Henry VIII: August 1541, 21-31

Pages 524-537

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16, 1540-1541. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1898.

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August 1541, 21–31

21 Aug. 1104. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Note that at Hatfield, 20 Aug., the Council did not sit.
Meeting at Hatfield, 21 Aug. Present: Norfolk, Suffolk, Gt. Chamb., Durham, Comptroller, Wriothesley. Business:—The complaint of the French Ambassador that one Vydall was wrongfully troubled for payment of the first subsidy, was enclosed in a letter to the lord Chancellor and Council at London.
21 Aug. 1105. James V. to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,646, f. 215.
B. M.
No. 82.
Has received his writings dated at Pipwell, 25 July, and heard the credence committed to Mr. Thos. Bellenden, which is to his singular comfort. As some points in it require consultation, has thought it expedient to send some of his Council hereafter to “amoif” things which might hurt the conservation of peace. Falkland Palace, 21 Aug. 28 James V. Signed.
2. Add.: Sealed. Endd.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi.
B. M.
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding.
P. 1.
21 Aug. 1106. Cardinal Pole.
Brady's Episc.
Succ., ii. 289.
Consistorial Acts 21 Aug. 1541. “Creavit legatum Viterbiensem et patrimonii Rmum Polum, Anglum, cum facultatibus prout in litteris.”
1107. Card. Pole to Card. S. Marcelli. (fn. 1)
Poli Epp.,
iii. 73.
Was much pleased with his letters of congratulation on the legation bestowed on him by the Pope, and also by his judgment of his writings. Was sorry for the intelligence in the last page of his ill health, which he fears may have been partly due to the labour of reading his writings. Begs him to forbear rather than do it at any risk.
22 Aug. 1108. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Hatfield, 22 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Treasurer, Comptroller, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. Business:—Letters written to Marten, comptroller of the King's works, to send to Calais 300 labourers meet for casting ditches; and to the Council at London to provide conduct money for them; and to the surveyor at Calais to set them to work in such manner as Rogiers, master mason at Guisnes, should declare; also a warrant to Ant. Rous for their wages.
22 Aug. 1109. Henry VIII. to Carne and Vaughan.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
Has received their letters of 4 Aug., describing the desire of the Regent and Council to have their charge in writing and to have a new intercourse; with the final answer, that the Regent would write to the Emperor's ambassador here. The ambassador sent his secretary (being himself diseased) with letters credential from the Regent, a copy of her letters to him, and an extract of his credence contained in the same. Made the answer following, which he desires them to declare to the Regent:—Describes how they are to apologise for the words touching the Queen, Emperor, and Granvelle, alleged to have been used by them without commission, and to deliver the copy of their charge in writing (copy sent herewith). Where she seems to press the treaty of a new intercourse and to divide the same from the treaties of amity; by the treaty of Cambray the intercourse is so knit in the amity that they cannot refuse to stand to it till both Princes shall agree upon the treaty of another. The protestation they allege cannot avail; and in this division and desire for a new intercourse the King thinks they press him unduly. They shall request her to release the things bought for the King, and if she desire grant of wood and other things, not being common merchandise, they shall answer that the one can be demanded by no treaty, but the other is due by the treaties, and advise her to satisfy the King, and then no doubt he will be found both friendly and considerate.
Draft, pp. 11. Endd.: Minute to Sir Edward Carne and Mr. Vaughan, 22 Aug. 1541.
22 Aug. 1110. [The Council with the King] to Chapuys.
R. O. By bearer we received the letters of the Queen of Hungary to the King, and all the other letters and copies sent therewith, which we read to the King. His answer is:—1. That he regrets the difference between her and his ambassadors upon certain words which she maintains that they declared. He thinks his ambassadors too grave and circumspect to say anything without commission, but has written to them to make a satisfactory answer to the Queen. 2. As to the Regent's request for the declaration in writing, although it is not the custom here, as you know, for ambassadors to give their charges in writing, the King has commanded his ambassadors to give it. 3. He is surprised at the proposal of a new intercourse, for, albeit, they make there a division of the amity and the said intercourse, the intercourse is so linked by treaty with the amities that the one cannot be refused without derogating from the other. He wishes to stand to the existing intercourse, and desires the Queen not press him in this otherwise than reason and amity would; but that she will give suitable order as regards the things bought there for his use, without pressing him to undo what he has justly done.
French. Draft, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute to the Emperor's ambassador, 22 Aug. 1541.
22 Aug. 1111. Carne and Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
Hear that the count of Odenburge and others gather 30,000 lance-knights in Friesland, to go by water into France (as Captain Burmany reported), and that Captain Burmany and the Count de Bure repair to Friesland to see that they spoil not the Emperor's countries. The count of Odenburge is feed both by the Emperor and French king, and as the Emperor is not elsewhere making provision against France, men guess this provision is against England. To verify this Vaughan is going to Antwerp; for here no gentlemen of the Court, from whom they might learn news, have come to dine, sup, or talk with them, since they came; “which is otherwise than it was wont to be.” Brussels, 19 Aug. Signed.
P.S. by Vaughan
.—Has talked with the wisest of the English here, and with Italians, Dutch, and others, but cannot learn that any men are gathered in Friesland. An Italian said the duke of Cleve was taking up 300 or 400 lance-knights about Friesland. The merchants suspect war between the Emperor and French king owing to the French ambassadors' stay by the marquis of Guaste in Italy. Merchants of Italy, Sicily, and Spain say the Emperor has arrested ships about Barcelona and Cadiz, some say for Argil, some to convey him from Genoa to Spain. Thinks it needless to send to Friesland, but if he find any trusty and witty person, will send him, to try the practises of men in these parts. Antwerp, 22 Aug.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
23 Aug. 1112. Scotland.
R. O. Note that in Consistory, 23 Aug. 1541, the Pope provided to the church of Whithorn (Candida Casa), void by the death of Euric (Eurici qu. Enrici?), the abbot of Melros, of the Cistercian order, Glasgow dioc., with decree that the said monastery be void; and commended the monastery to Dom. James, natural son of the king of Scotland, together with the monastery of Rulium, St. Andrews dioc., at the petition of the king of Scotland, with dispensation “et clausulis opportunis.”
