Henry VIII: June 1517, 16-30

Pages 1074-1092

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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June 1517

16 June.
R. O.
3364. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the like effect. Ghent, 16 June 1517. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. Dyork Cardinal et Primat Dengleterre.
16 June.
Calig. B. II. 253. B. M.
As he wrote from York, the Queen of Scots, since departing thence, has been well received in the bishopric of Durham and Northumberland, as the bearer, Sir Edward Benestede, can show, "who, as a right sad, wise and worshipful man, hath diligently done his service to the said Queen as her chamberlain." She entered Scotland yesterday, and was met at Lamberton Kirk by Angus, Morton and other lords, with Mons. de la Baty and 300 men, chiefly borderers. Albany left for France on the 8th, took ship at Dumbreton, and passed by the west sea. Gawter, his servant, will have informed Wolsey that he has authorized the Abps. of St. Andrew's and Glasgow, and the Earls of Huntley, Angus, Argyll and Arran to govern Scotland. It is said he means to return in five months. He has bound every great man in the country to him, and taken with him the heirs or brothers of the principal men.
Thinks the Queen would rather have stayed in England. Dacre and he did their best to help her forward and give her counsel, otherwise she would have remained on the Borders. "Her grace considereth now the honor of England, and the poverty and wretchedness of Scotland, which she did not affore, but in her opinion esteemed Scotland equal with England." Dacre and he have drawn up instructions for the better ordering of her lands and household, which he will show Wolsey when he comes. Left Berwick today with Dacre and the Captain of Berwick, who has "done good cheer" to the Queen, to view the castle of Werk, the "bringing up" of which is one of the greatest comforts that has happened to this country, and no less a displeasure to the Scots. Berwick, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Unto [my Lo]rde Cardinal's grace.
16 June.
R. O.
Sends extracts of letters from the King's spy at the French court, brought "by the accustomed priest" this day. From them, and the report of a certain "compagnon" whom Wyngfield sent to Abbeville, Wolsey will learn the news. Calais, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cardinal of York, Chancellor of England.
16 June.
Calig. D. VI. 313. B. M.
A report [to Sir Richard Wingfield?] of various matters of intelligence, headed: " ... de Juing, a Calais, mil vc xvii."
[Mons. de Cheb]anes and all the seigneurie are here at St. Quentin, proceeding towards Peronne and Admyens; but the King leaves the Queen at St. Quentin, and goes to Bouhayn, where he will confer with the other princes. "It is all on your account;" take heed therefore, for an attack on Tournay is intended, and you will have war if the Flemish princes keep their promise. Francis bears a very ill will to you. The Dame de Ravestain and others are at great expence maintaining these Flemings, who, you may be assured, will deceive either you or Francis. They have made great promises to Francis, and you know what sort of a man the Emperor is. The Duke of Bourbon, who is gone into Burgundy, is commissioned to bring the Swiss, according to the conclusion which Francis shall make here with these princes. A report has been circulated that the King of England was besieged somewhere, for hanging those who caused the riot at London (Evil May Day). Warns his correspondent against an officer of Queen Mary, who has a brother here, named Mons. Dyske, and has often been here himself, and says that his correspondent gives him rings and [precious] stones ... the Queen of England.
The Duke of Urbino has sold the places he has gained, to the Pope. The King ought to aid the latter, but is secretly assisting the Duke. Is informed this day that the princes will not meet. The King distrusts them; "car ilz glacent et ne suyvent point son propos," so that the other expedition (laultre voyage) for this year will not take place. Assures you "that Francis bears malice to you only, and will stick to his foolish enterprises." I warn you, therefore, to keep good watch, for if you have not to do with him this year, you will another time. "Et ne vous fiez que en vous mesmes: car, depuis qu'estiez à Paris on a faict de terribles ch[oses] tours et mutacions, doubtant tous appointements, et ce jourdhuy dung jet, demain daultre; et enfin [il] se trouvera trompe car cest raison." The Emperor has retired into Brabant, "et dit on icy que ... mectre ung evesque au traict. Mais ... [G]ueldres sil peult coutera avecque e ... at son amas dargent et de gens pour aller en ... gne. De quoy nous ne suysmes pas joyeulx." The purposed conference is broken off if things do not go well. The King goes to Admyens, and thence to Normandy. All the soldiery of France are marched to this place to be ready to turn against you. Admiral Bounivet is going to marry a daughter of Crevecueur. There is with him the Seigneur d'Alençon and the brother of the said Admiral. Friday, 12 June. Signed: "vre povre serviteur."
Le Pretre (?) (Le Pb're) says that several vessels are at Honfleur, ready for action; their destination is not known. Those of Tournay have great intelligence with the King. The French troops are on the ... in Normandy, and waste everything because [they are] not paid. Part of the band of Pont d[e Remi ?] are cashiered, "et ne font que chercher parti." The multitude (menu peuple) is so strong " ... sceuent que fere."
"Ledict xvj. jour de [Juing]." Says he has been at Albeville; heard that a great number of carts loaded with [gunpowder] were at Admiens. The King was expected there yesterday, and from thence would come to Albeville. He had been at the baptism of a child of the Duke de Vandosme, and is coming to hunt in the forest of Cressy. The common expectation in France is, that corn will be sufficiently abundant to enable them to make war on the English. The King means to go to Diepe, and thence to Rouen; others say, to Boulogne. The hunters say he has been at St. Quentin's. The Duke of B[ourbon ?] is dissatisfied, and offered to restore the King 20,000 livres a year he had received from him, desiring him to give the sum to the adventurers who had served him best.
Fr., pp. 4, badly mutilated.
16 June.
R. O.
Commission to Jaques de Luxembourg Lord of Aussy, Bernard de Mesa Bp. of Helna, Jaques de Gaure Lord of Frezyn, and George de Theimseke, to receive the oath of Henry VIII. to the treaty made 29 Nov. (fn. 1) 1516. Ghent, 16 June 1517. Signed and sealed.
