Henry VIII: July 1537, 11-15

Pages 100-111

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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July 1537, 11-15

11 July. 241. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
R. O. Master Meggis and myself have been with the bp. of Ely for the renewal of Master Meggis's patents on Mr. Gregory's behalf and mine. When the bp. saw that I had bought Mr. Meggis's good-will, he chafed at Mr. Meggis, saying it was a pity he had ever had it, and that he was a great destructioner of the grounds; insomuch that he would have gladly found him by some means to be a trairor. I wish your Lordship had been there. No man was ever so stirred, swearing by God's body that neither he, I, nor any other man should have the patent renewed at his hands. His colour changed so often, I was afraid he was half lunatic. He was so angry that he continually called for drink and drank three or four times or ever he moved his foot. Mr. Poulsted can report further. I have not seen a man of his order so gentle to entertain suitors; such men deserve promotion. Stepney, 11 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
11 July. 242. Sir J. Russell to Cromwell.
R. O. After I had received your letter, immediately I went to the King, then going to supper, and showed his Majesty your misfortune in the sickness of Bold, your servant. His Grace was sorry and answered there was no danger, but that you might repair to Court in a day or two. Thereupon he told the Queen, who I perceived was afraid, "whereupon, considering that her Grace is with child, and the case that she is in," I went again to the King and said I perceived the Queen was afraid. His Majesty answered that the Queen was somewhat afraid, but that ye might lie at Mr. Westone's, Mr. Browne's, my lord Marquis', and other good fellows' houses, and meet his Grace daily at hunting and keep him company all day till night, for the present. Come with what train ye shall think good. His Grace is sorry the chance happened, "that ye might not be here to make good cheer, as we all do, and the King who useth himself more like a good fellow than like a king among us that be here" and, thank God! I never saw him merrier. I made Ralph Saddeler's excuse 3 days ago, showing the King he was a mourner for my lord of Northumberland, and now that this chance has "mishappened" him for Bolde's being in his house. The King said he promised to have been here before the Earl's
burial. I answered he was one of those ye put in trust for the burial. Praying you to make his excuse accordingly. Gillford, 11 July at 10 o'clock at night. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.. Mr. Russell.
11 July. 243. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. The earl of Angus has written to him to give the bearer a passport through the realm. Encloses his letter. As he has no authority to grant one, has given him merely a bill for his conduct up to London with a letter to Cromwell, that he may not leave the realm without seeing him. He will explain how hardly the Earl's friends are handled in Scotland. Osgoodbee. 11 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
11 July. 244. Charles V. to Mary of Hungary.
Lanz. ii. 677. By letters of 11 July the Emperor replies to various letters from her. * * Desires peace, but can give no power or instruction. But they two must settle the difficulties. Francis has never wished to declare his will. It was otherwise in the treaty of Cambray, for he had good security, and the question was only about the county of Burgundy; and when the Emperor would have treated otherwise he declined to treat by anyone but the Queen. As to the truce, she may treat of it either "comme calme" or by abstinence or neutrality, and she may act of herself, promising to get it ratified without using the power he sends of old date, that it may not be supposed she acts by necessity; "mais ne scet comment les pays sçaueroient faire la paix pour lui. Au regart de la necessité ne sçaueroit faire davantage qu'il na fait." * *
Approves of the treaty of Maistricht, and also of what she has done with regard to card. Pole.
French abstract.
11 July. 245. Jo. Guidiccione to —— .
Vatican MS. "Molto Rd Mons.," a secret treaty has been discovered:—the King of England is lending money to bbd (the Emperor?). The amount is not known. The marriage of the Infant is not believed to go forward, because, the Queen being pregnant, the King takes time to reply, and it has even been told me that he would rather give the Princess his daughter to a son of the. King of the Romans, although much inferior in age and so nearly related. If this were so, one could judge the money he might lend to be by way of dower; and perhaps that it is intended to give the state of ct (Milan) to the said son of the King of the Romans. This does not agree well with what the Emperor (bbd) told the Venetian ambassador, namely, that the King of England was changeable ("volubile"), and he could not agree with him if he would not return to the Church. "Puo anco esser che abbia piacer che scriva cosi al x (Papa?), ma per quanto si vede sua Maesta most[ra sontentsa]. (fn. n1)
The other English ambassador (fn. n2) left on the 28th ult., the Emperor giving him three cups of gold, the one going inside the other, worth 2,000 ducats. His Majesty had determined to pass into Flanders at the end of this month: perhaps the King of England's reply and the retirement of the king of France, with whom he wished to come to a battle (giornata), have detained him; besides the affairs of Germany continuing to improve, he will have no need to pass. It is certain that the duchess of Milan will marry the son of the duke of Juliers and Cleves, of whom I wrote on the 4th ult. The Emperor makes constant efforts for the settlement of Germany, and it is thought that even the duke of Saxony will return to a better obedience. The Council of Paris has sent to the king of France to send reinforcements to the Flemish frontier. M. de Valdre affirms this, who came 10 days ago from Flanders with the news of that country and letters and credences from England.
