Henry VIII: September 1542, 6-10

Pages 414-423

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17, 1542. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1900.

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September 1542, 6-10

6 Sept.
Dasent's A.P.C., 30.
749. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 6 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Recognisance of Wm. Bowier, alderman of London, to attend. Letter to Ric. Caundisshe from my lord Admiral, that the King would permit a ship belonging to the Great Master of Spruce (fn. 1) to winter in the Thames.
6 Sept.
Add. MS. 32,647 f. 113. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 149.
750. Norfolk to the Council.
Has just received certificate how many men he shall have in Norfolk and Suffolk, and finds that he will not have 50 horsemen besides his own household, but may have more than his 2,500 foot, for he never saw men so desirous to be revenged of the Scots. There are 200 or 300 pair of harness at Sheryhoton (sic) and Pomfret. If he might receive that, he would take as many men above his number; for much harness was lost with Bowes, and these men are as much to be trusted as any others. Would know the King's pleasure soon, for on Friday he delivers coats and conduct money. If they are as well furnished with victuals as with good will of men, the King's money shall be well bestowed. Sir George Lawson has not yet replied what drink and bread he will have ready on Michaelmas Eve. What is lacking were surest sent from London. His men embark on the 20th. Kenynghale Lodge, 6 Sept., 9 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Add. MS. 32,647 f. 124 B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 155. 751. The Duke Of Norfolk.
Letters missive commanding the person addressed to attend the duke of Norfolk, who is sent to the Borders as the King's lieutenant, with as many horsemen and also as many other able men as he can make, of whom a quarter must be archers and the rest billmen.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 4. Endd. : Minute to sundry to attend on my 1. of Norfolk.
Ib. f. 127. Similar letters for Suffolk.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to certain in Suffolk to go with my lord of Norfolk.
Ib. f. 128. B. M. Letters missive commanding the person addressed to set forth immediately the men he was by former letters commanded to put in readiness to be at — (blank) by the — (blank) of — (blank) at the furthest.
Corrected draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to send men levied.
6 Sept.
Add. MS. 32,647 f. 111. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 148.
752. Rutland and his Council to the Council.
This morning received theirs of 2 Sept. by Raymond, who shall replace John Carr in Wark; albeit the Scots will apparently make suit for peace. To-day will send the ambassador of Scotland's letter by Berwick herald, who is practised in getting intelligence. Encloses letters from John Carre, with copy of the King of Scots' letter showing that all the English gentlemen lately taken are to enter into Scotland— probably to remain there until peace is concluded. Sends letter sent him last night by Somerset herald. In the letter from the Scotch Council forwarded yesterday, they touch the riding of Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff in Scotland; but wise Borderers say that is of small force, because his riding in the East Marches was but as a common person. According to their letters of 30 Aug., notice is given yesterday or to-day, throughout the Borders for making or taking redress. Thos. Gowre, now come from Berwick, reports that the Scots have made like proclamation. Alnwick, 6 Sept. Signed : Thomas Rutland : John Latymer : John Markham : Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Sept.
Add. MS. 32,647 f. 117. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 151.
753. Norfolk to the Council.
Since writing last, has perused the certificate of his men, and finds he may have 700 or 800 in harness more than his number, so that he need not use the King's harness at Sheryfhoton or Pomfret. Will scant get ships here to convey his 2,500 men to Newcastle; for part of the ships lately come out of Iceland have not yet unloaded their fish and the rest stink so that no man not used to the same can endure it. Begs therefore (though he wrote otherwise yesterday) not to be charged with more men. Two wise fellows of Southwold, who were taken by a Scottish ship to the Lithe beside Edenboroughe, are come home upon pledge to pay ransom if it turn to war. They say that on Saturday was sevennight the Danske ships were not come. Has sent to the King's ships a tall, lusty young man, who knows the Firth well, to go aboard the Less Gallion, if she be come forth, and give advice. Perceives that the Scots would be loath to have war and that, upon the report of Norfolk's coming down and the King's sending out of ships, their ships are countermanded to Queensferry. "Sir John Jermy, as good a knight as ever spurred a cow, and so well beloved that he can get few able men to serve the King, hath offered me x li. to find men for him, which I have taken; desiring your Lordships to cause as many bottles of leather to be bought as will extend to that sum, and to be sent to me with such ships as shall come next, and I shall pay for them." Fears lack of nothing but beer. "Good my lord Admiral," hasten the ships of war northward, for pity it were the Scottish fleet of Danske should escape. Kennynghall Lodge, 7 Sept.