Lat. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS.
24 Aug. 1113. [Covos] to the Marquis del Gasto.
Add MS.
28,593, f. 24.
B. M.
Approves of his conduct and explanation to Langeais about Fragoso's case, though Francis does not seem satisfied. Madrid, 24 Aug. 1541.
Spanish, p. 1. Modern copy from Simancas. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 181.
26 Aug. 1114. Lord William Howard to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
On the 8th inst. was with the French king hunting the hart, as he often is, when a letter came from his ambassador in England, “which he incontinently read under a tree.” When the hart was dead he retired to an old barn to rest, and called Howard to him, being present the cardinals of Ferrar and Burbon, and said he took it kindly that Henry had commanded his ambassador to follow him into the North. Henry had told the ambassador that the Emperor's ambassador reported that Francis went “about certain appointments” without acquainting Henry. The French king said it was not the office of an ambassador to invent things, and that he would go about no matters of importance with the Emperor, or any other, without making Henry privy thereto. He would immediately write Henry all the news. Three nights later the Emperor's ambassador, who lately arrived at Court, received letters from the Emperor, and sent his secretary to the writer with a copy (enclosed) of the articles passed at the Diet. Has been asked whether there is any communication with the Emperor for the marriage of the lady Mary, but answers that he has heard of none. Whether the King will go to Lyons or Burgundy will depend on what he hears from M. Hannyball, who is gone in post to Piedmont, and has sent Mons. de Taisse to the Emperor. Divers bands of men of arms are sent to Provynce and Dolphenny, and the King in a few days moves towards Lyons. The Emperor has 24,000 men with him, but the King cannot learn what he purposes. It is hard to learn news, for the King has been from Mollyns three weeks hunting, “with a certain of ladies with him,” while the Queen, the ambassadors and most of the Court remain at Mollyns. On St. Bartholomew's day the King came to Chavaynne, six miles from Mollyns, to dinner, and the Dolphyn came that night to Mollyns, but left next morning very early upon news that the King was suddenly fallen sick. Word came later that the King was recovered. The Queen has been very sick of a rheum, to which she is subject. Mollyns in Bourbounois, 26 Aug. Signed.
P.S. (on a separate leaf.)—An Italian called John Barnardyne, who gives me the news of Italy, as he was accustomed to do to the bp. of London and Sir John Wallop, has just come from Court with letters from Rome, enclosing a copy of the articles passed at the diet in Almaigne, which I send. He says the Dolphyn departs in three or four days to Avignon and Mons. d'Orleans to Piedmont. Signed.
4. Add. Endd.: 1541.
27 Aug. 1115. Henry VIII. to James V.
R. O. Received by Rosse, one of James's officers of arms, his letters of the 21st inst, showing that he had received the letters and report sent by his councillor, Mr. Thomas Ballenden, with pleasure; but that, for the answering of divers specialties therein touching the amity, he would send certain of his Council hither. Is as glad to hear that the letters and report gave pleasure as he was to hear his nephew's loving message brought by Ballenden. As to the Councillors, begs him, if he intends to accomplish the purpose opened by Ballenden, to accelerate their coming, considering that Henry awaits his resolution so far from the parts where he is accustomed to lie, and that the time of year will soon make travelling tedious for the ladies here. For speedy answer, sends (jointly with James's said servant) the bearer, Berwick pursuivant.
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 3. Endd.: “The minute of a letter to the king of Scots of the xxvijth of August ao 1541.”
27 Aug. 1116. [Two of the King's Council] to Mr. Ballandyne.
Add. MS.
32,646 f. 216.
B. M.
No. 83.
Upon the relation by this bearer of your Sovereign's good will to the accomplishment of the things passed in conference between our King and you, we declared it to his Majesty; whereupon he disclosed to us twain the points of your message, with the desire of the King your master to meet him, and his good answer. Remembering the King's demour here for this purpose, and how far the year is passed, are sorry the matter is protracted to the treaty of ambassadors; for they think James might with far less danger repair hither than, as he lately did, into France (having no sea to pass and going not to a stranger, but to his uncle), and that this journey required no further entreaty than the other, whereof they have heard that there was made no such difficulty. If this matter were prevented by delays and unusual overtures, it might cause men to judge that the message was not sincere and engender unkindness between the princes. Think it necessary to tell him frankly that they would wish this matter to succeed with as little difficulty as the going to France did. Beg some answer by bearer.
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 4. Endd.: The minute of the letter to Master Ballandyne of the xxvijth of August ao 1541.
28 Aug. 1117. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Note that, at Hatfield, 23 Aug. the Council did not sit.
Meetings at Pomfret 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28 Aug. Present:—Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal (on the 28th only), Gt. Chamb. (except on the 26th and 27th), Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse (on 28th only), Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley, Chanc. of Augm. (except on the 28th). No business recorded.
28 Aug. 1118. Carlisle.
Add. MS.
5,754, f. 81.
B. M.
Two several indentures of receipt dated 4 and 28 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. by Stephen von Hassenperg (or Hashenperg), from Robt. bp. of Carlisle, of the amount of his wages, at 4s. a day from 4 June to 27 Aug., as master of the King's works in Carlisle. Each signed with a mark.
Small papers, p.
