Henry VIII: June 1543, 16-20

Pages 406-420

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.

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June 1543, 16-20

16 June.
Dasent's A.P.C., 146.
715. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 16 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :— Warrant stamped to Sir Edw. North to send Henry Palmer, treasurer of Guisnes, 5,000l. for payment of the crew lately sent over, until Sir Robt. Bowes, appointed treasurer of the wars, should repair thither.
16 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 410.
716. Wallop to the Council.
Encloses letter just received from the Great Master showing that Bapham is besieged on the 13th, and demanding assistance, if required, according to the King's promise to the Regent. Asks what number to send and whether they shall be of the old crew and the labourers, "which was appointed to be 2,000 footmen and 200 horsemen," or whether to leave the labourers and take of the new crew. Meanwhile with the lord Deputy's advice "we will send them the number appointed." Hears that 3,000 foot and as many horse are coming down to Montrill to enter Bredenarde. Guisnes, 16 June, 8 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
R.O. 717. Siege of Bapaume.
Gawayn Morel, native of Picardy, at present dwelling at Frenton in the marches of this town of Calais, says that, yesterday, about 2 p.m., Mons. de Vervin issued proclamation that all compagnons who wished to receive wages should come before one Charles Hardy to be enrolled, to the number of 1,000. They are to go to the camp before the Emperor's town of Bapaume, and are footmen only. On Wednesday last, 200 French footmen came to guard the abbey of Lisques against the Burgundians.
French, p. 1.
16 June.
R.O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 159.]
718. The Queen Of Hungary to Chapuys.
By her letters of the 6th inst. he will have her news from France of the great preparations to invade the countries of her government. Has just received letters from Arschot and De Reulx agreeing that the French have divided into two hosts. Vendosme is sent towards Arthois with a powerful army and great equipment of artillery, and on the 12th inst. at midnight laid siege to Baspames in Arthois, which is well provided. On the other side, the Dauphin is at Montroeuel intending to besiege Avesnes or Cymay, or to overthrow the little forts thereabouts and afterwards lay siege to some large town, at which the king of France will be in person. Moreover 200 men of arms and 6,000 foot are sent towards Lutzembourg to besiege Theonville or join with the Clevois who are before Haynsberge. The Prince of Orenges with 4,800 horse and 14,000 foot is encamped two leagues from Heynsberge. It will shortly be seen what he can do to raise the siege.
Has just received his of the 11th inst., showing the King's inclination to send succour soon. Requires him to thank the King on her behalf; and she will notify the Emperor of it, who will now be about Trente making all haste. The King widely considers it better to succor her now than to wait until the French have spoiled the country. Hopes to harass them if they lay siege before towns, and, if her men make quick work at Haynsberge, to have sufficient forces to meet the French; but she cannot say whether battle should be given, as that can only be done by those who are on the spot and see the disposition of affairs. To hide nothing from the King, Arschot and De Roeulx, who have the guard of Arthois and Haynault, besides her men at Heynsberge and 2,000 men whom she sends thither from Frize, can muster 3,000 horse and 10,000 foot, to whom she will join 3,000 Spaniards who are just arrived near Sluys, and the reinforcement which the King sends, which can, from Calais, safely join hers; and it is not her intention to shut them up in a town but to employ them in the field. As soon as her men at Haynsberge have done or failed, she will withdraw the greater part to the French frontier and get a powerful troop together. As to victuals, those who come from England shall have no lack. Requires the King, nevertheless, to send grain to Calais which she may get from thence by payment. As to the way to be taken, she advertises De Roeulx, who will send to conduct them. It were well if they had some artillery with them, for she will provide horses as soon as she has notice that it is at Calais, and horses and waggons are ordered to be ready.
Approves Chapuys' opinion shown to the Council about the King of France's delay of audience to the heralds; and his suggested remedy. Requires to know if the King will follow the latter method, in order that she may send Thoyson d'Or the form of protest he should make upon the French king's refusal of access to him.
As to the impost of one per cent, will write by the next.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS., mainly in cipher, headed : Du xvje de Juing 1543.
17 June.
Rymer, XIV. 791 & 795.
719. Prince Edward and Mary, Queen Of Scots.
Commission to Audeley, Norfolk, Winchester, Westminster, St. John and Gage, to treat and conclude with plenipotentiaries of Mary queen of Scotland for espousals per verba de futuro or a marriage per verba de presenti between Prince Edward and the said Queen, and of the dote and dower and the safe custody of the Queen and her delivery at a certain term, and of the government of Scotland during her minority; and also for a peace and confederacy between the two realms. Westm., 17 June 35 Henry VIII.
17 June.
Dasent's A.P.C., 147.
720. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 17 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter written to Henry Palmer touching receipt of the 5,000l.; and to the mayor of Dover for transportation of Wm. Burnell, appointed to carry it.
