Letters and Papers: February 1539, 21-25

Pages 129-143

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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February 1539

21 Feb.
R. O.
Warrant under Privy Seal to Ric. Layton and John London, doctors, Robt. Cotton, John Freman, and John Wysman, to take the surrenders of the monasteries and nunneries of Thorton (sic), Spaulding, Henynges, Crowland, Torxsey, Kyeme, Grimsby, Orforde, Nonne Cotton, and Styxwolde, in co. Line. Westm. 21 Feb. 30 Henry VIII.
Parchment, p. 1. Seal gone.
21 Feb.
R. O.
I have received your two letters to make as much speed as I can in your affairs and come home, "and further that I must have two proclamations ere I will come." Fain would I have Mr. Polsted with me, because now I know that the commission for the Friars shall not be sent till he come. I will do what I can to bring it with me if he come not the rather. If not, I intend to depart at the end of this week; but I intend to know first my lord Privy Seal's determinate answer. I have sent by Harry Vernam the ling and stock fish, and now, by Thoby's crayer, the almonds, rice, and raisins, and a little firkin of 30 great eels which were alive in London and which 1 had much ado to come by. As to the land Mr. Coffyn had of Mr. Basset's inheritance, there is no remedy but Mr. Basset must be driven to his action. Mr. Rolles and Mr. Harrys will do what they can at their now being in the country. I have spoken with Mr. Lyster, so that as yet he has made me no answer for Soberton. I trust Mr. Smythe's rent shall be sure made ere I depart; but Mr. Acton is not come, so that there will be no remedy for that till next term. As for the good abbot, (fn. 1) "I do refer his doings till my coming." London, 21 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
21 Feb.
R. O.
I send by Thoby's boat of Calais 1 piece raisins, 1 cwt. almonds, and ½ cwt. rice. The grocer's bill I will bring with me I also send one little firkin containing 30 great eels, costing 13s. 10d., which I have got with much ado. I hope the stuff sent with Vernam is come to hand. I expect to come in six or seven days. London, 21 Feb.
Be good lady to Rob. Amner, who goes over in this boat.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
21 Feb.
R. O.
[1539 ?]
331. JOHN CLARKE to SIR JOHN BRADWAY, Parson of the Camp at Guisnes.
I am here "at great costs by physic," and therefore beg you to send what you owe me in haste. I marvel at your taciturnity and obliviousness, and wish you to obey my letters better. If I were light of credence, I might do something I should repent, "and you to have no profit." "With the grace of God the Faith Catholic shall be heard;" for some who lately preached Luther's heresies have revoked their heresies in their sermons. "Certain new books that were nought be called in again, and shall not come abroad." My Lord, (fn. 2) my Lady, and all the company at the Vyne are in good health. Mr. Hall lies still upon his benefice. In Wm. à Chambers' house at the Quene Hyve, at London, 21 Feb.
P. 1. Endd. in same hand: "Coppie."
21 Feb.
R. O.
Your mastership and Dr. Cave wrote me you had suspended the suits of Sir Thewles for a fellowship in our house, if we would give him his chamber and commons and elect him at the next election. Our statutes will not suffer us to give such pensions, as Dr. Craiford knows. We can give nothing except he be fellow or Bible clerk. Not one of the fellows would elect him. I desire you to speak to Dr. Cave in this, and shall give him two angels out of my own purse. Cambridge, 21 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
21 Feb.
R. O.
333. WM. [BURTON], Abbot of St. Austin's beside Bristol, to CROMWELL.
Thanking him for his great goodness to himself and the monastery of St. Austin's beside Bristow. Sends, for his fee, 20 nobles more than he had before, under the conventual seal. From St. Austin's aforesaid, 21 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: "Ao xxxo."
21 Feb.
R. O.
334. ROBT. FERRAR, Prior of St. Oswald's, to CROMWELL.
According to Cromwell's letters, he and his brethren have given to the bearer the proctorship of the cell or parsonage of Bamburgh for life, in recognition of his labours in their suits. The King's people in Northumberland are very ready and glad to hear the word of the Lord. The order of justice was never better. No robbing, no reaving, and very little stealing is committed here. It is great pity there is never one preacher betwixt Tyne and Tweed. Bamburgh in Northumberland, 21 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The prior of St. Oswald's.
21 Feb.
R. O.
You will see by our letters (fn. 4) to the King that the Queen here "would now have thence th'ambassador. (fn. 5) It may be for good purpose, but I cannot comprehend it: her words were as cold as possible and this great entertainment seems intended to gain time. I say this from no evil humour engendered against these men; for how I have been affected towards them you know, and how I might have been blinded by outward pomp my other letters show. The King might take pity upon the ambassador's infirmity and make him tarry till he see a little further. Whatever end these things have, and I must needs wish for the best for the woman's (fn. 6) sake, I shall never marvel more that the King would rather have joined with France, if they might have been gotten, than with this side: he knew these men intus et in cute, and knew they are only thankful for what serves their purposes. I pray you pardon this babbling. Mr. Vaughan is at Antwerp and so his hand is not to our common letter. Dr. Kerne desires commendations.
