Henry VIII: July 1516, 1-10

Pages 640-655

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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July 1516

1 July.
S. B.
2116. HENRY VIII. to the WARDENS OF THE MARCHES TOWARDS SCOTLAND, and all his subjects.
Takes the priory of Calstreme, on the borders of Scotland, into his protection, as it is despoiled in time of war. Greenwhich, 1 July 8 Hen. VIII.
1 July.
Galba, B. IV. 92. B. M.
Wrote on the 28th. There is since arrived "a servant of ... of the Queens of Naples, that was married unto the K[ing] deceased in France, and another of the Duke of Ferrara, and letters of credence unto this King, upon the which ... instantly desired that the Duke of Calabria, older son [of the] said King Frederic, and prisoner at this time in Ca[stile], may be delivered." Hears from Don Loys Caroz that the Arragonese and Neapolitans are very ill satisfied with their King's Council, who arrange matters without knowledge of their affairs. There is no remedy for this but that he go quickly to Castile. The Genoese have prepared eighteen galleys, and the French ten, in Provence, ostensibly against the Turkish and Moorish pirates, but probably against Naples. The Gueldrois continue to oppress the towns of Friesland. The Council have therefore summoned Count Felix to come in haste, with the number of Almains he was to bring with him, to Spain. When he comes, they will send him thither with 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 men of Namur. Yesterday, passed here by posts from Trent, on his way to England, Anth. Baldwin, a Florentine who dwells at Lyons, with Th. Gadaguy. Though he pretends to be a servant of Friscobald, he should not be ... Begs leave to come to England. Brussels, 1 July MDX ...
P.S.—Has requested the Earl of Tyrstaym, brother-in-law to De la Roche, who lives near Mettz, to make enquiries.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: My Lord Cardinal.
1 July. 2118. HENRY VIII.
Inspeximus of a plea impleaded by Humph. Conyngesby, justice of the King's Bench, and Wm. Malhom, clk., 15 June 1 Hen. VIII., that the inquisition taken at Estdyrham, Norf., 26 April 22 Hen. VII., is insufficient to answer to, as the possessions of Wm. Oldale, attainted 31 Hen. VI., are wrongly described; that Oldale was restored by act of parliament 33 Hen. VI.; that on his death they descended to Sir Edm. Georges, son of Mary, daughter of Oldale; that it was enacted, 4 Hen. VII., that the act for Jasper Duke of Bedford, 1 Hen. VII., should not be prejudicial to Gorges; that a fine was levied 15 Hen. VII. between Conyngesby and Malhom, and others now deceased, plaintiffs, and the said Sir Edmund and Joan his wife, and Edw. Gorges, deforciants, in respect of the manors of Great Fraunsham, little Fraunsham, Oldehall and Dorsyngham, and the advowson of Little Fraunsham church, Norf., which they recognize as the right of Mallom and his heirs. John Erneley appears for the King, but has nothing to plead, and it is therefore adjudged by the Lord Chancellor that Conyngesby and Malhom be restored to possession of the premises. Westm., 1 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, ms. 3 and 4.
1 July.
S. B.
2119. To CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel three recognizances of 720 marks, made by Wm. Lord Conyers, Sir Wm. Bulmer of Wilton, York, and Ralph Wicliff of Wiclif, York, 4 Nov. 23 Hen. VII.; and a recognizance of 10,000 marks made by Conyers, 10 Dec. 24 Hen. VII., for the safe custody of Berwick. Greenwich, 1 July 8 Hen. VIII.
1 July. 2120. To CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, Master of the Rolls.
To erase "Hereford West" in patent of 23 April in favor of John Philip, and substitute Haverford West. Greenwich, 1 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
1 July.
P. S.
2121. For JOHN SABBE of London, grocer.
Licence to make a bridge of timber, ironwork, &c., 24 feet long and 6 broad, into the Thames, at the south end of his wharf, called "Sabbis Key," in Thamisstrete, with a stair at the end of the bridge of 16 feet. Greenwich, 24 June 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
1 July.
P. S.
2122. For ROB KNOWLES, gentleman usher.
Annuity of twenty marks out of the little customs of London. Greenwich, 28 June 8 Hen. VIII. Del, Westm., 1 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
2 July.
P. S.
2123. For SIR JOHN CUTTE of London.
Release, as late purveyor of artillery, &c. in the war against France, of 43,124l. 16s. 3d. received by him from John Heron, treasurer of the Chamber, and of 16,100l. received from Sir John Daunce, for purchases for the artillery in the wars against France and Scotland. Greenwich, 30 June 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21; and p. 2, m. 15.
3 July.
S. B.
2124. For HEN. LORD CLYFFORD alias VISCOUNT WESTMORELAND, son of John Lord Clyfford, deceased.
Pardon. Del. Westm., 3 July 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
3 July.
S. B.
2125. For SIR ROB. DYMMOK of Screlby, Linc, alias of Methlay, York, late sheriff of Lincolnshire, alias merchant of the Staple of Calais.
Release, as treasurer of war in the rear-guard under Chas. Earl of Worcester; alias treasurer of Tournay and of the out-garrisons of Sentomer, Ayer, Bettoyne, Heysden, Arras, ... ry, Malbushe and Valencian. Del. Westm., 3 July 8 Hen. VIII.
