Henry VIII: March 1544, 1-10

Pages 87-105

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1, January-July 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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March 1544, 1-10

1 March. 144. Sale of Crown Property.
Commission to St. John, Wriothesley, Riche and Sir Ric. Southwell. See Grants in March, Nos. 4 and 5.
1 March. 145. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 1.
B. M.
ii.,No. 175.
Enclose letters of Sir Wm. Eure and Robt. Colinwoode, showing the exploit which the latter has done in Scotland, also a declaration of Mr. Uvedale's account. After last letters were despatched Sandy Pringle showed Suffolk that French ships lately came to Lethe with two English prizes (crayers laden the one with grain and the other with figs, raisins, &c.) saying that the French king made the greatest preparation of ships ever seen in France, every coast village bearing the charges of half a ship, besides great preparations by land. Darnton, 1 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
R. O. 2. "Newcastell upon Tyne, primo die Marcii anno xxxvto H. viijvi":—Brief declaration by John Uvedale, treasurer appointed for payment of my lord Lieutenant and his retinue of 100 men and all the garrisons and watchmen now on the Borders.
Showing that he had at his declaration made 29 Jan., 1,042l. 21 1/2d., and received on 13 Feb. by Edw. Shelley, at Barwik 300l., and also, on 23 Feb., of Ric. Bowes of Aske, at Newcastell upon Tyne, 10,000l. Whereof:—
Paid to my lord Lieutenant and his retinue for the month ending 12 March, 233l. 6s. 8d.; to the garrisons and watchmen for the month ending 11 March, 1,206l. 6s. 8d.; at two several times, for "spiell money," 29l. 16s.; to sundry men lately sent to the Borders, for coats, conduct money and wages to 11 March, 299l. 14d.; for charges of two servants sent to fetch the said 300l. from Mr. Shelley to help to the pay of the garrisons, 30s. 10d.
Remainder 9, 572l. 5 1/2d.
Cannot declare the monthly charges "because of the new entry of a great number of more soldiers appointed unto the Borders by my said lord Lieutenant," which be not yet arrived "ner yet passid benorthe this towne of Newcastell."
Large paper, p. 1.
1 March. 146. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 3.
B. M.
ii.,No. 176.
Enclose a letter of Wharton's with a letter of Angus and Glencarne, which they have perused and sealed. Darnton, 1 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add, Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
2 March. 147. Chapuys to Charles V.
R. O.
vii., 43.]
Having, since he last wrote, caused this Council to be solicited (as commanded by the Queen of Hungary) about the safe-conducts to carry herrings into France and bring back wine and wheat in French ships, and, likewise, for answer as to the ship of Mons. de Beurez, for which the Emperor wrote to this King, the Council prayed him to come to them. Did so on Sunday, 24th ult., when they would speak about nothing but the Emperor's declaration against Scotland, repeating their former remonstrances and several times putting forward that, since the King had notably begun by accomplishing the Emperor's request for assistance against the French, the Emperor, without other delay, might well grant the first request of the King, especially when he had granted it in case he heard authentically of hostility between the King and the Scots; so close an amity did not require (seeing the gain which might proceed from it) longer delay, or other promise as to to the King's declaration against the Duke of Holstein beyond the general wish to observe the treaty. Answered pertinently enough, reminding them of the request he made for them to declare against the Duke of Cleves at the time of the surprise of Hammesfort and the second invasion of Brabant, to which they would not listen, much less send away the Duke's agent here. They could only reply that the said request was not made a bon escient and in order, and that, since the declaration against Holstein was to be insisted upon and the Emperor required to be authentically certified of their hostility, reason would that they should likewise be so certified, and meanwhile the other ought not to be deferred; and they would not be satisfied with Chapuys's telling them that the thing was notorious and needed no certificate. Finally they prayed him, both generally and afterwards particularly, to get the said declaration, from which they affirmed (as he wrote in his last), no loss could ensue to the Emperor or the Low Countries such as they (the English) would receive by the declaration against Holstein. To deprive them of this argument it will be well for the Council of the Low Countries to notify the damage which they would receive from the declaration against Scotland. It is true that the Council all showed themselves earnest in this affair; however, none of them went so far as to say that affairs could be spoilt by it, although giving him to understand that it might cause many things to cool. It is one good thing that neither King nor Councillors blame the Emperor but attribute all to the Councillors about the Queen, suspecting some scheme of Mons. de Beurez whom they hold to have always favoured the Scots. This will not profit De Beurez in the affair of his said ship, for which he sent hither (three weeks or a month ago) two gentlemen who have not yet obtained audience of the Councillors or of the Admiral, although there was no great need of it, inasmuch as Chapuys has made sufficient remonstrances both by word and writing. However, hitherto, there has been no resolution in it or in the abovesaid affairs, partly pending the Emperor's determination upon the declaration against Scotland, and also because all these lords are so busy preparing for war as to have no leisure to assemble in Council.
The King would not license the ambassadors of Scotland, of whom Chapuys wrote last, to come to him except with conditions and assurances which it was unlikely that they would grant; and jointly with that refusal the King's men on the Borders entered Scotland and did great hurt. Thither the King daily sends men, and especially arquebusiers, so that there is appearance that from that side he will not be hindered from following the enterprise which is in question, for which he daily makes very great preparations. Hears no otherwise than that he continues in the wish to go in person; and hitherto Chapuys perceives no French practises, and thinks that they would come too late, when the King has already gone to such great expense and there is little appearance that the French could or would recompense them as well as pay the arrears of the pensions, without which the King would never listen.
While writing, received the Emperor's letters of the 23rd ult. to which he can make no further answer than is in the above and in his last letters, save that he will not fail (upon opportunity) to lay before the King or Council what Granvelle has declared to the English ambassador touching the news of France, and to keep good watch for the practises mentioned, which might be obviated the more easily if the Emperor could gratify the King as to the declaration.
The King has arrested all ships at present in all the harbours of this realm and (as the Admiral sent word three days ago) is about to assemble and put in order more than 150 sail. Knows not yet whether this is to send towards Scotland, or to make some enterprise on the side of France in pursuance of the project formed last year, of which Chapuys sent the Emperor the copy.
