Henry VIII: November 1516, 21-30

Pages 799-816

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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November 1516

21 Nov.
R. O.
In commendation of Aloysius de Rossis, appointed to the co-adjutorship of St. Martin's, Tournay. "Ex villa Manliana," 21 Nov. 1516. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Card. Ebor., &c.
21 Nov.
Lett. Max. et Marg. II. 332.
Has twice ordered Loys Maroton to inform her that before the end of the month the Emperor would be at Strasburg or Hagenau, and that she should solicit the King of England to have the 10,000 c. for the first month, about which she knows, sent by letters of exchange to Fred. Brechter at Strasburg. Unless the Emperor receive the said sum immediately he will not be able to accomplish that which Cardinal Sion promised on his part to the King of England. Has perfect confidence in her. Strasburg, 21 Nov. 1516.
21 Nov.
P. S.
Assent to the election of John Impingham as prior, vice Wm. Pollysworth, deceased. Greenwich, 10 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 Nov.
ii. Petition of he Chapter of St. Mary's for the above, 5 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
21 Nov.
S. B.
2575. To the CARDINAL OF YORK, Chancellor.
For writs of dedimus potestatem to Oliver, Abbot of Combe, and Robert, Abbot of Stonely, to take the fealty of John Ympingham, Abbot of St. Mary's C[oventry]. Greenwich, 21 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
21 Nov.
P. S.
2576. For JOHN SEGEWIK, an officer of the Wardrobe of Beds.
To have a corrody in the monastery of Burton upon Trent vice John Roy. Greenwich, 20 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 Nov.
21 Nov.
P. S.
2577. For RIC. BYG.
To have a corrody in the monastery of St. Mary, Coventry. Greenwich, 16 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 Nov.
22 Nov.
R. O.
Received this night, from the Deputy of Calais, a letter dated 21 Nov., stating that he is commanded to send the King a letter by a special messenger, whom he has despatched by St. Omer to prevent Mountjoy's departure from Tournay. Is sorry that the King is displeased. Had sent word to England that he would not retain his charge longer than 1 Nov., as the King had given him leave to come over on all Saints' Day. Had heard that after the citadel was finished another should be appointed to his office, "which I reckoned not for my poor honesty to abide." Could obtain no money from Wolsey, and consequently keep no order in the garrison. When the horsemen are paid, nothing will remain in the treasurer's hands for passport money. Never intended to leave without the King's consent. Tournay, 22 Nov.
P. S.—Understands that the treasurer is ordered to repair to England.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Cardinal of York.
22 Nov.
Vit. B. III. 90. B. M.
A passage about Cardinal Hadrian unintelligible from mutilation, except that he is constantly urging the Pope for a commission, expressly contrary to the previous agreement. Has received the letter of Meautis. Is not so much vexed as Ammonius thinks at the payment made to Hadrian. * * * Messer Luigo does not leave him a single moment. "Io non li ho da p .. vi do mand. Solo che voi ordinate di nuovo a Signor ... de Bardi che facci quella sicurta." Speaks of the Cardinal's hats, and sends three bonetti by Piero Ciampanti. If Wolsey accuses him of not speaking of the affairs of the King, he is greatly mistaken. "Qual cosa del mondo e stato che io non habbi obtennuto salvo quelle che lui dimand. exorbitantissime come e la legasione e quel breve di Tornai che tutte si obteneriano se limpresa si fara gagliarda." His intimacy with the Pope enables him to speak more freely than any other ambassador. Speaks of a Dr. Emson and Mons. di W. There is some mistake in Ammonius' account: he has not received more than 400 ducats. This importunate fellow of a Cardinal Sta. Croce pesters him to death because he has had no answer from the King and Queen. To send over the blessed robes of Card. Monte by land would cost more than 50 ducats. Thinks they will not be able to refuse what they have promised him touching the bishopric of ... beri without great shame; "et quanto piu le cose rischalderan[no] ala guerra, tanto piu credo sia per riuscirmi. El nonse saria mai saputo la praticha e mossione ... signare il vescovato se S. Campucci non ne haves[se] ... il quale nempia presto tutto il parent ... cieras, e S. Campucci secondo me fece tutto altra fina [et se]nza alcuna malisia." Pietro Gryffo Bp. of Forli is dead. The illness of the Chancellor of lincoln is in danger of turning to a quartan. Hopes the Cardinal will take some way to please the Pope by obtaining the King's consent to the coadjutorship of Messer Louis de Rossi, the Pope's cousin, in the abbey of St. Martin's, Tournay. He is to be one of the first Cardinals. Thinks there is a good justification for such a course. The Chancellor of Lincoln is much better.
(fn. 1) He and [W.] have made him tell the Pope a thousand lies; and then they sent "quale reformatione di ..." which could not [be obtained] for 1,000l. sterling, and other things so exorbitant that they would never have been granted if ... but, for the sake of Ammonius, makes him as good cheer as he can. Has celebrated to-day the feast of St. Cæcilia, and spent five ducats for the decorations of the church. Sends by this messenger a letter to the Master of the Rolls in F[landers], thanking him, and commending the case of John de Rossi. It seems a thousand years since "... opera con W. per Messer Luiso Giberaleon ..." Signor Paulo is in despair at not hearing about the affair of Balbi. Thinks it will be the ruin of everything. Rome, 22 Nov. 1516. Signed: Sil.
Ital., mutilated, pp. 4.