Enclose certain informations touching Wm. Leiton. Mr. Knight, who is on his way to Cromwell, will expound anything that may be doubtful in them. Dared give Mr. Knight no manner of letter for fear Leighton should perceive somewhat and "start," or work some further displeasure.
If I hear not from the King or you within the time limited for my departure I will follow my instruction, and it may serve to keep the ambassador there till we come home if the King frankly tell him that the coldness on this side has made him stay till he shall better advise. "I pray God that ambassador be an honest man in his advertisements, I know not the contrary." God send the King, my lord Prince, your lordship, and all good subjects health. Bruxelles, 21 Feb.
Despatch Mr. Knight again as soon as possible.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2. [Wriothesley's instructions to John ap Richards.]
R.O. First to make my commendations to my Lord and to deliver my letters with the declaration of the escape of the traitor. Item, to signify that I have now despatched you to expound anything that may be doubtful and declare other things not contained in my letters, i.e.:—
The coming down of Leighton to discharge my watch. His contradiction in saying he never saw Philips but once in the market place, and feared him above all men; and again, that he was more bound to him than his own father, for he had given him all his necessaries, even hose and shoes. The coming of Philips to Stokes' house. Leighton's means to hinder my search. "Phylips' continuance in Louvain unless it were at times with the ... sting of his sending for, the conve [yan] ce of the letters, drawing of his sword with his letter ... an. than ... to the same. To beseech my lord to maintain my devices for the better achieving of this matter if by chance the same should come in communication with Th'emperor (?) touching this affair."
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Mine instructions; and in another hand: Mr. Wrythiosley.
21 Feb.
About an hour ago received letters from Mr. Vaughan that on Wednesday last proclamation was made in Antwerp that no ships of any nation should depart this country till after Easter, by reason of which the English ships ready to come home are stayed. Determined to go to the Queen and urge upon her their deliverance. Sent Mr. Palmer to the duke of Ascot to require access, which was wont never to be deferred when the Queen was in the town and the request so urgent. Had answer that the Queen was occupied in council and would give him audience tomorrow at an hour which would be then indicated by the Duke. "What is meant hereby I know not, but surely I like it nothing at all," and though I despatched John ap Richards after Mr. Knyghte this morning I thought better to cast away 20 crs. than detain from the King a matter of such importance as this may turn to. Six or seven gallants of the Court were with me today at dinner, sent, I ween, to make us think all shall be well. When Mr. Palmer was at Court awaiting the Duke's answer, the captain of Gravelin merrily desired him to convey a letter to Gravelin for the burning of a Lutheran of this country. "I am," quoth he, "a good Christian man and will ever knowledge Holy Father to be our head." "As for your letter," quo' Mr. Palmer, "if it contain such matter as you speak of I am sure you will provide a messenger that you know to carry it, and as for your Holy Father, when he shall be the Emperor's good subject I shall know him for an honest bishop: Marry, till he knowledge that he is a subject I will know him none otherwise than I do." "I am," quo' the Captain, "a little weak yet, but I trust one day to be made rich by you Englishmen." "You," quo' Mr. Palmer, "I trust first to kill a hundred of you myself." All this was spoken laughing, but I like not, such homely jesting. Two crayers have arrived at Antwerp out of England with goods of certain Spaniards. When I have spoken to the Queen I shall let you know if these folks mean as evil as they seem to do; I trust they shall never have power to hurt my master, but we here "may peradventure broil a faggot." The gentlemen who were at dinner spoke of the Emperor's good will towards the King. I made light of it, and said that otherwise the Emperor would show himself the most unkind man alive, and moreover was "too wise to meddle with us whom he knoweth to find no beasts." Bruxelles, 21 Feb., 4 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Feb.
On 20 Feb. repaired from Brussels to Antwerp to learn the news. On arriving was presented with a proclamation in the Emperor's name, which was made at Antwerp on Ash Wednesday. Sends copy translated from Dutch into French. Sent another copy to Brussels to Wriothesley in order that he may learn from the Queen whether she intends to stay the merchants' ships or mariners. Is watchful, as they are so full of crafty practises here. "Here founde I a worlde of rumours the Burse and her pullettes brethe out"; some that the Emperor will turn his army into England, some that the French king and the Emperor will together make war on us. In proof they bruit that the French ambassador is recalled out of England. All is at the bp. of Rome's instance. The Spaniards are conveying their goods out of England, two crayers laden with them arrived two days ago, as an officer of the English merchants here reports. Cromwell writes that the English merchants here "bruit many things;" but the Flemish bruit beyond measure. Antwerp, 21 Feb.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
St. P. VIII.
Hear that on Wednesday last proclamation was made at Anvers that no ships should leave the country till after Easter. Beg that the English ships now at Berges and Anvers laden and ready to leave may have licence to do so. To detain them would be contrary to the treaties which give merchants on either side after the intimation of war (which they hope they will never see) time to withdraw with their goods.
Copy. French. Headed: "Au Royne depar lez ambassadours de la Ma. du Roy Dangleterre."
21 Feb.
Mon. Vat.
