Henry VIII: October 1537, 1-5

Pages 283-295

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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October 1537, 1-5

1 Oct. 797. Henry VIII. to the Chapter of Wells.
p. 271.
Thanks for electing Cromwell, lord Privy Seal, to the deanery of Wells. Asher, 1 Oct.
1 Oct. 798. Monasteries exempted from Suppression.
See Grants in October, Nos. 1 and 2.
1 Oct. 799. Cromwell.
See Grants in October, No. 3.
1 Oct. 800. John Beamount to Cromwell.
R. O. Was informed that one Wm. Barnard of Barrowe upon Soore, Leic., had reported that the King would suppress all the houses of religion beyond Trent, except one. I examined all the persons that were present and enclose their depositions. I sent your Lordship, above 12 months ago, depositions touching the seditious words of Thos. Syson, late abbot of Garadon, to John Bower and others, that the King should be expelled from the realm and slain on his return. The publication of these things has encouraged divers persons to rebellion. Leicester, 1 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Oct. 801. William Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
R. O.
Thanks for his continued kindness. Reminds him again about the remedy of the King's subjects and tenants beyond sea. The French ambassador should be spoken with for restitution of Griffith Appenrithe and other merchants of Calais robbed last week at sea. A pardon should be given to the King's tenants with longer respite for all things concerning the Act of Calais; each tenant occupying his own lands to the value of 5s., 10s., 20s., or 30s. a year to continue. The tenants should also be free to sell grain and cattle imported by themselves, &c. Ail strangers to be denizens to have their patents. Your Lordship promised me yesterday to write a letter of thanks to Mr. Grenefild, marshal of Calais, for consenting to an agreement with Mr. Surveyor. Please thank the Deputy of Calais for his compliance also. Sends articles of grievance by the tenants beyond sea. At the end is one touching the sisterhouse at Guisnes, which was for patients to be conveyed thither from the castle and town, but if any plague broke out now there would be no place of refuge. The substance of the foundation would not be above 10 rasers wheat by year, and the restitution of the poor women would be a very good deed. Recommends the bearer, Sir Nic. Wadham's son, for the King's service. His mother is the Queen's aunt. Sends Guisnes pursuivant to attend on Cromwell. Bagshot, 1 Oct., 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
1 Oct. 802. William Lord Sandys to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I thank you for your late entertainment of me when in those parts. I came to Court yesterday, Sunday, 30th Sept., the King being then at Asher, and failed not to present to him, and also to my lord Privy Seal, your recommendations. The latter was glad to hear of your well doing, and appears to be your perfect friend. At the Council in the afternoon I declared the state of these parts, and recommended the confirmation of the patents for denizens, and the King is pleased that all persons you have already named to be denizens shall be admitted to their patents. They have day yet till Christmas, and meanwhile may use the privileges of denizens. My lord Privy Seal says the Act must be enforced touching the letting of lands under the value of 40s., but that any person having such lands by inheritance may keep them in occupation. He says rapeseed is not considered grain, and all the inhabitants, both of the high country and of the low, may sell it as usual. I have solicited these things to the best of my power during my short stay, and the King has given me leave to return without further tarrying to my own house. Last night I came from Asher to Bagshot, and today I shall be at home.
I have moved the King about the goods of Griffith Appenrithes and others, and told the whole story, which was hardly believed before. My lord Privy Seal promises it shall be restored, and letters in that behalf will be addressed into those parts in a day or two. Bagshot, 1 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
1 Oct. 803. Sir Thos. Denys and Sir Hugh Pollard to Cromwell.
R. O. Have lately received the King's letters commanding them to apprehend Wm. Holand and others for robbing Andrew Hyllersdon. The sheriff of Devon has Holand in sure keeping, ready to send up. The rest of the felons are fled. Will search for them. Hyllersdon says he had hidden under a step at his closet door 140l. in gold and silver, and a chain worth 100l., which were taken by Wm. and John Holand and a servant of the former, who took sanctuary in Cornwall, and is now in sanctuary at Westminster. 1 Oct. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Oct. 804. Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford.
R. O. "Lands in the possession or reversion" of the earl of Hertford, 1 Oct., (fn. n1) 29 Henry VIII.
First, given him by the King 604l., which with his inheritance amounts to 1,054l. Annuity on his creation of viscount Beauchamp, 13l. 6s. 8d. Given him by the King at East Hampstead last summer, 20l. Annuity at his creation of earl of Hertford, 20l. Total, 1,107l. 6s. 8d; whereof fees of bailiffs, &c., 91l. 15s. And there is yearly paid to the lady Sayntmor, his mother, for her jointure, 60l.; an annuity to lord Lisle, 120l.; and an annuity to one Quynten, 24l.