* Between the leaves of the preceding document a long despatch in cipher is inserted, which thus looks like a part of the same letter, although internal evidence proves it to belong to the year 1517. The difficulty of correcting in such cases the errors of the binder has been a frequent source of perplexity to the Editor; and in no case has it been more frequently felt than in the despatches of De Giglis. When De Giglis writes in his own hand, the letters are peculiarly difficult to decipher; and as it has been their fate to be all contained in the series Vitellius in the Cottonian collection, they have been injured so much by the fire that, what with the language, spelling, bad writing, and mutilation, it is often difficult to obtain a true insight into the sense, still more to ascertain how the pages follow each other. To put the reader on his guard as to this uncertainty, wherever it exists, the commencement of each folio in the MS. has been indicated in the margin. Fortunately the greater part of the letters of De Giglis are not written in his own hand, but in that of a very careful and elegant scribe.
R. O. 2579*. SHERIFFS.
* * * The undersheriff to be sworn in the King's court ... truly to discharge his office. No sheriff to take as clerk any one who has been clerk to any sheriff within three years. The clerk to be sworn. The bailly to be of good and honest conversation, and such as he will answer for at his peril. Neither the sheriffwick nor any of the hundreds or baillywicks to be let. The baillies to be sworn, before they exercise their office, that they will truly execute all writs, precepts, and warrants, and make true return of the same; and they shall appear before the justices of assize at their next sessions, and there be sworn not to promote any untrue or feigned action or quarrels against any man for profit or malice, to summon by general writ to appear at the sessions "only such as be sad, sufficient, and well disposed persons, and most indifferent, to inquire and try such matters as shall be laid to their charge," not to summon any from favor, or have reward to suffer him to abide at home, and not to provoke any sheriff or undersheriff to return any person in any panell, except such as he will be swear "to be in his mind able, sufficient, and most indifferent, and not suspected, and next to the place where the matter or cause to be tried is alleged to be done." The sheriff is to do all in his power to prevent his officers from "imbecelling" and making untrue returns. Panels for inquests to be returned of such persons as are sufficient and most near the place where the matter or cause is alleged. The sheriff is not to take personally or by another any money or other thing, or any promise, except such as is limited by the statute. He is not to impanel any person at the nomination of his undersheriff or bailly, but such as they will swear "by their halydome oath" that they believe to be sufficient, and he must himself make due inquiry to ascertain the truth, and not allow any of his officers to return any panel in his name without his approval. He is to return such due and reasonable issues, as well upon the jurors in every panel as upon all other persons, according to their estates and degrees, upon all writs and precepts of distresses, so that the persons distrained shall thereby the rather appear to answer and do all things according to the law. No writs to be received unsealed or under the seals of any justice, except justices in eyre or justices assigned, or other justices having power to make and direct writs. The statute of Winchester, those against vagabonds and beggars, and all others, notified by proclamation or otherwise, to be put in execution. If any undersheriff, clerk, or bailly die or be removed from his office, his successor to be sworn as above directed.
(In Ruthal's hand.) "All the foresaid points and articles the King's highness, by the advice of his counsel, hath devised to be put in effectual execution by every sheriff throughout this his realm, for the true and indifferent ministration of his laws and justice; and in case that it shall come to the King's notice and knowledge that any sheriff do violate his oath, and not observe the purport of the said articles in form above specified, his grace, upon proof thereupon to be made, shall not only see him or them so offending to be straitly punished for his perjury, but also to be farther ordered according to his laws to the fearful example of other like offenders."
Pp. 4. Draft, with corrections by Ruthal. Commencement lost.
R. O. 2. First two pages of a draft proclamation to the sheriffs, stating that many of them of late have put apart the fear of God; "more leaning to their private profit than to equal justice, have forborne to do their duties, whereby the King's highness hath not only been deceived and damaged ..."
On the other leaf, in Ruthal's hand:—"Instructions devised by the King's highness and his council containing the form and manner how the sheriffs, undersheriffs, and baillies of every shire shall truly and indifferently execute the King's processes, writs, warrants, and commandments, to them to be delivered from time to time, for the advancement of justice, according to their offices and the observance of the King's laws."
22 Nov.
Vit. B. III. 89. B. M.
Refers him to his letters to Ammonius. The Pope is pleased with what Wolsey had done touching the treaty, but is surprised that he has received no letters from him about it. Has been ordered to recommend to Wolsey the prothonotary De Rubeis (De Rossis) for the coadjutorship of Tournay. This day the Feast of St. Cecilia was celebrated in the church of that name. The writer ordered it to be decorated in honor of Wolsey. Rome, 22 Nov. 1516. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
22 Nov.
P. S.
2581. For the PRIOR and CONVENT of ATHELNEY.
Congé d'élire on the death of John Welkington, abbot. Greenwich, 9 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Nov.
ii. Petition of Ric. Wraxsall, prior, and the Convent, for the above: to be presented by John Stokys and Ric. Kyngysdon. 5 Nov. 1516.
22 Nov.
P. S.
2582. For WM. SYMONS, the King's servant.
Licence to import 1,400 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Greenwich, 15 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Nov.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 9.
22 Nov. 2583. GAOL DELIVERY.
Norwich Gaol.—Th. Aldriche, mayor, Sir Jas. Hoberd, Wm. Elys, John Clerke, John Rightwise, Gregory Clerk and Rob. Borowght. Westm., 22 Nov.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10d.
23 Nov.
R. O.
Has received the King's commands to repair to England. Cannot come as soon as he wished, as he has a disease in his leg. Purposes to leave Tournay on the 25th. Paid Wm. Pawn on the 20th 1,000l., being part of the passport money then in his hands. Has scarce sufficient to pay the horse on 4 Dec. Two other payments will be shortly required. Tournay, 23 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal of York.