16 June.
R. O.
Credence for Jaques de Luxembourg, Sieur Daussy, Jaques de Gaure, Sieur de Fresin, Grand Bailly of Haynault, and George de Theimseke, Provost of Cassel, whom he has commissioned to be present with the Bp. of Helna at the ratification by Henry of the treaty between him, the Emperor and Charles. Ghent, 16 June. Signed and sealed.
Fr. p. 1. Add.: A Mons. Dyorck, Cardinal et Primat Dengleterre.
16 June.
R. O.
3370. LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
In behalf of Francis Frowyr (Frowick), a minorite friar, returning into England. Rome, 16 June 1517, 5 pont.
Lat., vellum. Add.
16 June.
R. O.
Received his letter dated Westminster, 14 June, desiring information of the ordinances heretofore devised for the custody of Calais, and whether the retinues are furnished. Have been able to find none of Edw. III., but send a copy of an old roll. Have mustered the garrison of Calais, Guisnes, &c., and will bring the books. The Deputy has been advertised by a servant of De Guyes that on Sunday last he came to Boulogne "with a robe long in his company attending upon the King's commissioners." According to Wolsey's letter they have this day sent the secretary of Calais to De Guyes to arrange with him a convenient place for the first meeting, and to state that one of the commissioners has not yet arrived. Thomas Spinelly has informed them that Mons. de Ose will be at Calais on Thursday or Friday. Think it inexpedient to have the French commissioners there at the same time, as they might communicate. Will therefore protract the time till the arrival of Dr. Knight and Thomas Moor. Calais, 16 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: My Lord Cardinal.
17 June.
Giust. Desp. II. 90.
3372. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Hears that the Emperor has gone to the diet at Worms in consequence of a league formed against him by the princes of Germany. Three ambassadors are coming here to swear to the league,—a ceremony performed a year ago, but now repeated because the clauses inserted at the suit of Cardinal Sion have been cancelled. They will be magnificently received. Has not been able to talk with the Cardinal, who has been very ill indeed and his life despaired of. None of those who were once so assiduous ever went near him. He is now convalescent. London, 17 June 1517.
17 June.
Galba, B. VI. 54. B. M.
The day after his arrival at Ghent, delivered Wolsey's letter to the Pope's commissioner, Fra Nicholas. As to Wolsey's overture to him to come to England and enter the league in the Pope's name, thinks it would be unnecessary, as he has already done so by the King of Castile; and the Pope himself would enter it at Rome if moved by the English ambassador. This would be preferable to issuing a bull, which the Pope declined to do in the case of the French treaty. The friar also informed him that the Cardinals of Sienna and Saules were imprisoned for having attempted to poison the Pope, which they have since admitted; that the Spanish ambassador at Rome made great intercession for the former, using threats if he were ill treated; that the Cardinal of St. George was also taken, and confessed he was an accomplice, without the torture being applied: of which matters he says he has convinced the Council, though it was evident their ambassador had written another version of it. As the Pope is now perplexed with the war against the old Duke of Urbino as well by these conspiracies, the friar felt that he must remain here to advance the Pope's affairs. Has written to the King what news there is of the King's voyage into Spain. Ghent, 17 June.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: My Lord Cardinal.
17 June.
R. O.
Has received the King's and Queen's letters in favor of the Friars Observants. Has submitted them to the Pope, who has decreed that henceforth the minister general shall be chosen from the said family of Observants, as has been done in the late chapter. Friar Francis Frowik, the English provincial, will explain more. Rome, 17 June 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.
18 June.
Monumenta Habsburgica, Abtheil, II. B. I. 42.
Instructions of Charles of Castile for Jacques Villinger and Jehan de Sanvaige, ambassadors to Francis I., for treating with Dr. Conrad Renner, Provost of Louvain, and Jehan Jonglet, president of Namur.
They are to receive Francis' ratification and oath to the treaty of Cambray. To ask him to urge the Venetians to liberate from prison Counts Christofles de Frangepain, Westerbourg and Ritschon, and others, free of ransom. To thank him for his good resolution and reply in the affair of Messire Charles d'Egmonde. To ask him to send one of his councillors to Mantua, to meet a councillor of the Pope, as arbitrators in the disputes which daily arise between the subjects of the Emperor and the Venetians, by which the truce may finally be broken, and state what day the said councillor will arrive, that notice may be sent to the Pope. To ask him to write to the Pope in favor of the Duke of Barri, brother of Maximilian Sforza, recommending his promotion to the cardinalate, and that some provision be made for him in compensation for his rights in the succession of his late father and brother Maximilian. To ask him to persuade the Venetians to allow Count Jerome de Nogerole, of Verona, to enjoy his possessions, as do the other Veronese expelled for taking the Emperor's part. To request that the possessions of Messire Andrieu de Burgo, and his brothers Dr. Baptiste Baldirono, physician, Messire Augustin Semenco, George Gadio and Paule de Laude, secretaries, and others in the Emperor's service before the Italian war, be restored to them. To ask for restitution to Count Loys de Ticion, of the goods of which he was despoiled by the French and others since the conquest of Milan, as he is a vassal of the Emperor and has a son in the Emperor's service. To show in what danger Christendom is from the Emperor of Turkey, who has killed the old Sultan and almost subdued the kingdom of his successor, having so much increased his power that the kingdoms of Africa are compelled to submit without opposition. The King of Persia also, called the Sophy, has fought with the Turk, and lest so many men that he can no longer resist. To ask Francis to join the Pope, Emperor and other Christian powers in a league for the defence of Christendom. To remonstrate with him for the pillage and rebellion continually made by Fras. von Seckinghen and his adherents, against the Emperor. Ghent, 18 June 1517. Signed. Countersigned: Haneton.
18 June.
S. B.
3376. For JOHN VEYSY alias HERMAN, Dean of the Chapel Royal.
Grant of tenements and land in the lordship of Suttun Colfelde, Warw., now in the tenure of Hugh Herman and Wm. Houghton alias Smyth: at the annual rent of 10s. 6d., and 6d. of increase, with 6d. beyond the increase. Del. Westm., 18 June 9 Hen. VIII.
