Letters and Papers: December 1539, 26-31

Pages 274-303

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 2, August-December 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1895.

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December 1539

26 Dec.
R. O.
Has received Cromwell's letter and another in his favour from the Chancellor of the Augmentations to Master Walter Hynnelay (Henley) and other of the King's commissioners for the possession of Stanar and Thorpe, belonging to the monastery of Selbe. Cromwell has written to the Commissioners to stay the writer's possession because the King was informed that those places were two principal keys of the house for hospitality. Supposes that he who has taken it of Mr. Saddelar will keep but small hospitality, but Nevyll will be content as it shall please the King. Thorp is no parcel of the demesnes, but the abbot let it last year to Ralph Bawyde, steward to the late lord Darcy, and two others. Reminds him of the King's grant for the preferment of Gyssburthe and Selby. The Cheytt, St. Stephen's Day
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 Dec.
R. O.
Kaulek, 148.
(The whole
Has received all his letters, and seen that of the king of England, touching the affair of M. de la Rochepot, the writer's brother. Is surprised that the English council, instead of replying to Marillac's allegations, fell back upon an old quarrel. Has consulted with the Chancellor upon the answer; but it is to be expected they will not do more than they offered, i.e., commit it to be decided on the frontiers. The king of England writes nothing of that, but remits the affair to his ambassador here, who shall be heard at the next Council.
The King now writes to you, as you will see, of the honours done to the Emperor throughout this kingdom. Fontainebleau, 26 Dec. (fn. 1)
French. From a modern transcript, pp. 2.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Kaulek, 148.
(Almost the
whole text.)
The news is confirmed that he wrote on the 24th touching the marriage of Lady Mary with this duke of Bavaria; who three or four days ago, as secretly as he could, went to visit her in a house of the abbot of Westminster, in the gardens of the abbey, a mile from this town, whither she had been brought. After having kissed her, which is an argument either of marriage or of near relationship, seeing that since the death of the late Marquis no lord of this kingdom has dared to go so far, the said Duke had a long conversation with her, partly in German through an interpreter, and partly in Latin, of which she is not ignorant. Finally, they mutually declared, the said lord his resolution, taken with this King, to have her for wife "pourveu que sa personne luy feust agréable," and the said lady her willingness to obey her father. Cannot tell when the marriage will be consummated; but some say in 15 or 20 days, others that the weddings of father and daughter shall be on the same day, that is, as soon as the lady who is at Calais arrives. She is only detained by the wind, which yesterday was not contrary. There is talk also of a great number of Germans put in the field for the Emperor and for some confederate towns; but it is not known for what purpose. London, 27 Dec.
French. From a modern transcript, pp. 2.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Sent letters to you on Christmas day by William Fyssher, to be left at Justice's house at Dover. Has spoken with Mr. Baron Smythe, who says that you will not incur any danger if you entered into no covenant with Sir John Dudley and Robynson. You must write and thank him for his advice. De Rieu's men proceed in their affairs and spare neither holyday nor work day. They will not follow the order of the law here, but their own opinion, and although that is suffered, for Lisle's sake, it will do them little good. The new order for the King's household took effect on Christmas eve. There are 30 spears in waiting and the rest are appointed. Wishes to know his pleasure for my lord Ferrys's horse. London, 27 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.
27 Dec.
R. O.
I wrote you sundry letters on Christmas day by Will. Fyssher to be delivered at Justyce's house at Dover and sent on to Calais. I sent by him ½ lb. riband of sundry colours containing 16 whole pieces, and also 4,000 pins. Till this day I cannot get the money of Mr. Acton, as he says he looks daily for an answer from my lord about his patent. I see there will be some ado to get it out of his hands. I will present the King on New Year's day with 20l. that I received of Mr. Rolles. No news, but that the spears already wait and a new order is taken for the King's household. London, 27 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Sends a "trifle in token of the New Year." Gloucester, 27 December. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Dec.
R. O.
In accordance with a letter form Cromwell shown him, yesterday, by the lord President, went to Parson Tunstall's parsonage at Tanefield and found him shooting among the most honest persons of the parish. In the presence of Marmaduke Clargynet, bailiff, showed him the King's pleasure, which he was very obedient to follow, alleging that no one could be more true to his prince than he. In the presence of Uvedale, the bailiff, and Sir Wm. Momford, priest, he opened all his coffers and showed all his writings, leaving the keys with them. He then took horse in the custody of Nicolas Ratclif, the bearer, and two other of the President's servants, who will convey him disguised as Cromwell devised. Found no money in his purse but 13 groats, 3d., and an angel. He borrowed 20s. of Momford for his costs to London. Will take an inventory of his goods tomorrow, and will then ride to his chamber at Awclande and his benefice at Haughton to make further search. Sends up some trifling letters and other writings. The rest concerned the reckonings of Dr. Dolman and Dr. Wharton and his other benefices. Has desired Geo. Dakynes, attending on Mr. Ric. Crumwell, to remind Cromwell, "after this instant triumph," of the bay "staland" he gave him at his last being in London.
Advises the laying of the garrison of 170 men desired by Sir John Heron near to Tyndale, considering that of late there are so many foxes and wolves put at large and let loose out of cloisters. It will make them fear to approach near those parts and abstain from running into Scotland.
Dr. Wilson, kinsman to the prior of Mountegrace, should be well examined concerning Dr. Hilliard's departure. Tanefield, St. John's Day, 27 Dec., 5 p.m., "by your oldest disciple."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 Dec.
R. O.
St. P. v. 164.
Caused Sir Wm. Eure, capt. of Berwick, to send Raye, the pursuivant, alias Barwik, with the King's letters to the king of Scots. He has returned with letters from the king of Scots and will deliver to Cromwell letters from Sir Wm. Eure and Sir Geo. Lawson, and report personally. Hearing that the late prior of Mountgrace sent Dr. Hilliarde to the prioress of Caldestreme, have sent Wm. Maunsell for the said prior that he may be examined.
Encloses Robt. Veale's confession, who was Hilliard's servant for ten years. He is in custody at York Castle. York, St. John's Day, 27 Dec. Signed: Rob't Landaffe—T. Magnus—Robert Bowis—Rob't Chaloner—Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Examination of Robert Veile, late servant to Richard Hillyard, D.D., taken at York, 26 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Gives an account of his journey with Hillyard, leaving the bp. of Durham at Cold Harbarde in London on Nov. 14, and stopping at Ware, Huntington, Stameforde, Nawnby, Martyn Hillyard's house (the Doctor's nephew), at Litle Cottes, Sir Wm. Askewe's at Stannyngbroughe, Mr. Lidyarde's (who married the Doctor's sister) at Andleybye, Mistress Holme's (his sister) at Paul Holme, Lady Hillyard's at Wiestede, where he preached on Sunday, Lady Tunstaill's at Fraistrope, Malton, Newbrugh, Mountgrace, Stokton, where he preached on Sunday morning, and in the afternoon at Nortone, where he was vicar. There Hillyard sold his glebe corn to the examinate and Thos. March, servant to the bp. of Durham. Went to Auckland, where, as he had been kicked by a horse in coming to Malton, he was left behind and George Bishop hired to go with Hilliard. Hillyard went on to Newcastle and intended to meet him at Auckland, but he has not seen him since.
Saw Dr. Hillyard in London talk with Dr. Day at the Court, and he went to Dr. Wilson's house in Bishopsgate to ask Wilson to speak to lord St. John in Veale's favour for a farmhold in Holderness. Has not seen him conversant with any others except the bp. of Durham's servants, with whom he was in household.
Copy, pp. 2. Signed: "Facta collacione concordat cum originalibus. Jo. Vuedale." Endd.
"The declaration and whole truth of such things and matters which as (sic) are laid against me, Christopher Chaitour."
1. In coming from Huntyngton on Sunday last, overtook two men and rode fast, but one of them, named Craye, followed and asked him what news and why he rode so fast. Replied that he had urgent business, which he could not show, and knew not what it was. After much conversation Cray asked if there were any abbeys standing in our country. Answered "that they should down shortly, by report." "Then he said, Is there none that grudgeth with such pulling down of abbeys in your country ?" Replied "I trust no, for if there be any such they keep it secret, for there hath been so sore punishment." "Surely," said he, "there are much grudging in these parties, but none dare speak, and many goeth of begging, and it causeth much robbing." He afterwards asked "How doth your shrines, are they taken away ?" Deponent said there was one at Tynemouth, where he had been given a relic or two that was like saints' bones, "and he that gave me them said the silver thereof would make a chaipe to my dagger." Said he had them still and would have great need ere he should sell them, "for as I heard a learned man say, which was Dr. Rydley that is dead, St. Jerome and Ambrose had these relics of saints in honor." On Craye asking what abbeys were still standing, said there were several, amongst others, Mountgrace; on which deponent told him a tale that he had heard from a doctor of my lord his master's, called Dr. Hilyard, viz., that the last day he was at Mountgrace, as they were sitting at dinner, a servant of Dr. Leghe came to the Prior and desired him, in his master's name, to prepare against such a day to meet Mr. Henley, the chief commissioner, two miles from the monastery, bringing an ambling nag worth 5 marks, "and that," said the messenger, "would make for your purpose for your pension." The Prior answered, "Ye are welcome, and thank your master, but I would not go forth of the cloister to meet Mr. Henley, nor give him the least hair in my horse's tail to be good to me for that purpose." Hillyard said that the Prior and three or four others were determined never to surrender the monastery. Cray then asked what news from beyond sea. "Then I showed as the said Hilyard (wo be to him !) showed me on the Thursday afore St. Nicholas' Day last," viz., when he enquired of Hilyard whether the Queen was come over, Hilyard said he had heard she would not come till all the abbeys in England were pulled down, and that caused the commissioners to make such haste before Christmas. He said also that the Emperor was come to France and should marry the French king's daughter, and the duke of Orleans should marry the duchess of Milan; and all this was by the bp. of Rome's means, and they were all confederate together. "As for the Scottish king," he said, "he is always the French king's man in all that he may." He added secretly, "We shall all be undone, for we have no help now but of the duke of Clefe, and they are so poor they cannot help us." He said also that the duke of Cleves had sent to the Emperor to ask leave for the queen of England that shall be to pass through his dominions, and the Emperor had replied "he would nothing at his request, but for his most dear and loving cousin's sake, the King of England, she should pass," and commanded all his subjects "to away [t] of hyr grace as though she were the [empe]ryc[e]." (fn. 2)
Showed all this to Craye, who said "What shall we do ? For if all these be against us we are not able to resist them." Replied that the English were all united and no outward prince durst invade them; which, when Cray admitted, he added that England had never been overcome by outward enemies except when they had help within the realm. Cray said there was great murmuring in the progress time, and saying that the lord Privy Seal should be out of favour. "Marry, said I, I can remember such a thing. I heard at Wodstock of one Sir Lancelot Thornton, a chaplain of my lord of Durham, who showed me that the earl of Hampton, Sir William Kingston, and Sir Anthony Browne were all joined together, and would have had my lord of Durham to have had rule and chief saying under the King's Highness. Then said Cray again to me, It was evil done of my lord your master that [he] would not take it upon hand, for he might have amended many things that are amiss; for if the bishop of Winchester might have had the saying he would have taken it upon hand. Well, said I, my lord my master is too good a lawyer, knowing by his book the inconstancy of princes, where there is a text that saith Lubricus est primus locus apud reges."
