Henry VIII: May 1540, 11-20

Pages 313-325

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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May 1540, 11–20

11 May. 662. [Cromwell] to Pate.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
The King has received your letters touching the departure from Ghent of the duke of Cleves and the proceedings of the Emperor against the townsmen there; also those touching Sir Gregory. He commends your diligence, and desires you, now that the whole of Christendom hangs in the balance, to continue and get good intelligence. There arrived lately at Calais two of the Emperor's rebels of Rousseler, in Flanders, called Giles van Straet and Peter ver Anenyan, who fled when summoned to appear before the Emperor on the matters of Gaunt. They remain in secret till we hear from you. The King, therefore, wishes you to invent a pretext for repairing to Granvelle, and after receiving answer to the pretended matter, ask if the Emperor has yet thoroughly settled the affairs of Gaunt, and on receiving his answer you may say you were the rather moved to ask because you had heard of two persons having fled to Calais lately; and if he ask their names, say you will get them; and if he desire their delivery, say you are sure the King will not harbour traitors. London, 11 May.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.
11 May. 663. John Skyp, Bp. of Hereford, to Dr. Parker, Dean of Stoke.
Egerton MS.
2,350, f. 87b.
B. M.
Thanks for his last letters, which show him to be busy. The Convocation for lack of him is become dull; for he is hot and hasty, whilst they are cold and tardy. A great quantity of their qualities would do him good, and a little quantity of his were enough for them. Will send his letter another time. Westm., 11 May.
Modern copy, p. 1.
11 May. 664. W. Frankeleyn, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. My lord Admiral, the King's lieutenant here, with other noblemen his assistants, have kept St. George's feast in as honourable a fashion as I have seen. With regard to the knights that were degraded from the Order, they have taken the following direction:—
“The copy of th'act”:—At the chapter held at Windsor 10 May 32 Hen. VIII. by the earl of Southampton, King's lieutenant, and others, it was considered that to erase the names of those who have been degraded from the Order of the Garter would deface the books, and that it would be better to mark them with some “note of perpetual infamy, as decollatus est” or the like.
I exhibited a book of the money I have received of your lordship and others for mending of highways and for charity, whereof I delivered a book to the King, and here inclose a copy with the order of the stalls. Windsor, 11 May.
P. 1. Add.: Earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: the dean of Windsor.
11 May. 665. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii., 346.
Upon Ascension Day, (fn. 1) the Emperor coming to mass at the great church of St. John over against my lodging, I honored him with my presence as all other ambassadors did. Never saw him of better cheer, and that natural and not constrained. In passing to his traverse of black cloth he gave us who were already placed “his loving countenance.” “And now ready to the offertory the duke of Brunswick, the elder, gave him his offering in likewise to the king of the Romans, and to lady Regent, jointly kneeling and making the same in manner togethers.” Mass done, his Majesty, going towards the Sacrament, the Legate made to him, as he had done at his first entering the choir, to give him “bonne joure”; but they soon parted, and the Emperor in going out, staid to confer lovingly with the French ambassador, I not far off “beholding the same, and the king of the Romans and lady Regent hand in hand, never of me seen before, as th'one earnestly looked on me, again conferring ad invicem, th'other not once lifting up her eye toward me.” And now, the ambassadors leaving, the Emperor showed me we need not accompany him to the Palace for the great train of the ladies, but that I was there heartily welcome. So we parted, “he conferring himself to the Legate, a very calf, and a greater boy in manners and conditions than surely in years,” who thus gets leave to play his part. Draws from this an argument against the church of Rome and the Legate's presumed authority, which his uncle thinks all princes bound to obey, “abusing him toward them in that behalf” as Lucifer did his Creator. Who (his uncle) will have a fall shortly “as had the other with his infinite company of angels, part whereof I take to be spirtus aerii quibuscum quotidie luctamur mentioned of Paul, that are tenebrarum harum principes wherein the world is enveloped ne veritatem aliquando videat.” Perhaps seeing something likely to succeed between these two princes he would like to appear as the “actor,” and have “an oar and a stroke, as they say, in that boat”; although meanwhile “he shall have one in Cocke Lorels barge as most worthy that place.”