Galba, B. IV. 233. B. M.
Wrote last on the 19th. Since the departure of Sion from Barrow "here been c[ome divers ne]ws of him that I know. Howbeit, the Master of the Posts and all others commonly suppose he is arrived [with] the Emperor; and because the ambassador Catoli[co] resident in England wrote unto the [Lord Chievres] and the Chancellor that the said Cardinal should come ... way, and see the confirmation of the new treaty, and did it not, they repute not small negligence in the said ambassador, as his secretary showed me, who can have as yet not his answer and despatch to return to his master." The steward of Lord Roeulx is appointed to carry the Toison to the French King, and leaves this week. Ravestein returned home last Friday. Owing to the order of France, he is more esteemed than he used to be. Chievres is created Duke of Sora in the kingdom of Naples. * * * (A passage very much mutilated.) Dorval, the French ambassador, and his colleagues have been in Flanders seeing the country, accompanied by the Lord of Sempy, and will be here this evening. Understands they wait for the Emperor's answer, and for the business of Gueldres. Hears from Marroton (Marlion) that the French offer to divide Italy with the Emperor. Has intimated this to the Pope's nuncio (fn. 2) here.
Yesterday Casius's brother came from the Emperor. "The Master of the Posts saith, that in case the King think expedient the coming of the Emperor [unto] this country, first and foremost, his highness must purvey that he shall not need of money, to the intent his majesty be not compelled to fall in obligation with the re[gents] here, and consequently to condescend to their desires. Furthermore, that without the King's coming over to Calais, considering the little execution of the Archduchess and her cold condition, that the said Emperor's business will be in such surety. The Doctor, bastard brother to the Lord Berghes, showed me that the Cardinal Sedunensis went the night that he departed from Barrow to a castle called Aswike (Heeswyk ?), two leagues this side Graves, and after, without losing time, to Genappes, a castle of the Duke of Cleves, where he was met of 200 horsemen of the said Duke, that brought him out of all danger." The ambassador of Arragon says Sivylif, Valladolid, and Medina del Campo are in great commotion. They will be ruled by none other than their sovereign. Hans Nagel affirms that Sir Geo. Nevil is gone to Metz, and how Richard de la Pole and he both, with all the company ... shall go within this few days into France; and the semblable showed [me Alam]ire, who hath received of me other ten florins of gold, and lo[ngeth for] an answer from your grace.
Has borrowed of the Vicechancellor xx ... as will appear by a bill made ... to his steward, Sir Hugh Walker. Begs that it may be paid to Tuke. Brussels, 23 Nov. 1516.
Hol., pp. 4, badly mutilated. Partly cipher, with decipher by Tuke, also mutilated. Add.
23 Nov.
Vit. B. XIX. 325. B. M.
"In the letters of Mr. Pace dated at Su[rrike, the 19th of] November, he writeth that," &c. (See the extract from the original under that date.)
"In the letters of the said Mr. Pace dated ... November."
Received the letters with the articles of the new [confederation] between the Emperor, Henry and the King of Castile, [with a copy of the] new articles to be proposed to the Swiss. The French peace is accepted in such manner as is com[prised in his] former letters, prejudicial to no man. The confederation before made with the French King is rev[oked]. They have plainly declared in open diet that th[ey will] not grant the French King any men for his m[oney]. To secure this they have made proclamation [throughout] the country that no man shall take the French King's wages under pain of death and los[s of] his goods. They have excepted the Pope [and] the Emperor as their confederates, and at their requisition w[ill allow] their soldiers liberty to go against their enemies, [as well the] French King as other. The lords of Zurich have refused to take an[y money] of the French King, because they will be bound to him in [no]thing. Pace then advertised the secre[tary of] the canton of Zurich of the conclusion of the said new league, in which an honorable peace is reserved for the S[wiss]. On [de]manding what they intended to do in the King's causes postquam [ac]cep[er]ant pacem Gallicam, they replied that the said peace could [in] nothing let the Emperor's and the King's causes there, considering that they were not bound to the French King, but are free to treat with all other princes. They therefore desired Pace in the next diet, held in that town, to propose what was committed to him, and answer should be made to him, non obstante pace Gallica. It was necessary to get rid of Galias or the Cardinal Sion, for their private squabbles have destroyed "all the affairs and themselves also." The Bastard said that his master had sent two of his great captains into Rob. de la Marche's land to take the Cardinal Sion, or "die for it." The Emperor had written to Pace commanding him to stay in Switzerland, no man believinghis ambassadors resident there. Galeazzo is likely to do no harm, &c. (See next entry, from the original.)
In Tuke's hand.
f. 327. (In a different hand).—The 22nd inst. the writer reached Constance, where he found the "Duke of [Bari named by] the Emperor Duke of Millen." The Duke received him very kindly, and ratified the promises made to [Henry] and "your grace (Wolsey), [and gave] unto me writing sufficient upon the same; and ... upon the augmentation of the matier of the Kynge veralie [the said] Duke is very wise, discreet, and virtuous." Thinks God has preserved him to this ho[nor and] exaltation. The French King continually labors for one ... conclusion of peace with the Swiss. One article made by him is, that they shall [bind] themselves to aid him against all who pretend to the realm of France; "which thyng is ... to be regarded." The Swiss have decided to [hold] a diet shortly for the writer, where he is to have "one resolute a[nswer]." Will be with them tomorrow. "Omnia apud illos sunt intert ... propter largissimam provisionem Galli," who has promised [them] a million of gold. Constance, 23 Nov. Sends with these the Duke of Bari's credence to the [King] and "your grace."