Cray, being "a man much inquisitive," further inquired what he heard of these heresies, whether they were suppressed or no. Replied that he had inquired of one Parson Tunstall, lately come from London, what he had heard of those put to silence there, and the latter said that he feared they had some comfort; for an honest man called Dr. Wattes, who preached much against heresy, had been called before my lord of Canterbury for preaching; that Dr. Barnes and another whom he could not name were either his judges or his accusers; and that Wattes appealed to the King. An alderman of Gracious Street, and one with him, came before my lord of Canterbury, hearing that Wattes was in hold, and offered, if the charge was only heresy or debts, to be bound for him in 1,000l., "for," they said, "there was 10,000 of London coming to your lordship to be bound for him, but that we stayed them." The Archbp. said he would take deliberation of an answer, and, as it is believed, consulted with my lord Privy Seal; after which Dr. Wattes was conveyed into Kent, that none could tell where he was.
Talking then of the bp. of Rochester and Sir Thomas More, lately attainted of treason, Cray said he marvelled they were put to death for such small trespasses. "To whom I answered that their foolish conscience was so to die. Then I showed him of one Burton, my lord of Durham's servant, that told me he came to London when the bishop of Rochester and Thomas More were dangered; and the said More axed Burton, Woll not thy master come to us [and] be as we are ? And he said he could not tell. Then said More, If he do, no force, for if he live he may do more good than to die with us. And I said, moreover, my lord of Durham made a protestation in the convocation at York for the marriage of the lady Dowager and for the premetie (primacy) of Rome, which, when he came to London and my lord of Westmoreland seized his goods at Awkland, then my lord recanted his seyings."
"And as for the putting of the bishop of Winchester from the Privy Council by your good lordship (fn. 3) for calling Dr. Barns heretic, truth it is so that I said, and cannot remember who showed me that, except it were Sir Lancelot Thornton, a chaplain of my lord of Durham; but I had it at Wodstock.
"By me, Christophor Chaitour."
Hol., pp. 7.
ii. [Second examination.]
* * * saieth he is well remembryd that Sir Launcelott Thornton showed him at Woodstock, walking in the Court, at such time as the King's Highness was there this last summer, the bishop of Dures[me] being then towards supper is his chamber there, that therle of Hampton, Sir W[illiam] Kyngeston and Mr. Anthony Brown were all joyned [to]gethers, as he hath declared in his former examination, and that they would gladly have set him, the said bishop, forward, but he would not, for he draweth all towards my lord Privy Seal, and will not follow them. He sayeth also that (as he thinketh) at the same time the said Sir Launcelot showed this examinate that the b[ishop] of Wynchester and the bishop of Chichester [were] out of the Privy Council, as he hath more largely opened before." Sir Launcelot said he learnt the premises from servants of the earl of H[ampton] or Sir Anth. Brown.
"He sayeth also that th'occasion (?) [of] this co[mmunicati]on betw[een] Sir Launcelott and him b[egan] of this that this examinatt asked the said Sir Launcelott whether his master, the bishop of Duresme, was in good favour with the King's Highness.
"He sayeth also that he never communed of any of the premises with any man [from] that time hitherto saving [wth] the said C[ray]."
Says also that "uppon Fryday Sonday (sic) last, being the 14th of December" he showed Cray that the bp. of Winchester was put out of the Privy Council because my lord Privy Seal was displeased with him for objecting to Dr. Barnes, a man defamed of heresy, being ambassador. But touching the bp. of Chichester he did not rehearse or know any cause why he was put out of the Privy Council. And this that he showed Cray he thinks Sir Lancelot showed him. When Cray asked him if they did not grudge in his country at the plucking down of abbeys, he said he could not tell, "for if any such be they keep it secret; the brother dare not speak to the brother, there hath been so sore punishment."
Cray at the same time said "Many men grudge in thies partyes wee have many wyde open Wenesdayes; it was a saing that Peterborough should be a college, but now it shall be clearly taken away. And after, as they came into London the said Cray, showing this examinat the late noonrye of Holywell, sayd, See, here is one of the wyde open Wenesdayes of which we communyd."
He says also that John Tunstall, parson of Haughton, in the bpric. of Durham, "showed him all the communication before by him declared touching heresies and Wattes, walking in the court at Awkland between the gate and the hall, upon a certain Wenesday about five weeks past;" also that Burton showed him of the communication between him and Sir Thos. More, at Awkland when More and Fisher were in the Tower;—that six or seven years past this examinat being servant to Dr. Henmarshe, chancellor to the bp. of Durham, wrote in the register of Durham, by command of the chancellor, "a protestation made by the said bishop touching the Bishop of Rome's authority and divorce between the King's Highness and the lady Dowager; which protestation was after cut out of the same book by the said Dr. Henmarsh," but he believes it still remains in the register book of York.
Further he heard touching the coming of Dr. Legh's servant to Mount-grace, and that the prior and three or four more were resolved not to give up, from Dr. Heliarde "sitting at dinner in the castle at Durham the Thursday before St. Nicholas' day last past, present then the chancellor of Durham and one Metcalf, an auditor." After dinner that same day Heliarde told him that the Queen would not come into the realm till all the abbeys were down, and that the commissioners made haste to have them down for that cause. Helyarde also showed him of the Emperor's coming into France, and that he should marry the French king's daughter, and the duke of Orleans the duchess of Milan, "and that this was all done by the bp. of Rome's means, and they were confederate together." Helyarde also told him secretly, "We shall all be undone one day, for we have no help now but of the duke of Cleves, and he is so poor that they cannot help us." No other person was then present. Signed: By me Christophor Chaitour.
In Ap Rice's hand, pp. 4. Illegible in parts especially on the first page. Endd.
R. O. 2. Cray's Account.
Describes a conversation between the writer and a servant [Chaitour] of the bp. of Durham who overtook him between Huntingdon and Royston, on Sunday, 14 Dec., as he was going to London. His master, he said, was of the Privy Council, and so was no other bishop. "Yes," quod I, "the bp. of Winchester." "He was indeed," quod he, "and so was the bp. of Chichester, but they were both discharged in the Progress time." He said that the bp. of Winchester had objected to Friar Barnes, a man defamed of heresy, and who had done penance for it, being sent on embassy; on which my lord Privy Seal had him removed from the Council. He could not tell precisely why the bp. of Chichester was put out, but it was for holding against these new opinions. "Jesus," quod I, "I had thought that schism and diversity of opinions had been pacified by the last Parliament." "Marry, even so had had we," quod he, "then, but now we see experience to the contrary; for those that speaks against these new fellows be shrewdly intreated. There was even now of late a man of great and high learning called Dr. Wattes, which preached much and read lectures daily in London, and he had so clerkly confuted those opinions and errors which the bp. that was of Worcester had sown amongst the Londoners, that they were wholly turned to him; of whom when the bp. of Canterbury had knowledge, he sent for him and had him in examination afore him. Which when the commons of London understood they assembled themselves together, to the number of 10,000 men, and intended to have fetched him from the bp. of Canterbury with strength. Howbeit they were stayed by an alderman dwelling in Gracyous Street which promised to go to my lord of Canterbury and would be his surety for his appearance and so to take him into his custody." The alderman offered sureties in 5,000 marks, but the bp. deferred answering till he had consulted my lord Privy Seal, when Dr. Wattes was sent out of the way into Kent, and no one knows "where he is become."
Knew this story of Wattes to be false, and, having reached Royston, got him to declare his mind at supper before the good man of the Tabberd and a guest dwelling near Peterborough. Talking of the suppression of houses of religion, he said that before coming to Huntingdon he overtook men that came from the commissioners and brought with them copes and other abbey gear in their males. He said the prior of Montgrace was fully minded not to give up his house, and that a friend advised him, through a servant, to meet Mr. Henley when he came to suppress it three or four miles from the house and offer him a gelding of five marks' value for his favor. The prior sent his thanks, but said he had no such gelding, and would not offer a hair of his tail for his favor. "Jesus," quod I, "what manner of man is that prior ? Is he a man of any discretion ?" "Yea, marry, is he," quod he, "and a great learned man, and so be all his brethren, and they be like-minded all to him." "How doth the country favor him," quod I ? "Marry," quod he, "wondrous well, and they lament and bewail his cause very sore in their hearts." He said also, he had seen the visitors handle relics very irreverently, spoiling them of their gold and silver and casting them away. They gave him some bones garnished with silver and bade him pluck off the silver to garnish his dagger. He had gathered up some of the bones they cast away and would rather go on begging than take the silver from them. After supper he went to bed, saying he had not slept since he left Durham, and the writer caused the host to repeat the conversation before one Yorke and others, who came in later, and were those he spoke of as coming from the commissioners. The host then told about the prior of Mountgrace, and the relics.
Next morning the bp. of Durham's servant called up the servants of the house at three o'clock, who were loth to rise so early, and then the writer, saying it was daylight. Rode out of Royston with two others while it was dark, and could not converse "for stumbling of our horses" till we came to Ware, within half-an-hour after seven. Refused to go to mine old host in Ware and went with them to the sign of the Hart, where we broke our fasts and the bp. 's servant got a new horse. Rode with him in advance of the other two and said he wondered at what he had told him of the two bishops being put out of the Council, as it was said my lord Privy Seal was out of favor in this Progress time. "Truth it is," quod he, "so it was indeed, and my lord of Hampton, Sir Ant. Brown, and Sir Will. Kyngeston had put into the King's head that there was no man so fit to have the doings of the King's affairs as my lord my master was; but he, knowing the inconstancy of the King, et quam lubricus est primus locus apud principes, did refuse it and would not take it upon him, and so, because the bishops of Winchester and Chichester were from the Court in an ill time, there was no more done in the matter. And now ye see he hath brought it to pass that the King shall marry one (fn. 4) of his own sort, and that she will not come into England as long as there is one abbey standing, and for this cause so great haste is made to have them down so shortly as ye see." "Jesus," quod I, "what will be the end of these matters ?" "I cannot tell," quod he, "but this is certain, that the Emperor is comen down into France, and by the mediation of the bp. of Rome there is a perfect peace and unity established between him and the French king, and he shall marry the French king's daughter, and the duke of Orleans shall marry the duchess of Milan, and so now these three, the bp. of Rome, the French king, and the Emperor, be all one, and the king of Scots is the French king's man; and so we be left alone, and nobody with us but these Germans, a sort of beggarly knaves, and they are able to do nothing. And as for our own commons, their hearts be not so firm nor steadfast to the King but for fear."
After that they conversed about learned men, and the writer wondered that such wise men as More and Fisher would die for the opinion they did. "Of truth," quod he, "they did it even as their conscience did lead them." "Then," quod I, "I marvel greatly of my lord your master and divers other great and excellent clerks, that they had not a like conscience, being of their judgment in divers other things which hath been in controversy since that time." "Of truth," quod he, "my lord and master was of the same judgment with them, and had studied and written out a protestation of his mind, both concerning the divorce of my lady Kateryn dozer (sic, for dowager) and the supremacy of the bp. of Rome, in the which he was determined to have stonde, and at such time as Mr. More and the bishop were arrested, one Burton, one of my lord my master's servants, came to them, and Mr. More said to him 'Burton, how doth my lord your master ? Will he not come see us? We look for him here with us.' 'I cannot tell,' said Burton, 'I know not my lord's mind in that point.' 'By my faith,' quod Master Moore, 'if he do not, I think he shall do more wisely, for he may do more good hereafter.' And at that time my lord's goods were arrested, (fn. 5) but when he came to London the King's grace and the Council persuaded him, and so he was satisfied and his goods restored."
Pp. 5. Endd.: Cray.
R. O. 3. The confession of Sir Launcelott Thorneton, priest.
"The book I made yesterday containeth all that ever I can say, but one article that was brought to my remembrance since, which was that the servants that went last year but this with my lord, told me that the King's Majesty did call upon my lord many times and talk with him on the way. And this year, I said, I see his Grace hitherto not above twice or thrice call of my lord, and so methinks his Grace talketh but seldom with him to that they spoke of the last year." This I spoke to Chaitour at Woodstock.
