Henry VIII: May 1537, 11-15

Pages 539-557

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 539
Page 540
Page 541
Page 542
Page 543
Page 544
Page 545
Page 546
Page 547
Page 548
Page 549
Page 550
Page 551
Page 552
Page 553
Page 554
Page 555
Page 556
Page 557

May 1537, 11–15

11 May.
R. O.
Examination taken in the Tower of London 11 May 1537 by Dr. Leghe and Jo. ap Rice, &c.
"Robert Aske examined eftsoons, saith" that, on receipt of the King's letter to come up, he sent a copy to lord Darcy by one William Monketon, who married his (Aske's) sister, saying he intended to go, and praying Darcy meanwhile to stay the country, and nothing more. Never himself spoke with Darcy from the last conclusion at Doncaster till his return from London. Brought with him to London, 6 servants, Chr. Baynes, Alex. Dawson, John Aske, Edward Acrod, Thos. Monketon, and a horsekeeper, leaving none by the way. Returning from London he went to stay Beverley, and 4 or 5 days after had a letter from lord Darcy to come to him for the stay of those parts. Went to Templehurst, where he showed Darcy how he had opened to the King the griefs of the country, and his Highness gave comfortable answers how Norfolk would forthwith come down, and then the King himself and have the Queen crowned and Parliament held at York. The King only asked him to declare the truth of his first taking and subsequent proceedings. Darcy asked what the King said "by him." Answered he spake of him, as of others, as "offenders before the pardon" and little else: and showed Darcy a copy of the book he made to the King. Darcy then said he was likewise sent for; and Aske, perceiving the country "in a floughter and a readiness to rise," said he would write to the King that both Darcy and Sir Robt. Constable might tarry till Norfolk's coming. Sir Robt. Constable who had a like letter to come up,. was present, and, at Aske's desire, went home to Holme. William Monketon brought him no answer from lord Darcy nor did he wait for it: on his return, Monketon showed him lord Darcy had said he "did well to venture, seeing he had the King's letter therefor."
ii. [Answers to interrogatories].
1. and 2. It was not known that any of my lord Privy Seal's band was at Doncaster till their coming to Pomfret before the last meeting; for Norfolk's letter said only Mr. Brown's company should be with him. That none of the said band should come thither "was put in article and not in petition" lest any commoners at the meeting would have quarrelled with them: the special cause was that, when Mr. Bowes went, to receive the King's safe conduct and tenor of the pardon, "untill Doncaster," there was a quarrel between one of his company and one of the lord Privy Seal's servants. Moreover bruit was that Mr. Richard Crumwell had spoken extreme words against the commons of Lincolnshire, and it was said some of his band were at Doncaster. 3. "To this he saith" on the Tuesday he went with the "vaward," about 12,000, to a plain above Barnesdale nigh Hampall. Thither came Lancaster herald; and examinate, to have advice of lord Darcy to despatch him, returned to Pomfret. On the morrow, Wednesday, he and lord Darcy and the "middleward" repaired to Hampall that night; and lords Latomer, Nevell, and Lumley, and all the gentlemen lay at a town a mile nearer Doncaster. That night they had good "scowtwatche" near Doncaster bridge; for the Duke had few or no horsemen, at least no borderers or that knew the manner of scourage, "for their scourage was ever chased into their own battle and to Doncaster." There was no other array than the "scowrage" and the people were lodged in woods and villages; for there was sore rain which raised the waters, especially the Downe. 4. "Surely" the North parts had better "scowtwatche and espials" than the other; for he knew their host and where they lay, and how their bridges were fortified and their number, and how their commons were faint, and that the Duke could assemble no array without his knowledge. The Duke had in Doncaster these 2 nights not above 6,000 or 8,000, while they were 30,000. On the Thursday "when the whole host appeared at the Stowping sise before Doncaster," most of the Duke's host was at Scrowby, 5 or 6 miles on this side; so they could have won the town: but Aske and others considered that if the Duke won, all the gentlemen of those parts had been "attainted, slain, and undone, and the country made a waste for the Scots." On the other hand, had Norfolk, Shrewsbury, Rutland, Huntingdon, Surrey, lord Talbot, and others, been slain; what a loss to this realm and what displeasure to the King? Also the Duke was beloved in the North and it was thought he would not dishonour himself by making a night attack—a kind of battle seldom heard of, "especially at that season being November." 5. Neither saw gentleman nor commoner willing to depart, but to proceed in the quarrel. No device was made by gentlemen for "tarrying" the commons, other than that posts, and such as were faint hearted, might not pass the bridge of Ferybrigge without passport from Aske. 6. There was always a bruit against "them" by the commons; but "their facts" were not examined, till the coming down of Mr. Bowes and Sir Ralph Ellerkar. Then at the council at York it was openly "moved against them" and agreed that every man "should enquire and bring in at Pomfret their facts." Gave a remembrance to the captains of Westmoreland to enquire of them. 8. If the King had not answered that the first 5 articles were so general that he would answer them by the duke of Norfolk, they had never proceeded to particulars. Thereupon the North parts studied to declare their griefs, of which that article was one; "upon the abovesaid intent or it had not been in against Doctor Legh and Layton."
Pp. 7, in Ap Rice's hand. Endd.: "Aske's last answers."
R. O. 2. Interrogatories referred to in the preceding.
1. Where and by whose means it was first moved, set forth, and concluded that none of the lord Privy Seal's band should come to the meeting at Doncaster. 2. Why they did so. 3. How many men there were the night before they should have fought together, and in what array. 4. If they had fought, might not they have been easily discomfited. 5. Whether most of the commons would not have gone home if the gentlemen with their policy had not caused them to tarry. 6. Wherefore and by whom it was first moved to complain of Drs. Layton and Legh; who was the procurer or author of the article against them, and when it was procured. 7. Whether they had been complained upon at the second meeting at Doncaster if my lord of Norfolk and Mr. Bowes had not been. 8. After the article made against them, who made or procured to be made the commissions to be sent abroad in every quarter to inquire what they had done in the visitation.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Draft of § 1.
At the end is a letter to "good Mr. Doctor," asking him to send the writer some money and clothes by Mr. Pollard.
In Aske's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: Aske's last answer of his own hand.