17 June.
721. Ammunition in Ireland.
Commission (issued in view of the dangerous practice of selling munitions of war to "Irishmen and other foreign persons") to John Travers, master of the Ordnance, to view what store of powder and guns is in Dublin, Drogheda, Ardy, Dundalk, Carlingford, Wicklow, Arklow, Wexford, Rosse, Waterford and other cities and port towns, and take order with the governors for its safe keeping. Also to apprehend vagabond gunners, who pretend to be of the Retinue, and other runagates who daily commit outrages. Dublin, 17 June 35 Hen. VIII. Signed, at the head by St. Leger, and, at the foot, by Alen, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Justice Houth, Bathe, Cusake and Basnet.
Parchment. Endd. : "A commission touching selling of guns, powder, bows, arrows and other munitions to the Irishmen."
17 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 414.
722. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
Have had nothing worth writing since their last letter of the 7th June. Of the Emperor, the Queen has only declared that he will not tarry in Italy or Germany and has told the Bishop of Rome, if he would speak with him, to meet him at Mantua, for three days only. On Friday, the Regent sent for them; and said that Vendosme had besieged Bappalmes, and so she had the more cause to desire Henry's help; asking if they had answer concerning that matter. Said they had just received letters from Henry, but had not yet had time to peruse them; so she appointed them audience for next day at 8 a.m., at which time they declared the effect of the letter from St. Osies of the 12th inst. She said that, as to the aid and impost, she would consult her Council, that she rejoiced at the tidings of Scotland, and that as to the gunpowder and saltpetre she would, on knowing the quantity, pass it. After consulting "a pretty while" with her Council, she said that she thanked the King for his good inclination to aid her; "howbeit the matter was now in other terms than it was before," for the enemy had sent 10,000 or 12,000 footmen and 3,000 or 4,000 horsemen into Artois and belaid Bappalmes, and the Dolfyn with 30,000 footmen and 8,000 horsemen was burning in Haynault and likely to besiege Avesnes, and another band was sent into Luxenburgh, and therefore in great perplexity she desired aid according to the league. And, as for the meeting place and number of her men, she could make no certain answer, but that, when Henry's men came, they should join the Great Master, Mons. de Reux, governor of Artois, and then by common counsel either keep the field or lie in suitable places; of carts, victuals and necessaries for artillery, if any was brought, there should be no lack; the impost was a small thing to the merchants and would be something towards the Emperor's intolerable charges, sufficient writings would be given to save the merchants' privileges, and she trusted that Henry would be content to show her this pleasure. Replied that the merchants found it no small thing, and, even if it were, the precedent was of great prejudice and that there seemed no cause to trust that Henry would consent to a thing so unreasonable and contrary to the league. She said she intended to do nothing against the league, but, for so small a thing, she trusted that Henry would at least let it remain until the Emperor's coming. Replied that, if she wished it, they would write that answer; but not gladly, for they were sure it would only trouble Henry to see her persist in a thing so evidently against the league that he trusted to hear no more of it. Upon that, she said that she would talk with her Council and answer after dinner.
In the evening, hearing nothing from her, sent word to Mons. de Moulenbois that they were ready to despatch a courier into England and tarried only for the answer promised by the Queen. He answered that she was hindered by other business, but they should have it next morning. This morning, President Score and Mons. de Courrieres came to them; and the President repeated almost all he said before; but, finally, rested upon the point that the Queen sued to have the impost paid not as a duty but as of Henry's good will to the Emperor and her. The answer made to Chapuis that it ought not to be paid as a duty did not apply now, when it was required not as a duty but as a benevolence; Chapuis had, as yet, no direct answer thereupon. The Queen therefore desired to know whether they had signified the fashion of her request and had plain answer that, neither as duty nor of benevolence, would Henry grant it. Replied that they were ascertained that the Ambassador had made the request in that fashion, both to Henry and his Council, and had been answered, more than once, that he would "in no means condescend unto it"; they had themselves written the President's first communication with them as made in that fashion, and had answer that Henry, knowing the treaty would not bear it, trusted that no more would be spoken of it. They said that their Ambassador wrote not so directly, and also had twice written that the King's Council showed him that the merchantmen offered a benevolence as good or better than the impost, and the Queen marvelled that she heard no more of it. Replied that they thought no such offer was made, for the merchants would make none without Henry's consent. They (the President and De Courrieres) then departed, saying that they would relate this and make answer speedily.
At Sluyse are arrived 3,000 Spaniards, veterans. The Prince of Orenge is encamped about Herle, 2 Dutch miles from Heynsborgh, waiting for 4 ensigns of Frysons who were to join him yesterday. They will victual the town without battle if they may, for they are loth to put all in hasard, being there the flower of this nobility; but they will fight rather than leave them that have defended the town so well. Peter de Boes's man declared nothing special but what an esteemed man of war his master was, and that he would come to them or meet them secretly if required. As it appeared by Henry's letter (which the servant showed) that Henry had no great need of his service, they gave him gentle words, saying that, having no commission, they could only signify his offer to Henry. Bruscelles, 17 June 1543, 10 p.m.
