Henry VIII: October 1538 6-10

Pages 211-227

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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October 1538 6-10

6 Oct. 543. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.' Remains,
p. 402.
Is sure he will remember Bristow. Gloucester he has remembered already. Now Worcester is behind, an ancient and a poor city, and yet replenished with men of honesty though not most wealthy. By reason of their Lady they have been given to much idleness. Now she is gone, they be turned to laboriousness and so from ladyness to godliness. The city is greatly charged with three things, their school, their bridge, and their wall. The school has been heretofore maintained by a guild "not without some guile, popishly pardoning, and therefore now worthily decayed."† Is obliged, poor as he is, to maintain the schoolmaster with his livery, meat, and drink upon holidays, and some part of his living, because he is honest and brings up their youth after the best sort. The bridge arid wall are necessary for both city and country and are in great need of reparation. Asks him to obtain from the King the Black and Grey Friars for the maintenance of these three things. "Hartl.," 6 Oct. (fn. n1)
Has made many merry in these parts with the stag the King sent him.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
6 Oct. 544. Jane Knightley, widow, (fn. n2) to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for your goodness in my suit with my brother Serjeant. I am not yet at a point for the stock and pasture of Sillisworth. He drives me off with delays, and would bind me "to my undoing and nothing according to my husband's will." The marriage of my eldest daughter is lost, in which my husband trusted to the help of my said brother. All rents and other debts of my husband he keeps. I beg your favour for myself and children. Please give credence to my brother, this bearer. Wormelieghton, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Oct. 545. Austin Friars, Southampton.
R. O. Surrender of the house by the prior and convent, to the lord Visitor for the King, 6 Oct. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by John Peyll, prior, James Jonson, sub-prior, James Sucante, Wm. Simsun, Thos. Senoke, and John Whete.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff of the Austin Friars of Southampton delivered by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal, to Nich. Dey, mayor there, and James Betts, customer, for the King.
Choir:—At the high altar a table alabaster of the Passion, above that a fair table painted and gilt with a pageant of the Passion, curtains on bars of iron to save the same; in the midst of the altar a proper frame gilt for the sacrament, at the altar's ends 2 small altars, a proper seat syleyd for priest, deacon, and subdeacon, &c.; choir doable stalled and well and substantially graven; a fair loft over the door with a good clock and a bell to warn the clock. A bell in the steeple. Church: 3 tables of alabaster at 3 altars, a sacry bell, a painted table, 12 close seats and other seats, 2 branches for tapers, a lamp and basin. Vestry:— "6 suits of vestments honest but none better than silk or chamlet;" and many other vestments, &c. (18 items). Chapter house, frayter, fermery, tailor's house, parlour, and kitchen:—Furniture detailed, the 3 first have conduits for water and the last has leaden troughs. The library locked with 2 locks and many books in it chained. Besides this, certain stuff sold for 10l. 18s. to pay debts to brewer, baker, barber, &c., of 9l. 6s. The Visitor had 32s. and 4 chalices which were in pledge, 52 oz. Evidence in a hamper sealed. The Visitor departs and pays his costs. Signed by Dey and Betts.
Copy, pp. 3.
6 Oct. 546. Austin Friars, Stamford.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England, to the King's use. John Canon and Thos. Gyfte, laymen, to be attorneys to receive and deliver the same. 6 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Warnar, prior, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 41.]
Seal much injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 3], without mem. of acknowledgment.
6 Oct. 547. Sir Thomas Wharton to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since coming from his Majesty, has been occupied with the affairs of the West Marches according to his office. Since his entry to the same they have proceeded to the King's honour. Has had meetings with lord Maxwell about offenders in Liddesdale in Scotland, and Tyndale and Bowcastledale, that redress might be made according to the peace. The West Marches are in as good order as they have been for 40 years. Have made sundry good orders for offenders. The greatest are the King's own subjects in Gilsland. The West Marches are most ready to serve the King in all his realm and will be a scourge to evil doers in Liddesdale and Tyndale when required. The bearer, Edward Aglionby, will report further, who has circumspectly served since the writer's entry. Carlisle, 6 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copy of the King's highness letter sent by Mr. Aglionby. Endd.: Anno 30.
6 Oct. 548. [Lord Lisle] to Wriothesley and Stephen Vaughan.
R. O. I have this day received your letter and have used the surest and most secret means to come to the knowledge thereof. The said John de Caster was here in Calais about the 20th ult., and bought wools which he shipped for Mechlin and went home with them. He is reported to be a man of honest conversation and of few words, somewhat halting, being of a good age and a draper of wool at Mechlin. It is thought he will be here again about Easter. He is not gone to England, and I have forborne to write to my lord Privy Seal about him. I doubt not you will find him at Mechlin; if not, when he comes here again I will make him sure. Calais, Sunday, 6 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Add. . Ambassadors in Flanders.
6 Oct. 549. Jenne de Bours to Lady Lisle.
R. O. We cannot thank you too much for the two pomegranates and two glasses of preserves which you have sent to Mono. Dignancourt. Boulogne, 6 Oct.
If Mademoiselle Basset sees the present letter, she will find that Mons. Dignancourt and I recommend ourselves to her.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Madame la debitise de Qualles.
