Henry VIII: April 1516, 1-10

Pages 482-497

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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April 1516

1 April.
Calig. B. VI. 150.
B. M.
1720. [DACRE] to ALBANY.
"Copy of a letter to the Duke of Albany." Has received his letter dated Edinburgh, 27 March, by Unicorn pursuivant, with a copy of Albany's letter to the Cardinal, stating that no ambassadors could be sent to England without the consent of the confederates. Cannot permit Albany's servants to carry the letters, but has sent them by post, and hopes to have answer within ten days. Detains Albany's servants meanwhile, and sends Carrick with this letter. If Albany really desire a truce he should labor for a longer period than a month or forty days,—at least to All Hallowtide or St. Andrew's Day. Morpeth, 1 April.
Copy by Dacre, pp. 2.
1 April.
R. O.
1721. [PACE] to [WOLSEY.]
Spoke in his last of the Emperor's wise and valiant conduct at the river Adda on Easter Eve (22nd March), when the French and Venetians showed themselves ready to fight with him. On Easter Monday the Cardinal Sion and Lord Galias strongly urged him to pursue the French, as they could not keep Milan. On Easter Tuesday, being within nine miles of Milan, he sent for Pace and Wingfield "and, showing himself to be sore moved, said that he had perfect knowledge that the French King had offered unto the King's grace our master to forsake utterly Scotland, and to set apart all his practices there, so that his grace would keep firm peace and amity with him." The ambassadors replied they would vouch for the contrary on their lives; reminded him that Henry paid the Swiss in aid of the Emperor, and had sent ambassadors to the Prince of Castile, offering to defend his kingdom against the French with men and money, and even with his own person;—that he and Wingfield were commissioned to treat for a universal confederation between the Emperor and other Princes. He could not deny this, but trusted Henry would not forsake him. That day he sat still in pensiveness, angry with every one who urged him to set forward.
At night he sent for Sion, Wingfield and Pace, and said plainly he could not perform his promise to pay the Swiss the residue of their three months' wages till the King's money came,—he had none for his own army and household; and was therefore compelled to abandon the siege of Milan. Sion combatted this resolution. Pace told him he would lose thereby Italy, Naples and Navarre, but found him obstinate. At their suggestion his confidants urged the same, telling him "no man within Almain would esteem him the valor of one grotte." Presently came to him a Spaniard, a vile person, from the Duke of Bourbon, with a message, that if the Emperor would come to Milan and drink with him he should be welcome; if not, he would meet him. The Emperor commanded the Marquis of Brandenburg to send a trumpet and offer him battle the day following. The Duke did not keep his word, but put it off till another day: whereupon the Emperor refused to tarry any longer.
On his return the French began to burn the suburbs, destroyed the houses of 60,000 poor men, for fear the Swiss should lodge in them, for they had sent word to the Emperor that they would not leave, as it was not their manner to show their backs to their enemies. He declared he would take away his horse and artillery, and so induce the Swiss to follow. They crossed the Adda. The Swiss under the Lord Galias took August (Aosta) on the way to Milan, and killed every man, to the number of 150. After this they sent, by the counsel of Galias and Pace, to the Emperor, desiring him, if he was afraid, to put himself in security in Brescia, and they with his horsemen would clear the French out of Italy. They are greatly enraged at his backwardness. If he retreats, he and all Christendom are lost. Sion, Galias and Pace are almost dead for sorrow. Galias says if the Emperor runs away he will commit greater treason against all princes than ever did Judas against Christ. The Swiss keep Galias and Pace in gage for their wages of the second and third month. The Emperor reports that he could not trust them, which was only a frivolous excuse to fly away. From the city of _ (fn. 1) [Lodi ?], 1 April.
Copy, pp. 4.
1 April.
Giust. Desp. I. 202.
Has been exposed to language bordering on outrage. Two lay lords asked him why the Signory was so slippery, now favoring one party, now the other. Proved that they were faithful; where-upon one exclaimed, "Isti Veneti sunt piscatores!" (fn. 2) Sebastian told him, if he had seen Venice he would not say that, that fishermen founded the Christian faith, and they are those fishermen who defended it against the Turks. "They made answer again that we were fishermen expert in taking what belonged to others, as we had plucked something from all the potentates in the world; adding, The island of Cyprus, which ought to belong to our King, by what right do you hold that." Explained to them the history. The Cardinal harps on the injustice done by the French King in supporting Albany. London, 1 April 1516.
1 April.
P. S.
1723. For RIC. NEVET, sherman of London.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 1 April 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 April.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 16.
1 April.
P. S.
1724. For JOHN SOWTER of Cambridge, fishmonger.
Protection for two years; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfelde, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 30 March 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 April.
Fr. 7 Hen. VIII. m. 19.
2 April.
R. O.
Requesting a favorable hearing for Th. Prowde, late bailiff of Marke and Oye, and two of the freemen there, of whom they have written to the King. Calais, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My [lo]rd Cardinal of York and Chancellor of England.
2 April.
R. O.
Wishes an answer to his letter complaining of the opening of the letters by the Captain of Boulogne, and the detention of the couriers. Sends Wolsey two packets of letters from the French ambassador to the Captain, and from the Venetian ambassador to his fellow in the French court, taken from the Captain's servant. Retains the man. Searched him on his denial, and found another packet on his person addressed to his master. Calais, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cardinal of York, Chancellor of England.
2 April.
Galba, B. V. 103.
