Letters and Papers: March 1539, 1-5

Pages 166-177

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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March 1539

Add. MS.
32, 646, f. 121.
No. 51.
Perceives, by the report of the bp. of Llandaff, president of his Council in the North, Sir Thos. Wharton, deputy warden of his West Marches, and Sir Wm. Evre, captain of Berwick, and by James' letters to them and a proclamation made in Scotland prohibiting the making of slanderous rhymes against Henry, that he has had respect not only to the proximity of blood between them and the reverence which a nephew owes to his uncle, but also to the terms of the sincere love and alliance between them and to the consideration that, as the honour of kings redounds to other kings, so their defamation is the defamation of others. Sends the bearer, an officer of arms, to thank him, and explain that, as well in the sending of a lion, whereof one of James' counsellors has written to Lord Cromwell, as in other matters, Henry will endeavour to do him pleasure. Westminster, —March, (fn. 1) 30 Hen. VIII.
Draft, pp. 2. Inaccurately endd. in a later hand: 1538, 20 May. M. to the K. of Scotland upon the return of the bishop of Llandaff and the ambassador of the K. from thence.
Livery of Lands. See GRANTS in MARCH, No. 4.
1 March.
R. O.
408. SHIPS.
Order for the publication in the ports of a proclamation about piracy, and for the detention of all ships, English or foreign, not having licence dated after the date of this, by the King's letters, or by those of the lord Privy Seal, or other of the Council. Westm., 1 March, 30 Hen. VIII. Signed with a stamp.
29 copies, each on one page.
1 March.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
In addition to what Cromwell wrote lately by Gowghe, there is news that there are pirates come from Holland and Zealand to rob the English, and that on Ash Wednesday last all ships were arrested till Easter, by proclamation made at Antwerp. The English ambassador cannot find out whether English ships are included, but for surety the King has ordered all ships and crayers of all nations to be arrested. In Flanders it is reported that the Emperor, the French king and bp. of Rome are confederate against England. Desires Bonner to ask Francis to take it in good part if French ships are arrested among others. Expects some knowledge of the inclination of France by Mons. de Castillon. Asks Bonner whether he thinks the French king will be their enemy if the Emperor declares against them. Has received his letters of the 24th. He is to tell the French king that from time to time and by little and little his ships shall be delivered and no damage done. London, 1 March.
Headed: Copie of the lettres to my lord of Heref., po Martii anno R.R.H. viij., xxxo. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
This morning I received your letters by the bearer, and will accomplish their tenour with diligence. As soon as I have an answer from the ports, I will wait upon the King. Sharland, 1 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxx.
1 March.
Vesp. F. XIII.
Begs a final answer to his suits. He is now God's prisoner, and God knows whether he shall enjoy any of it. Begs an answer by his chaplain, the bearer, and pardon for his rude writing, being so vexed that his wits are not his own. At my poor house of the Base, 1 March. Signed.
1 March.
R. O.
Has, this year and more, showed Cromwell the wrongs committed against him by the bp. of Winchester and his officers. Neither Cromwell's letter nor Palmes's labour to the Bp. was regarded. His cousin Coke, with gentlemen and farmers, of Sir John Wallop's tenants, assembled on St. Matthias' even last, and inducted as parson at Bentworth the quondam abbot of Bewley. They entered the parsonage with violence, sealed the barn doors, and hired men "to jangle and ring the bells above all measure and custom of a charitable induction." Palmes's name and estimation are clean lost and destroyed. His said cousin then came to the Angell of Basyngstoke, and said he would make Palmes a notable example to all the shire. Invokes God's help. Wytheford, 1 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[1 March?]
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser. iii.
Since he was last with Cromwell, has received to the King's use 12 houses of Friars, that is, one in Huntingdon, four in Boston, four in Lincoln, one in Grantham, one in Newark, and one in Grimsby. They were all poor, in some places not so much left as to pay the debts by 3l. or more, so that the King will have nothing but the lead, about 12 score fother, 24 bells, and a chalice of 6 or 10 ozs. in every house. Has these chalices with him. Is going to Hull, Beverlaye, Scarborough, Carlisle, Lancaster, and the houses he hears of by the way. The Mayor and Aldermen of Grymesby paid most of his costs there. Has committed the house, lead, and bells to the Mayor. They will make suit to have it for a common house for ordnance, and other necessaries for defence. It stands very well for the purpose, near the water and open on the sea. Estimates the lead at about 20 or 22 foders, and begs him to favour their suit. Grimsby, 29 Feb. (fn. 2) Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
Rymer XIV.