6 Oct. 550. Wriothesley and Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.55.
On Tuesday after his departure from England, which was on the Saturday before, Wriothesley came to Bruges, and having sent a post to Mr. Vaughan received answer from him in return that the Queen could not give any audience till she should be at Mouns on Friday following, and that Antwerp was the place where we might best provide things necessary for our journey. Went accordingly to Antwerp on Tuesday night to meet Vaughan, and on Wednesday made all necessary preparations "and despatched us out of the town on Tuesday (qu. Thursday?) morning" at such an hour that by great efforts we arrived within two leagues of Mouns on Friday before noon. We had sent a courier beforehand to Molembes to ask him to advertise the Queen of our arrival and request her for an early audience. She desired him to see us well lodged, as indeed we were, and promised that we should have access that night or Saturday morning. On our arrival were asked by Don Diego de Mendoza to supper, but declined as waiting for audience, and asked his help to ascertain the Queen's pleasure. He informed us by his servant that she wished us to defer our interview till her coming to Valenciennes and had commanded him to wait upon us thither. On which he desired us to dine with him next day. Would fain have avoided going to him, being so ill furnished with post horses, and our few men so overlaboured they looked like drowned mice, but being pressed we could not refuse. Hearing that he was coming for us himself, we went and met him. Were most hospitably entertained and supplied with two of his horses with velvet saddles and harness, which we used to Valenciennes he and the captain of Gravelyn keeping us company all the way. Our audience was appointed for this morning at 8 and we were conducted thither by Mons.———(blank) a tall gentleman said to be master of the hawks to the Emperor. On entering the Queen's parlour found it marvellously well furnished one side with ladies, the duchess of Milan standing alone with a good space between her and the rest. After she had read our credentials Wriothesley told her that his colleague had informed him she had before heard part of his credence from him without the King's knowledge, through my lord Privy Seal, who wondered at these matters having cooled so much, and had heard reports that the matches between Don Luis of Portugal and lady Mary, and afterwards between your Majesty and the duchess of Milan were but dissembled practises to keep matters in suspense for his own purpose, and that the Duchess had been offered both in France, Cleves, and elsewhere. He begged her, therefore, to listen to his colleague, who had more knowledge of the French tongue than himself. She said she was content to hear what either would say. On this, Vaughan repeated to her what he had told her on his first arrival, and said the King was informed of the rumours above referred to, but could not believe that such dissimulation had been used towards him. She replied that the Emperor and she remained steadfast in their purpose touching the said overtures. Wriothesley said he was glad to hear it and said the King had given them a commission under the great seal to conclude the matter at once. She said she would be glad to do it if possible before the interview or at least immediately after. Urged her to do it before. She said she had written to the King seven or eight days ago on the subject and begged us to consider her journey. Said we would not press her too far, and if she would not enter with us till after the interview, begged she would write three words to your Majesty for your satisfaction. She begged we would wait till the afternoon and bowed us a farewell, for the table was spread and the meat coming in before we had finished. Wriothesley then begged her to keep her promise in remembrance. He also desired her leave to make their reverence to the duchess of Milan, whom they told that my lord Privy Seal was sorry to see the past overtures so coldly handled. She thanked us and my lord Privy Seal for his goodwill. "She is a goodly personage of stature higher than either of us, and competently fair, but very well favoured, a little brown." We then took leave of the Queen and her, and the duke of Arschot would have had us to dinner, but we excused ourselves. Count de Bure, and most part of the lords embraced us and asked of your Grace's welfare. Count de Pynnoye also, who had shown us attention on Friday, by the way offered us much gentleness, saying he was once your Grace's man at Tournay; also Molembes, the seneschal of Hainault, Prat, Isselstein, St. Pye, and others paid us great attention. Don Diego de Mendoza and Count Pynnoye brought us to the door, and, after our departure Don Diego sent us a present of wine, as the town also did, and afterwards came himself offering his service. Took advantage of this to urge him to solicit the Queen's answer, which he promised to do and went to Court as he told us after dinner only for that purpose; but said the Queen could not enter before the interview was passed, but that if we would write down what she should write she would next day satisfy us either one way or the other. We said we had no commission to put things in writing unless by way of treaty, and wondered at her asking such a thing. Don Diego advised us to do it as it would serve our purpose. Said it would rather serve theirs, but we would think of it: meanwhile determined to despatch this post. Intend to put a purpose in writing and deliver it, but to couch it so that it shall be no matter to be showed but to their dishonour. Thought this better than allowing her to waste time with us till the interview, which we hear is to begin on Tuesday night, at Cambray. Have received two letters from the ambassadors in France and written two to them again. Valenciennes in Hainault, Sunday night. Signed.
In Vaughan's hand. Add. Endd.: Mr. Wriothesley and Mr. Vaughan of the 7 th (should be 6th) of October.
6 Oct. 551. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
R. O. Forbears to repeat the account of his journey given in his letter to the King. Was almost weary of writing that long letter to the King, which he was compelled to do in bed, this being his sick day. Forgot the fact, he was so busy, and took to meat, which gave him pain. As to affairs here, thinks they would be glad to conclude these marriages, but that the Queen for all her good words is not so well instructed that she can proceed out of hand. Wishes some man of learning sent hither to draw up the treaty. Valenciennes, Sunday night, 6 Oct.
What I wrote to your Lordship of the tarrying of the Council at Brussels is true. Be good lord to Mr. Henry Palmer in his suit. I met him at Bruges when I was ill at ease and ill supplied with men having the language, and he gladly ran and rode with me and from me, behind me, and before me, to do me service. I could no more have missed those two brethren than I might my right hand.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
7 Oct. 552. Black Friars, Stamford.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender to John London, clk., of the house and all its possessions in England to the King's use. John Canon and Thos. Gyfte, laymen, to be attorneys to receive and deliver the same. 7 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Wm. Staffor (Stafforde in text) prior and bachelor, and eight others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 42.]
Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 11] without mem. of acknowledgment.
7 Oct. 553. George Lord Cobham to [Sir Thomas] Wyatt.
R. O. Since your departure I have had no letter from you, nor has my nephew, your son, come to me. If you wish me to see him pray write to him, and I doubt not I shall so intreat him that you shall be satisfied. No news, but I trust there shall not be a friar left in England before you return. Blackfriars, London, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my brother Wyatt. Endd.
7 Oct. 554. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. On Saturday, at Norwich, swore the gentlemen upon the Commission of Sewers; and so censured their remissness in not trying out the beginning of the "rumour of the marking of beasts," and in executing statutes and proclamations, that henceforth, he thinks, none in the realm will be more diligent. Mr. Townesend had already got knowledge of a lewd fellow, who reported treasonous words by a gentleman called Bramton, servant to the duke of Suffolk, but was contradicted by his four witnesses. Has delivered the lewd fellow to the sheriff, and on Saturday he shall sit on the pillory with another knave who has confessed to counterfeiting two letters in Mr. Ric. Cromwell, "your nephew's," name Would that the King had three or four such as Mr. Townsend in every shire!
