Henry VIII: February 1540, 1-10

Pages 55-70

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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February 1540, 1–10

1 Feb. 146. Walter Herbert.
R. O. Depositions taken at Gloucester, 27 Jan and 1 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII., relative to the death of John Carne, on Wednesday after Epiphany, who was killed by the servants of Walter Herbert for ploughing the land of Parissheley, for which Herbert had refused to pay him rent. Witnesses examined:—Thos. Jones of Syllye, Glamorgan, John Brooke of Llandoughe, and Thos. ap Howell of Cogan, in same co.
Notarial copy, pp. 2.
R. O. 2. The two questions upon which the preceding depositions are taken, viz., (1) what words John Came had said about the lands; and (2) how he was killed, and whether Herbert abetted those who killed him.
P. 1.
1 Feb. 147. Abp. Lee to Henry VIII.
R. O. Received, 30 Jan., the King's letters blaming his presumption in interpreting the royal prerogative, in his letter to Mr. Maurice Barkeley, when he declined to put him in possession of the prebend because he was informed that Chr. Joye's attainder did not make it void. Protests that he only wrote thus to give Barkeley more stable possession, and, since the King has determined the point, has now sent him the collation. Would have given him institution also if he had sent a proxy. Cawod, 1 Feb. 1539. Signed.
2. Add. Endd.
1 Feb. 148. [James V. to Paul III.]
Royal MS.
18 B. vi.,
78 b.
B. M.
Writes in favour of Gawin, archbp. of Glasgow, his tutor during his minority, who has been summoned to Rome by Thos. Hay, for having conferred a vacant prebend on his nephew, a studious young man. Desires credence for Silvester Darius. Holyrood, kal. Feb. 1539.
Lat., pp. 2. Copy.
1 Feb. 149. James V. to Ghinucci.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi.,
B. M.
To the same effect Holyrood, kal. Feb. 1539.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
1 Feb. 150. James V. to Silvester Darius.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi.,
79 b.
B. M.
To the same effect. Holyrood, “kal. Feb. anno.”
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
1 Feb. 151. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 155.
Received, by bearer, his letter of 28 Jan. Writes (copy herewith) to the king of England for prompt justice to the Toulouse merchants, victims of the bankruptcy of Robt. Coult. Corbie, 1 Feb. 1539.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
1 Feb. 152. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 155.
Has received his letter of the 28th and seen his report to the King, who, accordingly, writes to the King of England in favour of the Thoulouse merchants (copy enclosed). Has heard what his man had charge to tell him, and thinks Marillac has answered very wisely. Will send answer by the man, at his return; and meanwhile reckons upon Marillac's sending notice of everything by the courier last sent to him. Corbie, 1 Feb.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
153. Canons of Thornton Curtis.
R. O. Pensions assigned to the late prior and canons of Thorneton Courteis, Linc., surrendered into the King's hands to be altered, to commence at Lady Day next. If any of the said canons be taken to the establishment of the College, his pension here to cease. (All except Freston are described as priests.)
Remaining:—Wm. Hobson, prior and one of the guardians, 40l; Robt. Williamson, cellarer and one of the guardians, 40l.; John Yorke and Edm. Sothebie, (fn. 1) both “very aged and ancient in religion,” 5l. 6s. 8d. each; Thos. Appilton, Wm. Shawe, John Store, John Barker, John Baker, Robt. Pasmer, Nich. Pynnynge, Steph. Thomson, Chr. Smyth, (fn. 1) Jas. Hewet, Wm. Lynne, Jas. Bogge, Robt. Cocke, and John Butler, 4l. each; Thos. Jhonson, 4l. 13s. 4d.; John Cooke, “well learned … versity,” Robt. Ryveley, 6l. each.
Departing thence:—Wm. Rowthe, Thos. Epforthe, Edw. Hudson, John Hilton, and Edw. Edname, 6l. each; John Freston “professed at full age and not ordered at all,” 4l.; Robert Hewet, keeper of the cell of Thwaite, with the parsonage of Welton (pension 6l., and for keeping the cure of Welton 5l., and for maintaining the banks there and bearing all costs 4l., to be taken of the farmer there according to indenture between the late abbot and Ric. Cromwell, esq.), 15l. Signed: Phylyp Parys: Jo. Tregonwell: Jo. Hughes.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Pensions assigned to the late canons of Thorneton Linc., viz.:—
Edm. Sothebye, 8l.; Wm. Shawe, Thos. Appulton, Chr. Smythe, John Williamson alias Storre, Steph. Thomson, 6l. 13s. 4d. each. Signed: Phylyp Parys: Jo.Tregonwell: Jo. Hughes.
Parchment, p. 1. Endd.: Thornton Courtes.
2 Feb. 154. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
[London], 2 Feb.:—Has received the letter of 27 Jan. Warned by the Constable, he had already explained to Cromwell, the first councillor in credit and authority that this King has at present, that the Englishman (fn. 2) arrested at this King's request had to be released as soon as the Emperor acknowledged him as one of his servants. Cromwell took this in good part and saw that his master had no subject of complaint. Learning afterwards by Francis' letters the infamous and vile reply used by the English ambassador, (fn. 3) Marillac immediately sought audience, which was very freely granted. Yesterday morning and after dinner, performed his instructions to the King without previously communicating this affair to any of his ministers. Explained the whole according to the Constable's letters and then read Francis' letter. The King seemed astonished that his minister should have used these terms and sorry he should have so badly understood his duty; if Francis was ill pleased at hearing words so unseemly for the ears of a prince, he (Henry) had still more reason to be displeased, lest it should be presumed they came from him, who is not so uncivil or barbarous as to use such to any prince in Christendom. He would revoke his ambassador and send another more agreeable and modest. At this point the King dismissed Marillac until after dinner and went to hear his two masses as he does every feast day.
