Henry VIII: May 1537, 6-10

Pages 527-539

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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May 1537, 6–10

6 May.
R. O.
Begs a loan of 20 nobles by his servant Watson the bearer. As for the repayment he need have no fear, for he himself doubts not but that the truth will justify the declaration of his allegiance to his Sovereign. Knows himself so clear that he doubts nothing of his short continuance "in this your old lodging." The Fleet, 6 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Cousin.
6 May.
R. O.
Will always be his poor beadman for his goodness in sending him to service with Lord Barnes, then deputy of Calais, where he has been ever since and has now been for three years by Cromwell's help the King's servant with 6d. a day. Asks to succeed Robt. Powll as collector of the King's quit rents, at 6d. a day, if he die of his present sickness. Will give him a horse worth 40 cr. of gold. Is of no man's promotion but Cromwell's, and his company report that Cromwell has put none into the retinue in wages but himself. Calais, 6 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 May.
R. O.
Has done his best in behalf of Thos. Waryng who presented letters of Cromwell to the tongue and nation. His father Nicholas sent his proofs of a good sort; but Sir Giles Russell, who has now a nephew in the habit, would not let him enter, as he would have been "aunsyent" to his nephew by a sentence then given. Malta, 6 May 1537.
The viceroy of Sicily has sent hither the following news:—A man who came from Constantinople in the end of March reported that "the Turk was in Grannoble, and provision was made for coming of him thither; and divers inbassatorys were with him, whereof was one of Polony, one of France and one for Venice," of whom many things were asked, viz.:—1. Whether they had peace or war with Scharels (Charles) of Austre; he answered, peace. 2. Whether they took part with him or succoured him. He said no. 3. "Askyd to lend hym Corffo answheryd no." 4. "Askyd to lend him 100 galys armyd, answhered to lend 100 bolkys of galys, but nothyng else, and thoys schold be to warre up on Barbare, and not a geynst Crysten men." 5. "Askyd and they had wyll to breke wyth hym or no consyderyng he ys delyberyd to dysstroy Scharlys off Austyr, answheryd no." 6. The said man had seen "the tarcenall" (arsenals) both of Constantinople and Gallipoli, where there were 40 new galleys "not all calyfattyd," and 40 old galleys unserviceable: "25 galys be rydy armyd." 7. He has been in "Mar Mageor," whither Barbarossa went with two galleys to make ready 60 galleys "that be there, not all the best and disarmed."
The Turk sends all about for men and mariners, but can only get few. He will probably not arm this year above 50 galleys. Ten days ago "16 galyottes and fusts saccagyd a borge yn Sysyll." The Turk is in such need of men that he has taken out of Rhodes 200 janissaries and 60 or more mariners. The Venetians have ready 150 galleys and other ships. The ship of the Religion is appointed to go to Spain for the Great Master.
"Off a to monthys past, send from hens a bregandyn to dyscovyr what doth the Torke. As folowyth, wyll prezsume to send avyse to yower good Lordschyp" as my duty is.
"Un clozsyd tyll now, xii. as a for seyd, to sartyfy off the newys the bregantyn sent, which confermys thoys a for seyd and othyr mo, whych hath prezsumyd to hys Hyghnes, wych I thynke yower lordschyp schall se, and becawzse the galys go lakes tymc."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
7 May.
Otho C. x. 259b. B.M. Hearne's Syll. Epist. 123.
Cannot recompense his goodness to her and her servants. Hopes he will accept her words and writing. Thanks for pains taken in her suit and for his late goodness to her servant Randal Dode. Westminster, 7 May.
Hol. Mutilated. Begins: My very good lord.
7 May.
Add. MS. 5,506, f. 111. B. M.
Evidence given in a case of disputed lands between John Webb, clk., and Thomas Hales and others, 23 April and 7 May, 29 Henry VIII.; given by John Harvye and others of Newenton next Hythe, Kent.
Pp. 18.
7 May.
R. O.
Certificate by Ric. Abingdon, mayor of Bristol, John Shipman, Thos. White, Clement Base, Wm. Shipman, Wm. Chester, Hen. White, Wm. Kary (sig. Care), and Wm. Appowell, of examinations taken by virtue of the King's commission at the Guildhall of Bristol, 7 May, 29 Henry VIII., upon these articles preached by the warden of the Grey friars there on the first Sunday in Lent:—1. He affirmed the sects of religion to be grounded upon God's law, Matt. xix., where he "persuaded to be" three kinds of Christian men, and included in the third kind his own sect, and others, arguing that Christ and John the Baptist were of like sort as friars be. (Twelve names of witnesses to this article cited.) 2. He affirmed one place to be holier than another by Matth. iv., Assumpsit Eum in sanctam civitatem; (12 witnesses' names in addition to those already named). 3. "That religious men should have a greater penny than laymen" because they kept both precepts and counsels (12 witnesses named besides those already named).
ii. Articles preached by friar Will. Olyver, prior of the Friars Preachers, Bristol.