B. M.
Wrote on 27th from Mechlin. The court has since returned to Brussels. News have come from Fellynger at Augsburg, that the French and the Venetians have been driven back into Milan, followed by the Emperor within five miles. Andrew de Burgo has letters from Verona of 18 March, that on account of the stradiotes in garrison at Asola and Pontebyco, it was determined to go to Verona. The Emperor, however, and the Marquis of Mantua, had left 3,000 foot about Asola for security of victuals, with which they hoped ultimately to conquer the town. The French and Venetians have evacuated Cremona, but still retain the castle well provided. Part of their army had crossed the ...; the rest had gone towards Lodi. Great dissensions at Milan between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. The Emperor has crossed the Ollyo about Pontevyco. The Duke of Urbino, with a band of horse, was coming to his assistance. Learns from a courier of the Viceroy of Naples that the Pope's brother died on Palm Sunday. If so, Henry should see to it, that the Pope do not allow his nephew Lorenzo to marry the widow of Savoy.
The Viceroy was ready to come to the Emperor with 4,000 horse and 6,000 foot. The courier met 3,000 men on this side Trent going to Verona. Letters have been received from Don Diego, dated Lyons the 26th, stating that no news was allowed to be published unfavorable to the French. In spite of their fair words, Harryera and others sent by this King into Spain, who were taken at Paris and set at liberty with a new safeconduct, have been stopped again at Bayonne. The French have been soliciting a "marriage between Don Ferrando and the Frenche Kinge modern doctor" (the French King's mother's daughter?). New things are discovered about Naples every hour; twelve vessels are arming at Genoa to go thither with others of Provence and Prospero Colonna. John Jordan Ursin, the Pope's kinsman, was also appointed with his consent to the enterprise. Since the Emperor's going to Italy the French have had enough to do to defend themselves. The bark of David Falconer was indeed taken by the Gh[eldrians], and set at the mouth of a river between Friesland and Holland to make the English pay great exactions.
Was told lately, that eight or nine months ago a knight called "Her Nicolas Vander How" of Metz was sent to this court by Richard de la Pole, for whom he received at Antwerp 6,000 golden guilders of one Th. Trysho, who lives at Exeter and trades at Hamburg. Enquired of an Englishman at Antwerp, who remembered an Easterling at Exeter named Th. Tryottes. Has made Sir Edw. Ponynges privy to everything. Hans Nagle says he supped with the knight at Mechlin, and that he came on De la Pole's business. Has sent Hans to Metz with fifty golden guilders. Hopes to know at his return if it be true that the French King has sent for De la Pole. The Lord Reux and his company make a good report of the King and Cardinal. As soon as the ambassadors have answer from Henry, doubts not they will have "a resolution." The Bp. of Trynople will be despatched in three days. Francis Chierigati arrived here last night, sent by the Pope through France to England. Has daily better hopes that the Archduchess will have the government. Brussels, 2 March. (fn. 3)
Hol., pp. 5, mutilated. Add.
2 April.
R. O.
Postscript. A post is come that Milan was surrendered to the Emperor on the 22nd of March, and that his majesty and the whole army crossed the Po in pursuit of the French and Venetians, who fled in disorder to Alexandria. Brussels, 2 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
2 April.
R. O.
1729. PACE to WOLSEY.
His life is in danger if the King's money do not come in seven days. Has heard no word of it since the return of Th. Cotton. This is another destruction of the enterprise. If the Swiss had money, they would proceed even if the Emperor said nay, to avoid the shame of returning without doing any notable act. Expects hourly to hear from the Emperor his final resolution either to come personally, or to join his army with the Swiss, "or send the same according to their reasonable desire." The French will then be in evil case. "The Pope hath played marvellously upon both the hands in this enterprise." He told the Emperor he would not send succours to the French King as he was bound to do, for the conservation of Milan; yet he has written to the Swiss that France was his confederate, and that all who made war against France were enemies to the Church. He has also delivered from prison a great man of Switzerland, condemned to death by Pope Julius as a schismatic and a murderer, who, being an enemy to the Cardinal of Sion, enlists men in aid of the French, at the Pope's expence, and is now in Milan with 3,000 men. The Swiss with us offered the Emperor to kill them all as traitors, but on their arrival at Milan they sent word that they were not come to fight against the Emperor, but to have money of the French King, and would remain no longer than the French could keep Milan, which is of no strength. 3,000 lansquenets in the city have promised the Emperor not to fight against him. Still the Emperor, to the shame of his friends, will not set forward. Laude, 2 April.
Copy, pp. 2.
2 April.
Giust. Desp. I. 205.
The Cardinal tells him that the Emperor is in the Veronese. He abused the French ambassador;—said that the King and he wished for peace with France, and justified himself from all sinister imputations. Sebastian complained that the King had accused the Venetians of "perfidy," and that the taunt had been elsewhere repeated, and he desired an explanation. Told Wolsey that it was not the Signory but the King of Spain that trampled on the confederation; and entered upon a long defence. Wolsey assented to his explanation; said that Sebastian must have misunderstood the King, as his Majesty did not accuse them, but France, of perfidy. Warned them of their danger; "making it appear that the poison was medicine for me." In conclusion Wolsey said to him, "Nil timeatis, we are not going to quarrel with you." London, 2 April 1516.
2 April.
S. B.
1731. For ROB. WHITE of Youghell, Ireland.
Licence to import 200 quarters of beans from cos. Somers. and Glouc. Del. Westm., 2 April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 24.
3 April.
Vesp. C. I. 34.
B. M.
1732. JOHN STILE to HENRY VIII. (fn. 4) (In cipher.)
The Estates will
not agree to proclaim
Charles King during his
mother's life.
