Letters and Papers: February 1539, 26-28

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


'Letters and Papers: February 1539, 26-28', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539, ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp143-166 [accessed 22 July 2024].

'Letters and Papers: February 1539, 26-28', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Edited by James Gairdner, R H Brodie( London, 1894), British History Online, accessed July 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp143-166.

"Letters and Papers: February 1539, 26-28". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Ed. James Gairdner, R H Brodie(London, 1894), , British History Online. Web. 22 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol14/no1/pp143-166.


February 1539

26 Feb.
Titus B.I. 542,
B. M.
A Proclamation that, for seven years from the 6th April 30 Hen. VIII., strangers shall pay only such customs and subsidy as the King's subjects do, except for wools. Westm., 26 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy from the original proclamation printed by Thomas Berthelet.
MS. 60 f. 64
B. M.
2. Another copy in a later hand from the Memoranda Rolls of the Exchequer, Hilary, 31 Hen. VIII. rot. 36.
Pp. 7.
26 Feb.
Titus, B. I.
B. M.
Wilkins, III.
A proclamation which, after referring to the previous proclamation of November last (Vol. XIII. Pt. II. No. 848) touching the observance of all ceremonies not yet abolished, enjoins the bishops and curates who officiate to instruct the people as to the "right use and effect" of the ceremony used that day, viz., every Sunday as to the significance of holy bread and holy water, on Candlemas as to the reason for the bearing of candles, &c. Also declaring the King's pardon to all persons, either his own subjects or others, who have been seduced by Anabaptists and Sacramentaries coming from abroad and mean to return to the Catholic Church. Westminster, 26 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy from the printed proclamation by Berthelet.
Harl. MS. 35,
f. 352.
B. M.
2. Another modern copy.
Pp. 7.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
Strype's Eccl.
Mem. I. II.
No. 109.
3. A paper entitled "Ceremonies to be used in the Church of England," apparently drawn up with a view to the preceding proclamation, with explanations of the significance of each particular rite to show its reasonableness.
Pp. 53. With a table of contents at the beginning in a different hand from the MS. Corrections and interlineations in two places, one of which is wrongly said by Strype to be in the handwriting of Gardiner.
Strype's Cranmer, 778. (fn. 1) "A letter prepared for the King to sign to ratify certain ecclesiastical laws," addressed like a charter to all archbps., bps., abbots, clerks, dukes, marquises, &c. Apparently the document was intended to give effect to a new code of ecclesiastical law to supersede the papal laws (which are to be altogether abolished) as soon as its provisions had been agreed to. The King's style is Dominus Hiberniæ, and Caput Supremum.
R. O. 376. THEOLOGY.
A treatise in defence of the Reformation, setting forth seriatim various propositions, viz. :—1. That none but the Universal Church can resolve doubts and bind people to believe, or else a particular Church gathered by the Prince's authority till a Universal Council can be gathered. 2. Against images. 3. Against vows of chastity. 4. Against Purgatory (in which it is argued that if prayers for souls departed be suffered it will make people think the King did wrong in suppressing houses of religion), and eight other articles, touching the clergy, superstitious usages, reform of ceremonies, and the encouragement of preaching. The writer submits under protest to the King's proclamation in favor of creeping to the Cross on Good Friday, as it may lead people to think that the pulling down of crosses and images had been better undone.
Begins: "The truth is that none hath authority to expound the doubts of Scripture and to bind the people to believe that exposition but the Universal Church gathered by authority of kings and princes, or a particular Church gathered by authority of the Prince there."
Ends: "The truth is that if a man say that the bishop of Rome is head of the Universal Church that his saying is against Scripture, and therefore if he stands stubbornly in that it is heresy."
Pp. 13.
26 Feb.
R. O.
Your lordship sent hither at Candlemas last two tuns of Gascon wine for the abbot of Westminster, of which I gave notice to one Palmer of the abbot's council, but he would neither see nor send for them for eight or nine days. The charges for cellarage began to increase and I sent word to the abbot that I desired to speak with him on your lordship's business; but though I waited on him more than an hour, he would not be spoken with. As it was term time I was forced to come away, leaving a message with the abbot's servant, and four or five days after, as no one came, I went again to speak with the abbot and sent him word as I did before. The messenger told me he was about sacring of mass and that I should speak with him anon. I waited half an hour and complained to the servant saying that I had business in the Hall and would like to know the abbot's pleasure plainly. The servant again went to the abbot and told me that my lord would anon speak with me; which anon was almost three quarters of an hour more. This grieved me, not only for the loss of business in the Hall, but because I had sent word I came on your lordship's business. At length my lord abbot came to the portal of his hall (" but what fashion his parlour within is I cannot tell,") and I was sent for and did my duty to him. "He looked very lordly and asked me what I would with him." I told him I wished to know his pleasure touching the wines you had sent, which had lain here a fortnight, that I had been two or three times to speak to him and that I knew that if he had sent any servant to speak with your lordship, he should have spoken with you in half the time. He replied that if he had sent a servant to you, for his own benefit, as you had for yours, his servant would have waited quite as long. After much communication he said he would have none of your lordship's wines, and that you should not appoint him wines for his money. I said, never a nobleman in England would have used you so, and considering that your lordship sent him two tuns in times past, which he refused, by reason of which they perished, and now you had sent two tuns of good wine in consequence of my lady's promise to Mr. Smyth at her being here before Christmas, to refuse this again was not treating you well. The abbot said he was not well treated, and that he might assign your obligation to the King and be discharged of as much money; but at last he would needs have two tuns of wine when he would choose, and I to pay for them and half the cost of his suit, or else he would not deliver up the obligation. I therefore bade him choose his wines where he would and I should pay for them. I have sold your wine for 10l. 0s. 10d. to be paid at Lady Day. I offered the abbot the 10l., but he would have none of it, and I am not yet at an end with him, for he has sent me no word where he would choose his two tuns. If the price do not exceed 20 nobles a tun, I would rather pay the rest of the 10l. myself than be in so cruel a man's danger. Pray let my lady see this letter. Lincoln's Inn, 26 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Sealed.
26 Feb.
R. O.
Last Monday, received the King's letter concerning the manor of North Molton and other lands in Devonshire, which have been proved in Chancery to belong to him and have been very chargeable in the suit. Has written to the King that he will not sell them, his Grace not offended, yet, that notwithstanding, he and all his lands and goods shall be at his Grace's commandment. Harringworth, 26 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Feb.
R. O.
Has sent his servant with a letter to my lord, declaring certain things which the Council and he think very necessary to be done. Asks him to further the despatch of his servant with an answer. Wishes the money to be sent in such a way that he may not be charged with it until it arrives. Calais, 26 Feb.
Asks to be remembered to Mr. Richard concerning his suit. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Solymoune, chief secretary to my lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Feb.
R. O.
On the 22nd I received a letter from you by an Italian, and before that another from William Le Gras. I showed him afterwards that you had delivered to one in Calais for him the money he had laid out for Mr. James, your son, which he acknowledged with the receipt of your letter. I told him that you had ordered that he should have what he would for Mr. James's board while he was in his house, and you would satisfy him with great thanks. He thanked your ladyship, and said he would ask nothing for his board, but that you should do what you thought most reasonable. He is not at present here. I will write more, when he comes, to you, and for your crepyns I would send a French bible to my lord, but I would first advertise you "of him." I have heard many men blame the translation, and it is not only the text, "but other men's advices amongst mingled, which I can not tell whether my lord knows." Paris, 26 Feb. 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calais.
27 Feb.
R. O.
This day sent by James Roberts the dozen and a half of puffins. Delivered them to the ship half an hour after receiving them. Hopes the fish, eels, and fruit have arrived by this time. Has been ready to go these two days, but my lord Privy Seal has commanded him to tarry a day or two more to know his pleasure. Will remain till Saturday, but that will be the furthest. Hopes Mr. Polsted will help to rid him. Petly looks hourly for his despatch, but he may have to wait two days. The King's council sits daily, but there are no news. London, 27 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
27 Feb.
R. O.
I sent yesterday by James Roberts 1½ dozen puffins in a barrel, which one Cheverton caused me to fetch at the Strand, and I conveyed them immediately into the ship. There were 2½ dozen more in the barrel. Please send for them at the ship's coming. I hope all things sent before have arrived safely, the fruit, fish, eels, &c., and also the cloth sack and sheets. I have been ready to go these two days, but my lord has this day bid me tarry a day or two more, so that Saturday will be my last day, but I hope, by Mr. Polsted's means, my lord Privy Seal will despatch me before. Mr. Knevyt thinks long for his page. London, 27 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 Feb.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender (by John Tucker, abbot, &c.) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Devon, Cornw., Soms., Wilts, and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 27 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Toker, abbot, and 12 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 12.]
Stained. Fragment of seal.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 24] as acknowledged, same day, before Wm. Peter, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions appointed to the late abbot and convent of the surrendered house of Buckelonde, 27 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
John Tucker, abbot, 60l.; Robt. Tope and Thos. Maynard, 106s. 8d. each; John West, Wm. Alforde, Wm. Gye, and Thos. Hoper, 100s.; Benett Lovege, Hugh Harvey, Wm. Mylforde, Simon Rudgeweke, John Jorden, and Wm. Ebbesworthy, 4l. 13s. 4d. to 3l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: William Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1.
27 Feb.
R. O.
XIV. 637.
Surrender of the priory and all its possessions in co. Cornw. and elsewhere in England, Wales and the marches thereof. 27 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thos. Wandesworthe, prior, and eight others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 10.]
Mutilated. Seal mutilated.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 38] as acknowledged, same day, before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Names of the late prior and convent of Bodmin with their pensions assigned 27 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Thos. Wannysworth, prior, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Ric. Olyver, subprior, 8l.; Ric. Luez, "blind and of the age of one hundred years," 10l. and 6 dozen "wodes" yearly; Benett Smyth and Thos. Rosemonde, 6l. each; John Wylcoke, Thos. Marshall, and John Dagle, 106s. 8d.; Mich. Plemyng and John Beste, 40s. each; Thos. Rawlyns "blind and aged, for his corrody," 40s. Signed : Jo. Tregonwell: William Petre: John Smyth. Countersigned by Sir Ric. Ryche.