The White and Black Friars of Norwich presented a bill, enclosed, for Norfolk to take the surrender of their houses, saying the alms of the country was so little they could no longer live. Promised "by this day sevennight" to let them know the King's pleasure: begs to know what to do and what to give them. They are very poor wretches, and as he gave the worst of the Grey Friars 20s. for a raiment, it were pity these should have less. Forbears to speak of the abominable dealing of Cawndishe towards the writer's tenants in Colnes, in beating their servants and pounding their cattle; but trusts that, before Hallowmas, Cromwell will cause the man to appear before him to make answer. Never nobleman did suffer so much wrong of such a fellow. Kenynghale Lodge, 7 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Petition, to Norfolk, by the priors and convents of the Black and White Friars in Norwich, to take the surrender of their houses. The cold and small charity in these days is insufficient to live on, and they have been fain to sell their goods. Have made no waste, but are slandered and inquieted by light persons breaking their glass windows, &c.
P. 1. Add. at head: "To the high and mighty prince Thomas duke of Norfolk."
7 Oct. 555. Sir Godfrey Foljambe to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends depositions touching a dispute between Will. Roland and one Hardwike and others, and certain words of which Roland has been accused by them. Begs his Lordship's favour in the writer's little suit to the King. Walton, Monday, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. Examinations taken at Walton before Sir Godfrey Foljambe, justice of the peace in Derbyshire, 26 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII.
(1). Chr. Hardwike of Staynesbye, Derb., husbandman, says that about the time the King was made Supreme Head of the Church, he heard Will. Roland of Harestoft, husbandman, say, in the parish church of Huknall, in presence of himself, Wm. Reson and Roger Reson, that he thought he could not be Supreme Head of the Church, because he could not give a man that which he should have when he came into the world, nor when he went out of it.
(2). Wm. and Roger Reyson of Huknall on the Hill give similar testimony.
Form of recognisance subjoined for the appearance of the witnesses before the justices of oyer and terminer.
Pp. 3.
7 Oct. 556. Whitby Abbey.
R. O. Notarial certificate dated "die sep[timo] Octobris," 1538, of the proceedings in the election of a new abbot of Whitby on the resignation of the last. The whole convent (named) being assembled in the chapter house before the prior of Guysborn and Tristram Teshe, commissaries or directors of the election, the King's letters were read, and the following brethren agreed that they had previously compromised their right of election to Cromwell and Would stand by his nomination, viz.:—John Hexham, late [abbot], [Thos. Brabyner,] Peter Bennet, Thos. Stabler, Rob. Warde, Hen. Davell, Hen. Barker, Ro[bert Peyrson, Will.] Styll, John Watson, Will. Froste, and Rob. Lethley. But the others, (fn. n3) viz.:—Rob. Woodhouse, prior claustralis, Will Clerkson, Will. Knagges, Will. Castle, Thos. Byllingham, Peter Lieth, Thos. Hewett, Matthias Petche, Will. Newton, William [Ky]ldaile, Rob. Baxster, and Will. Colson, answered that they also had agreed to the compromise before the congé d'élire had arrived, but now they wished to exercise their free right of election which the King had conceded to them. On this the said directors prorogued the election till 3 o'clock, and then asked each of the monks if he would stand to the compromise * * * Witnesses, . . . Corners, Roger Middlewodd, Geo. Dakyn, and Rob. Pickrynge.
Parchment, much mutilated and in parts illegible. Signed at the bottom by Robert Silvester, prior of Gisb[orne], and Tristram Teshe; also by the notary Will. Chettyll.
7 Oct. 557. Bonner to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
My colleague (fn. n4) and I have written to the King and also to Mr. Wrysley, informing him of all our proceedings (he will now have no less than four of our servants, besides the going of Sir Thos. Seymour to Cambray to mark the fashion of this interview). If this "jasteling" to and fro had continued, I should neither have had good horse nor servant left. The French king now shows great coldness which we feel bound to report, although it may be policy to use temperate words. We have been very unkindly handled here, for besides not communicating their proceedings or companying with us, we are in our lodgings handled after the most slender sort. Did not find such unkindness with the Emperor as here. There is of late a stay made at Paris touching the printing of the Bible in English, and suit made to the Great Master to stop it; but that is not yet obtained. St. Quintins, 7 Oct.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct. 558. Henry Palmer to Cromwell.
R. O. Requests that during his stay in these parts with Mr. Wriothesley, Cromwell will not listen to the suit of his opponent Thos. Bradfyld touching the "sergiant riallship" of Guisnes which has been always at the appointment of the bailey and free men there. Cromwell was pleased to quit the writer of that care when he declared it to him at Canterbury. Valentian, 7 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct. 559. Archbishopric of Tuam.
Vatican MS. Note that in Consistory 7 Oct. 1538 the Pope appointed Arthur Offugel, canon of Raphoe (Rapotensis), to the metropolitan church of Tuam in Ireland, void by the death of Thomas Molelard; (fn. n5) with the retention of his canonry.
Latin. From a modern transcript in R. O.
7 Oct. 560. Aguilar to the Duchess of Florence.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 251.
B. M.
Expresses surprise that she, who has always been so obedient to her father, should have without any reason done this affront and wrong, which is enough to make the Emperor her father disavow her. Requests her immediately on receipt of this to sign the enclosed power. Rome, 7 Oct. 1538.
Spanish, pp. 3. Modern copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 18.J
8 Oct. 561. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.' s Letters
Sends certain things pertaining to the King's Majesty uttered to him Letters, by a scholar of Oxford. Lambeth, 8 Oct.
Asks Cromwell to be good lord to Mr. Bul, parson of Norflete, a man of good learning, &c, and very quiet, whatever report is made to the contrary. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. Depositions "as concerning Mr. Don."