His presence is
very necessary in
Sythe the decese of the late Kyng yowr fader of Aragon y yowr poreyst servant had wretyn and sent many letters unto yowr hyxghnys by dyvers ways, the, and yt plese yowr grace, I fereme, hav not cum to yowr royal handys by the reson of thencertayn pasageys by the ze, as also the cwrrers pasyng by land were taken and thayr letters in France. And for the same apoyntament ys ta[ken by (fn. 5) ]twyxt the Freynsche Kyng and the Prince of Castyl, syth the whych, and it plese yowr grace, dyverse currers have cum hether wyth the said Pryncys letters to the Cardynal of Toledo, whych ys govornore here, and to the said Pryncys ambasatwr, as also to dyvers other statys of thys realme; and amongys other thyngys, and it plese yowr grace, that the sayd Prynce wrote un[to] the Cardynal and other astatys he certefyed unto theym that by the advyse and cownsayle of the Pope and of themperowr and other hys fryndys he hathe byn proclaymeyd in the partys of Flanders Kyng of Castyl, for the whych he desyreyd them that thay wold in lyke wyse do hym for to be proclaymeyd here, whych was oons so concludeyd that yt schuld have byn so don on the last day of Marche or on the furst day of thys monyth of Apryel. Upon the whyche the astatys that be here assemblyd, that ys for to saye, the Cardynal, the Archebyschop of Sant Jamys, the Archebyschop of Granada presydent of the cownsayle, the Byschop of Bwrgos, the Byschop of Sygwence, the Byschop of Segovya wythe other byschopys, the Duke of Alva, the Almyrant of Castyl, the Markes de Vyllena, and other lordys and the lerneyd cownsayle so amongys theym self in no wyse thay cowld not agre that the Prynce schuld be proclaymyd Kyng, the Qwyn hys moder beyng alyve, onles that the Prynce were here personally. And the astatys here have and do take grete dysplesure and dysdayne that the Flemyngys have proclaymeyd thayr prynce Kyng of Castyl wyth oute the asent of the astatys of Castyl; for the whych, and it plese yowr grace, the sayd proclamacyon ys not made as hetherunto, and yn thys land there ys lytyl love and grete deferencys amongys many of the astatys, for the whych everry man for the most parte be gretely desyrws of the Princys comeynge hether schortely. For in case that he cum not hether thys somer, wythoute fayle here wyl encreas many enconvenyentys and trobyllys; for the tresorers saye that thay have no money belongyng to the Crown. The Cardynal ys ryche, haveyng above fowr hwndard thowsand ducatys in tresore, and ys a covetws Gray Freer, and wyl not departe wyth any parte of hys sayd tresore for the defens and weal of thys land wyth oute gode swerty of the Prynce; for the whych, and it plese yowr grace, thys parteys ys febylly provydeyd for war, for al ys hyzghe mynd, dysymulacyon, and wordys.
Invasion of
And yt plese yowr grace, in the Paschyon weke, the late Kyng of Navar, wyth a serten number of pepyl, entendyd for to have enteryd yn to hys late realme of Navar by sundry ways; and he hym self comyng by San John Pe del Puerto, and toke the town of San John, and besegeyd the fortares of the same. And the Marschal of Navar, wyth nyne or ten jantylmen and ayzghte hundard men of that cuntray, enteryd by the Vale of Roncalys, thynkeyng for to have enteryd a town there, by favor, for that was the sayd Maryschalys cuntray. Of the whych entry and purpose, and yt plese yowr grace, the Cunde de Ylloryn cundstabyl of Navar, and the coronel, Vylla Alva, capytayn of the fotemen of Castyl, beyng in Navar, were advertysyd, and asemblyd thre or fowr thowsand fotemen and layde thaym in bwschementys; and on the fyve and twenty day of Marche, beyng owr Lady Day, the sayd Castylyans dystresyd and toke prysoners the sayd Marschal of Navar, and the son and ayre of the Markes de Farsys and al theyr cumpany, yn that non cowld escape by the reson of a grete scnawe, the whych had fal the same nyzght, nor no socur cowld cum to theym from the other parte of porys or mowntayns. Whych fortwnyd wel for the men of Castyl, for and yt had fortunyd other wyse, for a suerty, soverayn lord, yt would have byn hard wyth the men of Castyl or that thay had had any socur from hens, for al the astatys of thys partys do ly styl atendeyng the comeyng of thayr prynce, excepte the Duke of Najara, capytayn jenerral of Navar; the whych with hys power ys gon for to dysseage the fortares of San Jhon Pe del Puerto.
The war in
A sayeyng ys here, and yt plese yowr grace, that the late Kyng of Navar ys retrayed, and hys pepyl to hys town of Salva Tyerra yn hys cuntray of Byerne; for the whych, and yt plese yowr grace, yt ys to be thowzghte that the warrys of Navar ys fynyscheyd for thys yere. The Morys of the Barbary do move warrys ayenyst the Crystyn men yn that partys. The Kyng of Fes hath be segeyd the town of Mellyla, and the castel of Casarsa, and here ys lytyl provysyon of socur made for the same.