P. 1.
27 Feb.
R. O.
As you commanded, on Tuesday last, my lord Deputy, with the Council, and I viewed such things as would be amended, viz.:—1. The wharf on the Search Tower side in Paradise will let the water undermine the Search House. The sluice is fallen down, so that the water comes into the town dike every tide. 2. There lacks a crane on the other side of Paradise wharf. 3. The wharf from the crane to the stair is ruinous. 4. The east jetty has been so often patched that it must be new made. 5. The west jetty must be new filled. 6. The sluices at Lantern Gate and behind the Castle want repair; indeed not a sluice about the town is able to serve the purpose it was made for. As for provision, 400l. will not furnish the King's storehouse. Your Lordship was not content with my slow return hitherwards; I crave pardon. Cales, 27 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Feb.
R. O.
386. CRANMER to CROMWELL. (fn. 2)
In favour of Mr. Hambleton, who showed Cromwell certain letters from Rome, which his lordship willed him not to agree to, promising to move the King to give him some living in England. Asks him to do so until it please God to send the true light of His gospel into his country and he may more quietly enjoy his own. He is a right honest man and destitute of friends. Desires him to tell Hambleton the King's pleasure as shortly as may be. Fourde, 28 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxx.
28 Feb.
R. O.
Sir Robert Lee is dead and I beg you will show favour to his poor wife, who was brought up with my mother, "whereas we were nourished together," and has always been my great friend, besides that I was a setter forth of her last marriage. Anthony Lee has used her very honestly. Woborn the last day of February Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Anno xxx.
28 (?) Feb.
R. O.
Is bold to write, remembering Cromwell's gentleness to her and her husband, Sir Robert Lee. It has pleased God to take her husband, (fn. 3) and she is left a sorrowful widow, and intends to remain one. As he has been so good to her husband and their children, desires that she may apply to him if any one would wrong her. Her husband made him master of the game at Beyrdesthorne; desires he will let her know when he comes into the country that she may make him good cheer. Sends as a token 10l. to buy an ambling nag to hunt with in the summer. Quarendon, 29 February (sic). Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo. Lettuce a Lee.
[28] Feb.
R. O.
Does not now want the privy seal for a fellowship at King's Hall, in Cambridge, for which he asked. The master tells him that both the lord Chancellor and Cromwell have written for one Barmston of Christ College; and also one Nevell, a servant of the bp. of Worcester, has lately got a privy seal with unusual clauses, and exhibited it for the next that shall be void. In trusting to the preferments of one of the fellowships, is compelled to sell part of his bedding, books, and raiment. His journey beyond sea and expenses since, and the matter of Candysche, Cromwell's servant, have cost him more than 60l., beside the displeasure of his friends. Cambridge, last of February.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[28] Feb.
R. O.
[The letter in Vol. XIII. Pt. I., No. 370, appears to be of this year. See Part II. No. 1217 of same volume.]
[28] Feb.
R. O.
This night one Starkey of the garrison of Owtynges was, as you commanded, brought here to the King's jail. As I know not what your Lordship will lay to his charge, he is in irons. I desire to learn your pleasure in this. He makes great moan and says he never offended you or any Englishman since he came to be French. I pray you to be as good lord to him as you may, if the matter be not weighty. The country is charged to keep watch as you commanded. Guisnes, last day of Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
R. O.
I have received your letter and that of my son's master. I never thought his capacity of learning good; wherefore, rather than grieve his master, let me know what is owing for him, and I will see it paid and fetch him home. Send me Jerham Oxenbridge's obligation for my herrings, which is 12l. I will not lose by him if the law will serve me. The president of Magdalen College, Oxford, (fn. 4) lay with me the Sunday before St. Gregory, and showed me he had heard from Mr. Hailis that Dr. Thorden should be prior of Canterbury and the present prior deposed. This I was glad of, and I have no doubt you will be, but pray see that he be paid. Look after my suit for Robt. Goddart, and if my counsel think the law will give him his legacy, let them arrange to make an honest end, for I am weary of suit. Send me word by bearer what news you take of my ships, and whether my money be paid to William Gardener by Mr. Colte. Leystoft. Headed in other hand: Scriptum anno Domini 1538 in mense Februarii.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my brother, Sir Gregory Botolff, at Legate's house in Billingsgate Strete.
R. O. 2. "A remembrance unto my brother Sir Gregory Botolff."
1. To devise a letter to my Lord your master thanking him for your acceptation, and to know his pleasure what sorts of lings and haberdines he will have of his prices.
2. To speak with Dr. Thordon what provision he wishes me to make of ling and saltfish, and at what prices.
3. To look substantially upon your nephew my son for his learning, and at Lammas I will send his master 40s.
4. To obtain the next advowson of your free chapel, for which I have sealed the obligations to my son.
5. To speak with Mr. Shereve of London, to make a new inquest betwixt Wm. Garde and you this month, else he will get advantage of you.
6. If your stuff be not come to Calais before I come home, I will send it you. I beg for an answer of all these things this next term directed to Sir Henry Wygth, for God willing I will be in London on St. John's day. From Bernard's Inn, in haste.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Fragment of a letter, of which only the lower half remains.
* * * "[Philippes?] was not th ... departed out of Ing[land] he robbed his own father, and so that time had more money than all the Englishmen that then were there, and anon after Tyndale's taking he began to betray his country, as keeping certain Englishmen students there at Louvain prisoners." I first showed this to your lordship and brought with me Faryngton, a scholar just returned from Lovayne.
Their alleged saying that they would not return to England till they saw a better world and a change, which was reported to the ambassador, (fn. 5) is not likely to be true, for Wm. Layton has no friends but my lord of Durham and me. If any change should happen, he knows that the bp. of Durham "should pass through the pikes," for he has always declared against the bp. of Rome's usurped power when commanded by the King or your lordship, "and to say the truth was one of the first the (sic) began to espy him, which refused to give his oath to the bishop of Rome and * * * (half a page lost) trewythe, all affe[ction set a] parte; which thing I did as ye yourself best knoweth," and next you the King; and in that trade have continued, truly serving your lordship under the King. If any change of world should come, I should not desire nor look to live long. It is not therefore likely that William Layton would say he would not return till he saw a change, for so should he see his natural blood destroyed. Cannot judge any Christian man to be so cruel as to desire the tradition of his native country and the destruction of his own blood. Does not think, therefore, that any doctors of Lovayne or honest men elsewhere can depose such sayings. Perhaps some vile person, to insinuate himself with the ambassador, would invent words never spoken, which he was bound to report. "Further, it is to be supposed that if the said Wm. Layton had * * * (half a page lost) that I am * * * ... I shall be saved by Him that bought me with His blood, if I judged or thought any traitorous heart to be in my brother, or any spot thereof, I would most entirely desire his death and be the first that ever should accuse him." Signed.
P. 1. Mutilated.
Harl. MS.
604, f. 104.
B. M.
A statement set forth in columns similar to that in Vol. XIII., Part II., No. 1172 (2), and in the same hand, touching the houses of religion surrendered in cos. York, Northumb. and Durham in December, January, and February 30 Hen. VIII.
First column:—St. Robert's by Knaresborough: Hugh Askew. Allerton Frerez: Hen. Wetherell. Yarom Frerez: Brian Layton. Newcastle Austin friars: Ric. Benson. Black friars: Hen. Anderson. Grey friars: Robt. Brandlyng, merchant. White friars: Sir Geo. Lawson. Walknolle: Jas. Rokesby. Tynemouth priory: Ric. Bellesez?. Hartlepool Grey friars: Ric. Threlkeld. Richmond friars: Ralph Gower and Ric. Crosby. Newbrough priory: Ric. Bellesez. Bolton Canonis in Craven: Robt. Riche.
Total of 2nd column (clear annual value), 1,344l. 18s. 3d.
Pp. 3. A line is added, in the same hand, of totals, "primi et ijdi breviat.," in which the totals in this paper and in that in Vol. XIII. from the same MS. are added together.
My lord abbot of Neth is contented to surrender his house, but will "porrect" unto Cromwell his bill of requests. He has ever lived worshipfully and well, and has of late dangered himself and his friends very far with the redemption of his house. This should be considered in the moderation of his bill. That done with, will devise the commission for the dissolution. Cannot wait on Cromwell, on account of sickness. Sir Rice Mauncell and Mr. George Herbert, who dwell near the monastery, are meet to be commissioners. From my house, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Has received his letter for 1,000 pieces of kerseys between this and Easter. The time is very short, but he trusts to make shift to have 500 pieces ready against Easter. Will speak about the price when he comes up, which will be shortly.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
The sickness he has endured for 11 weeks has prevented him waiting on Cromwell in his suit to be taken into the Prince's service. Cromwell has shown his goodness to the servants of his late master the duke of Richmond, and has promised my lord of Surrey to befriend him. Is more than half undone by the great costs he has sustained since the Duke's death. London, "this present day."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
Device by the King for three new bulwarks to be made in the Downs and other places on the frontiers of the sea, viz.:—In the Downs, 3 blockhouses or bulwarks, Sir Edw. Ryngeley to be overseer, Thos. Wyngfeld of Sandwich and Ant. Awger, paymasters; Martyn, comptroller; Clement, master carpenter; Christopher, master bricklayer; and the master mason of Hampton Court, master mason. In the Camber, 1 blockhouse, Mr. Canner to be paymaster; Mr. Molton, master mason; and Russell, master carpenter. At Calshottes Point, 1 blockhouse, John Mylles to be paymaster; Wm. Shirland, overseer; Mr. Bert, master mason; and John Boore, master carpenter. The bulwarks in the Thames, Robert Lord to be paymaster, Sir Chr. Morys and Mr. Nedeham, masters and devisers of the works; Lionell Marten, Travers and John Genyn, overseers; and the carpenters and masons to be appointed by Mr. Nedeham.
For Guisnes:—Soldiers besides the retinue, 600; total, 700. The earl of Hartford, the viscount Lisley, the Lord Chamberlain, the lord Grey Wilton, Sir John Wallop, Sir Thomas Palmer, Richard Lee, the master mason, and John Bird, master carpenter, to be commissioners for fortifying Guisnes.
For Calais:—Soldiers for the first entry besides the retinue, 500; total, 1,000. Lord Edm. Howard, Sir Robert Wingfield, Sir Ric. Greynfeld, Sir George Carewe, John Rukwode, and Robt. Fowler, in addition to those named for Guisnes, to be commissioners for fortifying Calais.
A proportion [to be made] for Guisnes for 600 men for half a year besides the retinue. Proportions to be made for Calais for 500 men and for 4,000 men besides the ordinary. Thomas Fowler to be paymaster and Ant. Rowse and Edw. Weldon, victuallers for all corn and victuals for Calais, Hammes, and Guisnes.
