no gyrsoms, and that they should ever have with them the old lord or the new." He asked how I liked it, and I said, "Marry, very well, for when two dogs fight for a bone the third will take it up; for this will make the gentlemen and the commons fall forth, and the King shall take up the matter." Another bill was that they of Cl[eve]land should bring Sir William Bulmer and Sir James Strangwa[y]s, and the Bishopric my lord of Westmoreland or my lord Nevyll, my lord Lumley and they would bring me, and so take my lord of Norfolk, and either make him keep his promises at Doncaster or take their part. This bill was devised in Pickering Lithe and Blacowmore, for Eston and Wode came for me to go with them if they went forward. When I had stayed Mallton we kept still, so it did not hurt. Item, there was another bill which "belikely" came from the South, for the effect was, Good Northern men stick to your matter for the lord of Norfolk comes to beguile you. "That bill appointed certain gests which my said lord should have kept, which he held not, and my brother, Sir William, shewed me that when he delivered my lord of Norfolk these other bills and took this and put it by the self." A servant of Mr. Strangways found it at a muster at Hamylton hill. Item, one Thomas Baldersdayle told me that if I could get a placard to search for treasure und[er] ground, he could enhance the King's c ... ly, and make me a man for ever if the King would give the finders the third part. If I had such authority I would charge the King nothing till it were found, and then let him reward at his pleasure.
In Sir John Bulmer's hand, pp. 3, very torn and mutilated.
Confession of Sir John Wattis, parson of Esyngton, Yorks. (fn. 6)
[fo. 1.] * * * "yff ... I herd ... yff they had a captayn ... to the wych I aunswered and sayd ... to none honest man send yowe ... he gave no answere, bot I answered to that ... [w]ell lerned and seyn in the cronykyls as ... well therein he may fynd some thyng to ... cane fynd nothyng in the cronykyls ... the world syns he was borne and esspecial[ly] ... serve hym it passes myne wyt ... he answered no worde I beyng wery offt ... and I sayd, hys nott this a madde man and a follych ... eter (?) after I whent to servys and whene I had downe I whent with sp[eed] ... s beyng ... owyd in my mynde off ... there lowed ... off the priest ... more hayst be cause I wold speke with the sayd parson (?) off Loftus afore the sayd prest, and so I dide indede. My purpos was that he, beyng a marwelous wyttyt man as whe have in all owr cuntre, mygthe have hys enswere suerly c ... sly, for I schewd hym that the sayd Sir Wylliam sayd to me afore [by (fn. 7) ] Bartylmew Cottam that he was send to hym as well as to me and schold have gone to the parson off Hynderwell bot [fo. 1b.] hys prest of ... Grace was goyn in to the North ... a way and I had not a ... to Mr. Gregorye Conzars for d ... the commons (?) was up thus ... ... to Skarbowrgh off estr day ... Ewers sendyng hys serv[ant] ...
Also I wyll swere off a boke ... my wyt cold persave and ...
[f. 2.] * * * his horse was wery ... and I schewed (?) to the the (sic) sayd parson off [of Loftus] (fn. 8) all the artykels as afore hys rehersyd and sayd I wold depart by cawse that the said Sir Wylliam schold not have me in no suspecke, he heryng me paciently. I departyd and the parson followd .. furth into the gate, ... the sayd Sir Wylliam met with hyme and sayd 'I have a message to s[how you] frome my master and my lady to hym.' Thene the sayd parson off Lofthus sayd Yff ye have ony message to say to me, my broder parson schall here and the balyff and the constabyll both, bycause yow? master was with my lord Lomlay within thes ij days, seyng he had both browyd and bakyt and sleyne hys beffes, and sowddunley my lorde Lomlay ys goyn the parson wery angre towarde hyme; and then the foresayd Sir Wyllm. persavyd that he schowyde hym another matter thene he schewyd me nother the baly nor constabbyll ther, wych message was this: he sayd My master and my lady comendeit theme to yow, desyryng yow to schew themme whether they may make a proctor to excuse them thay hare sende for to London. He sayd they migth not. Thene I heryng that clokyd matter contrare to hys sayng afore Bartylmewe Cottam, and thene I sayd Parson thes be not the matters he sayd he wold schew to yow, bot yff ze wyll here I wyll reyhersse theme a fore yow. He sayd he wold here none, he sayd he belevyd that I was frantyk. And I sayd he schold here theme whether he wold or nott. Thene he went and callyd the balyff out of hys howss? and rehersyt the prest saynges, and the parson askyt the balyff yff ther where any harme in these wordes, and he sayd na as he persavid, so they departyt, so I lay all nyght with the balyff to the morne wych was ester hewyn (Easter even) whent h[ome] and servyd [m]y cure with messe, marvelously commeryd in the minde how I schold do in this matter wych passyt gretly my wyt. Moreover I had sayng with the fore sayd prest wych I have no record off in goyng to Lofthus with hym and also whene the parson off Lofthus was departed frome hym as here after warde followyth in on off thyng (?) was he inquered me how I thowgth off the lordes that the Kynges grace had sent for as hys master and moo I playnly sayd all false harlottes scholde be hangit by the neke. Thene I inquered off hym why hys master sent to the curettes of churches, seyng mony of theme folysch, more then to ony oder temporall man. He answered and sayd, By cause they mygth schew the mynde off the comons more secretly thene ony other. I askyt yff hys master was determynyd to make ony such besynes. He sayd he wyst not, for hys master and hys lady was sent fore to London, and he believed he schold never comme a gayne, for the wych he was as gude be slayne and de in the felde as be martered as mony was above at London. I askyt hym how he schold get company to make such besynes with. He sayd my lorde Lomlay hade promessit hym yff he come to hym he wold sucure to hys power. I sayd he wold fore sake hym in this case. He sayd hys master had a prewe seyll or other ways in commandment to appere at the sygthe off the letter off payne off aylegeance and zet doth not he appere, he sayd he sayd the duke grace had gyfyn hym licens till Ester hewyn he sayd he tarrade off Master Raffe Bulmer comyng home and yff so where that hys thythenges where gode then he sayd he trustyt and all schold be well [fo. 3] and yff Master Raff Bulmer bryng not gud thythyng he sayd playnely hys master wold other fley to Wylton Castell there to be takyng off hys own folkes and other men off Gysborne wych hath ther frendes hangit with the commons of Cleveland and soudanly to go and take the duke's grace, and then alle ys owr own, and thene my lorde Latymer, seyng thys and also persawyng that he ys sent fore to London as well as my master wyll suerly [wyll]* take hys master part as hys master beleweth and Sir James Strangwysse with other off my masters frendes that wyll not se hym suerly fare amysse. Thene I sayd Fy, Sir Wylliam, that ever your master schowld be temptyt agayne hys prynce and to disherate such a stoke for ever by consell off a strong and a arrant howr, for I dare say in my conscience he wold never have beyn temptyt with such matteres bot that sche ys ferde, that sche schold be departyt with hym for ever. I sayd sche perawenter wyll say—'Mr. Bulmer, for my sake breke a spere' and then he lyke a dow will [say] 'Praty Peg, I well never forsake the.' Thus I savd sche schewyth thynges and tryffulls and makes hym beleve that he may do that thynges that is unpossybyll. More over I sayd, 'Sir Wylliam, take hede off your selfe, and ye are a wanton prest, beware ze faule not in love with her, for yff ye do ze wyll be mayd as wysse as yowr master and both wyll be hangyd thene.' 'Of a trweth' he answered and sayd, 'I never wyst sche loved me bot off let.'
"Makyng me say so much off hys wyffe was thys one Hew Cramer (?) a tenande off Rossedall was with me this last weke and he sayd that he had herde som off Sir John Bulmers folkes say that they harde ther master say that he hade lever be racket thene to part frome his wyffe. Then at last off all I sayd 'Sir, ze har a prest, consell yowr master to take hede of hym selfe, and also take ze hed, for suerly ze must be fyrst hanged; for suerly Sir Wylliam there is not one man in all Yngland wyll take yowr master part.' Thene sayd Sir Wylliam 'Parson, I dare schew my mynde to yow.' 'Wat els,' sayd I, 'I am sewr enowyth, and that knawe ze well enogth.' 'Thus yt ys, yff my master mystrustyt that the commens wold not be up at a wype, suerly he wyll fle in to Yerland, and he trustes to gyt hys landes agayne with in a zere." Last worde that ever I sayd to ye sayd Sir Wylliam: I sayd "Fare wyll Sir Wylliam, for off a trewyth thow well be hangyd by the neke." I knowyng all thys, some men wold thynk I had no cause to be wery mery at my hart, seyng such a nobyls and gentyllmen with meny powr commons of this nobyll reme off such a hassarde for a stewyd howr, I co[ld] not c[om]passe in my mynd how I scholde disclosse this hedeus and parlous cause wych passyth my rude understandyng."
Mutilated. Endd.: Confession of Sir John Wattis written all at length with his own hand, who is parson of Esyngton in the county of York.
Sir William Stanus, chaplain to Sir John Bowmer, says Nich. Rudston showed him, as they came riding to London, that Sir Thomas Francke, parson of Loftus, Yorks., was a head captain in Holdenshire, and came to Pyckerynglythe and caused Sir Thomas Percy to rise. Rudston said "he could say more if he lust, and said he was the unknownyst (sic) fellow in Yourkeshire." This he spoke before Gregory Conyas, who will not deny it.
P.1. Endd.: Saying of Sir Wm. Stanus that the parson of Loftus was a captain at the rebellion.
i. Against Sir Stephen Hamerton (marked "A" in margin).
1. One Estgate, chaplain to the late abbot of Salley, sent a supplication to Sir Thos. Percy, and came by Sir Steven Hamerton and shewed him that he had a letter to Percy. (In margin:) Sithen, the pardon.
2. Sir Stephen, on letters sent by the abbot of Salley, that the earl of Derby would pull down Salley, went to meet the earl. (Margin: Before the pardon.)
3. Since the pardon, my lord of Cumberland sent for Sir Stephen. (Margin: Parker, letter.)
4. Why he took not Esgate but suffered him to go to Mr. Percy with the letter.
ii. Against Sir Thos. Percy. (Marked "B" in margin.)
1. Sir Fras. Bygot sent a letter to lady Percy. Which? 2. The enticement of Hawkyns. Why he took not Hawkyns? 3. The supplication to Sir Thos. Percy from the abbot of Salley with a [roya]ll of gold. 4. The said [Sir Thomas Per]cy did not take Estgat which brought the letter ... the latter end (?) of Sir William * * 5. (Marked "C" in margin). Sir Thos. Percy, after coming from Doncaster, went to Northumberland, where he was conversant with all the malefactors of Tyndale and Exam. (Hexham). 6. He took upon himself to be lieutenant of the Middle Marches and mustered the King's subjects. 7. He entered into Sir Reynold Carnaby's offices and lands. 8. He made proclamation "that who so ever took any of the name of Carnabys." 9. He demanded of the abbey of Exam. what "help he might have in quarrel of the commons." 10. "When the lord Ogle, which was deputy at Newcastle, to make proclamation, the Sir Thos. made another."
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
Abstract of certain depositions with marginal references to the folios of other MSS.
"Sir John [Bulmer].
"He confesseth that h[e had a letter from his son] Rauff that as farr [as he could perceive all was falsehood that] they were dealt wi[thal] ... not in time advertise the ...