Surrender (by John Howe, prior, &c.), of the house and all its possessions in cos. Devon, Cornw., Soms., Dors., Wilts., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof, 1 March 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John the prior, and 18 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 37.]
Seal flattened.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 3] as acknowledged, same day, before Wm. Petre, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions appointed to the late prior and convent of the surrendered house of Plympton, 1 March 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—.
John Howe, prior, 120l.; Wm. Peyrs, sub-prior, and Ric. Keyser, 10l. each; Hen. Derke, 8l.; Hen. Luxton, 106s. and 8d. (and serving the cure of Shave to have in all 7l.); Simon Saverey, Robt. Rudge, John Ferrys, John Derke, Ralph Savage, Barnard Cole (to serve the cure of Wenbury), John Pereman, John Bedforde, Robt. Demonde, John Nycolles, Robt. Heron, Edw. Marten, Thos. Wylcockes, and John Wymonde, from 6l. to 4l. 13s. 4d. each. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: William Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1.
1 March.
R. O.
Has received his letter dated London, 18 Feb., saying that there is a cell at Lincoln belonging to the monastery, where is but one or two monks at the most, and sometimes none, no hospitality kept, nor Almighty God served, nor any religious order. For time out of memory there has been a prior and two monks there continually, as at this day, God well served, religion kept, and poor folk relieved after ability, as all the country can testify; and especially in the last commotion time, witnessing Sir Fr. Brian with his gentlemen and company. Asks him, being their head steward, to spare the cell. York, 1 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
416. _ to [BONNER].
The last of this month at 8 p.m. I received your letter by ... ons. I sent your books to Rouen with a letter to Mr. Styll, dated Saturday, to forward them to London to Thos. Seryll, my lord Privy Seal's servant. I wrote to you of it with other news. This day came to Paris a post from Mons. de Chatilion, who is already on this side of Bollyn coming in post. As to the matter ye willed me to do, I intend to make merry in the country on Monday and Tuesday and will lack no good will. to day I will speak with Mr. Warde and Mr. Weldon, and show them your lordship's ... "By the next messenger (?) that I can * * to send unto your lordship the book and that ye [wro]tt to me for." Paris, 1 March.
P.S.—"Mons. Chatilion is this all ready in Paris." Signed: "Your poor priest to [command] * *"
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the right honourable my lord ambassador of [the King's Grace of] England."
1 March.
Ribier, I.
Ten days ago the L'Eleu of Avranches (fn. 3) declared his charge to the Emperor, who is very glad to hear what the King will do for the reduction of the affairs of Germany and has ordered a copy of the instructions given to the abp. of Luuden for this effect to be given to Tarbes and Auranches. As to the affair of St. Pol, the Emperor has not yet given an answer, being too busy about the enterprise of the Levant, in which it is said the Pope and Venetians remit all to his direction.
Granvelle says that all which passed here upon the charge of the Cardinal of England (and the reply of the Emperor that he would do nothing in this without the participation of Francis, and that the enterprise against the Turk and the state of Germany must be considered in connection with it) has been sent to M. de St. Vincent, the ambassador, who has sufficient instructions to settle everything. Credence for L'Eleu of Auranches, who will be with Montmorency at least as soon as the Cardinal, who makes more than half the journey upon his horses. Toledo, 1 March 1538.
R. O.
Within six days the captains of the legionaries and the centennyers and sergeans de bende have been secretly warned to be always ready when wanted, — it is not known for what. On Saturday last, 1 March, the secretary of Mons. du Bies reported to the abbot of Notre Dame de Boulogne that his master had letters from Court that both the Emperor and the King would issue proclamations against either Burgundians or Frenchmen having to do with the English on pain of the halter; but as yet he has received no such orders. There are great numbers of troops between Orleans and Paris, which it is said are going into Normandy to sail for Scotland, and Mons. de Guyse is to be their captain.
