Henry VIII: September 1516, 1-15

Pages 720-736

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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September 1516

1 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 157. B. M.
Have written twice this week, on the 21st and 23rd, of their resort to Felynger, and pressing the insertion of the article sent (fn. 1) Felynger came no more to them. They have written Chievres' answer to the King. Did not like so many being summoned to the Council, because these men, when they would carry a point, do not summon many. Advise Wolsey to summon the Council, as the King Catholic, who is governed by Chievres, will not join the league. Urged their objections to it on the ground of its inequality; and if the King of England "had in ready money much more than hath been left him by his father, of good memory, this were a way, as we think, to void his coffers; besides that, if our master should have ado, and had not money to help himself withal, we think this treaty should not greatly prevail." Whatever treaty England makes with the Swiss should be made apart, and then these people would know their own folly. Think "these men" should be entertained with good words, but be left to bear their own burdens. Have written to the King about the pensions: but all the pensions in the world will not change their hearts from France.
Desire the Provost of Cassell may be well received. Whatever the King's counsel, let it be consistent with the amity of the King of Castile, as far as may be. He must not break with the master for the untowardness of the men. As the confirmation of the league made in April last must take place by November, arrangements must be made. By the rule of proceeding they, not England, ought to send the confirmation, and the King must take the oath in his chamber apart, and not in the presence of the sacrament as it was done here; of which Ponynges can inform him. Tunstal applies for his diets. There is no need for him to remain much longer. Spinelly can do much better. Are surprised at Wolsey's expressions in his two letters of the 22nd of last month, as they have never written nor seen any success of the King's affairs since the return from Noyon. The French assert they can have Verona if the Emperor will take the money offered for it; and they intend to keep it in their own hands. A better season for the King's purpose will soon ensue. He has friends here who wish him to take the place of Charles' grandfather, lately dead. Brussels, 1 Sept.
P.S.—Felynger has told them, that Chievres is determined the King shall go this year into Spain, as the Cardinal of Spain will send no money till he comes. This assertion is not to be hastily credited.
Hol., pp. 6, mutilated.
1 Sept.
R. O.
Had forgotten in his joint letter with Mr. Deputy to request that Wolsey would never mention to Hesdyn, or the Spanish ambassadors, the names of persons in this court alluded to in the ciphers of Spinelly and himself. Sends by Richmond a clock as a present. Richmond will inform him how to set it. Encloses the key of the case and the vice. Brussels, 1 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
1 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 155. B. M.
2333. J. DE LA LAING to [WOLSEY].
Has received his letter, by Gui[llaume] des Barres, Madame's secretary. Will make his promise good, and promote the friendship between the Emperor and England. Wingfield is with Madame. Madame will write to Wolsey and the King, touching the provisions of the army. Understands that Wolsey wants wine, as he cannot obtain it from France, and a French secretary. Will provide them. Berghes, 1 Sept. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2.
1 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 240. B. M.
2334. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
Has [received his letters] of the xj. and x[ij.] ult., and with t[hem the] King's letters for the Emperor and the five cantons, which he forwarded. Wolsey will perceive by his letters that many things have occurred. Denounces the practices of the Bastard of [Savoy], who circulated a rumor that the Emperor, England, [and] the King of Arragon were trying to deceive the Swiss, and had all sent ambassadors to make peace with the French King, and that the Bastard had been sent with large sums for them. Under this color he prayed the canton of Berne, "[quæ] maxime semper Gallizavit," that they would persuade their communities to [allow] him to enter the canton unharmed, and by these means he got [safe]conduct to enter that canton only, where "he now [lives] with great pomp, keepeth open ho[use], and hath with him 30,000 [ducats] for to corrupt as many as he can." [Immediate]ly after his arrival, the lords sent to Pace's house in great excitement. [He told them] that they had been so often deceived by the French, they should not give such ready belief to so grave a charge against the "three heads of Christendom." As to Henry, he offered to lay down his life if he had sent or intended to send, during Pace's stay, any ambassador to treat with the [Frenc]h King without their consent. They went to the Lor[d Gali]ace to get his opinion, who confirmed Pace's statement. Fortunately, two or three days after, Wolsey's letters of the ... of Aug., written in the King's ab[sence], arrived. Presented them to the Council. They saw that neither the King nor Wolsey carried on any intrigues with the French, and desired Pace to send their thanks.
Pace's [con]tentation lasted but [a short wh]ile, for next day he was in greater [per]plexity than ever, for the Emperor's ambassador made a proposition to him and Galias, "more off ceremonys than off troith," saying it was the Emperor's pleasure that his ambassador should propose "in the diet follow[ing] upon St. Bartholomew's day a t[ruce], to be treated by the Swiss, be[tween] the Emperor and the French King in ... that the said Emperor should have ... aid of his confederates for the [succor] of his city of Verona." The Pope's am[bassador was] "sore moved with this," alleging the inconveniences that would ensue. Pace replied that he could not consent to the proposal without violating the treaty between Henry and the Emperor and his own commission. Touching the aid demanded for the Emperor "jure confœde[rationis]," Pace showed that the King had faithfully observed all confederations made with the Emperor, and spent large sums for the Emperor's honor [in] the recovery of the duchy of Milan. Nevertheless, if it could be shown that Henry had in any [case] failed in fulfilling his promise, he [doub]ted not but he could find m[eans] to satisfy the Emperor [in] every petition depending up[on the con]federation; so that he should have no cause by any fault of [Pace's] to propose in the diet "a truce which would ruin Christendom. The Emperor's ambassador [replied], that when the Emperor was last [at] Constance ... surdo dictum. Si nos (inquam ego) pu ... esse fædus inter Cæsarem et Regem ... quare petitis ab eo auxilium jure [confœderationi]s et amicitiæ initæ." Here Galias, [interr]upting, said that the proposal would incline the Swiss towards France. The ambassador, seeing their disapprobation, and forgetting what he had said in the commencement of the conversation, declared that he had acted without the Emperor's consent ... [The am]b[a]ssador received letters from the Emperor, wher[eby he was adver]tised that [Verona was] out of danger, and that [he had] good news from Eng[land]. "Having this occasion," they went to [the] Emperor's ambassador, and brought him to consent to p[ropose] nothing in the diet but only to tre[at] with Pace upon their old business.