I hear on good authority that if the duke of Cleves agreed with the Emperor it could not be for our profit; also that the French are aggrieved at the Emperor's delay and the “familiar entreaty” of the said Duke and the Almain princes in this Court, and fear a reconciliation with your Highness. They say no matter has been so closely handled here these many years as your brother's cause, whose sudden departure some pretend to have been merry as though sure of success, others the contrary, “conjecturing his interception by the way”; whom the duke of Brunswick accompanied part of the way and returned at once “as he was at the Emperor's dinner that day and at home three hours before.” Some say “he” is sent to a town on the borders of High Almain to redress a revolt against the Emperor and the bp. of Luke, between whom the town is divided, and to return to the Emperor in Antwerp. Sundry ambassadors, desiring to know the truth, would not be satisfied with my answer touched in my last letters, but would have my opinion of the likeliest conclusion about Gueldres. Works on the castle of Gaunt and provisions to suppress any new revolt there. On the 10th, hearing that the king of the Romans would shortly depart, I went to take leave of him, offering my services in any affairs with your Highness. He thanked me and begged commendations to you, preparing to depart to-morrow or next day. I then took leave, “he offering me his hand very gently.” This day resorted to the Emperor 50 of the chief persons of the town to take their oaths for the rule of the same, “according to his new politie.” Some say he will to-night lay the first stone of the castle and bring out of the town his brother “now ready to horse” and will to-morrow go to Antwerp. Gaunt, 11th of this present.
Hol. Add. Endd.: 11 May.
11 May. 666. Mont to [Cromwell].
R. O. Received at Frankfort, 20th April, the King's letters written on the 8th at Hampton Court. Declared the King's goodwill accordingly to Count William as proved by the offer of a pension. To which he next day replied expressing his gratitude to the King, but declaring he could not accept it consistently with his duty to the captains. He would, nevertheless, serve the King as zealously as if he had accepted it. As to his visiting England, matters in Germany were too uncertain, but if they could be settled he would gladly go and see the King. He asked Mont if he had transmitted his letters to the King and Cromwell, and whether in his own he had made mention of Count von Heydecke, or had any instructions to negociate with him; and wished Mont to urge the King to engage his (Heydecke's) services as an experienced man of war, saying he would far rather serve England than France. Heydecke himself in a long speech offered his services to the King in any cause and against any enemy except the Protestant States, and wished an early answer as to the King's disposition. Count William also told him that Duke Philip the Palatine had lately sent to him into Lorraine and asked him if he could have 5,000 foot ready to serve the King. The Count asked Mont if he knew anything of this, seeing that the Duke was making the same request to other captains in the King's behalf. Thinks the Count will assemble all the captains to whom he is pledged, and explain to them his communications with the King and ask them if they will liberate him from his engagements.
As he was going to Strasburg, went to see Philip the Palatine, at his desire, as Mont before wrote. Found him at Heidelberg where all the Palatines were assembled except Frederic, who sent commissaries. The Palatine asked him if he thought the king of England could be induced to mitigate his terms, which appeared hard to his uncles and brother. He said also that the Emperor was angry with him and had accused him of attempting things opposed to the obligation of his Order (the Golden Fleece). He said he had treated with some captains, and Mont advised him to inform the King about each separately. The Count von Heydecke who was with him in England, reported to me that the Palatines would accept the prescribed conditions with difficulty, and that he had little hope of obtaining them, that Frederick was opposed to the conditions and would not be present at the negociation, but had only sent his commissaries. Left Heidelberg for Strasburg, where Philip sent him two letters, which he transmits to Cromwell. Count von Heydecke desired to be commended to the King, with excuses for not having yet gone to the Brandenburger (Brandenburgensis) owing to ill health; but from this Diet he would forthwith set out for Brandenburg. Also Frederic the Palatine has been at Smalcald to enter negociations with the ambassadors of Denmark. Does not hear that they have settled anything; because the ambassadors insisted on Frederic obtaining a ratification of the things they should negociate with him, first from the Emperor, then from Ferdinand, and thirdly from either daughter of Christiern, that they should never make any claim by inheritance in Denmark, and that the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave should be securities. Hence another diet has been summoned at Hamburg, where they will treat on equal terms, whether the ratification be obtained from the Emperor or not.