1. He said that faith alone justifies, and a man could not fruitfully work before he is justified by faith in Christ, but one so justified must needs work and see to the edifying and necessity of his neighbour, &c. (12 witnesses' names given, "with many others"). 2. In reproving the warden's article that the religious "should have a greater penny," he said that although one had 10 cart loads of cowls or freers' habits, whether they were of Francis' order or St. Dominic's, "of the which he was one himself" and he thought his order one of the eldest in England, yet [that] could not avail without faith, "nor a whole ship laden with friar's girdles, nor a dung cart full of monks' cowls and botes would not help to justification" (12 witnesses, "with divers others"). 3. In reproving certain seditious and slanderous bills, "as the ynfest and corrupted Paternoster, Ave, and Creed," he wished the officers of the town would look to it seriously and not wink at it, and he prayed God there were no "privy Northern hearts nor close festered stomachs among them," but that every man would be true to God and his prince (12 witnesses "with many others"). 4. Expecting "to be called to rehearsal" for what he had spoken he said the Scribes and Pharisees would not so earnestly have sought to put Christ to death except he had so sharply rebuked their abominable livings (12 witnesses "with divers others").
iii. Articles preached by Sir John Kene in Christchurch, Bristol, on certain Sundays between Michaelmas and Christmas last.
1. He despised the new preachers, saying they preached new learning with their new books, "saying they have as much learning as a studiar that hath byn at unyversite forty or fifty years. No, no, they are as far wide as is Jerusalem and Jericho, which is three score miles and odd; and so dispysyng good and faithful people, saying their learning was old heresy new risen like unto old rusty harness new forbyd (furbished). And whereas they say they have brought in the light into the world, No, no, they have brought in damnable darkness and endless damnation. Choose you go to hell and ye will, for I will not be your lodysman." (12 witnesses, "with many others," and in another column, 8 more, including Thomas More, sheriff of Bristol, "with divers others").
2. He affirmed that "some women do say they be as good as Our Lady; for we have borne four or five children and know the father of them, and she bare but one and knew not the father. They do despise our blessed Lady which is most worthy of all honor; but if it had pleased God he might have made me his mother or abyn (have been) born of a calf or a sheep" (12 witnesses, the last being Thomas More, sheriff, "with divers others," and in another column 8 names, with divers others"). 3. He, "railing, calling his parishioners heretics, heretics and newfangled fellows, trusting to see them handled well enough, and that he did not fear, saying he had not his black face for nothing. Also he said he would fain have a matter to the King to speak to him mouth to mouth; he had made such friends, for all that they be 27 with a captain, and I have but seven of the old fashion with me. I trust some honest men and women will take my part. I think I have made them somewhat better than they were wont to be, for they have used in times to grin and laugh at me, but they have well left it, wherefore I will pray for these heretics." (12 witnesses named, "with divers others;" and in another column 4 names "with many others.")
4. His parishioners are all offended because he prayed not for the King "four Sundays together in his chief wars against the rebellious and traitors," and never spake against the usurping power of the bishop of Rome as commanded by the King's visitor. Also they think it is not the King's will that he should call them heretics and new fangled fellows. (13 witnesses named, "with many others.")
Marginal note: That for these articles Kene was imprisoned 20 days.
5. "William Preston saith that ... Midlent Sunday last past Sir ... was at dinner in Richard Watley['s house]. And there this deponent axi[d him] whether that he did say that the [preacher] (fn. 1) that said the tree did fall but two ways was a false harlot. And he said Yea, and so I say again. And then this deponent said to him, It is pity that you should sing in his diocese. And he said, I care not where I do or no." (Three witnesses.)
6. Twelve witnesses testify that Kene said in his preaching "that our Lady is now found again, thanked be God, which was lost before;" two heard him "say in Ric. Watley's house that the bishop of Worcester was a false harlot in his preaching since Christmas;" four heard Henry Jonys tailor say the bishop of Worcester was an heretic and it was a pity he had not been burnt.
iv. Articles against Sir John Rawlyns, parson of Saynt Awence in Bristow." Three witnesses to his having said the bishop of Worcester was a heretic and should be burnt.
Marginal note: Rawlins was in prison three days.
v. Six witnesses heard William Glaskeryon say "A vengeance upon the bishop of Worcester! I would he had never been born. I trust or I die to see him burnt." Note.—Glaskeryon was in prison four days. Two others heard him say at the time of the rising of the Northern men, "We may bless the time that we were born; they rise to strengthen our Faith."
vi. Robt. Gefferes, late clerk of Christchurch, Bristol, deposes that he found a bill of the slanderous Pater Noster, Ave, and Crede upon the steps of Redcliffe church door on Thursday before Candlemas Day, which was the first bill that was found, but who made it he could not tell. Another such bill was set on Redcliffe Gate at the fair time, within four days after he found it. He burnt the bill within four days after finding it.
vii. Thos. Redhard deposes that one Piers Bak's (?) said in presence of John Stonnege, when deponent thanked God for the fall of the Northern men, "It was a shrewd downing, for I hope they will rise again, and that a little stronger than they did before, and I will be one of them myself." Deponent said, "Neighbour Stonnege, bear record of this." Piers answered "Do your worst."