Large paper, p. 1.
2 Oct. 805. Sir Thomas Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
Titus B. i.
B. M.
I thank you for opening my matter to the King. I trust his Grace will be satisfied that I shall be glad to take at his hands what I would at no other man's. I hope the commissions in the North are with your Lordship ere this. I sent them by Stokesley. I must send to London for the other, of a master of Chancery. I think it better the King should make a commission to the bp. of Durham, "being a lettre precident, and Wodall joyntly and several, to take recognysaunces," and I send one accordingly. If you dislike it, on my coming to London about Saturday I will send for the other to the Rolls; or if you will cause it to be sent me I am content to make Woodhal master of Chancery; but I fear the precedent is not good, "for I never made none but gave him oath myself." As to the nomination of judges and serjeants I enclose a schedule, though your Lordship knows all their qualities as well as I. As to whom I think meet for those parts of Wales I think Fitzherbert or Knightley is meetest; both for their dwelling nigh those parts, and for their qualities. Knyghtly is a man of great possessions, "and needeth not to extort; and though he be wilful and full of fond inventions, yet it is to be thought if ever he will be an honest man that now he hath these great possessions-, and may have the estimation of a judge he will leave all his old fond fancies and become a new man." Surely he has great wit learning. Was told a great while since that Luke, the judge, was dead, and moved the King for Browne, the serjeant, and Montague to come in his room. If Luke be dead I hope you will favour the suit. Montague is a very honest man and well learned. I thank your Lordship for Grenfeid. Terlyng, 2 Oct.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: My lord Privy Seal.
2 Oct. 806. Recognizances.
R. O. Commission to C. bishop of Durham (fn. n2) and John Woodhall or Uvedale to receive recognisances for money in cos. York, Westm., Cumb., and Northumb., the bpric. of Durham, the city of York, and the towns of Kingston upon Hull and Newcastle upon Tyne. Terling, 2 Oct., 29 Henry VIII.
"Concordat cum originale—Jo. Uvedale."
Copy. Lat., pp. 2.
2 Oct. 807. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. My lord Privy Seal has received the puncheon of wine, the falcon, the cheeses, and the mastiff, and thanks you. Mr. Pollard may be remembered when you see time, but Mr. Wriothesley's stallion must not be forgotten, for he intends now to be your friend, and is like to come to such place as to be able to serve his friend. Mr. Bryan has written to you touching the preferment of Mrs. Katharine [Basset] to my lady Mary's service. Has never seen Guisnes, who has been robbed by the French. He left the letter at Hubard's, but has never come again. Will move my lord Privy Seal that you may have liberty to advance your own servants. I am sorry to hear you say that you are weary of your life, for the King is good lord to you; but you are of so noble a nature that you show too much favour, which makes some people presume. It is thought the term shall be adjourned till Crastino Animarum, but opinions vary. I should be glad to know the truth, for the allowance of your papers in the Court of Augmentation. I hope to be in Calais in 10 days. St. Katharine's, 2 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
2 [Oct] 808. John Husee to [Lady Lisle].
R. O. I have received your sundry letters. Your daughters arc merry and in good health. Neither my lady of Sussex nor anyone else can devise how to advance Mrs. Katharine into the Queen's service, and I have no hope of help from my lord Privy Seal or Mr. Bryan, as it is only a lady's suit. As to her preferment to my lady Mary, plain answer is made that her Grace shall have no more than her number. At my coming to Calais I will tell you more, for I know the minds both of my lady of Sussex and my lady Rutland. Mrs. Hutton will cause the high collars to be made, for there were none she liked where she bought hers. I will speak to Mr. Wryothesley in behalf of the priest, but such matters be very earnestly taken here. The Queen's pleasure is that Mrs. Anne shall wear no more her French apparel, so she must have a bonnet or two with frontlets, an edge of pearl, a gown of black satin, and another of velvet. This must be done before the Queen's churching. She must also have cloth for smocks and sleeves, for their smocks are censured as being too coarse. They must also have chests. I have already made Mrs. Anne, by command of my lady Sussex, a new gown of "Rysell worsted, turned up with black velot." Mrs. Katharine's black chamlet gown is new dyed, and her old black damask gown and her tawny chamlet gown have made her kirtles. Lady Sussex has given her a gown of hers of tawny taffeta turned up with tawny velvet, which is new making for her; and her black satin gown must be new bodied. Mrs. Katharine since her coming has always worn a bonnet with frontlet of my lady Rutland's, and Mrs. Anne wears one of my lady Sussex's. Each has a frontlet of black velvet. Mrs. Anne's old gowns will make her kirtles enough for two years. I have also made Mrs. Katharine a pair of sleeves of tawny satin. All this stuff is taken of Chr. Campyon, but is nothing so good as what is bought for ready money. No dishes for conserves have yet come, but towards Christmas there will be. They are made at Bevoys, between Abbeville and Paris. I would send you glasses, but you never wrote what sorts. God send you to be rid of your pain to your heart's desire, "to the rejoisment of your friends and discomfort of others." St. Katharine's 2 Sept. (fn. n3)
"There is no remedy; Culpeper must have a hawk."
