Henry VIII: March 1516, 21-31

Pages 475-482

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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March 1516

21 March. 1692. For SIR WM. TYLER.
To be steward of Lanmershe and Colnewak, Essex, and Bassingbourne, Camb., with 6l. 13s, 4d. a year, as held by Edw. Sulyard, deceased. Westm., 21 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 24.
21 March. 1693. For REGINALD AP DAVID, yeoman of the Crown.
Annuity of ten marks Fl., during pleasure, out of the issues of Calais. Westm., 21 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 23.
21 March. 1694. For JOHN MASON, yeoman of the Crown, and JOHN AP RICHARD, yeoman of the Guard.
Annuity of 5l., in survivorship, rendered by the Prior of Wenlok from an alien house of Cluny. Westm., 21 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 25.
21 March. 1695. For SIR HEN. CLIFFORD, jun.
Grant of the manors of Bawtrey and Oystre, York, forfeited by Ric. III., Geo. late Duke of Clarence, or Edw. late Earl of Warwick. Westm., 21 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 29.
23 March
R. O.
Is compelled to march against his enemies to repress their violence and drive them from Italy into France. Refers him to the letters of Sion, Sir Rob. Wingfield, Ric. Pace, and his own ambassadors in England. Carravagio, 23 March 1516, 31 Max. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
23 March.
Galba, B. VI. 15.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 20th. Encloses a letter from Pace received from the Archduchess by her steward Brexyll (Bregilles). The French are said to have been driven back upon Milan. They and the Venetians burned Pescara, and abandoned it to the Emperor, who passed through on the 15th to Cremona, where he will find ample supplies. The Marquis of Mantua and all his subjects have declared against the French, notwishstanding that his eldest son is in their hands. Bourbon and La Palice were expected to join the Venetians between Brescia and Bergamo. The Swiss and the lanzknechts were cordially untied, and the Emperor's power was constantly increasing; 6,000 Milanese were assembled against the French, and the only chance for the Venetians was to escape with them into Piedmont. Letters from Don Dego of the 16th say that, but for the Emperor's going into Italy, the French would certainly have succeeded at Naples. The Duchess of Bourbon solicited her husband's recall, saying his high spirit would lead to his destruction; when the French King replied that he would go himself to Italy. France is extremely poor; the King at his accession resumed all grants of offices to sell them to the highest bidders; he cares for, nothing but pleasure. Tomorrow Chievres and the Chancellor are to speak with the King's ambassadors. The Chancellor says after this amity he is in good hope to speak of another. Brussels, Easter day.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: Tho. Cardinali Angliæ. Endd.
23 March.
Galba, B. IV. 43b.
B. M.
Received today [letters from] the imperial camp between Brescia and Mantua. The Emperor with an immense army is there, about to march upon the enemy. The French and Venetians are equally anxious for battle. On the 11th the Imperialists and the Swiss who were in Campagna about Verona, to the number of 30,000 foot and 4,000 horse, swore brotherhood, and remained that day at Canalcasset. The Emperor went that night to Carigon, on the river Benacus (Mincio ?), with 4,000 foot and 700 horse. Part of the French and Venetians were at Peschiera intending to stop the passage of the river, others about Brescia, which they boasted they would win before the Emperor came. The Venetians have promised not to desert the French, but have little faith in them. On the 12th, the Emperor, knowing the attempts of the enemy to stop the passage, sent some soldiers to keep two bridges which he had thrown over the river a mile and a half from Peschiera towards Mantua. The Imperial army began to cross; the Venetians who attempted to oppose them were dispersed by five serpentines thrown in amongst them; they retreated, burned Peschiera, and divided their camp. The Emperor staid that night at Montecabaro; [the enemy] retreated between Brescia and ... and hoped in three days to be in Cremona ... many Milanese nobles who fled from Mantua, and came that day to the Emperor's camp. People do not yet believe that the Emperor is in Italy in person. Brussels, 23 March 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: Magistro Domino meo Brianno Tuke, &c., Magistro Postarum, Londoni.
23 March.
R. O.
1699. CHARLES [DUKE OF BOURBON], constable of France, to the POPE.
Delayed writing to him before, in order to learn the intentions of the Emperor, who has this day arrived at the Adda, near Rivolte. The passage could not be left undefended without danger to the King's army. Expects 12,000 or 13,000 Swiss tomorrow for the King's service. Has taken post in the faubourgs of Milan, with a view to its preservation. Milan, 23 March. Signed and sealed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Vit. B. III. 23.