11 May.
R. O.
Thanks him for his comfortable letter. Sends a bill of articles by his kinsman, Dr. Cave, and his attorney, of which he desires good expedition. Newington Green, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
11 May.
R. O.
Begs favour to the city of Norwich concerning Styward's suit for a settlement between the cathedral church and the city. Asks Cromwell to move the sub-prior and cellarer, now in London, to write home to the prior, who no doubt will be conformable to Cromwell's pleasure. Please require our counsel now at London, Mr. Hare and Mr. Graye, to make an indifferent book for you. I doubt not it shall be to your profit. Norwich, 11 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
11 May.
R. O.
I trust you have received my letters to you by my servant, Ric. Boltton, and your servant, Thomas Beumontt (?). I desire your help to get my goods restored to my vicarage, and that in anywise the sheriff may cause to be execute and certified the "tachments" against Mr. Lacy, Thomas Sayvel and others; also that the writ of green wax may be served on Wm. Michel (?) and Henry Stocks. I am minded to tarry in London till I get your letters. Your servant Fornes has an order for Sir Ric. Tempest to appear at Trinity term coming, and he would have been here or this but for letters from the duke of Norfolk. I shall tarry in London till the beginning of Trinity term if I do not hear from you to the contrary. Will "deserve" the trouble I have given you if it lie in my power. I need not write news, as John Sayve and his brother Mr. Thomas, the bearers, can tell all. Crastino Ascensionis, 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
11 May.
R. O.
I thank you for your letters and news. I admit that I have often received news from you and seldom informed you of any, but I have not failed when I had any, to acquaint you. Last night, at shutting the gates here, it was said the French king had broken his camp and is retiring towards Amyens. The Count Guyllaume is appointed with 15,000 lance-knights to pass the mountains. Other news I have not. I have received letters from my lord Privy Seal stating that money shall be disbursed to the surveyor of fortifications, both at Calais and here. My intercession for the poor men who have already paid their money to the officers was not to derogate from your authority, but I trust I may write to your Lordship in behalf of poor men when they complain of wrongs. Commend me to my lady. Guisnes, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
11 May.
R. O.
I understand you have been informed that Joen Baccre, Imperial archer, has borne the English cross since he has been under my charge, while making inroads upon the French. Since he made his oath to me he has never borne any other cross except that of St. Andrew, at least as far as I can ascertain. Tournehen Castle, 11 May. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
11 May.
R. O.
Wrote yesterday by Master Rookwood and sent two earlier letters, one enclosed within the other. This morning received Wingfield's of the 8th which contains no acknowledgement of his letter of the 30th sent by Capt. Towar's man. Wingfield will see that we have had more friendly entertainment since the 4th. If we go to camp we must make provision that will be costly, though I have already written that our purses wax light. The grand master, marshal of the host, has begun to camp beside Oosy—some think only with a view to garrison Cambray as the French have done St. Pol, lest the latter should use them with the same kindness of spoil and destruction as they have done the whole county of St. Pol. The French have indeed retired—the King as far as Corbe, and left—some say 4,000 foot, in garrison at St. Pol's, but more likely 3,000, others making it only 2,500; with 150 men of arms. News from the Queen that the garrison of Turin, owing to the pestilence, have promised to surrender to the Imperialists if not rescued by a certain day, which is now past. Capt Towar showed me this morning that Andre Doore himself is gone with a great navy "to ... and land the Emperor either in Italy or Provence." The Queen expects tidings from the Emperor daily. It is thought that it was no small matter that made the French retire. If this camp begin to march (and their Almains and horsemen come on apace) the country will be destroyed on both sides. Capt. Towar had received a letter from the Imperial Ambassador in England stating that the King had set at liberty the Admiral of Slewse; which Towar said would cause Donnyngton the sooner to be set at liberty. The lords considered his matter this morning, but await the arrival of the Grand Master who will be here this day from the camp. "We both" thank you for your good counsel about hazardous enterprises. Dooaye, 11 May 1537. (No signature.)
In the hand of Francis Hall, pp. 2. Add.: at Calais. Sealed.
12 May.
C. III. 499.
B. M.
Annals of
I. 387.
Thank him for his late pains in hearing the matters at variance between the university and them, and trust thereby to obtain lasting quietness. A misdemeanour was lately done by one of the proctor's servants, Henry Woolward, and others, without his master's command, as he has confessed to the mayor and aldermen. Are not so inclined to make indictments against the scholars as Cromwell is informed, but upon consultation with Mr. Hynde, their recorder, they desired him to declare the matter to Cromwell at his coming to London and trust he has done so. Are by Cromwell's letters commanded to appear before the King's council at London to declare the said misdemeanours. Beg him to examine the recorder, who can tell the whole matter, and then let them know which of them shall come before the Council. Upon the late Acts of Parliament touching persons who shall speak of the King or Council, have apprehended one fellow, dwelling within the town of Cambridge, who spoke certain words, as appears by depositions sent herewith. Cambridge, 12 May.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
12 May.
R. O.
Of late divers assemblies have been made in Wales with arms, amongst which two be to be noted. First by the inhabitants of Arustley who will not suffer my lord Ferrers' deputies to keep court, but expelled them: this Council has committed the best of them to ward. The other by the inhabitants of the country of Denbigh against the town. The country came in arms on the market day and proclaimed at the cross "that Welshmen were as free as Englishmen and that they should pay no stallage there." This Council sent the King's messenger to the steward there, who lightly regarded the matter, as appears by the messenger's report, enclosed. By Mr. Pakyngton's advice, I have committed the leaders to ward. The steward fears to be called before this Council. The cause of disobedience in Arustley is that my lords of Worcester and Ferrers do not agree for the stewardship there; no courts are kept nor commands of this house served. Where your lordship and the Council wrote to me to be circumspect in the attachment of suspect persons, I shall not fail. Wigmore, 12 May.
After writing the above of Arustley and Kevylyock, I received your commands for ordering the same and the King's most dread letters to the earl of Worcester and lord Ferrers. Let me know your pleasure concerning Denbigh. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Report of Wm. Jeordan, King's messenger, taken at Wigmore, 6 May, 29 Hen. VIII.; concerning the serving of the King's letters to John Salusbury, squire, steward of Denbigh, to redress the matter between the burgesses of Denbigh and the "forryners" there.
Delivered the letters, Wednesday 2 May, at the steward's house of Lewenythe, a mile and a half from Denbigh. Details how next day some 300 armed men gathered to the fair, and the steward, who was in the town only from 2 till 5 p.m., published the King's letters at the High Cross, but did nothing more; and how, at supper time, there was a fray made in the house of Rob. Knowseley, alderman, where the messenger lodged, and some of those armed and unruly persons named, were carried to the castle.
Further the said steward both at Lewenythe and in the house of Hugh Drees at Denbigh, said he marvelled that the Commissioners in the Marches should meddle with the freedom of the towns, which should be determined by the King and my lord Privy Seal; also that the Council in these Marches should take weapons from the King's subjects; for without weapons and harness they could do little service.
John Symond, Moryce Taylor, and John son to Thomas Salusbury, made the affray. [List of persons, with the arms they bore, swords, bucklers, and glevys:—] Lewys ap Tudor, gent., and 3 servants, Harry ap Robert, gent., and 3 servants, Wm. ap Gruff ap Lln. ap Res, Thomas ap Grono and 4 or 6 with him, Jevan ap Thomas ap Lln. ap Res, John ap Jevan ap Res ap Lln., John ap Gwyn ap William ap Mered, Wm. Lloyd ap Moryce, Lln. ap Dd. ap Hoell ap Res, Jevan ap Hugh ap Jevan ap Lln., and Res ap David ap Jevan ap Tona.
Pp. 4.
[12 May.]