After dinner the King summoned his principal councillors and discussed this matter an hour or two. Finally Marrillac was summoned and the King told him to write to Francis that he (Henry) was much displeased at what his ambassador had done and begged that it might not be imputed to him or taken as a cause to estrange them in their amity, which he desired to be perpetual. Only (he continued) it was very true he had written to his ambassador that the prompt arrest of the said Englishman had been a very agreeable evidence to him of Francis' good will, and no doubt he was much displeased that, on the Emperor's warrant, the prisoner was released, since M. de Grantvele, before anything was said about it to Francis, had declared to his ambassadors that the personage was not in the service or wages of the Emperor; and, in truth, he might well have desired that, before releasing him, Francis had explained everything to him, or, at least, to his ambassador, to whom, when he wrote, he did not understand why the Englishman had been given up, considering the agreements to deliver to one another those accused of treason, which are general and without exception, and considering the above declaration of Grantvele. If, he added, his minister, knowing the wrong done to his master, had in sudden anger exceeded the terms of his charge, he (Henry) begged Francis to pardon it and desired always to remain a friend.
Thanked him, assuring him of Francis' friendship, and took leave.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
2 Feb. 155. Marillac to Montmorency.
Add MS.
f. 34.
B. M.
Ribier, (fn. 4) I. 495.
On Saturday, arrived the courier, this bearer. Yesterday, Sunday, I did my office to the King in the form you commanded. To-day, Monday, and last night, I took pains for the despatch of the courier with this King's answer, as contained in my letters to the King. This King complains of the Emperor, as the cause of the deliverance of the person (fn. 5) in question, by avowing him his servant contrary to what Granvelle had said to his ambassadors. I knew very well by the King's words after dinner that Cromwell had spoken in favour of their ambassador who is in the [French] Court, “pour estre de s[a facture et] opinion (fn. 6) ”; for whereas in the morning he was very indignant against his minister, in the afternoon he seemed inclined to excuse him, as shown in my letter to the King. Touching occurrences here they are to be known by the credence I gave my cousin to declare to you by mouth (for, being uncertain of your return to Court, I did not dare to write) especially the talk of making a league which the English have divers times broached to me, and this King has freshly touched upon. Evidently they desire nothing so much as to maintain the amity with France, especially now when they see the two maxims which they most doubted succeed contrary to their desire, viz. the complete and sincere amity between the King and the Emperor, and the report spread here, though it seems difficult to believe, that affairs in the Levant are about to be settled between the Grand Signor, the Emperor and the Venetians. They hoped that the Emperor and the King would be too much occupied to turn their arms against them; but, these two obstacles being removed, they believe these Princes would unite against them, but that the Emperor is said to have turned his attention to recover Gelders and compose the growing differences in Germany, in which case the English will probably assist the duke of Cleves and others of their league with money, if only to divert the war from themselves; but they will try to agree with the Emperor as soon as they can. Knowing the Emperor to be against them, they will be at pains to maintain the King's friendship. and I temporise with them as graciously as possible, so that if I cannot aid the King's service I may at least not harm it.
There is no news since the departure of my cousin except that this Duke Philip of Bavaria, feigning a wish to return home through the Emperor's countries, embarked at Dover and departed with three or four ships which had been secretly equipped, not towards Calais but towards the country of the Easterlings, apparently carrying a large supply of angelots for their practices in Germany. Parliament which was to commence this Lent is prorogued till 26 April, after Easter.
Begs for payment of his extraordinaires, considering the charge of his daily despatches to Boulogne and his sending into Scotland by Montmorency's command, London, 2 Feb. 1539.
French. Hol., pp. 3. Add.
* * * Extracts from the above are printed by Kaulek, p. 157, from Marillac's letter book.
2 Feb. 156. The Councillors of the Duke of Cleves to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The bearer of these letters carries letters of importance to the King, our lord, and we desire you to forward his passage to Dover. Antwerp, 2 Feb. 1540. Subscribed: Co'ssl'es du duc de Cleves.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: “A noustre treschier et honore Sieur, Monsr Artus Lyffle, deputez off Kales.”
3 Feb. 157. Bretts in West Ham.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii., f. 78.
B. M.
Rental of Bretts in Westham, renewed, 3 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. by view of John Babham and Oliver Franklin.
Giving the names and holdings of 17 freeholders and 10 copyholders, and the extent and yearly value of the demesne lands. Total, 30l. 4s.d.
3 Feb. 158. Roger Lupton, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. Your Lordship is informed that I should not behave myself according to God's laws and the King's. How can any man of my age offend in that thing that is laid to my charge? I will be judged by any 12 honest persons of Windsor or Eton. I beg your favour; and, the truth once known, my accusers will be ashamed of their slanderous tongues. Scribbled at Windsor, 3 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
3 Feb. 159. The late Baron of Dunboyne.
Titus, B. xi.,
B. M.
Inspeximus of inquisition taken at Dunboyne before Jas. Boyxe, of Ballevollane, escheator of Meath, on Monday before Ash Wednesday (Festum Cinerum) 25 Hen. VIII., by which it appears that Sir Jas. Botiller, late baron of Dounboyne, died seized of the manors of Dounboyne and Moymett, co. Meath, and had previously, viz., 30 May 24 Hen. VIII., leased the town of Begistowne, parcel of the same, to Walter Brokton, of Grange. Dublin, 3 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
Lamb. MS.