In his own hand.—If it be true that James Douglas of Park Hedge, is prisoner, as they write, [and] that the King of Scots will pardon him, fears he has promised largely on Angus's behalf, with whom no man was so great. Will be vigilant that the sequel turn not to the King's displeasure. Hears from Harwich that Sir John Greham's wheat and the other merchants' is so hot that it will be no man's meat.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Sept.
Add. MS. 32,647 f. 115. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 150.
754. Norfolk to Southampton and Sir Ant. Browne.
Doubts not they are in the same predicament as himself to see this journey, to which they are appointed, well furnished. Fears most lack of drink. No doubt 500 tun of beer will be sent after their coming to Edinborow, but enough will not be brewed at Berwick to bring them there. The remedy is to convey it in small crayers from London. Prays them to despatch 500 or 600 tun before they leave, and trusts the good Admiral will not be too scrupulous to let so many foists pass that way. Hopes the King's ships now in the North will meet the Scots coming from Danske, but the ships of war now in the Thames should hasten to join the others. Will meet them on the day appointed at York, where he thinks the Scots will spare no fair offers for peace. Six or eight boats of Rie could do good service, as the lord Privy Seal knows, Would rather have them than two good ships. The King of Scots has only the Saloman of 240, the Lion 200, Mary Willoghby 160, and the "other bark" 90; the rest are of no force. There are over 60 small sail in the Firth, which shall come into England or burn there. Kenynghale Lodge, 7 Sept., 2 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : "To my very good lord, my lord Privy Seal and to my cousin Sir Anthony Browne, master of the Horses." Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Sept.
R. O. St. P., IX. 145.
755. Paget to Henry VIII.
Within two days after Paget last wrote, on the 12th ult., (fn. 2) the French king left Lyons with the ladies of his privy band, for Narbona, passing by Avignon, Arles and Aigues Mortes, without tarrying, save one day at Avignon, to taunt the Bishop of Rome's vice-legate for resisting his command to apprehend certain rich Marans (fn. 3) there, who are now apprehended. On the 26th he arrived at Besyers and Paget at this town. Meanwhile the Dolphin lay at Narbona, and Danebault, with the main army, at the foot of the mountain adjoining Saulses. Brysack and Montpesac were gone over the mountain to stop the passage on the other side. Describes how they have made a passage round Saulses, and are now drawing in on Perpignan, and gives numbers of their artillery and men. There are victuals enough for men, but great scarcity for horses between Tholouse, Perpignan and Pont St. Esprit, although they have down the Sone and Rhone all that can be had out of Bourgovn. The French king would borrow 100,000 crs., of the duke of Ferrara; but is not like to obtain it, for he owes 100,000 crs., borrowed since his deliverance out of Spain, of this Duke's father, on whose death he retook possession of the towns in Brittany assigned for payment thereof. Wrote that the merchants' strangers at Lyons were entreated by Cardinal Turnon to pay, for the despatch of Blanchefosse and Delagrise, part of the money they were to lend at the end of the fair. It was paid in broken and bad gold and none refused. Money comes hither daily, but store of old there seems none; and yet this King willed the Venetian ambassador to write that he would have here 40,000 foot, and Orleans should have few less, and could continue the war for ten years. He practises with the Venetians, who seek a breach with the Emperor; and two days ago their ambassador learnt that Paulus Lusast, the best warrior of all Italy, captain of the Emperor's light horse, had plotted to take their town of Verona. This King is not like to have so much outward aid this year as was said, for the Grand Signor neither sends so many by sea, nor comes himself. Saw letters from Venice, of 30 July, mentioning that the Turk's galleys were at Constantinople not ready. Chevalier Daux is returned, and says he left in Lipera 150 sail and has brought a ship full of gold. Blancfosse has much ado to levy Swiss, and it is feared that he will come again without, and is therefore bruited that the 8,000 lansknects and 8,000 Swiss, who were sent for will go to Mons. Dorleauns, against De Bure, who is advancing with 20,000 foot. Dorleauns victory in Luxembourg has given those here great courage. Never saw braver gentlemen. They said they had won Perpignan when no ordnance was yet near it; for on the 28th ult. the Admiral sent word that they had brought but eight battery pieces within 100 paces of the ditch, and the next night as many. Had they been as friendly as they promised at Lyons, he might have had leave to paint a plat of the town (Perpignan) and camp himself; but he has got a half hearted permission to send Hammes, and has, besides, some in the camp who will inform him of all. Describes the town (which is about the size of Northampton) by hearsay, and the strength and boldness of the garrison. The passage called the Pertuse through the Pyrenees into Spain is kept by Frenchmen.