If my natural father had told me but one word of these things, I should not spare to lay the blame upon him and tell it out plainly. Woe I am, that I have none to do unto as is done to me, for were he best lord in the realm under the King, I would put out the truth in such case. I never, with my lord, desired that he should be in any authority; but, if it had pleased the King, and his own desire, I would gladly he had been lord President in the North as he was. When one Mr. Beselay, as it was said, did or would complain upon my lord President that now is to my lord of Hampton, I wished heartily in my heart that my lord might be president there, if it were the King's pleasure and his desire. "This is the conjecture and that that I ever thought my lord Hampton and Mr. Browne, upon my lord's suit to them, would further him, if it were his own mind," as I trow it never was. This came but in my mind this night.
Asks Dr. Bellasys to put this and the other paper together, and to move my lord Privy Seal to have pity on him.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
28 Dec.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
In favour of Edward Askew, the bearer, his servant, son of Sir Wm. Askewe, who has been preferred, by some nobleman, to the room of one of these new spears in the Court without his or Cranmer's knowledge. He is very meet to furnish such a room. Forde, 28 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 Dec.
R. O.
Pensions assigned to the late prioress and sisters of Lynebroke, 28 Dec., 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Julian Barbour, prioress, 6l.; Kath. Dodde, Marg. Tyttley, Eliz. Adams, and Mary Sturie, 53s. 4d. each. Signed: Robert Southwell: Ri. Gwent: John London: John ap Rice: John Scudamore: Thomas Acton: Rob't Burgoyn.
P. 1.
29 Dec.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Has received, by his servant Eaton, 50 "sufferans" from Cromwell, which he will present to Lady Anne to-morrow. If he can compass it, the town of Canterbury shall add 50 angels, and all to be presented in one cup. Asks him to excuse the bearer, Mr. Pheneux, for his absence here. If he and other gentlemen had not assisted, would have received her with but a slender company. The whole number appointed to him, beside his own company was not six score, and some of them failed. Canterbury, 29 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Dec.
Vit. C. XVI.
B. M.
* * * "this town ... by cause her chares and h ... necessaryes were this morning ... and it was xj of clok before we oonl[aded] them at Dover, and notwithstanding the ... commyng of them, and also that the day w[as] foule and wyndye with mooch hayle and ... contynuelly in her face, her Grace was so ... and desirous to make hast to the King['s Highness] that her Grace forced for no nother, which [we] perceyvyng were very gladde to set her G[race] furthwarde, considering if we should h[ave]" lost this day, we should have had to tarry at Sittingbourne on New Year's even and New Year's Day, which we did not think a meet place for so long, or else to have remained here Tuesday night, Wednesday, and Thursday, too many days to lose. Also the archbp. of Canterbury, with other bishops and the sheriff "w[ere] * * * ordered as we have seen ... my lord of Canterbury there making a very ... and compendious properocon" (sic).
The mayor and citizens received her with torchlight and a good peal of guns. In her chamber were 40 or 50 gentlewomen in velvet bonnets to see her, all which she took very joyously, and was so glad to see the King's subjects resorting so lovingly to her, that she forgot all the foul weather and was very merry at supper. Write these particulars, that he may declare them to the King. Canterbury, Monday night, 29 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2., Add.: To, &c., my lord Privy Seal. Endd.
29 Dec.
Close Roll,
p. 4. No 5.
Rym., XIV. 659.
Surrender (by Joan Lawson, prioress, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Durham, and _ (blank space for several names) and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 29 Dec., 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Thos. Leighe, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Neseham priory, Dham., 26 Dec., 31 Hen. VIII.
Joan Laweson, prioress, 6l.; Elena Creithorne, Eliz. Herpour, Marg. Trollopp, Joan Lowyk, Barbara Middelton, Eliz. Hewgill, and Marg. Dowson, 26s. 8d. to 20s. each Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns, commissioners.
P. 1.
29 Dec.
Vit. B. XIV.
B. M.
756. _ to CROMWELL.
"Glorioso signore. Adunque Cramuel magno i meriti del quale predominono cotanta ... che la smisurata grandezza del suo animo venga offesa da la b ... chiede a la bonta di lui quella severa virtu, con che io conculco i viti ... di cui voi solo sete di Dio flagello! oltre di cio non vi e lecito sendo ... ralita, et il possessor de i thesori, il negare a me che non son reo, s ... la santa providenza vostra toglie a coloro, che son pessimi. Ma se il ... mezzo del Gritti stipendiava me, accioche il suo nome non se ne ... cro, che dovete far voi, che apresso lo esser Christiano, meritate di ... riuin principe non ha mancato di legare la servitu mia con la ca ... monio la pension Cesarea in Milano, e gli altri tributi mandatimi conti ... mondo, perche non debbe ajutarmi la splendidissima vestra eccellenza, la c ... il vitto, ne sara laudato da le lingue de la fama, il darmi ella procedera ... e non da paura di biasimo, come procede il presentarmi di tutto il resto d ... in somma se la signoria vostra magnabima non mi da senza dubbio ... amar tanto i preti ladroni, quanto meritamente gli odiate, et amando loro ... che non dica, che it soprano Cramuel disami Iddio ! Di Vinetia, il xxv[iiij di di Decembre (fn. 6) ] mdxxxix."
Mutilated. Add.: ... ma eccellenza del Signor ... rifugio dei giusti. Endd.: Literæ Italico sermone conscriptæ.
30 Dec.
Loseley MSS.
757. REVELS.
A commandment given by the King to Sir Ant. Browne and John Bridges, at Westminster, 30 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., to prepare apparel for a play to be done by the children of the Chapel before the King on New Year's Day at Greenwich, after supper.
Cited by Kempe (Losely MSS., 69) with extracts from some of the items.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Has dared to disturb Cromwell in his affairs knowing his liberality to students of letters. His father kept him at Oxford University from his earliest years, but through increasing poverty, is no longer able to do so. Desires aid to take his bachelor's degree and would share in Cromwell's bounty and hereafter be reckoned amongst those in his pay. Londini, tertio calendas Januarias.
A poem in five cantos, enjoining long suffering and forbearance entitled entitled "Sustine, et abstine."
Hol. Lat., pp. 3. Add.: Mæcenati litterarum munificentissimo, Regisque invictissimi prædilecto consiliario, domino Crumwello. Endd.: Richard Marchall's letters.
30 Dec.
R. O.
On the return of the Deputy from Munster, on Sunday before Christmas, he assembed the Council at Maynooth, but, as Ormond and others could not be here, it was agreed to assemble again in Dublin the Friday after Epiphany. Lack of money to pay the late army here, or even the petty wages appointed by St. Leger and the commissioners to the retinue of the Deputy and Treasurer of Wars (horse 106s. 8d., foot 53s. 4d. a year), on which they refuse to serve longer and indeed cannot live, greatly hinders affairs. Beg that the wages may be augmented and money sent at once or their enterprise at Candlemas will be letted. Maynooth Castle, 30 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Signed: Leonard Gray—John Alen yor Maties Chaunceler—George Dublin.—Will'm Brabazon—your pore servande, Wylly a Brereton—Edwarde Gruffyth—John Travers—Gerald Aylmer, justice—Thomas Lutrell, justice—Thom's Houth, justice.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
30 Dec.
R. O.
P. III., 41.
Looks daily for an answer to his late letters. Reminds him that he promised the writer should have had licence to repair to the King before this. Entreats him at some length to get this licence.
Willed his servant James Bathe to declare his griefs against the Lord Chancellor here. Now upon receipt of Cromwell's letter to him and the Council for their joining together, they are in good conformity, and on his part he will give no occasion of any breach. Begs favour for Bathe, for whom he has sent. Maynooth Castle, 30 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Add. Endd.
30 Dec.
R. O.
When the duchess of Cleves, now queen of England, passed through Gravelines, I got her the best lodging I could in the town. The Count de Buere and I at that time presented a request to her in behalf of the widow of one Jan Adams, called Hans van Cailles, a faithful servant of the king of England. I beg you will write to the English Admiral and the Queen's chancellor to second our request. Gravelines Castle, 30 Dec. 1539.
Begs to know, by bearer, if he can have 100 qrs. of malt, as Lisle promised he should when the Queen passed. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 Dec.
alig. E. IV.
B. M.
* * * ... abode in the said places (fn. 8) ... Flaunders and incidentally with all of bra ... Blois the xvj. of this, there hath not come to this ... truth it is that at Fonteyne Bleaue (which ... and yet not fully perfected neither, because the ty[me] ... nevertheless splayed eagles and the Emperor's dicton in every corner (?) ... diverse figures and antiquities represented as well in the gate ... beside arcus triumphales in ij. places there, and besides also a g ... graces upon the top) there was against the coming of the Emp[eror] ... which was xxiiij of this, a scaremouche prepared by the [Dolphin and the Duke of Orleans] as well as they could devise it, the Dolphin to invade, the [Duke to defend] and in conclusion the Dolphin prevailing and making entrer to the Empe[ror] ... of this thing it shall not be needful to rehearse, and therefore I shall ... this that these men in all places make demonstration that they ... friendship and kindness to this great man, and as I omit to ... [Fontaine]bleaue, Orleans, and Blese, for good considerations so shall I not ... here at Paris, because it should trouble your lordship's other great ... think that the Emperor, albeit he is enforced to have divers things ... think he is not with child with it and could be content as m ... forbear it. And though the Emperor can wisely hide his affe[ctions, the Frenchmen] (whose nature is well known) will not, nor can, hide their affecti[ons] ... what mind they will be of if they can win the Emperor and join they ... case they intend to use their old acquaintance, whom in hope (?) ... considered, sucking nevertheless the meanwhile as great profit ... Their ingratitude and unkind dealing notwithstanding, me thinke[th] ... for a while, except there appear urgent and very manifest good mat[ter] ... and providing accordingly; for if anything should be attempted (as ... and yet not such but it may be otherwise) it were wisdom to ... (God assisting) the enterprise might be repulsed. And if not ... but money spent and things in great safeguard against all cha[nces] ... better it is to fear the worst and provide against it than (hoping ... therefore out of doubt to be found magis securus quam tutus and be decei[ved] ... But what a fool am I thus to write, as who saith this gere ... and provided for, or that I were meet in such a case to give coun[sel] ... not to excuse myself saving that a good author saith Res est so ... and another saith Si nihil est periculi, amice timui, si aliquid est peric[uli] ... The procurer of this interview, after the judgment commonly of all ... of the Emperor, necessity, fear on all sides, and very poverty, and on the [French king's] ... were vain hope, vain glory, folly, lightness, and ambition ... by honour, profit, policy, and religion, and so set forth earnestly and affection[ately] ... and somewhat pleasantly by the cardinal of Lorreyne, and not least of all by the Queen's ... woman of no better wit than she is can do, and in fine seculorum cometh the bi[shop of Rome] which (as of late was merrily said unto me) will be seen to be at the roasting of ... wheresomever it be eaten, and though he have no great part but be seen alone. [The saying is] with as many as yet I have communed with, this interview was concluded between the Emperor and [the French King] first of all, other not privy, and, the same concluded, it was intimated to other, and amongst them t[o the bishop] of Rome, who, willing to be seen an author and a father thereof, and therefore to be at the f[east, sent] his nephew the Cardinal Farneze in post, who, either in deed, either by pretence, was late (?) ... in his journey, nevertheless now very near here and this day some part thereof bo ... entry here, having his lodging and all things provided after a right good sort ... appointed to accompany him and receive him till the Emperor and French king arrive ... is appointed the first day of the year.