Have as yet no definite answer upo[n the con]federation, for the cantons have not yet settled [their] own union: this is likely to pass in about ten days, and ... concluded in a diet celebrated in the ... for "our" five cantons have done mira[cles against] France in the last diet ... [pr]omised all to renounce the French confederation. Three of [the eight] cantons have done this in the [la]st diet, and joined [us], so that "we" now have eight cantons. There is, however, one difficulty, and that is, the cantons which favor the French, though they are forced to annul the French confederation, yet say they will [sti]ck to a simple peace with France, because they have taken the (French) King's money, and will strive to induce the five cantons to do the same. Mention was made of this at the last diet, and the five cantons [replied] "that they would meddle with no ... time, but they will first ... confederation, and than attend to other thy[ngs] ... to their honor and profit ... openly show themselves to [be averse] from peax," because they woul[d not] give any canton occasion [to become] slack in revoking the French confederation. They informed Pace that, if they had had money now, they would themselves have undertaken the enterprise against the duchy of Milan, and l[eft] both the confederation and peace, [and have set] forth their old banners of ther[e can]tons, a sign of the greatest trust that they can show; [for] every man is bound to follow the [banner] of his canton, and rather die than forsake it. * * *
[They are willing to take up the enter[prise against the du[chy of Mil]an faithfully, and, as far as Pace can see, will succeed, for there are but few [French]men in Italy, and the Venetians and [French] do not agree. What the King intends to do in the enterprise must be done shortly, for there is d[anger] in delay, and especially in this [city], which cannot keep quiet, but must run after the money of one or other potentate. Has despatched a special messenger to the Pope; and the Pope's ambassador here has written at his request. Wonders "... le the King of Arragon hath ... in this matter; for if this enterprise be not ... he is like to lose the rea[lm] ... if there be none enterprise ... such time that the Emperor shall ... dres." Fears that "these men" await that conclusion, for they [are tired] of the Emperor's slackness, and no one be[lieves] he will go thither. His am[bassador] here has told Pace that he cannot believe he will. The Bastard of Savoy labors for two objects: (1) to prevent the confederation demanded by Pace, "communi o[mnium] confo?ederatorum nomine;" (2) "that [I] be licensed to depart out of t[he coun]trye, and he hath found the mean [of cor]ruption of money that this last th ... was proponydde in the last [diet] ... to the five cantons wh[ich] ... King's benevolent mind towards ... e me any licence to depart;" wher[eas th]e said Bastard's friends declared that he should have licence to depart from Berne if "the lords of this town would license me." This was crafty; for the Bastard cannot stay, and Pace's departure would have caused all "[th]ies Swiss" to incline to France. "Sed legitimus ad[huc] superavit spurium."
Pace cannot blame the Bastard for hindering his confederation, since he has broken the Bastard's. When the King's letter to the five cantons, of 18 Aug., had arrived, "the said Basta[rd having] knowledge of the saide l[etters, procured] the means within two days [that] another letter [should be sent] hither of the F[rench King]," that marriage [and] peace were both concluded between the [French] King and the King of Arragon, and he would send shortly "the [particulars]" and the Emperor's con[sent]. "My Lord, I cannot te[ll] where all this be true or false." Would be astonished if such things have been decided without Henry's knowledge. The said [Bastard] has been treating secretly with some captains. Pace will try to obtain intimation of his acts from some one in the canton [of Be]rna. Has been informed that the Emperor's ambassador here has a [pen]sion from the French King, and is intriguing with the Bastard; also that the said ambassador, though he openly forwards Pace's business, secretly does the contrary. Some friends of England here say the Emperor does not desire the success of the confederation, thinking its acceptance would give Henry too great influence. Does not believe that this is the Emperor's own idea. "for he hath [not] witte to apply himself to like [counsels]." Thinks he desires the King's exaltation. ... [Fr]enche King and one other with [the King] of Arragon, for to procure the [said] King's causes. Wolsey may be sure that when the Emperor [is] in despair, they both [will] send for help to Henry. Since [he] had word of Henry's [cons]tant mind towards him he is quite changed; has admitted all Pace's excuses [for] refusing him the money lately. It is clear that the Pope, the Emperor and the King of Arragon desire that the expedition for the [recov]ery of the duchy of Milan should proceed, "for than the F[rench] ... doon) they would ... [Ki]ngis."
