Henry VIII: May 1537, 16-20

Pages 557-574

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1, January-May 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

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May 1537, 16–20

16 May.
R. O.
1210. SIR THOS. AUDELEY, Chancellor, to LORD LISLE.
Begs him to interfere in the matter of John Nicholas, imprisoned for debt by Laurence, who is very cruel and earnest against him. Christchurch, London, 16 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
16 May.
R. O.
The King granted the preferment of the farming of the monastery of Iklington, Cambridgeshire, to Dr. Wendy, but he was disappointed by importunate suits and in recompense the King granted him the farming of the demesnes of the monastery of Roston, with the market, town, &c. In consequence of importunate labours made to the officers of the Court of Augmentations he cannot have his lease, and further suits are expected to be made to the King to his hindrance. The King is not so good Lord to him as he trusted, if his servant is thus treated. Wendy would have attended on Cromwell but the Earl is so diseased he cannot forbear him. Desires credence for the bearer. Asks Cromwell to help him to the King's house of Hackney whereby he may the sooner recover his health. Newington Grene, 16 May. Signed
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 May.
R. O.
Information was given to him on Sunday last by Mr. Wharton, the duke of Norfolk's controller, of words that Rob. Seyman told him Ric. Bisshope, of Bungay used against the King. Sent for Bishop, who utterly denied them, even before his accuser, but at last confessed all, except that he said if they had 300 good fellows they would have company enough to subdue the gentlemen. Sends the examinations of both parties. This Richard is a wretched person, "for nother by fair means nor by fowl I can make him confess." Sends also copies of the prophecy. Has sent for the original, and to learn in what companies it was read. Wharton also told him of a May game played last May day "which play was of a king how he should rule his realm"; in which one played husbandry and said many things against gentlemen more than was in the book of the play. He has been sent for, but cannot yet be found. Has ordered the justices of this shire to have regard to light persons, especially at games and plays. Would like the King's letters to the same effect. Hoxston, 16 May. Signed.
Pp 3. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. "The confession of one Ric. Bushop of Bungay," viz., that he met with Rob. Seymon at Tyndale wood, 11 May 29 Hen. VIII. and asked him "What tidings hear you? Have you any musters about you?" The said Robert said No and asked if he heard of any musters at Bungay. Byshop said it was a hard world for poor men and when the other agreed, said "Ye seem to be an honest man, and such one as a man might open his mind unto." He then told him "We are so used now-a-days at Bungay as was never seen afore this; for if two or three good fellows be walking together, the constables come to them and woll know what communication they have or else they shall be stocked. And, as I have heard, now lately at Walsingham the people had risen if one person had not been; and as I hear some of them now be in Norwich Castle, and other be sent to London." Added that if two men were together one might say to another what he would, as long as a third was not there; and if the said Robert would come to Bungay he would show him a prophecy, which one man had watched in the night to copy. According to this there shall be a rising of the people this year or never. The King was spoken of as a mole who should be subdued and put down. Heard that the earl of Derby was up and should be proclaimed traitor in those parts; that a great company was fled out of the land; that Norfolk was in the North and so beset that he might not come away when he would ("I pray God it be not so"). (fn. 1) The prophecy also says "that three Kings shall meet at Moshold Heath and the proudest Prince in Christendom should be there subdued; and that the White Lion should stay all that business at length and should obtain"
Pp. 8.
R. O. 3. "The confession of Rob. Seyman (of Wutton) accusing Ric. Bysshopp."
Much to the same effect as the preceeding. Bishop said that if 200 or 300 men would rise and be assured of each other they would have company enough to subdue the gentlemen, but one false knave discovered the intended rising at Walsingham. Also that Mr. Bayly of Bungay and Mr. Whyt were left at home only to keep down poor people and prevent risings.
Pp. 2. Endd.: The confession of Richard Bushop de Bungay.
16 May.
R. O.
In lord Husy's bill of indictment, there is a bailiff of his called John Walshman whom neither of the juries would take upon their conscience to indict. Has brought him here till he knows Cromwell's pleasure. Sends a rental of Husy's lands made 25 Hen. VIII. He says that at the first knowledge of insurrection, lord Husy commanded to hide all the harness, but he does not know whether he had it done to serve the King or aid the commons. Cannot hear that he was privy to his master's mind. Sends the names of certain offices held by Hussey. On receipt of Cromwell's letters at Sleforde on Saturday, appointed Robt. Dighton and Dr. Halle to accomplish them. At Sleford, heard that one Brown of Louth and others, calling themselves Cromwell's servants, reported that the King and he had given them certain condemned persons and their goods and also granted them power to procure pardons, by which they annoy the people and get bribes. Asks Cromwell to write to Dighton. Would have been there, if he had been in health. Hopes Hussey's offices will be given to those who will take pain for the order of the country. Wishes for them himself. Horton, 16 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 May.
R. O.
Has received the King's letters of the 13th, and though sore handled with disease will be this night at Bridlington. Has appointed Magnus, Sir George Lawson, Leonard Beckwith, Wm. Blytheman, Fuller the auditor of the Augmentation, and his servant Ant. Rous, to meet him there to survey the lands and goods. Will ride this day se'nnight to Jervaise with like persons for like intent. Thanks the King for his answer touching his affairs. The hearing of them here would no more trouble him than it is to his comfort to know how his service is accepted and that the King has heard no such tales of him as his letter contained. "Sir, if I had a thousand bodies and as many good wills in every of them as is in this little poor carcass that I have, all were not able to recompense your great kindness at all times showed to me." Sends a bill sent by Sir Thos. Wharton and Sir Thos, Curwen of examinations of those who have taken down part of your rebels where they were hanged. They are all women—not one man. "It is a small number concerning seventy-four that hath be taken down, wherein I think your Majesty hath not be well served." Has not been well used himself, being kept ignorant of it so long, and that he can get no better knowledge of the illdoers in spite of quick messages. Desires to know how he shall punish offenders, both men and women. If my lord of Cumberland under whose rule all this was done be something spoken to the offenders will be the sooner known. Sheriffhutton, 16 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