Contemporary copy, pp. 4, mutilated.
R. O. 2587. [PACE] to [WOLSEY].
The Count Galiace is like to do no harm. If he agree with the French on the terms demanded, Francis will have him into France, and, as his friends think, strike off his head. Hopes to have a resolute answer when he obtains audience here, especially if the Emperor will follow the advice of his friends. Will bind the King in the least sum he can, and not exceed Wolsey's order. The articles proposed by Wolsey are so "honest," they cannot reasonably be refused. The Pope's ambassadors have sent to urge him to join the new league. Has written to the Bp. of Worcester to the same effect, and to bring the Pope to a speedy declaration. The Swiss have made specific exception of the Pope and Emperor, as their confederates in the peace, that they may be able to claim their men jure fœderis.
Hol., pp. 2.
23 Nov.
P. S.
2588. For JOHN DE CASTRO, merchant of Spain.
Licence to export 1,000 quarters of wheat; not to exceed 6s. 8d. the quarter. Greenwich, 6 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Nov.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 9.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Has not written to him since 12 Oct., but divers times to the King; the last time yesterday by the Emperor's order. As the enemies are thick sown it must be kept secret. The Emperor is much gratified that the Cardinal of Sion has written so abundantly of the King and Wolsey's affection for him, which he hopes the Emperor will certify by mouth, notwithstanding the intrigues of Villynger, Courtvyll, and the Spanish ambassador Urreas, who came yesternight. Sends a letter from Pace. In his letter of 12 Oct. advised Wolsey that he had taken 6,000 fl. of the Fucars at the Emperor's desire, which he thought were in Lady Margaret's hands. The Emperor, when he was near the Rhine, sent Lewis Marroton to Wingfield for the money, which Wingfield gave, knowing that he had spent largely for this journey. It is astonishing how the Almains are abused or corrupted by their natural enemies the French. The whole "regiment" of Insprok has revolted from the Emperor. Knows, however, his courage is such that he will perform this journey. He has gone already 400 English miles since he left Augsburg, and Sion has assured him that Henry will furnish him with money so long as he is west of the Rhine. Hopes nothing will fail for lack of that, though this year they have found the merchants very strange to deal with, especially in the money sent for the defence of Verona. This has been a marvellously costly year to him. Two months ago the King's provision for his diet expired. Hagenow in the Nether Alsatia, 24 Nov. 1516.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My Lord Cardinal's grace.
24 Nov.
Galba, B. IV. 237b. B. M.
Has been appointed by the Emperor to join Sir Rob. Wingfield in transcribing secret papers of great importance. It will be desirable that the ambassador mentioned in the King's letters should be sent. The Emperor will certainly remain faithful to the King. 24 Nov. 15[16].
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Card. York.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Has received the imperial letters commanding him, in his King's name and the Emperor's, not to leave Switzerland, whatever the peace formed with the French may be, lest the affairs of the allies go to ruin. Had no intention of leaving out of despair, but was going to visit the Emperor on the advice of those who favor his Majesty. They who favor the French will easily be frightened by sending a small body of troops into their territories, or by his threatening to prevent the importation into Switzerland of corn, wine and salt. A messenger has just come from England with the heads of the treaty lately concluded. Will remain at present till he hear from him. The French treaty concluded this day will do no harm, as the Swiss are not bound to the French. Zurich, 24 Nov. 1516.
Copy, corrected in Pace's hand; Lat., pp. 2. Endd.: Exempla literarum Cæsaris cum responso.
24 Nov.
S. B.
2592. For ANTH. FITZHERBERT, serjeant at law.
To be the King's sergeant at law. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
24 Nov.
S. B.
2593. For TH. BABINGTON and ANTHONY his son.
Lease, for 21 years, of "le Haselyng hous" in Foxlow ..., "le Great Clyff," "Wylkyngfeld," and "le Spereacres leys" in Hertyngton, Derby, at an annual rent of 21s.: on surrender of patent 17 Feb. 12 Hen. VII. leasing to him the premises which formerly belonged to Fras. Viscount Lovell, attainted. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
24 Nov.
P. S.
2594. For JAS. AP JENKYNS, yeoman usher of the Chamber.
To be bailiff of the lordship and keeper of the manor of Sandford, Peverell, Devon, vice John Jakson, deceased. Greenwich, 22 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Nov.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
24 Nov.
P. S.
2595. For HEN. PATEMER of London, draper.
Licence to export 400 quarters of wheat; not to exceed 6s. a quarter. Greenwich, 18 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Nov.
Fr. 8 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
25 Nov.
R. O. Ellis, 3 S. I. 271.
Refers him to his letter written to the King. Letters are to be sent to the King Catholic, Chievres and the Chancellor. They are Charles's favorites, and will never be removed from the government, as he is fast in his friendships, unless he is persuaded to it by the Emperor; and they will now suspect the King's letters, as they suspect he has designs against them. Thinks that letters should be sent to himself and Wingfield in cipher. Encloses one, after adding certain letters and names and changing the order. The last he had from Mr. Secretary was not sufficient. Sends Richmond to Calais with this budget. The Duke of Gueldres has written to the King Catholic in a more modest style, and is inclined to treat. Has not been paid 30l. he lent Spinelly. Has received from him a bill for it on Mr. Heron. Bruxelles, 25 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My good Lord Cardinal, &c.