We thought we could not tarry longer "for their answer of the impost." Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
17 June.
R.O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 161.]
723. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Wrote from Genoa of his arrival, and that he would, as soon as possible, send his resolution for an enterprise this year either against France or Cleves, and what Chapuys should say of it to the king of England, and that he had sent for Granvelle to meet him. After communicating with Granvelle, has thought best to despatch the Sieur de Chantonay, his gentilhomme de la bouche, to pass by the Queen of Hungary and declare his charge to her, to be altered as the disposition of affairs there and her communications with the English ambassadors require. He is already on his way and will, with Chapuys's advice and assistance, declare his charge to the King. Sends Chapuys letters of credence for Chantonay to be delivered to those who have the management of affairs. They go without address, so that Chapuys may present them and make the message as he thinks fit. Cremona, 17 June 1543.
P.S.—Since the above was written has received his letters of 20 and 29 May, but has nothing to add to Chantonay's instruction.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
Add MS 28,593, f 189. B.M. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 160.] 2. "Instruction a vous, nostre chier et feal gentilhomme de la bouche, le Sr. de Chantonnay, de ce que aurez a faire, dire et procurer devers le roy d'Angleterre, mon seigneur et bon frere, a qui presentement vous envoyons."
He shall make all diligence to England, show this to the ambassador Chapuys, and go with him to the King. After presenting his letters of credence and the Emperor's commendations, he shall say as follows (more or less, according to Chapuys's advice and the charge which the Queen shall give him), viz :—
That the King will have heard from Chapuys of the Emperor's arrival here, who has deferred sending until he could more certainly advertise his resolution. Having since learnt affairs of Germany from Grantvelle, and of the Low Countries by correspondence with his sister, and from the Sieur de Boussu, his grand esquire, and having communicated with his ministers here, he sends to declare that, since the bp. of Westminster was at Montzon, his chief aim has been to pass hither as soon as possible, in order to employ his forces, with the King's correspondence, against the common enemy. Since his arrival, has levied 4,000 Italians and 600 light horse, to take with him, together with 3,000 Spaniards besides those sent by Biscaye, which will have arrived in the Low Countries. These are over and above the 2,000 horse and 6,000 foot who await him at Spire. Brings also experienced captains (some without charge, to be employed as shall be requisite) and continues his journey without sojourning anywhere, so as to be at Spire by 20 July, where he will find about 100 pieces of great artillery ready. Thence he will march as may suit his sister's forces in the Low Countries, according as he learns the state of the common enemy and the duke of Cleves, and the intention of the king of England. The King knows the perplexity in which the king of France is, whose great expenses last year turned to his own damage and the dissatisfaction of his subjects, so that he does all he can to avoid war, in order, next winter, to get money and fortify himself against the King and the Emperor—especially to nourish the war of the Scots against the King, so as to keep war out of his own realm. That this opportunity may not be lost, advertises the King plainly of his preparations as above, not doubting but that the King will do the like. Trusts also that the King will resolve, if he has not already done so, and, with the same sincerity, tell what he will do against the common enemy, and will despatch into France for the summons and intimation, if it has not been already done, since Thoison d'Or has departed into England for that cause.
If the King makes difficulty in the enterprise of France whilst the Emperor is in war against the duke of Cleves, he is to be reminded that the Duke wrongfully detains Gueldres, wickedly caused the enterprise of Martin von Rossen last year, and obstinately continues for war, refusing the last truce accorded to him by Grantvelle at the request of the States of the Empire. When the Duke hears of the Emperor's approach he will conform to reason; and if not it will not take long to force him to it.
If the King speaks of the assistance which the Emperor should give him, Chantonnay shall answer as advised by the Emperor's sister and Chapuys, according to what has been negociated and the likelihood of the King's making war against France this year; having regard always to getting the King to declare openly against France, so as to compel the king of France to divide his forces and keep him and Cleves from aiding each other, and to prevent the King's excusing himself because war is not made against France (for war with Cleves is tantamount to war with France, whom Cleves would otherwise assist, and France has invaded the Low Countries without England's aid being demanded according to the treaty) or because he is not furnished with all he would require.
Chantonnay shall further tell how the Pope pressed the Emperor to come to an interview at Bologna as he did in Pope Clement's time, and sent his son the duke of Castro, and afterwards Cardinal Farnese, for this; but the Emperor refused to lose so much time, and ultimately agreed to meet him at Parma, which interview could not well be refused considering the danger from the Turk. Besides, the Emperor knows that the king of France has informed the Pope that the treaty is made against him, to withdraw France and Scotland from his obedience, soliciting his aid against the king of England by way of Scotland. This the Emperor, by the interview, hopes to prevent, and also to hinder the intrigues between the Pope and France caused by the said treaty. And here Chantonnay shall, in confidence, show the intercepted letter from the French ambassador with the Pope which mentions aid against him. The Emperor hopes by this interview to hinder the king of France's designs; and will, in any case, do nothing either directly or indirectly contrary to the treaty and sincere amity between the King and him; and he will leave his forces here well furnished against any movement by the Pope. And Chantonnay shall in conversation say that, not to delay the invasion of France on that side is the true way to prevent the Pope giving aid against England.