R. O. 2. [Sayings of certain women concerning the taking down from the gallows and burial of their husbands.]
(1.) Of Janet late wife of John Jakson of Hemellton, traitor:—How she and Margaret Jakson her mother-in-law, Janet Symson, Isabel Adeson, widow, one Rodre's widow of Emellton, Janet Berkyd of Cockermouth and many other women, buried him in Cockermouth churchyard on a Monday at nightfall. (2.) Of Chr. Smyth's wife:—She and John Hudson's wife, Necollson's widow, Person's widow and Newcom's widow of Brawnthat, and John Smyth's wife and Sander Buttermer's wife buried him in Brawntwhat churchyard on Shyer Thursday in the night. (3.) Of Ric. Crage's wife:—She and Janet Harres and Janet Newcom of Egyllsfelde brought her husband's body home, but the priest would not suffer it to be buried, so she buried it in a dyke. (4.) Of John Wyllson's wife:—She and Thomas Bell's wife, one Besse dwelling with Ric. Atkynson, Nan Newcom and Janet Dyckeson of Bregham buried Wyllson in Brygham churchyard on a Wednesday. (5.) Of Percival Hudson's wife:—Brought her husband to Torpeno churchyard but the vicar would not suffer him to be buried, so she took him back to the place he had lain, and 3 days after she and a woman she hired buried him in Torpeno churchyard at night. (6.) Of Thomas Byll's wife:—Cut down her husband with a "thorncroke" and, with Janet Jenkyns, Besse wife of one Blandeman and 2 of her own daughters, buried him at daybreak in Cokermouth churchyard. (7.) Of John Fyssher's wife:—She and other women buried him in Cockermouth churchard. (8.) Of John Buele's wife:—Knows not who cut him down. After he had lain 9 days where he fell, she wound him in a sheet, and, eight days after, he and Annes Burton (?), John Wylson's wife, Ellen Stevenson, Janet Carde, and Ellen Man buried him at night in Deram churchyard. (9.) Of John Peyrson's wife:—Did not know of his "lowsying" from the chain. Gave a sheet to Besse Matson to wind him in and afterwards, with Dan Symson's wife, John Staysse's wife, and Ric. Brown's wife, buried him by daylight in Brydekyrcke churchyard. Signed, Thomas Curwen—Thomas Whartton.
Pp. 3.
16 May.
R. O.
Begs him to be good lord to "these four brethren of the Greymes" who are proper men and serve the King well on the Borders. They were the first (next to those I wrote of to you this day) who set upon the rebels at the assault of Carlisle. Shrifhoton, 16 May.
Whosoever take the thank, these were the first that brake spear on the rebels after the assault. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
16 May.
R. O.
Desires him to be good lord to Robin Gase, otherwise Robert Greme, who was the first man, having with him but 2 persons, that began with the commons before they gave the assault to Carlisle, and continued "crying and showtyng at them" more than one hour before any man came to help him, and was one of the last that continued the chase. He is one of the best spies in Scotland. Sheriffhutton, 16 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
Our father, yet alive, has dwelt on Esk for 60 years and served your Grace and the wardens, and till now was never rent demanded of him. Once an Englishman, rebel to your Grace, who had slain 14 Englishmen, robbed a merchant in Carlisle and we took him, and I, Arthur Grame who spoke with your Grace lately, smote off his head and set it on the walls of Carlisle. In the Insurrection we rescued your Grace's serjeant from the rebels and brought him to Carlisle. Afterwards when "the commons made the sawte to Carlyell" half of us went to defend the castle without wages and the other half to stay the country. Afterwards we put all our force together, put the rebels to flight, and took 7 score of them, and I, Arthur Grame, took one of the captains, Thomas Tebold. My lords of Norfolk and Cumberland and the whole country will testify to these things. Beg letters patent that they may "sit as free" as their father before them.
P. 1. Endd.: The complaint of Arthur Grame and his brethren.
R. O. 2. [The SAME to CROMWELL.]
To the same effect, without mention of the name of Arthur Grame.
P. 1. Endd.: Certain Northern men.
16 May.
R. O.
"My L. Norff. letter dated xvjo Maij declareth his going to survey Brydlington: and that vij. night after he purposeth to go to Jervays. Item, most hearty thanks for the King's comfortable letters to him. Th'examinations of certain women that have taken down the rebels: he desireth to know the King's pleasure, and how far the law extendeth for the punishment of th'offenders, which be all women. The said offences have been done in the Earl of Cumberland's rule; therefore he thinketh, if he be spoken to, th'offenders will be sooner known.
"Sir George Hennage priest's letter xvo Maij declared such money as should be lent by the residentiaries of Lincoln and repaid to them before the King's pardon. He declareth himself, and where he was at the Insurrections time, and of his truth and loving heart to the King's Majesty.
"Sir William Parr, xvj. May, writeth of John Walsheman, servant of the L. Husey, whom he keepeth with him. For the commission of surveying he hath appointed Robt. Dighton and Doctor Hall. He declareth of some that under colour of the King's pardons bribe the people there. He desireth that his excuse may be made because of his disease. He sendeth the bill of the Lord Husey offices, desiring that he might have the same.
"Sir Raf Ellerker the younger declareth how he hath discharged the garnison of Hull, and that he is behind unpaid of 68l. 3s. 3d., which he hath borrowed there for the contentment of the said garnison. He desireth to know the King's pleasure touching the K.'s ordnance there. He declareth him touching one Leffening that was acquitted. Item, touching Strangwich. Recommendeth his brother, Thomas Ellerker, who hath served without wages. Desireth a letter for the stewardship of Watton, as Sir Robt. Constable had.
"My L. Sands, xvj. May. He hath not received the bill enclosed in the letters, nor the proportion of wildfire. He remitteth to the K.'s Highness and to your Lordship touching money for the reparation which is expedient. He desireth to know for the wages of gunners sent thither.
"The bishop of Chester, xij. Maij., touching the assemblies in Wales, at Denbig, with the communication of Mr. Salsbury, steward there."
Endd.. Effect of certain letters.
16 May.
R. O.
I have received your gentle letter by Thos. Appowell, by which I perceive that Mr. Arondell of Treryse has written to Mr. Maychall (Marshal ?) to compel me to pay him certain debts, which I never denied, but if he wishes to compel me, he may remain longer unpaid than I intended. My lord Privy Seal knows I have given him no cause to be so extreme. However I take it but as a black cloud without rain. I thank you for your letter sent to you by Mr. Bryan from Mr. Lovedaye, in which I find your Lordship has not forgotten me. I think every day ten till I be with you, which I think will not be long after I hear from the King. As for news, "the man you wot of (fn. 2) doth not come out of his lodging, nor intends not, as I can learn, for I take the French king too much to be his friend, which I trust he will repent at length." I hope Jesu will make my lady a glad mother, and your Lordship a merry father, "which I trust to God you be, with the good help of your vicechamberlain, my fellow John of Rydyng." This day the Great Master of Flanders removed his camp towards Cambray, and is lodged within half a league of it with but a small band as yet. I was there with them. If the French come near they intend to enter Cambray, as the Grand Master told me before. I find him a very honourable man. I beg you to send Tybal to me. He shall hear of me at Tournay, at a canon's house named Gabriel Flakeyt. I send him an angelot to bring him hither. It was reported this day that the French king was at Corbeyt, and intends to come back again into Hainault. I assure you they are not a little afraid. Commend me to Mr. Treasurer and other friends. From the camp beside Tournay, 16 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
16 May.
R. O.
St. P. VII.
