Henry VIII: October 1538 1-5

Pages 194-211

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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October 1538 1-5

1 Oct. 497. Henry VIII to John Frederic Duke or Saxony.
iii. 180.
For some months Francis Burgratus, Vice-Chancellor, George a Boyneburg, LL.D., and Frederic Myconius, your and the Landgrave of Hesse's ambassadors, have been with us, and given evidence of such sound erudition and Christian piety that we feel assured hope of good results. As the matter of our negociations concerns the glory of Christ, and the discipline of religion, it requires mature deliberation. The ambassadors will report the agreement we have come to, and we hope you will send us Philip Melanchthon and other learned men to conclude the matter. From our palace near London, kal. Oct. 1538.
1 Oct. 498. Anabaptists.
iii. 836.
Royal commission to Thos. abp. of Canterbury, John bp. of London, Richard bp. of Chichester, John Skipe, archd. of Dorset, Nich Heathe, archd. of Stafford, Thos. Thurlebie, archd. of Ely, and Ric. Gwent, archd. of London, King's chaplains, Robt. Barnes, S.T.D., and Edw. Croome, S.T.D., or any three or four of them, to search for and examine Anabaptists, receive back into the Church such as renounce their error, hand over those who persist in it to the secular arm for punishment, and destroy all books of that detestable sect. 1 Oct. 1538, 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Cromwell.
1 Oct. 499. Sir Brian Tuke to Cromwell.
R. O. I perceive by my clerks that the agents of Bernardo de Mela have showed your Lordship that I, for payment of his annuity, desire a liberate dormant, and you think it not needful. Liberates be a new thing in this office, for till late there were no letters patents payable but in courts of record; but nowadays men will have patents even upon the King's own purse in his privy chamber, insomuch as I suppose I pay not so few as 100 patentees. It was sufficient to know the King's pleasure by mouth, message or token: now they be for the most part during life, and many by patent, and, if by warrant, they be for surety directed to the treasurer that is or shall be, "as if the treasurer that is would be so mad to deliver his warrant to any that may succeed him." I must have something to show for myself, and am contented only with a liberate, which he may have for 2s. 6d., or dormant for 6s. 8d. if it be during life. Your Lordship wrote me to reckon what he had received of Mr. Gostwik, and pay him what remained due upon his letters patents, of which I never heard before, but always paid him by virtue of your letters as a reward. Being certified by Robert Lord, in Mr. Gostwik's absence, of his payments, I paid what remained due, and showed him for future payments to sue a liberate. My lord Chancellor hearing your Lordship had written to me, "like a great wise counsellor that would not I should have two discharges for one matter," lest I might take double allowance, denied him the liberate. I only desire what I may keep for my discharge, and so I told him to show your Lordship or my lord Chancellor. At my poor house besides Havering, 1 Oct. 1538.
Hol. pp. 2. Add: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Oct. 500. H. Earl of Worcester to Cromwell.
R. O. Has accomplished the King's and Cromwell's letters for the payment of Sir Thos. Spert's duty of the value of the Valentyne of London with her freight. Desires credence for Spert, who has the Earl's writing testimonial. Chepstow, 1 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd. inaccurately: "The busshopp of Worcestre.
1 Oct. 501.Aylesbury, Grey Friars.
R. O.
Rymer. xiv.
Surrender (by the warden and friars, who "do profoundly consider that the perfection of a Christian living, doth not consist in dumb ceremonies, wearing of a grey coat, disguising ourself after strange fashions, ducking and becking, in girding ourselves with a girdle full of knots, and other like papistical ceremonies, wherein we have been most principally practised and misled in times past;" and who are determined henceforth to follow Christ and his evangelists, conforming themselves to the will of the King, their Supreme head, and renouncing the superstitious traditions of any forinsical potentate) of the house and all its possessions; with a petition for the King's licence to the inmates to change their habits and receive such livings as other secular priests are preferred to. 1 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Hen. Mertyu, warden, Wm. Mey, vice-warden, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 8.]
In English. Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll. p. 5, no. 6] without mem. of acknowledgment.
R. O. 2. Rental of the Possessions of the late priory of the Grey Friars at Aylesbury.
A close of 6 acres containing a pond called the Moote, demised to John Bassett, 30s. 8d.; 15 other fields, gardens, &c. of small value, with the names of those to whom they are demised; and the site of the late priory, worth 10s.
Total, 6l. 2s. 4d. Tenth, 12s. 3d.
Memoranda in another hand. The wood upon the said Friars, 6l. 13s. 4d. "The true copy of the book examined by Mr. Wm. Candyshe, auditor." The King's session house in Aylesbury must have a new roof of lead: if the King will give 10 "fooder" of lead Sir John Baldwyn will bear the remaining cost.
Lat. Pp. 2, large paper.
1 Oct. 502. Lynn, Grey Friars.
R. O. Surrender of the wardenry or house and all its possessions in Norfolk and elswhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 1 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Edm. Brygat, warden, and nine others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 30.]
Faded. Without seal.
1 Oct. 503. Coventry, White Friars.
R. O.
Rymer. xiv.
Surrender (by Hugh Burtley, (fn. n1) prior, and the convent) to John London clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. John Gett and Thos. Gyfte, laymen, to be attorneys to receive and deliver the same. 1 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Hugh Burnby and 13 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 18.]
Seal injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 9.] without mem. of acknowledgment.