26 Nov.
S. B.
Mortmain licence to found a college for the inculcation of theology, philosophy and the arts, to consist of one president and thirty scholars, at Oxford, between Marten College on the east, a lane near Canterbury College and the garden of the house of St. Frideswide on the west, the lane of Oriall College on the north, and the wall of the town on the south: to be called Corpus Christi College. Also mortmain licence for alienating possessions to the annual value of 350l. to the said College. This licence to be made on surrender of patent, 12 March 4 Hen. VIII., licensing the said Bishop to alienate possessions, to the annual value of 100l., to the Prior and Convent of Winchester Cathedral. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
26 Nov.
S. B.
2598. To CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, Master of the Rolls.
To cancel four recognizances made at Lichfield, 22 & 23 Hen. VII., before John Yotton, then Dean of Lichfield Cathedral, and others, viz.: 1st, by Simon Mountford of Sutton Colfeld, Warw., and Sir John Ferrers of Tamworth, Warw.; 2nd, by Mountford and Wm. Gresseley of Drakelow, Derby; 3rd, by Mountford, Humph. Okever of Okever, Staff., and Th. Dethyck of Newhall; and 4th, by Mountford, Wm. Fylding of Prynsthorp, Warw., and Leonard Verney of Shalleswell, Oxon. Greenwich, 26 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
26 Nov.
S. B.
Lease, for 21 years, of an acre of land in the forest of Wyre and in the lordship of Ernewod, Salop, parcel of the earldom of March, which land has lain waste for sixteen years, and upon which is a decayed mill called Medbrok Mill, at an annual rent of 2s. Madeley is to rebuild the mill within four years, and to have timber out of the said forest. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
26 Nov.
S. B.
2600. For CECILE BRYSE alias BRICE of Norwich, aged 14.
Pardon for having robbed her master at the instigation of another person, for which she and the said person were condemned to be executed. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Has seen the King's letters to Pace. Thanks the King for the favorable expressions conveyed in them, as also in those of Sion and Wolsey. Zurich, 27 Nov. 1516.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: Literæ epi. Verulani oratoris apostolici apud Helvetios.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Fears he shall not answer the high opinions conceived of him by Wolsey and Sion. Refers him to Pace. Visconti has deceived him, and seduced other Italians. Had endeavored all they could to dissuade him from defection. They are, however, in expectation that all things will turn out well for the King, and the defection of Visconti be of no consequence. But for Pace's efforts the Swiss would have united with the French. If the French attempt to employ the 6,000 men, it will create new dissensions. The five cantons have consented to the conditions of a bare peace, in order to recover the treaty signed by the eight, and their former union. They will, therefore, probably listen to the King's proposal. Has not failed in any part of his negotiation. Zurich, 27 Nov. 1516.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add. and endd.
27 Nov.
P. S.
2603. For JAS. AP JENKYN, yeoman usher of the Chamber.
To have the fee of the Crown, being 6d. a day, vice Ric. Smyth, deceased. Greenwich, 26 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
27 Nov. 2604. For JOHN BROUN of London, laborer.
Pardon for killing Roger Farwell, on London Bridge, in selfdefence. Westm., 27 Nov.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
28 Nov.
Vit. B. XIX. 329. B. M.
Wrote last from [this] town the ... of this month, and sent it by a "proper messenger ... order to be delivered into your own hands, w ... taken the right course, so that we shall shortly h[ave here the] messenger again." Next day w[rote] to Wolsey, "and that ny[ght I] came to this town, and likewise the ambassador [whom] the King Catholic has sent toward the court ... by his ambassadors resident there." Henry may be sure that "what for need and desire to attain that ... favor of the governors he is becoming as good sh ... French as possible." The same night there arrived here the Treasurer Villynger and Courtevylle, sent in haste by the said King and his Council to get the delivery ... into their hands, and that the Emperor should accept [the treaty] of Noyon. They had audience that night. Their request was put in articles to be discussed by the Council, "of which [some] ben either blinded, abused, or corrupted by the French and their adherents."
Next day went to the Emperor by his order, who told him of the request of the "before name[d ambassadors], with many things sounding as though the parr ... his nephew's things and his own necessity ... of his counsellors and subjects of his c[ourt, that] he should be fain to follow their petition ... [His maje]sty was then ready to set forward toward the church ... [cer]tayn to frame an answer to his saying in as brief form [as he] could." I recited in the same the perfection of such avises as he had received from the Cardinal Sedunensis and his other ambassadors," of the stedfast faithfulness of Henry towards him already fully proved by actions; and showed how Henry had put himself to "great business and howge charge and cost" for the weal of Christendom and the defence of the Emperor, his nephew and his other confederates, asking him to consider the weal of Christendom, of himself and friends.
The Emperor then went down and mounted his horse, taking Wingfield with him, on horseback, to the "great church." As they passed the streets, "I upon his left hand, [being] approached nigh to the church door, there cam a henne, beinge right fair, and divers of color, which peaceably [did l]yghte upon my bridle hand, as she had been a hawk, [and there remain]yd without moving, till one of the Emperor's huyssers, which wende to have done well re ... chance the Emperor seemed to be greatly ... he esteemed verily the same to presage some ... and at the least he esteemed that before the end..[the] lady of France should com unto my hande for ..." After [mass] the Emperor said that though the other ambassadors were pressing for a reply, he would wait until the Cardinal Sion had arrived from England. The next two days were passed by the Emperor in hunting, and he killed fifty wild boars.