* * * (two or three lines lost) ... and have attempted against they ... directly or indirectly the Emperor ... ope and feel his inclination and conformity touching (?) ... he is wise and wily enough for these grass st ... to feed and pasture them withal, and in conclusion if need be to dec[eive] ... s he hath one appearing right honest and sufficient that is that his c[ouncil] ... all as it is, yet the chiefest there is Granvell, is for the most part absent ... (of likelihood for that purpose) to Paris, where he now is, the Emperor being [on the way travell]ing either at Fonteynebleaue either else coming down the water hitherward [to be to night]at Corbeil, tomorrow night at Bois Vincennes, and the first day of the year [to arrive at] Paris, having his lodging provided as well at the Palace as also at the Lover ... keep their matter never so secret during the abode of the Emperor here yet in ... vell, the Emperor being departed, out it shall, if it make either for their glory ... use, or profit; for surely in such cases they can keep no counsel. [The bruit] commonly is here that after the departure of these ij princes there shall be very great ... by marriage, especially between Mons. d'Orleans and the daughter of the king [of Romaynes, for] which purpose amongst other it is pretended the said king of Romaynes doth come ... it is also said that there shall be entreated for a General Council and for the [suppression of] the Lutheran sect, and reducing of them to the obedience of the bishop of Rome; [also to com]pel and bring in the King's Majesty by one ways or other unto the same ... communication there was of late a secret friend of mine that gave me advertisement ... Cardinal Farneze (which he saith is sent legate with all the authority the Pope hath ... reserved (a thing not accustomed heretofore by any bishop of Rome) to be ... on from Rome and here he hath learned) to congratulate these two princes their great [friendship and to] solicitate the conclusion and establishment of peace and matters between them, [and for a Gener]all Council, to labour to reduce the Lutherians sub obedientiam Sedis Apostolice, [to compel, by] hook or by crook, the King's Majesty of England to return as afore, and to let [the marriage bet]wen his Majesty and the duke of Cleves. And my said friend told me also that [the marquis of G]uaste and Hannibault are returning from Venice (Hannibault at Mantua being [commissioned by] the King to christen the Duke's son there). The answer given to them by the [Signory is no]t resolute, but the same yet suspended in declaration for a time given, ... to see what preparation the Turk will make, which is looked and reckoned for to be ... both ways they may satisfy their own interest and commodity. And this my [friend tol]de me also that now of late the bishop of Rome hath made many cardinals [and I can well be]leve it, for that he would have some speech in the world of his doings [as well as] other men's, and percase the bishop of Transylvania is one, which writing of late to ... [letters] dated at Vienne the xxviij of October) maketh no mention of any promise that heretofore ... me afore Mr. Wyat. Gambaro is one other, and also the secretary of cardinal Farneze called [Marcellus (fn. 9) ]; yet I cannot learn whether any Englishmen are come with him or who they are; [but I a]m not forgetful thereof.
"[The F]renchmen and Italians do make their account outwardly that wonders shall be done [at thei]r coming, not only against Gueldres and the Germans, but also against England (the Emperor, the king of the Romaynes, and, percase, the French king, being in Flanders) but I trust they make their [accom]pte without their host; and the Emperor, being wise and wily as I said, hard it is yet to say what [in] conclusion he will do, especially if he see not all thing open and ready for him; and, taking his [pro]ceedings in times past, it is rather like that he will keep his shins whole for himself than break them for another man's pleasure, except he might have thereby right great assured honour and also very much profit. The king of Romaynes, as the ambassador of Gueldres told me, will be in Flanders the xj of the next, but Sercar saith it will be the xvj. The said ambassador of Gueldres told me that there hath been conference and communication between the Emperor and the French king up[on the] xvjtb. of this at Ambois, and conclusion not following but cut off in the chief points. And the said ambass[ador] of Gueldres said other things as contained in his own letter sent herewithal.
"Upon the arrival of the Emperor and French king here, I shall (God willing) further give advertisement to your good lo[rdship], to whom right humbly I recommend myself, beseeching the same I may most humbly be recommended [unto] the King's Majesty my most gracious sovereign lord." Paris, 30 Dec. (fn. 10) (Signature lost).
In Bonner's hand, pp. 2. Injured by fire.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Before his last return to Paris was informed that one Thybault desired to speak with him, having matters that he would disclose to no one else. Had him to dinner, but found neither his person nor his matter of any consequence. He delivered a pronostication which, with three others, he sends for Cromwell to laugh at. Desires Cromwell's counsel touching a letter sent him by the King, with an advowson of the archdeaconry of Middlesex, procured by Dr. Ryvet, labouring to Mr. Henneage, of the Privy Chamber. Dr. Ryvet also obtained, a fortnight before, a letter from the duke of Norfolk for the prebend of Newenton, and probably, "well couraged, would labour for all the rest, which as I hear say are not very many" to be disposed upon the new Chancellor appointed by you and my other poor kinsfolk. Sends also the writ which he lately received touching one Synger, for a pension. Thanks him for his servant Thos. Sherle's letters which have declared how much Bonner is bound to him. Paris, 30 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The elect of London.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Replies to Cromwell's letters of 10 Oct., 5 and 30 Nov., and 10 Dec., touching Mons. de Rochepotte, that (in consequence of the conferences at Ville Costre, of which he informed Cromwell by his own letters, and the original letter of the Constable, of which he now sends copy) he lately, on the return of the Constable to Fontainbleau, both to satisfy him and to procure audience touching the letters brought by Goughe to Mr. Wyatt and himself, sent Wm. Honyng with his own letters to the Constable, and received the enclosed letter of the Constable in answer. Begs Cromwell to read the correspondence and Marillac's book, noting the words in the latter which Bonner has underlined. To these incontinently answer is made, which is not underlined. Either the Constable must accept the answer as reasonable, or show cause to the contrary. There is also a copy of the expedient or moyen, devised by the King and Council "for passing any overtures here, either granted or to be looked for, except there be a right great mutation." The Constable's letter, written on receipt of Bonner's, shows that he is not so eager as he has been, and doubtless his past importunity was due to the causes Cromwell mentioned, viz., to that of his brother Rochepotte, "either else upon the setting of the other unthrifty person mentioned in the said letters, bearing displeasure to the Ostrelings, either else that the said Constable thought in this world nothing durst have been denied, howsomever we had been entreated." Or finally, he may have thought that, as the man in the Gospel knocking at his neighbour's door was not heard the first or second time, so he might obtain his purpose by importunity. Is sorry nothing can be done with them. Paris, 30 Dec.
Can make no answer to Cromwell's letters of the 21st by Robt. Goughe, or of the 24th by George Hennage, except immortal thanks for procuring his post money, &c.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lord of London.
30 Dec.
R. O.
On the 25th Goughe, my lord of London's servant, brought letters to him, Wyatt, and Tate, directing the latter to stay to find out the effect of this interview between the Princes. Things pass forth in demonstration of great amity rather than proceed to any conclusion, which is thought to be deferred till the Emperor's arrival in Flanders, where the king of the Romans is also expected soon after the holidays. Does not write more, as a letter is being sent to the King. Will do the best he can. Paris, 30 Dec. 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[30 Dec.]
Harl. MS.,
282, f. 225.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Mr. Tate and I had written to the King when Gowgh, my lord of London's servant, passed through Paris, on Christmas morning early, to Meloun to his master, who, the same night, sent back your lordship's letters to us and him of the 21st inst., with doubles of the King's letters to these Princes. Next night my lord of London came; and on the 27th we received your letters of the 24th by Henege, "with the doubles and letters again to these Princes."
As to the first letter, there is no time, where the French King now is, to do the matter, for the party (fn. 11) is here, and it is hard to get audience, as the Constable writes to my lord of London; yet I would be loth to give them so much leisure after the overture as betwixt Fontaine Belleaue and Paris. I thank the King for having my jeopardy more dear than his traitor's destruction. He shall employ the same hazard another time, for I hope to do better service than such a wretch's malice may do hurt. I thought to have trapped him before the overture, but intend to forbear that way, because if the attempt quail all is lost, and also they might refuse to deliver him, because of my enterprise against the order of the treaty. I keep sure watch over him, and, as he intends to tarry here until the Emperor's departure, I suffer him to assure himself. To cut off all excuses of his support by the Emperor, I have, in presence of Mr. Tate, reminded Mons. de Grandvela that I spake to him of his keeping in the Emperor's court, and he repeated that he is not supported by the Emperor, nor dare come in his sight, and that four years ago the Emperor told him that when he had need of him he would send for him, and that he practices here with the Nuncio and for Pole. I intend to desire the French King (not as though the party were here) to send an officer with one of mine, declaring that he is a man of small condition. Grandvela declared there was no "innovation," nor should be till the coming into Flanders.
As to your other letters, with the delivery of the King's, Farnese is not yet come, although he is expected this day to make his entry solemnly for his legacy in Paris, "and hitherto I hear not of any such as is meant to come with him." The first matter attained or refused, I will put in ure the rest, not forgetting the merchants of Spain. As your letters are directed jointly to us all, we participate our matters with my lord of London, who now would despatch again, to avoid keeping the King in suspense, for otherwise I see no importance, "unless he advertise other thing than we know of." The Emperor makes all the haste he honestly may. Things for his entry here are not yet ready, and the French King is a little "accrased," that needs will go with him, but only, at furthest, to Chantille, the Constable's house. Mr. Tate is of great help here, both "for his practise of this Court" and his familiarity among these men. Please cause these letters of the ambassador of Cleves to be delivered.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 3.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Congratulations on his marriage with Anne [of Cleves]. Venice, 30 Dec. 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Dec.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.
Since his last letter, of the 16th, it is openly said that the Turk's whole navy is departed from Previsa towards Levant and was last seen beyond Modon. It is uncertain whether it will go along to Constantinople or remain in Negroponte. The Turk has made 150 new galleys. The Bassa who last year went to India with a navy is returned with twelve "gambelles" (camels) laden with gold, the spoils of Aden and Inde. The Marquis of Guasto required the Venetians to cease practising with the Turk, but they refused in consequence of the uncertainty of agreement between Christian princes. When they saw union and strength in readiness of the Christian part they would give up their practises with the Turk. Letters from Constantinople of the 22nd ult. say that they are in certain hope of agreement, and invited to send a new orator to the Turk. A man of much prudence and virtue will be sent. They have sent two ambassadors to be present at the meeting of the Emperor and French king in Flanders. Twenty galleys are being armed and above 60 are abroad. They have lately taken two ships belonging to the Emperor's subjects going from Puglia to Naples with wheat, of which they are in extreme need. The Duke of Bavers has given them license for 40,000 "staris" of wheat and they look for a quantity from Cyprus; otherwise they would utterly perish. They have already spent six millions of gold and consumed their people utterly, so it is no marvel they are greedy of peace with the Turk.
Thinks the report untrue that Raynold Pole was made legate of Bononye. The Pope has lately made 11 cardinals and one reserved. One is a Spaniard, one a Frenchman, and the rest Italians.
Warns Cromwell against the Papistical sect, to whom this late affinity of the King with the Duke of Cleves is not a little displeasant. Encloses a letter of congratulation to the King. Asks Cromwell to speak a word in his favour. Cannot endure without subvention, for he is "not grounded with lands and the faculty is very bare." Venice, 30 Dec. 1539.
Ferdinand has sent a man to the Turk. He was seen about seven days journey on this side Constantinople. It is thought to be for a truce, which causes a suspicion that these Princes intend something else than to go against the Turk.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. With marginal notes by other hands. Endd.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Kaulek, 149.
A gentleman of the chamber of the king of Scotland, who was going to the King (of France), to whom Marillac had delivered letters for Montmorency, was recalled from Gravesmes (Gravesend) to speak with the king of England; and Marillac now sends a duplicate of the letters, as he is not sure but that they have been detained, although Cromwell has affirmed that he was sent away yesterday with all his letters unopened.