Hol., pp. 2.
2 Oct. 809. J. Copynger, of Sion, to Cromwell.
R. O. Touching the interest of our mother abbess in the next presentation to the parsonage of Mychynhampton. She granted the advowson of it to Mr. Beadyll, deceased, and who has it now we do not know. It was covenanted that on the voidance of the benefice Mr. Bedyll should surrender his title and have a presentation to it of such as he should name. If it should come again to the presentation of our mother, I did move her for Dr. Deye, (fn. n4) master of St. John's College, Cambridge, or else for Tornar, of Magdalen's College, Oxford. 2 October. Signed: J. Copynger Syonensis.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: the father of Syon.
2 Oct. 810. Sir Francis Bryan to Cromwell.
R. O.
When the King was last at Ampthill he gave Sir John Sant Johne the abbey of Bushmead in farm, because he had 81. a year within the same, and it lay so near his house that if he should be driven to remove he could find no place so meet. I am sure his name was entered in the book, but I hear Mr. Gasgyne (fn. n5) labours for the same in recompense of the lands he exchanged with the King. Writes in behalf of Sir John, who is a man of gentle nature. Ampthill, 2 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 811. Anthony Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Remember my poor men in the castle of Windsor; there are many sick of the pestilence round about where they lie, and if one of them should die the burden should lie on my neck. Sir John Russell, bringing me from Hampton Court hither, willed me to tell all that I knew or thought; then, when I was examined before my lord Admiral, I said it must be Sir Edward Nevel's men who so commonly hunted my lord of Wiltshire's grounds, but that I knew of them no act. When Mr. Fane and I have been together he has said he suspected Sir Edward Nevel's men, naming those I named to your Lordship ["yesterd."] (fn. n6) I would rather than 500 marks that it were known, so that I might be out of suspicion. Ascher, 2 October.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 812. Sir John FitzJames to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his letter saying that the King has accepted his excuse for not keeping the assizes in Devon and Cornwall. Is in doubt whether this term will be adjourned to Crastino Animarum or not. If he does not come to London within four or five days after the beginning of term, asks Cromwell to show this excuse as he sees cause. Redliche, 2 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Lord Chief Justice.
2 Oct. 813. Eliz. Lady Englefyld, Widow, to Cromwell.
R. O. Her husband is dead. (fn. n7) Never had poor woman a greater loss than she and her poor children have of him. Their only hope is in Cromwell, whose help she desires especially for herself and her eldest son, as the bearer, Mr. Vachell, will explain. Englefild, 2 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Sealed.
R. O. 814. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
This afternoon the King, while riding to Hanworth showed him that he had forgotten to tell Cromwell that in the instruction for the person to be sent to Germany he wishes an article inserted to know what the States there will do for him if the Emperor, French king, and bp. of Rome conclude upon a General Council and do anything contrary to the laws of God, his purpose and theirs. On arriving this evening at this house received, by Vachel, Cromwell's letter in his favour for the feodaryship of the Duchy in Oxford-shire which Mr. Englefild had. Knows of no such office which Englefild had, but he had a stewardship of two lordships of the Duchy in that shire, which Hennaige is going to ask the King for. If he obtain it, will ask him to let Vachel have it. Has sent to Mr. Sullyard, and doubts not he will be with Cromwell to-morrow at 8 o'clock.
Added in his own hand: Has perceived to-day by the King so much that he hopes to live to acquit part of the goodness Cromwell has shown to him. Signed: Wyllm. Fytzwyllm.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The earl of Hampton.
2 Oct. 815. Thomas Evance to Cromwell.
R. O. Rob. Adeyne, servant and tenant to Sir John Hurlestone, came to Martley, Wore, on St. Matthew's day last, and in the house of Ric. Whitney, uttered the treasonous words mentioned in the enclosed depositions. Others were present besides the witnesses examined, of whom one came and told me, for I dwell within four miles thereof; on which I took horse and went thither, but Adeyne had been warned by Walter Harres, another of Hurleston's servants, and had fled. He is now in Gloucestershire with his master. Tuesday, 2 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 816. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanking him for, and desiring him to continue, his favour. Shrowisbury, 2 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
