Henry VIII: January 1518

Pages 1208-1220

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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January 1518

1 Jan.
Vit. B. XX. 79.
B. M.
Was glad to hear from Titionus, his ambassador in England for two years past, of the continued benevolence of Wolsey. Hopes he will continue his goodwill. "In oppido nostro Lincii," 1 Jan. 1518. Signed.
P. 1, slightly mutilated. Add.
2 Jan.
Er. Ep. III. 32.
Admires the King for the pleasure he takes in conversing with those who will speak to him plainly; and, secondly, that notwithstanding his numerous occupations, he always spends part of the day in study, in this differing entirely from those who imagine that kings have no business with learning and philosophy. Had some time since dedicated to the King a translation from Plutarch De ratione dignoscendi adulatorem ab amico. Sends him another copy, and his Panegyric on Philip of Castile. Has added to these his Institutio Christiani Principis, written on the occasion of the late inauguration of King Charles. Antwerp, postridie Natalis D. Virginis.
2 Jan.
S. B.
3865. To SIR RICHARD JERNINGHAM, Deputy of Tournay.
To pay in advance, at the rate of 8d. a day, the wages due to Christopher Stakhouse, yeoman of the Guard, licensed to travel to Jerusalem, "from the first day of his last departure" from Tournay, "until the last day of his next departure from the same city on the said voyage, as also for the space of one whole year next ensuing." Windsor, 2 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
3 Jan.
R. O.
In behalf of the bearer, a religious of the order of Saint Esprit. Malines, 3 Jan. 1517. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Cardinal d'Angleterre.
3 Jan.
R. O.
3867. TOURNAY.
Money due for carriage of stone and other necessaries for the works at Tournay.
For carriage of stone and sand, from Monday 14 Sep. 9 Hen. VIII. to Sunday 11 Oct., 81l. 8s. 5d. To Th. Horwode, for 12 horses going in the little water mill, conveying water from the new ditch of the citadel, 28 days and nights, at 10d. a horse for the day and night. To Hen. Barton and John Mauncell, for 12 horses, going in the little wheel next to the wall, time and wages as above. To John de Molyn, for 30 horses in the great water mill. To Ric. Candisshe, for 24 horses in the "other" great wheel. Total, 172l. 8s. 5d.
For carriage of stone and sand from 12 Oct. to 8 Nov., 92l. 12s. To Th. Horwode, Hen. Barton, John Mauncell, John de Molyn and Ric. Candissh, as above. To Jaco Buissart and Hugh Frenche, for 1,334 mews of lime made at the King's kiln without Port Marvy, at 16d. the mew, and 305 mews of lime ashes, at 8d. the mew. To John Maldrey of Tournay, founder, for "chyvers, pulleys and brasses of brass," 3l. 13s. 9d. To Arnold de Campe, for cables and ropes for the gins, 10l. 2s. 8½d. To Piers Colerd of Whecon in Hainault, for 5 carks of coal for the forges, at 3l. 6s. 8d. the cark. To Bartram Lwty and Callow Levey of Tournay, for 97,000 bricks, at 3s. 1½d. the 1,000. Total, 328l. 6s. 4d.
For carriage of stone and sand from Monday 9 Nov. to Sunday 6 Dec., 56l. 11s. 7d. To divers persons keeping watch upon the new walls, 5l. For tallow for ropes and gins, 6s. 8d. For 19 oxhides for making suckers for the pumps in the 4 water wheels, 3l. 9s. 8d. Total, 266l. 0s. 8½d.
For carriage of stone and sand from Monday 7 Dec. to Sunday 3 Jan., 14l. 6s. 3d., &c. Total, 89l. 13s. 7d.
Paper roll.
5 Jan.
R. O.
Understands by the letters of the Bishop of Euna, Wolsey's anxiety to promote amity between England and Spain. Begs him to continue it. Valladolid, 5 Jan. 1518. Signed: Yo el Rey.