Soverayn lord, yn the most humyl wyse I beseche yowr grace that I yowr most humyl and faythful servant may have the knowlyche of the plesure of yowr hyzghnys, howe for to order my self to the servyse of yowr grace, and to the conforte of me yowr poreyst servant, my wife and chylder. And thys letter I do send by land to the handys of yowr servant, Tomas Spynel, resyant yn the corte of the Kyng of Castyl, to thentent that he schal cause the same bryfly for to be convayd to yowr royal handys; for now that the currers may pas by land, letters he browgte hethur from the Kyng of Cas- tyl en days; for the whych, and it plese yowr grace for to have yowr letters convayd by land, yowr sayd servant, my felow, Tomas Spynel, schal dayly fynd mesengers cumynge hether from that partys. And as the farther tydeyngys schal folow, y schal certefy the same unto yowr hyzghnys by the grace of the Holi Gost, who perserve the royalyst astate of yowr hyzghnys longe for to endwre. Wretyn in the town of Madryl, and corte of Castyl, on the thyrd day of Apryel, in the sevynth yere of yowr nobylyst reygne by the most hwmyl servant and subjecte to yowr grace,
Hol., entirely in cipher. Add.
4 April.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 S. I. 180.
1733. N. [WEST] BP. OF ELY to WOLSEY.
Has begun his visitation. Found such disorder at Ely, that, but for this visit, it could not have been continued a monastery four years. Has appointed a new prior and other officers. On the 2nd went to Wysbich, where the sea banks have been broken by the tempest,— the most piteous sight he ever saw. Proposes to spend the summer there to see what can be done to recover it. It will cost him 1,000 marks, and he has not 100l. Will sell all his plate, and study night and day to accomplish it. Begs for leave to tarry there, or else it will never take effect. Has a cause in the Chancery with Tyllesley, on a bond of 200l. for dilapidations, which Sir John Stanley was bound to see paid. Hopes Wolsey will assist him to recover that debt. Wysbyche, 4 April.
Add.: My Lord Cardinal, Chancellor, &c.
4 April.
Calig. B. III. 179.
B. M.
As Mons. Jean de Planis will attend the Scotch ambassadors on their mission to England for peace, has requested him to express to the King, Albany's good intentions for the same. Edinburgh, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 April.
Galba, B. VII. 16.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 2nd. This morning Chievres and the Chancellor are advertised from Milan that the Emperor made his entry there on Monday, 24 March, in great triumph. The French and Venetians crossed the Po, lodging at Turton and Alexandria; 5,000 Swiss, who had taken pay of the French, have gone over to the Emperor. Prospero Colonna, whose ransom had been pardoned by Francis, has done the same. The Pope, who had much intelligence with France, desires the Emperor's friendship; like many others. The Emperor has accepted their offers, on condition of receiving from them a large sum of money. He is busy following the French, but his whereabouts is not known. The French King can send no succours to his army in Italy. The King Catholic will aid the Emperor. A great variance has befallen the French and Venetians, as the latter, in crossing the Po, wished to return home and save themselves in the "pollesyn of Rovigo." The King Catholic desires to borrow a sum from the merchants, but they have given no answer. The principal factor of Balzers has news of the 27th, that all the Swiss cantons have forbidden their subjects to serve the French. The Bp. of Trinople tells him that Monday next he starts for England; that Chierigati has been sent by the Pope at the request of Francis, and will move the King to a general peace. The orator from Calais has been at Brussels. Bruxelles, 4 April. Signed.
P.S.—In Spinelly's hand: "This King hath given me 30 marks of wet of plate, as Mrs. Doctor Townstall and Knight had."
Pp. 4.
4 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 37.
B. M.
Wrote from Trent the ... of last month, and on the 10th [of the] same Pace "wrote in ciphers ... handes and certeyn postscriptis joynyd to ... to my lorde Cardenall of Yorke," touching their passage over the rivers M[incio] and Aade. They proceeded six miles to the village of Liska, and thence ... to the village of Prewtelle within five miles of Milan, where they lay still the next day, the 25th, for the Emperor had received information that both the French and Venetian army were [retired] "into the cite of Meleeyn;" and on account of the great excess of their cavalry over the Emperor's ..., his army could not be easily victualled. He therefore held a council of war, in which a [discussion] took place on the safe conveyance of victual and money, "conciderynge that the [army was] in manner envyronde with enemys, that is to saye ... Loode, Cremone, Creme, Tresse, Leeyke and Count ..." Neither the Pope nor any of the Italian [states] had up to that day made any offer of money for the accomplishment of the enterprise; [which the Emperor] "shewid to have undertakyn, nott for h[is own private adv]antage but rather to deliver ... Councel which in mann[er] ... [E]mperour and the foreyn Councell, that is to [wit, the] Cardenall, me, and thembassadour of Spayne, and [the Co]unte Cariate, which is Governor of Verone, and the [Lord] Marke Anthony Columpne, capeteeyne generall of the[mperor's] army of Verone, and the Lorde Galias Visconte, generall cape[teeyne] of the Swyssers, in that his majestie by owre councell and [by] the conforte we had put hym in," had put himself so far in the danger of his enemies without sufficient provisions or money, and in danger also from the 30,000 Swiss, Germans, and Spaniards who had begun to mutiny for lack of pay.
