Letters and Papers: April 1539, 1-5

Pages 330-348

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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April 1539

Requests licence for himself and others of Bristol, to buy of the lead of the suppressed houses 1,000 fodder at 10 years' day of payment with sureties, and Cromwell shall have 1,000 crowns, besides doing "a charitable good deed to the great relief of many," considering the great loss the writer and others of Bristol have sustained.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: John Drewe. Aprilis.
As your lordship is called by God to be minister of goodness to a multitude, I must ask to be admitted of the number, considering the losses I have sustained; otherwise I cannot long endure. I have long been a suitor for Henbury, belonging to the bpric. of Worcester, whereof I received small relief. I fear your lordship has conceived some ill opinion of me.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: Anno xxxo. John Drew.
1 April.
Loseley MS.
Conveyance by Chr. More, of Losely, co. Surrey, Esquire, to King Henry VIII., of the moiety of River Park, co. Surrey, in reversion, for the sum of 160l. 1 April 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by the King.
Exhibited by W. More Molyneux, Esq., in the Tudor Exhibition (1890).
1 April.
Stuff of my master's remaining at Hondesdon, 1 April 30 Hen. VIII.
A nightgown, furred with lamb, and faced with lusarnes. A jacket of tawny velvet and tawny satin. Doublets of crimson and other satin. A black velvet cap with a brooch with four men standing on a green rock. Hose of various colours. Upper and nether stocks, scarlet and black. A "sorde" with the bp. of Rome's arms. A skayne with hilts, loker and chape gilt. A hawking woodknife, with a whetstone tipped with silver. A green coat lined with buckram. A green sarcenet hat embroidered 'with gold. Four canvas bags for pheasants. Shoes, black velvet quartered, Spanish leather. 2 crossbows, and 16 forked arrows. 2 vyrall bolts, and 4 matresys (?). A great bible, and a great book of statutes. 2 quivers for crossbows. A crossbowe rack and a gaffull, and other articles.
P. 2.
1 April.
R. O.
The bearers will recount to you one of the basest and most punishable of mercantile offences. A Florentine undertook to carry 10,000 crs., belonging to a merchant of Thoulouse, and other French subjects, to Lyons; instead of which he has decamped to this city and trusts to be released from his obligation on pretext of a protection had from you 15 or 20 days ago. I beg you to have him arrested until to-morrow, or when you please, I shall speak with you on the subject. London, Tuesday, 1 April. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.: Mons. du Priveseel. Endd.: Ao 30.
1 April.
Has received 2; houses of friars in the North, containing 9 score friars and more. They were the poorest he ever came in. All the best were taken by other visitors. Feels rebuked that he can bring no more substance to the King. The substance of the houses in Wales, Cornwall, Devonshire, and those parts, rests still by indenture unsold, except the plate, which he has delivered. The rest of the houses are for the most part scarce sufficient to pay their debts and despatch the poor men, and save the little plate. The four houses of nuns that were of the friars' order were in his commission, viz., the Minores, Denney, Bresezard (Bruisyard), and Darford, but they are ordered by others. Asks to have the receiving of Darford. Is going to Canterbury to execute for my lord's grace on Thursday, in the Cathedral church. Will come to Cromwell immediately afterwards. Asks for some assurance of his living at Langley. 1 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd: Ao xxx.
1 April.
R. O.
The shire has chosen Wriothesley a knight of the shire. Begs him to inform the lord Privy Seal that Mr. Wursely was also chosen. Hears that there is means made for friendship to be between Wriothesley and the bp. of Winchester. As for his own peace, does not foresee much, as he knows, above all others, he is most in the Bp.'s displeasure, for he "encountered" their great brags. They say it is necessary for Wriothesley to have the Bp.'s favour; "with the which" the writer will not be till the country and priests are settled, which he fears will be long; for it is in decay since Wriothesley's leaving and the Bp.'s coming, whom, they say, the King calls "his own bishop," aud who, they believe, can do great things. Has long thought Docter Stuerde an honest man, but fears he is deceived in that opinion. Mr. Wallope does not favour the writer, but said, on departing, that his doings were nothing but justice. Has seen the day when Wallop thought him an honest man. Knows he is "well looked on," but does not greatly fear, and his heart is better since Wriothesley's coming into England. The lord Seyntjone is a "great doer" now at the Vyne and says "he will be herrode and condytore of everything him self" now at the burial. (fn. 1) Kyngysmyll's adversaries sow debate to sequester him from his friends. The lord Privy Seal commanded him to send up a warrant made by the lord Seyntjons for the order of beacons in the country, which he sends by bearer. On receipt of the warrant he sent out precepts in the King's name to the constables where the beacons were. Asks whether the beacons shall be watched night and day, as in time of war. Lord Seyntjones tries to get the people's favour; "they that will trust the untrusty and hath before proved I care the less, &c." The country would like to see Wriothesley at the sessions at Winchester, held the Monday and Tuesday in the week after Easter week, at which shall be made the return of the musters taken. When he was last at London, the lord Privy Seal said he should be a burgess in Parliament for some borough in a shire where he was not sheriff. Thinks his Lordship may have a place at Lurgarsalle, Wilts, which is in rule of Mr. Richard Bryges, knight of Berkshire in the Parliament, whose father and he were ever burgesses there. Would follow Wriothesley's advice if he had a place; and so would John Dalle. There is surely some mystery in the bp. of Winchester's conduct. John Nortone rides the Bishop's progress as steward in place of Mr. Pallett. Begs him, if they meet, to thank Mr. Hylls, sergeant of the Cellar, for the voices of freeholders in his bailliwick. When lord Seynt Jones came to Winchester for the "imperlance" and assembly of the commissioners the Bishop was at Waltham. Mr. Uncorne (Runcorn), the archdeacon, when the whole company were settled, came, with Boltone, yeoman of the Bishop's wardrobe, bringing the Bishop's letters, and immediately after came the "clerk of the kitchen" with one other; "the which I perceive was but a form," for before the clerk of the kitchen was fully come in Doctor Stuerde said to him "Come forward, it is well done." The other will not want a lodging though he went not from St. Swithin's (?). It was for no great love Herodes et Pilatus facti sunt amici. "In omnibus ideo non timebit cor meum; unam petii a Domino et hanc requiram ut inhabitem in domo Domini omnibus diebus vitæ meae." Urges him, "to avoid dissimulation and bearings," to be at the sessions. "It shall cause men to be bold in the good opinion, wherein they know you to be of the best, and thus God will be set forth, though the 'wolde' (fn. 2) maketh countenance to the contrary and cleff (cleave) fast for fear of loosing of their dominions." They make much of those they think are of their opinions, but say nothing. The Bishop upon first [coming into] Hampshire was presented with a dish, "noughe" much for his appetite; the children of the college of Winchester brought him a dish full of "letters of pystylls" and verses to the effect—"Welcome home, great councellor of the realm and purger of the Faith; long hath the city of Winchester been a widow by the space of iij years by thy absence." A friend of the Bishop's said "Your Lordship will be shortly at London at the Parliament." The Bishop said "he could not be thence so long, for he must be with the King at St. George's tide." They think if the Bishop gets favour they shall be restored to their "wolde dominion": prays God may bring the evil to light. Desires him to write to Hampshire to young Nich. Tychborne, Mr. Waytte, of Wymyryng, Mr. William Pownde, Mr. Nich. Uptone, Mr. Inkpen, and the writer's cousin, Nich. Deryng, to be at the sessions, as they are "indifferent" men. They and Mr. Banester must be there at the beginning of the court that he may reckon them. All of them dwell about you. Let them and Mr. Mylls bring as many of their neighbours as will go the true way. "We have metely well kept out the jugglers all this year, and now the trynkettes (?) thinkethitheir time is come; but the blind eateth many a fly." "Written at the Vyne, at the burial of my lady Sandes," 1 April.