1 each.
28 Aug. 1119. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
Describe how Odonell has met with the Deputy in Oraylies country, and indented to be the King's true subject, attend Parliament, and rise against Oneyle if required. By his advice, prefixed a day for Oneyle to attend a meeting at Dundalk; who answered that he would not appear, nor conform to their order, nor give hostages for peace, but would observe it till he heard from the King. As he ceases not to annoy the King's adherents, have proclaimed a general hosting at Dundalk, 15 Sept. next, to march against him, if they may be furnished with money.
As they wrote in their last, the revenue here will not suffice by half to pay the soldiers, and, even if it did, the payments of it twice a year will not serve the retinue, who must be paid monthly. The alternative is for as many to remain in garrison as the revenue (other charges deducted) will bear, and the rest to be discharged; for whose despatch money must be sent, as the whole army is unpaid three months. Bearer, Sir Thos. Cusake, speaker of Parliament, carries the articles mentioned in their other letters as to be passed in Parliament. Desire them returned under the Great Seal before next session, 7 Nov.; also to know whether to adjourn Parliament to Limerick. Beg favour for Cusake in his suit for the nunnery of Lesmolyn.
The earl of Desmond, who promised to repair to the King at Michaelmas, has signified that, for wars M'Cartie has “erected against him” and for lack of money, he cannot do so this year, but will send his son. Ochonor is in despair at having no answer from the King, and sends his servant to know the King's pleasure. Think he should have his pardon, and that some of the Council should be authorised to divide the lands between him and his brother Cahir, and he to be created baron of Offally. Cannot conclude with divers Irishmen for reasons mentioned in their last letters, to which (and to McWilliam's petition for his lands, and the title of viscount until he may come to the King) they desire answer. Odonelles desire is to be created earl of Tyrconell or Slygogh, and have his lands of the King's gift. As the Irishmen begin to submit, a power should be continued here until they are somewhat trained and feel the commodity of a civil life. Beg him to write a letter of thanks to the lord of Slane for his services, of which they made relation in their other letters. Also to favour Thos. Alen in the proviso made for his commodity in the act for the assurance of the abbey lands. Dublin, 28 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Rawson (“J. Rawson, vicont Cluntarffe”), Lutrell, Bathe, Justice Houth, Brabazon, and Travers.
3. Add. Endd.: 1541.
28 Aug. 1120. Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
R. O. Have written to the King of occurrents; but one thing they have not touched upon as largely as were expedient, viz., the retinue here. The revenue will not suffice by half (as the Commissioners will relate) to pay it. Either greater sums should be sent over or else money to despatch some men. If all were discharged, Irishmen would not continue in conformity, and the number that the revenue would pay would be too small to do any feat. Rather let the Deputy have 100 horsemen to attend him, and let the rest of the revenue lie in treasure to wage men when necessary, which course would be very “periculous” until the land were brought to better order. The journey against Oneyle well finished, the footmen might be discharged, who shall do little service this winter.
Beg them to move the King for his determinate pleasure touching the Irishmen who submit, McWilliam's petition, Odonell's desire, and the continuance of a “power” here. Also touching the baron of Slane and Thos. Alen. Dublin, 28 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Brabazon, Lutrell, Bathe, Justice Houth, and Travers.
2. Add. Endd.: 1541.
28 Aug. 1121. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 331.
(Most of the
Has received his letter of the 12th, describing his conversation with the king of England upon the affair of which lord William, his ambassador, spoke, &c. (recapitulating). Is not astonished that his good brother found the taking of Fregose and Rincon strange, for all Christendom to which the news has come found it as dirty and dishonorable as possible. Being so well proved as it is, Francis will resent it as he ought, and already has in his hands a good pledge (fn. 2) to answer it.
The Admiral has reported what Marillac wrote to him of a conversation with Norfolk, which finally fell upon the marriage of lady Mary with Orleans. This match being so honorable and suitable for both, Francis cannot but desire it as the best bond for a perpetual amity. Therefore, and because he knows the honour which in that must be shown to the ladies, he authorises Marillac to declare to Norfolk what his intention is, warning him that, asking the said lady for his son Orleans, they must put forward in what quality they will deliver her and what advantage they will hold out to him. In putting forward a matter of such importance he must pray Norfolk to keep it secret and see it wisely and prudently brought to good effect, as he desires; and send an express with his answer.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Headed: 28 Aug. 1541.
2. Another copy of the preceding, dated Chavaignes, (fn. 3) 28 Aug. 1541.
See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 183.
28 Aug. 1122. Francis I. to Marillac. (fn. 4)
R. O.
Kaulek, 332.
Five or six days ago, on returning from the chase, had an attack of colic, but the pain has ceased since yesterday. Saw by his cipher the talk he had had with Norfolk about the marriage of Orleans and lady Mary, and that the match seemed agreeable not only to Norfolk but to the King. To hide the fact that the overture (propos) came from Francis, Marillac shall show Norfolk that, fearing lest Francis might take it ill, he wrote what he had proposed to the Admiral, as the most fitting person, especially as he is now near Francis and because he had formerly begun to treat this match himself, and moreover had always sought to promote the amity with England; that the Admiral had accordingly made overture of it to Francis, and that Francis had taken it well and greatly desired it, as shown by his own letter and the Admiral's answer.
News from Rome is that the Emperor has cooled about his voyage of Algiers, and alleges the shortness of the time for navigation. Thinks the expenses of the 30,000 foot he has raised and of his great force on the sea, which expenses he knows he cannot easily employ on any part of Francis's countries, as they are everywhere so well provided, will make him stop some time in Italy, especially as he wishes at this interview with the Pope to ask him, among other things, to hold a Council as he promised to the estates of Germany, which could not meet but to the great disadvantage of the king of England. Although this news is certain, Marillac could not report it without arousing suspicion that he did it to advance this marriage; he must therefore let it be known dexterously.
