Henry VIII: July 1537, 1-10

Pages 85-100

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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July 1537, 1-10

1 July. 198. Anthoinette de Saveuses to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Commend me to the Deputy. I have had news from Madame de Rion, and if you wish to send to her or to your daughter, (fn. n1) who is with Madame de Bours, I have at present a sure messenger by whom I can promise you an answer. But he would like to leave Dunkirk on Thursday next; so please send your pleasure by bearer. I wish to hear of your health. Dunkirk, 1 July.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
2—9 July. 199. Monasteries Exempted from Suppression.
See Grants in July, Nos. 2, 10, 11, 12, 23, 26.
(fn. n2) [2 July?] 200. Lord Chancellor Audeley to Cromwell.
R. O. Hearing that the King removes to-morrow, asks him to obtain licence for him to go to his house in the country. Will always return upon Cromwell's advertisement of the King's pleasure. Reminds him of his suit to the King, and remits the considerations in his previous letter to his wisdom. Will never trouble the King with more suits for himself. Monday morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
2 July. 201. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Came this night from Court, hoping to have got rid of his long suit. Spoke so plainly to my lord Privy Seal that he told me he was sure you did not mistrust the matter so much as I did, and that I should undoubtedly be rid at, the next signing. At dinner I set Mr. Russell at him and he said that you should undoubtedly be no loser. I see no remedy except to wait, though I am sorry to see so many delays. I will not leave him till I am despatched. The earl of Northumberland is dead and little monied. Lord Darcy suffered on Saturday last. Dr. Alderyge is bp. elect of Carlisle. London, 2 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 July. 202. [Sir] Edmund Tame to Cromwell.
R. O. There is in these parts a little religious house called Polton, of St. Gilbert's order, a cell to the house of Sempringham, "and, as it is thought in these parts, by waste that they do, they think not to continue." Desires letters in his favour to the master of that religion, the bp. of Llandaff, for the farm of the same. 3 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
3 July. 203. Norfolk to Cromwell.
Calig. B. vii.
B. M.
Received yesternight his letter of the 28 June and a packet under the King's Seal. Has appointed all therein named of the West Marches to be with him at York, Friday se'nnight, when Aske is to suffer. Before his execution an exhortation to be given. Will take care to satisfy the King. Thinks the order for the West March better for that than for the other two; but must refer to the last article in Cromwell's letter concerning the earls of Westmoreland, Cumberland, and lord Darcy. The Border west of Carlisle is hard for the Scots to enter except by boats, and when the water is out there is such a wash as between Norfolk and Lincolnshire. The lord Dacre's barony of Burghe joins the Scots and the abbey of Holme to the West, and west of all are the King's lordships, formerly the earl of Northumberland's. Five miles from Carlisle the bp. has a strong little castle called the Rose, and there arc other buildings of the late lord Dacre thereabouts. Four miles beyond Carlisle is a house built by the same called Rokcliffe where dwell the Grahams, where the Scots seldom come; then Esk, Levon, and Bowe Castle, so strait a country that unless they look through their fingers, no Scots can come there. Sir Will. Musgrave who has the rule lives at London; Jack of Musgrave a bastard is his deputy, "a tall, hardy man," but not meet to have the rule of so many ill men. Either Sir Will. Musgrave ought to reside or Sir Thos. Wharton to occupy the place. An honest man there would bridle Liddersdale and Tynedale. Lord Dacre of Gillesland has many tall men on his estates very lightly disposed, but he keeps them in awe. The lord of Cumberland is a great lord in "Westmoreland, but not in Cumberland. Lord Dacre can help Sir Thos. ten times more than he. Proposes that he should call them together and knit them in amity. Will take care that Sir Thos. Percy's children shall be out of all such danger as Cromwell mentions. Is desired by the King to make the heads of Tynedale and Riddisdale put in pledges. Finds the hurts done by them not so great as he had supposed. The main culprits are Liddersdale men, with the help of the murderers of Hodge of Fenwick, and Anthony Eryngton and John Heron of the Hawe Barnes. Ascertained the facts yesterday from Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, Thos. father to Sir Reynold Carnaby and Cuthbert Shaftowe, who being sent for, came to him with Geo. Heron, son and heir of John Heron, now in ward there. Lion Grey porter of Berwick, told him that Heron was implicated in the murder. Has written to him sharply, demanding the proof, which if he fails in he shall repent it, though Norfolk has trusted him most of all men next Robt. Colingwood. Has commanded Sir John à Wetherington to take and keep certain thieves of Scotland. They are the men of whom the Scotch King spake unto Ralph Sadler, when he demanded deliverance of the prisoners in Norfolk's name. Hears of no great hurt done by Riddisdale; but during the rebellion many disorders were committed, and they are not able to make restitution. As to pledges, has already nine persons at Sheriff hutton till restitution be made. Will see the King's letters sent to the gentlemen of Northumberland. As the King will soon withdraw him from this intolerable business, begs to be excused assembling the heads of the countries. As soon as he is at York will write to Newcastle. Will not forbear "for travel of the poor old body nor for the expense of the near bottomless purse, to sweep the house as clean as I may." Expects to have the king of Scots' answer to his demands for deliverance of the rebels. Sent to him for that purpose 12 days ago. "He doth keep so small an house that there is but only six messes of meat allowed in his house, and the queen his wife not like to escape without death, and that not long unto, as I am informed by divers ways." Has so handled George Heron that he hopes he will take Heron of Hawebarnes. Is not sorry to hear of the taking of Mowttrell. Doesn't care how often they pluck each other's feathers. Leckenfield, 3 July.