It was finally determined that next day the Swiss should form the vanguard, supported by cavalry and artillery, and march towards Milan in battle array, the Emperor with the Germans and Spaniards bringing up the rear; and that if the enemy refused to shew himself, then the armies should return "at time convenient" to the same quarters. This was done next day (the 27th), the vanguard approaching so near the city that all its artillery was "... olaunte into the said city, and the Emperor being ... [the] first rank of the rearguard with ... (Some lines unintelligible.) ... the Thursday in Easter week kept ... time convenient, the said army [returned] to the lodging as was before appointed, a[nd the Emperor] with his army removed from thence six miles ... Pyskarye (Pescara), in the way indifferent toward P ..." The Swiss began to mutiny, having received but a half month's wages, and a half month not paid, and declared they would not [move] thence till they were paid their due, and moreover that the Emperor should promise them ... month's pay at the beginning of next month. On hearing this demand the Emperor moved away, with his Germans and Spaniards, to the village of "Busnaw," on the r[iver] ... where he made a bridge over the river, and called a council, in which it was decided that he ... army and all the German cavalry should [remain near] the said river, and that Lord Mark Antony Columpne should move with ... of horsemen towards Loode; for then "w[ord was] comyn from the Swyssers that and they might ... for a man they would ask no more in eight days aff[ter, and] the next day they would drawe towarde Lood[e] ... the Emperor would also with his army draw thett[her]... also;" it was decided that Pace should go with the said "sig[nor] ... to the Swiss with 8,000 fl., of which ... laid out 2,500 * * * content to take half a florin ... obtain quiet for eight days ... so that ... would promise them and be pledge for ... that at the end of eight days they should be satisfied [of a] whole month, and that at the beginning of next month they should be satisfied as is before written." To this he was willing to consent, shewing that there should be no difficulty about the money, for he knew well that enough was coming to Augsburg and to Trent, but from want of conduct it might be impossible to keep appointment.
It was finally concluded that Pace and the Swiss should each send a person to Trent to certify to them the readiness of the said money. This being settled, the siege of the castle of Loode was determined upon, the result of which is given in a letter of Pace's, enclosed. What has been done by the Swiss army since is not known, the cavalry of the enemy being sufficiently numerous to prevent all communication between the writer and the army. The Emperor, after crossing the Aade, proceeded to Ponte Oyle on the river Oyle, and stayed there two days. Thence he went, on the 4th of this month, to a village called La Costa, eight miles distant ... "Bargamo, wheere 20,000 fl[orins sha]lbe ..." * * * "... opened the said packet a ... your highness to the Emperor and a ... one to me, all which I have taken ... such other packets and letters as ..." He will send the packets directed to Lord Ga[lias] and to Pace as soon as he can get them safely conveyed; and as soon as the Cardinal [and he] have deciphered their letters and instructions, and have had audience and answer of the [Emperor], he will announce it to the King. At present he only acknowledges the receipt of the King's letter, dated Greenwich, the 20th of March last. Has this day received a letter from Leonard F[riscobaldi], written at Antwerp on 20th March, in which he speaks of the difficulty of executing his charge with safety, in consequence of the danger of conveyance. Dated "in ... village de Costa," 4 April 1516.
Hol., pp. 5, mutilated.
4 April.
Harl. 3462, f. 224.
1737. The SWISS CAPTAINS in the EMPEROR'S SERVICE to those in the FRENCH SERVICE at Milan.
Are much surprised at the letter they have received from them. First, they pretend to be the captains of eight cantons, which is not true, some cities not being represented. "Secondly, you speak of 'our' articles," although certain cantons have not made a full agreement with the French King. The writers are confederate with the Emperor, with whose aid they hope to recover their lost honor, and avenge the death of their companions, whose bodies they were obliged to abandon unburied on the field. Think they are regardless of the honor of the League. They have dared to write, after being requested by the lords to return, that if the Imperialists will serve faithfully they will be satisfied. Are thoroughly determined to remain enemies to the King of France, and all who favor him. It is the French captains who cause the rupture of the league, and destroy the honor of the Swiss, as in the late battle, solely owing to the defection of certain cantons. Their disloyalty is not so unanimous as they boast in their letter to the Emperor. Admonish them to abandon their enterprise and return, otherwise they will have to fight their own countrymen. They know how Fochto de Sideriis has confessed to certain articles, which the writers retain. Written in the name of all the nobles and confederates of the Grison League.—The captains at Lodi with the Emperor. Lodi, 4 April 1516.
Signatures copied, but apparently not understood.
Italian, pp. 4.
5 April.
1738. For TH. AP RES.
Grant of Beander mill, with two pastures called Fryth Garth and Fryth Beandre, and the demesne lands called Beandre lande and Kahenry, in Kedwen; on surrender of patent 26 June 3 Hen. VIII. (under the seal of the earldom of March), which is invalid. Del. Westm., 5 April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 27.
5 April.
Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Del. Westm., 5 April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, M. 17.
5 April.
1740. For RIC. GRESHAM of London, mercer,
Licence to export cloths and other English merchandize not belonging to the staple of Calais; also to import silk and gold cloths, woad, alum, Malvesey and other wines; the customs not to exceed 2,000l. Del. Westm., 5 April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m.25.
6 April.
Vit. B. III. 20.
Has received two intercepted budgets of letters, one containing letters from the King of France in answer to the Duke of Bourbon, commending [his conduct at] the river Adda; the other containing letters to Ant. Pallavicino at Rome, to Cardinals Medici and San Severino "d ... nentia che se voria dal papa le gente darme ... pagasse almancho 4,000 Suiceri," and complaining of the Pope, and to the Pope of the same tenor; letters to Bourbon directing him to pay the Swiss; letters to Pallavicino, complaining of the dissimulation of the Pope, to Bourbon, to Dela ... a, Lautrec and the Vice-chancellor of France of this tenor, commanding them to condemn Galeazzo for a rebel, raze his house to the ground, and set up on every corner "Hic erat domus Domini Galeacii Vicecomitis," and to paint him in every high place with his feet uppermost; his goods to be given to Alberto de la Preda, Ludovico de Arlach, and to those of Diaspach. Has sent the originals to [Sion.] The letters of their friends who intercepted these communications were directed to [Sion], and to Galeazzo in his absence, and sent with great difficulty. Begs he will communicate them to the Emperor. Lodi, 6 April.
Hol., Ital., pp. 2.