B. M.
2. Copy of the same.
Calig. D. VI. 278.
B. M.
Perceives by his despatch of the 10th ... that the constable had written to him to tell the Pope ... "feust faire marcher son armee vers Boulogne pour estre p[res de] ma duchie de Millan." To which the Pope answered that there were some Florentines [in] Francis' army who were in better order, and might march instead of those of his holiness. Palvesin is to thank the Pope for his good will to protect the duchy for Francis, and to assure him that the latter will not suffer him to sustain any injury; that he had followed the Pope's advice and raised 12,000 Swiss; that De la Guiche has already written that he left Yvree (?) on the 15th inst. with 7,000, and the remainder of the number would rendezvous at Cremona with the Constable. Francis is sure that by this time the whole or the greater part of them have arrived.
"Dautrepart vous advertiz que lesdicts Souisses a ... service sont deliberez, arrivez quilz soient en madicte [duchie, de] envoyer ung hesrault au camp et armee de l[empereur pour] advertir les Souysses en son service que ... traicte, que les huit quentons ont fait avec[que] ... quilz mont promis ayder ala deffense de ma [dicte duchie, et] quilz y sont a ceste cause venuz. Et ne sont d ... audict Empereur ne sur lempire, maiz q[ue] ... duchie de Millan quilz les combatront au ... silz estoient Infidelles. Et si feront ... que la pluspart des cappitaines ... Souisses qui sont audict service dudict Empe[reur] ... de quoy vous advertirez sadicte Saincteté a ... survienne ne qui me touche. Je ne veulx ... la faire participante comme celle en qui g ... et entiere confidence." Lyons, March.
Signed by Francis. Countersigned: Robertet.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: A mon cousin le Sieur Anthoine Marie Marquis Palvesin, mon conseiller et ambassadeur devers nostre Saint Pere le Pape.
23 March.
R. O.
Received this morning his letter of the 19th, stating that the enemy was dislodged from Preauboulin, and instead of opposing him at Cremona fled to Verolle and Guisan, and that Bourbon would pursue them to stop the passage of the Adda, leaving at Cremona Monsr de Prye with 2,500 foot and 240 men of arms. Commends his conduct. Has given orders that there be no lack of money for April, May, and June. Desires to know frequently of the Emperor's motions and forces, and if he is there in person. Hopes De la Guische with his Swiss is with him. Lyons, 23 March. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.: A mon cousin le Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne, Connestable de France, mon Lieutenant General dela les Mons.
24 March.
R. O.
Has received his letters of the 20th and 21st. Leaves everything to his direction. Agrees with him that everything depends upon guarding the passage of the Adda. Has given orders that the pay of the Swiss, promised by De la Guiche, be there by 1st April. Till then he must borrow the money of the gens-d'armes, which is ordered to be repaid them in eight days. Lyons, 24 March. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2.
P.S. on a separate slip in Robertet's hand, and signed by him: Urges him to employ the money of the gens-d'armes "envoye an devant de l'argent des geusches," as it will be impossible to send thither by the 1st April.
Add. as above.
24 March.
R. O.
Has written to the Pope of the arrival of the Emperor at Rivoli, and what has been done for the King's cause in these parts by the advice of all the captains. When the Swiss come they will make the King's possession in Italy secure from henceforth. Milan, 24 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 March.
S. B.
To be Deputy of Ireland during pleasure, as held by Sir Edward Ponynges, with grant, in tail, of the possessions of rebels in Ireland. Del. Westm., 24 March 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 23.
24 March.
S. B.
1705. For WM. ABP. OF DUBLIN.
To be Chancellor of Ireland. Del. Westm., 24 March 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 24.
25 March.
Galba, B. IV. 44.
B. M.
*f. 54a.