1. Of Gregory Stremer, that he said that Mr. MarschaJl should make satisfaction for putting out the word "Papa" in St. Gregories works in our library. (fn. n6) 2. Of Edmund Mervyn that since then, Sir Martiall laid the same to his charge, and he denied it not, but said, "Marry, and I say yet that it is not necessary to put out Papa out of profane books." 3. When it was Mr. Don's part, in his collation made to the company, to declare the just abrogation of the bp. of Rome's usurped power, he argued that the bishop might be called Papa, and it was but a foolish fantasy of men to make so much about the name, because divers bishops beside the bps. of Rome, were so called. 4. Stremer desired Don to teach the youth why the bp. of Rome was expulsed, for he thought none of them could tell why it was done. "No more can I," said Don. He afterwards explained this as meaning because he never knew he had any authority here. This was allowed by Dr. Cotes, then being in the commissary's place. 5. He affirmed in a lesson at Wytney that men make laws now for money, not for the profit of the commonweal. 6. He preached at Wytney that in the old time good men were wont to build churches, but now they were more ready to pluck them down.
Mr. Slater.
7. Slater has accused Goode, Gervase Lynche, (fn. n7) R. and J. Wye, and John Lane, wrongfully to their friends since they were conversant with Stremer and Martiall, who have been abhorred in the college since they began to call upon the officers for fulfilling the King's commandments touching abolishing the Pope's name, &c
Sir Turnbull.
8. Sir Turnbull, reader of Logic, wresteth good questions, which the scholars put forth in their disputations, to "Donee quiditees."
9. Jo. Edwards, T. Goidge, Jaa. Brokes, and Wm. Chedsey, Masters of Arts, keep the youth of the college from the knowledge of God's Word, resisting against the ordinances for the spread of the gospel and "extirping" of papistical doctrine.
[10] Papa was written in a calendar of a college book after it was struck out. The first nine articles are signed by some or all of the following persons:—Gregory Stremer, Hue Goode, Ric. Marshall, Edm. Marvyn, Ric. Wye, John Wye, John Boydell, and the last by John Garrett, R. Marshall, Geo. Etherige, and John Morwen.
Pp. 2.
iii. Charges against Oxford men.
1. Not fulfilling the King's injunctions for preaching. 2. Not singing the collect for the King in the Mass, 3. Not blotting out Papa until within this half-year and singing Papa openly in the church. 4. Papa written again after it was once put out. 5. A book suffered for four years in the library which called them heretics and schismatics, who did not set the bp. of Rome above all powers. 6. Another book, named Alex, de Hayles, which proved the bp. of Rome above all powers. 7. They would not suffer the Bible to be read openly in hall at dinners, as the Statute, bids, till we proffered to read it. 8. Mr. Chedsay, one of the deans, said that if he saw a scholar with a New Testament he would burn it. 9. Mr. Shepreve said that studying the scripture was subversion of good order, and that if he durst, he would bar us therefrom. 10. Mr. Donne would have had satisfaction of Sir Marshall (fn. n8) for putting out Papa in Gregory's works. 11. Mr. Slater said there were some in the house who could prove the bp. of Rome's authority. 12. Mr. Goyge reported in Hampshire that Sir Marven and Sir Marshall were heretics. 13. Mr. Slater forbad the scholars "our" company. 14. The Divinity lesson is not read. 15. Mr. Smytthe said that such as Sir Marshall have done much hurt with preaching. 16. Few or none except the masters have any part of scripture in their chambers. 17. Sir Garret, for saying that it were better for Sir Marshall to let Papa alone, than put it out of the church books, was punished with losing a fortnight's commons and had his meat and drink given him. 18. Sir Turnbull said when four, of Sion, London, and Sheen, (fn. n9) were executed for holding with the bp. of Rome, he trusted to have a memory of them among other of the saints one day. 19. Sir Bocher said that all they of the new learning were "advouterers and naughty knaves." 20. Mr. Donne called Sir Marven and Sir Marshall Neo Christianos. 21. Mr. Slater complained of certain to their friends because they favoured the truth. 22. Mr. Donne forbad reading the Bible in the hall. 23. The masters and fellows who are counted of the new learning are admitted neither to any office, nor yet to any counsel of the college business.
In Ric. Marshall's hand, pp. 3.
8 Oct. 562. The Grey Friars, Chichester.
R. O. Surrender of the house, by warden and convent, to the lord Visitor for the King, 8 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by friars Willm. Stylle, Robt. Bennyngtun, Andrew Pepper, Cornelius Smyht, Ric. Hoode, John Perks, and Walter Leger.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff in the Grey Friars, Chichester, delivered by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal to Wm. Bradbryge, mayor there, and Ellis Bradshew, for the King.
Choir:—(6 items) a fair painted table, &c, and 2 bells in the steeple. Cloister:—A fair laverys and a conduit coming to it. Vestry:—4 suits, of red raw velvet, blue silk, silk payneyd, and silk with the ground green. Vestments, altar cloths and surplices 3 each; and 2 great chests. Ostre:—2 trestles, table and form, the ostre well syleyd. Parlour, well syleyd and benched. Brewhouse, 5 items. Library:—4½ new stalls with divers old boobs, and new press with aimers for books. The whole house new syleyd about the windows and all the windows well glazed. Frayter : —7 tables and 7 forms.
Debts were 7l., and to pay this and rewards to poor friars, &c, was sold 10l. 17s. worth of stuff. The Visitor has 8s. 8d. towards his charges and 141 oz, of silver. The evidences are in a coffer and thus the Visitor departeth. Signed by Bradbryge and Bradshawe.
Copy, pp. 2.
8 Oct. 563. The Black Friars, Chichester.
R. O. Surrender, by the prior and convent, of the house of Black Friars of Chichester to the lord Visitor for the King, 8 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed: "In wetnes here of I hafe subscryby my name fryer John Antenj prier manew propria—fr. Johanes Layart—fr. Wilhelmus Hall—fr. Thomas Senthyll— fr. Thomas Wylson—fr. Joh'es Holyday—fr. Joh'es Cuttefard."