Was about closing this when the King sent two of his Council (fn. n1) to say that he heard from a good quarter that the Venetians had agreed to deliver the town of Bergam to the Turk, a thing most dangerous and important, and it would be a master stroke if the men whom the Emperor is sending into Italy could pre-occupy the place;—charging Chapuys to write this in haste. Moreover, the said Councillors, by the King's command, again put forward the affair of the declaration against Scotland, exaggerating as usual the advantage of it to the common enterprise, and declaring the inconveniences which would ensue from the King's declaration against Holstein, not only to his subjects but also to the Emperor and himself, who could hardly rig out their army by sea without recourse to Dantzig for all necessary tackle, which cannot now be had here or in the Emperor's countries. It would seem to the King (under the Emperor's correction) that some truce should be taken with the Duke for a time, so that meanwhile the Emperor's countries and the English might get the necessary things from Dantzig and withdraw the goods which their common subjects have in that quarter; and if the Emperor thinks it well that he should entertain the Duke with practises and so prevent his enterprising anything he will gladly see to it (il y entendra volontiers.) Since the Duke was at present in practise for peace with the Emperor, it was neither fitting nor honorable that he should declare himself until the issue of the practise was seen; and, if the Emperor was totally resolved that he should make the declaration, to please his Majesty (although not so bound by the treaty) he would make no difficulty therein, knowing the Emperor to be so discreet and considerate as not to wish his (the King's) subjects, who have so much property in the land of the Easterlings, to suffer such notable damage; wherefore, he would pray the Emperor to prefix some reasonable term in which his subjects might withdraw their goods, after which will be neither default nor delay of the said declaration. Earnestly, however, praying the Emperor to gratify him with the declaration against the Scots, a thing no less important than pressing (hastive); for Chapuys was to know, in confidence, that the King was about so to reduce Scotland that henceforth she would do neither favour to the French nor fascherie to him and his country; to which end (besides the men already on the Borders and whom he sends [thither] daily), he had resolved to send a very great army by sea to Scotland, with more than 20,000 men, and would use diligence to prevent a great number of Italians and other men of war, who are (as he is advertised) come down into Normandy to pass to Scotland. And the King has good hope of success, having there divers partial to him, and there being bad intelligence and dissension between the others, especially between the Governor, the earl of Lynus and the Earl Bodwell, who are all procuring divorces from their own wives in order to espouse the Queen Dowager of Scotland; and Bodwell has been more diligent than the others, by abandoning his wife, daughter, of Milord Machuel, one of the principal [men] of the country.
Because the French are preparing a very great army by sea, the King would desire the Emperor to put on the sea, and as soon as possible, 3,000 men, as capitulated in case of the increase of the enemy's army. And, above all, he would desire the said declaration against Scotland, which, if the Emperor would or could condescend thereto, would altogether gain the King's heart and oblige him to do a far greater thing for the Emperor; besides which (as already said) it would undoubtedly shut his ears to all practises. Believes that if the Emperor had heard the modest and gracious speech recited by the said Councillors he could scarcely have refused, especially as the King promised precisely to make the declaration against Holstein when the term shall be prefixed, which hitherto has been only promised in general terms.
Begs the Emperor to regard this and not impute to rashness what he writes out of duty and affection. London, 2 March 1544.
Fr. Modem transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 8. Original endd: receues a Spire, le xie dud. mois 1543.
2 March. 148. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii., 45.]
She will see by the annexed copy all that has happened since his last. Begs her to send him soon the authentic certificate of the hostility between the Emperor and the Duke of Holstein, in conformity with what he last wrote of it; also to advertise him what prejudice the Low Countries would receive by the Emperor's declaring the Scots enemies. It would be good, as he wrote in his last, to say a word to the English ambassador touching the matter of the safe-conducts; for the King seems to think that she makes no great case of them and that they are a device of the secretaries to get a pot of wine from the merchants. Did not forget to solicit the sending of the bill of provisions to be made there; and understands that it is sent to the ambassador resident with her.
Since he wrote the above, two of the King's Council (fn. n2) have come to him with the commission which she will see by the annexed copy; upon which he will make no remark, but only beg her to intercede for the Emperor's declaration against Scotland, which would be a better work than he can express, especially as the King has decided, after some time, to do the reciprocal as regards the Duke of Holstein, and there is no appearance that Flanders would be incommoded thereby, since, during their war with the King, the Scots will not traffic with Flanders, nor the Emperor's subjects with them. It is to be considered that although the King purposes to observe the treaty, yet, if the affairs of Scotland did not proceed to his liking, he might take occasion of excuse for the coming enterprise or give ear to some practises. The declaration seems a small matter, considering that he might demand assistance against the Scots, who occasionally make raids and invasions and threaten to do worse. London, 2 March 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
2 March: 149. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
R. O. 2 March 1543:—Has received his letters. "The money that you write to be taken up by exchange for the payments of the Cold Mart was happily deferred; for if so much haste had been needful in taking of it, as it seemed by your often and earnest writing, you should have paid dearly for it; for th'exchange at sight is now not under 26?0, and, at double usance, Mr. Smyth hath paid for Mr. Cave's account 27?6; but now that some more respite is enlarged I trust to speed your purpose better cheap." Mr. Haynes is yet unpaid, by reason of Cornelis Franz's slackness, as appears by Hen. Southwyke's letter; but I have contented him for the present with 20l. in gold. The shipping is appointed to begin the morrow after Midlent Sunday, but Mr. Ant. Cave and Mr. Smyth think it will not be then, for lack of ships and mariners "which are put daily so much unto the King's business." Complains of difficulty of sending him letters. Can get no "barras" canvas. Will send seeds "for my sister's new gardens" by the next. Sends this to Thos. Flecton at Tykeford, to be forwarded. I have a long matter to write "concerning my going over with my master (which I can in nowise avoid), but time will not serve, and in very much haste, going to a good sermon, I commit you to God, after my loving commendations in general to my sister your wife and other my acquaintance in the country."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: at Polbroke. Endd.: "Answered the vjth in Marche & entered into journal."
2 March. 150. Layton to Paget.
R. O. The enclosed letter Mr. Wotton sent me from Spires. This day, communing with the Regent, I demanded if she had heard of such a herald of France entering the Emperor's Palace. She said she had; but she did not know as yet the contents of the letter he brought. And yet she had a post from the Emperor that morning. She said that she "heard say and supposed" that, about 20 March, the French king would send 10,000 footmen and 5,000 horsemen to victual Arde and Turwen, and that she thought the King's garrison at Gynes and theirs now to be sent down with the Great Master, Mons. de Rewe, would be too few to resist them. Because the said fortresses have not victuals for a month, the French king will come strong. These things being only her "supposal," has not written them to the King or Council. Gaunte, ijo Marcii.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 March. 151. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix.,605.