1 Oct. 504. Lord Butler and Lord Leonard Grey.
R. O. "A breviate of lord Butler's book dated the first day of October."
Declares his continual service to the Deputy. Never attempted to be his own bailey in revenging himself upon the King's subjects, but only upon his Irish enemies. The order taken lately by the Council between the Deputy, Ossory and Butler, that the Deputy should desist from maintaining OKarroll and Conyll OMore's sons, being Geraldines, and compel the former to deliver certain castles in Ormond to Ossory, if he exhibited sufficient title (which he has done), is not kept. A hosting was proclaimed upon McMorow and his kinsmen the Kevenaghes, and Butler entered the country and completely defeated McMorow five days before the Deputy came. When the Deputy arrived Butler put himself under his command. One night in camp the Treasurer and Chief Justice went with him to the Deputy, with whom were Wm. Sayntloo, John Eysham, John Felde, Browne, Garland, and others. The Deputy said "they handled him like no honest men." The Chief Justice asked why, and he retorted "Torde in thy teeth and torde in thy knave's teeth." The Treasurer begged him to consider that the Chief Justice was one of the King's Council; whereupon the Deputy said to him: "Torde in thy precious knave's teeth, I defy you all. I know you all well enough." Then lord Butler, after desiring the bystanders to depart, told the Deputy that, as he handled them so, they would, when the journey was over, keep away from his presence till they knew the King's further pleasure. The Justice also said "My Lord, now I see that such persons as the King's Highness hath put in most trust to counsel and advise you, your Lordship hath them in disdain and hatred," and that he would follow no counsel but that of "the traitors Gerald McGerald, John Felde, Garland, and their complices." Then Butler wished they had all been before the King and his Council in England, "on the condition that he were indebted in 500l." The Deputy answered that there was no need to trouble the King, but he, the Deputy, wished the lord Privy Seal were there to hear them. What he meant is "uncertain," but if his Lordship had been there no man in Ireland should have had power to do him displeasure. Finally McMorow, Moryartagh McArte Boy, Cayher McArte, and all the Kevenaghes submitted and promised a yearly rent. The pretensed earl of Desmond has wasted lord Roche's country, contrary to the letters of the Deputy and Council. It is suspected he has secret intelligence with the Deputy, for he shows no towardness of obedience, and practises to strengthen himself.
Pp. 3, in Robert Cowley's hand.
1 Oct. 505. Honor Lady Lisle to [Dr. Thirleby].
R. O. "Right worshipful sir," I thank you for the great pains you took here, and was not so glad for your fair passage as sorry for your departure; "but my lord of Winchester and you will do nothing after a woman's advice." I thought surely your horses were not yet come. Writes as his servant and scholar to ask how many pounds of sugar must go to how many pounds of "quynchys barbarance and damsyns, or plummes," for she has clean forgotten. Now the time of quinces is come and she would fain be doing. Calais, 1 Oct. Signed.
P. 1.
1 Oct. 506. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
R. O. Has nothing important to write, but by the opportunity of this messenger reports his good health. Had intended to lie at Dunkirk on Sunday night but remained, by advice, at Calais and took his journey yesterday morning. Was ill-handled by his enemy between Dunkirk and this town, but went to bed on his arrival and, forcing himself into a great sweat, is this morning well. Intends to be with the Queen within two days. Hears she is at Brussels, but some say she removes towards Compiegne today. Apparently the meeting is but a matter of banquet, for he hears that all the Council remain still at Brussels. The horse he got at Calais must serve him till he gets to Court, for there is no post. Looks hourly to hear from Mr. Vaughan. Desires that my lord Deputy and Mr. Porter be thanked for his entertainment. The latter has sent him a pretty nag after him. Newporte, 1 Oct., 6 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
1 Oct. 507. Thos. Theabold to Cromwell.
Nero B. vi.
B. M.
Fears that the accidental sending of villanous Italian verses in his last letter has brought him into disgrace with Cromwell. Recounts how a German showed him some verses against the Pope and Cardinals, which he desired a scrivener to copy, and the man by mistake copied the others as well. Is afraid to write again.
Andreas Dorias has joined the Venetians with 50 good galleys, and as many ships, with 12,000 selected warriors. They have circumvented the Turkish navy so that they must either fight, or abandon their ships. News from Bohemia and Germany (as in his letter to Cranmer Xo. 509).
Since writing last has twice spoken with Myhel Frognorton. The first time he was merrily disposed and boasted how he had deceived Cromwell and Morison "when he was in England in message from his master," (fn. n2) thinking that, but for his crafty and subtle conveyance, Cromwell would have beheaded him, not considering that he is a person whose life can neither hinder nor farther the King or Cromwell, or that they would violate the security of a messenger. Finds him much simpler and of less discretion than he thinks himself. Believes he is in more credence and trust than authority with his master. "The second time was the 18th day of August, rathe in a morning, clothed in a coat of wolf skins and a cap of mail, as pale as ashes, blowing and puffing like unto a raging lion." He said he had not slept all night. The cause was that one Harry Philleps, sometime student in Lovayn, when he betrayed "good Tyndall," had come out of Flanders, either driven by poverty to ask help of Pole, or because of evil behaviour. But as he was arrayed like a "Svycer" or a raffling man of war, with a pair of Almain boots, and said he came on foot and that three weeks before he was in Flanders, the people, thinking they perceived he had worn spurs, and for other suspicions, concluded he had been sent by Cromwell to destroy Pole or be a spy on him. Asked how one could venture such a deed alone in a strange country. He said that when his master rode out as usual with five or six horses unarmed, he might destroy him with the help of three or four hardy fellows and escape to the mountains in four hours. But this is the Italians' practice, or poison. Believes a gentleman of Venice was the chief author of this suspicion. They thought that the King would expect Pole, when he heard that his younger brother was in the Tower (which the writer feigned not to have known before), to publish books in revenge, which (they reckon) he fears more than all the world besides. His master, he said, had books lying by him, which if they came forth would cause heaven and earth to quake. Pole has "defended" Phillips the whole dominion of the Venetians. After leaving, as he despaired of succour in these parts, he asked Pole to give him something toward his costs and write a letter of commendation for him to the bp. of Leuke, but they would not even write in answer, suspecting that he wanted a letter to show in England as a proof that he had been there. At his departure thence they advised him to come hither, telling him an English student was here, of whom, perhaps, he might have comfort; but Frognorton was here almost as soon as he, found out where he lodged, and beset the gates to know which way and with whom he went, for they suspected his adherents to be either here or in Venice. The said English student refused to help him, and mentioned Theabold. On which Phillips departed out of the town, for he feared he might have procured him some displeasure. For, three years ago, passing through Lovayn toward High Almain, Theabold had insinuated himself into familiar acquaintance with Phillips to know what practice he went about with Tyndal, "persuading him that I would tarry and by his exhortation to be in with him; wherefore he believing me did commu[nicate unt]o me of the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . was intended." Afterwards hearing that Theabold was gone to Hie Almayn, and was belonging to my lord of Canterbury, Phillips accused him of being a spy and a messenger sent into Germany about some practices and caused watch to be laid for him between Antwerp and Colleyn for three or four months.
