Henry VIII: December 1543, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2, August-December 1543. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1902.

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, 'Henry VIII: December 1543, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2, August-December 1543, (London, 1902) pp. 258-271. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no2/pp258-271 [accessed 21 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: December 1543, 11-20", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2, August-December 1543, (London, 1902) 258-271. British History Online, accessed May 21, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no2/pp258-271.

. "Henry VIII: December 1543, 11-20", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2, August-December 1543, (London, 1902). 258-271. British History Online. Web. 21 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol18/no2/pp258-271.


December 1543, 11-20

11 Dec.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 267 (fn. 1).]
479. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Six days ago a worthy man named Matre Baptosard Guerche, (fn. 1) physician and surgeon, native of Le Bosch in the duchy of Milan, was made prisoner on suspicion of favouring the Pope's authority and, on examination, answered like a good Catholic, so that it is to be feared that, by the English statute, he may be despatched, unless the Emperor intervenes (by writing a letter of credence for Chapuys, and another to Chapuys to the effect that his subject Baptosard has not suborned any person to his opinion nor published it so as to cause slander, and should not be examined of his private opinion, since English subjects are not so molested there unless they sow some scandal, and that if he has erred it may please the King to pardon him, and, if he may not live there, banish him). The thing is important for the Emperor's honor and the danger of his subjects who reside in or frequent this country. And as Baptosard and others who have spoken for him are Chapuys's friends he begs that despatch may be made at once, for there is danger in delay. With Baptosard are taken, for the same cause, two of the most familiar [friends] of the bp. of Winchester, the chancellor of the bp. of London and two other honest men, who have all avowed their opinion and affirmed their wish to die in it.
Received his letters in favour of Captain Chr. de Landemberg; who has been welcome, and one of Chapuys's men who accompanied him to Court was told that the King will retain 1,000 horse and 2,000 foot, pikemen. Great preparation is made for Don Fernando's coming, who will be as well received as any person who came hither for a long time. London, 11 Dec. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.

R. O.
480. Landenberg.
Promise of Chr. van Landenburgh to serve the King with 4,000 foot and 1,000 horse, to be at Maestricht within two months after warning to be given him in April or May next, upon specified conditions as to pay, etc. Seventeen articles, concluding with his oath (in Latin) to serve Henry VIII against all save the Empire and the Emperor, he being come hither at the Emperor's command and commended by the Ambassador. Signed : C. v. Landenberg.
ii. Declaration of the cost of 1,000 horse. Nineteen articles. Signed : C. v. Landenberg.
French, pp. 9. Endd.
11 Dec.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 431.
481. Parliament Of Scotland.
[Continued from 10 Dec.] Present : The lord Governor with the Three Estates. Business :
(fn. 2) Declaration of the expiry of the peace and contract of marriage made with England in the beginning of July last, for which the seals were to be exchanged before 1 Sept.; because, upon proclamation of it, the merchants of Scotland put their ships to sea, which were seized as enemies long before 1 Sept., and so the King of England broke the peace, and because, although the Governor sealed both contracts and sent them to the King of England before 1 Sept., the King refused to make like ratification.
(fn. 2) Act, at the instance of Jacques de Labrossa, knight, and Master James Mesneige, councillor of Parliament of Rowan, ambassadors of the King of France (who offered aid to this realm against the King of England "quha actualy invadis the samyn") for the renewal of past treaties with France. Commission to the lord Cardinal, earls of Ergile and Murray, lord of St. Jhone and Sir Adam Ottirburn of Reidhall to conclude this.
The same day in the afternoon. Present : The lord Governor. Sederunt : The lords of Articles. Business :
Supplication of Patrick Hepburn of Boltoun (for reversal of an Act of Parliament made by the late King declaring that Angus, George Douglas, &c., committed no crime in burning his place of Boltoun 17 years ago) referred to the second day of next Parliament.
Continuation to 13 Dec. of the Queen mother's process against Oliver Sinclar for Kirkwall castle.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 163. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 134. 2. Copy of the Act of the Parliament of Scotland annulling the treaty of peace and contract of marriage made with England. Certified as extracted from the records by Sir Jas. Murray of Philiphaugh, clerk register (A.D. 1702 to 1708).