P.S.—With regard to Wolsey's [order] not to pay or prom[ise money] without express commission, it is [unpleasant] to him to lay out any money, con[sidering] how it has been wasted: "but I have to do with such people [from] home, Christ himself should wit[h] difficulty obtain anything w[ith]owte money.' In giving the late 6,000 fl. to the five cantons, [did not] infringe Wolsey's commission, to spend nothing except in extreme necessity, which was clear to all the King's [frien]ds here. [All] would have been lost without it. The French King has given [much] money to one man. * * * Will obey Wolsey for the future. Has not received the bill of exchange mentioned in Wolsey's letter, "[nor] the receipt of 1,000l. [from] the factor of Mr. Leonard Friscobalde." Will content the Pope's ambassadors. [Has] received a bill of exchange enclosed in Wolsey's letter, for the payment of [the Emperor] for his voyage to Flanders * * * It is not expedient that [the mo]ney be paid until he have perfect know[ledge of] the Emperor's mind in making that [voyage]. Galeazzo has desired Pace to write to Wolsey to [apply] to the King for aid "to live by" while here. He has always done faithful service to the King.
Pp. 23, badly mutilated. Add.: Revmo Dño Cardinali Eboracensi.
Dated in margin, in a modern hand: Trident, Mr. Pace.
1 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 261.* B. M.
According to Wingfield's letters of the 29th "[Augu]stæ datas," sends the first quittance. The second shall be sent as soon as Wingfield is with the Emperor. Has read to the Emperor Wolsey's letters, which he has put away in his caskets. The Emperor is continually urged to accept this foul peace with France. It is very necessary therefore that Wingfield come. "Sed non ... afferre una illa vjm fl. auri; poterimus h[oc] pacto ligare principem." Sends letters given to him on the part of the Cardinal of Sion, who is still in Issibrug, "nee habet exspeditionem." "Ex arche Eerenberg apud Rute," 1 Sept., "ad meridiem."
Hol., Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: ... et exell. Dño Roberto [Win]gefelde, equiti aurato, Regis Angliæ et [Franciæ] consiliario ac oratori ... apud Cæ. Ma. dno hodo.
1 Sept.
P. S.
2336. For CHAS. EARL OF WORCESTER, Chamberlain.
Lease, for twenty years, of a fishery in the rivulets of the Uske and Seyn, of the manor of Wondy, and of demesne lands in New Grange, Llantrissen and Holygosse in the lordship of Uske and Kaerlion, part of the earldom of March: at the annual rent of 54l. 11s. 1d., and four marks of new increase. Monastery of Christchurch, 19 Aug. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Sept.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9.
1 Sept.
S. B.
Annuity of 100l. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII.
2 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 160. B. M.
Understands from Hesdin, the Emperor's ambassador, that he has received express orders to communicate to Wolsey all the Emperor's affairs. He has shown him, among other things, the copy of a bond, of which the original is in her hands, for 10,000 crowns to be borrowed of England, upon which he will leave Denhaulte for Ahagheneau, thence to Namur, where he desires an interview with the King. Wolsey has strenuously dissuaded Hesdin from pressing this, as his majesty will never believe that the Emperor has more regard for money than for the mutual amity of the two crowns, which might be secured by his said descent. He will find the King much more liberal to him if he will trust to his honor without any such obligation. There are insuperable obstacles against the King's going to Namur, and he must be numerously attended, which could not be done except at great expence. The interview would be much better at Calais or thereabouts. If the Emperor will follow his advice he has ordered Sir Rob. Wingfield, the ambassador with him, to let him have 5,000 gold crowns; and on his descent 5,000 more may be advanced by Lady Margaret, and the King will repay them. At his place near London, 2 Sept. 1516.
Fr., in the hand of Hesdin's clerk, pp. 2, mutilated.
Sept. Vit.
B. XIX. 261. B. M.
Wrote last from this city on the ... of last month in answer to [Wolsey's] letters [of] the 18th. Informed [Wolsey] "... your letters to M. Loys Marroton to delyver to ... to procure quittances for the 6,000 fl. and an a[uthority from his] majesty to me" to receive them. Has just h[ad a letter] from Marroton, which [Wolsey] shall receive w[ith these]. [Wolsey] will see "ho[w] ... [the] said letters were to him and of the coming of the s ... and letter of authority to my hands." Has also received a letter from the Emperor [asking] him to be at Fiessen tomorrow, "which will not be, for it is lx. [miles] hence and more," and he has not yet received "the said [money; for the] factor of Friscobald cannot at this time attain no goo[d] ... have both travel and charge with the same much more th[an] ... for me, and to help me forward the best horse of my cart ... I must buy a new with no little money, for in these parts ... be gotten with fair eyen." In haste at Augsbu[rg], ... Sept. 1516.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated.
3 Sept.
R. O.
Letters, under the great seal, for including Henry VIII. in the treaty of Noyon. Amboise, 3 Sept. 1516, 2 Fr. [I.] With the seal.
4 Sept.
R. O.
Encloses letters received from a gentleman of Mons. de Feynys, requesting the next prebend in Tournay for a son of one of his servants. Has not found Feynys so favorable since the first time he was with him. Perhaps this might bring him to Wolsey's interest. Tournay, 4 Sept. 1516.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
4 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 161. B. M.
2342. TUNSTAL to [WOLSEY].
Chievres and the Chancellor told them that a council would be summoned for the King's departure into Spain. On calling this morning heard it was resolved he should leave at the end of the month, if the wind served. He and the Chancellor had resolved to stop behind. Gomes and Daguilliare strongly urged the King's departure, insisting on previous rebellions in Spain caused by the absence of their princes. They make but few preparations, and as the Estates assemble at Antwerp on the 15th, when the Toison begins, the voyage is very improbable. Andreas de Burgo has been to take leave. The King goes to Hiver in two days. The Count of Nassau, governor of Holland, is making great preparations to recover Newporte. Chievres, since Wingfield's departure, stated that the King Catholic would enter no further into the league with England, until he come into Spain. Brussels, 4 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
4 Sept.
Galba, B. VI. 72. B. M.