2 Oct. 817. The Mayor and Aldermen of Chester to Cromwell.
R. O. Your Lordship has written to us (9 Aug., delivered by one Ric. Wodwarde 28 Sept.), to put John Hollande in possession of an office of gauger in this city, (fn. n8) granted to him by the King's patent, or else three of us to appear before the Council, the quinzaine of Michaelmas next, bringing with us such grants as we can allege for our defence. The city has been so visited with plague that the Council of the Marches has forbidden us to resort to them. We beg, therefore, you will allow us till Hilary term, which will give us a reasonable time to search our records, and then admit our answer by the mouth of our recorder (fn. n9) whom we lately admitted to that office at at your request. Chester, 2 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 818. Dan John Clement to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received a book (fn. n10) from you. I had much trouble to get it from the proctor, who at first said there was none for me, but, when I said I would write to you about it, sent me one in three days. I have almost read it; it is the truest instruction I have ever read. I beg you will remember my confirmation according to your gracious promise. For when I ask the proctor anything he says he will "thrust me out of the door an I speak any more of such things, as touching my diet or surgery." I am daily reproved uncharitably by the proctor, to the great inquieting of my mind and unstableness of my end, which is drawing on fast. I beg you will excuse my writing for I write more by the course of my hand than by sight.
P.S.—I beg that I may speak to you shortly, else we may not long continue good religious according to our profession. All lies in you. 2 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 819. Hungarian News.
Vesp. F. I. 5.
B. M.
On the 2 Oct. 1537 a battle was fought between the Christians and the Turks not far from Buda, when 25,000 Christians were slain or taken prisoners. King Ferdinand had collected from Bohemia, Schlesia (Silesia), and Moravia 18,000; of German foot 2,000, of light horse, stradiotes, and "Husernis" 5,000; among whom were captains John Catzianer, dom. Albertus Slick comes, dom. Andreas Ungenad, Comes Julius ab Hardeck, and Domer Paul. They knew the Turks did not outnumber them, but while they remained encamped at Buda the latter passed by the place, then harassed them with daily fights, and though the Christians slew or took 2,000 of them, drew them thus away till they shut them in and cut them off from supplies. The Christians then were compelled to retreat; but the Turks occupied by night a mountain which was upon their road, and attacked our men next day in three places, took their ordnance, slew 20,000, and made the rest prisoners. But Domre Paulus that night departed to reconnoitre the Turkish forces with 500 horse which escaped in safety, some think, to the Venetians.
The Venetians also are not very successful, for the Turk has besieged Corfu and carried off more than 20,000 Christian captives, especially of the country people; but after the siege he left the city, and the Venetians now demand aid of the Empire.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd. Headed: Nova ex Hungaria.
3 Oct. 820. Lady Lisle.
R. O. Receipt by John Husee to Chr. Champion, mercer of London, for certain parcels of worsted, buckram, damask, velvet, chamlet, and satin, for the use of Lady Lisle, total [5l. 4s.] 11d. to be paid on the 15 March next. 3 Oct. 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Slightly mutilated. Sealed.
3 Oct. 821. Rafe Sadleyr to Cromwell.
R. O. Yesterday one of his servants at his chamber at the Court feeling himself ill, went to his lodging where his horses stand within a mile of Assher, and is there very sick this morning. Informed the King by Mr. Bryan, who sent word that he was to absent himself till he knows what disease the man has. The King also advised him not to repair to his wife, who is great with child, and is at Lyesnes, in Kent. Will therefore go to Hackney which has been and is very clear of the sickness. None died of it there but Mr. Bolde. If his servant has not the sickness, will return. If he is compelled to be away as long as before it will much hinder him. Hampton Court, 3 Oct.
Would have waited on Cromwell but for this chance.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Oct. 822. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Saw yesterday a citation against the abbot of Rievaulx by the quondam, which was sued out of the court under Cromwell's authority. The quondam maintains that the abbot entered on possession without any title, the monastery not being void. Cromwell remembers the sending down of the King's commission to remove him about three years ago. The abbot is an old man, ill able to ride, and of as honest a sort as any religious in these parts, while the other showed himself false and traitorous during the late business. Requests therefore that the abbot be excused from personal appearance. If the abbot be accused of not paying the quondam's pension; it was by Norfolk's command when the quondam was suspected of treason. Sheriffhutton, 3 Oct. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Oct. 823. Sir Reynold Carnaby to Cromwell.