P. 1. Endd.: "q're requiem (?) John Yngworth."
R. O. 2. Indenture of all the stuff of the Black Friars in Chichester received by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal, and delivered to Wm. Bradbrege, mayor there, and Ellis Bradshow for the King.
The house as it stands; the church and choir without any ornaments, except the altars and old stalls; the ostre and frayter with the boards and certain old sileins and bedsteads. All the rest was sold and every penny paid for debts. The Visitor has 81 oz. of silver that lay in pledge. So he paid his own costs and departed. Signatures (copied) of William Bradbrige and Elys Bradshai.
Copy, p. 1.
8 Oct. 564. Grey Friars, Stamford.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender (in the same form as No. 501) 8 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Schewyn, warden, and nine others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 42.]
In English. Seal injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, ? no. 8] without mem. of acknowledgment.
8 Oct. 565. White Friars, Stamford.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender, by the prior and friars who consider that Christian living does not consist in "wearing of a white coat, disguising ourself after strange fashions, ducking and becking, wearing scapulars and hood, and other like papistical ceremonies," &c. (as in No. 501) 8 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Kyrtun, prior, and sir others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 42.]
In English. Seal defaced.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 2] without mem. of acknowledgment.
8 Oct. 566. John Thompson, Master of the Maison Dieu at Dover, to Cromwell.
R. O. The King when last at Canterbury desired Thompson to bring him the "platt" of the works at Dover within 14 days. The platt, which is not a little ample, is not yet finished. Trusts the King will pardon his absence on this account and because of the present danger to the works, through tempestuous weather, both at the south-east pier and the chapel. As it is unnecessary to keep so many labourers and clerks during winter, desires Cromwell to fix a number, as three score, of such as are inhabitants. Dover, 8 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Oct. 567. John Freman to Cromwell.
R. O. I have dissolved the Grey Friars in Grimsby, which was not very chargeable to the King, "and yet was there 9 Fre[re]s in the same." There remains to the King's use in bells and lead, 80l. I have delivered possession to Mr. Atclyf. I have been at the Augustine Friars in the same town. Most of the friars have run away. Have discharged the prior of his religion, and made him keeper of the house for the King, with a promise of 5 marks at his departing. The whole town beg to have half the parish church as a storehouse for anchors and cables. It would Dot be worth more than 4 marks to the King. Grimsby, 8 Oct. (fn. n10).
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Oct. 568. Robt. Silvester, prior of Gysburne, and Tristram Teshe to Cromwell.
Cleop. E. iv.
B. M.
of the
We have been, according to the King's command, at Whitby, to take the election of a new abbot. We tried first to get them to remit the election to us, to have nominated him that your Lordship commanded us in your letters, or else to remit it to your Lordship; but they would agree to neither. As your Lordship has sent down the conge d'elire from the King, they will elect only per viam scrutinii. We have "continued" the said election till your further pleasure. Beg him to give no credence to Robert Woodhowsse, prior claustrall of the house, who has gone to Cromwell to make some sinister report of the writers. Whitbye, 8 Oct., A.D. 1538. Signed.
P. 1.
8 Oct. 569. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. iii.
McMorrow and the Cavenaghes having been complained of, it was agreed that Ormond, Butler, the Treasurer of the Wars, and Chief Justice should have a meeting with them. At this meeting they would condescend to no reasonable point; so a hosting with 21 days' victuals was appointed. Left Dublin in charge of the Abp., Master of the Rolls, and Chief Justice of Common Pleas; and Kildare in that of the sheriff, the lord of Kilkullen, and others. The Deputy, with the Treasurer of the Wars and Chief Justice advanced to the Cavenaghes' country, where they met Butler, and together entered and wasted the country, 14 days, killing one of their best gentlemen, Cair Carraghe. They submitted, and will pay a yearly rent. Suggest banishing all their gentlemen and men of war. All the land is in peace.
The city of Dublin petitions to be exempt from assisting in hostings. It is the aid of Dublin, Drogheda, and the corporate towns which the Irish fear most. Pay and the soldiers too small. Beg that the Treasurer may have 1,000l. in advance and that they may be paid monthly. Trym, 8 Oct. Signed: Leonard Gray — George Dublin. — Edwardus Miden. — Willm. Brabazon—Gerald Aylmer, justice—John Alen—Thomas Lutrell, justice— Richard Delahyd, baron.
9 Oct. 570. Thomas, Lord Lawarr, to Cromwell.
R. O. His park of Ewhurst in Sussex, was hunted whilst the keeper was at the Court by the King's command. At the time, certain suspected persons were sent up to Cromwell and he now hears they have been sent to the Fleet to await their examination. Examined one of them called Robert Wylson, a servant of the writer's brother, Sir George West, deceased, and also one John Martyn, but their tales did not agree. Gives their various tales and that of Wm. Berd. Win. Bonyface and the two priests (fn. n11) have been known at huntings before this and Sir Thos. Awodde's hound was recognised. Desires that the men may be punished if found guilty; and if not, sent home again, for they are poor, and Lawarr will bear their costs, &c, if he has wronged any of them without cause. Would have been at London ere this, but is evil at ease; trusts to be there about All Hallow tide. "At my poor house," 9 Oct.
The bearer can show further of this matter. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Frivy Seal. Endd.
9 Oct. 571. Robt. Ward to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for past favours showed him, for Christ's sake and the truth. Writes in consequence of his commandment to curates and pastors for publishing the Word of God and inquiring for those who favour the usurped power or traditions of the Church of Rome. In Barking parish, Suffolk, where Mr. Richard Redman is parson, the Word of God is not preached unless a stranger comes by chance, and those who have come have not set forth the King's title nor defaced the usurped power of the bp. of Rome; no, not Alex. Barkley, who preached in Wytson holidays. Spoke to him of his negligence after the sermon before the parson and Mr. Walter Watlond, one of the justices. Cromwell's injunctions, "now and afore sent,' are undeclared and the people untaught.