18 June.
P. S.
3377. For ALICE, wife of HENRY COPPLESTON of Exeter.
Pardon, as principal and accessary to David Thonger, deceased, for all felonies. Eltham, 18 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
19 June.
Galba, B. VI. 59. B. M.
Two days ago the King of Castile called before him the Estates of the Low Countries, and told them, by his Chancellor, that he had delayed his departure to Spain in order to see peace established by alliances with France and England; that the disturbance raised in Friesland by the Duke of Gueldres, he trusted, would not prove very formidable; and that he would leave a Council to govern in his absence, whose names would be declared before his departure; adding, after a pause, that the King had so treated with the Emperor that they trusted they might rely on his help when needed. The King himself added words to the like effect. This is the report given to Tunstal by one who was present, but many understood it as if the Emperor were to be the head of the Council. No mention was made of the Lady Margaret. Wise men think the names of the Council will not be declared till the King's embarcation. The Chancellor leaves today on his "voyage." It is supposed he has a commission to take the French King's oath to the treaty of Cambray, Felinger going with him to do the same on the Emperor's behalf, and to receive 50,000 crowns, payable next month, for the delivery of Verona. The Spaniards hardly believe the King will go this year, but much of his "stuff" is gone already into Zealand. Last night Tunstal was informed by the Chancellor that the Baily de Amount would occupy his place after his departure;—that tomorrow he would go to Bruges for three or four days, and afterwards might spend some time in hunting, while his company went to Zeland to ship the baggage. Ghent, 19 June. Signed.
Pp. 4.
19 June.
R. O.
The Chancellor, his master, has just started for Lisle for his journey to Spain, where the writer hopes to meet with Spinelly. Thinks his master will stay some little time at the French court. Yesterday the English ambassador called to take leave. On Saturday the King starts for Bruges, and will make a brief stay in Zealand. Ghent, 19 June.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Messire Thomas Spinelli, chevalier, a present en court du Roy d'Engleterre.
* Probably a copy of a letter of De la Laing, though addressed like an original letter.
19 June.
P. S.
3380. For RIC. WESTON, squire of the Body.
To be keeper of the swans in the Thames; on surrender of patent 25 May 7 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Sir Wm. Tiler. Richmond, 11 May 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
19 June.
P. S.
Licence to import 450 tuns of Gascon wine. Greenwich, 10 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
20 June.
Vit. B. III. 156. B. M. Rym. XIII. 592.
3382. LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
Credence for Friar Nicholas Scomber, whom he sends into England to beg aid of Henry against the enemies of the Church. Rome, 20 June 1517, 5 pont.
Badly mutilated.
21 June.
Calig. B. II. 331. B. M.
3383. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Received his letters from Westminster, 29 April. Is glad that the King is satisfied with his suggestions for fortifying the Borders, rebuilding Wark and removing Bowcastle. Desires that some office should be provided for Thomas Musgrave, that the fee which he now has, amounting yearly to the sum of 70l., be employed in rebuilding the castle in the King's lordship of Arthurheath, as Magnus has written already. Has informed Magnus how Musgrave may be made to comply, if he prove restive. Will apply himself diligently to the building of the new tower on the West Borders. Trusts it will not cost the King a penny, according to the scheme devised by himself and Magnus. Has received from the King by Magnus 480l. for rebuilding Wark Castle. The 100l. of that which he is to spend in entertaining gentlemen of Scotland discontented with the Duke shall be well bestowed. That would be in the winter. Is thankful that the King has granted him the little parcel of forfeited lands of Edward Skelton, and licence to enclose a wild. Requests that he may have a bill assigned for that purpose, and the Captain of Berwick a letter of thanks from the King for his good company and counsel in all Border causes. That the master mason of Berwick may be sent to the castle at Wark to devise the fortifications. That he may have some artillery out of Berwick and a barrel of gunpowder. Desires credence for Magnus in the premises. Harbottle, 21 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
21 June.
Calig. E. II. 109. B. M.
A White Canon has brought over writings affecting the privileges of the order. As Wingfield considers the documents to apply only to England, he has refused to allow the Canon to act upon them till he know the King's pleasure. The Great Bailly of ... and the Provost of Cassyll, ambassadors from the King Catholic, arrived yesterday, at Gra[velines] on their way to England, with a company of 500 horses. Calais, 21 June. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated
Calig. B. II. 336.
B. M.
3385. DACRE to [WOLSEY].
The Homes lying in the Cawmills, and doing great harm in Scotland, cannot continue without aid of money, seeing what garrisons are laid against them in Wedderburn, Blackatter, Coldingham, and other places in the Merse. Has furnished them with some of his own ordnance. The house stands within 3,000 feet of the bounds of Berwick, and cannot be won without ordnance, which could only come through those bounds. The King has been at no expence for them since the death of the Chamberlain of Scotland. "As for the Armstrongs, and other evil-disposed persons their adherents, the King's highness shall not be charged with none assistance for them but only myself." Acknowledges 100l. sent by Wolsey for relief of the Homes, to be delivered as from himself and not from the King, as appears by Wolsey's letter dated 29 April 9 Hen. VIII. Had replied that he took the 100l. as parcel of 480l. for building Wark castle, as appears by indentures between Magnus and himself. As yet has had no more money for that work. Signed.
22 June.
Er. Ep. App. 142.
Ever since Erasmus left has wished he possessed the wings of Icarus that he might fly to him. The Archbishop is very desirous of his return, and wishes to provide for him. Otford, 22 June 1517.
22 June.
Er. Ep. App. 143.
Yesterday, being at More's house, heard Erasmus' letter read. Praises highly Erasmus and his Chiliades, to the reading of which he daily devotes two hours. Begs his remembrance to the Bishop of Chieti. London, 22 June 1517.
22 June.
R. O.
Begging him to take back into favor John Galeazzo Boschetto, secretary of the Cardinal of Agen, who has unconsciously offended him. He is an ancient friend of Andreas Ammonius, the King's Latin secretary, who highly recommends him. Eltham, 22 June 1517. Not signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
22 June.
R. O.
3389. JULIUS [DE MEDICI], Vice-cancellarius, to HENRY VIII.
Is pleased that the King has expressed his satisfaction at his zeal and integrity. Will be much more firm than ever, in furthering the business of Tournay, now that he knows that it is an ancient custom. Rome, 22 June 1517. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 3390. SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Same date. Signed.
