Henry VIII: June 1540, 1-10

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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'Henry VIII: June 1540, 1-10', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540, (London, 1896) pp. 349-364. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol15/pp349-364 [accessed 25 April 2024]


June 1540, 1–10

[June.] 735. Henry VIII. to Wotton.
Vit. B. xxi.
B. M.
Has perused his letters of the x … addressed to the earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal, and those of the duke of C[leves], Juliers, &c., of the same date, which came [not] to our hands till the penultime of the said month. Marvels that they should have been detained so long, and desires him to give orders to prevent such delay in future. By the letters of our said brother, and also by yours, we are glad to see that he is now returned and desires “to have our advice a[nd] … proceedings. Whereupon, being no [less pro]pense than himself can desire, to show and declare ourself at all times his most perfect friend, specially where we may in such open and plain sort know the state of his affairs, that we may conceive to give him such advice, help, and counsel as might stand him in stead, we gave audience the last day of May to his ambassador here resident, who, the same morning, had delivered unto us certain articles, tending chiefly, as we take them, to this one point, that the Emperor seemeth to desire to be once in possession of Gueldres, and to treat of all the other points afterward; thinking that the said ambassador would have explained unto us the whole state of his master's affairs, and likewise the mind, inclination, and opinion of our said brother in the same. But, to be plain with you, it appeared unto us that he could say … the said articles … which perceived, we consyd[ered them not to be] expedient to be answered, … the same after to the said a[mbassador] we resolved that for answer to the [said] letters and articles sent from you and [from] our said brother, you shall upon th[e] receipt hereof, take your opportunity of access to his presence, and, after our most hearty commendations, you shall say unto him that as we be right glad of his return again into his countries, even so we be right sorry that his and your letters, signifying the same and desiring our advice for his answers to the Emperor, came so lately to our hands that we could not before this time thereunto make him answer; and yet more sorry we be that his Council hath not caused his affairs and matters wherein he w[ould] have our advice, to be written in such [wise] unto us at this time, that we can o … any certain advice, not certainly [knowing] the ground whereupon it should be [g]even.” For before we can fully consider what should be meet for him, he should open to us the full state of his affairs; but we neither know the whole of his estate, nor any one special part of his said affairs. For when his ambassadors (fn. 1) were here they told us of certain overtures which he made for Gueldres to the Emperor as a mean to purchase peace and quiet, and whether he rest on them we know not. “Again we perceive there hath been … a marriage [with the duchess of Milan], (fn. 2) wherein how he standeth…. And most necessary it should [be for him that] shall give a good advice to k[now fully] the state of the matters whereup[on he] shall treat, with the affections and … of the parties having interest in the s[ame], or else he shall percase be deceived [in his] sentence.' Wherefore you shall request [our] good brother to weigh this our answer, and if he be pleased to use our counsel, which we shall be always ready to give, that he give us information of the state of his affairs and of his inclination. “And forasmuch as [we] perceive that our said good brother is r … principal point touching this … if he shall hereupon frankly [notify] unto us what, in every case, he purposeth and intendeth,” we shall not fail to counsel him as we think most for his honour. You are to inform us with diligence of his answer.
Draft in Sadler's hand, pp. 6. Endorsement, separated from the letter and pasted on at f. 206: A minute of the K's Maty's letter sent to Mr. Wootton.
1 June. 736. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 186.
(Almost the
whole text.)
[London], 1 June:—A Scotch gentleman arrived this morning to announce that, 22 May, the Queen of Scotland was brought to bed of a son, as another gentlemen despatched with the same news to Francis will have announced if the wind has not been continually contrary. His man said the King of Scots had a dozen ships equipped and ready to sail, in a port (fn. 3) near Lislebourg, and was about to embark immediately to visit some islands of his on the coast of Ireland; which has made the English suspect either that the said King proposed to go to France or rather was deliberating to go to Ireland to make himself lord there. They therefore ordered as many as 20 ships to be equipped and reinforcements of artillery to be sent to the chief frontier places where the enemy could land, fearing all that King's voyages to be designed to their prejudice. Wrote this to the Constable upon the first bruit of it; which is now confirmed, except that the common voice made the number of Scotch ships greater than the new-comer affirms.
Since the imprisonment of Lord Lisle about 15 days ago, two personages (fn. 4) who were in some authority at Calais have also been brought to the Tower for the same cause. It is commonly said that Lisle's wife has been sent for with some of the most prominent men of the town; but of this there is no appearance except the common bruit. For other considerations (although all tends to treason) the bp. of Chichester, commonly called dean of the Chapel, who formerly has been ambassador to Francis and to the Emperor, has recently been made prisoner; and with him a chaplain of this King, esteemed a great theologian, called Dr. Wilson, for having, as the writer hears, maintained the Pope's side, and, in the time of the late Marquis, having secretly written intelligence to Rome. The rest of the bishops are in great trouble, some for fear of being found guilty of the same deed, and some for the differences they have upon some religious questions, as each party to establish what they maintain would destroy those who sustain the contrary. For this and the affair of the prisoners, Parliament is still kept sitting, and one cannot say when it will end, for every day new accusations are discovered.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3.
1 June. 737. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 187.
(Almost the
whole text.)