Divers other persons have been in prison for seditious and slanderous words against the bishop of Worcester "according to your commission." Signed by the commissioners.
Large paper, pp. 7. Add.: To the King and his Council.
7 May.
R. O.
Yesterday, the 6th inst., I received your letters and perceive your intent in accomplishing the matters by us "demeenyd" to the King's Grace; I trust they will take effect. I have nearly settled the matter betwixt the earl of Worcester and lord Ferrys for the occupation of the office, and have a great sort of the gentlemen of Arustley in hold with the porter for their unlawful assemblies. There was never more rioting in Wales than is now. In Glamorganshire they ride daily; "at Denbigh an assembly none like many years." It were well you informed my lord Privy Seal so that if any complain of our punishments, "the matter to be known to fore, with my will they shall so fyne that the castle of Montgomery shall be the better." The repairs of this castle go forth well. Vygmore, 7 May.
And after this letter thus scribbled, came Jurdane the messenger from Denbigh, whom this Council sent to John Salisbury for the King's peace to be held on the fair day, the 3rd inst. Salisbury behaved as I have not heard of any officer in Wales; saying this Council did not well to take the weapons from the inhabitants or molest them, for he could rule them himself, and drew his dagger at the messenger who rebuked him.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 May.
R. O.
Wrote to her by Harry Vername. Has spoken with Mr. Boyce, who says he presented to the King and Mr. Hennage your present of dottrels. John Corsworthe has been with me three or four times for his 20s. and the lands in Gloucestershire. He that hath my lady Gwarnysshe's money is gone; for he bought a horse for 4 nobles and was at his sister's. Mr. Skutt's quails must not be forgotten. London, 7 May.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.
8 May.
R. O.
Jury between the King and Roger Rowlett and Martin Bowes, masters, and the King's coiners, taken in the Star Chamber at Westminster, 8 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, Thomas lord Cromwell, Privy Seal, John earl of Oxford, Robert earl of Sussex, Sir William FitzWilliam, Great Admiral, Ric. bp. of Chichester, [Cuthbert bishop of Durham, Edward bp. of Hereford] (fn. 2), Sir John Baldwin, chief justice of Common Pleas, [Chr. Hales, M.R., Sir Ric. Lyster, Chief Baron, Sir Wm. Paulet, Comptroller, Sir Ant. Fitzherbert, justice, Sir Wm. Kingeston],* Sir Ric. Weston, [Sir John Daunce, Sir John Munday]*, [Thomas Calton] (fn. 3), Hen. Averyll, Roger Horton, [Thos. Wastell, John Pyke]*, Robt. Trappes, [Roger Mundye]*, Nich. Bull, John Baynard, John Palterton, Robt. Spenley, Ralph Lathum, Thomas Reedd, Thomas Sponer, Edw. Atcombe, [Fabian Wether]*, Edward Ley, Thomas Stephyns, John Gardyner, Robert Horcop, Nicholas Aldewyn
Draft, pp. 2, with corrections in another hand. Headed: Aassaium Argent.
R. O. 2. Another document with the same heading, title, and date, but containing the names only of Audeley, Cromwell, Oxford, Sussex, the bp. of Chichester, Baldewyn, Lyster, Sir Ric. Weston, Hales, Paulet, and Edw. bp. of Hereford.
Pp. 2.
8 May.
R. O.
1151. JANE CALTHROP, Widow.
Award made by Sir Thomas Audeley, lord Chancellor, and Cromwell, lord Privy Seal, in the matter in dispute between dame Jane Calthorp, widow of Sir Philip Calthorp, and Philip Calthorp, his son and heir, relative to the manors of Smallburght and Sprowston, &c., Norf.; the parties having submitted to their arbitration, 8 May, 29 Henry VIII.
Large paper, pp. 8.
R. O. 2. Two other drafts of the same award, one mentioning an earlier date of submission.
8 May.
R. O.
Would have been glad to prefer John Ayleworthe, Ric. Cromwell's servant, to the farm of the parsonage of St. Martyn's, Salisbury, according to Cromwell's letter, but it had already been granted to Mr. John Barowe, and Mr. Chas. Bulkley, the former having been tenant for many years. Salisbury, 8 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
8 May.
R. O.
The house of Polslo, Devon, was suppressed because it was under the value of 300 mks., and afterwards by the mediation of friends, for a great sum of money the King restored it to the prioress and her successors. She is of a great age, and content to resign to Dame Elnor Sydnam. Being chief steward of the lands, knows that she is most able to succeed of any woman in the house for her virtue, gravity, and policy. Asks Cromwell to obtain for them a free election, and to write to the convent in her favour, for which he shall receive by the bearer 20l. The sum is small. Reminds him of the great charges lately sustained for redemption, their small possessions, and the first fruits now to be paid. 8 May.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 May.