R. O.
My servant Brygham whom I sent yesterday early to Sir John Bulmer's houses in company with Sir Roger Chambley and Sir Geo. Conyers to seek out all his writings that might touch him or any other, has returned and brought those you shall receive with these. Those of the worst sort are in the less packet, and though perhaps he may say they were before the date of the pardon they show that no man had a more cankered heart. I write briefly as I suppose he will be arraigned on Monday and have commanded Butler to ride that he may be with you that day betimes. Saturday afternoon.
P.S. in his own hand: "My lord, I think ye never read more lewd nor more malicious letters which I Babthrop, Thirlbe and Wodehall every of us have perused his part for haste." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
12 May.
R. O.
In behalf of the prior of Tynmouth, which is of his foundation. Sheriffhutton, 12 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
12 May.
R. O.
"Hereafter ensueth the demeanour of me Christ. Aske from the beginning of the first rebellion in Yorkshire unto this day, being the xijth day of May Ao. xxixo. R. Henric. VIIIi."
(1.) The day the same began in Howden my brother John Aske and I were at Hemyngburgh with the King's commissioners, where we learnt the first moving of the people. In going home we found the people drawn out in the fields, awaiting the ringing of Howden great bell to advance. We sent out that night and stayed the villages along the water of Derwent until the rising in Beverley and Holderness. That this is true I report me to Mr. Babthorp. (2.) I, being still at Aughton with my said brother, was in "great heaviness," seeing I had upon me above 100l. of my lord of Cumberland's revenues from the East Riding, and I and my brother would rather "be hewn into gobbets" than "distane" our allegiance. After being started out of our lodgings twice in one night we determined to ride to my lord of Cumberland to Skipton in Craven, 40 miles away. Rode first and my brother John was checked at Cawod ferry, but "escaped strangely and took him unto the woods, &c." (3.) After my coming to Skipton my Lord's retinue in the King's wages departed to save their houses. His Lordship being left with a few household servants, not above 80 in number, I "tried out" 40 young men to serve him, whereby we had sufficient to defend the castle (the barnekyn excepted). Of my service under his Lordship I report me to himself. (4.) Learnt that the commons after two or three days, finding the castle impregnable, "purposed to take my lady Eleanor's (fn. 1) Grace, the King's niece and her young son, two of my Lord's daughters," and other gentlewomen then at Bolton Abbey, and lead them before the host at the assault next day; thinking thereby to come to their purpose, or, if not, "to violate and enforce them with knaves, unto my Lord's great discomfort." Upon this, with the privity of none but the vicar of Skipton, a groom of the stable and a boy, he "drew such a draught" that he conveyed all the ladies into the castle. Was called traitor by the commons; and the vicar, "the [ex]ecutor of this draught" lay in "hydles" (hiding ?) long after, or it had cost him his life. Refers to my Lord and the said lady's Grace how he got her stuff and "males" into the castle by night. (5.) After the first meeting at Doncaster, seing Cumberland was the only nobleman in the North parts that the commons doubted, his "ungracious brother Robt. Aske, after many defiances" wrote twice for him to come to Wresill Castle under safe conduct. Showed these writings, as they came, to Cumberland and, with his licence, went openly next forenoon to Wresill and thence to York "where the great meeting was." In two days he demeaned himself so covertly that he returned to my Lord, knowing all their purposes and how they would, if none agreement were had at their next meeting at Doncaster, ride in three armies, and the captains of these, and how they would unite on the south side of Trent, and their appointments for the meeting &c.; which on his report, my Lord certified the King, as he trusts his honour will declare. (6.) One cause of his going to Wresill was to persuade his brother to sue, at the next meeting at Doncaster, for the King's pardon. Found his brother at Wresill prepared to ride to Lord Darcy, and about 60 commons ready to ride with him; "and because they had not a dinner prepared they began to murmur and frown, with rough words, and said a man was worthy his meat or else his service was ill." Was glad, and took occasion to show that the end would be that they would either slay him or deliver him as a traitor, like Jacques Dartnell, William Wallas and others. Chanced that day in his brother's absence to get a sight of the book in which he found the purposes before written. (7.) Served Cumberland till after St. Thomas' day, when the pardon was proclaimed, at his own cost, and every night "gave the watch of the outer ward some money besides my Lord's allowance." (8.) On Martinmas [da]y at the great fair at Skipton he and his fellows of the castle issued out to the market cross, and after three long oyes, made the King's proclamation and retired; much to the commons' indignation. (9.) When Sir Francis Bigod rose he was with Mr. Babthorp at Osgodby. Sent to all my Lord's officers and tenants there not to stir without my Lord's command, and rode himself in post to Skipton. Abode there till Norfolk's coming to York and meeting Cumberland. Since that time he has been surveying his Lord's works at Lounsburgh; and since Easter, keeping his Courts. Signed: per me Crist. Aske.
Pp. 7. Endd.: Aske's confession.
12 May.
R. O.
Mr. Windsor is not yet come: but at his coming Mr. Basset shall depart according to Lisle's writing and bring a hat for his lordship. The King lies now at Hampton Court and, it is said, will take his progress Northwards; but many hope not, because the journey will be very painful for his train. My lord Privy Seal says Husee shall be despatched next time the King signs. "I trust he will rid me now, or else he loseth my heart." The Queen is with child. The bishops are said to be at a point, which is yet unknown. Lord Darcy, lord Hussey, and other Northern men now in the Tower shall be raigned on Tuesday next. "There is but one way with them: God have mercy upon them and send them grace to repent." Thinks they will suffer before Whitsuntide. Wishes Lisle to write to my lord Chancellor, naming who shall be his victualler. London, 12 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
12 May.
R. O.
You will receive by the bearer Agnes Woodroffe a token and letter from lady Rutland. She is content to take Mrs. Anne your daughter at the end of the progress, when all heats and dangers of sickness are past. As for Mrs. Katharine, the duchess of Suffolk is not now here, but at her coming Mr. Coffin will be again in hand with her and has no doubt she will keep promise with him. My lady Rutland at her coming will use efforts with lady Beauchamp and others that one of your daughters be preferred to the Queen's service at the next vacancy. Mr. Basset's chest is laden in this boat. As to his coat cloth, there is none of the same colour that the Queen's brother wore at Calais to be had, for Bremelcum and I have sought all London for it. I send you a pattern of cloth almost like it. Mr. Basset's leg is almost whole. When Mr. Windsor comes he shall depart if his leg is no worse. The Queen is said to be with child. London, 12 May.
Mrs. Alys that hath your cushion dwells 30 miles hence in Essex, and I can hear no word of her. It is not yet time to speak of your weir, while the King's weighty matters are in hand, which I trust in eight days will be overblown. Advises her to send a piece of French wine and another of Gascon wine to lord Sussex.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
12 May.
Poli Epp. II.
On receiving Pole's letters from Lyons of 24 March, and those of Priolus, about the scarcity of money, he went to the Pope; who was sorry for Pole's difficulty, though he hoped the card? of Liege would not suffer him to want. He promised, however, that money should be supplied by bankers in those countries; but he was unwilling to increase the sum of 500 pieces of gold a month usually given to ultramontane legates lest it should be taken as a precedent. The Prothonotary Ambrosius will see to it.
