Henry VIII: September 1537, 21-30

Pages 263-283

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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September 1537, 21-30

21 Sept. 731. Anne Rouaud (Madame de Bours) to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Glad to receive your news. I was sorry for Mademoiselle Anne's departure which her sister (fn. n1) much regretted. You do me honour by leaving her with me. She is very well and improving every day in her bearing ("enhonneste"). The bearer will give you news of her and me. I was dismayed yesterday to see the fire there has been in this town. "Je ne vous sairois tenir plus long pourpos," and I was very sorry we could make no better cheer to your men. Your daughter has not had great pleasure in being here. I find her a very ladylike person ("fort honnestes femme"). You need not trouble yourself to get lanners; you have given me enough. If I can get a goshawk I will send it to lord Lisle. Abbeville, 21 Sept.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
22 Sept. 732. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
R. O. Received this morning the King's letters of the 18th, with Mr. Bowes' credence. Begs him not to think that he was advised by any man but the Council here in recommending the changing of Sir John Weddrington and Sir Reynold Carnaby. Explains his reasons. Carnaby, since he was officer of Tyndale, never once came amongst them, nor has taken one thief. Weddrington after taking divers has let go some and taken four out of prison whom Norfolk commanded him to keep, and bound himself for their appearance. Norfolk compelled him to bring in three again; the fourth was in Scotland, delivered at the day of trew, who is one of the most arrant thieves of Riddesdale. Three weeks ago the sheriff sent to him in Norfolk's name to take 10 notable thieves in Riddesdale who had been indicted of divers felonies, and he has not taken one. More than six weeks ago when Jack of Musgrave was with Norfolk the Duke commanded him at his peril to take eight notable thieves, who had not only spoiled the King's subjects of Austen More but on being pursued raised the inhabitants of Bewcastle Dale upon them, hurt several and took 32 prisoners, whose goods they still detain without restitution. He has not yet brought one of them. Wrote to him before coming hither, charging him strictly to bring them and three other arrant thieves; but none of them is yet brought in. Has again written to him this night and knows not what he will do. These thievish counties cannot be kept in good order without strict punishment of offenders. Held oyer determiner here on Monday and Tuesday, when there were put to execution and now hang in chains of those that Crane accused one priest and two mariners. The priest confessed his offence, the other two would not. At the same time six arrant thieves were executed, two of Tyndale taken by the sheriff, two of Riddesdale and two of Northumberland taken by the Fenwicks, not one by any of your Highness' officers. Thinks if they had done their duty the execution would have been such as has not been seen for many years. Of those of Riddesdale one was a headsman of that country who was a hostage with Norfolk at Sheriff Hutton, and has stolen since his departure thence. Will keep a new sessions here on Wednesday or Thursday next, and if your three said officers do their duties I think an example will be made for many years to come.
Will do his best to execute the rest of the King's letters. Thanks the King for his discharge and for sending my lord of Durham hither. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 22 Sept.
P.S.—Jack à Musgrave has just come and has only brought one of those the Duke commanded him to apprehend. Has ordered him to return and bring the rest by Wednesday next. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
[22] Sept. 733. Edmond Wryight to Cromwell.
R. O. Immediately on entering into the parsonage of Lyth by virtue of a lease from Sir Thos. Wentworthe, six servants of Sir Ralph Evars, the younger, riotously entered it and have continued ever since with shouting, routing, and blowing of horns and bagpipes.
Young lady Evars, also, hearing that two of her servants, Thos. Wright and John Norman, had gone to the writer's wife at Lyth, and fearing that they would reveal words she had spoken concerning the King, sent to all the abbot of Whitby's tenants and all Mr. Salvyn's tenants to be ready against his coming down. On Monday before St. Matthew's day, John Evars, her brother-in-law, with 60 persons entered the parsonage at one o'clock at night, and threatened and reviled his wife and her servants, so that he fears she will hardly escape it, till a justice of the peace came and conveyed her to Mr. Musgrave, servant to lord Latimer. She has now come to her husband at Pykryng. They are still lying in wait for Thos. Wright and Norman. Carried Wright and Norman before Sir Roger Chamley, justice of the peace, and encloses their confession. Chamley has also sent it to the duke of Norfolk at Newcastle. Is going thither himself. Asks Cromwell to send letters to John Evars and others to avoid possession of the parsonage and appear before the Council. Pikeryng, Saturday after St. Matthew's day.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Confession of Thos. Wright as to the saying of lady Evre, wife to young Sir Ralph Evre, in her own chamber at Skarburgh, taken before Sir Roger Chamley, justice of the peace, Wm. Wytheam, Robt. Hunter, and others, on St. Matthew's day at night, 21st Sept.
1. That about Tuesday next before St. Bartylmew day she said to Thomas her servant, "There is 20 of the best in Yorkshire hath sent me word that if my husband were in any danger, that they would rise and fetch him out, or else to die therefor." John Norman deposes that she said to her brother-in-law, John Evre, that if her husband were in any danger above, it would turn to a worse business than the death of any man that died within Yorkshire as yet.
Both Wright and Norman depose that John Eure the younger, with other evil disposed persons, kept them in a chamber in Lyth parsonage, threatening them with death if they came forth.
P. 1.
23 Sept. 734. Cromwell to [the Irish Commissioners].
In favour of his servant Hieronym Lyn, keeper of Carlingford Castle, if he make suit for any farm or other thing about the same castle. Murtlacke, 23 Sept.
Half page. (See No. 389 xiv.)
23 Sept. 735. Cromwell to [the Irish Commissioners].
The King has appointed the bearer, my servant James Sherlock, his receiver in county Wexford, and I desire you to give him some honest farm there meet for his abode when he repairs thither. Stepney, 23 Sept.
Half page. (See No. 389 xii.)
—Sept. 736. Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
R. O.
I thank you for the news of the King's good health and for your other pains taken for me in my absence. A friend desires me to write that he may have the preferment to buy the house of the friars in Sudbury at a valuation, as he supposes the friars will willingly depart. Berechurch,— (fn. n2) Sept.
P.S.—The proclamation for dispensing of the act of clothmaking will expire at Michaelmas next. Some clothiers have been in hand with me for longer continuance of it. Let me know your pleasure.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Sept. 737. Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
Titus, B. v. 187. B.M. Divers clothmakers of these parts have been with him, declaring that if they are compelled to make cloth from Michaelmas forwards according to the King's Act, it will cause them to forbear clothmaking, for it is impossible to keep the breadth of the cloth limited by the Act. The weavers are also too poor to provide "lomes and slees" to weave cloths according to the Act. Answered that there was much slander in outward parts for false cloth making, for remedy whereof this Act was provided; that before the Act was made, the clothmakers who were consulted, said it was reasonable; that he thought they rather sought occasion to continue their false making, than try to make true cloth according to the Act; also that the King had suspended the Act for a long time by his proclamation that they might provide looms and other things for making true cloth, and marvelled that they had been so negligent; and he did not think the King would defer the execution of the Act any longer: They lamented very sorely, saying they would leave their trade for the time, for they could by no possible means make cloth according to the Act, "and specially for their breade."
Bade them take heed and beware, for he thought they might perform the Act if they had good will and zeal to the commonwealth, and if by obstinacy or wilfulness they left their cloth-making, any murmur or sedition among the people for lack of work would be laid to their charge.