The new Queen is at Dover, having crossed on the 27th. Mons. [the bp.] de Noyon, as you will see by other letters I have delivered to him for you, having come here in disguise to see the country, was discovered, and excited great suspicion in those here that he came for other cause than his own pleasure, both on account of the season, which is most incommodious for travelling, and considering the quality of the personage, who they told me was a peer of France through his bishopric. They presume he had a secret commission to pass into Scotland or came to make some intrigue with the Churchmen. Had it not been that I have played my personage properly they would continue to think ill; but I would not speak to the said bishop until he had spoken with the King. I urged him to return at once, so as to silence all this talk, and he readily agreed, he being very sorry to have been thus discovered, and I not less displeased that the thing happened at a time when these people are as suspicious as they ever were. And though all ended well (for this King received him very graciously, and spoke of the King his brother in general terms), one cannot keep people from speaking as they please to the disparagement of the nation (i.e., the French). London, 31 Dec.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Names and pensions of the late prior and canons of Dunstable, Beds, which surrendered 31 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Gervaise Marcham, prior (with 20 loads of wood yearly out of Buckys Wood), 60l., Thos. Cleybroke, sub-prior, 9l.; Ric. Kent, 8l.; Geo. Edwardes and John Stalworth, 7l. each; Edm. Grene, Peter Whyppe, 6l. each; Ric. Bulstred, 7l.; Augustine Curtes, student, 8l.; Robt. Somer, 6l.; John Nyxe, 5l. 6s. 8d.; Nich. Claybroke and John Percyvall, 40s. each. Signed: Phylyp Parys: John Gostwyk: Jo. Tregonwell: Jo. Hughes.
P. 1.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Pensions assigned to the late abbot and religious of Hayles, Glouc., at the surrender, 31 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Steph. Sagar, abbot, 100l. (and also the mansion house called Coscombe alias Coscom, in Didbroke parish, Glouc., with gardens, &c., for life or until appointed to some benefice of the above value; and further, 40 loads of firewood yearly and sufficient house bote out Hayles Wood); John Dawson, B.D., and Ph. Brode, B.D., 8l. each; Wm. Choo, senior, 6l., John Silvester, kitchener, and Thos. Farr, cellarer, 6l. 6s., 8d. each; John Griffith, 6l.; Ric. Eddon, B.D. and Roger Rede, B.D., 7l. each; Reg. Lane, Adam Tyler, Wm. Netherton, Ric. Woodward, Wm. Holydaye, Thos. Reede, 100s. each; Thos. Hopkyns and Ric. Dawnser, sub-prior, 106s. 8d. each; Elys Dugdell, John Hall, and Chr. Hodgeston, 53s. 4d. each; John Holme, 40s.; Ric. Dene, 26s. 8d. Signed: Robert Sowthwell: Ric. Gwent: John London: John ap Rice: Rycharde Poulet: Will'm Berners.
Pp. 2.
31 Dec.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 15.
Rym., XIV.,
Surrender (by Hugh Whytehedd, prior, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Durham, York, Linc., Ntht., Notts, Staff., Lanc., and Nthld., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 31 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Thos. Leigh, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Durham monastery, 30 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.:—
Thos. Holbourne, Ric. Crossebye, Ric. Johnson, John Swallewell, John Browne, Hen. Strother, Cuthb. Robynson, John Dove, Alex. Wodmans, John Dukett, John Smerthuate, John Watson, Chr. Riseley, John Scott, Chr. Robynson, Thos. Harper, Cuthb. Bailiff, Giles Goute, Thos. Robynson, Chr. Egleston, John Robynson, Miles Swallwell, John Blithe, Robt. Chylton, Roger Rawe, John Sotberon, and Ric. Forster, priests, 6l. 13s. 4d. to 5l. each. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns, commissioners.
P. 1.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Newcastle nunnery, 31 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.:—
Agnes Laweson, prioress, 6l.; Joan Scott, sub-prioress, Joan Baxster, Joan Priour, Marg. Pendereth, Joan Colyer, Joan Broderig, Eliz. Shafthoo, and Cicely Myddelton, 40s. to 26s. 8d. each. Allowed to two lay sisters there, who had each a patent of 13s. 4d. a year, 26s. 8d. apiece. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns, commissioners.
P. 1.
31 Dec.
Add. MS.
32, 646, f. 126.
B. M.
St. P., v. 167.
Received 29 Dec. his cordial letters. Thanks him for the gelding which Sir Thomas Wharton had intended to present to Henry VIII., and would not give up to James's ministers without authority. Admits Sir Thomas' excuse, and thanks Henry for his promise to send a further present of geldings to his pleasure. Would like 24 at divers times, of which 16 should be "swift trottand geldingis" and the rest "wele goyng hacknays." Linlithgow, 31 Dec. 27 James V. Signed.
Add. Endd.
Royal MS.,
18 B. VI. 73.
B. M.
2. Copy of the same in a letter book (from which the letter was printed in the State Papers).
Pp. 2.
Cleop. E. IV.
B. M.
775. THOS. LORD AUDELEY, Chancellor, to CROMWELL.
Is informed by Mr. Pollard that the King means to retain in his hands the late monastery of St. John's of Colchester. Is satisfied, since it is his Grace's pleasure; yet Cromwell knows, first having the house and park at St. Osyes by his Grace's own assignment during his pleasure, and then the house of St. John's and lands near it appointed to him by Cromwell's means by his Highness, to forego all this will be no little loss to his poor honesty and estimation, seeing that it is in the country where he was born and most part brought up, and these things lie near his house and lands that he built and bought. Begs Cromwell to further his suit for an exchange according to a bill enclosed, and he will never trouble his Grace with further suits for himself. It is an exchange more profitable to the King than to him, for he leaves the reversion to his Highness, and he only desires it because the lands lie so near and mixed with his other lands. "Sythen his Majesty made me baron and sythen I married my wife I never axyd eny thynge, and I am now abashed"; but hopes, by Cromwell's means, this suit will be granted. The rest of his Grace's land exceeds his by only 21l., or little more. If he have this he will leave his suit for St. John's. "I married at his Majesty's commandment, and his Grace said that he would consider it, and what I should have had otherwise your Lordship knoweth for avauncement of myn heyres; but yet I repent never a whit my marriage, but have great cause to thank the King's Majesty for inducing me to it; for assuredly I have happened of one much to my contentation and honesty; and if God send us children, which I desire, the King's Majesty hath made me a baron, and all my lands exceed not clearly 800l., wherewith I am right well content." Begs Cromwell to move the King in this tomorrow or Monday, and to make his excuse for not waiting upon his Grace himself, for he is so troubled in his right foot that he can neither step nor go. The pain is slightly abated, but the soreness and stiffness remain. "Scribbled this Saturday with a sore and aching foot." (Signed.)
P.S.—Sends a bill enclosed of such lands as he desires of the King and such as his Grace should have of him. His lands of St. Botolph lie among the lands of St. John's on the backside of the house. His parsonages are very good and never "emprowed," and in each is a vicar endowed with a good living. "Considering the King's highness maketh bishops, they be as good as any temporal lands for them; for on my faith they be very good and well paid, and if the years were out I could have great fines for them. As for Est Donyland lieth a great way from St. John's and I have a mill there of mine own and my lands mixed with it. And as for Chesterford I have iiijxx xvij (97) years in it, and it lieth by me at Walden far from any of the King's lands." Will give Cromwell 40l. for his pains when his bill is signed.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: My lord Privy Seal.
ii. The bill enclosed, showing the clear yearly values of the following lands, viz.:—The demesnes sometime belonging to St. Botolph in Colchester, adjoining those of St. John's, 14l. 15s. 5½d. The parsonages of Edmonton (20l. 3s. 4d.), Enfeld (28l.), High Eyster (37l. 13s. 4d.) Total, 100l. 12s. 1½d.
The parsonage of Chesterford, 40l. The manor of Chesterford, 56l. 13s. 4d. The manor of Est Donylond, 25l. 18s. 1d. Total, 122l. 11s. 5d. So the King's lands exceed mine by 21l. 19s. 3½d.
P. 1.
Calig. E. IV. 5.
B. M.
Fly leaf containing the address of a letter to the King and the endorsement of the same, i.e., "Mr. Wyat and the bishop of London to the K.'s Mate."
Plate out of certain abbeys:—St. Edmond's Bury, gold, 1,553 OZ., silver, 7,976 OZ. Ely, gold, 344 OZ., silver, 5,040 OZ. Ramsey, gold, 16 OZ., silver, 2,263 OZ. Peterborough, gold, 70 OZ., silver 5,081 OZ. Crowland, gold, 64½ OZ., silver, 2,433 OZ.
P. 1. Endd.
Egerton MS.
B. M.
Declaration of the lands belonging to the late attainted monastery of Colchester, surveyed by Ric. Pollerd and Thos. Moyle, general surveyors of the King's lands.
Demesne land, 6l. 2s. Quit rents in Colchester, 30l. 14s. 3d. Small tenements and cottages sore decayed, 54s. 9d. Messuages let by indenture, 7l. 11s. 8d.
Imperfect, being the first membrane of a roll. At the head is a carefully executed drawing of some great person entering Colchester, with the execution of the abbot in the background.
i. "The allegations of the Frenchmen demanding the renvoy of the matter to be decided into France."
1. Without disputing whether the prize is lawful, they press that, as St. Martin was in possession of the Hamburg ship, he may be renvoyed into France. 2. By the treaty of peace, neither prince shall judge the others subjects. 3. The Osterlings ought not to fear the French king's jurisdiction as they are his friends. 4. The Hamburg ship was going to Flanders with metal out of which guns might be made, which was enmity against France. 5. The goods in the ship were the enemy's not the Osterlings'. 6. Luben did not allege the Hanseatic League, but called himself bourgeois of Hamburg. 7. The French captain offered sureties for the ship and goods to be forthcoming in France. 8. The ship was taken beside Canfier in Flanders and not in English jurisdiction. 9. She was brought with violence of English ships to Whitby. 10. The duke of Norfolk, lieutenant in the North, decreed that the Englishmen had unlawfully taken the ship and condemned them in damages, &c.
P. 1.
ii. "Th'allegations of the Ostrelins that the matter ought to be judged in England."
1. They stick to the sentence given by the bp. of Hereford, then Dr. Boner, at Westminster Palace, in presence of my lords of Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, and Admiral, on Candlemas Even 1538, alleging (2) that the judge of the place where the goods are found is a competent judge. 3, 4, and 5. That the Frenchman has acknowledged the English sentence and cannot afterwards appeal. 6. The Hamburg men are as citizens of England, by the Hanse. 7. They allege the statute 27 Edw. III. cap. 13., which runs:—"Item, we will and grant that if any merchant prive or stranger," &c. (quoted).
P. 1.
iii. Reply of the Frenchmen.
To the first 4 allegations; saying, amongst other things, that though he had agreed upon an issue he "cannot prejudicate to Mons de la Rochepot's right and title." Further, the French king admonished the King's ambassadors, and having no answer, "wrote his letters whereunto he requireth answer."
P. 1.
iv. Since that time, about mid-November 31 Hen. VIII., the ambassador Marillac requested, for the following considerations, the renvoy of the matter, and does not like the King's offer to have it decided by two commissioners chosen by both Kings. The considerations, i.e.:—(1.) The French took the Hamburg men in the mean sea out of the King's jurisdiction. (2.) The merchandise belonged to Flemings, and the ship's writings showed it was consigned to merchants of Zealand and Antwerp. (fn. 12) (3.) It was forbidden merchandise, i.e., copper and the like. (4.) The matter touches not the privileges of the Easterlings of the Steelyard. (5.) By the treaties, French subjects may go and come freely in all parts of the King's realm; so it is to no purpose to allege that every man may challenge his own wherever he find it, which is only to understand of subjects and not strangers.