Fr., p. 1.
2 March.
R. O.
Sent a servant to Dover to prepare a ship against his coming thither, but the inhabitants told him they had orders from the King to let no man pass. Stays here till he knows Cromwell's pleasure. If he go forward asks Cromwell to write to the officers to let him have passage. Canterbury, 2 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Sir George Carew.
2 March.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the priory and all its possessions in co. Cornw., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 2 March 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Robt. Swymmer, prior, and 7 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 40.]
Seal much injured.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 32] as acknowledged before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned to the late prior and convent of St. Germaynes (the first quarter to be paid at Lady Day next), viz.:—.
Robt. Swymmer, prior, 66l. 13s. 4d., Steph. Saygemour, Ric. Trowte, Robt. Vyen, and Wm. Lawry, 106s. 8d. each; John Rithe, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Robt. Capell, novice, 40s. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: William Petre: John Smyth.
P. 1
2 March.
R. O.
My neighbour Nicholas Rudstone brought me your letters in his favour for three of my farms, Hayton, Burneby and Beylby. Hayton is not in my hands. Sir Marmaduke Constable the elder has it in farm under our chapter seal. Burneby, though but a little thing, is near my house here, and I require some help of my own tithes. Beylby is in the hands of my vicar of Hayton, whom I have suffered to have it for many years to mend his hospitality, and I doubt not he keeps as good a house as some of his lay neighbours who can spend five times more than he can. If you command it to Nicholas Rudstone I beg that he find sureties for the rent "for I am but a stranger in this country and have no kinsfolk and few friends, and I live all of the penny." Thorneton, 2 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
Wrote last night, by Petley. Sent by him a letter of my lord Privy Seal declaring the King's pleasure touching his "eaffereys" (affairs) there. Today my said lord and the Council sent him this letter to be conveyed in haste. Supposes he will learn my lord Privy Seal's pleasure when next he speaks with him. Thinks there is no doubt of the Friars, but the other matter comes faintly forward. London, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 March.
R. O.
My fellow Spylman who is here, one of the receivers of the Augmentations, has before this enterprised to meddle with the house lately belonging to the Grey Friars of Canterbury, and, as he says, by your Lordship's direction. He now tells me that Batherst, whom, I have heard, the King wishes to dwell in Canterbury for the erection of cloth making, has lately informed him that the King intends him to have the said house, and he has asked him for the keys of it, which Spylman has refused. If Batherst or another of the best clothiers in Kent were disposed to set up clothmaking in Canterbury the house of Black Friars would be sufficient for the purpose, but I hear he insists on having the Grey Friars. Two parish churches were robbed in Canterbury last night, but we know not the offenders. Canterbury, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Keeper of the Privy Seal.
3 March.
R. O.
Received by bearer, about 8 p.m., Cromwell's letter of this day's date, and has dispatched to all the ports accordingly. Sharland, Monday, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Anno xxx.
3 March.
R. O.
I had a priest who was put to my service by Mrs. Danyell, "which was my old lady's of Norfolk gentlewoman." I put away a servant for ill rule three days before the first Sunday of Lent. I sent my priest Sir William to the town on a message, and on his return I asked if he would fast this Lent. He answered he had fasted this Lent (sic) ever since he was fourteen, and "would not fast this Lent till he did see a new world." I asked what he meant, and he said "he meant a nother way," as Abrame and Parker, my servants, can show you. I then sent for the archdeacon of St. Alban's and Mr. Rowlet, and commanded him to gaol. I send a book of juggling, which he confesses to have kept these three years. I sent for Mr. Rowlet to examine him in gaol, and also for Mr. Conyngesby, because he was a justice of the peace of that shire, who counselled me to send him to your Lordship. Since he was in gaol he has written a letter with his own hand, as Mr. Conyngesby can shew you. Give credence to my servants. I pray you show my last letter to you to my husband, and write me an answer, whereto I shall trust. He sent word by Mr. Rowlett, since I wrote, that he would have me "suggeyng" with my brother Stafforde or my lord Hussey. (fn. 4) "I would not be in my lord Bray's house of all the houses that I know, and I were disposed to suggyn, as I am not, my Lord my husband have sende to me ij years a go by Mr. Rowlett that I would not do. I knew wherefore my Lord my husband would have me suggyn to keep me barer than I am, he think then that I should suggyn, which intent is to bring me to his purpose." They shall not rule me as long as I offend not the King; I am of age to rule myself, as I have done these five years, since my husband put me away.