If the terms for the marriage are put forward, Marillac must insist on the pensions being extinguished or delivered as part of lady Mary's dot and the king of Scots comprehended in this alliance, to which there should be no difficulty as he is so near a relation and has often been sought by the king of England, and it is for the common advantage of both England and Scotland. As soon as the terms are delivered, Marillac must send them to Francis, who will then give him the instruction and power necessary.
French. Modern transcript, written as a continuation of the preceding, pp. 4.
2. Another copy (or extract) undated, noticed in Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 180.
28 Aug. 1123. Admiral of France to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 333.
Has received his letter showing his talk with Norfolk about the marriage of Orleans and lady Mary, eldest daughter of the king of England and the late Queen Katharine. Informed the King, to whom the marriage is very agreeable as the best possible for his son; and doubtless the English are equally pleased, seeing that Orleans is so great a match, besides the “valleur” of the Prince, which everyone knows. You shall continue the communication as the King writes and pray Norfolk to keep it secret until some good conclusion is taken, which I know he desires, remembering (as I think) the talk which he had with me about it formerly.
French. Modern transcript, written as a continuation of the preceding, p. 1. Also a separate modern transcript (headed 28 Aug. 1541), p. 1.
2. Another copy of the preceding, dated Chavaignes, 28 Aug. 1541. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 184.
29 Aug. 1124. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meeting at Pomfret, 29 Aug. Present: Norfolk, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley. Business:—As Geo. Vincent and Robt. Catelyn had written to the lord Privy Seal that Chr. Fowler, parson of Stony Staunton, had said to one Beaumont that “he knew one or two persons which did bear unto the King's Highness no good heart,” a letter was written to them and Sir John Villers secretly to enquire into the matter.
29 Aug. 1125. Henry VIII. to Lord Chancellor Audeley.
R. O.
St. P., i. 680.
An overture has been made by one of the King of Scots' most secret councillors for a meeting between the two Kings which is not unlikely to take effect. Commands him to make out under the Great Seal, with all diligence, four safeconducts for the king of Scots and three councillors, leaving blank spaces for time of abode and numbers of horses and servants. As this meeting is yet uncertain it is to be kept secret from the rest of the Council, and those who must be privy to the making of the safeconducts must be sworn to secrecy.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute to my L. Chancellor, 29 Aug. 1541.
29 Aug. 1126. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Calendar, VI.
i., No. 186.
His secretary returned yesterday from Court, but brought only the answer you will see by the enclosed memorandum from the Privy Councillors now absent with the King, Suspects those here in London have not been consulted or they would have written more favourably. His secretary stayed four days at the Court, and the duke of Suffolk made him all sorts of excuses for the delay, as the affair was of such weight and he and the rest had to provide for the King's amusement. The Queen will see what little chance there is of his revoking or reforming his statutes, still less of his making a new commercial treaty, which can never be so advantageous for his people as the old. The only way to bring him to his senses is to put in force the two old ordinances in Spain, the one against foreign vessels lading merchandise while there are Spanish ships to be freighted (in a month or six weeks hence 60 English ships will be in Andalusia “to lade wines, raisins, figs, oil, salted meat,” &c., and with this ordinance in force for two years most of these ships would have to be sold), the other forbidding the import of woollen cloths made as almost all English cloths are now; and the latter order might be given in Flanders as well, without giving the English cause to complain. Meanwhile, the English might be allowed, under protest, to take away the copper and ammunition they have bought, this King's ministers, perhaps, being reminded in the first place that they had in former times denied export of grain to the Emperor, and once for the provision of the galleys against Barbary and Turkey. If the edict were fully enforced the English would gradually lose their trading advantages, and then the Queen could negotiate on more equal terms. Norfolk told Chapuys's secretary lately that they were all convinced of the Queen's friendship, but that two of the Emperor's Privy Council at Brussels were so much in the French interest that they did all they could to prevent a good understanding with England. They told him also that there would be no difficulty about the King contributing to the war against the Turk if other princes did their parts. His secretary also brought from Court a declaratory note concerning the last memorandum he sent to the Queen. Duplicate in cipher appended.
The King is returning and is expected here a month hence. London, 29 Aug. 1541.
Original at Vienna.
29 Aug. 1127. Sir Ant. St. Leger to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
On 6 Aug., with the bp. of Meath, Mr. Brabazon and Mr. Travers, met Odonell in Orayly's country, 70 miles from Dublin, and concluded with him as in the copy of his indenture (enclosed). Describes conference with him touching ONeil and how, by his advice, he wrote to ONeil to come to Dundalk on the 3rd Sept. ONeil says he has written to the King against St. Leger for refusing to let him send horse and hawks to the King. Hopes the King will credit no such letter, for if the Geraldines have a friend in Ireland it is ONeil. The bearer, Sir Thos. Cusake, the man of best possessions of any of his degree within the Pale, was present at this journey. Writes in his favour.
Odonell's chief counsellor desired that the King would send his master some apparel. The King might send him Parliament robes, for of other apparel he is better furnished than any Irishman. Describes his dress, which was strangely honorable when all the rest of his nation are so vile. He has about him a right sober young man, (fn. 5) well learned and brought up in France, to whom he desires the King to give the bpric. of Elphin. By this gift, as he has never yet given it, the King would attain the possession.
This was written, when a messenger came from ONeil with his letter refusing to come to Dundalk. A hosting against him is determined for 15 Sept., when the corn of his country is likely to be ripe and in rick or stack. This journey well furnished, the King will not need so great an army here, Dublin, 29 Aug. Signed.