Wrote on the 6th ult. Letters from Constantinople of 11 Jan. report no preparation for war by the Turk, save of 12 or 15 galleys. Barbarossa has lost many men by the "pestilential air" in Provence, and is dissatisfied with the French king, although he has received three large presents besides his stipend, which is 80,000 cr. the month. The Bishop of Rome and this Signory are suspected to help the French king secretly, fearing his ruin by Henry and the Emperor. The Venetians live in great jealousy, and the Bishop trusts in his money but is odious to all men, especially his own subjects. Of the Frenchmen in Piedmont there is little speaking. The Marquis (fn. n3) continually assembles men. The Emperor has sent much money to Italy for Milan and Naples and for the duke of Florence, who lies at Pisa for suspicion of Barbarossa. Learns by letters from Prage that Ferdinando has obtained of the Bohems 4,000 horsemen and also money and footmen against the Turk. This Almain Diet gives incredible suspicion to the Italian States. Prays that this expedition against France, which (as Harvel learns from the lord Privy Seal) is to be of unexampled greatness, may prosper. All think that the Frenchmen cannot sustain against Henry and the Emperor in defence "of the Christian state." Venice, 2 March 1544.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
2 March. 152. Albert duke of Prussia to the Queen of Scotland.
R. O.
(R. T.
In favour of his subjects of Königsberg John Ungerman, Martin Winthmoller, Gregory Petsche, and others, who complain that last summer their ship "a magnifico ac generoso domino Petro Habrim comiti ab Odwiell, (fn. n4) classis praefecto, vi occupatam et ereptam esse." Since the writer's former letters patent in their favour took no effect they have desired his assistance to recover their own by force, but he prefers to write again to her. Dat. Regiomonte.
Lat. Modem transcript from Konigsberg, pp. 2.
Headed: "An die Koniginne unde Gubernanten in Schotlandt, den ij. Marcii (1544)."
3 March. 153. Henry VIII. to Angus and Glencairn.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 5.
B. M.
ii., No. 177.Haynes'St. Papers, 8.
Received this Monday, 3 March, theirs dated at Douglasse, the last of February, requiring an answer before the 9th inst. Their letter is so obscure, not declaring wherein they desire answer, and the time so short that he cannot satisfy them; but when Mr. Penven, his chaplain, arrives with full instructions from them, answer shall be made. If, a fortnight past, they had signified their minds, the King might have sent them advice. Requires them to despatch Penven with diligence, and meanwhile to foresee that their enemies catch them not at such advantage as at their last encounter. If they behave like men of honor and courage, as he expects, they shall want no reasonable aid. They have suffered much inconvenience by asking advice too late and being slack when things were to be done, and the King's affairs have been thereby hindered, but the past may be easily redubbed. Westm., 3 March 35 Henry VIII, at night.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: Copy of the Kynges letters to th'erles of Anguish and Glencarne.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 5.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. i.
2. Another copy, from which the letter is printed in Haynes' State Papers. Pp. 2.
3 March. 154. Paget to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 6.
St. Papers. 8.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. i.,
Encloses the King's answer to the letter from Angus and Glencarne. Had no leisure to make more copies of it than that herewith, of which he begs Hertford to return "a double" by next post. Westm., 3 March, at midnight, 1543.
P.S.—Other letters will be despatched to-morrow.
Hol., p. 1.
3 March. 155. Layton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix.,606.
On the 3rd inst., Mons. de Rewse informed him that the 10,000 Frenchmen embarked in Normandy for Scotland mutinied upon the sea, and have returned and landed again in Normandy in great discord. The Regent said, three or four days since, that Turnay and Arde were very bare of victuals and the French king had promised to victual them before 20 March by 10,000 footmen and 5,000 horsemen. This she only spoke "by her supposale." Now she is more certain, and desires it to be certified to Henry, and that the Great Master shall be at St. Umbers on the 11th with 1,400 horsemen. The Great Master also affirmed it this day; and both she and he suppose that, if Henry's garrison be ordered to join theirs at need, they can impeach the Frenchmen's enterprise, and so compel Arde and Turnay (fn. n5) to yield. The Regent calls daily for her billet, for which she says that she wrote to your Grace a month since. Gaunte, 3rd "of this present, at night."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: iijo Martii, 1543.
3 March. 156. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Wrote yesterday. The Signory sent, this morning, for him, and said their nation in England were grieved by taxes and exactions, requesting him to write to Henry in their favour. Answered that Henry, intending an expedition against France of 50,000 men besides naval power, "was constrained to put this inusitate burden upon his own subjects" as well as upon strangers; "in all other seasons no prince's subjects in Christendom were less aggravate than those of your Majesty." Venice, 3 March 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
4 March. 157. Bristol, Hospital of St. John.
R. O.
Rymer,xv., 14.
Surrender of the house or hospital, and all its possessions in Bristol, in cos. Glouc. and Soms., and elsewhere in England, Wales and the marches thereof, 4 March 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Bromefeld, master, and two others. Seal injured.
ii. Certificate by Thos. Powell, clk., and John Smythe, merchant of Bristol, commissioners, that they have received the above the same day. Dated 7 March 35 Henry VIII.
[See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. II., 11.]
Enrolled Cl. Roll 35 Hen. VIII., p. 1., nos. 11 and 12.
4 March. 158. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 7.
B. M.
ii., No. 178.
Received his letters of 26 Feb. by my lord of Hertford, lieutenant in these North parts, to repair to the King, and also to instruct Hertford in affairs here. Heard Hertford's credence. When he has deliberately conferred with Hertford he will repair towards the King with celerity. Darnton, 4 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
4 March. 159. Suffolk, Hertford and Tunstall to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 9.
ii., No. 179.
Hertford, upon his arrival, has had, and will have, information of the state of affairs. Rychmonde the herald tarries at Berwick for the King's pleasure. On the 10th inst. a great assembly shall be at Stirling, of Arran, the Cardinal, Argile, Murraye and others, "albeit, peradventure, some of the King's friends will not be there." Shall Rychmonde go to them, to demand the prisoners and declare his instructions, and thence to the King's friends, for entry of the residue? For the Parliament of Scotland is deferred to 3 May. There is great scarcity of grain at Newcastle, where the army, appointed to be there on 31 March, must ask some time to be mustered and shipped. Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff wrote to Suffolk lately that the garrisons could not get one quarter of grain in all Newcastle, which is like to feel a famine unless relief comes. Beg them, therefore, to enlarge the restraint of ships of Newcastle and of grain bought by Newcastle merchants in Norfolk and Suffolk and elsewhere, providing that it is surely wafted thither by men of war, that it may not fall into the laps of enemies or be carried elsewhere. Hertford will, at Newcastle, call to him the wardens of the Marches, who cannot at present come so far as this town. Suffolk departs towards Court to-morrow; and Hertford will repair to Newcastle at the arrival of his carriage, which he has "over-ridden by post." Darnton, 4 March. Signed.