608 f. 17 b.
2. Another modern copy.
See Carew Calendar, No. 141.
[3 Feb.] 160. English Rebels in Scotland.
R. O. Rebels of England reset in the realm of Scotland. (fn. 7)
Dr. Hilzard, who lately went first to Caldstreme and then to the bp. of St. Andrews called the Great Cardinal of Scotland. Nicholas Musgrave, at Dere Abbey, beyond St. Johnstones. One Leche, who with Nic. Musgrave, has been at the house of George Leche, surgeon to the king of Scots, dwelling “forenempst the Troyn in Edinburgh.” John Priestman, calling himself John Hunter, at Newbottle Abbey.
John Robson of the Fawstayn, Rany and Liell Robson, and Cudy Robson's sons at Clemy Croser's, Wilcokes Elwald, and Robin Elwald of Thorlishope in Liddersdale. Liell Robson, called Cowdy Liell, at Clemy Croser's. Arche Robson, Liell's brother, and Michael Dod, at Clemy Croser's and Ro[byn] Elwald's. Henry Robson, called Parke Sippling, with Clemy Croser. John Charlton of Larederburn, Percy Charlton, and Edy Charlton's sons, at Robyn Elwald's. Rany Dod of the Blaklawe, Rany Charlton of the Nuke and John Charlton of the Blaklaw, with Clemy and John Croser. Twenty-eight other rebels of Tyndell are reset with Clemy Croser and Robyn Elwald. Nine Hunters of Tyndell are at Hunthill in Tevidell. The laird of Hunthill rode to the King to ask favour for them, and Arche Elwald and Robyn Elwald to lord Maxwell at Gedforthe, on Monday after their resetting, which was 19 Jan.
Ingrem Armstrong of the Graynys, Antony and Christy Armstrong, Edy Wigame, and Thomas Armstrong, Sandy's son, at Tweden in Liddisdale with young Ector Armstrong.
Thomas and George Wawghe, Bartil's son, with Alex. Armstrong, in Liddersdeill, George and Jamy Purdome, at Terresfote.
Pp. 3.
3 Feb. 161. Wyatt to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 113.
B. M.
S. P. viii.,
Nott's Wyatt,
Has had access to the Emperor, as commanded, with the bearer, Mr. Vawghan, who will supplement his account. Cannot relate matters in order, he so often “clypped my tale with imperious and brave wordes,” and must begin at the end. As to Brancetour, he will consider the treaties and make answer by Grandevela. As to the duke of Cleves, he acknowledges nothing as doubtful and desires Henry not to interfere between him and his subject. To the remainder of the request he says plainly “Je n'en ferai rien.” As to the merchants, he has written to Spain for information. Till the answer arrives he knows nothing, and for further provision for them he must consult Grandvela. Previous to this “we had quarrels enough.” He was very angry at the term “ingratitude” which W., by Henry's command, had applied to his conduct in procuring Brancetour's deliverance; also, at the imputation that he had entertained Henry by fair words. He insinuated that the King had not been so loyal to treaties as himself and had “repartyd” his dominions. Wyatt said this was incredible and that the King, instead of supporting any traitor of the Emperor, made great difficulty, as Chapuys could report, in taking the Spaniard Goseman to his service.
As to the duke of Cleves, he would not hear of putting the matter in justice, he having possession; and W. having spoken of the good will borne by Henry to the Duke, the Emperor said the best favour he could show him would be to advise him to submit to his Sovereign. As for the pact of Lansrede (?) he smiled and wagged his head, making a “Tush” at the matter.
On the third point we reasoned as at Paris, but he said he would rather your subjects never came to his countries than that they should sow such opinions. Could not wait for the answer out of Spain to inform Henry, as Vaughan was going to him. All that the King can hope about Brancetour is that he will be ordered to withdraw for a while; about the duke of Cleves, nothing at all, and his only help will be in the King, or to join the Protestants. As to the merchants, after a long suit nothing will be done. Would not have given his opinion so freely if Henry had not desired it. Speculations as to the Emperor's motives. Ambassadors from Holstein expected. A band of Almains numbering 4,000 has arrived at Namur, and there are others in Almayne. The Emperor goes in 10 or 12 days to Ghent. Brussels, 3 Feb.
Draft in Wyatt's hand. Endd. in the same hand.
3 Feb. 162. Wyatt to Cromwell.
Harl. MS.
282, f. 231.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
On Candlemas day, after the King's letters finished, Chapuys came to me as I lay sick in bed. Being scant well able to write his discourse, I remit to Mr. Vaughan to declare, to the King and your Lordship, the matter, and how he wished Mr. Vaughan had not been present, and my opinion. A gentleman has made an overture for himself and another to serve the King. They are like enough to be men of war, especially one of them, by his name. They call him Robert Valle, but his name must be secret. They desire to serve the King “for the advancement of the word of God.” Mr. Vaughan spoke with the gentleman, who is of Gascony. He has sent to inform the King what he can do and that he will come himself and declare the things “which if he perform be wondrous.” Brussels, 3 Feb.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, p. 1.
4 Feb. 163. Charles duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
Begs Cromwell will write to Lord Monteagle in behalf of the bearer Ralph Delaha, who has been 18 years bailiff and receiver of the manor of Breerly, Yorks., by a sufficient grant of the late lord Mounteagle, confirmed by his will and by office found after his death; notwithstanding which the present lord Mounteagle has dismissed him. Kaw, 4 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 Feb. 164. Reynold Apowell and Hugh Hunteley to Sir Ric. Riche.