Commissioners appointed to search and defend different portions of the coast, viz.:—Along the Thames and coast of Essex, the Lord Chancellor and earls of Oxon, Essex, and Sussex; in Suffolk, Lord Wentworth, Sir Ant. Wyngfeld, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Humph. Wyngfeld, Sir Edm. Bedyngfeld, Sir John Cornewaleys, Sir Thos. Jermyn, Sir Wm. Drewry, Sir Wm. Walgrave, and Sir John Jernyngham; in Norfolk, the earl of Surrey, lord Fitzwater, Sir John Heydon, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Rog. Townesende, Sir John Shelton, Sir Thos. Bedyngfeld, and Sir Fras. Lovell; in Kent, the Lord Warden, lord Cobham, Sir Ant. Seyntleger, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Thos. Ponynges, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, Gregory Crumwell, Ric. Crumwell, John Norton, and _ (blank) Skott; in Sussex, the earls of Arundel and Southampton, the lords Mautravers, La Warre, and Dacres, Sir John Gage, Sir Wm. Goryng, Sir Ric. Shurley, Sir Edw. Bray, _ (blank) Belyngham; in co. Southampton, the lord Admiral, lord Seynt John and Sir Thos. Lisley; in So[merset], Dorset, Devon, and Co[rnwall], Sir John Russell, Sir Piers Egecombe, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir John Arundell senior, Sir Hewe Pollard, Sir Thos. Stukeley, Sir Thos. Arundell, Sir John Horsey, Sir Wm. Godalghan, Sir Hewe Trevanyon, and Sir Hewe Pallet; in Lincolnshire, the duke of Suffolk, lord Borough, lord Clynton, Sir Robt. Tirwhit, Sir Wm. Askewe, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Thos. Missenden. The whole of Yorkshire, Westmld., Northld., Cumbld., and the Bpric. and part of Derbyshire, Halomshire, Lancashire, and Cheshire, have been appointed to the duke of Norfolk to order, as well the sea coasts as the castles of Berwick, Carlisle and other holds. For South Wales, the lord President, the earl of Worcester, lord Ferreys, Sir Wm. Sulyard, Sir Rice Maunsell, (fn. 6) George Herberde*, Chas. Herberde; for North Wales, Sir Ric. Bulkeley, Sir Wm. Gryffythe*, John a Pylston*, and John a Salisburye*.
Memoranda in Cromwell's hand, viz.:—For money to be sent to Calais, to Guisnes, to Milfforde if need shall so [require], to the Cambre, and to Calshottes Poynt. To despatch Sydney and Sir John Cornwalles. All the letters to be sent out for the second musters. Item, to send to all my officers, bailiffs, and farmers to take musters of all my able men, and to certify how they are armed, and that those that shall be sent me shall be picked men. Item, letters to be written to all the Queen's bailiffs for mustering the Queen's tenants. Item, like letters to be written for my office of the justice of forests beyond Trent. Item, like letters to be written to Wrykyll.
Pp. 6. Endd.
R. O. 2. Earlier draft of the preceding with corrections and additions in Cromwell's hand.
Pp. 6. Endd.
"Minutes to be made."
(fn. 7) To Calais for furnishing thereof, with commandment to all having rooms there to repair thither and reside there and do according to the statutes.
† To Berwick the like.
† To Carlisle.
For reparations of beacons.
Commissions for musters of all between 16 and 60; harness and weapons.
Letters to expert men to view and visit the sea coasts, roads, creeks, and other places.
To particular men:—[Sir Thos. Wentworth, captain of Carleill], (fn. 8) Sir John Lamplewe for the Pyle of Fowdrey, _ Horsely fôr Bamborough Castle, Sir Henry Savell for Pomfret Castle, Sir Alex. Ratclif for the fortification of Warkworth Castle, Thos. Care for Prydhowe Castle, Sir Thos. Wentworth for Carlisle Castle, Sir Cuthbert Ratclif of Alnwick Castle, the mayor of London for musters, (fn. 9) the captain of the Isle of Wight. §
Bernard Castle, Newcastle, Middleham Castle, Sheriffhutton Castle.
Pp. 2. Endd.: Letters despatched to the North.
Titus B. I.
B. M.
To send to Calais for the furnishing of the town, and to command every officer, &c., to repair thither with all speed, and abide there according to the statutes. To write in semblable wise to Berwick and Carlisle. To write to Sir John Lamplowe for the pile of Fowdrey. To write to Horseley to look well to Bamborowe Castle. Munitions and habiliments of war to be sent to Pomfret. More ordnance and munitions to be sent to Nottingham if necessary. Letters to be made to all the coasts for repair of the beacons. Expert persons to be sent to view the coasts of Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, and the dangerous places to be fortified. The like for Kent, Hampshire, Dorsetshire, and Devonshire, and South and North Wales. Light ordnance and artillery for the field to be sent to Corfe and Portsmouth Castles. Ordnance and powder to be sent to the blockhouses at Plymouth and Dartmouth, and other houses in the West, and Torre. Commissions of musters to be made throughout the realm. To appoint in every shire the aptest and ablest gentlemen to serve the King. To appoint who should be the King's lieutenant in the North if chance should happen, and likewise in every county. To describe two armies. To know the number and quantity of ships in the realm, their portage and burden, ordnance and artillery, and the number of mariners in every port. To speak with my Lord Admiral. Musters to be taken in North and South Wales. To appoint out the names of the most active persons in the realm. To appoint in every shire a person whom the King can best trust, to whom as much of the shire as the King shall appoint, may resort. If the King shall have need to set forth an army, to appoint lieutenants and leaders. A book to be made of the King's gunners, and musters to be taken of them. Letters to be written to sad and expert men in every shire near the sea to view the coasts and advise about fortification of places where there is danger of invasion. To devise what places in the realm are most apt to convey ordnance, artillery, and munitions. To write to Sir Harry Savell for furnishing of Pomfret Castle with victual and men according to his indenture. To Sir Alisaunder Ratcliff, for Warkeworth Castle, to Thos. Care for Prydhowe Castle, to _ (fn. 10) for Awnewike Castle, to _ * for Wark Castle, to Sir Thos. Wentworth for Carlisle Castle. To send to the Chancellor of the Augmentations, to Sir John Daunce, my lord Admiral, the Chancellor of the Duchy, and to the Exchequer for the names of the King's farmers within their respective offices. To see the King's checker roll of the household and his chamber. Commissions of musters to be made to the mayor of London, with a clause to certify the harness, &c., in the city, "and for reasonable prices to be sold." (fn. 11) Letters to be written to the captain of the Isle of Wight for the fortification of the castle and isle there.
Pp. 3.
"An invective against the great and detestable vice, treason, wherein the secrete practises and traitorous workinges of theym that suffrid of late are disclosed. Made by Rycharde Morisyne."
The book sets forth the "treasons" of Henry Corteney, late marquis of Exeter, Henry Pole, late lord Montacute, and Edw. Nevylle, and inveighs particularly against "Reynolde Pole" for his ingratitude to the King.
Printed by Berthelet, Lond., 1539.
R. O.
Eccl. Hist.,
A paper in four sections each with a separate heading (not numbered in the MS.), in vindication of the changes recently effected in England.
i. "A Summary declaration of the faith, uses and observations in England," headed with the text I. Peter III. [15].
Englishmen have forsaken Satan, his satellites and all works of darkness and dedicated themselves to Christ's words and faith, and to the works of light. They believe in one God and three Persons, according to the symbol of Athanasius. They believe in accordance with the symbols of the Apostles and of Nice, and abhor the heresies of "Arrian," and all others repugnant to the truth of the Gospel. They stick fast to the doctrine of God in the New and Old Testaments and accept the holy Councils and doctors, where they are conformable to the same doctrine. They detest the heresies of the Anabaptists, Sacramentaries, and all others, and solemnise holy baptism, the sacrament of the body and blood of Christ and other sacraments, and sacramentals. They do the service of God in their churches as honorably as in times past, with all laudable ceremonies and daily masses ["private and publique,"] (fn. 12) and pay their tithes and offerings truly, as ever they did, and as any men in Christendom; besides, preachers declare the Gospel and move the people to the glory of God, to charity and other good works more than ever. They have now in every church and place, almost every man, the Bible and New Testament in their mother tongue, instead of the old fabulous and fantastical books of the Table Round, Launcelot du Lake, Huon de Bourdeaux, Beves of Hampton, Guy of Warwyk, the Quatre Filz Aymon, Calisto et Melibee, and such other whose impure filth and vain fabulosity the light of God hath abolished there utterly. The Ten Commandments of God are observed; Sundays and feasts hallowed and observed, confession, communion at Easter at the least, the four Embers, the Lent vigils and fasts, Friday and Saturday, with abstinence of flesh. The States of the realm have, by a law, provided to avoid idle people and vagabonds, to cherish and sustain the poor impotent, and live so that the works of charity are observed better than ever. Such being the case, how can any wise man call them heretics or schismatics, or slander them as infidels?
ii. The abuses, usurpations and superstitions, reformed and abolished.
The exactions of bps. and archdeacons for probate of testaments have been moderated by statute. Mortuaries levied by the curates have been abolished. Exercise of merchandise, taking of lands in farm for lucre, and profane negotiations have been taken away from priests and spiritual persons. Dispensations and faculties for dualities, trialities, pluralities, and totquots of benefices, have been forbidden except to very few. Beneficed men cum cura are compelled to reside. Unlawful appellations and preventions in spiritual courts have been reformed and all processes are to be determined within the realm. Bps. are elected and consecrated in England, without running to Rome, only for the payment of the annates, an undue exaction never directly granted to the Bp. of Rome. Peter pence, granted for the maintenance of the Collegium Saxonum at Rome, because the Popes to yoke the Englishmen had forbidden any university of theology or divinity in England, is stopped, as the college is decayed long ago. Dispensations are not to be bought dearly at Rome, but granted by the archbp. of Canterbury with the King's assent. Bishops created at Rome upon bprics. in Turkey and Barbary should henceforth not be admitted into England but suffragan bishops appointed for places within the realm. For reformation of certain points in the decretals and provincial constitutions, the King should appoint 32 learned persons, half clergy and half lay.
iii. Grants made to the King by the clergy and realm.