It is reported that the French soldiers who were to invade Italy will attack Perpignan or Navarre and Fontarabia, and the Emperor has ordered the nobles, people, and prelates of Spain to be prepared in arms. The bp. of Palenza is to pay 20 men at arms, and the others according to their revenues. I asked why the prelates agreed [to this], and they replied it was an ancient custom for defence of the realm, and was the more necessary now that the French king has joined with the Turk to invade them. The Emperor speaks of taking the offensive on those borders. He shows the Spaniards that he is unjustly attacked and does nothing except in self defence, so that already they begin to accuse him of too much goodness, and say he ought to invade France, and that they will bear any expense. The duke of Savoy complains of the insolence of the soldiers in Nice, who have been five months without pay, and from whom he is scarcely safe in the Rock. The Emperor will have that fortress in his own hands, and the duke shall stay in the country and the duchess come here. I wrote that the Emperor had ordered Prince Doria to Messina to be ready to aid the Venetians. News that the Venetian ambassador and "il Balii" have left the Turk. The Emperor going to Monzon, and has promised the Empress to return before her child is born.
Lately, in these strict treaties of agreement with the King of England, I have reminded these "signori" and the Emperor himself to look well what they do, and have due respect to the Holy See. They have always promised well. Now I have pressed them to tell me in what terms they stand; but they will only say that nothing is yet concluded, and that the king demands (1) that there shall be no Council, and (2) that if there is, there may be no talk of his affairs, which are to be left as they are, the Emperor binding himself to their defence. These "signori" say they have utterly refused those requests, but they beg his Holiness not to divulge it, lest that King having demanded these dishonourable things, and knowing that his Holiness has notice of it, should stand obstinate in the demand, or, if the agreement were made, should take offence because they swear to do nothing against the respect due to the Holy See. I write it as they told it me. Perhaps his Holiness will have better information elsewhere.
Italian, pp. 6. From a modern copy in R. O. Original endd.: 11 July 1537.
12 July. 246. Duke of Suffolk and Wm. Nanton.
Add. Ch.909.
B. M.
Lease made 12 July, 20 Hen. VIII., by Charles duke of Suffolk to his servant Wm. Nanton of the manors of Howes and Erle Alderton, Suff., and the third part of the advowson of Alderton church, for 99 years at 6l. 12s. 8d. per annum.
Endorsed with a memorandum of 28 April 1578 that it has been transferred to Robt. Mawe, of Lincoln's Inn.
Latin, parchment.
12 July. 247. Robbery of John Flowre, Clothier.
R. O. Depositions taken 12 July, 29 Hen. VIII., before Rob. Abbot of Malmesbury, John Hamlyn, and Anthony Styleman, justices of the peace for Wiltshire, of—
i. Rob. Braybon, otherwise called Keeper, of Charnelstrete, Wilts, "inn-holder of the ostree of the Beere" (Bear) adjoining to the town of Hungerford, as to the persons suspected of robbing John Flowre, of Worton, clothier, between Bagshot and Windsor park. That one Thos. Bryght and two others, one of whom Bryght called Master Wasshington, came to his house the day before St. Nicholas' eve, lodged there that night, and left at 8 next morning, saying they were servants to Mr. Gryffith, of Staffordshire, knight, and wished to see some land of their master's. They returned at 4 in the evening, saying they had come by the bp. of Sarum's manor of Rammesbury, about three miles from deponent's house, and departed on St. Nicholas' day. Eight days afterwards he met Bryght and Washington in London at a tailor's shop in Fleet Street in far better apparel than before, and they invited him to dine at the house of one —— Whelpeley, in St. Antholin's churchyard, where he met one Master Huntley, a servant of the King.
ii. Joan Brusse, servant of the said Braybon, says the three persons lodged in the house on Monday before St. Nicholas, and she thought one of them was Mr. Baymfeld, who had land at Rowde beside the Devizes. Signed by the justices.
Pp. 2. Endd.