To this they said obediently they would do what they could, and begged him to be a mean with the King to suspend the Act, which he would not promise. Asks Cromwell, if he thinks fit, to find out the King's pleasure whether the Act shall be suspended for another year. Thinks it would not be much amiss. Wishes to know as soon as possible for Michaelmas is the last day of the old proclamation. Terlyng, 23 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[23] Sept. 738. Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
R. O.1537. In behalf of Serjeant Grenfeld, who writes to him that the King is willing to grant him the office of controller of the ports of Exeter and Dartmouth lately held by Wm. Symonds. If he can obtain Cromwell's favour it would be a charity; for he is a poor younger brother and has many children and served the King well at the last rebellion. He has had no advancement but the office of serjeant, which cost him much money. The King granted him a lease of a little priory in Cornwall, but he was so molested by Mr. Arundell that he got little profit out of it. Was much troubled, by Cromwell's late letters, that it was reported to the King he had attempted to take the stewardship of St. Albans. Reminds Cromwell he spoke about it to him before he did anything, showing that the earl of Wiltshire had offered him his patent, and Cromwell encouraged him to believe the King would be content. Obtained the patent from the earl under the convent seal: the fee is 20l. If he may not take a free gift from his friend, he is worse than a friar Observant. Has not yet the office, but only the fee, as the patent is still in the name of the earl of Wiltshire, and Audeley never meant to change the name till the King's pleasure was known. Wrote, however, to the abbot on the subject, who informed him that a promise was made thereof to my lord of Norfolk and his son, but that he was willing to grant it to Audeley in his own name during Wiltshire's life, which Audeley refused. Terlyng, —— (fn. n3) Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Privy Seal.
23 Sept. 739. John Graynfeld to Cromwell.
R. O. Asks him to write to Mr. Hennage to get Graynfeld's bill signed for the comptrollership of Exeter and Dartmouth. If he live, will prepare some pleasure for Cromwell. 23 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. (wrongly): Sir John Graynffeld.
23 Sept. 740. Dr. William Knyght to Cromwell.
R. O. The name of the prebend in Salisbury that Cuthbert sued your lordship for yesterday for his brother is Bymester (Bedminster). For your favour in this Cuthbert will give 20l. Undrehill (fn. n4) is past recovery; they that keep him think he cannot continue till next morning. Sunday, 23 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Doctor Knyght.
23 Sept. 741. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Has written to the King. At this last oyer determiner had before him one priest who still remains in prison. Sends a bill of the matters laid to his charge. His answer was that one Watson dwelling in Durham said the words to him; but Watson denies it and he had no witnesses. As the words be very lewd and we are uncertain about the law we desire instructions. Has examined his servant Hodgeson whether he knows the hand. He says no; but that he was at Lassyngham, one of Sir John Bulmer's houses, where was a servant of Ralph Bulmer's called Ralph Watson and one of Sir John Bulmer's called William Stratford and there was lying on a cupboard a letter which he read because the other two could not, and they, finding the matter touched Cromwell, sent the same to the said Ralph Bulmer to show him, without finding any fault of what touched Norfolk. This letter he says was found about Whitsuntide, and Norfolk thinks himself more offended than any man. Will very seriously search out the truth. Cuthbert of Charlton, one of the causers of the murder of Hodge of Fenwick, by means of John Heron, died on Wednesday last. Wishes his fellow Edward Charlton, were with him. At this last oyer determiner, caused George Heron to be foreman of the inquest and there indicted both those that are put to death and others, amongst them three of those who attacked the said Hodge. Has caused him to return to his house to apprehend one arrant traitor, which he offered to do himself. "If he do I shall have in my hands two false harlots," and whether he do or not Norfolk will make the said George sure and deliver his father's house, lands, and goods to keep to the King's use before his departure. Hopes to indict them both as accessories to the murder.
Yesterday after closing the King's letter, having made no mention of restitution of Tyndale and Riddesdale, and hearing afterwards that both Tyndale and Riddesdale are quick in making restitution, detained his letters till this day. In the morning the commissioners, both for Tyndale and Riddesdale, arrived and say there are few or none, but have either made restitution already or put in sufficient pledges. Has no fear therefore of any escaping except the murderers of Hodge of Fenwick with whom Sir Reynold Carnaby is like to have some business. For all the rest of the countries under Norfolk's rule, trusts he has swept the houses so clean that my lord of Durham will find no great matter unpurged. Has made a full agreement between my lords Scrope and Conyers and all others who were at variance. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 23 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Sept. 742. J. de Morbecque to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. I have begun to hunt wild swine (chasser au noir). I send you a boar's head and side. I hope to get better venison a little later. Tournehen Castle, 23 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 Sept. 743. Cromwell to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282. f. 207.
B. M. Nott's Wyatt
In behalf of John Brymedgham of Ireland, who was robbed of his ship and goods by certain Spaniards, and in whose favour the Emperor's ambassadors here have written to the justices in Spain. Lord Butler writes fully of the matter. Stepenhith, 24 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: ambassador in the Emperor's court. Endd.: "My lord Privy Seal of Septemb., dd. long after at Barsolona, for the Irish man."
24 Sept. 744. The Charterhouse of Wytham to Dr. Leyton.
R. O. Have received his letters, and done as much as they may, not offending God and their rule. Their prior being absent, have sent him the lord Privy Seal's and Leyton's letters, and will answer them when they hear from him. Complain of their poverty and the great payments they have made and must make. Have sold church plate, cattle, and wood, and borrowed money. Know not how to pay the next sum at Christmas, except by favour of relaxation or help in letting this farm fallen into their hands. Beg him to be a solicitor to the lord Privy Seal that their place may not be forfeited for default of the next payment. 24 Sept., from the Charterhouse of Wyttham.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 Sept. 745. Denmark and France.
iv. 69.
Instructio de pactis triennii indutiis cum Cæsareanis et de fœdere inter Reges adjungendo.
Instructions of Christian III., to Peter Suavenius, sent to France.
Was crowned on Aug. 12. Intended to send his ambassador first to England and then to France, but understood from the letters brought by George Lucken that the two kings had disagreed and that Henry had furnished the Emperor with money to make war on Francis. Desires advice from Francis whether to make peace with the Low Germans, or continue the war on the expiry of the truce, and whether to send to England to persuade Henry to accept friendship with France. The Scotch king has always replied to requests for aid that he is as nearly connected by blood with Christiern as with Christian, and therefore refuses. If he is included in the treaty, it must be settled what mutal aid they are to give. Copenhagen, 24 Sept. 1537.
Ibid., 77. 2. Suavenius' speech, expanding the preceding instructions.
Ibid., 81. 3. Suavenius' account of his mission.
746. Henry VIII. to [Norfolk].
R. O. Has received his letters of the 22nd inst. in answer to the King's of the 18th, and seen his letters to the lord Privy Seal. Thanks him for his services, perceiving that his complaint of the negligence of Sir Reynold Carnaby and Sir John of Withrington was well founded. Hopes his reproof to them will stir them up to new diligence. Thanks him for his pains about Tyndale and Riddesdale, and the punishment of offenders in those parts. Hopes that the correction of a few will preserve the lives of many. Commends his discreet order for the apprehension of George Heron, before he departs, and the bestowing of all things that belonged to his father, in surety to the King's behoof. "Advertising you further that we have now dispatched towards you the right ——"
Wriothesley's hand. Unfinished draft, pp. 3. Endd.: The minute of the King's letter to —— to the North.