It were better I kept my own house; for he will be angry with those I "suggyn" with, if they cannot bring their purpose about, just as he said those who wrote to me in his cause gave me ill-counsel, "but I have letter to show contrary." Be not displeased that I have not followed your counsel to come home again, "which I will never do during my life." Redborne, 3 March.
The priest said, of the book of juggling, he would not for nothing it should be known whence it came. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo Sealed.
3 March.
R. O.
On the 3rd March 30 Hen. VIII., have come before Sir John Jernyngham and John Harvye, commissioners of pence in co. Suffolk:—(1.) Wm. Hendry, master of a ship called the Macrell, of Cley, and showed a cocket dated 15 Feb. at Blakeney, Norf., for 60 qrs. of barley charged in the said ship of the goods of John Hall of Cley, to be delivered at London or elsewhere in this realm. (2.) Wm. Bloke, stranger, master of the Peter, of Rosyndale, in Flanders, with a cocket of 16 Feb., proving that ship to be charged at Lynne Regis with 400 qrs. of malt and barley of John Dymock, of Lynne, for Calais or elsewhere in the realm. It is confessed that these 400 qrs. are goods of Cornelius Crue, of Anwarpe, though in the name of John Dymock. (3.) Henry Jacobson, with a cocket of 7 Feb., proving 150 qrs. of barley to be charged at Lynne Regis in the James, of Dordryk, for London, of the goods of Thomas Hendryckson, of Dordryck. (4.) Mase Petirson, of Dordryck, with a cocket of 10 Feb., proving 200 combs each of malt and barley to be charged at Lynne in the Trego of Dordryck in Flanders, for Calais, of the goods of Thomas Palmer. (5.) Nich. Deryckson, stranger, with a cocket of 15 Nov., proving 70 qrs. of malt and 70 qrs. of malt and 70 qrs. of barley, of Thomas Harbottell, of Burnham, charged at Burham (sic) in the Christopher of Armewe,. in Zealand, "for the exterior parts," to be carried, &c. Md., the date of this cocket is razed. (6.) Roger Chamb-[er]leyn, with a cocket of 19 Feb., proving 20 qrs. of wheat, 20 qrs. of malt, and 100 qrs. of barley, charged at Wells, Norf., in the Margaret, of Wells, of the goods of Ambrose Fysk, of Wells, for Calais, to be carried, &c. (7.) John Hurlock, of Detford, with a cocket of 17 Feb., proving 200 qrs. of malt and 200 qrs. of barley, charged at Lynne in the Mary Fortune, of Lee, of the goods of Deryck Harmanson, a Dutchman dwelling in Southwark, for London, to be carried, &c. (8.) John Bretyngham, of Blakeney, with a cocket of 15 Feb., proving 140 qrs. of barley "and xx charged at Blakeney" in the Mary of Cley, goods of Wm. Elwyn, of Cley, for Rye.
Pp. 2. Endd.: Examinations of strangers for merchandise.
3 March.
R. O.
Have received Cromwell's letter by William Barreth, King's servant, commanding them to inquire whether a house called a provostry, in Cotherstoke, has been altered from the first institution and so forfeited to the King; also to take into their hands the muniments and writings of the same, and to examine by what right Sir George Malery, priest, and Dr. Artewyke, provosts of the same, held it. Dr. Artwyke, provost of the house, is at a benefice of his called Hastings, (fn. 5) 60 miles beyond London. Have sent for him to bring the foundation and other writings, and have appointed Barreth to return in three weeks, when their certificate shall be ready. Warmington, 3 March. Signed,