Made great difficulty with Frognorton about meddling in the matter. In three or four hours he returned somewhat merrier, having done off his wolf skins and cap of mail, "remitting also his fierce countenance and old fox's conditions and conveyances, being returned again to the nature of a young sheep." He had found out that Phillips was in necessity, and had no company here and had not gone to Venice. In that he deceived them, for he was there two days, and would have seen Harvell, but he was in the country, and he only got 12d. or 20d. from two English merchants' servants by way of alms. Afterwards he came to Theabold pretending great repentance and desiring pardon. Said that private matters were already [re]mitted, but he could not dissemble his public offences, to God, his p[rince], and his country. Advised him to return and sue for pardon, which he said he would do, imputing all that is past to the lightness of his youth and evil counsel. He complained of Pole's unkindness. Made him no great answer, not knowing what practises he has in his heart. In conclusion he said he would return to Flanders, to make means to Cromwell for remission. Before going he sold his doublet of velvet and damask in sundry colours, and his cloak of English cloth. Frognorton is now persuaded he was not appointed to destroy his master, but thinks he must have been a spy. If they had known of his having been at Venice, they would have been persuaded that their imaginations were true. Has been at Ferrara and during his absence Frognorton came again to speak with him.
Hears that Pole and Card. Contarenus removed on St. Michael's Day to Tervil near Venice and will go to Rome. Asked Frognorton whether the Pope did not seek some means to dysple[ase] England, but he said he feared the Turk more, who, but for the Emperor and Venetians, is like to occupy his possessions both in Italy and adjoining, and, besides, he is not so quick and earnest in revenging himself on England as his master would have him, but he hoped that within six months or a year they would be revenged or never, by excommunications and stopping mercantile intercourse, if this peace between the Emperor and French king is confirmed. He said also that James off Poel had gone to Rome to seek his master, but they suspected him as they did Phillips, and would cause him to forsake these parts.
Thinks they have a very weak and slender faith and also little hope in Christ and of the life to come, seeing this mortal security does so move and torment them. Fears "they labour of the common heresy of all those Italians which seem to be of great learning or worldly wisdom, that is, felicity to be in this carnal body and morta[l], and so the soul to perish with the body." As for the Pope, thinks the heads and chiefs, in other causes tha[n] temporal commodities and profits, have no manner of good estimation of him. The common people are, out of measure, superstitions for lack of knowledge. On the middle sort many give themselves to the study and promotion of the truth, speaking and reasoning liberally.
Heard at Ferrara a friar, who had been forbidden in other places, preach liberally about justification and predestination. He is had in great reverence by the Duchess, (fn. n3) who seems to be equal or to pass her sister, the queen of Navarre, in promoting and following God's word. Gives an account of her Court, as in his letter to Cranmer. Encloses a copy of the Italian verses, mentioned in the same letter. Padua, 1 Oct.
Encloses a figure printed of the besetting and enclosing of the Turk's army by the Venetians and the Emperor's navy. It was given him by a gentleman of Almain, to whom it was sent from Venice.
Hol., pp. 4. Add: Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Oct. 508. Thomas Theabold to the Earl of Wiltshire.
R. O. Encloses a letter, unsealed, to my lord Privy Seal written in excuse for a mistake that he committed in his last. Dares not write his Lordship any more letters till informed by the Earl's or his brother's letters, how his Lordship takes it. Mr. Pole, as he has written to Cromwell, has left for Rome. Has obeyed his Lordship's instructions not to visit him, though solicited by Frognorton, who was the more desirous of his acquaintance, as he made honest excuses, whereas if he had offered to come they would have thought him a spy. Has had no communication with him except for the purposes mentioned in his letter to my lord Privy Seal. Padway, 1 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Earl of Wiltshire and Ormond. Endd.
[1 Oct.] 509. Thos. Theabold to Cranmer.
Nero. B. vi.
B. M.
Wrote in his last letters that the Bohemians would not grant any money to Ferdinand against the Turk, but would find him a certain number of soldiers as long as they see cause. Hears they now refuse men also, saying they have helped him in the past to their great impoverishment and no profit, and will not commit either their treasure or themselves to him unless he take better order. The Princes would not let Ferdinand's son, who was born in Bohemia last Lent, leave the country, and only consented to send him to Isbrocke on condition that he was restored to them in two years. He has written to the bp. of Trent, his chancellor and governor of Tyrol, to bring him his two eldest sons. All the help that certain cities and princes had sent towards Hungary, were by Ferdinand sent back again, because the Turk withdrew his army, but a young gentleman of Tyrol has arrived with the news that the Turk is coming again with a greater army than he had before, "which Vivade, fearing, should fly to Verdynande." Hears that 300 or 400 of the Spaniards who went from Milan to Hungary were drowned in crossing the Danube, "for the loss of the which most cruel nation the Germans do take as much thought as they would for the Pope and all his Cardinals, if they were in like manner rebaptised."
Luther has written a very vehement letter in Dutch against the bp. of Mens, and the duke of Saxon has published another against him. The cause thereof is that the Landgrave and others, who were chosen to determine the controversy between them for the city of Halle, of which Theabold wrote at Easter, judged the Bishop to pay a great sum to the duke of S[axony] Elector. The Bishop collected the sum by taxes and dismes, complaining to the people of tyranny and bringing the Duke into great hatred, and when he had obtained it and taken the jewels and relics of monasteries and churches, he refused to stand by the award. Fears he trusts too much to the bp. of Rome and the General Council, which, Theabold reckons, will deceive him. Supposes Cranmer will hear this and other news from Reynard Wolfe from Frankfort fair.
Has been at Ferrare, 50 English miles hence, with letters of commendation from Hie Alemayne to a German who is physician to the Duchess "and soster unto the Frenche kyng." (fn. n4) She has him in great honour and favour both for his knowledge in his faculty and other things, but specially in the Gospel, which she favours and maintains as much and sincerely as can be desired, passing her sister the queen of Navarre. A French doctor of divinity daily preaches before her, and also for half an hour after dinner interprets a piece of the Old Testament in French, at which all her gentlewomen and servants must be present after the fashion of a school or place of religion. Was present at two sermons, which pleased him as much as any he had ever heard in Almayne or elsewhere, for her preacher is of excellent learning and of great eloquence and grace in his language, and of a very sober judgment. Was not allowed to dine or sup out of the Court while he was there. Was so commended to the Duchess by the preacher, because he came from Almain, and for the gospel's sake, that she sent to offer him hospitality and assistance as long as he stayed. The Duke does not greatly favour the truth, but he suffers her to do what she will. Most of her court are Frenchmen and Almayns. She has obtained from the Duke licence to preach in Ferrara for a friar who for his liberal preaching has been "defended" in other places. Heard one sermon in which he treated of justification and predestination liberally and sincerely. Was half moved to have stayed in Ferrara this winter, but here is nearer to Venice where he can hear news from all parts. His place of residence depends on Cranmer's will.