"[Also he confe]sseth that he received ... [letter]s that w[er]e [sedit]ious from Blynkynsopp his servant wh[ich] he did not disclose to the King nor his Council."
Also (in margin: "fo. eod." (fn. 9) ) he confesses he sent to lord Lumley to come and live with him "till they might provide some way for themselves;" and lord Lumley says ("fo. 1" in margin) he sent him a copy of the said seditious letter. Also (fo. 3) he concealed the treason of Margaret Cheyny (whom he calls his wife) and of Stanous, his chaplain, who said if one would stir, all would up again; the said Margaret counselled him rather to flee the realm (if the commons would not rise) than that he and she should be parted, and again, to take Bygod's part when he was up "lastly." Also (fo. 5) that if lords Latimer and Lumley and all the gentlemen arose he must do the like. Also (fo. 3, 5), he sent Stanous, his chaplain, to one Franke, (fn. 10) a priest, and Robt. Hugill to the vicar of Kirkby in Cleveland, to inquire if the commons would rise again, which they should know by men's confessions. Also (fo. 7) two men of Billesdale showed him they of their parts were determined to meet the duke of Norfolk and require of him all promises to be performed, "or else to take ... to take that part that they took ... [b]ut whether he would take their ... he will needs have me, I ... me do. And the said treason he [did not dis]close." Also (fo. eod.) he "conc[eal]ed the letter [s]ent him from [B]illesdale for the swearing of all lords and gentlemen or their sons or else to strike off their heads."
"Sir Joh[n Bulmer].
(fn. 11) "Sir John Watts ... Stanows chaplay[n] ... hym what he thou ... [that if they] had a capitayn whit ... And the said depone[nt] ... [wh]ither the said [Sir John Bulme]r his [ma]ster was determined to make any such business or no. And he said he wist not; for his master and his lady were sent for to London, and he believed his master should never come again; wherefore he said he were as g[o]o[d] be slain and die in the field as be martyred as many other were above." Also the said Stanows said his master stayed going to London till tidings from Ralph his son: if these were not good he would flee to Wilton castle, and there be taken of the commons of Guysborough, and go and take the Duke's grace.
Lord Lumley, in his letters to the countess of Westmoreland, says Sir John Bulmer was one of the chief causers of the last commotion in Cleveland.
"[Margar]ete Cheny.
"... er deposeth that the said Marga[ret] ... e commons wanted but a head ... d that she counselled him to flee (?) ... e commons would not rise) rather [than he an]d she should be departed.
"[Also she] advised h[im]to ... part when he was up; and moved him in Palm Sunday week last to get a ship to carry her and him into Scotland." She was (fo. 2) privy to the word Ralph Bulmer sent Sir John from London, to look to himself, "for as far as he could perceive all was falsehood that they were dealt with all."
Sir William Stanous, chaplain, deposes (fo. 10) she asked him on Thursday after Palm Sunday if the commons would rise again, saying she would liever be torn in pieces than go to London; and asked "whether Bartholomew Coteham or parson Franke would raise any, because he was a captain before." She said divers times that if the Duke's head were off, Sir Ralph Ivers' and Sir Ralph Ellercar's men might go where they would. She enticed Sir John Bulmer to raise the commons again.
"Ralph [Bulmer].
(fo. 2.) "Sir John Bulmer ... thintent of Sir Fra[ncis] ... in the beginning of ... the said Rauph did not ... dewe time.
"And (fo. eod.) deposeth [fu]rther that [the] sa[id] R[au]f [sent] him wo[rd] from London by one Lasyngham, that the said Sir John Bul[mer] should look well to himself, for, as far as he could perceive, all was falsehood that they wer[e dealt with a]ll."
"Sir Fr[ancis Bigod].
"He confesseth tha[t] ... of the Epiphany l[ast] ... Halom for the tak[ing] ... reasoned of the King's par[don] ... unde in the same, and ... the [ch]oisyng [of] a new pr[ior] ... On the morrow (fo. 2). he showed Halom his book of notes o[f] the defaults of the said pardon, and how for heres[y] both the King and the bishop of Rome mi[ght be] deprived lawfully; and of the King's authority." There he confederated with Halom to take the duke of Norfolk and swear him or else keep him as hostage. Halom said, "Nay, but let us strike off his head." On Sunday after Bygod had conference of a new commotion with Halom, Fenton, and the friar of St. Roberts, and wrote to the old lady of Northumberland to send her son Sir Thomas Percy to be captain of the commons in Yorkshire against the duke of Norfolk. On Monday following Bygod wrote, in the name of the commons, to the Bishopric to come forward against Norfolk (fo. 5) as he and Halom, and the commons were ready to do, and to swear their gentlemen with the oath enclosed, which he had augmented with this clause, "That they should counsel nor persuade no man to return or tarry at home while (i.e. until) the petitions were granted." The same day Bygod sent to Halom to take Hull and he would take Scarborongh.
"... also the said Bygod charged the ... reyse the commons, and to give wa[rning ... from constable to cons]table to do the like against the ... tyme ... e and the said Lumley with other of ... the number of ccc. persons assembled at ... ed Bukrose.
"... the .. and then the said By[god] made an oration to the people" declaring faults in the pardon and how other countries were up, and he and Halom intended to take Hull and Scarborough; and gave them the oath augmented as aforesaid. Then he showed the letter he had devised as aforesaid to the old lady of Northumberland and delivered it and others to the town of Scarborough to George Lumley with the alternative of taking Scarborough. On the morrow Bygod set forward for Scarborough and devised letters to the mayor of Hull for the delivery of Halom. On Thursday next he entered Beverley with 800 persons; and, the same night, wrote to the mayor and commons, and to the dean and chapter of York to know if they would take his part.
"Sir Thomas [Percy].
"Sir Thomas Percy confe[sseth that he received a letter from] Bigod of this effect that [he should come] forward with all the Bisho[pric and with as many of] Northumberland as he co[uld make, and] Byg[o]d would put the said S[ir Thomas in possession of the lands] of [the] erle of Northumberlan[d]"
Before that, and since the [par]don, he received a supplication from the abbot of Salley concerning the saving of that house. The commons said to George Lumley (as he deposes) that they would rise for none but him or Sir Thomas Percy. (fn. 12) George Lumley deposes that Sir Thomas was the "lock, key, and ward of this matter." Ninian Staveley deposes that when he, Myddelton, Lobley and one Servaunt sent to Sir Thomas to come forward he wrote down their names and said he would send for them when he came to the country.
"[Sir] Stephen Hammurton.
"[He confesseth] that sithens the pardon one Estg[ate, chaplain to] the late abbot of Salley, and on[e of the said ab]bot's servants cam to the said Sir Stephen [at a place] called [S]ettyll Springe. And there they [showed him] of the supplication [th]at the said late abbot [and his] brethren devised to [sen]de to Sir Thos. Percy" and declared they intended to inform Sir Thomas Percy that the abbot and brethren were set in by the commons and learn "how the said Sir Thomas would be unto them." Sir Stephen answered "If it be good for you ye may do as ye list."
"George Lum[ley].
"He confesseth that (fo. 4, 5) upon ... he met with Sir Francis B[ygod] ... of his assembly and there ... of Scarborough for his aid ... to the old lady of Nor[thumberland to stir Sir] Thomas Percy to come forward ... and did read the contents of the same and (?) afterwards did send to the said lady." Heard Bygod's oration and was commanded to go and take Scarborough Castle and muster people as he went. Did so, raising the country of Pickeryng 1 _ (fn. 13), (fo. 6) and entered Scarborough with 6 or 7 hundred (fo. 7) and sware the officers of the town. The prior of Bredlyngton deposes that Lumley sent to him for men.
"Robert Aske.
"Sir Francis Bygod de[poseth] ... Robert Aske had sent to hym ... of Bygod and Ha[lo]m [an]d ... proclaimed a letter of this eff[ect] ... to you; and where as ... Beverley do intend to take [Hu]ll ... come and meet me at Beverley s ... e a d ... I will show you how good the King's Hi[ghness is to us] all." By which it appears that Aske [knew] of the said last commotion but did not disclose it in time. Also (fo. 2) Bygod asked Halom what Aske would say to the choosing of a new prior at Watton, and Halom answered that Aske "would be good enough." Bygod says that Aske, in his letter to Bygod when he was coming towards Beverley, promised to do his best to deliver Halom. And this was not spoken feignedly to serve the time; for afterwards Aske showed the commissioners at Hull on Halom's examination that he heard of commotions in the Bishopric and elsewhere, and advised them not to be hasty in executing Halom, which rumours were found to be untrue.
"... deposeth that Halom was a great ... d Robert Aske." In letters vi[ij] Jan. by Aske to Darcy declaring the King has granted [free election] of knights and burgesses and liberty of speech to the spiritualty, he continues:—"Trusting your lordship shall perceive I have done my duty as well towards the King's Grace under his favour, as also to my country, and have played my part, and thereby I trust all England shall rejoice it." It appears, by a writing, that Aske sold the lead of Mertyn abbey and received 9l. 13s. 4d. with which he bought artillery, and his servant demanded the price (?) of the same since Xmas. By a copy of a letter, 20 Jan. last, Aske wrote "Bygod intendeth to destroye the effect of our petitions and common wealth." Divers who had been with Bygod he did not apprehend but promised to get their pardon. He told the commons, since the Pardon, "that their reasonable petitions should be ordered by Parliament." Since Xmas he received a letter from one Dorothy Grene showing there was a report that the King would not be so good to them as he promised. John Fowbury says Darcy's, Sir R. Constable's, and Aske's letters to stay the commons stayed many who would have resisted Bygod.
"The lord D[arcy].
"Sir John Bulmer dep[oseth] ... which brought him word f[rom Ralph Bulmer in London that] as far as he c[oul]d perce[ive all was falsehood that th]ey were dealt withall ... that the lord Darcy and Sir ... word of the same lest they [sho]uld be ..." To prove that Darcy had ... a rebellion, Sir Henry Savell reports that he said on hearing of the insurrection in Lincolnshire, "Ah! they are up in Lincolnshire. God speed them well! I would they had done thus three years past; for the world should have been better than it is." Darcy wrote, 10 Feb., to Aske to return certain artillery to Pomfret Castle. A letter, 21 Jan., by Darcy to Thomas Slyngesby, Rauf Pullen and others, he declaring that Norfolk was coming to affirm the pardon and a free parliament and liberty of appeal for the spiritualty. A letter by him, 15 Dec. last, to Suffolk declaring that Waters and others were redelivered and expecting the same on that part. Similar letter, 13 Dec., to the Lord Steward for red[elivery] of that ship, men and wood, promised, as he said, by the lords at Doncaster as taken in time of truce.
"[Tou]ching the lord Darcy, Sir Robert [Consta]ble and Robert Aske together.
"[William L]evenyng deposeth that after he had been [in the commo]tion of Bygod he came to every of the [same and said] he had been in that same commotion, and [thereby a]pperith that they, knowing him to [have committed] treason, did willingly let him pass and [no]t apprehend the same," nor disclose it; as by Norfolk's letters is declared.
Lord Darcy again.