R. O. We have received a dedimus potestatem in a matter between Jas. Whitney, plf., and Philip William, deft., and have called the parties before us. The latter showed a lease of the pasture by the prioress and convent of the suppressed house of Uske. Send depositions of the plaintiff's witnesses in a box enclosed and sealed. Monmouth, 4 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.: Chancellor of Augmentations. Endd.
5 Feb. 165. James V. to the Burgomaster and Magistrates of Elsinburg.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi. 84.
B. M.
Requests them to cause to be delivered to Gawin Kneland or his attorneys the goods of his brother, Peter Kneland, who died at Elsinburg. Holyrood, 5 Feb. 1539.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
6 Feb. 166. Outrage at Maidenhead.
R. O. Examination of John Johnson, of Maidenhead, barber and wax chandler, touching Roger Cosen and Wm. Pomfret, of Maidenhead, shoemakers.
Knew of no malice between them, but upon a Sunday about 9 weeks ago he met Cosen between the butts and the town of Maidenhead, coming from Braye, severely wounded upon the head, and Ric. Slye, of Braye, bringing him home. Master Silvester Peke and Thos. Osburne, constable of the town, came to Cosen's house, and in answer to their enquiries he said Pomfret had arrayed him so, and whether he intended to rob him he could not tell. Cosen's wife said it was along of an unthrifty fellow who had been Pomfret's servant, and that Mr. Peke was a bearer of him, but deponent doubts this. Mr. Pecke forthwith charged the neighbours to make Pomfret sure until it were known what should become of Cosyn, who died next day. Mr. Stafferton, justice, afterwards let Pomfret to bail until the sessions at Oxford on St. Valentine's Day, and he and his sureties “be here come according to my Lord's letters.”
Pp. 2. Headed: Sexto Februarii.
ii. [Cromwell] to the Lord [President of the North].
Information has been made to the King's Council against Sir Thomas Grayme, priest, for disturbing Sir John Blacket, who was presented to the vicarage of Ilderton, Northld., by force of an advowson given out of the late surrendered monastery of Kirkham, Yorks. The King desires you and other of his Council in those parts to call the said Blacket and Grayme before you and examine the matter.
In the hand of Dr. Bellasis (?) (fn. 8), p. 1.
6 Feb. 167. Thomas Clerk to Cromwell.
R. O.
Mr. Thomas Bampfelde and I have, by your commandment, examined divers of the King's tenants of Laverton touching seditious words spoken by Wm. Cruche. You will receive by Bamfelde a book of their depositions, and he can inform you what clamour is in the country against Cruche. Bath, 6 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Feb. 168. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 159.
Received his letters yesterday, showing how displeased the king of England was at the language held here by his ambassador. (fn. 9) Marillac shall thank the King for his good words and pray him anew to recall his ambassador, for this is not the first bad office he has done since being here. Will not leave the neighbourhood of Amiens until he has news of the Emperor. Will then decide what to do. Abbey of St. Fuscien, near Amiens, 6 Feb.
French. Two modern transcripts, each pp. 2.
6 Feb. 169. De Selve, Bp. of Lavaur, and the Sieur de Hellin, to Montmorency.
Ribier, i. 496. As to the language (propos) of the king of England, Granvelle says he reminded the Emperor that he has said, when he felt some indisposition commencing, that he liked to help the malady to declare itself, and that, evidently, the king of England had a like aim in using this irritating language to their Majesties, to see if something would come of it that would manifest their thoughts. In any case, he said, if they died of grief at it either there or elsewhere, this holy alliance must be perfected very shortly. Granvelle said he had lately informed the Emperor's ambassador in England that if the marriage of the Princess with Count Philip of Bavaria went forward it must be suffered, provided that she did not consent to anything prejudicial to our religion. He had sent a form of protestation to be made by her, but had since heard that the Count left England without any resolution being taken touching the marriage. Dom Ferrand de Gonzague, yesterday, came to visit La Vaur, and said the Emperor told him, at his arrival, that he had spoken with the King about the accusation against him, and that the King was satisfied. He came to protest the annoyance he had suffered through such an infamous charge, and his gratitude to the King. Brussels, 4 Feb, 1539.
P.S.—Granvelle has communicated to them the letter written by the Emperor to his ambassador in England, giving the substance of the language held by Wyatt, charging the Emperor with ingratitute to his master in causing his subject (fn. 10) to be released, which word he (the Emperor) let pass without showing him that he had spoken otherwise than he ought, maintaining that he owed his master nothing and had had cause to act against him. On Wyatt insisting, he answered that he heard that the man was not charged with treason; but if it was proved to Granvelle that there had been a crime which required deliverance to be made according to the conventions, and that the king of England had done the like on his side, reason should be done. Wyatt requested that the difference with M. de Cleves might be settled by justice. The Emperor answered that, on taking the alliance of Cleves, Henry declared he would not meddle in the matter of Gueldres, and that Cleves was his vassal with whom he knew what he had to do. Wyatt spoke of the merchants of Spain who were vexed by the Inquisition, saying that unless a remedy was found they must cease all commerce with Spain. The Emperor answered that Wyatt knew what had been done before he left Spain, and that he would write anew that proper regard should be had, but that it would displease him if the merchants sowed heresy among his subjects.
The Emperor has arrested a messenger whom the duke of Cleves had sent to all the principal towns here, notifying his right to Gueldres and desiring them not to be against him. The letters themselves have been sent to the Emperor by those of Bruges and Ghent unopened. Brussels, 6 Feb. 1539.