P.S.—" I pray you show my lord Privy Seal that the gentlemen of Hampshire were diligent upon his advertisement to choose Master Wursley knight of the shire."
Hol., pp. 7. Add.: "one of the knights of the shire of Hampshire." Endd.: 3 April.
1 April.
Vesp. F. XIII.,
B. M.
Has received a summons to the Parliament on 28 April. His heart desires to accomplish the King's commandment, but his body cannot serve his heart. Requests Cromwell to get him excused. Stowaye, 1 April. Signed.
P. 1.
1 April.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Soms., Dors., Wilts, Glouc., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the Marches thereof. 1 April 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Elye, abbot, Ric. Bugge, prior, and 13 others. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 12.]
Seal lost.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 5, No. 17] as acknowledged, same day, before Wm. Peter, King's commissioner.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned to the abbot and monks of Brueton "by my lord Privy Seal," viz.:—
John Elye, abbot, 80l.; Ric. Bogye, prior, 7l.; Ric. Bushop, subprior, Ric. Herte, chamberer, B.D., John Dunster, chaunter, B.D., Wm. Wylton, chaplain, B.L., "Hewe Backwell, scolers in Oxon," 6l. each; John Gyls, fermerer, Thos. Eton, cellarer, Robt. Welles, steward, Wm. Burges, fraterer, Ric. Stacye, John Harrold, John Spicer, John Castelyne, and Ric. Alvorde, 5l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed: Thomas Crumwell.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Another copy of § 2 without the clause "by my lord Privy Seal." Signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
P. 1.
1 April.
R. O.
We have been shown by Godart de Linxelles that, about 15 days before Easter, his wife took in payment for salt and other things delivered to certain persons of Oye,5 raziers, 1 quarter less, of corn. One razier was received by her, which came from Nyeukerke, belonging to Anthoine Canwel, a burgess of our town, which he had given in alms to the convent of Franciscan friars here. But as she was bringing it home it was taken from her by one Casin Dictum and Henry Hunse, serjeants and guard of the country. Desire its release. 1 April 1539, après Paques.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
1 April.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
Burnet, IV.
Laments that though England has shaken off the Bishop of Rome, superstitious rites still remain. Was glad of the promise of a public conference on ritual, for while he approved of the correction of errors, he was sorry an article was added commanding the observance of accustomed rites and of celibacy. Think what a bondage it will be to the Church if creeping to the cross and such usages are enforced by corporal punishment. Urges reasons why the rites should be discountenanced, and priests should be permitted to marry. Francfort, Cal. Aprilis 1539.
Hol., Lat., pp. 4. Add.
Cleop. E. v.
B. M.
2. Summary of the contents of the preceding headed, "Summarium literarum Melanthonis."
P. 4.
1 April.
B. M.
IV. 679.
Although there is no one to whom he would more willingly write, he has been hindered by business from answering fully Heath's last letters about the authority of the Church. Enlarges upon duty of love to the Church, by which he means not that Roman congregation, but Adam, Noah, the Prophets, Christ, the Apostles, and the pious men who have preserved the purity of Celestial doctrine.
If Germany were tranquil, hopes well for study and the constitution of the churches. Pious and studious men abhor the impiety and cruelty of the adversaries. Cal. Aprilis 1539.
Franciscus salutes him.
Latin. Headed (by the Editor ?): D. Archidiacono Nicolao Heto Cantuariensi in Anglia.
1 April.
Add. MS.
18,591 f. 83.
B. M.
A paper headed "Consultado para escrivir a Italia, en Toledo a primero de Abril de dxxxix."
Upon the Pope's dissuasion of the enterprise, and putting forward of the affairs of France, Germany, and England, the despatch sent by Andalot is sufficient. Peace with Venice and the Turk. The Council, creation of Cardinals, duchess of Florence, Camarino, Ascanio Colonna, and other matters.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 6.
See Spanish Calendar VI. I. No. 52.
2 April.
Kaulek, 87.
London, 2 April:—His arrival rejoiced the English, who, seeing no ambassador come from France, thought war was already at their door. Presented his letters to the King at Greenwich, who received him kindly, and expressed the satisfaction with which Francis had understood from Castillon his good feeling towards him, to maintain which Marillac had been despatched. He seemed satisfied of the amity of Francis, which he had doubted because of certain reports that Francis would join with the Emperor and the Pope to attack him; and although his confidence in Francis made it difficult to believe this, yet he had made preparations to defend himself against all who would hurt him. He then asked if Francis had made any particular declaration about the match (party) that he had offered Francis by Castillon, to continue more easily the war against the Emperor. Replied that he had not, but that Francis merely thanked him for his honourable offer, and took it as a sign of his good will, and a confirmation of their amity: but to put it into immediate execution, to break the truce with the Emperor, would be unseemly in any prince. He would, however, write for further instructions.