Mr. Pole departed on St. Michael's Day with Cardinal Contarenus for Tervil, near Venice. He will stay there till Thursday and then go to Venice, and then by water to Ferrara and so to Rome. Mr. Pole has been very much afraid for this last fortnight, but it was nothing but a fantasy engendered by continual fear for his holy body and delicate flesh, "which is as yet nothing mortified, nor his spirit regenerate," and also of a false and cruel suspicion he has of the King and Council. One Harry Phillyps, a knave who betrayed Tyndall, came hither from Flanders to sue to him. Being newly informed of his brother's imprisonment, and seeing Phillyps arrayed like a Switzer or a man of war, and taking him in a lie or two, he judged that he was suborned by the Council, either to destroy him or at least search what he did, especially whether he was bringing out any book against the King. He therefore forbade him his house and the whole dominion of Venice. Myhel Frognorton came hither to see whether he were here and whether he had any aid for the accomplishment of their foresaid dream, besetting all Padwaye to find out, and he was arrayed and armed like a man of war for fear. When Theabolde spoke with him he was so troubled and dism[a]yd that his life was half gone from him, and he wanted Theabold to help him in his inquiry. Pretended he knew nothing of the fellow, though he had been that morning to Mr. Bokeler to borrow money, and hearing that Theabold was there, begged Bokeler not to let him know, fearing he would do him some displeasure. He believed Theabold had gone about to take him three years ago when he passed through Lovayn towards Almayn. After going to Venice for help in vain, he applied to Theabold, pretending great repentance. Advised him to sue for pardon and grace, and he said he would return to Flanders and submit himself. Thinks he is rather gone to the wars. Before he left he sold his doublet and cloak. Frognorton says James off Poell has come to Rome to find his master, who, having heard of his behaviour, suspects him and will send him away. "Every wagging of a straw maketh them now afraid." Thinks his going to Rome is only for fear lest some displeasure should be prepared against him here. At his departing from Almayne towards Italy, in August, wrote about this Jas. Poell and other matters. Michael told him his master was not content with the Pope for being so slow in prosecuting his vengeance against England, but if this peace between the Emperor and the French king did stand, the Pope and his master would make the King and Council, chiefly Cranmer, weary of the realm in half a year, without sending an army, by excommunication and interdicts. Said the Pope had done his best already, which he denied, as in France he could not publish it or have it executed, but with this peace he can publish it in Spain, France and Flanders, confiscate the English merchants' goods, stop their intercourse and use them as infidels, which will stir the commons against the King and Council. His master will also publish works against the King and Council, "in the which I doubt not but they will declare their malicious and venomous hearts and wills, more than, I trust, they shall have power to bring any part of them to effect."
Asks Cranmer to cause his friends to send him his bank. By the last post wrote to lord Privy Seal, in a very unhappy hour as it chanced. While writing, a Hye Almayne of his acquaintance read to him some verses by a Venetian poet against the Pope and Emperor. As they seemed to him very liberal, and he has heard said that my Lord understands Italian, gave them to a scrivener to copy. Told him to omit certain other verses of vile matter which was with them, but, being no good Italian, was misunderstood, and so the whole was accidentally sent. Begs Cranmer to make his excuses.
Andreas Dorias has joined the Venetians very well appointed. They have circumvented the Turk's navy, so that he must either fight or else fly by land and forsake his ships. The Christian navy is in hopes of a great victory. The cardinal Pisane, bishop of Padwaye, set up on the door of the Grey Friars church an exhortation to abbots, parsons, &c., to take heed of Luther's heresies which might spring under their cure. In derision an Italian scholar incontinently set up these verses enclosed. Padwaye, Tuesday after St. Michael's Day.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.
1 Oct. 510. [The Duke of Lorraine] to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 87.
Adv. Lib.
I have received two letters from you and am very glad you are well and well treated by the King, your husband. I hope you will be still more so from day to day. Wishes her soon a beau fylz. Would like some hackney from Scotland "pour porter la goute a son ayse" Bar le Duc, 1 Oct. Signed: Anth'e.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Le Duc de Lorraine.
1 Oct. 511. Nicholas Udall (or Uvedale).
See Grants in October No. 1.
2 Oct. 512. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Asks him to write to Vaughan to send home Mrs. Hutton, if she may come without danger of the law, bringing only her apparel, leaving the rest of the goods till Cromwell's pleasure is known. Lambeth, 2 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
513. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Wrote lately on behalf of Mrs. Hutton, and now repeats his wish expressed in his letter of Oct. 2, that he would write to Vaughan to send her home. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 514. William Sandwyche, (fn. n5) Warden of Canterbury College, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has paid an annuity of 40s. a year due to the King's College of Oxford for which he has been obliged to pledge the college plate, because his master, the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, will not pay nor allow him for the said annuity. Asks Cromwell to command the prior to see him discharged and the said annuity continually paid, or else this poor college is now undone. Oxford, 2 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 515. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains
Touching Mr. Wattwoode, Cromwell knows what he has to do. He was put up at Latimer's visitation as a lecher, a fighter and a disquieter of his company, (fn. n6) and he cannot get him to answer thereunto. He bears himself very boldly towards Cromwell and disregards Latimer's injunctions, as Cromwell will see from the enclosed letter from his company. Writes nothing of him but what he dare avow. Asks him to set some good order in the college. At "Hartl." 2 Oct.
Pp. 2, Hol. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 516. Henry Lord Stafford to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
iii. 110.