R. O.
Thanks him for his comfortable letter of 7 Aug. No news but of my Lord Lieutenant's proceedings at Newcastle in promoting justice and execution of malefactors. He left Newcastle on Friday 28 Sept., leaving Sir John Weddrington, warden of the Middle Marches, in charge of Riddesdale, and the writer with the rule of Tyndale. Few complaints are made of them now. Six of them have been proclaimed outlaws, viz., three principal slayers of Roger Fenwicke, one Edward Charlton, who was indicted at Newcastle as accessory to it at the same time as John Heron of Chipchace, one Ant. Erryngton and John Heron of the Hall Barns. These six being well kinned may still give trouble, but Carnaby hopes to take such ways as will satisfy the King. Intends on Tuesday next to keep a court at Wark in Tyndale, and will write what is done there. Begs Cromwell to be good lord to his poor brother, the bearer, whom his father wishes to remain in Cromwell's service. Hexham, 3 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
3 Oct. 824. Charles Martel to Lord Lisle.
R. O. In accordance with your request I send you a couple of goshawks. Hesdin, 3 Oct.
Commend me to my lady.
Hol. Fr., p. 1.
3 Oct. 825. John Hutton to Wriothesley.
R. O. Right worshipful Sir, I have received your letter, dated 24th ult. Fiat voluntas tua. Since that I have received a letter from Mr. Richard Lee, with a remembrance to make provision for certain things whereof part concerneth you, so it shall be done with all speed. I have had two pots of silver made for Mrs. Wriothesley, "whose devosions bathe paid for them," and will send them by the first trusty messenger; have also shipped for her a maund of kitchen stuff, consigned to Wm. Sampton. Have written to my lord Privy Seal as follows:—
Whereas there was bruit here 8 days past, that the Turk had taken Corfo, I durst not write thereof because it was not certain. It is now confirmed by letters from Venice dated the 15th of last month, which also announce that the Venetians have broken off their long alliance with the Turk and made a treaty with the Emperor and bp. of Rome, and have made ready near 200 vessels to invade or at least resist the Turk. On Monday last the bastard of Falays brought letters from the Emperor, and the Council was assembled and sat all that day. The next day came, and were admitted, 4 commissioners from the duke of Cleves, to conclude the marriage of the princess of Denmark with his son and heir. Before which assembly I had moved unto the lady Regent, because she and her Council had enacted that none of the King's subjects should send goods in or out of France without safe-conduct and payment of 5 per cent., on pain of confiscation of the goods, contrary to the treaty of intercourse between the King's highness and the Emperor; so that the officers of the tolls and others now refuse to let any merchandise, which they think might "farne" for France, leave this, unless the owners pay 5 per cent, or take oath that it shall not be sold to French subjects. The Council have asked me to have patience, because they have much business, and they will peruse the articles of the treaty and give me reasonable answer. I desire your advice concerning the same. Breuxelles, 3 October.
If you perceive it to be my lord's pleasure that I should meddle further in the matter I have written to him about, I beg you will give me your advice, doubting that my lord will have so much business that he will not busy himself therein. If you could help me to the King's picture, either great or small, the glazier who makes the window has moved to have it, saying he will make it perfect after the pattern. I pray that I may live to recompense you for your fatherly kindness to me. Breuxelles, 3 October.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: At London. Endd.
4 Oct. 826. Cromwell to [Brabazon]. (fn. n11)
R. O. Lord Butler has kept the castles of Catherlaugh, Thisteldormont, Kylka, Castelcurr, Knokraffyn and Glaschar during the rebellion and since, and must account for the profits to the King, whose command is that when lord Butler shall so account (he affirms he has obtained from you a respite) you shall allow him reasonable fees at the advice of the Commissioners now with you. Mortlake, 4 Oct.
Copy, p. 1.
827. Rafe Sadleyr to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received his letter. Is glad that the King seems inclined to favour his suit, but regrets that he seems to impute to him a great default for non-attendance, especially referring to his departure from the Court, which was by the King's own command, signified from Mr. Bryan by the mouth of his (Sadler's) fellow Jenyns. To show that he only departed by necessity, encloses a letter from Bryan that his man is either dead or like to die of the sickness. Is in great trouble and perplexity. Is uncertain about the state and danger of himself and folks who were with him at the Court conversant with his servant, and his absence from the Court will so much hinder him that unless Cromwell remember him he will never be able to recover it. Hackeney.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 Oct. 828. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. v. 109.
Cannot find out who wrote Evers' letter. Has examined a good number that were with him in the castle. None can write a hand like it except the bearer, Lockewoode, and, next to Gregory Conyers, he has no servant so great with him. Leaves it to Cromwell to examine him as he will not confess to Norfolk. As to the sayings of Wentworth; cannot yet hear where he is but will speak with him before his departure. To try out the truth Ralph Bulmer and his servant Ralph Watson, now at London, should be kept till the Duke's coming without speaking to anyone. Sir Thos. Curwen came here yesterday. He was with Sir Thos. Wharton at the meeting with Lord Maxwell. It is thought the Scotch Queen would have stolen into this realm if Maxwell had not conveyed her beyond Stirling from within 5 or 6 miles of England. Maxwell said all things would go well between the realms if she did not make a breach; but he found great fault with this realm for not obeying the bp. of Rome. Has put Cromwell's servant Wright in possession of Lithe parsonage, though neither Sir Thos. Wentworth nor Mr. Leyton, parson there, have handled that matter clearly. Has examined an accusation of light words against Sir Ralph Evers' wife but can find no proof. My lord of Durham makes small haste hither. "His purse does not feel that mine doth, which was empty a month past and am fain to live of borrowing." Sheriffhutton, 4 Oct.