The king of the Romans has a great matter to resist the Turk, and the Emperor will, on coming to Germany, move the states of the Empire for his assistance, and if the king of England would give him some prompt assistance both he and all Germany would be obliged thereby. The Emperor counsels this because of his brother's necessity, and because, not to lose this opportunity against France, he himself cannot assist as he would.
Chantonnay shall pass by the Emperor's sister and get her instructions in writing; and he and Chapuys shall use all diligence to learn the King's resolute intention. Nienoue (Cremona?), 17 June 1543.
French. Modern transcript from Brussels, pp. 9.
Add. MS. 28,173, f. 304. B.M. 3. Another modern transcript of § 2.
Fr., pp. 17.
17 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 412.
724. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 7th. The Bishop, by importunate suit, has conduced the Emperor to a parliament, to be near Parma, yesterday or to-day. Distrust makes both go with a strong presidy. Some say the Bishop will offer infinite treasure to have Milan for his nephew, Sor Octavio; and that the Venetians will favour this, fearing the Emperor more than ever for his late league with Henry, "which travaileth much all other states and specially the Roman clergy." The duke of Florence accompanies the Emperor with 800 horse, and will, men think, go to Almain and Flanders. The duke of Ferrare, cardinal of Mantua, and other personages go to the Emperor, who will make a short parliament and then hasten to Almain. Don Ferrante Gonsaga goes to Flanders as general of the Italians and Spaniards, about 15,000 foot and horse.
The Turk "was" marching towards Hungary, and weak provision made against him. "Albaregal in Hungarie and Pausonia with Strigonia and Vienna is fortified and munishid sufficiently." The Bohems have granted Ferdinando 3,000 horse, 2,000 foot, and money. Count Philipo Torniello is gone to Vienna with 3,000 Italian foot. The Almains give 20,000 foot and 4,000 horse. The Turk's navy was at Morea or Peloponeso, to assemble 25 May at Previsa, 120 galleys and 40 or 50 foists. Don Barnardin returns to Spain with 20 galleys. The rest go to Sicily with Doria.
The Emperor brought 1,200 foot from Spain, but found at Geane 2,000 Spaniards from Naples or Sicily. This Signory sent ambassadors to do reverence to the Emperor passing through their state, not without presents. They stick fast to the Bishop's amity. Venice, 17 June 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 June.
725. Edmond Harvel to Anthony Denny.
By Master Bucler, perceived his intention concerning his nephew, (fn. 1) who "ceaseth not of diligence to exercise himself daily in luting, vawting and also th'Italian tongue, as far as his tender nature can extend." These Roman priests "rage and fury incredibly" at the league between our Prince and the Emperor, which, they feel, "shall be their final ruin." Against the opinion of all men, the Emperor and the Bishop shall be at parliament this day, at or nigh Parma. Because of mutual diffidence, both come strongly armed. The Emperor will then hasten to Almain and Flanders. Don Ferrante Gonzaga, with many Italians and Spaniards and many famous captains, will go to Flanders. The Turk is marching always towards Hungary, and there is feeble provision against him, but peril will force men to leave their strife, which has ruined Almain and the rest of the Christian estate. The Turk's navy on 25 May assembled at Previsa, 120 galleys and 40 foists. It is uncertain where they go. Andrea Doria goes to "presidiate" Sicily and Naples with 50 galleys, and the rest of the Imperial galleys return to Spain. Venice, 17 June 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : "Al molto hondo Sor, il Sor Antonio Denny, amicho mio ossermo, alla Corte."
18 June.
Dasent's A. P. C., 147.
726. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 18 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letters sent to Court touching advertisements sent from the Emperor's ambassador to the duke of Norfolk and the interception of a courier despatched to the Emperor; another letter declaring discourse with the Scottish ambassadors. Letter sent to Hamburgh in favour of Diploff, repairing thither for wheat for London.
[*** Next entry is 24 June.]
18 June.
R.O. St. P., I., 757.
727. The Council In London to the Council At Court.
This morning the Emperor's ambassador sent Norfolk a letter addressed to him from Mons. de Rieulx, showing that the Frenchmen already besiege Bapams (which however is strong); and thereupon the Ambassador desired aid for the siege of Montreu[l]. Norfolk answered that, Bappams and Monstreul being so near together, and the French king at hand with such strength, they might be cut off from home; and, even if they won the town, the enemies being "so strongly at the hand" would as quickly recover it; so that his advice was in no case to attempt it; and, as for aid, the King lately sent over 100 horses and 1,400 or 1,500 men, and would shortly send over a great number.