P. 1.
v. "Sententia doctorum super declinatoria fori proposita per Petrum de Beaucourt, alias St. Martin, generosum":—Opinion that the case ought to be decided in England for three reasons: 1. That the king of England has an imperial jurisdiction within his own realm. 2. The complainant may choose to have the case decided either where the violence was committed or where he finds the goods. 3. Goods taken in lawful war if brought into a neutral country revert to their original owner.
Latin, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Copy of a letter of Henry VIII. to Bonner.
By the lord Privy Seal's letters herewith (fn. 13) he will receive instruction of discrepancy of the Frenchmen and Ostrelins upon the affair of Mons. de da (sic) Rochpott, with allegations on both parts concerning the renvoy of the matter as requested by the French king's letters, and also the consultation of sundry doctors thereupon. He will also see that in the conference with the French ambassador and the sieur de Damporte, bringer of the same letters, the King declined the French King's request, but proposed that the matter should be decided in England or Calais by Commissioners appointed by the two Kings, and if the Commissioners could not agree then the matter to be decided by the duke of Norfolk and the Constable of France. Requires the Bp. to peruse the premises and so "ripe" himself in the matter that he may be able to show how it was that Henry could not accede to Francis' petition. [24 July 1539.]
Pp. 2. Endd.: The copy of the bishop of Hereford's letters.
R. O. 3. Statement [on the part of the Germans] headed: "Concerning the matter of Mons. de la Rochepot against Luben and other of the Steelyard."
Agree in some points as to the facts, but not in others. On 4 Aug. 1537, Peter Beocourt alias St. Martin, with two ships and a brigantine of war belonging to Mons. de la Rochepot, met, on the coast of Flanders, 3 ships whereof one was of Hamburg, Luben being master thereof. The French say they made towards them to know who they were, and fired a shot as a salute: Luben's ship returned the fire with some 16 shots; so they boarded and took her while the other 2 Ostrelyns fled away. The Ostrelyns deny the salutation, and say the Frenchmen, in the time of truce "long afore," did wrongfully take them. They were but 10 men, and the French ships had 50 and 80 men respectively, who wounded all their mariners "to dead" and cast one of them into the sea (the French say he cast himself in). The French took Luben and 5 others into their ships, leaving 3 Ostrelyns in the Hamburg ship, and went towards Scotland. Next day they put Luben and his fellows into a fisher boat because they were wounded and like to die. The Frenchmen were sparpled by a storm, and the Hamburg ship, with the Frenchmen on board, put into Whitby for safety. The French say, 2 ships of Newcastle, belonging to Favor and Mylketon, met the Hamburg ship in the mean sea and violently brought it into Whitby, and the duke of Norfolk commanded them to restore it to St. Martin. The Osterlyns deny this, and say certain Englishmen took and brought other ships to Hull which were by the duke of Norfolk ordered to be restored.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 4. Note of the three points in the Doctors' opinion (see § iv.).
Latin, p. 1.
R. O. 5. Latin translation of the allegations of the French and Easterlings and the Frenchmen's reply.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 6. "Th'abbreviat of the doctors' opinions upon Mons. de la Rochepott's matter."
[The question is, whether St. Martin, a French captain, taking an Easterling ship on the coast of Flanders as a fair prize and the said ship coming in possession of Frenchmen into Whitby, ought the French to abide the King's judgment here if the Easterlings demand it ?] (fn. 14) The French allege the King should not take cognizance thereof because (1) the ship was not taken within his liberties, (2) the matter touches not his subjects, (3) the ship was driven by Englishmen to Whitby and, (4) actor debet sequi foris rei: but these reasons show no substantial ground to refuse the King's jurisdiction [first because the King being an emperor within his own realm, &c.]*
ii. The first reason of the Frenchmen holds not, because the goods were found in England, the 2nd because it touches the King's Majesty, the 3rd, because it is not true, and the 4th, because restitution is demanded here. The French cannot deny the validity of the sentence given here, because they concurred in the trial.
iii. Reasons why this cause ought not to be remitted.
By law, kings and princes are emperors within their own dominions; restitution may be demanded where the goods are found; prizes of war, on coming into a neutral state revert to their original owners; the burgesses of Hamburg by privileges given to the "Hanse," otherwise called the "Stedes" of Germany, are citizens of London. Further, there is a Statute 27 Edw. III. and custom.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 7. "The doctors' advices and opinion." Another copy in § iv.
English, p. 1.
R. O. 8. Copy of a letter [from Henry VIII. to Francis I.].
"Treshault &c." Francis' letters show him to be ill informed about the affair between certain Easterlings and the sieur de Beocourt alias St. Martin, captain, as he pretends, under the seigneur de la Rochepot. Although Henry's Council put the whole case before Francis' gentleman Dampont, who said he was sent here for that matter, the sieur de Marillac, Francis' ambassador, has frequently importuned Henry to remit the case. Has again charged his ambassador in France to explain why he cannot do so. The duke of Suffolk, after a long suit in France, has had two sentences given in his favour against the sieur de la Fayette, but all this long time has been unable to obtain execution. The Duke also affirms that 8,000 livres of the dowry of the late Queen Dowager, Henry's sister, are still unpaid. Begs credence for his ambassador, and that the Duke may have execution of the sentences and receive payment. [circ. 9 Dec. 1539.]
French, pp. 2.
R. O. 9. Petition of Marillac, French ambassador in England, to Henry VIII.
Desires the remission to French courts of the dispute between Jehan Luben and the sieur de Beaucourt "dict St. Martin" about a ship taken in August 1537, of which the French King has twice written to Henry. Gives reasons. Signed.
Large paper. French p. 1.
R. O. 10. Statement of the case [for the Germans].
On the 4th of August 1537, after the truce of July between the Emperor and French King, Hans Luban, of Hamburg, enjoying the privilege of the Hanse, was taking his ship towards Hagen in Holland when it was attacked and captured by Peter de Baycourt, a French captain, who took Luban and five others out of the ship and put in Frenchmen. Next day he put Luban and the others, who were wounded, into a fishing boat and took the Hamburg ship towards Scotland, but it was obliged by stress of weather to put into the English port of Whiteby.
Latin, p. 1.
R. O. 11. Reasons alleged on the part of the Germans why judgment should not be remitted to France in a case pending here before Dr. Tregonwell, &c. between Peter de Boucowrte and the Easterlings. Explain six reasons supported by legal authorities (cited) and the statute 27 Edw. III. cap. 13. Finally they allege the decree made in this cause by Doctors Wm. Peter, John Tregonwell, Dr. Bonner, now bp. of Hereford, and Dr. Carne, at Whitehall, in presence of the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the lord Admiral, Lord Cromwell and others on the eve of the Purification of St. Mary 1538.
Latin, pp. 5.
R. O. 12. "Factum" of Mons. de la Rochepot for the "renvoy" to French courts which the French ambassador now asks for.
Describes how the sieur de St. Martin, captain of the said Rochepot, with two galleons and a brigantine, met with three Easterling ships of war off Campfer, and after a long fight took one of them, the George of Hamburg. In it he took 10 or 12 men and transferred them to his galleon, amongst them John Luben, the master, who next day got leave to go into the ship taken to attend to his men who were wounded. A storm separated the galleon from her prize, which was then captured by two ships of Laur. Faubre and one Milckton, of Neuflchastel (Newcastle), and brought to Whitby. St. Martin was driven to Scotland, but returned and made suit to the Duke of Norfolk, lieutenant in the North, who ordered Faubre and Milkcton to restore the prize to him and pay expenses, &c. St. Martin was then arrested by John Luben and certain Easterlings of the Steelyard in London, imprisoned for seven weeks, &c., &c.
The ambassador begs a reply in writing by the King and Council to the King and Council of France.
French, pp. 2.
R. O. 13. Explanation by the French ambassador of his reasons for requesting the remission of the case of St. Martin and the Easterlings to France.
Latin, pp. 6.
R. O. 14. Extracts from the above papers in a modern hand.
Pp. 7.
1. John Smyth and Clement Smyth. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of Remembrancer of the Treasury of the Exchequer; in as full manner as Sir Rob. Lytton, Edm. Denny or the said John Smyth held the same. On surrender, by the said John Smyth, of patent 12 Jan. 4 Hen. VIII., granting the office to the said Edm. Denny, now deceased, and the said John Smyth. Del. Westm., 2 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 7.
2. Wm. Griffith. To be keeper of the wardrobe in the manor of Horsleigh, Surrey; with 6d. a day. Del. Westm., 2 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 35.
3. Pet. Belamy, of Shepwasshe, Devon, yeoman. Pardon for having, 10 March, 29 (sic) Hen. VIII., (fn. 15) broken into the house of And. Hillersdon, at Lamsed, Devon, along with John Holand, jun., late of Lamsed, Devon, and Wm. Holand, of Shepwasshe, gentlemen, and stolen therefrom 125l. in money and a gold chain worth 125l., the property of the said Andrew; the burglars having been afterwards feloniously received by John Holom, of Shipwasshe, gentleman. Del. Westm., 3 Dec.—S.B. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 20.
4. Sir Th. Elyot and Margaret his wife. Grant in fee, for 437l. 15s. 4d., of the manor of Hyston Enesham, Camb., belonging to the late monastery of Enesham, Oxon, and the rectory and advowson of the parish church of Hyston Enesham, Camb.; and all appurtenances of the said manor and rectory in Hyston Enesham, Hyston Denny, Hogington, Impyngton, Gyrton, Melton and Landbeche, Camb., rent 4l. Del. Westm., 5 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
5. Peter Vannes, dean of Salisbury Cathedral and Latin secretary to the King. Grant of all the liberties and immunities belonging to his deanery without the necessity of personal residence. Hampton Court, 19 Nov. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 5 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 41.
6. Harman Stronckt, of London, shoemaker, born in the dominions of Clere (? Cleves). Denization. 5 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 34.
7. Jerome Moke, born subject of the duke of Gueldres. Denization. 7 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 34.
8. Rob. Veere, one of the sons of John earl of Oxford. Licence to receive of the gift of his said father the office of master of the college of Shottisbroke, Berks. Del. Westm. 8 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 20.
9. City of Worcester. Grant, to the bailiffs and citizens, for 541l. 10d., of the house and site of the house late of the Friars Preachers, commonly called "lez Blacke Frears," in the city of Worcester; and the house and site of the house late of the Friars Minors, commonly called "lez Grey Frears," near the said city and within the liberties thereof; the churches, steeples, and churchyards of the said houses, and 20 messuages, lands, &c., in the said city and in Powyke, Warmedon, and Severnestoke, Worc., belonging to the said late houses. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
10. Ric. Southwell. Grant, in fee, for 599l., of the reversion and yearly rent, of 36l. 14s. 3d. and ½ farthing, reserved upon a 21 years' lease granted by the Crown, 20 June 29 Hen. VIII., to Rob. Sturges, of the manor of Tottyngton and Stanforde, Norf., belonging to the late priory of Campsee, Suff.; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Tottyngton and Stanforde belonging to the same late priory; and the rectory (with tithes) of Tottyngton belonging to the same late priory; the advowson of the vicarage of Tottyngton reserved.
Also grant, as above, of all the premises with the advowson of the vicarage, and of all messuages, lands, &c., in Tottyngton, Stanforde, Styrston, Fulstowe, Merton, Caston, Thomson, Langforde, Bodney, Tofts, Threxton, and Wrotham, Norf., belonging to the said manors and rectory; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Tottyngton and Stanforde, belonging to the said late monastery, in as full manner as "Elea" Buttree, the late prioress, held the same. Clear yearly value of premises, 30l. 9s. 3d. ½ q.