12 July. 248. Norfolk to [Cromwell].
R. O. At his coming to York on Wednesday, received two letters from Cromwell by Blitheman with the copy of that sent by Sir Ralph Evers to Sir John Bulmer. Yesterday morning examined him apart. Cannot perceive but that he bears Cromwell hearty good will. He would not confess to have written anything to the said Sir John or any other concerning you or me or other of the Council. At last I showed him the copy of the letter, and he said Sir John had written to ask his advice about the entry to be made in the parsonage of Sedryngton, and that he wrote an answer much like the copy, but without any mention of you or me or of like matter. Advises that he should be allowed to ride up and declare himself, which he cannot do in haste, for he has been in great danger, and I think will not live long. He has voided downwards much corrupt blood, and at his ear both blood and corrupt matter very stinking. Thinks he will be with Cromwell in seven or eight days. He considers the matter to have been forged against him by Sir Roger Chambley, with whom he has been long at feud. Wishes Sir Roger were come home, for of him only are many complaints of polling and bribery. Not having written to the King for some time, has now advertised his Majesty of the occurrents, and forbears to write more fully In delivering the King's letters missives, and those for the annuities, retained six by the advice of Sir Thos. Warton for these reasons:—1. There is no such man as Thos. Redmayne. 2. Wm. and John Hutton are but freeholders, and can do little service. 3. Wm. Lancaster cannot spend 40s. a year, and can do nothing. 4. Richard Blanko, a man of small havour either of lands or goods, and one of the most busy men in those, parts, better deserved a halter than his Highness' fee. There are omitted in the book Sir Thomas Curwen, the man of all others that can best serve in Cumberland, and whom Sir Thomas Wharton most trusts; Walter Strickland, who can serve with more men than any three in the book, a very toward young man and great friend of Wharton's; Thomas Faloghfeld, belonging to my lord of Cumberland, John Skelton of Branthwaite, and Chr. Wharton, brother to Sir Thomas. Writes at Sir Thomas' desire that these may have fees with the rest. Cumberland should be commanded to show effectual favour to Sir Thomas, of which he is in doubt. Hearing that the 'sizes of Cumberland are to be at Penrith and not at Carlisle, begs they may be changed. Penrith was the worst town in all the country at the last rebellion, and Norfolk caused nine persons to be hanged there, whereas Cromwell knows how Carlisle served. It were better Mr. Spilman and Jenney should ride 10 miles about than the one true town be discouraged and a false town cherished. Hears that at the business at Halifax there was found hidden in the vicar's house 1,300 marks, which he believes were treasure trove. Has sent for the parties, and will see that the King be no loser. Begs Cromwell will remember his suit by his servant Fulmerston touching the farms of Norfolk's lands of Snape and Alborough, as he knows how necessary they are for his house of Framlingham; also the farm of Folkyngham park which lord Hussey had. Is willing to forget displeasures to Gostwick, though he has had no small occasions. Hears by Fulmerston, who came from Kenninghall on Monday last, that his son of Surrey is very weak, his nature running from him abundantly. "He was in that case a great part of the last year, and as he showed me came to him for thought of my lord of Richmond, and now I think is come again by some other thought. He is there with his wife, which is an ill medicine for that purpose, and his being there doth not only cause many to resort to him to my charge, but also doth cause my deer not to be spared." Begs leave to send for him shortly. Has sent to Mr. Butts for his advice about him. York, 12 July. Signed.
Pp. 4. Endd.
R. O. 249. The Borders. (fn. n3)
"A device for the sure keeping of the East and Middle Marches foranempst Scotland, Tyndale and Reedsdale, if it may so stand with the King's pleasure."
i. For the East Marches.
Sir Wm. Evers to be deputy warden with 200 mks. a year, and the following persons to assist him:—Sir Roger Graye, Sir Robt. Ellerker, Thos. Forster, Thos. Graye, Ralph Eldrington, John Carre, Thos. Heburne, Ric. Folberye, Edw. Mustians, John Selbye of Brankeston, Thos. Hoborn of Hoborn, Wm. Strodder, Lionel Gray, Thomas Carre: (fn. n4) — Sir Roger and Thomas Graye, and Ellerker at 20l., the rest at 13l. 6s. 8d. Total for the East Marches [393l. 6s. 8d. Item 13l. 6s. 1d.]
ii. For the Middle Marches.
Sir John Wythrington to be deputy warden at 200 mks., and the following to assist him:—The lord Ogle, 50l.; Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, Sir John De Lavale, Sir Wm. Ogle, and Sir Reynold Carneby, at 20l.; Robt. Collingwood, John Ogle, Geo. Ogle, John Horsley, and John Ogle at 13l. 6s. 8d. Total [396l. 13s. 4d.] (fn. n5)
iii. Certain men to be leaders and keepers of Tyndale and Riddesdale.