3 July.
S. B.
2126. For SIR ROB. DYMMOK.
Release as late sheriff of Lincolnshire, and of 200l. in which he and Sir Edw. Hastyngis, deceased, and Sir Adrian Fortescue, by deed, 20 June 20 Hen. VII., before Sir Hen. Colett, mayor and constable of the staple of Westminster, acknowledged themselves bound to Sir Th. Lovell, Sir Hen. Wyot, Sir Ric. Emson, and Edm. Dudeley. Del. Westm., 3 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
3 July. 2127. For JOHN FYSSHER of Lantevery, Cornwall, kerver.
Pardon for killing Walter Govet of Reprynna, Cornwall, cook, in self-defence. Westm., 3 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
4 July.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 550.
Have received his letters dated Greenwich, I June, desiring them to remove John Duke of Albany, the Regent, from the person of their King, in order to promote the amity of the two realms. The Duke was chosen Protector by the unanimous voice of the three estates; was sent for by them from France; left his master, his lady, his living; has taken great pains in the King's service; has given and proposes to give no cause for dissatisfaction; and if he would leave they would not let him. Moreover, it is in exact conformity with their laws that the nearest in succession should have the governance; security has been taken by the Queen and others to remove all cause of suspicion: and they will spend their lives if any attempt be made against his highness. Edinburgh, 4 July, 3 Jac. V.
Signed: S. Amand, Glasgow, Galloway, Caithness, the Abbots of ... enbotill (Neubotill?) and Cambusk, Prior of Dunbar, Abbots of Holy Cross, and Orkney, _ Dunbanen, the Earls of Lennox, Arraul, Morpeth, Marshal, Errol, *Eglis, *Casillis, and *Athole, the Lords* Hume, Drumond, *Bothvil, Maxwell, *Hou de Zes, *Crichton, *Uthilace, *Flemyng, *Ogilvy, and Balvery, *the clerk of the justiciar, Lord Cespi.
10 seals remaining. The names which have no asterish are lost by mutilation of the document, and the others are now almost illegible.
4 July.
Calig. B. III. 17. B. M.
2129. DAVID BISHOP OF GALLOWAY, the Commendator of Driburgh, and SIR WM. SCOT of Baluery, to HENRY VIII.
On their arrival presented Henry's letters to the estates in parliament assembled under John Duke of Albany touching the keeping of the King. The Lords after a debate have arrived at their decision, Albany having withdrawn, and send it under their seals, Edinburgh, 4 July. Signed by the above.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: From the ambassadors, 3 July. (sic.)
4 July.
R. O.
2130. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Has written to the King for payment to be made by the executors of Henry VII., Lewis de Gibraleon, papal chamberlain, for money laid out in expediting letters of plenary indulgence for the Hospital of the Savoy (founded by Henry VII.) ex commissione Jerome Vergil, merchant of London, and by order of the Bp. of Winchester, and others the late King's executors. Requests Wolsey's interference. Rome, 4 July 1516, 4 pont.
Lat. Vellum. Add.
4 July.
Calig. D. VI. 297. B. M.
The French King is determined to come hither "with as great a puissance, right shortly, as ever he had in Italy, for the reduction of the duchy of Milan," and, it is supposed, intends to retake Tournay. This intelligence was received through a man of Tournay, by letters sent to a kinsman of his from Mons. Bonevente, "one that is very great in favor with the French King, and is one of the most privy counsel with him." If any such enterprise be intended, the kinsman is likely to aid it, as he is in favor with the French King, who lately offered him a yearly pension, which he refused for fear of losing his lands in Tournay.
"Moreover, Sir, he showed me by the ... appointment that the Duke of Gelders ... 7,000 or 8,000 lanceknights and Rob. de la [Mark] ... 200 men of arms furnished with other his a ... Also, Sir, I was advertised lately, by a servant of [Master] Fryscobald's which was in France, to receive certain money for his master there, which is [but] a young man; and he saith that he was at a [place], whereas was the French King with other of his [Council] at Abbefeld, and there was devising of this to ... Insomuch that one of the lords counselled [the] King to put in execution the enterprise of Tournay shortly; for though the citadel were not [finished] it might now be ended with no great charge, and with small pain; whereas if ye should defer h[it] long, it shall be able to resist. The King answ[ered] himself that he would shortly and in time remember it; and thereupon he drank to th[at] lord good luck."
In case of a siege they will require gunners. The town being of great compass [and] circuit, they request 200 or 300 to be sent till the citadel is out of danger.
Has news from the Catholic King's court, by a gentleman called Mons. de Bewford, a man of great lands partly lying within the King's dominion here, "that the great village in Holland called the Hage is burnt and spoiled by the Gelders, with divers other villages, and a goodly place of the King Catholic's in the same village destroyed. I am also, Sir, assuredly advertised that the Duke of Gelders hath now at this time the chief men of war of all the londisknights that were there with the French King or the King Catholic, to the number of 6,000 or 7,000." Tournay, 4 July. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To the King's highness.
4 July.
Galba, b. IV. 94. B. M.