R. O.
Sends 25 marks due to his Lordship this coming Pentecost. Begs him to write in his favour to the Council. Cannot tell whether he shall be admitted to answer by his attorney. Never was poor officer under the King so molested—all through Dr. Glynn, who is now at London, and Edw. Gruff and their adherents, who would have no Englishmen to bear rule among them, while he would prefer the King's right, usurped by them, viz., the Archdeaconry of Anglesea (fn. 4) (worth 100l. a year), the benefice of Clumnok Vawer (worth 100 marks) and another called Llan Eign (worth 30l.). These are of the King's presentation, but the Doctor takes them by gift of the Bishop. Desires a commission to inquire into it. Edw. Gruff "holdeth both fysh yards and quarrels where sclates be goten, and also an ile within the see where grapas be goten," and other lands which belong to the King,—all because his father, grandfather and great grandfather have been chamberlains here, and first entered on these lands in the King's name. To cloak these things they stir up men to exhibit matters against the writer, knowing that he is in debt to Beauchamp 600 marks, of which he will not fail to discharge 200 at Midsummer. While Mr. Norris lived they durst not meddle with him greatly. If not supported would rather forego the room he has. Begs that the matters against him be remitted to John Packington, justice of North Wales, and one of the Council of the Marches. Bewmares, 8 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 1155. DR. GLYNN.
"Articles objected against Doctor William Glynn of his multitude of dignities and cures without any sufficient dispensation."
1. The archdeaconry of Anglesey. 2. The Provostship of Clumnocke Magna alias Vawre.
To the second he answers he has no provostship of Clumnocke, for the church there is not collegiate but is called "ecclesia comportionata sive plebania." To it are annexed and depending the churches of Llandoroke, Llan Vnda, Llanglyne and Llan Vaglan. There is one perpetual vicar endowed which is the vicar of Clumnocke.
The 10th article objected is that he had a parish church in Anglesey called Clumnocke Parva alias Clumnocke Vychan annexed to a prebend in Clumnoche Magna, and no perpetual vicar endowed:—To the 10th he answers that Clumnocke Vechan belongs to a portion or prebend in Clumnocke Vawre. There has never been a vicar endowed there time out of mind; except that Mr. Hew Helys, deponent's predecessor in the prebend, eight or nine years past did present one Sir Henry ap Res to be vicar there without appointing him any living; which Sir Henry claims, by force of presentation, to have a living out of the fruits of the same. Otherwise he denies this article.
Dr. Glynne was "provesse" of Clumnocke Vawre 16 years before he had the prebend of Clumnocke Vychan. Dr. Glynne did permute Bewmares for Clumnocke Vychan four years ago with Mr. Hew Helys, who is alive and was 20 years prebendary of Clumnocke Vychan, Dr. Glynne then being "provess" of Clumnocke Vawre. Before Mr. Hew Helys, the following were successively prebendaries of Clumnocke Vychan, all within this 44 years:—Mr. Hew Morgan, Mr. Richard Collande, Mr. Richard Gyffyne, and Sir John Edname.
It was objected to Dr. Glynne in articles, in June last, before my lord Privy Seal (Dr. Petur being auditor to my said lord) that Dr. Glynne, being provess of Clumnocke Vawre, and so chief canon of the principal church, in taking the inferior prebend of Clumnocke Vychen, was deprived by law of Clumnocke Vawre. To which he answered that Clumnocke Vawre was not a "proveshyppe" but a plebania or ecclesia comportionata.
The provostship of Clumnocke Vawre is in the shire of Carnarvon, that of Clumnocke Vychan is in Anglesey and was always distinct from it.
Pp. 2.
8 May.
Calig. B. I.