The clergy have submitted to the King, from whom they have immediately jurisdiction and goods, except mere spiritualties granted by the Gospels and Scripture, and have acknowledged that without his assent and confirmation they could pretend none other. The clergy and realm have affirmed that the King is in earth immediately under Christ, supreme head of the Church of England, and that the authority thereof is due to his crown, and likewise to all imperial princes in Christendom upon their churches if they will so accept it, as appears in a book intitled "De Auctoritate Regia et Pontificia." Considering that Christian lay persons, as well as clergy, are members of the Church, and considering the reasons of Scripture alleged for the papacy (which are discussed seriatim), they have declared that the bp. of Rome ought not to be called Caput Universalis Ecclesiæ, which title appertains only to Christ, and that by the positive law he cannot claim to be head of any other church than Rome, but only by the sufferance of princes. The Pope's authority has therefore been exiled out of England. They have granted to the King the annates and first fruits of all bprics., abbeys, and other benefices for the year of the vacation, and a yearly pension of the tenth.
iv. Other proceedings of England, for which, although they be godly, calumniators defame and slander the nation, saying they "have put down the Christian religion, churches, holy days, pardons, images, and brent holy saints and relics, and martyred holy men."
Concerning religion: after the King had taken the title of supreme head he caused visitations to be made, and finding the lives of monks and friars, especially in small houses, to be vicious, all houses under 200l. a year by authority of the rest of the clergy and Parliament were suppressed; the monks suffered to have "dispence" or go into other houses, and the whole revenues annexed to the crown; and the houses and churches defaced as other houses had been by the bp. of Rome's authority in the cardinal of York's time.
Since then other religious persons have surrendered their houses to the King beseeching him to take them, and so being authorised by the estates of the realm he dissolved them, giving the inmates pensions proportionate to the revenues of their houses. Some other houses, for respect of the places they stand in, he will not dissolve. Some would have forsaken their houses if the King had not taken them. What fault can be found if lands and goods held by the King's authority are returned again by the assent of the realm? If the turning of churches and burials to profane uses is complained of, why was not this fault found when the same was done by the Pope's authority?
Seeing the multitude of holidays lately introduced, to the utter impoverishing of poor labourers and workmen, the King has ordained that within the four terms of the year, at which the common Courts of the law be kept, and in time of harvest, there should be no holidays but Sundays, the feasts of Our Lady and the Apostles, and certain special besides. At other times the holy days should be kept as they were before. For abolishment of pardons, &c., the King considers the canons penitential whereupon they are grounded to be abrogate by the Catholic Church, and that the injunction of penance is arbitrary to the ghostly father. Seeing that there is no such bond or obligation, what needeth any quittance, where no obligation is? The King has established, not that alms deeds or acts of charity are void, but that pardons, remissions, and indulgences granted for the acquittal of a thing whereto no man is bound, as the "Scala Celi," jubilees and the indulgences of Rome be. If they were available, the simoniac selling and buying of them should not be suffered. Touching images set in the churches, as books of the unlearned, though they are not necessary, but rather give occasion to Jews, Turks, and Saracens to think we are idolators, the King tolerates them, except those about which idolatry has been committed. Refers to Our Lady of Worcester which, when her ornaments were taken off, was found to be the similitude of a bishop, like a giant, almost 10 ft. long; to the roods at Boxelegh and other places, which moved their eyes and their lips when certain keys and strings were bent or pulled in secret places. Images of this sort the King has caused "to be avoided and committed other as it was convenient," following the example of king [Hezekiah] (fn. 13) who destroyed the brazen serpent. Shrines, capses, and reliquaries, so-called, have been found to be feigned things, as the blood of Christ was but a piece of red silk enclosed in a thick glass of crystalline, and in another place oil coloured of sanguis draconis, instead of the milk of Our Lady a piece of chalk or ceruse. Our Lady's girdle, the verges of Moses and Aaron, &c., and more of the Holy Cross than three cars may carry, the King has therefore caused to be taken away and the abusive pieces burnt, and the doubtful sort hidden honestly away for fear of idolatry. As to the shrine of Thos. Becket, his common legend is false. Long before his death he was reconciled to Henry II. and had no quarrel directly with him, but only against the archbp. of York, for proud pre-eminence between them, and by the strife thereof procured frowardly his own death, which they untruly called martyrdom. Upon the arrest of a servant of his, the gentleman that arrested him caused the whole city to rise up in arms, and because he gave opprobious words to the gentlemen who counselled him to leave his stubbornness and avoid out of the way, calling one of them bawd, and shaking another by the bosom, the latter struck him, and so in the throng he was slain. He never did act in his life sufficient to prove any holiness. He came to be the King's chancellor by money, was a great warrior and burner of towns, "crocher" of benefices, a hunter and hawker, proud and seditious, and obtained the archbpric. by corruption and unlawful means, as he confessed openly to Pope Alexander, and as appears by writings and chronicles of good record, made by his chaplains and brethren the bps. of England, and some of them above 40 years printed in Paris and never reproved. His shrine and bones are therefore taken away and bestowed where they will cause no superstition ["as it is indeed amongst other of that sort conveyed and buried in a noble tower]. (fn. 14) And forasmuch as his head almost whole was found with the rest of the bones closed within the shrine, and that there was in that church a great skull of another head, but much greater by the three quarter parts than that part which was lacking in the head closed within the shrine, whereby it appeared that the same was but a feigned fiction; if this head was burnt, was therefore St. Thomas['s] burnt? Assuredly it concludeth not." St. Swithun and other reliques, whereabout abuse of hypocrisy was, are laid safe and not burnt. They are put away secretly, as some say the body of Moses was hidden, lest the Jews should fall to idolatry.
Concerning the putting to death of sundry noblemen, abbots and monks, priests and others, in England, without degradation; as the King knows that degradation is an idle ceremony introduced for the estimation, exemption, and impunity of clerks, it has been ordained that it should not be needful, but, as a Christian thief can be hanged without rasing or scraping the holy chrism from his forehead, and traitors, that have been houseled, can be lawfully hanged, drawn, headed, and quartered, without their mouth and tongue, wherewith they have received the blessed body of our Lord, being rinsed or washed, why should not a bishop, or abbot, or other traitor in holy orders, be executed without execration or degradation? Should the King have suffered those traitors to live, Thomas More the jester, Fisher of Rochester, the glorious hypocrite, both the champions of superstition and abuse, the Carthusians and friars obstinate, (fn. 15) and other wool-clothed wolves, who attributed more to their cowl and habit than to the precious blood of Christ; the holy Nun of Kent that so long brought the people to idolatry by telling them their sins in particular as though she had known them by revelation, who had letters from St. Mary Magdalen brought her from heaven written in letters of gold, who had visions, revelations, extasies; who had so much holiness that Silvester Darius, and other the bp. of Rome's nuncios did kiss her feet? She conspired, with monks and Observants, the King's destruction, made seditious prophecies to move the people to sedition. What evil, if her holiness so disclosed, with her father confessor, the doctors that gave her her lesson, the holy confessors that detected to her men's confessions, with the holy secretary that wrote in heaven Mary Magdalen's letters, and such other, were hanged? Should not the heads of the insurrection in York, first pardoned and afterwards relapsed, be corrected. The marquis of Exeter, lord Montagu, and their adherents, who conspired the King's and his issue's destruction, and to transport the crown, were they not worthy to die? The King never caused any man to be put to death by absolute authority, but by ordinary process. No one has been condemned but by twelve of his peers, and no lord without the sentence of 24 lords at least, and never put to execution till they had been indicted in their countries, and afterwards arraigned, their defence heard so long as they would, by their judges and peers in Westminster Hall, found guilty by their peers and condemned by the judges. "Who can find in his heart knowing this, to think the same prince that so hath judgments ministered by the law and by ordinary jurisdiction, to be a tyrant? It is plain malice and iniquity so to defame and misreport his noble grace."
Seeing that the bp. of Rome would be head of the Council, and admit no persons to have voice but those of his sort and disposition, so that nothing should be done but for their own advantage and profit, but sometimes for a shadow to make some restriction to get in money for dispensation of the same, the King has protested against appearing at any council unless it be indicted by the common assent of princes in an indifferent place, free and frank, as well for the lay as the spiritual. Is he therefore to be called schismatic, inobedient, or rebel to Church, seen the old use was in times past that councils kept otherwise were no very councils, but rather conciliabula malignantium? "I leave to declare what fruits and mischiefs have followed of some of them."
In Derby's hand, pp. 16 with corrections. Endd. by Derby : A declaration of the faith.

403. GRANTS in FEBRUARY 1539.
1. Ric. bp. of Chichester, Robt. bishop of Carlisle, John bp. of Rochester; Sir John Daunce, Sir John Aleyn, John Danaster, and Thos. Welshe, barons of the Exchequer; Sir Ric. Gresham, Nich. Hare, Thos. Thurleby, clk., and John Tregunwell. Commission to examine and determine the matters of the petition of the debtors in Ludgate prison, London, who desire to compound with their creditors. Del.Westm., 1 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.p.2, m. 21.
2. John Peryente and Francis Southwell. To be, in survivorship, auditors of all castles, lordships, &c., of the King's principality of South Wales in cos. Cardigan and Carmarthen, or elsewhere in South Wales; of all possessions in cos. Glamorgan, Morgan, and Pembroke, S. Wales, lately belonging to Jasper duke of Bedford; of all other lands. &c., of the said late duke in England and Wales; of all the possessions of William late earl of Huntingdon, in cos. Somers. and Dorset; of the castles, lordships, or manors of Uske, Kaerlion, and Trilleke, and all other possessions in the marches of Wales, parcel of the earldom of March, and of the lordship or manor of Nerberthe, co. Pembroke, parcel of the said earldom. On surrender by the said John Peryente, of patent 19 June 7 Hen. VIII., granting the same offices during good conduct to Thos. Robertz, now dec., and the said John. Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.
3. Sir Ric. Lyster, Ric. Blounte, and Geo. Monoux, citizen and alderman of London. Licence to alienate the manor of Penkeryche, Staff., and all their lands, &c., in Penkeryche, to Sir John Dudley and Edm. Sutton. Westm., 1 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 3, m. 7.
4. Ric. Benese, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Pyworthy, Exeter dioc., void and in the King's gift by the attainder of John Collyns. Westm., 31 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
5. Sir Thos. Audeley, lord Audeley of Walden, Chancellor. Licence to alienate a tenement with a garden, collars, &c., in the parish of St. Katherine Christchurch, London, within Aldgate, to Thos. Maynard, citizen and clothworker, London. Westm., 2 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 20.
