Henry VIII: March 1544, 11-20

Pages 106-122

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1, January-July 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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March 1544, 11-20

11 March. 186. Dr. Nicholas Wotton.
R. O. The King's warrant to Sir Edward North, treasurer of Augmentations, to pay diets of 40s. to Dr. Wotton, dean of Canterbury (which by letters of 1 July 35 Hen. VIII. were appointed to be paid to him as ambassador in Flanders with the lady Regent from 24 June), now that he is appointed attendant upon the Emperor, from 15 Jan. last, and also deliver him his diets beforehand for six months from this 10th (sic) day of March, with due allowance for passage, portage and post money. Westm., 11 March 35 Hen. VIII.
Copy, pp. 2. Subscribed as the true copy of the warrant "which warrant remaineth to be seen as well for the payment of this sum as for other sum to be paid as in the years following shall appear."
11 March. 187. For the Expedition against Scotland.
R. O. Warrant by Winchester and St. John, to Sadler, to pay bearer, George Everat, whom the Council have appointed controller of the pursers of the ships in this journey towards the North parts, 50l. to provide necessaries for 3,000 men. Westm., 11 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed.
Subscribed with Everat's receipt the same day, from John Hales. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: treasurer of the King's Majesty's wars in the North parts.
R. O. 2. Like warrant of the same date to pay 310l. to Thos. Savage and John Love, who are appointed to provide "beffes," and have already delivered 229 oxen.
Subscribed as received on 12 March.
P. 1. Add.
11 March. 188. Paget to [Hertford].
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 3.
St. Papers, 11.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Has received his sundry letters and procured answers as follows:—1. In opening letters he shall do as Suffolk did. 2. Paget is to devise and send him a cipher with diligence. 3. After some debate, the King grants his licence for 1,000 tun. His servant Mr. Berwicke will have the bill drawn, and Paget will get it signed. 4. The King said the letter to the bp. of Sarum was not needed, as Hertford had said he and the bp. were agreed, and the thing could not conveniently be granted, being in the middle of the diocese; but, upon Paget's answer, the King was content to write. The King told him what to write; but he will also draw another letter of his own device and show the King both. 5. Touching the trumpets the Lord Chamberlain will take order; but the King will reserve Newman for himself because he is "a merry fellow."
Thinks he will shortly hear of the 1,000 kerne and should send hither for some demihakes for them, and remind Mr. Sadleyr to send money to Goodman of Chester for their entertainment after landing, which money may be taken of that in Mr. Uvedale's hands. The King thinks that those who make raids in Scotland should leave written upon the church door or other place of the towns they spoil such words as "You may thank your Cardinal of this; for if he had not been, you might have been in quiet and rest, for the contrary whereof he hath travailed as much as can be, to bring you to sorrow and trouble." Hertford will hear shortly from the lord Admiral. Things be fast preparing.
We have agreed to declare the King of Denmark enemy, if the Emperor will needs have it and will forbear until we may withdraw our merchants' goods. Our billet is despatched into Flanders by Browne and Brooke of Calais. Stephen Vaughan and Thos. Chamberlain depart to-morrow towards Mons. de Bures for the presting at the King's charge of 2,000 footmen more than he brings at the Emperor's charge. We have written to Dr. Wootton to levy 1,000 horsemen, with the Emperor's advice, instead of Gymnick's band, who has written to you that he cannot serve as Landeburg serves. The King has your letters (i.e., from Gymnick) with all the rest of the answer to you. We have word that 10,000 shall be shipped in Normandy for Scotland, but we believe it not, although I think they will send some.
I pray God send you good speed in your journey. Westm., 11 March, at night, 1543.
Hol., pp. 4. Flyleaf with address lost.
[11] (fn. n1) March 189. [Hertford to the Bishop of Llandaff.]
Hatfield MS.
231, No.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
The duke of Suffolk, lately lieutenant here, of late wrote to Mr. Stanhop and to the sheriffs of York, Nottingham and Derby shires to certify what able cart-horses were within these shires. Stanhop has already certified for Hullshire and Holderness and the sheriff for Nottingham and Derby shires. As you have better knowledge in those parts than I, and the sheriff of Yorkshire has not yet sent his certificate, I require you to send for it and, joining it with the others herewith, to appoint one or two persons immediately to view the horses and choose out 140 of the best for draught and carriage of ordnance, to be at Newcastle upon Tyne by the 26th "of this instant March" for the King's important affairs, appointing one tall fellow to every five horses to keep them. You shall foresee that the prices paid for them are reasonable and send hither for the money.
Draft corrected by Sadler, pp. 2.
11 March. 190. Sir Ralph Eure to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 30.
St. Papers, 12.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Will, according to Hertford's letter, repair to Newcastle on Monday next. John Charltone, the outlaw, lately made suit to him, through a Scottishman, to speak with Suffolk. When last at Darntone, showed this to Suffolk, who commanded Eure to speak with Charlton. Has now done so, at a place in Tynedale, and encloses his sayings. Also sends herewith his own opinion concerning the burning of Jedworth, which is the strength of all Tyvidale, and that once destroyed, a small force can command the borders of Scotland. The Provost of Jedworth has been with the Governor and the Cardinal, to solicit aid from them; to which they replied "that they trustyde not long to be at a quyatnes with Englonde, or ells they shuld have ayde." Chipchace, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1 Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
12 March. 191. [Hertford to Sir Ralph Eure.]
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 40.
St. Papers, 13.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Has received his dated Chipchase, 11th inst., with the schedules enclosed. As to the conference with John Charlton, will tell him his mind at their meeting. As to the burning of Jedworth by certain Scotsmen; if the whole town, or the better part, shall be burnt, the 20 mks. for it would be well employed, but not if only a house here and there is burnt. Has appointed the persons Eure names to do the exploits at Jedworth and Kelsawe, and Eure himself to be here on Monday next, when they will further consult upon those matters. Newcastle, 12 March.
Draft corrected by Sadler, p. 1.