Roger Fenwicke and George Fenwicke at 26l. 13s. 4d.; and to have for their assistants these head men:—
(1.) Of Tyndale:—Edward and Cuthbert Charleton, Henry and Geoffrey Robson, Chr. and David Mylburn, at 10l. each.
(2.) For Riddesdale:—John Haule of Otterburn, Sandy and Anthony Haule, at 10l. each.
Total of Tyndale and Riddesdale, 143l. 6s. 8d.
Total, 813l. 6s. 8d.
Pp. 3. Endd. by Derby.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand with some differences.
Pp.3. Endd. by Wriothesley: The pensions of the East and Middle Marches; also by Derby: A minute of the device for the fees particular of the gentlemen of the East and Middle Marches.
R. O. 3. "A device for the sure keeping of the West Marches, and first for the deputation of a captain for the castle of Carlisle."
Sir Thomas Wentworth to be captain of Carlisle continually resident upon his office with a yearly fee of 300 mks. To have under him a deputy, a porter, and a sufficient number of soldiers. Sir Thomas Wharton to be deputy warden of the Marches resident on his office at the yearly stipend of 200 mks. Item, to know what officers he must have and their titles: he must have 4 lieutenants each at 6l. 13s. 4d. a year.
ii. "To be assistants to the deputy warden these gentlemen of Cumberland whose names ensueth."
Sir Wm. Musgrave, Sir John Lother, Sir John Lamplewe, Sir James Labourne, Sir Geoffrey Middleton, and Sir Richard Belyngeham at 10l.; and 27 others, amongst whom are Thomas Dacre at 13l. 6s. 8d., Edward Aigloby at 10l. and the rest at 6l. 13s. 4d., the last name being Thomas Clifford the bastard. Total 583l. 6s. 8d.
The earl of Cumberland to lie at Bromham (Brougham?), Sir Edward Musgrave to lie at Harteley Castle.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 4. Draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand with corrections.
Pp. 2. Endd. (folio 48): The devices for the West Marches.
R. O. 5. Articles devised by the earl of Cumberland concerning as well divers offices to him given by the King's highness as other stewardships and leases of tithes, part for term of life and other for term of years and during pleasure.
[1. In case the offices of captain of the city and castle of Carlisle be divided and given to two persons, these things will be required for the captain, as well for the keeping of his horses and house as victualling of the same.] (fn. n6) 1. To have certain grounds of the King's lying without the walls of Carlisle called Broad Meadow, Sawcery, the Sawcery Stones, and the Swift Close for hay in winter and for grass for his horses in summer. 2. To have for the provender of his horses, provision of his house, and victualling of the city and castle, the tithes of Hoghton, Etterby, Botcherby, Penrith, and Langerby which be about the rent of 40l. a year. [3. The captain has for his fee 100 mks.; and for 20 horsemen, 6l. 13s. 4d. each.]* 4. For three porters or clavigers, 26s. 8d. each.
Which several fees are paid out of the King's lands called Queen's Hames, Englewood, and elsewhere, let to the warden of the West Marches.
ii. Things necessary for the warden.
The stewardships of the bp. and prior of Carlisle, the abbot of Holme and the prior of Wetheral; with a fee of 200 mks., payable by the sheriff of Cumberland, and 20l. by the chamberlains and treasures of the King's Exchequer for 4 commissioners. "All which offices as well for term of life or otherwise I do refer to be at the King's pleasure."
Pp. 2. Draft corrected by Wriothesley.
R. O. 6. "A device for the sure keeping of the King's West Marches foranempst Scotland."
1. Sir Thomas Wentworth to be captain of Carlisle; to be continually resident with a yearly fee of 100 mks.; and to have under him 20 horsemen at 20 nobles a year each. For his hay in winter and for his horse grass in summer, he shall have in farm certain grounds of the King's outside the walls of Carlisle called Broad Meadow, Sawcery, the Sawcery Stones, and the Swift Close, in all of the yearly rent of 5l. and 8d. Also to have in farm for provision of his house and for victualling of the city and castle of Carlisle and provender of his horses the tithes of Hoghton, Etterby, Bocherby, Penrith, and Langerby, about the rent of 40l. a year. For three porters or clavigers under him a yearly fee of 26s. 8d. to be paid out of the lands called Queen's Hames, Englewood, and elsewhere, now let to the warden of the Marches. 2. Sir Thomas Wharton to be deputy warden and continually resident, with a yearly fee of 200 mks, to be paid by the sheriff of Cumberland. To have four commissioners under him with a yearly fee of 5l. each, to be paid out of the Exchequer. And in order to have the men of the country under command, to have the stewardships of the bishop and prior of Carlisle, the abbot of Holme, and the prior of Wetherall. Also to have in farm the King's lands called Queen's Hames, Englewood, &c. 3. The following gentleman to assist the said deputy warden, viz.:—Sir Wm. Musgrave, Sir John Lether (Lowther). Thos. Sandford, Sir John Lamplewe, Sir John Lakurn (sic, for Sir Jas. Layburn), Sir Geoff. Mydleton, Sir Ric. Bellingham, Edw. Aigloby, and Ric. Duket, at 10l. each; Thos. Daker at 13l. 6s. 8d.; Chr. Crakenthorp, John Warcopp, Lancelot Lancastre, Gilb. Wharton, Hugh Machel, John Lighe, John Skelton, Thos. Dykes, John Thwates, Cuthb. Hutton, Wm. Hutton,* Thomas Blanderhasset, Chr. Thyrkell, Ric. Blanker*, Mug Musgrave, Ric. Englefeld, Alex. Appelbye, Rob. Boist, John Hutton,* Wm. Lancastre,* John Preston, Thos. Redman,* Thos. Clifford the Bastard, at 6l. 13s. 4d. each.
