Henry VIII: July 1544, 16-20

Pages 564-581

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1, January-July 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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July 1544, 16-20

16 July. 917. The King's Armoury.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii. f. 69.
B. M.
Costs of work done in the King's armoury by Royal command, 36 Hen. VIII.
Various detailed items relating to gilding and graving of harness, gilding and trimming of broad javelyns, gilding buckles, &c. One is "Working in the privy armoury upon the filing of the King's Majesty's harness and other necessaries" from 11 May to 16 July. Another is "Necessaries provided by the King's commandment to carry over the sea." The last is "Item received" by the King's command, of Sir Thos. Henyge, by the hands of me, Erasmus Kyrkenar, armourer, 50l.
Pp. 8. Headed: The King's Majesty's commandments: Ao xxxvjto rr. Henr. [VIIIi.]
16 July. 918. Norfolk to Paget.
R. O. By the copy of a piece of a letter which Paget lately wrote to Suffolk and Browne, those here fear that the King thinks that they need to be spurred forward to the winning of this town. Assures him that never men were more desirous to win it. Would give 500 mks. that all the King's Council were here to see whether we have written truly and what diligence we make. Never saw town so ill to approach. Will not begin battery until the trenches are made and the mines well forward "and then at one moment when the trench doth tumble, and the battery made, to give the assault." Begs him to help to have some trusty man sent hither according to their general letter. Camp beside Monstrell, 16 July, at 11 p.m.
"We think long to hear of his Majesty's arrival on this side the sea."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
16 July. 919. Russell to Henry VIII.
R. O. Approached this place on Saturday last, and now lie between Abvilde gate and Heading gate, little more than a flight shot off the town. On their approach the town shot so hotly at them that they were driven, without trench or maund, to bring up the ordnance; wherein Cavendishe, lieutenant of the same, did good service, for, notwithstanding the hot and thick shooting, he approached to this place and beat them from their platforms and defences. Hints that the siege is not laid as it should be; Norfolk is half a mile from the town and Countie Buers further off and all the gates save Heading gate, where the writer lies, open, so that horses with packs have already entered and men and munition may enter at will. Begs that the Master of the Horse, Sir Thomas Semar or Sir Ric. Cromwell may be sent to view and report. The town wants neither platforms, mountes nor rampiers, but has no other defences. Has divers times offered to lie between Abvilde gate and Bulloigne gate, but Norfolke says the place is too dangerous. If he did so, Norfolk and de Buers might encamp here and the gates would be shut up; for all gates save these three have been mured up ever since the Burgundians "wanne the towne." (fn. n1) Has 400 "moigners," of whom he has offered Norfolk 300, who will undertake to make 20 or 30 several "moignes." Would himself, with the other 100 and such soldiers as could serve, make as many "moignes" on the other side. The town could not then be defended; which is impregnable with any battery. Have had great lack of bread and drink (but of other victuals enough), whereupon Norfolk wrote somewhat sharply to Mons. de Rue and to the Lady Regent; and thereat De Rue is so grieved that he declines to meddle more with our victualling. Thinks he has done his best. "Your Majesty knoweth well that those people have not such obedience unto their governors and rulers as your Majesty's subjects have, and even so he himself saith, by reason whereof he must do as he may and not as he would." Begs the King to write him a letter of thanks for his pains hitherto, which would encourage him to do his devoir hereafter; for if he give it up they will have greater lack than ever. "I most humbly beseech your Majesty to be a ghostly father in this matter, for and if my lord of Norfolk should know of the same it should engender a great pique between him and me; which needeth not, for I have been very plain with him already divers times." Highly commends Mons. de Buers who is most obedient to Norfolk, eager to serve, reverential in speaking of the King as he would of the Emperor his master, and keeps his company in good order. Written at this camp at the siege of Mounstrell, 16 July. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1544.
16 July. 920. Russell to Paget.
R. O. Approached this town upon Saturday last, and are now encamped little more than a flight shot off it—as dangerous a town to approach as ever he saw. At first coming, used the ordnance to make the town forsake their platforms and defences, and have since lain more quietly, occupied in trenching towards the town, to which they are now very nigh. Begs him to present the enclosed letters to the King, whom he begs to send letters of thanks to Mons. de Rue for his pains taken about their victualling. The great scarcity of bread and drink occasioned Norfolk to write somewhat sharply; which De Rue takes grievously and "purposeth to meddle no more therewith." Knows not what they would do without him to victual them, and begs Paget to solicit the letters of thanks with all diligence. "Desiring you to despatch my letters to my wife into England." At the camp at the siege of Mounstrell, 16 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To the right worshipful Sir William Paget, chief secretary unto the King's Majesty. Endd.: 1544.
[16 July.] 921. Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
R. O. Having heard of your landing at Calais I send the Sieur de de Courieres to visit you on the part of the Emperor, who kept him here for that purpose, from whom you will hear the charge (serge) which he has from his Majesty; and I have also instructed him to congratulate you upon the said landing and assure me (me rendre serciente?) that it is with good prosperity and health. Begs credence for him.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Add. MS.
28,593, f. 329.
B. M.
vii. 152.]
2. [Instructions to the Sieur de Courrieres.]
"Instruction et memoire pour vous, Messire Jehan de Memorency, Sr de Courrieres, de ce que, de la part de l'Empereur et de la nostre, aurez a dire et remonstrer au roy d' Engleterre, ou Sa Majeste Imperiale presentement vous envoye."
To go to the King, who is said to have crossed to Calais, and say that the Emperor, having heard his determination to cross the sea to Calais, caused you to wait here for his arrival and afterwards go to congratulate him upon his landing; which we also do by letters which you shall present with most cordial recommendations; and you shall advertise us with speed of all things, and also of his health. Before having audience, you shall try to learn the King's intention, either by the Emperor's ambassador (if there) or by the Duke of Alburquerque, notably whether he means to stay at Calais or go with his army to pursue his right and fortune against France. If you find him determined to pass forward into his adversary's country, you shall say (in pursuance of what the Emperor heretofore told him, by you, upon the charge of one of his premier secretaries, Messire Guillaume Paget) that, fearing his indisposition, especially in view of this change of air, &c., whose falling ill would both grieve the Emperor and be bad for current affairs, the Emperor would pray him to remain at Calais and direct affairs from thence, and hoped, for reasons before declared, that he would not have moved from where he was; however, seeing his intention to be otherwise you cannot but think that it proceeds from a singular magnanimity and fervent desire to act against the common enemy, praying him to consider his indisposition and not undertake too much, so as, instead of advancing affairs, to set them back. And you shall make extreme instance, for this is a thing of great importance.