There came to Smalcald counts Theodoric of Manderschet and William de Nova Aquila, sent thither by the Chancellor Graenfelt, who told the Protestants that the Emperor was anxious to arrive at a pacification and cherished no anger against them, but they would do well to excuse themselves to him for the spoliation of church property, as they were constantly accused of being more intent on lucre than the Gospel; but that, as to religion, the Emperor will show them reasons by which the glory of God will be set forth and true religion established. They returned answer to the Emperor by the said counts that they wished very much the Emperor would study the pacification of Germany, but above all things they demanded this one, that the Council so often promised should some time be held; or if that [cannot be] at least that the Synod for Germany promised last year at Frankfort should be assembled. It was useless asking in such a crisis whether this Council or Synod is agreeable to the Pope; and they are ready to give account of ecclesiastical property before it to the utmost farthing, but they are ready to meet force by force. Has just come to Cologne on his way to England. Hears that the Emperor has summoned a diet at Worms (fn. 2) about Trinity Sunday. Does not see what this means, for Strasburg, Frankfort, and the Protestant Princes [have not been called as they should have been] if anything was intended against the Turk. Will remain here a few days to learn more. The Emperor himself will not be present, but Ferdinand. There is little hope of an agreement, because most part of Germany favours religion, and all hate Spanish ambition when they see the Emperor creating delays in the most serious affairs, and both the Papists and the Lutherans understand that they will be reduced to bondage, whichever side conquers. Cologne, 11 May 1540.
Hol. Lat., pp. 6. Mutilated.
R. O. 2. English translation of the preceding.
In Soulemont's hand, pp. 6. Endd.
11 May. 667. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 87.
B. M.
Defence of Christendom. Duke Cosmo and Sienna. Diet of Spires, and other German matters. Card. Rodolpho's disclosures as regards France and Milan. Rome, 11 May, 1510.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 12.
12 May. 668. Wyllm. Blechyndon to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for favour. Rumour that the Lord Deputy before coming here will obtain from the King and Cromwell leave to discharge all the soldiers of Welsh birth. Has the leading of 50 of these, and desires, if they be discharged, to have the leading of the 50 who shall supply their place Dublin, 12 May. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 May. 669. Paul III. to Charles V.
xxxii. 533.
Has heard from Card. Farnese's letters and from the Imperial ambassador that the Emperor and his brother are about to settle the affairs of Germany. At their request, sends a legate, i.e., Marcellus, Card. of Nicastro, who was with the Legate Farnese. Rome, 12 May, 1540, anno 6.
12 May. 670. [French News from Italy.]
R. O. “Avisi di Roma, di xij di Maggio.”
Signor Gio Battista Savello, captain of the Pope's horse, went near Perugia to reconnoitre the country, and was attacked by the Perugians, who slew 30 of his men, wounded him in one foot, and hanged many whom they took. The Perugians are more obstinate than ever, saying they will never be subject to Pope Paul. The Pope vaunts that he will punish them, but they do not fear him; so that it is supposed they have intelligence with other lords and other cities. The Count de Laguillara has warned some gentlemen whom the Pope wished to go to the war of Perugia, not to stir till the Emperor gives them leave. Signor Gio. Paulo, being requested by the Pope to go thither, answered that he was willing when commanded by the King or his ministers. Mons. de Limoges was in favour of his going; Mons. de Rodes and Monlu thought he should wait to know the King's pleasure.
Ital., p. 1.
R. O. 2. “Other advertisements.” (fn. 3)
It is thought the Pope and Emperor have agreed to make an estate for Octavius, the Pope's nephew, who has married the Emperor's bastard daughter, and join to it the cities of Florence, Sienna, and Lucca, and the towns thereabouts in Tuscany. For this the Pope agrees to give the Emperor Parma, Piacenza, and perhaps Bologna and all the “Romanye” on this side the Pyrenees (sic, “les Montz Piriney”) on the side of Lombardy, belonging to the Apostolic See, to be united to the duchy of Milan, with a good sum of money to the Emperor. The Pope consents to this in order to make his family great, hoping by the Emperor's means to have Tuscany assured for his nephew, caring more for his own ambition than for the property of the Church. And as there might be some resistance in Tuscany, the Pope has gathered men with the ostensible purpose of taking Perugia, which has lately rebelled and driven out the governors. There are already 5,000 lanceknights on the way, and 3,000 Spaniards from Naples, besides those about Rome. So great a force is not needed to subdue Perugia.
Desires that the ambassador (fn. 4) would procure a safe conduct from the King of England for Anthoine Laudy, jeweller of Florence, to bring to England the following jewels that the King may see them, and that he may pay custom only if he sell them; otherwise take them away without payment, viz.:—(1) a collar set with 3 great emeralds, 3 great diamonds, 3 great rubies, and 20 great pearls. (2) A gold ring with a great table of diamonds. (3) Two other great tables of diamond. (4) A great diamond cut with small faces set in a gold brooch with a pearl like a pear pendant. (5) Several other small stones, &c.
As Laudy is ready to leave, please order the safe conduct to be sent to Calais, whither he goes to wait for it.
Fr., pp. 2.
R. O. 3. English translation of §§ 1 and 2.
In Soulemont's hand, pp. 3.