P.S.—Hears from Sir Will. Knolles and Geo. Madyson that the sickness is very bad at Hull. Will not tarry there longer than the time of execution. Signed.
Pp. 7. Addressed my lord Privy Seal. Endd.: "My lord of Norfolk iiio July 1537."
204. [Norfolk to Cromwell.]
R. O. "Also my lord I perceive by the schedule in the box" that you sent me a writ for the sheriffs of the city of York to see execution done. The writ was for Lincolnshire and not for Yorkshire, so I have returned it to my lord of Suffolk who has the other. Please send me a new writ to the sheriff of Yorkshire, and not the sheriffs of the city of York; for execution shall be done on the height of the Castle dungeon where the sheriffs of the city have no authority. Let it be with me at York on Wednesday or Thursday week at furthest.
Also my lord, I marvel Sir Thomas Curven is "left out to have fees as other men have." He is more worthy of 20l. than any of the others of 10l., and is the most entire friend Sir Thomas Wharton has here.
In the hand of Norfolk's clerk, p. 1.
3 July. 205. Robert Southwell to Cromwell.
R. O. On his arrival at the late monastery of Furnes, 23 June, expected to find the monks ready to disperse on receiving their capacities and 20s. reward; as the earl of Sussex at his last being there was thought to have concluded with them. Hoped then to have taken the survey and repaired to the survey of the late earl of Northumberland's lands, now the King's. But the monks all said with one voice they had agreed to no sum with the earl of Sussex, but that the Earl promised to be a mean to the King to better their living, and so induced them to surrender. Thereof they put up a bill, signed, to Southwell and the commissioners, which he sends by bearer. The commissioners who were with the Earl confirmed it. As he heard the monks were murmuring that the gift of the monastery had been compulsory, he made the instrument in parchment sent by the bearer, and caused it to be read in the hall before 500 persons, and all, both monks and others, signed and sealed it. Had no other way to compass them but to deny them their capacities, alleging the King wished them sent to some religious houses unless they were unfit to persevere in religion. They were content to have infirmity to be their cause, but in no case would have it read in the hall before their neighbours. Wishes Cromwell had heard the whole process. "After I denied them their liberty and would assign them to religion I never heard written nor spoken of religion that was worst to be worse than they themselves were content to confess. I have not seen in my life such gentle companions; it were great pity if such goodly possessions should not be assigned out for the pasturing of such blessed carcases." They desired 20s. wages due at Midsummer last besides the reward; but Southwell gave each 40s. as the King's reward, which seemed the least he could give since the traitors of Whalley had no less. Their secular weed bought, without which he would not suffer them to pass out, little would remain. As there was a bill set upon Shappe door, a religious house 12 miles from Furness, that if the people would rise and come into Lancashire again they would find a captain with money ready to receive them, the commissioners used circumspection and wrote to the men of worship in the parts to which the monks went, to watch them. Where learning failed to admonish them, reminded them of "goodly experiments that hangeth on each side of York, some in rochetts, and some in cowls."
Despatching the monks, their servants, and 12 poor men that bought their living of the house took much time. Have surveyed the demesnes by eye and measure, and not by credit, as the commissioners for the suppression did. The cattle are sold, as they could find no other means to rid their train, which was both chargeable and dangerous for stealing. People came from all parts of the South to buy cattle, but for the milch neat, in number six score, the inhabitants had the preference. The lead is all melted into sows: thanks Cromwell for teaching him how to melt the ashes. Wrote to Mr. Chancellor "to make his like letters to the receivers of the suppression." All the lands of Furness in Lancashire are surveyed, except some in the mountains in High Furness, whither they intend, when the church and steeple are "clear dissolved," to repair; and so forth to Egremont Castle and Cokermouth. Intends in next letters to show the values, and how this isle is peopled with men fit to serve the King; but of the parsonages they intend to make no value till they have received one year's profits. Otherwise they would only guess, and it is thus that the King who grants and the farmer who receives are deceived. Desires that the commissioners may have the ordering of the demesnes till next Michaelmas, and meanwhile he will advise Cromwell for a farmer to dwell in the capital house. Has left edifices standing for such a person. Divers parcels of the demesne should be distributed to four or five poor men who were headmen, and had wages of the house, and are now destitute. Their only want is of another house to be suppressed and divided into farms among the poor. Beamonde grange, for which there are many suitors, is in occupation of 72 tall fellows. Begs that these may not be expelled for any gentleman's pleasure. Will at leisure advertise Cromwell of the "gressomez" of which he has heard much there and in Yorkshire. The earl of Cumberland pretends to be King's farmer of the manor of Wynterborne, in Craven, Yorksh., worth 50l. a year, whereas the Earl would have it for 32l. Sends a testimonial, by bearer, of the monks, concerning the Earl's pretended interest therein. Begs Cromwell will get the King to stay any grant there till he and the auditor have perused the lands there. The King commanded him to survey Salley, which Sir Arthur Darcy has. Spoke with Sir Arthur, who said it was worth 700 mks. whereas it was informed the King to be over 900 mks. Thinks Sir Arthur credible enough. If they peruse all the earl of Northumberland's lands they must into Tynesdale and Rydisdale where, if not better accompanied, they "may happe to survey a pair of stocks in Scotland as did Sir Harry Wyatt; whereof I would be right loth, since in the auditor there resteth so little good fellowship as I fear we should not be merry. The abbot of Westminster was so nice to let Copere come forth that I left, him behind me." The King shall have here the seniory of Furnes, the barony of Kendal, and the honour of Cokermouth, besides lands in Lancashire by the duke of Richmond. The people are loyal. There is a haven and a "pyle" standing thereby very necessary for its defence. Refers it to Mr. Holcroft, who is expert in such things, to describe at his next repair to the Court. If there is a good fee annexed thereto, Holcroft will take it; he has been diligent, though only put in trust to pluck down the church. Sir James Laburne and Sir John Lampley, the one as commissioner, the other as assistant, by my lord Lieutenant's command, have done good service. Begs that letters may be sent to thank them, and ask their assistance of Sowthwell in Cumberland and Northumberland. Sir John a Lampley was a head officer to the old earl. Furneys, 3 July. Signed.