The Ambassador desires much to see the letters in cipher found in the Frenchmen's shoes, for if the cipher be Marillac's he can decipher it. Beg them to send it hither by 4 o'clock.
Enclose a letter received this morning from the lord Deputy of Calais, showing that a despatch is coming to the French ambassador; for the interception whereof they have ordered the messenger to be brought privily to the lord Chancellor's house and kept in secret custody. As to the King's pleasure for the herald and the intimation of the war, have appointed the Great Chamberlain and Sir Thos. Cheyney to confer with the Emperor's ambassador. Westm., 18 June. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Norfolk, Hertford, Lisle, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Ryche and Bakere.
Pp. 2. Faded. Add.
18 June.
R.O. St. P., I. 759.
728. The Council in London to the Council at Court.
This afternoon we had conference with the Scottish ambassadors, and (we making ourselves ignorant of their instructions or articles (fn. 2) lately brought by Sir George Douglas from Scotland) the said Sir George delivered us seven articles in writing identical with those which the King delivered to us, the duke of Norfolk and bp. of Westminster, yesterday. First, going apart, we devised together and then, returning, debated with them, asking, for manners' sake, explanation of things which seemed obscure, and finding ourselves not fully to agree with some; and finally we referred the matter to our repair to the King; requiring them meanwhile to copy them and add two or three by way of petition, desiring us to expedite matters; for Sir George said secretly to Norfolk that "the sooner he were despatched the better it should be for the surety of these affairs." Defer to write particulars, intending on Wednesday to declare them to the King.
Enclose letters and writings from Waters and Woodhouse to the duke of Norfolk. Mawbye will be with you about them to-morrow morning, with whom I, Norfolk, pray you to commune thoroughly, for he is a wise fellow. Westm., 18 June.
Intend to be at Greenwich to-morrow at the King's landing. Signed by Audeley, Norfolk, Westminster, St. John, and Gage.
Pp. 2. Faded. Add. Endd. : 1543.
18 June.
729. The Privy Council to Mr. Stanhope.
Have received his letters, and the King approves his diligence. Whereas he has appointed 8 ships to transport the 300 horsemen, and reckons the victualling and wages of the ships for a month at 100l., and the victualling of horsemen and horses at 135l.; the King thinks he should bargain with the owners for 100l. in gross for the transportation, and let them stand to the adventure, whether the time be long or short. He thinks that the proportion for horsemen and horses can be no less, considering the uncertainty of weather, and Stanhope is to defray the money, and take order for its return to Mr. Palmer, treasurer at Guisnez, when "levied in th'utterance" of the victuals to the horsemen, who do not look for its allowance, they having 9d. a day as conduct money to Calais; which Stanhope shall also pay, up to the day of their passage, with 4s. each for coats. As to the 800 qr. of wheat and 1,000 qr. of beans, for which 5l. is given "in earnest," he shall conclude the bargain of beans and cause both wheat and beans to be transported in company with the horsemen, charging the vessels and those who waft them "to keep their course within the sands, and so to the North Forland, where they shall come under safeguard of other the King's Majesty's ships." Stanhope shall advertise Mr. Beston and Bellingham to attend to the wafting of them, and shall furnish the ships which carry the horsemen with pikes, bows, arrows and other munitions; for 16 or 17 sail of Frenchmen are upon the seas in a company. Pyrgo, 18 June 1543.
Corrected draft, pp. 7. Endd. : "Mynute, the Privey Counsail to Mr. Stannop, xviijmo Junii 1543."
18 June.
R.O. St. P, IX. 419.
730. The Privy Council to Wallop.
The King has seen his letters of the 16th, with another from Mons. de Rieulx for aid if the French invade in his absence about Bappams. He shall forthwith warn Mons. de Beez to forbear any invasion of the Emperor's borders about him (Wallop), for, otherwise, the King must, by the treaty of Cambray, aid the Emperor's subjects in their defence. As to men to aid the Burgundians, the King appoints neither 2,000 nor 3,000, nor whether they shall be of the labourers or the old or new crews, but leaves all to Wallop, with the lord Deputy's advice, having regard to leave his Majesty's pieces furnished and to take such labourers as the Surveyor thinks may be best spared. As the Surveyor reports that the dike before the entry of the castle is digged ["and the countermure wall between the same bulwark and the river gate is already finished, and that within these v. or vj. days also"] (fn. 3) and the dike between the Milne bulwark and the other bulwark finished, he is written to to employ again the 300 labourers upon the town ditch.
Draft, pp. 4. Endd. : "Mynute from the Council to Mr. Wallop, xviij June 1543."
18 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 418.
731. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
This morning President Score came, with Mons. de Courrieres, and showed two letters from the ambassador Chapuis to the Regent, relating, among other things, that the Council declared that the merchantmen offered to give a present instead of the impost; and said that the Queen was content for the merchantmen to depart without paying the impost, trusting, however, that Henry would consider her charges and be content that she should have it, and requiring that the merchantmen should not bruit that they were discharged (for that would be no commodity to them and a great discommodity to the Emperor, as other nations would grudge at it), and should not use deceit under colour hereof. Replied that, concerning the pretended offer or the Regent's hope they could make no answer, but they doubted not but that Henry would take thankfully the permission for the merchants' goods to pass.
Are sending word to the Governor and Company that they may depart with their merchandise. Have delivered the Regent's licence for the gunpowder and saltpetre to young Thos. Gresham. Bruxell, 18 June 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 June.
732. Oxford, Kent.
Warrant to Sir Edw. North, treasurer of Augmentations, to pay 80l. to lord Bourough for the purchase of Deanehill manor, Kent, within the honor of Otforde, sold to the King. St. Bartholomew's, 19 June, 35 Henry VIII. Signed by Sir Ric. Riche and Walter Hendle.
ii. Lord Borough's receipt subscribed, dated 19 June, 35 Hen. VIII.
Signed : Thomas Burgh.
P. 1.
19 June.
Add. MS. 32,651, f. 29. B.M. Sadler State Papers, I. 219
733. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
This day, received theirs of 17 June, touching the entry of the English and Scottish prisoners. Thinks it cannot be brought to pass that the Scottish prisoners may keep their day of entry at Midsummer, for the Governor lies sick at Hamilton, 30 miles hence, and the lords mentioned are scattered abroad, so that it will be 3 or 4 days before Sadler and they can meet. Had the Governor not been sick, Sadler would have been with him touching the Cardinal and Lennox. Oliver Sinclair (whom, they say, the King will specially have to enter) is 14 score miles hence, northwards, and whatsoever he says, Sadler could never perceive that he was either well dedicate to the King or his godly purposes, or yet to the wealth and surety of the Governor. The Cardinal, on Saturday last, rode, with a good garrison about him, to Arbroath, 24 miles from St. Andrews northwards. Doubts whether he had the Governor's licence to ride thither; but the Governor seems to wax cold in the prosecution of him and Lennox. Will do his best to "quicken him in that behalf." Edinburgh, 19 June.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text in Sadler State Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 385.
19 June.
Add. MS. 32,651, f. 33. B.M. Hamilton Papers, No. 386(1).
734. Arran to Sadler.
Being prevented by disease from speaking with Sadler as desired, sends his servant (fn. 4), the bearer, to know "quhat kynd of haist the besines requiris," to whom he begs Sadler to be plain. Hamyltoun, 19 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To the King of Inglandis embassatour lying at Edinburgh. Sealed.
19 June.
735. William Castlyn, Governor of the English Merchants in Antwerp, to Seymour and Wotton.
Thanks for their pains taken in the suit of the Fellowship. Upon receiving their letters this day, to prove the tolleners and other officers charged with receiving the impost, the Company sent to the water side certain goods to be shipped. Thereupon the officers demanded the tax, denying that they had any word from the Regent or Council to the contrary, as Thomas Nycolls, the bearer, can declare. Begs them with speed to move the Regent or Council to remedy this delay. Andwarpe, 19 June 1543. Signed : Yowrs Will'm Castlyn, gov'ner.
P. 1. Add. : "To the right honorable Sir Thomas Seymour, knight, and Mr. Doctor Wotton, dean of Cantourbury, the King's Majesty's ambassadours, this be delivered in Bruxells with speed." Sealed. Endd.
June 19.
R.O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 162.]
736. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Since her last, of the 16th, the English ambassadors have pressed her to exempt English merchants from the impost of the centiesme, saying they have express charge to insist on it to the end, and that the King did not think that, at this commencement, she would contravene what was treated between their Majesties. Told them that she esteemed the King's amity so much that she could not believe that, when she did not desire to receive the centiesme save with his consent, he would refuse it; seeing its importance to her and that it was only for a time. But they persisted in their request, saying that the King thought that some here had no due regard to the amity.
Describes how she caused them afterwards to be communicated with, when they repeated that they had charge to persist in their request, but no charge to speak of the present which the English Council told Chapuys that the merchants would make her, if she consented to their exemption. Finally, lest they might defer things of greater importance, she said that when the King was well informed of the prejudice done her by the exemption he would not refuse her request, but, meanwhile, the English might take away their merchandise in which no others had share without paying the impost. And she has ordered the collectors to let the English pass, taking care that they commit no frauds. Chapuys shall regard whether it is convenient to press further for the King's consent to the impost for one year only, and shall move the Council that the merchants may make the offer spoken of, saying that, although in great necessity, she desires it rather to satisfy the other merchants who pay the impost. It is known from the ambassadors that the merchants will not make the offer without command from the King or the Council.