On Michaelmas even last, at night, a servant of his brought from Chartleye, from one Bagotte, servant to Lord Ferrers, Cromwell's letter, dated 28 Aug., for the writer to remove the idol called of ignorant persons Saint Erasmus. Next morning early he sent for it and so used it that no man shall thereby offend in idolatry hereafter. Had Cromwell's letter come sooner it should not have been so long undone. At my poor house nigh Stafford, 2 Oct. Signed: He. Stafford.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Oct. 517. Newstead (near Glanford Brigg) Priory.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by Rob. bp. of Llandaff, commendatory master of the Order of Sempingham, and by the prior and convent) of the house and all its possessions in cos. Line., York, and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches, 2 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII Signed by Ric. Hobson, prior, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 33.]
Fair Seal.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2, no. 42] as acknowledged same day before Wm Peter, LL.D.
2 Oct. 518. Grey Friars, Salisbury.
R. O. Surrender of the house by the warden and convent to the lord Visitor 2 Oct. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by John Burthamus "baccalarius," Thos. Man "bacca.", Wm. Hedyng "W.," Thos. Poope, Wm. Yong, Wm. Turnar, Wm. Newman, Ynicencius Tutty, Bartrandus Byllyng and Robt. Walkar P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff of the Grey Friars, Salisbury, received by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal, and delivered to John Shaxton and John Goodale, bailey of Salisbury, for the King.
In the Choir:—The high altar, a table of imagery, gilt, &c. Church:—poor altars, one alabaster. Steeple:—2 bells, one "a fair bell." Vestry:—5 laten candlesticks, a "golden cope with the offeras imagery," white, blue, green, and black copes, altar cloths &c.
In the freyter, parlour, and hall, a few articles of furniture.
Besides this there is sold to pay the debts, 3 suits of vestments, and 4 copes, all poor for 10l., also a pair of organs, broken, 2 candlesticks, and the stuff of the chambers, which was very poor, for 4l. 2s. The debts drew 19l., great part being to brewers and others for necessaries, and the rest to the warden: 11l. 12d. satisfied all. The Visitor has for the King 59s. und 278 oz. of silver. The evidences are in the vestry. The Visitor paid his own charges and departed, after being three days here.
Signatures copied of Shaxton and Goodale.
Copy, pp. 3.
2 Oct. 519. Black Friars, Salisbury.
R. O. Surrender of the house by the prior and convent to the lord Visitor, 2 Oct. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by John Hesskyns, prior, John Cherilsaw (?) Lewis Momeri, Thos. Browne, Wm. Preston, Thos. Wardan, Ralph Coke, John Roby, Roger Phylyps, John Bentley, Richard Stonys, John Buttler, Henry Crosse, and Peter Treurna.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff of the Black Friars, Salisbury, received by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal for the King's grace, and given to John Shaxton and John Goodale, bailey of Salisbury, for the King.
The choir:—Candlesticks, &c., amongst which are "an eagle and 2 great candlesticks, laten, the which Father Browne claimeth, but this 12 years they have been there in the inventory of the convent before; wherefore I would not allow that. He had them away, but I caused him to bring them again." A pair of organs. The church:—11 altars, 2 of them tables, 3 imagery, 1 double table of alabaster, 1 large altar with St. Barbara in the midst, alabaster, &c. The chapel by the choir:—An old chest, &c. and in the steeple 2 bells. The vestry:—2 fair chests, stoles for chaunters with bullizans copper; "a table, and on it a suit of vestments, priest, deacon, and sub-deacon, velvet, with many small pearls on it, the offeras with beres and castelles very precious," &c., and suits of white and coloured silk and single vestments. The kitchen:—4 brass pots, &c. Also in bakehouse, hall, buttery, and chambers, a few small items.
Besides the above was sold to pay the debts, 4 old feather beds and some kitchen stuff, &c., for 3l. 15s. 9d. Debts were above 80l., "but all the substance was to the prior, so that the prior and all was satisfied with 8l. 16s." The evidences are in a chest in the vestry. The Visitor has laid out 5l. 3d. beyond what he received here. Took away 303 ounces of silver which belonged to the house, and so paid his own charges, and is departed after three days being here.
Signatures copied of John Saxton (sic) and John Goodale.
Copy, pp. 3.
2 Oct. 520. The Scotch Borders.
Add. MS.
32,646, f 115.
B. M.
Papers, No. 48.
A device for the reformation of the inhabitants of the Debateable Land, who are occasioners of great evil in the West and Middle Marches of England and Scotland; made by the warden and deputy warden of both realms, with their councils, at Tollercrike, in the Debateable Land, 2 Oct., 1538.
Four items providing for redress of offences committed by Englishmen or Scotchmen dwelling within the Debateable Land; for delivery of rebels taking refuge there; for lists of the names of either nationality there to be delivered within 20 days, the Scotch to the deputy warden, and the English to the warden; and for these articles to hold good until either party give twenty days' notice to the contrary. Signed. . Thomas Whartton.
2 Oct. 521 Wriothesley and Vaughan to Bonner and Browne.
R. O. This day, about 6 p.m., we two met together in Antwerp, where we received your letter, by which we perceived you had not then spoken with the French king, but had arranged to declare your charge to him, as the Con stable's letter also shows. Today the queen of Hungary departed from Brussels towards Compiegne. On Friday morning last, 27 Sept., she arranged to give Vaughan an answer on the following day to his declaration made on behalf of the lord Privy Seal, but afterwards put him off till Tuesday following, at which time he pressed her sore but failed in his purpose, "for she wringed herself so from me, that I could have no conference." On this, I departed to meet Wriothesley at Antwerp, and concluded that, besides being ill inclined to the King's purpose she had not sufficiently discussed with her Council what answer she should make. Tomorrow we mean to repair to her and press for an immediate audience. Antwerp, 2 Oct., 7 p.m.
Copy, p. 1. In Bonnet's hand. Headed: The copy of Mr. Wrisley's and Mr. Vaughan's letter sent to us.
2 Oct. 522. Covos and Granvelle to Luis Sarmiento.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 243.
B. M.
Their last letters from Valladolid will show the Emperor's resolution about the enterprise against the Turk. Arrival of a gentleman (fn. n7) from the queen of France, who expressed the great satisfaction of Francis at the peace, and brought proposals of marriages (see No. 407). The bp. of Tarbes come as ambassador. Duke of Savoy. The Emperor left Valladolid on Sunday, 22nd ult., for Toledo, to hold the Cortes. Cadahalso, 2 Oct. Signed: Covos—Perrenot.