If you find, on the contrary, that he has decided to stay at Calais, you shall praise his wisdom, and show him that he may better command his ministers from thence, and that his army, which otherwise would be occupied with the care of his person, would turn every effort against the enemy, knowing that he would be daily informed of their good services, with other arguments to that effect, in pursuance of the Emperor's last instruction.
You shall advise (with the ambassador if he is there) to learn the King's intention, whether he means to be in his camp, what way his army will take, and whether he will stop at the siege of Monstreul or pass on to accomplish the article of the capitulation made with the viceroy of Sicily (of which a copy shall be delivered to you) which states that the two princes shall in good faith make all haste to Paris as strategy, victuals and the enemy permit. And by all means you shall persuade the King to send his army as far into the country as possible, conformably to the said capitulation and your last instruction from the Emperor.
When it comes to speaking of victuals, wagons and draught horses for the King's camp, you shall show that if fault there is it does not proceed from this side, for reasons contained in the writing we gave to the Duke of Suffolk's men (of which you shall have a copy); to which you may add that because of the spoil suffered by these countries during these two years of war and, especially their not being succoured from Oostland, it is not to be reckoned that they are provided with victuals as they were in the year 1530, when they had long been flourishing in peace. And because the ambassador (fn. n2) now resident with us has asked other 500 wagons, and we have answered that we will furnish 300 and let him have as many more as he can get for money without using constraint, you shall assure the King and his Council that that is all we can possibly do.
Finally, you shall persuade the King as above by all means you can think of; and advertise us often of all occurrents there, as we shall advertise you of those here; and you shall proceed according as the Emperor has entire confidence in you. Brussels, 16 July 1544.
French. Modern copy from Brussels, pp. 4.
Add. MS.
28,173, f. 324.
B. M.
3. Another modern copy of § 2.
French, pp. 9.
16 July. 922. Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O. On reporting his arrival here on the 14th, the Queen appointed the hour of 8 next morning for his repair to her, with a message not to come to Court till sent for. At that hour Mons. Corbaron came to accompany him. Delivered his letters and declared his charge concerning victuals according to the treaty, showing "what famine and lack there hath been heretofore" in Henry's army, and how impossible it was to convey the army from England unless victuals were provided here. She answered that there was no fault in her, for she sent to Henry to send commissaries to oversee the provision and lay out the money necessary, and had no answer; and, doubtless, Henry would consider that for these two years past an army of 50,000 men had lived upon this country, which is so wasted that provision must now be made from Holland and Frysland; if Henry would keep a commissary at St. Omer's she would take order that there should be no lack of victuals there. Moved her also for 400 or 500 carriages, the lack whereof would greatly hinder the intended purpose, and that some diligent commissary might be set to take them up with speed, and Carne would appoint another to prest them (as the Council " of your camp cammanded me"). In reply she marvelled that Henry lacked carriages, who had had nigh 2,000 from hence (four times as many as the Emperor had for his army), and more could not be provided, for already the country cried out upon her for taking so much. Replied that the carriages sent were so weak and slender, that many were returned and the rest, instead of carrying 40 cwt. and 30 cwt. apiece, carry 20 cwt. at the most, so that a greater number is required; and reminded her of the treaty, and how much Henry would be disappointed. She answered that it was impossible, for she was certain that they were not to be had, but she would speak with her commissary; and she had sent an ambassador to the camp to treat with Henry's Council there concerning these provisions, for whom she looked hourly. She said also that 1,000 horsemen that came with Christopher Landeberke, and were for Henry's retinue, lay in Leoge land, and she would gladly be delivered of them; but they would not march, though they had their wages, without Henry's letters of retinue. Answered that commissaries were appointed for that purpose, and she would shortly be relieved of them. She said that, lest Landeberk's footmen should "fall to any inconvenience," the Emperor would himself retain them.
This morning, at 9 a.m., the Queen sent answer that, after long debate with her commissaries, she perceived that no more carriages could be had than 200 out of Henawde, Artoyes and Flaundres and 100 out of Brabaunt. She would write to the bp. of Leoge for as many as could be had there and also authorise her commissaries to take such as should freely offer, but she could not compel above 300, "for her tax is made already and further she cannot go."
Showed her also that Henry perceived President Score to bear no great devotion to his affairs and desired her not to credit him therein. She answered that she would herself consider Henry's causes. Other occurrents here are none, but that the Emperor is with his army at the siege of Saincte Desire in Champayne, in which are 3,000 Frenchmen and divers French nobles. "There were brought hither of late, captives, Mounsr. Bryan and Mounsr. de Rowse, with two other noblemen of France that were taken at Lynee, who be sent to Gaunte to be kept safe." Bruxelles, 16 July. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1544.
16 July. 923. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Has had much ado to get additional carriages, but still some are gotten; whereof he has written to the King and the Council, and also concerning victuals. The King's letter will show occurrents. Bruxelles, 16 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
16 July. 924. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. On the 14th arrived Tadeo with a letter from Sir Wm. Paget and a proxy and letters from Ant. Bonvyce. On showing the proxy to the Welsars they asked to have it left with them for an hour or two; and, after three hours, the "said Welsar" brought it back, saying that he was pleased therewith and thought that he and Vaughan should go to Lodovike Bonvice and Nic. Diodati, factors here for Ant. Bonvice, to know whether they would give their bond for the money. The factors answered that they were ready to do it; but, remembering that, by the proxy they must make it by the appointment of Stephen Vaughan, John Dymok and Thos. Locke, or two of them, before the 15th inst., they concluded that they might not be bound. As the proxy only arrived on the 14th, when Dymok and Locke were gone with 14,000l. Fl. to St. Omer's for Norfolk, in pursuance of a letter from Suffolk and Browne, the said factors could not be persuaded after 14 July to bind Ant. Bonvice. Is therefore compelled to return the proxy to be otherwise devised by Ant. Bonvyce and sent hither with diligence, for the Welsar is ready with his money. As Dymok and Locke may tarry where they are or go to the camp, the Council should move Bonvyce ("who, I perceive by his friends here, upon the respect of some other bands that be made in England unto the same Bonvyce, will in no wise do otherwise than is comprised in the said proxy") that the day may be prolonged and Vaughan alone the appointer, but the rest of the proxy made verbatim as it is. Begs them to appoint Thos. Chamberleyn to be here to assist him.