B. M.
Butler arrived yesterday with the King's letters and Cromwell's, a commission with two books of indictments, a schedule of persons to be indicted and others to be impanelled. Had so many suitors from all parts of the shire that he has sent out a great number of letters and expects a great appearance at York on Tuesday night. Will sit upon those named in the schedule on Wednesday by 9 a.m., and also upon two monks of the Charterhouse for refusing the King's supremacy, unless they recant, which he does not expect. Supposes the two bills are for two inquests, that one may not know what the other does. Is so well with gentlemen there that he doubts not to put upon the quest some that have married lord Darcy's son's daughters and Sir Robert Constable's. He will put John Aske upon it, eldest brother to Robert Aske. Assures Cromwell all will be found according to the King's pleasure and he shall have the result by Friday night, if Tempest and Bowes come in time to instruct Chaloner, to whom he has sent a letter to make haste. Cannot sit on Thursday as it is Ascension day. Cromwell must get all things in order, if he wishes the arraignments to proceed on Monday. Does not doubt of the finding, though the sheriff is at Nottingham. "My good Lord, I will not spare to put the best friends these men have upon one of the inquests to prove their affections, whether they will rather serve his Majesty truly and frankly in this matter or else to favour their friends. And if they will not find, then they may have thanks according to their cankered hearts. And as for t'other inquest I will appoint such that I shall no more doubt than of myself." Denies having ordered those that were hung in Westmoreland and Cumberland to be taken down and buried. If he had consented thereto, would he had hanged by them. Sent a quick message by Swalowfeld to the earl of Cumberland to make inquiry, and sharp words to Sir Thomas Curwen sheriff of Cumberland, Sir John Lowther and Sir Thomas Wharton. Thinks that my lord of Cumberland, who is now towards London, should be blamed. All in this shire were hung in chains. Encloses letters from Scotland. Sheriffhutton, 8 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: my lord Privy Seal. Endd.: From my lord of Norff. viij. Maii, with lettres from the Quene of Scots, the l. Maxwell, the Consell and regents th'n (there ?) Berwikes answer.
8 May.
R. O.
Cannot repay Cromwell's kindness, reported by his treasurer's letters and by other ways, except by entire devotion. Forbears to press his matter with Pope and Freman otherwise than Cromwell advises, though both that and other things have not a little vexed him. One is that it is reported when he spoke against the bp. of Rome and the abominable living of religious men it was with such a heavy countenance that it was evidently against his will. Denies it strongly. Also his son's coming hither to him was interpreted "that I would learn him the fashions here that he might succeed in my room." Never thought such a thing. Were it not to serve the King would not have tarried here so long if he had all the earl of Northumberland's lands given him. Begs Cromwell to make an end of his daughter's cause. All learned men say there is no doubt of her right. Sheriffhutton, 8 May.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: viii. Maii 1537.
8 May.
R. O.
Begs his favour to Mr. Layton, the bearer, who has handled himself very wisely in all the places where Norfolk appointed him to preach. Great numbers of people resorted to hear him. Mr. Adenson also has handled himself thankfully and is better esteemed than any preacher there for many years. If three or four such preachers had been continually in these parts instructing the unlearned no such follies would have been attempted. Thinks the abp. and the other two bps. of this province ought to bestow promotions on such learned and well willed priests. His old friend the archd. of Richmond also might put some charge upon a good preacher. York, 8 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: viii. Maii 1537. Sealed.
The names of certain freeholders in the North Riding:—
Jas. Strangwaies, Hen. Gascoine, Roger Cholmlay, and Nic. Fairefax, knts.; Roger Lasselles, Marmaduke Twaites, Ric. Vincent, Thos. Dalaryvers, Wilfride Holme, John Barton, Greg. Conyers, esqs.; Thos. Beilbie, Robt. Seloo, Ph. Lovell, and Chr. Fenton, gentlemen.
ii. In the West Riding:—Hen. Seyvell, John Nevell, Hen. Everingham, Wm. Fairefax, knts.; Ric. Redeman, Thos. Maleverrye, Thos. Goldesbrughe, esqs.; Ant. Hawmond, gent.
iii. In the East Riding:—John Constable, the elder, Thos. Metham, knts.; Matthew Boynton, Robt. Craike, Nic. Rudston, Wm. Twaites, John Eland, esqs.; Edward Matteson de Hull, merchant,
iv. Persons sufficient of freehold inhabiting in the Court or city of London.
Wm. Parre, the elder, Edm. Knevit, Wm. Sidney, Edm. Benyngfild, Griffin Done, John Beron, Arthur Hopton, John Huddilston, Geo. Griffithe, Thos. Wentworthe, Wm. Pickering, Wm. Musgrave, knts.; Wm. Parre, Edm. Wright, Geo. Swillinton, Wm. Vavosour, Thos. Hennage, Walter Strikland, Ric. Fermour, Ric. Gressam, Wm. Kirton, Wm. Knevyt, Geo. Monoxe, esqs.; and Jas. Ellerker, gent.
Pp. 2. Endd.: The names of certain gent. and also: Of the bundell of B. in the bre(?) of Chelsey.
8 May.
R. O.
Received his letter enclosing one for the lord Privy Seal, and gave it to the King's post on May 6 at 3 p.m. Dover, 8 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
8 May.
R. O.
Has by bearer written to the lord Privy Seal as follows:—By his late letters certified all occurrents here. Since that time the bearer has brought his lordship's letters to him with others to the Lady Regent, who promised to take at the contemplation thereof such order that no lack should be found in her. At the same instant arrived a gentleman in post from the Emperor with a packet of letters, among which were those to his lordship enclosed. The bearer, for greater speed, has left his business here to his factor and goes himself. "As knoweth, &c.'