Wrote last on the x[xviii.] ult. of their communication with Chievres and the Chancellor touching the offers made by the Swiss to serve against the French in Italy, in case they were paid by the confederates, and of the dangers of Naples and Verona. Have at last received for answer that they think it will be very advantageous; but considering their King's intended voyage into Spain, his charges in Friesland and elsewhere, he can bear no part of the expence, as the Emperor cannot contribute. He must be ruled by his purse till he comes into Spain, when he will entirely be governed by the King. The writers then asked them if the King would be willing to employ upon this expedition the money he wanted to borrow of England; but they would not depart from their first answer. So the whole expence will rest upon England, whose interest is least in it. Andreas de Burgo told them, that when he was resident at the court of [France] he knew that the Duke of Milan had been practising long before with the French King to give up his duchy. So the King ought to know whether he is trying to help one that does not care to be helped. Chievres and the Chancellor said they did not by this refusal intend to break any article of the treaty concluded with England, not if they broke with France for ever. Charles has ordered men of war to come from Spain for his projected voyage. Nothing was said of the loan. Perhaps they are waiting for the day of the toison before they demand the bond. Brussels, 4 July. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
4 July.
R. O.
2133. PACE to SIR ROB. WINGFIELD, ambassador with the Emperor.
Has received his letters by Marroton's servant, asking him to procure 500 florins for the Emperor, to be spent for powder and "balottes" for the artillery in Belynsona. Has not enough money for himself, especially now he has to go to the Swiss,—and is strictly prohibited from laying out the King's. Constance, 4 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
4 July.
P. S.
2134. For JOHN THOLY or TOLY, auditor, and JOHN KNIGHT.
To be keepers, in survivorship, of the King's place in the town of Wakefeld, York, called "le Motehall," with 2d. a day, and keeper of Soureby and Sourbyshyre, with 1d. a day, and 6s. 8d. a year for a mantle, as held by Th. Turton. Greenwich, 4 June 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
4 July.
P. S.
Wardship of Jas., son and heir of Th. Clark. Greenwich, 1 July 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
5 July.
Galba, B. IV. 96. B. M.
Wrote last on the 1st. Encloses a letter received by the chaplain of D'Isselstein from Camfer in Zealand, which will show how the Duke of Albany disregards this last treaty; "and that first, by reason of th[e] business the French King had in Italy not myghting (meeting?) the ... have the assistance granted unto him, the said Duke cond[escended] thereto;" and secondly, to reconcile the Lords of Scotland, who have hitherto inclined to England, the French King has given pensions to six of the chief nobles named by the Duke, of whom the Chamberlain is one. The bailly of Camfer though he has a pension from Scotland, might do service to the King. The Duke of Albany's friends all resort to him. Hans Nagel is informed by John, brother of Dierik van Ret, that Ric. de la Pole has gone back into France. Has caused inquiry to be made by the servant of the Master of the Posts ... in Lorraine. Sir Geo. Nevil is going into France on account of his poverty, seeing that he cannot obtain the King's pardon. Four months ago a servant of the Lady Margaret of England, [Duchess of Burgundy, sister of Edward IV.,] had interceded with Berghes for Sir George. One of the King's minstrels, a fellow of Hans Nagel's, has lately come out of England, where he has been well entertained. Not being inclined to go to Spain, he is willing to employ himself in the King's service. Is assured by Berghes that at the conferences with the French, Chievres and the Chancellor will do nothing prejudicial to England. Berghes is in better estimation than he was. The Council are making great preparations for the King's going. A courier from the Abp. of Saragossa has been taken in France, his letters broken and re-delivered. D'Albret King of Navarre is dead. Quintana begins to be in favor. So it would seem, the old councillors of Arragon are to be retained. Is anxious to know whether he shall stay or come to England. Brussels, 5 July.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated.
5 July.
S. B.
2137. For PETER BURGH of Newton Morell, HEN. BURGH of Spenythorne, ANTH. BURGH and TH. BURGH of Esthawkeswell, York.
Pardon, they having been indicted for the murder of John Foster and Jas. Cokrell at Westhawkeswell, York, 9 Sept. 23 Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 5 July 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
Middx., Essex and Herts.—Th. Duke of Norfolk, Th. Earl of Surrey, Th. Dokwra, prior of St. John's, Christ. Urswyke, clk., Sir Th. Lovell, Rob. Blagge, Barth. Westby, Sir Th. Nevell, Sir Wm. Compton, Sir John Raynsford, Sir Ric. Lewes, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Sir Ric. Cholmeley; Ric. Broke and John More, serjeants at law; John Fortescue, John Heron, John Colte, John Kyrton, John Grene, Ric. Lyster, Edw. Hales, Th. Sepham, Nich. Boone, John Haukes, and Th. Robertis, for the district extending from the town of Ware up to the river Thames along the banks thereof. Westm., 5 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12d.
6 July.
Giust. Desp. I. 246.
Visited the Cardinal, who told of the news of Brescia, and added that it had been surrendered to France. Is much delighted with the news. Wolsey wished the Venetian galleys would again trade with England. Sebastian urged the peril from Spain. Paid his respects to the King at Greenwich this day. Had no letters from the Signory. Would rather be recalled than kept on such conditions. This silence is very offensive to England. Complains bitterly for want of information. Met there the Spanish ambassador; their interview was amicable, but he begged Sebastian to defer his visit to him for some days, for fear of offending the imperial ambassador. The league of the Emperor, the Kings of Spain and England, and the Swiss, is said to be brought to a close. The nuncio [Chieregato] says the Pope will remain neutral. London, 6 July 1516.