[London], 1 June:—The gentleman who brought the news of the new prince of Scotland delivered the enclosed letters for Montmorency and the Cardinal, which he would have forwarded express had he not heen told that an express despatch had been sent by sea to France. Has not yet spoken with him as it was thought he should speak to this King first. In one and the same day the dean of the Chapel, bp. of Chichester, was made “de Valmaister,” took possession of it with all solemnity, two hours later was led to the Tower as accused of treason, and before night was past his goods were confiscated, and he left with life only, which he shall lose immediately according to the usual penalty decreed to high treason, as horrible to tell as frightful to see. A trustworthy personage says he heard from Cromwell that there were still five bishops who ought to be treated thus; whose names, however, cannot yet be learnt unless they are those who lately shook the credit of “maistre Cramvel,” so that he was very near coming to grief (que bien pent s'en faillit qu'il ne feyt ung sault). Things are brought to such a pass that either Cromwell's party or that of the bp. of Winchester must succumb. Although both are in great authority and favour of the King their master, still the course of things seems to incline to Cromwell's side, as Winchester's chief friend, the said dean of the Chapel, is down, and the bp. of Canterbury, his chief adversary, appointed in his place preacher and reader at St. Paul's, where he has begun to put forward the contrary of what Winchester preached there in Lent last. Moreover, Dr. Barnes heretofore made prisoner, is, it is said, at the letters of some German lords, to be soon released; and another doctor named Latomenis, who last year forfeited his bishopric rather than subscribe what the others had concluded conformably to the ecclesiastical constitutions, is recalled, and will very shortly be anew made bishop—so great is the inconstancy of the English. Meanwhile the state of religion remains in this unhappiness, the bishops in envy and irreconcileable division and the people in doubt what to believe, some of those who are Lutherans being periodically taken for heretics, the others more often as Popish traitors. A conclusion ought to be taken at this Parliament and a middle way found; but to all appearances it will result like the diets in Germany, of which one engenders several others, and the doubts, instead of ending, will increase.
If these bishops are in marvellous trouble, other great lords of this court are not exempt, for an affair which has been discovered of the Deputy of Calais. People suspect Mr. Wallop, ambassador in France, is not out of suspicion, the common bruit being that he has fled towards Rome, which bruit, although it proceeds from the common people who oftenest speak at random, those here seem to believe; for last night a secretary to this King was sent by Cromwell to Marillac to learn if he had any news of the said Wallop, and said that if he (Wallop) had left the French Court, Marillac should not be disturbed thereat, as one commonly is when ordinary ambassadors leave without waiting for a successor, for Wallop must have done it without commission of his master, who had given him most ample instruction to abide and no power to come away. Replied that he thought Wallop was still at Court, but even if it were otherwise he was sure, from Francis' letters, which were full of amity for his good brother, and from the good and gracious proposals held here, that there was no cause for doubt. This shows the opinion they have of their ambassador, and ought to be better understood there than can be written from hence. Expects, if this distrust and trouble continues, soon to have more to write about.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
1 June. 738. Robert earl of Sussex to Cromwell.
R. O. Whereas the King gave lord Lisley the house of Friars in Calais Robert Fowler, vice-treasurer, desires me to write that the said lord Lisley for 400 mks. has sold it to him. He has paid 250 mks. of this without any assurance except the delivery of his patent. I beg he may not be put to the loss of what he has already disbursed. Calayce, 1 June. Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex lord Privy Seal.
1 June. 739. Sir John Wallop.
R. O. Certificate that “this prisoner” (fn. 5) was taken, in accordance with the French king's letters to the bailly of Rouen, not only for him but for his master and those with him, and that the gentleman (fn. 6) who bears these letters can lawfully take them to England. Paris, 1 June. Signed.
Fr., p.
740. Vincentio Eymari, a Piedmontese Merchant, to Cromwell.
R. O. Is just returned from abroad with depositions, partly taken at Rouen by the lieutenant-general of the French admiral in Normandy, in presence of “Meystro Thomas Walop,” the English ambassador in France, and partly before the bailiff of St. Walery, as judge and deputy of the duchess of Nevers, having the superiority of the Admiralty in that place, in support of his claim to the moiety of the ship la Maria, of St. Waleri sur Somme, which was taken by Master Thomas Spert in Feb. or March 1523. Desires speedy justice as the little and ancient servant of his Lordship, who knows that he was the subject of a friendly prince and had the King's safe-conduct, for which he paid over 1,000l.
Hol., Ital.,p.
1. Add. at the head: A Millort Prive Sel.
1 June. 741. John Story to Cromwell.
R. O. Arrived here four days ago on his return from Malta. Brings letters from the lord Master to the King. The King's ambassador here commanded me to tarry, “and now committed unto me and other the King's subjects the safe conveyance and deliverance in England, where shall be his high pleasure or your Lordship's, [of] (fn. 7) an Irishman, (fn. 8) servante to the Fytz-garratte, here attached syns my hyther comyng, wherunto to the parte complyeng of my moste bounden dewtye towardes his highe Majestye, am redy prompte with the sarvys of my bodye unto the dethe where yt may soo requyer.” The old Turcopolier, Sir Clement West, and Sir Nic. Lambart were at his departure from Malta, 16 April, still in prison, as he found them, in spite of his Highness' letter which he presented. Paris, 1.June 1540.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 June. 742. Antwerp News.
Galba, B. x.,
B. M.
The gentleman (fn. 9) the Emperor sent to the French king, the 17th ult., returned to Malynes “the xx … day (fn. 10) of the same month,” but what he brings it is impossible to know. The Emperor has despatched him thitherward again. Cannot tell his commission; for, as he wrote before, the Emperor “doth not open nothing to no man,” and the Court since leaving this has not lain all in one place, but part here and part there. It is thought that since he is despatched again so soon there must be some foundation of accord, but most likely they are only dissembling, and all will depend for this year on what the Turk shall do. The exchange which the bishop of Rome had m[ade] here for 50,000 crs. shall be no m[ore] paid. The Emperor's bastard daughter that married the Bishop's nephew “cannot well agree” her husband, and, it is said, has refused to consummate their matrimony, but the writer cannot believe it. The Bishop blames one Don Lopes Urtado [de] Mendozza, who had her governance at Florence, and has asked the Emperor to take him away. The Emperor has thereupon sent Mons. Dandelo thither. Thinks that if the Bishop were to die “that chessare (sic, for Cesare) would retire him back of the said matrimony.” No certain news from Grelders. The bishop of Coloyn went away; but the cause of his coming is not known, and there is no news of the Diet. The Emperor covets the temporalities of the bishop of Lyegge, but the electors of the Empire will not consent, and the captains of fortresses there refuse to deliver them; so the Emperor has induced the Bishop to resign it to a son of the king of Romans. Will write no more of the licence for 500 dickers of leather.
Pp. 2, slightly injured, with modern marginal heading: “jo Junii, Anwerpe.”