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
3 March.
R. O.
I know well what pains you have taken in this my suit. The conclusion is, as I perceive by your letters, that the King "is dissolved that I shall a C. mark and render up Newnam Bryg." If Newnam Bryg were guardable, saving the King's pleasure, I would give it up for no man. I have served the King fast on 30 years and three years a suitor, and now to lose my office and have less than before! I refer to the King's pleasure. Wollffawll, 3 March. Signs as: your assured uncle.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
3 March.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender (by John Peryn, abbot, &c.) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Devon, Cornw., Dors., Soms., Glouc., Wilts, and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 3 March 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John the abbot, Robt. Walsh, prior, and 19 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II., 44.]
Seal much injured.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 4] as acknowledged, same day, before John Tregonwell, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pension list of Tavistock, assigned 3 March 30 Hen. VIII., viz.:—.
John Peryn, abbot, 100l.; Robt. Walshe, prior, 10l.; John Corter, prior of the cell of Cowyke, and John Harrys, 8l. each.; John Puxeley, John Axworthe, and Wm. Chester, 6l. 13s. 4d. each; Wm. Growdon, Steph. Kemell, Wm. Parke, Ric. Gregory, Wm. Williams, and Ric. Wakehame, 6l. each; Wm. Lechedon, Edm. Peryn, John Abrahame, John Benett, and Nich. Buckefaste, 106s. 8d. each; John Wele and Ric. Peke, 40s. each; Ric. Bonyfote, nil. Signed: Thomas Crumwell: Jo. Tregonwell: Wyllyam Petre: John Smyth.
Pp. 2.
3 March.
R. O.
St. P. III.,
Petition to be confirmed in the possession of the earldom of Desmond, to which he is right heir, although James FitzMorice of late pretends a title to it. FitzMorice has committed divers treasons and is a bastard, as there was no lawful marriage between Morice his supposed father and his mother, daughter of the late White Knight, dec., who was cousin german to the said Morice. James FitzMorice refused to abide by the determination of Sir Wm. Skeffington, the late Deputy, and the Council of Ireland, and has gone to the King trusting to be restored to the earldom. 3 March. Signed: "J. of D."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: "Th' earl of Osserey of the iijth of March to the King's highness."
3 March.
R. O.
St. P. III.,
Power of attorney to Edmund Sexton to conclude with the King or his Council of England upon the following:—1. To bring the chief rents held by O'Brene and McIryen Arra upon Limerick county to the King. 2. To bring rents to the King from all the English and Irish in Munster. 3. To aid in suppressing all abbeys and friars in Munster, and to take their lands in farm to himself and friends. 3 March 30 Henry VIII. Signed: "J. of D."
P. 1. Sealed. Endd.
[3 March.] (fn. 6)
Galba B. x.,
B. M.
432. JOHN A BOROWGH, of Calais, to [LISLE].
Has ridden along the sea coast from Calais to Skyellwyse (sic) in Flanders. Can see nothing further than before—no provision at all. At Skyellwse (Sluis) is a bark made upon a herringbuss, which "ys ryed[y to de]partt to see" with 180 men in her, who say they are pilgrims for St. James. Has also been in [Syell] and, and seen "the flewtt of holkes, wych are xliiij sayell," which [are in the] same order as when he was last there, "but only now the moste partt of [them] do ryed a sebord the Ramkyens called the Ynglyse Rood and dyver[s of them] hauff brokyen ther Bayell yerdes and ther bawspryttes the on agyenst [the other] yn thys last fowyll wytheryng," so that they are constrained to put back into the port of Armew to refit. Hears the said hulks have received "a howys lodyng" of field ordnance and other implements. "Also all the thyewff [es and] facabons ar schyppyed yn sondrye schypps, wych ar by estymasyon...persons or theraboutt, wych thay dye with yn bord all reddy by vj and ... every day." Other soldiers they have none. My lord of [Beures] has borrowed 60,000 gyeldyns of the Fockyers "or lx thossand..." and he would bind his towns, viz., Camffyer, Flyuscheng, and Bryewyrs Haveyn for payment, which the town will not agree to. Has also been at Camffyer and seen my [lord of] Camffyer's ship, "wyche schall passe hys person theryn." She is in good order and is painted, her sails half blue and half yellow, and two small galleons preparing to wait upon her. Also "Mosur de Borsswe" is in Holland, and there are ships preparing, but they can get no mariners. My lord of Camffyer is gone to the Court, and so is the abbot of Middelburg, and, I hear, all the great prelates of this country. Intends to follow them to learn news and return through the towns of Flanders as shortly as possible to bring your lordship further knowledge. Here is also come out of Portugal and Andalusia 16 or 18 great hulks, which were there "yn bargyd" three months to have served the Emperor, but are allowed to go home again to be ready when wanted. [No date.]