13 May. 671. Sir Thos. Boteler to Cromwell.
R. O.
I continue still in ward to the danger of my life, notwithstanding that you promised me and my friends to help me to a determinate end with the King, so as to have ready money of his Grace for my lands. I beg also, in the matter of Bonevyse, to know your Lordship's pleasure. 13 May. Signed.
1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
14 May. 672. Ormond to the Lord Justice and Council of Ireland.
R. O.
St. P. iii., 207.
Has practised to win James of Desmond to the King's side in this extremity, as authorised by the King's commission; and even, trusting to win him by familiarity, lodged two nights in his dominions in going to parley with OBrene; but he is in such despair of his pardon from the King that he is afraid to relinquish the amity of OBrene and the Irishry. OBrene is hault and proud and names ONele, OConnor, and the Tooles his Irishmen whom he will defend. Has charged the possessioners here with all the horsemen and galloglasses they can bear, and if his Lordship do the like there it will be hard if we cannot do these rebels some harm. Here are many fortresses that shall be defended, and 200 of the army should lie at Casshell and Clonmel. If this is not done the subjects here will murmur that the King, having so great revenues of them, will not esteem their destruction. Kilkenny, 14 May. Signed.
To my lord Justice, and, in his absence, to the Lord Chancellor, Mr. Treasurer, Mr. Chief Justice, and the Master of the Rolls.
15 [May]. 673. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
On the 11th the king of the Romans' company and most of the nobility of this Court were on horseback from 2 to 8 p.m. to conduct his Grace out of town, (fn. 5) but the Emperor, the Lady Regent, and Granvelle were so long together in council that it was thought too late to start that night. He, however, departed about 2 a.m., his Majesty and his sister following between 6 and 7 a.m. “when, in his passage by the Castle, he caused the first stone to be laid, and rode that night to the abbey of Bonnello,” midway to Antwerp, where he was staid by the tempestuous weather at the monastery of St. Michael by the river; so that the great triumph prepared for his entry was frustrate. Still, guns were shot all night, and many goodly lights made to welcome him. The Legate interrupted the above council for more than an hour by having a private interview with the Emperor, and departed next morning for Rome. The ambassadors had waited long in the Court to take leave of the King, some intending to conduct him part of the way. Heard last night that M. de Pelow was returning to the French Court to sue for the surrender of all such holds as the King keeps from the duke of Savoy. No good settlement is expected. The king of the Romans will avoid Spires on account of the plague The Bp. Elector of Cologne is come to visit the Emperor. Antwerp, the 15th of this present.
Hol. Add. Endd.
15 May. 674. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 183.
Has received the letter of the 8th. It is true that the Emperor has offered, instead of the duchy of Milan, the county Flanders and all his counties on condition of the marriage of his daughter with the duke of Orleans. On this subject difficulties have arisen; but they are not of a nature to alter the amity. The duke of Cleves has returned home without concluding anything with the Emperor. St. Germain-en-Laye, 15 May 1510.
French. Modern transcript., pp. 2.
15 May. 675. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 93.
B. M.
The Diet of Spires. Italian affairs. Rome, 15 May 1540. Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 8.
15 May. 676. Charles V. to M. de St. Vincent and M de Peloux.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 97.
B. M.
Letter given for the instruction of M. de San Vicente and M. de Pelu to represent to Francis with the utmost discretion and moderation that the instruction sent to his ambassador, is not what the Emperor expected after the interviews at Aigues Mortes and at Paris; that it demands Milan as the French king's patrimony when it is a fief of the Empire, and desires Charles to make over the Low Countries and the counties of Burgundy and Charolois on the marriage of the duke of Orleans to his daughter. Is willing to grant them authority there under himself, but insists that Francis shall renounce all claims to Milan, even if Orleans die before the princess. Further instructions as to Francis' refusal to ratify the treaties of Madrid and Cambray, as to the sovereignty of Flanders and Artois, &c. The restitution of the duchy of Burgundy always to be insisted on whenever Flanders, Milan, &c., are mentioned. The marriage of the eldest son of the king of Romans with Francis' daughter Margaret to be insisted on; but, if Francis object, the Infanta of Portugal might be named instead. Answer to be made in case Francis stick to the terms of the memorandum given to De Therbes and Brisach, &c. Antwerp, 15 May 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 17. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 108.
16 May. 677. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 183.
By the King's reply to his of the 8th, Marillac will see that the amity with the Emperor continues undiminished. Last letters from Flanders report the departure of the duke of Cleves without any resolution taken in his affair. The King is going to Fontainebleau, and is well. St. Germain en Laye, 16 May 1540.