Spanish, pp. 5. Headed: 1538. Modern Copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 17.]
3 Oct. 523. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have caused saddle and harness to be made for Mr. James' nag. As for his prebend, Mr Popley will be here in eight days, and I shall conclude with him. It shall be offered to Fawkner, if he will have it, but I think Mr. Waddham will scantly be removed. I wrote at large by Warley. The prior (fn. n8) goes to Calais there to recant things by him mis-spoken, and so doing my lord of Canterbury and of the Privy Seal promise him favour. I trust you have remembered the "fenestres" of St, Nicholas' church, for those at Thomas of Akers are already new glazed. London, 3 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
3 Oct. 524. [Sir] William Sydney to Cromwell.
R. O.
Edw. VI.
i. xxxiv.
I have received your letters for me to signify to you the ability of my wife's sister for the room of the Prince's dry nurse, to weigh the charge that shall be committed to her and to write plainly if I thought the thing meet for her. I doubt not but that she is every way an apt woman for the same, and there shall be no lack of good will in her. Haveryng of the Boore, 3 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Oct. 525. Grey Friars, Bedford.
R. O.
xiv. 610.
Surrender, worded in the same terms as No. 501, 3 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thos. Me. . . r warden, Thos. Roberts, vice-warden and 11 others [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 9.]
In English. Without seal.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 7.] without mem. of acknowledgment.
3 Oct. 526. Dr. John London to Cromwell.
R. O. I have committed the custody of the friars of Aylesbury to Mr. Geffrey, the King's servant, according to His Grace's pleasure and yours. The house, beside the plate and lead, was little worth, and scarce able to dispatch them honestly; so he need be charged only with the lead, the house, and the iron in the church windows; I must account for the residue. Now I have taken the surrender of the Grey Friars in Bedford. I kept Mr. Geffreys to help me till I got Mr. Gostwik, with whom, according to your pleasure, after I have dispatched them, I will leave the house. Would God he had the perpetual custody, for if sickness happen in his house (fn. n9) he has, I hear, no other to resort to. This is a pretty house of plate, jewels, and other necessaries, and they have long used husbandry. They intended to make away all, and sold their cart and horses within these 14 days. When I came I found six threshers in one end of a barn, and two in another, and "if moo myzt have stonde ther, moo shulde have be ther." With Mr. Gostwikke's help, I trust to make them all secular priests, for such friars I never met with. "To declare what persons many of them be beforetime at the very warden's hands, I chanced upon this bill enclosed." He had it in his sleeve and delivered it me instead of his inventory. It will move you to mirth. I trust to make a better inventory to the King's use than this bill, and then repair to the other places in this commission. iijo Octobris at Bedford.
I am glad you have been moved by Mr. Wriothesley or he went. The lease is made and a substantial deputy set there. Other things there be of which I will advertise you at my coming.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. . Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Oct. 527. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
R. O. Dr. London and I met, 2 Oct., at the Grey Friars in Bedford for the dissolution of the same. The warden had sold his house the Sunday before for 40l. to Sir John Seynt John, who I am assured has since surrendered it to the King. I desire a gift of it to me and my heirs (annual value 5 marks), and will give you 40l. The King will have a great benefit there in lead and other things. Mr. Seynt John intends shortly to be at London about this. Willington. 3 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Oct. 528. John Freman to Cromwell.
R. O. As it would be too tedious to you to read all the books of the nine abbeys lately dissolved, I send you a brief of them. As I have missed the farm of Ormesbie which you meant me to have, I am so bold as to sue for a greater— Bardnaye in Lincolnshire. I fear more the suit of my lord of Suffolk and Mr. Hennage than the furtherance of your Lordship. Lincoln, 3 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A declaration of all such religious houses being of [the order] of Gilberdyns within Lincolnshire, lately suppressed," viz., St. Katharine's, Semperyngham, Haverholme, Cat[tl]ey, Bollyngton, Sixsyll, Alvingham, Ormesby, and Newstede.
Revenues, 1,407l.; pensions to priors, canons, and nuns, 574l. 6s. 8d.; remainder, 832l. 13s. 4d. The King is shrewdly charged with pensions, but has a good sort of benefices and, as they fall, may redeem a pension and give a benefice. Value of goods sold and unsold, deducting charges, 4,729l. 3s.
When your Lordship (fn. n10) sends any commission to one house in a shire, you may as well send to all in that shire, "for they are in a readiness to surrender without any coming, and that doth appear by their acts, for they are in a customed sort all of spoil and bribery, as well the great houses as small, of all the religious houses in England; for they leave neither demesnes unlet nor honest stuff in their houses, but also minisheth the great part of their stock and store. Therefore they would be taken betime." Will return home to his "Lordship" as soon as he has finished the audit and receipt for the whole year past of the King's revenues in Lincolnshire.
In John Freman's hand, pp. 2.
3 Oct. 529. Mattersey Priory.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by Robt. bp. of Llandaff, commendatory general master of the Order of Sempyngham, and by Thos., prior of Matersey, &c.) of the house and all its possessions in cos. Notts, and Line., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 3 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thos. Norman, prior, Thos. Bell, sub-prior, and three others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 31.]
Seal much injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, no. 31] as acknowledged same day before Wm. Petre, LL.D.
3 Oct. 530. John Davy to Lady Lisle.
R. O. A servant of the lord of Bridgewater, a son of Mr. Hugh Stucle, came to Tory ton, on Michaelmas Eve, with a letter to John Butler, enclosing one from my lord of Hertford to lord Bridgewater. I send one and the copy of the other. You may know the truth this term by inquiring of friends from Gloucestershire. Exeter, 3 Oct.
Asks her not to make a grant of the church of Frydelstock, for he wishes to have a part of it with Sir John Sturgian.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: In Calais.
3 Oct. 531. Soeur Anthoinette de Saveuses to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Commend me to my lord Deputy. I thank you for the good cheer you made me when I was with you. Since my return from Calais, I sent you a quannequin of glass (? "de voerre") filled with confitures named electuerre de vie, which is good against rheum. I had made it for your husband. The gentleman who took it promised to return to Dunkirk, but it is five weeks since he left for Calais, and he has not come back. I was very glad to hear from you by token from Boulogne. I hear by the bearer that Madame de Riou is not yet brought to bed, God grant her a gracious travail. It has pleased Him to take away all my relations (parrens). I have only her whom I love like a sister, and I beg you, if you send thither, to let me have news of her. I send a little present of mersivin (?) and a little box. Dunkirk, eve of St. Francis.