(1.) Wrote to Sir Oswald Wolsethorp, 21 Jan., that Norfolk was coming to affirm the pardon, &c.: (2.) also, 19 Jan., to the town of Pomfret that he would be a true petitioner for all good commons' wealth; with a credence for "Thomas Wentworth the bearer," and subscription "All yours faithfully T. Darcy." (3.) A book of articles, found among Darcy's books, persuading men to rise, concluding "Wherefore now is time to arise or else never, and go proceed in our pilgrimage; and therefore forward, forward, forward, pain of death, &c." (4.) Darcy received a letter since Xmas from one Parker, his servant, declaring the state of the lord of Derby and that all the country would rise if any man put out the monks of Salley, and showing the state of the parish of Kendal and thereabouts; which letter Darcy never disclosed.
"The l[ord Darcy.]
"Also it appeareth by [a letter of the said lord Darcy] sent to Sir Robert Constable and ... [Robert Aske that he knew] of Bygod's commotion and the t ... to stay their q[uart]ers till [the coming of the duke of Norfolk, which] he was ascertained should ... [w]ith him gracious answers of [the Parliament and petitions].
"Also he wrote a nother letter dated [t]he xixth[of January to Mr.] Babthorp that he trusted Sir Ralph E[ll]erker, [Wilstrop and Bowes on] coming down would stay the commons till my [lord of Norfolk's] coming."
Also it appears by a letter of Lord Darcy dated 29 Jan. to his son Sir George that whereas the King had written for the speedy furniture of Pomfret Castle, Darcy told his son that the matter required nothing but that they both might rest there till Norfolk's coming to Pomfret, with credence by Alen Geffreyson the bearer that he would not for 1,000l. that he would any further do or meddle till his son had seen the King's letters.
Geo. Lassell deposes that Darcy counselled Aske, when he went up first to the King, to set his servants in several places by the way, so that if Aske had been committed to the Tower, one of them would have brought Darcy word, and he would have fetched him out. (Mem. by Ric. Pollard in the margin, that Escott showed him so). Darcy sent a copy of a letter from the duke of Norfolk to the prior of Whalley, who is now attainted of high treason.
"Sir Robt. Con[stable].
"Bygod deposes that he ... his commotion from the said ... appeareth that he was prive ... yet it doth not appear ... [re]sistence against the same ... to the King or his counsail ...
"A letter sent from Sir Francis Bygod a[t t]he sa[me time to desire Sir Robert] Constable to take his part in the said commotion ... him therein of the special trust that the commons had in [the] said Sir Robert," and praising him for his faithfulness in the same matter; saying also that he doubted the duke of Norfolk would rather bring them to captivity than perform their petitions; and that Halom was imprisoned at Hull.
To this letter Constable answered that he was sick and could not come; that the time of year served not to host in; that Norfolk would come shortly with the King's pleasure under his seal, concerning the Parliament and Convocation at York, and the pardon, bringing with him only his household servants; and he exhorted Bygod to stay till then.
Also Constable and Robt. Aske sent a letter to Rudstone, that they would in any wise have the messengers sent from Bigod delivered from Hull, saying it was none honesty to detain messengers.
Constable, Darcy, and Aske wrote divers letters showing that they trusted to have a Parliament and Convocation and redress of their griefs. Since the pardon.
Constable, as John Fowburie deposes, promised to send men to help Sir Ralph Ellerker and Rudston in resisting Bygod, but sent none.
"[The] prior of Bridlyngton.
"... of divers subsidies given by him to th[e ... insu]rrection, and much traitorous conferen[ces had betwe]ne him and Doctor Pickeryng, but s .. s ... [th]at he knew of Sir Francis Bigod's [commotio]n and that George Lu[mley] sent unto him [to have m]en for that commotion.
"James Co[w]kerell, [quondam prior of Gisburne.]
"Sir Francis Bigod d ... from the said quondam wh ... from Guysborough conteyny ... commons there t[ow]arde the ... the King's pardon ... were called rebels in the pardon ... should have cure of soul.
"Also he deposeth that about the s[am]e ty[me] ... Quondam when the said Bygod had ... the King's authority with him, commenced his re ... well in that part."
After that the said quondam commended the book made by Bygod of the said reasons and arguments of the King's authority, saying no man could mend it, and he durst die in the quarrel with Bygod. When Bygod promised him a copy he said he would make as much thereof as of a piece of St. Augustine's works.
The said quondam confesses that he saw Bygod's book against the title of Supreme Head, the statute of Suppression, and the taking away the liberties of the Church, but did not commend it.
Bigod deposes that where in his said collection he declared that the King had his sword immediately of God, the said quondam approved, saying that "we" hold opinion that the King has his sword by permission and delivery of the Church into his hands and not otherwise.
Bygod deposes also that the said quondam moved him to send the book "to Sir John Pikeryng, to Captain Halom ... han this deponent said again this ... ke this my writing well he shall s ... bishop and his clergy there about him ... allow it [to s]ett to his hand. The said ... then a[nsw] eryd Or else decapitetur."
The said quondam confesses that about Martinmas [last] Sir Fras. Bigot "rose" the country to bring him back to Guisborowe and reform the house. He rode with him and wrote a letter to the earl of Westmoreland, asking him as the new prior was not chosen formally according to the laws of God and the old custom, to send his advice how a new election might be made for quieting the country. His letter is forthcoming, wherein he shows that the new prior was put in by the extort power of lord Cromwell, wherefore the commons judged him no prior, and, intended, his accounts lawfully taken, to expel him and choose a new prior by virtue of the "holy comentie," and by the assent of all the religious brethren belonging to their chapter.
"William Todd, pr[ior of Malton].
"The said Sir Francis Bigod ... of the coming down o ... Bygod turned y[n] at ... with the prior h ... the ... that the pardon was not go[od] ... were greatly grieved with the ... up to London, and divers other ly ...
"After this he saith the prior of Malton did [sen]de to the said Bigott the articles devised by the rebels of ... their demands, which Bigod had not seen before, [and] promised him also a copy thereof, and this the prior also confesseth."
Also he showed Bigod (as Bigod deposes) of a prophesy which he said he never understood till then, and now he knew that it was this year it spoke of. Bigod then remembered that the said quondam prior of Malton had before told him of a prophecy that this King should be fain to fly out of his realm, and ere he came in again would be glad to part with two parts of his land, so that he might sit in peace with the third. Bigod also says that "the said prior of Malton" showed him of another prophecy, that the Church should abide woe for three years and then reflourish as well as ever, and of another prophecy concerning the Cardinal. This the prior confesses that he showed Bigod and others.
"[Fria]r John Pyckeryng.
"... Bigod deposeth that this Pickeryng ... Bigod's book of collection to Halo[m] ... brought the said Bygod the letter ... ow [to]uching the murmur of ... here against the Kyngs he[ra]lde (?) that ... And the said Pickeryng confesseth that he [car]ried a letter sealed from Bigod to Hallom upon the Tuesday after the xijth day last past.
"Adam Sedber' ab[bot of Jervaulx, and] Wm. Thirske [late abbot of Fountains].
"Nynian Staveley d[eposeth] (fn. 14)... a little before the last commot[ion] ... and showed him that all th[ey went about was] for their wealth and preservation [of their house. They ther]ef[o]re desired him to give ... he sent them to the quondam of [Fountains which] sojourned there, which took them i[j] angels, and said that when] that was done they should have more."
The said quondam confesses they had two angels of [him] but by craft, without telling him for what purpose.
The abbot of Jerveux confessses that he bade his servant give Middleton a reward for seeking lost sheep, and borrowed the money of the quondam; and that when they came in their commotion to Gerveux, he gave them meat and drink and bade them take his servants with them.
The said quondam desired Staveley and Middleton in case of any new insurrection to help to put him in his room at Fountaignes again, promising him 20 nobles if they did. He told them they might do that with good conscience for he was put out of his abbey by the visitors without just cause.
Staveley deposes that the abbot of Gerveux "on a certain time sythens the xij day ... said Staveley and Myddleton and L[obeley ... ri]ngelea[d]ers of the said last commotion ... post to Sir Thomas Percy to move [him to come forw]arde with such company as he [c]olde [ma]ke [and they] wold me[et him] with such as they co[uld ma]ke [where he] wold ap[po]inct] them."
[Als]o the same Nenyan deposes that the abbot of Jerveulx told him. Middleton, Lobeley, and Servaunt that he would send his servant named Symon Jakson into Lincolnshire to collect his rents and he should consider the state of the country and wait about Newark till the Duke's coming and bring word whether he came in harness and with a great company. The abbot confesses that the cellarer sent Jaxson at the latter end of the Christmas holidays to collect rents and for no other purpose.
"The Lord [Hussey].
"Robert Carre deposeth (fn. 15) t[hat lord Clinton advertised] the lord Hussy by his letters [of the insurrection at Louth] upon Monday [a]t midnight [next after Michaelmas], and the Wednesday after the lord [Hussey sent John Welshman his servant] to Slyfforde towne to know [what they would do], whereby appeareth that he little rega[rde]d his duty [in so] great matter that would differ so long."
The commons of Slyfford came to Lord Hussey on the Thursday next to take such part as he would, saying they would live and die with him. He called them busy knaves, and answered "that if he lust to go he would go, and if he woll not then he will tarry." Whereby it should appear that he favoured the traitors. Lady Husse gave a cart of victuals to the traitors. It is to be supposed she knew her husband's mind. The bailiff of Riskynton offered him and his to be at his commandment, "and then he took and pinched him by the little finger, and bade him come when he sent to him by the same token."
Also Lord Hussey said he would take the better part. By Thos. Richard's confession it appears that Hussey intended his traitorous purpose three years ago. One Cutteler declared to the commons of Lincolnshire that Hussey, his servants, and house, were at their commandment.
Will[iam] Ackl[om]. (fn. 16)
" He confesseth tha[t a]bout [three days after the Conception of Our Lady last pa[st] he se[nt a letter to the prior of the Trinities in York for ij [trus]sing b[edsteads which were taken] at the spoil of Bekewith ... said Willm. with the same prior ... the said Willm. to send him the same ... the same letter being of this effect: 'Mr. Prior, I [commend] me unto you, marvelling greatly of your doubleness whi[ch] I have found in you, as touching a bed late of Beckwithes, which ye promised to send me. I think ye reckon your journey (meaning by the same the journey of the first insurrection) bestowed in vain, wherefore send it, or I will do you further displeasure.' "
Nicholas Tempest.
"... t]hat when the commons had put in the abbot and [monks at S]alley, th[is] examinate gave them a fat o[x, one mutton and two] or th[rec] gheese."
Pp. 26, partly in Ap Rice's hand. Mutilated.
[Memoranda for prosecutions.]
The lord Darcy, the lord Hussey, Sir Robert Constable, Sir Francis Bygott. (Opposite these names are added and crossed out: the abbot of Brynglynton, Nicholas Tempas, Hamerton, and Pykeryng friar). Sir Stephen Hamerton and Nicholas Tempast, bracketed with " The petition made to Thomas Percy by the abbot of Salley, wherein is no apparent matter against them but afore the pardon." Robert Aske, _ (blank) Lumney, the prior quondam of Kysborough, whose name is James Cokerell, [William Collyns of Kendall, John Stanes of Betham, Edmund Lauerans of Yeland, the whole convent of Conyshed] (fn. 17); the quondam of Funtens, abbot of Jervers and Thos. Percy, bracketed with " The confession of Nynyon Staveley."
ii. The Tuesday:—The Cardinal's book, the bill of articles, the two checker rolls of the lord Darcy, the book of all the lord Darcy's letters, the book of the communication between the "harwhold" and the lord Dar[cy].
iii. On the back (crossed out):—Car, Cutteler, the bailey of Slyford, Nynyan Staveley, George Lassels, _ Estcote, Rudston.