Span., p. 1. Add.: Cardenal Eboracen.
5 Jan.
P. S.
3869. For GEO. BREGUS, yeoman of the Wardrobe of Beds.
To have the corrody of the monastery of Standley, Wilts, vice Hamelet Clegge, deceased. Farnham, 5 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 5 Jan.
5 Jan.
P. S.
3870. For WM. SKERNE, yeoman purveyor of the Butlery.
Licence to export 100 tuns of beer. Farnham, 14 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 5 Jan.
6 Jan.
R. O.
When starting for Castile, wrote to her in conjunction with Ochoa de Sauzedo, who said he was going to England, stating that he had been made Treasurer General of these Indies by the late King. Suspects the letter has not been given to her, as he has not heard from Sauzedo for so many years. Has heard from Juan Astil (Sir John Stile), ambassador of England in Spain, of her good health and prosperity, which gives him great pleasure. Hopes she will have a prince from whom a numerous progeny may spring. A long time ago he endeavored to get leave of absence from his post from the late King to come to Spain; but Ferdinand would not yield, even at the repeated intercession of the Queen (of Spain). Had always intended on coming to Spain to go and kiss Katherine's feet and hands, which he hopes he has now a chance of doing; so that he may be able to say with Simeon, "Nunc dimittis servum tuum," &c.
Writes to her by an Englishman named Friar Ricardo, who finds this country injurious to his health. Sends several curiosities of these parts, as a gown used by the Caciques on grand occasions, a chair or saddle (silla) for Cacique women, in order that she may see what those Caciques use who are kings, and do not yet acknowledge any superior. Would have sent parrots, but fears at this time they would not stand the change of climate. When he gets his leave of absence, which he expects every day, will bring her some. Santo Domingo, the Isle of Spanñola, 6 Jan. 1518.
Hol., Span., pp. 2. Add.: A la muy alta y muy poderosa princessa Reyna y señra, la Reyna de [Ingla]terra y de Francia, [y Señora] de Yrlanda, etc. Endd.
6 Jan.
Vesp. C. I. 120.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 22nd. The King, Chievres and the Chancellor are marvellously pleased at the good expedition made with the French ambassadors by England touching their charges, especially Tournay; consider it a great mark of his affection, and will recompense it with a good bishopric. The Chancellor told him this morning that the King writeth now unto your grace. "Here be many bishops old, and as soon as the Lord Roux' son is provided with one, the King hath promised unto him the next shall be yours." The Chancellor told him how the King was minded to send unto Wolsey pensions for my Lord of Norfolk and my Lord Chamberlain, and had promised to remember him (the Lord Chamberlain) and Chievres, and that this message had been sent to both, not only by Master Ponynges, but also my Lord Chamberlain. The King is anxious to have Tournay in his hands, but fears the indignation of the French. "And if they may have the French King consent by the means of the Great Master of France under some color and according to the devices which they had in the matter with the said Great Master at his being at Cambray, as the Chancellor saith, they shall speak in it; and where this expedient shall lack, and that the King my master were determined to be quit and discharged of the said Tournay, they say to take it by way of gift, and that the King Catholico in payment thereof might confess himself debtor to the King my master of a sum of money for as much borrowed, making an antedate to the bonds, and for a part it might be taken the free of the tolls for all the King's subjects to and fro, according to my former writings. The Bishop of Elva hath made by his letters of your grace very good reports." Valdolytt, 6 Jan. 1517.
Hol., cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 2.
6 Jan.
P. S.
3873. For JOHN WISE of London.
Licence to import 300 gross of caps and hats. Farnham, 27 Nov. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 6 Jan.
Fr. 9 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
7 Jan.
Vesp. C. I. 117.