Today Count Caryate, Governor of Verona, &c. being at dinner with Wingfield, he received the King's letters dated the ... inst. at Greenwich, [with] the ratifications, commission, and copies mentioned therein; also a letter from the Cardinal Sion "shew[ing how he was] at the city of Spyre, eleven Dutch mile hence, where he [is waiting] the Emperor's pleasure, whether his majesty ... majesty being advised sent forth with certain ... [nam]yd and appointed which way the said Cardinal [should] pass," so that he will be here on the last day of this month at farthest. Before the Cardinal comes, as Wingfield has no letters [for] the Emperor from Henry, he will not desire to execute Henry's orders. Thanks the King for his good opinion; the poverty and labor he endures, he trusts, will be soon repaired. Tully doth write, "Honos alit artes et omnes incenduntur (ad) studia gloria:" yet, for his part, if the King's glory be amplified by any act of his, his desires are fully accomplished. Hagenaw in Nether Elsace, 28 Nov. 1516. Signed.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated.
28 Nov.
P. S.
Pardon to Ric. Herrynge, John Swynneskoo, Walter Shyrwodde, John Saunders, Ric. Walkar, Wm. Pysforde, Ric. Smythe, Hen. Kylky, Ric. Marlar, John Bayly, John Moseley, Humph. Touckes, John Barneby, Hen. Hinde, Wm. Cotton, Ric. Totty, John Stronge, Ric. Kemsey and Ric. Burwey, mercers, alias hat merchants, of Coventry, and Joan Bryan, of the said city, widow, for transgressing the statute concerning the importation of hats and caps. Corff Castle, 26 Aug. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
28 Nov.
S. B.
2607. For SIR EDW. NEVILL.
Wardship of Roger, son and heir of Gervase Howrne, deceased. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
28 Nov.
P. S.
Annuity of 40 marks, during pleasure. Greenwich, 27 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
28 Nov.
S. B.
2609. For ELLEN MATHEW of Walley, Lanc., aged 20.
Pardon, on confession of Rob. Slatter, executed for felony, with whom she had been convicted, and committed to Stafford Gaol, that she was not a party to the offence. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII.
30 Nov.
Calig. B. VI. 138. B. M.
Has delivered the letters to Albany, and told him that his master will be satisfied to receive Albany's promise, under his private hand and seal, to repair to England, which he refuses, for since he proposed to the estates of Scotland to repair to France to see the King and his wife the Duchess, he was never in so great trouble. However good his purpose is, they make greater difficulties than before. The same day he repaired "to the Tawbuthe, where they kyppe thayre parliament," and argued with all the estates of the land to no purpose. They will not consent to his removal until their King is of full age; unless he can obtain a prorogation of the truce concluded at London, and do justice upon all the thieves. On Clarencieux urging that he should declare what good causes took him to England, and if they were satisfied he might give the bond, that if he could not accomplish his promise without them all would be useless, Albany declined, as it would disturb all he had done, and desired letters patent might be sent. Being alone with his secretary, Jaques Marechal, he said he would rather have his head cut off than sign a bond and not fulfil it. "These words said, he took my hand betwixt his two hands, and sware to me by the faith he oweth unto God, and by the faith of an (sic) gentleman, that he would put himself in his most effectual devoir to have his leave of the said Scots of Scotland, to go by England to the King; and said also, if he were not as well minded to go to the King, as his highness, your grace, or any other living would, or that he would not without feigning or dissimulation, in condition he were ready to depart, go on foot from Edinburgh to London, that he forsaketh his part of paradise, and giveth him, body and soul, to all the devils of hell; and further sware in like manner, upon an piece of the Holy Cross, and on divers other relies, which be in a tablet of gold hanging about his neck, beseeching God if he minded not as he said, that all his life an evil chance and evil fortune might fall upon him." If he might be one of those, who could do so good a deed as establish the peace of the two realms, he would think himself "the most happiest gentleman in the world."
Desires that the Lords Dacres and Conyers should remain as hostages in Scotland, besides the two Earls in Bollene. Jaques Marchall goes to France to procure money for his return home, and a commission from the French King. The Chancellor of France cancelled the former because Madame d'Angoulesme and the Great Master were not then in court. He speaks so fair that Clarencieux thinks if he were once out of Scotland he would never be there again. He has had so much trouble he wishes he had broken both his arms and his legs before he set foot in Scotland. When the "brullerye" was among them, the states told him if he once left he should never return, and they would forsake the French alliance. Alnwick, 30 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add., To my Lord Cardinal [hi]s good grace.
R. O. 2611. SCOTLAND.
"Articles concerning the King's mind and pleasure, to be declared to his cousin the Duke of Albany, for answer to be made by Clarencieux king-at-arms, upon such writings as, by way of replication to the last instructions of the said Clarencieux, the said Duke lately delivered to him to be declared and showed to the King's highness."
As Albany agrees to the King's wishes in reference to the coming of the Duke to his presence, according to the overtures made on Albany's behalf by De Playnys, for the establishment of peace between the two kingdoms, the King will be glad to see him, and will receive him honorably.
Though the King has sufficient grounds in law to make irrefragable answer to the Duke touching the new additions to the articles passed between the Cardinal of York and him, the bond mentioned in the letters confirmatory for his security in coming to the King, the diffidence pretended for leaving his safeconduct at Berwick, and his defence on the subject of the suspicions attaching to his abode in Scotland, his request of hostages, and his assump- tion of the style of governor in the last article, the King consents to the following demands.
1. Clarencieux shall deliver the King's letters confirmatory of the articles between Wolsey and Albany under the great seal: the Duke shall deliver similar letters, authenticated by the three Estates of Scotland. The style of Governor, assumed by Albany in the last article, as it is only a form, shall be omitted. The King not agree to it without admitting Albany's title. Such disputed titles are constantly waived in negotiations between the Emperor, France, Castile, &c.; and the King cannot prejudice the rights of the Queen of Scots, his sister.
