Henry VIII: May 1537, 1-5

Pages 516-526

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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May 1537, 1–5

Titus B. I.
440. B. M.
To remember Sir Thos. Tempest, Robt. Rowes, Raffe Evers, and such other as be here. Touching the indictments and who shall be sent down for that purpose into Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. The drawing of all the indictments. The sorting of all the evidence to be given against all such as shall be arraigned. Touching the lord Steward and his suits. Touching the d. of Exeter, for Dr. Brerewood, who has done the King good service. To remember the bps. to make an end of their consultations. How the King's learned counsel shall be with me all this day for the full conclusion of the indictments. Despatch of Peter Mewtes and what he had, also his company. The master of the ordnance. Mr. Dr. Peter. Dr. Brerewood at my lord Chancellor's suit for the bishops.
Hol., pp. 2.
Calig. E. I. 108. B. M. 1107. FRANCE and the WAR.
"... bien ebahy pardessa, on doibt bien m ... sont cause de ceste guerre car il ne ... pour ceque est le royaulme il ne est ... [a]rgent, et sy on ne faict que commencer ladicte [guerre], les legionnaires et les gendarmes [auront] tout destruit." The subsidies have reduced all men of property. All are astonished to hear that England has declared against France, but are indifferent to which crown they belong. All but the churchmen are without money, and their purses are being emptied. The Turks will invade Italy within a month. The authors of their coming are much noted. The Emperor leads an army into Italy and is said to meditate a descent on Fontarabia. The king of Navarre goes thither. Gascony, Guienne, and Normandy are without troops, which are in Picardy, Provence and Bresse. The king of Scots is to send [an army] into England, "but he had need to come himself. They are trimming ships to carry him over. He will have spent his dowry before he get home. A ship is building at Newhaven of 500 tons to carry him. He is to depart after the Ascension without doubt, for he hath [word] that the country will make themselves a new king. The French King is retiring himself out of Artois, is going to Amiens, and in the passing he carries the ladies with him to Paris, thence to Lyons. His army is to break up. It was said that he had 40,000 men in his army, but there never, were above 18,000; whereof one half he leaveth in the frontier towns of Picardy, the other half is to pass the Alps, all ill paid. The Turk's ambassador is yet at Amiens and goes with the King to Lyons. They make preparation for mounting artillery to send beyond the Alps. There is neither meat nor money in France; wars have undone all; most part of the soldiers are retired without leave of their captains because they are not paid." (fn. 1)
[J]hein Pol, son of the late Sieur Rance, who has a great charge beyond the mountains, has returned with bad news. Francis was going before Bapaume, but at once withdrew. They fear only the English turning against France. Poor laborers in Picardy and Boullenoys are fain to abandon their houses through fear of the Burgundians, because the King has broken up his camp. It has cost him a large sum and he made great musters to take two or three small castles. If the Burgundians had been well advised when last year they were before Peronne, they should have advanced to Rains and might have gone on to Paris. Everybody would have fled. The King is making ... stronger than ever it was before.
Fr., badly mutilated, pp. 4.
1 May.
R. O.
I intend to send my steward to you next week, who will pay your fee for the half year, and desire you to continue your good mind to the poor house that I am of. Tycheffeld, 1 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1 May.
R. O.
I have received your letters in favour of my friend Wm. Snede, for a lease under the convent seal of the reversion of a messuage and small pasture within the city of Chester, now held by Dame Elizabeth Barrowe, widow, for a term of years of which 20 are unexpired. I and my brethren wish the land not to be leased again but to be occupied for the use of the house as it used to be before the lease made to Thos. Barrowe, late husband of the said Eliz., and I beg you will forbear your request, which would be a great hindrance to our maintaining hospitality. Chester, 1 May. Signed. (fn. 2)
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
1 May.
R. O.
Was attorney to the lady Mary, late princess, being appointed by the King and the lord Cardinal, deceased, at 20 mks. a year; and was one of the commissioners in the marches of Wales for over five years, till William Brereton, lately attainted, out of malice moved the earl of Wiltshire so that he was discharged of office and fee. Begs Cromwell will move the King that he may be in commission again, with some "petite" fees to bear his expenses in journeying to and from the commissioners. Desires this only that he may be restored to his good name. "From my poor house," 1 May. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Thomas Crumwell, knight, lord Privy Seal.