P.S.—Enclose a letter from Sir Ralph Eure.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
4 March. 160. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 607.
On the 24th ult. a herald out of France came hither, and, going straight to Court, went almost to the door of the Emperor's Chamber, carrying a letter in his hand. He was stopped and threatened by the Viceroy, and delivered to the custody of other heralds. Granvelle afterwards told him he deserved to be hanged. Secretary Joys, going that afternoon to examine him, found him too drunken to speak, although the other heralds said he had drunk but little. Next morning he was examined. That afternoon Granvelle informed Wotton of the herald's coming, and that both he and the Viceroy had told him he deserved to die; when he answered that his master sent him and he did not know he was doing amiss. Granvelle said the Emperor would not meddle with the letters, that Wotton should see the copy of his examination (which should also be sent to the Ambassador, to show to Henry) and that the Emperor meant to use clemency and to send him back with a writing approved by the Princes in the Diet, showing why the letters were not received. Wotton replied that Henry's herald and the Emperor's "had not of late so used themselves to the French king," and would have fared otherwise if they had so done; but, if the Emperor would use clemency, it were not amiss to keep him awhile and examine him. Granvelle said they would not keep him, nor examine him except concerning his commission. Could not get sight of the examination until the 1st inst., when Secretary Joys read it to him. Repeats from memory some points in it, touching the herald (François Maillard) himself and the time and cause of his coming. Encloses a copy of the answer delivered to him. Joys said that when he took out that answer and began to read it the "poor fellow" thought it was a sentence of death, and was afterwards so rejoiced at being dismissed that he seemed willing to stay and serve the Emperor.
King Ferdinand and other princes of the Emperor's part are looked for this week. Meanwhile the Diet temporises. In spite of the diligence used for taking spies, "many of these princes have letters in their sleeves (as Granvele saith) from the French king." To that Wotton said that the French king should never lack attorneys here as long as there were nuncios.
"'You say even true,' quod Granvele, 'and so have I told him meetly well.'" Granvele thought the French king would do little here, and said that "at a diet holden after the last Diet of Regenspurgh, he had th[e Landgrave] bounden unto him by his hand and his seal (which he hath ye[t to show),] never to aid the French king nor the [duke of Cleve against the Emperor], and that the Landgrave, while the Emperor was in Gelderland, wrote unto] the said Granvele, saying, 'You may well perceive that I keep promise [with] you, and so will I do.'" And Granvelle concluded that, if he could obtain so much in the Emperor's absence, the Emperor could now obtain much more. Sends copy of an advertisement out of Switzerland which Granvele showed him.
Certain lanceknechts have come out of France complaining that they were not paid; and some of them have been taken and threatened with death for having done against the determination of the diet of Reigenspurgh, but the Emperor has let them all go. The French king has required the Genueses (seeing they are neuter) to suffer him to have an ambassador among them and certain galleys in their ports, and to lend him 100,000 ducats, as they have done to the Emperor; but they refuse, and prepare for defence. Granvele says "that the Cardinal Farnese is one of the godfathers to the Dolphin's son; and that Mons. Dorleans showeth by his countenance how little cause he hath to rejoice at that matter." Spyre, 4 March, 1543. Signed.
Pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Copy of the preceding, from which mutilated passages can be supplied. Not signed.
Pp. 3.
R. O.
3. Copy of "the answer delivered to the herald at his departure."
François Maillard, your coming has been insolent and deserving of chastisement, for it does not appear that you are an officer of arms, and you yourself confess that you were created for this occasion, and that you have come and gone to divers places in too suspicious manner since you left the King of France, and have long delayed execution of your charge. You should not have dared to enter this Germany, to which your master has procured so much harm, still less have ventured into the Emperor's lodging, without a safe conduct. Your master has always forbidden Imperial officers to enter his realm, and in a marked way when the Emperor sent him an answer to the defiance made by him at Paris, when the officer was very ill-treated. He also refused to receive officers of the Emperor and King of England last summer. You had no right to put on your coat of arms without asking leave, as even the French officer did who came to defy the Emperor in Spain, after your master had been delivered from prison on his faith. Besides, Imperial officers of arms have been beheaded in France when doing their duty, and no punishment inflicted for it. Your master has respected no privileges, even of prelates and noble women, and you have finally forfeited all privileges of your office by perjury in denying that you were some days past in this town, dissembling to the Emperor and the estates of Germany now assembled here. Nevertheless his Majesty with his accustomed clemency permits you to return with the guard which shall be given you. As to the letters which you say are from your master, the Emperor will not receive them.
French, pp. 2.
R. O. 4. Another copy of §3.
French, pp. 2.
4 March. 161. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. On the 3rd inst., was with Granvelle to know if the Emperor had letters from the Lady Regent concerning the declaration of the Scots as common enemies; but none had come. (fn. n6) Reflected, afterwards, that, by the treaty, neither Prince can make a peace or truce with a declared common enemy without the other's consent, so that if the King might bring the Scots to an advantageous peace, the Emperor, not wishing the King to be too strong on that side, might dissent; whereas, if they were not declared common enemies, the King might use any advantage he got without making the Emperor privy to it, as the Emperor did with the duke of Cleves. If this seems not worthy to be considered or has been debated already, begs Paget to keep it to himself; or else to speak of it as he thinks best. Spyre, 4 March 1548. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. To, &c., Sir William Pagett, knight, one of the King's Majesty's two principal secretaries. Endd.
5 March. 162. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 49.
St. Papers, 9.
[Cal of Cecil
MSS., Pt. i.,
The King having lately instructed lord Wharton to give to Dunlanerick, in reward for certain services, 300 cr., the latter thought himself scant well-recompensed, and, as if looking for more, sent an acquittance for 100l. The King mislikes some words in Dunlanerick's letters, but thinks he may be loth to give the Cardinal's party mistrust, and yet willing, for gain and profit, to serve the King. The 300 cr. shall be made up to 100l., and he is to be asked, when he says in his letter "that he would be redye to further his Majesties affairs with all lawful service," what he means by "lawful service." Also, when he says that "he must of his honour, if the Cardinal and the rest of that sort come against the King's host, do as they do," whether he means to do against the King's army, or with it; and, if he intend to serve his Majesty, with what kind of service?
Upon the occasion of scarcity of fish in those parts the Duke of Suffolk lately made suit that his Majesty would license his subjects there to eat white meats. His Majesty is pleased to grant the same, as he did last year, by proclamation, "to extend to all his subjects from year to year until he should declare by proclamation the contrary."