In despatching this, received his letters of the 15th inst., showing that the King approves his overture to make the intimation and defiance to the French ambassador and therewith despatch him. It will be well to declare the entire charge of the kings of arms, and conclude that, since the French King will not hear the Christian admonitions which the Emperor and the King intended to make him, in right of the dignity in which God has placed them, they are constrained to repute him enemy of the Christians, and make war upon him, unless he fulfils what is expressed in the instructions of the kings of arms. Chapuys did well to order Toyson d'Or to return hither. Has written to those of Flanders and Zealand to send out all the ships they have, to join the English. As the French are daily reinforced on the frontiers of Haynault and Arthois, and burn without sparing, he must continue to solicit the sending of the greatest succour he can obtain, and that, if all are not ready, those who have crossed may join De Roeulx, who writes that, if the French lay any siege, he will visit Boulognois and, with the succour of England, hopes to carry Monstreul, now that the French have drawn towards Cambray, but, until he sees what the French will do, he cannot leave the frontier towards Haynault. They have raised the siege of Baspames and retired from Avesnes and now threaten Valenchienes, going hither and thither, so that their intention cannot be known.
The safe-conducts have been given so as not to stop trade, and without them the Almains and other nations who do not meddle with the war would have had great loss, as also would the merchants both of England and Flanders; but she will in future give no safe-conduct except for things she needs.
Requires Chapuys to show the King or his Council that the rudeness of which the Privy Seal spoke would be too prejudicial to the treaties. Does not wish to put herself in such subjection that she may not grant safe-conduct without the King's consent, and Chapuys must not bind her to that.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. Headed : "A l'ambassadeur Chapuys en Engleterre, de xixe de Juing 1543, dois Bruxelles."
19 June.
737. The Impost In Flanders.
Upon the request of the English ambassadors to the Queen Regent that (in consideration of privileges heretofore granted to English merchants of exemption from all new imposts, and especially in contemplation of the new and closer alliance between the Emperor and the King of England) English merchants might be exempt from the impost of the hundredth penny, which is now levied upon all merchandise entering and leaving these countries; the Queen, to gratify the King, especially in contemplation of the said alliance, hereby grants, by way of provision until otherwise ordered, that English merchants shall be exempt from payment of the hundredth (centiesme) upon all merchandise shipped here for England, provided that no other than Englishmen have part or portion in it, and it is to be sold and distributed in England.
Jasper Duchy, receiver general of the centiesme, Jacques de Grammay, receiver in Brabant, and all other collectors are to pass the said merchandise on the above conditions, for which they shall take the oath of the merchants. Brussels, 19 June, 1543.
French. Copy described at the end as signed by the Queen and Secretary Despleghem, pp. 2. Endd.
19 June.
Add. MS. 28,593, f. 194. B.M.
738. Charles V. to His Son, the Prince Of Spain.
Wrote on the 23rd ult. of his arrival at San Remo. Gives an account of his landing at Genoa and interviews there with the Duke of Castro and Cardinal Farnese, about a place of meeting with the Pope. Castro also made an overture for the investiture of his son the Duke of Camarino in the duchy of Milan, offering 2,000,000 of gold, an annual rent, and the incorporation with the Duchy of the cities of Parma and Piacenza. Answered that the affair was so important that he must consult the King of the Romans, the Regent of Flanders and the Council in Spain. Gives arguments for and against this, one of the latter being the suspicion which the King of England and the German Protestants might conceive at the negociation.
Bargain with the Duke of Florence, news of the Turk, the Marquis of Aguilar, etc. Cremona, 19 June, 1543.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 153, where the date is misprinted 9 June.
19 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 420.
739. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Having written thrice since coming to Italy, from Geanes and Vogera, and understanding that the interview between the Emperor and Bishop of Rome was delayed, decided to repair to Millan (being but 12 miles out of the way towards Cremone) to question Dudley about his coming out of England. Went therefore from Pavia to Millan, where he was told that Dudley was escaped out of the castle and fled, a story which seemed very unlikely both to the writer and "to John Ambrosio, brother unto Christopher Myllaner." Gives the Castellan's story of it. Means (departing hence to-morrow) to speak of it to Guasto, now at Court, and to Granvelle and the Emperor. Millan, 19 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R.O. 2. Another copy also in Bonner's hand and addressed.
P. 1. Faded and mutilated. Endd.. "Copia literarum mearum de dato xixo Junii apud Mediolanum."
20 June.
740. Lisle to [Parr].
Thanks for his letter of the 11th, and for taking Lisle's servants during the time of his abode there. In reply to his desire for news; the King is well, and is newly come from Harwiche, where he perused and saw two notable havens but liked Coulme Water best. Wrote that it was like to grow to war with France; and this is now intimated, and the King sends Mr. Treasurer to Guisnes with 4,000 footmen and 500 horsemen; and Sir Rice Mansfeld is gone to the seas with 10 ships. This for a beginning. When the Emperor comes into Flanders, who is already past Italy and arrived in Almayne, you shall hear of greater going both by land and sea. Other news "is none but that my lady Latymer, (fn. 5) your sister, and Mrs. Herbert be both here in the Court with my lady Mary's grace and my lady Elizabethe." Will write again when he has news. Made his commendations as directed; and also to other friends, of whom there be numbers that desire his "short return." Greenwich, 20 June. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
20 June.
R.O. St. P., v. 306.