Pp. 11. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
3 July. 206. Robert Southwell to Cromwell.
R. O. On his way towards Furness, found the duke of Norfolk at Sheriffhutton in Yorkshire, and delivered Cromwell's letter, on reading which the Duke seemed glad of Southwell's coming. The Duke walked into the park with him to confer of divers matters, as of Gostwyk's, Pope's, and Freman's, whereof at his departure Cromwell commissioned him; and he, being desirous of amity between the Duke and Cromwell, took the occasion to recite many arguments he had perceived both before and since the Duke's going Northward of Cromwell's friendship to the same. The Duke answered, "Sowthwell," quoth he, "I confess all to be true that you have spoken and myself to be knowing of no less than you have said, for having the experiments that I have of his friendship towards me and mine for my sake, if I should have diffidence in him I were not worthy to be taken ay an honest man, and if there were any spark of mistrust in me toward him I would not disguise it to you, whom I take both to be my friend and an honest man." Assures Cromwell that wherever the Duke went, after reproving the people for their untruth to the King, he blamed most their inhumanity towards Cromwell. Heard this of the people themselves, who are very penitent, though the original default was not in them. Has heard many complaints as he passed through; if it is as they say, they are not well treated. The tenants of Wynterberne complain of my lord of Cumberland: wherewith he would not meddle other than for the "vndevalue" (undervalue?) of the manor, which touches his office; for he has learnt, in the short while he has served the King, that it is best to be silent. Begs favour. Assures Cromwell the King's fee and all he has beside is not us much as the office in London he gave up on entering the King's service. Can get nothing more than his fee of 20l. Truly, if he had sold the cattle, &c. there to the rich, leaving the poor unserved, he might have benefited himself more. Begs remembrance of the bp. of St. Assez suit and his touching the priory of Rochester. Furneys, 3 July.
Hol., pp. 4 Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
3 July. 207. Spanish News.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 341.
B. M.
Alençon, 1537, 3 July:—News from France and movements of the French armies. Here it is believed that the English have agreed with the Emperor, who it is feared will, in concert with them, invade Vayona (Bayonne.)
Spanish, pp. 2. Modern copy from the archives at Simancas.
4 July. 208. Cromwell to the Lord Admiral.
R. O. Has to-day received letters from John Wynter of Bristowe, stating that about St. Peter's Day tidings came of two Bretons lying on the Welsh coast, who entered a ship of Bristowe freighted for Biscay, and either took the ship or spoiled it. They have also robbed boats coming to St. James' fair at Bristowe, and probably intend to wait for ships and boats coming to and fro the fair. Meanwhile one Bowen of Bristowe has taken 14 or 15 of the Bretons who landed for victual near Tynby, and has put them in prison. Wynter has manned a ship for Rochelle with 50 soldiers besides mariners, and will board them if they come in his way. Requests the lord Admiral to advertise the King and find out his pleasure about the prisoners, and whether anything else shall be done in those parts. The Rolls, 4 July. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: A letter to my lord Admiral. Particular letters.
4 July. 209. G. Earl of Shrewsbury, to Cromwell.
R. O. As Sir Henry Sacheverell, who did very good service with the Earl at the last insurrections, is now going up to the King, requests Cromwell to get him access to the King's presence and to instruct his Highness of his services. Wynfeld, 4 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 July. 210. Francis Hall to Lord Lisle.
R. O. This morning Mons. de Mollenbais desired me to write to you that as there is here strange speaking both of the French king and the Frenchmen,—i.e., that the French king is extremely sick, or out of his mind, or dead (for the trumpets that have been here all say the Dauphin and the Great Master were at Amyas, and the King about Paris or Fontainebleau)—you would certify him of the truth. According to yours and Mr. Porter's letters I sent you "a safeguard for fyns." I am sure my uncle (fn. n3) will let you know all his news. From beside Turwaune, Wednesday, 4 July 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Deputy.
ii. Memoranda on the back. "To speak to Mons. de Bies, to write to the baily of Braynerd (?) and Robert le Standard (?), Mons de Curlew (?).