13 March. 192. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231. No. 107.
St. Papers, 15.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
The King has received his letters and heard the credence brought by Sir John Penven and Linoux's secretary, which was to the same effect as he wrote. Where he asks the King's pleasure touching lord Maxwell's assurance; if Maxwell enter, as Hertford has summoned him to do, he is to be given assurance, but if not, Hertford shall "cause to be done what may be doon for the annoyaunce of him to the uttermost." Westm., 13 March. Signed by Russell, Cheyne, Gage, Paget and Petre.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
13 March. 193. Robert bp. of Llandaff to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 55.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Received his letters dated at Darnetone 11 March, and, accordingly, has appointed Lancelot Allfurthe, the King's servant, and Will. Grymstone, gent., to view the cart-horses in Mr. Stanhope's certificate to his Lordship and that of the sheriff of Yorkshire and other officers to the writer, the double whereof, together with the book received from his Lordship, is sent by bearer, Ric. Golthorpe. Commanded Alfurthe and Grymstone to take 140 of the strongest horses and accomplish the rest of Hertford's letter. Has sent Arthur Dyneley, an honest and witty man, to view the horses certified by the sheriff of Nottinghamshire, in case the aforesaid number may not be found in this shire. Sends Ric. Golthorpe for money for their provision. At the last return of the King's army from Scotland, Norfolk and others of the Council then here sent certain of his Highness's cart-horses into sundry parks in Yorkshire to be kept. Has charged the keepers of them to put them ready, and asks whether to reckon such of them as are able to draw as part of the 140. Will be at Newcastle on the day he appoints with another copy of the "said book" showing the price of every horse. York, 13 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
13 March. 194. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
Add. MS.
32 654, f. 23.
B. M.
ii. 185
St. Papers, 13.
On arriving here, enquired of the mayor and brethren what grain was here for the furniture of the army when it arrives. Enclose their certificate, showing that the town is utterly unfurnished for such a purpose. In the country round, especially Northumberland and the Bishopric, is great dearth of corn and victuals; so that relief must be sent hither or even the garrisons cannot continue on the Borders. (fn. n2) The certificate also shows what grain is bargained for in Norfolk and Suffolk, where the ships of this town, sent for it, are stayed by the restraint of corn for the King's provisions. If these ships were home here, they would be more ready to serve the enterprise which the Council know of; who should order their release and send them hither with all speed, under conserve, as 7 tall ships of two or three tops, suspected to be Frenchmen, have hovered these 10 or 12 days off Scath Rode, waiting, in all likelihood, for the ships of this town now in Flanders.
Remind them to send by sea, with the lord Admiral, 1,000 demy hakes for the 1,000 kerne, hackbuttiers, who are coming from Ireland. Have just received the Council's letter addressed to Hertford and Sadler touching 612l. 9s. 4d. paid, by the Council's warrant, of the money left with John Hales. The 6,000l. was left with Hales, by the appointment of Winchester and lord St. John, for provisions for "this enterprise against Scotland"; and the letter of these two is Sadler's warrant for payments which the Council may appoint for the provisions, so that the 612l. 9s. 4d. needs no such warrant as the Council write of. It may not be employed for any other purpose than the provisions, as Winchester knows; and, because neither he nor St. John sign the Council's letter, the writers doubt to what purpose the 612l. 9s. 4d. is employed. Pray them, if it is not for provisions, to cause it to be repaid. Newcastle, 13 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
Hatfield MSS.
231. No. 38.
[Cal. Of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
2. Draft of the above, from which it is printed in Haynes' State Papers. In Sadler's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: depeched xiijo Marcii, at none.
Add. MS.
32,654. f. 25.
ii., No. 185(1).
3. Book made 13 March 35 Henry VIII., showing the amounts of grain of various kinds in the hands of 17 merchants (named) of Newcastle, and the amounts bargained for by them in Norfolk; also the amount of the King's store there, viz., 50 qr. wheat and 400 qr. Malt. Total, 788 qr. in the town and 3,700 qr. bargained for.
Pp. 3.
Ib. f. 27. 4. Names (with the owners, tonnage, and the ports at which they lie) of the 18 ships of Newcastle now at Boston, Lynne, Hull, Heddon in Humber, London and Bridlington.
Pp. 2.
13 March. 195. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. A gentleman named Landshad has declared that the King wishes him and Gymmenich to serve with 1,000 horsemen; but certain articles have been sent to him which he cannot accept, viz. to have for every horseman monthly, 12 gyldens of 20 stivers Brabantz, and for every cart 12 gyldens. He says none serve the Emperor or the Empire but they have for horsemen 12 gyldens of 15 batzes, and for carts 24 such gyldens, which are worth 25 stivers Brabantz. He has written to Sir Thos. Seymour herein (letter enclosed) and desires answer with speed; for he has been already required to serve the Emperor, and fears "lest he be destituted both ways; for the [se men] here love nothing worse than to be idle when other men are . . . . . . . ."
King Ferdinand with two of his sons came hither on the 11th in the early morning "with a small company, but his train followeth after." Count Guyllam of Furstenberg is charged, by the Emperor, to take up 20 ensigns of footmen. "Of the lanceknechts that came of late out of France, the captains and gentlemen that hath somewhat to lose are in trouble still; the rest is dismissed under certain promises and oaths never to serve against the Emperor." It is said that the Princes have concluded to declare the French king enemy. The ambassador of Ferrara affirms this, but, till he hears it of Granvelle or other of the Council, Wotton will not believe it. The Emperor is already in hand with the captains of Germany for both horsemen and footmen; so that, if the King wishes any, money should be sent soon to retain them before the best are all gone. Sent letters, 8 or 9 days ago, to Mr. Layton to forward. Spyre, "the thyrtethe of Marche 1543." Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: xiijo Martii 1543.
13 March. 196. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix.,617.
The King of the Romans arrived yesterday. The Diet (comitia) proceeds slowly. The Protestants wish the establishment of peace and reform of the judgment of the Chamber before they grant any aid, while the others contend that the articles should be taken in the order in which they were proposed, that is, help against the Turk first. The Catholics question the Emperor's declaration to the Protestants at Ratisbon, confirmed in the Diet of the following year by the King of the Romans and the Emperor's commissioners. All agree upon the necessity of providing against the Turks, but the question of an expedition to recover Hungary is deferred to next year. The Emperor presses for aid meanwhile against the French king, as one who has invaded the Empire and called the Turk into Christendom; but many think that an embassy to the French king would be worth while. Hints that little will be done about the religious dissension and the censure of the Chamber. The Brunswick controversy has not yet been treated.