B. M.
Wrote his last on 22 Dec. On the 24th arrived the Bp. of Elne's servant, the Spanish ambassador in England, advertizing them of the despatch made by them in the French affair, at which they are highly pleased. Had Tournay been surrendered to the French, the Spaniards are persuaded that there and in Flanders much mischief would have arisen; as the French, by means of the Duke of Gueldres, Robert de la Marche, the Bishop of Luc, molest the countries beyond sea; and had they Tournay with its castle, and war broke out between them and Burgundy, intolerable harm would be done to Flanders, contrary to the covenants between the house of Burgundy and Tournay against their will, it would give them advantage to foment insurrections in Gaunte and elsewhere. The King Catholic has written to his Council in Flanders to observe strictly the amity between himself and England, and conserve the interests of the latter. As long as this continues between the two powers, wise men think that France cannot touch one power without touching the other. To prevent the increase of the French feathers, and disappoint their purpose of a marriage between the second daughter of the Earl of Bolen, sister-in-law to the Duke of Albany, and the Pope's nephew, Charles has consented to a marriage between the said nephew and the Grand Captain's daughter and heir, who has 20,000 ducats of land in the kingdom of Naples. An honorable personage shall be sent to persuade the mother and daughter to conclude the match. If this succeed the Pope will join the alliance of England and Spain, and the peace of Christendom be secured.
The Pope has granted the realms of Castile indulgence of three years, which will amount to more than 800,000 ducats of gold, net. "For here the common people, whether they woll or not, be compelled to take it for a certain money, and the commissioners appointed in this business have avanced unto the King, by manner of lent, a 175,000 ducats, whose commissioners shall have for their right and labor a penny Flemish for every bull, and the King two ryalles of silver for every man, that is upon tenpence English. The Pope hath had in ready money for such grant 27,000 ducats, and 10,000 restored again that he had lent for the payment of the foot men in Spain."
One called Barbarowse, Greek-born, a renegade of the Turks, with a band of 200 robbers, assisted by some principal Moors, has killed the King of Trammyssent, a tributary to Spain of 12,000 ducats per annum, has usurped his kingdom, is preparing to invade Oram; the King Catholic has sent 5,000 footmen, 200 spears, 400 gennets to its relief. There are already there 1,500 footmen and 400 horse. These succors take passage within twenty days at Malega in Granate. The Pope labors to persuade the King Catholic to a crusade against the Infidels. It is urged that if the Turks make any enterprise they will begin with Sicily and Naples. If the affairs in Africa succeed, and he is not stopped by the progress of Barbarows, the succors mentioned above are to pass unto Naples. If the Turks come into Italy, "I doubt much that before any sufficient remedy be made for them they shall have done great harm and desolation." The Pope has written how benevolently the King of England has offered to go in his own person and be captain of the sea. If any good is to be done in the matter it must proceed from Henry and Charles; small trust is to be put in others.
The Pope has ordered his nuncio the Cardinal of Tortosa and the Bishop of Badayos to be commissioners for the division of the archbishopric of Toledo. The King has appointed to the whole archbishopric the Cardinal of Croy, on condition of paying a pension to one of the two Priors of St. John deprived of the priorate, and also to the Cardinal of St. Croyse, in recompence for the see of Syguouza. The archbishopric is worth 100,000 ducats per annum. Chievres is made contador mayor, with a salary of 4,000 ducats. The estates assembled at Valladolid on the 22nd. It is supposed they will grant the King 600,000 ducats at least.