2. As to hostages. Though the King's safeconduct is sufficient, yet as the Duke is coming for the good of peace, the King is willing to send to Boulogne the Earl of Surrey, son and heir to the Duke of Norfolk, Admiral of England, and the Earl of Devonshire, who is of the blood royal, till the Duke arrive in France. But it will be necessary to have assurance under the French King's seal for their deliverance. These shall be sufficient for the Duke without requiring other hostages to lie in Scotland, about whom new difficulties might be raised. As to the objections which the Duke makes to granting any bond for his coming to the King, it is only reasonable that where one party is bound the other should be also. However, if Albany cannot be induced to give an open bond, the King will take his secret promise under his sign manual. As to the prorogation of the truce till the feast of St. John the Baptist, as it is a very short time to arrange matters between the feast of St. Andrew and Midsummer, the King has confirmed it for the term of a whole year, beginning at the feast of St. Andrew's next. Agrees to the proposed diet, and has commissioned Dacre and Magnus to meet the commissioners at Morpeth, according to the last recess, before the expiration of the truce, there to treat of all matters comprised in the letters of recess made first at Coldingham, and afterwards at London, and for mutual redress, especially of the grievances complained of by Rosse Herald.
Lastly. Though the King has confirmed the articles between Wolsey and the Duke, and extended the truce, if the Duke will not make assurance of coming to the King, the prorogation is to be void.
Pp. 13.
30 Nov.
R. MS. 13 B. II. 26b. B. M.
"Responsa per Gubernatorem et Status Regni Scotiæ ad Articulos magri Francisci de Bordeaulx, &c."
Ep. Reg. SC. I. 249. Adv. MS. 447. Thank the King for his inquiries after the Scotch King's health. Their loyalty to James and Albany remains unshaken. Had carried on the war for two years on their own resources, and only consented to an honorable peace. Francis had set the example. Were urged by this course to Albany, who was at that time in France, though his comprehension was subject to very hard conditions. The interests of France have always been dear to Scotland. Are rejoiced to hear of the intended marriage between the Princess and the King Catholic, and remind him of the promised affinity for the child of his Queen (Claude) not yet born. As to the comté of Xaintonge, when Henry V. was in France, Charles VII. asked assistance of Rob. Duke of Albany, Governor of Scotland, and 7,000 men were sent under the Earl of Douglas, afterwards Duke of Tours, the Earl of Buchan, afterwards Constable of France, and Lord Darnley, ancestor of Lord d'Aubigny. They defeated the English in a battle at Baugy, where the Dukes of Clarence and Somerset were slain; but fell afterwards at Verneuil. Again, when Henry VI. held Paris, James I, sent the Earl of Orkney with 5,000 men, by whose aid the English were expelled from France. For these reasons the comté of Xaintonge was granted to the Scotch Kings, as may be seen in a deed under the great seal of the French King. It would be most unjust to keep back what was bought so dearly. Thank the King for promising to decide the question by the rights of law; also for the forces which he says are prepared for their assistance if necessary, but are sorry he should imagine that they distrust him, for nothing would induce them to do so. As to the peace with England, which he says prevents him from ratifying the treaty with Scotland, confirmed by De Planis, it was expressly stipulated in the treaty made by Lewis XII. and James IV., when he took up arms for France, that neither party should make any agreement with the English without consent of the other. That treaty expired a year and a day after his death, but was renewed by De Planis, by a special mandate. The time is now come for fulfilling his promises, as today is the last of the truce with England. The Bp. of Ross will explain everything more fully. Edinburgh, St. Andrew's day, 30 Nov. 1516.
30 Nov.
Vit. B. XIX. 331. B. M.
Wrote [last] on the 24th ult. to Wolsey from this town. Since ... same has written to the King [from] the same place. This evening, about five o'cl[ock, the] Cardinal Sion came here, "and [had it] not been St. Andrew's day, which is patron of ... the Emperor was fain to be at the evensong, notwithstand[ing it] was right foul weather, he would have mett with h[im him] self." He sent his marshal, with all the nobles of his court, and their companies, to meet and [conduct] the Cardinal to his lodgings. The Pope's ambassador a ... is and Wingfield rode to meet him. At ... o'clock the Emperor sent for the Cardinal and Wingfield. The Cardinal made a statement of all that he had done in his journey, describing the proposals he had made to the King Catholic, and the answer he had received [from] him (on which Wingfield descants with his usual rhetoric). When he had finished "the Emperor for his part ... letters and recomendations in most ... form, rejoicing to behold the ... saying them to be like his own and upon ... to the King and your grace with all others being ... cause amongst which the Queen's grace was ... in the declaration which the said most reverend Cardinal ... made, nor in convenient thanks by his majesty's ... [con]clusions he shewed to be as joyous and as well content and ... and also made right gracious and humane thanks to [the] Cardinal." [Wingfield] told the Emperor that he had received letters from the King two [days] ago, with "the King's [confirmation] as well of the new league" as of an article c[oncerning the] Swiss and their pension, and a commission to him to deliver the ra[tification] to the Emperor, and to receive similar ones, with his solemn oath for its observance. Hagenaw in Nether Elsace, 30 Nov. 1516. Signed.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated.
In praise of his Utopia. Mechlin, 1516.
Vit. B. xx. 22. B. M.
2615. [WOLSEY] to [PACE].