P. 1.
11 Dec.
R. O.
482. The Patriarch, Marco Grimani, to Dandino.
The Queen and the greater part of the lords of the realm are here for this assembly, which began on the 3rd, but has not yet produced anything. The alliance of France is necessary if this realm is to be preserved. Has urged it both publicly and privately, and, yesterday morning, had public audience in the Council and spoke at length, persuading them to concord among themselves and to the alliance with France, and also presented a writing in Latin, with the copy in the Scottish tongue, which was read and well heard by all, and everyone seemed satisfied with the writer's zeal for the preservation of this realm and the service of the French king. Encloses copy of the writing. Moreover, desired licence to depart, having no more to negociate for the Pope or the French king; and will leave at the first opportunity. All ways into France are full of difficulty and danger. Edinburgh, 11 Dec. 1543. Signed : M. Patriarca d'Aquilegia.
Italian. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 2. Headed : Di Monsr Patriarca d'Aquilegia al molto reverendo Monsr Dandino, nunzio di Nostro Signore al Re Christianissimo.
12 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 165. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 135. Sadler State Papers, I., 348.
483. Sadler to Suffolk.
On Saturday night last, received Suffolk's letters for his revocation, with the letters and copies in cipher therewith, and with them a letter of Mr. Douglas mentioning that, whatsoever day he would appoint, Douglas would convey him from Temptallon to Berwick. Accordingly, Douglas came to him yesterday with 400 horse and has this day brought him hither in safety. Likewise, yesterday, came Jas. Dowglas of the Parkehedge with letters of credence both to Sir George and to Sadler, from Angus, Casselles and Glencarne. The credence was that Angus, Casselles, Glencarne, the Master of Maxwell, sheriff of Ayr and laird of Donelanerike were again assembled at Douglas and had devised to annoy their enemies. Jas. Douglas declares that Lenoux will join them; and that Argile and Murray have partly promised to join, they being with others offended at the Governor and Cardinal detaining the barons lately taken without trial, especially as they were taken by the only advise of the Cardinal, without the counsel of the noblemen. So it is thought that they agree not best at this Parliament, the majority of which are kirkmen. A meeting was appointed yesterday between Argile and Murray and Cassells and the sheriff of Ayr. If they agree together they will deprive the Governor, put down the Cardinal and choose Angus, Lenoux, Huntley and Argile "to be four regents of the realm." If Argile and Murrey will not join them they will, nevertheless, annoy the enemies, beginning by taking the abbey of Pasley and burning the Governor's town of Hamylton. For this they want nothing but money, and have sent the said Jas. Douglas to Sir George for the money that was sent hither, sending also the enclosed letter to Suffolk. Sir George desires to know whether the money shall be sent and how it shall be distributed. If they will do as they promise, they should lack no aid.
Finally Jas. Douglas said that Angus, Glencarn and Cassells wished that the King would revoke Sadler from Temptallon, and rather command him to lie at Carlisle, which was nearer to them by 12 or 16 miles, and all the country between was their friends'.
Signifies these things by post, specially because of the money matter, and will wait upon Suffolk on Saturday night. Berwick, 12 Dec. at night. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
12 Dec.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 433.
484. Parliament Of Scotland.
[Continued from 11 Dec.] Present : The Governor and Three Estates. Business :
Proceedings in the cases of James Hammiltoun, and James and Robert Colvile; with the reductions of their fathers' forfeitures.
Confirmation of the act of last Parliament (15 March 1542) in favour of Sir Walter Scott.
Parliament prorogued to 13 Dec.
The same day in the afternoon. Present : The Governor. Sederunt : The lords of articles. Business :
Act appointing lords Fleming, Ruthven and St. John's and Sir John Campbell of Calder to be of the Great Council, which was chosen at the convention of Striveling, in place of the earls of Angus, Lennox, Glencairn, and Marischal who will not come to serve.
Exoneration of Wm. earl of Montrose and John lord Erskyn from other service while they remain in Striveling castle for the sure keeping of the Queen.
12 Dec.
R. O. St. P., IX., 547.
485. Wotton to Henry VIII.
As the voice goes, and as Granvelle said yesterday, the Viceroy started for England on Sunday last (fn. 3); but, secretly, Wotton learns that only his company left on Sunday, and that the Viceroy tarried all that day with the Emperor and left on Monday. Besides his own family, 30 gentlemen accompany him. Encloses schedule of names of the gentlemen. They cannot be further than Newporte, for on the first day they went but to Aloste and on the second to Gand.