Nero, B. VI. 34.
1742. [WOLSEY] to _
(Imperfect at the beginning.) "And where as I understand that the Frenchmen have despitefully and cruelly dealt with the Count Galeas, as well in rasing his arms and defaming his person, as also in subverting his houses and despoiling his kinsmen," the person addressed is to encourage him to revenge his injuries, and promise him the King's assistance to drive the French out of Italy; also to comfort the Swiss with the hope of a league being formed between them, the Pope, the Emperor, and England, and to encourage the Venetians to join the Swiss against the French.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, p. 1.
7 April.
R. O.
Wrote yesterday that the Bp. of Trinopoly will leave for England on Wednesday. Knows not the proposals of the new French ambassador. It is said he desires the meeting of the two Kings. Brussels, 7 April.
P.S.—The King went in pilgrimage this morning to Our Lady of Haulx, "and, it is said, besought the same to send prosperous success unto the Emperor."
Hol., p. 1. Add.
7 April.
S. B.
1744. For SIR RIC. CHOLMELEY, knight of the Body, and SIR JOHN DAUNCE.
To be stewards, in survivorship, of Kenyngton, Surr. Del. Westm., 7 April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 27.
7 April. 1745. For RANULPH JAKSON alias MOUNT ARGULE.
To be herald of Mount Argule, with 20 marks annually, as held by Th. Whytyng, temp. Edw. III. Westm., 7 April.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
8 April.
Vit. B. XIX, 40.
1746. PACE to WOLSEY.
"The 3rd day of this [month the captains] being in Milan in Ayd ... sende hydre at the instance [of the Fren] chemen a poore freer withe [letters to] our capitans, conteignynge that th[e French King] was so grete that he wold ke[ep Milan] agaynst all his ennemis willis; [wherefore] they thought it necessari that our Swiss [should] departe home agayne, offering them to procure that they might dep[art] surely. These letters were read [imme]diately in the council of all the [captains] afore the Lord Galias and me, a[nd the] answer following made unto the[m by] our Swiss; viz., that they might be asch[amed] for to offre unto them to procure [the]ir suere return home who were h ... passe ove[r] ther belis, havinge al ... off Fraunce and Venice in they [r hands] ... they advised the [m] ... * * * ... And they didde sende bi a curror of their own ... there armis opunli, which is a [common thin]ge amongst them." He returned this day, and has brought news that they will not fight against their countrymen here, for whose coming they are sorry, and will depart shortly. The French have no hope in them, and will have less if the Emperor will come forward. Ex Laudo, 6 Aprilis.
"[Th]e Lord Galiace hath interceptidde [a] curror of the French King with letters containing [all] his secrets and his practices with [the] Pope, of whom he doth complain in [let]tars written to his ambassador in [the city] of Rome that his holiness hath [not kept his] promise with h[im] in ... (A line lost) ... as his holiness is ... confederation made bet[ween them. He] complaineth in like man[ner that his ho]liness hath not payde ... Swiss according to his semblab [le promise.] Fardremore in his letters unto the [Duke of] Burbon and Monsir de la Palisa [he do]ithe plainly confess his n[eed] of money, and that he can send no ... soon as they desire it.
Item, he ad[viseth] them not to be afraid of the King's grace, [see]ynge that he hath fairer words of him than he was wont to have, [but] for all that he trusteth nothi[ng to] him because he hath declared [his] evil mind against him unto t[he] ... and for that cause he maketh [confede]ration against him both by l[and and] se in case he should move war against France, and yet for that ... shall not be dimi[nished] ... he doeth of the King's grace. Item, ... the said Duke of Bourbon and all [his of] ficers and commissaries, if the Du ... len, to declare openly the said [Lord] Galiace rebel to the Crown of [Fran]ce, and that therefore all his goods [shou]ld be confiscate, and his principal house [in] the city of Milen beaten down to the [gro]wnde, and he himself to be payntidde [with] papers hangidd uppe bi the helis lyke [a] traytor at al the gatis off the citie, unto the time that he may have his person [in] his hands; for he promiseth unto them to return into Italy with 2,000 men of [war] and 16,000 footmen, if need shall require ... hœc sunt verba. He showeth himself to be right evil contented with [the sa]yde Duke of Burbon and all his other [friend]s for the breaking of their [promise m]ade unto him in defending ... Ade in such manner that ... (A line lost.) ... counsayle doithe ... against the Prince of Ca[stile] ... there letters interceptid[de] ... arrividde here a messenger [from the] Emperor with letters directed [to the] Swiss containing his excuse of hi[s retur]ning from Milen and passing [the ri]ver of Ade without any knowledge [given] unto them thereupon.
His excuse was t[hat] he so didde because the King's grace's money wa[s not] cum for to paye them their wages, [and] that the Frenchmen should not [have] ony manner of passage betwixt hi[m and] Almayne, Whereby the conveyance of his [victu]allis and money might be let; and so h[e] be disappointed, and consequently all h[is enter]prise lost. Surely though this his [answer] have some appearence of truth, y[et is it] nothing true indeed; for both [the King's money] and his (if he have any) migh[t have been rec]evede suerli enoghe withou[t] ... (A line lost.) ... to the places where he ... [no]t only victuals, but also ... ent. All who come [from thi]s field tell the Swiss that the Emperor has [retired] with his own men in suretie [intending] to return at his pleasure into Germany and to send them alone into the midst of their enemies. The French dare not attack the Swiss, but keep in strongholds, which the Swiss would carry if the Emperor would return or send the gunpowder he took away with him. He promises in his letter to return and bring the money with him. If he do shortly all will very likely be well. If not, "it is impossible that the Swiss may ... they do, in extreme necessity ... (A line lost.) ... The Lords of Surr[ike] (Zurich) ... a diet amongst all the [cantons, where] in all such Swissers as went to [the aid] of the French King be revoked un[der pain] of rebel- lion, and this same da[y I] have had perfect knowledge [that] they be undoubtedly departed, all [for this] cause. So that everything upon [the] Swiss party succeedeth as prosperously [as] any man couith desire." From La[udi], 8 April.