In a late tourney the Lord Fennes, the Earl of Porsen, the Master of the Horse, and the Sieur de Heaurens were the chiefs. Each had in his company fifteen men of arms, and ten "strodyotts" in rich liveries; on which occasion the King presented to them 6,000 ducats, and has proclaimed other jousts where he will run himself. He has sent to inquire in all the realm what horse and foot he can levy at a need. In Biscay, Lopusque and all the frontier of Navarre warning has been given to be in readiness within eight days, "for to cheris the Frenchmen in case they were minded to enterprise anything against Navarre." All troops in the King's service are commanded to muster at Toredyssylle, "where the King shall go, being determined to have 1,500 spears after the manner of Flanders, and 2,000 light horses orderly, in his service, and paid by the crown of Castile." Arragon will have no light horses, but 500 spears. From the "religions" of St. James, Calatraba and Allecantera it is reckoned he may have 400 serving at their own cost. He can bring into the field in his whole power 20,000 horse or more; is therefore, with good rule, much greater than the French King. A chapter of the Toison d'Or will be held about April. The King had better appoint Chievres as his propter, and not forget Lord Fyenes in the nomination. Charles has been marvellously delighted with Henry's letters, and his resolution relative to Tournay. He has sent Armostof to the wife of the Great Captain. Francis has made great complaints to the ambassador of Charles, accusing him of breaking the peace with the Duke of Gueldres, and that he, out of honor and justice, will not suffer it. He has allowed fifteen days for an answer. Chievres says the French King has been practising since April against England; but, as the particulars have not been accepted, he thinks they need not be published. Had heard from the Great Master that the French had signified to the King of Castile that, if they sent troops to the frontier of Flanders, he should not take it as done against himself. They had since urgently required his consent for their enterprize upon Tournay, and not only received a sharp answer, but the Council of Flanders had been commanded to keep as strict a watch upon it as if it belonged to themselves.
Chievres saith that the King has commanded a levy of 1,000 horse more to be made in Flanders, and March next the Great Master is to go thither by sea with Don Fernando and a goodly army. There was a rumor that the King was amorous of a goodly gentlewoman of the Queen of Arragon's "Many Spaniards were glad thereof, tkinking he should follow the young Council; howbeit they have been deceived, for his amours be succeeded very cold." Valladolid, 7 Jan. 1518.
In three different hands; all the cipher in Spinelly's, deciphered by Tuke; pp. 9.
Add.: [To the Kin]g's grace.
7 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 200.
B. M.
He and other officers of the hospital of St. Thomas have deputed Basset, its temporary custos, to wait upon Wolsey with an account of its affairs, as they have written without effect to divers brethren. The hospital is not rich, as it is thought, but in great distress. Its expences increase by the increase of the pilgrims, whose insatiable appetites must be borne with. Other nations are far better provided. Thinks that the custos should be perpetual, not yearly. Basset brings with him a copy of the statutes. A church ought to be built suitable to the honor of England. Has known Basset for 25 years. Rome, 7 Jan. 1518. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
7 Jan.
Vit. B. III. 196.
B. M.
Had written to him of the hospital. As he does not wish to be "fastidious" to Wolsey, refers him to Mr. Bassett, his chaplain. Must receive a letter for the election by the 3 May, that he may show to the brethren. Thomas Bishop of Leighlin is here, with nothing to live upon, except the penitentiaryship, "of the which a may not live scantily with a servant or t[wo]," having been deceived by the late Cardinal of York and Cardinal Hadrian. He is a good prelate, and knows the language of the country perfectly. He will be glad to enter Wolsey's service, and look after "evil disposed clerks, which come yearly from England to be made priests, and so by they made clandestine with false tittylls." Rome, 7 Jan. 1518. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.
9 Jan.
P. S.
3877. For TH. PARRE and WALTER JAGO, yeoman of the Guard.
Licence to export 500 qrs. of wheat, at 6s. 8d. a qr. Farnham, 14 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 9 Jan.
Fr. 9 Hen. VIII. m. 5.
9 Jan.
P. S.
3878. For TH. GAYE of London, tailor.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Windsor, 31 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Jan.