In P.S. of a letter, dated Vienna, 21 Feb. 1539:—
Reports a conversation with the abp. of Lunden, who had been at Vienna and left on the 2nd inst. Did not speak to him of the bull which has come from Rome against the king of England, but only asked if his Holiness believed that the Emperor and the king of France could do any good by cutting off commerce with that kingdom. He said breaking off commerce between Flanders and England was equivalent to open war, and he did not think it was a fit time. He added that Flanders and England had much need of each other. * *
21 Feb.
Add. MS.
28, 591, f. 21.
B. M.
"Lo que escrive Luis Sarmiento a vij., viij., xv., xvj., xxj. de hebrero 1539."
Touching a fray between the crews of some English and French vessels in the port of Lisbon. Also touching some heretical placards affixed to three of the city churches, 15,000 ducats being offered for the discovery of the author; new papers were posted in which the author said he was an Englishman, &c. Courier come with news of the Empress' illness, and bringing the Emperor's letters of 14 Feb. Conversation with the King and Queen about marriages proposed by the French Queen.
Spanish, with the Emperor's comments in margin. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 6. [See Spanish Calendar VI. I. No. 38.]
22 Feb.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender (by Thos. Pope, abbot, and the convent) of the monastery with its possessions in Exeter diocese and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 22 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thomas, the abbot, John Horwell, prior, and three others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 23.]
Faded. Seal broken.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 37] as acknowledged, same day, before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R.O. 2. Pensions assigned to the late abbot and convent of Hertland, Devon 22 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Thos. Pope, abbot, 60l.; John Hirwell, prior, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Hen. Kyne, 5l. 13s. 4d.; Nyghting Bere, 5l. 6s. 8d.; Roger Stone is to serve the chapel of Bykington, with 6l. 13s. 4d., or, if found impotent, 5l. 6s. 8d. pension; John Norman, 5l. 6s. 8d. Signed: Jo. Tregonwell: William Petre: John Smyth.
R.O. 3. Another list with the same heading. In it the abbot's pension is put at 66l. 13s. 4d., the prior's name has been altered from "Hyrwell" to "Horwell," and the entry of John Norman is cancelled. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: John Smyth.
22 Feb.
Ellis, 3 S. III.
The Visitor has been at Boston and suppressed all our Friars' houses. My duty is, being the King's officer, to certify what is necessary to keep up his Grace's tenements, "staythes," and sea-banks in the said town. Considering how barren our country is of stone, timber, and tile, the said houses were meet for this behalf. If His Highness is determined to make repair, it must be done in the beginning of this year, for the low part of Holland is likely to be put in jeopardy. I have complained to the council of Richmond fee and to the Surveyor-General, but had no remedy. There is like to be desolation of his Grace's lands within the town—all housing, except 5 marks pasture—whereby his custom daily should decay. By staying the said timber, iron, and stone, you would deserve immortal memory of the town, who think I do little for them. Boston, 22 Feb.
The bearer can certify why I did not come up as my duty was. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
22 Feb.
Will give the bearer, Jas. Stanley, a yearly fee or pension as Cromwell requests, and asks Cromwell to take him into his service. Lathom, 22 Feb. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
22 Feb.
Hears that Sir Reynold Carnaby and others in the country are going up to labour to the King and Cromwell to have Blaunchelonde abbey. Begs that he may have it for himself either for a quitrent or to farm for years, as it adjoins his forest ground on one side and a lordship of his on the other. Brauncepeth, 22 Feb. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Anno xxx.
22 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Were yesterday towards night sent for to speak with the Queen. Found her in the council chamber with the duke d'Ascot, Mons. Dolstrate, the bishop of Palermo, Score, and two of the chief secretaries. She made us sit down and put on our caps, and addressed us, reminding us how, when there arose a difficulty in the late negotiations, we agreed to refer to the King and she to the Emperor: We had received our answer long since, but she had just received hers now. The Emperor wished to proceed in the matter, and because his ambassador in England knew what had been done in it, she was to send for him in post: and if they would warn their King she would write the Emperor's pleasure to the ambassador. Thought she spoke rather coldly in so warm a matter. Wriothesley replied he was glad she had at least some answer; the King was well inclined; but it would be hard for the ambassador, who was sickly and (it was feared) "towards a consumption," to come in post, and it would take a long time for him to come softly at his ease. She said No; he should make good diligence: she would write to him. Wriothesley said he would then advertise the King. She sent two sage and gallant gentlemen of the Court for them, received them honourably, and has lately entertained them well; yet her words are cold as stone, and now she would have thence the ambassador, "our wits cannot tell wherefore, unless it be for that they purpose to search our beliefs more familiarly when he shall be out of England than they dare now." For the goodwill we bear the ambassador we wish he would not kill himself with posting till we are either in England or saw more frankness than we find. Bruxelles, 22 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Acknowledgement, 23 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., oy Richard Crumwell, of London, of receipt from Thos. Hall, general receiver of attainted lands in Lincolnshire, by the hands of John Sewster, of 40s., being his annuity out of the attainted monastery of Barlyngs. Signed.
P.1. Endd: Ao xxx. Crumwell: x1. s.
23 Feb.
R. O.
If God had not punished me I would have seen you ere this for the alliance between us, which is much to my comfort. I married my son thinking it should have been to my comfort; but she was of evil conversation and he put her away. He is losing his time, and wishes to enter some honourable man's service; and as my lord Privy Seal is a baron in Surrey I beg you will ask if he will accept him. As soon as I can ride, my first pilgrimage shall be to see the King. Crowherst, 23 Feb. Signs: Your loving brother.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
[23 Feb.]