Has spoken to the Chancellor about the 1,000 crs., who will deliver them to Marillac's man.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
16 May. 678. Wernher van Hoesteden to Chr. Mont.
R. O. A badly-written letter in a low German dialect. The meaning apparently is that the writer was hindered by his lord's business at his departure to the ambassador Wotton, from speaking with Mont; whose assistance he asks in behalf of two sons of his sister, left in England with the Queen, the elder appointed to the King's service and the younger to Cromwell's (“heer Kummello, Prevesillo”). Whitsunday, ao xl. Signed: hoffmeyster unde amptman zo Broich unde Gladbach.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
16 May. 679. Melanchthon to Alesius.
iii. 1030.
Asks why he has not written, when Melanchthon lately wrote to him, and moreover asked him at his departure to write about his (Melanchthon's) daughter and the affairs of the University. (fn. 6) Paulus will forward letters if Melanchthon is absent from home. The Emperor has indicted the diet at Spires, where he will propose his opinion about conciliating the churches. What will take place we know not. Only this I know, that the cruelty in Belgium since the Emperor's coming has increased. At Ghent, some wealthy and honest men have been slain under pretext of doctrine; but I hope God will defend our churches. 16 May 1540.
Lat. Add.: at Francfort.
680. Alaxander Alesius.
xi. 487.
De restituendis scholis oratio habita ab Alexandro Alesio Scoto, in celebri Academia Francofordiana ad Oderam, 1540.
17 May. 681. Will. Ernele and Others to Cromwell.
R. O. We have received your letters and the King's commands by Sir Geoff. Poole, and accordingly called a sessions to be kept at Chichester on Thursday last, where evidence was given, not only about the riot, but about certain burglaries. The jury, nevertheless, by the occasion of three froward persons, of whom one was foreman of the quest, would in no wise agree for reformation of justice. Desire to know the King's pleasure. Chichester, Whitmonday, 17 May. Signed: Wyllyam Ernele: John Gounter: John Dawtrye.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
17 May. 682. Wm. Brampton to the Earl of Sussex.
R. O.
One John Garrett, Master Sothwell's servant, brought down a commission to Sir Roger Towneshend, Sir Thos. Leez Straunge (Lestrange), Master Wutton, and Master Methwolde, Sothwell's friends and kinsmen, and reported to one Ambrose Potter, that “the towne londe of Letton shulde come ayen,” that Sothewell was interested in it, and he feared nothing but Brampton's offering the Lord Privy Seal a reward, which he would receive. Potter bade him beware what he said. Is ready to prove his complaints against Sothewell, whose farmers and servants have perjured themselves before the Commissioners and maliciously accused Brampton. Asks the earl to be a mean that he may come to his trial before the Lord Privy Seal. Is commanded to appear before the Commissioners next Friday. Letton, 17 May.
Hol., Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 May. 683. Sir Wm. Brereton to Cromwell.
Lamb. MS.
602 f. 102.
St. P. iii. 204.
Country in very ill case as the bearers (fn. 7) can tell, for whom he begs excuse of their long absence from the King. While Brereton was in the north with ONeil they did good service against O'Conor and the Toles.
Came with the Chief Justice to Dundalk, 14 May, to parley with ONeil at Carrike Bradoghe; but he sent word that he mistrusted to come to any Englishman after the deceit of the Lord Deputy, and desired them to come to him to the Narrow Water beside McGynnose's castle. Did so and he promised to be bound by his indenture with Sir William Skeffington and to send a servant to the King, till whose return he would keep peace.
Meanwhile OConnor burnt Bremyngham's country. The “said” Chancellor and Treasurer being in Kildare raising the country against OTole, the Cavenaghes, and OConnour, saw the fire and hastened into and burnt part of OConnour's country. OConnour thereupon turned back or he would have done more harm. The Council has concluded a hosting to go upon OConnour. Desires despatch of the bearers, for there is none like them in the Council except the Chief Justice, and they could never worse be spared. Wishes, for his discharge, that the King knew the state in which this poor land was left. Commends Sir Thomas Cusake's services. Trym, 17 May.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
17 May. 684. Sir Wm. Brereton to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii., 206.
After the peace concluded with ONeyle on Thursday night at Port ONeyle, as specified in his former letters, Brereton came, the Saturday following, to Trym. That day O'Connour burnt Kildare and entered the castle. Would have certified this before, but only heard it by letters from the lord of Kilcullen, the Monday after. Encloses a letter from the Master of the Rolls declaring it more at large. Has consulted the Council and concluded an invasion of OConnour.