Some companies of foot coming out of France down the Rhine were, 14 days ago, taken at Maintz. The soldiers were dismissed by the captain of the Emperor's guard, upon oath never again to serve the French king, but 16 officers have been brought prisoners to Spires. It is said that the French king dismissed them because he expected many thousands of Turkish soldiers; but some say they left because of stricter discipline and diminished pay. The Emperor urged the Catholic princes and states to write to the Bishop of Rome asking what he meant to do in this war; but they refused. Cardinal Farnese will return to the Emperor with conditions of peace. Maurice duke of Misnia has the Emperor's mandate to raise 2,000 horse, and Count William a Furstenberg 20 standards of foot; but no one assembles soldiers as yet. Margrave Albert of Brandenburg will bring the Emperor 600 horse. As the Emperor presses for aid against the French king, so the States ask the Emperor to contribute from his dominions of Lower Germany to the future army against the Turk. Spires, 13 March 1544.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1543.
14March. 197. The Privy Council to [Hertford].
Hatfield MS.
231. No. 82.
[Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 114.]
Young Newman, the bearer, is appointed to serve your Lordship in the place of a trumpeter, and is to be paid for his coat and conduct. Westminster, 14 March 1543.
P.S.—As the trumpeter (fn. n3) who remained this long time with the duke of Suffolk is instructed in French and necessary for his Grace's journey into France, he is to be sent hither on Newman's arrival. Signed by Russell, Essex, Lisle, Westminster, St. John, Wriothesley, Gage, Browne, and Paget.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
14 March. 198. Sir Thos. Seymour to the Earl of Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 65.
[Cal. Of Cecil
Pt. i., 91.]
For lack of weighty matter, has sent news that was sent to him out of Almain by Mr. Wotton, whose proceedings the King likes well. Concerning his two falcons, the founders have been so set to work lately by the King, that they will have no time for other work. Trusts they will be ready by Easter. As for the powder, perceives by Barweke "they have found to be sold in the town as much as shall serve him." Has no great store for the King, whose provision will (the Council think) cost 7,000l. at least "ere he goeth over." Received his letter concerning Davy Cleyton, whom he has not yet heard of; and will do what he may. "Our master and mistress, with my lord Prince, are merry, and so is my lady my sister, whom I will visit ere I sleep. And thus most heartily fare ye well, and send you a prosperous journey." Westm., 14 March.
ii. Wotton to Seymour. (fn. n4)
The Frenchmen being busy already in Pyemonte, and having taken one or two little holds and besieged Ivrea (but departed thence with the loss of 3,000 men), the Emperor now sends 6,000 lanzknechts to the Marquis del Guasto. Expects little disputing of matters of religion here, for "few learned men, at the least Scripture men," are here. The duke of Bruynswykes is like to occasion much business, and labours for his restitution. "The Protestants seem not much to stick to put his children in possession, but the Duke himself in no means." It seems that the matter of Catzenelleboghe, betwixt the Prince of Orendge, as count of Nassaw, and the Landgrave, shall be called in question, wherein doubtless the Landgrave will be earnest, "for it is the fairest flower in his garland." As the Prince is at the Emperor's command, the matter, though important, may be delayed at the Emperor's pleasure. The enclosed bill (fn. n5) shows "with what company the princes came in hither that are come already. And thus, &c."
Pp. 2. (§§ i and ii) Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: "To my brother therle of Hertforde."
15 March. 199. Charles Howard.
Add. Ch.
B. M.
Receipt by Charles Howard for 850 mks. from Leonard Chamberlayn, for purchase of Hurley priory and other lands, 15 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed by Howard and witnessed by Sir John Baldwyn. Seal (bearing the letters T.D.) appended.
15 March. 200. Hertford, Tunstall, and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 28.
B. M.
ii., No. 186.
Enclose letters from Sir Wm. and Sir Ralph Evres to Hertford showing exploits done and intelligence. The Council lately wrote to Hertford to order all Scottish prisoners taken on the Borders to be called into England until the accomplishment of the King's intended enterprise against Scotland. Sir Ralph's letter shows that 50 are entered and more are coming. It is not convenient to keep them so near the Borders, nor can victual be spared for such a number on this side York. Neither they nor their takers can bear their charges to York. Newcastle, 15 March.
P.S.—Enclose letters from Wharton. Sinned.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
15 March. 201. Hertford to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 30.
B. M.
ii., No. 187.
Reminds the King that some one should be deputed to supply his place in case of sickness or other chance. Mr. Sadelar says he is to remain on the Borders while Hertford is in Scotland, for the direction of letters. Thinks it better that Sadelar should go with them; for when they are a-land they must pay the soldiers by the day, and, at their return, they may, for the King's profit, land a great part of the army at Hulle and other places near their countries, which cannot be done unless the treasurer is present. Also Sadler's experience and intelligence in Scotland may further affairs; and my lords of Durram and President of the Council may direct letters here. Newcastle, 15 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
15 March. 202. [Hertford] to the Bishop of Llandaff.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 17.
[Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 115.]
Has received his letter of the 13th inst., with the certificate of draught horses, by Ric Goldethorpe, this bearer, who has received 200 marks in prest for their provision and conduct hither. Will pay any over-plus at Llandaff's coming. His diligence herein deserves thanks, and Hertford prays him to continue it by sending the horses at the time appointed. The King's horses which he has "caused to be taken up from gresse," if got ready by good feeding in the stable, shall go to make up the 140, all of which must be strong and able to serve. Newcastle, 15 March.
Draft, corrected by Sadler, p. 1. Endd: To the President at Yorke.