Cleop. E. IV.
Supp. of Mon.
Has received to the King's use the four houses of friars in Boston, very poor houses and very poor persons, and delivered them to Mr. Taverner and Mr. Johnys, the King's servants, "with all the poor implements for his money." Received also on the way a house of Austin Friars in Huntingdon and delivered it to Philip Clampe according to the Chancellor of the Augmentations' letter. These houses are all meetly leaded. Is now in Lincoln, where he has also received four poor houses, nothing left but stones and poor glass, but meetly leaded. In the Grey Friars is a goodly conduit, which the mayor wants for the city. Promised to write in their behalf. Hoped to have made an end of his visitation, but hears there are still standing in the North above 20 places of friars, as in Grantham, Newark, Grimsby, Hull, Beverley, Scarborough, Carlisle, and Lancaster, and other places, "for the which howseys I well serge," so that he hopes to leave but few in England before Easter. Begs Cromwell to grant the friars capacities, without which bishops and curates are very hard to them. Trusts to Cromwell about his living in Langley. Lincoln, first Sunday in Lent. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Feb.
R. O.
349. JOHN POLETENSIS, Abbot of Pershore, to CROMWELL.
Before Christmas he desired Dr. Layton to show Cromwell he was willing to resign. Will do so when he has the resignation made out. Begs leave then to "entreat" of his pension. Because he has borne all charges of his monastery from Michaelmas to Annunciation next following, prays he may have this half-year's rent and then he will leave the house out of debt, which he found indebted over 1,000l. Has leased eight lordships at the King's letters and Cromwell's, and increased their rents 40l. above the value in the King's book, and no rent of any tenant there augmented by a farthing. Prays Cromwell to consider this in his pension, and that he may have a house and his monks pensions according to their virtues. Will leave the monastery stored with lead, wood, corn, &c., and prays Cromwell to give him his books. Will leave 100l. of leviable debts and desires all yearly fees granted by the convent to be affirmed. Desires favour for his trusty servant, the bearer. Pershore, 23 February.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
R. O. 2. Petition of John Creys, of Pershore, to the King, setting forth that John, abbot of the monastery of Our Lady and St. Edburgh, of Pershore, has wrongfully caused him to pay a fine of 4l.
At the foot in another hand: "There is no proof to this bill, nor paid no penny for the making of the bill. Item, he sueth for no money, nor my lord had not 4l."
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Petition to the King by Agnes Walker, of Bradway, "a very poor widow," setting forth that she engaged a neighbour last harvest to carry her corn, who chanced to carry "one tithe sheaf away of one John, abbot of the monastery of Our Lady and St. Edburghe, of Pershore, in your said county, who is parson in person, thinking to him that it was your said poor subject's." Offered to make any reasonable amends, but the abbot cruelly insists upon citing her in the Arches. Desires a commission to gentlemen of the country to determine the matter.
P. 1.
23 Feb.
R. O.
XIV. 634.
Surrender (by Simon Rede, abbot, &c.) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Devon, Cornw., Soms., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the Marches thereof, 23 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Simon the abbot, Ric. Mylton, prior and 14 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 45.]
Seal injured.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 19] as acknowledged, same day, before Wm. Peter, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pension list of Torre Abbey, appointed 23 Feb. Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Simon Rede, abbot, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Ric. Mylton, prior, 7l.; John Asteredge and Hen. Bagwell, 6l. each; John Wyll, Thos. Lawdymere, Thos. Clement, Thos. James, and John Payne, 5l. each; John Shapeley and John Lane, 4l. each; John Fermer, Thos. Brydgeman. Thos. Emett, Thos. Knoll, and Ric. Yonge, 40s. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: Wylliam Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2. Signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
P. 1.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Montmorency (fn. 7) returned from Court some time ago. Not having heard from you for some time, I send his lacquey, requesting you for news. I was a long time ill. As soon as I got well my grandson d'Azincourt was seized with fever. I know not what to do. He is only three years old, and it would not be right to give him medicine. It continually distresses me that I cannot leave the house. I should have been very glad to have spent part of this Lent with you. I fear I shall never have the good fortune to be able to visit you, though I much desire to be often with you and Mademoiselle Marie your daughter. I long to hear of her and Mademoiselle Anne. Gaissart, 23 Feb.
Hol. Fr., pp. 1. Add.
R. O. I cannot thank you enough for sending me your news by the lacquey of Mons. de Bours, your son, for since my return from England I have twice written to you and not heard any news of you till now, though I have no doubt you have received my letters. Your son* has returned from the Court in good health and vigour, of which I am as glad as any one. I cannot tell how sorry I am for your illness, and that of your grandson Dagyncourt, who is so ill of fever, and for your daily troubles. I was lately about to visit you, when new hindrances arose from England, much to my vexation.