For fear of war, and because of the number of Flemish ships which have lately been seen on the coast of Zealand, provision was made here in all diligence, that the enemy might take nothing by surprise. Places on the coast have been fortified, and about 150 vessels equipped and armed. Muster is made throughout the country of all those who can bear arms. But all this preparation is only for defence, not for invasion, for which also this is not the season.
French abstract.
* A modern transcript is in R. O.
2 April.
Kaulek, 88.
London, 2 April :—Wrote from Boulogne, 22 March, the causes which delayed his journey. Detained two days at sea by the bad weather, he arrived on the 28th at London, where, by the absence of the King's Council, he was kept waiting three days for an audience to deliver his letters of credence to the King. Has written at more length to the King (Francis) than he intends to do in future; for in future he will only write the substance to the King, and to the Constable the particulars of the bill.
The King of England has taken a marvellous distrust both of Francis and the Emperor, looking for war as certain, and making the most diligent preparations for the surety of his kingdom. In passing Dover, Marillac saw new ramparts and bulwarks in the rock where the sea beats, made since M. de Castillon's return into France, and well furnished with great and small artillery. At Canterbury and other places he passed, he saw them making muster of all subjects who can bear arms (as generally they have made throughout the domaine), enrolling all over 17 or 18 years, without excepting the aged, except the citizens of London who are exempt, being reserved for the guard of their own town. Cannot omit that they have taken the names of all French subjects here engaged in commerce, of whom some have wisely replied that they were determined nor to bear arms against their natural prince, others, being astonished, had not the boldness to make any contradiction. Met on the road a band of men going into garrison upon the Dune, a maritime country about Dover, who said they would be from 5,000 to 6,000 men. Approaching this town, upon the Thames, he saw the galleons and ships of this King ready to make sail with some of his subjects, which are being equipped with such diligence that it is expected that in Quasimodo (fn. 4) all this armada will be able to leave, and join some 30 vessels which are in the port" à chable" (sic) of Portsmouth in the neighbourhood of Hampton (vers le cartier d'Anthone), making in all 150 sail. All commerce is interdicted; for the merchants' ships are arrested, and express command given that no subject may leave the country, and all who are abroad shall return. Hears most of them are already returned. Nothing is done but to bring out and try the artillery of the castle of this town, and carry powder and ammunition to the chief places where the enemy could land. In short, they have gone so far, that whatever hurt may come, they could not be taken unprepared. The chief lords are at their posts as if the enemy were at the door. The cause of this trouble is that this King believes Francis, the Emperor and the Pope will join forces to chase him from his kingdom, and has heard, as he told the writer, from persons who should be the best informed, that Francis practises with the Emperor nothing but war against him (Henry) and that Montmorency's secretary remained in Spain in order to report the last conclusion thereof. The sudden departure of Castillon added great weight to this, and made them think war was on the point of commencing; and, soon after, the Emperor's ambassador demanded his congé without waiting for a successor, and with such instance that all doubts were dispelled. Upon these troubles the occasion of the sudden arming was given by 60 "hurques" of Flemings which lately passed from Flanders to Spain—for the expedition of Algiers, it was said; but people here believe the contrary, for, as these vessels are heavy and unsuitable for the Levant, they think all this preparation is to invade them—and anew there have been on the coast of Zealand 50 or 60 other ships reported to have 10,000 men on board. These things have much disturbed the mind of this prince, who expects to be invaded also on the side of Scotland, whither he has sent a good garrison. These preparations are entirely for defence; not for attack, unless it were to surprise some place on the French coast, and fortify it like Calais, which would be difficult to believe, for at present this King has nothing so dear as to preserve by all means the alliance of Francis.
Heard at Boulogne that an ambassador coming from Flanders had arrived at Calais. He is the dean of Cambray. He arrived here two days before Marillac, but has not yet seen the King. Will visit him as soon as he shall have had his audience.
French extract.
* A modern transcript is in R. O.
2 April.
R. O.
Please move the King for my return, for I lie here at no little charge and can do him no service. I suppose he will learn from my lord of Hertford the news of the preparation both of France and Flanders. I therefore desire your remembrance against this good time. This country is very scant of victuals. Dover Castle, 2 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
Has been heretofore encouraged to repair to Cromwell in any suits he might have. Offers his services at the election of knights of the shire of Norfolk at Norwich on the 14th inst. Will be there with his tenants and friends to give their voices to such as Cromwell shall indicate. The common bruit runs on Mr. Sowthewell and Mr. Wyndham, named, as Mr. Sowthewell has told Knyvet, by the King and Cromwell. To this he will not give over firm credence till he knows Cromwell's pleasure; which he will support as diligently as if Cromwell had appointed him, a man very insufficient in comparison with Sowthewell. Begs to know Cromwell's pleasure. Bucckenham, 2 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
Thanks for your late letters to me. One Richard ap Rosser, servant to James Whitney, abiding in the Court (as I am informed), can disclose certain coiners of crowns. If your lordship will cause Mr. Whitney to send his servant to this Council, I will try the truth thereof. Be good to the bearer who has worshipfully used himself in his brother's causes here. Ludlowe, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
Thanks for news in Cromwell's letters of 26 March. Is glad to perceive the forwardness the King and Lord Admiral "have set their things in where they have now lately travailed." Trusts he has done his part to the King's satisfaction. Where Cromwell writes how firm the people of those parts are to stick to the King, trusts the King's subjects in these parts will not be found inferior to them in diligence. The workmen at Berwick, which shall be no less than 300, cannot have sufficient corn here. Desires that Anth. Rouse may be ordered to send thither 300 or 400 quarters of wheat. The King would be a gainer, for, when the Duke left Norfolk, wheat was selling there at 5s. a quarter and here it is now 7s. or 8s. the quarter. Malt is 13 or 14 groats the quarter which in Norfolk was 11 groats or 4s. The sooner the works devised are at a point the more the King shall be pleased, and the cost no more for 20 men working 1 day than 1 man working 20 days. If you see any likelihood of business with France a very great proportion of such corn must be sent hither for such as shall be laid in garrison; for however fair words the Scots give us they will do as France does.