On the answer sent by the card. of Liege to card. Pole, he sent a man of Cambray to the Queen with a very sharp message, conjuring her upon her obedience to the Holy See to allow him not only entrance into the Emperor's dominions but also audience, for never had legate been so used. The Council sent to him Mr. Jois Aemson to say that the Queen meant no disrespect for the Holy See, but he was "a person suspect," and if the Pope would send his legacy by some other she would do what was right; but she requested him to return. Aemson was authorised to conduct him straight from Cambray to Liege without stopping anywhere more than one night. Told the Queen if she permitted his entry she was bound by the treaty to arrest him and send him to the King; that a legate's privilege could not cover a traitor, especially one who had forsaken his own sovereign to join his adversaries, &c. The Council replied that the matter touched the Pope's authority and could not be decided unless commissioners were appointed by him to make answer; that it was an extreme step not to let him declare his legacy, which was only done to satisfy the King, and they trusted Henry would not insist on their breaking with the Pope. Hears they have consulted about sending to Rome for their excuse. Jois Aemsone leaves to-day for Cambray. Hutton knows him familiarly and doubts not he will do his best to prevent Pole's coming. Card. Liege promises to let the King know his intent if he do come.
Many men of war, especially horsemen, come to these parts daily. The Queen says if Francis will tarry but 15 days she will show him "what God may strenght a woman to do. She dothe wear uppon hir kirtill a girkyn of blake lether with ilot holis to were harnis upon." If the French retire the duke of Gueldres will have a hot harvest. Brussels, 16 May.
Has just received the King's letter of the 11th. Will ride tomorrow to the Queen, who is hunting in Hever forest beside Louvain.
Hol. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 16 May 1537.
16 May.
R. O.
Transcribes his letter to the King. The letter he last received was sent from Tournay by a man of that town, who says "the party that delivered it unto him was ridden to seek Sir Thomas Palmer, who, as he saith, was with M. de Rewe."
Hol., pp. 6. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Mr. Hutton, 16 Maii 1537.
R. O. 2. Extract from the copy of the letter to the King in the preceding.
In modern hand, pp. 2. Endd. in same hand.
R. O. 3. Contemporary abstract of the letter to the King, headed: "Th'effect of of Mr. Hutton's letters."
P. 1. In the same hand as No. 1218.
16 May.
Add. MS.
8715 f. 369 b.
B. M.
Yesterday returned from his abbey, where he only stayed one day. Tomorrow he leaves for Italy. Irritation of the French at the Pope's making the marriage with the Emperor.
Italian, modern copy, p. 1. Headed: Da Parigi 16 Maggio 1537.
R. O. 1223. ASKE to HENRY VIII.
His petition, viz.:—
1. For forgiveness of his offences. 2. That his Grace would make restitution of these debts, i.e., to Dr. Hausworth, of goods taken, 10l., to Mr. Crake of Beverley 5l., Silvester Tod of London 12s., Brown's wife of Watlingstreet, 20s., and Mr. Shakerley of London 40s. 3. That the King will be gracious to his brother and name who never offended. His lands in Hampshire are only for term of his life and the reversion is to his brother, as he declared to the lord Privy Seal. 4. Requests that any other debts of his may be paid, as far as his goods will stretch.
Hol., p. 1. Signed but not addressed. Headed: The petition of Robert Aske to the King's Highness. Endd. by Wriothesley.
"I humbly beseech your good Lordship" to petition the King that my debts, hereafter ensuing, may be paid. First, there was stuff of mine at the Cardinal's Hat, London, i.e., "a gown of tawny satin faced with velvet, a jacket of crimson satin that the King's Grace gave me, a crimson satin doublet and a pair of scarlet hose and other trifles." Also there were at Ysal .. 4 geldings and in my chamber in Gray [Inn] and house at Imbischot (Empshot) in [Hamp]shire, divers stuff.
My debts:—To Doctor Haulsworth—"this was of spoil"—10l.; and an obligation of his to the master of St. Gilbert's Order I delivered to his subprior: it is of the house of Cristed, Linc. Mrs. Brown of Watlingstreet, draper, 20s. 4d.; Mr. Shakerley and his wife of Cheapside 14s.; Silvester Tod of Cheapside 13s. 4d.; the Steward of Gray Inn 40s.; board of my workmen at Imbishot about 30s. and workmen 30s. These may be paid out of my goods "that my soul abide no pain for the satisfaction hereof," for at my coming to London I intended to have paid them. I beg that other men's evidences in my custody at Gray Inn may be delivered to the parties—there were divers of my brother's lands;—also that my lands in Hampshire may revert to the right heirs; for I only had them for life and yielded 8l. a year to my brother; and that, through you, they may have the King's favour, for they were never of counsel with me "but fled into woods and holds." I humbly ask the King, and his Council and Lords, forgiveness for any offences or words against them; and to save my life to be in perpetual prison "or else to let me be full dead ere I be dismembered." Signed.
iii. Begs that one Richardson may be restored to 6s. 8d. of land in Bubwith, Yorks., which Aske bought without knowing his title. Signed.
Hol., pp. 3.
Md. to entreat my lord of Rutland to get the Queen to sue to the King for my life, that I may all my life lament my offences and serve God. Item, by my life his Grace may have prefit, for my lands are only for term of life, and my father tied them upon the marriage of my son Marmaduke. Item, I took Philypis a captain of the commons of Lincolnshire, servant to lord Husy, and brought him to the lords at Nothyngham: and then by their command went to stay the commons in the East of Yorkshire. They said that, if the commons were in great number, I was to go to lord Darcy at Pomfret and do as he did, "and that which we did was for lack of furniture and for fear of our lives." Yet we did good service at Doncaster. Bigod was stayed by me. Item, Sir Henry Wenforth and my father were cousin germans, and his first wife, grandame to the Queen, and my mother were also cousin germans. If her Grace knew this by good means she would make suit for me. "Make quick suit either now or never. Robert Constable, k."
My son Marmaduke to labour to lord Beauchamp to intercede with the Queen for my life. If he can get my lord of Rutland and him both, all will be well. If you offer money you shall be no loser. "Item, to know what my lord Privy Seal has done by Mr. Kingston, &c." Item, the King's letters to me were to stay the country till the duke of Norfolk's coming, and so I did. Death is a small reward of service. I made way for other men's thanks. Item, my nephew Marmadue and others were bound to pay Mr. Lambard 125l. 8s. 3d. for me. I charge you see them discharged if I die. Matthew shall show you my mind. Signed.