1 May.
R. O.
1111. THOMAS, Prior of Bodmin, to CROMWELL.
I thank you for writing to the King's commissioners on the matter between me and the town of Bodmin. I should be glad to prefer Hen. Thomas to the farm of the parsonage of Padstow, according to your letters of 7 April, but it has been out of my hands this three years, having been granted for a term to Nich. Pridiaux under our convent seal. Bodmin, 1 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
1 May.
R. O.
Begs his favour to the bearer Thomas Barton who has served the King right well. If any man deserved thanks at Bigod's being at Beverley it was Robert Creke and he. Sheriffbutton, 1 May. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 May.
R. O.
Begs his favour to John Elond of Hull, the bearer, who did good service in the apprehension of Halom and his complices. Although Knolles did right well none did better than Elond. Sheriffhutton, 1 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 May.
R. O.
In behalf of "my fellow," Hugh Ascue, who is in good estimation in these parts and as well able to serve the King as a man of much more "lyvelode." Sheriff hutton, _ (blank) May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 May.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report, VI. 447.
Thanks for kindness in the matter of creation of the earldom, &c., according to appointment with the earl of Sussex. He (Derby) has sent his servant the bearer T. T. to declare by the advice of his counsel in the law, his title to the lands in Holand, which the prior of Holand held of him at will from year to year, and to ask the admiral's endeavours for a lease to Derby of the _ of the suppressed Priory of Borscoghe with the demesne lands of Borscoghe and Merton belonging to the same. He (Derby) wants to see the King this summer, and asks what time is convenient. Knowsley, 1 May.
Ib. 2. The same to [Cromwell] lord Privy Seal.
(Of no importance.) No date.
Ib. 2. The same to the earl of Sussex.
About the Holand lands and the lease of Borscoghe priory. No date.
1 May.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 283. B. M.
Reply to his letter of 24 March. Aguilar remains in this court, but Cifuentes leaves in four or five days for Florence, where affairs are not in good order. Are sorry the insurrections of the people of the North against the king of England are appeased, as all expected they would be the means to bring that King to the obedience of the Church. As to the marriage of the Infant of Portugal with the Princess, it was said here that the affair was more advanced; so Cifuentes is afraid to say more than "Oz" (Chapuys) expresses in his own guarded language. If the marriage brings about what we all desire it will be well. Chapuys would know before them of the invasion of Artois by the French King. Has the king of England sent that King a letter like that he sent the Emperor last year in Provence? The Turk will not raise so great an armata as was rumoured, and is troubled by the Sophi. On the 20th of last month the Pope called all the ambassadors and announced that he would defer the celebration of the Council fixed for Whitsuntide, until November next. The reason given was that 1,000 horse and foot would be necessary for the security of the place, and if the Pope paid them the Lutherans would say they could not attend in safety. He will therefore consult the Christian Princes. Rome, 1 May '37.
Ital., pp. 4. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas. Original endorsed in Spanish: "Copy of the letter deciphered by the secretary of the republic of Venice which was taken by the French. (fn. 3) It (i.e., the decipher?) appears to be guessed in many things rather than understood."
Vit. B. XIV. 261. B. M. 2. Extracts from the preceding in Spanish.
Much mutilated, pp. 2. Endd. The decipher of the marquise Dagillar's letters. With some modern notes made before the mutilation.
2 May.
Danish Archives.
In behalf of Adam Sampson and Rob. Legge, who have been robbed of a ship called the Anne of Orwell. Greenwich, 2 May 1537.
* See Report XLV. of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. II. 18.
2 May.
R. O. St. P. I. 547.
We have received your sundry letters and seen those you wrote to the lords of the Council and the lord Privy Seal, showing that you are anxious to satisfy us in the establishment of quiet. In reply to particulars; we purpose this year to direct our progress to York, and at our coming, as you advise, to give a general pardon to all whom you think not meet to be exempted, and you may give assurances that we have neither billed any such number as you wrote nor purpose to call up any person who has not continued his treason. 2. We have taken order for the payment of the money you have spent both in your preparations towards Carlisle and other expenses in your book. To be plain with you several of the gentlemen might have served us better cheap for some part of a recompense of their offences. 3. We thank you for your opinion about the Marches, but we doubt not you will conform your mind to find out the good of that order which we have therein determined and cause others to perceive the same; for we will not be bound to accept the service of none but lords. 4. We have taken order for the victualling of Berwick and Carlisle. And whereas you write of a road made into Tyndale by the Scots of Liddersdale, we doubt not you will have redress from Lord Maxwell.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to my lord of Norfolk de 2do Maii anno rr. 29.