7 July.
S. B.
2140. For WM. BOLTON, prior of St. Bartholomew, West smythfild.
Prebend of Bolyngehope in Hereford Cathedral, vice Ric. Smyth, clk., resigned. Del ... 7 July 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14.
7 July.
P. S.
2141. For EDW. SKERNE.
Wardship of Walter, son and heir of John Thorneholme, who at his death held of Hen. VII. as of the earldom of Warwick and duchy of York. Greenwich, 2 July 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
7 July.
P. S.
2142. For RIC. BARWELL of London, brewer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 30 June 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 July 8 Hen. VIII.
8 July.
P. S.
2143. For the ABBEY OF WHITBY.
Assent to the election of John Whitby as abbot, vice Th. Bednell deceased. Greenwich, 6 July 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
ii. Petition of the Sub-prior and Convent for the above; sent by Th. Kyldayll, 29 June 1516.
9 July.
Er. Ep. VII. 8.
Learns from Peter the One-eyed, by whom Erasmus wrote lately, that the Bishop has not yet received the Seneca. Francis says it is at Arnold's, from whom the Bishop can claim it. Hopes shortly to revisit his patrons. Antwerp, 7 id. Jul. 1516.
9 July.
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters. Professes devotion to his service. Has now been an exile for sixteen months, and exhausted his friends. Hopes the King will assist him. He and Pace have written very fully to Wolsey. The Magnifico Hanchixes is going to England, to whom he refers the King. Turego (Zurich), 9 July 1516.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. and endd.
9 July. 2146. For RIC. COPCOT and JOHN SAME.
Mortmain licence to alienate the manor of Piriton alias Pirton alias Odynsellys manor, and lands in Pyriton, Ikyford, Offeley and Ramarswike, Herts, of the annual value of 10l., to Roger Lupton, clk., provost, and the College of St. Mary, Eton, near Windsor, licensed to acquire lands to the annual value of 20l. Westm., 9 July.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
9 July.
S. B.
2147. To CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel two recognizances, one of 400 marks, the other of 80l., made by Th. Lord Dacre, Mabel Lady Dacre, widow, Gawen Eglesfeild of Netherall, Cumb., Th. Warton of Warton, Westmor., and Edw. Warcop of Lamerside, Westmor., 21 Sept. 23 Hen. VII.; a recognizance of 500 marks made by the said Mabel 11 Sept. 23 Hen. VII.; another of 2,000l. made by Dacre 20 July 21 Hen. VII.; another of 400 marks made by George Lord Fitzhugh 16 Jan. 24 Hen. VII., in the place of the said Mabel, then deceased; and another of 80l., made by Fitzhugh the said 16 Jan. Greenwich, 9 July 8 Hen. VIII.
10 July.
Vit. B. III. 48. B. M. Rym. XIII. 552.
2148. LEO X. to HENRY VIII.
As it has been proposed in the Council of the Lateran to correct the calendar, begs the King will send the most learned professors of theology and astronomy to assist at their deliberations, and obtain the opinions of the scientific from those who cannot come. Rome, 10 July 1516.
Lat., Badly mutilated. Add.
10 July.
R. O.
Has received a letter from the Duke of Ferrara, in favor of his servant the bearer, to aid him in his passage over the sea to Eng- land. Has done so in gratitude for his reception by the Duke when he was a poor stranger in those parts. Brussels, 10 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: The Cardinal of York, Chancellor of England.
10 July.
Galba, B. IV. 110. B. M.
As he was riding yesterday, came by my Lord Berghes' garden. Finds from him that Chievres and the Chancellor would be glad to conclude the marriage without going to Noyon, as their master's voyage will be retarded. The Toyson is deferred. Berghes said he had written to England of certain ceremonies connected with the order, and wondered he had received no answer. Meautys should be ordered to reply. Berghes thinks a council will be appointed when the King leaves. He says that the Emperor has left Constance for Augsburg; and that as his garrison at Verona is as strong as he can make it, he will come to these parts to see his nephew, "as he is not like to speak with him ever after." Hedyn says the same. A clerk told Spinelly that France insists on having an article inserted in the treaty compelling the King Catholic to assist him for the recovery of his rights anywhere. 100,000 fl. have been laid out to prepare ships for the King's voyage, and the Spaniards daily increase. The Chancellor can never come to the court but he is waylaid by 100 or 50 mules. Begs he will advertise the King of these tidings. Brussels, 10 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: My [lord] Cardinal of York.
Vit. B. XIX. 159.
B. M.
2151. [WOLSEY] to PACE.