Hol. pp. 2. Add.: The Last two items written with a different pen.
Petition that his debts may be paid. To Mr. Lambert 125l. 8s. 3d., for which Constable's friends are bound; Wm. Scargill, 80l.; the parson of Holme, 26l.; servants' wages and liveries; Maynpryce fishmonger, and "meat and drink since my money was all spent ut patet per billam." Alas that those poor gentlemen that were so lately bound for me and never had profit by me should be undone! There are farms owing to divers, part in their tenants' hands who hold by copy. I pray these may be allowed. Matthew Pooll's wages for one year ending Lammas next, 40s.
Hol. p. 1. Headed: "To my good lord Privy Seal."
17 May.
R. O.
Trial of Constable, Bigod, and others.
File of documents in the "Baga de Secretis," pouch X., bundle 3, consisting of the following:—
(1.) Indictment of Darcy, Con stable, &c. (as in No. 1207 (fn. 3) 8.) Endorsed: Billa Vera.
(2.) Duplicate of the above. Endd. Billa Vera.
(3.) Inquisition (to the same effect as No. 1207 § 10) found by Sir Chr. Danby and his fellows (see No. 1207 § 3).
(4.) Special commission to Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, Sir Thos. Cromwell, keeper of the Privy Seal, Henry marquis of Exeter, the earls of Shrewsbury, Essex, Rutland, Cumberland, Wiltshire, and Sussex, viscount Beauchamp, Sir Wm. Fitz William, lord Admiral, Sir Wm. Paulet, Sir John Baldwyn, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Wm. Shelley, and Sir John Russell, sen., or any four of them to be justices of oyer and terminer for trial of all treasons, &c. committed in the county of York. Sessions to be held at Westminster. Westm., 12 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
(5.) Venire to the sheriff of Yorkshire commanding him to return juries when required by the justices. Westm., 14 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
Endd. as executed by Sir Brian Hastings, sheriff.
(6.) The justices' precept to the constable of the Tower to bring up the prisoners before the justices at Westminster. 16 May, 29 Hen. VIII.
Undated. Endd.: Executed by Sir Wm. Kyngeston, constable of the Tower.
(7.) Justices' precept to the sheriff of Yorkshire to return a petty jury at Westminster, 16 May, 29 Hen. VIII., for the trial of Constable, Bygod, Percy, Sir John Bulmer, Cheyne, Hamerton, Aske, and Ralph Bulmer.
Undated. Sealed and signed by Audeley.
(8.) Jury panel annexed, i.e., Wm. Parr, Sir Arth. Hopton Sir Thos. Butler, Sir Wm. Sydney, Sir Griffith Don, Sir Thos. Wentworth, (fn. 4) (fn. 5) Sir Wm. Newenham, Sir Wm. Fairefax, Sir John Nevell, Sir Wm. Gascoigne, jun., Sir Thos. Russhe, Edm. Knevett, Wm. Vavasour, John Babyngton,* Thos.Edgar,* Walt. Strykeland,* Thos. Portyngton,*† Sir Edw. Madyson,*† Geo. Swyllyngton,* Thos. Barton,* Jas. Ellerker,* Thos. Savyle,* Thos. Moneux,* John Fobery.*
(9.) Similar precept for the trial of Cokerell, Tempest, Wood, Pykeryng of Lythe, Pykering of Bridlington, Sedbar, and Thriske.
(10.) Jury panel annexed, viz., Sir Edm. Bedyngfeld, Sir John Byron, Sir Wm. Pykeryng, Sir Hen. Gascoigne, Sir Wm. Musgrave,* (fn. 6) Sir Geo. Gryffyth. Hen. Knevet, Ric. Fryston, Thos. Edgar, Edm. Wright, Ant. Dryland, Thos. Wyndham, John Candyshe, John Eland,* Thos. Holcrofte,*‡ [Oliver Wentworth],§ Robt. Furnes,* Wm. Maunsell,* John Deyghton,* Robt. Kymsey,* Edw. Hyrst,* John Banaster,* Robt. Godeale,* Nic. Trygot.*
(11.) Deed poll by which Sir Brian Hastyngs, sheriff of Yorkshire, appoints Thos. Skrymsher and Wm. Hall his deputies to appear before the justices at Westminster, 16 May. York Castle, _ (blank) May, 29 Hen. VIII. Portion of seal attached.
(12.) Writ Close to the Constable of the Tower to bring up the prisoners at the justices' appointment. Westm., 14 May 29 Hen. VIII.
(13.) Record of pleas (citing sections 4, 5, 12) before Sir Thos. Audeley and the other justices at Westminster, Wednesday, 16 May 29 Hen. VIII., when Audeley delivered into court the process and indictment taken at York, 9 May (as found by Sir Jas. Strangwiche and his fellows and by Sir Chr. Danby and his fellows) here recited.
Constable, Bigod, &c. (see § 7), are brought up and plead not guilty. Entry of the return of the jury, who are sworn and charged and retire to consider their verdict. Before they return Percy, Sir John Bulmer, Cheyne, and Hamerton plead guilty. The jury return and find Constable, Bigod, Lumley, and Aske guilty; as to Percy, Bulmer, Cheyne, and Hamerton (their plea of guilty being recorded) the jury are exonerated from giving any verdict. As to Ralph Bulmer they are with the assent of the court and of the King's serjeants-at-law and attorney exonerated from giving any verdict. The King's serjeants and attorney pray judgment. Judgment:—Marg. Cheyne to be drawn to Smithfield and burned; Constable, Bygott, Percy, Sir J. Bulmer, Hamerton, Lumley, and Aske to be executed at Tyburn (as usual in cases of high treason); Ralph Bulmer to be re-committed to the Tower.
The same Wednesday, 16 May, Cokerell, &c. (see § 9) were brought up and remanded till Thursday, 17 May, upon which day the jury find all guilty. Judgment as usual. Execution to be at Tyburn.
R. O. 2. Rough list of 32 person (apparently selected as jurymen for the trial of the Northern rebels):—
Sir Wm. Aparre the elder, Sir Wm. Sidnaye, Sir Edm. Beningfeld, Sir Griffith Done, Sir John Beron, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Geo. Griffith, Sir Thos. Wentworth, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Wm. Musgrave, Sir John Nevill, Sir Hen. Gascoign, Sir Wm. Gascoin, Sir Thos. Russhe, Sir Wm. Fayrfax, Sir Thos. Butler, Sir Wm. Newnham, Edm. Wright, Edm. Knevit, Geo. Swyllington, Wm. Vavassour, Walter Striklande, Ric. Gresham, Wm. Knevit, [Geo. Monox, struck out], Thos. Barton, Ric. Freestone, Hen. Knevit, John Babyngton, Thos. Edgare, Wm. Maunsell, esqrs., Jas Ellerkar, gent.