4 July 211. Jehan Ango to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letter by the bearer, and in his presence have spoken to the man who took the hoy (le heux) and the Flemings. He maintains they are lawful prize. If, therefore, anyone demands it, let him come here, and justice shall be done. Dieppe, 4 July 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
4 July. 212. Castelnau, Bishop of Tarbes, to Francis I.
Ribier i. 35. After receiving your two letters from Fontainebleau, 13th and 14th ult., I went to the King, your good brother, to communicate the decipher of the letters of the count of Cifuentes and marquis of Aguilar, and that which has been translated from Portuguese into Italian. Though he found them very bad, as his countenance witnessed, when I was reading the articles mentioning him and the marriage of Madame Marie, his daughter, still, in the end he reassured himself and wished to excuse the Emperor; saying that the writers were far enough away from him to be ignorant of his will. I replied that the said count and marquis were personages of sufficient credit with their master to know his intention, and that, by their daily practises with the Pope, they can better judge the Emperor's estimate of the said marriage than many others who are nearer the Emperor's person. I added that if he considers what terms the Emperor, being at peace with you, formerly used to him, he will find that present extremity has brought him to seek this marriage as a means of getting money from him and the king of Portugal; but he is too wise and wary a prince to let himself be abused by practises for the sole profit of the Emperor.
He then prayed me to leave him the said intercepted letters with the decipher in order that he might get the Emperor's ambassador to recognise the signature. This I did, as advised by the Grand Master. The King, after speaking of the taking of St. Pol, and magnifying the order which the Flemings keep in their camp, returned to the marriage of his daughter, saying she had been offered to you for M. d'Orleans, and since you have refused her, and the brother of the king of Portugal is willing to take her upon any conditions, you could not complain that he had not done his duty to you. Still, the said marriage is not yet quite concluded, and although they seek it diligently and make great offers, such as to give Milan to the Infant of Portugal upon this marriage, he is determined to conclude nothing until the Emperor and king of Portugal leave all other amities which are to him suspect, and join his party; which he has good hope they will do, and already the Spaniards (as he is well informed) are ready to leave the obedience of the Pope and approve the books made here against the marriage of Madame Catherine and against the Pope's authority, insomuch that several "gens de scavoir" have asked subjects of his to bring them many of the said books.
I answered that many people would oppose the possession of Milan by the brother of the king of Portugal, and that he knew whom it most touched, and I could only say that the Emperor wished the marriage of his daughter to cost him dear, putting upon him a burden which he cannot bear, and if he found the cost of Milan was not greater than its revenue he would not be so liberal in offering it. Now if he does not look to himself, they will put him in a labyrinth from which he will hardly escape; for their persuading him that the Spaniards approve what is done here is only to deceive him more easily and get him to contribute in favour of the said marriage; and so separate him from you, in order afterwards to dispose of him at their will when they find him alone and badly allied. He answered that whatever came of this marriage he would always remain your best brother and friend; adding that he knew the gentlemen of your council and of his had no great goodwill to the friendship between you, which would not last long if the mutual goodwill of you two were not greater than that of your privy councils.
I wrote last that the marriage they were treating here was so far arranged by the Chancellor and Cromwell with the Imperial ambassadors, that both sides thought it concluded, and so the ambassadors informed Madame Marie, and one of Cromwell's most confidential servants told a friend he had heard his master say so. I have since investigated this affair and found that the Emperor and king of Portugal, from whom Don Diego de Mendoça has powers, have prayed the King, upon the said marriage, to give Madame Marie the dot of her late mother, 300,000 ducats, and let the Emperor take the said sum upon delivering the duchy of Milan or of Florence to the Infant, at the king of England's choice, as the assignation of the said sum and of the lady's douaire; offering then to take the lady in any quality he likes and not to pretend any right to the succession of England; praying further that after the marriage the Infant may take the lady to Spain or elsewhere, as shall be necessary for the preservation of the estate the Emperor shall give him. These conditions the Chancellor and Cromwell hoped to get ratified, but their master would not consent to his daughter's leaving this country until he had other issue, and also to the assignation of the dot and douaire upon lands not in Flanders or elsewhere near England. Which two articles, although the ambassadors have no power at present to allow them, it is thought the Emperor will readily consent to: but, when they hoped the marriage was in a fair way to be soon concluded, the King has proposed that it is necessary for the Emperor and king of Portugal to declare, and to bind the estates or their realms to maintain, that the marriage of the late queen Catharine was null and against the divine law and therefore that the lady Mary is illegitimate, and that the judgments at Rome contrary to the Acts of this country are null and "abusif," the Pope having no jurisdiction in the matter. Thus the King, who does not see how directly to induce the Emperor and king of Portugal to make themselves heads of the churches in their realms, would tacitly lead them to do something against the Pope, in order that their total destruction and separation from the Church of Rome may follow.
M. de Limoges could advertise you amply of the communication we had with the King; and as the King and his Council complain of innumerable wrongs done to Englishmen on the sea, I have explained in detail to M. d'Allas, the bearer, all their grievances and the answer M. de Limoges and I made. Please give him credence in these and all other affairs of which, the Grand Master wrote to me, he had charge to inform himself on his return from Scotland. London, 4 July 1537.
Bibl. Nat.
No. 737, p. 94.
2. An abstract of the news contained in the fourth paragraph of the above as far as the words about the judgment at Rome being null and "abusif." Headed and subscribed as written at London, 5 (sic) July.
Fr., pp. 2. From a modern transcript.