Has received from him of late many [letters, of which the last] bears date 24 June, "in which your letters yo[u] ... determinate mind of the Suchys being firmly resolved and ... and give battle to the Frenchmen for their extermination ow[te of Italy] ... may have wages for their entertainment, but also the imp[ortunate suit] made unto you by the Emperor for the recovering of our money to entertain ... in his particular affairs." Has also the communications made by the Emperor to Pace touching the refusal of the money, and the reports of his ambassador here resident, "which ye by your writyng should have ma[de unto the] King's highness and me," to the hindrance of his requests, and the diminution of the amity between the Emperor and them. Notwithstanding the discretion with which Pace replied to his unreasonable demands, the Emperor, it appears, has finally commanded him to leave his dominions. Thanks Pace for his diligence in these matters. Wolsey has lately intimated to Pace the policy the King now wishes him to pursue with regard to the Swiss, viz.: (1) The King wishes Pace to thank the Swiss for their faithfulness, and desire its continuance; (2) he is now treating for a league, by which the Pope, the Emperor, himself, and the King of Castile, shall each contribute a large annual pension for their support. Pace must therefore urge them to send ambassador to England to conclude the league; at whose arrival the plan of the new enterprise may be settled. Told him, it was the King's pleasure, "that in case [they are pleased] to send their commissioners, you should ascertain me by your [writing] ... of such army as they purpose to set forth against ... their conti[nuance] in th ... " Also asked Pace's opinion if there was any likelihood that the new enterprise would succeed.
Sends this recital of his former letter, in case Pace should not have received it. Desires a speedy answer, for upon it depends all further odering of the said matters. Is glad to hear from Pace that Galeazzo has the Swiss so wholly "at his pleasure," as to be able to expel the French out of Italy without the Emperor's interference. Nevertheless, as, if he were to do this without the Emperor, it would probably cause him to break with England and to join France, it will be better to use such policy that, though the Emperor do intermeddle, he shall not have it in his power to frustrate this enterprise as he did the last, by his return or otherwise, but that Galeazzo and his Swiss shall be of force enough to beat the French "though the Emperor sat still."
Draft in Ruthal's hand; pp. 2, mutilated.
10 July.
Vit. B. XIX. 189. B. M.
2152. PACE to WOLSEY.
Received on the 2nd [of this mo]nth Wolsey's letters dated ... 23rd and 24th of the month p[ast]. Has declared to the [Swiss] the Pope's good mind to[wards] Henry. Another ambassador from the Pope, named M. Jacob[us Gam]barus, a temporal man, "of singular [worth] and honesty," has lately arrived in this town. He is very acceptable to the Swiss, [whom] he has accompanied in the war. He brought Pace a brief cr[edence] from the Pope, to the effect that the Pope "ha[th sent] him hither only for the King's ... 30,000 florins for t ... old pension unto these ... declare ... [t]he Emperor's, the King's grace, the King [Catholic]'s, the Duke of Milan's, and these ... cum hijs omnem fortunam experiri. [My] lord the Bp. Verulane and the [Pope's] ambassador, late sent at mine arri[val] into this town, did both ride ... ynst me, and brought me through the town, [on]ly for this cause, that the people should [see] and note perfect intelligence betwixt the [P]ope's holiness and the King's grace." Both were ordered by the Pope to communicate all the matters to be treated of to Galeazzo and Pace; this they have done. The said ambassador late ... had in commission to pass by Trent to speak with ... the Cardinal Sion, "and expressly ... for to set apart all dissension" between the Cardinal and Galeazzo. The Pope [has informed] the Cardinal that no person but the Duke of Bari shall be Duke of Milan, "as ... meate for his holiness and the Kyngis ..." and moved the Cardinal to put aside all other "practices," and incline to [the Duke] alone. The Cardinal promised to obey the Pope in all things. The Pope has also declared to the Duke himself by a br[ief] ... that the King and himself are of one mind with regard to the Duke's restoration ... and has commanded his [ambassador] to show the same to th[Emperor] "his holiness ... [adv]ersities late passed." The Emperor replied that he was contented that the King and the Pope should " ... one Duke at their pleasure, so it [was] done by his consent."
The new ambassador told Pace that the mandate for the Pope's entry into the new league was exhibited before he left Home, [and] a person deputed to bring it to Wolsey, to whom it is directed. This has been confirmed by letters from "my lord of Worcester to Pace, adding that the Pope, when the league shall be concluded," will lay to pledge all that [he] hath for to contribute money in this [ente]rprise according to the King's de[sire]. From this Wolsey may see that Galeazzo and Pace "have not sle[pt] ... nunc responsum literis dabo." Touching Wolsey's desire "[to entertain] the Swiss unto such time [as a league shall be] concluded with the King [of Castile], and to induce them for to send a [messen]ger into England, or else to ent[ertain] them" by the offer of a yearly pension from all the confederates, Pace answers that th[ough] the people are all for the King, among the chief men there is such dissension that they cannot send an[y messen]ger with sufficient authority. He was obliged, therefore, to go to the offer of a pension. As to the smallest sum specified by Wolsey, viz. 20,000 angels, he cannot yet tell what answer he shall have, but it seems that the "lords off this towne in whom all thing ... be marvel[ously content] ... done unto me since mine arri[val] ... ne honor after their manner."