15 March. 203. Barnstaple.
R. O. Certificate by officers of the port of Barnstaple that John Nashe, master of the Mary Gerrge of Elmore, has there discharged and sold 7 weigh of pulse. Sealed 15 March 35 Hen. VIII. Seal gone.
Small paper, p. 1.
15 March. 204. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 619.
Wrote on the 2nd. Barbarossa has lost 14 galleys by tempest, returning from Alger, and many men in Provence by sickness, and is dissatisfied with the French king "for lack of payment of his solde." All men think that the French king is "exhausted of money." Guasto is marching towards the Frenchmen lying at the obsidion of Carignan, who number 22,000 footmen and 1,500 horsemen, while Guasto has 15,000 men in wages and a great number of "volunteers provoked to the war by exemption of ordinary tributes for certain years." A man is coming to this Signory from the Turk, for matters of small moment. This State and the Bishop of Rome stand in great fear of the things of Almayne. 2,000 Almains are coming to the Genevois (Genoese). Venice, 15 March 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
16 March. 205. For the Expedition against Scotland.
R. O. Warrant by Gardiner and St. John, to Sadler, to pay bearers, Thos. Savage and John Love, who are appointed by the Council to provide "beffes" for the King's affairs in the North parts and have already received certain money for the same, 100l. more. 16 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed.
Subscribed by Savage and Love, as received from John Hales, 17 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
16 March. 206. Chapuys to Charles V.
R. O.
vii. 50.]
Received, the night before last, his letters of the 5th inst.; and yesterday communicated with some of this Council touching the sending of kings of arms or other personages to Scotland, and also to the Duke of Holstein. Showed them the substance of the Emperor's letters and more, but could not persuade them that it was expedient either for them or Chapuys to propose it to the King; lest he should think it an invention to delay the declaration, which they think both very pressing and more than necessary. Their opinion was to await the Emperor's answer to Chapuys's letters of the 2nd inst. Prayed them, nevertheless, to communicate with the rest of the Council and jointly to speak with the King; and is hourly awaiting their answer, for which he sent this morning. Will advertise it as soon as he gets it, but thinks that in case the Emperor found it not expedient to make the said declaration it would be very à propos to put in practice his plan of sending a king of arms hither to pass into Scotland, supposing that the King will make no difficulty about the reciprocal with Holstein, as he has offered to use all means to entertain the Duke, in order that he may enterprise nothing (quit nen pregne riens, qu. quil nentrepregne rien?).
Thinks best not to mention the contribution to the enterprise on the side of Piedmont, as that would make difficulty and give occasion to withdraw, especially because of these doings in the said declaration.
The King continues in his intention to be personally in the enterprise of France and does not cease preparations, especially the making of engines to surprise towns and throw men into them in despite of the enemies, and the making of better and more portable boats than have been seen here before. He will take the Duke of Suffolk to lead the battle under him. Also they do not sleep about the gathering of money from the subsidy granted, which will amount to a very great sum. Believes that the King, not to touch his own treasure ("ce quil fait bien envy"), awaits the subsidy in order to send thither the money to levy the men in question, and that he has stayed sending the Commissioners to the Queen, so as to send the money with them. It is not for want of soliciting the Council that all is not provided; and Chapuys will not cease importuning them.
The King has sent him word that they of Douay have done him such honour and service in keeping the artillery and munitions which his men left there at the return from Landreschyz, and in the good treatment of those whom he sent thither, that he remained much obliged to them and desired to commend them to the Emperor.
Yesterday, with the Council, had no leisure to speak of the deposition of the herald, and, moreover, had not read it through; but will send it to them to be communicated to the King. (fn. n6)
Now, at closing this, his man is returned from Court with word from the Council that the King had certainly written to Mons. de Buren and provided money for levying the additional men, and had in like manner furnished for the levy of the men for whom Chr. Landembourg has commission, and the bills for the provisions to be made in Flanders had been sent to the Queen and doubtless presented to her since the date of Chapuys's last letters. Chapuys's man also brought word from the Admiral that he would leave for Scotland with the whole army by sea, within eight days; and would take men enough to land 12,000 or 15,000 and yet leave the ships well furnished; and that, before leaving, he wished to dine with Chapuys and talk more amply of everything. London, 16 March 1544.
Fr. Two modern transcripts (of the original and of a contemporary copy) from Vienna, each pp. 3.
16 March. 207. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 51.]
Received, the day before yesterday, jointly with the Emperor's despatch, her letters of the 9th. It will be well if she sends by the first [post] the certificate therein mentioned of the Duke of Holstein's defiance. The defiance itself is not needed. Since Chapuys last wrote the King has re-confirmed the safe-conducts for trading in France (save for exempt merchandise and, especially, the transporting of victuals into France, licensing however the carrying thither of 300 lasts of herrings, as Chapuys heretofore wrote to Jaspard Duchy to inform her). Upon the coming of her patents, will obtain the reciprocal.
As to the prejudice which would ensue to Flanders from the Emperor's declaration against Scotland those here will not hear of it, pretending that, by the said declaration and the great effort which is preparing here, Scotland would be at once reduced to obedience and the fishery more than ever free to them of Flanders; and that, at the worst, their ships and those of Flanders would be stronger than those of Scotland. As to the 3,000 men upon the sea of whom he wrote to her, he will certainly not enlarge upon that, but rather will make all possible excuses. Very likely that solicitation, as she conjectures, is to facilitate the declaration against Scotland; and the best excuse is to say (as, Chapuys believes, is true) that there is no French armada of importance at sea.