After closing my letter to the King and writing the premises last night, at Robert à Colingwood's house, I deferred sending it till. I passed through Tynedale and Riddesdale to this town; in which journey I have had innumerable complaints of thefts. Today I hear by a Scotchman, a sure spy, that he was called by the king of Scots on the Tuesday before my coming to Berwick and desired to ride to his own house, within 5 miles of Berwick, to discover the occasion of the duke of Norfolk's coming to these parts. "He never came hither" said the King "for any good to this realm and, being an old man as he is, and hath nother land ne offices in the North parties, it cannot be but he is come thither for some ill purpose." He sent to a friend at Berwick to enquire the truth, whom Norfolk assured that he came for no ill intent, and desired him so to assure the Scots without showing that he had spoken to him. Desired him also to communicate the king of Scots' answer which he received yesterday afternoon. When the man had shown the King that Norfolk came for no ill purpose, the latter replied "It is truth, for I am so advertised by divers ways, and if the King mine uncle do make me no war I will drive off for making any to him for this year at the least, notwithstanding that I think surely France woll break with them, and by that time this year be passed we shall see much how the world woll frame, and though France should be discontented with me as I think they woll be therefore, yet I woll tract the time with them for one year and then I will no further meddle than the words of my treaty with them doth purport." Desires Cromwell to excuse him to the King for opening the letter from the king of Scots sent herewith, as it seemed needful to be privy to the contents. Begs Cromwell to defer granting any suit for putting in any soldiers in Berwick till he can see him. Hexham, 2 April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. erroneously in a later hand: 1537.
2 April.
Wake's State
of the Church,
App. 226.
Procuratorium of the chapter of York, constituting Geoffrey Downes, S.T.P., chancellor of York cathedral, Will. Holgyl and John Braynesbie, S.T.P., canons of the metropolitan church of York, and prebendaries of Laughton, &c., and Thos. Marsar, bachelor in decrees, canon of St. Mary, Suthewell, their proctors in the parliament to be held at Westminster, 28 April. Chapter house, York, 2 April 1539.
2 April.
R. O.
Writes in behalf of the mayor and burgesses of Berwick who allege that they suffer injuries from the mayor and brethren of Newcastle and the customers of Lyne, as the bearer will explain. Berwick Castle, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. · Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
My duty remembered unto your good mastership. On Sunday last the Emperor's ambassador (fn. 5) which came out of England dined at one Gerald Starkes, sometime tolner here, where he said more harness, powder and gunstones were conveyed into England than remained here. In so much that on Monday last search was made in the ships laden for England and 2 maunds of harness belonging to a man of Antwerp and 3 maunds, containing 6 barrels of gunpowder of Mr. Over's, were taken out. Mr. Colyns and he have ridden to Brussels to inform Mr. Ambassador of it.
The 56 hulks which be in Holland are to follow their fellows into Bretayn to St. Paul's Island. Antwerp, 2 April.
P. 1. Apparently a copy in Soulemont's hand.
2 April.
Ribier, I. 422.
Has received his letters by M. de Vallepalbe, dated Fontainebleau, 1 March 1538. Will send an ambassador later with an answer about his son, Duke Christopher, which will show that he is not an unjust father. Francis warns him not to join the league which some of the princes here wish to form against certain prelates, in violation of his treaties with the Emperor and the king of the Romans. The Evangelical princes will never take up arms except in self defence. Francis will soon understand their innocence and his. 2 April 1539.
3 April.
R. O.
The King's pleasure is that the late abbot of Wigmore have 80l. pension. Desires him to seal and deliver to bearer letters patent for it. My house in London, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Endd. in Riche's hand.
3 April.
R. O.
3 April 30 Hen. VIII.:—Pensions assigned to the late nuns and lay sisters of the Minories, viz.:—
Eliz. Salvage, abbess, 40l. (altered to 33l. 6s. 8d. and back again to 40l.); Anne Hunteaged 76, Agnes Lexam, second treasurer, aged 62, Jane Waldgrave 60, and Sybill Vyncent 61, 66s. 8d. each; Felix Rauson 42, Alice Wattes 48, Eliz. Perpoynt 50, Marg. Halywell 50, Marg. Woodwarde 52, Alice Edwardes 39, Julyan Cressy (fn. 6) 36, Eliz. Baker* 34, Jane Gowrynge* 27, and Marg. Fitzgaret* 16, 53s. 4d. each; Agnes Elmer 36, Marg. Borowe 44, Marg. Perpoynte 34, Eliz. Copeley 31, Barbara Nevyll 28, Frances Somer 26, Mary Pylbeane 24, Barbara Larke 24, and Anne Devereux 64, 40s. each. Novice Bridgett 20 is cancelled and Susan Ellet 26s. 8d. added. Signed by Sir Ric. Rich, Thos. Pope, Drs. Legh and Layton and Sir Ric. Gresham.
ii. Lay sisters:—Eliz. Marten 68, Rose Lightfoote 50, Kath. Donnyngton 31, Joan Cresswyth 50, Joan Crosby 95, and Julian Heron the idiot—(age blank). All cancelled.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Another copy of the above list, as amended, without the ages. Signed by Sir Ric. Ryche.
P. 1.
3 April.
Add. 11,042,
f. 124.
B. M.
Asks him to deliver a box, with evidences of his mother's jointure, to bearer, Sir Henry Wetton, and settle with him and Mr. Rokeley about the goods at "Treyago." London, in Hampton Place, 3 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Homlacye.
[3 April.]
Otho E. XI.
f. 293.
B. M.
The earls of Oxford, Essex, and Sussex and he have, with the other commissioners, viewed "the haven and port [of Harwich with the coast] to Suffolk side." Sir Thos. Spert, who was sent down to them, is very expert, and can give particulars. Has desired [him] to make a platt of that corner, which the writer at his re[turn] will bring with him. The Harwich people have been most willing and earnest, making both trenches and bulwarks before we came. The earls of Oxford and Essex have taken great pains in the ordering of beacons and other defences. The town of Harwich is much pleased at the King lending them ordnance. "At Harwich ye should have seen women and children work with shovels in the trenches and bulwarks there." But notwithstanding those trenches and bulwarks devised by the town, we, finding the town wall towards the haven to be thin, and in one corner" * * * Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir John Reynesford, Sir William ... and Sir John Seyntcler are to see to beacons and bulwarks. English shipmen are much desirous to pass [to sea] for their living. "There lyeth a ship or two at Harwich of [Ne] wcastle men bounden into France, and the merchant is on [th]e short way, and they make much moan, and in all creeks and ports here about Englishmen be some in like case, which would gladly get their living." It would be a good deed if the King pleased to put them at liberty. A London merchant whom he met on his way, said some forbore to buy cloths because the shipping of Englishmen was restrained. Wevenho, Maundy Thursday.