[Has received Pace's letters, containing] "such news as have been occurrent in those parts. The King gives you his full good thanks for your diligent acquittal in that behalf. The new confederation, league and amity, which has been long debated with the King of Castile, is now perfectly accepted on both sides, though the counsellors of that King made difficulties, and in the conclusion thereof showed themselves somewhat dull and untoward. But now by experience perceiving the brittleness of other amities, and regarding the commodities that have and may ensue unto the King their master's country by renovellyng of the intelligence between the two houses," they are more inclinable and better contented with our amity; and think this confederation constant and sure without fictions or abuses, and the other unstable and grounded upon a brittle foundation. Supposes undoubtedly that the King of Castile and his subjects, as well of Spain as of these parts, "were never more assuredly knit in firm peace, love and amity with any King of England than [th]ay now be." The Swiss have not only been comprised therein as his friends, but a special article has been drawn up "in a book apart," whereby all the confederates are bound to contribute for their support.
The Pope has entered the confederation, so that they are not to serve against the principal confederates, but to fight for them whenever they shall be required, as will appear by copies of the treaty and the separate article inclosed. Though the King of Castile will probably intimate this to them, yet [Pace shall] notify it to them, and thank them for their kind promise, communicated in his former letters, not to serve any prince against Henry, [but to take] his wages, against any other, without [any yearly] pension, with good words confirming them in their benevolent intention. To this end the King directs his familiar letters to them, with a clause of credence for Pace a copy of which is enclosed. As the King of France's overtures to England by his late ambassador have not succeeded, percase that King treat with them to make enterprise against the King of England, the King desires Pace to resort to the Swiss, and reside with them until he hear further, in order to discover their condition, and the practices of the French King among them; to establish them in their good mind towards Henry "in observing their promises, and not suffering any of the cantons to serve the French King" in any enterprise [ag]ainst the King's highness, his lands or dominions; "for the King's grace is informed that the said [Fren]che King hath now in his wages 12,000 Suchys read[y] to serve against the King's grace, at which the King cannot a little mervaile." He is to have such Swiss revoked as are in wages with France against [England]; and send word of his proceedings with all diligence. Sends him 100l.
Pp. 3, much mutilated.
Vit. B. XX. 13a. B. M. 2. Draft of the above in Ruthal's hand.
Much mutilated.
Vit. B. xx. 35b. B. M.
2616. [PACE] to _.
"... certain knowledge ... [of pea]x made betwixte ... [th]e Kinge (intercedente ...) thys is one article, that ... which the said King Catho[lic] ... [wa]s bunde to pay yearly to the French [King] for the recognition of the realm [of] Napuls and the sustentation of his French [w]iffe shall be now by the vigor of this new peace paid unto the Emperor."
On a separate piece of paper.
"The Swyces, after the conclusion of their last diet, did show unto me that it was for no negligence, but that it is not their manner to comprise any prince in their lieges but such as be confederate with them. And therefore they would that his grace should be comprised in the French chapters at their instance, as he is. The French King hath comprised in his chapters Regem Catholicum et Regem [Navar[ræ, quasi Rex Catholicus ... rex."
Then follows a paragraph so mutilated that nothing can be made of it.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated. The leaf has been reversed in the binding.
R.MS. 13 B. II. 250. B. M. Ep. Reg. SC. I. 22 2617. JAMES V. to FRANCIS I.
Heard from Matthew de Villebresme, Francis Chamberlain, of the peace made between him and Charles Prince of Spain, in which himself and Scotland are included. Though the friendship between Scotland and Spain has received no check, the prelates and peers approve of this comprehension, to certify which he has sent the present letter, confirmed by the Great Seal. Edinburgh.
Has looked over all his letters received during the last month from the Emperor and Madame. Thinks they will be effective for the prosecution of the affairs commenced. Is sure the Emperor has not informed the secretary of Madame rightly, though the secretary's letter is quite correct, (n'est que bonne). It was written on the 22nd ult., the Cardinal of Sion's to Wolsey on the 23rd. The Cardinal's caution, not to credit news from France, Flanders, or elsewhere, must have been in consequence of the Emperor's answer to the secretary. Believes his letters and Wingfield's to be true. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Monsr. le Cardinal.
Lett. di Principi, I. 17b. 2619. The BP. OF BAYEUX to AMMONIUS.
Would willingly have complied with the desire expressed in his letters received yesterday, glad of an opportunity of doing service to the King and the Cardinal of York, but was not able, as he had sent the brief to the Pope (N. Sig.) to show him that he could not execute it. Doubts not that it will be made out in a new form, to satisfy his majesty, as the writer is certain. Will send tomorrow, for this special purpose, a messenger on horseback, that the Pope may understand the desire England has for this. Trusts that De Gigli will have heard of his sending back the brief. The Abp. of St. Andrew's had left Paris many days before the writer received his commission. Nobody knew what road he took, for he had sent his household forward by different ways, all for fear of you. Begs Ammonius to take his part. Thinks the Pope will not fail to satisfy the King, nor De Gigli to solicit him. Has sent the latter information of everything.
Is glad Ammonius is so near Wolsey's palace (palazzo di sua signoria (fn. 3) ). Thinks, if he wishes to join himself (accostarvi) to the said palace, he will not stand in his own way. As to the success of his affairs, to judge both from his own account and that of others, would sing for joy; but here the season is so cold, that every grasshopper has lost his powers, as the writer has lost a great part of his own. Grieves much that [his own] services are not appreciated. Perceives that he has fallen into an ungrateful climate. Will never be wanting in his service to Ammonius. Desires to be commended to Erasmus, who, while he has given the world such great proof of his prudence, has given the writer the greatest, namely, that while wandering every day among barbarous nations he has determined not to fix his residence here. Amboise, 1516.


  • 1. f. 94.
  • 2. Tuke deciphers this "nephew."
  • 3. Wolsey had just been mentioned.