Draft. Fr., p. 1.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Copy of my letters to the Constable, sent by Honynges, 23 Feb.:— The eight days named by you being now passed, I beg answer to my request touching licence for 2,000 bales of sailcloth (pieces d'olonnes autrement appellez poledavys) in order that I may inform the King my master. The poor English merchants, Colte and Over, can get no remedy from you, although the King my master has so often written in their favour. Mulung, 23 Feb. E. B., lambassadeur d'Augleterre.
French. Copy in Bonner's hand, p. 1. Endd.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
There is a bruit that the bp. of Rome has declared certain censures against the king of England. They say this bruit was spread in the Emperor's court by a secretary (fn. 8) of yours who went there as a messenger and has been urging the Emperor on the part of the Most Christian King to approve the publication of the said censures and proclaiming that these censures were procured by the Most Christian King. Please say whether this bruit is false and published against the will of the King and your Lordship. It is said the French ambassador in England is revoked; please signify who shall be his successor. As the eight days named by you are passed I beg an answer to my request touching the 2,000 poldavies.
French, p. 1. Headed in Bonner's hand: "The copy of that letter which I had made to the Constable and yet doubted whether I might send the same unto him without displeasure of the King's highness; remaining yet in my hands." Endd. also by Bonner: "drawn out of the King's letters touching the matter."
23 Feb.
R. O.
I have received your letters by your servant. As to your request for licence to export poldavies (ollones) from Brittany, Mons. de Chasteaubriant, governor and lieutenant-general there wrote 2 or 3 days ago there was such scarcity that none could be exported. Mons. de la Chasture, lieutenant of Brest, who is here, says the same. I am sorry the licence cannot be granted. As to justice to subjects of your King, it has always been given. I would like to talk with you about the wrong done in England to Mons. de la Rochepot, my brother, if you will come to dinner here on Tuesday. Fontainbleau, 23 Feb. 1538. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.: "A Mons. 1'ambassadeur Dangleterre."
II. In the margin in Bonner's hand opposite the three paragraphs of the letter; "The Constable in effect gave me this comfort and answer at the first moving of this matter, so that it appeareth to be an answer made by himself; and indeed he said that these ij thousand pieces were enough for 500 ships."
"If justice stand in fair words without deeds we have it; yet ... with the ... scantest."
He that can fetch out such a matter to stop men's mouths will not be over hasty to minister any pleasure.
23 Feb.
R. O.
The report of me Wm. Honneng sent with my lord of Hereford's letters to the Constable, 23 Feb., being at Founteigne de Bleue, as well to deliver the same as to see, hear, and learn as much as possible.
Sunday 23 Feb. I delivered the said letters to the Constable about 10 a.m., as he came from the French king, and he went straight to his chamber to dinner. Learnt that on Saturday, 22 Feb., arrived there Geronimo Franco, servant to the card. of Lorraine, and Guillot, the French king's courier, out of Spain; the former sent thither with the hat of Mons. de Chaâlons. Asked Guillot if he brought any letters from Mr. Wiot to my said Lord. He said, None. Asked after Mr. Wiot and tidings in Spain. He, commending Mr. Wiot, said there was talk in Spain of certain censures lately set forth by the bp. of Rome against the king of England. Cardinal Pole would shortly come to Spain in embassy from the bp. of Rome; the Spaniards say the king of England has more money than the Emperor, French king, and king of Portugal, and they must fight to get part thereof. An Italian, factor here for John Jockey, (fn. 9) said the Imperial and French ambassadors in England should both return home. Asked who should supply the French ambassador's room, and be answered it was not yet known. Couriers left this 23 Feb. to Rome, and to the Emperor. Some think the French king will go shortly to Sens, 10 leagues from Founteigne de Blewe, others that he will not remove till after Easter, when he will go to Brittany and thence to Gascony or Languedoc to meet the Emperor at Bayonne or Aquamortis. The place is yet uncertain and the Emperor's going to Italy doubtful. The duke of Orleans is not well, though he looked very lustily upon Shrove Tuesday, and the marriage of the marquis of Saluces to Madame de Elye, sister of Madame Destampes, and the triumph at the new bastille there, which were expected to have been today, are deferred. The prince of Rocheurion was lately married to Madame de Jevre (fn. 10) and made duke of Montpenser.
Pp. 2. Endd. by Bonner: Report of Wm. Honnynges sent by me to the Court.
23 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
356. SIR THOS. WIAT to the BP. OF HEREFORD. (fn. 11)
The Cardinal (fn. 12) comes after this courier to the French king to solicit against the King. I suppose it your office to prepare, with the French king, to demand him according to the treaties "the whilst ye receyve other advertysement from the Kyng." Further believe this bearer. Toledo, 23 Feb.
P.S. I pray you see this packet delivered, for so I have promised.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Ambassador in the court of France. Endd.: Received at Melun, 4 March, by a servant of Mr. Archdeacon Carowe, about 4 p.m., delivered by a servant of Mr. Wiot's, called Rudston, at Paris.
24 Feb.
Close Roll
30 Hen. VIII.
pt. 7, m. 3 d.
Recognisance given by Sir John Dudley, of Dudley, Staff., to Thos. lord Crumwell in 1,000l. for fulfilment of the covenants in a pair of indentures of same date between them. Westm., 24 Feb.
24 Feb.
Close Roll
30 Hen. VIII.
pt. 7, m. 3 d.