6. First Fruits. Enrolment of patent of 3 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII., creating an office of one clerk. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 8, m. 11. [See Vol. XII., Pt. I., No. 539 (5).]
7. John Tose, s. and h. of Nich. Tose, dec. Livery of lands. Westm., 24 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm. 3 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 20.
8. John Woode, one of the "Oistryngers." Lease of the site of the cell of Kersall, Lanc., and divers parcels of land (named and described) thereto belonging, which belonged to the priory of Lenton, Notts, and are in the King's hands by the attainder of Nicholas the late prior; with reservations; for 21 years, at 11l. 6s. 8d. rent., according to an extent thereof made by John Assheton Del. Westm., 3 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 8.
9. Sir Anth. Sentleger, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber, and dame Anne his wife. Grant in fee (for 400l.) of the reversion and rent reserved upon a lease by John late abbot, and the convent of St. Augustine's without Canterbury, 30 May 29 Hen. VIII., to Robt. Pratt, of Leneham, Kent, and Wm. Copyn, of the parish of St. Martin without Canterbury, of the lordship or manor of Leneham with the rectory and advowson of the church there; with reservations; for 60 years, at 66l. 13s. 11d. rent, 12s. 11d. payable to the keeper of the chapel of St. Mary in the name of the church of the said monastery out of lands lying in the said manor, and 20s. payable to the almoner of the monastery as farm and rent due on lands of said manor in the hands of divers tenants, a hen which the said Robert and William received for their labour, and 13s. 4d. payable to the said abbot and convent to be divided among the convent. The same lease also included the warren of coneys of the said manor (in Thikley, Midlegh, Spelhells, Blakhege, or elsewhere) at a rent of 12 brace of coneys at Christmas.
Also grant as above of the said manor and all messuages, &c., in the parishes, &c., of Leneham, Harietsham, Boughton Malherbe, Charyng, Wychelyng, Royton, and Egerton, belonging to the said manor or rectory. Rent 7l. by way of tenth. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 36.
10. John Hynde, one of the King's serjeants - at - law. Grant in fee (for 649l. 18s. 4d.) of the house and site of the suppressed priory of Anglesey, Camb., with church, steeple, and churchyard; and the lordships or manors of Anglesey, Bottesham, Stowquy alias Stokquy, Long Medowe, and Lodestrete, Camb., and all possessions there of the said priory, in as full manner as John Bonar alias Bonyard, the late prior, held them; with reservations. Annual value, 64l.; rent, 6l. 8s. The grantee not to be charged with the annual pensions payable out of the premises, viz.:—100s. to Winchester College in Oxford, 4l. 13s. 4d. to the abbot of Notley, and 4l. 10s. 4d. to the vicar of Swafham Prior, Camb. Del Westm., 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 37.
11. Will. Tyldesley, one of the grooms of the wardrobe of Beds. To be keeper of the wardrobe of Beds and of the King's armoury in Windsor Castle, Berks; with a yeoman deputy under him in these offices; with 6d. a day for himself and 3d. a day for the yeoman, in as full measure as Ralph Jenett, Robt. Lytell, or any other held the office. Westm., 4 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 3, m. 1 ; also p. 8, m. 6.
12. Wm. Raynesford, one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's chamber. To be bailiff of the manor or lordship of Brayles, Warw., and keeper of the warren there; which offices John Wrey and John Bankys, now dec., held in survivorship by the King's grant. Also grant to farm to the said William of the manor or lordship of Brayles. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: "void by the death of Banckes, porter." Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
13. Wm. Lambert. Lease of the rectory of Attingwicke with the tithes, parcel of the monastery of Bridlington, Yorks., in the King's hands by the attainder of Wm. the late prior; for 21 years; at 8l. rent, as surveyed by Ric. Pollard. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 8.
14. Wm. Fuller, jun., of Wygenhale, Norf., laborer. Pardon for having, 6 Dec. 29 Hen. VIII., stolen a wether from the close of John Cony at Wygenhale. Del. Westm. 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 4.
15. Thos. Canner, clk., S.T.B. Presentation to the parish church of Broughton, Linc. dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: "A presentation for Canner ... your at Westm." Pat. p. 8, m. 20.
16. Anth. Hamond. Annuity of 10l. issuing from certain lands in Dawne and Pillyngton, Yorks., late of John Newell, dec.; during the minority of Chas. Newell, s. and h. of the said John; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 4 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 3, m. 2.
17. Commissions of oyer and terminer for treasons:—
Oxford Circuit (Oxon, Berks, Worc., Heref., Salop, and Staff.)—Sir Wm. Sulyerd, Sir John Porte, Sir Edw. Mervyn, King's sergeant-at-law, Sir Wm. Kyngeston, Sir John Daunce, Sir Walt. Stonour, Sir Edm. Crofte, Sir Humph. Forster, Sir Edw. Wadham, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Chr. Baynham, Sir James Baskervile, Sir Gilb. Talbot, Sir John Talbot, Sir John Gyfford, Sir Wm. Bassett, Sir John Russell, jun.. Sir John Welshe, Sir Geo. Greysley, Sir Phil. Draycott, Sir Edw. Aston, Sir Geo. Griffyth, Sir Simon Harcourt, Sir John Brigges, Sir Edm. Tame, Rog. Wigston, John Russell, Wm. Fermour, John Scudamour, John Welshe, Thos. Vernon, Thos. Lacon, John Corbett of Lee, Walt. Wrotesley, Thos. Holte, Geo. Willoughby, Thos. Newport, Roland Moorton, Robt. Wye, Thos. Rodenham, Ric. Warmecombe, and John Latton. Westm, 4 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen VIII. p. 1, m. 36 d.
Midland Circuit (Northt., Warw., Leic., Rutland, Notts, Derby, and Lincoln, the cities of Lincoln and Coventry, and towns of Leicester and Nottingham).—Sir Walt. Luke, Sir Humph. Broun, the mayors of Lincoln, Coventry, Leicester, and Nottingham, Sir Wm. Parre, Sir Wm. Fyldyng, Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Sir Brian Stapleton, Sir John [Byron?], Sir Robt. Tyrwhit, Sir John Tymolby, Sir Robt. Husey, Edm. Knyghtley, Rog. Wigston, John Haryngton, Edm. Molinex, Anth. Nevell, Edm. Warner, John Beaumount, Thos. Hervy, and Robt, Chauntrell. Westm., 4 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 38 d.
18. Midland Circuit. Commission to Sir Walt. Luke, and Sir Humph. Broun, as justices of assize. Westm. 4 Feb.—Pat. 30 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 38 d.
19. Wm. Ugge clk., rector of the parish church of Harpeley, Norwich dioc. Licence to hold other benefices to the annual value of 40l. and (for the next five years) to be non-resident. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: "at the suit of the Duchess of Suffolk." Pat. p. 8 m. 2.
20. F[abyan] Wythers, goldsmith, of London. Licence to export 40 quarters of wheat within the next three months. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: Fabyan Wythers.
21. Sir John Dudley. Licence to alienate the manor of Hales Owen, and all his lands, &c., in Hales Owen, Hales Burgh, and Hell grange, Salop, and Warley and Cradeley, Worc., to Edw. Blunte and Geo. Willughby; to the use of the said John Dudley and Joan his wife. Westm., 5 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 8.
22. John Kebyll, s. and h. of Thos. Kebyll, brother and heir of Geo. Kebyll, dec. Livery of lands. Westm., 29 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
23. Sir John Constable, s. and h. of Sir John Constable, dec. Livery of lands. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
24. The president and scholars of Corpus Christi College, Oxford University. Grant (in exchange for divers lands in Walton-upon-Thames and Wisley, Surrey, granted to the King by Robt. Morwent, elk., the president, and the scholars of said college, by their charter dated 10 July 30 Hen. VIII.), of the rectory and chapel of Warborough, Oxou., belonging to the suppressed monastery of Dorchester, Oxon. Annual value 16l. 10s., rent 69s. 3d. Also exoneration from payment of first fruits and tenths due by virtue of the statute 26 Hen. VIII. in respect of the premises. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 29 (sic) Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32.
25. Eliz., lady Clynton, and George lord Taylboys, her son. Grant, in survivorship of the offices of (1) bailiff of the manor or lordship of Tatteshall, Linc., (2) keeper of the great park, and chace, and (3) of the little park and warren of coneys, (4) of the woods, underwoods, and (5) the castle there; with fees respectively of 3l. 6s. 8d. a year, 4l. 7s. 4d. a year, 1d. a day, 13s. 4d. a year, and 40s. a year. Westm., 6 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 8, m. 17.
26. The abbot and convent of Hyde near Winchester, Hants. Mortmain licence to alienate the manors of Saundersted and Langhurst, Surrey, (which do not exceed the annual value of 25l.) to Sir John Gresham, in exchange for other lands and tenements; to hold by the yearly service of one red rose to the abbey and 43s. to the Crown by way of tenth. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 44.
27. John Eyer. Lease of the herbage and grass of the wood called Westwood alias Westeheywood in the lordship of Lammershe, Essex, parcel of the lands late of the countess of Richmond; for 21 years at 20s. rent, and 2s. increase, On surrender by Ric. Antony of a similar lease, by patent 7 May, 15 Hen. VIII., to John Lynde, a yeoman of the guard, dec., whose widow and executrix, Joan, afterwards married one Robt. Wyndell and the said Robt. and Joan, sold their interest therein to the said Ric. Anthony. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 8.
28. Rog. Bodenham. Livery of lands, as s. and h. of Thos. Bodenham, dec. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
29. Hen. Pygott, s. and h. of Thos. Pygott, dec. Livery of lands, viz., all the possessions of his said father, and all those which he should inherit from Eliz. Smart, widow, his grandmother. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
30. Thos. Gifford of Stretton, Staff. Grant in fee (for 134l. 20d.) of the site, circuit, and precinct of the late monastery of Black Nuns of Brewode, Staff., now dissolved, with the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, a water mill within the said site, and certain pastures, &c. (named and described) in Brewod, Staff. Annual value, 7l. 9s. 1d.; rent, 15s. Westm., 3 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
31. Robt. Dalton and Elizabeth, his wife, d. and h. of John Sylston and Christina his wife, dec. Licence of entry upon all the lands of the said John (who held in right of the said Christina). Hunesdon, 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. 8 Feb. "anno subscr." —P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 3.
32. Geo. Dakins. Lease of the manor of Setrington, Yorks., with divers parcels of demesne lands (named), which belonged to Sir Francis Bygod, attainted; for 21 years; at 17l. 5s. rent, as valued by Ric. Pollard. Hunnesdon, 6 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 7.