"These five above crossed" (those marked with an asterisk) "had not their patents delivered, but since there have been other 6 appointed," viz.:—Sir Thos. Curwen, John a Musgrave, and Walter Strickland at 10l.; Chr. Wharton, Thos. Dalston, and John Skelton of Branthaite at 6l. 13s. 4d.
In Derby's hand, pp. 3. Endd.
Calig. B. iii.
B. M.
7. Another copy of the same, with the same errors in the names in the third list; in which list also the names are bracketed together by another hand, with the names of certain officials, such as Tavernour, Huttoft, Godsalve, and Derby written opposite to them, and crosses or ciphers also added in the margin opposite each name.
Pp. 3.
250. Officers on the Borders.
R. O. A list of officers on the Borders with their fees:—
[S]ir [W]illiam Ev[ers, deputy] warden of the [East Marches], Sir Roger Graye ......., Sir Reynold Carnaby ......, the same Sir Reynold as keeper of Tyndale, 20[l.], Sir Robert Ellercar, 20l., Thomas Graye, 20l., Thomas Foster, Ranf. Elderton, John Carr, Thomas Heybourne (Hepburn), Ric. Fowbery, Edward Muscheauns, and John Selby, 13l. 6s. 8d. each.
* * * [Sir John Wytherin]gton, knt., deputy [warden, of the] Middle Marches, 133l. 6s. 8d., [the same Sir Jo]hn Wytherington [as leader of R]iddesdale, 26l. 4s. 4d., the lord Ogle, 50l., Sir Cuthbert Ratlyff, 20l., Sir John Dalavale, 20l., Sir Wm. Ogle, 20l., Robt. Collingwood, John Ogle of Kyrklaye, George Ogle, John Horsleye, and John Ogle of Ogle Castle, gents., 13l. 6s. 8d. each, John Halle of Otterburne, 10l.
"Divers Remembrances to be m[ade with the King's Highness to know] his most gracious pleasure th[erein]."
First, touching Sir J ......... 2. Whether I am to give Sir Reynold Carnabye, who has Tassatt Hall and lands worth 40 marks or nigh 40l. a year, 40 m. a year according to the King's warrant? 3. Lyell Graye has 20l. a year as porter of Berwick; is he to have 20 m. extra? 4. Sir Robt. Ellercar has 40 m. a year as chamberlain of Berwick; to have 20l. extra? 5. Robt. Collingwood has 20 m. a year annuity; to have 20 m. extra? 6. John Horsleye has Bamburghe worth ——— (blank) a year, and now has 20 m. a. year. To remember Thomas Graye.
ii. Similar list of officers [for the West Marches].
Sir Wm. M[usgrave], Sir John Lo[wther], Thomas Sandford, esq., Sir John Lamplo[ugh], Sir James [Layburn], Sir Jeffrey Myddelton, Sir Robt. Bellingham, Edward Aglionbye, esq., Ric. Dokett, gent., Sir Thomas Curwen, John Musgrave, and Walter Strykland, each 10l., Thomas Daker, gent., Chr. Crakenthropp, 4 names lost by mutilation, [apparently those of John Warcopp, Lancelot Lancaster, Gilbert Wharton, and Hugh Machel, which appear in No. 249 (6)], John Lighe, John Skelton [of Branthwaite], Thomas Dykes, John Thwaytes, Cuthbert Hutton, Thomas Blanderhasset, Chr. Thyrkell, Mugge (Mungo) Musgrave, Ric. Englefeld, Alex. Appulbye, Rob. Boyst, John Preston, gent., and Thomas Clyfford the bastard, each 6l. 13s. 4d., Chr. Wharton, Thomas Dalson, John Skelton of [Armothwaite, each 6l. 13s. 4d., Sir Geo. Lawson, 20l.].