Recognisance given by Giles Heron of Shakylwell, Midd., along with Sir Giles Capell, of Rayne, Essex, and Walter Lambard, citizen and goldsmith of London, each in 500 marks, for his appearance before the Council when called to answer articles laid to his charge within two years hereafter. Westm., 24 Feb.
24 Feb.
Harl. MS.
6689 f. 1.
B. M.
Indenture of sale by Charles duke of Suffolk, to John Stonard, of Laughton, Essex, and George, his son, for 776l., of the manor of Steple Grange, Essex, and messuages called Frenne and Jakletts in Purleigh, Essex, which were granted to the Duke by patent, 19 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII. Dated 24 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Latin. Two later copies, pp. 2.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Perceives that his son Southwell (fn. 13) has made suit to Cromwell for the obtaining of Malling Abbey for Nevyle. Promises Cromwell as he did at St. James's. 500 marks for it. Before long Cromwell will have his other letter reciting his suit to the King for some portion of suppressed lands. Mereworth in Kent, 24 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Feb.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the priory and all its possessions in co. Cornw., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 24 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Shere, prior, and eight others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 26.]
Fair Seal.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 36] as acknowledged before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions appointed to the late prior and convent of Launceston, viz.:—
John Shere, prior, 100l.: John Hamme, priest, John Morele, and John Hickes, 6l. 13s. 4d. each; Steph. Gowrge, 10l.; Thos. Webbe, Ric. Trewenecke, John Lawrence, and John Fycke, 5l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed by Cromwell.
24 Feb.
R. O.
I have received your letter and shall send you what you desire as soon as I have obtained it. Dunkirk, 24 Feb.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 Feb.
Reform., III.
* * * I expect here John Sturmius whom the Venetians have summoned to them. There are Britons here who relate that that Briton of yours on the journey said shameful things (δυςφημα) about Germany and about our churches. I immediately commanded them to deny these sayings by letter: you will therefore let me know whether he was with you returning from Italy. It seems the rule that everyone returns from Italy more hostile to us. * * * 6 kal. Martii.
25 Feb.
A arsberetninger, IV.
Has received his letter of the 10 Dec., touching the complaints of some men of Iceland against the King's subjects. Cannot give redress until he knows further particulars, as no particular person is accused and the complaints may be fictitious. Does not suppose his subjects have fished, except according to old right custom. Hopes Christian will take no unfriendly step till more distinct particulars are given. Ex regia nostra prope Londinum, 25 Feb. 1538.
25 Feb.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
After advertisement of receipt of your letters to me of 19 and 21 Feb. and to the King of 22 Feb.; I have shown the whole tenor of them to the King, who marvels at the ingrate proceedings there and especially at the revoking of Mons. Chappuys, the Emperor's ambassador, from hence. The King, with the assent of his whole Council, commands you at once to go to the Regent and say that, albeit he will not detain Chappuys if revoked, yet the King and Emperor have always had ambassadors resident in each other's countries, and before the departure of the one the other was sent; moreover, Chapuys' presence is not necessary for treating of the marriage with the Duchess, about which he has been little consulted, and the long absence of an ambassador, if they are no speedier in despatch of the affairs than they have been, would be prejudicial to both countries. Men might think the amity between the King and Emperor diminished to their dishonour, the King having his ambassador in Spain and there also. The King notes that on the departure hence of M. de Castillon, French ambassador, although another is already appointed to succeed him, many persons can scant believe that the French king intends to be constant in his amity. The King therefore desires her to proceed with the alliances without waiting for Chapuys' arrival, and thinks, "by certain persons' advice," that his presence is only demanded to secure delay, he being weak and unable to travel fast. Tell her you hear from a secret friend that on the matter being opened in the King's council one or two of the councillors suggested that his going was but a ruse to withdraw him and perhaps use you and other the King's ambassadors dishonourably; but the King bade them think better of the Emperor, than that he would consent to such a shameful prank. You may add that her coldness may perhaps have influenced the said councillors, and with other reasons at your discretion urge her not to send for the Ambassador. If she persist in sending for the Ambassador you shall desire leave to take your congé, you and Mr. Kerne, and say the King thinks they intend further delays, and has appointed Mr. Vaughan to remain there governor of the English merchants, but always ready to receive such communications as she wishes to make; but if the Regent will omit the Ambassador's coming, you shall continue there without leave taking. When you have taken leave and are out of their dangers the King will give leave to the said Ambassador; so, when you come to a sure place you shall advertise the King that Chappuys may have leave to depart. Take up upon your credit 100l. and give Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Kerne 50l. each for diets, &c. Use no less dexterity than ye have done, and more if it can be. The letter in cipher from Mr. Wiat contains nothing but coldness in that behalf; since the date of it there should be two couriers from hence arrived with him. I wrote on Saturday of Joy's coming and submission and how he is now in sure keeping. This bearer, my servant Mr. Knight, has brought Leyton. Be assured your proceedings are well taken. London, 25 Feb.
Endd.: Ao 30o. The minute of a letter unto Mr. Wryothesley.
25 Feb.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Devon, Cornw., Soms., Wilts, and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 25 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Gabriel Dunn, abbot, Arnald Gye, prior, and nine others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 12].