33. Anth. Pelham, one of the lancers of Calais, and Vincent Fynche. See Grants in February 1538, No. 45.
34. The town of Bridgewater. Inspeximus and confirmation to the mayor, bailiffs, and burgesses, of patent (charter) 17 Oct. 45 "Edw. II." (should be Edw. III.), inspecting and confirming charter 26 June 2 John, granting to Wm. Brywerr that Brugwalter shall have the privileges of a free borough with a free market and a fair for eight days every year, &c. Westm., 10 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22.
35. Edw. Mervyn, to be one of the King's serjeants - at - law. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
36. Mich. Stanhopp, the King's servant. Lease of the site of the late priory of Lenton, Notts, and certain lands (named and described) in Lenton and Radforde, Notts, which came to the King by the attainder of Nich. Hethe, the late prior; for 41 years, at 38l. 13s. rent.
Also grant to the said Michael of the office of bailiff of the manors, lands, &c., in Lenton and Radforde, Notts, and in the town of Notyngham, belonging to the said late priory. Westm., 3 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 25.
37. Nich. Clarke and Eliz. his wife, d. and h. of Thos. Ramsey, dec., s. and h. of Thos. Ramsey, likewise dec. (the said Thos., the son, having died, while a minor in the King's wardship, before the birth of the said Eliz. during the pregnancy of Petronilla his wife, his nearest heirs then being his sisters Anne and Joan Ramsey). Livery of lands. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 19.
38. Erasmus Pym, s. and h. of Reginald Pym, s. and h. of Alex. Pym, dec. Livery of lands. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. S.B. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 18.
39. Sir Anth. Browne. See Grants in February 1538, No. 55.
40. John Wiseman and Joan his wife. Licence to alienate the house and site of the late priory of Routon, with the church, steeple, and churchyard; a grange called Heth House graunge; closes of pasture, &c., called le Milne felde, Sydnalle, High parke, Asshewodde, Gappe Poole, Annes-felde, Caldercrofte, Hyll felde, "le Covent close," "le Barne-yarde;" pasture in a wood called Blake Syche; closes, &c., called "le Walle meadowe," Hill meadowe, Willismedowe, Horse leasue, Pantons, Liefelde, Milne felde, Solenfelde; the grange called "le Heth house graunge," and closes, &c., called High felde, "Heth house felde, Risshe Hey, Bromefelde, "le Nether Games leys," and "le Over Games leys," belonging to the said grange; two tenements, &c., in Routon, in the tenure of Ric. Cowper and Margery his wife; the woods and land called "le Birches," "le Gresse parks," "le Sprynge," "Clarkes More," "Hilwood," "High Parke," "lez Longe Grevey," "Anneswood," "Blakesyche" in Routon, and "Glynhalle," Staff.; a cottage in Routon in the tenure of John Hudson; a cottage with tithes of hay in Borrowhall, in the tenure of Thos. Lowe, in Routon; a cottage and crofte called "Baksterres Crofte," in the tenure of Matilda Leche; a cottage in Routon in the tenure of Agnes Burne; another cottage and a croft in the tenure of Thos. Smalman, in Routon; a messuage and lands, in the tenure of Hen. Alsop in Routon; a messuage in the tenure of Wm. Alsop. in Routon; and a pool called Olde Pole, in Routon, in the tenure of the said Wm.; all which belonged to the said late priory; to Sir John Hare-court and Margaret ??wife, and the heirs of the said Margaret for ever. Westm., 12 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 8, m. 23.
41. Ric. Brame and Wm. Pynnocke. Grant in survivorship of the offices (1) of general receiver, surveyor and approver of the possessions called Warwikys lands and Spencers lands, in cos. Warw., Leic., Worc., Staff., Salop, Heref., Glouc., Wilts., Oxon, Berks., Northt., Rutland, Linc., Beds., Bucks, Camb., Hunts, Norf., Suff., Essex, Herts, Somers., Midd., and Kent, and those which belonged to John Huggford, late surviving feoffee of Richard de Bello Campo, late earl of Warwick (same cos.). and of the vill and lordship of Swaffham, Norf., called "Richmond fee," and the lordship and manor of Sturton and Kynfare, Staff.; feodary of the great court of the honor of Gloucester, near Bristoll, called the "Erles Court," and receiver, &c., of the manor and hundred of Barton, near Bristoll, Glouc.; and (2) of general receiver, &c., of the possessions called Salesburies lands in cos. Devon, Cornw., Somers., Dorset, Hants, Wilts, and elsewhere on this side Trent; with fees in the first as enjoyed by Thos. Goodman, and 10 mks. a year in the second. On surrender of patent 16 March 27 Hen. VIII. granting the offices to the said Richard alone. Del. Westm., 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
42. Lancelot Harryson, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Lease of the site of the monastery of Jarvaux, Yorks., with divers parcels of its demesne lands (named), now in the King's hands by the attainder of Adam, the late abbot; with reservations; for 21 years; at 12l. rent as valued by Ric. Pollard. Del...13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.2, m.24.
43. Wm. Vavasour, s. and h. of John Vavasour, dec. Livery of lands. Del. Westm., 13 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.5, m. 4.
44. Ralph Sadler. Grant in fee of the messuage or tenement (and the rent reserved) now in the tenure of Hen. Lomnour, grocer, in the parish of St. Benet Shorlog in Bucklersbury, in the ward of Chepe, London, which belonged to the dissolved priory of St. Leonard at Stratford-at-Bowe, Midd. Clear annual value, 20s.
Also grant, in tail male, of the reversion and rent reserved upon a Crown lease, 5 March 28 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Rolte, one of the King's serjeants-at-arms, of the rectory of the parish church of Buttesbury, Essex, belonging to the said late monastery, in as full manner as Hen. Hawarde, priest, and John Newman held the same; with reservations, for 21 years, at 4l. rent.
Also grant, as above, of the house and site of the said late priory of St. Leonard, Stratford-at-Bowe, Midd.; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof; the manor of Stratford-at-Bowe, lately called "the Prioresse of Stratfordes manour," Midd., the manor of Mynchynham, Camb., the rectories and advowsons of the parish churches of Bramley and Iselington, Midd., Buttesbury, Norton and Barnes Rodyng, Essex, a portion of the tithes in Wethersfelde, Essex, and the annual pension of 5s. due from the vicar of Wethersfeld for the same, the tithes of the manor of Fawnes, Kent, the groves of wood called Buttesbury grove, in Buttesbury, Essex, and Perynnes grove, in the parish of Bromeley, Midd., 60 messuages, 20 cottages, lands, &c., and all other possessions of the said monastery in Stratford-at-Bowe, Bramley, Stepneth, Hackeney, and Iselington, Midd., Stratford Langthorne, Westham, Ilforde, Berkyng, Lambourne, Buttesbury, Norton, Wethersfeld, Barnes Rodyng, and Shighawe, Essex, Braughyng and Est Reed, Herts, Haslyngfelde, Camb., St. Margaret's parish in Southwark, Surrey, and in the streets called Ivelane, Knyght Ryder strete, Canwykestrete, Bogerowe, Scynt Lawrence lane, Gutter lane, Kyrone lane, Estchepe, and Bredstrete, in the city of London, and in the parishes of St. Leouard in Eschepe, St. Swithin in Canwykestrete, St. Andrew in Cornehill, and St. Martin Outwyche, in London; with reservation [...]f the wood called Mynchyn Frythe, in Waltham forest, Essex. All which premises belonged to the said late priory. Annual value, 129l. 10s. 6½d. To hold by rents of 2s. for the messuage in Bucklersbury, and 12l. 17s. 2d. for the rest, in as full manner as Sibilla Kyrke, late prioress of Stratford, held them. Del. Westm., 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.8, m. 18.
45. Wm. Statham. Lease of the tithe of corn belonging to the rectories (1) of Lenton and (2) Radford, (3) a portion of tithes in Sutton Passeye, in the parish of Radford, and (4) the tithe of corn and hay on all demesne lands of the late monastery of Lenton, late in the tenure of Nicholas the late prior there; all which came to the King by the attainder of the said late prior; for 21 years; at the respective rents of 6l. 13s. 4d., 6l. 13s. 4d., 40s., and 40s., as valued by Thomas Holcroft and John Assheton. Del. Westm., 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
46. John Huddelston, s. and h. of John Huddelston, dec. Livery of lands, viz., of those of his father, and of all his interest in the possessions in England whereof dame Eliz. Buteler, now wife of Sir Thos. Boteler and late wife of the said John Huddelston the father, is seised by way of jointure or dower. Del. Westm., 14 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.5, m. 15.
47. Peter Mewtas, one of the gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber, and Joan his wife. Grant, in tail male of the reversions and rents reserved upon the following leases, viz.:—
(1.) By William Huddylston, late abbot, and the convent of the dissolved monastery of St. Mary, Stratforde Langthorne, Essex, to Peter Vannes, clk., dean of Salisbury, 12 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., of a messuage with a garden and orchard, in which dame Margaret Veer, widow, lately dwelt, and a house called le Gestenhall, thereto adjoining on the south side, a stable with "a heybarne" thereto adjoining on the north side, an orchard on the south side of the way leading from the monastery to the Abbey mills, an orchard adjoining the said way on the south, the river on the west, the garden of "le Fermory" of the said monastery and the little church within the monastery called the parish church on the east, another orchard adjoining the said way on the north, "le Abbey Grange" ... on the west, and the way leading from Abbey Grange to Abbey Grove on the east; 15 acres of meadow in two parcels in Westham, Essex, between the said late monastery and the water running under "Saynt Michaellys bridge" towards three mills in the said parish of Westham, late in the farm of one Thos. Androse of Stratforde at Bowe, Midd., then deceased (whereof 12 acres abut on the convent meadow called "le Fyve Acres" on the east and upon certain of the convent meadows then in the farm of Hen. Hubbilthorne on the west, and the remaining three acres abut on the convent meadow called "Nyne Acres" on the east and on the said 12 acres on the south); for the term of 60 years, at 4l. rent.
(2.) By the same, 28 Jan. 27 Hen. VIII., to Robt Snowe, yeoman, their servant, of two small cottages parcels of the lands belonging to "le Sextrye" of the said late monastery in Westham, in which John Byglonde and John Preston then dwelt; closes (described) called Barrowefeld, and Cockys Pytell parcels of land called Bromptons; and closes called ... and the close beside Ambrose Field in Westmershe, parcels of the Home Grange, and two acres of land near Chyrchefelde then in the tenure of Thos. Jefferey; for 60 years, at 3l. 8s. 8d., rent.