213. Francis I. to Tarbes.
Ribier, i. 38. Has received by the sieur d'Allas his letter of the 4th, and thinks his reply touching the count of Fuentes (Cifuentes) and the Marquis d'Aguillare as good as possible. As to the King's daughter having been offered for M. de Orleans, &c, the difficulty arose because she was not to be delivered as legitimate. If the king of Portugal's brother will take her upon any conditions Francis much approves the match; for he takes the king of Portugal for his good brother, and is confident that the king of England will not conclude anything at the Emperor's suggestion, prejudicial to Francis or his children. Thinks, from what Tarbes writes, that the thing is not yet concluded.
As to affairs in Picardy, the enemy are still about Therouenne, and have battered it for some days; but those within scarcely fear them, and are determined to defend themselves. The French army is near Hesdin, in a place suitable for harassing the enemy.
4 July. 214. Sadolet to Pole.
Epp. Fam.
Ep. 289.
Poli Epp. ii.
Has not written to him since he left, as Pole has not asked him to do anything on his account. We are here in great fear of the Turk, against whom we have no garrisons laid, and our only trust is our prince's (fn. n4) wisdom. Experienced men say no hostile fleet can have access to us before the end of August. Regrets that Pole has not been successful in his efforts. Wishes for his return, as things cannot remain long in their present disturbed condition. Desires him to salute the bp. of Verona. Rome, iv. Non. Julii, 1537.
5 July. 215. The Priest of Bishop's Hampton.
R. O. "The saying of Richard Lyghttfote, Friday the 5th day of July (fn. n5) Anno rr. Henrici VIII. 29, before John Grevyll and William Lucy esquire and John Combes the King's commissioners."
That Wm. Clopton on Thursday, 4 July, being market day in the town of Streteford, (fn. n6) came into the chapel of the Guild and sent for divers persons of the said town, some twice, some thrice, some more, willing them to set their hands to a certain bill against the priest of Hampton. (fn. n7) Among others he sent his servant John Barrete to the house of the said Ric. Lightfoot desiring him to come to the chapel, and as he did not come at once, sent for him twice more. So he came to the said Clopton and found with him Henry Samwell, Wm. Fynche and others. On Clopton desiring him to put his hand to the bill which was to be sent up to London, "forasmuch as you hare my tenant, the same Richard Lyghttfote demanded and said, Let me hear those words in the said bill,"—viz., those in the bill of indictment. Lightfoot refused to put his hand to the bill, never having heard the priest speak or preach such words, and said no man should cause him to belie any Christian man. Then Clopton said "You will not displease Master Combes, for that he will make you this year master of the Guild." Signed by Grevyll, Lucy, and Combes.
P. 1.
5 July. 216. John Uvedale to Mr. Challoner.
R. O. Sends the confession of Wood and the other witnesses, and the declaration of the mind of Father Robynson to be delivered to my lord President. Rob. Wood, uncle to the said accuser Will. Wood, told some of the Council after his examination that the said William when a child was so often caught picking and stealing that his kinsmen thought of putting him to sea in a coble boat. Sends also copy of Will. Wood's examination this morning. Compare the two examinations you will see what sort of man he is. York, Thursday, 5 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my loving fellow Master Challoner at Pountefrete.
5 July. 217. Hugh Gills to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Mons. de Brytyngie, otherwise called Johan de Quitanadonys has promised a couple of chickens of the breed of the hens of Inde (turkeys), and will send them when they are older. It is said here that the English have caused the breaking up of their army, so that our nation is ill welcome and in doubt of greater displeasure.
Asks Lord Lisle to tell his cousin John Marshall if the writer need to withdraw himself for eschewing of further dangers. Roan, 5 July, 1537.
The above named merchant has caused him to enclose a letter in this. There is nothing prejudicial in it, as it only concerns his merchandise. Asks that it may be delivered to Arnolde Guilyem or some man at the house of Gills' father.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: in Calais.
5 July. 218. James V. to Christian III.
ger iv. 53.
After receiving his letters by Geo. Lutken, determined to send an ambassador. Desires credence for John Bertoun. Holyrood, 5 July 1537. Signed.
ii. Bertoun's instructions are to congratulate Christian on his success, and to advise him to make an alliance with France.
219. Denmark and Scotland.
ger iv. 55.
Christian III.'s reply to the Scotch envoy. Congratulates the king of Scotland on his safe return from France and his marriage, and condoles with him for the Queen's death. Thanks for his suggestions about the French alliance. When he began the war sent ambassadors to England, France, and Scotland, asking for aid, and was surprised at getting none. Denmark is devastated by the war. Has therefore made peace with the Emperor for three years. Has nevertheless determined to send an envoy to France to treat, and requests James to send some one to assist in the negotiations. Cannot send the ship equipped with cannon and ammunition as the King desires, as he has to go to Norway to receive this crown, and will not only want his own ships but will have to borrow from his friends, Copenhagen.
Ibid. 58. 2. A similar statement in French.
6 July. 220. Chertsey Abbey.
R. O. Surrender (by John Cordrey, abbot, and the convent, in consideration that, the King intends to found anew the late monastery of Bissam, Berks., and establish them as abbot and convent of Bissam, and endow them with the possessions of the late monastery of Bissam) of the monastery with all its possessions in England and Wales, and the marches thereof. 6 July, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed by John [Cordrey,] abbot, William, the prior, and 13 others. [See D. K.'s Eighth Report, App. II., 15.] Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 1, No. 8] with memorandum of acknowledgment, same day, before Wm. Peter one of the clerks of Chancery.