Disappointed of the success of this last parliament between Ormond and James of Desmond, and can only expect invasions. He therefore asks for horsemen with speed. Doubts not Cromwell will have respect to the danger and to the fact that Brereton is new to his office and knows not how things were framed by others; but he trusts, with the advice of the Council “to set in better order and conformity.” Tryme, 17 May. Signed.
Lord Privy Seal.
17 May. 685. J. Vanzelles to Sir Ambrose Cave.
R. O. Cave will learn by the bearer, who comes from Malta, the news of the Religion and the death of the Chevalier Sallubern. Writes to the commander Sotton how he had lent Sallubern, in his urgent necessity, 12 crs., for which he sends his bond. (fn. 8) Begs him to obtain repayment from the relatives of the deceased. Lyons, 17 May, 1540. Signed: v're humble seviter le commandr de la Torrette, G. Vanzelles.”
French p. 1. Add.: A. Mons. le Commandeur frere Ambroise Cave, a Londres.
18 May. 686. The King's Wardrobe.
Royal MS.
7 C. xvi.
f. 60.
B. M.
Wardrobe stuff at the Paleaice at Westminster unappointed, and remaynyng in the handes of Antoni Denni.
Fourteen celars and testars of green sersenet and yellow, with curtains, which came from the Savoy. Nine celars and testars (described as “purple velvet panyd with yellow cloth of gold” and the like) which came from Mr. Carow, lord Montacut, and Sir Edw. Nevell. “A new bed of rich arras called my lord Prince his bed, which was bought of Petar van de Wall.” Two celars and testars with a sparver (described) sometime the Cardinal's, received of Edw. Flodd. The new “perle bed” which came from Greenwich and bought of Pierre Conyn. A new bed of 9 foot, and two beds of down for a bed of 8 foot. Old stuff unappointed, viz.:—beds called the King's bed, the Queen's bed, lord Beauchamp's bed, the Toppe bed, and two little beds, all described. Cloth of arras unappointed, viz., 12 pieces called “the xij months” and 3 pieces “of an older sort.” Hangings of tapestry of imagery, new, viz., 6 pieces of “the st[ory] of … ml … gor,” 5 of “the story of the [Sa]biniens,” 2 “of virtue,” 3 of the story of Ruth, 4 of hunting and hawking, and 8 “of another sort, of hunting and hawking,” 2 of the story of the king of Surrey (Syria), and 2 of the seven deadly sins. Old imagery hangings, viz., the 22 gallery pieces of the story of Jacob, with the Cardinal's arms, which John Reade stands charged withal. New hangings of verdure, nine items, described as of “brode bloome,” “small floure” “with small birds,” “with small blue roses and red roses at each corner,” and the like. Two other items of hangings, 11 new window pieces, sometime at St. James's, and 14 with the Cardinal's arms, and several carpets of verdures. Five old cushions which came from lord Montacut and Mr. Carow. Robes of the Order of St. George and Parliament robes sometime the marquis of Exeter's (described). Twenty-three quilts of quilted sarcenet, bought of Baptist Borowne and Guilliame Latremoylle, given to Mrs. Haward, (fn. 9) 18 May, 32 Hen. VIII. Seven pieces of imagery which sometime hung in the tennis play gallery, sore worn and moth-eaten.
Stuff appointed for removing, viz., 2 beds serving for a bedstead of 8 foot, delivered to Edw. Floyd, 18 May ao 32.
Pp. 7, with the heading given above on the cover.
18 May. 687. Thomas Larke to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I lately exhibited to you and other of the King's Council here an information against the widow of Robt. Brown and Petre Merkaunt (merchant?), of Oye, for selling wheat to a woman of St. Omer's, which they were in the act of conveying thither, contrary to the Statute. The goods of the said widow and Petre were seized into the King's hands by Mr. Treasurer; but, at the suit of my lady Bannyster, Mr. Bourcheyr and his wife, my lord of Sussex has called Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Roukwode before him, commanding them to proceed no further, and similar rebukes have been given to me. On Whitsunday his lordship called before him Thos. Fowler, and commanded him to discharge the information. He intends to defeat me of the advantage I should have by the said statute. Since you and the Council adjudged it a forfeit, I beg your intercession with my lord Privy Seal, my lord Admiral and others. My lord of Sussex wishes to explain away the statute, saying it did not mean that for a matter of five or six rasers of wheat any man or woman should be undone; but the words are clean against him. I trust that although the King remit his part he will not remit or give away mine. Calais, 18 May.
