Henry VIII: September 1516, 16-30

Pages 736-751

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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September 1516

16 Sept.
Er. Ep. App. 80.
2367. ABP. WARHAM to MORE.
Has ordered Maruffo to pay 10l. or 20l., if needed, to Erasmus at Louvain. If he makes any difficulty has ordered his servant Hen. Jeskyn, the bearer, to apply to Antonio de Vivaldis for that purpose. Otford, 16 Sept. 1516.
16 Sept.
R. O.
They have as great a desire to see the King and Wolsey as souls in purgatory. Therefore, notwithstanding Ticionus' severe illness, they began their journey today and reached Windsor. Hearing, however, of the King and Wolsey's departure, they despatch these letters, wishing to know where they are. Windsor, 16 Sept. 1516. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Tho. Card. Ebor, etc.
16 Sept.
Calig. E. III. 30. B. M.
Has sent out spies. Encloses an extract of letters from the King [of France], and has renewed his familiarity with an old acquaintance, from whom he has received a letter in cipher. As he cannot well decipher it, being in the Italian tongue, sends it with a key to Messire Andrea (Ammonius). Recommends his suit to Wolsey. Calais, 16 Sept. Signed.
Desires credence for the bearer, whom he cannot well spare.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: My Lord Cardinal [of York], Chancellor of England.
Endd: Letters of Sir Ric. Wyngfield, with a French letter from the King's spy, and a letter in ciphers, closed in the same, delivered to Mr. Andreas.
16 Sept.
P. S.
2370. For JOHN QWYKERELL of London, Boston or Lincoln, grocer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Ramsbury, 13 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Donington, 16 Sept.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
17 Sept.
Egerton, 806. B. M.
2371. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Regretting that his relative Leonard Spinelli, the bearer of the hat and sword to Henry VIII., is prevented from receiving the fruits of a benefice in the diocese of York conferred on him by the King. Begs Wolsey's assistance in the matter. Rome, 17 Sept. 1516.
Lat. Add.: Tho. S. Ceciliæ, &c.
17 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 169. B. M.
Wrote his last on the 14th. Heard from the ambassador of Arragon that the Prince's council were almost sure of the Emperor. It is important to prevent him making any agreement with France. France has also prepared 400 spears and 400 foot against the Duke of Gueldres to show the Catholico's subjects how sincerely he dealt with the Lord of Nassau. Simon de Taxis showed him a letter from Bannisius of the 13th, that the Emperor has sent 14,000 foot and 500 horse to restore Verona. The Emperor is going to Augsburgh, and will be in Flanders the 10th Oct. The treasurer of Arragon hath provided80,000 ducats. The war with Gueldres is interrupted by reason of the winter, and the going into Spain deferred. Brussels, 17 Sept. 1516.
Hol., cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: To my Lord Cardynal grace. Endd.
20 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 175. B. M.
Wrote yesterday. "At which time the treasurer Felinger [sent lette]res unto the Emperor's ambassadors, as I advert[ized you]r Grace. This morning the ambassador of Arr[agon] showed in Great Council that he being yesterni[ght] with the Lord Chievres in communications of divers matters concern[ing the] crowns of Castile and of Arragon there came one of t[he said] Lord Chievres' servants saying unto him that the said Fellinger had de[spatched] and sent forth such letters as he knew of; moreover that by his opinion Fellinger doth no more nor less than he is ordered by the said Lord Chievres and Chancellor, and consid[ering] that yesterday a post was only sent int[o England] and at his request, and that by the relation [of the] Master of the Posts none other post was de[spatched], I suppose verily the letters aforesaid, w[ritten] by Fellinger, been those whereof the said Lord Chievres' servant m[ade] mention in the ambassador of Arragon's presence, the which likelihood is very great to be bel[ieved] that between them is a secret intelligence, a[lthough] for what purpose I know not. Consequently, under correction, the King and [his] noble council had need to beware to dis[clo]se any thing unto the Emperor's ambassadors there, whereby his highness and they under the colours of the trust of Fellinger might be deceived, but as for to give them gracious audience in all affairs there [c]an be no loss, but as to[uching to show them the] King's mind, upon their petitions, or what [further] should be by his highness desired of the Emperor, [the premises] considered, and the rule that his Majesty a[nd the] Lady Margaret have about them, I see under the foresaid [correcti]on that it should be committed unto the King's ambassadors to be declared upon letters of credence, [and] in eschewing that might ensue in the conveyance of the budgets it shall be more sure to write the matters of importance in cipher than otherwise.—The Master of the Posts hath semblable conjecture of Fellinger." Brussels, 20 Sept. 1516.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2. Cipher.
R. O. 2. Decipher of the above by Tuke.
20 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 173. B. M.
Was yesterday informed that the Toison arranged for the 21st had been countermanded. The Chancellor told him that, as the physicians had reported certain places in Antwerp were not clear from the Great Sickness, the King had changed his mind, and commanded the Estates to meet him at Brussels. He said they were still resolved on the voyage to Spain, which Tunstal disbelieves. Is told that Antwerp was never more clear for 20 years than now, and that the Toison will not be held on St. Andrew's day. The King has said as much at a banquet.
On inquiring about the dealings with Felynger, is told that Verona is to be delivered to the King Catholic, for a sum of money to be paid by the French to the Emperor, and after a season it will be surrendered to the French. Many wise men think Felynger is in league with these governors, and therefore Wolsey must be cautious what is said to Hesdin or the Imperial ambassadors, as it will come back. Many think they are so thick with France, they will persuade the King to go by land into Spain, as they have undivided influence at present. They will stay where they are as long as they can. Begs him to communicate this to the King. Brussels, 20 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: Cardinal York.