25 Sept. 747. Sir Thos. Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
R. O. The day before the arrrival of your last letters requesting a benefice in Wales for Sir Rob. Johns, I had given it to a chaplain of my own, a Welshman born. Will be glad to satisfy Sir Robert otherwise. As to your other letters, I thank you for the pains you have taken in declaring to the King the contents of my letters about the patent of St. Alban's. I intended, not as you advise, to send the patent to his Grace and remit the matter to him, but to bring it at my next access to him, for it is in my study in London, and I should not like any to come there but myself. I mean to be at London in the end of next week, when I hope to see the King or send it, trusting his Grace will be satisfied till then. Terlyng, 25 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Sept. 748. Ric. Layton, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. On Friday last, the minister of the Friars of Hownsley let to farm, to Mr. Cheiseman, his house and lands, for 99 years, the minister to have 10l. a year for life, and each of the others 5l. Cheiseman told them your Lordship was well content he should so do, as the minister has confessed to me, with sale of small parcels of plate, whom I commanded to sell or alienate no further till he knew your pleasure. Yet Mr. Cheiseman dined with me at Harrow last Thursday, and when he showed me that the Friars would have sold him their house and lands, I advised him to go to your Lordship, the King's high vicar-general, to whom it pertained to redress their misgovernance. Nevertheless, the morrow after, he obtained this lease, as the minister confessed, whom I sent for to Harrow as soon as I heard of this bruit. The Prince, their founder, and your Lordship will best know what to do. I send by this bringer "perisse (pears) of Harrowe, graffed by my lord of Duresme his own hands," and partridges my own hawk kills. This Hownslowe is 100 marks, meet for Dr. Trigunwell, if you have made no former grant therein. Harowe on the Hill, 25 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Dr. Layton.
749. Richard Layton, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. If you had come to Harrow on Friday, your bed was ready. You shall have 20 beds in the town, where there has been no sickness this year, and a dozen in the parsonage. I send by the bearer half a dozen partridges; if you come not soon there will be none to fly at. I send cut my hawk today to kill some for your supper on Monday. Simeon was never so glad to see Christ his master as I shall be to see you in this your own house. (fn. n5) Harowe, this Saturday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Dr. Layton.
25 Sept. 750. Italian News.
Vit. B. xiv.
B. M.
"Ex literis D. Francisci Casalii, die xxv. [Sept.]. (fn. n6)
"His diebus Romæ divulgata fuit confœderatio quæ in ........... Pontificis ac Cæsaris legatis contra Turcas, qui [Corcyram] (fn. n7) occuparunt, quæ Venetorum ditionis est, ejusque arcem [obsident]. Cum nuntiatum esset Andream Auriam Genuam rede[untem esse in] portu Civitatis Veteris, quæ ab urbe Roma decem millibus pa[ssuum est], Cæsaris orator et Ambrosius, Pontificis secretarius, [ad eundem] locum sunt profecti ei persuadere volentes, ut ad negoti[um contra] Turcas administrandum rediret. Sed Andreas Auria cu[m illos] venire cognovisset, dixit, nolle ipsorum adventum expec[tare]; quod valde idoneum ventum ad suam navigationem habe[bat. Sicut ego] autem accepi, quibusdam sic dixit: Non opus esse classem C[æsaris cum] Venetorum classe nunc conjungi; nec omnes simul confœ[deratorum] vires periculo objiciendas esse, idque nullam aliam ob causa[m quam ut] Corcyræ succurratur, cujus quidem arx sic munita si[t ut omnem] impetum facile possit sustinere. Quod si Veneti omnino vo[lunt Turcas] ab ea insula removere, posse xx. milia peditum in Turcar[um regionem] aliquam transportari, unde illi incœpta deserere cogantu[r ut possint] sua defendere. Aiebat insuper, se aliud habere in mand[atis]. Præterea in hujusmodi confœderatione, Cæsari non rect ....... et cautam esse; Venetos enim, cum opportunitatem v[iderent], cum Turcis composituros esse, nec hujus fœderis ratione[m habituros]. Ad hæc de Venetis conquerebatur, quod non ita ut pa[r est se] gesserint, cum primum Turcæ ad Velonam appulerunt. Rumor est, Gallorum copias ex Lombardia paulatim s ..... recipere, nonnullis oppidis amissis: Taurinum et duo a[lia] ...... illis tantum retineri, ut tamen periculum sit ne hæ[c etiam perdantur].
"Ex literis archiepiscopi Londensis Cæsaris legati c ........... de qua ipse cum oratoribus Joannis Hungariæ reg[is] ......... penitus rejectam et exclusam."
26 Sept. 751. Thomas Thacker to Thomas Avery.
R. O. Desires him to advertise my lord his master of his having received of the bearer John Dyce, from the factor of Portyngale, to my lord's use, certain barrels, &c., of "malvoisie of the Isle of Madeer in Portyngale," lampreys in pickle, socade (viz. 1 b. of diacedron, 1 other of di. lymonds, 1 other of gerds, and one other of the ryone of cidrone), green ginger, myrabilanes, marmalade, &c.
I have hung my lord's gallery with the cloths his lordship saw; there are 10 cloths that do very well. Recommend me to Mr. Ric. Crumwell. From my lord's place in London in haste, 26 Sept.
Hol. p. 1. Begins: Son Avery. Add.: with my lord Privy Seal in the Court.
26 Sept. 752. John Fogges to Cromwell.
R. O. I was lately informed that Sir Will. Marshall, parson of Merscham, whose parsonage is within 2 miles of my house, not only was disloyal in the last commotion, but daily uses great extortion to the King's subjects, especially to this poor man the bearer. I beg you will direct letters to Will. Goldwell, justice, and to my fellow Ant. Agere to examine the parishioners. Ascheforth, 26 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Sept. 753. John Bishop of Bath to Cromwell.
Harl. MS.
283 f. 158.
B. M.
Received on Sunday last Cromwell's letters of the King's pleasure for the deanery of Wells, void by the death of Mr. Wolman, and took immediate order in the same. Is glad the King is pleased to bestow it thus, and thinks it will be profitable to the cathedral church of Wells to have such a protector as Cromwell. Cromwell has here the bailiwick of Wedmore, the bailey whereof has also the keeping of a little park of Cromwell's with certain fees. Recommends one of his servants for the place, a tall and honest man. Banwell, 26 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Sept. 754. Andrew Hillersden.
R. O. Memorandum of his examination on 26 Sept. before Sir Piers Eggecombe touching a robbery of money from a secret chamber in his house by his servant John Holand about four days before St. Peter and Paul's day.
Pp. 2. in Hillersden's own hand.
R.O. 2. "Declaration of Andrew Hillersden" in answer to the King's letters requiring to know by whom and by what means his coffer was robbed four or five days before St. Peter and St. Paul's day. Suspected his servant (apparently his nephew) John Holland, to whom he had given the key of the chamber not long before, and caused him to be examined by one Rob. Burell, gentleman, who made him confess complicity in the fact with full particulars, implicating his brother Will. Holland as the principal party. Wrote to their father John Holland, who went with him before lord Bray and Sir Philip Champernon, justices of the peace, to mitigate proceedings, and ultimately before Sir Thos. Denys, recorder of Exeter, who caused the city to be searched for William. Sent also to Sir Hugh Pollerd to keep the fords over Ex in Exmoor. William was at last found and brought to Nich. Fortescue's house, and the brothers were bound in sureties to appear at the next gaol delivery at Exeter.
Two sheets of paper written on one side and stitched together. Endd.
26 Sept. 755. St. Leger, Poulet, Moyle, and Berners to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P.ii.510
On the 8th arrived at Dublin and found the Deputy, and divers of the Council, upon the Marches parleying with the rebels and taking their pledges. As soon as they had consulted him they proceeded to dissolve the army. Had much business to stay the murmurs of the soldiers, and still have "some difficulty to stay the number assigned to remain for the wages appointed." This day proceed to survey the King's lands adjoining James of Desmond's country, with whom they will communicate according to the King's pleasure. Duylyn, 26 Sept Signed.
Add.. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Commissioners of Ireland.