Is still "answered by Ant. Vivaldes friends here that, write he what he will, they will credit no more than they have already done." Could this day have sold 200 or 300 "fowthers" of lead, had it been here; "but it will be hard in haste to sell it well." Andwerp, 16 July 4 p.m.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: "resident in the Court." Endd.: 1544.
*** Note at the end in Paget's hand: "I beseech your good lordship to return to me both this letter and th'other that I sent last being addressed to the Consail. W. Paget."
16 July. 925. Chamberlain to the Council with the King.
R. O. By last letters from Bruxelles wrote that he would repair towards Saint Omer's to take the musters of Lightemaker's band. Found here letters from Lightmaker, that he was coming forward with 300 and odd horsemen; but, two days past, returned hither, from Utrecht, a commissary of the Queen's, with one sent by the writer to conduct the band peacefully through these Low Countries, saying that at Utrecht they found only Lightemaker himself, who said he abode the coming of his people hourly, but, after four days "they saw nothing of his promise appear in effect." Repaired immediately towards the Queen, with her commissary, to declare the evil usage of these folks, that she might ponder both this and the dealing of Landenberge and his company, with whom she has "in manner hitherto borne." She answered that she was sorry that the King should be so dealt with, and would, if required, stay Lightemaker till he restored the money delivered to him. Said he would learn the King's pleasure therein, and so returned yesternight to this town, where he found Lightemaker, who still declares that he has ready at Utrecht 300 or 400 horse, and has brought hither with him 30 or 40 horse, and, if Chamberlain will wait five days he is sure they will be arrived here and want money to take them to the mustering place. Would disburse no more money to him; and so, bemoaning his chance, he desired a letter to the Council to be sent by this bearer, whom he sends to make his excuse to the King. And, to persuade Chamberlain to abide the coming of his men hither by Monday at the furthest, he delivered the enclosed bill, which will show "what hold I have of him now for the performance of his promise more than I had afore this." Not knowing but that the King will still receive the said horsemen, has neither "clearly forsaken them at Lightemaker's offer nor yet entertained them," but has agreed to wait till Monday, and, if they come, give them some money in prest—to avoid the clamour which might arise if so many men came far upon Lightemaker's word and "retaindure" to serve the King and were not received. It will be 12 or 14 days ere Lightemaker's band can reach St. Omer's without wearying their horses. Andwarpe, 16 July 1544. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand—At the closing of this, came a servant of Lightemaker's from Utrecht, saying that the king of Denmark had sent word for all of his dominion to return at once and serve him, whereupon 200 horse are already returned, who had received 10 gold guildens a-piece. Told him it was not reason that the King should be charged with that; and he said he would try to recover it. Other 200 horse, he says, are come this night to Boisleduc, some of whom (especially a gentleman with 100 horse) are of Denmark, but say they will serve the King even if they lose all they have. "Written in haste at the shutting of the gate."
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Declaration by Thomas Luchtemaker that he has here in Antwerp 37 horse, who have lain 30 days at Utrecht and will go straight to Calais, also that there came on Monday 14 July, to Utrecht, 400 horse. The other 72 were not yet come thither. The 400 will be here next Sunday and proceed straight to Sinit Thomes, to muster. Written 16 July 1544.
German. Hol., p. 1.
16 July. 926. Ric. Wyndebank and R. Fane to Paget.
R. O. Lately advertised the King how they stood with Landenberghe's footmen and horsemen, and have, "a long time, daily attended to have answer." Here is a brief note of what they have paid to these horsemen and footmen. First, the Regent, perceiving the disagreement with Landenberghe and the displeasure done by his men to the country, sent her Councillor Scepperus to learn the truth, who honestly used such as the writers "sent thither for th'order of this controversy." Upon Landenberge's complaint to the Regent, showed her the acquittances received for money paid to Landenberge and others; and, afterwards, Scepperus and those whom the writers sent made account with Landenberge and found that about 29,000 cr. had been received, and that the footman should have after the Emperor's rate for 4,000 footmen 17,796 cr. 16 stivers for one month. As the horsemen had always been content, Scepperus took no pains therein. But these horsemen asked 26,315 cr. for one month, including officers, saying that that was what the Emperor gave, and if not it might be rebated upon next pay. This demand included their conduct money, about 6,579 cr., which Landenberge received of Mr. Stephen Vaughan in Almayn and had never paid to them. Thus the footmen's pay for one month and the horsemen's solde for July and June amounts to 70,426 cr.; of which Landenberge has received about 25,000 cr. and Frederic Spede, a captain who promised to bring the horsemen to Ayre, 4,000 cr. Order should be taken with speed for payment of the remaining 41,426 cr. if the King wishes to have the 1,200 horsemen, lest they be taken into the service of some other, always remembering that, albeit the King will not receive them, they must be paid for June and July, as the Queen here promised them on the King's behalf. Ask whether, after being answered in the premises, they shall tarry here or return to the army. The Queen thinks it will be hard to recover the conduct money out of Landenberge's hands "seeing he is a man now left out of the King's Majesty's service" (and, as the writers think, one that merits not to be received again). Andwerpe, 16 July. Signed.