For the rest, refers to annexed copy of his letter to the Emperor. London, 16 March 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
208. Instructions to Vaughan and Chamberlain.
R. O. To exact satisfaction for displeasures done him by the French king, the King has covenanted with the Emperor to invade France (if God give him health) with a main army. To that end he has hired Captain Chr. van Landenbergh to serve him with 1,000 horsemen and 4,000 footmen, Almains, and has written to Dr. Wootton to entertain another captain with 1,000 horsemen; also, has obtained that Mons. de Bures shall lead the 2,000 horse and as many foot, which the Emperor is to furnish. In consideration of the affection of De Bures and his ancestors to the King and and his progenitors, the King means to add to his men 2,000 Almain foot. To expedite this with De Bures, and pay conduct money to him, Landenbergh and the Ambassador's captain, the King sends as his commissaries Stephen Vaughan and Thos. Chamberlayn, who shall proceed as follows:—
1. Repairing in post to De Bures they shall deliver him the King's letter and commendations, remind him that the ambassador now resident with the Emperor moved him to serve the King and obtained the Emperor's consent, and declare that the King wishes to add to his men 2,000 footmen. They shall then bargain with him for the entertainment of these footmen upon the same terms as Landenburgh's articles, but shall not stick at the valuation of a florin at 25 or 26 stuvers Brabantes, instead of 20 as in Landenbergh's rates, provided that the Emperor pays the semblable. They shall fix the place of musters, if Landenbergh's mustering place is not convenient, as near the King's frontier upon France as Maestricht; bargain in writing touching wages, weapons, &c., as with Landenbergh; deliver conduct money; and appoint the musters to be on 20 May next, when commissaries shall be ready at the place to take them; praying him to have the Emperor's men ready at the said day, so that they may forthwith march to such place as the King shall appoint.
2. They shall then repair to Dr. Wootton, ambassador resident with the Emperor, declare their instructions and proceedings, learn what captain he has bargained with as directed by the Council's letters, pay conduct money, and appoint the said 1000 horsemen to muster the ——— (blank) day of ——— (blank) next.
3. To avoid delay, they shall, on arriving with Wotton, warn Landenbergh to come or send to them, deliver him the King's letters, pray him to bring chosen men and have them at the place appointed in his covenant by the ——— (blank) day of ——— (blank), and pay him conduct money.
The King has delivered to Storer , factor for the house of the Fukkers, 5000l. st., to be repaid to Vaughan and Chamberlan at such place and days as he and they shall agree upon. (fn. n7)
In all places they shall diligently enquire of occurrents, what preparation the Emperor makes, and when and where he intends to march forward. If De Bures will not agree as Landenbergh has done, they shall write for further instructions; and Vaughan shall remain with him, while Chamberlain proceeds alone to the rest of their charge with Landenbergh and the other captain. Both shall try "to get a true example of the ordinances whereunto the Almains both horsemen and footmen be usually sworn," and send it hither; and shall return as soon as they have executed their charges.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 27. Headed by Paget: Instructions given by the King, &c.
17 March. 209. Wolvesey College.
R. O.
Rymer, xv. 15.
Surrender of the college or chapel of St. Elizabeth of Hungary before the gate of the bp. of Winchester's castle or palace of Wolvesey near Winchester, and all its possessions in co. Hants and elsewhere in England. 17 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed by Thos. Runcorn, provost, Robt. Watton, precentor, four chaplains and seven others [See Eighth Report of D. Keeper of Pub. Records App. II. 49].
Seal good.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, No. 10] without mem. of acknowledgment.
17 March. 210. Layton to Henry VIII.
R. O. On the 17th the Grand Esquier de l'Empereur, who lately came in post from Spires, showed me a letter in Spanish, dated at Spires, 11 March, reporting that all Germany, Catholics and not Catholics, has "agreed to assail the French King this summer and the Turks there at Tolon." The king of the Romans was just arrived with his two sons, and the "order of their aid and assaile" should be immediately concluded, and certified to the Regent by the Emperor's secretary (fn. n8); who is looked for hourly.
The Grand Esquier told me, to-day, that, before he left Spires, the duke of Hoist's ambassadors had arrived there and would conclude a peace. Has no other knowledge of the premises, but the author is a man of estimation. Gaunte, 17 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
17 March. 211. Charles V. to Chapuys.—cont
R. O.
vii. 53.]1544.
Has received his letters of the 4th inst., containing the instance which the English have again made for the Emperor's declaration against the Scots and the King's offer to do the like against the duke of Holstein in case the latter's deputies here will not treat, allowing time to advertise the King's subjects in the parts of Eastland (d'Oost) and let them withdraw their goods out of the Duke's danger. Writes his determination and intention to the Queen of Hungary, that she may advertise Chapuys, whom he charges to conform thereto in dealing with the King and Council. Will advertise him of other occurrents shortly. Spire, 17 March 1543.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, p. 1.
18 March. 212. Border Expenses.
R. O. Newcastell upon Tyne, 18 March 35 Henry VIII.:—Brief declaration by John Uvedale, treasurer appointed for payment of my lord Lieutenant, and his retinue of 100 men and all the garrisons now on the Borders.
Showing that at his declaration sent to my lord of Suffolk, on the 1st inst., he had (with 107l. 8s. 8d. in broken and refuse gold and 166l.13s. 4d. in two bills of prest of the earl of Rutelande and Sir Robert Bowes, 9,572l. 0s. 5 ½d. Whereof:—
Paid by Suffolk's warrant, for Suffolk's own diets and wages of his 100 men, for 10 days ending 21 March, 83l. 6s. 8d.; for spiall money 20l.; to Sir Thos. Whartone, for the sheriff of Ayer and larde Dunlanrik, 140l.; to Sir Ralph Eure 26l. 13s. 8d.; for coats, conduct and wages to the 11th inst. of sundry men sent to the Borders, 311l. 14s. 6d.; to Ric. Bowes, for bringing 10,000l. from London to Newcastell, 40l.; to Edw. Shelley 300l.
By warrants of the earl of Hartefoorde, now lieutenant in the North, for 14 days' wages of the garrisons, from 11 to 24 March, 1,001l. 2s. 4d.; for coats, conduct, and wages to 25 March of sundry men lately sent to the Borders 50l. 7s. 2d.; to Chestre and Carlile heralds for their coats 4l. and for 33 days' wages, from 21 Feb. to 24 March, 13l. 14s.
Remainder 7,581l. 12s. 5 ½d.
Memorandum that the garrisons consume 74l. 4s. 10d. daily, or 1,039l. 7s. 8d. in 14 days and 2,078l. 15s. 4d. a month, over and besides the diets of the lord Lieutenant and wages of his 100 men and of 137 watchmen lying on the Borders. Signed: Jo. Uvedale.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd: Three sundry declarations of thaccomptz of John Uvedale of the xviij of March the xvj of April and the vij of Maii., 1544.