[They have] secretly expressed to him their great discontent with the Emperor for his abuse of Galeazzo and his treatment of Pace, which arose, they plainly declare, from his desire to pluck the King's money out of Pace's hands, so as to prevent them from having it. They have sent ambassadors to the Emperor, declaring their confidence in Galeazzo, and their [determination not to do] without him; so that the Emperor [has been obliged] to command his ambassadors [to commu]nicate everything to Galeazzo and Pace. If they did not, they might as well go [home] again, "quia hic audent publice [dicere] neminem credere Cæsari sed Regi [Angliæ]." In answer to Wolsey's suspicion that the Swiss may take the King's money and do nothing as formerly, it is Pace's deliberate opinion that nothing of the kind need be feared, if the Swiss be only "truly payede [at the proper] tyme." It is not true that in the last [enterpri]se the Swiss made "vain ostentations of battle." No men could have been more ready to fight; but it was not possible to fight an enemy who meant nothing but to run away. If they are regularly paid when they are taken into the duchy of Milan they will die or win, the people are now so animated against France. Cannot send my lord [Cardinal of Sion's] opinion herein, "because he is [many miles] hence, but I know of surety [that it is] consonant unto mine." Wolsey will know Galeazzo's opinion by his letters, and the representations of his son, Anchises, whom he sends "to have a final resolution of this business."
The number of Swiss who are to set forward will depend on the King's pleasure. Sends an account of the money that will be needed. As to Wolsey's caution not to lay out the King's money without great necessity, he has already got into trouble for refusing money. Is now [out] of their hands, and determined to die rather than lay out one penny of the King's money, though Wolsey has ordered him to be supplied by the merchants with 48,000 fl. "In an extremity [I] must be ordered by reason, but as [I did see] no necessity I advertised Mr. [Gamba]rus at my being at Auguste ... money of him and he was contented and I a ... of exchange to the Friscoba[lds] ... Augusta to be sent again [to Sir Th.] Spinelly, which he hath now, or [soon] shall have."
His treatment has been most shameful. Has been threatened with death for refusing money. "This [de]meanor must be clean set apart and t ... qualiscunque est entertained." The King does right to assist the Emperor, "sed Cæsar est p[uer] indigens tutore et consiliarios habet corr[uptissi]mos et omnium bonorum domini sui exp[ilatores]." If the Emperor have aid in money of the King, precautions must be taken that it be given only to his soldiers, or all will be lost. Does not deny that [he] consented, as Leonard Friscobald affirms, to the payment of the ... to the Emperor; but he has already explained under what threat from the Emperor he did so. Friscobald was driven to the same extremity, and thinking that by getting rid of the inconveniences "shewed unto" him, he should [be doing] most acceptable service to the King, "he did [that] is done, at such time as the Emperor (qu[od mi]rable dictu est) had not sufficient money [to] pay his dinner." Hopes, therefore, the King and Wolsey will h[elp] the "poor marchiante" in the payment of the money. Ga[leazzo and Pace] had letters yesterday informing them that [the troops] from the realm of Naples were near Bono[nia] on their way hither. The commander is Signor Fabritius Colonna. Considering this great aid, and that the army is paid for three months, it is needful to have a speedy answer in respect to the King's intentions, quia certisime apparet victoria. The Pope has sent commissa[ries] to the "said army" to victual them in all the states of the Church. Cannot see for what reason the young King of [Ar]ragon should be repugnant to the King's de[sires]. Praises Galeazzo's diligence. Desires that Coppin whom he [sends] this time may return with an [ans]wer, "for he doth use marvelous diligence." Zurich, 10 July.
P.S.—The Swiss are deliberating to make answer to Pace and the Pope's ambassadors. "Hoc nihil nocet nobis, e[t maxi]mum obest Gallis." Yesterday the Pope's ambassadors had communication with Pace in his house touching the alienation of the Swiss from France, and other matters. This is likely to succeed. The ambassadors declare that the Pope loves the King as his son. They also desired [Pace] to write to the King in the Pope's name, and ask him to write to the Emperor that the Duke of Bari might be brought to battle, as Pace has already written. Knowing that the King had accepted the Duchy of Milan at the Emperor's desire, prayed them to solicit this favor themselves with the Emperor, promising them that Henry would assent to whatever should please the Pope.
Will keep all information secret of the money he receives. Begs the same secrecy may be observed in England; for the Lady Margaret, having been informed of the despatch of the money, told the Emperor, and so it was taken on its way before it reached Pace. ... to whom Wolsey wrote at Pace's departure from England, has been lately with [the Emperor] himself at Constance, and sent his nephew to Pace to inform him of the discontent of the Swiss with the Emperor. The French have yielded Brescia to the [Venet]ians, compelling them to pay, contrary to their confederation, 9,000 or 10,000 ... for one month.
Hol., pp. 20, mutilated. Add.: Rmo Dño Carli Ebor~.
Vit. B. XIX. 185. B. M.
Wrote last from Lynds the ... of the present month. Was accompanied to "this town" by George [Lovekyn] of the King's stable, with three hobbies sent by Henry as a present to the Emperor. As soon as [the Emperor] heard of their arrival he sent Marroton to Wingfield to say that though the hobbies must be tired he could not abstain any longer from seeing them, and ordered Wingfield and the said George to be with him with the hobbies at two in the afternoon. At that time George presented Henry's letters, which the Emperor, after looking at the "sign and date," gave Marroton to read, and bade him make answer. He then "beheld the hobbies at a window, and caused them to be paced before hy[m, and] praised right largely their beauty and rich appar[el]," regretting that no suitable present in return had been provided for Henry. He said he would try the hobbies himself in three or four days when they had rested. Meanwhile he prayed [Wingfield] not to think ... than he would ordain letters ... and also his despatch, and after caused him to go d ... [del]yver the said hobbies to the ... an of h ..."his majesty caused the chamber to be voided, so [no] man remained within the same, but I and one of his Council [nam]yd Sir Nicholas Seigler."