In Stephen Vaughan's hand, pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
17 July. 927. The Council with the Queen to Henry VIII.
R. O. This morning received letters from the Council attending upon him, reporting his safe arrival at Calays. Touching answer to the rest of the letters, are doing their best for the provision and sending of money; and, to show what they have done towards the transportation of the lead they enclose a note of what is ready to be shipped within these twelve days. Pray God for his success. Westm., 17 June, 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by Canterbury, Wriothesley, Hertford, Westminster, and Petre.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
ii. "Lead to be carried to divers ports and havens within this realm of Yngland and there to remain," viz. Hull 5,000f., Whiteby 184f., Shakeborowe 245½f., Hartyspoole 687f., Bristowe l,000f., [L]ynne l,500f., [B]oston 2,000f., Grymsby l,5O9f., Newe Castle, 360f.
P. 1. Enclosed in the preceding.
17 July. 928. The Same to the Council with the King.
R. O. This morning received their letters dated Calays, 15th inst., of the King's arrival at Calays. Send herewith, for the King's information, a declaration of the lead at the several ports, where such order is taken for its shipping that it will be ready within twelve days. Their lordships may appoint hoys to fetch it. Travail by all possible means for the advancement of money, and trust, soon after the end of the month, to send the King a mass of 40,000l. Desire to hear from them sometimes of the King's health and success. Westm., 17 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
17 July. 929. [St. Martin] to Francis I.
R. O. I have lately written to Mons. de Vrevins certain things said to me by gentlemen at Guynes, to be reported to you. As I had only the word of the gentlemen and servants of the King of England, to get occasion to speak with the master and learn his intention, I was bold to inform Mr. Halles, to whom I have always spoken of the peace, that the sieur de Vrevins had written me a letter, commanding me to repeat to him (Mr. Halles) the language which I had held when last at his house, touching peace between the Kings of England and France, viz., that the king of France promises to pay the King of England, fully and presently, all the arrears due to him of his pension, to make the Scots cease war or else declare himself their enemy, to make the King of England judge of the damage and interest due to the non-payment of the said arrears, promising to pay them in full upon reasonable terms of payment and to put Ardre in a state that will content the King of England. Mr. Halles at once carried the letter (fn. n3) to the King of England, who, shortly afterwards, sent Mr. Halles for me. He asked me, in presence of the duke of Suffoq, Mr. Brom and Mr. Halles, if I had informed Mr. Halles as he reported (the King showing me the letters and missives of the said Sieur de Vrevins). I answered Yes. The King then said that Mr. Halles had before sent him certain letters touching the said affair, but nothing had taken effect and he saw no reason to trust a poor gentleman who had no credit with you; and he asked whether I did it of myself and expected to be avowed by you. I answered Yes, upon my life. Hearing this, he said he was grieved that when he was first spoken to about it the thing did not take effect; for you had constrained him to make an alliance and bond (submission) with the Emperor (which otherwise he would never have made), and he would have replied more fully but for his promise to make no appointment without informing the Emperor, and therefore it would be necessary for the king of France to make some honest and reasonable offers to the Emperor for peace with him; still, if such offers made to the Emperor were refused, he (the King of England) was not bound to refuse offers made to him nor to refuse your alliance and amity. And he added that if there should be some difficulty between you and the Emperor, and you referred it to him, he would not favour the Emperor; and formerly he had been mediator for peace between you two. He told me that if you had such desire to maintain the former amity it would be necessary to send a gentleman with power from you and to avow what I had put forward. If I have put forward more than you wish I humbly beg pardon, hoping that if you are able to meet, as I think you will, all will go to the satisfaction of you both. I repeated to the King of England what Mons. de Vrevins told me after his return from Landressy, viz., that he had heard you say that you could never forget the friendship you had had to the King of England, and if the said King desired an interview you would meet him. To that the King answered 'If it will please my brother to see me, he or his sons giving me two or three days' notice shall be welcome and I promise him, on the faith of a prince, that they will fare no worse than myself.' And he said to me that if you two were together he would tell you things which possibly he would not tell his own Council, "et me trouvera tout tel qu'il m'a tousjours trouve." Boullougne, 17 July 1544. Not signed.
French, pp. 3. Begins: Sire.
18 July. 930. Henry VIII. to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 126 and
Thanks for assistance in regard to provisions, horses and carriages for his army, of which he has heard from his commissioners. The commissioners whom she sent hither have declared and delivered in writing the order necessary for the supplying of his army; and, as he finds it good, and supposes that she will not be displeased with their sojourn, he has retained them to reside for a time at St. Omer to assist his commissioners in preparing victuals and other necessaries [for] the camp before Monstreul, as he is sure that they will write. [Trusts] that she will continue to advance the common interests. Calais, 18 July 1544.
Modern abstract from original at Vienna.
18 July. 931. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 100.
B. M.
ii., No. 284.
Enclose letters and advertisements from the wardens of the East and Middle Marches. Whereas order was lately taken with these wardens that certain Scottish prisoners should not be let home upon bond or ransom but kept for a season, those able to bear their own charges to be bestowed in honest custody on this side the Tyne and the rest committed to the gaols, as Hertford knows; that order is now begun to be executed, whereby it appears that, with the Scottish prisoners, being at least 100, and the prisoners already there, the gaols will be so pestered that they must die of hunger unless relieved at the King's charges. Beg her to devise with the Council whether to turn them home to their own country or put the King to the charge of feeding them, for "the gaols were so full before that many died daily for lack of food, and the number being now so much increased the penury and famine must needs be the greater." This town and also Durham, Newcastle, Alnwick and Morpeth are infected with a very contagious disease, of which two or three people die here daily, so that the writers may not lie here without danger. Unless they remove 20 or 30 miles southward, the most propice place is Barnard Castell, which maybe repaired now for 100 mks., but would hereafter require a far greater charge. It lies on the way towards Carlisle and not past 6 or 7 miles out of the way from the East Marches. Would only need to turn the posts from one town to another, but think it not convenient to remove without knowing her pleasure. Darneton, 18 July, 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 July. 932. Suffolk and Browne to Henry VIII.