Desires much to hear of the state of England. Pole knows how much he grieves that besides the schism of the Lutherans that kingdom of England has been torn from this body. Grieves, too, more than Pole can know at the fate of that King. Prays God almost daily that Pole who has always loved his King more than life may conduct this matter so that the universal Church of Christ, his King, and his country of England, may sing praises to God for the finding of the pearl which was lost and the recovery of the beautiful sheep that had strayed from the fold. Awaits his letters eagerly.
The Pope has attacked the matter of the reformation and chosen four cardinals, Simonetta, Ghinucci, Chieti, and Contarini, to oversee and correct those things which have usually been expedited by the Datary. Almost all the cardinals favour the reformation, and the Consistory begins to change its appearance. Wishes Pole and the card? of Carpi were here. The Council is deferred till November because the duke of Mantua demanded 1,500 foot and 100 horse, paid by the Pope, as a guard to the city of Mantua. The place is not yet fixed. The Turkish fleet will be much smaller than was first reported.
Had the above written 15 days, waiting for a messenger. Meanwhile has heard what Pole has written from Paris and that he had set out for Cambray and the difficulty he found in his Christian mission (in hac Christiana tua provincia). The cause of the Church must be committed to God, and whatever happens must be borne with fortitude. "Binus tuus" writes the rest. Commendations to Priolus and Verona. Rome, 12 May 1537.
12 May.
R. O.
Gives the news sent by the Viceroy of Sicily as in No. 1144.
Letters from Naples [state] that daily [they] look for the Emperor. Prince Doria has 50 galleys and daily seeks for men. The Florentines are all under the Emperor, and have chased away those that were against him. In Sicily they fortify their places. The great ship is going to Spain for the Great Master who is a wise man and with favour of your Majesty, will redress all.
A double cannon of those your Highness sent to the Religion was broken up some time ago and "refounded like as she was before" with your scutcheon. Two months ago a brigantine was sent to discover what the Turk doth. Will certify the result. Malta, 7 May 1537.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. Postscript to the preceding, headed:—"Jesus, 1537, May 12, so long on clozsyd."
The brigantine has sent news from Cape St. Angel, viz.:—1. Met with a brigantine having one in her that came from Constantinople, where he left the Turk in person on the 26th ult. This confirms the previous news. 2. The old Moor of Surrey is captain of ten galleys and is gone to Alexandria conducting vessels laden with castles of wood to make war against the king of Portugal about the Red Sea. Justynyan who is banished Venice, is gone with these 10 galleys. His son is to be captain of the castles. 3. The Sophi has married the daughter of the Bonnet Verd, and both war on the Turk, doing him much harm; "in so much he had ordained for to have 40,000 to row in galleys and cannot come to half. There [are] prepared 200 sails; howbeit lacks men; 50 galleys be ready to set forth." 4. In Morea 3,500 were gathered to row but were suddenly countermanded to labor, and fortify Modon and Coron; "and gret provysyon makys there ffor vetuelles, thretes Missina and Jenys. Yt ys more like for Barbary. For Barba rowse ys myche cawzse off the Armad be watyr, and most part off thre monthys hath logyd wyth yn tharecenall to hast the armad forward." 5. The Turk has won a stronghold in the mountains called Clysse,—it is said the strongest in Hungary. 5,000 men were sent to succour it and were all slain. 6. The said brigantine has heard how Barnard Scote with 5 galyottes took 4 others. 7. She continues her voyage.
Hol., pp. 2.
13 May.
Anstis Order
of the Garter,
II. 405.
Feast of the Order of the Garter at Windsor, 13 May, the earl of Sussex supplying the earl of Rutland's absence, who was sick. The newly elected knight (i.e., the earl of Cumberland) was led to his stall by Sussex and the lord Admiral. Next afternoon it was agreed after much debate that the earl then decorated and the knight who was chosen the former year should contribute towards the fabric of the church, the earl 30l. in three years and the knight 20 marks in four years.
It was also decided to consult the King as to how the rest of the money for finishing the fabric of the church should be paid in without delay.
Ashmole MS.
1,109, f. 70b.
2. "The oath that the earl of Cumberland took at his installing, ao 29 Hen. VIII., the 13 of May."
13 May.
R. O.
We have received your several letters by our servant William Maunsell, the one declaring the finding of the indictments, the condemnation of the two monks of the Charterhouse, &c., the other showing the reasons which moved you so instantly to desire licence for your repair into these parts; and have heard the said Maunsell's credence. In answer to which: 1. We thank you for your proceedings. 2. We desire you to repair in person to Bridlington and Gerves and arrange for the taking of the inventories of the goods and survey of the lands, giving to the servants of the persons indicted, according to their qualities, such money at their departing as you think fit with good consideration to our charges.
As to your other letters touching yourself, as by Maunsell's credence you desire a frank answer:—
First, you may be assured of our confidence in your experience and devotion; but as to particulars, 1, touching the words of Freman, whoever reported them to you in such sort did the poor man no little injury, for he has so declared himself therein that you have little cause to be angry with him for that matter, "ne he did either set his hand to them as they were mistaken when he spake of the act of Uses, or avouch them in such sort as they were reported." 2. As to the report that you uttered the things touching our authority with a faint cheer and countenance, we have been many ways informed that you did so with as much vehemency as could be desired. We never heard any such report against you, otherwise we should have let you know of it. "You know our nature is too frank to retain any such thing from him that we love and trust." 3. As to my lord your son we never heard such a report nor could we believe you sent for him for any purpose not to our good contentment; nevertheless, we wonder you sent for him into those parts without our knowledge, giving occasion to men to suspect evil of it. As to our treasurer, Gostyk, you do him wrong to note untruth in him, for your own account shows that he demanded no greater allowance than he ought to have. The 500l. was delivered to Pagnam which he charged in your reckoning, but he takes allowance where he ought to take it and has discharged you. We beg you henceforth to believe no light tales.
As to the rest of Maunsell's credence; first, as to our journey thither, God may cause alteration, but we purpose not otherwise to vary from our determination. As to the matter of Sir Thomas Tempest and Robert Bowes we think it would be greater expense and more trouble to them to resort to you once a month than continue still without such departure from you. For if they stay they may send home their horses and keep fewer folks. And seeing the time of our repair thither fast approaches, we doubt not they will take the more pains to settle matters between parties that we may not be molested with suits when in those parts.
Draft, principally in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd.: The minute of the King's letter sent to my lord of Norfolk the 13th of May.
13 May.
R. O.
Sends the indictment found upon lord Husy by two inquests. Would have made more expedition if he had not been "sore accrased." Sleford, 13 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 May.
R. O.
A rumour is sprung in these parts against Mr. Horner for the taking of the rebels executed at Tawnton as if all done therein were against the King's pleasure. Hearing of one light person, a great setter forth of the rumour, I have examined him and others, as appears by deposition before my cousin Capell and me, which the bearer has to deliver to your Lordship. We have put the party in ward till your Lordship's pleasure be known. 13 May. Signed.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Confession of divers persons against William Hogeges of Berynton, Somers., husbandman, before John Seyntloo and Henry Capell, knights, 7 May 29 Henry VIII.