Yesterday Granvelle showed Wotton that the Nuncio had, that day, said he had letters, of 27th ult., signifying that the bp. of Rome, in Consistory, had determined to send Cardinal Farnese, as legate, to labour for peace, who should depart on the 28th ult. towards the French king, and thence to the Emperor. At this the Emperor was not content; and caused answer to be made to the Nuncio that he marvelled at it, seeing that, before Duren and at other times, he had told the Nuncio that he would receive no ambassador for that matter, and that it was the Bishop's part to treat of no peace for him that brought the Turks into the midst of Christendom. The Emperor cannot but receive the Legate, but will give him short answer and inform Henry of all things he shall move; and do nothing without Henry's consent. Durst not say that he had already heard of this Legate's coming, lest Granvelle should think he suspected the Emperor's true dealing; but only said that he would advertise Henry and mistrusted not but that the Emperor would do as the league and amity required. Asked whether he would have Henry advertised of anything else. Granvelle replied that certain of the Duke of Cleves's council were come to treat of a league for defence of the Duke's countries and agree with the Emperor for certain towns and lordships "engaged" by the Emperor's ancestors to the Duke's; also that a good number of Frenchmen were together, either to revictual Terwyn or Landressy or relieve Luxenburgh. The Emperor intended going to Gand, but now, having yesterday taken a catarrh, would keep Christmas here.
The common voice here is that the seneschal of Hainault, governor of Luxenburgh, with Count Guyllame of Furstenburgh and the Almains sent to Luxenburgh at the breaking up of the camp, and 3,000 Spaniards lately sent, so presses the Frenchmen in Luxenburgh that they would yield up the fortress if suffered to depart with baggage and arms, to which the Imperials will not assent. Bruselles, 12 Nov. (sic) (fn. 4) 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : "xijo Decemb. 1543."
13 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 167. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 136.
486. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Considering that Arren and the Cardinal, at this Parliament which they have assembled at Edinburgh, will labour to abrogate all things heretofore passed for the advancement of his affairs, and pretend that the not observing of things agreed upon proceeded by his default and not of their disloyal and crafty practises (and because he is loth that Sadler should depart as they would enforce him), Sadler is forthwith to signify to Arren and the rest that, having been in the beginning directed to the whole Parliament and now commanded to remain, as he has done, until it was eftsoons assembled, he forbore to repair to Arren when sent for, "having no commandment to commune with him alone, seeing that he failed in his word, honour and promise" to the King; but now he desires safe conduct from all the states (or else hostages to be laid at Berwick) to come and declare certain things tending to their honors, the preservation of the young Queen and the weal of the whole realm. Refusal of this will show to all the world that they mind the unquietness of both realms.
To the Parliament he shall say (speech prescribed verbatim) that he never thought to have cause to speak as he now must; for he knew the affection of the King to the preservation of his pronepte and the government of Scotland in peace, and saw here such an appearance of good will to embrace the same that he hoped for a pleasant end of his legation. Himself a poor man that ever loved honesty, he was sent from a Prince of great honor to them that should esteem honor; and, was the more grieved that any here should will him dishonorably to depart, and therefore desired to abide in a place of safety until the assembling of Parliament, where he might show the cause of his departure as he did that of his coming; and albeit the King means him not to dissuade them from the war they seek, his Majesty is content that he may declare what has passed since his coming, so that, by the truth, every man's doings may appear; whereby such as have been seduced may understand how they ought to work, and such as, with the trouble of this realm, work their own advancement may be ashamed. When God, after a great victory given to the King, took their Sovereign to His mercy, the Three Estates of this realm sued for peace and marriage between the Prince of England and the young Queen; and sent ambassadors who concluded the articles, rejoicing (with others here) that the King took not his advantage to press them therein, but passed the covenants indifferently. The covenants were here, by him that occupies the place of Governor, ratified, and sent by the laird of Fife to the King as the act of the whole realm. Albeit during the treaty, difficulties were devised by certain who seek their own glory rather than the common weal, all things proceeded thus far honorably; and if, with the ratification, the hostages had been delivered as the treaty of marriage purported, and other things done as agreed unto by their ambassadors, instead of war they might have had love. The King willed him to tarry here to declare to them as he has done; and he repeats the conditions which they promised and ratified, and that they have not caused the hostages to be delivered, although the King forbore certain days after the day appointed "and in a manner till the revolt of him which is your fugitive Governor." They all know by whose means the let has been; for the King esteems the fault in the Cardinal, who works only to please France; which pleasing of France some among them have cause to know how many lives it has cost them. Therefore, if they mind quietness, let them first render in the King's prisoners whom they detain and cause the others to return when demanded, put their Queen in safer custody, believe not the promises of France, perform the promises made in Parliament and lay in substantial hostages for them. Doing this, they may live quietly and have a more assured friend than "any other prince or potentate in the world." As to the arrest of their ships and not ratification of the treaties by the King; the ships were taken by their Governor's consent, who desired the King to suffer none of the Cardinal's faction to pass, nor none other without his safe-conduct, fearing that the Cardinal would steal away into France; and if it be said that the King denied the ratification of the treaties, the laird of Fife and the letter he carried from the King to him who calls himself Governor can testify the contrary, Fife having requested that, as his master was towards a conflict with the Cardinal, he might go to serve him and return in time for the ratification. If the hostages had been laid as the treaty required, the King would gladly have performed his part. Puts it to them whether it shall be better to preserve the credit of their Parliament, "imputing the default to such as have offended," or, else, for the satisfaction of a few, to allow the breach of that which by all their consents was concluded. Requires "an expedite and brief answer herein."