6 July. 221. Heresy.
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
Indictment of Alice, wife of Francis Fonge, of Parva Missenden, setting forth that whereas Ric. Westwood and Thos. Newynt[on?], churchwardens of Lye, Bucks., 6 July, 29 Henry VIII., came to Fonge's house and asked his charity for their church, and Alice wife of the said Francis asked them to drink, Westwood saw a book of the Gospels in English lying in the window, and read therein concerning baptism, and questioned the said Alice, who like a heretic denied that the blessed water could save a human soul. He also questioned her and she denied transubstantiation (questions and answers given). She then refused to answer further and said "Non habeo librum Postremæ Cænæ."
Latin, p. 1.
6 July. 222. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. I wrote before asking what I should do with the Northern man and the priest and his accuser, for words against the King. I desire to know; the examinations are with your Lordship. No news. I am removing to Chester where I will tarry till the "middes" of August next. Bisshoppiscastell, 6 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 July. 223. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I received yesterday, by the bearer, your letter complaining of the capture, by men of St. Saulveur Dyves, of an English hoy, which has been brought to Boulogne. I immediately sent word to the Admiral's lieutenant, who tells me he had already seen about it and that the persons you demand are at liberty in their hoy. Will take all care to prevent an infraction of the amity. Boulogne, 6 July. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 July. 224. The Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
See Grants in July No. 25.
7 July. 225. Harry Huttoft to Cromwell.
R. O. I received your letters by the bearer John Thrushe concerning such bonds as I stood bound to him for Ant. Guydott and his brother, "whereupon at the much creping and fair words of the said Thrushe I paid him at his first day after the departing of the said Ant. Guydott, 120l." and he promised to wait for the remaining 85l. till the said Antony came home. I have also paid him upon my bond for Baptist Guydott, 88l. 5s., so there remains 136l. 13s. I never denied my debt as he complains, and now on your Lordship's letter, though it is very inconvenient, I have offered him Gascon wines to the value of 80l. or to pay him 100 marks at the coming of my ship. All which he has refused, showing himself very extreme by reason of your Lordship's letter, and making more rumour than all the other creditors. I beg you to consider what pain I have, awaiting succour from the said Antony. 7 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
7 July. 226. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Desires him to be good lord to John Horseley the bearer who is one of the best defenders of Northumberland: where he and Robert à Colyngwode dwell there has been no hurt done in all the time of this business with Lyddersdale. Rispee, (fn. n8) 7 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
7 July. 227. Luis Sarmiento to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 342.
B. M.
News of the King, Queen and family of Portugal. The Infant Don Luis has asked me twice or thrice if your Majesty has written about the coming of the Ambassador who lately came thither from the king of England, or if anything was known of Don Diego de Mendoça whom you sent to England. Replied that there had not been time for an answer upon the matter of England since his going. He said that from France he wrote nothing of the matter of England; but that a cardinal was there, an Englishman whom the Pope was sending to England. [The King of England] (fn. n9) sent to have him delivered as his subject, and the French King replied he had no jurisdiction over him, but would send him out of his kingdom. This he did, and the Cardinal has gone to Cambray.
* * * Hebora, 7 July 1537.
Spanish, pp. 5. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
8 July. 228. Cromwell to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 205.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Writes this by George Pery, a gentleman of M. Chappuys, the Emperor's ambassador. Here at Stepney this morning arrived Rougecroix the herald with Wyat's letters dated 24 June. Forwarded them straightway to the King at Oking. Thanks him for his letters written at his first arrival before he had audience and for those now received. Touching communications with the Emperor's ambassadors, of which Cromwell wrote by M. de Vauldray, hopes for a good result. No news since last writing. The traitors have been executed, lord Darcy at Tower Hill and lord Hussey at Lincoln, Aske hanged upon the dungeon of York Castle, Sir Robt. Constable hanged at Hull, and the rest at Thyfbourne; so that all the cankered hearts are weeded away. The Burgundians have a jolly army of hardy men which took St. Pol by assault, killing 800 Frenchmen in the assault and 1,500 more on first entering the town. From thence they went to Montereul, which in two days surrendered upon terms, M. de Canaples, the captain, going out with bag and baggage. The town was then spoiled, brent, and rased. Thence they have gone to besiege Therouenne, which they hope to take. They have as yet had never a skirmish with the Frenchmen; albeit the Dolphyn and Great Master are at Abbeville assembling their army to rescue that town, and the French king is at Fontainebleau, and they (the French) crack that they will give them battle. Writes in haste, but must not omit to say that some of Wyat's servants are called common stealers of the King's hawks. Wyat must write to them to leave such pranks. It is needless to write of the "prosperous disposition" of the King and Queen, which God continue. Stepeney, 8 July 1537. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Ambassador resident with the Emperor. Endd.: "ij. From my lord Privy Seal by George Pery at Saragosse, rec. the ijd of August."
8 July. 229. Norfolk to [Cromwell].
R. O.
St. P. v.91.