Since his last, has been informed by a credible person that the ambassadors at Noyon have procured from the French restitution of the lands of the Archduchess in Burgundy, on condition of her paying to the successors of the Marquis of Rothelin the yearly value of the two places taken from them by the Emperor. This has gratified the Archduchess greatly. There seems to be greater secrecy between the King and her than formerly. Isselstein has taken by assault Thokaym, in Friesland, with the loss of 100 men, and 200 on the enemy's side. He is now going to the Lord of Nassau, in Holland, to recapture the town taken by the Gueldrois. It is said the Duke of Gueldres "wol not be comprised" in the treaty of Noyon. It will soon appear whether he is dissembling, or the treaty is prejudicial to the alliance with England. The fact that the governors did not accept Henry's offer, so much to their advantage, is a great argument that the Duke's enterprises are grounded upon dissimulation. A wise man thinks the King's offers should not be repeated, after the return from Noyon, until the King Catholic arrive in Spain. Brussels, 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2.
4 Sept.
P. S.
2344. For PHILIP HOLME, gunner.
To be gunner in the Tower of London, with 12d. a day. Corft Castle, 29 Aug. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Sept.
6 Sept.
P. S.
2345. For JOHN A GUILLIAMS, serjeant-at-arms.
To be chief steward of the lordship of Fanhope, Heref., which Ralph Hacclet now occupies without any grant. Fallsdon, 2 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Hanworth, 6 Sept.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p 1, m. 9.
7 Sept.
Giust. Desp.I. 284.
2346. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.
Since the news of the agreement of Francis I. for the marriage of his daughter with the King of Spain, has heard of an event which is at utter variance with this agreement, and, on remonstrating with his informant on such inconstancy, was told he would certainly see the results tally with the information. As Wolsey, in the former league, wished to exact a proviso for the money lent, that if England chose to invade France the King Catholic should not oppose, the latter determined to make an agreement with France, and so great blame has been thrown on the Cardinal, who is the master of this game. Soldiers and others have been sent to Tournay in consequence of 300 French spears taking up their quarters at a short distance from the city; some say it is in consequence of a rebellion among the people, owing to the building of a citadel there. London, 7 Sept. 1516.
9 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 106. B. M. Ellis, 1 S.I. 122.
Thanks him for permitting "my lord" her husband to repair to him on his coming to Donyngton, which has greatly comforted him. Had the time been convenient, she would gladly have accompanied her husband in this journey, but hopes they will both see his grace, as he wrote in his last letters, "which is the thing that I desire more to obtain than all the honor of the world." Desires to be recommended to her sister the Queen, and the Queen of Scots, and hopes to hear of the prosperous estate of her niece the Princess. From Letheryngham, Suff., 9 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. on ƒ. 108b: To the Kyng my brother.
9 Sept
Vit. B. XIX. 274. B. M.
... Friscobald, in the presence of Sir Rob. Wingfield, has presented to him the bond made by [his] councillors and given to Leonard Friscoba[ld] .. upon the 60,000 fl. advanced by him, at Trent, [at the request of] the Emperor and the English ambassadors. Never doubted that Henry would aid him in his necessity. Has accepted these sums with the intention of showing much greater kindness in return, when he is rich. Hopes Henry will reimburse the Friscobalds the loss they have sustained from the delay of repayment, "non obstante quod nos in parte illa hac tenus recomp ... ut decreverimus etiam in futurum eorum rationem haber[e.]" Expects [to hear] from Henry on many points which he has communicated to him. Fuessen, 9 Sept. 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
9 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 171. B. M.
Wrote last on the 4th. On the 6th [Andreas] de Burgo departed toward the Emperor, saying he [should go] for his majesty to Hungary. His friend, Lewis de Marlyen, says that he is charged by the Council to induce the Emperor to peace with France. Will write this to Wingfield, though on former occasions Wingfield has told him "that the Em[peror] by me or otheres is not to be puttid to scowle (school), by reas[on of his] grett experience and wisdonnesse." Was told one day by De Burgo that Hedin had written that the King was not pleased at his going to England. Will write henceforth "b ... clowse, as well to Esdim as to the Emperor embassador ... the Busshop of Spayne, to the intent that the King's servants ... doo not fal into any indignation or suspecion here." On Sunday last the Chancellor went to a place of his between Brussels and Louvain, where Chievres came to him from Hewra with the French ambassador. He rode to Fellinger the same day to Louvain. This morning the King has gone hunting, and will stay at Hewra, returning on Friday or Saturday, Ravestein is gone to the French King, along with the Bailly of Hennego and Dr. Yongelet. Every one says the King will not go into Spain now. His going to Antwerp is deferred from the 15th to the 20th, some say till the end of the month, on account of the mart, as all the lodgings are occupied. By letters from Lyons of the 4th, great poverty still continues. The French King was at Amboise. Couriers come from Spain through France. Letters for England are intercepted, even though addressed to merchants. Brussels, 9 Sept. 1516.
Hears from the Chancellor of the Bp. of Cambray that [Wm. de Croy], [a] young Bishop of 17, nephew of Ch[ievres], has a promise of a cardinalate from the Pope at the next promotion. (fn. 2)
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add. and endd.