18 March. 213. [Bothwell?] to Christian III.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 193.
Remembers ever the munificence with which he was received in Christian's court four years ago; but his long wanderings since, in distant lands, have prevented his writing. A few months ago, after returning to his own country, which places its highest hope in Christian, he sent his intimate friend (necessarius) for whom he desires credence, to show its state and his own. Ex Strivelingo, 18 Martii 1543.
18 March. 214. Queen Mary of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O. By the treaty the Emperor is bound to put an army of 2,000 men upon the sea, but she is doubtful what kind of ships would best suit this enterprise. As the English ships are large and heavily armed she quite thinks that the English would wish the Emperor's to be like them; but as the ships are for coast defence, and light moveable ones (moyennes et agiles) can better take refuge from storms, and the French and Scots are not likely to be able to use or to arm any great ships, she thinks that her ships should be light and moveable. Holland and Friesland moreover are in great danger from the Scots and have no port of refuge for great ships. He is to show these considerations to the Council or to the Admiral. Gandt, 18 March, 1543.
French. Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: Double des lettres de la Royne a l'Ambassadeur Chapuis en Engleterre, du xviije de Mars 1543, avant Pasques.
R. O. 2. Modern transcript from the original draft at Vienna.
Pp. 2. See Spanish Calendar VI. ii., No 118, where the letter is misplaced.
19 March.? 216. Suffolk to Angus.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 32.
B. M.
ii., No. 188.
The King's (altered from your) chaplain, Mr. Penwyne, has declared that Angus takes Suffolk for his friend. Has been and will be so as long as Angus demeans himself like a true nobleman to the King; for, although some who neither care for their own honesties nor Angus's wealth have misled him, Suffolk trusts that he will henceforth beware of such and use himself "like a noble true hardy knight," as he has always been esteemed, to show that he forgets not the King's goodness, who "never failed his true servants and friends nor never will." Westm., 19 March.
Draft, p. 1. Endd: My lord of Suffolk to my lord of Anguishe, xixo Martii 1543.
19 March. ? 215. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 621.
Received the Council's letters on the 13th, but delayed moving Granvelle thereupon until the 16th, that the Emperor might first have letters from Chapuys. As to the Scots, Granvelle said there was no answer from the Queen, but the Ambassador had written, and the Emperor was about to follow Henry's advice and agree with the duke of Holst (whose ambassadors arrived two days before, and Count Palatine Frederic, at his departure, had promised to accept any end the Emperor made with them). To that Wotton said it was inexpedient to have war with the Duke now, both because it would drive the Emperor to keep men in Phryseland, Overisell, Geldreland and Holland, and upon the sea, and because the Duke was "apparentid" among the Princes of the Empire and "confederid" with the Protestants. Granvelle seemed to hope that the matter would be pacified; and the Duke's ambassadors are reported to have the same hope. Wotton then desired that the Scots might be declared enemies; and then, in case the Emperor and Duke did not agree, Henry would do as he was bound by the treaty. Granvelle said that the Emperor was sending secretary Joysse, on the morrow, to the Queen for that matter. "'To declare them enemies?' quod I. 'To speak with her,' quod Granvele, 'of that matter; and then shall th'answer be made.'" Urged that, as the King was now forced to send men to the Borders to resist the Scots, there might be no more delay; but Granvelle begged him to be content until Joysse had been with the Queen, assuring him that the Emperor had more regard for Henry's affairs than those of his own brother the king of Romans.
As to the men the Bishop of Rome should send to the French king; Granvelle said he knew the Bishop wished to do Henry displeasure, but thought him too covetous to part with money. As to the navy, the Lady Regent was about it; and the Emperor would have all his preparations ready at the time appointed. As to Bergamo, Granvelle could trust the Emperor's ambassador in Venice to know whatever was concluded there, however secretly; which ambassador is named Mendosa and was ambassador in England. As to the Genoese, the Emperor had sent 1,000 lantz-knechts thither, and reckoned himself as sure of Genoa as Henry did of London. As to the Bishop of Rome, he could not hurt the Emperor; and although the marriage of Orleans with the Bishop's kinswoman was expected in France, the Bishop giving with her Parme and Placenze, he dare not for shame do it.
The king of Denmark's ambassadors are a count of Oldenburgh, the Chancellor, and two knights. Count Palatine Frederic departed on the 16th, to possess the lands of his eldest brother Lewis the Elector who is dead. He is like to have business with Otto Henrich, his nephew; for Robert, the father of Otto Henrich and Duke Philip, was elder brother to Frederic and, by the Golden Bull, "the elder brother being departed, his son shall ex[clude] the younger brother." The French (20,000 as the Venetian ambassadors aver) besiege Carmignane, and, by letters from Milan, Guasto goes to levy the siege. Granvelle says the French king is deceived in thinking that a "brag" in Italy will make the Emperor divide his army.
The States have consented to declare the French king enemy to the Empire. Some of the Imperial cities that have goods in France required it to be kept secret for a while, but that was impossible. Granvelle triumphs not a little that neither Maximilian nor his father (fn. n9) could ever obtain the like, and says the Princes here call the French king "le plus malheureux, le plus meschant, le plus deshonoure, le plus detestable prince, qui jamais fust en la Chrestiente." Granvelle accepted two of the books which were sent, and promised to read them after supper, when only he is at leisure, and to let the Emperor see one. Describes (graphically) how Granvelle appeared "marvellous jocund," a great evidence that the Emperor's affairs here prosper.