The parson keeps within his cure one John Adryan who seems to favour as he dare, the bp. of Rome and his "Romly" traditions, as Cromwell will perceive by another bill. Complains that Redman chose for questmen, "against the generall and sene of the bishop," those, Nicolas Fowler of Darmysdon and others, who have no knowledge or goodwill to the truth, and that the bp. of Rome's name has not been rased out of the church books, in the chapels of Needham Market and Darmysdon. Mr. Watlond has been sore against English books, and as he dare against the truth. It was he brought tidings of a recantation by Mr. Latimer before he was made bishop, as lord Wentworth knows. Were it not for his Prince's displeasure, he being married, would himself set forth the injunctions. Needham Market in Suffolk, 9 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Sir Thomas Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
ii. The demeanour of John Adryan, chaplain and parish priest of Darmysdon, within the jurisdiction of Barking in Suffolk.
On 15 Sept. (fn. n12) last, at matins, he read the benediction "Divina solatia impetret nobis Virgo Maria. Robt. Ward sitting in the next place said with a submiss voice, "That is naught." Adrian answered on high, "I believe the Church better than you." Ward: "The Popish Church did make and maintain that." Adryan: "Ye take all thing after the letter and nothing after the spirit." Ward: "Say forth your matins and make no more din." While he was saying his matins with murmuring cheer, Ward looked through the mass book to see if the Pope's name were rased. Found in the mass of marriage, after the orison "Deus qui tam excellentli in the red rubric these terms hæc materia fuit disputata in palatio Domini Papa; and before that, among the orisons general, a special collect for the preservation of the Pope's estate, with the title pro Papa. Adryan, seeing this, murmured and seemed not content, and in saying the benedictions, Mariœ merita nos ducant ad regna cœlestia, said with a loud voice, as it seemed to stir up. tumult, "Is this naught also? Ye will say that this is heresy." He did likewise at the benedictions Per Mariœ suffragia prosit nobis lectio evangelica" and "Ad societatem civium supernorum perducat nos Regina cœlorum." After matins, Symon Warnar asked of Robt. Ward, "Is there anything in that book which is naught." Ward: "Yea forsooth, and in your mass book also, for certain words he spake which be blasphemy; and the bp. of Rome standeth still in your mass book, contrary to the King's commandment, as I will show you." Adryan: "You cannot prove it, and I will sustain these words to be good and true, which ye say are nought." And with that, pulled away the mass book from Ward with violence. Nic. Fowler then came to Ward with threatening words and great oaths, saying, "It were alms that thou wert hanged and all such as thou art. Comest thou hither to control our priest?" And as drawing his knife but was put by by certain honest men who knew his condition in sudden striking with his knife. Ward and others then departed for fear of further inconvenience.
The same day in the parsonage, in presence of Robt. and Ric. Salmon and others he affirmed that we must needs have saints departed means for us to God, to obtain our petitions, and he affirmed it by this text, Quod uni ex minimis meis fecistis mihi fecistis, when Christ meant of alms done or not done to the saints alive, not of praying to saints departed.
On Sept. 22 Adryan met one Hugh Buk cf Barking, who asked him "How shall a man have knowledge for the spiritual life?" Adryan: "Thy father and mother taught thee." Hugh: "My father and mother taught me my pater noster, ave and credo in Latin and partly idolatry." Adryan: "Nay, for they bade thee love thy Lord God above all thing." Hugh: "Nay, that was taught me since." Adryan: "Wilt not thou believe that saints shall pray for us and with us." Hugh: "No forsooth, brother." Adryan: "If thou wilt not believe that, thou art an heretic and speakest plain heresy." Hugh: "I believe that there is no saint departed that can remedy me, but only God and Christ." Adryan: "We must pray to saints that they may pray for us and with us, and namely Our Lady that she shall pray for us and with us to our Saviour Jesu Christ, that we may obtain our petition through her prayers." Hugh : "I will not believe it." Adryan: "Thou speakest heresy." Hugh: "I believe that Christ died for Our Lady as well as for us." Adryan: "Thou speakest heresy." Hugh: "Then prove it by witness of Scripture." Adryan: "I must now go say service." Hugh: "God speed ye well."
On that day he preached, and said: "Friends, here on this day sevennight, I was rebuked for certain words which I spake in the service of Our Lady, that was, the Virgin Mary is a mean to God to pray for us and with us (this exposition is far from the Latin terms), yet I grant that Christ died for Our Lady because she came of the seed of Adam. Yet He died not for her as He did us, for we are sinners and she was no sinner."
He never came yet in place, but he caused sedition and strife, as Mr. Bale can inform you.
Pp. 2, in Ward's hand.
9 Oct. 572. Grey Friars, Grimsby.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender of the priory and all its possessions, 9 Oct. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Adam Howetun, warden, and five others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii. 22.]
In English. Seal broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5 no. 48] without mem. of acknowledgment.
9 Oct. 573. Mahieu Van der Helle to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have given the bearer a stork to deliver at your lodging, of which I pray your acceptance. Dunkirk, 9 Oct. 1538.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
9 Oct. 574. Burgomaster and Eschevins of Dunkirk to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Hear that several ships during the fishery will endeavour to catch and buy herrings at sea, to the great damage both of Calais and Dunkirk, which will thus be disappointed of much of the fish which the French might bring thither to sell. Intend to prevent this so far as possible in accordance with the Emperor's ordinance, and inform lord Lisle of it, that he may do the like within his limits. Dunkirk, 9 Oct. 1538.
Hol., Fr.. v. 1. Add.
9 Oct. 575. Queen Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.
Has heard his ambassador's message, touching the marriages some time. since proposed between them. As he came to her in this quarter on the point of going to an interview with the French king, has no opportunity to enter further into those matters till her return, when she will willingly do so. The Emperor wishes her to proceed sincerely. Cambray, 9 Oct. 1538.
Copy in Vaughan's hand, headed: Copie de la lettre de Madame la Regente a la Majesté du Roy d'Angleterre.
10 Oct. 576. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s letters,
Thanks him for preferring the bearer Markeham to the farm of the priory of Newsted. Lambeth, 10 Oct.