2 June 743. Portsmouth, St. Nicholas Hospital.
R. O. Surrender (by John Incent, LL.D., master, and the brethren and sisters) of the house and all its possessions in cos. Hants and Wilts and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 2 June 1540, 32 Hen. VIII. Signed by Incent.
[See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II., 38.] Seal flattened. Docketed by Wm. Petre, as taken and recognised before him the same day.
3 June. 744. Lord Sandes and the Fortification of Guisnes.
See Grants in June, Nos. 10 and 11.
3 June. 745. To Sir Thos. Pope.
Ch. 17,354.
B. M.
Original patent of the grant of Euston, &c. (See Grants in June, No. 14), with Great Seal appended. Portrait of the King, seated, inside the initial H.
4 June. 746. Cromwell to Sir George Lawson.
R. O. The King has appointed Lawson to receive of Mr. Bekwith 1,000l., to be bestowed as follows:—First the King thinks the buildings appointed at Berwick this year will be near ready; but if anything remains to be paid, part of this 1,000l. is to be employed for that. Of the remainder, 500l. is to be used to provide building materials for the buildings appointed for this next year at Berwick, and the rest for those at Carlisle. Encloses a warrant signed by the King for receipt of the 1,000l. London, 4 June 32 Henry VIII.
Copy, p. 1. Endd: The minute of my 1. P. S. letter to Mr. Lawson, 4° Junii.
4 June. 747. Nicholas Wilson to [Cromwell].
R. O. Writes at Cromwell's command to declare what communication has been between him and Dr. Hyllyerde before his traitorous departure out of the realm. Spoke with him about putting down of monasteries, asking him to second his advice to the prior of Mounte Grace to conform himself to the King in giving up his monastery when required. When Hillyerde doubted how the suppression might be done, the writer said that deeds made by common consent of those in possession must be valid in law, and that all such things must be at the disposition of the King and his realm. These words did not fully satisfy him, and yet he did not so repugn thereat that Wilson thought he would do or speak anything to the contrary. By reason of this communication, wished that for the avoidance of the scruple of those who should give up the monasteries, either the Act already made, or some other, were of such force that it should fully charge them so to do. Feared peril of conscience therein himself, but is not certain whether he opened this fear to him or any other. Has laboured to satisfy his own and other men's consciences. Has satisfied his own, and trusts he has other men's, by thinking that the King, being a godly prince, and his Council would do nothing for which they did not see good reason, for the common weal according to God's pleasure, though he and other mean men did not perceive the whole consideration thereof, and that it was meet for subjects to be under lowly obedience and think the best of their rulers. As monasteries were founded and endowed by the benefit and licence of princes, so, when the time requires, they might be reformed and put to other uses by their successors. Is not quite sure that he spoke like this to Dr. Hillyerde at that time. Spoke to him again a little before his departure from London, when he said (as I have confessed) he would go to his benefice and keep house thereon. Told him that sort of life would please God and do much good. Has also had communication with him divers times at the bp. of Durham's house and at his own (Wilson's) house about their own affairs and friends, about preachers and their preaching and opinions, about books and writings, and the diversity and contention in the world and peril thereof. Denies that they ever sought anything lo “contrary” any of the King's affairs, or to diminish his title or dignity, or anything contrary to their allegiance and duty. Never intended anything of the kind, and did not know that Hyllyerde did. Even about monasteries he was contented to submit to the common judgment.
Never knew of his departure out of the realm nor suspected his traitorous purpose therein; neither did he know that any other of the King's subjects, except Reynolde Pole and his traitorous accomplices and those in prison, purposed to withstand his royal title or dignity. If he had known such, would have shown what they were, though they were his most dear friends.
Asks Cromwell to intercede with the King for forgiveness. Excuses himself for procuring and giving relief to Powell, Fetherston, and Abell, which was not intended as maintenance of their evil opinion. Ought to have asked licence and been more diligent to have instructed them and brought them to conformity. Acknowledges (as he has confessed) that he offended while he was in prison. (fn. 11) Commits himself and his friends, who helped him in prison only from charity and without malicious purpose, to the King's mercy. Insists on his loyalty to the King, and asks Cromwell to forgive his behaviour to his lordship. Signed: Nicolas Wilson, prisoner in the Towre, the iiij daye of June.
Asked the bp. of Chichester to be a suitor that Dr. Powell might have some ease of his imprisonment, but this was only that he might be won to conformity. Spoke to Powell once, and moved him thereto; but cannot recollect speaking with him twice, as Cromwell says he did.
Holl., pp. 4.
4 June. 748. Sedition.
R. O. Depositions of Thos. Welles, John Leche, Thos. Bronde, and Thos. Roosse, “all dwelling within one mile” in Norfolk, against John Walter, of Gryston.
That he said if 3 or 4 good fellows, each with a bell, would ride in the night and cry in every town they passed through “To Swaffham, To Swaffham,” there would be 10,000 there in the morning. Then one bold fellow should stand forth and say, “Sirs, you know how all the gentlemen in manner be gone forth” and how little favour they bear to us poor men: let us go to their houses and get harness and victuals and kill those who will not join us, even their children in the cradles; “for it were a good turn if there were as many gentlemen in Norfolk as there be white bulls.” Let us go towards Lynn, and we will be strong enough for them all at their coming home from the North. We should begin with Mr. Southwell and thence to Mr. Brampton, Mr. John Grays, Mr. Hoggans (?), and so to Sir Roger Townysende, who is still at home: and so spoil them and harness ourselves.
He offered them horses if they would go with the bells and urged them to it at suppers and other times between Michaelmas and Hallowmas. Taken by Peter Pory, under-sheriff of Suffolk, 4 June 32 Henry VIII. Signed by Pory.