12 Jan.
S. B.
3879. For WM. KNIGHT, clk., LL.D.
Presentation to the church of Rumbaldkyrk, York dioc.; in the King's hands by the minority of Wm. son and heir of Sir Th. Parre, deceased. Del. Hampton Court, 12 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
13 Jan.
R. O.
3880. SION to PACE.
Has already informed him by Dominus Thomas of all occurrences, Will therefore write less frequently. Professes his undiminished dislike for France. Hopes Thomas has given information of a promise made by the Swiss of 12,000 foot against the Turks. Begs his compliments to the King and Wolsey. Zurich, idibus Januarii 1518. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Rev. in Christo patri D. Ricardo Paceo Chrmi Angliæ ac Franciæ Regis secretario primario.
14 Jan.
Er. Ep. App. 258.
Has sent him a copy of his Paraphrase. Wishes to know if Pace is still there (apud vos); to whom Erasmus has written already three times. More has written to him from England; he is greatly delighted with his introduction to Marcus. Is busy with his New Testament, now approaching completion. Louvain, 14 Jan. 1518.
15 Jan.
R. O.
Credence for his subject Johannes Anglicus, whom, at his own request, he sends to the Duke. Greenwich, 15 Jan. 1517.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Part of the address is cut off.
15 Jan.
S. B.
3883. For KATHARINE REDING of Eton, Bucks, spinster, mother of Alice Redyng, alias wife of John Reydyng of Eton, shoemaker.
Pardon. Del. Hampton Court, 15 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
16 Jan.
Er. Ep. App. 259.
Is surprised that Linacre's works have not yet appeared. Had asked Lupset to send him a volume; but Lupset, it seems, is like all other Englishmen in his promises: Britannica egit fide. Louvain, 16 Jan. 1518.
16 Jan.
Giust. Desp. II. 141.
3885. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Since his last on the 22nd has delayed writing. The court is away and will remain so, in consequence of the plague. Wolsey has settled to come back after the 22nd, as his presence is required for business. Has had a visit from Pace, who has been recalled from Switzerland. He is in great favor with the King and the nobles, and has had the third place in the secret council. He was secretary to Bainbridge, who was a great friend to Venice,—a feeling shared by Pace. Pace speaks of the honors he had at Venice, and praises it highly, saying she will soon be mistress of Italy, and that Francis has been treating with the Emperor to win him over from England. Believes he is sincere, but distrusts his account of the negotiations of France and the Emperor, as he has been repeatedly told the same thing. The affairs of the Turk. London, 16 Jan. 1518.
16 Jan.
R. O.
Has received his letter dated Tournay, 30 Dec., stating he had received 1,000l. by William Lilgrave, and had notice of 4,000l. at Calais, for which he had sent his clerk, and of the respite of fifteen days demanded by the city of Tournay to make answer to the King's letters lately sent by Richmond. As the King is resolved that his letters shall be obeyed, Jerningham is to use all means he can to induce the city to comply. Is to retain as many Englishmen for keeping watch as were employed formerly, who are to have their "maletott" and other assizes. Will send by the next post the letters desired by him for the Dean and Chapter. The King knows by other hands of the assembling of 8,000 or 10,000 lanzknechts. Their enterprise is not against Tournay, but against the King of Castile by means of the Duke of Gueldres. William Pawne has been sent to inspect the provisions due to the castle and what is to be done next year for building the citadel. Jerningham need not therefore apply any part of the 7,000l. to that purpose. If the town will find watch and ward, as formerly, many of the Englishmen will be retained at their cost. Thinks it unadvisable that captains and others of the guard should be dismissed by the King's letters, as Jerningham suggests. As he is lieutenant, can do so himself, and may punish the refractory. Henceforth the King will have his commandments obeyed without any contradiction. The King declines to give him authority to grant any pardon to such as shall be discharged. He shall have licence to come to England when good order has been established. "My manor of Hampton Court," 16 Jan. Signed and sealed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Sir Richard Jernyngham, knight, the King's Deputy in his city of Tournay. Endd.
17 Jan.
R. O.
3887. _ to _
Have received his letters. Let Chievres and the Chancellor brag as they will, "quoniam licet Cæsar coactus fuerit permittere ut illi pacem faciant, tamen non vult eam." He is come to fulfil his engagements, which his correspondent may promise. Has written all his reasons and necessities to the Cardinal. Ex Duren, 17 Jan. 1517.