3. Add. Endd.: 1541.
29 Aug. 1128. The Judges and Law Officers of Ireland to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
For the King's service and the education of gentlemen's sons in the English tongue and manners, it is meet that they should be in one house together at board and lodging in term time. Ask for the house of the late Black Friars, in Dublin, worth 11 mks. a year, which they have taken for the last two years “termly,” and call the King's Inn. Credence for Mr. Dowdall, the bearer. Dublin, 29 Aug. Signed: Gerald Aylmer, justice: Thomas Lutrell, justice: James Bathe, baron: Thomas Houth, justice: Patrike Barnewall, K.'s s'jaunt: Walt' Kerdiff, justice: Patryke Whyte, barone: Robert Dyllon, K'.s attorney.
P. 1. Add.: in England. Endd.: 1541.
30 Aug. 1129. The Council with the King to Lord Chancellor Audeley.
R. O. Send, by bearer, a letter from the King, for a matter which requires expedition. Send also three warrants, viz., one to the Chancellor of the Tenths, to pay 2,000l. to the masters of the Mint, to be coined into harp groats for the pay of the garrison in Ireland; another to the masters of the Mint to coin the same; and the third to Audeley, to make a commission for the sale of Friars' houses in Ireland and send it hither with diligence, as the despatch to Ireland is delayed for it. Pontefract, 30 Aug.
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, p. 1. Endd.: Minute to my 1. Chancellor, 30 Aug. 1541.
30 Aug. 1130. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 334.
(The whole
Since his last of the 12th, telling of this progress from London as far as Lincoln, the King has entered Yorkshire and been received in divers places by the gentlemen of the country, coming by bailiwicks and stewardships, to the number of 5,000 or 6,000 horse. Those who in the rebellion remained faithful were ranked apart, and graciously welcomed by the King and praised for their fidelity. The others who were of the conspiracy, among whom appeared the abp. of York, were a little further off on their knees; and one of them, speaking for all, made a long harangue confessing their treason in marching against their Sovereign and his Council, thanking him for pardoning so great an offence and begging that if any relics of indignation remained he would dismiss them. They then delivered several bulky (grosses) submissions in writing. Receiving a benign answer, they arose and accompanied the King to his lodging; and after staying a day or two about the Court, were commanded to retire home. No lord or gentleman dares to come to Court unless summoned, or to follow it beyond the limits of the bailiwick or stewardship through which it is passing; so that of all those between Yorc and Barwick (fn. 6) not one is in this company, lest, in the absence of the governors, the frontier should be unfurnished, or else to avoid great assemblies of this barbarous and mutinous people, for the King distrusts such assemblies, especially of these Northern men, who, in truth, look like men of greater “execution” than the rest of his subjects.
The day before yesterday this King sojourned near Doncaster where the river passes which, in the insurrection, separated the rebels' camp from that of Norfolk; and because he exceeded the programme (escript) of his journey which, till then, he had not infringed by a single half day, some said he feared to proceed and would turn back; but that proved false, for he has since come hither, (fn. 7) where is one of the finest castles of England, and where he will sojourn 10 or 12 days. It is commonly said that the king of Scotland is to be at York, and that the delay here is to make preparation. And, although this is difficult to believe (seeing how much the Scots mistrust the English, and the unlikelihood of the King's coming so far into England, from Barwick (fn. 6) to York being more than 100 miles), still, besides the common bruit, Norfolk told Marillac that the king of Scotland was expected, but if he came it would be against the advice of the prelates, who feared (as is likewise said here) that their King has long meant to imitate the English in suppressing abbeys and applying church goods to his profit, and is now about to do it, and so the cardinal d'Albrot, seeing the storm imminent, has withdrawn to France. Moreover, this King lately told Marillac that the said Cardinal would be long in returning to his master, praising the King for the justice he kept on the frontiers, and blaming his people, especially the prelates, who had more authority than the King, which, he hoped, could not last long. So that there is fire under this smoke.
Five or six days ago was a chase made at Hatfeil, where there are ponds and marshes, when, with boats on the water and arbalists and bows on land, were slain in one day 200 stags and does, and next day, two miles off, was scarcely less slaughter. In the King's presence were taken in the water a great quantity of young swans, two boats' full of river birds, and as much of great pikes and other fish; so that, within the same enclosure, they took at one time both flesh and fish. This King desired Marillac to inform Francis of it, and that afterwards, supping in his tent, this King pointed out 200 or 300 stags as near the company as if they had been domestic cattle or those enclosed in parks. In demonstration of amity to Francis, is much caressed, and Norfolk, in these hunting places, sees that he does not feel the “incommodities” of the country. Writes this that Francis may show lord William like good cheer.
The above of 23 Aug. (fn. 8)
Norfolk was the cause of his detaining the bearer until today, 30 Aug., by promising certain news whether the king of Scotland was coming or not; but, although letters came from that quarter yesterday, he cannot assure me of it, but I think it is that he dare not (qu'il ne tient sinon a ce que ne l'ose dire). This King sojourns here before going to York about 15 days, and provisions of wine come daily from London, a sign that they expect the king of Scotland, and that I should not delay longer in informing you, that I may have instructions what to say to him on your part. Touching the subject of my last letters in cipher, nothing is said; but the said Duke often asks if I shall have answer soon, and says it is very slow.
Sent by Henry. (fn. 9)
French. Modern transcript, pp.
6. Headed: 30 Aug. 1541.
1131. The Yorkshire Insurgents.
MS., 862,
p. 227.