9 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 268. B. M.
2350. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
There arrived yesterday ... a courier of the Emperor's, with letters ... to all the thirteen cantons of Swiss, advertising them of the peace between the French King and t[he King] of Arragon, "sine scitu et consensu s[uis;" as] Henry will understand from a copy of the said letters enclosed. The Swiss are "miraculously abaschydde" w[ith the] news, and do not know what to do. Fears it will disturb [his] business. The Emperor's letters comforted him; "for if h[e] will persevere constantly in hi[s good] mind against France ... * * * ... thynge esteem the King of Arra[gon] ... say," he has shame[fully dec]eived Henry. It is necessary he have speedy news how the King takes this peace. The [Swiss] fear some great "mu[tati]on" of Henry's mind. Thinks Wolsey has been advertised before of the coming of the [Pope's] ambassador to Henry, a bishop of the "Colonnese" family, to conclude an offensive and defensive confederation with him "," that the K. of Arragon may [be in]duced to join it; "de quare [ut appar]et actum est." The Bishop [is] a great enemy to France.
* * * "do the best he can for the Kyngis ... ly the Pope's Holiness couth no[t have sent] a man more meet for the [pur]pose than he." As the Pope will not enter the confederation without the King of Arragon, Pace desires to know what he is to do if the Swiss ask for the pension which he promised them in the name of all the confederates. Advises that the pension be not refused; if all the Swiss join the Emperor and Henry, the King will have "[a b]rydyl for all odre Christian princes, [and] by the same means be sure of the [Pope's] Holiness." Wolsey is to keep secret what Pace wrote in his letters of the 1st inst. about the demeanor of the Emperor's ambassador here. The King [should write very] king letters to the Emperor, "lau[ding] ... ment letters lately sent unto [the captains] of Swisses, in declaring the Fr[ench King] his great enemy, and also to desir[e him to] persevere in the same constant mi[nd]." Such letters would be of incredible importance now. The Bastard of Savoy "doth crake m[ost] marvelously after this new tid[ings]" of the peace, declaring th[at his] master, knowing that the decision of the Pope and Henry hung [upon] the conclusion of the K. [of Arra]gon, had found the means to [bring] him to his side. Thinks nothing of the said [Bastard], "for I trust ... King's grace hath had so long ... atie with a chylde of matiers [of] grete importance, and that he ful ... chylde (nothing regarding his grace's ... offers, after the death of his prede[cessor], whereof all Christendom did marvel ... made a peace with his great enemy ... ade, whereby may ensue to himself ... ate war in process of time," not remembering the long friendship between England and Flanders, and the "grete [ai]de" the latter has done out of England against their enemies. 8 Sept.
Has been this day informed that the bastard had left Berne, and gone to the French King, "[without]e any manner of resolution had [from the] Swyces." When he went he said ... [he] could not tarry longer there, [since he could not] obtain what he was sent for ..., [but he] left two persons behind him [to manage] his causes. He has also [bribed] certain captains to meet at a town in Savoy with a large force to raise a report that the King of France ... have a Swiss host at his [bidding]. He said also he would find means to bribe two [out of the] five cantons, Uri and Schwitz, which have always supported the King. Doubts not he is able to resist him. Yesterday messengers came to Pace from all the five [can]tons, asking him to write to the King for money for the expedition into Milan, "[sho]wing that in this enterprise only all ... ge doth consist, and that it must [be m]ade while these people be dispo[sed] thereunto," lest delay change their minds. "Ex Turego ... xvj."
P.S.—Has certain [intelligence] that the lords of this ... greatly suspected the Emperor [of favoring] the new peace, notwithstanding his vehement writing against [it]. Cannot believe it; it is too shameful. Considers also that other things [have been] formerly done [by] the Council of Flanders without the Emperor's consent or [coun]sel, "if the Emperor has th ... Swiss intendeth to do * * * sende unto them a copy of [the m]atters concluded between the [sai]d Kings in this late made [peace]." The Emperor has lately commanded the Duke of [Bari] to leave Trent and go to Constance, whither he will send [some] of his Council to tell him his mind. Thinks the Emperor intends [som]e evil, The Duke sent the Emperor's letters to Pace, asking his advice. and promising to abide by it. Advised him to obey. "The villains of this [canton] of Zurich" have this day taken two captains who were lately [in] the canton of Berne with the [Bastard] of Savoy. They have sent [to] the Council here, declaring they have put them in prison as traitors, and that they "wu[ll have] them and all such punished, to [the intent] that they may recover their [honor], lately lost against the said [French] King." [Zurich], 9 Sept.
Hol., pp. 11, mutilated. Add.: Rme Dno Carli Ebor. Endd.: 9 Septembris.
9 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 266. B. M.
"Ex literis ill. D. Galeatii, 9 Sept."
Condemns much the delay of the province ... proceeding against the French, considering the good disposition of the Swiss. If England do not give them money, they will join the French. If the expedition be delayed it is up with the matter, "quoad provintiam." There are copies of letters of the Emperor sent to the Swiss, concerning the peace made between the King Catholic and the French King. Though the peace has made the Swiss distrustful of other princes, yet, even if the Emperor had consented to it, they would march against the French if Henry would pay them. Offers to lead them himself. The Swiss do not care much about this peace if they were only united. Their great fear is lest they should be left in the lurch. The Emperor has sent the Duke of Bari, who was at Trent, to Constance. The reason is not known.