5 June. 749. Sussex and Sir John Gage to Cromwell.
R. O. Commendations to “your good lordship.” Have received his letters of 30 May, and, according to the King's command conveyed therein, have further examined Lady Lisley, her two daughters and Mary Hussey upon the matters of Lord and Lady Lisle, especially “the letters cast into the jaques.” Can learn nothing more; but Mary Basset has written out as much of the effect of the said letters as she can recollect and this with certain other French letters found in the house is hereinclosed. Have committed Lady Lisle, with a gentlewoman, chamberer and groom, to Francis Hall, who is a sad man and has a sober honest wife. Perceive by the Vice-treasurer that Lisle's wages are wholly paid for April before he departed into England; but his poor servants who have served him long, not only unpaid their half year's wages, but other arrears before, for which on their discharge they made “piteous lamentation.” However, got them to take the King's reward—barely a quarter's wage—as shown by the bill of their names and the sum spent by Sussex sent herewith. John Bassett and his wife are gone to England. Bridgett, one of Lisle's daughters “to whom there is no matter laid,” remains here till they hear what is to be done for her keeping. Have sent an experienced man, who deals as a merchant with France, to see what preparations of ships are made in the havens of Normandy. He will return in 10 days and they will then write his news. Sent lord Grey, the High Marshal, Rokwod, Marche, and Gander, the warden of the carpenters, to view the “marris” (marsh), and they have drawn up a plan (enclosed) for flooding it, which shall be done next week. The Staplers have paid for the whole retinue and 500l. towards the works, and will continue to pay the workmen. Calais, 5 June 32 Hen. VIII. Signed.
2. Add. on the back of § 3: Earl of Essex, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Rewards given by the King's command upon the dissolving of Lord Lisley's household, 2 June 32 Henry VIII.
Jas. Castell and Symond Trildill, 16s. 8d. each. Thos. Warley, Ph. Harbard, Johu Moise, John Sparke, John Smythwik, Ric. Knott, Wm. More, Ric. Goodale, Thos. Hawkesworth, Nic. Aeier, Osmond Cave, Nic. Harreis, Jas. Wynchester, John Vynes, Dav. Pirrey, Ric. Sands, Wm. Starkey, John Yonge, Elis Wadeham, John Salisburie, John Jenkyns, Jas. Haukyns, Ric. Catterell, Wm. Grauntham, Steph. Charlis, John Moile, John Atkynson, John Stile, John Parker, Steph. Freman, John Bere, Wm. Dawson, Nic. Bannok, Robt. Cotgrave, Robt. Wodward, Wm. Price, 13s. 4d. each; John Chapman, John Cooke, Thos. Growte, John Lucas, 10s. each; Alen Redman, Nic. Capett, 6s. 8d. each; Poll Fawkenor, 10s.; Ric. Newport, 7s. 6d.; Laur. Driver, Mores Edward, 6s. 8d. each; Wm. Bremmelton and Edw. Mylles, 10s. each; a lackey, 4s. 8d., and two kitchen lads, 3s. 4d. and 2s. Mrs. Durdaunt and Mrs. Joyes, 10s. each; the laundress, 6s. 8d. Total, 32l. 9s. 2d.
R. O. 3. View, at the command of the Earl of Sussex and Sir John Gage, the King's commissioners, made by Wm. lord Gray of Wilton, lieutenant of Hamps castle, Sir Ric. Graynefeld, high marshal of Calais, John Rokewode, bailly of Marke aud Oye, Wm. Marche, soldier of Calais and Robt. Gander, warden of the King's carpenters there, of the marshes, both the Cousuade and Meane Broke, 2 June 32 Hen. VIII.
There is a “way” made by Frenchmen from the Cowbridge to the house of one Boythack between the Cousuade and Meane Broke called Wyngfelds marsh. This way could only be drowned by the Hollede river and drowning it thus would take away the fresh water from the town; so it were best to cut it in two or three places. A dam across the river at the east end of Balingham common, and the bank of the Meane Broke cut, would quickly drown the east end of the marsh and in time the whole; but if the case requires haste a dam should be made athwart the river between the end of Hamps dike and the Cowhouse and Saynes dike stopped at the west end of Coln, otherwise the water would “avoid” by that dike. The other marshes between Hamps Castle and Newnham Bridge may be drowned by the sluices there.
On the 4th June went and viewed the river Hollede. Thought before that to drown the marshes with that river would cut off the water from the town; but seeing that the King's council wish the river “new cast,” think it meet to drown the said “way” by the said river. The water could be turned into an old river, running by the Cousuade leading to Boythack's house, and so into Saynes dike. This would drown the cuts in the said way and the east and south of the Meanebroke as far as Michaelmas dike, at the east end of which a dam would save the north west parte of the Meane Broke for the relief of the country.
Pp. 2.
750. Mary Basset and Monsieur de Bours.
R. O. i. “A brygement of Mary Bassetes first deposition.”—“Mary Basset, being in Mons. de Bower's house almost four years, saith that within two years Mons. de Bower fell in love with her, and at her return to Calais, gave her sleeves of yellow velvet and sent his lacquay with her, at which time Madame de Bower sent a letter of commendations to the Lady Lisle.” On the lackey's return the said Mary sent to Mons. de Bower a flower of silk, and to Madame de Bower a letter. Her mother also sent a letter to Madame. Soon after Mons. de Bower sent her a pair of linen sleeves with ruffs of gold, which she showed to her mother, and her mother to her father, and she wrote him a letter of thanks. Afterwards Mons. de Bower sent her a letter of commendations, which Peter Bekwith read to her mother, and the latter wrote a letter of commendations to Madame de Bower to thank her son for his kindness. Also about half a year ago he sent her a letter by a man of Abbeville, saying he would come and see her. In Lent he sent her a letter and a primer with his name on it, which she showed her mother. In Mid-Lent he came to her with my lord her father, when the keys were brought in, and dined there, and after had light words of marriage, without giving her any token then. He had also communication with her father, but what she cannot tell, and departed at the opening of the gates after one o'clock p.m. On Palm Sunday eve he came again about 9 a.m. and lodged in her father's house all night, telling her that he brought a letter to her father from the Constable of France, and that time he moved marriage to her earnestly, and said he would get his friends to move it to her father and mother. He afterwards moved it to her mother by one Wyndbanke, her servant, and next day dined with her father and mother and departed. A month afterwards Mons. de Rew, uncle to Mons. de Borow (sic), sent one Mons. Milioncourt, who broke the marriage to her mother.