P.S.—Supposes his lordship is informed before this of the "ynbargyementt" of all ships of this land by Mons. de Bourswe. As yet no licence can be obtained for our nation to depart. Some of the Hollanders showed him in Zealand they would be revictualled in the West of England by the King our master. Knows well they spoke in derision. There are but few places in all the coast they can victual without the King's permission, and nowhere if his subjects are warned. The only places unprovided are the Downs, the Isle of Wight, the Road of Weymouth called the Gryesse, Falmouth and Goryse Lake in Mount's Bay, Torbay by Dartmouth, "and faste by yewyryon every one of thys plasys dully the supstansvall gantyellmen," who are able to give them victual for their money, and if they would otherwise take it, can show them part of "the mobyn" (?) of the King our master.
Hol., pp. 2. Mutilated.
3 March.
R. O.
St. P. VIII. 159.
Has been unable to get an answer touching the English ships although the duke of Arskot promised to send it on Monday by the Chancellor of the Order, as stated in his last letters to the King. Master Knight arrived on Friday evening with Cromwell's letters of the 26th ult. Relates an interview with the queen of Hungary, in which he objected to the Imperial Ambassador being recalled before another was sent. The Queen promising to despatch the new ambassador out of hand. Applied for the release of the English ships which were arrested with others, on the ground that the world would say there was open hostility, but could only obtain a promise to have them released with the others in about a week.
On his return home Mons. Lykirke came to tell him that the Queen would send the Dean of Cambray (fn. 7) in three days. Urged him for the release of the ships, saying that the King would be forced to arrest their ships and suggesting that war might ensue. He came back in the evening with permission for the ships to leave, if only Englishmen were in them. Told him the ships could not go, unless they could hire men to work them, mentioning that at the going home from the last Mart the merchants were robbed by pirates of 20,000 marks and had therefore fortified two ships. He promised full permission for the next day. Advises that neither of the ambassadors should be allowed to leave England until the ships arrive.
It is said that the French King, the bp. of Rome, and king of Scots are in a league to invade England this summer, and that the Emperor will allow certain Spaniards to go to Scotland, as it were against his will, who shall swear never to return until they have avenged the Dowager. All hope is past on the Duchess's part. Her servants dare not come to him but "in the owle flight," and go home without torches.
Poole is a great councillor of the Emperor and will be at the meeting, or else come to France. Besides other signs of unfriendliness, is obliged to pay excise which no English ambassador has ever done. All merchant strangers at Antwerp set over Englishmen's bills as fast as they may. The King is daily slandered and villainously spoken of. Advises the King to make preparations. The Emperor has made great provision, though it may be against the Turk. "England is made but a morsel amongst these choppers"; they would have the duke of Orleans a King, and the duke de Guise will visit his daughter in Scotland. Something may be attempted about Calais.
Is told that the Emperor should "be of the consent of the matter of Saxe and Hesse," and that these folks are angry that the King has an agent at Frankfort. Mons. de Bevers goes with the ships prepared here. Mons. Dures has gone to Almain to levy men. Asks Cromwell to thank Mr. Gresham, from whom he has received 710l. Brussels 3 March.