Perceive today that the Bishop of Paris for the first time (primum) has come from France to the Emperor, but he will do nothing. All is safe and sound.
Lat., p. 1.
17 Jan.
P. S.
3888. For RIC. LEGH, yeoman of the Jewels.
Grant of a tenement in the parish of St. Benedict Sherhogge, London, the position of which, with the surrounding tenements and their tenants, is fully described. Newhall, 17 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. ..., 17 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
18 Jan.
Bembi Ep. 399.
Has read his letters to Peter Cardinal of Ancona, which have given him great pleasure. Knows well by report his moderation and piety. Though appointed the ruler of a savage people (gentibus horridiusculis), more civilized kings (delicatiores reges) know well his virtues. Will gladly grant at his request whatever he may consistently with the common weal. Rome, 15 kal. Feb. 5 Leo X.
18 Jan. 3890. For TH. ALEN of the King's Household.
Protection for two years; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingefeld, Lieutenant of Calais. Hampton Court, 18 Jan.
Fr. 10 Hen. VIII. m. 5.
19 Jan.
R. O.
The Pope is in great expectation of letters, and wonders he has received no answer to his missive respecting the Turks. The hope expressed in his other letters that the Turk had been defeated by the Sophi is not confirmed. The Turk is advancing on the Peloponnesus, where he has a large fleet. Rome, 19 Jan. 1518. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Literæ Rdi D. Ep. Wigorn., dum vixit oratoris regii in Romana Curia.
20 Jan. 3892. For JOHN HALLE of Chepyng Barnet, Herts, butcher.
Pardon for killing John Ramsey in self-defence. Westm., 20 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
21 Jan.
S. B.
3893. To CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, Master of the Rolls, or JOHN ERNELEY, Attorney General.
Warrant to make the following corrections in a grant to Queen Katharine, 10 June 1 Hen. VIII.; viz., the manors of Leyhall and Wodehall, in Essex, to be altered to Suff.; and the manors of Great and Little Walsingham, Grymstone, Thurford, Fulmodeston, Wighton, Snoryng and Great Barney, in Essex, to be altered to Norfolk. Windsor Castle, 21 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
23 Jan.
P. S.
3894. For WM. ROCHE.
Livery of lands as son and heir of Wm. Roche. Windsor, 31 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
23 Jan.
P. S.
To be gunner in the Tower of London, with 8d. a day, vice Ric. Watson. Windsor, 23 Dec. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
24 Jan.
Giust. Desp. II. 146.
Wolsey arrived on the 21st, and was most graciously received. The King made his appearance, but departed immediately to Windsor, where he will remain till Easter. Visited Wolsey on the 23rd; talked of the Turks' armada, and their cruelties to the Mamelukes. Told him, that since the arrangement between the Pope and F. M. de la Rovere, everything was quiet. Wolsey extolled the King to the skies for his love of peace and justice; said he understood the King of France was fitting out an armada in Britanny. Sebastian thought it was very unlikely; but if so, it was against the Moors. Wolsey told him he had received articles from the Pope for the Christian expedition. Had a con- ference with Pace touching the Swiss. Endeavored to fish out of him their intentions. Pace said he thought the Emperor would remain at peace, now that the breeze from England, which used to fill his sails, failed him. Sebastian suspected this estrangement. London, 24 Jan. 1518.
24 Jan.
S. B.
3897. For SIR TH. LOVELL, Treasurer of the Household, and RICHARD WESTON.
To be masters and chief officers for surveying, custody and selling of the King's wards and their possessions; with annuities of 100l. each. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
24 Jan. 3898. GAOL DELIVERY.
Northampton Town.—Sir Wm. Compton, Sir Nich. Vaux, Sir Wm. Parre, Wm. Gascoigne, John Saxby, John Parvyn, and Wm. Lane. Westm., 24 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7d.