I would have waited upon your Lordship myself, but my lord of Sussex will not give me leave.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
19 May. 688. William Thomas to John Scudamore.
Add. 11,041,
f. 65.
B. M.
I send, by your servant, Thos. ap Glm., the pensions of the poor nuns of Lynebroke. I enclose a bill of the charges, including 20s. for my labour, which is little enough, and I had as much from them of Wormesley. The whole is 5l. 13s. 4d., which please pay to my mother-in-law at Hereford. London, 19 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add: at Wilton.
19 May. 689. Accusation of Treason.
R. O. Confession of John Busshe, of Hemyngton, farmer and bailey to the King, 18 May 32 Hen. VIII., before Walter Hungerford, knight, lord Hungerford.
1. That John Gybbes, of Hardyngton, tenant to Thos. Bamfelld, came to him on the day of Pentecost, after evensong, and said that he had been accosted on his way to Wells by John Cabell, of Kylmersdon, franklin, who asked him, “When heard you of William Croche?” He said, not for a good while. Cabell said he heard he was in great trouble at London, and in the Fleet. On Gybbes asking the occasion, Cabell said he heard that he had said, in case that the said Croche had money enough, he knew the King's needs so well, that he could buy all the lands that he has. This Cabell said he heard from one Gybyns, of Newton Seyntlowe. On this Gybbes sent for Gybyns, who came to him at Hardyngton and confirmed the report, and that Croche had even said if he had money he could buy and also sell the crown of England. Signed by Hungerford and also by John Byrd and Harry Kevell, aldermen of Bath, the latter of whom signs with a mark.
Two sheets of paper stitched together and written one side.
R. O. 2. The deposition of Ric. Gebyns, of Newtun Seyntlow, Soms., husbandman, before Walter lord Hungerford, 19 May 32 Hen. VIII., viz., that about Michaelmas last John a Powell, of Yngylscome, Roger Bakar and one Brown, with others, servants to Wm. Croche, came to a place called Cwllepeto, in the field of Nuton, beat deponent and carried him away to Croche's house, who called him villain, and said “Thou callst me traitor.” Deponent replied that what he had said he would abide by. Croche set hand on his sword and said he would cut off his ears; then said to his servants, “Away with this villain.” Was in fear of his life while he remained in Croche's house, but Croche's servants took him to the house of one John Povel (?), his servant, where he remained that night. In the morning Croche came to him and required of him a bond of 20l. that he should appear at London on the morrow of All Souls' day, otherwise he would send him to gaol. Gave him the bond for fear of what he would do, binding himself and two neighbours. Signed like the preceding.
R. O. 3. Deposition of Rob. Heckys or Hyckys, of Nuton Sentlow, Soms., husbandman, before Walter lord Hungerford, 19 May 32 Henry VIII.
That he heard John Pereman, of Yngylsecome, painter, say to him about a month ago that Wm. Croche had said if he had money enough he would buy and sell the crown of England. Signed as before.
1. Mutilated
R. O. 4. Deposition of Ric. Gebyns, of Nuton Seyntlow, before Walter lord Hungerford, 19 May 32 Henry VIII., that John Pereman, painter, of Yngysecombe, had told him Wm. Croche had made the above assertion. Signed as above.
R. O. 5. Deposition of John Pereman, painter, of Yngylscome, 19 May 32 Henry VIII., that Wm. Croche in conversation with his neighbours in Yngylscome said to Ric. Yevans “a man for money might buy and sell the crown of England.” On which Pereman cautioned him to beware what he said. Signed like the preceding.
19 May. 690. Bp. Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. The King gave Mr. Pakington the chirographership in the Common Pleas, by letters patent, with engrossment of fines. Now there is a bill in Parliament that a fine with proclamation should be a bar to the tayle; and the prenotaries of the Common Pleas, perceiving that if it should pass by Act of Parliament, it would augment the office of chirographer and hinder theirs, labour to have the engrossment of fines in their offices. This would cause utter decay of the chirographership and be prejudicial to the King, who has the gift of that office. Mr. Packington has assisted me here since the beginning of Lent at a very small fee: please favour him that he may enjoy his said office with profits as heretofore. Wigmore, 19 May.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 May. 691. North Allerton, Hospital of St. James.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.,
Surrender (by Ric. Morysine, master, and the fellows) of the hospital and all its possessions in cos. York and Durham and elsewhere in England. 19 May 32 Hen. VIII. Signed by Morysine and by Rob. Hakforth and Conand. Vanes, priests. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii., 33].