Having commanded Wingfield to sit down "according to his most humane custom," the Emperor gave him the King's letter, and asked the date of the last that Wingfield had delivered. On being told it was the 14th ult., "Verily, said his majesty, considering that these letters, as ye see, bear date the 7th of the said month, and also subscribed so amiably as ye see, in so mean a matter as the sending of a present, I have no little marvel what I might have done betwixt the 7th day and the 14th that might cause my brother to show by his subscription in those of the 14th less affection to me ward than before, specially if ye did your devoir to write such matter as I declared unto you with good ink." No Prince could make greater offers than those he commissioned Wingfield to make. He thought that in the interval those who desired the ruin of both had been writing letters to alienate the King from him. He would be glad to discover who are the persons who do this, that he may beware of them as his "utter enemies, for more [disp]leaser th[ey c]owde in no wise have done to me than they ha[ve done] by the meane ..." (fn. 2)
Hol., pp. 2, imperfect.
Dated in margin, in a modern hand: 1516, 10 July, Fresen: but this appears to be taken from ƒ. 187b, which may belony to another letter.
10 July.
Vit. B. XIX. 186.
2154. SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to HENRY VIII. (Continuation of the former?)
(Beginning lost)" ... and forthwith upon the same, without interval ... ordained his ambassadors which ben now pres[ent] ... that notwithstanding he had given them instructions [to treat with the] said Swissers only in his own name, and to joy[ne ... and] also given warning to Mr. Pace not to treat anything [with the] Swissers as matter joint and common betwixt hi[s majesty and] your highness," yet as he had [heard] from Pace, who had letters of the 24th of the l[ast month], that the King was determined to assist his majesty, without regard to the defamations, and would give the Emperor perfect knowledge of the same as soon as Henry had finished his business with the King Catholic, and that Pace was ordered to go to [Switzerland] and offer an annual pension of 20,000 nobles to keep the Swiss from joining France. His majesty ordered all his ambassadors to [join] with Pace, and give him every assistance. The Emperor also declared he had news from his council at Trent and Verona that they had provided payment for the Swiss in the army, "and doth mount to ... pays;" and the army not being strong enough " ... (and Verone furnished)" to keep the field and proceed a[gainst] the enemies by such ways as was devised, and he not being able to maintain the Swiss, as he had to provide for the Almayns and Sp[aniards] in the army to the number of 7 ..., the said Swiss had better return to Zurich where Pace is; and he might send them forward with those he shall then have ready to start, which will save the "conduct money" and any new payment until their present month be out.
The Earl of Gerelsek, who made war against the Duke of Lorraine, has come to the Emperor, and asked what he shall do now that his army is dissolved. The Duke has corrupted the captains of the footmen with 30,000 florins. Nevertheless, before they disbanded they had taken two walled towns on his borders. The Emperor has advised him to apply to the Swiss, who have an old quarrel with the Duke. The Emperor urges that on the conclusion of the confederation Henry should declare himself the enemy of France, else the prosecution of the Italian enterprise will be in vain. [Henry] may use the Swiss army in France [without laying out] much money, "becawse they shall be so nyer the [country]." Great results would follow this declaration: the recovery of the [Duchy] of Milan without peril, and at a small expence; and "that done, if ye shall not like to contin[ue the war] against France for your own title," means might be found to compel France to make a peace most honorable and advantageous to Henry.
Wingfield then expressed his surprise that the Emperor took so "displeasantly" the n[ature] of Henry's subscription in his letters of the 14th [day of] last month, for he might be sure that the [change] proceeded from no alteration of feeling towards him, but from some great [matter] then occupying Henry's mind. Thinks the Emperor's secret offers most honorable, though some persons "who be neither equypollente unto your highness either in nature or spirit" doubt how they can take effect. No wonder then if the change of manner touched him to the heart, and excited his rancor against those whom he considered to have been the cause of it. He trusted that his "old patience" had cleared up all clouds between them so that "the light of love may make the mutual office of reverberation betwixt you, as before was, and as his heart desireth." Fyesyn, 10 July 1516.
P.S.—As Wingfield was about to close this letter he received letters from Cardinal Sion, which he sends to the King. The Cardinal shows what will be necessary for the conveyance of the Swiss to join the Emperor and Henry.
Hol., pp. 6, mutilated. Add. ƒ. 188*b, and endd.
10 July.
Vit. B. III. 49. B. M.