Hol., pp. 2. Much mutilated.
3 April.
R. O.
The master of the College of Bydmyster being in jeopardy of death, the mayor of Bristol claims the gift, though it belongs to my manor of Bydmyster. As the title thereof is the King's and, not mine unless I had heir male. I remit it to you. Give credence to my chaplain the bearer, "for in good faith, my lord, I am more liker unto a beast than a man, for my hearing is so taken from me that except a man speak very loud even in my ear I may not hear no whit." Gaynes Park, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
684. OXFORD.
Examination of Horman Men, bookseller, 3 April 30 Hen. VIII Confesses to having eaten this Lent with his family 20 legs of mutton 5 rounds of beef, and 6 capons. Mr. Stremer and Mr. Marshall, of Corpus Christi College, Parson Parker, of Canterbury College, Mr. Huwick, late of Oriel College, Mr. Goode, late of Corpus Christi, Mr. Parkhurst, of Alborne Hall, Messrs. Howell, Alenbrige, Heliare, Masters, Pittes, Westonne, Ryve, and John Heron, fellows of All Souls College, Sir Beste, Robt. Benbowe, Harrie Brodder, and Edwards, scholar to Sir Beste, all of the King's College, a black monk of Canterbury or Gloucester College, monks of Canterbury College, Garbarande, bookbinder, Bull of Maudelyn College, Persephall Bertoune and his wife, Nicolas Hosier, Christopher, bookbinder, and Jenyns, bookbinder, have eaten flesh in his house or with him. Heard that a pig was eaten at Whitehall this Lent, and that flesh was eaten in Sir Crosse's house at times prohibited. He was examined before the mayor of Oxford, Aldermen Frere and Pye, and the principals of Pecwater's Inn and Edwarde Hall.
Pp. 2.
3 April.
R. O.
According to the King's commission, I have viewed the havens and landing places of Dorsetshire, whereof ye shall receive a "plate." Today I go to Dartmouth and so Westwards. If the King chance to ask what ye have heard from me, inform him accordingly. At Sir Thomas Dennys his house besides Exeter, 3 April.
The bishop of Exeter is sore diseased with the gout; I beg you be a suitor to the King that he may tarry here this parliament time. It would be a pleasure to me; for when Sir Thos. Dennys and other gentleman of the country are come up, I shall have no company. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lord Russell.
R. O. 686. JOHN ROW, Serjeant-at-Law, to CROMWELL.
Thanks him for speaking in his favour to the King, of which he heard from lord Russell, who told him to tarry at home and be ready for the King's affairs there. Devon and the West Country is singularly well content with lord Russell's coming thither, as they find him a man of substantial wit, great experience, wisdom, and gentle nature. His being here will be to the great quiet and comfort of our parts. Hopes Cromwell will cause him to come again soon.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
This afternoon received by Thomas Hylton, the messenger, the King's commission with his summons to Parliament. As Hilton will ride back immediately, encloses such news as Sir Thomas Wharton tells him he has got out of Scotland. Got Wharton to make his servant write the same and to subscribe it himself. You will see his espials and mine agree in many things. No credence should be given to the fair words of the Scots, who will do as France does. Begs Cromwell will find out the cause of the false bishop of St. Andrew's going now into France. Thinks him one of the worst enemies the King has. Wishes notice if Cromwell see any likelihood of business; for he is far out of order. Sends by Lancaster Herald the gestes he intends to keep till his return home. At Naworth, my lord Dacre's house, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
4 April.
R. O.
Pensions assigned, 4 April 30 Hen. VIII., to the monks of the late monastery of Tower Hill, viz.:—
Hen. Moore, abbot, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Smyth, sub-prior, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Harper, Wm. Robynson, Rie. Davye, Ric. Laveroke, Ric. Lawrence, Thos. Moore, Matth. Davye, Charles Mapson, (fn. 7) 5l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed: Rychard Ryche—Tho. Pope—per me Thomam Legh—per me Ric. Layton—per me Rychard Gresham k.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Warrant to Sir Richard Riche, chancellor of the Court of Augmentations for a pension of 8 marks to Sir Charles Mapsone, late monk of Tower Hill, whose name was accidentally omitted from the list at the dissolution of the abbey. Signed: Tho. Pope: Per me Richardum Layton: Per me Richardum Gresham: Per me Thomam Legh.
4 April.
R. O.
By Justice, I trust you have ere this the master of the Maison Dieu's answer concerning the "sheppe." At Mr. Wriothesley's request and writing Mr. Pope paid me the 50l. today, Good Friday. I immediately repaid it to Mr. Lye, according to Mr. Fowler's request, and send his letters for discharge of Mr. Fowler. Mr. Brian is not here, but will be at Court on Monday or Tuesday. I had "leyther" the "same" were delivered by him than by Mr. Browne; howbeit, if he come not I will deliver the "same" to Mr. Browne. As to my lord Privy Seal, I tarried two days by Mr. Wriothesley's advice to deliver the "same" myself; but as he came not abroad I gave the "same" to Mr. Popley to deliver, who brought answer that until his lordship were assured, he would part with no money. Mr. Polstede will be home on Monday at furthest, and I will then know what shall be done. These holidays I shall speak with my lord myself and know his pleasure concerning this and the Friars. In 5 or 6 days I shall signify you what I can do with my lord Admiral concerning Porchester and what I may have for Soberton. You shall be fain to give Mr. Pope his fee of a tun of wine, or else you may chance to be paid one quarter after the day, "yen and in ill money." London, 4 April.
Wyckes was here and says he will ride down to Mr. Rolles because of your wood sale at Fristock.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
4 April.
R. O.
I have delivered your letter and token to Mr. and Mrs. Mewtas. Mrs. Anne is somewhat amended. I have given her your letter and the royal. Mr. Mewtas dwells now beside Our Lady of Barking in Tower Street. My lady Sussex is in Essex, and I have kept her token. My lady of Rutland is at Endvilde. I have sent your letter thither, with Mrs. Katharine's French hood and your letter to her, but I have kept lady Rutland's token by me, till she come after the holidays. Mrs. Dynnay thanks you for the caps. Mrs. Baynam was not a little glad of her token, and Mrs. Grene of her letter, but I know not how she speeds in her suit. As yet I cannot hear of the ship my chest is in, nor of Sperke. When she comes I will have your ladyship's gown in remembrance. I see there will be small fruit at my lord Privy Seal's hands for money till the recovery be past. I have not delivered the King's letter, but hope so to deliver it, that I shall know his answer or how he takes it. London, 4 April.