P. 1.
A remembrance for my lord Privy Seal:—
Please remember me to the King for the lease Nich. Tempeste had from the Exchequer called the Cloth Seall of the co. York, for 16 years, whereot six are expired. Will pay as usual, and give sureties in the Exchequer at the order of the Court. At the instance of your beadman, Robt. Fournes, servant to Sir Henry Savill.
P. 1. Endd.
17 May,
R. O.
I thank you and my Lady your bedfellow for your goodness to the bearer. He is somewhat more able to do you service than he was, and I doubt not he and his bedfellow will do it with good heart. My lady wrote to me to speak to my Lady my mother for a daughter of hers, (fn. 7) in which I will do my best, but if you would write to my mother yourself, it would take effect the sooner. Greenwich, 17 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 May.
R. O.
I have received your kind letters. I wrote in favour of divers poor men within my rule, who say they have paid their portions of money due to the burgesses of Calais for the last Parliament. Your Lordship thinks that my servant, Hugh Poole, gathered it, and Bradfild and one Hounde went over therewith, so that the burgesses are not yet paid within my rule. I assured them you would be good lord to them, if they could prove it lawfully paid; but since the receipt of your letters I have examined both Hugh Poole and Bradfild, who deny that it was gathered. States particulars. No news. Guisnes, 17 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
17 May.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 279.
B. M.
Was sending this despatch yesterday, when the Signory asked him to delay until today, and meanwhile to speak with them. This morning the Prince, in presence of the Council of Ten and of the College, said they were all distressed because their secretary, who translates (saca) their ciphers, had been asked by a servant of the king of France to translate the cipher of a letter which had come into the hands of the French ambassadors, being a letter from Rome from the count of Cifuentes and Marquis d'Aguilar to the Emperor's ambassador in England. Sends a copy, which the secretary retained when he returned the originals to the French king's servant. The Signory has imprisoned both men, and will no doubt punish them.
Spanish, modern copy, pp. 4. Headed: 17 May 1537.
18 May.
Rym. XIV. 588.
Acknowledgment of the King's supremacy by the prior and convent of the Carthusian House of the Salutation of Our Lady nigh London. Given at the Chapter House, under the common seal, 18 May 29 Hen. VIII., in presence of Mr. Thos. Bedyll, Archdeacon of Cornwall. and Mr. Ric. Gwent, archdeacon of London.
Signed by Will. Trafford, prior, Edmund Srerne, vicar, John Revell, Barth. Burgoyn, Thos. Cloy, Rob. Cardyn, Thos. Barnyngham, John Boleyn, Will Wayte, "procurator," Ric. Byllyngsley, John Thomson, John Huse, Everard Dygby, Thos. Baker, John Nycolson, Will. Broke, John Enys, Thos. Owen, Rob. Howell, Oliver Batmanson.
Certified by Will. Say, notary public.
18 May.
R. O.
Rym. XIV.
On the 18th May 1537, 29 Hen. VIII., in the Chapter House of the Carthusian house of the Salutation of St. Mary by London, the prior and several of the convent appeared before Thos. Bedyll, archdeacon of Cornwall, and Ric. Gwent, archdeacon of London, and freely took the oath to renounce the bishop of Rome, and accept the King as supreme head of the Church of England, according to the statute of 28 Hen. VIII., which oath they signed, as appears by the instrument. But those named below refused, viz.:—Thos. Johnson, Ric. Bere, and Thos. Grene, monks professed; John Davy, "renderer;" Rob. Salt, Will. Grenewood, Thos. Redyng, Thos. Shryne, Walter Pierson, and Will. Horn, conversi.
Certified by W. Say, notary public.
Lat, p. 1.
[18 May.]
R. O.
1234. [LORD DARCY.]
"Md. Thomas Lowther: to speak either to Doctor Aglabe, of the Black Friars nigh Ludgate, or the Doctor of Our Lady Friars in Fleet Street, a big gross old man, that one of them be here with me to hear my confession, and to give me my rites tomorrow, Wisson even, afore 8 of the clock before noon, where, and at what hour, and how as Mr. Lieutenant will declare and appoint at the Doctor is coming."
In Darcy's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Thomas Lowther desire to have his ghostly father.
18 May.
Add. MS.
25,114. f. 265.
B. M.
The King has received their letters of the 14th, by Hammes, addressed to himself, and read those addressed to Cromwell by Francisco, the courier. As to further proceedings for the apprehension of Pole, the King is not inclined to advance money for it, seeing that the matter has got wind, and Pole is warned to look to himself; but if they can induce those to whom they have already broached the matter, to do it for some reward in case of their success, the King will make good their promises. Brian is at liberty to return, as he wrote before, "perceiving in what terms those two points in the said letter specified do consist, as by these letters it appeareth ye have as much knowledge as ye shall attain thereof." Hopes Gardiner, too, will soon receive his recall. Hampton Court, 18 May, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P.S.—In reply to Brian's inquiry whether he should return through Flanders, he shall take whatever way he thinks most speedy.
P. 1. Add.: My lord of Winchester and Sir Francis Knight, the King's ambassadors in France. Endd.
18 May.
R. O.
1236. WILLIAM, Abbot of Burton, to HOLCHOFT.
Thanks him for diminishing his charges. Will accomplish his request about this brother and the lame child, being in all things ready at his Prince's commandment. Burton, 18 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Maister Holcroft, the King's commissioner at Lenton. Endd.
18 May.
R. O.
St. P. v. 78.
Has caused all the goods of this house to be viewed and written, and the best of it carried to Sheriff hutton. Has sent Leonard Beckwith for instructions about other things to be done here and at Jervaise. On Tuesday night the king of Scots rode at anchor within half a mile of Scarborough, and was seen aboard his ship by divers English fishermen. He went forward with a scant wind and may have gained Aberdeen, but hardly the Frith. Wishes he could have landed in these parts. Hoped he and his Queen should have drunk his wine at Sheriff hutton. He told an Englishmen "Ye Englishmen would have let me of my return, and if ye had not be I had be at home 40 days past." Bridlington, 18 May. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 May.
R. O.
St. P. I. 549.