Lat:, p. 1. Add.
23 June.
P. S.
Grant of the manor of Frylsham alias Frylleforde and Garforde, Berks, forfeited by John Earl of Lincoln, with issues from 24 Hen. VII.: provided that she do not quit England for Scotland or other foreign country. Otford, 18 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 June.
23 June.
P. S.
3392. For PETER COLEYN, M. A., native of Gueldres.
Denization. Richmond, 11 May 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
24 June.
Calig. B. VI. 163. B. M.
i. "Copy of a letter by [Dacre], sent to the Lord Maxwell, Warden of the West Marches of Scotland, dated the 24th day of June last past."
Sixty or eighty Englishmen have complained to him that yesterday Mr. Maxwell, your brother, the Lairds of Hempesfielde (Amesfeld), Tynwald, Ross and Holme Endes, with John Irwen, the Duke and his clan, Nichol Gask and others, 400 horse and more, drove away 700 "kye and oxen" from Hedderskale bog in the debateable land. The cattle belonged to Richard Reshel of Hubretby, John Pantre, Thomas Barker and various others (named), some tenants of Dacre, to the number of sixty house holders and others, the King's tenants, within the lordship of Arthurheth, forty householders. As the goods were taken in the debateable ground about 11 o'clock, "which is free for English and Scots to eat with bitte of mouth, fro the sunrise to it set again," desires him, as a friend, if the goods be not parted, to restore them, which if not done, they will "follow the same according to the laws of the Marches to the uttermost, and haif it with the sanfoy accordingly." If he have not an answer, he will send to the Chancellor and lords of the Council of Scotland in the absence of the Governor, for remedy. Can prove the cattle were on English ground the night before, from sunset to sunrise. The King has strictly enjoined him to see all his subjects of the East, Middle, and west Borders keep the peace. At Nawarde, St. John Baptist's day, 24 June 1517.
Copy by Dacre, pp. 2.
Ib. f. 164. ii. Robert Lord Maxwell to Dacre.
Has received his letter of Thursday the 25th inst. (sic) by his servant Robert Garis. He has been falsely informed both as to the number and the persons who committed the outrage, attributed to his brother Herbert and others. The takers of the goods say it was done orderly according to the customs of the Borders. They were within the number of sixscore persons, and are ready to answer him. If Dacre please to arrange a meeting at Louchmaben Stane, and give in the names of the persons complained of, he will get them arrested. Dacre shall have no cause to complain of him. Lochmaben, Friday, 26 June 1517.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To the right honorable lord, my Lord Dacre, Warden of the Marches of England.
Ib. f. 165. iii. "Answer to the Lord Maxwell's letter next afore, bearing date the 27th day of June last past."
Has received his letter of the 26th by Gares, by which he learns that his information is incorrect, *c. Is appointed to meet the Warden at Hexpethswire on Monday, 6 July, and Mons. De la Bastye on the East Marches afterwards. Cannot be at Loughmaben Stane till Friday. Sends a list of the parties wronged. Carlisle, 27 June.
Copy by Dacre, pp. 2.
Ib. f. 166. iv. Robert Lord Maxwell to Dacre.
The Laird of Amesfeld, the principal man, "is in till Edinburgh." Friday next is too soon to attach the culprits. Will meet Dacre, his son or brother, on Wednesday, 8 July. Trailtrow, this last Wednesday.
Ib. f. 67. v. "Answer to the Lord Maxwell's letter next afore, bearing date the 2nd day of July present."
Has received his letter from Trailtrowe yesterday. Neither he nor his brother Sir Christopher can keep the meeting on Wednesday. If Maxwell will call to his aid "aged, discrete, wise and well disposed men," he may redress the grievances complained of in the bill, and make arrangements for their future prevention. Kirkoswald, this Thursday, 2 July 1517.
Ib. f. 167b. vi. "Copy of two letters sent, the one of them to the lords and Council of Scotland, and the other to the Chancellor of the same, what time as I had justice refused, and none could get of the Warden of the West Marches, but only drift to the hurt and noysaunce of the King my sovereign lord's subjects."
1. That the subjects of both kingdoms have been allowed to pasture in the debateable ground "with bit of mouth" from sunrise to sunset, but if they attempt to stake cattle there for the night they are liable to have the same driven away and destroyed.—2. If they be found under such cover in the day time their houses are liable to be burnt and their goods forfeited if they refuse to come out.—3. All carts, horses, taking wood, grass or corn out of the same land, are liable to forfeiture: "but if so be that the carriage be out of the wain, cart, or horsebacks, or the seizure be made, then there is no forfaute done." —4. Complains that the Lairds of Hempesfeld, Kirkmighell, and others, to the number of 200, have plundered certain of his master's subjects on the debatable ground. Requires that Lord Maxwell be sent to make restitution, and that some means be taken to prevent future disturbances. Herbotel, 6 July.
Ib. f. 168b. vii. [Dacre] to the Lord Chancellor [of Scotland].
Has written to the Council as above. Begs him to use his influence with Lord Maxwell to preserve discipline on the borders. Though he loves him "his counsel is light." Annerdale and Eskdale are ready to rise, and only wait three weeks for longer nights. Unless execution be done by Maxwell at once on the worst offenders, it will be beyond his power to help. "And what peril and jeopardy it is to my said Lord Maxwell to make promise to the Governor, and not to keep it, (which is a Frenchman,) coming in his danger, I refer that to your lordship. For there is no fault in his person, noder in his manhede nor wisdom, without it be for lack of good counsel: for he is as aventurous a man of his faes as any young man that I saw begin on the Borders this many day." Has no fault to find with Cessford, Warden of the Middle Marches, "but that he is some deal forgittyll and rakles." Is glad that he and the Council "take so well with the Queen's grace." Harbotell, 6 July.
Nos. v. vi. and vii. are copies by Dacre, pp. 5.