2 May.
R. O.
Confession of George Lassels, gent., 2 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
One Thomas Estoft, gent., on Twelfth Day last at Gaynsborugh, Linc., showed him, they lying together there, that Lord Darcy counselled Robt. Aske at Xmas, when he was sent for by the King, to take 6 servants and leave one at Lincoln, another at Huntingdon, and another at Ware, and lodge the rest "abroad" in London; so that, if he were committed to the Tower, Darcy might know, "and he also ... to set the said Aske out of the Tower."
"... was a great friend of the said ... after the insurrection began." Signed, "[Geo]rg Lascels."
In Richard Pollard's hand, p. 1. Mutilated. Endd.: "Especial matter against the lord Darcy."
2 May.
R. O.
Percival Creswell examined at the Fleet, 2 May 29 Hen. VIII., "in presentia mei Johannis Rhesei."
Says that, after Lord Darcy was committed to ward, his wife told him in bed that Lord Darcy when he was examined said these words or the like: "I am here now at your pleasure; ye may do your pleasure with me. I have read that men that have been in cases like with their prince as ye be now have come at the last to the same end that ye would now bring me unto. And so may ye come to the same." Never asked his wife of whom she heard it, and never to his remembrance reported it either to Anthony Busterd, John Edmonds, or any other person. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.
2 May.
R. O.
According to the credence of Mr. Writheouthley is content to go through with the King for possession of all his lands. Begs Cromwell to secure him such a recompense as may be to his comfort. Desires credence for Dr. Wendy, his servant, this bearer. Newington Green, 2 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 May.
R. O.
Has sent to Mr. Rumbalt, secretary, the letter received from Lisle. Begs that the bearer, who has letters for the King, may be despatched. Antwerp, 2 May 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
2 May.
Cleop. E. VI. 349. B. M. Burnett VI. 185. Strype's Eccl. Mem. I. II., 326.
If his zeal for the King's honour hitherto has not been clearly seen, hopes these letters will abolish all doubt of it. Has never had such an occasion to show his mind, while the King seeks his undoing in ways never heard of against any that bare "that person that I do at this time." If he is still determined to procure the King's honour and wealth, what can be a surer token of affection? For it is not from ignorance that the King, to get him in his hands, would violate both God's law and man's and disturb all commerce between country and country. Was informed of this on his arrival in France, and was more ashamed to hear it, out of regard for the King's honour than indignant that when he was coming not merely as ambassador but as legate—the highest embassy used among Christian princes—a prince of honour should desire another prince of like honour, "Betray thine ambassador, betray the Legate, and give him into my ambassador's hands." For his own part, was pleased, and said to his company that he never felt himself in such "full possession to be a cardinal" as when he heard this. Even pagans would have thought this demand abominable. Yet does not forbear from the first act to practise for the King's honour. Is led to do so by this. The bp. of Verona, whom he sent to the French court to intimate the charge given him by the Pope, on his return passed by Abbeville where my lord of Winchester and Bryan were lodged; and as he could not but marvel at the King's conduct towards Pole who sought nothing but his honour, he desired to confer with the English ambassadors, who, though they declined all communication with him, sent him their secretary, and when he declared the effect of Pole's legacy as far as it touched the King it seemed to both parties that all Henry had done against him was owing to false reports; so that the secretary thought if the King were disabused by letters or messengers he would relent. Told the bp. that he had already attempted both ways, and his messengers were never allowed audience. Asked the bp. if for the love and service which he had always done the King when he had an opportunity, he would go to him himself and inform him of the whole case, especially as this was quite in accordance with the objects for which the Pope had sent him to France along with Pole. The bp. replied that if it were only out of duty to God he would be well content. Thus the King will see how little Pole entertains such a feeling towards him as he is persuaded that he does; otherwise he would not attempt any such meddling with him.