Hol., the cipher deciphered by a modern hand; pp.7. Add.: Reverendissimo Domino Cardinali Eboracensi. Endd.
Calig. E. I. II.?
I. 184.
B. M.
1747. PACE to WOLSEY. (P.S. only.)
P.S.—After the writing of his long letter, had this day news from S[witzer] land that the French King had commanded all his troops in Italy to resort to Bononi to the aid of the Pope. The Pope has sent a bishop to the French King to put himself in his hands.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Rmo Carli Ebor
S April.
Vesp. C. I. 101.
Had been presented to his present bishopric by Johanna Queen of Castile and Pope Julius II. in consequence of a schism in the Church, fomented by his predecessor, Bernardinus Carvajal, who had assembled a synod at Pisa with some of his accomplices under pretence of reformation, and was deposed by the Pope. After the death of Julius, the cardinals who had been deposed with Carvajal waited upon Leo his successor, and the Council of the Lateran, acknowledged the justice of their sentence, were readmitted into their former places, but without prejudice to other men's rights, Carvajal among the rest. Ferdinand the late King refused his re-admission. The present King Charles is inexperienced. The writer begs the King of England to intercede in his behalf, and write to the Chancellor and Mons. de Xebres (Chievres). Majoreti, 8 April 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Serenissimo, &c. domino meo Angliæ Regi. Endd.
9 April.
Wilk. Conc. III.
Summons to meet on 9 April. In this convocation two tenths were granted to the King.
9 April.
Calig. E. II. (72.)
B. M.
Received from him two leters, dated Greenwich, 3 March. Have kept a good eye to the work. They have a good market. Proclamation has been made for the price of provisions as in the time of Sir Edw. Ponynges. Tournay, 9 April. Signed.
Pp. 2, multilated.
9 April. 1751. For RIC. JUSTICE.
Grant of tenements in St. Michael, Bassinges Hawe, London, forfeited by Ric. Charleton, and lately held by John Knolles, serjeant of the bakehouse. Westm., 9 April.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 26.
10 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 44.
Wrote [on the 4th] of the present month [April] to the King from the village de Cos[ta], [enclosing] a letter he had received from Pace, and acknowledging the King's letter dated [20] March, and Wolsey's letters to the Ca[rdinal of Sion], which he had delivered with one directed to the Emperor. Had promised to make answer when the letters were deciphered, and he had had audience of the Emperor. Has de[ciphered] the King's letters to himself, and thinks the Cardinal [of Sion] has done the same, and the first time he had the Emperor at [leisure] he communicated so much of their contents as he thought [proper] to be disclosed at that time. The Emperor said he had like man[ner] ... from his ambassador in England; and as Sion had intimated to him that he had [matter] of importance to communicate, he desired Wingfield to wait until he had seen the Cardinal that he might answer both at once; and though that sith [that time I have] ben with his majesty, and as I" esteem ha[ve ...] the saide matter, yet by as fa[r as I can perceive], ... twaine principall points superficially ... of answer," but informing [the writer] he had heard from ... King his nephew that he wished to visit Henry on his way to Spain, and there [conclu]de what treaties Henry pleased, and that, once arrived in Spain, he will not fail to declare himself enemy or friend to such as Henry shall please.
The Emperor was much pleased with this intelligence, and said he believed that Henry could not conveniently enter France this summer. As soon as the writer gets a clear answer from the Emperor on these two points, on which depends the very pith of the matter contained in the King's letter, he will communicate it.
Since his separation from the main body, mentioned in Wingfield's former letter, the Emperor has been very busy providing money, artillery and munition. Two other causes have given him much occupation, viz. the death of the King of Hungary who desired him to be governor and protector of the young King his son; and his own bad health, which [has forced him to remove] into some open situation in the plain here, ... called the Vale of Camonica, where he will shortly recover, "so that he maye joyne agayn," and bring the enterprise to the desired end ... has not taken the course laid down ... to him "as hadde as greet desyre to recovyr the thinge wh[iche was] loste as women with childe be desyrous to eete fruite or ... that the enemy would be put to flight because all subjects of the duchy of Milan [would] harass them in all possible ways and that all other Italian powers would give all assistance possible to bring them to ruin ... "was so lyke trewe that the Emperor conse ... the most diligent profection that hath been much ..." He has shewed himself as prompt and ... as possible, not only at such passages [as the] enemy had fortified, but also pursuing them ... of Milan without attaining his special purpose ... fight with the enemies, or seeing that one ... persuasion proved true, and beside all that he found himself ... with the enemies and not purveyed necessa[ries] ... to satisfy his army or of artille[ry] ... he withdrew, not only to avoid the danger of tumult in his army (owing to 16,000 Swiss whom he [could not] trust because 5,000 or 6,000 of their countrymen had recently arrived "... eyn to serve the French," and 11,000 lanceknights and Spaniards, 2,000 of them just come out of Brescia, who would gladly have sold it to the French), but also to provide the necessaries above mentioned.