P.S.—Has heard such news that he repeats his warning touching Ralph Bulmer and Ralph Watson. Thanks Cromwell for favouring the abbot of Warden. Signed.
Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
4 Oct. 829. Sir Thos. Wharton to Cromwell.
Calig. B. III.
f. 176.
B. M.
St. P. v. 111.
Has received his letters dated Mortlake, 18 Sept. Cromwell's favour is a great assistance to him in his office. Since writing last by his brother, has met lord Maxwell at a day of march, 27 Sept., which was "a day of great weather." Crossed the Esk to him in a boat; for no horse could pass. His brother Sir Thos. Curwen, and others to the number of nine passed over, three at a time. Proceeded well, and appointed to meet Tuesday, 16 Oct., at Gretna church in Scotland, and next day at Rocliffe in England, and so continue meeting until all attemptates be redressed, except for Ledesdall, which Maxwell says shall afterwards be proceeded with. Doubts the ability of the thieves of Ledesdall to redress their wrong done, and whether there is any Scotsman who dare compel them. Some stealing is begun by Englishmen on these West borders, but of no great weight. Has appointed a warden court and sessions of peace at Carlisle this week to see to it.
Bearer can declare news of the queen of Scotland, our King's sister, and of the new Queen, as concluded by the abbot of Arbroath in France, widow of the duke of Guise and daughter of the duke of Longawell. (fn. n12) She brings the King 30,000 francs a year, is 20 years of age, is lusty and fair, and has had one child by her husband. There is talk of bringing her home through this realm. The Scots intend displeasure to the earl of Angus on the Borders. Will not "desire gains inordinate, whereby to wink, but shall look openly to justice." Penrithe, 4 Oct. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 Oct. 830. Richard Lee to [Cromwell].
R. O. I am much bound to your Lordship for your mediation with my father-in-law, (fn. n13) who is now right kind to me. I moved your Lordship concerning ships taken with the King's timber coming to Calais in August last. The owners, Will. Lawles and Adrian Browne, dwelling in Kent, have sent to me divers times, trusting in your Lordship's help. If the timber cannot be recovered, such like must be provided, for no other ships that use this haven can carry timber of such length. Yesterday I received answer out of France from Mr. German, (fn. n14) secretary to my lord of Winchester, that plain answer is made, for as much as sentence is passed there is no remedy but by appeal, and that one must be sent thither to follow the same. This I dare not do without further instructions. Calais, 4 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: 4to Octobris 1537.
4 Oct 831. John Cokeson, Waterbailly [of Calais], to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends "a draught" of the revenues of the mayor and aldermen of Calais, which exceed the sum he mentioned. Suspects they make no mention of many of their profits. As to strangers there are several wards, e.g., Mr. Pryselei's, Mr. Screvin's, and Mr. Tate's, in which there are no Englishmen to be constables unless they take soldiers. Calais, 4 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. The statement referred to, giving items amounting to "590l. and above," of which the most interesting are these two: Of Hubbert's lands to maintain a grammar school, 11l.; for tutelage of pupils and "orphants," 12d. of every pound, estimated as worth 20l. a year.
In Cokeson's hand, pp. 2.
5 Oct. 832. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
Add. MS.
25,114, f. 271.
B. M.
Has received his letters of the 28 Sept., "declaring the return of Skepperus with his entertainment, and the determination for the sending of Mons. de Villiers to the Emperor." Has also seen his letters to the Lord Privy Seal. Is anxious to discover the certainty touching the peace which Gardiner thinks is brewing between the Emperor and the French king. Is to tell the French king that the King is much rejoiced at his perfect recovery, though he cannot approve of his intention, intimated by the French ambassador, to cross the mountains in person. Then for a cover to his inquiries touching the peace, he shall tell him that sundry French men of war upon the seas have spoiled English subjects: that several of them, being apprehended, were discharged out of consideration for France, although they were pirates whom the league could not have protected, on the French ambassador promising that they should conduct themselves better in future; nevertheless some of the very ships thus set at liberty have since renewed their depredations. Amongst others two of the vessels taken by Sir John Dudley, after being thus released, coming into the Downs, robbed a ship of Calais. He shall, therefore, desire of Francis to give instructions that those who go to sea may know a friend from an enemy. Here Gardiner may of himself enlarge upon the King's cordiality and intimate that it is plainly declared that the Emperor and Francis are in treaty, and on his reply, either yes or no, say that no one would be more glad than the King that he should have an honourable peace, provided he performed his promise, not to make peace without including England as a principal contrahent. Gardiner shall also inquire of him frankly, as of himself, what he proposes to do touching the bp. of Rome's indicted council prorogued till this November, and remind him of the promise he made about that matter, both by his own mouth and by his ambassadors, especially the bailly of Troyes, not to assent to any council in which England did not concur. He must use every argument with Francis to this effect, appealing to his honour, his amity with England, and the unsuitableness of the place and time, but is not to let it appear that he has any commission on this head. Hampton Court, 5 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Pp. 4. Add.: Bishop of Winchester, Ambassador in the Court of France. Endd.