R. O. 2. Copy of the above.
P. 1.
27 Sept. 756. Sir John Aleyn, Alderman, to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs a determinate answer to his bill about his lands, for the contentation of his mind and advancement of the purpose he has often declared to Cromwell, as his house has been visited by sickness. London, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
27 Sept. 757. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Bastian Rodryges Pynto, a Portuguese merchant, desired me to write to you to be good to these gentlewomen, who are of a principal house of Portugal, now going, as he supposes, to Flanders, for one of them is to marry a rich merchant in Flanders called Diego Menez. Pynto proposes to make my Lord and you a present of spices worth 20 ducats(?) at least. The said Pynto is a knight. St. Katharine's, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 Sept. 758. John Wynter to Cromwell.
R. O. Wrote, with Master Bulas, about what has chanced, and therefore will not venture to approach him till he knows his pleasure. Now, with Master Whight, sends a whole account of their voyage. Prays that they may have a better voyage to recover the expenses. Wants a licence to go to Spain and Bordeaux to sell merchandise he has laden here. Has given to Mr. White the copy of two cockets for two ships of Chester, who say they are free, and that Cromwell has their privileges, and that the statute was not executed, so he suffered them to pass on the promise that if it was their duty to pay custom they would do so. Bristow, 27 Sept. 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Sept. 759. Thos. Treffry to Cromwell.
R. O. Last Tuesday there was a fray at Plymouth between Frenchmen of Depe and Spaniards who were waiting for the return of the Emperor's ambassadors from Flanders. Six Frenchmen, one or two Spaniards, and an English shipmaster, who tried to part them, were hurt. Took away their weapons and sent them to the mayor, who was assessing the quindecym at the Guildhall. Told the mayor that he had orders to see the peace kept between the French and Spaniards, and charged him to keep safely any whom he apprehended; but the captain of the Admiral's ship of the four ships of Dieppe, and some of the masters, were delivered the next day. As the captain is well esteemed by the French, and well favoured by the French king and Admiral, required the mayor to see him and them safely kept, and to certify the King of their demeanour. As the time of his account draws near, and because neither horse nor man can be had without the King's command, for danger of the sickness, could only send this letter by those who have business "to the term ward," and asks Cromwell to excuse his slack sending, and to send him his mind. Exeter, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Sept. 760. Archbishop Browne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. ii.
Received, 11 Sept., Henry's letter, dated Sonnynghill, 31 July, which made him tremble for fear of incurring his displeasure. Henry writes that he has failed to preach the "sincere word of God, avoiding all superstition used against the honour of the same." The fact is that for his short abode here none of his predecessors have been so active in declaring the gospel and diminishing the usurped power of the bishop of Rome. As to the second article, refers to the King's council here. Was the first spiritual man that moved the 20th and first fruits; "but given it is to this land miserable of what behaviour or gesture soever men be to have malignors. "As to the last article—his "writing we and us"—it has not been seen unless when he and his two chapters of Christchurch and St. Patrick's wrote to the King concerning the election of dean of St. Patrick's, and that was an oversight.
Has received the King's other letters by Edw. Vaughan, the Queen's servant, and accomplished the contents. Protests his diligence and obedience. Spoke against certain sacramentaries. Dublin, 27 Sept. Signed.
Add. Endd.
27 Sept. 761. The Same to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letters, dated Sonninghill, 31 July. Answers (as in his letter to the King) charges of remissness in preaching, that he is not pliable in the King's affairs, and of "writing we and us." Begs favour. Will send Cromwell's fee as soon as the Michaelmas rents come in. Talaugh, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Sept. 762. Thomas Agard to Cromwell.
R. O. On 8 Sept., Mr. Sentleger, Mr. Paulet, and the other Commissioners and myself, with the King's treasure, arrived in Dublin. Since their coming they have discharged part of the English army, and yesterday departed to Powers Courte, a place lately re-edified by Mr. Treasurer, on the border of the Tollys. They intend to "peruse" Kildare, Carlow, Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford, and Wexford, and return to Dublin to the Parliament. All is quiet and like to continue so, if O'Chonour is kept out of his country. Dublin, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Sept. 763. Cromwell to [the Council and Commissioners in Ireland].
Has written to the Commissioners to cease disposing of any of the holds in lord Butler's possession until he repair thither. Mr. Ric. Butler, brother of the lord Butler, has the Fasagh Bentre by demise of the Under-treasurer. You shall make him a lease of it and of the New Bawon and the Dyppes, the rather as the said Richard guarded the same throughout the rebellion time. Piers Freigne brought "an assise" against Ric. Wessley for lands in Kildare; as an indifferent trial cannot be had in the county, you are to decide the case. The abp. of Casshell complains that upon a decree of yours the vicar of Clomell disturbs him in the possession of the parsonage. The abp. is to continue in peaceable possession until the vicar show sufficient title. Nic. Power, being attached in Dublin, signed an agreement to abide the order of the bp. of Waterford, Mr. Wise, Jas. White, recorder of Waterford, and Walt. Cowley, in his suits with Kath. Butler, widow, and Piers Power, her son. They have awarded certain sums to the said Katharine and Piers. If Power's goods are insufficient to pay these, you shall make an "extent" of certain of his lands to levy the said sums and extend your lawful favour to the said Katharine, the rather as her husband was slain in the King's service and her son is the King's ward. Ossory is to continue in possession of the "prysewynes" of Kinsale, in which he has been disturbed of late. Stepney, 28 Sept.
Pp. 2. (See No. 389 XIII.)
28 Sept. 764. The King's Amours.
R. O. "An examination taken by the abbot of Westminster and Anthony Denny of certain persons by the commandment of my lord Privy Seal," 28 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.
1. Henry Atkinson says that when at supper a month past, in the house of Rob. Broke of the sanctuary of Westminster, one Morys Bull, sanctuary-man moved to him "by way of a question," that "there was one rode upon a fair gelding and a pretty wench behind him, and a king met them and plucked down her muffler and kissed her, and liked her so well that he took her from him," "and so lived and kept her still in advowtry; which wench one William Webbe kept two years before." He added that it was Webbe who rode upon the gelding, and the king of England that took the wench from him, as reported by Rob. Sharpe's wife, of Westminster, and Kendall, a servant of the King's. Signed.
"Will. Candyssh, auditor, is surety for the forthcoming of the said Atkynson."
2. Morrys Bull refers to Philip Taylor, sanctuaryman, as his authority, and says the occurrence took place near Eltham; that Webbe cried vengance on the King and reported it to Kendall, who lives at Launson in Cornwall, and Sharpe of Westminster; and that one Gonne, tailor, a sanctuary man, said the King lived in advowtry. Signed with a mark.
3. Philip Johnson alias Taylor confirms the statement of Atkinson, but says that the words were used by Bull on Monday, 10 Sept. Signed.
4. James Robyns deposes to the like effect. Signed with a mark.
5. Nicholas Man, tailor, says that about a month past in one Waddysburgh's house, of Westminster, he heard one Kendall say that Will. Webbe is a traitor, and had said that the King lived in adultery, relating the same story. Advised Kendall to report it to the Council, and he said he had showed it to the abbot of Westminster. Signed.
Pp. 6. Endd.