In case the Parliament will not grant safe-conduct as above, he shall not venture to repair to them, but remain at Temptallon until further instructed by Suffolk.
Copy, pp. 18. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Sadleyr, xiij Decembris, 1543.
13 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 177. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 137.
487. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has seen his letters to them of the 9th and 10th inst., and the letters addressed therewith out of Scotland, showing Dunlanrike's and the sheriff of Ayer's continued good inclination and their hope to win Argile; and also the order taken touching the forbearing of them of Tyvydale and the Marshe, which the King approves, thinking that their going or not going to the Parliament will show their disposition towards him. The King conceives from Dunlanrike's letter that, albeit he and the Sheriff have been at some charge, they are loth to take any pension until they have brought his affairs to better effect. Suffolk shall cause Wharton to signify to them that the King never knew till now, upon the view of Dunlanrike's letter, that they had been at any expense, or they should not have been so long unrewarded, and has appointed Wharton to deliver them each 500 cr. for a token, and will, upon some good effect of their service, give them pensions; praying them, in their treaty with Argile, to show him what commodity (or, else, what displeasure) he may receive from the King, to whose friendship that of France or any other is not to be compared, and to promise him, if he stick wholly to the King, a pension of 1,000 cr., yea! rather than fail, 2,000 cr., of which pension 1,000 cr. is ready to be delivered (and Suffolk shall send Wharton 1,000 cr. to be forthwith delivered to Dunlanrike and the Sheriff, and 1,000 cr. to be kept ready for Argile) and that, whereas he is often vexed with the wild Irish and "Keterel," he may always be sure of the King's aid out of Ireland "for the suppression of the said Catterelles," but if he neglect this gracious offer and continue with the King's enemies, the King will, by sending men from Ireland and entertaining Scots, burn his country when France shall have neither power nor leisure to aid him. And they shall warn him that if the King once determine to be revenged upon Scotland, for their dishonorable proceedings, he "will and is able to go through withal in such sort as it shall be spoken of whiles the world standeth, and so as all the friends Scotland hath shall not be able to resist him" though they had nothing else to do; from which hitherto he has refrained in respect of his young pronept and to save Christian blood. Wharton shall signify this to Dunlanrik and require knowledge of his proceedings with diligence. The 2,000 cr. Suffolk may take of the money he stayed in the receivers' hands, or of the 1,500l. at Berwick, as it may the soonest be brought to Wharton. The King requires to know with speed when the Parliament began at Edinburgh and how long it shall continue.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 6. Endd. : The Counsaill to the duke of Suffolk, the xiijth of Decembre.
13 Dec.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI., II., No. 268*.]
488. Chapuys to Granvelle.
After several disputes, the affair of Captain Landemberg has been resolved more advantageously than Chapuys wrote the other day, the King charging him with 1,000 horse (200 barded, 300 arquebusiers and the rest lances) and 4,000 foot, of which band he shall be chief and colonel.
Since his last, has sent again to Court to solicit the affair of the safeconducts; but the Council will not consent thereto, alleging their former reasons, especially that no greater war could be made to the French than by interdicting commerce, and saying that 15 or 16 of their merchants who were detained at Rouen (and are lately returned hither on parole or in exchange for Frenchmen arrested here) advertise them that, if commerce is refused, there would shortly be revolt in divers parts of France, where already the cloth-makers, especially bonnet-makers, murmur because, for want of wool, they cannot work, nor, consequently, live. The Council maintain that it is contrary to the treaty (which says that the enemies are to be damaged by all means) to assist them with victuals like herrings and other merchandise; and have sent to pray Chapuys earnestly to beg the Emperor not to permit the safe-conducts. Has replicated and triplicated, most urgently, things which he will not weary him by relating; and begs instructions.
Nothing is heard of affairs of Scotland. London, 13 Dec. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. endd. : receues a Bruxelles le xxvij de Decembre 1543.
13 Dec.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 270.]
489. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
To the same effect as his letter to Granvelle (No. 488), taking the matter of the safe-conducts first, with the sentence about Don Fernande's coming in the letter of the 11th (No. 479). London, 13 Dec. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern abstract from Vienna.