ii. “Second examination.”—The said Mary contracted matrimony with the said Mons. de Bower privily on the said Palm Sunday eve, and afterwards declared it to her sisters and to her mother, but whether her mother declared it to Lord Lisle, she knows not. She cast all her letters in a jakes, except some which she delivered to Mary Hussey, who did the same with them.
iii. Richard Wyndebanke.—The said Richard was interpreter between the Lady Lisle and Mons. de Bowers that Palm Sunday eve, but he heard nothing spoken of the said marriage. Their communication was that his mother sent commendations to Lady Lisle, which she reciprocated, saying that he was as welcome as her son, and he said that his mother would be there after the King's departure from Boulogne. After the King's departure her (his?) mother fell sick and sent Mons. Mylancourt with a letter to Lady Lisle, who departed next day at 11 o'clock.
iv. A brigement of Lady Lisle's deposition and of divers others.—Mons. de Bower had little communication with Lady Lisle because she could speak no French, but as her daughter Mary interpreted her words, they were in commendation of the said Mary and her daughter Anne, and no words touching marriage, although he spoke a long time with Mary, she knows not what. Also he sent letters to her daughter, to which she was not privy. She has sent letters of thanks and tokens to Madame de Bower. Mons. de Bower brought a letter to Lord Lisle from the Constable of France, the contents whereof she knows not. Mons. de Rew, the Saturday before May Day, sent her a letter by Mons. Millioncourt, desiring credence for the bearer for a marriage between the said Mary and Mons. de Bower, and to know what would be given with her, Peter Bekwith being interpreter, but she answered that she could say nothing till her husband came home. She refused to receive a young gentleman of France, who had done a fault there, because her husband was absent. Her daughter Mary told her she durst not make her privy of the communication of marriage on Palm Sunday Even because she was young and might have time for it after. The said Lady declared the premises to the Council at Calais, and wrote them to her husband and to her daughter Anne at the Court, that if the King had asked her about it, she might have declared to his Grace what Mons. de Bower was, and that her sister Mary was brought up with his mother.
v. Peter Bekwith.—He and lady Lisle agree about the letter and credence to Mons. Mileoncourt and their communication of marriage and the letter sent to her daughter Anne. He adds that she said to Mileoncourt that she must know the King's pleasure before they could conclude of any marriage. He supposes that lord Lisle sent two letters to the Emperor, one written by Thos. Tichet, the other by the secretary. He never saw the Constable of France's letter.
vi. Thos. Larke.—Larke wrote certain letters to lord Lisle from his wife, the minutes of two of which are joined to his examination. In one she prays him to be his own speechman to the King, and not trust the fair promises of others. In the other she declares the communication between her and Mons. Mileoncourt touching the marriage of her daughter Mary and Mons. de Bower, and declaring that she had shown the Council a letter sent from Sir Gregory (fn. 12) to Corbet and two brushes of hair, and when the earl of Sussex opened them, he found a letter to her enclosed in Corbet's letter, and sent it to her by one of his gentlemen, saying it was no great matter; and she rent it in two pieces and delivered it to him again.
vii. Anne Baynham, Margery Lacie, John Basset, and Bartholomew Baynham.—Anne Baynham says that she and Margery Lacy heard Philipe, lady Lisle's daughter, say on the 21st May last, that if her sister Mary kept one thing to herself, all was well enough, but if she opened that, she undoeth herself and us all; which words Mary Hussey said also, who added that she had made one thing well enough, for she had cast the letters into the jakes.
viii. Phelip Basset.—Acknowledges the premises and says she meant the letters that Mary Hussey cast into the jakes. As to the contract of matrimony between Mons. de Bower and her sister Mary, she was never privy to it, and if Mary told it to any of her sisters, it was to Frances, whom she loved best.
ix. Mary Hussey.—Agrees with the deposition of Anne Baynham, and says Mary Basset told her that she had shown my lord and lady all the letters she received from Mons. de Bower and his mother.
“Item, letters missive sent from the lord Lisley, since his coming to London, to his wife, to the number of viij.
“Item, a copy of a letter to the Emperor.
“Item, a letter of love found in the jakes.
“Item, two letters from Anne Basset to her mother.
“The secretary writes that he never wrote nor received letters of importance but such as he hath declared unto the earl of Sussex and Mr. Gage”
Pp. 6.
751. Lord Lisle.
R. O. The answer of Thos. Larke to the articles delivered to him by the earl of Sussex and Sir John Gage.
1. To the first, what letters he wrote to my lord Lisle for my lady his wife, which she sent to him. Larke says that since Lisle's last departure into England he has written several letters for lady Lisle to lord Lisle, but how many he does not remember. The contents of those letters, as well as he can recall them, are contained in another sheet of paper herewith. As to letters sent to any other persons, lady Lisle sent one to Geo. Rolles touching her son's lands, and likewise to her servant John Davy and to Richard Harryce, concerning the receipt of her rents in the West Country.
As to what letters lord Lisle had from the Emperor or from any other parties, he says that of late, not long before his departure, lord Lisle received a letter from the Emperor, which he delivered to the said Larke, commanding him to keep it, but what the contents were Larke does not know, for it was written in French. Soon after his departure he delivered it to lady Lisle at her request, and she sent it over to lord Lisle inclosed in a letter of her own. Also lord Lisle sent a letter to the Emperor, written in French, as he thinks by Tuchet, for horses of Thomas Boys, a man-at-arms of Calais, which were detained at St. Omer's.
2. To the second question, what letters and messages he was privy to that the said lord wrote again to the said lady or to any other, he replies that lord Lisle wrote to her divers letters, which he read but has forgotten; but he remembers that in every letter the said lord Lisle desired his wife to be of good cheer, and wrote that the King was his gracious lord. In one he wrote that my lord Privy Seal was his very friend, and in another he wrote for certain evidences touching the manors of Painswick and Murton Valence, which evidences she sent him. But what messages passed between them she knows not; but their servant Nicholas Eyr went several times between them.