Address to Henry VIII., beginning “… we your humble subjects, th'inhabitants of this your Grace's county of York, … confess that we wretches, for lack of grace and of sincere and pure knowledge of the verity of God's words … have most grievously, heinously and wantonly offended your … Majesty … in the unnatural, most odious and detestable offences of outragious disobedience and traitorous rebellion.” Refer to the pardon granted for rebellion [in 1537] and declare that they and their posterity will henceforth pray for the preservation of his Majesty, Queen Katharine, and Prince Edward.
Pp. 2.
30 Aug. 1132. John Osborn.
R. O. Licence, by the Emperor, to John Osborn, to export, free of custom, certain things he has bought for the king of England, viz., 4,000 “cent libvres” of copper, 600 war saddles (selles d'armes), 400 harness for mounted archers, 300 chaffrons, 200 harness for footmen, 600 lances with irons, 200 javelins, and 300 halberts. Bruxelles, 30 Aug. 1541.
French. Copy, p. 1.
31 Aug. 1133. The Privy Council.
P.C.P., vii.
Meetings at Pomfret, 30 and 31 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Gt. Admiral, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Vice-Chamb., Wriothesley. No business recorded.
1134. Katharine [Howard] to Culpeper. (fn. 10)
R. O. “Master Culpeper, I heartily recommend me unto you, praying you to send me word how that you do.” I heard you were sick, and never longed so much for anything as to see you. It makes my heart die to think I cannot be always in your company. Come when my lady Rochforthe is here, “for then I shalbe best at leisure to be at your commandment.” I thank you for promising to be good to that poor fellow my man, for when he is gone there is none I dare trust to send to you. “I pray you to gyve me a horses for my man, for I hya muche a do to gat one, and thefor I pray sende me one by hym; and yn so doyng I am as I sade afor; and thus I take my leve of yow, trustng to se you sorttele a gane, and I wode you war wythe me now that you moutte se wat pane I take yn wryteg to you.
“Yours as long as lyffe endures.—Katheryn.
“One thyng I had for gotton, and that hys to speke to my man. In tret my man to tare here vytt me stell, for he sas wat so mever you behyw he vel do et and.”
Hol., except the first eight words, p. 1. Endd.: A bill sent to Culpeper.
1135. Grants in August 1541.
Aug./Grants. 1. Jyhn Ketylby. Livery of lands, as s. and h. of Hen. Ketylby and Isabella, his wife, dec., one of the daughters and heirs of Edm. Langley, deceased, and sister and heir of Walter Langley, s. and h. of the said Edmund, likewise deceased, viz., of all the possessions of the said Henry and Isabella; and of all the said John's reversionary interest in the possessions held by Edw. Scudamore. Dunstable, 7 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 29.
2. Thos. Hobbys. Grant of the canonry or prebend of Haselbury in the cathedral church of Wells, vice Will. Knight promoted to the bishopric of Bath and Wells. Luddington, 1 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 23.
3. Thos. lord Audeley of Walden, the Chancellor. Licence to alienate the manor of Fulks in Barkyng, Essex, to Will. Severne. Westm., 1 Dec. Pat. 33 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 9.
4. Chester. Letters patent reconstituting the late monastery commonly called the church of St. Werburg as a cathedral to be called the cathedral church of Christ and St. Mary, Chester; and granting the name of city to the town of Chester. The cathedral establishment to consist of a bishop, one dean priest, and six prebendaries priests; and the said city and the whole county of Chester to be separated from the jurisdiction of the bp. of Coventry and Lichfield. John Byrde, bp. of Bangor, is hereby translated to the new see.
The archdeaconries of Richmond and Chester are united to the same see; the former having been granted to the crown by charters of Will. Knyght, LL.D., archdeacon of Richmond in the metropolitan church of York, and of Edw. abp. of York, and the dean and chapter of the said metropolitan church; the latter by a charter of the same Will. Knyght as archdeacon of Chester in the cathedral church of Lichfield, and of Roland bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, and of the dean and chapter of the same place; with all their rights and appurtenances, viz., the rectories and churches of Bolton in Londisdale, Lanc., Chapham, Esingwood, and Thornton Stuerd, Yorks., the chapel or chantry of Rascall, Yorks., &c., belonging to the archdeaconry of Richmond; and the prebend of Bolton in Lichfield cathedral, &c., belonging to the archdeaconry of Chester. And there shall be two archdeacons in the said cathedral, the one of Richmond and the other of Chester.
Also grant to the said bishop and his successors, of a ball called the first or outer hall, with a kitchen and other offices (except a cellar leading from the curtilage to the temple); the second or inner hall with appurtenances; a chapel with a chamber overhead; and divers other chambers, two of which are described as late in the tenure of Rob. Radford, clk.
The archdeaconry of Richmond to be held to belong to the province of Canterbury.
The following persons to be the first dignitaries of the new cathedral, besides the bishop already named; Thos. Clerk, dean; Will. Walle, first prebendary; Nic. Bucksye, second prebendary; Thos. Newton, third prebendary; John Huet, fourth prebendary; Thos. Radford, fifth prebendary; and Roger Smith, sixth prebendary. Pipwell, 26 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 4 Aug. — P.S. (Mutilated.) Pat. p. 2, m. 24.—Rym. xiv. 717.