13 Dec.
R. O.
490. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
1543, 13th in Dec. at Tyckford :Commendations to you and my cousin your wife. By your letters I perceive the clearing of my bills. I have appointed my money at Callais much as you write. Your gear that Cowper brought is delivered to your men, and weighs 664 lbs. Your letters for London "I will send as soon as I can."
P.S.I trust you will keep your appointment for Christmas. There is delivered to your servant your mill with the implements, a fardel and a small chest mailed with Calais thread, and a little hamper for my cousin Otwell.
Hol. p. 1. Mutilated. Add. : merchant of the Staple at Calais : at Polbroucke. Endd. : "Answered by mowthe at X'pemes."
13 Dec.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 442.
491. Parliament Of Scotland.
[Continued from 12 Dec.] Present : The Governor. Sederunt : The lords of Articles and Secret Council, viz., Cardinal, Glasgow, Orkney, Argyle, Montrose, Cupar, Erskin, Fleming, Ad. Ottirburn, Walt. Ogilby, Wm. Hammiltoun. Business :
Oliver Sinclar to deliver Kirkwall castle to the Queen mother.
(fn. 5) The Cardinal accepted the office of Chancellor, at the desire of the Governor and lords of Articles.
Process of Wm. lord Crechton against John Leslie, parson of Kynnoule, referred to arbitrators.
Ib 443. 2. Parliament held at Edinburgh, 13 Dec., 1543, by the Queen's Commissioners, viz., Wm. earl of Montrose. John lord Erskin, John abbot of Paisley, treasurer, Alex. abbot of Cambuskenneth, Walter of St. John's, Mr. Jas. Foulis, clerk register, and Hen. Lauder, Queen's advocate. Prorogued to 15 Dec.
13 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,593, f. 267. B. M. [Spanish Calendar, VI., II, No. 269.]
492. Charles V.
Secret instructions for Don Fernando de Gonzaga.
"Par-dessus le contenu en l'autre instruction que vous, etc., le Sr Don Fernande de Gonsaga, etc., portez et pourrez monstrer si veez, par l'advis de nostre ambassadeur, Messire Eustace Chappuis," to show confidence and obviate the scruples which the English are accustomed to make, it will be very requisite to conclude precisely concerning the enterprise of the present year, lest the whole war fall upon us through the King of England not providing his army in time, or withdrawing it on account of the Scots, or upon some other pretence. You must therefore enquire, especially by means of the said ambassador, whether there is likelihood of agreement with the Scots, and what the King means to do this year on that side; and show the King that this enterprise is necessary to prevent the king of France sending assistance next year to the Scots or traversing his designs there in the future. It must also be known who shall have charge of the King's army, in order that you may gain his good will for us. If after having insisted that the King discharge us of the pay of the 2,000 (fn. 6) horse and 2,000 lansquenets mentioned in the other instruction, you cannot attain it, "fauldra regarder si le pourrez induyre de le faire en prenant a nostre charge l'autre emprinse d' Italie, dont aussi la dicte instruction fait mencion, mais il sera bien, avant que venir a ceste particuliere dispute des dits gens de cheval et de pied, luy faire bien entendre, incorporer, gouter et approuver laditte emprinse, pour apres le resercher de ceste compensacion." Also you will try if possible to obtain some money for the Swiss. Brussels, 13 Dec.
French. Modern transcript from Brussels, pp. 2.
Add MS. 28,173. f. 946. B. M. 2. Another modern transcript, but so faulty as to be of no value.
French, pp. 4.
14 Dec. 493. Bishopric of Worcester.
See Grants in December, No. 14.
14 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653. f. 181. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 138.
494. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Send herewith a letter of Angus, Glencarne and Cassels to Suffolk, letters of Sir George Douglas and Mr. Sadleyr, who is come to Berwick with Sir George before the Council's letters for his stay reached him; and copies of letters to Angus, Glencarne and Cassels and to Sir George, and of a schedule sent to Mr. Shelley and Sir George to deliver and receive the money. Considering that the King wrote that, if there seemed likelihood of his friends in Scotland doing service, Suffolk should employ the money among them, and considering also their credence to Sir George and the declaration to Sadleyr by James Douglas of the Parke Hedge, who was sent for the money, it was thought best to give it forthwith to be employed during the sitting of the Parliament, and not by delay to make them think themselves suspected and shrink back, where now they must needs show themselves noble men. Where the schedule shows that Suffolk has only appointed 200l. to Sir George who demanded 300l. (and had 200l. before which made up the 1,500l.); Suffolk stayed 100l. which was sent for Angus above his wages but not demanded, and asks whether to give this 100l. to Sir George if he demand it. The King's friends' device to have Sadleyr lie at Carlisle rather than at Temptallon is "to little purpose"; for no man can serve there better than Wharton, who might think some fault was found in his service if another man should lie there for what he himself could do. Suffolk has written (copy herewith) to Sir George to send in a book of the assurance of his friends.