Ib. f. 170. viii. James [Beton] Abp. of Glasgow, Chancellor of Scotland, to Dacre.
Has received his letter by William Hatheringtoun, dated Harbotell, 6 July. He and the lords of the Council have written for Maxwell, "that we may speak with him," and require reformation of what has been done in these Borders. Will gladly avoid all occasions of hostility. Edinburgh, 18 July. Signed.
Orig., p. 1. Add.:To my Lord Dacre, &c.
f.171. ix. The Council of Scotland to Dacre.
Have heard before of the compalint made in his letter of 6 July, "and was ritht displesit." Maxwell has written to them that the goods were fairly taken, as the English had staked the ground. They have summoned Maxwell to attend them and make just redress. Edinburgh, 11 July.
Orig., p. 1. Add.: To ane noble and mythty lord, Thomas Lord Dacre, &c.
24 June.
R. O.
3394. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Credence for John Paul de Giglis, who brings letters from the Bishop of Worcester, his brother. Rome, 24 June 1517, 5 pont Vellum. Add.
24 June.
vit. B. XIX. 160. B. M.
"Illustrissime et quam præclarissime domine, uti frater observ [andissime] ... 20 præsentis e.v. per alias meas ad longum perstrinxe ... eadem successere, et quæ videbantur majestatem regiam conting[ere] ... quæ ex penetrabilibus secretioribus istorum p. et majestatis Cæsareæ ... hauseram e.v. majestati regiæ et reverendissimo domino meo Eboracensi ins ... excusavi me quoque, quod ad quinas e. v. receptas non respondi [quanto] citius potui, sed et necdum potui illum articulum concernentem ... literis Cæsaris confirmatoriis. Cum tamen maj. Cæs. per omnia sit ... ea et alia facere habendis Helvetiis, qui usque modo nulli [alteri se] jungi voluerunt, licet desuper sint aliquotiens requisiti, quamvis ... Anglicum fœdus univoce, et concurrentibus omnium trium Majestatum nuntiis, nunq[uam] ... legittime solicitati, quod tanta confirmationis et ratificationis e ... dilatio causavit et forta (forte) multarum aliarum rerum collapsar[um] ... ru na fuit, utinam adhuc provideretur residuum. Gallus etenim per omnia a ... rit, et propediem Italiam, quam non modico hiatu absor[bere] cepit, deglutiet; quoniam s. d. n. usque adeo artavit, ut suis v[oluntatibus] per omnia assentire, immo confiteri cogat, se illius protectione consistere et [salvum] fieri, a quo se optime novit præcipitari. Nam quod Franciscus de Ruere, o[lim] dux Urbini, ejus robore et nutu suffusus (suffultus ?) cuncta andet et facit ... consequitur, e converso armis Gallicis pontifex protectus perit; patet. Cumetenim in ... petitur exercitus pontificis, Galli se neutrales simulant, tamen d[uci] faventes pontificis machinas anferunt, ad Ruere convolant, huic ... redeunt, perit res Ecclesiæ, ejus subditi aurum, victum aditumque 1 ... compulsi tribunnt. Habet nunc agrum Picenum et illius metropolim ... suis nutibus prostratis creditur se Florentiam versus vertat, ut illam ... et vel taxet nunc 5,000 H. Gallicis capitaneis, licet H. natu du ... evocat pontifex, quibus passim ultro Galli præstant; et si quibus ultra ... Gallus ex supernumerariis accipiet quotquot cupit, nec poterunt ... illos cohibere, quam surda res est pontifex non nisi Franciscum de Ruere h ... patitur. Ille Gallicis, uti dixi, viribus talia audet, et quis eundem ... levem putaverit? Si de vero Galli contra se venturum timeret aliqu ... cui tota regum Christianorum vix formidini est machina, et uni ... vel verbo Franciscum de Ruere cohiberet, tamen iste pulcherrimus eidem m ... cogere aliena sub umbra validum exercitum, et contra quem pontifex Gall ... obtutibus Venetus adorat Franciscum, tota illum Italia tremit ... Christiana respublica consumit residuas pontificis vires ejusque ære ... Helvetios havebit; habet d. Marcum Anthonium Columpnam utique ... tum armis et strenuissimum cum 100 lanceis et equis levibus h ... 300 lanceas, et totidem denuo illuc mittit. Habet cum Fr ... 500, ejusque pedites et 3,000 Guascones qui pontifici militare ... prædixi, et creditur ob causam dicti Francisci profecto ... machina hæc 1,300 lancearum 2,000 levium ar ... peditum hæc dudum pauper sed submurmuravit ... [ru]it mundus, ruit ecclesia, imperium voragini proximum est, nam ... omnia facere, omnibus assentire Galli votis ut propiorem fugi ... et qui sese servituti astrictum sentit, ecclesiamque minus ... aliorum servare salutem qui suam amisit, etc.
Neapolim sibi deesse ... Siciliam, etc. eo tendit rethe ut debachatus in illis reliqua ... eat et nisi non recte scribant quidam, xiiij. cardinales novi creati, fere omnes Gallicam sectam profitentur;" e.g., Ludovico de Rossi, the Pope's relation, the datary, the Bp. of Chalons (Cabalicensis), Augustine Triulci, Hermelinus, the regent of the Chancery and Ursino. The Roman Bishops Colonna and de Valle, &c., dare not oppose them. The Cardinals St. George, de Saulis and Petruci have confessed the crime of poison, and suffer justly. We are losing strength. The Swiss are impatient to vindicate their lost honor against the French; "sed illos crapulæ, ocio et bello assuetos, gladio non fomere (vomere) vivere cupidos, negligimus." They will serve their very enemies for money, and keep no treaties longer than the pay lasts. "Scripsi proximis quem vermiculum compererim intus etiam bonos principes nutriri; a quibus simul queritur comparari quo nunquam habeant quod ultra vel vendant vel eligant; sese servituti tam fœdæ quasi addi vel comprimi sinentes, imo dantes necessario, ultra (fn. 2) quod veteres scripsere; quod omnes etiam nostris temporibus palpavimus et vidimus, credere volunt, putantes veritatem quæ in proverbiis latet mentiri; cum nullum rectius unquam sit eo probatum, nullam fidem esse regni sociis aut reconciliatis inimicis, aut jusjurandum non violari regnandi causa. Undique tenduntur illius veneno Galli, quam basiliscum peperisse timendum venit, cum et Germanos et Hispanos et Italos, Dacos et Ungaros prope veneno infecerit æris sui; et quid juvat in servitute fœda aurum? Jamque, ne tamen Dominum illum, qui in cœlis est optimus, blasphemare audeam, sunt terrestres 4or Francisci qui me judice multa ambiunt et omnia turbant, Franciscus rex Galliæ, Franciscus de Ruere, Franciscus Sicking et Franciscus Colopodica, etc.