20 Sept.
S. B. Rym. XIII. 554.
2375. For JOHN ABP. OF ARMAGH, Primate of Ireland.
Protection, having lately come to England by the King's command. Del. Westm., 20 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10. and m. 20.
21 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 285. B. M.
Wrote on the ... of this month [from this] city, to advertise [Wolsey of his receipt of his] "most gracious letters of the 2nd." "And where I wrote ... the Emperor's business so great that I should not hav[e] ... trustyd howbeit though so was that next day his majesty gave audie[nce]" ... to the accusations against the Duke of W[urtemberg and] his wife, by the father and friends "of him [that was] hangid" by the Duke, and his defence, and sent for Wingfield toward night, and "after his [accustomed] manner, being separate from all hearers," said he had received letters from Wolsey [and his] ambassadors there of a very satisfactory kind. He desired to know whether Wingfield had any answer touching the 40 and 60,[000 fl., as] "was expressed" in the bond delivered to Marroton, copies of which were sent to his [ambassadors] and one to Henry, since in Wolsey's letters there was no mention made of it "to any perfection." Wingfield replied that he had written tou[ching the bond], and had lately received from Wolsey [a letter which] touched it "but in gross, which might be extended in s[uch wise" that] he might be sure that not only the [money] but all things necessary for the [expedition] are in as rapid progress as may [be]. Wingfield urged his descent, and that he should proceed to Calais, which he heard without interruption; but said he was sorry that England, trusting "in the deep dykes" by which it was environed, cared so little for him, and exposed him to the dangers of delay; that he saw nothing to prevent the Swiss from going over to France. He was right sorry that Henry did not look on this matter in the right light. He saw but one remedy, and that an uncertain one, which he would explain tomorrow before Wingfield and the Cardinal of Sion.
He then said he heard from his Council at Trent that they feared the reinforcements for Verona would not be able to pass the enemy, as they have so broken up the mountain roads and fortified the passages in the plains. They told him also "that Counte Gerade de ... which, a captain of his, hath now late taken a friar Bourgo[nian] upon the lake of Gaarde," who confessed to having been in Verona, sent by Mons. de Lotrekke to corrupt certain captains ... the Count de Caryate, so that one captain of light horse, named Banardyn Ca ... favor with the said Count is gone to the en[emy], ... saith to have promised 5,000 cr. an ... to have a gate delivered;" and that "... to offer the Lord Mark Antony Columpne 20 ... a captain Bourgonyon, named Swkkyr, 5,000 cr. ... things which were greatly to be suspecte; for, or the said ... the Signior Marke Anthonye suspected hym, in so much tha[t] ... governor had nott ben he had cawsyd him to be taken." He also said he had certain information that now the e[nemy had] planted their artillery, and "begynne too beete;" and he [thought] if the reinforcements got through within two or three [days], the enemy will be fain to fight or "lose some of their fedyr."
Tonight at 7 o'clock he sent again for Wingfield and the Car[dinal Sedunensis], and asked the Cardinal to pass in emba[ssy to the] King Catholic, and from thence to Henry, so that by "your acte and office the extreme remedy [may be had], or, at the leeste, a declaration made under what manner and form I have g[overned myself] towards both the said Kings:" promising tomorrow in his secret Council to make proposal what charge they should have. They assented, and departed. Wingfield does not know whether he shall be at the Council tomorrow or not. His opinion is that, if further news do not come from the King and Wolsey before they get this, Verona will be delivered into the King Catholic's hands. 21 Sept. 1516.
P.S—The Emperor inserted these words, viz., "Frater meus rex vester dispexit me, distruxit me et perdat me; of which I do advise your most reverend grace in this schedule apart;"—that Wolsey may use or conceal them at his pleasure.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated.
22 Sept.
Giust. Desp. I. 287.
2377. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
News arrived purporting that Venice had obtained Verona, with a letter from the Emperor dated the 10th, and others from Mark Antonio Colonna, stating that the French and Venetian army had effected a junction under Verona, and that he had repulsed the besiegers. Is very anxious to have the news confirmed. Hears from the Papal nuncio that M. A. Colonna had defeated the French lanceknechts, and succored Vienna (Verona); that England had brought over nine of the Swiss cantons; that the Pope was agreed with England; that a Papal nuncio (Julio Latino) is daily expected to conclude this business; and that he had been told by the King's secretary (Ammonius?) that in two months the King would go over to Calais. Hears that 10,000 ducats are to be sent to the Emperor, who has determined very shortly to visit England. Thinks that he was caused to be told these things in order to excite his suspicions, and he scarcely believes them. Yesterday arrived a herald from the King of France, from whom he hears that England has been invited to join the treaty with the Catholic King. London, 22 Sept. 1516.
Vit. B. XIX 287. B. M. 2378. The CARDINAL OF SION.
"Ex literis Reverendissimi Car[lis] [Sedunensis].