R. O. "Pleaseth yor Matie, according to yor Highnes dete[rmination] and appoinctment taken wth us at or late being [with yor] Matie at Calays, we have this day been at Bou [logne], wheare at the first we were by the Frenchmen .... wth skyrmysh in wich iij of or men had their horse [slain] under them. And, albeit that they did their best [to keep] us from the viewe and searche of that wich we w[ould see], yet, aftre we had beaten them into the towne we [did wth] good laysr viewe and searche the nature of t[he ground] in all such places as we thought meete for the tr ...... or purpose; and do finde the same to be such a[s we do] assure yor matie we did not a litle rejoyce to s[ee. And] first, toocheng the settleng of or campe, we have ...... to bestowe the same neere enough to the towne ..... in such a place as they shall not much annoye u [s with] their ordonance. And then for the nature of the [ground] for casteng of or trenches we have caused or p[ioneers] to dygge in dyvers places upon the syde towa[rdes the] castell, who have tryed in proofe that for 9 fo[ot] or thereaboutes it is faire earth and shuld seeme (as [in our] judgement it doth indede) that all the grounde fr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [B]ase [Boulo]gne wa[r]d ...... the .......... thu ...... trust u ..... make feir and large trenches all that waye suf[ficient] to carie or munycions and artylerye thorough and [to] convaye or men t'approche the towne. Trusteng (in [that] we have founde it to be thus) that there shalbe no [lack] of or partes to th'accomplishement of all that may [be] possible to be doon to it. And thus we beseche [Almighty] God to preserve your Highnes. At the campe bes[ides] Marguyson the xviijth of July."
P.S.—Tomorrow, betimes, we remove thitherward [and] in two or three days will send further news; "beseching [yor Highnes] to commaunde the wordes of the sommons to be brought to us, for [I the Duke] of Suff. never did s[ee sie]ge layed wthout summons." Signed: Chiarlys Soffolk: (Browne's signature lost).
P. 1. Mutilated. Add. Endd.: The duke of Suff, and Sir Antony Brown to the K's Mate, xviijo Julii 1544.
18 July. 933. Paget to Suffolk.
R. O. The King likes his device for summons of Bulloiyn, saving that, instead of charging "all within the realm of France to come in and knowledge their duties of allegiance to his Majesty," he would have it extend only to all "within [Pica]rdye [and the] countie of Bulloyn [and Guisnes] promisyng to all such as will render themselves his Majesty's subjects they shall kepe still theyr landes and possessions without empayrmient more quietly and with more libertye then ever they have done hitherto." Upon the King's answer to St. Martyn, Mons. de Vervyns directed a post to the French king, who is intercepted by his Highness' folks. Suffolk is to make search therefor. "The duke of Alberkyrk shall come when his Majesty cometh. The King's Majesty saith he knoweth not where the plat is, for he [sen]t it to yor lodging (?) [and] saw it not sithens."
Had written thus far when the King received letters from Norfolk and the Privy Seal, which he sends to Suffolk to peruse and return; "signifying [further] unto [your Grace that,] according to the desire of my lords afore Montere[l], his Mate sendeth tomorrow my lord Admyral, my lord Deputy and Philip Hobby, thinking, at their return, to have perfect knowledge of their whole proceedings there." The King has also received Suffolk's letters, and is glad to see that his Highness has been in the right opinion touching the nature of the ground about Boloyne. As Suffolk removes thitherward tomorrow the King means to remove hence on Monday, and desires to know from Suffolk and others of the Council there whether it is too far for the horses to go through in one day; and, if it is, where he should lie by the way.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget to my lord of Suff., xviijo Julii 1544.
18 July. 934. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. As he lately wrote, Ant. Bonvyce's proxy sent by Tadeo, the King's post, did no service because made so that Vaughan alone, without Mr. Dymock or Thomas Lockes, could not appoint Bonvyce's factors to be bound to the Welsars, nor was it "vailable" after the day on which Tadeo brought it. Merchants look here so narrowly to their commissions that they will do nothing against them. For no writings of Vivalde's can more credit be had of those to whom he writes. As the Welsar is ready to pay, Bonvyce's proxy should be re-made and returned with speed. Yesterday by appointment of Mr. Caern, the ambassador, Vaughan delivered to George Gilpyn, for provision of carriages and lymoners for which my lord of Winchester wrote to Caern, 3,000 cr. of gold. Is told by substantial merchants of Italy that 15,000 Suissys are gone to serve the French king, who has withdrawn most of the soldiers he had at Carynyan towards France. This day came hither two captains of Landenberghe's horsemen who, failing to obtain their desires of Mr. Fane and Mr. Wyndebank, repair with them to the King. They seem sober men and to have been ill dealt with by Landenberghe, who has received 29,000 cr. from Fane and Wyndebank, besides the money which Vaughan delivered him in Almeyn. Fane and Wyndebank have had great trouble therein, and no less trouble is found with Lightmaker. These horsemen have ever dealt more soberly and gently than the footmen, and they cannot move until they have money. Tries always to get more credence, but the merchants in this time of war fear to do anything. Andwerp, 18 July 1544.
P.S.—Fane and Wyndebanke have taken great pains and are sorrowful that they could not succeed. Suggests (as he has often signified to the Council) that if Vivalde should write to other friends than he wrote to before, 50,000 cr. might be got.
"Landenbergh with his footmen is gone to serve the Emperor." It would "ease our things here" if Mr. Chamberleyn were sent to tarry here in the absence of Dymock and Lock.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
18 July. 935. Chamberlain to the Council with the King.
R. O. Two days past, by Lightmaker's messenger to the King, certified how he would disburse no more money till he saw Lightmaker's promises take better effect. Lightmaker has since asked 300 cr. more to bring his men forward, saying that they are come two days past to Boisleduc. Remembering that the King is arrived at Calleis and will now earnestly advance his purpose, has, unk[nown] to Lightmaker, sent one to Boisleduc with 300 cr., to give, in presence of the governors of the town, to the horsemen, if there, 1 cr. of gold apiece, for their charges hitherwards, and take their oath immediately to march fo[rwards towar]ds Seint Omer's to their musters, there to receive their month's wages aforehand and serve at such sould as the Emperor gives. Looks for his messenger's return from Boisleduc tomorrow. Andwarpe, 18 July 1544.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
19 July. 936. Frenchmen in England.
Harl. MS.
442, f. 203.