Seal broken.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 45] as acknowledged, same day, by the said master and fellows, at the said hospital, before John Uvedale, Thos. Barton and John Davington, King's commissioners.
19 May. 692. George abp. of Dublin to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P., iii.,
Now is come to pass the crafty conveyance of the Geraldines as contained in “a book of truth,” the bearers of which can set it forth. The country was never further out of order, whatever the lord Deputy has written, whose letters I suppose contained but cloaked dissimulations. There is none (the old corrupt sort set apart) but be glad of his departure. Would to God he might be tried by the country. The lamentations made here against him would pity the King's heart. With him the best of the Council were but knaves and villains; and “his chief counsellors was Justice Howthe, James Bathe, Walter Goldyng, and Sir Gerald Fitzgerald and others such like, and even as was their counsel so hath this land been ruled, now being left at large. I cannot say that his Lordship favoureth that false traitor Reginalde Poole, whom in communication between his Lordship and me I called papish cardinal; and he in a great fume called me polshorne knave friar.” Shortly afterwards his Lordship went towards Galway and Limerick, where it was bruited the Cardinal would arrive, and left there the King's ordnance. The Chancellor and Mr. Treasurer can declare the truth. Sends by the former his answer to articles brought by Mr. Pachett. Talaugh, 19 May. Signed.
Lord Privy Seal.
19 May. 693. Patrik Barnewall to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii. 209.
The Lord Chancellor, Ormond, and Mr. Treasurer can declare the state of the land. Trusts O'Connor's treacherous proceedings shall result to his own confusion. Had he been handled as he should have been and utterly banished he could never have done what he has. To bring this land to order the King's deputy should be faithful to his promises, not greedy of preys and booty, and not counselled by such as are openly known to be evil doers. Hears Mr. Treasurer is accused to the King. Has been more privy to his proceedings than his accusers could have been, and can answer that he has earnestly served the King. The Chancellor and Ormond do good service. Gracediewe, 19 May.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[19 May.] (fn. 10) 694. Calvin to Farel
xxxix. 37.
* * * In England the Parliament (comitia) is now being held, and all pious men are very hopeful that the Gospel will be established there. Until we hear of some inclination, any motion about Calais would be in vain. * * * Shudders to hear of the cruelties in France. * * *
20 May. 695. Worcester, St. Wolstan's Hospital.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.,
Surrender (by Ric. Morysine, master and keeper, and the fellows) of the preceptory or hospital and all its possessions in the city of Worcester and in cos. Worc., Warw., and Salop, or elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof, 20 May 32 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Morysine, Nich. Buschebe, and John Byrkyn, chaplains. [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. ii., 50.]
Seal slightly broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 3, No. 46], as acknowledged, same day, by the said master and fellows, at the said hospital, before Wm. Lucy and John Combes, King's commissioners.
[20 May.] 696. Nicholas Robertson to Cromwell.
R. O. Master Paynell, bailiff of Boston, has come hither to convey up certain persons “namynge themsellffes Egiptians” in prison here. On Monday in Rogation Week four Egyptians came hither from Lenn and were carried up to London by the Under-marshal of the Marshalsea. The rest of the company were shipped in Boston and landed in Norway. On the arrival of these persons at Boston the constables set them in the stocks and searched them, but they had nothing except a horse not worth 4s. They said that when let out of the Marshalsea and commanded to depart the realm, they came hither to get shipping. The constables have sent them on to Hull and Newcastle. Boston, Thursday in Whitsun Week.
Sends a copy of the examination of Thos. Rabdike, mariner, and Nicholas Smith, weaver, in prison for certain words, of which John Reede, J.P. of Holland, has already informed Cromwell.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Thos. earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal.


  • 1. May 6.
  • 2. Apparently Spires was intended. See Laemmer, Mon. Vat. 261.
  • 3. This heading is from § 3.
  • 4. Marillac?
  • 5. The town referred to is Ghent. See No. 665.
  • 6. Of Frankfort on the Oder, where Alesius had lately obtained a professorship.
  • 7. Alen and Brabazon.
  • 8. This bond (a notarial copy of the original) is preserved in the Public Record Office, but was overlooked in Vol XIV. It is made to George de Vanzelles, Commander of La Tourrette, and is dated Lyons, 4 Aug. 1539.
  • 9. Apparently Katharine Howard.
  • 10. The date assigned by the editor of the Corpus Reformatorum, from internal evidence. The original endorsement is “Mense Maio 1540,” and it is evidently a reply to Farel's of 16 April.