"Progressi jam ad recensionem contendunt Ura[nienses] et Underualdenses et Ventureriorum tria vex[illa] ... Hodie iter arripiunt ad nos Basileenses sic et ... et proxima statim hebdomada subsequentur G[larenses] ... sub signis prodibunt Thuricenses; venient et Ur ... qui hodie ex senatus consulto rem progressionis ad pl[ebem] deferunt." As soon as the infantry have been mustered they will cross the Alps, and march rapidly on their enemy. Whatever falsehoods the French may tell, they have not at present in Italy 2,000 of their old Swiss. "Et in Galliis non ascendunt, qui Elvetii sint ad s ... nisi forte finitimi Sabaudi numerum augeant." No hope is left the French of hiring any more Swiss; for if the Bernese could effect this, "non satis tu ... acquievere voluntati rusticorum." A convention is appointed at Lucerne on Monday, "tum ... rusticorum undequaque murmurantium compescant, tu[m] ... Gallizantes temptent, si forte irriti quicquam huic pra[ticæ] possint immiscere." These attempts will be useless. "Quod exercitus noster ut faccret necessarias ... terris ecclesiæ ob novos motus * * * ... mæ, distulerantque progressum suum adversus Gallos ... quod ubique erant factæ opportune provisiones ct ... supplementum militum nostrorum quod inerant pro præsidiis ... pontificis in Dei nomine omnino crant processuri ... versus Gallos et tanto magis descendentibus nunc [El]vetiis in favorem nostrum."
They will now compel the French to fight; and if the French put it off, they will be in extreme peril. The Swiss in the Papal fortresses are replaced by Italians. "Venerunt in castra quidam oratores Elvetiorum dicentes se mitti ob pacem inter S. D. N. et Franciam suaderent ... qui reniteret, abducturos pedites suos. Qui oratores, [au]ditis justis belli causis quod Sanctissimus D. N. gerit ... si sunt multum rationibus nostrorum adhærere. Et ipsimet [or]atores nostris consuluerunt ut offerrent pacem Gallo [ca]su quo vellet Parmam et Placentiam ecclesiæ restituere, velut ... em, quam credunt ipsi oratores Elvetii Gallos minime facturos; hincque propterea volunt aucupari justam causam [distrah]endi Elvetios a Gallis, quod et omnino se velle .. dicebant etiam quod Dom. de Leutrech excusaret se prius non de hac re regem suum consulere. Et ita a commissario ... dicis etiam inscia Sanctitate sua et Cardinali de Medicis fuit ... ista propositio repetendo urbes prædictas ut ... illi Elvetii expediri possent.
"... est de Grisonibus dixit pedites * * * ... "
"Ex literis ex curia Cæsaris die ... "
The Count of Furstenberg had sent to the Emperor his [major] domo Dom. de Matha to ask to [be] received into favor ... He offered to bring with him 2,000 Swiss of those [who] are in France with the French. The Emperor would not listen to him, but ordered him to depart at once on pain of his life.
Hol., pp. 3, badly mutilated.
22 Sept.
Calig. D. VI. 280. B. M.
2379. ANT[HONY LORD LIGNE] to LORD MOUNTJOY, Governor of Tournay and Tournesis.
Has received notice from one of his servants that an archer of the company of Mons. de Vendosme, having brothers in Tournay companions of the hospital of Brouette (which was burnt) in the faubourgs of St. Martin, went yesterday to Valenchiennes, and this morning to St. Amand, to advise him to withdraw. He is dressed like a merchant. Will send notice tomorrow of all that occurs. Hopes, if fortune favor him, he shall be able to accomplish Mountjoy's wishes, and show himself a good servant and relative (parent) to the King. From Mortaigne, Monday, 22 Sept. 1516.
P.S.—Understands that pioneers are on the road, and the artillery has set forward.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: A Mons. le Gouverneur de Tournay et Tournesis, Mons. de Montjoye.
Calig. D. VI. 301. B. M.
Sends (fn. 1) two letters to his grace, one received a little before the writing of this from my Lord Lygne, the other from the Abbot of St. Nicholas, respecting the French. Does not give them much credit. Has sent spies to discover the truth. Thinks that "this is chiefly commen by the means of two prisoners which be Scot, the out of the Bishop's house in Tournay, one called Frear escaped other Arnolde," whom the writer took. "Sir Ric. Gernyngham is ridden to Calais for money," and if they obtain it they trust that "whensoever [the] Frenchmen come they shall not [meet with] worship." Nevertheless they hope for succors from England and especially guns. "Wryttyn in hast ... day of September." Signed as above.
P.S.—After closing this letter, received news from a miller dwelling in the ballyage who was at Amyas (Amiens) 17 Sept., and brought the letter of the Abbot of St. Nicholas, that an army of 4,000 foot were assembling at Amyas for Friesland, Gelders or Tournay, but he saw no company of men of war there or pieces of artillery.
Pp1. 2, mutilated.
23 Sept.
R. O.
Finds by the King's letters to himself and my Lord Chamberlain, that the King wishes Sir Ric. Gernyugham to have charge of the garrison. Sees well he will not willingly undertake it without a sufficient force, for fear of a rising of the people. Begs to be recalled, whether the garrison be partly discharged or not, as he would be sorry to have any further charge after Sir Richard's return. The King has chosen well to have Jerningham in his place. Tournay, 23 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord the Abp. of York. Endd.
23 Sept.
Giust. Desp. I. 292.
2382. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Visited the Cardinal, and communicated news of the Turks. Wolsey told him they must be cautious lest the King of France take Verona for himself. Thinks they have no hope Verona can be defended. Told Wolsey that in consequence of the arrangements between France and Spain touching the Kingdom of Naples, it would be easier to unite the princes of Christendom against the Turks. The appointment of Latino has been revoked. London, 23 Sept. 1516.