This morning arrived the Council's letters of the 11th; and Suffolk has accordingly set forth, by Wharton, the practise for winning Argile by the sheriff of Ayre and Donelangrig, and has also written to Wharton to practise with them to win Huntley and Murrey also, as the Council wrote. Darnton, 14 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
14 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653. f. 183. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 138 (1).
495. Suffolk to Angus, Glencarne and Casselles.
Has received their letters, written at Douglas, 30 Nov., showing their intention to proceed against their enemies and desiring credence for Sir George Douglas. Doubts not but, like noble men, they will accomplish their promise; and has, therefore, delivered, to Sir George and James Douglas of the Parke Hedge, money to be distributed amongst them and the King's friends as in the schedule enclosed. Prays them to see the money paid, and send the bills of receipt to Suffolk for his discharge. Darnton, 14 Dec.
Copy, p. 1. Headed : Copie of my lord of Suffolk's lettre to th'erles of Anguishe, Glencarne and Cassels.
14 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 184. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 138(2).
496. Suffolk to Sir George Douglas.
Has received his letter of the 12th with one of Angus, Glencarne and Cassels dated 30 Nov. (which he marvels was so long in coming) desiring credence for him. Perceives that they mean to serve the King and desire aid of money, which a gentleman of Angus's is come to receive. Has written to Mr. Shelley to pay to him and James Douglas of the Hedge, sums of money contained in the schedule herewith; which is made in accordance with his letter, save that only 200l. is appointed to him (for 1,500l. was sent to Berwick for this purpose according to his device, whereof he has had 200l., so that only 1,300l. remains). Prays him and James Douglas to give a bill of receipt for Shelley's discharge, and to see the money paid as in the schedule. As he lies nearest, Suffolk was the more bold to diminish his sum rather than that others should be disappointed. Prays him to get particular bills of receipt from each man and send them to Suffolk for his discharge, whereupon Shelley will return his bill; and also to urge the King's friends now to show themselves men of honor.
Where he writes that he will sign a book of the friends under his assurance in the Marshe and send it to Suffolk, he should get his friends to set their hands to the book. Until the book is received the assurance is but at Suffolk's pleasure. And where he writes that he has advertised his friends in Tevidale to keep the 20th inst. for making and taking redress; Suffolk desires word forthwith whether any of them will keep that day, and where (so that the wardens may be warned), and whom he (Sir George) will send thither. Encloses a letter to be conveyed to Angus, Glencarne and Casselles. Darnton, 14 Dec.
Copy, pp. 3. Headed : The copie of my lord of Suffolkes lettre to Sir George Douglas.
Ib. f. 186. 2. The schedule above referred to viz. :
"To th'earl of Anguisshe two hundreth pounds sterling money of England." Glencarne 200 mks. Casselles 200 mks. The Master of Maxwell 100l. The sheriff of Ayre 100l. The laird of Drumlangrig 100l. The earl Marshall, John Charters and lord Graye's friends in the North, 350 mks. Sir George Douglas and his friends in the Marshe and Lowdyane 200l.
P. 1.
15 Dec.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 292. B. M.
497. John Robinson to Lord Cobham.
Petition from [John Robinson], baker, of London, for payment of a debt of 4l. 5s. 7d., the world being "so sore decayed" that he can forbear it no longer. Durst not send for it before because the plague has been reigning in London all this year. London, 15 Dec. "in anno xxxv.to" Signed : "By youer Jhon Robinson."
Hol. p. 1. Add. : Unto the right honorable lorde Cobam.
15 Dec.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II., 443.
498. Parliament Of Scotland.
Held at Edinburgh, 15 Dec. 1543, by Arran, as Tutor and Governor. Present : The Governor and fifty-four others named. Business :
(fn. 7) Authority to prelates and ordinaries to enquire of and proceed against heretics.
Ratification of the institution of the College of Justice.
The Acts for the Declaration of them that came to Striveling and Linlithqw, Declaration of the peace and marriage with England, Answer to the ambassadors of France, and Ratification of the College of Justice, were read and published.
Ratification of a grant by Kilwynnyng abbey to the College of Justice of a pension out of the vicarage of Dunlop.