(3.) By the same, 18 March 26 Hen. VIII., to Thos. Cole, of Westham, Essex, and Anne his wife, of a messuage with garden and orchard in the parish of All Saints within the precincts of the monastery, late in tenure of Ric. Parker, tanner, a close there, late in the tenure of the same Ric., abutting on the Abbey Grove to the north and the garden of the convent then in tenure of Hamond Hampcotes to the south; a close of land there called Hobbleys close; another late in the tenure of Alice Philipp, abutting on the highway from Westham to Playstowe on the south, and on Bedfordes towards the north; for 40 years, at 46s. rent.
(4.) By the same, 27 May 27 Hen. VIII., to John Hever, one of the clerks of the Privy Seal, of a messuage or mansion in Statforde Langthorne, Essex, within the precincts of the monastery, called "le Lodge," with gardens, orchards, and a mote; also a "heybarne" and a stable under one roof near "le slaughterhouse" of the monastery: which messuage, &c., Thos. Turpyn of London, then deceased, lately held; for 40 years at 20s., rent.
(5.) By the same, 7 June 26 Hen. VIII., to Roger Bankes, leather dresser, of London, and Margaret his wife, of the tenement, curtilage, and garden, &c., which Agnes Hurste, widow of John Hurste, then held within the precincts of the monastery, viz., from above the great gate there and between the "grove dyche" on the east, and the curtilage and garden belonging to the monk porter there, then in the farm of Robert Sknow, doorward there, on the west, the garden or orchard lying between the "Grove Dyche" on the east and a curtilage belonging to "le Tanne house" on the west, abutting at the one end on the curtilage now in farm of Agnes Hurste on the south, and the said ditch on the north; for 60 years, at 13s. 4d., rent.
(6.) By the same, 6 March 27 Hen. VIII., to John Skoull, of Stratforde at Bowe, Midd., butcher, of a meadow and two "lez Ozyer Hoppes," and a wall thereto adjoining, whereof one was in the occupation of Thos. Brewster, dec., lying between the lands of Edw. Chamberleyn on the east, those of the late priory of Bowe on the north, and the river leading from Bowbridge to Seynt Thomas Myll on the south; a pasture called Bradymeade lying between the highway towards Rowe meade on the west, "le Fluddiche" running to "Readys throwe" on the east, the land of William Spencer of London, woodmonger, on the north, and two pitells near Burrefeld on the south; for 31 years at 107s. 8d., rent.
(7.) By the same, 11 March 26 Hen. VIII., to Robt. Wright of London, "pulter," of all "le wall hopes reede grounde and shore" lying between le Highbridge in Westham, Essex, and a place called Hendam, there, except a wall opposite Ambrosefield, &c.; also lands at Wallers Pytte, and Belmans Lees in Westham, late in the tenure of Richard Parker of Playstowe, then dec.; for 30 years, at 50s. rent.
(8.) By William, formerly abbot, and the convent of the same, 15 July 1 Hen. VIII., to John Balle, merchant haberdasher, of London, and Anne his wife, and Margery Mason, widow, of the tenement and curtilage lying within the precincts of the said monastery then called "le Pore fermery" and a great garden adjoining called "le Pore fermery garden," and a little garden likewise adjoining the said tenement (the situations described at length); for the lives of the said John, Anne, and Margery, and of the survivor of them, with remainder for 10 years to Ric. Broke, then undersheriff of London, at 13s. 4d., rent.
(9.) By the said Wm. Huddylston, late abbot, and convent, 8 Sept. 25 Hen. VIII., to John Rowle, carpenter, of the two mills under one roof within the precincts of the monastery, and a granary between them and the bakehouse of the monastery, a house called "a kylhouse" near the said mills which John Mustyan then held, a small island called "le Tonge" lying on the north side of the said mills, a meadow called Horselease in Munkyngmershe, &c., and certain mill stones, spindles, &c. (enumerated); for 40 years, at 10l., rent, to the convent and 2s. to the sacristan.
(10.) By the same, 20 May 19 Hen. VIII., to Ric. Parker of the parish of All Saints within the precincts of the late monastery, tanner, and Agnes his wife, of certain parcels of land and pasture (described, including four acres near the lands of Robt. Troblefeld near le Oldeforde) in Westham, Essex; for 30 years, at rents of 50s., 12s., 5s., and 39s. 2d. for the several parcels.
Also grant as above, of various lands and pastures (including some in the tenures of Sir Ric. Gresham, and John Rowley, miller) in Westham aforesaid; three water mills in the said parish adjoining the bridge called "le Tornebridge"; a barn on the west side of the said Tornebridge in the parish of Bramley, Midd.; a "fysshehouse" or "fysshynghouse" in the said parish with fishery from the mouth of the river Lee in the river Thames to the bridge at Stratforde at Bowe; an "ozyer hope" in the said parish from the said "Fysshehouse" on the north to "Saynt Michaellysbrigge;" another "ozyer hope" in the same parish from the Thornebridge by the royal river of Le aforesaid to a certain "hope" of the late prioress and convent of St. Leonard near Stratforde at Bowe, Midd., upon the same river; another small "hope" in the said parish, and various parcels of meadow and pasture more, particularly specified, in the said parish, of which two parcels are described as lying between the lands of the said late monastery on the east, and a certain hope and rivulet on the west, and abutting on the land of the said late monastery, and that of Sir Edw. Walsingham on the north, and the lands of _ (fn. 16) Dauntecey _ * on the south. To hold the premises by the annual rent of 8l. 10s. Del. Westm., 15 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.2, ms. 31–29.
48. Thos. Villers, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Russall, Salisbury dioc., vice John Colyns, clk, attainted. Westm., 15 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p.3, m. 18.
49. Jacopo de Basyano, of Venice, and Antonio his brother. Licence to import 300 tuns of Gascon wine. Westm., 15 Feb. French Roll 30 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
50. Stephen Proctour. Lease (for a fine of 66s. 8d.) of (1) a house or tenement and an orchard called the "Little Parke" with the herbage thereof, in the lordship of Temple Newsom, Yorks., and pastures called (2) "le Almeter croft and pound gardeyn" and (3) "le Brekkys" and (4) a close called "le Coteyarde," and (5) a corn mill in Temple Newsom, which premises came to the King's hands by the attainder of Sir Thos. lord Dercye; with reservations; for 21 years, at rents respectively of 20s., 4l. 13s. 4d., 4l. 13s. 4d., 13s. 4d., and 40s. Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
51. Wm. Annesley. Lease of (1) the site of the manor of Podyngton, and (2) a parcel of lands called "Syr Pers" in Henwyk, Beds., in the lordship of Podyngton, parcel of the lands late of Ric. earl of Kent, Beds.; with reservations; for 21 years, at rents of (1) 7l. 13s. 8d. and (2) 19s., and 3s. increase. Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.2, m. 25.
52. Sir Anth. Seyntleger, one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Lease of the rectory of Yaldyng, Kent, and 6 acres of meadow in the parish of Netlested, Kent, which premises camo to the King by the forfeiture of Thomas Wolsey, late archbishop of York; for 21 years, at the annual rent of one rose. Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. The annual value (30l.) addded by Ric. Pollard. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
53. Fras. Leke, of Sutton, Derb. Grant in fee, for 616l. 15s. 10d., of the manor of Dugmanton, Derb., belonging to the dissolved monastery of Welbek, Notts, in as full manner as Ric. Bentley, the late abbot, held the same. Rent, 62s. Del. Westm., 17 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 33.
54. Essex.—Commission to John Christmas, Robert Foster, and John Danyell, to make inquisition whether John Stede, of Witham, be an idiot. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p.1, m. 38.
55. John Bradley, abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Mylton, (fn. 17) S.T.B. To be bishop of Shaftesburye, suffragan of the see of St. Asaph's, in the Province of Canterbury, having been nominated along with Wm. Pellys, priest, S.T.B., by R. bishop of St. Asaph's. Del. Westm., 19 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20. (Rymer xiv. p. 601.)
56. Fras. Pygott, of Stratton, Beds. Grant in fee (for 339l.) of the reversion and rent of 108s. 10d. reserved upon a Crown lease to Thos. Lenthrop of Puttescott, Bucks, 10 Feb. 28 Hen. VIII., of the house and site of the suppressed priory of Snelshall, Bucks, with certain lands (names and extent given) thereto belonging, for 21 years.
Also grant as above of all buildings, church, &c., within and without the site, circuit and precinct of the said late priory, in Snelleshall, Shenley, and Whaddon, Bucks, the lands called Oxwyxer, Stepenhill and Salden in Mursley, Bucks, and all possessions of the priory in Snelshall, Shenley, Whaddon, Totnall, Mursley and the chase of Whaddon, Bucks, in as full manner as Wm. Malteley, the late prior, held the same. Also grant of the annual rent of 42s. which the monastery of Woburn, Beds., lately dissolved, used to have out of the said lands in Shenley.
Annual value of premises, 18l, 16s. 8d., rent, 37s. 8d. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 8, m. 12.
57. Sir Francis Bryan. To be (1) keeper of the chief messuage in the manor of Cheltesey, Midd., which manor the King lately had from Sir William lord Sandes, and of the garden and orchard there and (2) bailiff of the manor and of the other lands in Cheltesey which the King had from lord Sandes. With 2d. a day in each office, to date from Mich. 28 Hen. VIII., since which time Sir Francis has filled these offices without fee. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd. as expedited at Westm., 18 Feb. Enrolled in the 31st year, Pat. p. 5, m. 14.
58. Peter and Robt. Salisbury. Lease of divers parcels of demesne lands (named) of the castle of Ruthyn in the lordship of Defrencloid, marches of Wales, now in the tenure of the said Robert, and the tenements and lands late in the tenure of Rees ap Hoell in the commote of Collyon; with reservations; for 21 years, at certain stated old rents, 5s. of new approved rent and 8s. 4d. of further increase yearly. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.8, m. 2.