I must not forget to thank you for the caps, which, beside the advantage I expect from them nightly, did me great pleasure upon the sea.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
[4 April.]
Galba B. x.
B. M.
"Please it your lordship," at 8 o'clock tonight, the men whom I sent into Holland came to me with word that 50 great ships of war, from 400 to 800 (tons), the least of 200, are lying in an island called Tessyle, at a place called Maresdype. Howbeit, they do not contain more than 5,000 men and the great ship not more than 70 mariners. They think they will come forth tonight and be here on Sunday next if the wind hold. The lord of Camfyre waits for their coming with 5 sail. I am in great doubt how to order myself; for your lordship writes that I may levy the people whenever I have good grounds to fear a landing, and also, that the King and Council wish me not to summon them on light grounds so often as to weary them, and make them slack in coming when required, but rather to instruct them to be ready upon the firing of the beacons.
I have not hitherto stirred the people greatly. The firing of the beacons I think would be a great trouble to all the realm, and a great bruit might grow thereof through all Christendom; and very small warning to the people if need should happen, unless I should even now fire them, which I think not best, nor yet to stir the people till I hear from you again. Considering they are no more than above, "it is not to be doubted of their landing." For more surety I beg for an answer with all diligence, and no man could raise the country better than your messenger, on his way as he comes. I have warned the gentlemen to be ready at a quarter of an hour's warning, but they are not ready yet and too few to keep off an army. I have only two gunners; a dozen at least are wanted.
There are 13 or 14 ships more which are going to the Bay, and there are not more than 5,000 men in the other 50 ships. Dover Castle, Good Friday, about 10 p.m. Has sent two servants with these for more surety.
Pp. 2.
[4 April.]
R. O.
The musters in Essex be taken except in one hundred which is to be taken the Thursday in Easter week. Never saw more willing people, but they be charged greatly for their harness and weapons against the war if any happen. If there be no war, whether their arms shall remain in their custody or in places appointed, I leave to your wisdom. I heard you report "that none should retain men to serve the King in others' offices, rooms and lordships"; which were very requisite, to avoid strife. Pray remember my bill in Mr. Wrethseley's custody, for the King to sign, as I may tarry but little time in the country. I send you by my brother, the bearer, 100 mks. to buy a nag. Lyez, this Good Friday.
My lord Chancellor hath him recommended, "and come to me to Lyez on Thursday night very late, and this morning is repaired to Walden."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Chancellor of the Augmentations.
4 April.
R. O.
Sir Edward Ichyngham at his death left his lands, worth 50l. yearly, to his wife, with reversion to his two daughters. After her death, about Hallowmas last, the elder daughter, about 16 years of age, went to her kinsman Mr. Wharton, and is now agreed to marry Mr. Hogon's eldest son. The younger, between 11 and 12, was put into the hands of one Philip Bedingfeld, who, without her friends' knowledge, has delivered her to Mr. Holdych, steward of the duke of Norfolk's house, who has conveyed her to Kenyngale and intends to marry her to one of his sons. Considers the King to be of right the patron and father of orphans, as the mayor of London and other of his officers have the tuition of them within their offices by force of his grants. Asks Cromwell to move the King to receive her into his tuition and to command Holdych to deliver her to Sir Humfrey Wyngfeld, her near kinsman. Begs for the marriage of her for one of his sons. Will assure her a convenient jointure. Would have deferred this suit till his return, but he hears that Holdych intends to handfast her to one of his sons out of hand. Denyngton, Good Friday, 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
4 April.
R. O.
By Cromwell's letters he has received more thanks than he deserved for Cromwell's "causes in the North parts." Is comforted by this, and also by the promise of Cromwell's favour to get him the farm of Bynham from the King. Learns that "the King's Grace sent a ring to Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations in favour of Mr. Robert Touneshende for the same farm," (fn. 8) and writes because without Cromwell's help he is little like to "prevail therein." 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
4 April.
R. O.
"I received not the commission but four days before the choosing of the knights," which was on Monday last, and then we met and separated, every man his way, to accomplish the commission. I am assured I was the first that took musters in Gloucestershire. On Tuesday I was at Cecetter, on Wednesday at Barckley, on Thursday at Thornebury, Friday at Wotton, on Monday and Tuesday I shall be at Tewixbery, on Wednesday and Thursday I take musters in the Forest; and this done I will repair to Court. Thornebery, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 April.
R. O.
Has put the people in the Marches and in Kermerthyn and Cardigan shires in forwardness to serve the King. Has also set in order the ordnance in the towns in Pembrokeshire and caused the people to repair the gates and garnish the walls with stones for lack of ordnance. Has also set up the beacons on the coasts, had the bulwarks repaired, and "discryved" Milford Haven unto the mouth of the sea, as he will tell him at his next coming. Never saw subjects more willing to serve their King, if they may have ordnance, horses and harness for their money. Kermerthyn, 4 April. Signed: Water Devereux.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 April.
R. O.
St. P. V. 156.
"The news which mine espial informeth me of, forth of Scotland."
1. He says the French ambassador last in Scotland brought letters from the French King desiring the king of Scots to threaten Berwick about 15 May next, so as to draw the English thither and enable the French to land in the South. The abbot of Arbroath, now bp. of St. Andrews and Cardinal, desired him on the part of the king of Scots, to get the French King to delay till Whitsuntide, and meanwhile, James would persuade the King our master to accede to the French King's opinion. In June or July ships are expected at Dunbar with men-of-war from France. The Scots are in great fear of a sudden invasion since they heard of Norfolk's coming to the Borders, knowing that all England had been mustered and thinking the King knew of these preparations by the French King and other princes against England. Lord Maxwell had orders to try to discover on the day of march, which he and Wharton kept on Monday, 31 March, whether Norfolk would invade Scotland, and if so, to ride in post to the Scotch King; if not, to stay on the Marches until Easter. Lord Maxwell sent one Lyndsay to the king of Scots, from Lochmaben, the day after the day of march. Wharton's espial said, "Let the duke of Norfolk send to our King and say by his writings that he trusts the king of Scots will not suffer any men of war to land in his realm against England; and by the King's answer ye shall know whether my sayings be true or no." All the Scots are mustered and ordered in the French fashion.