Hol. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
Left London on Wednesday, 26th "of this present," and arrived here on Friday, 3 p.m. Delivered Cromwell's letters to Wriothesley who was delighted that Cromwell was content with his doings. He was in a marvellous agony before to see the sudden change and variety of the world, like a ship upon the sea. Does not think all the tempests of the world will sink us under water, God being master of our ship. Wriothesley is so earnest in all his conferences that he seemeth to pass upon nothing in the world but upon common friends. If things succeed well at Antwerp his vehemence hath won it, as it were by violence. Touching the proclamation for the recovery of Philipps, told him that Cromwell took it well now it was done, but wished it had not been made at all, wherewith he was astonished. No son is more desirous to please his father than Wriothesley is to please Cromwell. Brussels, 3 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxo.
3 March.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 253,
B. M.
435. WYATT to the Bp. OF HEREFORD. (fn. 8)
Bearer, who for business of his city has been in the Emperor's court, has asked for letters of introduction to Hereford. He is a right honest man and understands the things of his country. Begs Hereford to see to the conveyance of any letters which may come from him for Wyatt, for they shall be important for the King's service. Toledo, 3 March.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: To my lord of Herforde, 3 March, by Hulrike the Almain, from Toledo.
See GRANTS in MARCH, No. 9.
4 March.
R. O.
I send a warrant which my lord Privy Seal made me write, desiring to have the same returned with speed to me or to Mr. Popley. Apparently he wishes it to be kept secret. He wants also an answer to the letters sent by Pettley and Baldwin Poncherdon. Polstede has promised me the commission of the Freres; but if war breaks out, his coming over at this time is improbable. You will be disappointed of the 400l. and it seems that this matter is delayed to see which way the world will turn, for war or peace. If war, there will be no money had at my lord's hands. God's promise is only sure to trust unto and no man's. London, 4 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
Account of the negociations on the application of the English ambassador [Wriothesley], 14 Feb. 1538, to the Queen [of Hungary] for the extradition of Henry Philipps, on the plea that he had stolen from him on Thursday, the 6th, a large sum of money, in which Chr. Joye, who had fled, was his accomplice. The ambassador also desired that Will. Layton, who desired to clear himself of the same charge, might be allowed to go to England. This it was thought right to grant, provided Layton would go willingly and not in irons. As to Philipps, the ambassador having shown evidence that he was in Brussels, the Queen promised to make inquiry. Philipps presented a petition, 19 Feb., for safe conduct to come and clear himself before the Emperor's officers.
See Spanish Calendar, (fn. 9) V. II., No. 215.
4 March.
Theiner, 608.
In behalf of Henry Berton, a learned Englishman, who last summer escaped to Scotland, after encountering many dangers for his constancy to the Faith, and has been preaching for nearly a year in Scotland. He wishes to be not far off from the General Council to await the end of the disturbance. Begs the Cardinal to speak in his favour to the Pope and elsewhere. Edinburgh, IV. non. Mart. 1538.
Lat. A mutilated copy is in Royal MS. 18 B. VI. 55b., B.M.
4 March.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Wrote lately by Edmund Germayn. Mons. de Lykirke has broken his promise. Will never think therefore that the ships will depart clear till he hears of their arrival in England. It appears that they stay only upon their ambassador. (fn. 10) The stay of our ships hath brought almost all men to believe that war must follow. The matter is of no less weight in value than 100,000l., besides the breach of treaty. We are now here very strangers, and the French ambassador is one of the chief of the Council. Has sent to his fellows in Gelderland to stay till they hear from him.
There is a sudden rumour that the Emperor will go to Constantinople in person. Thinks it is sent forth to blear their eyes. The ships here are either appointed to tarry about the coast, or will not be ready to depart of a good season. Brussels, Tuesday, 5 March. (fn. 11)
Received this morning his letters by Harvy. Will write from Callice. Sent both to the Duke (fn. 12) and Queen, but could have no audience. Will have audience of her to-morrow, or hunt with her.
Hol. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
5 March.
R. O.
Credence for his household servant, the bearer, whom he sends to the Duke. From our palace near London, 5 March 1538.
Lat., p. 1. In Vannes' hand and signed by him. Add.
5 March.
ninger, IV.,
Report, XLV.
App. II., 19.
Values highly Christian's friendship, of which he has seen evidence from the very beginning of his rule, and desires credence for his household servant (familiaris noster) the bearer. Palace near London, 5 March 1538.