Also grant, as above, of the manors of Swanton Newars, and Cardeston, Norf.; belonging to the late priory of Walsyngham, Norf.; the advowson of the vicarage and parish church of Swanton Newars, Norf.; a "tyle-kylle" in Swanton Newars; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Swanton Newars, Cardeston, Byrnyngham, Byrston, Eggefelde, Sharyngton, Gunthorpe, Thyrnyng, and Barney, Norf., belonging to the said manors of Swanton Newars and Cardeston; and all other messuages, lands, &c., in Swanton Newars and Cardeston, Norf., belonging to the said late priory of Walsyngham. Clear yearly value, 12l. 5s. 4d. To hold by the yearly rent of 61s. for the said possessions of Campsey, and 24s. 7d. for the said possessions of Walsyngham; with liberties. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
11. Sir Wm. Uvedale. Grant, in fee, for 202l. 13s. 4d., of the manor and the rectory of Kemeryge alias Kemeryge in Purbek, Dorset, which belonged to the late monastery of Cerne; to hold, with liberties, by the yearly rent of 27s. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
12. Rob. Tyrwhyt and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in tail male of the said Robert, for 208l. 18s. 4d., of the house and site of the late priory of Irford alias Urforth, Linc.; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c.; a water mill in Irford; and divers lands, &c., in Irford and at Furrehill and in Swynhope and Bynbroke, Linc., belonging to the said late priory and late in the occupation of the prioress; and all the lands, &c., in the several tenures of Jasper Sheffeld, John Slynger, and John Swallowe, in Croxby, Linc.; the chief messuage in Merket Stanton late in the tenure of John Lyngerd, which belonged to the said late priory; also the grange called Seny place alias Sothery graunge in the parish of Berdney, Linc., belonging to the late monastery of Berdney, Linc.; and all lands, &c., in Sothery in the said parish late in the tenure of Wm. Fawne by indenture; and all rents and services reserved by the said indenture to the late abbot of Bardeney and his successors, &c. Also the yearly rent of 3s. 9d. and service due to the Crown from Rob. Scottyng and his heirs for lands which the said Rob. holds of the Crown in Normanby next Spyttel, Linc.; and all lands now in the tenure of Rob. Pygot in Normanby; the grange and other lands, &c., now in the tenure of Rob. Scoffyn and John Scoffyn leased by indenture in Normanby, and all rents and services due for the same; the yearly rent of 2s. 2d. and service due from Charles Goodhand and his heirs in Kyrmond, Linc.; the manor of Kyrmond in le Myre, Linc., lately leased to Sir Geo. Tayleboys and Isabella his wife; the messuage and all lands, &c., late in the tenure of John Belle and now in that of Chas. Goodhand in Kyrmond; the grange late in the tenure of Th. Estwode and leased to him by indenture in Marton, Thornton next Horncastell and Skreleby, Linc., and the reversion of the rents and annual profits thereof: the advowson of the rectory and parish church of Marton; and the messuage and lands in Wykenby, Linc., late in the tenure of John Tenaunt and leased to him by indenture; and all lands, &c., late in the tenure of Rob. Archer, in Hatton; all which premises in Normanby, Kyrmond, Marten, Thornton, Skreleby, Wykenby, and Hatton belonged to the late priory of Stanfeld. Also the yearly rent of 8d. and service due from Charles Goodhand and his heirs for lands in Lndford, Linc.; the yearly rent of 4d. and service due from Ralph Merkeham and his heirs for lands in Ludford; the yearly rent of 12d. and service due from Wm. Buddyvaunt and his heirs for lands in Ludford; the yearly rent of 1d. and service due from the rector of Ludford for lands in Ludford; the yearly rent of ½d. and service due from Wm. Elvys and his heirs for lands in Ludford; the yearly rent of 11d. and service due from Wm. West and his heirs for lands in Ludford; also a needle (? "unum acum") and the yearly rent and service due from Rob. Belchap and his heirs for lands in Ludford; the yearly rent of 2½d. and service due from the widow and heirs of John Vicars for lands in Ludford; and all messuages, lands, &c., in the several tenures of Ric. Welleys and Wm. Burton in Ludford; and the woods growing on those lands; and all messuages, lands, &c., late in the tenure of John Lyttelbury and Katherine Lyttelbury, widow, in Thorp le Myres, Linc., and all rents and services due from the said John and Katherine for the said messuages lands, &c. All which messuages, lands, &c., belonged to the late priory of Merkeby, Linc. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 18.
13. Rob. Tyrwhyt, esquire of the Royal Body. Licence to enfeoff Rob. Dighton, of Parva Sturton, Linc., and Th. Dymoke, of Carleton, Linc., of divers lands, &c., severally specified, in Staynfeld, Linc., which belonged to the late monastery of Staynfeld; on condition that if the said Robert and Thomas, by their indented charter, before the feast of St. Michael next, enfeoff the said Rob. Tyrwhyt and Elizabeth his wife of the same lands, to hold to the said Robert and Elizabeth and the heirs and assigns of the said Robert that then the said charter and seisin thereof delivered should hold good; otherwise the said Robert, his heirs and assigns, shall be at liberty to re-enter on the premises. Westm., 9 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 15.
14. Th. Kyngiswood, clk. Presentation to the parish church of St. Michael of the town of Gloucester, Worc. dioc., in the King's gift by the monastery of St. Peter, Gloucester, being void, and its temporalities in the King's hands. Westm., 7 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p 1, m. 41.
15. Sir Giles Alington. Annuity of 26l. 13s. 4d. issuing from the estates which belonged to Sir Wm. Spencer, deceased, during the minority of John Spencer, s. and h. of the said William; with the wardship and marriage of the said John. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
16. John Cradock, of Bedmyster, Soms. Confirmation of the estate granted him by a lease, 12 Nov. 30 Hen. VIII., by Sir Hen, Bourghchier, lord Lovyn, viscount Bourgh chier, earl of Ewe and of Essex, of certain parcels (specified) of the manor of Bedmyster, then in the several tenures of Fras. Stradlyng, Arth. Peyton, John Colles, sen., and John Colles, jun., Thos. Edwards, Thos. Everod, John Smyth, and John Broun; for 96 years, at certain stated rents; the premises having been granted to the said earl in tail male by patent, 12 March 13 Hen. VIII. To hold for 21 years from the death of the said earl. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 31 Hen., VIII.—S.B. (Endd.: "at Batersbe suit.") Pat. p 1, m. 23.
17. Commission of the peace:
Bucks.—Thomas lord Audley of Walden, Chancellor, Thomas duke of Norfolk, Treasurer, Charles duke of Suffolk, lord President of the Council, Thomas lord Crumwell, Privy Seal, J. bishop of Lincoln, William lord Grey of Wylton, Andrew lord Wyndesore, John lord Mordaunt, John lord Russell, Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir John Baldewyn, Sir John Daunce, Sir Fras. Bryan, Sir Wm. Wyndesore, Sir Wm. Gascoygn, Sir Edw. Dune, Sir Walt. Stonour, Sir Rob. Dormer, Sir Ralph Varney, Sir Ant. Lee, Sir Th. Longvyle, Sir Edm. Pekham, Paul Darell, John Croke, Geo. Bulstrod, John Babam, Rob. Drury, Ralph Lane, jun., Th. Lowe, Geo. Gyfford, Hen. Bradshawe, Wm. Davyes. 9 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 4d.
18. Sir Richard Ryche, Chancellor of the Court of Augmentation. Licence to alienate all his messuages, lands, &c., in Terlyng, Essex, lately belonging to the monastery of Lighes, and the pension of 5 marks issuing from the church or rectory of Magna Burche, Essex; and the portion of tithes which the prior and convent of the said late monastery held within the limits of the parish of Magna Burche; to Thomas lord Audeley of Walden, lord Chancellor of England. Westm., 10 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 15.
19. Eliz. Pygott, widow. Licence to alienate the tenement called Colywyks and certain acres of land, &c., in Waddysdon, Quaynton, Daddersill, and Colwyks, Bucks.; which belonged to the late priory of Woborne, Beds.; and all the messuages, lands, &c., in Waddysden, Queyndon, Dedershill, and Colwyks, Bucks., belonging to the said late priory; to Rob. Pygott, son of the said Elizabeth, and his heirs for ever. Westm., 10 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 17. The commencement of this grant occurs likewise on m. 15.
20. Sir John Williams, master of the Crown jewels. Licence to enclose and make into a park 200 acres of land and wood in the town and fields of Rycott, Oxon., and to have free warren in the same. Del. Westm., 10 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 53.
21. Rob. Chauntler or Chaundler, of London, Yeoman. Pardon for having, 14 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII., in the parish of St. Edmund the King and Martyr, Lumbard strete, London, in the ward of Langhorne, broken into the house of Th. Gest, draper, and stolen divers pieces of cloth (specified). Del. Westm., 10 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. S.B.—Pat. p. 7, m. 22.
22. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
Worcester City Gaol: at the said city. Rob. Lodyngton and John Wallysgrove, bailiffs, John Pakyngton, John Russell, Edm. Lodyngton, Th. Bolyngham, Rog. Warde, Ric. Sergeaunt, Geo. Wylloughby, and Wm. Cooksey. 11 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 12d.
23. John Grey, of Trymley St. Martin's, native of Angwishe (Angus) in the dominions of James King of Scots. Denization. 11 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2. m. 34.
24. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
Hereford Castle: at Hereford. Sir Jas. Baskervyle, Sir Ric. Vaughan, Th. Monyngton, Rouland Moreton, Ric. Palmer, Ric. Warmecombe, Nich. Chyppenham, Ric. Walweyn, Th. Havard, and John Beryton. 12 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 12d.
25. Wm. Rygges. Reversion of the office of one of the five auditors of the Exchequer, on the first vacancy among the present five auditors—John Goldyng, Wm. Aprice, Brian Taylor, John Assheton, and John Mynne. Del. Westm., 14 Dec, 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (with certificate below by Ric. Lyster, John Hales, John Danaster, and Th. Walssh that the above named Wm. Rygges is an able man and has sufficient knowledge for the exercise of the aforesaid office.) Pat. p. 4, m. 1.
26. Wm. Petre, of London, LL.D. Grant, in fee, for 849l. 12s. 6d., of the manor of Gynge Abbes, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of St. Mary and St. Ethelburga of Barkyng, Essex; the advowson of the rectory and parish church of Ingerstone alias Gynge ad Petram, Essex; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Ingerstone, Gynge ad Petram, Mountenesynge and Fryer Inge, Essex, belonging to the said manor; and all rents due to the bailiff of the said manor, though the said rents be parcels of the manors of Woodbarnes and Hanley; in as full manner as Dorothy Barlee, the last abbess, held the premises; except the manors of Woodbarnes and Hanley, Essex, now severally leased to John Smythe, of Blackmore, Essex, and Th. Radley, of Inge Att Stone, Essex. To hold by the yearly rent of 4l. 14s. 6d. with liberties. Westm., 14 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 15 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 6 m. 19.
27. Anth. Deny, a gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber. To be steward and bailiff of the manors of Bedwell and Barkhamstede, Herts, keeper of Bedwell park and of the hunt of deer of the said park; and keeper of the King's mansion of Bedwell with a little garden thereto annexed or adjoining: All which premises came to the King's hands by the attainder of dame Gertrude, late wife of Henry marquis of Exeter: with 40s. a year as steward and 10l. a year in the other offices, the herbage and pannage of Bedwell park, free warren of the coneys within and without the said park in the parishes of Esingdon and Berkhamstede, Herts; and the two pastures adjoining the park called the "Greate Copie," and the "Litle Copie." Westm., 7 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 15 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 34.
28. William lord Parre and Sir Wm. Parre, uncle of the said lord Parre. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of keeper of the great and little parks of Brygstoke, Northt.; with the herbage and pannage of the said parks. On surrender by the said Sir William of patent 30 Dec. 21 Hen. VII. granting him the office of keeper of the great park aforesaid, and of patent 18 Nov. 22 Hen. VII. granting him the office of keeper of the little park. Westm., 7 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 16 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 41.