The Emperor lies between the Pyrenees and Barcelona, without men or money. He is stronger by sea than we, but the Count of Anguillara is lately revolted from him and come to Marseilles to serve. He is a subject of the Bishop of Rome, and father-in-law to Signor John Paulo. In his place you shall hear shortly that Conte Petilyan is revolted to the Emperor. Mons. de Grunean has levied 2,000 foot in Provence, to defend Burgo Bressa, or, as some think, rather to come hither if we cannot get so many Swiss as we looked for. The Emperor will rescue Perpignan if need be; for, besides the Italians and Almains who (Paget wrote) were coming, he has sent for all his Spaniards who were in Cicill, Naples and Sardinia to defend the Turk, who were bruited to be 7,000, but are 5,000, and were embarking at Genes on the 25th ult. Langey has by stealth taken Cherasa near Turin.
The prior of Capes has returned from the sea, and is at Court, having taken two Spanish ships; like as the Normans took eight or nine Flemings in English seas, but the English rescued them and imprisoned the Frenchmen, whereof both the French ambassador and Vicomte of Dieppe have written. Paget's clerk saw the Vicomte's letter, which mentioned two ships, and that the officers of Dover said they would not see the Flemings take wrong at the Frenchmen's hands. This has augmented their opinion of war at Henry's hands, which, by Secretary Bayard's report, the King no longer doubts; and has therefore ordered Vendosme to disperse his bands into garrison again, and looks daily (as the Admiral has sent word) for Henry's Grand Escuyer and another of his Council to move the French king to peace with the Emperor and require the pension; and this suspicion is increased by a letter from Rome which states (Italian words given) that an agreement between the king of England and the Pope is expected, together with a marriage between that King and the Emperor. Paget denies all knowledge of this, and says Henry will make no war with anyone without occasion given. Here they say the Scots will "occupy" Henry, and have already burnt villages and towns on the Borders, and therefore Anguishe is sent thither. They say the coming or not coming of Henry's fleet to Bordeaux this year will show his intention. Begs him not to trust them, for they trust him never a whit.
The Bp. of Rome sends Card. Sadolete to this King, and Card. Contarini to the Emperor to perusade them to peace. If this King obtain his purpose at Perpignan, he will go no further this year, but pass by Bordeaux to Brittany to set things in order, having "already permitted the old use of their salt." Secretary Villandre is dead, and Laubespyny has his office.