Lat. Endd. by Suavenius: "Creditiva reddita per doctorem Anthonium."
5 March.
Sylloge, 100.
As he counts them not among the least intimate of his friends, and friends ought to inform each other of their affairs, sends the bearer, his household servant, to explain to them certain matters of the gravest importance. Palace near London, 5 March 1538.
5 March.
R. O.
This 4th March, Nic. Hyde and John Gryese, of Henley-upon-Thames, came to me, at Newbury, reporting that in the church at Henley the image of Thomas Becket "with the whole feigned story of his death" is suffered to remain on the glass window of Our Lady's chapel; also that the beams, irons and candlesticks (whereupon tapers and lights used to be set up to images) are not taken down, whereby the simple people believe that they will again be allowed to set up candles to images and that the old fashion will return. Thomas Wolley, of Henley, has forbidden five of his neighbours his house for holding with the Gospel, saying, "that he had evil will for receiving such men of the new learning." Thus men are discouraged from the truth and the King's commands ignored. Though Sir Walter Stoner is justice of peace at Henley, I reckon great negligence in the bp. of Lincoln, who is nigh there, and I fear it is worse in other places of his diocese.
The stationers of London, for their lucre and gains are not ashamed to sell still such "premers" as corrupt the King's subjects. Many such have been brought me, and a great "sort of other most ungracious Popish books" have I taken within Newbury. With your authority I could collect many more. Please send answer by the bearer, young Mr. Wynchcombe, whether I shall burn these Popish books at the Market Cross or not. Newbury, 5 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal, "ad manus."
5 March.
R. O.
445. NORROY, King of Arms, to the Bp. of [HEREFO]RD.
Met with Catyllon at St. Denys, who wished me to have returned to the Court, and he would speak for me, for he was instantly desired by my lord of Suffolke. Asked him if the princes continued still in amity. He said yea, but they had ill servants as well there as here. He told my lord Deputy that the King our master was good enough, but his Council were naught. My lord Deputy has been very sick, but is now well amended. Gave him your letter.
All the communication here is of war, for which he is preparing. All those who have rooms on this side the sea repair hither with all diligence. This morning Mr. Carew, captain of Rysbanke, and his wife, landed at Whytesande, but have not yet come to Calais. Mr. Wallop will be here shortly, and they say lord Sandys also. Callys, 5 March.
Recommendations to Master Styward.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord bishop of [Herefo]rde, the King's [ambass]adour in the parties of France.
5 March.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Yesterday, received letters from Spain that card. Pole, after having been with the Emperor to solicit him on behalf of the Pope against the King, is coming to do the like with Francis. Asks him to show this to the King and Constable, and write him their inclination about it, and also the answer about his Master's affairs. Is sending a courier to England to-morrow. Melune, 5 March.
Fr. Copy in Bonner's hand, headed: "The copy of my letter sent to Chastilion."


  • 1. Henry was at Westminster from the 1st to the 11th March, and perhaps a day later. He was at Dover on the 16th.
  • 2. Perhaps a mistake for 1 March as it is certain this letter was not written in a leap year.
  • 3. His name was Christopher Sizesmes (not "Syresmes," as read by the editor of the Spanish Calendar, Vol. V., Part II., p. 460 note). "L'élu" was an old French title for an officer of finances. In some Spanish State Papers (owing, no doubt, to a misreading of "Auranches" as "Auranje") he is misnamed the élu of Orange; which has caused much confusion. Sizesmes was secretary to the Constable Montmorency, and the editor is indebted to Prof. De Crue of Geneva, who has made Montmorency's life a special study, for this information about him.
  • 4. So in MS.
  • 5. Dr. Edward Artwyke appears as rector of All Saints in Hastings in Valor Eccl. I. 345.
  • 6. According to a modern marginal note the date is "Antwerp, 3 March," which seems probable enough, but there is no such date visible in the document.
  • 7. Philip Majoris.
  • 8. Nott prints this as to the "earl of Hertford."
  • 9. † The document is wrongly placed in the Spanish Calendar in the historical year 1538.
  • 10. Chapuys.
  • 11. An error for Tuesday, 4 March.
  • 12. Of Arschot.