At these meetings with the Lord Maxwell I have tried sundry policies for peace, among others that he and I, when musters were made in England and Scotland, should deliver mutual pledges by indenture, but he objected to the indentures drawn by me as there was no time appointed how long they should continue. Replied that the continuance of peace by the Princes should order that. But he would only agree on condition that two men of each country should hear us and agree thereon. I accordingly for the English side took my brother, Sir Thomas Curwen and Sir John Lowther, and he took the larde Rose and the larde Holmendes, "and so proclaimed the covenants in writing openly and the other secretly done." Lord Maxwell said the King would never break his promise and league made with the King his uncle, and if enough was not said for the preservation of peace there should be more, for his master would not make war with England except in self defence. Carlisle, 4 April. Signed.
Add. Endd.
4 April.
Cleop. E. VI.,
B. M.
Reply (fn. 9) of John Frederick, duke of Saxony, and Philip Landgrave of Hesse to the declaration of Chr. Mont. and Thos. Panell.
You say, in explaining your mission, that the King has heard rumours of a pacification, and wishes to know whether we are going to concede anything to the bp. of Rome; for the Emperor has said he hopes the German princes will not detract from his authority in the cause of religion. No doubt our adversaries try to alienate the King's mind from us and from the cause of the Church, but we have often signified to him by his ambassadors, and lately by our own that we will never cast off the doctrine of the Gospel, nor receive the tyranny of the bp. of Rome, and we hope the King will believe us rather than our adversaries. Are averse to war, but nothing will separate them from the Gospel. Repeat this because the ambassadors on their return from England said there was a doubt there of our constancy. Did not reply immediately upon the ambassadors' return, as we were engaged in repressing a civil war. We rejoice that the King has driven out the Roman Antichrist, appointed pious and learned doctors to the churches and overthrown some images which the people impiously worshipped. Lastly, we hear that the King in a recent edict promises reformation of the remaining abuses of the Church. We do not doubt the King's zeal in this, but fear that some of the bishops remain addicted to their old traditions and that upon their opinion certain vicious and idle rites are by that edict confirmed. As to the embassy of certain doctors which the King asks may be sent for a further disputation; our opinions must be well known in England both from our confession and the disputes which the King's ambassadors had with ours three years ago, and the English bishops with ours lately. Have heard, however, that there is still some controversy there upon our articles of the Mass, the Lord's Supper, and Celibacy. The Lord's Supper as ordained by Christ lasted for centuries until another recent custom was introduced by the bp. of Rome. The law of celibacy is contrary to the ancient authority, and old writers testify that there were no private masses.
Concerning the pacification here treated and those articles which the King's envoys have declared we will answer by those we now send to him. Franckfort, 4 April 1539. Sealed.
Latin, pp. 12. Sealed.
[4 April.]
Cleop. E. VI.,
B. M.
The princes and states of the Evangelical League to [the other ?] princes, electors, and lords.
Have read the formula of peace proposed yesterday. (fn. 10) Wish nothing more than peace to all Germany, but that formula is more obscure than the former, and contains conditions so hard (graves) that they cannot conscientiously accept them. And seeing that the Emperor's mandate is so liberal and offers such great hope of pacification, and you have talked seriously of peace and have declared the best possible will towards our fatherland, we hoped that the Emperor's ambassador would have given a more reasonable (equiorem) reply. Will briefly explain why they repudiate the proposed conditions.
First, the formula restricts the truce to those who now adhere to the confession of Augsburg, thus excluding all who shall in the interval embrace that confession. Thus, this formula and the continuation of the truce of Nuremberg would be narrower than the formula of Nuremberg, which gives peace generally without such a limitation (citing the words). This general peace the Emperor has more fully declared in letters to the duke of Saxony and his allies, desiring that it should be observed by all, and that he would compose religious dissensions by peaceful means, that no one meanwhile should make war on the duke of Saxony or his allies; and his Majesty strongly deprecates any suspicion that the delay is a snare by means of which he would oppress this party. (fn. 11) Such is the effect of the Emperor's letter. The allies therefore cannot allow this peace to be made more narrow, so as to deter others from joining them, which is obviously the effect of one clause in the formula (cited). The clause following is even more severe, enforcing the status quo.
It is evident also that the object is that the cause, tied up within these limits, may not merely be prevented from extending itself, but may ultimately be extinguished; for when others are excluded or deterred from joining, like means will be found for separating and oppressing the allies, and peace will last no longer than it pleases certain adversaries. Further, what hope is there of the promised conference if the truth is shut up within these limits? How can others give their assent to our views under such disadvantages (his prœjudiciis aut metu impediti)? Excuses will easily be found by those who were to heal the old errors of the Church for preserving abuses and obscuring the truth once more, and these errors will be established by force of arms.
We, for our part, have not shunned, but rather desired a conference, if a truce were now conceded; but we wonder we are charged with such severe conditions when the truce can be so easily revoked otherwise. For even if the other conditions were removed and peace were made according to the formula of Nuremberg, yet it would be in the power of the opposite party to recall it when they pleased; for, it is added, these conditions are to hold good until a diet of the Empire, which could easily be held when they saw opportunity. This danger we do not refuse, though it is a serious one in itself, because it would be right to relieve ourselves of the other conditions.
Thus it will be seen we have very strong reasons against accepting the proposed formula, and we protest we will not accept it. But if our cause could have retained the peace of Nuremberg confirmed by the Emperor's letters from Seville, and the processus judicii Imperialis had been omitted (as the Emperor felt that peace could not be preserved otherwise), these states, allied for true religion, would not have been moved to receive more into the League; and even now they would show that they make no such demand,—that leagues are not necessary, but rather that the benevolence of the Emperor and the other princes should be maintained. They would also make a reasonable answer de facultatibus ecclesiasticis, &c., for they care much more for peace than for such goods.
But although, as you have explained to the States, you have not been able to obtain these preliminary conditions from the ambassador, yet as we hoped a brief truce could be obtained for the sake of a conference and in view of the Turkish war, we have deliberated concerning a truce of one year or 18 months, according to the formula subjoined in another paper.