Is very sorry he has spoken and written so often about the pension of Anchises. It is now ten months since he has had any money, and he is in great need of it. Anchises wishes to go to the King and ask for payment. The Swiss peasants have taken a citizen of Zurich, named Anglard, who went to Berne to have speech with the French ambassadors. They bound him, and gave him into the hands of his lords, demanding he should be put to the torture, and justice done. They say they will find just cause for taking arms against the French.
"Ex literis D. Saxi Vicecomitis, 9 Sept."
The noble exiles of the Duchy of Milan, on hearing of the peace between the King Catholic and the King of France, went in great perplexity to Galeazzo to know what to do. Determined to provide for themselves (se suas res composituros) unless an expedition were made.
"Ex literis D. Frederici Bossij, Tridenti."
[Says] he was at Verona in the name of the Duke of Bari with Marc Antony [Colonna], and that he has now come to the Duke. "Veronam a Gallis et Venetis ... ea nisi ob penuriam victualium dubitari debere, eisque indigere ... p[er]mixio, quod D. Marcus Ant. salierat extra ipsi ... [mu]nitionum et occiderat multos ... possint." The Emperor will not go into Flanders, for many reasons, but especially because he cannot absent himself from Verona, or he would lose it directly. The new peace will also prevent him. [He says] that the councillors of the King Catholic not only lean to the French, but are very good Frenchmen, and that he will not go where they are. The King Catholic will do nothing without them. If the French invade Italy soon, and some small advance be made to the Swiss (ultra quod parva impensa provincia ... fiet) they will bind themselves firmly to Henry; the Pope will join us; the Emperor will be confirmed; the King Catholic will have to join, whether he like it or not, and the French practices will be counteracted.
Contemporary copy, in the hands of Anchises V?isconti. Lat., pp.3, mutilated. Endd.
9 Sept. 2352. For ROB. WHICHAM, clk.
Presentation to the church of Rypton, Linc. dioc. vice Wm. Totehill. Hanworth, 9 Sept.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
11 Sept.
Calig. E. II. 71. B. M. Strype's Mem. I. pt. II. No. 6. (fn. 3)
Have received his letter, dated Durham Place, 21 Aug., warning them that the French intended to attack Tournay, as the King was informed by the Deputy of Calais and Sir Th. Spynell. Thinks there is little danger. To the best of their information the assembly was full poor,—some think, "to make brag to the King of Arragon's ambassadors." Before any attempt is made it will go hard but the Lieutenant will have warning. To be secure, however, they require money. The city is ill-supplied with victuals. Have urged the inhabitants and soldiers to supply tkemselves, as they did in Ponynges' days, and not look to the King. Have caused a search to be made what harness and habiliments of war are available in case of need: (fn. 4) found but a small quantity in the hands of the inhabitants, not worth taking from them. The artillery-house of the town is no great thing. The four chiefs of the city have keys, and the Lieutenant means to have a fifth. Tournay, 11 Sept. Signed: W. Mountjoy—Richard Sampson—Sr Ric. Whettehill—Sr Richard Jarnegan—Sr John Tremayle.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To, &c. my Lord Cardinal of York.
11 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 136b. B. M.
Has received his letters; is glad of his friendship towards the King her nephew. Begs credence for the ambassadors in England. Brussels, 11 Sept. 1516. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Cardinal d'Angleterre.
11 Sept.
S. B.
2355. For SAMPSON NORTON and JOHN HERON, treasurer of the Chamber.
To be Chamberlains of the Exchequer, in survivorship, on surrender of patent 9 Feb. 10 Hen. VII. granting the same to Norton, vice Sir Wm. Stanley. Del. Westm., 11 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
11 Sept.
S. B.
2356. For JOHN [ESTON] of London, cooper.
Licence to import 500 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad. Del. Westm., 11 Sept. 8 Hen. VIII.
12 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 167. B. M.
Has received their letters of the Emperor's affairs in England, who will now come to some resolution as to theirs and the other letters sent him by the Cardinal. Encloses a credence for them. They are to state that the Emperor is satisfied with Wolsey's objection to his master's going to Tournay, and will meet him at some place to be settled hereafter [near Calais]; are to persuade him to intrust her with the 5,000 crowns; "le persu ... voulentiers, par tous les moyens a nous possibles, combien q ... nous prenoit au mot de les delivrer ne seroit en nostre povoir ... pour le bon traictement que avons eu des Franchois nous rep ... Angloise, que de ceste court, comme vous, Hesdin, scavez." Are to obtain security for the 10,000 florins per month while the Emperor is away (de pardeca). If they will not give him a security, the least they can do is to let him have a letter from the King of England. "Avecq ce nous scavons quil est fort presse des Franchois et de ceste court, et le tout pour faire une veuue audit Roy d'Angleterre [de France ?] si tost quil seroit desjoinct de sa Majeste;" and this she would not have by any means. Will grant his majesty the 250 horse and 500 foot, as a body guard. "Et pendant le demure de ses affaires vivrons et dissimulerons al myeulx que pourrons avecq ung chacun." Courteville is gone to the Emperor to persuade him to accept the truce with France, which he will never do unless he is pressed with poverty. The moment the matter is settled it will be right that the Cardinal send his secretary to the Emperor. They may write to her the result in cipher. Brussels, 12 Sept. 1516.
Fr., copy by Hédin's clerk, pp. 3, mutilated.
13 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 164. B. M.