Would like to hear from Wriothesley. Brussels, 8 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
9 May.
R. O.
Thanks the King for his favourable words towards himself addressed to Sir Thomas Tempest and others who have just returned from his Highness. Excuses his repeated requests for leave to come up. One reason was that John Freman, being at supper at Pope's house, said he heard the duke say to two or three hundred of the rebels at Doncaster, "it was pity they were on life, so to give over the Act of Uses;" and after supper Pope caused him to write the words and put his hand to them. He also desired others to do the same, but they refused. To prove it untrue, first, the Duke never saw 300, 200, or 100 of them together, but near a mile off without the town, and never spoke with them except in the hearing of all the noblemen of the King's Council there, except two or three times with such as were his spies. Another cause was a report spread by malicious men that when he declared to the people his opinions against the bp. of Rome and other religious men "to impress your royal authority given by Almighty God in the people's hearts," that he did it with such heavy cheer that he evidently spoke not as he thought. All present can bear him witness that he spoke with vehemence, and say they would not have believed that he could have handled it so well, and that his words did more good than the sermons of any six bishops. I have not spoken to so few as 16,000 or 18,000 of your subjects in one place and another, and I think no man of truth will support these surmises. Another cause is my son's coming hither to me; it being rumoured that I sent for him that I might bring him up here to be trained in the affairs of these parts and leave him as my deputy. I never had any such thought, nor would I for all the lands the earl of Northumberland hath and had, "to tarry here unto Michaelmas," fearing that the cold time of the year come my old disease of the lax would cost me my life soon after. My reasons for sending for him were: first, being in some hope to have obtained your licence to come up for a short time it would have been hard to keep my servants here without him: and then in truth I love him better than all my children, and would have gladly had him here to hunt, shoot, play cards, and entertain my servants, so that they should be less desirous of leave to go home to their wives. If I intended any other thing in sending for him, let me die. Another cause was that Gostwick (untruly as is now well proved) would have charged me with 500l. received of him. I had also other private reasons that you would say justified my wish to come up. Appeals to the King, if he thinks him a true man, that he may come to his answer. York, 9 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Sealed. Add. Endd.: 1537.
9 May.
R. O.
Gave evidence to the juries according to Cromwell's letter dated at the Rolls, 4 May, and everything was found as in the indictments. Finds by Sir Ralph Ewre, the younger, and Mr. Mancell, that Cromwell has often complained of his not being in London. One reason was that he was appointed by Norfolk, with others, to take an inventory of Sir Robert Constable's goods, worth 1,000l. Another was the coming of Mr. Fuller, auditor of the suppressed houses in Yorkshire, to York. Will repair to Cromwell when the audit is over, when he will prove that Acclome has been such a busy fellow as no like was in this country. No doubt Norfolk and the Council will confirm this. He and his mother will appeal him of robbery if the health of the latter serve; for she was put in such fear by him that she has been ill ever since. Acclome has married the sister of the keeper of the Fleet, where he has a very small imprisonment. Has 4 or 5 of his letters, partly written during the Rebellion, and calling himself captain. York, 9 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
9 May.
R. O.
Sends a letter from James Hawksworth and one written by him to himself with a bill of the view of the Forest, which will show what was done by the last commission. As to his Lordship's suit, can do no more but abide the grace of God. But for his licence of victualling, would be sorry that his Lordship should so lose it, for it is another thing than Lisle takes it for. It has cost money already and if Lisle will name any man and write to my lord Chancellor whom he will have to serve for this year, the cost will be acquit; for the warrant is dormant as long as Lisle remains at Calais. The King is at Hampton Court and the Queen is said to be with child 20 weeks gone. I pray Jesu send us a prince. I think these Northern prisoners will suffer next week. London, 9 May.
Thinks Mr. Windsor will come or send this next week. Mr. Basset will depart immediately after his coming and bring with him a hat for your Lordship.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
9 May.
R. O.
I have received your sundry letters and delivered to Lady Rutland your token and quails. She is one of the gentlest ladies I ever knew and loves you with all her heart, but she has not received the heart of gold of Baker. I will write more at length what she says about your ladyship's affairs by Annes Woodrove, who will depart in five days. The velvet for Mr. Basset's coat is received, and it is almost made. Holte thanks you for the puncheon of wine. I will do what I can to stay the chandler and others. Mr. Bassett will send his chest and apparel by Annes Woodroffe's ship. I would soon be at Calais if I could be rid of my lord's suit. I defer other news till Annes Woodroffe's coming. Mr. Basset has received by the bearer John Bury, 6l. When Mr. Windsor will come God knows, but Mr. Basset shall not remain after his coming, for the world is here very hot. Mr. Windsor sends you a letter, which by mistake he has directed to my lord instead of to you. At his coming you shall be informed how everything stands with Holt and Acton. I wish you a fortunate hour. It is said the Queen is with child 20 weeks gone. God send her a prince. London, 9 May.