Added in his own hand: The two Observants whom Cromwell sent to him have confessed what he supposes is high treason. Will send them, with their depositions, tonight or tomorrow. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
577. Thos., Prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Has received his letter, with a pair of indentures, by Cromwell's servant, Master Culpeper, (fn. n13) desiring to have Bekysbourne for a mansion house near Canterbury. Seeing he has been so good lord to them at divers times, they grant it gladly. Sends back both the indentures, one sealed with their convent seal, and asks him to seal the other and return it. Canterbury, Thursday, 10 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
578. Anthony Sonds to [Cromwell].
R. O. Complains of the conduct of Mr. Culpeper whom he met in the house of Mr. Darbye with Mr. John Cheyny on St. Edward's Even last, there being also present at supper Mr. Gildeford and Mr. John Deryng. Culpeper said it was reported I should say at the prior of Christchurch's table at the sessions, that your Lordship did require Beakesbourn for the said Culpeper. He could not tell who told him so, and I said I thought it was his own invention. He said "I lied like a fool," and I that "he lied tike a knave." Then he drew his dagger and struck me on the head, and I drew mine, but the other gentlemen stepped between us. Then he required me to meet him next morning by 7 o'clock in Fynnesbery field, but I, considering I was in the commission of the peace and both of us your Lordship's servants, said I would not "begin with him," and would inform your Lordship of all. He said (to move me) "his servant should buy a, groat's worth of rods that he might have one always under his cloak." Furthermore he said "he did not pass whose servant I were."
Hol., p. 1. Not signed. Begins: "In most humble wise showeth unto your good Lordship your most bounden servant Antony Sonds." Endd.
10 Oct. 579. Black Friars of Arundel.
R. O. Surrender of the house by the prior and convent, to the lord Visitor. 10 Oct. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by John Colwyll, prior, Wm. Cosynton, Wm. Welche, Richard Damyt, and Thomas Matthu.
P. 1.
10 Oct. 580. Black Friars of Guildford.
R. O. Surrender of the house by the prior and convent, to the lord Visitor. 10 Oct. 30 Henry VIII. Signed by Wm. Cobden, prior, Wm. Dale, Robt. Merton, Philip Stawfford, Jon. Hyns (?), John Fort, and Thos. Hopkyn.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Indenture of the stuff remaining in the Black Friars in Gilforde received by the lord Visitor under the lord Privy Seal, and delivered to John Dabarne, mayor there, and Daniel Mugge, for the King.
Furniture of choir, church, vestry (no vestments,) great and small kitchens, pastry and yard. In the choir is a pair of organs and in both choir and church are marble tombs. In the yard is a fair well with bucket and chains.
There was great clamour for the debts, which drew above 10l.; wherefore all the stuff of the vestry, &c. was sold, and all the money paid except 16s. 8d., which paid the Visitor's costs. The Visitor charged Sir Wm. Cobden, late prior, with the King's lodging, &c, as he was before charged by the King's officers. The Visitor has 105 oz. plate and thus departed. Signed by Daborne and Mugge.
Copy, pp. 2.
10 Oct. 581. Wriothesley and Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii. 63.
Immediately after the despatch of our letters by Francis, the courier, finding that the Queen delayed her answer, on the exhibition of the writing desired in her name by Don Diego, lest they should put us off till after the meeting, "we devised a purpose containing a slender discourse of our communication with the Queen, including a repetition of the beginning of the matter and the continuance of the same, with our desire in fine upon the said conference" (copy enclosed). This discourse we sent to Don Diego on Monday morning declaring that we had put it in writing merely for the Queen's satisfaction, and hoped her Grace would now work as speedily with us, either by entering into communication as we desired, or at least by despatching the letters we had requested, and we begged he would forward our object. We sent the message to him by mouth, instructing the messenger carefully what to say, lest a letter being shown might testify that we desired not these things as much or more than they. On receipt of the writing he went to Court and told our messenger he expected we should receive an answer at night. To put him in remembrance we asked him to supper and he came.
Having set forth this matter we took our journey from Valenciennes to Cambray. Met by the way Thos. Barnabe, who brought letters from my lord Privy Seal notifying the receipt of letters to the King from the Queen here and others from Don Diego. He also brought a letter from my lord Privy Seal to the said Don Diego, copies of all which we also received for our instruction and perused between Valenciennes and Cambray, hoping to have expressed Henry's thanks to the Queen for her letters and felt her mind, but it was so late that we could get no audience. We had hoped to get the answer we looked for by Don Diego, when he came to supper, and we made him as good cheer as we could, none of our stuff or plate being come because one of our carts broke two leagues out of the town. While at supper Sir Thomas Seymour came in bringing a report from Mr. Brown and my lord Elect of their proceedings with the French king "to whom again we recounted our story here, which for the entertainment and good words sounding well to our purpose somewhat differeth." After supper Don Diego said the Queen and Emperor both remained firm in one purpose, but she had neither appointed a time for entering into communication nor done anything about writing a letter, the business of the interview so hampered her. Said we were sorry for this, because we deferred writing to you till we could state something certain; and indeed we despatched Francis so privily that we think none of them knew of it. He said her Grace had the less care of this matter because she had written already, and we might be sure she would not vary, for you had not a better friend this side the sea. Said we only wanted to assure you that we had done our duty. He promised to do his best to satisfy us. Told him of the receipt of letters from England, one of them to him from my lord Privy Seal which Wriothlesley delivered, and read to him at his request. He seemed much pleased and again protested his good inclination towards the King. After he left, sent to the duke of Arscot to inquire whether we should attend the Queen at the meeting or keep on our journey only, as she should remove to be ready at her call. He promised us an answer in the morning, which he sent, to the effect that he had spoken to the Queen and she thanked Henry for the honour he did her; but, as the meeting was only a private congratulation among kinsfolks and at the first congress she would have no great train, she wished us, during her continuance at Cambray, to put ourselves to no trouble. When any show should be made she would notify us and keep places for us.