5. The dean and chapter of Chester cathedral. Grant, in frank-almoigne, of the manors of Huntingdon alias Huntington, Sutton in Wirehall, Upton, Bromeborowe, Irbye, Ince, Salghton, Barneshawe, and Fernell, Chesh., which belonged to the late monastery of St. Werburg, Chester; and all lands of that monastery in Bakforde, Huntingdon alias Huntington and Cheveley, Sutton in Wirehall, Bromeborowe, Upton, Boughton, Newton, Wyrvyn, Croughton, Stamforde, Kyrstelton alias Cristelton, Chorleton, Lee, Moston, Salghall, Shotwike, Crue, Fernton, Nantwiche, Acton, Bevington, Estham, Plymyerde, Irbye, Thurstanton, Gresvye, Francebye, Westkirkebye, Knoctorom, Woodchurche, Wallessey, Kyrbyewalley, Ince, Elton, Thorneton, Catenhall, Manley, Idencote, Hellisbye, Froddesham, Briggetrafforde, Plemstowe, Salghton, Huxley, Waverton, Codington, Barneshawe, Goostre, Lees, Cranage, Sandbauche, Chelforde, Asthull, Prestburye, Northwyche, Hulse, Wynyngton, Nethertabley, Plomley, Budworthe, Northerden, Fernall, Tilstonfernall, Bunbury, Adenshawe, Tervyn, Muchesutton, Littelsutton, Overpole, Hulton, Thorneton, and Whitbye, and in the parishes of St. Oswald and St. Mary super Montem, Chesh.
The fishery of the water of Dee in the parish of St. Mary in Chester, lands in the parishes of St. Oswald, St. Peter, St. Mary, St. Michael, St. Bridget, and St. John the Baptist, in Chester; a yearly rent of 40s. from the manor of Rufforde, Lanc., and the rectories and churches of St. Oswald's, Shotwike, Sutton, and Bromeborowe in Wirehall, Upton, Westkirkebye, Prestburye, Neston Magna and Parva, and Wellaston, and Ince, Chesh.; and Campden, Worc.; which belonged to the said monastery.
Tithes in Crabwall, Polehowse, and Hethehouse, in the parish of St. Oswald. Certain pensions from the rectories of Cristelton, Chesh.; St. Mary and St. Peter in Chester; and Bebington, Chesh.; the vicarage of Eastham; and the rectories of Kyrkebye, Thurstanton, Westkirkebye, Dodleston, Codington, Tattenhall, Waverton, Hamley, Astburye, and Northerden, Chesh., and Weston, Aston, and Morley, Derb.; which belonged to the same monastery.
And all lands in Boughton, Shotwike, Saughall, Leddesham, Wirehall, Sutton in Wirehall, Borneborowe, Burneston, Eastham, Plomyerde, Childethorneton, Hulton, Overpole, Netherpole, Sutton Magna and Parva, Upton, Westkirkebye, Irbye, Woodchurche, Fygdon, Eccleston, Over, Worleston, Wyghsterton, Wydunburye, Prestburye, Neston Magna and Parva, Wallaston, and Ince, Chesh.; and in the parishes of St. Mary and St. Oswald, Chester; and in Campden, Worc.; which belonged to the said rectories, granges, or churches.
The advowsons of the rectories and churches of Cristelton, Bebyngton, Kyrkebye, Thurstanton, Westkirkebye, Dodleston, Coddington, Hanley, Astburye, and Northerden, Chesh.; the rectories of St. Mary and St. Peter in Chester; and the vicarages of Eastham, Neston, and Prestburye, Chesh.; St. Oswald's in the city of Chester; and Campden, Worc.
To hold by a yearly rent of 106l. 16s.d. free of first-fruits and tenths.
Also pardon and release to Thos. Clerke, the dean, and Will. Walle, Nic. Bucce, Thos. Newton, John Hewett, Thos. Redforde, and Roger Smyth, the now prebendaries, of the first-fruits and tenths due on their several portions.
This grant is subject to certain reprises for pensions, portions, fees of officers, &c. Pipwell, 26 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 5 Aug.—P.S. (slightly injured). Pat. p. 7, ms. 11–14.
6. John Byrde, bp. of Chester. Grant, in frank-almoigne, of the archdeaconry of Richmond in York cathedral; the rectories and churches of Bolton in Londisdale, Lanc.; Clapham, Esyngwold, and Thorntonstuerd, Yorks.; the chapel or chantry of Raskell, and the chapel of Kyrkbye, Yorks.
Also the archdeaconry of Chester and the prebend of Bolton in Lichfield cathedral.
The manors of Abbots Cotton, Chesh., and Weston, Derb.; with appurtenances in Crystelton. Crabwall, Hethe House near Newton in the parish of St. Oswald, Podyngton in the parish of Burton, and Pulton Hawnslyn in the parish of Belyngton, Chesh.; and in the parish of Weston, and in Aston, Wylne and Shardlowe in the parish of Aston, and in Morley and Smalley in the parish of Morley, Derb., and in the parish of St. Peter in Derby.
The messuages, &c., in Hanbryge in the parish of St. Mary within and without the walls of Chester, and in the parishes of St. Martin, Holy Trinity, St. Michael, St. John, and St. Werburg in Chester, and in “Seynt Johns lane” and Forgatestrete without the walls of the said city in the parish of St. John, which belonged to the monastery of nuns in Chester.
The lands in Mancotte, Harden, Curstylton, Nantwyche, Northwiche, Middelwiche, Over, Wolloston, Neston, Heswall, Saughough, Bydeston, Thorne alias Thorneton, Eccleston, Roston, and Danam, Chesh.; the rectory of Langathen Llanyerwn, S. Wales; the rectory of Bybbyoke and chapel of Carnarvan, Wales; the rectory of Over, Chesh.; the yearly rents from the rectory of Handley and chapel of Budwurthe in le Frithe in the said parish of Over; and the advowsons of the vicarages of Llangathen Llanyerwn, Bybbyoke, Over, and the chapel of Carnarvan, all which belonged to the said nunnery.
The rectory of Byddeston, Chesh., which belonged to the late monastery of Byrkenhed, Chesh.
The advowsons of the rectories of Totynhall and Waverton, Chesh., and of Weston, Aston, and Morley, Derb., which belonged to the said late monastery of St. Werburg.