Hol., Fr. P. 1. Add.: Madame Debitte de Callez.
4 Oct. 532. Walter Lord Hungerford to Cromwell.
R. O. On the 3rd inst., the prior of Bathe sent to Farleygh for me to come and examine one of his monks who had accused another of certain words. I rode thither and examined him and the whole convent, but could learn nothing more than is herein enclosed. The prior and I have committed both monks to ward till your further pleasure be known. The bearer will inform you further. Farleygh, 4 Oct. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd. Anno. xxxo.
R. O. 2. Deposition of dan Richard Lynckombe, of the monastery and cathedral church of Bath, made before Sir Walter Hungerford, knight, lord Hungerford of Haytysbery, 3 Oct. 30 Henry VIII., as follows :—
The aforesaid day and year, as I walked in the orchard, Thomas Powell, chaunter of the church, "rebuked me in putting out of regibus and principibus nostris, because I made Regi et principi nostro in a book of the said chaunter's, where upon the reproving of the said book the said chaunter violently laid hands upon me, calling me knave and harlot, and said I did naught in the reproving of the said book." I said I would not hide this; for I thought him a traitor in so saying. Signed by Richard Lynkcomb.
P. 1.
4 Oct. 533. Bp. Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for your kindness at my late being with your Lordship. I thank God I am returned to the marches in good health. I had much pain in my leg, "my bute frett the cutt soo sore," I would be glad to have the ointment your surgeon promised me. There was some stealing in my absence, "one thief upon another, and be gathered together 13 or 14." There were various surmises about my going to London. Montgomery Castle, 4 Oct.
Hol., P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
4 Oct. 534. Jo. Uvedale to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs favour for the abbot of the late dissolved monastery of Croxstone Leic., who is not yet made sure of the pension promised him by Dr. Leigh at the surrender. To obtain the King's letters patent of the same he sends up the writer's cousin, John Uvedale, the bearer. It was at the writer's request that Cromwell first made him abbot. There remain in Yorkshire, 39 abbeys and priories "not of the lanest sort." Would like to see them dissolved or reformed. Darneton, 4 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
4 Oct. 535. Ralph Earl of Westmoreland to Cromwell.
R. O. Received, 29 Sept., Cromwell's letters dated at Westonhangre the 2nd touching a riot of which complaint is made to the Council, raised by Nicholas Tempest, at the command of Sir Thomas Tempest, who levied a number of the King's subjects under one Wheteleye and went to Wolsyngham, and stating that the King is displeased with the Earl that he looked no better on it. At the time this riot was supposed to be done, viz., 8 July, was hunting on his own ground in Northumberland. He did not know it till Friday after, when he was at his own house. Was then informed by Harrison, the King's servant, and sent immediately for my lord of Durham's chancellor with whom he appointed a sessions to be held at Wolsyngham and sent to Sir George Conyers, sheriff of the Bpric., to empanel a quest and meet us there; but my lord President then sat at York where the assize was also holden so that all the learned men were absent. On the eighth day after the justices of assize (fn. n11) sat at Awkelond. Informed them of what he had done and desired them to examine the matter, giving warning also to the bailiff of Wolsyngham. After the assizes the justices came to my house at Brauncepeth and we had the complainants and defendants before us, and the justices promised to report to the King; but as Cromwell commands him to certify the truth thereof, the Earl and my lord of Durham's chancellor have examined the matter again, as shown by the bills now sent up. Is grieved the King should suspect him of intelligence, either with Sir Thomas Tempest or with other. Has sent for Ric. Pemmertoun as commanded, and brought him before my lord President. He says he has lost the bill sent to him in the commotion time, but remembers the words thereof, which he has written out and put his hand to. Brauncepeth, 4 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2. The examinations above referred to.
R. O. The saying of Nicholas Harrysoun of Wolsyngham, plaintiff, afore me and my lord of Durham's chancellor on Friday, 12 July 30 Henry VIII.
That Wm. Wheteley, keeper of Wolsingham Park, came on Monday 8 July to Wolsingham town, and in the name of Nicholas Tempest raised the persons hereunder written, and brought them with swords, bows, bills, &c. to Parsons close, where they found John Graunge mowing, and "discharged him from further mowing there." Names of those who went (in all 18). On Wednesday 10 July came Nich. Tempest himself to Wolsingham, to speak with my lord of Durham's chancellor, with 30 men. I examined the Chancellor, who said Tempest came with but four men.
(2.) Saying of John Graunge, plaintiff.
Was not mowing when the said 18 persons met him. Met them by chance and they asked whither he was bound. Said, to occupy his father's farmhold. Wheatley forbade him in Nicholas Tempest's name, saying his master, Nic. Tempest, would occupy it. Wheateley carried a bill and wore a steel cap; the others were mowers with scythes, &c.
(3.) Saying of Wm. Wheateley, defendant.
Denies coming with riotous company. Came alone with his hound, for he had been fetching in of two deer, and met the mowers and set them to work. Saw no bill but his own. Wore a "streyt cap" not a steel bonnet.
(4.) Saying of Nich. Tempest, defendant.
Gave no command to make an assembly, but to mow the ground peaceably.
On this I and the Bp.'s chancellor sent to the sheriff to impanel an inquest no this on Monday fortnight, at which time owing to the assize at York, and the sitting of my lord President and my fellows of the Council, there was no justice in the country but myself. Soon after the justices of assize, Mr. Jenneye and Mr. Hynde, came from York to Aukland, and I desired them to look into the matter for my discharge to the King and your Lordship. They did so and told me I had nothing further to do therein.
(5.) Examination of Roland Emerson, 1 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII., before me and my lord of Durham's chancellor at Darlington, concerning the riot aforesaid.
On 8 July Wheateley brought 12 men to mow in Parsons close with bowes, staves, and scythes. (Names of the 12 with the weapons each carried.) They had no harness.