Pp. 3. In 'Richard Pollard's hand.
R. O. 2. Memoranda from depositions.
Item, how Aske and Sir Robert Constable received letters from Bygod, praising Constable's affection for the commons and urging assistance. Item, how Aske and Constable wrote to Bygood, dissuading him from rising as the time of year was not meet for "ostyng," and prayed God to send him luck in all his worshipful affairs. Item, letter sent by Constable and Aske to the mayor of Hull for delivery of Halom. Item, a like letter to Rudston to persuade the mayor of Hull to deliver Bygood's messengers, traitors who had brought a letter to Hull for the release of Halom.
Item, the prior of Bridlington and Dr. Pykkerying, the friar, were busy in both insurrections. Pykkeryng wrote seditious letters. The prior had his servants, &c., ready to assist Bygood and Lomley. Item, Sir John Bulmer and his pretended wife were conspirators "now of late" about Easter last, consented to Bygod's insurrection and plotted the taking of the duke of Norfolk, as appears by a letter from lord Lumleye to the lady of Westmoreland. Item, Ralph Bulmer, jun., wrote repeatedly, since Xmas, to his father persuading him to "shift for himself," &c.
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
A book wherein is contained the names of the knights and gentlemen which were at the leading of Thomas lord Darcy. A letter from Aske to the lord Darcy. My lord Steward's letter and my lord Darcy's answer, 30 Nov. Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter and answer, 30 Nov. A letter to my lord Darcy from my lord of Norfolk, dated Nottingham, 27 Nov. Letter from Norfolk, Sir Francis Bryan, and [Sir] Wm. Fitzwilliam to my lord Darcy "from Nottingham, a Tuesday in the morning." Letter from my lord of Shrewsbury to my lord Darcy, dated 28 Nov. Letter from my lord of Norfolk to my lord Admiral, dated Hardwyke, 3 Dec. A letter to Sir Brian Hastyngs. The copy of my lord's answer to Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter, 30 Nov. A letter written at Templehyrst the _ (fn. 18) of November. Letter from Marmaduke Constable, knight, to his cousin Aske. Letter from Aske to lord Darcy after he came home. Letter from Babthorp to my lord Darcy, 30 Oct. Letter from Sir Brian Hastyngs to Darcy. "The King's letters in October, undelivered for it was past time." Letter from Sir Brian Hastyngs to Darcy. Letter from the earl of Shrewsbury to Darcy, 24 Nov. A letter wherein Aske and other captains gave warning to their men to be ready. A true copy of Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter to John Sampall, 4 Nov. Letter from Thomas Grice to my lord Darcy. A remembrance to order their beacons. Letter to my lord Darcy from the earl of Shrewsbury. My lord Darcy's letter dated 8 Oct. A proclamation and Robert Aske's letter. Letter to Darcy from Thomas Gryce on All Souls' Day. Letter to Darcy from Thomas Stanley, priest. Letter to Sir George Darcy from Richard Tempest. A letter to my lord _ (fn. 19) from Thomas P. Letter to Darcy from Robert Nevyll. True copy of my lord's letter to the earl of Shrewsbury. Letter written at Tempyhyrst, 11 Nov. Letter to Darcy, 7 Nov., from Ralph Ellerker the younger and Robert Bowys. Letter to Darcy from Percyvall Creswell. True copy of Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter to Sir George Darcy, 9 Nov. Letter to my lord of Norfolk from my lord Darcy, 11 Nov. Letter to Darcy "from John Huse, at Windsor" 7 Nov. Sir Robert (sic) Ellerker and Robert Bowes' letter and answers in November. Letter to Darcy from Norfolk, at Windsor, 6 Nov. Gervis Clyfton's letter from Nottingham, 11 Nov. Letter to Darcy from Brian Hastyngs. A remembrance for Thomas Wentworth, 12 Oct. The answers of certain articles sent to the earl of Shrewsbury from the lord Darcy by Thomas Wentworth, 13 Nov. ao xxviij. Copy of Darcy's letter to Shrewsbury, 12 Oct.
"The order taken at York and thorders in Lincoln and Not. shires and the copies of other letters past in November." "A letter to my lord of Cumberland by Charles Southfolk and other." Letter to my lord Steward, 22 Nov., for the stay of my lord of Derby. My lord Crumwell's letter to Ralph Evers. Letter to Lord Darcy from Thomas Gryce. Letter to Darcy from the earl of Shrewsbury, 22 Nov. Darcy's Letter to the lord Steward, 20 Nov. Letter to Darcy from Robt. Chilon (sic). Letter to Norfolk from Darcy. Letter to Mr. Frankelyn from Thomas Parry. Letter to the constable of Pomfret Castle from John Lace. "A letter of my lord Darcy's sent to my lord." Letter to Darcy from Thomas Gryce. My lord Steward's letter and answer, 20 Nov. The King's letter from the Castle of Windsor, 9 Nov. Letter of Sir Henry Evers. My lord of Norfolk's answers and letters, 20 Nov. Copy of Sir R. Ellerker's letter and Robert Bowys' letter to Darcy, 7 Nov. Another letter of Sir Ralph Ellerker and Robt. Bowys to Darcy 7 Nov. My lord Archbishop's letter sent to Forman.
Copy of both Norfolk's letters to Darcy, 20 Nov. Copies of my lord Steward's letters or answers by R. Mydylton. The King's letter to Darcy from Greenwich, 6 Jan. Norfolk's letter to Darcy from Windsor, 14 Nov. Letter to Darcy from Robt. Pulleyn and other at Kyrkby Stephen, 15 Nov. "A answer made to the King's letter by my lord Darcy," 14 Jan. Sir R. Ellerker's letter and Robt. Bowys' letter to Norfolk. Copies of my lord Archbishop's letter and my lord's answer thereto, 18 Dec. Copy of both my lord of Norfolk's letters to my lord Darcy, 20 Dec. Copy of a letter sent to Sir Brian Hastyngs by Darcy. The King's letter from Windsor, 19 Nov. ao 28.
A true copy sent by Sir Arthur Darcy to my lord Steward, 6 Oct. Copy of our letters sent by Sir Arthur Darcy to the King, 17 Oct., "and none answer made again." A letter to my lords Steward, Rutland, and Huntingdon "the Sunday next after Simon day and Jude." Mr. Gryce and Mr. Dalyson's letter to Darcy, 14 Oct. Copy of a letter to my lord Steward from the lords in Pountefrett Castle, 15 Oct. "The true copy sent to Mr. Gryce to my lord Darcy." Copy of the first letter sent to the King by Sir Arthur's servant. Letter from Sir Arthur Darcy to his father. The King's letter to my lord Darcy from Windsor, 14 Oct. ao xxviij. True copy of a letter to my lord Steward, 31 oct. A copy of the King's letter sent by Sir Arthur, 17 Oct., "and my answer, and none from the King again." Copy of a letter and instructions sent to the King by Myddleton, and none answer again, dated 13 Oct. Letter to Sir Arthur Darcy from his father, 8 Oct. True copy of the King's first letter. My lord Steward's first letter to my lord Darcy, 13 Oct. My lord Steward's first letter, dated 28 Oct.
Copy of the letter sent to my lord of Derby from my lord Steward. "My lord Steward's iiij lettre." Letter to my lords of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon, dated 16 Oct. My lord Steward's letter to my lord Darcy, 17 Oct. Gentlemen ready awarded within the castle of Pountefrett. My lord Steward's second letter, dated 12 Oct. The King's first letter, dated 8 Oct. The King's second letter dated 9 Oct. My lord Steward's third letter, dated 15 Oct. The proclamation of my lord of Shrewsbury to the commons of Lincoln. Sir Brian Hastyngs' letter and answer, 16 Nov. The copy of a letter sent to the King's Grace from the lords in Pountefrett Castle by Sir Arthur Darcy and none answer again. Brief instructions for Sir Arthur Darcy to show the King.
Letter from Wm. Maunsell to his cousin Bekewith, 20 Jan. Norfolk's letter to the King, 24 Feb. The mayor of Hull to the King, 28 Jan. John Latymer to my lord Admiral, 20 Jan. Oswold Willystrop to the King, 20 Jan. Norfolk's letter to the King, 2 April. Norfolk's letter to my lord Privy Seal, 31 March. Robt. Aske to the King. Copy of a letter to my lord Darcy, 20 Jan. Ralph Ellerker and other to the mayor of York, 20 Jan. Copy of a letter of the countess of Westmoreland to her husband, 18 Jan. Boyer's letter to my lord Privy Seal. Ralph Ellerker, jun., to the King, 18 Jan. Norfolk to my lord Privy Seal, 5 March. Ralph Ellerker, jun., to my lord Privy Seal, 20 Jan. Norfolk's letter to my lord Privy Seal, 22 March, touching Bowyer and Doctor Dawkyns. Mr. Edward Leighton, priest, to my lord Privy Seal. "News of Reginald Poole to the room of a cardinal." Ralph Ellerker, jun., 20 Jan., to the King. Earl of Shrewsbury to the King, 20 Jan.
Copy of Norfolk's letters to Darcy, "which copy was found in the vicar of Blackeborne's chamber." Norfolk to my lord Privy Seal, 2 April. Copy of Darcy's letters to my lord Admiral, 20 Jan. Letter sent to my lord Darcy by Thomas Ellerker. Oswald Wyllestrop to Darcy, 19 Jan. Darcy to my lord Steward, 19 Jan. Darcy to his cousin Babthorp, 19 Jan. Thomas Ellerker's letter and my lord's answer thereunto, 17 Jan. Robert Cole to lord Darcy, 19 Jan. Their names taken at Beverlay that was with Bygott. Copy of letters sent by Darcy to the lord Admiral. Copy of Darcy's letter to the lord Steward, 7 Jan. Sir Arthur Darcy to his father, 23 Jan.
Certain depositions made before Sir James Layburn, 18 April. The saying of Nicholas Leighton of Bethun (sic) examined by Andrew Barton, 17 March. Confession of Dan Henry Salley and Dan Henry Plummer, 23 March, at Furness. Copy of Robt. Legat's deposition. Copy of the saying of the abbot of Furness. Copy of the bailiff of Dalton's confession. Copy of the confession of Wm. Lancaster. Copy of the confession of Dan John Broughton. Depositions touching my lord of Norfolk's letter which was found in the vicar of Bacborn's (sic) chamber. Copy of my lord's letters to my lord of Norfolk. "The copy of the vicar of Dalton." The confession of John Staynyng. The copy of Chr. Marshe Rude confessions. My lord of Sussex' letter to my lord Privy Seal, 9 April. Letter sent by the abbot of Furness "to Lathon." Depositions of the monks of Whalley. Letter sent from the convent of Conyshed to Captains colyns and other. "Letters written by Sir Robt. Sygeston to Bethun and William Atkynson."
Pp. 10. In the handwriting of Richard Pollard's clerk.
A brief remembrance of the demeanour of Sir Thomas Percy, knt., in the county of Northumberland, in the time of the late rebellion, 1536.
1. How he made as many men as he could in the East Riding; how gorgeously he rode through York with feathers trimmed, which shows he did nothing constrained but of a willing malicious stomach against the King. The whole country can bear witness to the placards and precepts on pain of death signed by him, and to his entering upon the lands of others.