Does not require to express his mind further, as the bp., who is privy to all, will declare. Has made the King privy to all his acts since his first coming to Rome, "being there when the time was troublous for the King in his realm, letting them the sending forth of the censures, which might a caused more trouble, and sending at that time my servant purposely to offer my service to procure by all means his honour, wealth and quietness; animating, beside, those that were chief of my nearest kin to be constant in his service. This rebels be not wont to do." Cambray, 2 May. Signed.
Hol., pp. 10. Address pasted on: To my lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding (undated), signed by Pole. Pp. 7. Add. Endd.
See GRANTS in MAY, No. 7.
3 May.
R. O.
On Sunday last, arriving at "my cousin Sir Roger Touneshend's house, we both" consulted for the apprehension of the rest of the conspirators named in the letter late sent from Sir John Heydon to Mr. Gresham and now in Cromwell's hands; and took them all next day. It appears by the confession of one Wattson that the subprior of Walsingham was "infectyf," whom also they have taken by help of the bearer, Sir Roger's son, and examined. Think that the two Gysborowes and Raff Rogers would make a larger confession if examined by Cromwell and others of the Council, for in their confession before "my cousin Townshend" and Sir John Heydon, they did not touch the subprior, who is a man of lewd inclination. Noted, from the subprior's confession that the conspirators met at a game of shooting "of the flyte and standard" lately had at Benham, and they hear that on Sunday next shooting and other games will be held at Lounge Stratton in Norfolk near Suffolk, the prizes of which were proclaimed last May Day at Wyndham and other great towns. Have written to the duke of Suffolk to have secret espials to prevent any enterprises that may be intended. Both at Walsingham and in the priory it was bruited that the said shooting at Benham was only to assemble the conspirators and their adherents. Desire credence for the bearer. Wodryseinge, 3 May, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 4. In Southwell's hand. Endd.
3 May.
R. O.
I have received your letter of the 26th directing me to take Carpyssacke and Treglossacke, examine them and send them to the King; and also to send you the names and dwelling places of those about Southampton, with the colours of the jerkyns of Carpyssacke and his fellow. Carpyssacke is now at Southampton, but when he comes home I will be sure of him and his fellow. The bearer heard what the painter said and can report the state of the country. At my house, 3 May.
If you would move the King that they might have their holiday it would be a great stay.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
Cott. Appx. I.75. B. M. 1127. SIR WM. GODOLGHAN to CROMWELL.
Sir Pers Egycom and he have received the King's letters for executing the statutes according to the proclamations to the sheriffs and mayors. Have been through the shire at quarter sessions and caused the statutes to be read to the constables and other officers. There is no shire in the realm more conformable to be ordered further. Has given each constable a copy of the statute that they may daily see before their eyes the misusers of the same. Has been to every gaol [delivery] and assizes to give evidence against the traitor Carpyssacke. Was answered first by Sir John Chomownd at the gaol delivery that he (Chomownd) had no authority to enquire for high treason. The justice of assize gave the same answer. Asks him to speak to the said justice, Mr. Wyllyby, that the traitor may be hanged in chains at Helston town end.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: The lord Privy Seal.
3 May.
R. O.
"Allowance for scouring and cutting of wood of (off) the walls about the King's castle of Barnardcastell" by Edw. Powlson, from Michaelmas was a twelvemonth to the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross last past, 29 Henry VIII., viz.:—Fourteen days and a half at 4d. a day, 2s. 6d.; (fn. 4) mending bayes, racks, and mangers in the stable in the "law warde," 2s.; "usshaeng and lattyng furth of the draw dyeke under the draw brydge besydes the many yaites," 6d.: total, 5s.
Small paper, p. 1.