To the assembly of lords at Stirling, on the 10th inst., Hertford shall send Rychemond herald, with Henry Raye; there to execute his charge for calling in of the King's prisoners. The wardens shall also order all men within their wardenries to call in their prisoners and keep them safely until the exploit Hertford knows of shall be finished. Westm., 5 March 1543. Signed by Canterbury, Russell, Essex, Lisle, Westminster, St. John, Wriothesley, Gage, Browne, Paget, Petre and Baker.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: Rec. vijo Marcii, at j after none.
5 March. 163. Leonard Grenewood to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 32.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. i.,
With reference to the six score tons of timber which he was appointed by his Lordship to provide in Yorkshire in "planckes, quarters, and gyestes," and the rest to be for building, timber of 14 inches and under, with 1,000 spars, to be delivered at Hull, as appears by a schedule which the writer carried from the Court to Mr. Stanhope at Hull, begs to be instructed as to the length of the said planks, &c., and whether the spars are to be oaken or fir. Has found lying ready squared within 3 miles of York sufficient for the King's purpose therein, and has set sawyers to work on it. York, 5 March.
Hol., p. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
5 March. 164. Suffolk, Hertford and Tunstall to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 11.
B. M.
ii., No. 180.
Send herewith a letter of Wharton's, a letter of Donelangrig, and the saying of Robt. Lyster, Brunston's servant. Darnton, 5 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
5 March. 165. Angus to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v., 359.
Would be very glad to know that Henry is persuaded of his "faithful mind," which shall endure while he lives, although "the contrary hath been vehemently shewed to your Highness." Credence for bearer, (fn. n7) Henry's chaplain. Dalkethe, 5 ("the fyft") March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the King's most royal majesty. Endd. erroneously: primo Martii 1543.
5 March. 166. Charles V. to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 46.]
Was pleased to learn, by his letters of the 18th ult., the satisfaction of the King of England with the Emperor's answer to Cardinal Farnesio, and especially with the two points in Granvelle's letters. Is glad that the King accepted Chapuys's excuse as to the sending of the Spanish arquebusiers and yet made no difficulty about the contribution to the enterprise on the side of Piedmont. It will be well, upon opportunity, always to remind him of that point. Will advertise him if other news of Italy comes, and hopes that the provision set there, although costly, is such that the King of France will find his designs frustrated. Was also pleased that the King was so satisfied with the Count of Buren. Chapuys's diligence for the sending of the commissioners into Flanders was well; and he must continue it, both for the exigence of the enterprise and to see what the English wish, and, notably, whether the King continues in his purpose of going in person.
Touching the declaration against the Scots, Chapuys's remonstrance for the reciprocal declaration against Holstein was good, as also his reasons in favour of according the declaration against Scotland even though that against Holstein should be deferred. But there is also to be considered the long confederacy of the Low Countries with the Scots, and that that confederacy was ratified, at the revolution of a hundred years, about thirteen years ago, and the Emperor's countries receive profit and advantage by it. And it would seem too raw, and neither becoming equity nor honour, to declare war against the Scots without at least first making some instance to them; besides, it would give the more occasion to the Pope to join with the fang of France and the Scots and not be ashamed to trouble Italy in order to cross the common design against France. If the King hopes to treat with the Scots he ought so much the less to seek this declaration; and these considerations are as great and more weighty (vives et militantes) than the King's touching the Duke of Holstein. Expediency and honour seem to require that under the circumstances the Emperor should send a personage express, either a king of arms or some other, to Scotland to request the Scots to appoint with the King, or otherwise the Emperor will declare them enemies in pursuance of his confederacy with the King;provided that the King also send to the Duke of Holstein for the like. If the King expresses a wish to meddle with the appointment, (fn. n8) Chapuys may answer that the Duke's deputies are already on their way hither, and that the said, envoy to him is only to incline him the more and to hinder his men of war from any enterprise against the Emperor's countries. Chapuys may put this forward either as on the Emperor's part or as of himself, as shall seem best; and if there is such dissatisfaction there as might hinder or divert the enterprise, he shall advertise the Emperor of it with all speed, together with his advice.
Chapuys does well to entertain the Queen; to whom, if occasion offers, he shall make the Emperor's cordial recommendations; and also to the Princess.
You will see by the annexed copies the confession of the herald sent hither by the King of France and (de qu. et?) what we have caused to be delivered to him in writing, of which copy has been given to the Ambassador of England here resident; (fn. n9) and to him have been read (tentes qu. leues?) the said confessions, of which he has required a copy to be sent to you to show to the said King. Spire, 5 March 1543.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 4.
5 March. 167. Ambassadors of Francis I. to the Diet of Spires.
Harl. MS.
4994, f. 26b.
B. M.
Wish the Diet had not been so governed by the opinions of some of them that the Ambassadors cannot perform the commands of him who is in name and fact the Most Christian King, but are forcibly prevented in a way never before known even among barbarians. Deplore the evils that may result throughout Christendom to their children's children. Are perplexed what to do, when the ways are beset by enemies and they themselves are shut up within these walls, and the peaceful herald who took letters in their King's name, both to the Emperor and to the Diet, was forbidden access, and after incredible menaces sent back trembling and almost lifeless with an atrocious answer. Not to neglect, however, any means of fulfilling their mission, send in writing the speech which they would have delivered to the Diet. Nancy 3* non. Martii 1544.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 3.
Begins: Utinam, amplissimi ordines.
Harl. MS.
4994, f. 28.
B. M.
2. Written address (Oratio Scripta) of Francis I.'s ambassadors to the Diet of Spires, urging that Francis does not seek to injure Germany, setting forth the friendly way in which he had treated the Emperor in past years, and ending with a strong remonstrance on the treatment of his herald.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 10.
Begins: Perincommode nobis accidit, serenissimi &c., quod cum a Francorum Rege missi essemus de rebus &c.
6 March. 168. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 612.
The King received his letters by bearer, and approves his proceedings with the Emperor and Granvelle touching the Scots. Albeit the delay upon pretence of their request for the semblable to be done against the King of Denmark is unreasonable, unfriendly and not justified by the treaty; if that King be indeed the Emperor's enemy, he [supposes that the same should be "in the same predicament towards his Majesty that he requireth th'Emperor to take the Scots"] (fn. n10) will so take him if the Emperor, knowing his reasons for the contrary, insist upon it, provided that the Emperor "now and forthwith out of hand" declare the Scots enemies. For Wotton's instruction in this, inform him that, yesterday, lord Wriothesley and Sir Wm. Paget (fn. n11) repaired to the Emperor's Ambassador and declared:—
1. That the King had notice that the Venetians, persuaded by the Bishop of Rome and French king, had agreed to deliver Bergamo to the Turk, to the danger of Milan, Italy and all Christendom, and the King desired the Ambassador to notify this to the Emperor with all diligence, and suggest as a remedy the surprising of Bergamo by the men whom the Emperor now sends out of Almayn by Trent.