2. Immediately after Ellercar and Bowes were sent from the commons at Doncaster to the King, he went to his house at Pridhowe, where the most noted offenders of Tyndale and Hexhamshire resored to him, especially John Heron of Chipches, Edw. Charlton, Cuddy Charleton, Geffray Robson, Antony Erryngton and others.
3. Without authority either from the King or from the Earl of Northumberland, then warden of the East and Middle Marches, he acted as lieutenant of the Middle Marches that he might stir the people under colour of that office.
4. He and his brother Sir Ingram appointed a meeting at Rothebery, Nthld., for the establishment of Tyndale and Riddesdale and the recompense of the poor folk spoiled by them, but although a great number of people came the chief offenders were rather cherished than rebuked. No order was taken but an abstinence of 20 days which was not kept, and gentlemen who were not sworn before Sir Ingram at the former meeting at Alnwick were forced to take their oaths.
5. He attempted by threats to get money and plate belonging to Sir Raynold Carnaby from Parson Ogle and John Ogle of Ogle castle.
6. He put his own friends and servants into the offices and leases which Carnaby had from the earl of Northumberland and which were assured to him by Act of Parliament, as Langley, Corbreg, and Ovyngham Dam.
7. He proclaimed that any one who took one of the name of Carnaby or their servants should have the goods of the person taken.
8. He sent his servants to take away 200l. worth of stuff of Sir Reynold's from Captheton, the house of Wm. Swyneborne, who had charge of it "by reason he had married his sister."
9. He sent his priest to Hallton the dwelling of Carnabie's grandfather, to take possession of it, as Carnabie was fled and was against the commons.
10. Divers times at Hexham on market days he demanded of the inhabitants what help he might have in the quarrel of the commons. His words encouraged many persons to be worse minded against the King.
11. He promised to have aided the commons with 500 Northumberland spears, but not being able to do so, he sent his priest with an excuse, and therefore was not at Doncaster.
12. He came to Harbottle Castle and was there with John Heron of Chipches for one night. He would have met the officers of Scotland as lieutenant of the Middle Marches, but they were aware of his usurped authority and refused to meet him; so he rode to Alnwick to his brother Sir Ingram.
13. He sent letter to the gentlemen to meet for the stay of the country, which at no time he minded, but only the fulfilling of his own mind.
14. When the earl of Northumberland appointed lord Ogle and others to bear office, and proclamations were made at Morpeth and elsewhere declaring their authority, the said Thomas caused proclamations to be made also in his name, so that poor men could not tell to whom to sue for justice.
15. He and his brother Sir Ingram attempted to hinder the holding of a Warden Court at Morpethe by lord Ogle, vice-warden, who for fear of trouble put it off.
16. He caused his servant to take horses of Sir Reynold Carnaby's, out of Lekynfield Park., Yorks., and still detains them.
17. He still occupies the offices, property and houses of Sir Reynold and his relations.
18. He has caused new oaths to be made in Northumberland, since the pardon, against his allegiance.
ii. Sir Ingram Percy's doings in the time of the said insurrection, 1536.
19. Though he resigned the vice-wardenry at Midsummer willingly, when he knew of the insurrection, he summoned the gentlemen to meet him at Alnwick Castle, and they supposing it had been for the stay of Tyndale and Riddesdale, repaired thither.
20. He read to them a letter brought by John Lumley, brother-in-law of John Heron of Chipches, from the commons, and certain articles to which he compelled every man to be sworn.
21. He did all he could to stir the gentlemen to be of the commons' part, and because Sir Reynold Carnaby and his friends would not be sworn, he would not suffer them to remain within the country except in such strongholds as he could not come at.
22. He caused the abbot of Alnwick and other friends to go to the earl of Northumberland at Wresill and tell him that Sir Ingram was true to the King, in consequence of which the earl wrote desiring him to take the offices of vice-warden and sheriff for that year, and of lieutenant of the East Marches, with the fees accustomed, but he refused to take them without 800 marks, wherefore his brother discharged him.
23. When at York he spoke abominable words to his brother about lord Cromwell, wishing him to be hanged, and saying if he were there he would put his sword in his belly.
24. When he and his brother Sir Thomas were come from Yorkshire from the commons, they appointed a meeting at Rothebery promising to take an order for Tyndale and Ryddesdale, but they let the chief evildoers go home without punishment and nothing done but caused certain gentlemen to be sworn who were not sworn at Alnwick.
25. Sir Ingram with Sir Humfray Lisle, Robt. Swynnowe and John Roddom, came to the house of Thos. Forster, whose sister Sir Reynold Carnaby had married, thinking Carnaby was there, and searched it. Not finding him, he said he would be revenged on him for being "the destruction of all our blood, for by his means the King shall be my lord's heir." On his way back to Alnwick, he would have cast down a house of Thos. Gray's called Newstede, but some of his company dissuaded him.
26. On his way home he took possession of North Charlton, a town which Carnaby had lately purchased, and of his lands there, proclaiming that he took them for his brother Sir Thomas.
27. He sent to Lionell Gray, porter of Berwick, to come and be sworn to the commons, threatening to seize all his goods, and likewise to Sir Roger Gray, and Sir Robt. Ellercar, the King's servant.
28. During the insurrection he made musters and assemblies for the annoyance of those who would not be sworn, so that the poor men durst not do their duty.
29. He carried away to Alnwick Castle, Edw. Bradeforthe, Carnaby's servant, for refusing to pay to him the rents of his master's lands, put him in the stocks and tried to make him forswear his master.
30. He sent to Berwick for great ordnance to besiege Chillingham Castle, where Carnaby, Sir Robt. Ellercar and others, that were unsworn, lay.
31. He took upon him to be sheriff of Northumberland, keeping sheriff's turns at Alnwick, and making Sir [Hum]fray Lisle and others officers. He said openly that no man should rule there but his brother and he.
32. In the chapel at Alnwick he said to Sir Thomas that he was afraid the King would agree with the commons; to which Sir Thomas answered that it would not be so, for he was promised by their chief rulers that they would not agree without his knowledge, and he was sure they would never agree without a pardon; "wherefore let us do that we think to do whiles we may, and that betimes."
33. When the lord warden sent letters to lord Ogle, then vice-warden, and to Sir Roger Gray and Sir John Widdryngton, lieutenants, to see the country in good order and redress made, Sir Ingram caused his servants to lie in wait for such letters. They stopped a servant of the lord warden and opened his letters, and if he had letters to lord Ogle, he would have been in danger of his life. Wardens' letters have hitherto always been in place of a safe conduct.
34. Meeting a tenant of Sir Wm. Ogle's he asked him what news. He said he was a tenant of lord Dacre's, and he and his neighbours were spoiled and undone. Sir Ingram said he was well served, for lord Dacre was a traitor first to the King and then to the commons.
iii. "The crafty device and subtle way contrived by John Heron of Chypches, otherwise called little John Heron, to have the inhabitants of Tyndall and Hexhamshire to break, and all to bring to pass his evil intended purpose in the beginning of the late rebellion."
35. On Sunday, 15 Oct., Heron came to Wm. Carnaby's dwelling place at Halton, and, after talking of the apprehension of the canons of Hexham for keeping the monastery against the commissioners, advised Carnaby to take some stay with the inhabitants of Hexhamshire, showing him what strength they were of, and offered to bring the same treaty about that neither party should do harm to the other. Carnaby, thinking this was devised of a true heart, desired him to undertake the said business. He thereupon rode to Hexham and devised with the canons and their friends for their defence against all of the contrary part, suggesting that if they would give fees to certain men of Tyndale, he doubted not that, with the help of his son-in-law Cuthbert Charleton, and Edward Charleton his uncle, all Tyndale would die and live in their quarrel. Writings were made but not sealed, as the canons desired him to take a message to Wm. Carnaby before they joined with thieves, which they would be loth to do if they could any otherwise save their lives. The message was to desire Wm. Carnaby to send his son Sir Reynold, who brought down the King's letters, desiring him to be a mean and suitor for them of Hexham who had offended, and that they might have their lives, and the abbey be delivered to the King's commissioners to be ordered at their pleasure, so that they might serve God there though they begged for their livings. Heron went to Carnaby's house, but never gave him this message, saying that he could not have an immediate answer because many of their friends were absent; and that night, by means of his son-in-law, he had warning sent through Tyndale to meet their keeper Roger Fenwyke at Challerford two miles from Hexham on pain of forfeiting a noble apiece. On Monday, Oct. 16, Heron rode back to Hexham and told the canons his mission had been useless, for Sir Reynold would have four heads of the canons and four of the town and shire to send up to the King. Hearing this, they said it was better to defend their lives as long as they could and prepared themselves and Tyndale men to make themselves as strong as they could. Heron, seeing everything ready as he would have it, came back to Wm. Carnaby's house again and sat down to dinner saying these words, "It is a good sight to see a man eat when he is hungry" and passed forth the time till half dinner was done. Meanwhile Arche Robson came in to John Robson, his cousin, and told how Tyndale men were gathered. Heron, fearing that Wm. Carnaby would hear of it, took him aside and told him that the people of Hexham would not make any stay, but would do their worst, and bade him defend himself, for he knew they would be at his house straightway, and that Tyndale was partaker with them. Carnaby said it was not like a friend to know such a purpose and not declare it till he had half dined, and asked his advice. Heron told him he could not defend the house and advised his going to his (Heron's) house of Chipchase, his intent being to have had the house empty so that he might get Sir Reynold's money and plate. They accordingly rode together towards Chipchase, and were met by a servant of Sir Reynold's who had escaped from the Hexhamshire and Tyndale men, and who whispered to Carnaby that Heron was a traitor, and would betray him. Carnaby then suggested to Heron that he should tarry behind and Sir Reynold's servant would guide him (Carnaby) to Chipchase; but as soon as they were out of sight they took the way towards Langley and escaped, otherwise he had been sure to have been slain by his enemies.
Not finding Sir Reynold's plate and money, Heron afterwards went to Halton and asked Wm. Carnaby's wife if her son Sir Reynold had any money. She giving good faith to him delivered him the casket, but Arthur Erryngton, a kinsman of Carnaby's, took it away and rode off, with seven Tyndale men who had promised to take his part. Heron pursued them, "putting a kercher as a pensell upon his spear point" so that the rest of those who were broken in the foray and were seizing the goods, should have recovered the casket; but he could not overtake him. That the house might be defenceless, he had sent away Thos. Carnaby by a false message from his father, and tried to frighten away Lewis Ogle, lord Ogle's brother, which when he could not do, he rode home and never came thither after. During the insurrection, John Lumley, who married his wife's sister, brought a letter from the commons to Sir Ingram Percy at Alnewyke by reason whereof all those who were sworn in Northumberland took their oath.
He keeps Forde Castle by strong hand and has daily accompanied with the chief spoilers of the poor inhabitants of Northumberland.
Pp. 18. Mutilated. Docketed: Articles against Sir Thomas Percy Sir Ingram Percy, and John Heron. Marked on the flyleaf: Liber primus.
"Certain articles touching the fortification of the King's towns of Berwike, Carlill and other his Grace's castles and fortresses in the North Parts."