25 Jan.
S. B.
3899. For ROB. KNOLLES, gentleman usher of the Chamber, and LETITIA his wife.
Grant, in survivorship, of the manor of Retherfeld Grey, Oxon; also the reversion of a messuage, an "orreum," lands and several fisheries in the Thames, in Retherfeld Grey, parcel of the said manor, formerly granted to John Russell; also 3l. 0s. 8d. of rent reserved upon the demise of the said messuage, &c., at an annual rent of one red rose; also grant of the issues and arrearages of the said manor, from 9 July 6 Hen. VIII.: on surrender of patent, 9 July 6 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 25 (fn. 1) Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
26 Jan.
Giust. Desp. II. 150.
Has received their letters about the Turkish affairs. Will see the King, and acquaint him with the news, but will conceal the paragraph alluding to peace between the Sultan and the Doge, as the English lords detest all such as maintain friendship with infidels. London, 26 Jan. 1518.
26 Jan.
R. O.
Sent, as he proposed, a servant to the person mentioned in his last, from whom he received the news enclosed. Has ordered diligent inquiry to be made of the place where Albany will take shipping. As to what he wrote to his grace touching the liberation of Mons. de Mailly, "the said personage's servant had not well understood his master." Calais, 26 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York.
26 Jan.
S. B.
3902. For TH. HENNAGE.
Wardship of Kath. daughter and heir of John and Joan Williamson. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
26 Jan.
P. S.
3903. For TH. PHILIPPIS, B.A.
To have the perpetual chantry of Woodstock, vice John de Monte Valore, deceased, with 10 marks a year and eight loads of wood. Windsor, 9 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.
26 Jan.
P. S.
3904. For SIR RIC. WESTON, knight of the Body.
To be keeper of the chase of Cramborne, with 4d. a day out of the issues of Windsor Castle. Windsor, 15 Oct. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
27 Jan. 3905. For RIC. SYMPSON of Hermeley, York.
Pardon for having, on 8 Aug. 6 Hen. VIII., killed John Colton in self-defence. Westm., 27 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
28 Jan.
R. O.
Sir Greffeth Donne has arrived at Calais "with the goodliest sort of mares of the realm of Naples and other of Turkey, such as I have never seen in these parts, so as your grace shall be within a short while out of danger of any prince for coursers of Naples." There is especially "a great bay mare, which is hey steryng." They are all well shipped, and at their ease. Would be sorry if any miscarried. Calais, 28 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
29 Jan.
R. O.
The King is well pleased with the articles Jerningham lately sent by the bearer, showing that upon the refusal of the citizens to retain a competent number of Englishmen for watch and ward, Jerningham sent 200 men to make ward at the gates, and bring him the keys every night. The French are raising men in Gelderland and elsewhere, on pretence of an expedition against the Infidels. Jerningham must send spies to learn their intentions. If he sees any imminent danger he is to notify it to Dr. Knight, whom the King is sending to the Lady Margaret, and who has orders to procure aid, if need be, according to the treaty made with the King Catholic. Charles has issued orders to give every assistance. There shall be no lack of what is requisite to be done to resist the enemy, by which they will obtain an inkling of the King's preparations and the completion of the defences. William Pawne is to take a survey of whatever may be necessary. The town is to send sufficient persons to the King to conclude for a watch and ward. Signed.
After signing the letter, had received Jerningham's, dated Tournay, the _ (blank) of this month, stating that the town was not inclined to send commissioners to the King. He is to urge them to do so. Jerningham is authorized to make out letters of pardon for such soldiers as have been discharged for felony, in the same form as when my Lord Chamberlain was there. He is by no means to leave till he learns further the King's pleasure. Westm., 29 Jan.
Pp. 3. Add.: Sir Richard Jernyngham, kt., the King's Deputy of Tournay.