2. That the King required the Ambassador to write eftsoons to the Emperor to declare the Scots enemies; that, as to the king of Denmark, he understood (by the said Ambassador and otherways) that the Emperor was entering into some treaty with him, that he, moreover, prayed the Emperor to consider that the Turk, French king, Bishop of Rome, Venetians, Genowayes, and Scots were knit together, openly or secretly, and therefore it seemed expedient for them two to have as few as possible of the rest of the states of Christendom against them, and for the Emperor to make terms with Denmark, if only for a time, in making which the King would travail, whom the king of Denmark had offered to take as arbiter. Most things for the equipage of ships pass through Denmark; so that, if both the King and Emperor were at enmity with Denmark, they could not furnish themselves to the sea; and therefore, the King thinks a truce should be taken until they can provide themselves with these necessaries. If, notwithstanding these considerations, the Emperor will press the King to declare the King of Denmark enemy, he will do it, upon the Emperor's letters for the same, and desires that, as he and his subjects have merchandise thereabouts necessary for service on the sea, the Emperor will give him some convenient time to withdraw it.
3. Understanding that "certain Italians at the sould of the Bishop of Rome" and other men of war, to the number of 10,000, are come to Normandy to furnish a strong army to the sea; the King desires the Emperor to send forth his army by sea furnished [with 3,000 men]* as the case requires, as the King does, with diligence [so that it may "mount the seas" by the 20th inst.].*
The Ambassador liked all these points, especially that touching Denmark, and promised to write favourably of them to the Emperor.
By the treaty there should be no traffic with Frenchmen, much less conveying to them of victual; yet, the King, at the lady Regent's request, for the sake of the Low Countries, agreed to confirm such safe-conducts as the Emperor should grant to merchants to convey goods to France, except victual and munitions of war. Now lately, understanding that the Emperor's subjects of Flanders had herring which they could not utter except to France, the King has agreed that the Emperor shall license the conveyance thither of 300 last, only to gratify the Emperor and Lady Regent.
Send four books of the "Institution of a Christian," lately, by the King's command, translated into Latin, since matters of religion are likely to be debated at this assembly, and the Emperor should know "how conformable to Christ's doctrine and the institution of His Holy Church" is the teaching which the King has ordained for his people. Wotton is to present one or two of them to Granvelle, showing (as of himself) a wish that the Emperor would take one of them.
The King minds to have 1,000 horsemen besides those under Mons. de Bures and Chr. van Landenburghe, and will shortly send Mr. Vaughan and Thos. Chamberlayn thither to pay the prest and conduct money of them and Landenburgh's band. Mean while Wotton shall learn whether Baron Hadeck, the King's pensioner, will serve with 1,000 horsemen at Landenbergh's price, and if so shall cause him to make ready; but, if the Baron cannot or will not serve, or if Wotton cannot meet with him, he shall request the Emperor to appoint some good captain to serve the King with 1,000 horsemen upon the conditions covenanted with Landenbergh (who, the King thinks, will serve well), the copy of which is sent herewith. If neither the Baron nor any other shall serve at such wages as Landenbergh does, you shall "bargain with Hadek as good cheap as you can."
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 9. Endd.: Mynute from the Counsail to Mr. Wootton, vjo Martii l543.
6 March. 169. Hertford and Tunstall to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 13.
B. M.
ii., No. 181.
Enclose letters to Suffolk from Sir Wm. and Sir Ralph Eure. The Davison mentioned in Sir Wm.'s letter is a Scottishman who, within England, "did rail against your Majesty's succession; wherefore he hath suffered accordingly." Darnton, 6 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
6 March. 170. Sir Ralph Eure to Suffolk.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 43.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Where the Armstrongs and Nyxsons of Ledersdale, being assured with England by your Grace's command, lately came into Tyndale and took away cattle from one Percy Robson, I send Robson with his complaint to you because they are under assurance with Sir Thos. Wharton. Yesterday Edm. Nyxson, and certain of Hector Armstrong's servants, came into Tyndale and slew "as proper a man as is within all Tyndale, callide Bartye Yowng, upon no cause but only the sayde Bartye Yowng's friends was my guides when I burnt Magerton." Forbears to revenge these displeasures, as the men are assured, until he has informed Suffolk, but will do them or some of their friends like displeasure unless he hears from Suffolk to the contrary. Begs to know if Suffolk will have any great raid made this light (which should be done by Tuesday night at furthest), for, if not, he will, before that, do some exploit in Scotland with his own garrison and Tyndale and Ridsdale. Chipchace, 6 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To the duke of Southfolke.
7 March. 171. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 15.
B. M.
ii., No. 182.
Last night at midnight arrived the enclosed letters from Wharton addressed to Suffolk and Hertford, with letters and credence from lord Maxwell to Wharton. As Maxwell requires a meeting with Wharton and offers to enter as the King's prisoner, Hertford has written to Wharton to appoint a meeting, and there move him to make his entry, alleging that his doing so before being called will be the more acceptable. Do not believe that he will so enter. Darnton, 7 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1543.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2.
7 March. 172. Hertford to Wharton.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 8.
St. Papers, 10.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Has received his letter dated Carlisle, 5th inst., and also the account of his conference with lord Maxwell's chaplain. As Maxwell seems desirous to meet Wharton, it were well to grant his request and hear his intelligence; and, where Maxwell offers to be at the King's command, tell him that Hertford, who is arrived as lieutenant, says the King intends shortly to summon all his prisoners to come in, and if Maxwell will enter before being called it may be more thankfully taken than if he came on commandment. Requires him, after doing as above, to be at Newcastle on Wednesday night next, bringing with him Sir John Loder. 7 March.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd.: To Sir Thomas Wharton, despatched vijo Marcii.
7 March. 173. Hertford to [Richmond Herald].
Add. MS.
10. 110f. 203b.