(1.) Surplus ordnance in Berwick to be transferred to Bamborough, Scarborough, and Pontefract. (2.) A survey to be taken of Carlisle and Berwick, and repairs made with speed. (3.) Similar survey and repairs for Bamborough castle, which is to be made tenable, with houses therein to bake and brew. (4.) The like for the castles of Warkeworth, Anwik, and Pridhowarke on the Borders. (5.) The like for Scarborough and Pontefract castles, the latter to have brewhouses, &c., so that the constable may dwell therein. (6.) Substantial officers to be appointed to Pontefract, Bamborough, Alnwick, Warkworth, &c. (7.) An assignment to be made for the pay of the pensioners on the Borders and the Council of the North. (8.) To despatch Mr. Sulyerd to Wales with an instruction to the Lord President and him to put in execution the new shiring. (9.) A new assignment to be made for the diets, wages, and stipend of the President and Council in the marches of Wales. (10.) To remember that the Staplers be at a point [for] ... of wools, and arrangements should he made how the King may pay his retinue and ga[rrison at Calais]. (11.) An order to be taken for the custom and ... to be paid throughout the realm. The revenue should amount to much more than it does. (12.) An order for the King's household should be made. (13.) A substantial officer should be set at Four ... with a learned man to keep law days there, who must be sufficient to order the tenants and prevent bribery and extortion. (14.) Order to be taken for the payment of the g ..., now two years in arrear. (15.) A survey of all the subsidies, and an order to be [taken] with them who have manifestly deceived the King. (16.) The officers of the Augmentations to be ordered to make full declaration of the whole yearly value of monasteries suppressed, and of all else within charge of their office, and what profits have grown of the lead bells, plate, jewels, &c., and what debts be stalled and owing by whom, what lands have been granted away, and what is the yearly revenue of their office. (17.) Similar commandment to be given to the treasurer and officers of First Fruits and Tenths to make full declaration of the yearly value of the same, &c. (18.) Similar orders to be given to the treasurer of the chamber, surveyors, and receivers of the King's lands, &c., also to the barons and officers of the Exchequer and to the chancellor, auditors and receivers of the Duchy. By these means the King may know his estate and establish his affairs.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 6.
R. O. 2. A flyleaf which seems to have belonged to the preceding document, docketed: "Certain articles touching the fortification of the towns and castles in the North."
R. O. 1092. DEFENCE against the SCOTS.
"A device for the defence of Berwick and Carlisle."
For Carlisle:—My lord of Cumberland to be chief captain, with 1,000 footmen, of Craven and Westmoreland. Lord Scrope, his son-in-law, to be with him with 1,000 men. Out of Furness and Lancashire, 700 men. Lordship of Cockermouth, 300 men. Total, 3,000, besides the inhabitants of the town.
For Berwick:—My lord of Westmoreland to be chief captain, with 1,000 men from the Bishopric. To be taken out of Barney castle, Austen More, Cleveland, Lord Conyers' folk, Ripon, Fountains and friends and tenants with Sir Chr. Danby, young Bowes, Robert Bowes, Robert Plays, Thomas Gower, and Sir George Conyers, 1,500 men. To be chosen from Tynemouthshire and nigh Newcastle, 500 men. At every alarm 1,000 men of Elondshire, Bamborowshire, and Anwyke lordship to enter Berwick.
In Vaughan's hand, p. 1. Endd. as above.
Petition for "a fishing of salmons" in the water of Lone, Lanc., belonging to the monastery of Furness now in the King's hands. His father Robert Southworth and his ancestors have always had that fishing, and Roger, late abbot of Furness, promised he should have it when he came of age.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Privy Seal.
Calig. B. I.,
f. 320. B. M. St. P. v. 75.
"The saying of me, Henry Ray, pursuivant of Berwick at my return last from Scotland."
Repaired to Edinburgh and delivered my lord of Norfolk's letters to the Lord Chancellor of Scotland, 23 April; being present the earl of Eglenton, Lord Askill (Erskine), Sir Thos. Askyll (Erskine), Sir Jas. Colven, comptroller, Adam Otterburne and Jas. Fownes (Foulis). Gives conversation with the Chaucellor and Otterburne who asked why English friars were driven to take refuge in Scotland, why four ships had left Newcastle, and whether an ambassador was sent to the Emperor. Answered he knew of no ambassador sent but Mr. Brian who went to the French king. They said Mr. Wyat was sent.
Leaving the Council, met one of the Queen's servants and asked him to tell her Ray was there. She sent for him to come to her secretly that night at 9 o'clock. Did so. Details conversation, in which she marvelled she had no answer to her letters by Ralph Sadler and asked him to speak to the duke of Norfolk to move the King in her favour. She said no lord in Scotland would give the King her son good counsel towards England, that it was generally believed that English ships were in the West seas to take her son, and that Rosay herald was being sent into France to see the state of England and advertise her son accordingly.
Saw her again next night, when she promised to let the King know all that passed in Scotland, and said everyone expected war, "and if it be so let my lord of Norfolk be sure of the commons." She begged that Norfolk would make no war till Henry Steward and she were divorced, for otherwise the lords of Scotland would suffer Steward to occupy her living.
Next day went to the bp. of Aberdeen and said Norfolk thanked him for the hawks and replied to his message last sent by Ray (i.e. that he would pray God to make the king of England and all the realm good men) that there was no place where God was better served, and that the bp. of Rome had no authority out of his own diocese. The Bishop said they had spoken of that before and he did not grudge towards them for that, "but for the cruelness of you that put down your own poor commons." Signed.
Robberies and harms done to the town of Rye, and such as they know to be done to Englishmen by Flemings in the year 28 Henry VIII.
First they took a ship of Sir William Goodolfyn's out of the Camber to Hampton, where it was arrested. Other items of merchandise by them taken at sea from Oliver Skinner, John Day of Wyston, Norf., Harry Formage of Callys, a crayer of London, Ric. Harwood of London, Thos. Hare of Yarmouth, Moyse of Harwich, John Franck of Hastings, Robt. Write of Rye (goods of Marberry of London), and John Taylor of Rye (Mr. Oxbryggys goods). One item is that "they burned the chapel of Saint Anthony by Camber."
P. 1.
R. O. 1096. GOUFFIN OGIER, Shipmaster, and THOMAS CRETINEL, Mariner, to the LORD PRIVY SEAL.
Complaining that their ship was attacked and taken on Quasimodo Sunday last by Gaspar Flessing, a Fleming who since Holy Week has remained at Dover. The assault took place within a gunshot of the Hermitage of Dover. The local justices took the ship into custody in the port of Dover, to which Flessing conveyed it, and he has confessed the facts (except that he declares the capture was a mile from the shore) before Cromwell's secretary and commissioner, Thos. Soulemont.
Fr., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 1097. HOLIDAYS.
"The declaration of John Barret, clerk, parson of Monkyston," explaining that on Sunday, 22 April, after the gospel was read at beadstime he set forth the King's injunctions as to holydays, showing that St. George's day was to be kept holy, and St. Mark's day on the Wednesday to be a holy day, and no fasting day, but that on the 24th, St. Mark's Eve, he was informed by a simple person, John Egge, son of Harry Egge, that he had heard at Winchester, St. Mark's day was commanded holy day and fasting day, which he thereupon announced at evensong in his stall, turning to his parishioners, and informed the parish priests of Amporte and Grakley to the same effect in no spirit of disobedience.
Large paper, pp. 2.
Petition of John Browne, "one of the King's army in Ireland" to my lord Privy Seal, chief Secretary, setting forth his services before and since the rebellion of Thos. Fitzgerald, under Sir John Whitt, constable of Dublin castle, during the siege, and in defending the castle of Deyryknogkan, of which one Teke Bakawoobrene was previously constable under the Desmonds, when all others fled from the traitors. Cromwell has received letters in his favour from my lord Deputy and the Council there, of which he was the bearer, to obtain for him some living from the King, for which he has been a suitor for six months past. (fn. 20) Desires to be admitted as one of the garrison of Dublin Castle for life.
I am glad to hear of the case your ladyship is in, which I pray may long continue. I beg you to be good lady to my kinsman, the constable of Rysbanke, in whose favour the Queen has written to my lord your husband, saying she trusts both in him and you. The bearer is his wife, and, I assure you, a virtuous woman, whom I love with all my heart. From Greenwich.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
My lady [Fitz] Williams, my lord Admiral's wife, my lady Pawlett, and other worshipful women, have wished me many times with your ladyship, and so have I myself. If I could have been with you one or two hours, I doubt not that I could have put you in much quietness, as it is well known I have done to many in such case. I send you a box of "maynys Cryste" (manus Christi). Signed: Annys Cokerell, dwelling in Little All Hallows.
Hol., (fn. 21) p. 1. Add.
R. O. 1101. AGNES COCKERELL, Midwife, to LADY LISLE.
I beg you to speak to my lord in behalf of my poor husband, an aged man, who has lost much time, and it is shown me "there are so many formal grants before, that it is but folly to tarry there for him." I therefore intend making a new suit to get him a living elsewhere, for he tarries there to his great cost this half year's day. Signed Angnes Cocked (sic), midwife, dwelling in Little All Hallows, in Thames Street.
Hol.,* p. 1. Add.: in Calais.
Orig. Letters,
(Parker Soc.) 621.
Hope their absence from him will not be lengthened. Fear they will be looked on as summer flies, which disappear on the approach of winter. Cannot alleviate the distress brought on Calvin by the disordered tempers of certain individuals, but refer him to Christ. Salutations to Farel, Olivetan and Fontaine.
1103. GRANTS in APRIL 1537, 28 HEN. VIII.
1. Rob. Metcalf a clk. of the Kitchen. To be bailiff and keeper of that part of the manor of Cottyngham and Hesell, Yorks., and of the woods and park there, which lately belonged to Henry duke of Richmond, &c., with fees of 3l. 20d. a year, as formerly enjoyed by Edward Vaulx in that office; which office the said duke granted to the said Robert, and it came to the King's hands on the said duke's death. Westm., 31 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 2 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 22.
2. Wm. Carpenter alias Smyth of Romsey, Hants., smith. Pardon as accessory with Elbright Felpys, alias Felipps, of Whitparish, Wilts., alias of Wade, Hants, yeoman, and John Baily of Bromyll, Wilts., yeoman, in breaking into the church of St. Peter, Bremshawe, Hants., 2 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII., and stealing a silver gilt cup, an altar cloth, and other articles belonging to the parishioners. Del. Westm., 3 Apr., 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 3.
3. Joan Edwarde of Branktre, Essex, spinster, late servant of John Smyth alias John Barker of Branktre. Pardon of all felonies, &c., hitherto committed. Westm., 16 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 3 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 21.
4. Edward, bishop of Hereford, the King's great almoner. Grant in augmentation of the royal alms, of the goods, debts, and chattels of suicides in England, Wales, Calais, and the marches thereof. Westm., 28 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 4 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 5. Rym. XIV., 580.
5. Charles, duke of Suffolk. Grant, in tail male, of the castle, lordship, and manor of Tatishall alias Tatyrishall, Linc., with all lands, &c., in Tatishall, Conysby, Kyrkeley super Bayteyn alias Bayne, Thorp, Stratton, Langton, Marton, Roughton, Tomby, and Toftnewton, Linc.; with court leets, views of frankpledge, &c., and a ferry on the water of Withom in Tatishall; the premises having come to the King by the death, without heir of his body, of Henry late duke of Richmond and Somerset, to whom they were granted in tail by the authority of parliament 21 & 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 April, 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 25.
6. Edward bishop of Hereford, Reg. Digby, and Th. Cave. Next presentation to a canonry and prebend in "Kyng Henry is Colledge" in the University of Oxford. Westm., 29 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 4 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 9.
7. Th. Vowell, a gentleman usher of the chamber. Licence to export 300 weys of beans and barley. Westm., 22 Mar., 28 Hen. VIII., Del., 4 Apr.—P.S.