(6.) Examination of Cuthbert Burnehope, Wm. Marleye and Roland Colsoun, (three of the 12 named) 3 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. as before at Brauncepeth.
Burnehope says that on Sunday night, 7 July, Wheateley sent his daughter to bid him come to Parsons close in the morning to mow Mr. Tempest's meadow there. Had heard that whoever should mow the meadow should be beaten off the ground, and sent to ask if he should bring a weapon. Wheateley sent word again "howe weapon boded peas, therefore bring his weapon with him." Brought his bow and shafts.
Marley and Colson corroborate this.
Pp. 4. In the hand of the earl of Westmoreland's clerk.
ii. Enclosure in the above.
"To Stanhop in Wardayll."
"To take the oath of the Commons, to be sworn to be true to God and Holy Kirk and to the King, and for the common wealth of the community. Be me Rychert Pemertun."
Small paper, p. 1.
5 Oct. 536. Bishopric of Hereford.
See Grants in October, No. 6.
5 Oct. 537. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O. I perceive you have already suppressed certain friars' houses, and I trust your proceedings will extend to Canterbury, that the irreligious religion there may be extincted. As the Grey Friars, Canterbury, is very commodious for my servant, Thos. Cobham, brother to lord Cobham, I beg you will help him to the said house. Lambeth, 5 Oct. Signed.
Add.: My lord Privy Seal.
5 Oct. 538. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I received this day your letters by Schoryer and delivered them to my lord Privy Seal who said: "I am sure you know the contents of them." I replied I did not, but that they were for the town's affairs. I shall deliver the other letter to Kyllegrew and speak to Mr. Bonham, for Shoryer, at his coming. The six pieces of verdure you write of were delivered to Mr. Windsor by Seller, at the time my Lady lay last in, without my knowledge; but when I took the inventory I missed them. I then spoke to Mr. Windsor and my lady his wife for them and was told that a tapestry man had them a-mending, but they should always be ready when you sent for them. I never delivered the value of a pin without your knowledge. As for Mr. Wriothesley's promise, remembering what Mr. Sadler said to you in the hall of St. Augustine's in Canterbury, you shall know "that fair hests and promises of the Court are hely (sic) water." I shall lay the whole matter to him according to his promise. I think the Friar (fn. n12) be come to Calais to recant. Mr. Pollarde says you promised him a goshawk and a tassell; he would gladly have one or both. I think all the bishops will be here shortly. I trust you have received your "bocke" with my lord of Canterbury's letters. London, 5 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
5 Oct. 539. Coventry, Grey Friars.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender (in the same form as No. 501). 5 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Stafford, warden, and 10 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 17.]
In English. Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 5] without mem. of acknowledgment.
R. O. 2. Survey of the Grey Friars' church of Coventry.
The choir, 36 yds. by 10 yds. The Rood chapel, 3 yds. by 4½ yds. St. Nicholas chapel, 11¾ yds. by 8 yds. The North valence 11 yds. by 7½ yds. The South valence, 9½yds. by 7¾ yds. The body, 39½ yds. by 10 yds. North aisle, 31 yds. by 5 yds. South aisle, 30¾ yds. by 4¾ yds. The whole church newly covered with lead within these 24 years. The house is in much ruin. Adjoining is an old manor of the King's called Chyldesmore, where they say Edward IV. kept a parliament. The hall is down but there is a proper park adjoining it, and the lodgings might be repaired with the tiles from the friary. The timber of the housing is stark nought, but the church roof is very good timber.
P. 1. Endd.
5 Oct. 540. The Bailiffs, Aldermen, and Common Council of Worcester to Cromwell.
R. O. Thank him for his assistance in their suit for the friar houses in Worcester, which is not yet fully obtained, and ask him to continue his help, that they may have a grant thereof for the maintenance and defence of the city and amendment of the walls and bridge, now being in ruin and decay. The stone of the said houses is very meet for the purpose Worcester 5 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII . . . . .
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[5 Oct.] 541. Thomas Barnabe to Cromwell.
R. O. I left London on Friday at noon and arrived at Calais at 5 on Saturday night, where I found my Lord, of whom I inquired touching the Regent of Flanders. He said she was toward Cambray. I therefore take my journey towards St. Omer and Tournay. Calais, Saturday, 7 p.m. at my departing.
Hol., (fn. n13)p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Oct. 542. Thos. Knight to Cromwell.
R. O. Gives an account of Wriothesley's health, which is improving. Some days he shows no token of sickness. Brought him word tonight from "Mouns. Dundego" that tomorrow morning he shall have access to the Queen at 8. Has no news but that yesterday one who is chief about Mons. Dundego contended with him that it lay with every man either to save or condemn himself. The people seem very superstitious, setting candles in lanterns at noonday before images in their cemeteries; but this is old. Was told by a priest at Bruges that there they take the bp. of Rochester and the others for martyrs, and that the stationer had sundry epitaphs of them both, with the description of their lives of divers men's setting forth. Would have ascertained the authors of those works but the stationer was not at home and we left hastily at midnight. Every man who seeks news from England inquires what has become of the Saint of Canterbury, "but Mr. Wriothesley, who played a part in that play, had before sufficiently instructed me to answer such questions." Valencia, 5 Oct.
The day after writing the above Wriothesley's fever came again with no less cruelty than the first time, but did not continue long. We trust the danger is past.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.


  • n1. So in the text, but the signature is distinctly Burnby. On the Close Roll it is Burteley, which is misprinted Huteley in Rymer.
  • n2. Cardinal Pole.
  • n3. The duchess Renée. See note on next page.
  • n4. The duchess Renée, daughter of Louis XII., was sister of Claude, first queen of Francis I.
  • n5. Mentioned by Wood as a Benedictine monk who was admitted B.A. in 1524, and supplicated for the degree of D.D. (whether granted or not does not appear) in 1540, when he was "now or lately" warden of Canterbury College. But no further information is given.
  • n6. Of Warwick College.
  • n7. The Sieur Se Lordres. See Spanish Calendar VI. i. pp. 12, 45, 48.
  • n8. Prior Dove.
  • n9. Willington in Bedfordshire.
  • n10. Cromwell.
  • n11. Jenney and Hynde, as appears by § 2.
  • n12. Friar Dove.
  • n13. A different handwriting from any of the three letters, Nos. 187, 188 and 189, antè.