3 May.
R. O.
The country is in as good quietness and obeisance as ever. Judges that this commotion, though it has highly spotted the country, has opened to all sorts their faults and high misdemeanours to the King which they universally lament and are astonished of. "Also it hath disclosed the papist errors and their kindlings, which by their ministers they induced the ignorant commons to, which now the people tastes." Considering the vehemency and great fury of this late commotion, "stayed without effusion or loss of your subjects or minishment of any part of your Highness' dominion," the King is bound to thank God. Has declared to the people within his father's offices and rooms according to his instructions. There needs no garrison or further expense, as the duke of Norfolk is here. Asks, if his father's acts condemn him, that he may exchange his lands for land in the South. Considering the spot of his house, and the great spoils and unnatural sorts that the country showed him in their pestilent commotions, will never rejoice to abide here. 3 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
3 May.
R. O.
Deposition of Nich. Rudston 3 May 29 Hen. VIII., concerning a letter which Sir Robert Constable, Robert Aske and Robert Constable of Hemsley sent to him, viz.:—
That the same day that Sir Francis Bigod was put back at Beverley, Chr. Constable, servant and nephew to the said Sir Robert, delivered a letter to deponent as he was riding with his company to resist Sir Francis, after receiving which he showed it to Sir Ralph Ellerker in Westwood Green, where the gentlemen met all together. Rudston, Ellerker, and Sir John Constable read the letter together, and called Edward Bales, servant to Sir Robert Constable, and the said Chr. that brought it, to hear it read. Thence Rudston and Sir Ralph Ellerker went to Hull, where they lay all night; and on Saturday morning following Sir Philip, chaplain to Sir Ralph Ellerker, made a copy of the letter by his master's orders; which Sir Ralph took to carry up to the King's council. Believes it was truly copied. Next morning, Sunday, rode to Sir Robert Constable's to dinner. Sir Robert desired a sight of the letter, which was given him, and asked what fault deponent found in it. Replied "The greatest fault that Sir Ralph Ellerker and I do find is against the messengers that ye write for." Sir Robert said "that that was no hurt, for he meant it for William Hurteskey and Hugh Langdale of Watton which went to buy their Lenten store at Hull." Rudston said that he and Sir Ralph Ellerker took it for the messengers that came from Bigod to the mayor of Hull. Sir Robert asked, with an oath, And if so, what harm? "And so he took the letter to me again." An hour afterwards he desired me to let Dr. Wadeby see it; and I showed it him. Sir Robert then asked the doctor what fault he found. The doctor went somewhat near him and while they were talking together Sir Robert took the letter out of the Doctor's hand and conveyed it into his bosom or sleeve; which I saw. And when the doctor was come from him I went to the doctor and asked him how he understood the letter, as Sir Ralph took it one way and Sir Robert another. "The said Doctor said in this effect:—For all his saying he meant it even as ye take it." Within a while I put my hand into my bosom and said, as if speaking to myself, "What have I done with the letter?"; adding, "Marry, Mr. Constable hath it himself." The Doctor said "Even so hath he." "And forasmuch as I did somewhat mistrust the said Sir Robert, and perceived indeed that he had conveyed the letter I derst [not] aske the letter of the said Sir Robert, and specially because I was sure of a copy." Signed.
Pp. 2. Endd.
3 May.
R. O.
Memorandum that 3 May 29 Hen. VIII., Edmond Parrage of Gravesend assaulted Will. Munden in the King's highway in the parish of Mylton beside Gravesend and wounded him that he was in fear of his life; which he confessed before Will. Buston, Rob. Potter, constable, and Mark Dogiet that he had done because Munden assessed him for the subsidy 2s. more than last year.
P. 1.
3 May.
R. O.
Received the dottrels and the packet for my lord Privy Seal, who sent two dozen of the dottrels, which came very well, unto the King. He has promised to rid me this next week, as I trust he will do, for till the patent be out no money can be received of the priory. When Wyndsor comes, Mr. Basset shall have money, as you and my lady desire. There is no means of obtaining a dispensation for Mr. James. There is so much business here with the ambassadors and the bps. that my lord Privy Seal has very little leisure. We are expecting daily when the prisoners of the North now in the Tower shall be arraigned. Eleven mariners were cast (condemned) for piracy yesterday in the Guildhall before my lord Admiral. London, 3 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 May.