Tell Mr. Massingberd that his son Thomas is past all danger.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
9 May.
R. O.
Amiens, 9 May 1537:—My lord of Winchester and Mr. Bryan are in good health. Your horse that I came out of Calais on with Mr. Bryan is in good liking, but your bay horse has trodden on a nail. On Friday and Saturday last the French king was before Aras with his army. On the Sunday after Mons. le Grant Maitre and the Count de St. Pol came suddenly to him with news, on which he moved his camp, and it is said he will be at Dorlens to-morrow. Since leaving Calais, desired Lovedaie to advertise Lisle of the news from time to time.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
9 May.
R. O.
Promised in his last to send a copy of the letter to be sent by the Queen to card. Pole, but the Council have determined that as he did not write to her she need not write to him, and that the card. of Liege, to whom the letter was written, should make answer. Understands it was to the effect that he should not come into these parts, for he perceived so many doubts were made by the Council that it should not prevail; and advising him to depart before any further bruit arose, unless he had a special commission to the Queen, in which case he might send his mind in writing. They are waiting for an answer, of which the Queen has promised to inform me.
They look daily for 10,000 Almains and 1,500 horse from Cleves; and on their arrival they will at once offer battle to the French. The Duke of Gueldres has assembled 10,000 men; which puts the Council here in great doubts. The governor of Friesland is to return to his country to resist him if need be. Brussels, 9 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add.
9 May.
R. O.
Gives a copy of his letter to the King.
The Council delay the despatch of the ship of "brassell," awaiting an answer from the Imperial ambassador in England. Hopes Cromwell will get him to write his mind therein. Sir Thos. Palmer, who lies at a gentleman's house in Hainault, has asked me to send him word if licence be given for card. Pole's entry. Desires an answer to what he has written concerning the Company. (fn. 5) Brusssels, 9 May.
Hol., pp. 3. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
10 [May ?]
R. O.
Although I have not by my frequent letters acknowledged your special favours to me at my last being in Calais, they are not forgotten. You shall have my service when occasion arises, and if you think my word not worthy credit, "for that concerning my horse promised," I hope the truth declared by this present messenger will remove all such scruples. I beg to be commended to my lady. London, 10th of this present.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
10 May.
R. O.
Has sold to a poor man in Kent certain hay at Lysnes. A servant of Cromwell's, Richard Swyffte, will not suffer the deliverance thereof, imagining her late husband (fn. 6) was indebted to him 3l. 16d. There is a reckoning between the writer's late husband and Swyffte, whom she cannot bring therein to account. Begs Cromwell will command Swyffte to deliver the hay and will appoint one to determine the said reckoning. Reminds him of her old matter, for which she has been long a suitor. Fyncheley, 10 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
10 May.
R. O.
Received the King's and his letter on Tuesday 8 May at 4 p.m. by David Jones, servant to Sir Thos. Lestraunge, to execute, without sparing, all offenders in this conspiracy at Walsingham. Send examinations and confessions and cannot "bullte owte" any more. Ask orders about proceeding to execution. Raynham, 10 May, 29 Henry VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
10 May.
R. O.
Yesterday, at my being at York, was the greatest assembly of the gentlemen of this shire there had been seen these 40 years, none of any great substance lacking that was able to ride; of whom I appointed two quests, 20 of the one and 21 of the other, and after declaring my mind to them, made them go to several places. They shortly returned and found the two bills of indictments sent from your Highness' Council billa vera, without putting out or adding a word. Charged one of the said inquests to enquire of the two Charterhouse monks, whom they likewise indicted. We then proceeded to their arraignment and have their judgment. They shall suffer on Friday next. "Two more wilful religious men in manner unlearned I think never suffered." Sends the names of the gentlemen that were upon the inquests. They were not only of the greatest substance that ever I saw pass any indictment, but with very few exceptions they are very near of kin to those indicted. They have shown themselves true subjects, and have deserved the King's thanks. If I had known the gentlemen of these parts as well when Levenyng and others were acquitted as I do now, and had named those inquests as I did this, Levenyng had not been now "on life." As for Lutton, no doubt they acquitted him truly, for he deserved thanks at Bigod's insurrection, and Sir Ralph Ellerker, who alone gave evidence against him, and that but slender, says "that and he had passed on him he would not for all his lands have cast him." If it be your pleasure to have the houses of Bridlington and Jerves suppressed, I will ride thither and accomplish your commands. I think I should be at the suppressing, because the neighbouring country is populous and the houses greatly beloved by the people, and also well stored with cattle and other things that will not come all to light so well if I be absent. If I am to be there, let me have with me Mr. Magnus, Sir George Lawson, Leonard Beckwith, and Blitheman, and I shall appoint with them, Uvedale and Anthony Rous, treasurer of my house, to survey the lands. These men look for none of the farms, and therefore will see to your profit. Magnus and my servant are well skilled in surveying. Jerves is well covered with lead, and as for Bridlington, there is none like it. It has a barn all covered with lead, the longest, widest, and deepest roofed that ever I saw. The whole lead cannot be worth less than 3,000l. or 4,000l., and standing near the sea it can be easily carried away. If I know your pleasure by Tuesday night I will be there before Whitsuntide and return hither on Saturday. The deferring thereof may lead to embezzling of many things. Thinks the household stuff of Lord Darcy, Sir Robert Constable, Bulmer, and the abbeys, if Henry wishes them suppressed, should be brought hither by indenture and kept in one of the King's wardrobes for the council of these parts, if there shall be one, or for any nobleman sent by Henry to lie here for a time. If the stuff were sold here the King would not have a third part of what it would cost him to buy new. Wishes instructions to dismiss the servants of such as shall be cast now at London. Offers to ride to Jerves in Whitsun week to put like order there. Sheriffhutton, 10 May. Signed and sealed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1537.