With reservation of the demesne lands of the said late monastery of nuns in the parish of St. Mary in Chester.
To hold by a yearly rent of 48l. 17s.
With liberties and free of first-fruits, but subject to certain reprises. Pipwell, 26 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 5 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 15.
7. Arcana de Arcana, gun-founder, a native of Italy. Denization. Grimsthorp, 6 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
8. Rob. Dacres. Annuity of 100l. for life. Ampthill, 13 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 38.
9. College of Burton upon Trent. Patent reconstituting the late monastery of St. Mary and St. Modwenna, which was surrendered by Will. Edys, the late abbot, as a collegiate church of one dean and four prebendaries, to be called the collegiate church of Christ and St. Mary, Burton-upon-Trent. Will. Edys, clk., to be the first dean; John Rudde, S.T.B., first prebendary; James Towneley, second prebendary; Rob. More, third prebendary; and Roger Bull, fourth prebendary. Pipwell, 27 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 6. m. 40.
10. Will. Berners. To be keeper of Horsfrith park, Essex, with fees of 2d. a day out of the issues of the lordship or manor of Writtel, Essex; on surrender of pat. 2 July 24 Hen. VIII., granting the same office to Anth. Knyvet. Lincoln, 11 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Aug.—P.S. Pat p. 9, m. 36.
11. Will. Carnaby. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Thos. Carnaby, deceased. Westm. Palace, 30 May 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 28.
12. Rob. Madockes. Annuity of 20l. issuing from a fourth part of the manor of Frankes alias Warle Frankes, and from a third part of a fourth part of the same manor, and from a fourth part of a fourth part of one messuage 4 cottages 360 ac. of land, &c., in Abbes Warley, and from a marsh in the parish of Northfambridge and Purluges, Essex, which belonged to Hen. Averell, goldsmith, of London, dec., during the minority of John, s. and h. of the said Hen. Averell; with wardship and marriage of the said heir. Envile, 3 July 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Aug.—P.S.
13. John, Fletcher, a yeoman of the Crown. Licence to export 200 broadcloths, “unbarbed, unwrought, and unshorn.” Colleweston, 2 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII Del. Westm., 25 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
14. Sir Ralph Sadleyr, one of the Principal Secretaries. Licence to retain in his service from time to time, besides his regular servants, 40 persons, gentlemen or yeomen, and to give, at his pleasure, his livery or cognisance to as many of the said persons as will receive the same. Hampton Court, 23 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Aug.—P.S. (In English.)
15. Rob. Suthwell and Margaret his wife, and Thos. Edgare. Licence to alienate certain lands, &c., in the woods and manor of Dulwyche, Surrey, with liberty of fishing and hawking in the marshes of Bermondsey and Rederyth, and near the marshes in Barmondesey, Dulwich, and Rederyth; and the advowson of the rectory and church of St. Mary Magdalen, Barmondesey; which premises consist of the site and some of the lands of the late monastery of St. Saviour, Barmondesey; to Sir Thos. Pope and Elizabeth his wife. Westm., 28 Aug.—Pat. 33 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 4.
16. Leicestershire: Will. Assheby, Geo. Sherat, and Ric. Nele. Commission to make inquisition concerning the lands and heir of Thos. Haselrydge, deceased. Westm., 29 Aug. Pat. 33 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 1d.


  • 1. Not Cardinal Marcellus (i.e., Cervini), as the editor of the Venetian Calendar supposes, but Dionysius Laurerio, created Cardinal St. Marcellus on the 12th Dec. 1539, who died on the 17th Sept. 1542. He was Penitentiary of the English nation. The editor of the Venetian Calendar also mistakes the “honor legationis” here referred to for Pole's appointment as legate to the Council of Trent in 1542. It was the “legation of the Patrimony” or government of Viterbo.
  • 2. George of Austria, abp. of Valencia.
  • 3. Chevagnes, 18 kilomètres east of Moulins. In a later letter (No. 1181) Francis says that he had written from Jaligny in answer to Marillac's letter of the 12th from Lincoln; which has caused Kaulek to bracket “[Jaligny]” as the place from which this letter is dated. But Francis must have passed through Chevagnes first and Jaligny afterwards on his way to Mâcon, and on the 12th Sept. he seems to have forgot from which place he wrote.
  • 4. In the original letter book this despatch follows the preceding (without a separate heading) in the form of a postscript; but, as Kaulek surmises, it, no doubt, formed a separate despatch for Marillac alone, while those preceding and following might be shown as credentials.
  • 5. Conaught OSlagail, chaplain to ODonel, was appointed by the King to the see of Elphin, it is said, in 1544. But see No. 1194. Enrolled on the Irish Patent Roll of 36 Hen. VIII. is an undated grant appointing Conach O'Shyagall, abbot of Asdara and prior of Achros, to the bishopric of Elphin (Morrin, I. 111). The same roll contains grants bearing dates from 30 Hen. VIII. onwards, so that the enrolment is no indication of the date of the appointment. Archdall (Monast. Hibernic.) has it that Conat O'Siagal, prior of Akeras and abbot of Ballysadare, chaplain to Manus O'Donel, was consecrated bp. of Elhpin on 23 March 1544, and quotes Ware (who, however, gives no such precise date, but only 1544 as the year of the appointment).
  • 6. Kaulek reads Varvich.
  • 7. This part of the letter was written on the 23rd August, and it would seem that the King must have arrived at Pomfret that day, though he was, in the morning, at Hatfield. See No. 1117.
  • 8. This note is omitted in the transcript.
  • 9. Omitted in the transcript.
  • 10. This letter should have been placed earlier in the month; see the record of Culpeper's trial (No. 1395). It was probably written from Lincolnshire, or perhaps even from Lyddington (see No. 1338).