Parliament prorogued to 18 Feb. next.
Precept (recited) of the Governor touching the above pension from Dunlop, dated (blank) Dec. 1543.
15 Dec.
Teulet, I. 137.
499. Scotland and France.
Treaty between Mary Queen of Scots and Francis I. made at Edinburgh 15 Dec. 1543, 2 Mary, confirming and renewing all the permanent obligations of certain treaties mentioned in the preamble and of all other treaties between France and Scotland from the time of King Charles of France and King Robert of Scotland. Commission (recited) of Francis I. to the Sieur de La Brosse and Jacques Mesnaige, of the Parliament of Rouen, to conclude this, dated at the camp of Marolles, 20 June 1543.
In the preamble Mary notifies that, her father having been dead a year and she still in her cradle, and Henry King of England, her great uncle, bent on subduing both her and her kingdom by war, Francis King of France, considering the love he bore to her father and the ancient leagues between their predecessors against the kings of England, their common enemies, sent James de Labrossa, knight, lord of the same and of Chattovene, his cup-bearer, and James Mesnage, doctor of laws, lord of Cagny, his Councillor, to her and the nobles of her realm. Which ambassadors, in Parliament held by her Governor and the Three Estates in Edinburgh, 11 Dec. 1543, announced that they were sent to aid her and her subjects, vexed in war by the King of England, and confirm the treaties between France and Scotland. And thereupon, after examining all the treaties made since the time of King Robert I. (especially the treaty made at Paris in 1[4]84, that made at Blois 22 May 1512, and that made at Rouen 26 Aug. 1517 and confirmed 13 June 1522) the Governor and Three Estates decreed that they should be confirmed.
Lat. Printed from the original at Paris.
R. O. [R. T. 137 f. 157.] 2. Modern copy of the above.
Pp. 5.
B. M. 3. Other modern copies are in Harl. MS. 1244, f. 189, and Add. MS. 30, 666, f. 207b.
16 Dec. Royal MS. 18 B. VI., 159. B. M. Epp. Reg. Sc., II., 177. 500. Arran to the Imperial Council at the Hague in Holland.
Although there was no cause why either Hollanders should do anything offensive to Scots or Scots to Hollanders, considering their constant friendship through so many centuries and that the Emperor Charles V., four years ago, with our King, confirmed and increased the leagues between the Kings of Scots and the House of Austria; yet, last July, a Scottish ship under Andrew Buk, bringing from Danzic provisions and some small guns (minutula tormenta) for war, purchased by our command, is taken by two armed ships of the lord of Meemblic and led captive into a port of Holland. Reminds them of the effect of such an injury if not redressed; and begs them, as the Emperor's justices in Holland, to command restitution and permit free commerce between Scots and Hollanders. Edinburgh, 16 Dec. 1543.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
Royal MS. 18 B. VI., 222b. B. M. 2. Another copy.
Lat., pp. 2.
16 Dec.
R. O. St. P.X., 569.
501. Layton to Henry VIII.
Arrived on the 10th. On the 13th took Mr. Wotton (with whom he had had two days' conference) with him to the Regent, and delivered Henry's letter and declared his credence. She accepted them thankfully and promised him access at all times for Henry's affairs, and information of all matters concerning the great amity between him and the Emperor. She then asked how the Queen, Prince, and ladies Mary and Elizabeth did, and whether Henry and they "continued still in one household," and the like. Finally, she said she had no news other than Granvelle had, by the Emperor's command, declared to Wotton the day before, repeating some of it to show that Granvelle had been so commanded, and that, as long as the Emperor abode in the Low Parts, she would refer all to him. Bruxelles, 16 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
17 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 188. B. M. Hamilton Papers. II., No. 139.
502. Suffolk and Sadler to the Council.
Received this morning letters to Suffolk from Wharton and from Angus, Cassells and Glencarne, with others (all sent herewith), showing how Wharton has proceeded with Donlanrick and the Master of Maxwell. Where Wharton writes that he has concluded with Donlanerick to offer 2,000 cr. pension to Argile, whereof 1,000 cr. to be paid in hand; this was Suffolk's advice, for, with the poverty among them, an offer of money in hand will sooner win him than that of a yearly pension. If the noblemen of Scotland accept these offered pensions, it is to be remembered how the money is to be paid to them presently, for here little remains. Darneton, 17 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
18 Dec.
Royal MS. 18 B., VI. 159b. B. M.
503. [Arran] to Paul III.