3 (fn. 13). To the third question, what letters he was privy to sent out of France to Mistress Mary, and what answer she made, Larke says he knows of no such letters, but lady Lisle giving him instructions to write a letter to lord Lisle showed him that she had received a letter from certain gentlemen and ladies of France, desiring her to give credence to a gentleman (fn. 14) that was sent to her with the said letter touching a marriage proposed between Mons. de Boores and the said Marry, and also to take into my lord Lisle's house a gentleman of France who had done something there for which he durst not tarry in that country; but what answer she made to him the said Larke does not perfectly know. The lady Lisle showed him that to the first request concerning the marriage, she answered the gentleman that she could not make a direct answer, as lord Lisle, being her head, was not on this side the sea. To the second, she said she might not receive any gentleman to her house, especially a stranger, without lord Lisle's licence. Of this she sent a letter to lord Lisle, which Larke wrote, and which is hereafter specified as nearly as he can remember it. On Ascension Eve last the said lady Lisle found fault with him for not having framed the latter end of a letter according to her mind. Since that time he has not written any letter for her that was sent into England or elsewhere, and she never spoke to him till Wednesday in Whitsun week, when she sent for Larke and desired him to look out certain books that Mr. Gaudge had sent for touching the Couswade.
Pp. 3.
5 June. 752. James V. to ONeyll.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi., 92b.
B. M.
Received witn pleasure ONeyll's letters and the charge of his secretary giving new evidence of his regard for the old alliance of his ancestors and the Scotch kings. As to his message, both by writing and by his envoy, touching the king of England, the subject is weighty, and James has come to no decision as yet, the treaties between the two nations remaining in full vigour. Will not fail to comply with ONeyll's request when an opportunity occurs. Edinburgh, 5 June 1540.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
5 June. 753. [James V. to Paul III.]
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 92.
B. M.
Nearly two years ago, his natural son James obtained in commendam, a priory 0f regular canons in St. Andrews diocese, and his other son Robert, shortly afterwards, the monastery of Holyrood of the same Order and in the same diocese, to both of whom he has by virtue of letters apostolic appointed Alexander abbot of Cambeskennet, of the Augustinian order, as administrator of their spiritualties and temporalties. As the abbot refuses to renew leases for 19 years, according to custom, on the plea that he is administrator for commendatarii who are minors, and cannot alienate immoveable property, requests the Pope to send him a faculty for doing so. Edinburgh, 5 June 1540.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
6 June. 754. Wm. Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for his goodness. Since arriving at Dover this Sunday at noon, has viewed the King's works of fortification and rejoices to find them warlike and substantial. Intends to take passage to-morrow and will write from Calais. As no one is appointed as yet to pay the gunners and workmen extraordinary, they will give the writer much unquietness by calling for their wages. Begs his assistance. Dover, Sunday, 6 June 32 Henry VIII.Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex and lord Privy Seal.
6 June. 755. Sir Eoger Touneshend to Cromwell.
R. O. Encloses a confession of heinous words spoken by one John Walter, (fn. 15) of Gryston, Norfolk. Has written to the sheriff to apprehend him and take him to Norwich Castle as a traitor. Has ordered the four persons mentioned in the certificate to be forthcoming. Asks whether they are to be kept in prison. The accusation against Wygmore has been examined as Cromwell directed and is confirmed by one other person. Wygmore is therefore committed to Norwich Castle. 6 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
7 June. 756. Wm. Popley to Mr. Northe.
R. O. Desires him to pay the rent of Yatton to his cousin Grene. The parson has complained to the duke of Norfolk about it. If he will help him at this his need, Popley will help him, in return, to the farm of Portbery, Clevedon, or Tyknam; but he must send word which of the last two he will have, as Mr. Bethymore must have the other. Desires credence for his cousin Grene, who will show his (Popley's) extreme necessity. London, 7 June. Signed: your loving cousin.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: “To the right worshipful Mr. Northe.”
7 June. 757. Wm. Popley to Elizabeth Straunge. (fn. 16)
R. O. Is displeased that Marget Cogan was sent for to Bristow without his consent. Hears that she was sent for to marry his cook or his horsekeeper. Wonders who was so bold as to enterprise it. Desires his aunt and his cousin to have good respect to her governance. Her sister “like a drab” has made her sure to one, without assent of her friends. If they so little regard their friends, Popley will be one friend that will little regard them.
I wrote that I would have no one but you and the gentlewomen and maidens of your house go into the church by the cloister. You have not been cumbered with the world and know not the travail, pain, and study, that paterfamilias ought and must take for the honest governance of his house. Gave this commandment for good reason, “and, indeed, if I did intend to continue in that house, I would have no door there.” I beg you not to grieve at my intended purpose; “for it was mine own device, as my cousin Sir Water Jay could tell you.” London, 7 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my right loving aunt, Elsabethe Straunge.
7 June. 758. Ric. bp. of Chichester to Cromwell.
Cleop. E. v.,
B. M.
Strype, Eccl.
Mem., I. ii.,
No. 93.
This morning Dr. Petre and Mr. Belows have signified to me, by your Lordship's command, that my lord of Durham denies that he comforted me to stick to the old usages and traditions of the Church. I marvel at it, as it was so often, especially in the time of the late bishop of London, (fn. 17) when we were busy with the Germans and the book. (fn. 18) Let him call to memory that he has an old book in Greek containing divers usages of the old Church which divers times he carried to Lambeth, as I went with him in his barge, and in which he said there were things ordained by the Greek Church which were then in controversy. In that book, or one like it, was a mass written, whether of Chrysostme or Basyles I now forget. The late bishop of London brought other Greek books and they conferred them together. My lord of Winchester was not then here. Lately he comforted me not to fear to help things forward, but to leave ceremonies to the King's ordering, and not break them without great cause. Both he and the present bishop of Rochester showed me it was one of the matters wherein they stayed, and my lord of Winchester said they were all in one opinion, very few except, that many old traditions, as praying for souls, baptising of infants, and the like, must be kept. Often, in the gallery at Lambeth, when we departed from my lord of Canterbury, the late bishop of London would be very earnest with me for those old usages, and my lord of Durham advised the same. The Greek books were only brought out to support old usages, and ray lord of Durham cannot say but that he and the late bishop of London were bent on maintaining as many as they might, especially when they appeared by the Greek Church. A special matter was the praying for souls, wherein St. Augustine was brought in for both parties, but my lord of Durham's Greek book maintained also other usages, and he aud the late bishop of London were very diligent to search out the old canons in the Greek.