Cæsar usque huc venit et crastino in Rotemburg quæ ad Tauberum fluveolum est ibit, ubi aliquæ imperialium oppidorum copi[æ] consistunt cum suis ducibus, ut cum eis de ratiunculorum Sicking et sociorum ejus instituat, experiaturque quo voto sint: nec tamen desunt qui dicant [t]ractari, ut per viam concordii sepeliant mortui mortuos suos, quoniam ... non credit; debet et Cæsar redire ad dietam Magunciæ institutam ... donec redeat eo Cæsar. reverendissimus d. Maguntinus presidentiam tenebit ... E v. notam concernentem (fn. 3) electoribus proposuit (fn. 4) quæ necdum omnes ... Catholico verbum fecit qui non omnibus odorat cum et Gallus aliquos ... filium incedit optimum.
Convenerit pactis ne alicui Austriæ sanguinis ... non modico illud bravium occupare et ut inqu ... scripsi in angelis reperta est iniquitas, quanto m[agis qui in terris] habitant et alias mali censentur ! O utinam saperent q ... remoto periculo agitur et novissima providerent. Ego ... agam loquutus cum certis, et qui primi in voto et in o ... profecto omnem oblationem auri et corruptionem detestantur, et ... induxi convicique rationibus ut in meam omniphariam pro regia [Maj.] conduxerim sententiam, et optaverint ut simile cum aliis faciam officium; verum cum reliquis nondum mihi fuit facultas ... sed et citius cupito recessimus. Et cum in meo ab inferis. ...multa mea scripta data ad regiam majestatem ad reverendissimum D. m[eum] ... et post relationem oratorum regiorum nulla responsa, literas vel ins[tructiones habue]rim, nescius an amore vel odio dignus Cæsar quasi ... ne præter votum aliquid credens mereri demererer agerem ... qui se jactitent Sed. adeo læsisse regiam majestatem et Rm D. ut res ... apud illos sic quodque jam illi regii Catholici agentes omnia sunt et ... ibidem subridens dixi, bonum fore quod pro fideli servitute et pro dampn[is] magnis, etiam odium pro dilectione consequutus sim, et ultra esse bonum ... illos regentes esse bonos Anglicos factos, ergo abrenuntiass[e] ... Gallicam, quod nemo facile credit, aut regiam majestatem sentire cum eis id ... Gallo, et sic cuncta consona, etc.
Dominacio vestra dignetur de his omnibus d ... regiæ Majestati et reverendissimo d. meo dare noticiam; quibus non scribo ob ca[usam] dictam, nesciens si adhuc meas literas cupiant vel abhor re[ant], quibus tamen usque ad mortem neque fide neque servitute non defici[am]. Meæ partis res deterrime succedunt, ut nesciam quid agam p ... et quæro justitiam et nusquam reperio; omnia ruinis præda violenc ... operibus facti mecum aguntur; non est qui laborum meorum fidei prob ... dampnorum passorum meorum reminiscatur. In me unico, et qui scis[ma facere et] qui ecclesiam ruere, et qui rempublicam Christianam confrigere solic[itant,] vim et vires experiuntur; profecto multum dorsum meum incur ... et non est qui adjuvet, et si singula describere deberem non ... magnum sufficeret. Cupio e. v. valere quam rogatam velim ... regiæ maj. et servitutem meam ac revmo d. meo Eborac[ensi] tam commendare, ac aliqua eorum scripta cito percipiam. Ex ... Franconiæ, 24 Junii 1517.
"Forte infra 4 dies in Nure[mburg] erimus illincque reversuri quo supra dixi.
M. C. SED."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: "Illustri domino Ruperto Winckfield, equiti aurato, apud Cesaream Majestatem proximo Rege Angliæ oratori dignissimo [et] fratri observandissimo [in Ca]lisio vel in Anglia [vel] ubi sit."
24 June.
Vit. B. III. 158. B. M.
Sign manual of Henry VIII. for privy seal signifying the royal assent to the election of a prioress of Godstowe. Eltham, 24 June 9 Hen. VIII. Signed by Wolsey as Chancellor.
24 June.
P. S.
3397. SIR NICH. WADHAM and ISABELLA his wife.
Grant of the third part of the possessions of Sir Giles Bruges, late husband of the said Isabella. Eltham, 20 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 June.
25 June.
Vit. B. III. 159. B. M.
Has received letters today from Thomas Spinelly, sending for him to go there a second time for the sake of entering the English truce. Has been sen; for by the [adherents] of the King Catholic. Wrote on the 13th to [Wolsey] that he could not come, " ... si ut al ... tabellionis diplomate me iterum Summi Pontificis nomine hoc fœoedus inivisse ostenderem, illud que r d. v. transmitterem." Begs him to make his excuses to the King. Bruges, 25 June 1517. Signature burnt off.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated
Vit. B. III. 179*.
B. M.
Had gone from Bruges to Calais for the purpose of visiting England, as he wrote a few days since; but hearing that the sickness was prevalent, resolved to change his mind and pass through France into Spain. Calais, 1517. Signed.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
25 June. P. S. Rym. XIII. 593. 3400. For the MONASTERY OF ST. MARY'S, COVENTRY, Cov. and Lich. dioc.
Congé d'élire vice John Ipingham, prior, deceased. Eltham, 21 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
ii. Petition of John Webbe, subprior, and the Convent, for the above. 16 June 9 Hen. VIII.