Has received two letters from them. Hopes England may remain neutral in the war between the two princes. The king of Scots passed by this coast on Tuesday night. Hopes he is better inclined to peace than some of his subjects, else Norfolk will not get hence soon; for he has been promised that he shall not remain longer than Michaelmas, nor so long if the King come to these parts. This country is now in such good obedience as he could hardly have thought possible. There were great spoils during the insurrection, but restitution has been made in nearly all cases. Is obeyed everywhere but in Tindale and Redesdale, of whom he has 10 pledges at Sheriffhutton. Hopes we three will meet merrily at London this winter. Bridlington, 18 May.
Hol. Add.
18 May
R. O.
Has received his letters of the 10th and 12th. As yet Mr. Windsor is not come. Thinks it will be the latter end of the holydays before he come up. Mr. Basset has long been ready to depart, waiting only for him. Will give notice when he is ready, that Lisle may send a boat for him to Dover. When he goes to the Court tomorrow, will declare to Sir Ant. Browne Lisle's pleasure touching the good gentleman his brother and what he writes concerning the restraint of Fristock till his patent be out. Lisle can demand no rent there, but his bill is so made out that, when signed, he will lose no penny, but enjoy the rent from the Annunciation of Our Lady was twelve months. Hopes the Holy Ghost will now work in the lord Privy Seal to despatch Lord Lisle's long suit. Lords Darcy and Hussey were condemned to die this last Tuesday. Thinks they will suffer tomorrow, Saturday. Lord Darcy is a very bold man. On Wednesday last were condemned Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Thos. Percy and his brother, Lord Lumley's son and heir, Sir Fras. Bigot, and a knight from the North called Bolmer, and his wife, who was 'raigued by the name of Anne Cheyney, and Aske, and the said Bolmer's son and heir reprieved. And on Thursday were condemned to death four abbots and priors, and one canon, and a priest that was Bigot's chaplain, and one of the Tempests. Thinks they will all suffer tomorrow, or else after the holydays. London, 18 May.
Sends a letter which Ralph Rigsby sent him, showing how Mr. Owdall handles him. If Lisle have a patent of the Forest, thinks it should be shown to the King or his Council, and then the matter would be at some point. Mr. Controller beareth the other man as much as in him lieth.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
18 May
R. O.
I received your letter by Mr. Arundel's servant. My lady Rutland had not received your token by Mr. Baker when I was last with her. When I go to Court I will have you remembered to her and lady Wallop. I have not yet seen Winton, but shall not forget your Ladyship to Mr. Skut for the covering of your book. "And where your Ladyship writeth that you have over-reckoned yourself, I pray God when the time shall be to send your Ladyship a most fortunate hour." Mr. Bassett is merry, but his leg is not quite whole. I think the worst is past. As soon as Mr. Windsor comes he shall leave for Calais. I think it will be the latter end of the holidays. Lords Darcy and Hussey are condemned to death, and many other knights and religious men. Some think they will suffer tomorrow. God give them grace to repent. London, 18 May.
I hear Annys Wodroff has arrived in Calais.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
18 May.
R. O.
St. P. II.
On Wednesday before Pentecost. the 16th inst., Parliament was prorogued to 20 July next, although both houses begged to have it prorogued until Crastino Animarum. Considering the obstinacy of the spiritualty, if the King sent a commissioner, Parliament should be open at his coming. In this session bills were passed by the Commons and delivered to the Higher House; whereupon the spiritual lords refused to debate any bill until they knew that the proctors in the Convocation House "had a voice or not." Got the King's learned counsel to show them the proctors had no voice in Parliament. Proceedings upon bills for assuring lands of the eight abbeys lately suppressed to the King and the 20th of the spiritualty; which latter being refused the session was prorogued. Little will pass to the King's profit until the proctors are put from having a voice in Parliament. They are often but seven or eight in number, but there is a combination between the bps. and them. It should be declared under Great Seal whether they have a voice or not. The Commons stuck at the bill for having sterling coin here, for fear that the Irish coin being damned and no mint here, they should have no coin. Dublin, 18 May. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
18 May.
Poll Epp. II.
Has taken every opportunity to write what he heard concerning his mission and himself to Ambrosius. Now that he seems to have reached the end of his journey (as he is not permitted to go further) letters have come to him from Ambrosius in which, affairs in England not offering any opportunity of action, he is commanded to return for the Council at Mantua, where the Pope will be long before these letters reach him. Will explain why he will be detained here some time.
First points out the danger of leaving this. When he came to Paris, hoping soon to reach the court which was not far off, a nobleman brought him a message and letters from the King, not only taking away all hope of meeting the King, but forbidding him to remain longer in his realm; signifying indeed that it was done unwillingly, but at the prayers of the greatest enemy of Pole and his order and of the cause of the embassy. It shows how much his adversary's power is to be feared, when it could compel the Most Christian king to do such a thing; and that unwillingly (for he commanded that Pole should be received at Paris with the honour usually shown to a legate).
Turned then towards Flanders, and was received at Cambray by the illustrious bishop who has been very kind. But when he sent one of his men to the court of the Queen Regent of Flanders with letters to the card. of Liège, to signify his arrival, the man was stopped by the governor of Valenciennes, a few miles from here, and sent back. Although the governor alleged the necessity of was as his reason for this, when Pole learnt that an English ambassador had a little while before come to the Queen's court he knew that the same reason which induced the French king to send him so quickly out of his realm compelled the Imperialists to deny him entry into their country. If he was doubtful of this at first, the attempts he has made during nearly thirty days he has been here, show it too well; for he has never ceased, through the messengers of others (for he has never obtained leave to send one of his own to the Queen), to sue that if he was not permitted to remain in these parts he might be sent in safety to Germany. Obtained from the bishop here that one of his people should carry a letter and message to the card. of Liège. He went, in one day, to the court and returned, after ten days, without a letter, but only with a message from the cardinal which pointed out the dangers by which Pole was surrounded rather than any way out of them (for not even in this city is he safe from treachery) but promised him safety if he should come into his province. This was what Pole wished, but he saw no way of doing so with dignity (for Liège advised his coming in disguise); so he got the Bishop's leave to sent the archdeacon of this church to the court with full instructions. After eleven days the archdeacon returned with this message from the Queen and Cardinal, that the Queen would immediately send men to conduct him to Liège and when there the Cardinal promised everything which could be desired for his abode; and this messenger Pole is hourly expecting.