Encloses letters. Though the Pope has always been a perfect friend to his reverence, he has by the writer's intercession ... "... sed alicujus auctoritatis et æstimationis in mittendo secretario meo ... Sanctitatem et Revmam d. Card. St Mariæ in Porticu in [brevi tem]poris spatio." The Pope has sent the Nuncio Gambaro, a great enemy to the French, who acted with great prudence in the late war, and a friend to the King and Wolsey. He brought Visconti a papal brief begging him not to fail in any of his exertions against the French, and to negotiate with the Swiss for the King's and the Pope's interests. Also [a sum of money] for their pay. The Pope was delighted at the Emperor's [resolution]. Success is certain. Visconti has won over to the King's interest the Cardinals de Porticu and de Medicis and the Magnifico Lorenzo. Has received Wolsey's and the King's letters of the 21st ult. Was at the diet held by the Zurichers, who are well disposed to England. They will, at any day the writer may appoint, listen to the proposals of Pace and An[chises Vis]conti, the writer's son. Would not hesitate to go to England if he could go and return in a day. Has recovered from sickness. Begs Wolsey will thank the aforesaid Cardinals. Zurich, 10 July 1516. Signed.
Lat., partly cipher, deciphered; pp. 4, badly mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX, 59.* B. M. 2156. INVASION OF ITALY.
Sums to be furnished by the Emperor and Henry VIII. for an invasion of Italy.
"[Cæsar]ea majestas correspondendo sexaginta millibus florenis ... ult intertenere Veronam et armatam Sclavonicam aut ... m cum aliis Tirolensibus fronteriis.
... majestas Cæsarea vult Marchioni Brandenburgensi et Domino de Geroldseek ... ere primam mensem ad intrandam Italiam immediate.
"[P]ostea, debet Serenissimus Rex Angliæ prædicto Marchioni Brandenburgensi et Domino de Geroldesegk mittere ad Montem Bellicardum quadraginta millia florenorum, cum quibus ipsi cum suis decem millibus pugnatoribus debebunt adjuvare ut illustris Marcus Anthonius Columna possit transire Padum versus Mediolanum.
"Præterea, ipse serenissimus Rex Angliæ debet prædicto Marco Anthonio Columnæ mittere ad Bononiam quinquaginta millia florenorum pro intertentione viginti millia pugnatorum, qui ultra Padum debent iter arripere, et ut præfertur Padum transire.
"Item, Cæsarea majestas vult talibus viginti millibus pugnatoribus ultra Padum ulterius de centum millibus florenis providere; sed oportet quod supradicta quinquaginta millia florenorum Anglicorum ipsis centum millibus subsidio sint.
"Si autem serenissimus Rex Angliæ voluerit illos decem mille viros Domini de Geroldsegk pro descensu suo ad Franciam pro se tenere et solvere, tune sua Cæsarea majestas vult prænominato Marchioni Brandenburgensi alios decem mille viros equestres et pedestres subdere et ipsos de primo mense solvere; quod tamen Rex Angliæ ipsis alterum mensem, ut supradictum est, solvat et de eo eis satisfaciat, ut tales decem mille viri possint prædicto Marcho [An]thonio auxilio esse, pro transitu Padi versus Mediolanum ... s obsidio ... nem, quia tunc certum erit quod Mediolanum poterit obsedi ... ci, et tunc Galli per totum erunt obsessi et tunc poterun[t] ... triginta mille viri bene interteneri usque ad integram ... [Ven]etorum expulsionem ex compositioni[bus]." * * *
R. O. 2157. PACE and the EMPEROR.
Articles proposed by Dr. Righopat, Chamberlain, and Lewis Maraton, on the part of the Emperor, to Ric. Pace.
1. To the question whether the Duke of Bari and Galeazzo Visconti had written into England anything derogatory to the Emperor, Pace replied that they had never sent anything but letters of credence to the King and to Wolsey; that both were much attached to the Emperor, and Galeazzo had urged the propriety of the King of England furnishing the Emperor with 25,000 florins a month for the expedition against France. 2. To the inquiry whether the failure of the expedition is attributed to the Emperor, Pace answered, No, but to the slowness of the money. 3. To the third question, whether a new line of policy had been adopted without the intervention of the Emperor, Pace replied, it had not, as nothing could be done with the Swiss or Milan without his consent, and so Pace had informed him. 4. Whether it had been stated in England that the money at Brescia had been intercepted by the Emperor's cognizance; to which Pace answered, No, but the Swiss thought so, as the troops in Brescia had not received their pay. 5. Whether Galeazzo and Pace had suspended the 50,000 fl. sent on the last occasion from England that the Emperor might not have them: Pace answered, that it was not in Galeazzo's power to do so; that the English treasurer had recalled the money at Antwerp, as the English ambassador in Flanders had twice written. 6. As to what provision should be made for the 5,000 Swiss at Verona, and to satisfy the promises made to the five cantons in the name of the Emperor: Pace answered, that the five cantons had not kept their promise of going with their best troops (suis vexillis primariis) against the French, and yet they had received from England 11,000 fl., and without a fresh commission he could do no more. All their proposals conclude with the vehement urgency of extorting more money from England.
Lat., pp. 2.
10 July.
S. B.
Livery of lands of his deceased wife Isabella, a daughter and heir of Ric. Neuton and Eleanor his wife; Henry being son and heir of the said Sir Giles and Isabella. The other daughter and heir is Joan, wife of John Gryffyne. Del. Westm., 10 July 8 Hen. VIII.
S. B. ii. Duplicate of the above. Del. ..., 10 July 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.


  • 1. The letter being in the first person singular throughout, it may be presumed to have been written by Jerningham in his own name, and the other two signatures to have been added.
  • 2. The page ends here, what follows is not connected in sense. The words "by the meane" are catchwords.