25 Sept.
R. O.
On 16 Sept. the Lord Lieutenant received Wolsey's letter, dated Newbury, the 10th, commanding the writer to repair to Calais. Started on the 19th, found Rob. Fowler there, received of him 6,000l. in pence and gold. Encloses a bill. Received no word of money from Jerome Friscobald, though he paid Wm. Pawne, on the 16th, 2,200l. The Lord Lieutenant and Dr. Sampson will write more fully. Calais, 25 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and endd.
25 Sept.
R. O.
Commission appointing Matthew Cardinal Sion to treat with Leo X., Henry VIII., and Charles of Spain. Augsburg, 25 Sept. 1516. Sealed.
25 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 290. B. M.
"Quia nuper rela[tum est Cæsarem] non parum ægre tulisse et contra Rev. Dom. Ric[cardum Paceum] oratorem irasci, ex eo quod præfatus Rev. Riccardus [ci inn]uerit, regem nostrum Christianissimum decrevisse nullam in It[aliam expedi]tionem facere, nisi præfata majestas Cæsarea in Fland[riam] se contulerit, innuens ex hoc indignationem ipsam et [contra nos]qui omnia bona semper operati sumus, non levem su[spicionem]:"—they declare that Pace never communicated any such message to them. Have written more fully to the Bp. of Feltri, Apostolic nuncio, to report to his highness, and have requested Sir Robert Wingfield, who is with the Emperor, to interpose with him, and remove this unjust accusation. The Emperor may learn from the testimony of his ambassadors, and of all the Swiss, that Pace has acted as a faithful and sincere friend towards him. Zurich, 25 Sept. 1516. Signed; second signature partly burnt off.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
25 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 289. B. M.
Wrote last from Fiessen the ... of this month, since then he has [written twice] to Wolsey, the first dated the ..., the other the 21st of the same. In the latter he mentioned that the Emperor had determined to send the Cardi[nal of Sion] on an embassy to Henry. The Cardinal this day received his dispatch. Thinks he will set off with three others, leaving [the rem]nant of his servants to follow him "with his horses and car[riages]." Hopes Henry will like him, as he is very favorable to England. The Emperor has written to Wingfield to redeliver to Marroton the obligation which the Emperor had sent, till Henry deliver the counterpart to his daughter Margaret, which he sees he does not intend to do.
News arrived to day that the enemy before Verona, hearing of the approach of the reinforcements, had left all their artillery which they had planted on the side towards Vincenza, passed over the Athis, breaking up the bridge over it below Verona, and united both their armies on the side towards Peschiera, so that there is no doubt the reinforcements will get safely into Verona. If the enemy dare, they will hear of a battle in three days. It is a great pity, "now whilst the iron is hot, that there is not hammer enough to forge out the instrument in due proportion to the extreme ruin of the French in Italy." The Cardinal of Sion has heard from his great friend, M. Anselme, in Switzerland, that the Swiss are considering articles of peace to be concluded with France, comprising the Pope, the Church, the Empire, and Galeazzo, desiring for him some provision, "and the good Cardinal is excluded because he is not resident upon his bishopric." It is clear from this that the French faction is not so unsavory to Galeazzo as to the Cardinal. Augsburg, 25 Sept. [1516.]
Hol., pp.2, mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 252. B. M.
2387. [WOLSEY] to PACE.
Is informed by sundry letters of Pace, dated the [first] of the present month of September, of the crafty practices by the Bastard of Savoy to alienate the minds of the [Swiss from] the Emperor and the King's grace," and of the perplexity occasioned to the said Swiss by the news of the league between the French King and the King of Castile; which, if it had not been stayed by the Emperor's letters (copies of which Pace has just sent), would have subverted all Pace's labors to keep the Swiss from alliance with France.
The new league is passed between the French King and Castile, but without the knowledge or consent of the Emperor or Henry. The King of Castile has just sent an ambassador to Henry to conclude the league between himself, Henry, the Pope and the Swiss, and to bind himself to the payment of his share of the annual pension for the support of the Swiss. Sends a copy of two articles of the ambassadors instructions. [Pace] will see that the King of Castile is not going to set aside the league with Henry and the confederates, but will conclude it without delay. The [league] with France is defensive. Pace is to [encou]rage the Swiss in their friendship to the Emperor and Henry. In a short time they shall have a full account of the articles of the treaty which is now under discussion here. Their pension will not be forgotten. Both the French King and the King of Castile have asked Henry to accept the "comprehension by them made of his gra[ce] ...:" but he, more regarding the effects and importance of [the new] than of the other treaty, has forborne, trusting that the latter will bridle the "ambitious appet[ites of the] French King," and give peace to all Christendom.
The [King's] grace, bearing in mind the attempts of certain "corrupt counsai[llors]" of the King of Castile to break the old friendship between England and Burgoyne, has [proposed] the Emperor should come down to the Low Countries, where the King will meet him. Hopes that the interview may break this new league with France, and punish the councillors of the King of Castile. Pace is to keep this secret, but to state in general terms to the Swiss his expectation that the new league will soon be broken. The Emperor has lately informed Henry that, not being able to defend Verona against the Fr[ench and] Venetians, he intends to give it up into the [K. Catholic's] hands for 200,000 crowns, intending [with that] money and other aid to set forward the Duke of [Milan] with a large army of Swiss and others, to [drive] the French out of the duchy of Milan. The new treaty is so prejudicial to the [King of Castile that it can]not hold, for the King of Castile is bound by it to marry the daughter of the French King, providing that [if s]he die he shall marry another not yet "[bo]rne." This is the most "slanderous alliance that ever was heard of," and the disparity of ages great; for the King of Castile is seventeen years old, the French King's daughter not one year. It is thought he will not wait her full age; but if the marriage be broken of by him, he renounces, by the treaty, his right and interest in the kingdom of Naples, paying meanwhile to the French King for that kingdom 100,000 crowns yearly. He renounces Navarre, Artois, &c. [if the] marriage break, as it must, for he cannot and will not wait the full age of the Princess.