Is informed by a secretary there, who is canon of Lysle and a friend to the King, of a report that he had heard from the Treasurer of ... "after they [had] dronke longe togeder," that the French were preparing to attack Tournay; that it was arranged at Noyon that the French army should be allowed to pass; and on the Canon observing "there was no such thing in the new amity now made with France ... that every of them might aid their confederates," the Treasurer assured him that there was a secret article to that effect, and that Courtvylle, a gentleman of the King, had desired the French King that the invasion might be deferred for a season. The report was confirmed by one of the lords of the Council. As it is deferred till the King goes into Spain, it will not be soon. The Toison will be held on the 21st. The King comes this day from Heyver. Felynger has been with him, and all means have been tried for him to induce the Emperor to enter the league at Noyon. Will send the news tomorrow to Lord Mountjoye. Brussels, 13 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
13 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 166. B. M.
Wrote last on the 9th. The Gueldrois have fled from the ... in Holland, and the Burgundians entered it. By letters from Rome of the 2nd, the [Pope] is in good health, and is gone sporting towards Viterbo. News from Spain of the 4th states that the Cardinal of Toledo (Ximenes) is dead. The ambassador of Arragon considers things are so well arranged that his death will create no disturbance. The Cardinal had informed the King that they could not send him any part of the revenues of Castile, as it was needful for the defence of the Crown. Hears from Ph. Galterotti, who is much esteemed at the Court, that the King is determined to prosecute the war against Gueldres, for which he would have the full consent of the French, and that the Emperor would be urged to come thither to aid it. Fellinger is at Evera in continual communication with Chievres and the Chancellor. The French ambassador is at Louvain. Tomorrow the court returns to Brussels. The commissioners who went to Antwerp to inquire if the town was in good health, have not returned. The principal Spaniards are beginning to say they will make provision [to stay] for this winter. Brussels, 13 Sept. 1516.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
14 Sept.
R. T. 153 and 154.
Commends Sir John Wallop, who is desirous of serving against the Infidels. Ramesbury, 14 Sept. 1516.
14 Sept.
R. O.
2361. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
In consequence of certain information, is induced to write highly in commendation of the Bp. of Worcester. Is surprised that Wolsey should have given so much credit to others, who have neither the Pope's authority for their communications, nor the Bishop's consent. Has perfect confidence in Worcester. Wolsey need not doubt his anxiety to serve the King. Rome, 14 Sept. 1516, 4 pont.
Vellum. Add.
14 Sept.
Vit. B. III. 74. B. M.
Has received no answer to his letters, except on the creation of Wolsey. Begs the King to write in his favor to the King Catholic, as he learns that those who have usurped his benefices are seeking favor with Charles to suspend the effect of the writer's restoration. Had done nothing except for the reformation of the Church. Had from the first wished the [Council] to be held in the kingdom of Naples, then at Florence, then at Milan; and at that time the King of France was on good terms with England, the Emperor and Charles. Had resisted schism. Was the occasion of an Œcumenical Council being assembled, and the elevation of the present Poutiff without bribery, "quod fuit phœnix et rara avis."
The Sophi defeated the Turk in June last. He wishes to unite with the rest of Christendom, and deprive the Turk of his power. The navigation of the Portuguese will be of great service in this matter, because the Sophi can be advertised at the Persian Gulf, where the Portuguese trade, whenever the Christians think of attacking the Turk. There are ten times more Christians than Infidels in the Turkish provinces, and they think they can persuade the Sophi to become a Christian, as he does not indulge in polygamy. They have ascertained the same of Prester John, the Christian King of Ethiopia, whose kingdom borders on the Sultan of Babylon and Egypt. He will be ready to attack Egypt, which formerly belonged to his predecessors. Rome, 14 Sept. 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
14 Sept.
Galba, B. IV. 165. B. M.
Wrote yesterday. Last night the King returned from Evera. The court removes to Antwerp on Thursday or Friday next. The ambassador of Arragon says that Andrew de Burgo, besides the money given him by the King, has a grant of the next vacant benefice of 500 ducats in Sicily for his cousin, and another for an office of like value; so that he is likely to advise the Emperor according to the mind of the rulers here. On Friday last, Courteville, the King's summoler for the Body, was sent to the French King. Sir Edw. Ponings can tell what sort of a man he is. News came this night from Spain that the Cardinal of Toledo was out of danger. A post from Innsbruck brings letters from Verona, dated the 3rd, stating that the enemy did not lie at the siege, but only kept the passages, and stopped victuals. Brussels, 14 Sept. 15[16].
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
15 Sept.
R. O.
On being instructed by Wolsey that they should receive their pay from Frysquebalde, wrote to Jerome at Bruges. Have received two letters from him, stating that he has no instructions from his son to make any payments. Begs Wolsey will see to it immediately. The garrison was never so bare of money. The day of payment should be the 20th, and they have not half the sum necessary. Know not what shift to make if it come not, "for the foul weather that we have now." Have discharged upwards of 700 workmen, and intend to discharge more. The matter is likely to get wind, as Jerome Frysquebalde has talked of it with the posts. Have written frequently to Wolsey of late, but "have heard no word." Tournay, 15 Sept. Sealed.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
Has opened their letters of the 29th, addressed to his son Leonard, who is now at London. He has spoken with the Cardinal about the money they require, but has not written further. Bruges, 30 Aug. 1516. Signed and sealed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Galba, B. IV. 168. B. M. 3. JEROME FRESCOBALDE to MOUNTJOY, Governor of Tournay.