Pp. 6. Badly mutilated.
Endd. "Names and fees of the pensioners of the Borders—Lawson."
Calig. B. iii.
B. M.
2. "The names of the deputy wardens and pensioners of the East and Middle Marches foranenst Scotland," being a list similar to the preceding, with some corrections by Wriothesley, and with five more names for the East Marches, viz.: Thos. Holboorne, Leonell Greye, Thos. Carre, Wm. Strudder, and Geo. Fenwyke. The name of Sir Reynold Carnaby in this list is an insertion in Wriothesley's hand.
ii. "A device for the sure keeping of the King's West Marches for anempst Scotland" as in 249 (6).
iii. "The lord President of the Diet, with the diets of the Councillors and of their servants limited to have feeding when they shall be present in his household," 800l.
Allowances to the bp. of Llandaff, "giving continual attendances," 20l.; to Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir Ralph Ellerker, and Rob. Bowes, 66l. 13s. 4d. each; to Sir Marmaduke Constable, Ric. Bellicis, and Thos. Fairfax, 20l. each; to Will, Bapthroppe and Rob. Chaloner, 50l. each; to John Wedall, 33l, 6s. 8d.; and to a messenger, 20l.
iv. "The charges." (fn. n7)
"The diets of my lord of Durham [lord President of the King's Council in the North Parts], (fn. n8) with the fees of such persons as be joined in [the said] † Council with him, and 6l. 13s. 4d. for a messenger," 1,220l. Mem. The charge of the keeping of the pledges of Tyndale and Ryddesdale must be also paid upon the bill of my lord of Durham and the Council; also the charge of posts.
Fees of the deputy wardens of the East and Middle Marches, with the pensions, 733l. 6s. 8d.:—Of the West Marches, 326l. 13s. 4d.; besides which the captain of Carlisle has 204l. and Sir Geo. Lawson, 20l. [The above sums are corrected, the fee of the warden of the West Marches is given separately, at 153l. 6s. 8d., and a total given of 2,607l. 6s. 8d.]
Pp. 6.
Calig. B. ii.
B. M.
3. "The names of the pensioners with their fees upon the East, Middle, and West Marches of England fore anempst Scotland," embracing all the names in the preceding lists, but not the "remembrances."
In this list asterisks are attached in the margin to the names of Sir Roger Gray, Thos. Grave, Lionel Graye, Rob. Collingwood (opposite whose name, however, the asterisk has been blotted and the word "stet" written), and John Horsleye.
Pp. 4. Endd.
R. O. 4. Names of the deputy wardens and pensioners of the East and Middle Marches, &c. with fees as in § 1, with additional allowances of 24l. to each deputy warden for 2 deputies and 2 serjeants.
The pensioners of the West Marches, with the exception of Sir William Musgrave, whose name is altogether omitted, are here placed under the Middle Marches.
Fair copy, pp. 4. Endd.: The names of the pensioners of the Borders with their fees.
R. O. 5. Draft list similar to the preceding in form, but setting forth a new scheme, viz.:—
Middle Marches:—Sir John Withrington, deputy warden, 200 mks., the lord Ogle, 50l., Sir Cuthbert Ratlif, Sir John de Lavarr (Dalavale), and Sir W. Ogle, 20l. each, Robert Collingwood, 13l. 6s. 8d., John Ogle of Kyrklaye, George Ogle, John Horselay, and John Ogle, 6l. 11s. 4d. each, the same Sir John Witherington (fn. n9) as leader and keeper of Tynedale, 40 mks., Sir Reynold Carnaby (fn. n10) as leader and keeper of Ryddesdale, 40 mks., John Haull of Otterburn, 10l.
East Marches:—Sir Wm. Evers, deputy, 200 mks., Sir Roger Grey, Sir Robert Ellerker, and Thos. Grey, 20l. each, Thos. Forster, 13l. 6s. 8d., Ralph Elderton. John Carr, Thos. Heyborn, Ric. Fowbery, Edw. Muschans, John Selby, Thos. Holborn, Lionel Grey, Thos. Carr, and Wm. Strudder, 6l. 11s. 4d. each, George Fenwyk, (fn. n11) 10l.
Corrected draft, p. 1. Endd.
12 July. 251. John Husee to Lord Lisle,
R. O. Sends three pasties of a red deer baked without lard by Harold's wife. Mr. Gonson had the stag of my lord Privy Seal and gave it me. Hopes soon to supply him with venison or warrants. London, 12 July.
Hol, p. 1. Add.