Had written thus far when news came that, on Sunday last, after three days' shooting at the castle (of Perpignan) had failed to make a breach, they were consulting whether to batter the bulwark of St. Lazare, and Signor John Paulo and his Italians were delivering over the ordnance to Brysac and 2,000 Frenchmen, when those within the town made a sortie, and would have drawn all the ordnance into the castle ditches but for Brysac's bravery. Brysac was wounded in two places, 400 of his men slain, 5 great pieces "clowed" and three dismounted, before Montpesac came to the rescue, when the Spaniards retired, with the loss of 15 (fn. 4) men. This King was so displeased at the news that he would have gone to the camp if the queen of Navarre and cardinal of Lorraine had not appeased his courage. He still says he will go, as he said at Lyons, but it is thought that will depend on the coming of the Swiss. The same Sunday, three galleys of Barcelona sent men ashore who carried off four wain loads of munition going to the Dolphin. Pesenas, in Languedoc, 5 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—On Tuesday morning, sent his man for a passport, but he only returned this night, and spake not with the Admiral until yesterday. The Admiral said he should have the passport, but added, "Nous gens sont mal traictees en Engleterre;" and when he said Paget knew not of it, the Admiral said, "Par Dieu, jen suis bien adverty, il fault faire del mesme sorte;" and sat down to dinner. After dinner Paget's man applied to Buchetel, who said the Admiral had given no order; so he spoke eftsoons with the Admiral, who said (French words given) that the English took their ships and imprisoned their men and broke the treaties; if they meant war let them make it. The man answered that he was misinformed, and asked if he would any "service" to Paget; to which the Admiral said only, "Tell him this." Thus the Admiral raged, in a Pilate's voice, before all the world. A crown was charged for the passport, a thing never used in the Princes' affairs. The King this day departed from Besiers to a castle by Narbona, and thence the dames will go to Carcassona and he himself to the camp. Yesterday morning 800 Spaniards entered the town maugre the camp, and, it is muttered, the Spaniards have recovered the Pertuse. Count Glick arrived this morning from Denmark. Is appointed to lie here, 70 miles from the camp, and is in perplexity how to do his duty at such a distance. Pesenas, 7 Sept., 10 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 16, several passages in cipher. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Cauis College MS. 597, p. 162. 2. Letter book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk, with the cipher passages deciphered.
Pp. 10.
R. O. 3. Decipher in Wriothesley's hand of the cipher passages of §1.
Pp. 3.
7, 8 Sept.
Dasent's A.P.C., 30.
756. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 7 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. No business recorded.
At Westm., 8 Sept. Present : As above. Business :—Commission to — Duffelde and Giles Harrison to take up cask. Placards to take up carriage northwards to Sir Wm. Penison and John Parker, and to Thos. Hangate and Wm. Brackenbury; also to Mr. James Lyrmowth, master of household and ambassador here of the King of Scots, for taking up carriage for his stuff to York, and "his good entertainment by the way."
8 Sept.
R. O.
757. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Thanks for news of the course which the French intend to make, of which he also had news. Such courses may well be made in such an open country, and are made daily upon the French. Of the Clevois knows only that they are at Luxembourg with the duke of Orleans. Does not yet know if they have besieged Theonville; but hopes so, for it is strong and well furnished. If it had suited the King, the time would have been propitious for the enterprise they talked of; to the great loss of the French, for once inside the place (fn. 5) four of their towns would be in extreme necessity. As to Wallop's news of the defeat of the French about Perpignan, would that it were so, as it may very well be, for there are men of war in Spain; but he has no news of it, for the news of it from Flanders is not sure.
As to the horse, Wallop's man says he has not yet bought it, and without knowing the colour and height it is impossible to give a passport. If he takes it to the captain of Gravelinghes, De Roeulx will write to him to let it pass; but horses are scarce, and much needed because of the war, so that it would be better if the King asked of the Queen passage for some number of horses. Bethune, 8 Sept. '42. Signed.
French, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : The Great Master of Flanders to Mr. Wallop.
9 Sept.
Dasent's A.P.C., 31.
758. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 9 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche, Dacres. Business :—Passport signed "for Roussby, an harauld off Skotland" to repair to Scotland.
9 Sept.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 59.]
759. Chapuys to Charles V.
Has received from the Queen Regent an extract from his letters to her of 15 July, containing his intention upon two points of the treaty of closer friendship. The Queen thought that upon that foundation Chapuys could pass to the conclusion of the treaty, or at least give this King sure hope that his ambassadors would have such answer as he desired, and so induce him to aid the Low Countries; and she wrote letters of credence for Toison d'Or, this bearer, and Chapuys to that effect. They have used infinite persuasions twice to the King and thrice to the Council. On the first occasion the King made three excuses, (1) that he was constrained to war against the Scots, who had made several raids, killing many men and burning the country, and lately had taken two of his principal captains prisoners, and killed many gentlemen and others, and if the Emperor approved the proposal of Du Roeulx, he would need all his men, and a great sum of money, which he would have to draw from his own coffers, for so far there was no question of his subjects contributing, as the Emperor's did, who bore the whole cost of the war; (2) he heard that Vendosme had retired and disbanded his men, and that Orleans intended doing the same, so that there would be no need of his aid; (3) he did not know how he stood with the Emperor, and could only presume that the Emperor had no great desire to respond to his goodwill, since he had no news from his ambassadors, and it would be folly to throw away his money and make enemies of his friends without knowing why. However, he had decided, while Vandôme was about Arthois and Low Flanders, to risk some declaration and enterprise against the French, and had made Chapuys write to the Queen to empower Du Roeulx to treat with his captain of Guisnes on matters of importance to the Emperor's countries and his own, but that power had either not been given or had come too late.