B. M.
Proclamation that all Frenchmen who have entered their names to be made denizens shall repair to the Lord Chancellor's house to know if they are in the roll signed by the King,—and if so, they must sue out their patent before 1 Sept. All others shall depart the realm. Teste Katherine Queen and Regent at Westm., 19 July 86 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
Soc. of Antiq
Procl., ii. 137.
2. Another modern copy.
P. 1.
19 July. 937. The Council with the Queen to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
P., p. 95.
Complaint having been lately made to the Queen that my lord of Cumberland, pretending a right of forest within grounds of John Norton of Norton wherein Norton also claims free warren, has both hunted there and cast down hedges and ditches. Send the bill of complaint herewith. He shall remind Cumberland how unmeet a time this is for such things, the King being out of the realm; and take order between them, certifying the Queen and Council of his proceedings. Westm., 19 July 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Hertford, Westminster and Petre.
In Petre's hand, p. 1. Add.
19 July. 938. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.
Add. MS.
32,655. f. 102.
B. M.
ii., No. 285.
Enclose letters received yesternight from Wharton with a letter to him from Robert Maxwell answering that which Wharton lately wrote him by the King's command. Darneton, 19 July 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 July. 939. Mary of Guise to Henry VIII.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 169.
B. M.
Has received his writing from Rothissay herald answering the writing sent him in the name of the Queen her daughter, subscribed with the present writer's hand; but, because the lords and nobles present when her daughter's writing was despatched shall return to the Parliament to be holden at Edinburgh the last day of this month she begs him to "superseid" the answer till then. Will do at the said convention, with advice of the Council, all that may stand to the weal of her daughter and peace betwixt the realms; and she requests an abstinence of war for twenty days "to ye effett yat all thingis may be ye mair facilie promovit and set forwart to cum to ane better perfectioun and tak gude end." At our Counsale of Striviling, 19 July.
Letter book copy, p. 1.
19 July. 940. Suffolk and Browne to [Paget].
R. O. Perceive by his letters that the King wants their opinion concerning his Highness's coming to the camp on Monday. Think that he should not come so soon but tarry till the camp is in order, which will not be long. "And when his Mate shall come, yf hit maye so stonde wth his Highnes pleasr, we thinke, thoughe hit shalbe to his Mates payne, to come thoroughe in o[ne] daye, so that ther maye be a place appoynted by the wey for his Highnes to repose hym selfe as long as hit shall please his Highnes; howe be hit, hit must be sen[e] that aswell his Mates carriages as a[lso the] carriages of those that shall come wth his Highnes may be conveyed, the daye afore h[is] Mate shall comme forthe, to Morgyson, wher we shall see hit savelye garded for that ny[ght, by] wch reason hit maye be at the camp [betimes] in the next mornyng, wherby all thin[ges shall] be in [a]re[dy]nes ageynst his Highnes [coming]. Fors[eeing that there be order] tak[en that the same] maye [be] (fn. n4) conveyed to Morgyson wth suche ho[rses] as are ther attendaunt uppon the Kynges Mate, and, that don, they maye retorne to attende his Highnes on the morrowe." However, if the King's carriages are set forth to Newnam Bridge the night before, and start early, they may come through to the camp in one day. Will send conduct to Sandiefeld to meet the King. Touching the King's pleasure to have the summons extend only to his subjects of Bullenoyse, Pyckerdy and the county of Quysnes, the writers thought that, as the King names himself king of France, it should extend to all his subjects of France. From the camp, this present Saturday morning, at Morgyson. Signed.
P.S.—Return his letters herewith.
Pp. 2. Add.: To, etc.: Mr. [Paget] chefe secreatarie to the Kinges Mate. Endd.: xixo Julii 1544.
19 July. 941. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Yesterday, "being with the Queen here amongst all other," upon Mr. Chamberlayn's letter to me, I desired her to send for Lightmaker and command him to deal uprightly with the King. She answered that she would, adding that "Lightmaker is a great waster, a man of evil name, and hath made banke rupt aswell at Andewarpp as in London, and a light fellow, and that (as she thought) goeth about no other thing but to get money." Has advertised Chamberlain of this, that he may deal the "warlier" (warilyer). Has written occurrents to the King. Bruxells, 19 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
19 July. 942. Landenberg (fn. n5) to Charles V.
Lanz, ii. 415. Complaining of his treatment in return for his faithful services to the King of England, which have been much to his own loss, as the Emperor will understand from Alltennstaig. Desires a safe-conduct to come to his Majesty. Mars. (i.e. Maastricht), 19 July 1544.
20 July. 943. The Council with the Queen to Paget.
R. O. Having this morning received letters from my lord Lieutenant of the North and declared them to the Queen, are commanded to send them to Paget to show to the King. "And where by my sayd lo[rd's l'res it] apperith thatt, if all the Scotisshe prisonars nott being hable to beare the charges of ther own fynding shuld be commytted to the gaolles according to th'order heretofore taken in thatt behalf, and remayn so in prison any tyme, ther wolde be greatt daunger thatt many of them shulde perisshe for hungar onles they myght be relieved att the Kinges Ma. charge," they (of the North) have written for the Queen's pleasure therein and for their continuance at Bernardes Castell and repair of the same. For answer, the writers are commanded by the Queen to signify that, "taking order for the bestow[ing of] such as be able to bear their own charges," such of the poorer sort of the prisoners as are "stout, busy or otherwise like to do any hurt being at liberty" are to be committed to several prisons, and ("if extreme necessity shall so require") have some small relief until the King's pleasure is otherwise known. The rest are to be released upon bond (described). If the repair of Bernardes Castell will not exceed 100 mks. it is to be done with part of the treasure remaining in Mr. Shelley's keeping, and they may afterwards remove thither. Westm., 20 July 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Hertford, Westminster and Petre.
In Petre's hand, pp. 2. Faded. Add. Endd.