Henry will write to the Swiss, and give a credence to Pace. For the latter he is to declare the contents of this letter, w[hich] may be published at his own discretion. Neither this, the King's letters, nor the copies (which will be sent), are to be seen by or get to the knowledge of the French King or his Council: "for by the words adversarios, which was in haste put in th[em, and] could not be reformed after the signature, the said French Kin[g might have] suspicion that the King's grace took him for his enemy; whereof [there would be no prevention] if the said letters came to his hands."
Dated in margin, in a modern hand: 1516, Septemb.
Draft, with additions in Ruthal's hand; pp. 9, mutilated.
26 Sept.
Vit. B. XX. 12. B. M.
2388. [WOLSEY] to [PACE].
"After the writing of th[is letter we received yours of] the 15th day of this instan[t month of September, whereby we] understand that by reason of [the treaty late concluded between the French] King and the King of Castile ... excluding of the Duke of Barry fro[m the duchy of Milan and preferring the King of Castile's brother F[erdinand] ... many alterations chanced so that ... perplexed, and not knowing what shall follow of th ... the said French King and of Castile, which they affirm [was done] by the Emperor in covert manner, not only to deceive them but to disappoin[t the said] Duke of Barry, be inclined to fall in with France for a seas[on] ... themselves from any confederation with them, till farther k[nowledge] may be had, to what end the said new league and confederation sha[ll] be deduced and brought." Pace will see by this letter and other writings enclosed from the Emperor and King of Castile that the "foresaid bruits be but abuses" contrived to disturb the good intelligence between the King and the Swiss. He must therefore declare the King's perseverant good mind towards them, "and that his highness and the Emperor (fn. 2) be determinately resolved to entertain them according to the overture by you made, and to set forth the advancement of the Duke of Barry according to the purport of these my letters. (fn. 3) He may assure them that the preferment of Ferdinand the King of Castile's brother to the duchy of Milan, was never thonght of; that report was spread "to put a sedition among the Swiss and incline them to France," as Pace will see by a copy of the treaty, which he will receive by next post.* * *
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, pp.2, much mutilated.
26 Sept.
P. S.
Grant, in survivorship, of the custody of Henley Park, Surrey, with 6d. a day and arrears out of the issues of the manor of War- plesden, Surrey; and grant of the manors of Cleygate and Warplesden, which belonged to Jasper late Duke of Bedford, at the annual rent of 11l. 14d. and 17l. 12s.: on surrender of patent 30 June 5 Hen. VIII. in favor of Sir Wm. Compton vice Wm. Cope. Hampton Court, 24 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Sept.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
27 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 291. B. M.
Wrote last to Henry on the ... month, informing him that [Sion] was ready to start. He could not prepare, however, so quickly. He sent two of his servants on before to provide [for his] arrival, and a boat at Spires ... He intends to descend by water to Cologne; and at six in the morning, with two other servants, he depart[ed]. Yesterday the Abps. of Cologne and Mayence came to the Emperor; and [many] princes of the Empire, spiritual and temporal, met them [at the gates of the] city, and rode to the palace; and in a garden there was hung a rich cloth of estate, where, [in the presence] of the said princes and many great estates, the s[aid Abp.] of Mayence took his oath of fealty to the Emperor. The Arch[bp. of Cologne] will do the same before the Emperor's depar[ture, which] will be shortly; "and the said Archbp ... nye, howbeit he purposeth not to descend ... bourg but by Frankforde," where "he intends to pacify a great variance, [which hath lo]ng endured between the said Duke and the fair Landgravine, .. and so to Cologne, and further if the said Cardinal may ... his charge."
[The matter] between the Duke of Wurtemberg and his adversaries seems to be [settled] in this form:—he is to leave this country for six years, and go to some place appointed by the Emperor; to give 2,000 fl. for a priest to sing perpetually for the man he killed, 10,000 fl. to his father, and land to that amount to his brother. His subjects are to swear fealty to the Emperor; the country to be governed by six (sc., two spiritual, two temporal, and two of the common) in the Duke's name, in conjunction with a person in the Emperor's name; the issues of it to be divided amongst the Duke, the Duchess, and the payment of debts. He is to return at the end of the six years, if the Emperor please; the government to be changed or not, at his pleasure. News from Verona states that eight days ago the Venetians removed the siege; four days before which they "did beat with artillery continually both day and night," and made two assaults. In the first they were repulsed; in the second, the garrison, after resistance, pretended to withdraw, and allowed them to enter, when with artillery prepared for the purpose they killed all that came in, and made a sortie with much slaughter. It is thought the reinforcements entered Verona yesterday; "wherefore, if the enemies will ... in, it hath or shall be experimented this day or tomorrow." Augsburg, 27 Sep[tember 1516].
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To the Kings highnesse. Endd.: Maister Wyngfild, 27 Septembris.
27 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 356. B. M.
Letters of credence for the Cardinal of Sion, ambassador to England. Augsburg, 27 Sept. [15]16.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: [A mon bon] frere le Roy d'Angleterre] et de France, &c.
27 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 178. B. M.