Upon our reply, the King resolved to consult his Council before deciding. Two days after, the Council asked Toison d'Or and me what money and what number of men we asked for, and whether we had powers to treat of the recompense. We replied that we had no such powers, and that the remainder rested with the King. On this the Council said that they would report to the King and let us know his intention, but no message has come from them. Toison d'Or coming the other day to take his leave to go to your Majesty, as the Queen commanded him, the King spoke to the same effect as before, adding that if we had power to treat of the recompense or pressed for aid under the treaty of Cambray, he would make a suitable answer. He then blamed the Emperor for neglecting the defence of the Low Countries, and said if he had listened to the bp. of Winchester the subsequent inconveniences might have been remedied; but the Emperor would scarcely hear him, and had delayed the affair ten months without showing any sign of desiring his amity. Chapuys was constrained to point out that Winchester had no power to treat, and himself proposed the said term, and you had, within the time, sent ample power, and if he would have observed an honorable and friendly equality, Chapuys would have concluded the affair without crossing into Flanders, from whence he brought answer to all that was asked, but afterwards the King's deputies asked exorbitant things, which might have been omitted by one desirous of concluding the said amity, so necessary for both sides. As to the imputation that the Emperor had not provided for the defence of the Low Countries it was because he could not believe that a King of France, while the enterprise against the Turk was being treated, might so far forget his honor as to move war and contravene his oath to the truce, especially when he always affirmed, even until two days before he commenced the war, that he would observe the truce. The Emperor was not put to sleep, as he hinted, upon hope of treating with the French, and even if his Holiness did meddle therein, as he said, and Mons. de Marvol had returned into France, as the French ambassador told him, he had no cause to complain as he seemed to do; for the Emperor always preferred his amity to all others, provided he would be satisfied with reasonable conditions. It is not said that the Emperor and he might not listen to practices, as he did when the French practised the marriage of the Princess; only treaties to each other's prejudice were forbidden. And since the term of the said prohibition was expired, or nearly so, Chapuys willingly wrote, as he commanded, for the prorogation of it, while he himself wrote to his ambassadors with the Emperor.
On leaving the King, we were told by the Council that although their master had work for all his forces, he was a prince of such honor that he would nowise be reproached with having failed to observe any treaty or promise, and therefore desired us to declare whether we required aid according to the treaty of Cambray. Being answered in the negative, they asked for this in writing, but we avoided giving it, and persuaded them to promise that they would renew the subject with the King, and send the answer next day, which was yesterday, but we have no news of it.
Need not give further details, as bearer can report them, and also the King's great preparations both to resist the Scots and to invade their country, though perhaps all may be stopped, as the Scotch ambassador, who was on his way back, has returned to solicit an interview at York on the 15th between the Duke of Norfolk and certain other of the King's servants, and other "grans maystrez" of Scotland. Believes, for anything he has heard of this King, that he will willingly condescend to some treaty, although he sees that he will perhaps never have a better opportunity against the King of Scots, for Chapuys supposes that the Cardinal and other Churchmen have moved James to make war on him, fearing lest, if they became friends, or the people were not occupied in something, the Churchmen might be treated there as they have been here; and, therefore, this King hopes, by treating with James, to draw them to his opinion and destroy the credit of those who now trouble him (qui la mectent en ces troubles); moreover as he dislikes spending money he will accept any honorable conditions.