John Donald, when, in the Rota at Rome, he obtained the priory of regular canons of Blantyure, Glasgow dioc., against certain courtiers (aulicos), "confestim eundem prioratum cum omni suo jure in Thomas (sic) Hugonis coram certo Camere Apostolice notario transtulit, qui quidem Thomas simul atque prestiti consensus notulam ab eodem notario ac parvam datam (neutro enim ultra hec cessio dicitur progressa) signature conficiende a vestro Datario recepisset, statim in patriam est reversus, ibique aquandiu (sic) asservatus. Rege deinde mortuo, iniqua et turbulenta subsequuta sunt tempora que impedimento fuerunt quominus dicta cessionis notula in Camere Apostolice libris possit explicari, parvaque data signature in formam solitam digeri." Begs him, on behalf of the said Thomas, to do what is just in this, upon the instruction of old Duncan, who knows the matter. Edinburgh, 18 Dec. 1543.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
20 Dec.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 253. B. M.
504. The Privy Council to Cranmer.
As he will be unable, by reason of the fire (fn. 8) which lately happened in his house, suitably to receive the Viceroy as he intended, the King thinks that he should be absent from Canterbury; and therefore requires him to leave the entertainment there of the Viceroy to lord Cobham and himself repair hither to Court. Westm., 20 Dec. 1543. Signed by Norfolk, Russell and Paget.
In Paget's hand, p. 1. Add. : in Canterbury. Marked by Paget : "Haste, post, haste."
20 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 207. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., 141.
505. The Scottish Prisoners.
"Answer made by my lord Governor of Scotland unto Harry Ray, officer of arms to the King of England, upon ane writing brought by the said officer to be shown to the three Estates of Scotland in Parliament." As the said writing was presented to the Governor on 20 Dec. inst. (touching the re-entrance of certain prisoners whom the King of England let home upon hostages, whereof part are now in ward), long after the Three Estates were departed, the Governor doubts whether his answer will be acceptable; but if the King desires answer of the Governor and Council, "tha salbe reddy to mak the samyn quhen it beis requirit." Signed : James G.
P. 1. Endd. : Th'erle of Arren's answer to Henry Raye, pursuyvant of Barwik.
2. Letter book copy of the above.
P. 1.
20 Dec.
Royal MS. 18 B., VI. 159. B. M. Epp. Reg. Sc., II., 178.
506. Scotland.
Letters of Mary Queen of Scots in favour of Hans Andersoun and John Thomeson, her subjects, who are about to set forth with their ship, the Mary, to trade and to recoup themselves for the loss of all things which they suffered last year by the English enemy; that they may be received and aided by her allies, and not counted as pirates. Signed by the earl of Arran, at Edinburgh, 20 Dec. 1543.
Lat., copy, pp. 2.
Royal MS. 18 B., VI. 223. B. M. 2. Another copy.
Lat., p. 1.
20 Dec.
R. O.
507. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
1543, 20 Dec. :Sorry to see, by his letter, that Cave's sister Chauntrell's weakness prevents him keeping his appointment here; but prays him to send his brother Otwell on Christmas Even, for there will be company enough at Sybbertofte. Sends his male, but has not heard of the saddle. Mr. Smythe has sent 200l. for him, by Geo. Graunte. Begs him, if he go to Sybbertofte, to speak with [Mr.] Pulteney, with whom he made the reckoning last year. Has provided a man for the meal of his "milnes grinding." Prays him to come hither soon that they may have some leisure together. Commendations to him and his wife from Cave and his wife.
Hol., p. 1. Slightly mutilated. Add. : at Polbroke. Endd. : "Answered by mouth at Tickford."
20 Dec.
R. O.
508. Henry Sudwyke to John Johnson.
Calles, 20 Dec., 1543 :Has received his of the 26th ult. Wm. Gifford writes that he has received the "specialties" and can content John Calthrop and others. I intend to be at the finishing of your affairs myself. Has here sold lace to Carle Pantin, of Bruges, and also made sales (specified) of Mr. Cooap's and Mrs. Fayre's wool. In my last I wrote "the account of your good host of Donckerke."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : at Polbroke.


  • 1. Called by the English Balthazar the Surgeon.
  • 2. The above Acts are printed in Epp. Reg. Scotorum, II. 311.
  • 3. Dec. 9.
  • 4. Both the contents and the endorsement show that the word "November" in the date is a slip of the pen for "December."
  • 5. This article printed in Epp. Rey Sc. II. 315.
  • 6. "dix m." in 2.
  • 7. This Act is printed in Epp. Reg. Sc., II. 315.
  • 8. Stow's Chronicle records that "The 18 of December the Archbishoppe of Canterburies pallace at Canterburie was brent and therein was brent his brother in law and other men."