On Tuesday morning the Queen met with the French king at Crevicure, two leagues out of Cambray, the duchess of Milan being left at home, and many others, who, as we can yet hear, have no great entertainment of the Frenchmen. After dinner, towards night, the French king and the Queen Regent came into Cambray together and the Queen entertained him at supper. On Tuesday night Don Diego informed us that we should have the letters (fn. n14) we desired next morning and the Queen wished us to put off the negotiation till her return to Brussels. She offered Wriothesley her physician to attend on him. We thanked her and said we would not press her further than was right, and if she would despatch these letters we would forward them to your Majesty. On Wednesday morning M. Rombalt, the Queen's secretary, came and said she was sorry to hear of Wriothesley's illness, desiring that for the sake of his health he would stay there or return to Brussels. Thanked her for her considerateness but said they could not remain behind except at her command, which they hoped she would not insist on as the King desired them to do her all the honour they could. He said she left it to them, only giving this by way of advice, and then told us he would go to despatch the letter. He came back with it an hour after, and with the copy which we desired. We noted somewhat the meagreness of it, which he excused for want of leisure and said we might supply what was wanting. There was a clause of credence left to us for a more ample declaration. We thanked him and departed towards St. Quentin, where we thought meet to despatch Barnabe again, by whom you will receive the said letter.
Forbear to write of the meeting of the French queen and the Regent, and of their entry into this town, as others will report them. Advise that the King should send over some personage of estimation well acquainted with the framing of treaties. St. Quintin's, 10 Oct. Signed.
R. O. 2. "The draft of our purpose delivered to the Regent." (Printed in footnote St. P. viii. 64.)
Partly in Vaughan's hand, and headed by him.
R. O. 3. "The translation into French of our purpose exhibited to the Lady Reagent."
Fr., pp. 3. The heading in Vaughan's (fn. n15) hand. [A copy of this at Vienna is described in the Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 8.]
10 Oct. 582. The Master of the Hospital of St. John's of Jerusalem [Homedes] to [Cromwell].
Otho C. ix.
B. M.
"[Recevi in Ar] ragona venendo de camino per Malta una lettera di V.S. rispos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . in molta obligatione per la bona volunta che in le mie cose et di q . . . . . . . . . . . . . et similmente per le laudi senza io meritarle li e piaciuto dire con al . . . . . . . . . . . . . . molto supplico V.S. che in tutto il bene di questa religione la voglie tener se . . . . . . . [comme]ndata poi che Dio la ha posta in parte che ne po far molto beneficio, et p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . che non fara per persone ingrate per cumplir tutto quello che farsi potess[e] . . . . . . . . . . . . ditta lettera recevi una del Serenissimo Re, et con essa una constitutione o patente . . . . . . . . . . . . . et beneficii et altre cose de nostra religion, non feci alhora risposta perche me p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . di arrivar in Malta, nel qual camino tardai molto. Giunto che fui io lo consultai [col nostro consig]lio, alli quali parse che poi che il capitolo general si haveva da presto tener si aspettas[se] . . . . . . [p]erche si potesse dar complita risposta. Et per molti negocii che la religion sempre ha h[avulon]on lo havemo tenuto, pero pensamo che non tardara molto. Al presente, per non tardar tanto, [ho scritto] a sua Mta, dando raggione di tutto lo supradicto, la qual lettera potra veder V. S., alla qual su[pplico che per], sua parte voglia far la excusatione con sua Mta, faccendo sapere a V.S. che poi che [vien di scr]iver a sua Mta restai di scriverle molto, la prego lo pigli a bene V. S., poi che si e fatto[di buon inte]ntione."
[Hears] that the prior of England is dangerously ill. Begs Cromwell in case of a vacancy to do his best for the honour of the Religion. [Mal]ta, 10 Oct. 1538. Signed: "Il m're del ospital de San Jo' de H'lm."
Ital., p. 1.
10 Oct. 583. Lope Hurtado de Mendoza to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 253.
B. M.
Wrote on the 6th about the writing Aguilar asked the Duchess (fn. n16) to agree to; another of Aguilar's servants has since come with the enclosed letter and power. The Duchess much resents this treatment by the Marquis. Begs the Emperor to answer her graciously. Other news of the Duchess. Sanquexan, 10 Oct. 1588.
Spanish, pp. 3. Modern copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i. No. 19.]


  • n1. Misread "decried" in Latimer's Remains.
  • n2. Not the widow of Sir Richard Knightley, who was the writer of No. 606 in Vol. X., but apparently her daughter-in-law, the widow of Richard Knightley, Esq., son of Sir Richard, and brother of the Serjeant. Bridges, in his Hist, of Northamptonshire (i. 67), calls the Serjeant's brother, also, Sir Richard, but his name appears only as Richard on the commission of peace for Northamptonshire in August 1536. See Vol. XI., No. 202 (13).
  • n3. A complete list of those who appeared in the chapter house is given at the beginning of the document, which contained the names in both these lists; and though several of these names are lost by mutilation, they are supplied from the signatures in the document in Part I., No. 722.
  • n4. Sir Anthony Browne.
  • n5. The name is given in the lists as O'Mullaly, or Laly. The King had already appointed Christopher Bodkin, bishop of Kilmacduagh, as his successor, giving him the see in commendam on the 15 Feb. 1537. See Morrin's Calendar of the Patent and Close Rolls in Ireland, I.31.
  • n6. That of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. See Valor Eccl. II. 249.
  • n7. Misread "Huche" in Cranmer's Letters
  • n8. The work "me" has been cancelled and the name substituted.
  • n9. Reynolds and the Carthusians executed in 1535.
  • n10. Perhaps an error of the writer, as the surrender is dated the 9the.
  • n11. The parson of Woodmancote and Sir Thomas à Wood. See No. 387(2.)
  • n12. The day of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary. In 1538 it feel on a Sunday.
  • n13. Thomas Culpeper. See Statute 34 and 35 Hen. VIII. C. 37 (unprinted).
  • n14. See No. 575.
  • n15. Not Wriothesley's, as stated in State Papers, 65.
  • n16. The duchess of Florence.