Seal slightly injured.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 46] as acknowledged, same day, before Wm. Peter, King's commissioner.
25 Feb.
R. O.
Took the surrender at Launceston on Feb. 24. Found the prior and convent very comformable, and all things in good order. The house is out of debt. The plate, bells, and the whole house undefaced, remain in the King's hands. Have delivered to the prior, plate, stuff, &c., as Cromwell commanded. Refer the assignments of the pensions to Cromwell. Launceston, 25 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Feb.
R. O.
Surely before the creation of the world the King was provided to restore again the principle of Christianity abolished by the sorceries of those who usurped the authority of God and of princes. Previous attempts to reform the Church have always failed "for lack of pure mind to God-ward well grounded in faith," so manifest in the King ever since he began that holy enterprise. Would not for all the good of the world he had died in his former ignorance, &c. Continues in this strain, wishing the King health, and adding that though he has written letters to his Majesty of "right great importance," this seems to him the most important he ever wrote. Calais, 25 Feb. 1538. Signature copied.
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: Copy.
25 Feb.
R. O.
369. THOS. BROKE, of Calais, to CROMWELL.
In behalf of one Sydrack Hambert, late of Tournay, who, considering that Henry is ordained by God to set forth his lively Word, not only in England but throughout the world, desires to reveal great secrets to the King. If it should come to the knowledge of the court of Flanders, he would be in great danger. He has therefore written to Cromwell a small taste of it, waiting his and the King's pleasure to repair to England. 25 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Calig. E. II.,
B. M.
Gives an account of his meeting, at Calais, an Englishman and four or five Italians, who inquired of him about the passage to England, and told him they were bringing hawks to the King from the duke of Ferrare. Told them they would have difficulty in getting access to him, as there was much doing in the Court in connection with certain traitors (fn. 14) who had been found to take the Pope's part. Suggests to Cromwell that they may be commissioned to poison the King, as Italians are expert at that : especially as the Duke is confederate with the Pope and the king of France, "et habet uxorem quondam filiam (fn. 15) Regis Fr[ancie], presentis hujus affinem." Refers to Cromwell's servant Thomas, (fn. 16) and urges caution, for there is a rumour that the King is to marry a daughter of the King [of Denmark]. In a mutilated passage, continues to dwell on the subject of possible poisoning, especially if the new Queen bring with her some Burgundians. Refers also to the death of dominus de ... in the previous summer, who it was said was slain by his opponents "etsi ... reginam presentem pro tegumento. Hec ad illum du ... recreationis causa; at ubi reversa est versus ... obiit ille Dominus secundo aut tertio die." Is informed by a nephew he has in the court of Flanders "quomodo egerant illi rectores contra [Regem] Dachie scribendo litteras hinc et illinc ad dominos [istius] patrie, vindictam procurantes de eo quod ille dixe[rat] Imperatori aliqua contra ipsos quum Brugis (fn. 17) esset, I ... omnia enarrare que isti huic Regi reddiderunt." Received this information from his nephew and from Daniel le Clercq, master of the artillery.
Cromwell will beware of enemies of the gospel pretending to be friends. Wishes he could see a book written in Latin against the Anabaptists which he sent last summer to [the King] "per suum legatum (fn. 18) qui obiit Ant[verpie]; huic tum eram notus propter Evangelium et [dixit] se misisse illum librum." Wishes to know if the King received it. Sent also a French book in rhyme composed by the Queen of Navarre called "Le Miroir des Chrestiens." [Wishes] Cromwell to know that the lord of Molembaix, "in [curia] Flandrie regens," sent for him and he came to him desiring to return to his country; but as he proposed to send him to Friesland to take proceedings against the Anabaptists, the writer, thinking this not a Christian mode of reproving them, left without saying goodbye. Desires Cromwell's intercession with the Queen that she may grant "lettres de rappiel de ban p[our ung] de voz serviteurs lequel est banis des pais [d I'Empe]reur pour avoir este accuset en choses dictes I ... et pour avoir des livres defendus." Would not live in these parts while there is such persecution of the Gospel, but at Calais; or if he could have got money from his wife would have gone to England long since and informed Cromwell of everything. Has been advised to write by Cromwell's faithful servant, Thomas Brouck. Signed: Par moy Sidrac Hambert de ... eagie de 44 ou 45 a[ns]."
Hol., pp. 4. Latin, with passage in French. Add.: A hault et redoubte signeur Monsigneur le Privisel general conseillier au Roy Dengleterre." Mutilated.
25 Feb.
Ribier, I. 386.
Thinks Castillon will not yet have left, and that the English ambassador may make some despatch about his interview with the King's Privy Council on Saturday last, to which he will have to reply. The ambassador presented new articles, reiterating those delivered before, a copy of which Montmorency last sent, disguising, however, the answers which had been made to them. First, he said it was not enough to say that the preachers who at Rouen had calumniated the King of England and his Council were being sought and punished, but that the whole convent of Cordeliers at Rouen must be punished. Montmorency replied that they could not send a better person to investigate this than the archbishop of Rouen, and reminded the ambassador that one preacher at Rouen had been compelled to unsay his words, and that the Archbishop had ten or twelve days ago sent two other Cordeliers up to the Chancellor, who had very severely reprimanded them, and that to lay hands on the whole convent might lead to a general scandal, and could nowise serve the king of England. The ambassador then again tell upon De Cornibus, and maintained that what he preached on St. Thomas' Day was in detraction of his master and nation ; for in preaching he looked at the ambassador and named St. Thomas of Canterbury. Card. du Bellay, who had examined De Cornibus, recited his confession. Finally, it was decided to send for De Cornibus and confront him with the ambassador.