John Arle of Coungerisbury, Somers., husbandman, deposes he heard Hogeges, in the house of Richard Wever at Wryngton, say that, but for Sir John Seyntloo, Thomas Horner had been hanged, as the King was displeased at his taking the men imprisoned at Nonye; also that it was pity such a worshipful man as Sir John should save such a false fellow, who should have been hanged seven years before.
John Warde of Congerisbury deposes likewise, and further that the King asked Horner if his name were Horner, and if he took the Western men at Nonye, and said "Thou shalt be hanged for thy labour." Wherewith Sir John Seyntloo fell on his knees and begged the King to give him Horner and pardon his life: which the King did, saying he had liever have given Sir John 1,000 mks. a year.
So also deposes Thomas Pole of Congerisbury, John Durnedale of Wryngton and Thomas Trewbody, of Wryngton; the latter adding that the King said he would rather give Sir John 1,000 mks. land than pardon for Horner.
Richard Wever and William Halle, of Wryngton, heard Hogeges say Horner was a false man and if Sir John Horner had not been, it had been wrong with him.
Answer of the said William Hogeges, that he said Horner had been executed if Sir John had not got his pardon, which sayings he heard from Wm. Plumer in the hearing of John White, Walter White, Richard Hopkyns, John Clerke, and Ric. More, all of whom deny it. Signed: John Seyntlow—Harry Capell.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 3. Flyleaf of a letter, probably of the preceding wrongly endorsed.
Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "Sir John Saintlowes letters, xxjo Maii."
13 May.
R. O.
There is a great rumour against Mr. Horner, for the taking of the rebels executed at Tawnton, saying the King was displeased with him for taking the same. The rumour is so general that, without some punishment therein, it will be to Horner's detriment, besides danger in case any like assembly should happen again. Has written of it to the lord Privy Seal, sending depositions, by his servant the bearer, whom it may please Kingston to further to his Lordship, and to credit concerning the misdemeanour of David Every. Sutton, 13 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
13 May.
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters in his favour to the company of the Steelyard. Found there several merchants of his acquaintance. Has not made known his case, for he is informed that he will recover his coffers. The bearer, William van Jaunewerts, a Bohemian gentleman, is his friend, and also a friend to some of the Steelyard. He can deliver letters for Lisle at Gravelinges, Dunkerke, Bruges, or Antwerp. Is troubled because the Imperial ambassador thinks he has been in France during this war. Asks Lord Lisle to write a letter to the ambassador in his favour. Berthilemewe, the secretary of the Steelyard, can always tell him where he is. London, 13 May 1537.
Fr. Hol., p. 1. Add.: Le Depputteur du Roy d'Engleterre residant a Callays.
13 May.
R. O.
I have received your letter stating that you have induced Hanse van Cales to allow my colts to graze. I thank you for taking this trouble. I have written several times to you to get back four poor foot-soldiers of Gravelinghes, who were taken by the men of Boulogne. Three have been returned or have escaped, but one remains, named Collin Laignel, son-in-law of one of the porters of Gravelinghes. Du Bies has been absent from Boulogne for a long time, being with the King his master, so I beg you to write to him again for the return of this man. He cannot pay a single patart, either for ransom or expenses. I do not send any news as the bailly of Marly and your trumpet have been in the quarter. Aire, 13 May '37. Signed.
Asks for an answer by the bearer.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
14 May.
R. O.
According to her sundry letters has travailed with the King, who has of himself been glad to promote her quiet and commodity as the bearer will show. Sends a poor token of cramp-rings. Westminster, 14 May 1537.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd: Copy of my lord P. S. letters to the Queen Dowager of Scots.
[14 May.]
R. O.
Marquis of Exeter; Earls of Oxford, Shrewsbury, Sussex, Rutland, Wiltshire (fn. 2), Essex†; Viscount Beauchamp; Lords Cobham, Windsor, Mordaunt, Borough, Clynton,† Matravers†, Morley†, Lawarre†, and Dacres of the South†.
Endd.: The names of the lords for the arraignment of the Northern.
R. O. 2. Tuesday (fn. 3) :—The lord Hussey.* Sir Thomas Darcy late of Templeherst, Sir Robt. Constable of Flamburgh, Sir Fras. Bigot of Sedryngton, Sir Thomas Percy of Seymer, Sir John Bulmer of Wilton, Margaret Cheyne wife of William Cheyn[e] late of London, Sir Stephen Hamerton of [Wygg]ylly[sworth,] Yorks., George Lumley of Thwynge, Ralph Bulmer of London, son and heir of the said Sir John Bulmer, Robt. Aske of Awton, gentleman. (All the above places are in Yorkshire.)
Wednesday*:—James Cokerell of Lithe, clk., Nich. Tempest of Baschehall, Wm. Woode prior of Bridlington, John Pikeryng of Lithe, clk., Adam Sedbar abbot of Jervaulx, Wm. Thriske of Founeys (sic.); all of Yorkshire. John Pykeryng, D.D., the friar.* Ninian Staveley to be tomorrow at the Guildhall.* "To send this night to the lieutenant (fn. 4) for such writing as Bul[mer has] made sithen yesterday."*
P. 1. Latin except Cromwell's notes. Endd.: "Names of the chief captains rebels."
R. O. 3. "The names of the persons that be indicted in Yorkshire."
Thomas lord Darcy, Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Francis Bigott, Sir Thomas Percy, (fn. 5) Sir John Bulmer and Margaret Cheyne uxor, (fn. 6) Sir Steph. Hamerton, (fn. 7) Geo. Lumley,‡ Ralph Bulmer, Robt. Aske,‡ Jas. Cokerell, clk., quondam of Guysborough, [Nich. Tempest§ and Wm. Wood, prior of Bridlington], (fn. 8) John Pykeryng, friar,§ Adam Sedbar, abbot of Jerveulx, Wm. Thryske quondam abbot of Fountains, John Pykerying de Lythe, clk.§
Below, in another hand: Sir Francis Bigott and Ralph Bulmer are bracketed together, and "Mr. of the Rolls" added opposite.
ii. On the back, in the same hand as the corrections, are the following names, bracketed in pairs, with the name of a law officer opposite each:—Bygott, Lumley—Mr. of the Rolls. Robert Constable, Robert Aske—Mr. Willoughby. Sir Thomas Percy, Sir Stephen Hamerton—Mr. Hynd. Sir John Bulmer, Margaret Cheyne—Mr. Browne. Ralph Bulmer, James Cokerell quondam of Gysborough—Mr. Baker. Nich. Tempest, and the prior of Bridlington—Mr. Whorwod ... and quondam of Fountains—Mr ... Pikeryng priest, and Pikeryng friar.
Pp. 2. Faded and mutilated.