25 June.
P. S.
3401. For WM. SHARPE, clk.
Grant of the pension which the Prior elect of Coventry is bound to give to the King's nominee until he be promoted to a competent benefice. Eltham, 21 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 June.
26 June.
R. O.
Obligation to repay, in four yearly instalments, the sum of 100,000 Rhenish florins of gold, advanced by Henry VIII. towards the expences for his voyage to Spain. Bruges, 26 June 1517.
Sureties for the above: Philip de Cleves Lord de Ravestain, Charles de Croy Prince de Chymay, Henry Count of Nassau Sieur de Breda, William de Croy Lord de Chierves, Grant Chambellan, Jehan le Sauvaige Lord de Scaubeque, Chancellier, et Anthoine de Lalain Lord de Montigny, Chief des Finances. Bruges, 26 June 1517.
Fr., pp. 3.
26 June.
S. B.
3403. To CUTHBERT TUNSTAL, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel a recognizance of 100 marks, made by Sir Wm. Skevyngton of Skevyngton, Leic., and others, to Thomas Abp. of York, Sir Th. Lovell, treasurer of the Household, Sir John Dauncy, and John Heron, treasurer of the Chamber. Eltham, 26 June 9 Hen. VIII.
26 June. 3404. For WALTER DEY, clk.
Presentation to the church of Mottrum de Longdendale, vice John Pyeton, deceased. Westm., 26 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7.
26 June.
P. S.
3405. For ROB. LYTELL.
To be keeper of the Wardrobe of Beds of the armory in Windsor Castle, vice Ralf Jenet, with 6d. a day, and 3d. a day for a page under him. Eltham, 23 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm, 26 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4
Vit. B. III. 160.
B. M.
The King of France has written to the Pope on the affair of the Cardinals. St. George is implicated. Sauli will remain at Sienna. All three have been deprived. Yesterday the Pope sent for all the ambassadors to see the process. Ammonius may be now quite at ease about the collectorship and his 1,000 ducats. The Pope will find means to cancel his obligation to Hadrian. Speaks of some packet or money that ought to have been sent by Maruffo, and not by the Barnardini, who might have opened certain letters to Signor Paulo. Ammonius will have, by Signor Paulo, the brief against Chieregato and the Pope's intention with regard to the church of St. Bride's (chiesa di Brida). (Here follows a passage, very much broken, cautioning Ammonius as to the letters of Cardinal Hadrian.) It has been stated in a letter that the Card. de Medici has settled the rights of Wolsey in the affair of Tournay. Supposes there never was heard of such a great [creation of cardinals] at one time, as is now intended. The Consistory lasted for more than ten hours; many disputes arose, and although the larger party consented, many still hold out; but it is thought that on Wednesday next the Pope will have his way. It is believed that the Cardinal of Sienna has been secretly put to death in the castle.
Hol., Ital., pp. 3. Badly mutilated and very illegible. Add.
27 June.
Calig. B. VI. 174. B. M.
Being commissioned by the King of Scots to treat for peace between France, England and Scotland, and for universal concord in the Church, have spoken with the King of France. Under stands that Albany has "descendit in Bertaigne." His secretary, Gualtere Malynny was to have come through England and brought them a safeconduct, which they beg Wolsey to send. Abbeville, 27 June. Signed by the above and Patrick Fergus, their secretary.
P. 1. Add.: To the maist reverend, &c. Archbischop and Cardinale of Zork, Chancellare of Ingland, Legate of the Sege Apostolique, etc.
28 June.
Er. Ep. App. 459.
Understands from the last letter of Erasmus, and from Colet's accusation, that Erasmus is not friendly. His fault, whatever it is, has arisen from thoughtlesness, and no bad intention. Would have delivered to Peter what papers of Erasmus he had taken, had he not thought they were safer in his keeping until Erasmus returned. London, 28 June.
28 June.
Calig. B. VI. 175. B. M.
Before he left Scotland had sent his secretary Gaultier to apprise Henry of his departure; what he had "ordanit anentis the Quene;" his regret that the Estates would not permit him to do Henry reverence; and the despatch of the ambassadors for the peace between the three Kings. They are now with the most Christian King, where he trusts to be shortly. Prays him to give credence to Gaultier, if still in England, and to this bearer, and despatch them soon with the King's answer. Mont Michel, 28 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the rytht reverend, &c. Archebischop of York, Cardinal and Legat, &c.
28 June.
Calig. B. II. 201. B. M.
Has heard no news from Gaultier, whom he sent to King Henry and the Cardinal to inform them of his departure, and desire to pay his respects to Henry. Understands that Clarencieux told his secretary, lately in Picardy, "yat ze have caming and gane tuyess to addresse sum gud thing." Has accordingly despatched the bearer to Gaultier to advertise my Lord Cardinal and Clarencieux, "as said is." The ambassadors of Scotland are now with the King his master. Trusts to be there shortly, and that Clarencieux will remember their common purpose. May give full credence to Gaultier. Mont Michel, 28 June. Signed.
P.1. Add.
28 June.
S. B.
3411. For GILBERT MAKERETH alias MAKERELL, of St. Clement's Danes, without the Bars of the New Temple, London, cook.
Pardon. Del. Westm., 28 June 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p.1, m. 10.
28 June.
P. S.
3412. For REGINALD THYRNBEK, of Middleton, alias of Kyrkby Londesdale, Westmorland.
Pardon. Greenwich, 18 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 June.
Er. Ep. VII. 24. 3413. ERASMUS to MORE.