6 Feb. 170. Philip Count Palatine and Duke of Bavaria to Cromwell.
R. O. On the last of January, after departing from Dominus Tscheni, treasurer of the King's house, and embarking at Guimbarium, we had a prosperous voyage, and arrived yesterday evening at Hardarvicum, “a cujus oppidi prefecto percontati sumus ea quæ sequuntur. Primo, judicabat Caesaream Majestatem hactenus nihil adversus Principem suum, ducem Guliæ, molitum; verum, quoniam illi sit judicatum sibi a Caesare, ratione ducatus Geldrensis, bellum imminere, providerit sibi ipsi tribus dumtaxat milibus externorum militum, qui adhuc rari hinc inde sub incerto divagarentur adeo quod eis nondum sit nomen datum; caeterum sperare Principem suum Majestatem Caesaream bello temperaturam, nam licet rumor nuper ablatus sit illius Majestatem duodecim milia militum collegisse, re vera tamen constare non nisi duo milia hactenus sub signis locata esse.” The Duke is at Rabenspurg, 30 miles out of the writer's way, so that he will not waste time in going to him, but proceed to his uncles and brother, i.e. first to Lewis the Elector, then to [his brother] and lastly to Duke Frederic, upon the King's business. Hardervich, 6 Feb. 1539. Signed.
Latin, p.
1. Slightly faded. Add. Endd.
7 Feb. 171. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 159.
[London] 7 Feb.:—Has received the letters of the 1st. The affair of the Toulouse merchants goes well. Coult having pretended his bankruptcy was the consequence of a process unjustly given against him, last year, before the Grand Council (of France), in which he lost 12,000 crs., Marillac showed the falsehood of this.
This King, with his Queen, left Greenwich the day before yesterday, and went to Westminster by water. Along the way, besides the Court, he was accompanied by the ships and principal masters of trades (ministres for mestiers) of London in all solemnity and triumph. This was more honourable than any magnificence made at the coming of the said lady. This morning came letters from Flanders, mentioning the Emperor's arrival at Brussels, and some treaty of settlement between him and the duke of Cleves for the difference which could arise between them on account of Gueldres; which thing the English much desire, in order to take away the occasion of assisting their new allies with money.
Rochepot's affair. Thinks the most that can be obtained is the decision of the case by deputies.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3.
7 Feb. 172. Same to Same.
R. O.
Kaulek, 160.
Has received the letters of the 1st. It is hoped the Toulouse merchants will recover at least half their debt. This King and the new Queen, the day before yesterday, went from Greenwich to Westminster by water, with all the magnificence and triumph that could be devised. Cromwell says their ambassador (fn. 11) in France has been told to return immediately, for the reason Montmorency knows. Knows not yet who shall replace him. London, 7 Feb.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
7 Feb. 173. Robert Burgoyn to John Scudamore.
Add. 11,041,
f. 39.
B. M.
Desires him, in accordance with the enclosed letter of the Chancellor unto us directed, to put the bearer, Will. Penson, one of the King's servants of his Guard, in peaceable possession of his office of keeping the park of Hallowe, Worc. London, 7 Feb. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand:
Spoke of this to Mr. Chancellor, and he said you must use your discretion about what I write to you. “And now, sir, he saith that he lieth at London, and Blunt cometh not to show his title, nor any man for him.” He should be warned to come to London with his patents, that Mr. Chancellor may see both patents. Mr. Penson is not privy to this P.S.
P. 1. Add.: one of the King's particular receivers.
Some jottings of sums of money, in another hand, on the back of the first leaf.
7 Feb 174. Robt. [Holgate,] Bp. of Llandaff, to Cromwell.
R. O. On behalf of Mr. Thos. Fairfax, serjeant-at-law, and one of the Commissioners in the North, who wishes to purchase certain lands called Wolles, in the town and fields of Appylton, in the co. of the city of York, belonging to the surrendered house of St. Mary's, York. He has a lease of it, of which 29 years are yet to run, at the rent of 13l. 13s. 4d. York, 7 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Feb. 175. James V. to the Council of the North. (fn. 12)
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 127.
B. M.
S. P. v.,
Has received their writing, dated York, 31 Jan., desiring delivery to Sir Thos. Wharton, deputy warden of their West Marches, of an Englishman called Dr. Hillard, in exchange for whom Wharton will deliver George Rutherford, surnamed Cokbank, a Scotch fugitive, now in ward in Carlisle. As to Dr. Hillard and other kirkmen, takes no great regard to such persons, but leaves the correction of their faults to their ordinaries, according to the law of Halikirk. Exhorts them to cause Cokbank, a great reiver, thief, and man slayer, to be delivered to his warden of the West Marches. Halyrudhous, beside Edinburgh, 7 Feb. 27 Jac. V. Signed.
1. Add. Endd.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi.,
f. 80 b.
B. M.
2. Contemporary copy of the same from which it is printed in the State Papers.
7 Feb. 176. James V. to Sir Thos. Whartoun.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi., 81.
B. M.
Understands by his writings and by lord Maxwell, Scotch warden foreanent him, his care for the entertaining of the peace and punishing of trespassers. Prays him to continue his exertions in apprehending and delivering “all sic notor brekaris of the peax as thevis, trators likeas we sall, for our part, caus ye semblable to be done.” Halyrudhous, 7 Feb. 27 James V.
Copy, p. 1. Add.