12 July. 252. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle
R. O. I have received your letter by the bearer touching the restitution of the 15 lasts of herrings belonging to Christopher Frel, taken in January last by Oliver Wauran about which there has been an appeal by the party adverse to Frel to the parliament of Paris, in which I have no power. I have shown your letter in presence of your servant to the Admiral's lieutenant, to expedite the affair of Jean Edwyn, who promises that the parties shall produce their titles in three days.
I will make search for the man of whom you wrote, who was servant of Jean Tove, and send him to you and do such justice as you shall think right. Boulogne, 12 July. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.: at Calais.
12 July.
ninger, iv. 59.
253. Christian III. to James V.
On behalf of Reinold Mure, a Scotchman living at Schien in Norway. He was intending to go to England with a cargo of timber and hides, but while waiting for a wind at Fleckerore, his ship was taken by a French vessel equipped by Sieur de Rocheppot governor of Picardy. The ship is said to have been taken to "'your Majesty's kingdom." Asks for redress. Copenhagen, 12 July 1537.
P.S.—Two years ago Mure found the ship was at St. Walery where it is still detained. Threatens to arrest French ships in reprisal.
Lat., Headed: "Christian III. litteræ intercessoriæ pro Reinoldo Mure ad Jacobum V. scriptæ (sed retentæ et mutatis mutandis ad Franciscum I. missæ?)"
13 July. 254. Sir Thos. Wharton to Cromwell.
R. O. To the greatest comfort he ever had, my lord Lieutenant delivered to him at York, 13 July, the King's patent and indenture of the office of deputy warden of the West Marches with his most comfortable letters and Cromwell's also. Expresses his devotion. When settled in the office will give Cromwell his opinion as requested. Is more anxious for the inhabiting of noblemen and gentlemen near these parts where the King's service lies than for his own advancement. York, 13 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 July. 255. John Bishop of Bangor to Dr. Bulkeley.
R. O. Thanks for his good news. You say my lord Privy Seal thinks my diocese was never visited by the King's authority except superficially, and that it is not so ordered as other dioceses for excluding idolatry, &c.; also that his lordship is offended at the incestuous and abominable living both of priests and laymen therein; that Dr. Vichan, who you say will do little good, labors sore to be one of the commissaries, but, on the other hand, that application is made to you to be one who would take care that my clergy were not overcharged, but that you would remit much due to yourself for the good service you did to the King as proctor of the diocese before. I think the former visitors did their duty, else they should be brought to examination. "They took no superficial procurations but substantial and large." And since that time, last year, my visitation was kept and what the comperts be I know. I trust condign punishment is taken on all abominable offenders as if I were there myself. I look shortly for my chancellor here by whom I shall know more. Will instruct him fully when he goes back and hopes to satisfy my lord Privy Seal. Northstonham, 13 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To Dr. Bulkeley, one of the masters of the Chancery. Endd.
14 July. 256. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
R. O. I have called before me Foxley and Coxston for the debts of Jas. Hill. Foxley seemed reasonable, offering 2 years' day of payment for 60l.; but Hill says he only owes him 24l. received of him in [on?] plate which he had pledged to Broke "of the Boores in Estchepe" "till he should have money for 12 ton of wine, which the said James had in shift of the said Foxley." Found Foxley extreme and unwilling to abate one groat. Thought it best he and John Brooke should go before Cromwell. Cokeston is willing to forbear till Mich, come twelvemonth. Cacheman, Tadlowe, and Platt are also reasonable, provided Hill can get securities; and Mr. Gresham and Smyth of the Exchequer will enter into bond for him for Cromwell's sake. Be good lord to my old acquaintance the prior of Tynemouth. The valuation made of his monastery in the time of Mr. Bellesses is much more than it is now worth; and since then the last prior has given away over 200 marks in annuities; yet he is willing to compound for your lordship's favour by a grant under the convent seal of St. Alban's like his predecessors. Desires instructions about the 400 marks to be delivered for Mr. Brabason in Ireland and 200l. more to be delivered; also, as the coiners are now half idle, whether he shall receive such plate as remains with Thos. Thakker to be coined. London, Saturday. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: lord Cromwell, lord of the Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: Mr. Gostwyk xiiij July.
14 July. 257. Jehan Ango to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. I have received your letter complaining that a galleon of Dieppe has taken a passenger from Dover named Pierre Janson. In presence of Jacques Groutier, who has presented me with your letter, I have called before me those who took your man and they say the said Jenson's wife has taken in recompense in another English passenger boat a merchant of Grascony and fearing you would cause him to be delivered she has sent him to Flesingue. They also say that the servant who was taken with the said Jamson is lawful prize. I am sorry that such things occur so frequently between us. At the request of the English, the King my master has addressed a commission to the first and second president of Rouen to take cognizance of all English matters. Dieppe, 14 July. Signed.