20 July. 944. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 157.]
In embarking at Dover on the 18th inst., received her letters of the 11th; and yesterday was with the King, who answered as to Landemberge's men as will be seen by the copy, herewith, of Chapuys' letters to the Emperor. (fn. n6) As to the affair for which Suffolk wrote, the King is satisfied (as he declared to Maitre Doysot) and told Chapuys that he had sent her letters of thanks; and certainly he seems obliged to her for her trouble. Neither King nor Council have mentioned to him that the Emperor's army has not entered France at the day prefixed. Is pleased, for, as affairs stand, it is best not to enter in strife with them if it can be dissembled. As to the illtreatment and misreckoning of the payment of the wagonners of Flanders, the King will not be persuaded that his men do otherwise than well, but will see to it. As to the horsemen of Seeland, the King gave Chapuys to understand, as will be seen by the said copy, that the duke of Holstein had called them.
Learnt two hours ago that there is an Italian come hither to practise the Secretary of this Council for the discharge of Octavian Bos; yet, Chapuys does not believe that the said Secretary will say otherwise than he has, and even if he did "la torture en fera la raison."
Begs her, since the King departs to the camp within two days, to depute a person to reside in Chapuys' place in pursuance of what she told his man, and what he has been assured of on the Emperor's part. Calaix, 20 July 1544.
P.S.—Refers to the letters of Mons. de Courrieres and the copy herewith for their business.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
20 July. 945. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 104.
B. M.
ii., No. 286.
Enclose letters received this day from the wardens of the East and Middle Marches, with a letter from Sir George Douglas to the laird of Brunstone. Having intelligence that the Dowager will shortly send a herald with answer to the King's late letters, desire instructions whether to detain him and open his letters or send him up. Darneton, 20 July. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P.S. in. Sadler's hand.—Enclose a letter just received from the warden of the Middle Marches, showing that he has caused a right honest exploit to be made into Scotland and taken two good prisoners, the laird of Ferny-herste and his son, who have always been enemies to England, with many others. As there are now many more Scottish prisoners the writers ask how to bestow them, especially such as cannot bear their own charges.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd:
20 July. 946. Gardiner, Paget and Riche to Suffolk.
R. O. In answer to his letter to Paget the King orders them to signify that although desirous to be with him, his Highness will stay for a day or two, and be with him upon Wednesday, (fn. n7) praying him meanwhile to use all diligence, "for they begin to die here of the sickness; and, forasmuch ye mind to have his Highness lodged in the Advocate's house, to foresee that the watch tower, otherwise called the 'Towre thorder,' which standeth upon the sea side, be overthrown or taken, for it is said there lie pieces therein that shooteth to the said house of th' Advocate." That done and note taken how far the shot of the town may reach, the King will come through in one day, according to Suffolk's advice. As all the best bulwarks beat upon the Wind Mill hill, Suffolk should not approach there without a good trench for his safeguard. The King likes well that some of Suffolk's folk have entered Base Boloyn; but they should lie on the further side and in such number as to resist the power of the town.
The King is this day informed "that the town is moche subjecte to the mynne and that Mounsr de Vervyn saith the towne is not tenable and hath so advertised the Freenche king." Calais, 20 July. Signed.
P.S.—"We beseech your Grace to advertise us eftsoons of your opinions in this behalf."
Pp. 2. Endd.: Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget to the duke of Suff. xxth of July 1544.
20 July. 947. Suffolk and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O. Here have been with us my lord Admiral, my lord Deputy and Mr. Hobbeye for conduct to Mustrell. We beg pardon for not accomplishing this, as the horses here are not in case to conduct them, having been "so travelled yesterday that it was mid[night] afore they came to the camp, albeit [they] were abroad early in the morning; so that [we] could not the last night furnish forth h[orses] to keep the scoute. Which hath not only been [the] occasion that we have returned them unto your H[ighness] again, but also to declare unto your Majesty the estate of all things here, and what things we th[ink] necessary for the better service of [your Mate] to be declared unto your Highness undelayedly by our said lords, my lord Admiral, my lord Deputy and Mr. Hobbeye, unto whom we have as well delivered a bill of articles, signed with our hands, for their instructions, as also made them privy in debate [of] the occurrents here." From the [camp] at Bullen, 20 July. Signed by Suffolk, St. John, Gage and Browne.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
[20] July. 948. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O. I have received your letters "and the cavs yt I doo not wrethe vn to yov anasser ther of es be cavs yt me lord Amerlhall and me lord Debbette and Masstar Hobbe has from hovs her to de clar vn to the Kynges Henes too avnsser yewarre (every) pont ther in." From the "schege" before Bollayne.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Masstar Sekretterre. Endd.: My 1. of Suff. to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, July 1544.
20 July. 949. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. I found my lord Lieutenant with the King's army encamped before Boleyn; at the approach of which was hot work, and indeed few such strong towns as this have been so near approached the first day. I rode with my Lord towards Base Boleyn, where he intends to place some of the ordnance which should annoy the town, especially the Green bulwark and the brays along to the castle. There is great appearance of success if my Lord's device is followed, "which is to besiege the town in three sundry places, by reason whereof they shall be pulled from their gates and from all their assayles and from succour of their haven"; but here are few enough men for all this. My lord himself has been as far as any gunner in the field. Yesternight after supper I went with him to the trenches, in one of which three pioneers were killed a little before. "He passeth so little upon shot of artillery that he enforceth others to be hardy whether they will or not." Here is great scarcity of hakbuttiers and light horsemen. Yesterday Mr. Bowes with his light horsemen made a great raid beyond the town and brought back seven or eight score of cattle and certain prisoners, some of them town dwellers, who say the townsmen are in great fear and hourly flee both by water and by land. Yesterday divers crayers and boats departed the haven. As they look to be revictualled, by water, from Diepe, I write to lord Clynton, Sir Wm. Wodhous and Waters to appoint some small ships and pinnaces to defend that passage. Touching our conducting to Montrell my lord Lieutenant and the Master of the Horse write to the King, wherefore I need only write that lord Cobham and I trust to be tomorrow at Montrell and here again next day, and so return to the King, whom I trust to find at Calys, for there is no lying for him here yet. They (the town) "have their level and aim unto so many places and valleys that no place is clear but that they shoot into their tents and halys and doth much harm both to men and horses"; however they are kept waking, for the battery pieces never cease and the stones of the walls fly about. Yesterday those of the town that issued out to skirmish were so sharply repulsed that this night they gave us leave to sleep. Pray send my letter to the captains before rehearsed. From the siege of Boleyn, 20 July in the morning.