7 Feb. 177. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 159.
Has received the despatch of the 2nd. The King never doubted the king of England, nor that the words were the invention of the ambassador, (fn. 13) who has not only failed in this negociation, but in all others he has conducted here, either with the King, Council, or ministers, has made similar and scarcely less errors, having no respect to the things required in a good ambassador, who should above all make himself agreeable to the prince with whom he has to do, and conduct his negociations with modesty, strictly according to his master's intention; for princes keep ambassadors only with those with whom they are at amity. The King has good reason for wishing him recalled, for such faults as his are inexcusable. Notes what Marillac has written by way of advice, especially touching Duke Philip of Bavaria, which is strange, seeing that he has the Emperor's order. The King will be at Amiens in one or two days. Has delivered the money to Marillac's cousin, and will send him back on his return from Paris with answer upon the subject Marillac knows of. Abbey of St. Fuscien, 7 Feb.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
7 Feb. 178. [Card. Farnese] to Paul III.
Vatican MS. * * Concerning England, does not find here that suspicion which the Nuncio's letters, sent by Bergamino, gave him; nor can he smell any practise with that King, either for an interview or anything else. The English ambassador here is not much caressed—indeed, Mâcon says, the King cannot bear to see him, and told him the other day that both he and his master were fools. Is himself much caressed. The enterprise of Gueldres gets warmer, which is not against that Duke alone, but all the Lutherans and England; so that if France aids the Emperor, as is hoped, in consequence of the peace, it could well be that after Gueldres might follow the punishment of the English king, if the Turk will permit that no peace or league may be made with these heretics. The Emperor's instances to the Pope to join the Catholic league seem to show that he has this enterprise of Gueldres much at heart. 1540, Amiens, Febraro tenuta al 7.
Italian, From a modern extract in R.O., p. 1. Headed: Sanctissimo Domino Nostro.
7 Feb. 179. [Card. Farnese] to Paul III.
Vatican MS. Besides what is contained in the letter the French ambassador in England wrote to Mons. di Herodes (Rhodez), the queen of France tells me that the king of England at this new marriage created 100 gentlemen in imitation of this Court, which has 200; also that the new Queen is worthy and Catholic, old and ugly, so that when the King saw her he was not pleased with her in that German dress, and made her dress in the French fashion; also that the marriage of his daughter with duke George (fn. 14) of Bavaria is not yet concluded.
The duke of Savoy going to Flanders. The prince of Salerno has passed towards Flanders, and with him Gio. Fran. Sanseverino from Piacenza. Lately the bishop of Noiom in Picardy, a wise prelate, being at Dieppe, took a fancy to visit England. Coming to London he dismounted at a hostelry, and the host, as is the law, announced his coming to the King's ministers. “Il cresima” made him go to the French ambassador. The French ambassador asked if he had gone with his King's licence, and, upon the Bishop answering in the negative, blamed him and said he must write of it. Afterwards the Bishop spoke with the King and accompanied him to mass. The King dismissed him with these words, “Tell your King that I am not that irreligious king that he thinks, and that in my kingdom divine worship is practised as in his.” The Bishop has returned, but finds his temporalities sequestrated by this King's commission. The Imperial ambassador says the Emperor was in Brussels eight days ago; that the king of the Romans will be there on the 20th, and that the duke of Bavaria who is to take the eldest daughter of England is called Philip, not George as was written to Mons. de Rodes, and is a Catholic, and will be welcome in Flanders. 1540, Amiens, 7 Feb.
Italian. From a modern extract in R.O., pp. 2.
8 Feb. 180. J. Lord Russell to [Thos. Trevethan].
R. O. The King having appointed a Council to hear and determine causes in the West Parts, I, with others, being at Tavistock when the King's council sat there, one John Polwheele sued a writ, under the Privy Seal for the said West Parts, against you, upon which you have not only not appeared, but have since maliciously brought an action at common law for the same matter against the said Polwhele. I counsel you to commence your action within the King's court there, and you will be sure of justice. Westminster, 8 Feb. Signed.
ii. Memorandum of a compromise made between Polwhele and Trevethan, at Tavistock 19 Sept. 31 Hen. VIII., to try the controversy between them by common law; certified by Thomas Derbye, secretary of the Council.
Pp. 2.
8 Feb. 181. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Has spoken at various times to my lord Privy Seal concerning the suit for the Friars. He told me he would not forget you, but I was not to trouble him till these banqueting days be past. I have been as earnest and plain with him as I could, but all to no use. Meanwhile, you must put him in mind by letters. Mr. Hoby, who is come to Court, says he will not fail to solicit, him when time shall serve. Mr. Wyndsor writes that he and Edw. Russell have 40 qrs. of wheat in readiness at an angel noble the quarter, to be paid within 14 days after Easter. He says my lord Admiral has taken up much and that makes it dear. Rolles thinks I should not deliver your letter to Serjeant Browne. Sends a letter from Sir John Dudley. Wishes to know what he is to do with Mr. Geo. Bassett, as Mr. Brian says that Lisle would have him over to Calais. Mr. Bassett waits here for Tubbis (Tubb's) coming, who knows my lord of Bridgwater's mind touching his inheritance. This day my lord of Rutland sent a horse for you. I gave the yeoman 6s. 8d. and the keeper 1s. London, 8 Feb.
Mr. Alyle says you shall have your New Year's cup made according to your own desire.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Feb. 182. W. Bishop of Norwich to Cromwell.
R. O. Reminds him of the commission to be obtained for the deliverance of John Penyale and other convicts in the King's prison at Lynne. Sends a present. St. Benettes, 8 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Feb. 183. Thomas Evance to Cromwell.