The Council wrote to Wotton to agree with Baron Haideck, or some other captain, for 1,000 horses more; but as the Baron dwells 200 miles hence there is no time to send to him, and only a chance that the Paltzgrave's death may bring Duke Otton Henrich up hither and the Baron, his servant, in his company. Has been in hand with others to serve at the same rate as Chr. van Landenbergh; but they refuse and cannot believe that any man is able to serve so. Is in perplexity unless Mr. Vaughan and Chamberleyn bring further instructions, or Henry sends them express, "for it is high time your Highness were provided of them." To be well served, Henry can pay no less than the Emperor does, which is 12 guldens of 15 batzes; not adding "the which are of the value of twenty stuvers Brabantz or two shillings and six pence stirling," for that is an oversight, as Wotton wrote from Couleyn, 15 batzes making at least 25 stuvers Brabantz or 3s. 1 ½d. st. Also for four-horse waggons they look for 24 gyldons the month. Spyre, 19 Ma[rch] 1543. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
19 March. 217. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for obtaining his "new warrant." Wrote lately concerning one Landshad. In despair of speaking with Baron Heideck, the King's servant, or of getting any good captain to serve at the rate at which (it is written) Landenbergh will serve the King, Wotton has now written to the King to send a courier to declare whether he shall proffer more, or otherwise agree with any captain. Time passes. Not being well stored of money has not paid bearer, Nicholas, for his journey. Spyre, 19 March 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 March. 218. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O. Wrote last that the Emperor was demanding aid of the States of the Empire against the French king, the long discussion of which is an argument that the Princes are inclined to give it, on account of the French confederation with the Turk and the greater necessity for suppressing the Turk within than for going to the attack of that without. The cities delay because they have much merchandise and debts due to them in France; but the common expectation is that all the orders will declare war against the French king unless he leaves his Turkish confederations; for it is thought that the Turk will not return to Hungary this year, such distant expeditions in successive years being impossible, so that the army destined against him may be turned against France. On the other hand, the States require the Emperor to confirm peace in Germany. Naples has given the Emperor 500,000 ducats, as the Viceroy's son reports, and Spain a vast sum of money besides soldiers. The King of Denmark has an honorable embassy here, which came from the court of Burgundy, but has done nothing yet. The Dane is said to have many soldiers; and, as he had a league with the late king of Scotland, so now frequent embassies go between Denmark and Scotland, as the Lubeck and Hamburg agents here report. The Swiss cantons are holding a Diet indicted "ad Dominicam Oculi," (fn. n10) where the French king has orators. In the Diet lately held in the beginning of February nothing was decreed; nor have the Swiss any ambassador in this assembly here. The Emperor has given day to his captains to return hither at Easter. Elector Palatine Louis died on Sunday morning. (fn. n11) There is great hope of agreement between the Emperor and the States of the Empire, and of some moderation of the tumults in Germany. Spires, 19 March 1544.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
19 March. 219. Giovanbattista and Others to Edmund Harvel.
R. O. The reported liberality of your King and his recognition of men of genius (virtuosi), especially Italians, has moved us three, viz. Mastro Giovanbattista, painter of Ravenna, with two other companions to serve him. "I (fn. n12) offer to make artificial fires of divers sorts to offend the enemy in vessels of terracotta of several sorts to throw (tirare) with the hands; likewise "pastelli" of fire which are thrown with the hands to burn ships' decks and other woodwork at sea; and pikes and darts, arrows with fires and guns (schioppi) (fn. n13) inside that offend the enemy with great force and loss. Item, several round shields and arm pieces (rotelle et imbracciadore) with guns inside that fire (tirano) upon the enemy and pierce any armour. Powder, again, in several forms, one that makes no report (?) (che non fa schioppo) which serves very well for ambuscades and is fired at the enemy without being heard from a distance; "passa come l'altre polvere fine." Item, certain balls with guns inside which are thrown with the hand and pierce the enemy, and inside every ball are four guns. With other secrets and virtues which I reserve to myself to be able to succeed better when I shall be in his Majesty's presence." Has also a wife, adorned with all womanly virtues, who can play the lute and sing, read and write, so as to teach girls (putte). Has not money enough to take them to England and provide necessaries. Venice, 19 March '44. Subscribed: "Mastro Giovanbatta et Compagni."
Italian. Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Giovanbattista with his fellows to Mr. Harvel.
[20 Mar.] 220. [Henry VIII. to Lennox.]
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 115.
St. Papers, 18.
[Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 133.]
Has received his letter and credence by bearer, his secretary Thomas Bishoppe, and thanks him for his good will. By perseverance therein he shall find that he deals with a prince of honor, as his secretary can partly declare. Has appointed the Warden of the West Marches and Mr. Robert Bowes to meet at Carlisle with commissioners from Lennox and other lords, the King's friends, and conclude articles to be observed on both parts. [Westm., 20 March 35 Hen. VIII.] (fn. n14)
Draft, p. 1. Headed in a later hand: To Therle of Lynouxe.
20 March. 221. Henry VIII. to [Lord Maxwell].
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 118.
St. Papers, 18.
[Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 116.]
Summons him as his prisoner, in Scotland upon parole, to re-enter, and present himself to lord Wharton, warden of the West Marches, within twelve day from the receipt of this letter. Given, &c., 20 March 35 Hen. VIII.
Copy, pp. 1 ¼. Headed, By the King; and in a later hand, To the lorde Maxwell and Flemmyng. (fn. n15)
20 March. 222. For the Expedition against Scotland.
R. O. Warrant by Gardiner and St. John, to Sadler, to deliver to George Everat, the bearer, whom the Council have appointed controller of the pursers "in this intended [journey] into the North parts," 50l. for necessaries re [quired] in the ships appointed to transport men. Westm., 20 March 35 Henry VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
20 March. 223. Hertford, Tunstall, and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add MS.
32,654, f. 33.
B. M.
ii., No. 189.
On Monday night arrived lords Evre and Wharton and Sir Ralph Evre, lord warden of the Middle Marches, with Sir Cuthbert Ratclif and Sir John a Lowther. On Tuesday morning Hertford publicly presented lords Evre and Wharton with the King's letters patent creating them barons, and the letters patent to them and Sir Ralph of their offices of the wardenries of the East, West and Middle March, and the patents to Ratclif and Lowther of the captainships of Berwick and Carlisle castles. For which they all on their knees returned thanks to the King.