R. O. 4. Juries for trial of the Northern men.
"Wednesday next, at 8 of the clock before noon." Sir Wm. Aparr, the elder, Sir Wm. Sydney, Sir Edm. Benyngfeld, Sir Griffith Done, Sir John Beron, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir John Huddelston, Sir Geo. Griffith, Sir Thos. Wentworth, Sir Wm. Pickeryng, Sir Wm. Musgrave, Sir John Nevell. Wm. Parre, Edm. Wright, Edm. Knevet, George Swyllyngton, Wm. Vavasour [of] Knebworth, Thos. Hennage, (fn. 9) Jas. Ellerker, Walter Strikland, Ric. Fermour,¶ Ric. Gresham. Wm. Kyrton,¶ in Hampshire; Wm. Knevit, Geo. Monoxe, in Walthawstow; Thos. Barton, Sir Hen. Gascoyne, Sir Wm. Gascoyne, Ric. Freston, Sir Thos. Rushe, Henry Knyvett, John Babington, Sir Wm. Fayrfax, Thos. Edgare, Wm. Maunsell, Sir Thos. Butler, Sir Wm. Newnham. The lord Powes. The lord Fitzwarren.
Pp. 2. Partly in Cromwell's hand, with crosses, rings or pin-pricks opposite the names. Endd.: "The names of the juries that went upon the Northern men."
14 May.
R. O.
1200. DARCY.
Sir John Rychardson, chantry priest, of Haddels[ey], in the honour of Pomfret, examined 14 May, 29 Hen. VIII., saith:—
Thos. Mason of Haddels[ey], bailiff of the wapentake of Barton, co. York, shortly after Darcy had been last with Norfolk [at D]oncaster before Xmas, told deponent that Darcy said, on hearing of the rebellion in Lincolnshire, "Ah, are they up now in Lyncolnsh[ire]? If they had done this three[years ago] it had been a much better [world than it no]w is: and therewith the said ... anylye returned again, saying I never trus[ted] ... [sa]yd lord Darcy whic[h] ... ntlye proved by ... e as he hath ben[e] ... * * * servants named Edmond Saunter of Hadelsey foresaid say" that lord Darcy had said, "By God's [ble]ssyd mother, if the commons should happen [tory]sse again, where there were then two shaven [cro]wns that did take their parts there will be now four." Deponent answered, "My crown shall not be shaven then." Signed by Richardson and two others, whose signatures are mutilated.
Fragment, pp. 2. In Cromwell's hand.
14 May.
R. O.
I thank you for your goodness to me and the bearer, in whose favour you wrote to Mr. Fryer. Howbeit Mr. Fryer is so bended against the University that this honest man can find no favour at his hands. He is the first scholar married that has been thus cruelly handled by our neighbours in my time, and has deserved favour of them, for he is a learned master of art and good student in physic. He was in harness at Antell, ready to have waited on the King if his Grace had gone Northwards. He is a bold and a very strong man, and desires to serve "my most singular good lord." Our commissary made relation that my lord's pleasure was that we should use our liberties as amply as Cambridge does, where married scholars may do anything for their living, and are not forced to become freemen of the town. This man married and gave himself to the study of physic, trusting to make his living by brewing, as Dr. Owen and others did. If they force him to be a free man they will keep calling him to their hall and make him bear office, and so inquiet him that he shall have no time to his learning, which were pity. If we have in Oxford learned men in physic, both town and country may have comfort by their learning, and our neighbours benefit by the resort of such as come for their counsel. 14 Maii.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 May.
R. O.
Of late was brought to this Council a priest from Piers Salisbury, steward of Ruthyn, by this bearer, the steward's son, accused of traitorous words. I send the examination and depositions. Please commend the bearer and his said father for their good endeavour in this behalf. Wigmore, 14 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. The deposition of Lewys ap Howell ap Llewelin of the lordship of Deffrenclude taken before Pers Salisbury, esq., steward of the same place, John Mule, David Holand, Sir Thomas ap David ap Res, John Hynde, and John _ (sic), at Ruthyn 3rd May 29 Henry VIII. against Sir Robert ap Roger Heuster, parson of Llanlledan, for saying 27th Dec. last (1) "that the King's grace was out of the faith of Holy Church," (2) "that if the men of Holy Church would rise in one assent that they would not give a point for the King's grace"; and (3) "that it was better for the men of the Church to die in the faith of Holy Church than to let the King's grace to rob them."
ii. Examination of the same at Wigmore, 13th May, before the King's Commissioners in the marches of Wales, confirming his previous deposition; and saying further, that Margaret verz Grono, the said Sir Robert's paramour offered him 100l. if he would not justify his words. On one occasion he met Sir Robert going to church and said to him "Are you going to church?" and the priest answered "It forceth not if we go to no church, for the King's grace hath robbed us, and now he robbeth the saints." At another time Sir Robert said to him "that Margaret, his household servant, the day before had been in the town of Ruthin and there heard that the King's grace was about to pull down all the churches in the lordship of Ruthyn, except Llanlledan, Llanonys, and Llandornock; and that the King was a fiend and had mighty councillors."
iii. Deposition of Llewelin ap David ap Jevan, before the same, denying the statements of the above. "Memoradum, the said Llewelin is reputed for an honest true man by Pers Salysbury, steward of Ruthyn."
iv. Of John Ap Howell, brother to the said Lewis, before the same, confirming the former portion of his brother's statements.
v. Of Robert ap Ll'n ap D'd denying the statement of Lewis ap Howell. The same memorandum is attached to this deposition as to § iii.
vi. Examination of Hewster, also denying the truth of the information laid against him.
Pp. 6. Endd.: "The Informacon of Pers Salisbury. Wales."
14 May.
R. O.
1203. JOHN WHALLEY, Paymaster of the King's Works at Dover, to LADY LISLE.
Desires to be commended to Lord Lisle. Hopes she will be a glad mother. Sends a dozen cramp-rings as a remembrance of his wife and himself. Commendations to her daughter and Mr. Surveyor. Dover, 14 May.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: At Calais.
14 May.
R. O.
Would be glad when any one passes this way to hear of her accouchement. Delivered, about a month ago, to a gentleman that was here, letters for her. Begs for a little money, and a little black kersey (crosay) to make a pair of hose for a man. Begs to have 10 crowns to buy a beautiful regall in this town. This instrument lasts long. If I thought you disliked my request I would beg you not to comply with it. Madame de Bours sends respects, and wishes to know if you are not yet delivered. Mdlle. d'Agincourt's respects. Abbeville, 14 May.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
15 May.
Annals of
I. 388.
As it has pleased the King to allow him to receive the office of Chancellor of the University, is sorry to perceive that no entreaty or good mean can bring them and the town to any manner of agreement. The King knows what business they made at last Sturbridge fair, and how little they esteem either his charter or their own composition. It is affirmed they will neither take the vice-chancellor for a judge in what belongs to his office, nor suffer correction for offences by him and the proctors, but set free prisoners committed by them, and constrain scholars to pay tollage whereof their privilege discharges them.
Advises them to desist from such contentious folly. If not, will declare their proceedings to the King. The Rolls, 15 May.