Trusts, these instances will be sufficient to call the matter to my Lord's memory. Commends himself to God and to the King's goodness, and thanks Cromwell for signifying that the King is his gracious lord. In the Tower, 7 June.
Hol., pp. 3. Headed: To my singular good lord the earl of Essex, high chamberlain of England, and lord Privy Seal. Endd: To the late Privy Seal.
7 June. 759. James V. to Cardinal Ghinucci.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 92b.
B. M.
Received on June 6 his letters, dated Rome, 22 April, showing his trusty friendship, of which he has also heard from Jas. Salmond. As he writes that the Pope is delaying the matter of Drybourg until he receives an answer to the second brief, notifies that he has now fully replied and explained his wishes. Is persuaded that the Pope will revoke his concession about Drybourg and grant the house to Erskyn in accordance with ancient right. Does not wish credit to be given to Dr. Vaucop in future. Desires him to urge the conferring of a legation on the card. of St. Andrews. Edinburgh, 7 June 1540.
Lat., pp. 2. Copy.
8 June. 760. Wm. Popley to Peter Morgan.
R. O. Desires him to deliver 28l. of lord Hungerford's money, “which he saith be did appoint his priest (fn. 19) to pay you,” to cousin Grene (fn. 20) or Sir Hed. Asks him to come hither speedily as he wishes to return with him, and to bring Popley's obligation for 18l. Asks how many sheep of Popley's he and his neighbours will take in, and what kinds he may keep. London, 8 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
8 June. 761. Wm. Popley to Sir Edw. Gorge.
R. O. I beg you to deliver to my cousin Jerom Grene or the bearer, 40s. 8d., which is behind of the patent I delivered to you for your son. I had never such need of money as now. It is said St. Austin's (fn. 21) will be a bishopric. London, 8 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
8 (?) June. 762. [Antwerp News]
Galba B. x.
B. M.
A post arrived at Brussels yesterday from Florence with letters from the Duke to his ambassador, dated “xx … day of May.” A dispute had arisen between the Pyssanes and the Lukesses, and there had been skirmishing, in which, the Lukesses had the worst. Don John de Luna, captain of the fortress of Florence, had desired the Duke to stay the matter till the Emperor's pleasure were known. Describes how the 2,000 Spaniards he wrote of before had been bought off by thp Lukesses, and, being refused by the Florentines, had retired to Maxa, and threatened to return upon the Lukesses * * * (perhaps two lines lost) “Baglione with a good number of good men of [war] and munitions and victuals enough and be utterly determined to keep it.” On the other side the host of the bishop of Rome was nominally under Piero Luigy, the Bishop's son, but really ruled by lords Alex. Vitelly and Jo. Batt. Savelly. Since the Perugyns have a head it will be hard for the Bishop to obtain it. The Emperor has sent him word that it is no time to kindle any fire in Italy, and that he has appointed the Marques del Wasto to determine the differences between him and the Perugyns. As the Bishop is heady and not well satisfied with the Emperor, men think he will persist in his purpose.
“* * * (two lines lost?) [Marcellus,] governor of the Cardinal Farnese, when he w[as] at Lyons heard that the bishop of Rome had m[ade] him legate in this Court, wherefore he is returned here again.” Messire Vincencio de Magy left Venice, the 20th ult., for Constantinople, sent by the French king to conclude between the Venetians and the Turk. But that and all other news is doubtful, for even in France everything is kept so secret between the Emperor and the French king, who, some say, shall shortly meet again at Cambray. The Constable “hath been more than this … days from the Court and is yet at Chan[tilly].” If the governor there should change all would change.
Pp. 3. Mutilated, modern marginal heading: “8 (?) Junii, Anwerpe.”
9 June. 763. Bury St. Edmund's.
R. O. Extract from an account book of the Augmentation Office headed “In th'office of John Eyer, rec.”
Bury:—From Ric. Tyrrell, for farm of Hundercley anno 32°, 33l. 3s. 4d. 9 June: comput. and is ordered to pay 25l. 2s. 4d.; the rest he claims on a debt of the “said late monastery,” and is appointed to get allowed before 1 Aug., or else pay. “Ext. per me Wa. Mildraay.”
Hol., in Mildmay's hand, p. 1.
9 June. 764. The Cowswade at Calais.
R. O. Depositions concerning the King's title to the Coueswade taken by lord Graye and John Rokewode, bailif of Mark and Oye, 9 June 1540.
Morant Haynes, aged 70, says he has seen 2 cottages built by Frenchmen within the Couswade. They were warned not to build on the King's ground and to remove the cottages, but would not: so the men of Marke and Oye went and plucked them down and kept the timber, &c. Again the Frenchmen built a great new house more within the Couswade hard by Boyte Haikes' house and whilst doing so mowed over 100 loads of hay. Thos. Prowde, then bailly of Marke and Oye, got ready 120 waggons and sent word to Arde “that he would that they would” fetch the hay away. They of Arde sent answer that he need bring no labourers to pitch the hay into the waggons, for they would come and be the pitchers. But he caused the hay, in the 120 waggons, to be carried to Calais and plucked down the said new house, and the Frenchmen never appeared, though they tarried till 10 o'clock in the forenoon. Forty years ago he was in the Couswade, when the oldest men of Mark and Oye were examined before the Commissioners, and [it appeared] that the place called the Bootes where the Holyhed river passes at an overdraught and a river which passes out of the Holyhed along the Couswade to Cowbridge and so by Ardes Plasshe to Baldingham common, is the very limit between the English, French, and Burgundian pales there; and the limit from the Bootes to the Knoll in the Horke (sic) (fn. 22) within the Emperor's land, otherwise called the Arde Farde and the Polly Farde, is the English street. Within the lordship of Marke and Oye there used to be seven parish churches where there are now but six, and three of these have been built within his recollection. The site and churchyard where the seventh church stood is still visible in the Couswade. It was called St. George's parish church.