5 Oct. 833. John Bishop of Bath to Henry VIII.
R. O. Received last night the King's letters for the advowson of the arch-deaconry of Wells. Intended to have sought the King's leave to give it to a chaplain of his own, and expected that His Highness, hearing of the chaplain's good qualities, and having already had the deanery, would have consented. But now, perceiving by the lord Privy Seal's letters the King's desire for it, sends the advowson by bearer. Prays God that the King may furnish Wells cathedral with no worse an archdeacon than he has already furnished it with a dean. Banwell, 5 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
5 Oct. 834. John Bishop of Bath to Cromwell.
R. O. I thank your Lordship for your servant, my brother Thomas Clerk, and for your letters and the King's. I send the advowson of the archdeaconry of Wells by bearer, the person for whom I wrote to be your bailiff at Wedmore. I have ventured also to write to the King, but the letter may be delivered or not as you think fit. I thank you for the books (fn. n15) you sent me; much diligence seems to have been used in the printing. "In mine opinion it is the most plain, sincere, and solemn doctrine that ever was set forth. And I doubt not but the authors and the setters forth of the same, and inprimis your good Lordship, shall have as much thank and praise for the same of God and the world as ever ye had of thing. And God forbid but that we should every man enforce yourselffis (sic) to teach and publish the same to the people accordingly." Assures Cromwell, whatever pickthanks may report, that as much honour is spoken of him here in this and other matters as he could wish. Banwell, 5 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add: Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Oct.
R. O.
835. H. Earl of Worcester to the Lord President of the Council in the Marches of Wales.
Has received his letter dated Shrewsbury, 1 Oct., and also that of his cousin Richard Devereux. If his servants have misdemeaned themselves in Arrustly and Kevilyok will have them punished. Asks him not to believe Devereux, who bears them malice. Since he left his Lordship, the King has sent him a commission to himself and Jeffrey Chambre, surveyor-general of the King's purchased lands, for levying "a knowledge" due to the King after the duke of Richmond's death, amounting to 300l., claimed by lord Ferrers, and also for surveying the said lordships. Found that lord Ferrers had levied part of the money, and wrote to him to hold no courts till the King's pleasure were known. Contrary to which "my said cousin Devereux" has attempted to hold courts, saying untruly that lord Ferrers had a patent of the Earl for life. As the country will not obey him, he is making trouble there. Finds that lord Ferrers and his son, being noblemen, are too high to occupy any office under him, and asks the lord President to notify this to them. Hears that Devereux said he would hang those who had been suitors to him against lord Ferrers' deputies. Tynterne, 5 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
5 Oct. 836. Riots in Cumberland.
R. O. i. Indictment of Wm. Routlege and Thomas his son, late of Lukkyns de Levyn, Cumb., for having, with Will. Armstrang alias Willy Cut, Edm. Armstrang his brother, Alan Forster alias Blontwod, John alias Jok Halidaye, and John Graye, Scots, assembled to the number of 50, on 7 June 29 Hen. VIII., at Hestedeheshe on the water of King in Gillesland, Cumb., attacked and murdered Thomas and John Crawe and Thos. Crawe, jun.
ii. Grand jury (named) at Carlisle, 5 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., before Sir Thomas Wharton, King's deputy warden of the West Marches.
iii. Special jury at Carlisle 5 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., before Sir Thos. Wharton, viz.:—Sir John Louthre, John Leyghe, Thos. Sandforth, Lancelot Lancastre, Chr. Crakenthrope, Thos. Salkeld, Gilb. Wharton, John Denton of Carlisle, and Robt. Lamplewghe, esquires, and Wm. Mulcastre, Wm. Osmoderley, and John Nykson of Comdoveoke, gentlemen. —— Wm. Routlege, indicted of treason, acquitted. Thomas Routlege, indicted of treason, found guilty.
Latin, pp. 3, sewed together. Endd.