2 Sept. 765. Thos. Abbot of Bieuley to Cromwell.
R. O. On sight of your letters by Master Perpoint, I and Master Huttoft did with diligence gather all the conveyers of James Manzy, and have so used that I think they will love the worse hereafter to steal sanctuary men from Bieuley. Your suspicion that I was privy to his conveying, for the favour I bore to Master Huttoft and Master Mylle, has been to me as a death. Manzi hid day and night in woods, bushes, and old barns; we got him out of a hay barn and delivered him to Master Perpoint. Hampton, 28 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Sept. 766. Harry Huttoft to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letter for the apprehending James Mangii who lately escaped out of sanctuary at Beauly. And where your Lordship has been informed that his escape was effected by my means, I beg you will reward those who so reported as they deserve. I am as innocent as the child unborn. I have made search with my lord of Beaulieu these two days, both aboard ship and in all the forest, and have this night found the said James in a hayloft on a farm beside Hampton. He was hidden half the mow deep, and when discovered seemed more dead than alive. After a while he fell to weeping, saying his abuse was only for fear of your Lordship, and that his keepers menaced him to be carried up like a prisoner. I beg you will have pity on him for he has been severely handled. The bearer Parpoynt has spoken many words more than needeth. My lord of Beauly has used very good diligence in this matter and is also much discouraged by the reports made of him. 28 September.
I beg you will remember my two bills, for I must present one of them at the Exchequer now at Michaelmas in discharge of the account.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
767. Harry Huttoft to Wriothesley.
R. O. Thanks him for his goodness in his great need and unhappiest chance, and also to his poor son. Sends a letter for him received yesterday from Geoffrey Loudaye from Cane, with another for Huttoft, willing him to bargain with the bringer for the Cane stone he brought. Has bought all he had for 3s. 10d. a ton and the custom, and sent it to-day to Hamyll to discharge, with advice to Mr. Doctor for receiving and meting it. Certain persons have lately maliciously complained of the abbot of Beauly, who has gone to Wriothesley for help.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To the right worshipful Master Wryseley. Endd.
28 Sept. 768. Canons Residentiary at Wells to Cromwell.
R. O. Express their satisfaction at Cromwell's accepting the office to be their head and ruler next to the King's Majesty. Chapter House in Wells, 28 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
28 Sept. 769. John Russell to Cromwell.
R. O. Cannot thank Cromwell enough for his goodness to himself and his son. Begs its continuance to him in the suppressed house of Little Malvern, the village there, and the farm of Ellisfeld, wherein he has been a suitor before this and intends to be next term. Begs Cromwell's continued favour in his son's suit for the reversion of his, the writer's, office of the King's Signet in the Marches of Wales. Also for the King's tenants in Little Malvern in their suit for the five bells, which have always served the parish church as well as the monastery, and worth, after 20s. the 100, 45l. 6 3/4d., that they may have them of the King, or at least the preferment in their sale, as, in the writer's suit to the chancellor of the Augmentations, was granted; with reasonable days of payment. 28 Sept. Signed: "John Russell, Ar."
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. inaccurately: Sir John Russell, k.
28 Sept. 770. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Mr. Justice Englefilde died, at 8 o'clock this morning, at Bridge-northe, on his way hither. Having here many great and urgent causes, I beg you to move the King that I may have help of some one of learning and experience. I shall do my part while my "rude carcas" shall endure. The justiceship of Chester and Flint is in the King's gift; here is Mr. Bromley, right well learned, who might have it. Remember the common wealth of these parts which, if I have not help, will decay again; I have over 30 felons and none to help me. Vigilia Michaelis at Shrowisbury. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
28 Sept. 771. Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
He and other Commissioners of Sewers have seen "the great decay and dangers of waters at Boston and elsewhere in these parts," which require speedy remedy. Tatersale, 28 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Sept. 772. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Has kept a new oyer determiner here, which began on Wednesday last and only finished this day at noon. Sir John à Wedrington and Jack à Musgrave were to have brought me in a great number of prisoners, but how remiss they have been I forbear to write and shall declare myself on coming. Only three persons have been put to execution owing to their remissness,—one a tenant of lord Dacre's, another under the rule of Jack à Musgrave, the third of Tyndale. Has caused John Heron of Chipchace and Edward à Charleton to be indicted as accessories to the murder of Hodge of Fenwick. Has so tried out the matter that the said John Heron wiil hardly deny that the murder was done by his procurement. Can get no probable evidence against George Heron his son, but will bring him to London at his coming. Has redressed above 100 wrongs since he came hither, and will leave these parts in far better order. Advises that a letter from the King be sent to lord Dacres to apprehend all thieves in Gillesland and other his lordships. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 28 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Sept. 773. William Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
R. O. On coming to Gravesend last night heard that Cromwell was at Stepney, and intended to have seen him this day, on his passage towards London, but he had removed to Mortlake. Intends to be at Court to-morrow, in accordance with the answer Cromwell sent by Guisnes pursuivant, whom Sandys sent from Canterbury to learn his pleasure. London, Michaelmas day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[29 Sept.] 774. Sir William Poulet to Cromwell.
R. O. The prisoners Cromwell sent to the Court for stealing the King's hawks have confessed the same, and also the stealing of Serjeant Willoughby's hawks by the appointment of Mr. Anthony Lee, whom the King wishes sent to his Grace. The said five persons have also confessed to hunting in Birling park and Posterne park beside Westinhanger, and therefore his Grace has commanded them to Windsor for punishment. They die in Kingston, so the King removes to Assher on Monday next, and has diminished all men's company, and commanded the lords of his Council to signify to the lord Chancellor and Cromwell, at their repairs to Court, to come with only six attendants; which letter Cromwell will have this afternoon. Hampton Court, this Saturday.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Comptroller.
29 Sept. 775. John Pakyngton to Cromwell.
R. O. Offers him 100 marks for the justiceship of Chester, void by the death of Master Englefeld. His fee for his painful office in North Wales is but 50 mks., and 22l. of the farm of the suppressed priory of Westwood, in all 55l. 6s. 8d. Is put yearly to 100l. expenses, besides the loss of his gains in Westminster Hall and London. Reminds Cromwell of his promise of recompense for his expenses in the King's service. Wants to know the King's pleasure about John ap David ap Hoell ap Eign' of Caernarvonshire, of whose seditious words he sent up depositions. Shrewsbury, 29 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Sept. 776. Richard Devereux to the Lord President and Council in the Marches of Wales.
R. O. Complaining that he had been disturbed in holding his courts at Arustley and Keveiliog, of which he held the stewardship in behalf of his father, (fn. n8) according to an arrangement made between him and my lord of Worcester, by Llewelin ap Moris and David ap Lewis. They had come arm in arm to his courts, and, partly by threats, had driven the suitors away, giving it out that my lord of Worcester had written to the writer's father ordering him to be discharged from the stewardship. These proceedings have brought the country into great disorder, and the people refuse the names of the misdemeanants. Desires to have letters sent that the people shall frequent his courts as before, and to know what is to be done for Moris and Lewis, for whose appearance he has taken sureties. Cannot execute his office without this aid. Lewis and Moris have broken into the jail and let out the thieves, and also one that was committed for treason. Mahuntleythe, Michaelmas day. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
29 Sept. 777. Christchurch, London.
R. O. Valor of the possessions within the city of London belonging to the late monastery of Christchurch, [for the y]ear ended Michaelmas, 29 [Henry VIII.]
Spiritual:—A pension from the sheriffs of London for certain tithes of the monastery of Tower Hill; parsonages of St. Botolph without Aldgate and St. Katharine Christchurch; pensions out of sundry churches in London.
Temporal:—Tenements within the site of the monastery and in 60 parishes (named) of London.
Total, 355l. 13s. 6d., divided under headings "spiritual," "rent farm," and "quit rent."
Paper roll of six pages. The value of each item given. In many of the parishes there is both rent farm and quit rent.
29 Sept. 778. Whalley Abbey.
R. O. A rental of Whalley Abbey, undated.
On parchment, pp. 27.
R. O. 2. Receiver's account of the issues of the rectory of Rachedale and the chapel of Sadilworth in the King's hands by the attainder of John Paslewe, late abbot of Whalley, from Easter 28 to Mich. 29 Hen. VIII., showing charges of the vicar of Rachedale's pension, &c.