8. Rog. Ratclyff. See Vol. X., No. 775 (13).
9. John Rustone, a native of Germany and born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 5 Apr.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
10. William Garrat, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Denization. Westm., 6 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
11. Charles, duke of Suffolk. Grant in tail of the site, &c., of the dissolved abbey of St. Mary, Leyston, Suff., the church messuages, &c., the manors of Leyston, Glernnyng, Culpho, Pethaugh, Darsham, and Laxfeld; and all lands, tenements, rents, &c., in Leyston, Theberton, Dersham, Middelton, Thorpe, Sisewell, Kelsall, Knottshall, Buxlowe, Billesforde, Aldryngham, Brusyard, Glarving, Colpho, Graundesburgh, Playford, Tuddenham, Witlesham, Laxfeld, Willoweby, and Corton, Suff.; the churches and rectories of Leyston, Alderyngham, Middelton, and Corton, Suff.; and all chantries, lands, glebes, &c., belonging to the premises, in as full manner as George late abbot held the same on 4 Feb., 27 Hen. VIII., in right of the monastery. Also the site, &c., of the dissolved monastery of St. Peter, Eye, Suff., the church, houses, &c., and the manors of Eye, Stoke, Laxfeld, Bedfeld, Occolt, and Fresyngfeld, with all lands, tenements, rents, &c., in Eye, Yaxley, Melles, Okeley, Stoke Thorneham, Pilcote, Thornham Magna, and Thornham Parva, Gislyngham, Laxfelde, Badyngham, Bedfeld, Occolte, Snape, Fresyngfeld, Waybrede, Stradbroke, Brome, Brisworth, Thrandeston, Thorndon, Pesenall, Dunwiche, Hollesley, Rikyngale, West Cretynge, Wynerston, Snape, Playforth, and Butley, Suff.; Colneqwynche alias Colnewake, Essex; Shelfanger and Reydon, Norf.; Sechebroke, Welbourne, and Barbeby, Linc.; also the churches and rectories of All Saints in Downewiche, and of Playford, Laxfeld, Yaxley, and Eye, Suff.; and the advowsons of the vicarages of the said churches of All Saints in Downewiche, Playford, Laxfeld, Yaxley, Eye, and Segebroke; and the chantries, lands, glebes, &c., belonging, &c., to hold at 136l. 8s. 10d. rent. Also exoneration to the said duke from the following annuities, lately granted by the abbot and convent, viz., 20l. to John Grene, clk., 5l. 13s. 4d. to John Hobson, clk., 40s., to Wm. Medobb, 40s. to Wm. Sympson. Del. Westm., 7 April, 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 8.
12. John Makealpyn, clk., a native of the king of Scotland's dominions. Denization, Westm., 7 April.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
13. Ralph Sadler, a gentleman of the King's privy chamber. Annuity of 20l. Westm. 25 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 5.
14. John Newman and Jone (or Johan) his wife. Licence in survivorship "to keep open bowling and bowling alleys, and table playing in any their dwelling place or places" within the city of London, "for the recreation of all manner our true subjects which at any time or times hereafter shall resort thither for using any of the said games and pastimes, all manner prentices except." Westm. Palace, 31 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 April.—P.S.
15. Edmund Clerke. To be a clerk of the privy seal upon the next vacancy by the death or otherwise of Ric. Turnor, Rob. Forthe, Th. Jefferrey, or John Hever, now having the same rooms. Westm. 1 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 April.—P.S.
16. John Gill, of St. John's Street without the bars of Westsmythfeld, London, Midd., saddler. Pardon for the murder of one Humphrey Chapman, of London, yeoman. Westm. 27 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 28.
17. Abbey of St. Mary, Wallyngwellys, Notts., York dioc. Exemption from suppression; Marg. Goldsmyth, to be abbess. Del. Westm. 10 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 30.
18. Sir John Spelman, a justice of the King's Bench, and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in fee, of the manor of Gracys in Narburgh, Norf., belonging to the suppressed priory of Penteney, and a croft or moor called Wigan Crofte on the north side of the rivulet of Narburgh; and all other messuages, lands, &c. in Narburgh and elsewhere belonging to the said manor; in as full manner as Robert Codde, late prior, held the same. Del. Westm. 10 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Countersigned: Rich. Riche, Th. Pope, John Onley, Rob. Sowthwell. Pat. p. 4, m. 29.
19. Sir Nich. Strelley, of Strelley, Notts. Grant, in fee, (for 220l.) of the house and site of the late abbey de Bello Capite alias of Beauchieff, Derb., the church, messuages, &c.; 121 acres of arable land, 65½ acres of meadow, and 73 acres of pasture, and the grange called Strawbereley in Beauchieff, with its appurtenances, now in tenure of Th. North; and all woods, underwoods, warrens, &c., as fully as John Shefelde, the late abbot, held the same. Annual value 12l. 8s. 2d., rent, 25s. Del. Westm. 10 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 29.
20. Wm. Bothe. To be clerk of the crown at the sessions of peace in co. Staff. Del. Westm. 10 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 6.
21. John Owen, one of the King's gunfounders. Pension of 8d. a day. Westm. 10 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 18.
22. Rob. Owen, one of the King's gunfounders. Pension of 8d. a day. Westm. 10 April.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 18.
23. John Luddyng, a born subject of the king of the French. Denization. Westm. 12 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
24. Th. Lawnde, of Aylesham, Norf., barber alias surgeon, and Joan his wife, alias Joan Lawnde, of Aylesham, spinster. General pardon. Westm. 10 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 14 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 28.
25. Nich. Galiard, a native of the dominions of the king of the French. Denization. Westm. 16 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
26. Simon Girrell, a native of the dominions of the king of the French. Denization. Westm. 16 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 13.
27. John Barkeley. Grant in tail male of the manor, grange and farm of Marisden alias Marilden alias Marchden alias Marshe Dean, Glouc., late belonging to the abbey of Bruern, Oxon., dissolved; and all manors, messuages, &c. in the vills, parishes, or hamlets of Marisden and Rankcom alias Rancum, Glouc., lately belonging to the said abbey. Del. Westm. 18 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B, Pat. p 5, m. 22.
28. Sir Th. Dingley, a knight of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England. To be preceptor of Schingay, vice Edw. Hylles, deceased; notwithstanding that the said office is in litigation between Ambrose Cave and the said Thomas. The assent of Desiderius de Tholono Sanctæ Jallæ, the late grand master, was obtained to this request. Del. Westm., 19 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 18.
29. Sir Th. Audeley, the Chancellor. Custody of the castles, lordships, or manors of Forde, Symeborne and Twesell, Northumb., and all other possessions in Forde, Simeborne, and Twesell, Eton, Tindale Hous, Halbernes, Typermore, Sharppeley, Shellington, Berigge, Crage, Nethercragge, Bellerley, Shellington Hall, Holands, Brigham, Hallhelie, Watriatts, Haylle, Hinrigge, Charden, and Snapdaughe, Northumb., and bishopric of Durham, which lately belonged to Sir Wm. Heron, deceased, during the minority of Eliz. Heron, kinswoman and next heir of the said William; with the wardship and marriage of the said Elizabeth. Del. Westm., 20 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 10.
30. Jas. Standley of London, alias of St. Mary de Strone [St. Mary le Strand] Midd., alias of Westminster, serving man. Pardon for having received and entertained John Wolff, late of London, merchant, alias merchant of Cologne, alias merchant of the Styllyard in the city of London, Alice Tankerfeld, late of London, spinster, alias Alice Wolff, wife of the said John, alias Alice Tomlynson, of London, alias of Kyngs Sutton, Northt., Rob. Garrard, of Westminster, alias of _ (blank), Berks., yeoman, and John Lychefeld, alias John Dowsett, of Westminster, yeoman; knowing that the said parties on the 16 July 25 Hen. VIII. murdered Jerome de George and Chas. Benche, they being then in a boat upon the river Thames at the parish of St. Mary de Stronde, Midd., in a place called Strondesteyre in the said parish, intending to go home by water to the city of London. Del. Westm., 19 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 18.
31. John Gostwyke and Wm. Grymston. Lease of 8½ bovates of land in Halegate, alias Saffordale, in the fields and meadows of Cotyngham, Yorks., late in the tenure of John Stackhouse; a pasture called Middelpece in Lorteley, containing 40 acres, late in the tenure of John Whetherwike; pastures called Litel Lorteley, Outgate, at the east end of Southwoode, and Merstherdyke, in the lordship of Cotyngham, Yorks., parcel of the land of the late countess of Richmond and Derby, the King's grandmother; a pasture called Southchaunterlands, late in tenure of Chr. Helard and Thos. Fenwall; another called Twelve Ends in tenure of the said Wm. Grymston; another called Westcotegarth, late in tenure of John Dykeson in the lordship of Cotyngham, Yorks., parcel of the lands assigned by Parliament for the pay of the garrison of Berwick; two pastures called Esthalland and Westhalland in the lordship of Litle Humbre; a close called Oxegrene, and a pasture called Newland there; parcel of the lands of Edward, late duke of Buckingham, attainted, in Holdernes, Yorks.; with reservations; for 21 years, at certain stated rents. Del. Westm. 20 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.3, m.15.
32. Chr. Villers, esquire of the Royal Body. Lease of the lordship or manor of Enderby, Leic., with reservations, for 21 years at 22l. 6s. 8d, rent, in reversion on the expiration of a similar lease thereof to Gerard Danet, esquire, of the Royal Body by patent 12 April 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 4.
33. Rob. Dean, Hen. Lumner, and John Lane, of London, grocers. Lease for seven years of six acres of land in the hundred of Newchurche, Kent, which Adam Quykman, temp. Edw. II., acquired of the fee of the King without warrant; at the annual rent of 6s. 8d. and 4d. of increase. Westm., 20 April. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2. Vacated because on the Fine Roll.
34. John Taylor of Cartmell, Lanc., labourer. Pardon for the murder, 4 July 27 Hen. VIII., of Th. Gregg at Cartmell. Del. Westm., 20 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
35. Rog. Clarkson, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Crofton, York dioc., vice Rob. Downyng dec. Grant to be made under the seal of the duchy of Lancaster. No date of delivery, but endd.: Greenwich, 20 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Exch. Series.)
36. Hugh Jones, a page of the King's Chamber. Lease (in consideration of his services to Henry late duke of Richmond and Somerset) of the manors and lordships of Manerbere and Pennallen, co. Pembroke, Wales, which lately belonged to the said duke, and are now in tenure of Morgan Morice and Jas. Kemes upon a 12 years' lease to them by the said duke, dated 20 March 19 Hen. VIII.; for 21 years from the feast of Annunciation A.D. 1540, on the expiration of the said term of 12 years; rent, 93l. 6s. 8d. Westm., 13 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 20 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 12.