Hol., pp. 4. Flyleaf with address lost. Endd.: My 1. Admyrall to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget.
20 July. 950. Edward Vaughan to the Council with the King.
R. O. Coming to St. Omer's with the King's treasure, found lord Ferys, lord Gray Wylton and Sir John Haryngton, vice-treasurer, with a great band of horsemen and footmen sent from my lord of Norfolk for receipt both of the treasure sent from Sir Ric. Ryche, high treasurer of the wars, and of 10,000l. sent out of Flanders, from Stephen Vaughan, by John Dymok and one of Locke's sons. Encloses a letter he received there from Norfolk. Perceiving thereby that the conduct could not tarry, sent the two tellers with them; and they departed hence on Saturday morning and encamped that night at Hukelyers, more than half way to Munterell, and this night will be with Norfolk. The Frenchmen have been strong on Tyrwan side these four or five days, but, yesterday, after the convoy departed, "here came to town iij. or iij. adventurers of Mons. de Nyverley's band which were taken to Heddyng, and they said for the truth that they met vj. or vij. c. (600 or 700) horse of Frenchmen which are retired to their garrisons where they came from, so that their strength in these parts at this present is not great." Remains here, as commanded by Suffolk and others of the Council, for the musters of Lyghtmaker's band, of whom he has no news. Desires further instructions. St. Omer's, 20 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 July. 951. Edward Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Sends a fair "arkabuse" which he bought this morning out of a man of war's hands, who says it is right good. Lies here for Lightmaker's band, but hears no news of them. Desires leave to "retorne and put my thing in redynes to goo to the campe"; and can always return in 12 hours to take Lightmaker's musters. This morning Nicolas the post brought him letters for lord Ferrys and lord Gray, who are departed to the camp. By next convoy, will send their letters and other letters which came this morning, by Tochette's man, for my lord Wardyn, with which came letters to the Regent's commissaries here. Saynt Omer's, this Sunday in the morning.
If my letter to the Council be not well penned pray help in the reading thereof, "for you know my secretaryship not to be very good."
Hol. p. 1. Add. Endd.: xx° Julii 1544.
20 July. 952. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Four days ago, wrote to the Council by Lightmaker's messenger, whose proceedings he now finds so contrary that the King may be offended therewith. Desires Paget to make as his excuse that he wrote nothing but upon Lightmaker's own saying, a bill of whose hand he enclosed declaring so many horses to be at Utrecht and so many here; "and is nothing so." Yesternight came two of Lightmaker's men, who confessed that they left the rest beside Breme, six days past, waiting there to receive the King's letter of "reteindure," upon receipt of which they would be at Utrecht to give their musters within 14 days after. Hearing this, and remembering that it would be a month ere the horsemen could be at the frontier, persuaded them to abide the return of Lightmaker's late messenger to the King; and immediately sent to Mr. Carne to declare to the Queen the dealing of this Lightmaker, praying her to call him before her and make him restore the money (which the writer feigned that he had disbursed without commission), and punish him. Expects the Queen's answer hourly, and begs instructions how to proceed. It grieves him "to see these vile wretches have so small respect towards so mighty a prince and to 'scape unpunished." Andwarpe, 20 July 1544.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
20 July. 953. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 1.
Understanding the good and honorable words (propos) which the Sieur de Sainct Martin has written to me as proceeding from you, I send this gentleman expressly to learn if such is your meaning; and thereupon to show you my intention, which will prove that I never desired otherwise than to continue the good and perfect friendship that is between us, which I cannot believe to be diminished on your part, as I assure you it is not on mine. St. Mor de Fossez, 20 July, 1544. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
R. O.
vii. 155.]
2. Copy of the above at Vienna.
Fr. Modern transcript, p. 1.
R. O. 3. [Framozelles' note presented with the above letter.]
The King of France will pay the King of England the arrears of his pension, or deliver such good surety that the King of England will be satisfied. Upon the cessation of war, he will stop the war of the Scots, so that England shall have no less amity with them than with France. As for damages and interest, when amity is re-established, the King will show himself so reasonable that the King of England will be satisfied. As for the King's offers to the Emperor, when the Emperor delivers Myllan and all the fortresses he detains, the King will deliver him all that he has conquered since the last wars, the Emperor doing the like; and for the rest the King would be counselled by the King of England, his good brother.
French, in Framozelles' hand, p. 1. Endd.: Framozelle.
ii. On the back in the same hand is, apparently, the commencement of a similar memorandum, viz.: —"Sus (?) le donne a entendre du S[...] de Sainct Martin par ugnes lestres quil a escript au Roy que en paiant les arrierages de sa—"
R. O.
vii. 156.]
4. Copy of § 3 at Vienna.
Fr. Modern transcript, p. 1.
R. O. 5. Answer to the King of England's demands declared to the King [of France] by the sieur de Sainct Martin.
1. The King will pay the pensions and arrears or give satisfactory assignation for them. 2. Upon the cessation of the war between the two kings, the King will stop the war on the side of Scotland. 3. Upon the re-establishment of amity the King will show himself reasonable concerning the interest claimed by the King of England upon the arrears. 4. As to the reasonable offers which the King of England would have him make to the Emperor, the French king will show his desire for the peace of Christendom by offering that, if the Emperor will render him the duchy of Milan and agree that each shall restore the places taken during this war, he will be induced to make peace upon honorable conditions; and will accept the King of England's mediation sooner than that of any other prince, and also take his advice "sur les choses que sont non seullement a desmeller entre led. Empereur et luy, mais aussy en celles quil luy touchent principallment."
French, pp. 3, in Framozelles's hand.


  • n1. In June 1537.
  • n2. Dr. Oarne.
  • n3. That is, the letter by which the writer gave Halles the above information.
  • n4. Omitted in MS.
  • n5. Printed "Vandenberg" by Lanz.
  • n6. See No. 955, dated 21st, which along with this and De Courrières's letter, No. 956, must have been all despatched together. See P.S.
  • n7. The 23rd.