R. O.
I have received by the bearer your letter with the dottrels which I presented to my lord Privy Seal, who thanks my Lord and you and has sent two dozen to the King. My lady Rutland has not yet come to the Court. I will do what I can about the chandler. At Mr. Windsor's coming I will deliver my Lord's letter, and show him his pleasure that the money be left with Mr. Basset. I hope it will not be long ere my lord Privy Seal rid me of my Lord's suit, but I must await his leisure. I shall see Mr. Basset's coat made when the velvet comes and also get him a coat of ginger colour from Holte, to whom you will no doubt send the puncheon of French wine. Please get my Lord to write to Windsor that he may be allowed what is owing him by Mr. Basset by the hands of Mr. Villers, out of the rents of Kibworth. I trust Mr. Basset's leg will be whole before Whitsuntide. As to your cushion, Mrs. Alyce dwells in Essex. The hunters are in suit already, and till the patent be out, no money can be received of the priory. London, 3 May.
As to Mr. Basset's coming over, I refer that till I hear your pleasure.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 May.
Add. MS. 8715 f. 365 b. B. M.
Returned yesterday from the camp. Describes his interview with the French king and gives, at great length, his opinions about negociations with France. Has taken leave of the King and Princes, and in two days will set out for his abbey; whence, after two days' stay, he will proceed towards Italy. Having obtained leave from the Grand Master to write to Cambray, he has written to the Legate and to Mons. di Verona, and forwarded Ambrogio's letters.
Italian. Modern copy, pp. 9. Headed: D'Amiens li 3 Maggio 1537.
3 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 688.
Received 26 April a letter from my lord Privy Seal instructing him to attempt further to restrain the traitor Reynold Pool's entry into the Emperor's dominions. Took occasion to talk about it with the Regent in an abbey in the forest of Brussels. Told her that her answer to your letter about the observance of treaties was much marvelled at, as in itself a breach of the same; that neither prince had a right to receive the rebels of the other; yet she not only refused to deny his entry but admitted him to her presence; and that her excuse that he came, not as your subject but as legate was dangerous to all princes, as it might encourage other traitors to obtain a legacy from Rome to work mischief. Desired an explicit answer whether she would observe the treaties. She said it was a difficult matter, and though she did not mean either for Pope or Cardinal to infringe the treaties, she knew not what danger she might have incurred against the Pope if she had denied him audience; nevertheless she had heard no more of him since their last interview, and there should be nothing done but in accordance with the treaties. She said it was the French king's drift, and her Council thought the matter of great weight, so she would come next day to Brussels and declare what Hutton had said: but he might be sure she would not consent to his entry against the treaties.
Returned to Brussels, where Guisnes pursuivant, whom he had sent to Cambray and who had been robbed by the French, told him card. Pool was lodged in the abbey of Mobbrey in the town of Cambray; and that he could hear of no Englishman in his service but 21 Italians and Frenchmen, with 6 mules. He has settled himself there for 6 weeks and is said to await the King's safe conduct to come to England. Next day the Regent came to Brussels late at night, and the following day, 30 April, she told Hutton in going to mass it would be 2 o'clock before anything was done. Declared the King's message at that hour to a great council of 27 or 28, and was desired to go apart. When recalled he was told by the bp. of Palermo that nothing had been done against the treaties, for Pole had sent a message for leave to pass and his servants had been sent by the duke of Arskot back to Cambray; of which card. Pool had complained in a letter to the cardinal of Liège, which had been read to the Queen in their presence, and Hutton should be informed of their answer. Waited for a copy but it was not despatched. Will send it by the next. Hears there was a great division in the Council on the King's demand; but in the end it was agreed to wait till Pole demanded permission that they might consider the cause. The card. of Liège said he should certainly not go to Liège.
Horse and foot are daily sent to the frontiers, where by the end of the month there will be 40,000 men on the Emperor's side, who, it is expected, will give battle to the French if they will abide it. Gueldres assembles men of war. He has lately coined new gold gyldyrns having on one side his likeness on a chair sleeping; on the other a scripture "I am wakened." News came 30 April that Ystilsteyn had overthrown the conduct of victuals going to the French army and taken many prisoners, among them two abbots. Brussels, 3 May.
Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Extract from the preceding in a modern hand.
Pp. 3. Endd.
3 May.
R. O.
Since his last letter, by Francis the courier, has further attempted the matter concerning card. Pole, as Cromwell will see by the copy of his letter to the King (copy subjoined), which he leaves to Cromwell to present or retain as he thinks fit.
Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd.: Mr. Hutton to my 1. P. S., 3 Maii 1537.