I thank your lordship for your friendship at this time in trying out my truth and my son's, and advertising me of the King's favours borne to me. Excuses himself from taking Cromwell's advice to offer to remain longer in these parts; for if he should tarry till the cold weather it would cause his death. Even now in the heat of summer he goes as warmly clad as in winter, and yet if he takes any cold the lax comes again so sore that it plucks his stomach clear away. Begs therefore that the King's promise in his last letters may be observed. Does not feign this disease as those of the Council here will witness. Will serve the King in France or Flanders, or elsewhere out of these cold parts, as long as he can sit on horseback, but here he cannot live. Believes Cromwell would not have written as he did without the King's privity. Fears he has back friends that wish him out of the world. Although it be best to have a lieutenant here with a good Council, a good president, and a good minister of justice, yet the country is now in that sort that none of the realm shall be better governed. If hereafter he can do the King service, and is able to ride, will be ready on three days' warning with 100 of his household well horsed. As to restraints for deer that were the earl of Northumberland's, will act with all diligence. Has requested Sir Thomas Tempest to take Sir Thomas Percy's children into his custody as they are now in the Bishopric within two miles of his house. Wrote concerning John Heron and his son George and the other John Heron. Yesterday Lion Grey brought him one of the men that has detected the matter, and delivered his confession made 30 April before Sir Reynold Carnaby, and others sent with this. Begs that if may be returned. Thinks they have not done well to keep it so long secret. His servant Thomas Hussey will declare his opinion what is to be done in the matter. Cromwell will also receive by him a letter sent to Norfolk from the king of Scots, and he shall declare the offer made by lord Maxwell and his opinion therein. "On Friday, being market day at Hull, Sir Robert Constable suffered, and doth hang above the highest gate of the town, so trimmed in chains, as this bearer can show you, that I think his bones will hang there this hundred year." And on Thursday, a market day, Norfolk will beat the execution of Aske at York with the neighbouring gentry. Will then remain at Sheriffhutton till he hears the King's pleasure concerning the affairs of the Marches. Hopes, if Mr. Aldred be promoted to Carlisle as reported, that Mr. Thirlby and Mr. Curren will have some part of his promotions. Wishes Sir Ralph Ellerker were made master of the game of this park with rule of the lordship. Lekenfild, Sunday, 8 July.
P.S.—The sending down of the King's pardon should not be further delayed for the coming down of any nobleman hither unless it were to succeed himself, and the sooner the better. Signed.
Pp. 4. Endd.: 1537.
8 July. 230. James of Desmond to Henry VIII.
St. P. ii. 466. Humbly proffers his service to the King, which he can do better than any of his predecessors did, since his grandfather was headed at Drodagh, saving his father who was leader of the King's host in all wars in Munster. Marvels at the King's reception of the bastard James Fitz Maurice, whose father and grandfather were continual rebels against the Crown, robbing cities, killing merchants, and giving the possessions of the English to Irishmen. Asks that the cities and borough towns of Munster may decide which is worthiest. With 300 men he would astonish the nobility with the good rule he would put in Munster in two years. Kyllmallock, 8 July.
Half page. (See No. 389, vi.)
9 July. 231. John Butler to Cranmer.
R. O. Here is a priest, Sir William Mynstreley, once a curate in London and in Kent, who offered to prove by his book called "Lavacrum Conscientiæ," that priests are above angels, and ought to have no temporal prince over them nor pay anything to them. Butler sent for him and took the book from him, and found that he had sore laboured a place that advanced the bp. of Rome's authority, and another place in favour of purgatory. Brought the book to my lord and the council, who committed the priest to prison. There is another priest here called Good Sir William, who on Sunday, 1 July, in executing the parish priest's office, ordered the day of St. Thomas the Martyr to be kept as a holiday as of old. Wishes to know what to do with him, for he is a great enemy to the truth. Once he was going to be punished for sorcery, but such suit was made for him that nothing was done, and now I see suit will again be made for him, for lady Lisle told me she would write to you in his behalf. His name is Sir William Richardson. I answered her that the matter touched the King, as he had disobeyed the King's commandment, but I see that is a small fault here. Calais, 9 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
9 July. 232. George Gyffard to Cromwell.
R. O. At my last being with you I informed your lordship of divers misdemeanors done by Sir Will. Brakden, abbot elect of St. James nigh Northampton, whereupon I perceived your lordship took some stay concerning the furtherance of his suit. Since his coming home about 14 days ago, he has taken comfort by your letters to imprison two of the canons, the one named Sir Ric. Writer the other Sir Ric. Kylner, for speaking against his preferment, I doubt not they spoke of him truly as a man too light for such a room. I beg you will direct a commission or call the prisoners before you, who say they are ready to prove what they have spoken. The said abbot elect has all his comfort from the prior of St. Andrew's. Cleydon, 9 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 July. 233. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. In behalf of Thos. Daulston the bearer, who has received no fees like other gentlemen of the West Marches, though he has done good service in the time of this business, as Cumberland and others can report. Lekenfild, 9 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed Endd.
9 July. 234. Ric. Pollard to Cromwell.
R. O. Will attend to his letters for finding the office of the late lord Darcy's lands only for the King, and nothing for the title of the lord Steward. Encloses a list of Darcy's fees and offices, and will send the like, of Sir Robt. Constable's. Has surveyed the demesnes and granges of the late monastery of Whalley, but not all the lands, as they be in divers shires. Has let the demesnes and granges until Michaelmas to the poor inhabitants. Has heard divers men say they trust to have it of the King at the old rent. Does not meddle with the lead of Whalley or Byrlyngton, for if it is handled by those who understand it, it will fetch a great sum. Was offered 500 mks. for the covering of one barn at Byrlyngton. Asks what shall be done with the walls. Has granted the tithes appropriate to the said monasteries to divers men till Christmas, and then they to yield account for the profits of a whole year. Whalle, 9 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 July. 235. Robert Aldridge, Bishop of Carlisle.