R. O. There were many detections put up among the lay fee and priests in Worc. dioc. at the last visitation, which, as the church wardens were sworn to disclose them, I thought it right to punish and have so done since Twelfth Tide. At Tewkesbury I took one Will. Wodlow, who published in Gloucestershire that the King had a horseload of plate out of Winchelcombe abbey “and portion of every rich man of the town of Winchelcombe,” and that two malt “syffes” full of plate were brought to the “talboth” at Tewkesbury, taken for the King from the rich men of the town. He added, “Sirs, now beware and take heed, for all will away.” At Gloucester were two priests, Sir John Yerlye, sometime a friar, afterwards a hermit at Mylos ende, and Sir Hugh Williams alias Rawlyns, who, by preaching against the King's book of articles, set the best of the town “one in another's top.” I examined the parties and, finding them full unthrifty, have discharged them by your lordship's authority and interdicted them the diocese of Worcester; after which I caused “divers of the worship of the town” to drink together who had not done so for three quarters of a year.
I am asked by the mayor of Bristol in the enclosed letter to come to Bristol and reform certain points by your Lordship's authority. I have deferred till I know your mind in that and also what shall be done at Cirencestre. If my lord Bishop labour to your Lordship to relax your visitation, I beg you to stay therein till I can speak with you. Some of his chaplains report that he will have relaxation of the King. Worcester, 8 Feb.
Hol. pp 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
8 Feb. 184. Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
R. O. Encloses news received, this day, from Picardy. In accordance with Cromwell's last letter, has arranged that the country shall bring in their victuals. Part is now ready within the town without any bruit or knowledge thereof. To-day one William Lathebury of Sandwich, carpenter, who wrought in the King's works at Deal, reported that he had seen at Dunkirk, 200 tons of square timber brought out of England, with the King's mark on it, and he says that Wm. Lawles sent it thither. Believes that no one but Lawles has the taking up of timber for this town. At Dunkirk, there is plenty of billet for 13 groats a thousand. We pay here 14 groats and can get none.
Thinks long to hear from Cromwell concerning the Friars here. Knows that the King gave it him from Cromwell's good motion, and would gladly hear of some end of it, as the accustomed ordinance is broken in that after Candlemas there are two openings at the gate and the porters and warders should have their mass said at the Friars, where now there is none, but that Lord Lisle, at his own cost, has caused one to say mass for the ward after the first opening at St. John in the Wall, till he knows the King's pleasure and Cromwell's concerning the Friars. Calais, 8 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. On 6 Feb., 31 Hen. VIII., Symon Roberghe, of Sertercas (sic), showed my Lord Deputy that, about a month ago, he asked one Robt. Framery of Bouchynghes beside Wast in Boullonois, what was the news in Picardy, and he answered that there was great rumour of war. Symon then asked him to let him know if he heard of anything further, as he had some horses to sell. This Framery promised to do, and, last Thursday week, sent for Symon to meet him at the sign of St. George at Markguison. He told him that he feared nothing else but war between England and France, for some of the Dauphin's gentlemen, to whom he sold some horses, were talking of Calais and Guisnes, and one said they were not so likely to get the towns this hundred years as now, for Flanders lies open upon them, and the county of Guisnes to Boullonois and Picardy. In one night, he said, they could burn all the country and destroy them even to the hard gates of the towns. Their victuals being thus destroyed, it was not possible for them to continue half a year without yielding, as ships would be sent to sea to stop succour from England, and there would be none from other parts. Then said another of the company, “I (i.e. Aye), but when the defiance shall be given between the two Kings, it will be hot for us to come there, for in the meantime they may make, provision.” Then quoth the other, “Let us not look for any defiance.”
Pp. 2
9 Feb. 185. Cromwell to Lord Hungerford of Haytesbury.
The King is informed that certain licences, foundations and other writings belonging to the Charterhouse of Henton, granted by Thos. Horton, clothier, and others, have been embezzled and conveyed away. Hungerford is to call before him Dame Mary Horton, widow, Thos. Horton, Will Byrde, clk., and Sir Will. Furber, clk., and examine them on oath as to the circumstances. London, 9 Feb. Signed.
1. Add.
9 Feb. 186. Sir John Wallop to Cromwell.
R. O.
S. P. viii.,
Has this day received Cromwell's letter, dated Greenwich the 2nd., ordering him to be ready to serve the King as resident ambassador in the French Court in place of the bp. of London. Will not fail to comply and set all things here under his charge in order. Desires a letter from Cromwell to the bp. of London that he may have his silver dishes and muletts of carriage by bill indented; for he sold those he had when last in France, against his last coming to Calais, to supply his necessities. Calais, 9 Feb. 1539. Signed.
1. Add. Endd.
9 Feb. 187. Card. Cervini to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp.,
iii. 97.
Although Pole will be apprised of all His Holiness hears about England, cannot omit saluting him and telling him that the new wife of the King of England has already been received with great pomp. The marriage of his daughter was not yet concluded or published, either with Duke Philip or George of Bavaria; but it is true that King has established the new league with the Lutherans, duke of Cleves and other princes. With all that, is ill good hope; because the French King is very well disposed to the cause, and the Emperor every day more animated. Will himself do his best, because it is both the Pope's commission and the cause of God. Will write more fully from Flanders, for which he leaves in four days. Amiens, 9 Feb. 1540.
[10 Feb.] 188. Wyatt to Cromwell.
Harl MS.
282 f. 234.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
Since Mr. Mason's departure, here is little of importance. I continue still that matter that I received by Mr. Wallopp's hand; but there is no “appearance of anything that way to be done here, unless it be upon the congie that they say shall be given.”