As to the impressions of the New Testament and Bible which the ambassador said the late chancellor had, upon the report of the President du Peyrat, given him leave to have printed in Paris; he demanded the copies already printed in order that he might send them to England. Describes the reasons given by the ambassador for having them printed at Paris, and the answer that Du Peyrat had found several "vicieuses and fascheuses" things in the said books, so that it was incredible that the late chancellor should have permitted the printing; and moreover the usual permit is a letter patent sealed by the King, &c.
Thirdly, where the ambassador taxed the bp. of Limoges with using words against the king of England in speaking of the abolition of the mass and burning of the bones of saints; the bp. of Limoges was summoned to the the Council and made a very good answer (described) in which he said that having been ambassador and had charge of negociations with England he had always found in the king of England a perfect amity to the King and that knowing the King's amity to the King of England he would never dare to speak unseemly words of him, &c. The ambassador maintained that he had witnesses to the words and would produce them in three days.
He delivered also some private requests of English merchants, which were delivered to two masters of Requests to report upon. Finally, Montmorency told him that the mutual amity of princes depended mainly upon reports of their ambassadors, which should contain only the simple truth, and not petty intrigues and quarrels and that if the negociators who had come from England had always understood the basis of their charge things would have gone better; he should only write what he heard from the King or Montmorency, for the news of the street corners was not good for an ambassador to seek, and if the French ambassadors in England wrote such news their letters would not be read twice. 25 Feb.
Ribier, I, 390. 2. Declaration of the King (of France) upon the three complaints of the English ambassador.
1. That he has ordered the abp. of Rouen to investigate what preachers and others have calumniated his good brother the king of England, and some are already taken and shall be punished. Card. du Bellay has examined De Cornibus, and finds that in his sermon he only made the eulogy of St. Thomas the Martyr upon St. Thomas' Day according to custom. (2.) As to the printing of the Bible and New Testament the ambassador has been told several times that good things may be printed in England as well as in France, but bad things shall never be suffered to be printed here, and the King wishes to hear no more of it; not that he wishes to impugn this work, for he knows not whether it is good or bad. (3.) As to complaints of English merchants, the King will always give justice to strangers as to his own subjects. Therefore, if the merchants will put their demands or complaints in writing, justice shall promptly be done.
25 Feb.
Add. MS.
f. 45.
B. M.
Secret departure of Lorenzo Gritti, bastard son of Andrea Gritti. Hears he goes to practise for peace with the Turk. Report spread that the Emperor and king of France, with the consent of the Pop; wish to make the enterprise of England and give that kingdom to the duke of Orleans, marrying him to one of the daughters of the king of the Romans, or to the princess of England, and the king of France and his children renouncing all right to Milan and all the rest of Italy beyond the mountains. Throws discredit upon this when questioned about it. Thinks it arose from Card. Pole's going to the Emperor, and many think from this that the Emperor will not this year make the enterprise against the Turk.
Had written so far when he received the letters of the 24th ult. Answer of the Signory that they will be guided by His Holiness in the matter of the enterprise. Hears His Holiness has written that he thinks it cannot be made this year; and as his wish for the enterprise of England is well known, it is thought that the other against the Turk will not be made, but that of England will, considering His Holiness' hatred of that King. Provision for the enterprise and other Venetian news. Venice, 25 Feb. 1539.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 16. See Spanish Calendar VI. I. No. 41.


  • 1. Of Westminster.
  • 2. Sandes.
  • 3. Master of Clare Hall, Cambridge. Dr. Craiford was his predecessor.
  • 4. Written next day. See No. 345.
  • 5. Chapuys.
  • 6. The duchess of Milan.
  • 7. Her son Gabriel de Montmorency.
  • 8. Probably L'Esleu of Orange.
  • 9. John Joachim Sieur de Vaux.
  • 10. Jaquetta or Jacobina de Givry. Her sister Francisca was wife of De Brion, the Admiral, and their mother a natural daughter of King Lewis XII. Anderson's Royal Genealogies, pp. 624, 634. The name Vinre, for Givry, is misread Vinre in Vol. XIII., Pt. II., No. 1033.
  • 11. Inaccurately printed by Nott as a letter to the Earl of Hertford. Nott's Wyatt, 347.
  • 12. Cardinal Pole.
  • 13. Apparently Robert Southwell. See Vol. XIII., Part H., No. 407; from which it may be suspected that this letter is of the year 1538.
  • 14. Meaning, of course, Montague and Exeter and those who suffered with them.
  • 15. Should be "filiam quondam Regis." He married Renée daughter of Louis XII.
  • 16. Thomas Broke.
  • 17. Christiern II. was with Charles V. at Bruges in August 1521. See Vol. III., No. 1494.
  • 18. John Hutton.