29. Thomas lord Crumwell. Pat. p. 1, m. 15. See No. 264 (19).
30. Wm. Thornehull, of Thornehull, Dorset. Grant in fee, for 653l. 11s. 8d., of the manor of Wolland, Dorset, belonging to the late monastery of Mylton, Dorset, in as full manner as John Bradley, the late abbot, held it. Rent 49s. 4d. Del. Westm., 20 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
31. John Billyng, clk. Presentation to the parish church of St. Mary of Wilton, Wilts, Salisbury dioc., vice John Dean, attainted. Del. Westm., 20 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Endd.; at the suit of the bp. of Sarum.) Pat. p. 7, m. 20. Rym. XIV., 651.
32. Dame Gertrude marchioness of Exeter, widow of Sir Hen. Courteney, late marquis of Exeter. Pardon for all offences committed before 1 July 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 21. Rym. XIV., 652.
33. Sir Edw. Braye. Grant, in fee, for 58l. 18s. 4d., of certain lands in the borough of Telton in the parishes of Selmeston and Alciston, Sussex, on the south and north sides of the highway leading from Lews towards Pevisey; and the lands called Pysons Wyshe and Telton Downe, in Telton; which premises belonged to the late monastery of St. Martin, Battle, Sussex.
Also grant (in exchange for the advowson of the parish church of Stook beside Guildford, Surr.) of the adyowson of the rectory and parish church of Craneley, Surr.
To hold at a rent of 6s. 7d. Del. Westm., 22 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
34. Sir Th. Speke. To be warden or chief keeper of the forest of Roche, Soms., and keeper of the game and deer in the said forest; with the usual fees. Westm., 21 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 22 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 36.
35. Commissions of gaol delivery:—
Stafford County Gaol: at Stafford.—Sir John Gyfford, Sir Edw. Aston, Sir Geo. Greysley, Sir John Harecourte, Sir Ph. Draycote, John Vernon, Th. Gyfford, Walt. Wrottesley, Wm. Wyrley, jun., Humph. Wellys, John Grosvenour, Th. Skrympshyre, Th. Moreton, and Walt. Blounte. 22 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 12d.
Norham Castle: gaol of Cuthbert bishop of Durham at the Castle.—Sir Wm. Evers, Brian Layton, Rob. Colyngwood, Lionel Grey, Rob. Menell and John Bodenell. 23 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 14d.
36. Crown lands:—
Commission to Thomas lord Crumwell, keeper of the Privy Seal, and Sir Richard Ryche, chancellor of the Court of Augmentation, to sell in the King's name such lands as have come to the Crown by Acts of Parliament and surrenders, to the clear yearly value of 6,000l. (except houses and tenements to which no lands belong, in London and other cities and towns) for ready money, at 20 years' purchase at the least, according to the particular values and certificates to be made by the auditors and other officers of the same. No one manor or farm above the yearly value of 64l. to be sold without the King's command or pleasure. Houses or tenements without land in London or elsewhere may be sold at 15 years' purchase. Westm., 14 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. [Westm., 23] Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 38d.
37. Th. Thurleby, clk. Presentation to the hospital of Thomas Bekket in Suthwerke, commonly called Thomas Bekkett's Spyttell, Surrey, vice Ric. Mabot, clk., deceased. Del. Westm., 23 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 21.
38. Robert Carre, of Sleforde, Linc. Grant, in fee, for 400l., of (1.) The house and site of the late priory of Catley, Linc.; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same; and certain acres of land, &c., in Catley, Byllyngey, Walcote, Thorpe, North Kyme, Durryngton, Rowston and Dygby, Linc., belonging to the said late priory; the wood called Catley wood, Linc., and all granges which were in the proper occupation of the said priory. Also a water-mill called Teleby mylne, with the water-course thereof, &c., in Sleeforde alias Newe Sleeforde, belonging to the late priory of Haverholme, Linc.; also the land and pasturage of sheep or "le Shepegate" called Maydenhouse, in Fulbek, Linc., belonging to the late monastery of Semperyngham alias Sempryngham, Linc., in as full manner as the last prior of Sempryngham or the general master of the Order of St. Gilbert held the same. Clear yearly value and of the site and other premises, 102s. 4d.
(2.) Also the close of land called "le Grange close," now in the tenure of Ric. Wyndebanke, in Hougham, Linc., belonging to the said late priory of Haverholme; a water mill, a cottage, and a close of land now in the tenure of the said Ric. Wyndebanke, in Marston, Linc. Clear yearly value, 43s.
(3.) Also the grange of Oxecome alias Oxcombe, in Oxecome, Linc., belonging to the late monastery of Bullington alias Bolyngton, Linc. Yearly value, 33s. 4d.
(4.) Also the cottage and lands, &c., now in the tenure of Wm. Thomlynson alias Thompson in Netylton, Linc., and the grange of Nettylton, now in the tenure of Wm. Manby, sen., in Nettylton, which belonged to the late priory of Syxhill. Yearly value, 6l. 7s. 8d.
(5.) Also the site of the manor of Barkeston, Linc., belonging to the late monastery of Haltamprice, Yorks.; a water-mill called Male Fosse in Barkeston, Linc., belonging to the same; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Barkeston belonging to the said late monastery or the said manor, and now in the tenure of Chr. Porter. Clear yearly value 7l. To hold by the yearly rents of (1.) 11s. 10d., (2.) 4s. 4d., (3.) 3s. 4d., (4.) 12s. 10d., and (5.) 14s., respectively. Del. Westm., 24 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23. (Undated).
39. Jas. Leveson of Wolverhampton, Staff, merchant. Grant, in fee, for 1,173l. 16s. 8d., of the reversions and rents due on the following Crown leases, viz.:—
(1.) To Wm. Abbot, of the King's household, 17 Nov. 29 Hen. VIII., of the house and site of the late priory of Wombrige, Salop, and divers lands, &c. (named), thereto belonging, formerly in the personal occupation of the late prior: for 21 years; at 10l. 11s. 4d. rent.
(2.) 28 Nov. 30 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Cavendishe, of the house and site of the late monastery of Lylleshull, Salop, and divers lands, &c.(named), thereto belonging, formerly in the personal occupation of the late abbot; for 21 years; at 20l. 5s. rent.
Also the grange and messuage called Shirlowe Graunge in Magna Ercall with appurtenances in Willesland, Sugden and Magna Ercall, Salop, and all the lands late in the tenure of John Prowde or Bowde and Eliz. Wylkes, in Wyllesland and Sugden, in the said parish of Magna Ercall, belonging to the said late priory, in as full manner as the last prior held the same. Yearly value, 40s.
Also the grange called Chirshull grange, in Chirsall, in the parish of Lylleshull, Salop, and all lands thereto belonging or which were ever in the tenure of Th. Chorleton and Joan his wife, the croft called Chirsall Croft and the meadow called Russhe Pleke, the park called Lupsey park and divers pastures, meadows, &c., belonging to the said late monastery in the parish of Lylleshull. Also the town, lordship and manor of Ardbrightley in the parish of St. Arkmund, Salop, belonging to the said late monastery, with tithes therein, the grange called Watlyngstret grange in Lylleshull; the land, meadow, and "le hay" called Strete Hey and the land called "le New Copye," formerly Magotts Hewyng, in Lilleshull, Salop, which belonged to the said late monastery of Lilleshull; in as full manner as the last abbot held the same.
Also the house and site of the house of the late Friars Minors commonly called "le Graye Fryers" in the town of Stafford; the church, steeple and churchyard of the same; the croft of land called the "Gray Fryers Orchard," &c., and the parcels of land in the common field of Stafford which belonged to the said house and were in the personal occupation of the warden, chief governor or minister thereof. Yearly value, 11s. 6d.
Also the manor or grange and tenement called Russheton alias Russheton Grange in Wolstanton, Burslem, and Stoke, Staff, which belonged to the late monastery of Hulton, Staff; and divers pastures, &c. (specified), in Wolstanton, Burslem and Stoke, which belonged to the same late monastery. Yearly value 7l. 5s.
Also the lands and pastures called "les Feldes" "Boreshankes" and "le Moore" in the parish of Brewoode belonging to the late priory of Black Nuns of Brewoode. Yearly value 53s. 4d.
To hold by divers yearly rents, with liberties.
Del. Westm., 24 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, ms. 50–52, and likewise p. 5, ms. 39–41.
40. Ph. Denys. To be lieutenant of the tower and bridge called Newenhambrygge, in the marches of Calais, which office Th. Palmer lately held by virtue of patent 14 Dec. 20 Hen. VIII.; in as full manner as the said Thomas or Sir Robt. Seymour, or any other held the same office, with 16 persons under him taken from the retinue of the castle of Hammes, marches of Calais, by an order of the King in Council with Sir Wm. Blount, late lord Mountjoye, captain of Hammes Castle, for whom the said Philip shall receive allowances at the following rates, viz., 6d. a day for each of 4 men called "deed payes," amounting to 2s. a day in all, which the said Philip shall receive as his own proper pay, 8d. a day for a constable under him, 6d. a day for 3 gunners and 6d. a day for 8 foot-soldiers, these sums to be reckoned in the same coin as such wages are commonly paid in the town and marches of Calais. Del. Westm., 24 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 21.
Entry on roll cancelled with note:—Vacated as appears on the dorse of the letters patent remaining among the writs of the year 32 Hen. VIII.
41. Northampton Castle: Commission of gaol delivery to Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir Th. Gryffyn, Edm. Knyghtley, Ric. Humfrey, Wm. Saunders, Edw. Gryffyn, Th. Brundenell, John Lane, Robt. Chauntrell, and Fras. Morgan; to meet at the castle. 26 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 12d.
42. Ralph Sadleyr a gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber. Grant of the offices of keeper of the site of the manor of Stonden, Herts., and parker or keeper of the park of Stonden, bailiff of the manor of Stonden, and steward of the lordships of Huchyn, Stonden and Anstye, Herts., lately held by Sir Wm. Coffyn, deceased, and also the office of bailiff of the said lordships and manors of Huchyn and Anstye. Del. Westm., 28 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 20.
43. Arnold Thyns, native of the Emperor's dominions. Denization. 28 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 34.
44. Hemelhamsted, Herts. Grant of Incorporation. The corporation to consist of one bailiff and the inhabitants. Wm. Stephens to be bailiff for this year, viz., till the feast of St. Andrew next ensuing. Also grant to the said town of a weekly market on Thursdays and an annual fair on the feast of Corpus Christi. Del. Westm., 29 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 3.
45. John Fevre, tailor, born subject of the King of the French. Denization. 31 Dec. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 34.


  • 1. Kaulek adds "1540" to the date at the head and omits the last paragraph of the letter.
  • 2. The word "quene" cancelled.
  • 3. Cromwell.
  • 4. Anne of Cleves.
  • 5. In May 1534. See the misplaced letters in Vol. V. 986–7. Compare Vol. VII., 522 and 690 (p. 265).
  • 6. Supplied from modern marginal note.
  • 7. Perhaps the Richard Marshall, son of William Marshall, mentioned in Vol. XI. No. 1356.
  • 8. Bonner's handwriting is so small that the dotted spaces at the beginning of this letter certainly do not adequately represent the amount of matter lost in each line.
  • 9. Marcellus Cervinus.
  • 10. "1539" added in a later hand.
  • 11. Robert Brancetour. See No. 694; also Wyatt's letter of the 7 Jan. following in State Papers VIII. 219.
  • 12. The last clause underlined.
  • 13. See Part I. of this Volume, No. 1310.
  • 14. Crossed out.
  • 15. If this date was correct, Nos. 754, 803, and 856, in Vol. XII., Part II., should be assigned to the year 1538; but in No. 856 Carew writes as sheriff of Devonshire, as he was in 1537, but not in 1538. Perhaps the month here should have been May not March.