Says this to show the danger of remaining in those parts where the influence of their enemy is so great. But what is most to be feared is that when men see these princes acting against custom, and against their own wishes, rather than displease this enemy, they may attempt, for his satisfaction, not to drive the writer from France or exclude him from Flanders, but to get rid of him entirely. That was what the ambassador of England wished, who would have had the French king receive Pole at the Court and then deliver him to the English ambassador. This so terrified some old friends of Pole's, Frenchmen whom he found at Paris, that they came and exhorted him to take post and get as quickly as possible out of France. Has no fear of the French betraying him, but, if princes stand in awe of his enemy, their example may incite others to gratify him who seems to desire nothing more than Pole's blood, especially in a place so near England, where scarcely a day has passed without reminding him of some of the dangers to which he is exposed.
These considerations suggest not only how far to go away, but how quickly, especially as the cause which brought him thither seems hopeless, for the popular tumult which favoured it is now appeased, and many have suffered punishment, and the leaders are in the King's hands. Heard indeed of the appeasing of the tumult when he reached Lyons, but then it was said that, to satisfy some part of the people, the King had promised to assemble a council to deal with the matters of religion which had caused them to rebel, the date to be St. John Baptist's Day. 8 kal. Jul. The rumour which he heard at Rome that this Council was to be at the end of March made him hurry his journey as far as Lyons, but when he heard it was prorogued until July (in Julium mensem) he travelled more slowly. And now, as this rumour is past, and no one expects any other council but such as the late assembly at London of those malignants who first made all these decrees against the unity of the Church, and have now more violently confirmed the same, and when the other things which offered any hope in the cause are oppressed and extinguished, all these things warn him to accelerate his retreat. Could only be detained by the fear of being thought to have come rashly when he leaves so quickly, but that this was not so any one can see who looks at the state of affairs when Pole left Rome, when the people were in insurrection for the sake of religion, and had active and noble leaders, and nothing could more have animated them, or more terrified their adversaries, than to hear that one of themselves was coming with authority. The greatest proof that their adversaries were terrified is the instance that was made in France and Flanders, by new ambassadors, to prevent Pole's approach. Now that the occasion of his mission is past he ought to be recalled, since he cannot remain in safety where he is, and especially as he seems to be the only minister left by whom the Pope can deal with the English in the cause of the Church.
These seem the reasons for his revoke. The reason for his remaining is the very cause for which he came, the evident necessity of the Pope having some one always here ready for any occasion which may arise, for if the thing is delayed until the present generation transmit their opinions to their children, England will be for ever lost to the Church. In the province of Liège are places where he could reside in safety, and since this tumult has been so easily assuaged another could be as easily raised, especially if there is hope of a leader being provided from a place of safety near at hand. Of course if he remains the King of England will make still greater efforts to take him. Philip said he could take any castle to which he could send an ass laden with gold, and there are many ass-loads shown against Pole, for they boast that 100,000 of English gold will be given for him alive or dead. Protests that he has no fear. If he had, the example of the bp. of Verona would dispel it. Praises the bishop, and promises for himself to obey the Pope in all things. Cambray, 18 May 1537.
18 May
Vatican MS
Seeing how much the Pope esteems this cause asks him to take pains to relate all that occurs to his Holiness; for though it may be only about the writer personally yet it concerns the whole cause. Since arriving here has always written by way of France and sent two or three copies to make sure of one arriving. His last (copy enclosed) was sent by way of France and the "Magoo M. Cesare" wrote that he had received and forwarded it to Card. Carpi to be sent on. Has been hitherto in fear of being deprived of the means of sending information as this country is in arms and the Emperor's army lying round about up to the walls of this place, and armed men of all sorts daily entering and daily capturing English spies. Also, seeing the insatiable hatred the King shows in persecuting Pole, and other things which one day he may relate by word of mouth, and considering the silence of the Court to all Pole's letters and messages, it is very necessary to put trust in God, as he has done all his life, and the more since he undertook this enterprise.
To-day has returned that archdeacon whose commission and first answer are described in Pole's first letters (copy enclosed). One can guess what hope there is of anything more when there is such difficulty and discussion about the mere safe and honourable passage. It is finally concluded to let Pole pass honourably and safely to Liege, and the person sent to conduct him is to be here to-morrow at latest. As this person's quality and authority are sufficient, Pole will lose no time in going; for here he stays neither willingly nor safely, seeing the efforts made to do him displeasure, and that besides those who have come here, in the camp there are English agents, most meet, by repute, to execute such commands. Intended to wait for this man and have an explanation with him before writing, but as this hope has been delayed for more than a month that Pole has been here, and as he hears that the post is ready to leave Brussels, he will not delay longer. Hopes however that a good resolution has been arrived at, i.e., that this good man will come and that he himself will be able to execute his desire; especially as the archdeacon who spoke with the Queen says she showed herself sorry that the times are such that she cannot act towards the Holy See, and towards the writer personally, as she would, and that she had no notice from the Emperor of Pole's coming, or even from the ambassadors in Italy or England for her guidance; indeed the news Pole brought touching the agents of his Majesty was quite new to her. This ought to be true, being affirmed both by the Queen and the Card. of Liege. Is still encouraged by the fact that though the cardinal of Liege has not written, he is reported by the archdeacon to have promised every assistance and protection for Pole at Liege, and to have made arrangements to provide him with money. Will write when he has an opportunity of speaking with the Cardinal that the Pope may be able to acknowledge his services. As to his staying or returning, writes to the Pope showing the result of this legation so far. Will obey all commands; but his advice is in favour of staying, since it can be done with honour and safety at Liege and it is important (1) to show that the cause is not abandoned, and (2) not to extinguish the hope which those poor good men will have as long as they hear Pole is here, and (3) not to lose an opportunity. Expenses. Writes as if his going to Liege were certain, but asks the secretary to be cautious in speaking of it. If he is to return, precautions must be taken that he is not stranded as he has been here in some place where it would be more difficult to extricate him, meaning Germany which alone remains [open to him] and where untiring efforts are made to show that every chain is loosed from the Dragon.
Has written into England and having sent the letters to M. Cesare, as it was no use giving them to the ambassadors with the French king who would not accept them, the Venetian ambassador undertook to send them to a secretary of the Signory who is in England. Will send a copy when the way here is more open, although he (the king of England) seems so insolent after his success in subduing the realm, and even in commanding other realms, that Pole hopes for nothing; especially as his cruelty increases with his success, and will increase still more when he thinks he has driven Pole away with a breath; because if this (Pole's presence) did not trouble (premesse) him he would not rage as he does against Pole. Prays that God will inspire the Pope to his honour and the consolation of "those poor good men," who deserve his benevolence. Mons. di Verona sends commendations. Cambray, 18 May 1537.
Italian, pp. 8. From a modern transcript in R.O.
[19 May.]