Paper roll of two sheets.
R. O. 3. Accounts of the proctors of divers churches and chapels in Lancashire appropriated to the monastery of Whalley. [No date.]
Pp. 20.
R. O. 4. List of the towns and parishes belonging to the late monastery of Whalley, with a memorandum of the tithe corn, which the abbot reserved in his own hands.
Pp. 3. On two long slips of paper.
R. O. 5. Valor of the attainted lands of the late abbey of Whalley, Lanc. Total 1,034l. 19s. 1d., charged with pensions to the vicars of Whalley, Blakeborne, Rochadale, and Eccles, which amount to 95l. 6s. 8d.
Pp. 7.
R. O. 6. Fragment of another valuation of the demesne lands, &c.
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
R. O. 7. Account of the amount due to the King at Mich. 29 Hen. VIII. by John Bradyll as bailiff of Whalley, and of sums for which he claims allowance.
Pp. 3.
29 Sept. 779. Hudswell's Lands.
R. O. Paid by the hands of Edmond Jaclyn to Sir William Tyrwhit 29 Hen. VIII., in "multer corn" (fn. n9) for Hudswell mill from Trinity Sunday to Michaelmas, 11s. 5d., and for the tenements in the said town, 17s. 6d.
At the head house where Hudswell dwelt, the ground was partly sown with wheat and rye, and the residue Sir William caused to be sown with barley and pease to the King's profit, after the custom of the town. The crop was sold upon the ground for 8l.
780. The Bishop of Lincoln.
R. O. Petition of John bp. of Lincoln to Cromwell, lord Privy Seal, to compel Ric. Layton, archd. of Buckingham, to pay an old annual pension of 20l. due to the bp. of Lincoln, which he has refused for 2 1/2 years ended at Mich. 29 Henry VIII., although he obtained deduction for it under the statute of First Fruits and Tenths.
Large paper. Pp. 3.
30 Sept. 781. Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
R. O. According to your last letters, I have caused proclamations to be made for the clothiers and send by the bearer the two commissions for Yorkshire. I intend to be at London in the end of the week. Terlyng, 30 Sept.
Hol., (fn. n10) p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal.
30 Sept. 782. Cromwell to the Irish Commissioners.
Add. MS.
19,865, f. 6. b.
B. M.
Desires them to allow Edmund Sexten his reasonable charges for the keeping of the castle of Deriknockane beside Limerick, which he had by appointment of the lord Deputy. Mortlake, 30 Sept.
Modern copy, p. 1. Headed: The coppy of the lo. Privie Seal's letters to the King's Commissioners.
30 Sept. 783. W. Frankeleyn, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his advice to absent himself from Windsor this dangerous season. Whiddon, one of the choral vicars, is fallen sick of the plague to day in the college; which, with the departure of Mr. Clyfton's servant, is likely to put the residue there in great jeopardy. The residentiaries have determined to send away the choristers to Braye. Mr. Tate will be Frankeleyn's deputy in his absence. For lack of a house, remains in Bedforshire four miles from Mr. Gostwyke. His house at Windsor is too close and small. Asks Cromwell to help him to get the house of the parson of Hayes, who is absent. Desires credence for Mr. Chamber who intends shortly to come to Bedfordshire. Standmere, 30 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: The dean of Windsor.
30 Sept. 784. John [Lord] Latymer to [Cromwell].
Vesp. F. xiii.
Where your lordship desires [for] one of your friends my house within Chartusyes churchyard beside Lo[ndon, I] assure you the getting of a lease of it cost me 100 marks besides other pleasures that I did to the house. I wanted it "because it stands in good air out of the press of the city," and I have no other place to lie at when I come to London. Also I have granted it to farm to Mr. Nudygate, son and heir to Serjeant Nudygate, to lie in in my absence. Nevertheless, to do Cromwell a pleasure will surrender it, though he seek a lodging at Michaelmas term himself. The lease is not here but he will bring it up at the term. Wyke in Worcestershire, 30 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Address copied in modern hand: Privy Seal.
30 Sept. 785. The Hanaper of Chancery.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 86.
Issues and profits of the Hanaper of the Chancery from 30 Sept.28 Henry VIII. to 30 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.
B. M. Receipts, 3,085l. 18s. 10d. Petitions for allowance, 1,456l. 4s. 3d. Remainder to the use of the King, 1,629l. 14s. 7d. Paid to Master Brian Tuke, 1,206l. 13s. 4d. Remainder, 423l. 1s. 3d.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
30 Sept. 786. Patrick Barnewall (fn. n11) to Cromwell.
R. O. The Commissioners have discharged he army to this time and appointed to the Deputy and Treasurer "such number of men as is concluded, taking the wages appointed, which taking farms and manuring the land themselves may be to them a competent living and yet thereby the King's lands a great deal the better inhabited." The Commissioners have now gone about the survey and garrisons to Kildare, Carlow, Wexford, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Waterford. Trusts the land will be brought to good stay. James Dessemonde, as his messengers reported, will meet the Commissioners and conform himself so that those parts will be brought to good obedience; for the said James is said to be a good "justicer" after his manner and more meet to rule than the young man (fn. n12) that is with the King, though he have the better right. Begs Cromwell's influence that the King may appoint a chief baron of knowlege and experience; suggests his uncle Robt. Barnewall. Was a suitor to Cromwell for licence to take an estate of his own land contrary to the statute against the King's officers purchasing land. It is one of the bills he left with Mr. Wriothesley. Begs Cromwell will get him the licence and also the receivership and constableship when occasion serves, and that he may not be troubled in his office of solicitorship. Dublin, 30 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
30 Sept. 787. J. de Morbecque to the Deputy of Calais.
R.O. At your request I send you a deer (beste), which I wish were better. Tournehen Castle, 30 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 Sept. 788. James Basset to Lady Lisle.
Has received her letters and the cramp-rings. When you urge me to learn Latin that is a thing which I specially desire, in order to associate with foreigners. Will devote a year to it if only Mons Le Gras will keep his promise. I wish you had sent him money for clothes that he has had made for me instead of cloth. He has promised to send me to the college of Navarre, and my master with me to take care of me. Will send word how he finds himself when he is there. Warn the messengers not to give my letters except to myself or Bekinsal or my master. 30 Sept.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Madame la Debitis a Callaiz.
789. James Basset to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I had written to my mother that Mons. Le Gras wished to put me to the college of Navarre, but he has changed his mind, for which I am very sorry, because I had made acquaintance with the son of Mons. de Vendome and the sons of Mons. de Guise, seeing that the love made in youth often endures to old age. I beg you will write to Mons Le Gras for 40 crowns of the pension of the principal and 22 for my schoolmaster. When I am not with the principal, by means of Mons Le Gras I shall be with others where I shall be well treated. If not I would ask him to take me away. Could learn more in a year at college than in two at his chambers, as he can speak French well, which he could not do when he was where Mons. Pouyet placed him. Wishes to have as much esprit as a Frenchman of his own age and show it in discussion. Mons. Le Gras will do whatever you bid him for he wishes me to learn.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Debitis de Callays a Callays.