Understanding that on the 10th inst. shall be assembly of certain lords of Scotland at Styrling, charges him, accompanied by Henry Raye of Berwik, to repair into Scotland and execute the King's charge for the calling in of his Highness's prisoners, "according to such instructions as you have, signed with his Majesty's hand." Darnton, 7 March. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
7 March. 174. Henry Suthwike to John Johnson.
R. O. Calles, 7 March 1543:—Receipts of money from Wadyng and Skell. Thinks that in leaving fells and buying wools Johnson has "(as the world now goeth)" taken the better way. Will now agree with Walter Leveson for wools; and make arrangements (described) with Johnson's brother Otwell in London against this Cold Mart; in which he will entrust Johnson's business and Mr. Cave's to Ric. Whethill, for he is not going himself. Trusts that the 25l. st. due by Cornelis Franson Goit is paid ere this.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: merchant of the Staple at Calles: at London or elsewhere. Endd.: Answered 14 March.
March. 175. Henry Suthwike to [John Johnson].
R. O. Fragment of a letter too mutilated to be intelligible but showing the writer's signature and a portion of the date, viz. "Marche ao 1543" and the endorsement "1543. Answered the xiiijth day of March."
Fragment. A right half page.
8 March. 176. Sir William Gascoigne, Senior.
R. O. Bond of Sir Wm. Gascoyn, the elder, to pay Sir John Gostwyke 24l. 13s. 4d. due to the King by the debt of Robt. Oxinfeld, of Wakefyld, Yorks., merchant. 8 March, A.D. 1543. Signed and sealed.
P. 1.
8 March. 177. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 50.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,107.]
We have "for the necessity of the thing," despatched to your Lordship a warrant for the present payment of 612l. 9s. 4d. "When John Hales shall send unto Master Sadlair, we pray you to cause a warrant to be made in due form therefor, and to send our warrant, cancelled, back again." Westm., 8 March. Signed by Russell, Westminster, Wriothesley, Browne and Wingfield.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
8 March. 178. Suffolk to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 47.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Appointed Thos. Sysson at Whetherbye to serve as post in place of Rob Harpyne, post, of Alberford, who was found negligent of his duties. Begs favour for Sysson to serve now in summer, seeing that he has borne the charges in winter, in case Harpyne, who is now in London, go about to supplant him. Will at his coming up speak with Sir Brian Tuke for this. Darnton, 8 March. Signed.
P.S.—Sends also herewith a certificate of draught horses from the sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
179. Suffolk to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 11.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS. Pt. i.,
Has seen the letters to him from the Council, (fn. n12) and as regards the making up of the 100l. to Dounrarycke, that is done already, "for it was thought not to stick with him for 25l.," for if the other were well spent so would this be. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To therle of Hertforde.
8 March. 180. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.32,
654, f. 17.
B. M.
ii., No. 183.
St. P., v. 360.
To-day arrived Sir John Penvan, the King's chaplain, with letters and credence for the King from Angus and the other lords. He says that the Governor is at Hamylton, the Queen at Stirling and the Cardinal at St. Andrews; and thinks the convention appointed for the 10th will not hold. They take no care for the defence of the realm, but, as Lenoux says, the Queen and Cardinal seek to steal away into France and they are about a divorce between the Governor and his wife. Penvan says his coming is to accelerate the King's army into Scotland, the land army to enter by Berwick and a convenient army by sea to repair to Legh with victuals. Also they would that 10 or 12 ships should be sent by the West to annoy Argile, and a garrison of 2,000 or 3,000 left on the Borders to annoy the lairds of Sanct Johnstons and Bucklughe. The King's friends in Scotland will assist; but, unless the King's power comes before the aid comes out of France, they will be in danger. Penvan says they desire the King to call in such of his prisoners as are not assured to him, as Maxwell (whom Penvan "can in no wise commend"), Flemyng and the Master of Erskyn. Signify these sayings of Penvan's that they may be compared with what he shall declare.
With Penvan arrived Lenoux's secretary, repairing to Court to see the lady Margaret, with whom (Penvan says) Lenoux is far in love, and only refrains from coming himself because he would first convey his brother out of France, whom he intends secretly to call home, and for whom he desires safe-conduct to Calais and through England. Darnton, 8 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above, from which it is printed in the State Papers.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: Depeched viijo Marcii at iij afternoon.
8 March. 181. Wharton to Hertford.
Add. MS.
32,654, f. 21.
B. M.
ii., No. 184(1).
This 8th inst., received Hertford's of the 7th, and has written to Maxwell for a meeting accordingly. Is commanded to be at Newcastle on Wednesday night and bring Sir John Louther, but, until the return of his servant, is uncertain what time Maxwell will appoint for the meeting; and the Scots have assembled a power and intend with "pikerdes" and small boats to do displeasure about St. Bees, and by land if they dare. Begs therefore to be pardoned his coming until after next week. Maxwell will, if they meet, desire assurance and, on Wharton's saying that he will refer to Hertford, will desire assurance in the meanwhile, for so his chaplain desired. Asks what to say thereto. Reports news of espials called Johnston and Willie Yrwyn, viz.:—The Governor has taken Angus's castle of Bothewell, 5 miles from Glascoo. On Wednesday last men were appointed to besiege Glascoo castle, in which Lenoxe is, unless Lenoxe would "enter himself" and deliver it to the Governor. On Thursday last Maxwell received letters from the Governor and forthwith went from Dumfries to Angus, and is treating between the Governor and Angus for agreement. Angus has, for fear, removed from Dowglas to Temptalen. Lenax's things are confiscated in France and his brother committed to ward.
Describes how, on the night of 5 March, the Fosters burnt Maxwell's house of Newlandes, 2 miles from Langhollm tower. Carlisle, 8 March.
P.S.—Desired Yrelande, the priest, to write to John Thomson, deputy customer, after his arrival with Maxwell, his master. Encloses his letter. Has received Hertford's letters enclosing copy of a letter from the Council for a practise with Donelanerick, to which he will attend. Cannot both do this and wait upon Hertford at Newcastle on Wednesday night; and therefore tarries for the present. Signed.
Pp 3. Add. (as despatched at noon). Endd.: 1543.
9 March. 182. Hertford to Paget.
Add. MS.32,
654, f. 19.
B. M.
ii., No. 184.
Encloses letters from Wharton and Sir Wm. Eure addressed to Suffolk and him. Had appointed Wharton and the other wardens to be with him on Wednesday next; but, upon the causes expressed in Wharton's letter, has now deferred it to Monday the 17th inst. Has written to Wharton, if Maxwell ask for a new assurance, to reply that, as the old assurance is broken, he dare not grant a new without knowing Hertford's mind. Begs to know the King's pleasure therein. Marvels that he hears nothing from Paget of the things he wrote from Newark. Prays him to remember them by next post, and to beg the King to send Sir Chr. Morres and Boyfelde with speed; also, seeing the scarcity at Newcastle, to send relief against the arrival of the army there. Darnton, 9 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 116(2).