2392. TUNSTAL to [WOLSEY].
Received a letter from the Deputy of Calais that a great meeting had been held on the frontiers to send aid to the King of Castile against Gueldres. Was informed by the Chancellor on his enquiry that, in conformity with the treaty of Noyon, the French King had ordered Lord Pienes and Chatillon to collect aid against Gueldres; that they had sent word that the town was recovered, and they would not trouble the French. The King will not start for Spain this year. Felynger is still here; they are in great hopes of inducing the Emperor to join the treaty of Noyon, if it be not done already. They are very secret. Dissilstein has won a castle in Friesland, thought impregnable. Brussels, 27 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
27 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 195. B. M.
Wrote his last on the 25th. Yesterday the ambassador of Arragon, before rising, sent for Spinelly, and told him that the Prince's Council reckon more and more the Emperor at their disposal; that he will condescend to treat with France. Wishes England to interrupt the negotiations. The French Queen is near her delivery. If she meets with any misfortune they will marry the Lady Elianor to Francis. "Two French ambassadors that went to the ... [are] come hither; and, as the secretary of the Duke of C[leves told me,] the Duke of Gueldres will be revenged upon the King's ... of the death of his gentlemens (sic) that were taken [by the Prince] of Nassow, and headed in the town of Holland, recowe [red out] of their hands." An ambassador is expected from Portugal. Lord Ysylstayn has taken a castle with a blockhouse in Friesland that did much injury to that country and Holland. Raphael de Medicis has come to the King with the Pope's briefs of credence, and shown the urgent means made by Francis with his holiness at Bologna and the Florentine republic, for the enterprise of Naples. The Pope, his nephew, and the republic are well disposed to Charles. No proposition has yet been made to the estates. Brussels, 27 Sept. 1516.
Hol., part cipher, with decipher by Tuke; pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal's [gr]ace. Endd.
27 Sept.
Vit. B. III. 76. B. M.
Understands by the letters of Ammonius that Wolsey is not satisfied with the briefs for Tournay. The influence of the French is much increased. Has spared no effort. Hears that he intends to send Dr. Sampson to Rome. Will receive Sampson's suggestions, though he cannot help thinking such a mission derogatory to his own dignity. The Pope would have granted Wolsey the legateship at Worcester's instance, but apprehends great difficulties, considering the prosperity of France. Rome, 27 Sept. 15[16]—Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, badly mutilated. Add.: Tho. Car. Ebor., Angl-Primario et Magno Cancellario.
27 Sept.
Vit. B. III. 75. B. M.
Thanks him for the services he has rendered him with the Cardinal, although no positive good has yet resulted. Will write more frequently when the [cardinals] have returned to Rome. The Pope has gone to Viterbo till All Saints' Day. The Cardinal Sta. Maria in Porticu has returned to Rome. When he was yet at Modena, he ... with his usual complaisance, and would have sent an answer, had he not caught a fever. Is on good terms with their mutual friends at court, especially with Sadoleti, who is "totus tuus," but too much occupied to write. Tomorrow the writer's master goes to the Pope; he was never in better health. He had begged the writer to communicate his opinion on matters touching the bishoprick; but fearing you will not succeed, as you are a foreigner, he has written to Pace of the matter. Has received no notice from him respecting the writer's clothes. Begs he will urge John ... ucius. Rome, 27 Sept. 1516.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2, badly mutilated.
28 Sept.
R. MS. 13 B. II. f. 94b. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 222. Adv. MS. 445.
2397. JAMES V. to LEO X.
When the church of Dunkeld was vacant by the death of George the last pastor, the President and Chapter elected Alex. Stewart, son of the Earl of Athol, to fill his place, and delivered him the lands and castles of the bishopric. His holiness, however, as the Cardinal de Medicis reports, has appointed Gawin Douglas to the church. He has been admitted, and as Stewart holds the castles, has persuaded them to come to an agreement. Wishes for a ratification of the contract. The Cardinal of St. Eusebius will explain more fully. Edinburgh, 28 Sept. 1516.
28 Sept.
P. S.
2396. For ROB. FAYRE.
To be pursuivant at arms, with the style of Portecolens (Portcullis), and 10l. a year. Corff Castle, 25 Aug. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Sept.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Her procurators have delivered to them and my Lord Governor her letters for receiving the goods left by her in Scotland, and collecting her rents. Have given effect to them, according to the recess made by the Scotch ambassadors lately in England. The procurators have received a cheffroun with a chenze of 57 links; another with points of gold, with 61 pearls in crammesy velvet; one set with gold of 21 rubies, 33 pearl, "ane burde of gold, and twa small beltis with hedes, and pendatit of gold;" an obligation of the Laird of Bass to the Bp. of Caithness as treasurer to her grace, under the seals of the Lord Borthwick, Sir Patrick Creichtoun of Cranstoun Riddale, and Wm. Carmychell; a collar of gold enamelled with white and red roses; two other collars of gold; 10 links of the Laird of Bass' chain; a pair of sleeves of cloth of gold lined with crammesy satin; another pair of sleeves; the King of France's great diamond set upon a red hat of silk; a ruby balatt upon a black hat, with three pearls; certain pieces of satin, &c.; a packet of letters (closed) of obligations of Kilmarnock and others; "four codberes;" five hats of silk; a patlatt of gold fret set upon crammesy satin, with 12 diamonds, 14 rubies, 25 pearls; a patlatt of cloth of gold, one of white taffatis, one of taffatis goldsmith work; a pair of sleeves of black velvet, one bust with damask gol with ten prinnys gold wire; certain ribbons and sewing silk; one pair of beads curale (?) gaudeit with six pearls; a pair of beads of jasper, with four gaudeis; a pair of black beads; a pair of white beads; her grace's testament; two buystis of silver with holy wax; one tude of sewit work; four pieces of crisp; one pomeander with silver; one stane of cristall; one coffer of bane; four books; one tergatt of gold of our Lady.