30 Sept. 790. John Bekynsaw to Lady Lisle.
R. O. To day Sir William le Gras showed me a letter sent to him from my Lord your bedfellow, about your son Mr. James. My lord of Winchester at his departure on the 23rd inst. discussed with me what might best be devised for him, because Mr. James himself had asked me several times to speak to him; for he had a great desire to learn, and wished Sir William le Gras to put him to some college of exercise. The bishop considering the child's nature and remembering how ill he was treated in the college, when he was put thither by president Poyett, recommended that he should not be put to college but have a tutor. To this I would have agreed if I had hoped to get a learned man at any reasonable price, but considering how a child of good nature is stirred to learn by emulation, I was of opinion he should be put to a college. I showed my Lord that the president Poyett had put him to one where the principal and regent of his chamber would not trust the president of a penny, and he himself went away the day after he had put him in, and when he sent money to the principal for his kinsman, he never enquired how Mr. James did, "trusting, as I conjecture, that he had been dead," as I believe he would have been if others had not taken better care of the child. Now Sir Wm. le Gras, a substantial merchant, looks more tenderly after him than if he were his own son. Paris, 30 Sept. 1537.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Calais.
30 Sept. 791. Card. Pole to Card. Contarini.
Poli Epp.
ii. 89.
Had reached Trent (almost in sight of Italy) before he received the letters of the Prothonotary leaving it to his own judgment whether to winter in Liege or return to Rome. It was therefore not in his power to do anything else than hasten on to Rome. Recognises however in all the letters the Pope's zeal for the cause of God. In his judgment he thinks it was for the best that these letters did not reach him before he had obeyed the former, and that it was God's will he should return. Hopes to be with them in a few days as he writes this from Bovolona, a town of the bp. of Verona not far from Hostilia in the plain of Mantua on the bank of the Po, from whence they will proceed by river by Ferrara and Ravenna. The bp. of Verona will leave him at Ferrara. Was glad to meet at Verona, Contarini's brother Thomas and Matthew Dandulus who had flown thither to embrace him. Priolus, like another Achates, never leaves his side. Prid. Kal. Oct. 1537.
30 Sept. 792. Sir Clement West to Henry VIII.
Otho, C. ix.
B. M.
Letter of news. The king of France has told the king of Scots that he shall shortly be king of England. French and Turkish ships passed Malta on the 6th inst. going towards the Levant in company. "The prince Dory was at Saragozse (Syracuse) to have [met with] them, the weather served not." The Sophy. Doings of the Emperor's armada. The Venetians and prince Doria. Englishmen not favoured by the council of the Order, who gave an important command to an Italian of 21 years old and only three years standing in the Religion, whose father is ta[ken] going from Florence to Venice and 4,000 men taken and slain with him. Begs him to favour the Englishmen of the Religion, though their power is little here and less will be when the lord master comes. Ill armed state of the Turks. News just come of mortal war proclaimed against the Turk and a league made with the church of Rome [the Emperor] and the Venetians for that purpose. Malta [1537], 30 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Much mutilated. Add.
30 Sept. 793. Sir Clement West to Cromwell.
Otho, C. ix.
B. M.
To the same effect and almost in the same words as the letter to the King. [Malta], 1537, 30 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Much mutilated. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
794. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 569.
The bearer, Henry Huttoft, (fn. n13) says the plague has been for a month or six weeks very severe in Portsmouth, and has now got among the dock workmen at work on the King's new ship, half a mile from the town. One was dead and two sick when he left; and as they have but one house to lodge in they threaten to leave. The timber of the said ship is already framed, and three "strakes" thereof planked. If the workmen were discharged and set to work again by Christmas she might be set to sea by Midsummer next. Advises that orders be given to Huttoft accordingly. But for this the ship would have been ready to be launched by All Hallow-tide. Guldeforde Manor, this Sunday. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lord Admiral.
795. [Cromwell] to Michael [Throgmorton].
R. O. "I thought that the singular goodness of the King's highness showed unto you, and the great and singular clemency showed to that detestable traitor your master" in promising him forgiveness of his ingratitude, &c., might either have brought him from his sturdy malice, or encouraged you to be his true subject. But no, loyalty and treason dwell seldom together; you could not have been a spy for the King so long without showing it. Led by a vain promise of promotion you and your master work treason. You think you do the King service by seeing things which being absent you should not have seen, "such, verily, as might have done great damage if you had not seen them." You have "bleared" mine eye once, you shall not deceive me a second time. I think it "much light for you to forge letters, which by words, not long sought for, thus have deceived me." Your duty was to have obeyed the King's commands, not your own fancies; but now you stick to a traitor, to serve a friend of his who mortally hates the King. Your master will declare to the world why the King takes him for a traitor? All princes (almost) already know it; nay, his Grace is beholden to some of them who informed him of the enterprises of "this silly Cardinal." If those who have made him mad can persuade him to print his detestable book he will be as much bound to them as his family are like to be to him. "Pi[ty it] is that the folly of one brainsick Poole, or, to say better, of one witless fool, should be the ruin of so great a family." Let him follow his ambition, and let his goodly book come abroad. Few there are but will think he deserves a shameful death. Expatiates on his ingratitude for the advancement of his family. If his "lewd work" go forth, will he not have cause to fear "lest every honest man should offer himself to revenge this so enorme unkindness?" And you know that the King can make him think himself scarce sure of his life although he went tied to his master's girdle. Ways enough may be found in Italy "to rid a traitorous subject." Amongst your pretty news these arc very pleasant, that the wily bishop of Rome intends to make lamentation and desire all men to pray that his old gains may return to him. "Paul popeth jollyly that will desire the world to pray for the King's apeyrement." After the wiles he has practised these three years, shall he not now be thought holy, to cast away his weapon and fall to his beads?
Of the General Council I need say nothing. All know the difference between a general council and an assembly of ambitious manciples; a general council beginneth a day after the Greek Kalends. "Michael, if you were either natural towards your country or your family you would not thus shame all your kin"; the least suspicion will now be enough to undo the greatest of them. If you will turn to your country you will yet find the King ready to forgive you, but if you come not now you may be as evil dealt with in Rome as you have deserved in England. I can only desire your master and you to acknowledge your faults. God send you as you shall deserve, either to come to your allegiance or to a shameful death.
Pp. 5, in Vaughan's hand.
796. Grants in September 1537.
1. James Crane, of London, yeoman or serving man. General pardon. Windsor Castle, 28 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Old foorde, 1 Sept.—P.S.
2. Master Hen. Williams, S.T.B. Grant of the canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of SS. Mary and George in Windsor Castle, now void by the promotion of the King's chaplain, Robt. Aldriche, S.T.P., to the bpric. of Carlisle. Assher, 31 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Waltham, 2 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
3. Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle, K.G., and Dame Honora his wife. Grant, in tail, of the site ground, &c, of the suppressed priory of St. Mary and St. George, Frethelstok, Devon; the church, bell-tower, and churchyard of the same, &c, with the manors of Frethelstok and Broddwood Wygger, Devon, and the rectory and advowson of the parish church of Frethelstok, and all other possessions of the said late priory in these places, in as full manner as John Sturgeon, the late prior, held them. Annual value, 92l. 4s. 8d.:—To hold to the said Arthur and Honora, in tail, with contingent remainder to the right heirs of the said Arthur, by the annual rent of 15l. 9s. 3/4d. Grafton, 16 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.......Sept.—P.S. Pat. 4 Sep., p. 4, m. 32.
4. Master Geo. Dey, S.T.D. Presentation to the parish church of Holies worthy, Exeter dioc., void by death. Assher, 3 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Old Foorde, 4 Sept.—Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
5. Will. Morice, a gentleman usher of the King's chamber. Lease of the manor or lordship of Chippinghonger alias Honger at Castell, which came to the King's hands by the attainder of Edward late duke of Buckingham; with reservations; for 80 years from Mich. A.D. 1545, on the expiration of a 21 years' lease granted to Thos. Maple, of Chepinghonger, Essex, yeoman, (in consideration of a fine paid to Thos. Magnus, elk. then general receiver of Buckingham's lands) by indenture dated 4 Mar. 15 Hen. VIII. Manor of [Grafton] (fn. n14) 17 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Olde Forde, 5 Sept.— P. S. Pat. p. 4, m. 32.