2. Draft of the preceding in Sadler's hand.
Pp. 2. See Calendar of Cecil MSS., Pt. I, 137.
9 March. 183. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 47.]
For answer to his letters of the 18th ult. and 2nd inst. sends a letter patent under the Emperor's seal for the observance of safe-conducts which the King of England shall grant for trading in France. Chapuys shall declare it to the Council and receive from them like letters for the safe-conducts she issues here under the Emperor's seal; and, if the Council wish any alteration, he shall tell them that on their sending the King's letters she will despatch the like, provided that the effect agreed to by the King is observed. The Ambassador of England resident here has not spoken of the said observance of safe-conducts, and therefore she has not mentioned it to him; but, at the first opportunity, she will communicate the copy of the said letters to him, in order that he may write for the advancement of the affair.
In satisfaction of two of Chapuys's questions, sends certificate signed and sealed of the defiance which the Duke of Holstein made to her and her government; which is greater evidence than that for the war of Scotland given by the English, whose affirmation is believed. If they ask to see the defiance in writing, Chapuys shall make the excuse that she has not sent it (as indeed she could not, because it is not now here). Would not have them see it, not wishing to discuss with them the causes of it and of the war, any more than to be troubled with the occasion of the war against Scotland. As to the second point, the prejudice to her countries of the declaration against Scotland is too notorious to be asked. For, firstly, these countries have never been at war with Scotland and have a treaty with that realm which should not be lightly infringed; secondly, if at war with Scotland and Holstein, these countries are entirely debarred from the navigation of the east and from fishing, especially the fishing of herrings which they take towards the North under the coasts of Scotland:—a prejudice much greater than all that the English allege to excuse their declaration against Holstein. Advertises him in confidence (knowing that he can keep a secret) that the prejudice is so great that, even though the declaration against Scotland is made, she does not see how it can be observed unless the King also declares against Holstein, and the English are debarred from the navigation of the East like those here. Otherwise it would be impossible to content the people. Chapuys must take heed lest after the declaration they fall into another exasperation, which would not suit the present affairs.
Chapuys writes to the Emperor that the King makes continual preparation for the enterprise against France and persists [in his intention] to be there in person, as she has likewise heard from the Ambassador here; nevertheless, she does not perceive that he does what he ought to levy strangers or that he sends money to Landenberger for the 2,000 horse and 4,000 foot. Also the Count of Buren has as yet heard nothing of the charge which the King will give him. Marvels at this, and also that he defers sending the bill of the provisions which he desires to be made here; and, moreover, the ambassador here has said nothing to her, and apparently has no charge.
Where the King desires the Emperor, in pursuance of the treaty, to put 3,000 men on the sea, she has not yet heard that the French make so great an army by sea, and perhaps this request was rather only to hasten the declaration against Scotland. Chapuys shall take heed to excuse it if he can, having regard to the great expenses she sustains and her furnishing of 2,000 horse and 2,000 foot for the King's army besides the 2,000 men by sea; for she has such work to satisfy both the frontier garrisons and the requirements for the Emperor's army, that it will be impossible for her to furnish all if in everything the extreme is wanted. Chapuys shall not enlarge too much upon this until he has the Emperor's answer. Gand, 9 March 1543.
P.S.—The patents for the observance of safe-conducts and ratification of the war against Holstein will be sent to-morrow, so as not to detain this bearer.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 3.
9 March. 184. Layton to Paget.
R. O. This day, received this packet of letters addressed to the King from Dr. Wotton, brought by the Queen's post. Finding the bearer ready to depart for England, willed him to deliver it with diligence. Begs Paget to give him thanks, "for he has nothing else for his labour." In last letter to the King, wrote (for haste) Tornay for Torwen. Lately, at Hansterdam in Holland, a lewd Grey Friar in a sermon railed against the King. Tomorrow Layton will speak with the Queen to have him punished. Gante, 9 Marcii 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 March. 185. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 48.]
In pursuance of her letters of yesterday sends him the patents for the observance of the safe-conducts and certification of the war of Holstein, together with an extract of what she has written to the Emperor upon the language held by the English ambassador here about the disposition of the King's affairs in Scotland. Since her letters of yesterday, the merchants who laded the herrings arrested in England have shown her that, in England, they were paid only about 2,000l. st. for their herrings which cost them in purchase, custom and freight more than 5,460l. gr. Fl., which amounts to more than 3,600l. st., without reckoning what they have paid for war dues and extraordinary expenses and lost by the perishing of a ship upon the occasion of the arrest, which amounts to more than 6,580l. st.; so that their total loss would be 4,180l. st. and they are in danger of being ruined. Chapuys shall use all means to assist them. Thinks that, as she has written in other letters, the English cannot pay less than what the herrings cost here, together with the ordinary customs, the release of the ships and some honest profit to the merchants. The said merchants have shown her a copy of the safe-conducts granted by the King, permitting the bringing of merchandise from France in French ships, as Chapuys will see. Advertises him of this in order that, if difficulty is made, he may persist in it.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 2. Original headed: A l'ambassadeur Chapuys en Engleterre du xo de Mars 1543, dois Gandt.
R. O. 2. Consent given by Charles V. that such as have the King of England's licences may carry merchandise into and out of France; provided that they do not carry into France any victuals or other munition of war, nor treat anything to the Emperor's prejudice, nor discharge goods from France in any of the Emperor's ports, nor come into the Emperor's havens with ships of the enemies, unless driven by stress of weather. Ghent, 10 March 1543, imp. 24, reg. 28. Countersigned: Despleghem. Seal much injured.
French. Parchment, much mutilated and faded.


  • n1. Wriothesley and Paget. See No. 168. It is curious that the Council's letter, in which this interview is reported to have taken place "yesterday," is dated the 6th; while this letter of Chapuys' is dated the 2nd. The Emperor, indeed, acknowledges its receipt as a letter of the 4th (No. 211). More than one correspondent seems to have blundered.
  • n2. See p. 89 note.
  • n3. Of Guasto.
  • n4. That is, Patriok Hepburn, earl Bothwell
  • n5. Meaning Therouanne. See No. 184.
  • n6. The passage following is printed in St. P., ix. p. 602, in a footnote.
  • n7. John Penman.
  • n8. That is to say to be a mediator (si icelle sieur roy parle de soy vouloir mesler de l'appoinctement).
  • n9. See No. 160 (3, 4). The seoond copy (4) appears to be that which the Emperor forwarded to Chapuys.
  • n10. Cancelled.
  • n11. See No. 147, p. 89 note.
  • n12. See No. 162