741. Tunstall to [Parr].
Perceives by Mr. Bowes that he fears his great advertisement to the Council (touching his instructions of his wardenry) and his other letters, have not been sent up, but only the effect of them; because Tunstall wrote in his last, that the letter asking the Council whether Bowes and other prisoners should go through with their ransoms was stayed. Assures him that all his writings have been sent up except that, which was stayed "lest the lords above should have thought some curiosity to be in your letters more than need were, in meddling to know how other English prisoners than Mr. Bowys should go through with their ransoms." My lord Lieutenant, having commission in that matter, had written, two days before, to the Council, but he sent up the effect of Parr's letter touching Bowes' agreement; and now he has answer that Bowes and all the rest may go through, provided they take out their bonds and make all clear of further argument. Nevertheless, the King has written to Mr. Sadleyr and my lord Lieutenant to get the day of entry prorogued to Lammas of these, viz., Sir Cuth. Ratclif, Sir Rog. Lassels, Sir. Robt. Bowes, John Tempest, Thos. Slyngsby, Parson Ogle, Ric. Bowes, John Heron. He need not doubt but that all his advertisements are sent up; for the lord Lieutenant only stayed his last letters out of love. Darnton, 20 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost.
20 June.
R.O. St. P., IX. 421.
742. Seymour and Wotton To Henry VIII.
This after dinner, the Regent sent Mons. de Courrieres to say that the French king and both his sons lay yesternight at Chasteau en Cambresis and would this day dine at Marolus, as if meaning to besiege Avesnes; but she fears that, seeing Avesnes so strong, they may pass through Haynault, destroying undefended towns like Beaumonte and Maulbeuge, into Brabant, where is now little defence, their men being at Heynsborgh or in garrison on the frontiers. She therefore requires Henry to make the more haste in sending his men; and she will send Mons. de Reux to join them and devise some enterprise against Monstreull. Bruxelles, 20 June 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 June.
743. Seymour and Wotton to the Council.
Wrote on the 18th to the King, by Thos. Gresham, the answer received from President Score concerning the impost. Nothwithstanding the release promised, received this morning the enclosed letter from the Governor. (fn. 6) Sent the tenour of it to the President, who replied that he has already "sent the discharge thereof; which we will believe when we know the truth, considering the long delays we have had." Bruxelles, 20 June, 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 June.
744. Loys De Schore to [Seymour and Wotton.]
Messieurs, in answer to your note; yesterday, at dinner, I despatched to the commissary of the impost at Antwerp to let the English merchants pass without troubling them about the impost, until the Queen's further order. Such order has been put that the merchants ought to be content, and I am sorry that they trouble you about it. 20 June. Signed.
French, p. 1. Flyleaf with address gone.
20 June
745. The Patriarch, Marco Grimani, to Card. Farnese.
By his last, of the 11th inst., and by the bearer (fn. 7) of them, a servant of the Cardinal of St Andrews, Farnese would learn affairs of Scotland. Awaits his despatch into that realm. By a Scottish gentleman, (fn. 8) a captain of the French king's, who is put in charge of affairs of Scotland, is informed that the said Cardinal has suffered great persecutions from certain prelates of that realm, and desires, for the honor of God, the Holy See and himself, that they and their adherents may be punished; the writer being requested to do justice therein at his coming. Answered that he had no power to proceed against bishops or other greater prelates without special commission. Whereupon the gentleman has requested him to write this, sending the enclosed information; and the Cardinal of Tournon also writes. If he may have power, in this or any other form, as shall seem meet, he will on his arrival in that realm do his duty. Paris, 20 June, '43. Signed : Marco Grimano, Patriarcha.
Italian. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 2. Headed : Del Patriarcha Marco Grimano, Nuntio in Francia, al Card. Farnese.
R. O. 2. Memorandum of the gist of a bull to empower the patriarch of Aquileia to proceed against those who have laid hands upon the Cardinal of St. Andrews, even though they be of archiepiscopal or episcopal dignity or who are accused, by the Cardinal or any others, of crimes and excesses.
Lat. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 2. Headed : Mandato del Patriarcha, Marco Grimano, Nuntio in Francia, al Card. Farnese, da Parigi 20 Giugno 1543.


  • 1. John Denny. See No. 714.
  • 2. See No. 671.
  • 3. Cancelled
  • 4. David Panter.
  • 5. Katharine Parr.
  • 6. William Castlyn. See No. 735.
  • 7. David Bonar. See Nos. 494 and 753.
  • 8. James Stewart. See No. 753.