Have received an answer from Chievres and the Chancellor to their overtures. The King their master does not intend to depart from his old treaties with England and France, but is willing, as proposed, to renew the league between Henry VIII. and Ferdinand, except in the third article relating to the reception of rebels. Charles does not think it honourable to deliver them up,* but is willing to banish them, as in the treaty already concluded between him and Henry. Chievres and the Chancellor then spoke of Tournay, which they said France was anxious to regain, and desired to see the treaty between England and France. They then desired that in case the Low Countries were invaded within a year after the King's departure to Spain, Henry would furnish 4,000 men for their defence; in return for which Charles should find 4,000 men for another year whenever England required them. The English Commissioners replied that they had no power to alter the third article;—that as to Tournay, they marvelled why they should enquire of the King's title;—if they supposed it was only by the sword, would their master assist him to defend it in return for the assistance he required in defending many dominions, to which possession by the sword was the best title they could show? As to the 4,000 men there was no equality in demanding immediate succour and promising contingent aid. They replied that they did not mean this request to interfere with the treaty ... "The said [Sieur] Durees (Urreas) is not yet coming hither to the court, but hath w[ritten] letters at length both of the great cheer and honorable r[eceiving] he had of your grace," greatly to the satisfaction of the King here. Desire to know the King's pleasure;—think he should not bind himself, for even now when Charles is in the Low, Countries the Duke of Gueldres takes his subjects prisoners. The Council here interpret the proposed league as applying to all their master's dominions. Think Henry should be explicit on this subject. Brussels, 25 M[arch]. Signed.
Pp. 11, mutilated, the first leaf apart. Add.
25 March.
Calig. D. VI. 285.
B. M.
1707. [SAMPSON] to WOLSEY.
There will be great trouble about the benefices in Tournay, which are claimed to be in the Pope's gift. Advises a letter to be written to his holiness, "that, 'as, in England, Calais and the Marches, the Pope meddleth with no gift of benefices, so he may be content to abstain in Tournay and Tornesey." Hopes that an end will soon be made with regard to his bishopric, as no jurisdiction can now be exercised by Wolsey's officers, and men are continued in prison to the great danger of their healths, and all spiritual works are left undone. "I beseech your grace that my diet ... time being with my Lord Chamberlain may be brought [to the King's] remembrance from the 15th day of November to t[he day of] my said Lord Chamberlain's return." Tournay, [25] March 1515 (should have been written 1516).
Add.: [T]o the most reverend father in God and his singular good [lord] my Lord Cardinal of York.
Endd.: xxv. Marcij.
P. 1, mutilated.
26 March.
R. O.
Complaining of Ric. Gybson, who had not paid Whettehill's servant 13l. 6s. 8d. due for house rent, as Wolsey had commanded him. The works at Tournay go forward. They will not be so soon ended as Wolsey expected. "The bulwarks next the sluice must have the foundation and the dyke made, or ever your citadel can not be sure closed, or else you shall nother have the sluice nor Mr. Hart's bulwark at your commandment. Tournay, 26 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal.
26 March.
Vesp. F. I. 107.
B. M.
1709. P. BP. OF VESPRIM to the POPE.
Had informed him of the death of King Wladislaus, which has occasioned great trouble to the writer. Had hoped, while the King was alive, that he might have retired from the official cares in which he has been involved for three years with the greatest poverty and distress; is now compelled to return to them. Lewis is young, the nobles quarrelsome, and caring only for their own interests; the whole kingdom must fall into the hands of the Turks unless the Pope will fulfil his promise of aid. Thomas Niger, his vicar general, will inform his holiness further of their entire want of men and money, and of the confusion of the kingdom on the death of the late King. Vesprim, 26 March 1516.
Lat., p. 1, Copy.
27 March.
R. O.
"Instructions to Unicorn poursuyvant, quhilk he sal shaw to my cousin Lord Dacre by maner of credence."
1. If Dacre will agree to an abstinence from war for 40 days from 1 May, it will be accepted, abiding the coming of John de Barbon. Meantime, overtures may be made for peace. This abstinence can be made without consent of the allies, which a regular peace would require.
2. The two persons whom Albany intended to send to England might have disclosed such things as would have promoted my lord Cardinal's desire, which will now perhaps be retarded out of consideration of the reputation of one or other party. It is not true that he intended to send men of little estimation, as Dacre writes. Would have sent his lieutenant, whom he trusts the King and Wolsey would have liked as well as any gentleman they have seen this long time, accompanied with 40 horse, and with him a clerk "constitute in dignity of Abbot." Never intended to send ambassadors unless a truce had been granted with comprehension of confederates, or at least an abstinence from war as well for France as for Scotland. If Dacre will accept these proposals, or thinks Wolsey will accept them, he is to have a copy of these instructions, otherwise not. Desires an immediate answer from Dacre. If he thinks it necessary to send to Wolsey, it must be with extreme diligence; for if within few days, other good means be not taken, the matter will not be easily settled. If he send to Wolsey, he must in the meantime abstain from incursions, otherwise Albany will have to do the same.