37. Jas. Acowre. Lease of lands and tenements in co. Denbigh, parcel of the acres of Leweny, lands called Garth Maylour, a water mill called Henllan Mylne, lands in Brynnyskip, Taldrogh, Toyssoke, Altwaynan, Lleweny park, &c. in the commote of Isalet; and other lands in Kilkedy, in the commote of Kenmerghe, and le Frith de Havot Elwey in the commote of Isalet, Hendrigida, and Abergeley in the commote of Istulas, and in Abergele, and a water mill called "the mylne of Bragot" in Hendrigida. The premises were late in tenure of Pet. Lloid, Jevan. Ap Madoc Ap Res, John Ap William Ap Jevan Ap Jer', Tudor Ap Dicus Ap Jer', Gregory Apres Ap Wilcoks, clk., Hen. Chamber, Th. Panton, clk., Alex. Panton, Hen. Myvot, Dav. Ap Robyn, John Thomas, Hen. Lathom, Ric. Ayshton, Wm. son of Th. Rede, Madok Ap Howell Vaughan, Griffith Ap Madock Vaughan, Dav. Talbott, Hen. Ap Robert, and Dav. Lloid Ap Tudor Ap Jevan. Term, 40 years; rents and exceptions specified. Del. Westm., 21 April 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 21.
[Also inrolled on patentroll 29 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 2.]
1. Benedictine abbey of St. Mary, Tutbury, Staff., Cov., and Lich. dioc. Commencement of a grant of exemption from suppression. Arth. Menerell to be prior, Crossed out. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 19.
2. Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the King's chamber. Licence to enclose and make into a park 200 acres of land, meadow and pasture, and 100 acres of wood, in whatsoever his lands in Haverynge, Navestoke, and Stapleforde Abbatis, Essex; and to have free warren in all his said lands, and a several fishery in his waters there.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
3. Ric. Baldwyn, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Anlesley, Cov. and Lich. dioc., void by death. Westm. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 18.
4. Oliver Coren, rector of Wonsington, Winchester dioc. Licence to absent himself from his rectory and reside in the King's household, or in any conventual, collegiate, or parish church or in any university in or out of England, notwithstanding the statutes 21 and 28 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 26.
5. Ric. Heth, of Tytsey, Surrey, husbandman. Pardon for the murder, 28 Nov. last, at Lamesfeld, Surrey, of Ric. Aldriche. Westm.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p.4, m 19.
6. Ric. Longe, an esquire of the King's stable. To be keeper of Eltham park and of the houses in the manor of Eltham, the new park of Horne alias Eltham, Kent, with fees of 3d. a day for Eltham, 6d. a day for the said houses, and 4d. a day for the said new park, out of the issues of the manor of Eltham, and further fees of 4d. a day for the last office, out of the tunnage and poundage in the port of London. Also the offices of keeper of the lordship or manor, the great garden, and the little garden with the orchard, of Plesaunce in Estgrenewich, Kent, the park of Estgrenewich, with the tower there, with certain stated daily fees payable out of the said tunnage and poundage. Also the office of steward of the manors or lordships of Lewsham, Estgrenewich, Lee, Shrofold, and Bankers, Kent; with fees as enjoyed by Hen. Norres. The offices in Eltham are granted on surrender of patent, 11 April 25 Hen. VIII., by which the said Richard succeeded John Bolt, dec., in these offices.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 26.
7. John Petron, clk., native of Roan (Rouen), in Normandy. Denization.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
8. Thos. Welles. Warrant for a lease of the parsonage of B[e]tham, vice Wm. Lancastre of Depdale, Westm., executed for treason. In the form of a petition signed by the King.
9. Miles Willen of New Wyndesore Berks., clk., alias chaplain of the King's household. Pardon of all treasons committed by him.—S.B. Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
Commissions of the Peace. (fn. 22)
10. Lincolnshire, Holland:—Sir Th. Audeley, Chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thomas earl of Rutland, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam lord Admiral of England, J. bishop of Lincoln, Edw. lord Clynton, John lord Husey, Sir Anth. Fitz-Herbert, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Wm. Husey, Sir Th. Tempest, Sir John Copledicke, Th. Hennege, John Haryngton, Fran. Brown. John Meeres, John Hennege, Anth. Eyrby, Th. Gyldon, Nich. Roberdson, Th. Holland, John Hall, Rob. Walpole, John Reede, Ric. Wolmer, Ric. Ogle jun., Ric. Reede, Blaise Holland, John Fryskeney, Th. Broun, Wm. Roberdes, John Tamworthe. T. 8 July.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 5d.
11. Notts.:—Sir Th. Audeley, Chanc., Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, George earl of Shrewsbury, Thomas earl of Rutland, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam lord Admiral of England, Sir Fran. Talbott lord Talbott, Thomas lord Burgh, Sir Anth. Fitz-Herbert, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Wm. Meryng, Sir Brian Stapleton, Sir John Markham, Sir John Byron, Sir John Wylloughby, Sir Hen. Sutton, Sir Nich. Strelley, Sir John Chaworth, Mich. Stannehop, Gervase Clyfton, John Constable, Th. Hall, Wm. Clerkson, John Babyngton, Geo. Wastnesse, Edm. Molynex, John Hercy, John Bassett, And. Barton, Rob. Nevell, Mich. Clerkeson, Roger Grenall, Ric. Bevercotts.—Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 5d.
1105. GRANTS in APRIL 1537, 29 HEN. VIII.
1. John Whetland of Estwydhay, Hants., husbandman. Pardon for having, 3 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII., stolen three sheep from the close of Walter Longman at Estwydhay. Del. Westm., 22 April 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 24.
2. Thos. Clifford. Grant for life of two closes called Itemfelde and Heyclose, in Inglewood forest, Cumb., value 10l. a year. Greenwich, 21 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 April 29 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
3. Master John Gregill, M.A., parson of the parish church of Hamswell, marches of Calais. Licence to be non-resident and to farm his benefice during the life of John bp. of Carlisle, as he did before the passing of the Act [27 Hen. VIII., c. 63]. Palace of Westm., 16 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 April 29 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 10.
In English.
4. The Bishop of Salisbury. Licence to appoint one of his servants to carry and use his cross-bow or hand-gonne at all manner of marks, deer, game, &c. (pheasants and hearnsewes only excepted) in all places within the dioc. of Salisbury, except in the Royal forests, parks, and chases. Palace of Westm., 10 April 28 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm. 24 April 29 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 11.
In English.
5. Thos. Bennett of Chepyng Onger, Essex, malteman. Pardon for having, 26 May 26 Hen. VIII., stolen 23 sheep belonging to Thos. Baker, at Harlowe, Essex. Del. Westm., 24 April 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 32.
6. Cistercian abbey of St. Mary Whytlande alias de Alba Landa. Exemption from suppression; Will. Vayne alias Ap Thomas to be abbot. Del. Westm., 25 April 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 25.
7. Mons. Des Reaulx, knight of St. John's. Licence to go beyond the sea, with his servants, 8 horses, money, &c. Greenwich, 24 April 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 April.—P.S.
8. Chr. Hales, Master of the Rolls. Custody of the manors of Yoke and Mayton and a third part of the manor of Netherhardys alias Parva Hardys, 4 acres of meadow in Wynchepe and 4 messuages, 80 acres of land and 70 acres of pasture in Maydestone, Kent, late the property of James Digges, deceased; during the minority of Will. Digges, kinsman and next heir of the said James; with wardship and marriage of the said William. Del. Westm., 26 April 29 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 39.
9. John Greynfeld, serjeant-at-arms. Grant of the custom called "le tribulage" in the hundreds of Penwyth and Kerrier, Cornw., and in the stannary of Penwyth and Kerrier, Cornw. Del. Westm., 26 April 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m 32. Rym. XIV. 581.
10. Ric. Fayreford alias Farefax, of Wadysmyle, Herts., inn-holder. Pardon for having at Wadysmyle, received and enterained Robt. Hyll and Ric. Mortymer, of Ware, Herts, laborers, knowing them to have, 26 Feb. 23 Hen. VIII., broken into the house of John Senton at Pokerych, Herts., and stolen therefrom certain articles (described) belonging to John Forman and Thos. Lytton. Greenwich, 25 April 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
11. Commission of Sewers.
Hunts: Sir Ric. Sapcootys, Sir Laurence Taylard, Gilbert Smyth, clk., archdeacon of Northampton, John Hawks, clk., Charles Wyngfeld, Rob. Apprice, Anth. Malery, Thos. Hall, Oliver Leder, Will. Stewkeley, Th. Wanton, Rob. Rowley, Rob. Dreuell, and Th. Dunholt. Westm., 26 April.—Pat. 29 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 18d.
12. Michael Stanhope. Grant in fee, of the manors or lordships of Stokbardolf, Shelford, Gedling, Cropwell Bisshop, Newton and Carleton, Notts, with all members and appurtenances in the towns, hamlets, &c. of the same, and in Elsham, Worby, Clamforthbrigges, Dodington, Stubten and Westbrugh, Linc., also in Alveston, Thurlaston and Ambaston, Derby, the advowson of the parish church of Gedling, and with all other advowsons, &c., and fairs, markets, &c.; for 60 years; at 20l. rent; late of Hen. Norres, attainted. Westm., 1 June 28 Hen. VIII. Del. 27 April 29 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
13. Yorkshire: Sir Ralph Eure, jun., John Barton, Rob. Lacy, and Gregory Conyers. Commission to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of Will. Newton of Etton. Westm., 27 April.—Pat. 29 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 38d.
14. Thos. Twesell. Annuity of 10l. out of the possessions of Geo. Twesell, dec., in co. Glouc., during the minority of Edw. Twesell, s. and h. of the said George; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 29 April. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 29.
15. Sir Anth. Hungerford. Annuity of 40 marks out of the possessions of Roger Winter, dec., in cos. Worc., Herts, and Warw., during the minority of Rob. Winter, s. and h. of the said Roger; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 30 April 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 32.
16. Gloucestershire: Thos. à Guyllyn, Ric. Brayn, and Ric. Hawkyns. Commission to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of Thomas lord Berkley. Westm., 30 April. Pat. 29 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 38d.
17. Hen. Hadde. Livery of lands, as brother and heir of Matthew, Hadde, brother and heir of George, brother and heir of Thomas, son and heir of Rob. Hadde, deceased. Westminster Palace, 2 March 28 Hen. VIII. Del. ... (fn. 23) —S.B. (mutilated). Pat. (30 April.) 29 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 28.


  • 1. i.e., of Cambray.
  • 2. Cifuentes.
  • 3. See Vol. IV., Nos. 5749–50.
  • 4. Wolsey.
  • 5. The document may have been drawn up with a view to the degradation of lord Darcy. The two ceremonies described are similar to what was done in the case of Buckingham. See Stowe's Annals, p. 513 (ed. 1631).
  • 6. This document is so illegible that it has been necessary to print it literatim et verbatim as far as it can be made out; and in some places without supplying punctuation. Abbreviations, however, such as ye, yis, wt, for the, this, with, &c., are of constant occurrence, and these it has been thought desirable for clearness to extend.
  • 7. Apparently a superfluous word cancelled in the text.
  • 8. Interlined.
  • 9. The margin above is lost by mutilation.
  • 10. Thos. Franke, rector of Lofthouse, Yorkshire.
  • 11. In margin, "vers. (?) Bulmer."
  • 12. In marg. fo 8.
  • 13. Blank.
  • 14. Compare No. 1012.
  • 15. Compare vol. xi. No. 969, and in this vol. No. 1012 (4½).
  • 16. See No. 536.
  • 17. Crossed out.
  • 18. Omitted.
  • 19. Blank.
  • 20. See Vol. XI., 847.
  • 21. The handwriting in these two letters is different, but each is in one hand throughout, text and signature.
  • 22. Of these two commissions of the peace the first is really dated, but has been omitted in its proper place (8 July 1536). The second was probably issued the same day, but it bears no date on the roll.
  • 23. Date and place of delivery illegible.