15 May.
R. O.
London, 15 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
Thomas Esttoft of Esttoft, co. York, gentleman, deposes on oath that in Xmas last, at the house of Sir Thomas Meteham at Meteham, one Thomas Saltmershe, gentleman, told him that when the King sent letters for Robt. Aske, Aske conveyed them to Lord Darcy, and they two agreed that Aske should lay post horses between Lord Darcy and London, so that if Aske were put in prison, Darcy might know, and would again raise the people for his deliverance.
Deponent, on "the Twelve day of the said Xmas," showed this to George Lasseles, gent., "as they two lay in bed together" at Lord Borowe's house at Gaynsborowe. Signed: Thomas Esttoft.
P. 1.
15 May.
R. O.
File of documents in "Baga de Secretis," Pouch X., bundle 2, consisting of the following (fn. 10) :—
(1.) Yorkshire: Special commission to Thomas duke of Norfolk, Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir Wm. Evres, Sir Marm. Constable, sen., Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., Sir Ralph Evre, jun., Robt. Bowes, Wm. Babthorp, and John Uvedale, or any three of them, to take in the counties of York, city of York, and town of Kingston upon Hull indictments of all treasons, &c. lately committed ... 29 Hen. VIII.
(2.) Yorkshire: Precept by the above-named justices of oyer and terminer to the sheriff of Yorkshire to return to York Castle on Wednesday, 9 May next, a grand jury of 50 persons, each possessing lands to the value of 5l. a year. Sherefhoton, 3 May 29 Hen. VIII.
(3.) Yorkshire: Grand jury panel, viz., Sir Chr. Danby, Sir John Dawney, Sir Edw. Gower, Sir Thos. Johnson, Sir Roger Chamley, Sir Thos. Metham, Sir Nic. Fairfax, Sir Robt. Nevell, Sir Oswald Wyllesthorp, Sir Wm Knolles, Hen. Ryther, John Aske, George Thwenge, Chr. Fenton, Ralph Hundgate, Wm. Percye, (fn. 11) Edw. Rosse, Thos. Grymston,† John Peke, Marm. Thwates, Edw. Saltmarche, Hen. Ardyngton, Robt. Maleverey,† Robt. Conyers, and John Basfurthe†. Twenty-five names, twenty-one swvrn.
(4.) Yorkshire: Similar panel, viz., Sir James Strangwiche, Sir Hen. Savell, Sir George Conyers, Sir Wm. Coplay, Sir John Constable, sen., Sir Chr. Hyllyard, Sir Wm. Mallory, Sir Hen. Everyngham, Roger Lasselles, Thos. Dalerever, John Barton, Ric. Redeman, Matth. Boynton, Nic. Ruddeston, Wm. Thwaites of Merston, Ric. Vyncent,† Chr. Thomlynson, Wm. Thorp, Ant. Awmond, Robt. Crayke†, Geo. Bowes,† John Norton, John Eland,† Thos. Gower, and Greg. Conyers. Twenty-five names, twenty-one sworn.
(5.) Lincolnshire: Special commission, similar to § (1), to Sir Wm. Parre, Sir Humph. Stafford, Sir John Markeham, Sir Thos. Griffyn, Sir Thos. Tresham, John Haryngton, Thos. Nevile of Holt, Edw. Dymmok, Thos. Brudenell, and Edw. Griffyn. Westm., 28 April 29 Hen. VIII.
(6.) Lincolnshire: Precept by the above justices (signed by all except Stafford, Markeham, and Brudenell) to the sheriff to return a grand jury of 60 to Sleford on Saturday next after Ascension Day. 5 May 29 Hen. VIII.
(7.) Lincolnshire: Grand jury panel, viz., Sir Robt. Tirwhit, Sir John Thymolby, Sir Thos. Missenden, Sir Thos. Massyngberd, Sir Edw. Madyson, Thos. Portyngton, Wm. Dalison, Thos. Dymoke, Edw. Skipwith, Edw. Forsett, Wm. Armyn, Ric. Bolles, Godf. Fulnetby, Thos. Kyme,† Robt. Dighton, Ric. Wolmer,† John Wastlyn,† Robt. Brokylsby, Vincent Meris, Oliver Witherwike, Blaise Holand, Ric. Waterton, Chr. Fotherby, and John Hiltoft.
(8.) Yorkshire: Indictment charging that Thomas lord Darcy of Tempilhirst, Sir Robt. Constable of Flamburgh, Sir Fras. Bygott of Sedryngton, Sir Thos. Percy of Seymer, Sir John Bulmer of Wilton, Margaret Cheyne, wife of Wm. Cheyne, late of London, esquire, Sir Stephen Hamerton of Wyggylysworth, Geo. Lumley of Thwynge, Ralph Bulmer of London, son and heir apparent of the said Sir John Bulmer, Robt. Aske of Awghton, Jas. Cokerell, clk., rector of Lythe, quondam prior of Gysborough, Nic. Tempest of Baschehalle, Wm. Woodde, prior of Bridlyngton, John Pykeryng of Lythe, clk., John Pykeryng of Bridlington, friar of the order of Friars Preachers, Adam Sedbar, abbot of Jerveulx, and Wm. Thirske, clk., of Founteyns, quondam abbot of Founteyns, did, 10 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., as false traitors, with other traitors, at Shyrbourn, Yorks., conspire to deprive the King of his title of Supreme Head of the English Church, and to compel him to hold a certain Parliament and convocation of the clergy of the realm, and did commit divers insurrections, &c. at Pountefret, divers days and times before the said 10th of October. And at Doncaster, 20 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., traitorously assembled to levy war, and so continued a long time. And although the King in his great mercy pardoned the said Darcy, and others (named) their offences committed before 10 Dec. 28 Hen. VIII.; nevertheless they, persevering in their treasons, on 17 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., at Sedryngton, Tempylhyrst, Flamboroughe, Beverlay, and elsewhere, after the same pardon, again falsely conspired for the above said purposes and to annul divers wholesome laws made for the common weal, and to depose the King; and to that end sent divers letters and messengers to each other, 18 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., and at other days and times after the said pardon. And that Sir Fras. Bygod and George Lumley, 21 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., and divers days and times after the said pardon, at Sedryngton, Beverlay, and Scarborough, and elsewhere, with a great multitude in arms, did make divers traitorous proclamations to call men to them to make war against the King, and having thereby assembled 500 persons, did, 22 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., levy war against the King.
And thus the said jury say that Bygot and Lumley conspired to levy cruel war against the King. And moreover the said jury say that the others above named, 22 Jan. 28 Hen. VIII., &c., falsely and traitorously abetted the said Bygott and Lumley in their said treasons. In margin: Billa vera.
(9.) Yorkshire: Another indictment to the same effect. Marked: Billa vera.
(10.) Yorkshire: A panel, entitled an inquisition, taken at York Castle, Wednesday, 9 May 29 Hen. VIII., by which Sir James Strangwiche, and the grand jury of his panel find these two bills annexed to be true bills.