To show that the King, in hope of the treaty, was declaring himself somewhat against the French, this Council showed Chapuys a letter from the French ambassador, complaining of the taking of three or four French ships by Englishmen, and that while no French ship equipped for war was allowed to remain more than four and twenty hours in any English port, the Emperor's ships could stay as long as they pleased; moreover that the Emperor's subjects were allowed to land and go from lodging to lodging in Dover and Rye to see if any Frenchmen would cross, in order to take them on the sea, yea, sometimes, to assault them in their own lodgings, as had lately been done at Dover, contrary to the neutrality which this King wished to profess, as the said French ambassador affirmed. Believes that the English will use more moderation now that the French have made some reparation for damage done to Englishmen, "et soy offrent de per satisfaire." London, 9 Sept. 1542.
Original endd. : As received in Barcelona, 1 Nov.
French. Modern transcript, from Vienna, pp. 8.

R. O.
760. Chapuys and the Privy Council.
"The Emperor's ambassador, being oftentimes demanded whether he made the request of aid according and by virtue of the league of Cambray," answered that (although sure that if he made such request, the King, whom he knows to be a prince of honor, would accomplish it) his request is only that, "upon their great necessity," the King, for the Emperor's sake and to preserve the Low Countries, would lend some money to the lady Regent. Asked whether he had any commission to capitulate for repayment, he answered nay. Being told that if he sent for one the King would give him further hearing, he said time would not admit such delay; but if the King would send a sum of money to Calais or Guisnes, and declare to him the conditions of loan, he would signify them to the Regent, that she might cither take it or at least thank him for sending it thither at their request.
ii. On the back.—Notes of the questions to which the foregoing is an answer, viz., "To demand whether by the league or otherwise. For money, how repayment and what reciproque? What commission? The charges."
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Conference with th'Emperor's ambassdor.
9 Sept.
R. O. St. P., III., 420.
761. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Wrote that Obrien would repair to the King before Michaelmas; but he now begs them to make his excuses, and he will come in the beginning of the year. He is aged and sickly, and fears the winter passage. Odonell, in whom they suspected some lightness, has sent his eldest son, who has right honestly declared his father, and leaves another son here as his pledge until the beginning of the year, when he promises to go to the King and present him. Thinking it better to have divers of them to go together, they have stayed the lord of Upper Ossorie, who is here with his son, a proper child, whose mother is Ormond's sister, ready to go over. On Tuesday the Deputy, with 400 of the army, advances towards Desmond's country for the good order of Cork, Kingsale and Youghall, long hindered by the McChartes, two great captains there. It will be near All Hallowtide before they return to attend to the reformation of Leinster, without which all that is done is nothing. Maynooth, 9 Sept. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Lutrell, Cusake, Sir John Whyt, knight, and Brabazon.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
9 Sept.
R. O.
762. Venice.
Copies of ordinances made in Venice by the Council of Ten, dated 12 July 1450, and 9 Sept. 1542, against speaking with foreigners about matters of state; the latter forbidding any noble to visit the house of any lord or ambassador without express licence from all three chiefs of the Council.
Italian. Later copy, pp. 2.
10 Sept.
Dasent's A. P. C., 31.
763. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 10 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche, Dacres, Baker. Business :—Commission to the bp. and mayor of Chichester, Mr. Knight and Mr. Whight, of Southwyke. to try out the author of a seditious bill found in the open field beside Chichester. Letters written to Suffolk touching levying of men and preparing himself northward. The King's coopers surrendered their commission for taking up clapboard.
10 Sept.
Harl. MS. 6,989 f. 89. B. M.
764. The Privy Council to [Norfolk].
The King has devised the repair of Suffolk to reside at Newcastle or Alnwick or thereabouts, as warden of the Marches during Norfolk's entry into Scotland, there to give order to 6,000 men who are to remain in garrison to be employed in burning and devastating after Norfolk's entry, or to resist the Scots if they should make a counter entry. My lord of Cumberland shall remain with him to execute his orders; for he himself shall not stir unless the Scots enter England. Whereas Norfolk appointed his entry for the 29th inst., the King has delayed it to 6 Oct. to give Norfolk more leisure to commune with the Scotch ambassadors at York, and to assemble his men. No doubt Norfolk will take order for the levying of the men of York and the Bishopric against 6 Oct. for the King's profit. He is to advertise Suffolk from time to time of the state of affairs. Westminster, 10 Sept. at night. Signed, T. Audeley Chauncelor : E. Hertford : J. Russell : Ste. Winton : Thom's Wriothesley : Rafe Sadleyr : John Bakere.