As to the hoys, which are gone "aux boys pour vous," I will issue an order not to touch them. As to the safe conduct that I gave I delivered it, as for a Fleming, not being informed of what you had written. I have not seen anything of those of whom you wrote, who have brought me the letters, for they were delivered by Jacques Groutier.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
15 July. 258. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains,
p. 377.
These two fellows of St. John's, Cambridge, wish to show their statutes touching the election of a master to Cromwell. Doubts not that by a word, he can make Master Day (fn. n12) or any (one) else eligible, as Mr. Nevell, yet fellow of the same college can show. They have great need of his favour in many suits and traverses. Reminds him of Clare Hall, that the Master (fn. n13) neither transgress the statute, nor bring into the room Mr. Swynbourne (fn. n14) of the same house, a man of perverse judgment and too factious for such a cure. Mr. Nevell will give him a bill of the gravaments of two or three of the fellows most given to good letters. Prays God to send Cromwell hither shortly again, that Latimer may go home to his diocese. My lord of York has done right well at Paul's Cross touching the supremacy, and as touching condemnation of the rebels, as well or better than before. Hears that Dr. Barnes preached a very good sermon in London to-day, with great moderation and temperance.
Sends "a bullock" which he found amongst his bulls, that he may see how closely in times past foreign prelates practised about their prey. "If a man had leisure to try out who was king in those days, and what matters were in hand, perchance a man might, guess what manner a thing illud secretum quod nosti was. Such cloked conveyance they had."
Sub diem Swythineum.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 July. 259. Thomas Pope to Cromwell.
R. O. It shall like your lordship to move the King to sign my bill. I have no gain in my office but my fee, above which I must spend yearly 200 mks. There is none of his Grace's auditors within our Court but have as much as I, "being an bead officer." Mr. Long has smother bill of mine to deliver unto your lordship, lest that you had should be lost. I shall deserve your pains so that your lordship shall not think them employed on an "ingrate" person. London, 15 July.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 July. 260. John Lord Fitzwarren to Cromwell.
R. O. According to Cromwell's pleasure has instructed Mr. Asshton and Mr. Mynne, the King's auditors, of his expenses at the insurrection in the North. The bearer has a bill thereof signed by them, which he asks Cromwell to confirm, and to order a letter to be sent to Gostwyke to deliver it. The said sum is but a parcel of his charges, but it will be a great comfort to him for the repayment of his creditors, who are daily calling upon him. Desires credence for his servant the bearer. Dorneford, 15 July. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
15 July. 261. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. In behalf of John Aske, brother to Robert Aske late executed at York. He was with Norfolk at his brother's execution and has shown himself a right honest man to the King. He would have repaired to Cromwell to sue in person, but is so diseased that he cannot ride 10 miles a day. His tenants in Hampshire and Sussex detain his rents and he wishes a letter from Cromwell to make them pay. Sheriffhutton, 15 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 July. 262. Robert Sowthwell to [Norfolk].
R. O. "I most humbly beseech your good Grace to address your Grace's letters to my lord Privy Seal" with speed for the coming up of Edgare, auditor to the late earl of Northumberland, who attends on my said lord [Privy Seal] at the Court. For we must "gressom" the tenants according to the custom here; and Edgare has the books. I beg your Grace to send for the said auditor, whose presence is necessary. Lample, 15 July. Signed.
P. 1.


  • n1. The words within brackets are cancelled, the cipher having evidently been bungled.
  • n2. Ric. Pate.
  • n3. It would seem that the device for the East and Middle Marches, in which Roger Fenwick's name occurs, must have been drawn up in January (see Part I., No. 222), though that for the West Marches, drawn up in the same form, was probably in June. The papers, however, seem always to have been kept together, and are here conveniently placed after Norfolk's letter of the 12 July.
  • n4. This name is added in Wriothesley's hand.
  • n5. Crossed out.
  • n6. Cancelled.
  • n7. This title is written by Wriothesley in the margin.
  • n8. Insertions.
  • n9. Witherington's name is substituted for that of Sir Roger Fenwyk, who was only to have had 20 marks.
  • n10. Substituted for Geo. Fenwyk, who was only to have had 20 marks.
  • n11. Substituted for Reynold Carnaby.
  • n12. George Day, S. T. P., who was admitted master of St. John's College, 27 July 1537.
  • n13. John Crayford or Crawford, S. T. P.
  • n14. Roland Swynburne who appears to have been Crayford's successor in 1539.