On the 1st of May was cast in a little boat, by contrary winds, on the French coast not far from Boulogne. "Mox venti asperrimi quos reliquo itinere littus vicinum nobis exasperavit, ii multos apud nos cynanche et pleuritide occiderunt et occidunt." Will send him a painting of himself and Pet. Ægidius; the latter is, however, in bad health. Erasmus was well enough, but a physician persuaded him to take some pills to purge bile; and when he returned to complete his sitting, the painter refused to proceed, saying that Erasmus' face was no longer the same. The painting is consequently de- layed. Has sent More's Epigrams and Utopia to Basle. Tunstal is in famous health, and has read and approved the Copia and Panegyricus of Erasmus. Cardinal Gurck has left this, some days, not without Cæsar's displeasure. Cardinal Sion left yesterday, on which day Erasmus dined with him, and had a long talk of the N. Testament and of the war. He is furious against the French. The Emperor is gone to Mayence to preside over a diet. Charles is with his Council at Ghent, where Maximilian did not come. He is dissatisfied, and the great obstacle to peace. Philip Bishop of Utrecht has entered his city in great pomp. The Duke of Gueldres is attacking Friesland. If Giustinian's letter is with you let me have it; or ask Nicolas his secretary, to send a copy of it, with his congratulatory letter to Marcus Musurus. 1517.
29 June
Er. Ep. App. 145.
Learns from More that his letter to Erasmus has been lost, and that Erasmus desires a copy of it. Wishes him better health than the quack medicines (pillulæ illæ tuæ) given him by a foolish empiric can procure. Must be on his guard against physicians, who make no difference in their treatment of a horse and a man, and sometime use garlic for aloes (allium pro aloe). Praises and studies his Adagia. Has seen several of his Epistolæ. Begs he will call upon the Bp. of Chieti for him, whose silence surprises him. London, 29 June 1517.
30 June.
Giust Desp. II. 93.
3415. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Communicated with Wolsey the Turkish news. The Turk had been reported as dead. Two ambassadors have arrived from France. Tried to learn the cause of their coming. Thinks it arose for the purpose of discussing private differences. It is proposed to refer them to persons on the spot, as the captain of Calais in England, and captain of Boulogne in France. He paid his respects to these ambassadors, who are named De la Gissa (Pet. de la Guiche) and the advocate of Boulogne. Jac de Luamburg (Lucemburg), with the Bailiff of Hainault and Provost of Cassell, have arrived from the Catholic King. Friar Nicolas has returned, and the league will be sworn upon Sunday next, 5th July. If any confederate be attacked, the King of England is to cross the sea with 25,000 foot, the Emperor to assist with 20,000, the Catholic King with 20,000, &c., and the Pope to excommunicate the aggressor, —things really ridiculous, and rather calculated to furnish talk than be carried into effect. Was not able to see the Cardinal today. London, 30 June 1517.
30 June.
P. S.
Restitution of temporalities on election of Marg. Tewkesbury, late prioress, as abbess, vice Isabel Braynton, deceased. Eltham, 24 June 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
ii. The petition of Wm. Bp. of Lincoln for the above. Banbury Castle, 1 June 1517.
Galba, B. v. 354.
B. M.
3417. HENRY VIII. to [TUNSTAL and others].
Understands from their letters dated the _ inst., the communications of Chievres and the Chancellor, touching the coming of the King of Castile into England, the sureties of the loan, and his entering into a new league between the Pope, the Emperor and England—the entertainment of the Swiss—the aid to be given to the Emperor for the wars in Italy. Are not to press the King's coming into England. Has stated in his last what sureties he will require of the lords of the Toison. Is surprised that the King of Castile's Council have been so long in declaring their minds touching mutual aid to be rendered in the new confederation, as it is more beneficial for their Prince than any other. They are to urge them to diligence in this behalf, that special provision shall be made for aid to be given by the confederates of the Prince invaded, and sums of money to be advanced by each for the Swiss. The King has omitted no diligence to prevent the Swiss taking service with the French, as will appear from a copy of Pace's letters inclosed. It is of ultimate importance that the King of Castile should give his assistance; as, if he had sent succor on the last occasion, the French would have been driven from Italy; and this more concerns him than England. Are to insist on the dangers that will ensue if the Swiss join the French. The King will sustain the moiety of the charge of this new voyage.
2. Articles apparently belonging to the same. 1. Complaining of Ligny's refusal to repair to the King's presence. 2. Certain covenants to which the King of France is bound by express articles in the treaty made between England and him for Tournay.
Drafts, in Ruthal's hand; pp. 3, mutilated.
Er. Ep. App. 428. 3418. FISHER BP. OF ROCHESTER to ERASMUS.
Was sorry to hear of the perils of his voyage, and congratulates him on his safe arrival. With Fisher he would have been safe from all such dangers. Has not yet received Reuchlin's De Re Cabalistica. More had sent him Erasmus's letter; "at librum adhuc suo more detinet, quod quidem et fecit jamdudum cum Oculari Speculo." Expresses his great regard for Reuchlin. No one can take offence at the version of the New Testament made by Erasmus: but Fisher finds that in the epistles of St. Paul the printer has made many blunders and omissions in the Greek text. Rochester.
Er. Ep. App. 430. 3419. FISHER to ERASMUS.
Had written to him very lately, and sent him a little present. Has no control over the fund placed under his care. Its expenditure is limited to certain purposes, which Fisher cannot alter. So long as he has any money will not let Erasmus want, who is so necessary to the University of Cambridge. Mountjoy will be sure to remember him if he has made any promises. He is now at Court. London.
Er. Ep. App. 500. 3420. JOHN WATSON to ERASMUS.
Thanks him for his letters. When Erasmus calls him a Scotist, it is a secret reproof of his studies. Is fond of Scotus, but has resolved to devote the rest of his life to Latin theology. Would rather be a good Christian than any other thing. Has a living within seven miles of Cambridge, with a fair house, of the annual value of 20l. Asks Erasmus to share it. Peter's College, Cambridge.
Bovill is unwell.
Galba, B. VI. 224b.
B. M.
Has received his letters. Regrets that the sickness still prevails in England. Has heard nothing of the going of the Duke of Albany, and the dispatch of the Scotchmen, since they conferred together, but has written about it. The King will be at Middleburgh on Tuesday.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.


  • 1. So in original, but mistake for October.
  • 2. necessario ultro: ne~o ultro, MS.
  • 3. Here occurs a caret, probably referring to words which the writer supplied in the margin, now lost by mutilation.
  • 4. Here is inserted another mark, perhaps indicating other words to be supplied.