Pp. 2. Headed in a modern hand, "cxlii. The Council to ye Duke . . . . . 1542."
10 Sept.
Royal MS. 18 B., VI. 145. B. M. St. P., V. 210.
765. James V. to Henry VIII.
Our Master of Household, being with you, has written that you have appointed our ambassadors to come no further than York, and there meet certain of your Council. Although we think they should have treated better near yourself, we send them to keep the 16 Sept. appointed in York; and have directed John lord Erskin, one of them, to repair to you, during or after the meeting, to declare our constant mind to increase the amity. Edinburgh, 10 Sept. 29 James V.
Copy, p. 1.
10 Sept.
R. O. St. P., IX., 155.
766. Christopher Mont to Henry VIII.
Wrote in his last letters, of 24 Aug. from Spires, how the Saxon and the Landgrave had subdued the duke of Brunswick's country and taken Wolffenbotel. The Duke's children taken there were honorably provided for; and ambassadors were forthwith sent to the princes at Nürnberg to justify the war. King Ferdinand and the Emperor's commissioners replied that they were ready to admit the excuse, but the matter must be referred to the Emperor; and that all the states required that the army should be dismissed; which has been done, to the great praise of the Protestants and congratulation of the bishops.
In the Diet of Nürnberg nothing worth while was done. Frederic Palatine was the only prince there, and he left before the Diet ended. There was great contention about sending more forces to Hungary and about payment. King Ferdinand obtained nothing unanimously; and, except the minor bishops, all openly opposed him, because he has not kept his bargain with the Empire; and these disputes are deferred to a future Diet, to be about the middle of November. Nürnberg gave King Ferdinand 20,000 crs. The Bishop of Rome has indicted a General Council to begin on the Calends of November next, at Trent. Encloses the bull of indiction. In the Diet at Spires in February last, the Bishop's legate moved the holding of a Council. Trent and Cambray were then proposed; and the Protestants agreed to Trent, but under protest. The Bishop sends Otto Trucses, provost of Trent, to the king of Poland, to intimate the Council. "Ego hanc bullatam indictionem ut bullam evanituram puto."
About the beginning of October, the king of Poland's only son marries King Ferdinand's daughter. The Frenchman attracts many German soldiers with high pay. Francford, 10 Sept. 1542.
Hol. Latin, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 Sept.
R. O. St. P., IX., 154.
767. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Bearer is Alexander of Bononye, Henry's servant, who has been very cruelly entreated of Pole. He says Pole has spies in England who send notice of everything. The Turk "hath recusid to inprest" the money he promised the French king; because his priests say it is against their religion to lend money to Christian men. The Turk said Polin's coming was so tardiffe that it was useless sending out any navy this year. The Signory is occupied about the criminal matters, and daily one or other is put in prison. Mafio Leon, a gentleman of authority, is fled, and his goods are confiscated, his sons degraded and banished, and a reward offered for him alive or dead. It seems that he took a "yearly provision" of the French king. Guasto has taken Villanova. The Bishop was coming to Perusa and Ancona and will give the Marca of Ancona, with many other places, to his nephew Octaviano. In Hungary the Christian host ingrosses daily, and will give battle to Buda. The Turks will abandon Pest. The Lancegrave has overrun all Pranswike, and it is doubtful whether he will attack the bp. of Magunsa or go against Buda. He is reputed the chief capain of Almain. Venice, 10 Sept. 1542.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.


  • 1. Dasent prints "S[i]pruce" and interprets the word as Cyprus. The duke of Prussia, great master of the Teutonic Order, is meant.
  • 2. The last letter entered in his letter book before this is of the 9 August (No. 589), and no later one appears to be extant.
  • 3. Apostates. Cotgrave's Diet.
  • 4. "Fifty" in § 2.
  • 5. Monstreuil.