After the Emperor's departure, when the army at Lodi had behaved as Pace has written, the Swiss at Milan sent six captains to them desiring speech with them. What followed is set forth in a letter enclosed from Pace, another from Mark Antony Columpne to the Emperor, and one from Lord Galias to the Cardinal. Dated at Idoll (Edolo) in the Vale Camonica, 10th April 1516.
Hol., pp. 4, badly mutilated.
R. O. 1753. [HENRY VIII.] to [PACE.]
"After the signing of these our letters, received divers letters as well from you as the Cardinal Sedunensis." Is glad to hear that the money sent by him for the Swiss has arrived,—that Sion has been appointed the Emperor's Lieutenant, and is gone to despatch the Swiss against the French, now abandoned by the Venetians,—that the Emperor was approaching Brescia, following the Cardinal. Has recovered his hopes, which he had entirely abandoned. If the Emperor, like a valiant captain, resume his heart, he will put a stop to the dishonorable bruits circulated respecting him. Is to urge the Emperor to join the Swiss in person or by deputy. As Cardinal Sion writes that the money lately sent will only pay the Swiss till the midst of June, has advanced by way of exchange 40,000 crowns for that purpose, if the enterprise be not finished before. He is to reserve the same for himself that it be not uselessly spent. Is satisfied with the proposal contained in his letter that the Swiss should establish themselves in the duchy of Milan for this year, and provide for an invasion of France the next. If the Cardinal and Count Galias will join in some good concord they may much promote the expedition, and induce the Emperor to join more heartily.
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, pp. 2.
10 April.
1754. [PACE] to [WOLSEY.]
i. Is advertised by Wingfield that the Emperor will adhere to the enterprise, yet he still retreats to Almain, and is now in Valle Camonica (Chamounix). They expect the Marquis of Brandenburg with his forces. The Swiss have sent two ambassadors to the Emperor, demanding to know his determination. They hate delay. Laude, 10 April.
ii. Notwithstanding the Emperor's promise to the Swiss, he makes haste towards Almain, and is now near Trent. He has left the Marquis of Brandenburg with his army, so there is hope he will not mar all. Galias has good intelligence with the Pope. He sends a copy of a letter received from the Cardinal Sta. Maria in Porticu, in ciphers, to Master Anchises, which Wolsey may see. The Pope would have joined them openly, but for the Emperor. The French King complains of him. Yesterday letters arrived from the Emperor, promising the Swiss that he would rejoin them, and that 25,000 florins of the King's money, long lacked, was in Brixia, to be conveyed to them by the Marquis of Brandenburg. The Emperor's soldiers had sequestered the money for the sums due to them by him, to the great dissatisfaction of the Swiss; he has thus betrayed them twice. Pace and Lord Galias are still hostages. They are convinced that he will destroy the enterprise. They are sick and in their beds from his unreasonable demeanor. It is the more unaccountable as the rebel Swiss have forsaken the French; the Venetians are at great variance, and like to have slain Andreas Gritie, their captain general, for lack of money. The country is ready to rise; which should not only move an Emperor, but an ass. He has left them artillery, and no gunpowder.
Has received letters from the Marquis of Brandenburg at Brixia, stating the soldiers there, would not let him enter or have the money. Thinks the Emperor's conduct is to be attributed to the death of the King of Hungary, and the lucre he shall get by it. Some think he has been bribed by the French, as stated in the Cardinal Sta. Maria's letter. Is informed the Emperor will make this excuse to the King, that he was afraid the Swiss and his own troops would have betrayed him to the French for a sum of money. Laude, 15 April.
Copy, pp. 6.
10 April.
Galba, B. IV. 47.
The Spanish Bishop who lately came from [England] has told them that he has taken leave of the King his master to go to England to solicit the loan of money and other matters. Think he has favored the renewal of the league, as he assures them Chievres and the Chancellor had also done. He tells them it will be renewed as soon as Henry's answer is received. If so, as the ambassadors have no other commission, they will return when it is effected. The Bishop told them of the efforts he had made to reconcile Chievres and my Lady to the Lord Berghes, which he finds have been successful. The King on his coming should thank the Bishop for his honorable report of his former reception in England, and for promoting the King's interest here. Brussels, 10 April.
P.S.—After signing this letter received the King's letters dated the 4th. The Duke of Gueldres has taken David Fawkener's bark, and sent her to sea with 80 men to rob the merchants. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: My Lord Card. of York. Endd.
10 April.
Otho, C. IX. 28.
B. M.
Two years since Selim attacked Hismael [Sophi], the King of Persia; last summer took two of his towns; and lately expelled his confederate Anadola from Amani, appointing in his place one Sessuar, to the great annoyance of the Sultan of Egypt and Syria. Sessuar has been attacked and defeated by the general of the Sophi. The Sophi took last year the town of Chimacum (Chemach); the Turk is making great efforts to oppose him, and is now at Adrianople about the affairs of Hungary, busy with his navy. The knights of Rhodes are making all preparations in case of being attacked. Th. Newport (bajulius Rhodi) has taken a number of Turkish transports and brought them into Rhodes;—has been informed that an attempt has been made to usurp their preceptory of Albi and Rethelay. They detain Newport for the present till they see the result of the Turkish preparations. Begs that in the interval the King will see he is not molested by the aforesaid malicious persons. Rhodes, [10] April 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated. Add. Endd.: De dat'x. Aprilis.


  • 1. Blank in MS.
  • 2. Filchers. "You are a fishmonger," says Hamlet to Polonius, who was desirous to filch his secret.
  • 3. Mistake for April.
  • 4. A few words occur at the beginning, in a different either, of which there is no key.
  • 5. Blotted and illegible.