The goods following were delivered before to her grace in England: One cheffroun with a bird of gold, with 81 pearls; oue cheffroun with a chenze of gold, white "anamalit" (enamelled); one cheffroun with a point, with sets of pearls; one cheffroun set with goldsmith work, with 35 pearl; one cheffroun with leaves of gold, with 8 rubies; a new chain of gold, with 40 links and 5 knoppis; a pair of sleeves of gold wire; a ruff of taffatis; one patlatt of black velvet with goldsmith work, set with 30 pearls, and one of damask gold; her furrings in Stirling could not be obtained till the Bp. of Galloway came from the North. They will be delivered in all haste. The rest of her goods, they understand, belong to the King. They cannot now be asked for, on account of the recess. If she require them as executrix she must come to Scotland and pay the King's debts. Her rents cannot readily be collected, the officers whom she has appointed being either "simple pure men, notht responsale nor hable to pay the things with quhilkes they have intromettit," or great lords living from the court. Many of her lands of the forest have been wasted by war. The Earl of March in time of war pays no males. The lordship of Dunbar has been burnt and wasted: her grace knows by whom, though they had no good cause. Other lands were given away before they were given to her, and belong to her only as tenantries. Of the remainder she shall have full payment. Edinburgh, 29 Sept.
Copy, p. 1, large paper.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Tellers account from Easter to Mich. 7 & 8 Hen. VIII., viz. of John Hasylwod, Rob, Fowler, John Jenyns, Hen. Everard and John Millett.—Total remaining in their hands, 435l. 19s. 9 ¼d.
Vesp. F. III. 36. B. M. Ellis, 1 S. I. 128. 2400. QUEEN MARGARET to WOLSEY.
Is glad to hear of his health. Has received letters from him and Dacres. "Ye write to me that such persons as he sent for my matters into Scotland trust to be well answered, and hath sent to me such writings as they sent to him (Dacre.) But, my Lord, I am gladder of the tidings that the King's grace telled me of the Duke of Albany, that he will come hither, which I beseech God my be true; but I dread it be not." Begs Wolsey that as soon as any one comes out of Scotland he will send her word, as it is a long time since she had any tidings.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and endd.
30 Sept.
Giust. Desp. I. 294.
2401. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Paid a visit to the King at Greenwich; spoke to him of the galleys. Touching on Verona the King said: "It is really time for you to cease any longer to molest the Emperor about Verona; you will not be easy till you provoke the whole world against you." Justified their attempt to recover their own. The King answered: "If you persist in this opinion you will spend thrice as much as Verona is worth." Told the King if he did not send money to the occupants of Verona, it would be speedily recovered. Saw the Bp. of Durham on the 28th, who told him that letters had been received of the 17th, stating Verona was safe, and in three days an imperial army would be there to raise the siege. Friar Dion. Memo, organist of St. Mark's, arrived here a few days ago with the most excellent instrument, and played before the Cardinal, and afterwards before the King, with much commendation. "He played, not merely to the satisfaction, but to the incredible admiration and pleasure of everybody, and especially of his majesty, who is extremely skilled in music, and of the two Queens." The King has appointed him his chief musician, and says he will write to Rome to have him unfrocked, that he may attain holy orders and become his chaplain. This is a piece of fine fortune, as a royal chaplain is a very profitable employment. London, 30 Sept. 1516.
30 Sept.
P. S.
2402. For HEN. HAYMOND of London, lanternmaker alias cutler.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 10 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Sept.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
Er. Ep. VII. 14 2403. ERASMUS to WOLSEY.
Has heard from his conversation with Montjoy of Wolsey's favor toward himself. Would have thanked him in person, but the wind, and his books, toe long left, have called him away, and he knows how busily Wolsey is occupied. London, 1515.
Add.: Thomæ Card. Eboracensi.
Vit. B. XIX. 294. B. M.
Has received his letters dated the 21st of ... "expressing of the place where your said l[etter] ... And very sorry I am to understand that ep ... to the King my master, that he should be occasio[n to the Emperor] either of the loss of Verona or that the common [enterprise hath] not succeeded so well as the Emperor hath desired." No prince has done so much for hi[s friends] as Henry has done for "the only we[al of] the Emperor and the King of Arragon." One way and another he [has] spent over 80,000l.; "and now in recompence thereof, to be laid to his ch[arge quod], aut decepit, destruxit, vel perdet Cæsarem, whom [he hath] no less loved than his natural father, it is [a han]delyng greatly redounding to my dishonor and [my] danger, which hath always procured the inter ... paternal and filial love betwixt this [King and the Emperor]." Whenever the Emperor shall "cas[t off] the King and fall into France he shall not on[ly] do the greatest damage to all Crysten that ever pri[nce did to] his perpetual ignominy, the excuyng whereof is m[ore to be] poudered and regard then the loss of any te ... but also he shall lose the best and most a[ncient friend in the] King, and of me the lyeke servant [that ever he] had; and, albeyt by adversa ... the indissoluble knot ... between the King and his majesty there is ... as well of the recovering of things lost [as to] be revenged upon his enemies, whereby forsaking ... [the] King he shall be compelled to sit down with irreparable and perpetual shame."