“Mr. Wriothesley's jewel (fn. 15) hath made alliance with mine, (fn. 16) and the third (fn. 17) insinuates himself very well.”
The Emperor left yesterday for Gaunt, leaving all ambassadors here. With him went 3,000 lance knights and 600 horse. Grandvela yesterday sent word that the treaties “should be followed to the extrusion from all their dominions,” (fn. 18) and of the redress of the things of Spain. The duke of Cleves has sent hither a doctor of law to request the investiture general. Yesterday, after the Emperor left, arrived ambassadors from Saxe, the Landgrave, and others of Almain. Saxe has spoken with Cleves, and they are not far asunder. The French ambassador thinks certain the donation of Milan, and more important the expedition against Almain than against the Turk. I guess they think a war near home would draw this man to more need of French aid. I look shortly to hear from your lordship of the things of Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Mason.
Owes the King 500 mks. for his livery, which he could never get out until his last being in England, and 200 mks. of old debt. Asks Cromwell to arrange that he may pay it by 50l. a year, and he hopes gradually to creep out of debt. Owes his brother Lee as much, “besides other infinite that makes me weary to think on them.” Sir Thos. Poynings will wait on Cromwell about this. Thanks him for his goodness touching the lordship of Ditton that is John Lee's; but cannot buy it, although it is very necessary to him, lying in the midst of his land and within a mile of his house. Desires to be remembered for his revocation. Brussels, Shrove Tuesday.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 3. Endd by Wyatt: To my lord Previsele, Shrofft tewsday. To Mr. Poynings. To Mr. Vawghan. To Mr. Tate. To George Blag. To Austyn. To Mr. Fane.
10 Feb. 189. De Selve, Bp. of La Vaur, and the Sieur de Hellin to Montmorency.
Ribier, I. 499. Yesterday, the Emperor recounted to them his conversation with the English ambassador, of which they sent the substance in their last. The ambassador, after delivering a letter from his master, complaining of the deliverance of Bransetur, said much about the matter, to which the Emperor gave little heed until the word ingratitude was used. The Emperor then stopped him, and made him repeat it, asking who it was he charged with ingratitude. He replied, that it was their two Majesties. The Emperor then said, that no doubt the King had answered for himself; and that as for him, he owed his master nothing, and the term ingratitude could only be used by an equal or a superior. The ambassador replying that the greater might be ungrateful to the less, he answered that he knew the meaning of the word and could not think his master would avow it. The ambassador, to moderate the thing, said that his master had been of that opinion; and the Emperor answered that he would not say that all his master's opinions were good. The ambassador retorted that there were none that were not good, and profitable to him and his state. The Emperor said his opinion of that was perhaps not the best; and, as for Bransetur, it would have been unreasonable to deliver him to the hangman without knowing why. The ambassador asked if he meant to call his master hangman. The Emperor answered that he was not so ill-taught, and knew that princes were not so spoken of, but that he understood that the process of the said Bransetur was already made, and that there only remained to execute him. In recounting this, the Emperor said that in truth he did not mean to speak of the king of England, and that he would rather have named him cruel prince, if he had wished to tax him in that matter: be found he was not bound to deliver the said personage, and would not do so, but intended to make him leave his court for a time, and he was not bound to do more even if all the king of England charged Bransetur with was true: he was sorry he had not told the ambassador he knew not how his master could at once charge both the King and him with ingratitude, seeing the conflict that had been between them hitherto.
The Emperor's version of the further conversations about Gueldres and the English merchants in Spain (as in No. 169). In the latter, the ambassador said the Emperor had given his word to him. The Emperor replied, he would have him know that he gave no word that he would not keep, and that he should take heed how he spoke to him in future, for if he did not speak more correctly he must appoint another to hear him.
As to Cromwell's words to the King's ambassador, the Emperor said the king of England seemed to have very bad spies, or rather thought himself very well informed, but he hoped that Francis and he would so show their mutual friendship that ignorance of it would be impossible. As to Count Philip, he had not heard that he carried any money with him, nor that he had accepted the Order, which he could not do by the chapters of his (the Emperor's) Order which he carried, and if he did not come hither it was rather for shame than otherwise. He thought the king of England would not marry the Princess; or, if he did, it would be in England. As to Ghent, both the Emperor and Granvelle say that, although more inclined to gentleness than rigor, the Emperor will follow the King's advice; but that, until the Emperor is in the town, the foolish will not lose their boldness, nor the good take heart to declare themselves. The Emperor wishes the writers to go thither, although other ambassadors stay here. Brussels, 10 Feb. 1539.


  • 1. Note in margin, “decess.”
  • 2. Brancetour.
  • 3. Bonner.
  • 4. Some portions only of this letter have been printed by Ribier and the rest of the manuscript crossed out by him.
  • 5. Brancetour.
  • 6. Four words erased by Ribier, who substitutes “son party.”
  • 7. A list identical with the above, but in a different order, containing a few more names, and bearing date 3 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII., was forwarded by Wharton to the Council on the 3 Dec. 1541. See Hamilton Papers, I. 136.
  • 8. The same hand as Vol. XIV., Part ii. No. 543 ii.
  • 9. Bonner.
  • 10. Brancetour.
  • 11. Bonner.
  • 12. See Hamilton Papers, No. 54.
  • 13. Bonner.
  • 14. Duke Philip, see below.
  • 15. Harry Philips.
  • 16. Brancetour.
  • 17. Tor. See No. 203.
  • 18. That is, that Brancetour shall be banished.