5 Oct. 837. The Irish Commission.
R. O. Presentments of the jury of the steward and elders of Kilkenny, 5 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., before the lord Deputy, Ant. Seyntleger, Geo. Poulet, Thos. Moyle, and Will. Barners, Commissioners. Ric. Shee and 12 other jurors named.
1537. Exactions, robberies, and murders done by Thomas Fitzmorice, Patrick his brother, and Andrew Thomas his son, by James Butler Fitztybod, by the lord of Ostrey and his wife, lord James Butler and Ric. Butler, by the lord Shertell and Baron Grace, by Lysaghe McConyll and Rosse Mchunedof(?) of Slymagre, by Adam Bremaughe of Crabale, by John Butler Fitztybod, by Robt. Grace, son of Baron Grace, by Robt. Forstell, of Kylferrouthe, and by Patrick his son. Gallowglasses kept by Ostrey. The prior of Inystyok and abbot of Gerypont obstruct the river with, weirs. The fishermen of Inystyok who have the carrying of wine to the town, drink it. Ostrey and other lords make statutes of their own. Forestallers. Bribes taken by officials. Statutes of Kilcas used by Ostrey "and by his Irish judge called a Brehen;" copies in possession of the sheriff of Kilkenny, bp. of Waterford, and Rory McLaughere, a judge of the country. The King's charter to Kilkenny denied by citizens of Waterford. Exactions by priests. Ostrey has married two daughters to McGelle Patrik and Donough Brenne, both Irish. Baron Grace has married Robert, his son and heir apparent, to Ossory's daughter. Ossory has the toll of the market of Kilkenny. —— (blank) Grace, bastard son to the baron, has married "Donough Offolyns daughter, of Ossory." Edm. and Ric. Def of Comerford stole five hives from Ric. Rothe five years ago, and have restored three.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 2. Presentment of a jury of the commonalty, headed "The verdict of the commoners of the town of Kilkenny." John Lye and 15 other jurors named.
That the lord of Ostrey, his wife and children, baron Grace, Porcell of Ballywhele, Blaunchefilde, James Sweteman, Robt. Sertall of Hyggons Town, Edm. Butler of Butler's Wood, Piers Skantwell, Thobod Butler, his wife and children, the baron of Brownesford, Patrick Porcell of Lowyston, Kaer More Makphoris, Walter Brennaghe and Edm., Walt., and Ric, his sons, and many others (named), and generally all the freeholders in the county, charge their tenants with coyne and livery; and so do the bp. of Ostrey, the abbots of Jerypons and Kyllcole, prior of Kellis, abbots of Holy Cross and Duske, bp. of Leighlin, and all the spiritualty. Ossory, lord James Butler, and James Oghe Butler, of Slewarde, take up oats in Lent without paying, &c. (certain of their servants named). The baron of Brownesford and his officers use "black men," that is, charge the country for eight score gallowglasses when there are but 100, and keep the residue of the money. The harbingers (named) of Ossory and lord Butler take "black money," that is, bribes, for sparing certain towns from coyne and livery. In the town the King's laws are used, but in the country Obrene's laws and the statutes of Kylcasshe. The town of Waterford will not accept the King's charter granted to Kilkenny. Names of certain of Ossory's servants who committed a robery and rape, and are unpunished. Long lists of forestallers. Ossory has forcibly seized Walt. Archer's lands called Wasesishayes of Rose; John Grace, the Baron's son, has seized John Frenge's land called Black Wood. List of numerous robberies and assaults. Ossory has seized the castle which long belonged to the earl of Ormond. Other items of excessive fees taken by churchmen, illegal tolls, &c, among them that the fishermen of Innerteok drink the wine and fill the vessels up with water.
Pp. 12.


  • n1. His creation as earl of Hertford was only on the 18th Oct. 1537, so that either this date is retrospective, or he was called earl by anticipation.
  • n2. Crossed out and Robert bp. of Llandaff substituted.
  • n3. Evidently an error for October.
  • n4. Geo. Day, S.T.P., admitted master of St. John's 27 July 1537.
  • n5. Sir William Gascoyne, of Cardington.
  • n6. Crossed out.
  • n7. See No. 770.
  • n8. See Vol. XI., No. 1453.
  • n9. John Cavallary. See Vol. XI., No. 1497.
  • n10. Probably "The Institution of a Christian Man."
  • n11. In the Irish Calendar this is noted as a letter to the lord Deputy, but it does not seem to be addressed to a nobleman.
  • n12. Really, the duke of Guise's daughter and Longueville's widow.
  • n13. Sir Ric. Grenville.
  • n14. Germayn Gardiner.
  • n15. Doubtless a number of copies of "The Institution of a Christian Man."