Norfolk Circuit.—Sir Rob. Rede and Sir Humph. Conyngesby. Westm., 29 Jan.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
30 Jan.
Er. Ep. x. 22.
Has received his letters dated 21 Nov., thanking him for his offers of assistance in correcting the New Testament, although he never remembers to have made such a promise, as he feels unequal to the task. Thinks More has imposed upon him, for he spoke to Latimer on this subject and on that of the Bishop of Rochester when he was last in London. Had declined to teach the Bishop Greek, not from want of good will, but because he had spent eight or nine years in other studies, and scarcely touched a page of Greek or Latin. All writers of the new Testament (omnes fere qui in sacris litteris aliquid scriptum reliquerunt) have used different words and style to that of the ancient Greeks, and he has given so much time to the latter that he cannot promise that he understands the other. The criticism of the New Testament is a difficult subject. It is difficult to reconcile the contradictory readings, and it would require great research. No one could desire more than has been done by Erasmus. Will say nothing of the labor of consulting the best of the Fathers, whom few theologians in this age study, or of reference to the Hebrew, in which tasks Erasmus has shown his industry, as well as in his collation of ancient MSS. This surprises Latimer more, when he considers the paucity of Greek books. If he should meet with anything which he does not approve of, will not fail to let him know.
As to rendering services to the Bishop of Rochester, is most anxious to oblige him, as who would not? But, one month would be much too short for instruction in Greek. Believes that the Bishop is a man of singular genius, and fitted for a higher position. Grocin, well known to Erasmus for his multifarious learning, spent two years without intermission in the study of Greek under the best masters; Linacre even more; Latimer himself, six or seven, and he does not scruple to acknowledge his ignorance. Forbears to speak of Tunstal and Pace, who were kept longer at this study than might be expected, considering their abilities, from the ignorance and negligence of their teachers. If he wishes the Bishop to advance in these studies, should send for some skilful instructor from Italy. Oxford, 3 kal. Feb.
Er. Ep. X. 23. 3910. ERASMUS to WM. LATIMER.
Wishes he had not been quite so eloquent in excusing himself from assisting Erasmus in revising the New Testament. Does not agree with him in his advice that the Bishop of Rochester should send for a good Greek scholar from Italy, to remain with him until he is thoroughly instructed. There are fewer scholars in Italy now than when Latimer was there; and instead of a scholar, some mere dabbler might come. With such men as Linacre and Tunstal, not to speak of Latimer himself, would not wish for an Italian. Did not Grocin, whom Latimer mentions as an example, learn Greek in England before going to Italy? The Bishop will probably be contented with a moderate knowledge, wishing only better to understand the Holy Scriptures. He should not allow his modesty to prevent him from rendering such a service. Antwerp, 1518.
31 Jan.
R. O.
Yesterday at 3 o'clock received the town and castle of Mortaigne, in the name of Madame, from Mons. de Lignes. Requests a safe-conduct to repair to Worcester at Tournay tomorrow, to communicate with him on the part of Madame. Mortaigne, 31 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Conte de Sombresel, Grant [Ch]ambellan de la Sacree [Mte] du Roy d'Angleterre.
R. O. 3912. TOURNAY.
"Articles to be showed unto Sir Richard Jarnegan, knt., captain of Tournay, and other the King's Council there."
1. To deliver unto him and them "the rate signed with our hands" for the establishing of the garrison. 2. To discharge with all possible haste the residue of the garrison not allowed in the rate. 3. To discharge all laborers above the number of 1,400. 4. The question as to keeping watch and ward to be referred to the Captain and Council, as explained by my Lord Chamberlain when he was last there. 5. The castle to be victualled for half a year at the least. 6. To call William Pawne to account, and certify to the King's Council how he has spent the money. Signed: T. Carlis Ebor.—C. Worcester.
P. 1, broad sheet.


  • 1. 5 Jan. on Patent Roll.