R. O.
This day on coming to Court, where I expected to have found your Lordship, the King asked whether I had received the books touching the protestation sent by his Grace, and what was done in that behalf. I said your Lordship had delivered them and declared his pleasure to me and my companions, Dr. Gwent and Dr. Petre, and that we had accordingly perused all the books and made a whole book in that matter, which his Grace said he had not seen. Thinks it right to mention this, and thinks it well done that two books are drawn, one for the King, which Cromwell has, and the other for the clergy, drawn by my lord of Canterbury. At the Court, Whitsun even. Signed: "Edmond Boner, priest."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
19 May.
R. O.
When I arrived at Gravesend this present Saturday, 19 May, Wm. Buston, Rob. Porter, constable, and Markes Dogiet, of Gravesende, presented to me a lewd fellow, both of his words and deeds, concerning the assessing of men for the King's subsidy. As the matter appears heinous, "especially in such a town of resort and wild people," I have sent him up to your Lordship with the bill of his own confession and other men's report that heard him. It would be well to command the chief men of Gravesend to send up such lewd and unruly persons. Cobham Hall, 19 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
19 May.
R. O.
Have received his letters dated Sheroffhevton, 11 May, commanding them to inquire into the taking down of the traitors executed for their late rebellion. Have taken examinations at Cockermouth, Penrith, and Carlisle, and send the result by bearer: the people are anxious to retain Norfolk's favour and have aided the examinations. In Westmoreland divers persons under the earl of Cumberland have long been investigating this. In that county eight traitors were hanged in chains and in Cumberland six. Norfolk seems to impute remissness to them; refer to their former letter for their services to the King and his Grace, and beg favour. Credence for bearer. Karliell, 19 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Lieutenant's Grace.
R. O. 2. "A brief remembrance for the cutting down of those that was hanged in ropes and chains;" upon examinations taken before Sir Thos. Curwen and Sir Thos. Whartton, 18 May.
Cases of Percival Hudson, Thos. Bell, Alex. Bancke, John Wylson, John Jackeson, Robt. Fyscher, Chr. Smith, Rycc. Crag, one Bewly, and one Person. All these except Bancke were buried by their wives, who in some cases confess also to cutting them down and burying them at night. John Dawson is suspected by John Richerdson, clk., of cutting down Bancke. Crag's cousin and Bewley's brother afterwards died from the "corruption" of the bodies they cut down.
Pp. 2. Signed by Curwen and Wharton. Add.: To my Lord Lieutenant.
19 May.
R. O.
The King has commanded me to write to you for some fat quails for the Queen's table. Excuse me that I have not written to you for a long time. Hampton Court, 19 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
[19 May.]
R. O.
I have received your letter and presents, viz., a half dozen cramprings and a gold crown, for which I thank you. I hope God will aid you in your need. I desire to be early informed when you are delivered of your child. I am glad to hear that my lord Deputy affects these nightcaps. I send you a pair, and if you want more, I will be diligent to send you as many as you please. I thank you for the good will you always bear to Mons. de Riou and Madame his wife, and for the pleasure you give me in sending news from those parts. All the friends I have left remain in France. All my kinsmen in Flanders are dead. Dunkirk, Whitsun eve.
Be good enough to tell me the virtues of these cramp-rings, for I know of no other virtue except for the cramp.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 May.
R. O.
Reminds Cromwell that, since he left England, he has frequently asked for a licence to export cheeses. Cromwell said that the quantity, 2,000 weys, was too large, but promised to get him a licence for a smaller quantity. Has since written leaving it to Cromwell's discretion, 1,200 or 800, but supposes it has been forgotten in Cromwell's great affairs. Berghes, 19 May. Signed: Cor. Bogart.
French, pp. 2. Add.: "Maistre Thomas Cromwel, secretaire premier [d]u Roy d'Angleterre." Endd.: Cornelius Bogaert of Barow, May 1537.
20 May.
R. O.
1250. RIC. VOWEL, Prior of Walsingham, to CROMWELL.
Thanks for favour shown to the writer and his kinsman whom Cromwell has taken into his service. Sends a "poor remembrance" by the bearer, begging his Lordship to accept it. 20 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 May.
R. O.
In favour of the bearer, Mr. Chaunter (fn. 8) of St. David's Cathedral, in his "pursuits". He is much esteemed here for his learning, liberality and kindness to strangers and to the poor. St. David, 20 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right Worshipful,—the King's servant.
20 May.
R. O.
Received last night his letters of the 17th, showing that all those lately indicted here are cast there; lord Hussey likewise, of whose offences, though he be sorry, all true men are rejoiced to see them punished. The two lords and Constable will be little regretted. Cromwell asks him to send Aske's books. Nothing has more troubled him than his negligence about that matter; but thought he had received them long ago and so thought Mr. Curren and Wodall who sat up with him one night very late to examine them. The bearer will explain how they were forgotten. Desires credence for his servant Fulmerston. Thanks him for news of the arrival of an ambassador from the Emperor. Sheriff Hutton, 20 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
20 May.
R. O.
Thanks him for his pains, and desires to know his opinion whether the King will take the Duke away with him out of these parts when he repairs hither, as my lord Privy Seal informed him he would. Sheriff Hutton, 20 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
20 May.
R. O.
My lord of Norfolk has written to you in my favour for the stewardship of the house of Bridlington, now newly suppressed. It lies very nigh unto me within three miles, and I beg your favour as in times past. Bridlington, 20 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
20 May.
R. O.
Hears he is "slandered" to Cromwell and other lords of the Council as having been a bearer of one Levnyng, a rebel who was with Bigot at Beverley. Begs Cromwell to send for all who can say anything against him and let him clear himself. Sheriff Hutton, 20 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "M. Constable excuses for Levenyng."
20 May.
R. O.
"Pleasith it your Grace," I have sent Henry Ray, pursuivant, into Scotland with your Grace's letters, where he yet remains. The king of Scots has passed by this, the King's town, on the sea northwards with 11 great ships. They were becalmed and abode nigh here from yesterday at noon till this morning. Part of his "mene" landed yesterday and arrived at Aymouth, where a Frenchman, gentleman usher to the Queen, who is gone to prepare lodging for the Queen at Edinburgh, reported that the King and Queen were both in one ship. Seeing the said King so near I kept the better watch and sent out horsemen all night to spy the "usage" of the said King. Berwick, 20 May. Signed.
P. 1.


  • 1. This parenthesis is interlined.
  • 2. Cardinal Pole.
  • 4. Not sworn.
  • 5. All but these are market with a dot in the margin.
  • 6. All but these marked with two dots in margin.
  • 3. Crossed out.
  • 7. Anne Basset.
  • 8. Thos. Lloyd.