(11.) Lincolnshire: Indictment charging that John lord Huse of Sleford, did, 1 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., and at other times before and after, as a false traitor at Sleford and elsewhere, with Wm. Burreby of Louth, clk., Thos. Moigne of Northwyllyngham, Geo. Huddeswell of Horstowe, Ph. Trotter of Horncastle, Brian Stone of Mynnyngesby, Guy Keyme of Tetney, Roger Folyatt of Ruskynton, and John Welsheman, of Sleford, and others traitorously assembled, conspire to deprive the King of his title of Supreme Head of the English Church, and to subvert and annul divers salutary laws made in the time of the said King, and to depose the King by force; and the said Burreby, &c., 2 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., at Louthe, and at other times and places with the abetment, assistance, &c., of the said Lord Huse did levy war against the King (described as in No. 734 (3)). And the jury further present that the said Lord Huse aided and abetted the said Burreby, &c. to levy the said war. Endd.: Billa Vera and presented by Robt. Tyrwhit and his fellows.
(12.) Linc., Kesteven: Panel entitled an inquisition taken at Sleford, 12 May 29 Hen. VIII., before Sir Wm. Parre and the other justices, by which Sir Robt. Tyrwhit and the other grand jurors of his panel find the bill annexed a true bill. Signed by all the justices except Sir Humph. Stafford.
(13.) Linc.: Grand jury panel, viz., Sir Wm. Askewe, Sir John Cuppildike, Philip Tirwhit, [Thos. Hall], (fn. 12) [Thos. Denton], Thos. Hawgh*, Thos. Littilbery, Leonard Cracrofte, Nic. Gyrdlyngton, [Ric. Disney], John Torney, Matth. Sampoll, Ric. Fishburne. Thos. Whichcot, [Chr. Yerburgh], Thos. Toythby, Philip Blesby, Ric. Balerd, Jas. Pake, Thos. Smyth,* Thos. Riges,* Geo. Smyth,* Ant. Mares, and Geo. Wynbich.* The names in brackets crossed out.
(14.) Linc.: Another indictment similar to § 11, presented by Sir Wm. Askewe and his fellows.
(15.) Linc., Kesteven: Panel by which Askewe, &c., at Sleford, 12 May, find the annexed a true bill. Signed by three justices, i.e., Sir Wm. Parre, Thos. Nevell, and Sir T. Gryffyn.
(16.) Commission appointing Henry marquis of Exeter, pro hac vice, Lord High Steward of England for the trial of lords Darcy and Hussey, who stand indicted of high treason. Dated [12 May] 29 Hen. VIII. Much mutilated. (fn. 13)
(17.) Writ close commanding the constable of the Tower to bring up the bodies of lords Darcy and Hussey on such day as the lord High Steward shall direct. Westm., 14 May 29 Hen. VIII.
(18.) Exeter's precept to the same constable to bring up Darcy and Hussey at Westm., 15 May next. 14 May 29 Hen. VIII. Endorsed as responded to by Sir Wm. Kyngeston, constable of the Tower.
(19.) Exeter's precept to John Graynfeld, serjeant-at-arms, to summon a jury of peers to be at Westm., Tuesday, 15 May. Dated 14 May.
(20.) Panel of peers summoned, viz., Hen. marquis of Dorset, the earls of Oxford, Shrewsbury, Essex, Cumberland, Wiltshire, and Sussex, viscount Beauchamp, and lords La Warre, Cobham, Matravers, Powes, Morley, Clynton, Dacre of the South, Mountjoye, Wyndesore, Bray, Mordaunt, Burgh, and Crumwell.
(21.) Record of pleas (reciting §§ 16, 17, 18, 19) viz., pleas before Hen. marquis of Exeter, steward of England hac vice, at Westm., Tuesday, 15 May 29 Hen. VIII., when the lord Chancellor delivers the indictments returned against Darcy and Hussey, the constable of the Tower brings the prisoners, the serjeant-at-arms returns his precept, and the peers then in Court (i.e., all those in § 20) answer to their names.
The indictment as found by Sir Jas. Strangwiche and his fellow jurors (named) recited. Lord Darcy, being brought to the bar, pleads not guilty, and puts himself upon his peers. The aforenamed peers are then examined by the lord Steward, from the lowest to the highest, and unanimously declare that lord Darcy is guilty. The King's serjeants-at-law and attorney pray judgment. Judgment as usual in cases of high treason. Execution to be at Tyburn.
Indictment, as found by Sir Robt. Tirwhit and his fellows (named), recited. Lord Hussey pleads not guilty. Verdict, &c. as in Darcy's case.
15 May.
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters and faithful counsel. Has followed my Lord's letters and offered Mr. Aisheton the farm of Cuddesdon, rented at 29l. 13s. 4d. a year. It is now in the hands of Edw. Fowler, son of Sir Ric., who lives honestly upon it and keeps a good house. Gave him also, on sight of the King's token, the reversion of another called Frelande, which he has sold; but not content with that, he asks certain farms and copyholds which were lately given out, that the farmers may compound with him. This would be utter ruin to our house. If I should set out such reversions I should not be able to keep a farm 12 Months. He also asked some copyholds of which one has been in controversy a long while because "there is two copies out of it in John Audlett's time to two men," and to put an end to the dispute he had granted away the reversion of another. He also demanded an honest living that John Cokkyshede of Gynge now has, viz., a pasture called Pynkmersshe and the tithe of Betyrton, rented at 6l. 13s. 4d., and three others rented at 6l. 15s., of which the Abbot had made a grant before. To comply with my Lord's commands, however, redcemed it at his own cost, and granted him the farm by indenture and the copyholds by copy; but he is not yet satisfied. Begs my Lord will help him "to content his mind." Abingdon, 15 May, Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Thomas Writhesley.
15 May.
R. O.
Has not heard from him for a long time, but hears by others what he most desired—that Wriothesley is the old man still. Mr. Archdeacon Runcorne writes of his constant good will, and wishes, "for a great deal of money," to be with the writer. Thinks he imagines the contention between my Lord (fn. 14) and my lord Privy Seal still continues—is glad he is deceived. Had letters of the 16 April from Mr. Parys giving me hope it would be necessary for me to come and see you, but he has not written since. Do not let me fall out with you for not writing; for when the business was in the North and you were so occupied yet ye wrote unto me. But I will not chide now lest I spend my fume beforehand. Commend me to my good sister, for whose sake I forbear to chide. Amiens, 15 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my good loving brother, Mr. Thomas [Wr]ythesley.


  • 1. Eleanor wife of Henry lord Clifford who succeeded his father as earl of Cumberland in 1542. She was a daughter of Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk by the King's sister Mary.
  • 3. Additions in Cromwell's hand.
  • 2. Marked with a cross.
  • 4. Walsingham, lieutenant of the Tower.
  • 6. These two are bracketed together, and "the Solicitor" written opposite in another hand.
  • 7. Marked with a cross.
  • 5. with a dot.
  • 9. Crossed out.
  • 8. These two names bracketed with "Whorwood" opposite.
  • 10. See Dep. Keeper's Rep. III., App. II., p. 247.
  • 11. Not sworn.
  • 12. Not sworn.
  • 13. Part of the date seems to have been lost when the document was repaired, and has been supplied from the Deputy Keeper's Report.
  • 14. The Bp. of Winchester.