Afterwards drew apart with the lords wardens; and Hertford, charging them with secrecy, declared how the King, provoked by the untruth of the Scots, had resolved to invade them with an army royal by the sea, under Hertford: and required them to devise how 4,000 horsemen might repair to Edinburgh to join the army. They made it feasible to repair to Edinburgh with such a number, if sure to find the King's army on land there, but saw not how to return home without extreme danger. Finally, after much reasoning, in which he found them willing and forward, they resolved that it is not feasible; for they could not serve with the army, as horses cannot lie abroad at night at this season, and there is no carriage for hales and tents to cover them, and the loss of so many good horses would be a great disfurniture to the Borders. Waded with them to know what joint exploit they could make to draw the power of Scotland from the army at their landing; but it appeared that Wharton's power, to join that of the East and Middle Marches, must either come through Lyddesdale in Scotland or go far about; and, either way, his men should be wearied before they entered Scotland, and meanwhile the West Marches left unfurnished to resist Maxwell and others if they listed to make attemptates into England. It was therefore thought best that the East and Middle Marches should invade at Berwick, and the West Marches in the West.
Upon learning this opinion Hertford called the captain of Norham, Robt. Collingwood and John Horseleye, men of wit and experience, and, telling them of the enterprise by sea, proponed whether it was not feasible for 4,000 horsemen to invade Scotland so far as to burn Leghe or some town near Edinburgh. They were clearly of opinion that it was not feasible; and after debate, came to the same conclusion as the others.
After communing long, on Tuesday and Wednesday, agreed that lord Evre and Sir Ralph, his son, with 4,000 horsemen of the East and Middle Marches, should burn Hadyngton, a market town within twelve miles of Edinburgh, and the towns on their way homewards; and, at the same instant, Wharton, with 3,000 horse and foot, should burn Hawyke, a market town sixteen miles within Scotland, and other villages in their return; remaining two days and nights within Scotland. To this resolve, as in the writing enclosed, all set their hands. Done at the same instant, the fire raised at Hawyke will draw a great part of Tyvydale and Gedworth Forest from the host that burns Hadyngton, and the fire at Hadyngton withdraw a great power of the Scots from the host that burns Hawyke; and these enterprises shall draw a good part of Lowdyan from the landing of the army at Leghe. To make better countenance of a great army to enter by land, the lords Wardens will take musters immediately within their wardenries, and make proclamations for every man to be ready at an hour's warning. Will warn the earl of Cumberland to lie, nearer the Borders, at his castle of Bromeham, in case the Scots make any incourse in the West Marches when the power of the same is in Scotland.
Sundry gentlemen of the south appointed to attend the King into France are commanding their servants and tenants in these parts to be ready to repair southwards for that voyage; and some of them are called, out of Wharton's office, from the very Borders. Hertford intends to suffer none within the limits of his commission to depart thus unless levied by the King's special letters. Wharton has been accustomed, by Suffolk's warrant, to reward Scots who have done exploits and service for the King. Is Hertford to continue this?
Enclose letters to Wharton from the sheriff of Ayre, Donlaneryke and others; and advertisements sent to the captain of Norham (from Sandy Pryngill) and to lord Evre, of exploits done by John Carr and the garrison of Berwick. Newcastle, 20 March. Singed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd: 1543.
Ib. f. 36. 2. The above mentioned resolve for the burning of Hadyngton and Hawyke, headed as made before Hertford 19 March 35 Hen. VIII., and signed by lords Evre and Wharton, Sir Ralph Evre, Robert Collingwood, John Horseley and Bryan Lay ton.
Copy, p. 1.
20 March. 224. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 38.
B. M.
ii., No. 190.
Enclose a schedule showing a great piracy done by Scots upon a merchant's ship of Newcastle within the port of Camfere, for recompense whereof the Emperor ought to make redress with the goods of the Scots now arrested at Camfere. Both in respect of justice and because the merchant, Henry Anderson, is honest and ready to serve the King, they beg the Council to help to his relief. The loss of the ship with her lading is a great lack to this town. Newcastle, 20 March. Signed.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.
Ib. f. 40. 2. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 17 March 35 Henry VIII.:—The confession of Cuthbert Rey and seven other mariners (named) of the taking of their ship the 'James,' of Newcastle, owner, Hen. Aundirson, 100 tons "portage," laden with goods to the value of 2,000 mks.
Lying at anchor within 300 feet of the walls of Camfere in the Emperor's dominion, divers Scottishmen, coming out of Camfere, 11 March, with great force and long assault entered their ship between 10 and 11 p.m., in doing which the Scots murdered and cast overboard the boatswain and wounded four others (named). This done, the Scots all went on land, save thirty, who cut the cables and came away with the ship, and landed the foresaid English mariners at Robyn Hoodis bay in Yorkshire, taking from them 10l. in money and all their writings, &c. The thirty Scots confessed that there were ten Scottish ships in Camfere, out of all of which they had help in their enterprise.
Andirson and all others the merchants of Newcastle beg your "lordship" to report this to the King and Council that the governor and lords of Flanders may be written to to make restitution out of the Scottish ships and goods there arrested.
Pp. 2. Endd.


  • n1. For date see the Bishop's answer on the 13th, No. 193.
  • n2. Here in § 2 occurs the cancelled sentence, "Semblably we have sent you herewith Mr. Shelley's certificate of such store as remaineth at Berwyke, which is no great thing, wherewith we shall make all the shift that may be made conveniently."
  • n3. Petrus Franciscus.
  • n4. The foregoing letter is appended at the foot of this copy, which is in a clerk's hand and undated.
  • n5. See No. 125.
  • n6. See No, 137.
  • n7. Altered from:—Has appointed his servants A, B, to put in bank against their arrival at Antwerp the sum of ——— (blank) to despatch De Bures, and for the rest to take letters of exchange to be paid at Spires or elsewhere.
  • n8. Joice Bave. See No. 216.
  • n9. Frederic III.
  • n10. Third Sunday in Lent, 16 March.
  • n11. March 16th.
  • n12. This quotation is literally translated.
  • n13. Compare Vol. XVIII., Pt. ii., No. 310.
  • n14. Cancelled.
  • n15. Separate letters were addressed to each in the same terms.