6. James Joskyn. To be clerk of the Wardrobe of Robes and clerk of the King's Beds in England, with fees of 4l. a year as clerk of the Robes and 10l. a year as clerk of the Beds. Del. Westm., 5 Sept. 29 Hen.VIII. —S. B. Pat. p. 5, m. 36.
7. Thos. Woode, elk. Presentation to the perpetual vicarage of the parish church of Walthamstowe, London dioc, void by the death of Ric. Withipoule, and at the King's disposal by gift of Nic. Hancocke, last prior of the monastery of Holy Trinity commonly called Christchurch in London, and by reason of the dissolution of the said monastery. Del. Olde Forde, 6 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 5, m. 13.
8. John Wyly, of the borough of Southwerk, "rattaker." To be the King's rat-catcher, with Ad. a day. Del. Westm., 8 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
9. Jevan Ap Thomas, of the lordship of Whitney or of Baughrud, Marches of Wales, alias of Icombe, Glouc, yeoman. General pardon. Assher, 7 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Olde Forde, 10Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 5,m. 16.
10. Geo. Dey, S.T.D., the King's chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of All Hallows ad Fenum, London, vice Dr. Bedel, deceased. Hampton Court, 12 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Olde Forde, 13 Sept. —P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
11. John Jervys. To be a gunner in the Tower of London, vice John Mayer alias Hanse, of Berwyk, deceased; with fees of 6d. a day. Del. Terlyng, 16 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 12.
12. Rob. Barwykke, a soldier of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Grant (at the suit of Sir Thos. Clifford, captain of the said town) of the office of clerk of the Exchequer of the said town, with the appointment of eight night-watchmen allowed for the augmentation of the night watch there; with fees of 6d. a day for himself in the old retinue of the ordnance, for the exercise of the said office, and for two able men under him in the great retinue, 6l. for the one and 5l. 6s. 8d. a year for the other. Del. Terlyng, 16 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 12.
13. Anth. Denny, yeoman of the Ward robe of Robes. To be keeper of the Royal Household in the palace of Westminster, with fees of 6d. a day. Del. Westm., 20 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
Inrolled in Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. (p. 2, m. 12).
14. Thos. Myldemaye, sen., of Chelmys-forde, Essex, and Thos. Myldemaye, jun., his s. and h. apparent. Grant in fee (in consideration of 79l. 6s. 8d. paid to the King) of the under-mentioned tenements, &c. in Chelmysford, viz., a tenement now in the tenure of Hen. Stroode; the tenement called "le Crane" and a meadow and two crofts of land, lately leased to Walter Bayne-bam, now in the tenure of John Browne; the tenement now in the tenure of John Snell; and two tenements now in the tenure of the said Thos. Myldemaye, sen. The premises belonged to the suppressed priory of Elsingspitell, London, and are of the annual value of 6l. 11s. 2d., to be held by an annual rent of 13s. 2d. Del. Berechurch, 22 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
15. Peter Meawtys, a gentleman usher of the Privy Chamber. To be changer and assayer, comptroller, and clerk keeper of the money and coinage in the Tower of London and elsewhere in England, with the fees attached to those offices in the time of Edw. III. and Ric. II. Hampton Court, 23 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Tarling, 24 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 11.
16. Ric. Eton. To be keeper and clerk of the records of Parliament, Chancery, and other courts in the Tower of London. Sunninghill, 31 July 29 Hen. VIII. Del. Terlyng, 24 Sept.—P.S. Pat (fn. n15)p. 5, m. 11.
Vacated on personal surrender, "33" (sic) April 3 Edw. VI., to the intent that the office might be granted to one Edw. Hales.
17. Peter Van Colen, gunner. To be a gunner in the Tower of London, with fees of I2d. a day. Del. Terlyng, 25 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5. m. 12.
18. Sir Will. Gacoigne and Elizabeth his wife. Reversion (in fee in exchange for the manor of Dame Elynsbury and other lands, &c. in Dame Elyns Bury and Bedford Haughton, Beds, granted to the King by the said Sir William), of the undermentioned possessions, leased for 21 years to Sir John Seynt John, by indenture dated Westm. 2 May 29 Hen. VIII., with the rent of 20l. 16s. thereupon reserved, viz.: —
The house and site of the late priory of Busshemeyde, Beds, and all houses, &c. within the enclosure and circuit of the said late priory; and all the undermentioned lands, &c, belonging to the said late priory, viz., a field called Plasworth field, containing 300 acres; two pieces of meadow, containing 3 a.; a pasture near the said site, containing 3 a., with a pond there; a meadow called "le longe lesne," containing 8 a.; [ILL] pasture called Milfelde, containing 100 a.; a pasture near the said pasture, called "Patsall lease," containing 8 a.; and the closes of land called Great Catburie, Little Catbury and Cootes, containing in all 40 a.; a close of land called "Dovehouse close," containing 40 a.; a field called "le Wyndmylfeld," containing 80 a. and 30 a. of land lying near the said "Milfeld," and a windwill there.
Also of the church, steeple, and churchyard of the said late priory; all messuages, granges, &c, within and without the site of the said priory; all groves, trees, and wood upon the premises leased to the said Sir John; and all manors, messuages, &c. in the vills, fields, &c, of Bushemede, Eyton alias Eton, Staplo alias Stapelhowe (Stape-low), Honyden, Delhowe, Deuelhowe (Dewlow), Wiboston alias Wiboldeston, Parva Stokton (Staughton), Blasseworth, Colmorth, Barford, Chalston alias Chalnerston, Cayshoo (Keysoe), Bedford, Mogerhanger and Portenall (Pirtenhall), Beds; Great Stokton and Blasseworth, Hunts; belonging to the said late priory; in as full manner as Rob. Burse, the late prior, held the same, on the 4thFeb. 27 Hen. VIII.; with reservations. The said reversion, &c, are of the annual value of 60l. 14s. 10d., and are to be held by an annual rent of 20l. 5s. The grantees are exonerated from all claims of annuities, &c, except those of Geo. lord Cobham, the prior and convent of St. Neot's, John Knyght, and John Clerke. Hampton Court, 23 [Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.] (fn. n16)Del. [Terlyng], (fn. n17) 26 Sept. "anno subscripto."— F.S. Pat. 29 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 10.
19. Ric. Bartelett, M.D. Grant in fee of the manors of Castell Morton, Longdon, and Bugbury, Wore,, belonging to the suppressed Benedictine priory of Little Malverne; and all lands of the said priory in those places. Annual value, 7l.; rent, 14s. Del. Westm. 28 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 33.


  • n1. Mary Basset.
  • n2. Blank.
  • n3. Blank.
  • n4. John Underhill held the prebend of Bedminster Secunda. See Valor Eccl. II., 75.
  • n5. Dr. Layton was presented to the rectory of Harrow by Cranmer (of course, at Cromwell's instigation) on the 21st July 1537.
  • n6. A modern marginal note, written before the Fire, says "25 Sept. 1537."
  • n7. Modern marginal note: "Corcyra taken by the Turk."
  • n8. Lord Ferrers.
  • n9. Moulter, "the toll to the miller for grinding corn." Halliwell.
  • n10. Not in his own hand.
  • n11. Of Fieldston.
  • n12. James FitzMaurice.
  • n13. Not "Huttost" as in St. P.
  • n14. Name of place illegible.
  • n15. Inrolled "23" Sept.
  • n16. Illegible in P.S.
  • n17. Illegible in P.S., but supplied from the inrolment.