R. O. 2. The two lists of names above referred to, each headed "Jurator. ad inquirendum pro D'no Rege in Com. Ebor.": with remarks in Norfolk's hand, in the margin, on the connection of some of them with the chiefs of the rebellion.
(1.) Sir Chr. Danbie—"cousin german removed to the lord Darcy"; Sir John Dawney—"his son hath married Sir George Darcy's daughter"; Sir Edward Gower—"hath married Sir Robert Constable's daughter"; Sir Thos. Johnson; Sir Roger Chambley—"hath married Sir Robert Constable's daughter"; Sir Thos. Metham—"near of kin to Darcy, Constable and Bigod"; Sir Nich. Fairfax—"his son hath married Sir George Darcy's daughter"; Sir Robt. Nevell—"of kin to the lord Darcy"; Sir Oswald Willestroppe, Sir Wm. Knolles, Hen. Rither—"of kin to the lord Darcy and hath married the lord Hussy's daughter"; John Aske—"eldest brother to Aske"; George Thwyng, Chr. Fenton, Ralph Hundgate, Edw. Rosse, John Peke, Marmaduke Thwaites, Edw. Saltmarshe, Hen. Ardington, and Robt. Conyers.
(2.) Sir James Strangwaies—"near of kin to Bygod and Bulmer"; Sir Henry Savell, Sir George Conyers—"near of kin to Bulmer"; (fn. 7) Sir Wm. Copley, Sir John Constable, Sir Chr. Hilliarde, Sir Wm. Malery, Sir Henry Everyngham, Roger Lasselles, Thos. Dalaryvers, John Barton, Ric. Redman, Matthew Boynton—"married Sir John Bulmer's daughter"; Nich. Rudstone, Chr. Thomlingson, Wm. Thorpe, Ant. Avmond, John Norton, Thos. Gover, and Gregory Conyers.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Endd. Jurats to enquire of divers treasons.
Cleop. E. vi.
B. M.
3. Indictment of John Rochester and James Whalwarth late of London, clks. or Carthusian monks, alias late of the monastery of St. Mary without the walls of York, for having 8 May, 29 Henry VIII. (and previously) denied the King's supremacy.
Latin, parchment, pp. 2.
10 May.
R. O.
I have written at length to the King for the affairs of these parts. I am daily informed by Sir Thomas Tempest and my treasurer of your continual kindness which I hope I or some of mine after me may be able to recompense. I should have despatched Mawnsfeld yesterday, but after my return hither I found myself more sick and weak than at any time since I saw you, but this morning I am well again. I have now written to the King according to your advice to my treasurer, "most heartily thanking you of your kind handling of my matters most falsely surmised against me." Sheriffhutton, 10 May. Signed.
P. S.—I have just heard that my lord of Northumberland daily gives away houses and the brick of Wresle and other things, so that unless remedy be applied it will be greatly decayed when it comes to the King's hands.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
10 May.
R. O.
Received this day his letter of the 5th "with instructions for the detention and delivery of the bp. of Rome's legate." Will do his best about this and the other matters. Wishes the King or Cromwell would write a letter of thanks to the card. of Liege, for it is he who may do most at present. Has written before for such necessary reformations as he thought for the King's advantage and will persevere till he finds his writing is tedious. Gold was formerly carried out of the realm for gain; now great sums are sent hither in sterling groats. This will both diminish coin at home and injure the sales of cloth; for here are but three sorts of money current, crowns of the sun, sterling groats, and "Ridars gilderns" coined in Gelderland. Has written to Wriothesley to be a suitor to Cromwell for two of his friends. Brussels, 10 May.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed.


  • 1. Bishop Latimer.
  • 2. Crossed out.
  • 3. Struck out, and Thomas Heys substituted.
  • 4. According to Le Neve, William Glynn, LL.D., was admitted Archdeacon of Anglesea in 1524 on the death of a Richard Bulkeley, and died in 1537.
  • 5. The Merchant Adventurers.
  • 6. William Brereton.
  • 7. Doubtful whether this note applies to Savell or Conyers.