Has received his letter by the bearer, and written back by the same the news he had from London. His nephew is dead there, of the plague. The people of the house have written to him to say that Leonard, going there and hearing of it, left and went to a village, where the writer thinks he now is. If he hear any news worth sending will despatch an express. Bruges, 12 Sept. 1516. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
15 Sept.
R. O.
Reminds him that this summer the King wrote to Mountjoy he might return at Michaelmas or Allhallowtide; doubts not it was at the solicitation of Wolsey and the Lord Chamberlain. Desires to know who is to succeed him. The works are well advanced. No great fear of enemies. Tournay, 15 Sept. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York. Endd.
15 Sept.
Vit. B. XIX. 279. B. M.
2366. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
In his letters of the ... of this month he described the sore [indignation] of the Swiss at the news of the treaty [of Noyon]. Since that, it ha[s] been declared at a diet of the thirteen cantons, that they have been all deceived [by the] Emperor, "saying to have perfect know[ledge] that he undoubtedly haith been [the cause of the said peace; notwithstond[ing] his writinge to all the canton[s against] the same for to color the matie[r]." Sent to Wolsey enclosed in his last ... "do also opynly schewe that th[e King's] grace hath in like m[anner been decei]vydde ... e cause whye," viz.: that the Emperor [and the] King of Arragon have con[cluded] this peace to draw Henry to consent to the King of Arragon's brother being created Duke of Milan, and the Duke of Bari deprived. The King will never recover his money if this be done, nor "[get] bi hym suer ayde or succore agaynst [his enne]mys: for he aftre the obtee[gning of the said] duchy wolde nothynge regar[de] ... ayde therin, but than hys brodre ... gedre bi reason off there grete ... vellent ad monarchiam aspirare ... est decretum inter fraudulentissimos con ... "
If the Duke of Bari be made Duke of Milan, he will have no one to depend upon but Henry, without whose [aid] he will not be able to keep the duchy, and will therefore obey him in everything. Though Pace [def]ends the Duke of Bari, not for love to him, but for the honor and profit of England, is sorry to see so noble and virtuous a prince shamefully betrayed, for they mean either to sell him, or keep him in perpetual servitude. "And for to [maint]eygne the same more surely they [pretend] that the enterprise for the re[covery] of the duchy can[not] be effected by the Swiss ... men the lansknyghtis ..." They say they know the Emperor sent an ample [commission] to the King of Arragon to make peace with France; the person sent was Vyllinger "[his own] thesaurrer;" and, worst of all, "[they be]informydde off a parliament late ma[de] bi the Emperor's consayle, wherein was concluded that the Emperor should attend only [for the] destruction of the Swiss." They therefore signify to Henry that they are forced to come to some agreement with France, "[con]cludynge all confederatione or am[ytie] astabylyschydde with hym int ... made peax. And herein some[thing is] like to be concluded in a diet" to be held within twelve [days]. They are now concluding articles "upon such [conc]ord as they intend to make with the [Fre]nche Kynge." They think he [wi]ll not accept them without the confederation, which all the cantons have refused. If he do accept, as Pace thinks he will, "[ad] evitanda imminentia pericula, no[thing sha]lbe comprisydde in them prejudi[cial to the King's grace, his frie]ndis or confederatis. And as for men the King's g[race may have] as many as he will, for ... that I do see so grete a ... gist all men ensuedde bi thys ... peax."
Thinks it necessary Henry should be sure of the Pope before any enterprise be begun. The Pope's ambassadors here, and especially Verulame, are diligent in entertaining the Swiss "for [the] Pope's, purpose," and have [laid out] great sums. The Pope had better look to himself, and side with Henry. If he do the contrary, "non Le[o est] sed ovis pessimis circumdata past[oribus]. His said ambassadors haith desyr[ed me] at thys tyme to wryte [unto your grace] that notwythstandyng ... [they w]ull do that at the King's grace [shall thi]nke best to be doon." Has [asked] them to get from the Pope an explicit declaration of his mind against the common enemy. They have today despatched a messenger to him for this purpose. 15 [Sep]tember 1516.
P.S.—The Pope's am[bassadors] ... have been secre[tly informed] this day by divers wise and substanti[al men that] our five cantons have craftily "cond[escended]" unto a simple peace to be concluded with France," intending thus to bring the eight ca[ntons] to the alternative of renouncing the French amity, or dallying with them till they shall have a final decision from Henry, which they must have without delay. The Bastard of Savoy [has given] to a great man of this "cun[tre," offering him] 6,000 cr., and promising him [year]ly a pension of 1,000 cr. He has spent 11,000 cr. in two cantons, and writes that he will return with large sums to corrupt all. He has also written, in his King's name, to his friends in the canton of Berne, to beware how they have anything to do with the King of England, for that after he had recovered the Duchy of Milan he would give them no more aid; [telling] them not to regard that hi[s master] at this time is poor, for if he had but two [years'] rest, he should recover himself [suffi]ciently, to resist his enemies and help his friends. It is not believed here he will return "propter furorem p[opuli] qui totus est noster et alienissimus a ... et qui nec a bastardis nec leg[itimis] corrumpi potest." 15 Sept. "sub noctem."
Hol., pp. 11. Add.: Rmo Dño Carli Eboracen'.


  • 1. Much mutilated; sense uncertain.
  • 2. Created next year.
  • 3. Printed with some omissions.
  • 4. f. 43.