Boyte Hakes says he has been 12 years where he now dwells. Always thought the whole Couswade belonged to the King. This year and last the French put certain beasts in it; but never before.
Guise Danyell, aged 51, says the same, and that he has seen houses built in the Couswade by Frenchmen, and pulled down by the English. There used to be no highway from the Cowbridge, and they were set over from Cowbridge to Boite Haikes by boat.
John Varskaf, aged 66, confirms the preceding.
Pp. 3, with modern endorsement in French, ending “que monstre les limites dela ville de Ardre.”
10 June. 765. The Council to Wallop.
R. O.
St. P. viii.349.
Inform him of the treasons of the lord Privy Seal, who has not only been counterworking the King's aims for the settlement of religion, but said that if the King and all the realm varied from his opinions he would withstand them, and that he hoped in another year or two to bring things to that frame that the King could not resist it. He is committed to the Tower to await his trial. To avoid misrepresentation the above is to be declared to N. N. (fn. 23) and such others as seem meet or who speak of the matter. The King's letter, sent herewith, was written two days before his treasons were revealed.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: Minute to Mr. Wall[op], Mr. Pate [and] Mr. Wotton, the 10th of June.
10 June. 766. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 189.
(The whole
[London,] 11 (fn. 24) June:—Has just heard that Thomas Cramvel, keeper of the Privy Seal and Vicar-General of the Spiritualty, who, since the Cardinal's death, had the principal management of the atfairs of this kingdom, and had been newly made Grand Chamberlain, was, an hour ago, led prisoner to the Tower and all his goods attached. Although this might be thought a private matter and of little importance, inasmuch as they have only reduced thus a personage to the state from which they raised him and treated him as hitherto everyone said he deserved, yet, considering that public affairs thereby entirely change their course, especially as regards the innovations in religion of which Cromwell was principal author, the news seems of such importance that it ought to be written forthwith. Can add nothing but that no articles of religion are yet concluded, and that the bishops are daily assembled to resolve them, and meanwhile Parliament continues.
Was on the point of closing this when a gentleman of this Court came to say from the King that Marillac should not be astonished because Cromwell was sent to the Tower, and that, as the common, ignorant, people spoke of it variously, he (the King) wished Marillac to know the truth. The substance was that the King, wishing by all possible means to lead back religion to the way of truth, Cromwell, as attached to the German Lutherans, had always favoured the doctors who preached such erroneous opinions and hindered those who preached the contrary, and that recently, warned by some of his principal servants to reflect that he was working against the intention of the King and of the Acts of Parliament, he had betrayed himself and said he hoped to suppress the old preachers and have only the new, adding that the affair would soon be brought to such a pass that the King with all his power could not prevent it, but rather his own party would be so strong that he would make the King descend to the new doctrines even if he had to take arms against him. These plots were told the King by those who heard them and who esteemed their fealty more than the favour of their master. The King also sent word that when he spoke with Marillac he would tell things which would show “combien grande a este la coulpe dudit Cramvel — (blank) du dit seigneur a si long temps sceu le dissimuler et la juste occasion de maintenant y avoir donné ordre.”
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3.
10 June. 767. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 190.
(The whole
[London,] 11 (fn. 25) June:—What he wrote last is now verified touching the division among this King's ministers, who are trying to destroy each other. Cromwell's party seemed the strongest lately by the taking of the dean of the Chapel, bp. of Chichester, but it seems quite overthrown by the taking of the said lord Cromwell, who was chief of his band, and there remain only on his side the abp. of Canterbury, who dare not open his mouth, and the lord Admiral, who has long learnt to bend to all winds, and they have for open enemies the duke of Norfolk and the others. The thing is the more marvellous as it was unexpected by everyone, insomuch that these days past, &c. (sic).
Finally, Mr. Carau, (fn. 26) captain of the Tower of the Port of Calais, who, in his last, Marillac wrote, had been taken, was only examined and confronted with the Deputy. But as he was seen going to the Tower with a number of persons, and as afterwards he did not appear because of a fever he took through fear, everyone thought he had been imprisoned, until, being cured, he came out of his lodging.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
10 June. 768. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,592, f..120.
B. M.
Preparations against the Turk. The Pope's news from France. Roome, 10 June 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 6.


  • 1. Hoghestein and Olesleger. See No. 781.
  • 2. See No. 781.
  • 3. Leith, of course.
  • 4. One of these was Sir George Carew. See No. 767.
  • 5. Fitzgerald's servant (Darby Gynnyng?). See Nos. 704, 741.
  • 6. John Story. See No. 741.
  • 7. Word omitted.
  • 8. Darby Gynnyng?
  • 9. Peloux? See No. 673.
  • 10. According to Vandenesse's Diary the Emperor was at Malines on 26 May.
  • 11. He was committed to the Tower in April 1534 and released and pardoned in May 1537. See Vol. VII., No. 483; Vol. VIII., No. 1001; Vol. XII., Part i., No. 1330 (64).
  • 12. Gregory Botolf.
  • 13. In the margin at the head of this paragraph is the word “Longhaye” in the same hand as the rest.
  • 14. Mons. Millioncourt. See No. 750, i., iv.
  • 15. See No. 748.
  • 16. A nun of Sion. She received a pension of 8l. on the 12 Dec. 1539.
  • 17. Stokesley.
  • 18. The Institution of a Christian Man.
  • 19. William Byrde?
  • 20. Jerome Grene.
  • 21. Bristol. It was actually made the cathedral church of Bristol on the 4th June 1542.
  • 22. Probably “the Hook” or Pays de l'Angle is meant.
  • 23. Corrected to “the rest of the Council there,” evidently to adapt it as a form for letters to Ireland and Calais and the presidents of the Councils in Wales and the North.
  • 24. Although this letter is dated 11 June in the letter book from which it is taken, it is clear that the original roust have been dated the 10th, as that was the day of Cromwell's arrest (see No. 765) and Francis, in acknowledging the receipt of this letter on the 28th, speaks of its date as the 10th.
  • 25. This date is probably an error in the letter book, like that of the preceding letter.
  • 26. Sir George Carew, captain of Risebank castle.