This he is to declare on Wolsey's behalf to the Emperor; which Wolsey would have set out more fully, "save only for tears and inward sorrow, wherewith I [am p]ressyd at the writing hereof, considering that of my [great] pain and labor there is like never other fruit to [come]." For the sake of inducing the Emperor to continue his friendship with Henry, has caused Henry to write "right good, pleasant, [com]fortable letters" to the Emperor, a copy of which he encloses. Is glad to hear that the Cardinal Sion is coming on an embassy to Henry; undoubtedly great good will result from it. "Howbeit, loth I would be that he should come as a [private person], whereby much of his estimation should be withdrawn, and ... but only after the estate, honor, and train of [an ambassador], by the which his charge and reputation shall be ... d and much better effect shall follow of his ... his most reverend lordship should come otherw[ise]; notwithstandyng the necessity and ... present things must be confirmed and thereafter y ... cannot be his coming and astat to ... accordingly, to whose wisdom I remit mine op[inion] on that behalf."
Draft, in Wolsey's own hand; pp. 3, mutilated.
Vit. B. XIX. 257.
B. M.
Ar[ticles] proposed by Sion, Gurk and Wingfield to the Emperor for a union between [the French], the English and the Catholic King.
The Emperor, by his position and experience, is fit to decide this question. He is aware of the ambition and cautelous fraud of France, and must especially draw closer the alliance between himself and "his twain sons, that one by blood, [an]d the other by adoption," adding to them the Pope and the [Venetians] if possible.
2. Touching the friendship between the French and the Catholic Kings, they believe that it is feigned, and that the former has in view only the oppression of the latter. Witness "the detestable treaty of Noyon," especially that article of it concerning the marriage. It is very likely that the relict of Navarre may refuse the best agreement that can be offered to her, and thus the article which apparently binds the Princes and subjects of Naples is very dangerous. The Catholic Kings is further, by the said treaty, inhibited from claiming the lordships or lands which the French have held wrongfully for many years. The Emperor must finally do one of two things: either allow this treaty to remain in force, or regard all of it as "a thing fayned and voyd ..."
For peace between England and France, it will be necessary further that the French King observe all obligations made by his predecessors and himself, and as he lately [agreed] to pay the Swiss 800,000 cr. he should restore the 400,000 laid out by Henry in the defence of the Emperor and the Catholic King, of which he has not yet demanded restitution from either. Henry [will expect] the Emperor to shew himself "very Cæsar," and exert his authority to prevent [the King Catholic] becoming a tributary, and induce him to beware of "inpar bondes prejudicial to [h]imself and his friends." Henry is to desire the King Catholic to marry some one, "congrew to his person." If he can wait for the growing up of a child, he would gladly give him his daughter, "not without a doote or with the forbearing of any realm or country, but as his heir, if he shall not fortune to have an heir male, of twain kingdoms, "England and France;" and [i]f he shall have a male, he will not fail to give her a much riche doote, and truely observe all that he shall promise beside." Henry greatly desires the Council of the King Catholic to be altered, and is anxious for a speedy interview between himself and the Emperor, to confirm their friendship; also that the Catholic King will no longer [delay the] ratification of the said league, though it is more beneficial to him th[an to Henry]; and that no changes be made in it, for he desires nothing new to be ob[served by] the French King, but such as his predecessor contracted and he has confirmed. If any change should be made now, it will embolden the French "to circuit all the world." Henry requires the restitution of 50,000 fl. lately paid for the conservation of Verona. If, however, the Emperor have the "mind or the will," or even some plan of saving it, the means may be found shortly for that and greater matters.
Pp. 8.
Vit. B. XIX. 368. B. M.
"Wyngfeld.—The advancement of the 1,000l. to bring the Emperor down ... The payment of the 60,000 fl., and sending the obligation ther[eof]. The payment of 12,000 fl. to the Swiss, by means whereof [they shall invade] France; all which things, with the expences heretofore made in setting forth the Swiss, the King's grace hath done not only in ... cost ... necessity, but also that by means of the same all his affairs be ... advanced and confirmed, though the King's grace were in no necessity so [to do]. The Emperor's coming is for the advancement of this confederation and the new enterprise to be ... more to their surety than the King's, &c. The persuasion to move the Emperor to come down to be revenged of these counsellors, which have treated ... he being in war [with] the French King.
"Rolles.—Md of the neutrality of the assistance, i.e. the King of Castile to be indifferent ... to give assistance as well to France, if they be invaded, as to us if we [be].
"Md, to dissemble with the Lord Schivers and Chancellor, though they more incline to France the[n to us].
"Mr. Pace.—Md of the 60,000 fl., whereof 50,000 to the Emperor and 10,000 to Mr. Pace, whereby he is sufficient[ly provided] to pay the Swiss, and yet a large sum to rest in his hands. Nevertheless, for th ... the King's grace hath sent forth by exchange 1,000l.
"Rolles.—Md of the words amicorum amici, &c., to put it out if they make great difficulty.
"Md for the article of the common deliberation, it may be well omitted if it may ...
"Md of the loan of money to pass the time by making of bonds and obligations, [until it] be known how they will condescend to the other business with France, &c."
P. 1, mutilated.


  • 1. Written in the 1st person singular.
  • 2. "and King of Castile" was originally added, but cancelled.
  • 3. "according — letters." These words are substituted for "after such form as the Emperor writeth in his said letters here enclosed."