These states, therefore, submit to your consideration whether this formula can be obtained, and whether you will propose it to the ambassador. We beg however "ut res maturetur (?)."
If you think it cannot be obtained, these states commit the matter to God and protest that it is not owing to them that peace is not made. Nor do they wish to abandon the benefit of the peace of Nuremberg confirmed by the Emperor's letters; but they wish to retain it, trusting that the Emperor will abolish the processus judicii Imperialis which have been instituted against the men of Minden, in violation of that peace. For they hope that peace is firm and valid notwithstanding the objections raised; and they will observe it themselves and disband (dimittent apparatus), trusting that their opponents will do the like and disband the foot they have collected in Belgium and Westphalia.
But if this cannot be obtained these states protest that they are driven to defend themselves.
Lat., pp. 12. In a German hand.
Cleop. E. VI.,
B. M.
2. "Formula de qua conjuncti in causa Evangelii petiverunt agi cum oratore."
Desire a truce of one year or 18 months from 1 May next between the Emperor and the princes adhering to the Pope's doctrine and the princes and stutes of the confession of Augsburg according to the formula of Nuremberg. The process in judiciis Imperialibus and the proscription of the Mindenses to be suspended. Other conditions. If the Turk meanwhile make war on Germany they will assist against him.
Lat., pp 2, In the same hand as the preceding.
Cleop. E. VI.
B. M.
3. Another article in a different hand.
On the other hand the princes and states of the Augsburg Confession will make war on no one on account of religion, &c.
Lat., p. 1.
[5 April.]
R. O.
Is informed that the Venetian at Erith will not be able to serve the King till Michaelmas, so his Highness is now minded not to use her. The other ship that is of Florentia is ready to do service "and this day hath put in a book what she demandeth for her tonnage, wages, and shares." As her requests are unreasonable, and they think the other Venetian, stayed at Portsmouth, will ask a like rate, the King wishes Cromwell to bring precedents how strangers have been entertained in the King's former wars. "It is supposed that Mymmes, the auditor, hath such books and precedents, because Tomworth, his predecessor, who was auditor of the said wars, left him, of likelyhood, many such things." The Court, Easter even. Signed.
P. 1. Signed: Privy Seal. Endd.
5 April.
R. O.
A courier arrived to-night with a mail containing divers packets of letters, and with two packets of letters besides, all which I send by the bearer. I am told one of the packets is from Sir Michael of Grave, to the King. Here is also a servant of Ric. Berde's with letters to the King, and two packets for your lordship. I await an answer from you to my letters of yesternight. No clothes shall come off my back till I hear from you. I am ready here with my small number and trust the rest of the shire is the same upon very short warning, though I think there is little cause. But if they intend to go to the Emperor, as they say, and are now abroad in the sea, as my men brought me word last night, they must be within sight of land to-morrow, for the wind is as fair as can be, and though I received your lordship's letters this morning giving me leave either to go home or to the Court, yet scant as this country is both for man and horse, I will not depart till I see them past or else dissolved some way. Two men have died suddenly in the castle within these five days, from what cause I know not; so I will not presume to visit the King till I know his pleasure. Dover Castle, Easter Eve. Signed
P.S.—Has just been informed of the arrival of a gentleman who says he comes from the Cardinal of Lorraine. When asked if he would go to the King, he said he had nothing to do with him; however, I will send one to bring him to your lordship.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
5 April.
R. O.
Last week I gave the French Bible, for which you sent to me, to one Style, a merchant, to send to you from Rouen, for I could not send it from this town. Guylyam le Gras had had some crepyns made for you, but they pleased him not, so he had some others made. The Bible cost 30sc. Paris, 5 April 153 [9.].
Hol., p. 1. Signature cut off.
5 April.
Vit. B. XXI.
"Magnifice domine, crastin ... a principibus indicta est ... qua assecuta matura festinatu ... Verum ita reditum nostrum instituem [us] ... ut illic cum nostris mutuo conferamus. Et ... in Angliam oratorem nomine electoris Saxoniæ, ... eodem quoque itinere proficiscatur, pro virili instabimus ... Electoris nomine caussam Serenissimi nostri Regis illic su[mma diligen] tia et fide optima commendet et promoveat. Nam oculatus [testis unus] plus est, quam auriti decem. Spes quoque certa est fore ut ipse S[axonie] elector brevi conventurus sit cum Clevensi duce, et tum ipse ... ut ultro jam secundo recepit summo studio et sedulitate hanc ... aget."
One of the Duke's councillors told me that the heads of our ambassadors' negotiations with the Court of Cleves had been sent to the elector of Saxony. No one can foresee the result, for the terms proposed by the Imperial ambassador are refused here. The principal term is that none but those now in the league shall be hereafter received, and that the peace of Nurenberg shall be extended to no others. It is thought that this is aimed at the King of England, but he will know more from the ambassadors whom the princes are just about to send with us. Dined two days ago with the ambassadors of Cleves, and conversed with the Chancellor about the King's cause, concerning which we found him well disposed. We commend Reyner to you, who brought your letters hither with diligence. Frankfort, 5 April 1539. Signature mutilated "Chr ...
Lat. Mutilated, p. 1.
5 April.
Reform., III.,
* * * To-day the British envoys, Christopher and his colleague (fn. 12), leave. Christopher salutes thee. * * * 5 April 1539.


  • 1. Of lady Sandes.
  • 2. In his letter of the previous day (No. 634) the writer calls the Bishop's adherents "lurkyng wolde pyyattes" (i.e. lurking old magpies), so that "pyyattes" is probably the word omitted here.
  • 3. An abridged translation of this letter is printed by Froude in "The Pilgrim," 122, dated 3 April.
  • 4. 13 April in 1539.
  • 5. Chapuys.
  • 6. The pensions of these altered from 40s. to 53s. 4d.
  • 7. This name added by Ryche.
  • 8. A lease of Bin bam to Robert Townsend is dated in the Augmentation books, 5 March 1539. Jenney apparently did not know it was settled.
  • 9. A translation in Strype, Eecl. Mem. I. II. 395.
  • 10. Proposed on the 3rd April at the diet at Frankford. See Seckendorff, III. 202.
  • 11. The MS. reads patrem instead of partem.
  • 12. Thos. Paynell.