4 May.
R. O.
I thank you for your news and for Master Bryan's letter, which I return. I wrote to you in favour of Cooke of Ballingham, seeing that he dwells within the county of Guisnes within my jurisdiction, and that I have commanded his corn to remain for the store of Guisnes. I doubt not your Lordship will maintain my authority. The corn is to be retained but for a short time, till the danger of the year be passed. I know your patent makes you deputy of the town and marches, but I pray you to support me as captain of Guisnes, so that both offices may work together. Guisnes, 4 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
5 May.
R. O.
Decree in Chancery in a suit by Humphrey Monmouth against John Clifford and Elizabeth his wife touching lands in Sandon, Herts, and a messuage called the Bell in Royston. Dated in Easter term, 5 May, 29 Henry VIII.
Large paper, pp. 7.
5 May.
R. O.
I have received, 1 May, the King's letters and yours for exchange of my house in Stronde with lord Beauchamp. I am content to gratify my Prince, but marvel your Lordship makes so little of my party that I should deliver my deed and know nothing of my recompense. I send it on your promise not to deliver it till I am recompensed, otherwise I have protested it shall never be my deed. Please give credence to my servant the bearer. Wigmore, 5 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5. May.
R. O.
At the desire of the bearer, Bartelett the searcher of Calais, asks Cromwell to cause the surveyor to have the search house reëdified or else to give him a "suster howshe" which is ready built upon the water side. For want of a house many things escape his hands. As Cromwell desires the ordnance and artillery of the castle to be new trimmed, advises him to give orders to the master of the ordnance. The guns for lack of stocking stand up but for a sign. Guisnes, 5 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
5 May.
Add. MS. 28,589, f. 216. B. M.
Summary of the letters of the count of Cifuentes and Marquis d'Aguilar of 22 Feb., 19 and 24 March, and 3, 4, and 5 May 1537. Answered together from Valladolid, 2 June 1537 with Don Ant. Dixar.
22 Feb.:—His Holiness gave the hat to Master Pol, intending to send him as legate into England because he heard the insurgents desired it and it was necessary to show them favour. Afterwards his Holiness told Cifuentes the reasons and asked a safe conduct for him by Trent to Flanders and Germany. Did not oppose his going, as the ambassador in England has written frequently that his Holiness should send money and authority to use the arms of the Church; but pointed out the inconvenience of going by Germany and Flanders and the danger to the life of the Princess if the King should suspect the Emperor had procured his going. Notwithstanding the danger of sending the Cardinal through France, where the King, to please England, might detain him, the Pope determined to send him that way. If the king of France detain him it will displease the Pope, and if he let him pass it will displease England, especially seeing the jealousy between France and England on account of the Scotch marriage. Moreover it is said the Pope has sent 10,000 ducats to Flanders to raise harquebusiers for the insurgents, and this coupled with the Cardinal's going through the Emperor's dominions might make the King declare for France to the peril of the Princess. The bp. of Verona goes with the Legate, who would not go without him. The Legate will serve the Emperor unless Verona prevents him; especially in the matter of the Princess, as he thinks matters may end in his marrying the Princess himself, for which reason the Pope does not wish him to take any degree beyond the corona. His Holiness says the Legate goes publicly to admonish the King to return to the Church and secretly to assist the insurgents. Does not believe, as some do, that his Holiness is using deceit in this (anda doblada en esto). Has informed queen Mary and the ambassador in England. As it is possible the Emperor has not such recent news of England, sends copy of the ambassador's last letters (note in margin that the Emperor has more recent letters from the ambassador).
Discussions and negociations at Rome touching peace between France and the Emperor. Italian matters. News from France. The Turk and his league with France. The duke of Mantua and the Council.
Spanish, pp. 11. Modern copy from the achives of Simancas. Annotations in the margin, that opposite the first part about Cardinal Pole being "That all this is well; to commend his prudence and that [the Emperor] will wait to see the result."


  • 1. This part of the document being much mutilated the passages quoted are given from a modern abstract in the margin slightly abridged.
  • 2. The signature, though the name is not given, is in the hand of abbot John Byrchynshawe.
  • 3. According to an Italian heading it was intercepted "by those of Mirandola."
  • 4. Sic. The figure has been altered from 4s. 10d., and the total proportionately reduced.