59. Ralph Crofte. Lease of the herbage of the park of Cottescough, a close called "le dere close" in Coverdale, a tenement parcel of the cowhouse of Bradeley in Coverdale, and a moiety of the park called Pennel in Westwytton, all in the lordship of Myddelhame and parcel of the duchy of York; with reservations; for 21 years, at 8l. 3s. 4d. rent, and 6s. 8d. increase. Del. Westm., 21 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
60. Jasper Horsey, a gentleman usher of the Chamber. Lease of (1) all the demense lands of the manor of Blechylye, Surr., late in the occupation of Robert Fawkener, and (2) the farm of Hexstalles with all its buildings, &c., late in the occupation of John Lad, parcel of the lands of Sir Nich. Carew, attainted; with reservations; for 21 years, at rents of 8l. and 9l. respectively. Del. Westm., 22 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Enrolled in the 31st year. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 33.
61. Hen. Parker, and Mary his wife. Grant in tail male (for 100l.) of the house and site of the suppressed priory of Beerden, Essex, with the church, buildings, &c., the rectory of Beerden with the tithes, and all possessions of the priory in Beerden, Manyden, Elsnam, Henham, Takeley, Rykelyng, Clavering, Ugley, Rocheford, Pelham Combusta, and Stokyng Pelham, Essex and Herts, in as full manner as _ (blank) the late prior held them. Annual value, 23l. 7s., rent 47s. Westm., 10 Jan. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 12.
62. Ralph Sadler. Licence to alienate the messuage or tenement now in the tenure of Hen. Lomner, grocer, of London, in the parish of St. Bennet in Buklersbury in the ward of Chepe, London, which belonged to the late priory of St. Leonard, Stratford-at-Bowe, Midd, to Robt. Riche, brother of Sir Ric. Riche. Westm., 24 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 8. m. 9.
63. Wm. Dalyson, David Midelton, Wm. Goodman, Hngh Alderseye, Rauff Rocherson, John Thorne, Ric. Greymysdiche, sen., Ric. Greymysdiche, jun., Thos. Aldersey, Ric. Snedde, John Offley, Thos. Longley, Wm. Aldersey, Ric. Powle, Adam Goodman, Rauff Goodman, jun., Rauff Redforde, Robt. Gyttyn, Philip Costentyn, Robt. Chalner, Rauff Aldersey, Morys ap William, Wm. Newall, Thos. Martyn, Gefferey Cooke, Robt. Jones, inhabitants and freemen of the city of Chester. Pardon for having along with others of the said city, exported leather without paying the customs duty imposed thereon by statute 27 Hen. VIII., by reason of their ignorance of that statute. Del. Westm., 24 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B., Pat. p. 8, m. 1.
64. Hen. Palmer, "one of the speres" of the King's retinue of Calais. To be surveyor and keeper of the forest of Guynes and of the "busshes" in the marches of Calais in Picardy in as full manner as Ric. Sexeten; at 4d. a day. Del. Westm., 25 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. In English. Endd.: "at the suit of my lord Privy Seal." Pat. p. 8, m. 1.
65. Lancelot Alford, one of the grooms of the Wardrobe of Beds. Lease of the pastures called Frith and Hemles alias Frithwilliam, Plough Stowe and Warneholmes alias Helmes, in the lordship of Bromefeld and Yale, marches of Wales; with reservations; for 21 years, at 15l. Westm., 24 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 2.
66. Geo. Harper, one of the esquires of the Royal Body. Lease of a salt pit in a place called Middlewiche in the town of Wiche ("de Wichio"), Worc., which for many years has not been set or leased, so that the profits have for a long time been lost to the Crown; for 50 years; at 10l. rent. The preamble states that King John, by patent (Ch. Roll. 17 John, m. 5), confirmed 24 Oct. 7 Hen. VIII., granted to the burgesses of Wiche the fee farm of their town together with the salt-pits at a rent of 100l., but that this pit is not specified therein. Westm., 12 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 13.
67. Rites and ceremonies. Proclamation (see No. 374 in text). Westminster Palace, 26 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Illegible and gall-stained).
68. Customs. Proclamation that albeit the King is entitled by his laws to take greater customs from merchant strangers than from his own subjects, yet it may attract more commerce to the country to use moderation therein, and therefore from 6 April, 30 Henry VIII. for seven years, strangers and denizens are to be charged the same customs as subjects, except on wools. Westm., 26 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII.—P.S. No date of delivery.
69. Ric. Whalley, of Shelford, Notts, Grant in fee (for 500l.) of the house and site of the dissolved abbey of Welbek, Notts., the church, steeple, and churchyard a water-mill, &c., within the site, granges called Bellers Grange and Hurst Grange and various closes of pasture, &c. (names and extent given) in the parish of Cokeney, Notts., which belonged to the said abbey; also the reversion and rent of the close of pasture called Tylekyll Close in Cokeney, now in tenure of Edw. Bently for life; also the wood called Romewode and other woods and groves (names and extents given) in Cokeney; also reversion and rents of lands, &c., in the tenure of John Sutton in Kelhome, Notts., of Laur. Maxe in Lowdham, Notts, of Wm. Hikelyng in Claxton, Leic., and of Robert Sheffeld in Carberton, Notts., and the grange called Gledthorp grange in the tenure of Wm. Petynger and Wm. Cartwright in Gledthorpe; all which premises belonged to Welbek. To hold, in as full a manner as Ric. Bently, late abbot of Welbek, held them, by the annual rent of 56s. 2d. The grantee to be exonerated fromannual pensions of 100s., payable to a priest in the collegiate church of Southwell, Notts., 4l. payable to a priest in the parish church of Bottumhale, Notts., and 4l. 3s. 4d. payable to a priest in the parish of Litilborough, Linc., and from all corrodies, &c., chargeable on the premises. Del. Westm., 26 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
70. Ric. Higham. Grant in fee (for 71l.) of the reversion of the rectory of the parish church of St. Margaret, Stansted Thele, Herts., with its appurtenances there and in Amwell, Herts., (which was granted by patent, 3 June, 28 Hen. VIII. to Rog. Poten, the King's chaplain, late prior of the suppressed priory of Elsyngspittell in the city of London, for life) and six messuages, 140 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 22 acres of wood, and 5s. rent in Stansted Thele, Amwell, Stansted Abbot, and Hoddesdon, Herts, and pasture for 14 cows in Amwell mershe, and for 100 sheep in Stansted Thele and Amwell; which all belonged to the late priory of Elsyngspittell. Annual value, 7l. 3s. 2d., rent, 14s. 4d. Del. Westm., 26 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 2.
71. Edm. Harmon, one of the grooms of the King's Chamber. To be steward of the lordships or manors of Langley Marreys, alias Langley Marisshe, and Wirardysbury, and keeper of the park of Langley Marreys, Bucks, with fees, &c., as enjoyed by Sir Edward Baynton and Hen. Seymour, and the herbage and pannage of the said park. Westm., 26 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 4.
72. John Pen, one of the pages of the Privy Chamber. To be steward or rider of the forest of Morff, Salop, with the pannage of the said forest; with 4d. a day out of the issues of the mills of Pendelston, Salop, to be paid by the King's bailiff of the town of Brygges. Westm., 24 Feb., 30 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 7.
73. Robt. Southwell, and Marg. his wife. Licence to alienate by fine the manors of Oldhorham and Madeherst, Sussex, and lands in Walderton, Stoughton, Estwyteryng, Southbynsted, Angmeryng. Langburtham, Shuldham, alias Selham, Rotyngden; Brighthelmeston, Oldshoreham, Madeherst, Ovyngden, and Newshorham, with the advowson of the church of Shuldham, alias Selham, to Thos. Bowyer, grocer of London. Westm., 28 Feb. Pat. 30 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 1.
The King has lowered the value of your money, nobles to 100 sous, and angels to 60 sous. He intends to do you a bad turn. Great preparations are being made secretly. His great ship of Havre Neuf is ready and artillery has been brought from Paris. This ship will be accompanied by 50 others, or more. You must fortify your places and harbours. The ambassador who is coming to you, (fn. 18) is to ascertain the truth about matters which they have reported to the King, at which he is ill content. Be on your guard, for the King intends harm, whatever good face the ambassador may show.
Fr., p. 1.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Mr. Wriothesley, your last letters of the 25th ult. show that to fair weather is succeeded, beyond all men's expectation, very cloudy weather. They can do us no harm; we trust in God. Be of good comfort; "we lack nor heart, nor courage." Your letters yesterday I declared to the King, who the night before had letters from Mr. Wyat and perceives that in Spain things are waxen from colder to coldest. Pole is there and the Emperor says if he were his own traitor coming from the Holy (scilicet) Father he cannot refuse him audience. As to the marriage with the duchess of Milan all the stays is now upon the dispensation, which before was never spoken of. As to the straiter alliance they say they will observe all their treaties. We mistrust them and shall look to our defence.
Wriothesley is to take leave and come hither into the King's dominions. The ambassador Chappuy shall have licence to depart hence with favour if he persist in requiring it. In asking for leave he made no great mention of going there for the expedition of affairs. Mr. Vaughan is to be appointed to stay there and Mr. Kerne to return with Wriothesley who shall take leave with a good countenance.
Corrected draft.


  • 1. Reprinted by Wilkins (III. 779) from Strype, but without the heading (which must have been on the document itself), viz.: "A letter prepared," &c. As "abbots" are mentioned and the King is styled "lord of Ireland," the document must be some years earlier than the date to which Strype assigns it in the body of the work (p. 191.) It may have been drawn up indeed, some years before 1539 to accompany a new code of ecclesiastical laws which was never actually framed. It certainly seems to contemplate something more than the above proclamation about ritual; but in the absence of better evidence as to date, it is placed here.
  • 2. This letter is printed in the Parker Society's edition of Cranmer's letters as of the year 1537. But the endorsement, if accurate, proves it to be of the year 1539. If the endorsement be inaccurate, there seems reason for attributing it to the year 1538. See Vol. XIII. Part II. No, 1280. f. 14 b.
  • 3. He died on the 23 Feb. 30 Hen. VIII. (1539). See Inquis. p.m. 31 Hen. VIII. No. 25, which proves that the endorsement is right, otherwise the date "29 February," if correct could only be 1540.
  • 4. Owen Oglethorpe, S.T.B.
  • 5. Wriothesley.
  • 6. Added in Cromwell's hand.
  • 7. Rubbed out.
  • 8. Marked "n." in margin.
  • 9. Marked with a cross in margin.
  • 10. Blanks in MS.
  • 11. These words are added in Cromwell's hand.
  • 12. Cancelled.
  • 13. Blank in M.S.
  • 14. Cancelled.
  • 15. No doubt a nickname for the Friars Observants.
  • 16. Blank in original.
  • 17. The name of his abbey is a little indistinct, and has been left blank by Rymer.
  • 18. Marillac.