See Grants in July, No. 30.
10 July. 236. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. "Lauded be God, we had a fair passage." With much ado we were horsed at Dover, notwithstanding your lordship's commandment, but we made such diligence that we were with my lord Privy Seal by 2 p.m. next day. His lordship was glad of our coming, and especially of the overthrow of the. French. Perceives that any news favourable to the Emperor will be acceptable, and Lisle should see that such intelligence may come first through him. My lord Privy Seal has committed Jas. Crane to my governance and company, and we have been continually waiting to know his pleasure; but he defers till his servant, who is hourly looked for, comes from Court. This matter is earnestly looked upon. Perceives what is done will be by the King's assent and the whole Council. Cromwell promises I shall be rid of your long tracted suit before he comes from Court. The Great Bark, the Minion, the Janet, and the Swipstake are pressed and shall forthwith out, for what purpose is yet unknown. Lady Lawson is dead. As for your other affairs "with your familiar enemies," I doubt not they will be defeated. Goodall has received everything according to Mr. Skryven's writing. I trust God will send him in safety. St. Katharine's, 10 July.
Has had a side of a red deer given him for his lordship by Mr. Gounson. Harold hath it to bake.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 July. 237. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Although I was loth to leave you, it was a comfort to see you merry, and it would be it greater to me and all your friends to hear that you are delivered of a young Plantagenet. We had a fair passage, but there were not six of the quails worth presenting to the Queen. All the rest were very lean, especially ten or twelve, so I sent them to Mr. Sywlyard. Goodall can tell you what they were like, by no means so good as the last. Since my coming I have received your letter with the letter for Mr. Hore. I will follow your ladyship's commands. I am still here waiting on my lord Privy Seal, with my carriage. I trust, shortly to be rid thereof. St. Katharine's, 10 July.
Excuses his bad writing as he has pricked his thumb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 July. 238. Sir Thomas Tempest to Cromwell.
R. O. Norfolk has shown him Cromwell's letter directing him to abide in these parts. Thinks the instruction ought not to be followed; he is so diseased that it would be dangerous for him to dwell in this cold country in winter. Is sure he wishes to serve the King to the best of his power, but other noblemen might be appointed to rule these countries. Nevertheless he should not be recalled immediately; for, first, he is much beloved in these parts; secondly he is noted as a just man, diligent to serve the King in all things, fierce and sharp to offenders, and admitted by Scotch and English to be of high courage. And although these parts be now well stayed, their late perversity should be noted, and, as many great men of blood and well befriended have justly suffered, it is to be feared their friends are not well contented. Thinks therefore that Norfolk, whom all offenders regard as their scourge, should remain till the end of October, leaving behind him a council with a good president, and returning at Easter or soon after for summer. Beverley, 10 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
10 July. 239. Sir Thomas Tempest to Tunstall.
R. O. Perceives that my lord of Norfolk labours sore to be discharged of all authority in these parts and to depart hence at Michaelmas, notwithstanding my Lord Privy Seal's persuasions to remain. Is well assured nevertheless he will follow the King's pleasure. Tunstall knows what need there is to have him here. Wishes he could remain here till Hallowmas, repair to London for winter, and come back for summer. The country is not so clearly reduced to all goodness that he should be taken from these parts. Has written much to this purpose to my lord Privy Seal and begs Tunstall will express his opinion. Beverley, 10 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 July. 240. Charles V. to Luis Sarmiento.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 345.
B. M.
Has seen all his letters up to the 15 June. Has not replied to them as he awaited answer from the ambassadors in England about the mission of Don Diego de Mendoca, which answer came eight days ago. It consists in three points which will appear by the "relacion" and the copy of the Emperor's reply sent herewith. Would have liked to have had the king of Portugal's advice first; but the instability of England and the necessity of diligence and the nature of the King's demands touching the Council and the Faith which do not concern our own will but the service of God, made the Emperor reply immediately as he has done. All is to be shown to the king of Portugal and the Infant, and their opinion taken. The Emperor is as anxious as they for the success of the negociation.
Movements of the French troops, probability of their invading Spain on the side of Narbonne, &c. The Turk and the Emperor's preparations against him. Florence. Duchess of Savoy. The queen of Portugal and the French ambassador. The Indies. The man who came from Prester John, &c.
Modem ropy from the archives of Simancas, Spanish, pp. 11. Original headed: A Luis Sarmiento, de Valladolid 10 de Julio 1537.


  • n1. Mary Basset.
  • n2. The 2nd July 1537 was a Monday, and the King removed from Hampton Court to Woking either on the 3rd or 4th. The occasion of the writing of this letter, however, is by no means certain.
  • n3. Sir Robert Wingfield.
  • n4. Andrea Doria, prince of Melfi.
  • n5. The 5th of July was a Thursday in 1537 (29 Hen. VIII.)
  • n6. Stratford-upon-Avon.
  • n7. Edward Large, see No. 303.
  • n8. Risby in Yorkshire near Beverley.
  • n9. These words omitted in the copy.