Pp. 2.
27 March.
Galba, B. IV. 45.
B. M.
Wrote last yesterday by the ambassadors who came ... to Mechlin. Was told this morning by the Chancellor that the King will send the Bp. of Trynople as resident to England. The conclusion of the treaty will not be retarded by his going, but will take place whenever Henry's answer is received touching the article of the rebels. The Viceroy of Naples has taken prisoner a gentleman sent from the French King to Naples to cause an insurrection there; concerning which the Chancellor showed him original letters of the Viceroy. The Bp. of Trynople confirmed what the Chancellor had said, and said that the French King had sent for Ric. de la Pole. No news has come from the Emperor except those of the 14th and 15th in Charmonese. Letters have come to the Master of the Posts from Verona, dated the 18th, stating that the Emperor had won Cremona. Mechlin, 27 March 1516.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated. Add. folio 46b.
27 March.
R. O.
Wrote last on Easter Day (23 March). The Bp. of Trynople (Drinawar) is well disposed to Wolsey, and will leave for England within four days. Meklynnes, 27 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Card. Angliæ.
27 March. 1713. For TH. PARRE, knight of the Body, and MATILDA his wife.
Grant, in survivorship, of the castle and manor of Moresende, West Pyrie, Alderton, Shittlanger, Yardley, and Plompton Pyrie alias Plompton Hall, Northt., and Lillingston Lovell, Oxon. Greenwich, 27 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 23.
28 March.
Galba, B. IV. 46.
B. M.
In favor of Jacques de Hase and other merchants, his subjects, having agencies at London, whose goods have been seized in payment of taxes. Malines, 28 March 1516. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
28 March. 1715. For WALTER HENDY, "petularius noster," and JOHN PARKER, "valectus arkastell nostrarum."
Annuity of 10 marks, in survivorship, out of the issues of Denbigh. Westm., 28 March.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 24.
29 March.
Giust. Desp. I. 199.
Would have communicated his letters to the King, but could not have audience. Speaking to Wolsey, the Cardinal said he lamented that Christian blood was on the eve of being unprofitably spent, and that Venice, through its thirst for empire, should be the cause of it. He told them that the King of France was intent upon making terms, and would betray them. Made what apology he could. The English lords do not show him a friendly countenance, seeing the impossibility of luring Venice from France. Gives a list of the letters he has written, and is in much trouble that they have not been received; they are despatched through the French ambassador. Thinks there may have been some negligence, as they were all sent to the Queen mother. London, 29 March 1516.
30 March.
Vit. B. III. 19b.
B. M.
1717. _ to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his hospitality. Arrived at Rome on the 13th. Carried his letters to the Bp. of Worcester. Was taken by him next day to the Pope, who inquired of the welfare of the King and Cardinal. Expressed to his holiness the munificence with which he had been treated; two cardinals standing by at the time asked him similar questions. Thanks him for his letters of commendation to the Pope. Rome, 30 March 1516. [Signature burnt off.]
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Tho. Card. Ebor., &c.
31 March.
Vit. B. III. 17.
B. M.
Writes by the bearer, who is going to the Emperor. At 3 o'clock this afternoon this castle was taken after a valiant defence of six hours by the S[wiss]. Being summoned to surrender they refused without permission of the French King, and killed nine or ten of the besiegers; on which the latter swore never to depart till they had taken it and killed every man in it. They assaulted it so hotly, the besieged would have asked for mercy, which was refused. The captain and 150 were slain. Much ammunition and stores within. Galeazzo has provided 2,300 [florins?] so that the Swiss are contented to serve for half a florin for eight days "by ... me under pain of my life to cont[ent] them within eight days of their second payment." They have sent word to the Emperor, who has left, that they are willing to serve him if he will join in person, or send his army. Trusts that he and the Cardinal will urge this, or the Swiss will leave, keeping Pace as a hostage. His life is in danger. Trusts the money will arrive in due time. If any one asks money of Wingfield, he must feign he cannot pay without Pace's consent. His life and that of Galias have been threatened. 31 March.
Hol., pp. 4, badly mutilated.
S. B.
1719. For the LIEUTENANT, &c. of TOURNAY.
Exemptions from imposts, tolls, &c. in Tournay. Greenwich, _ March 1515.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 23.