Henry VIII: January 1545, 26-31

Pages 38-59

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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January 1545, 26-31

26 Jan. 88. Mercenaries.
R. O. Letters of retainer binding Godfroi de Bocholt to serve Henry VIII. with 500 men of arms upon conditions specified. Grenwiche, 26 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Seal lost. Bocholt's signature faded.
Large parchment. French.
R. O 2. Contemporary copy of the above.
Fr. Pp.4.
R. O 3. Similar letters for Idell Wulf von Goeten Bourgh with 500 men of arms. Grenewiche, 26 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Seal much injured. Signed: Eyttill Wolff myn hant.
Large parchment. French.
26 Jan. 89. Bucler and Mont.
R. O. Warrant to Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, to pay diets to Mr. Buckler, the Queen's secretary and Dr. Mount who are appointed to repair into the parts beyond sea, viz. to Buckler at 26s. 8d. from this date, and to Mount at 13s. 4d. from 1 Oct. last, and also such post money as either of them shall signify. Grenewich, 26 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Copy, pp. 2. Subscribed with, note that it is a true copy.
90. Bucler and Mont.
St. P., x. 222.
R. O.
Instructions for Bucler and Mont.
Mr. Buclere and Dr. Mount, taking with them these instructions and the writings prepared for their despatch shall repair to "the said Duke (fn. n1) " and delivering our commendations and letters of credence, say:—
1. That (where the Duke lately, supposing us at our town of Bulloyn, sent a servant with letters of credence and commission to signify his desire to serve us in person in these wars against France, with such horsemen and footmen as we thought expedient, which servant could not declare his message, as we had returned to England, nor "tarry such answer as we would have sent upon advertisement from our Council then at Bulloyn of his repair to the same") we send "the said A.B." to thank him for his offers. As the Duke's messenger arrived at the dissolving of our army, when our lieutenant and council there could not give such perfect answer as was requisite, we would know whether the said Duke remains in same mind; and, if so, the said A.B. shall desire to have in writing a note of the particulars of his numbers and the entertainment he requires and the articles of "reteyndre." As the Duke's messenger also declared at Bulloyn that the like desire to serve was "in the Landgrave of Hesse, whose daughter the said Duke hath married," they shall take occasion to talk of our long amity towards the Landgrave and the family of Saxony, and the practice not long ago for its establishment by league or treaty and for an agreement "touching matter of religion, remaining then, as they do yet, in some controversy and difference," for which certain Commissioners assembled, but, for want of good handling, parted without concluding. They shall say that no nations in Christendom are so likely to agree, having one enemy, the Bishop of Rome, so that if commissioners of good judgment and learning should confer together with moderation, an agreement must needs ensue. If they find the Duke inclined to an amity and to come to an agreement in religion, they shall say that they intend to advertise us of their discourse; and also that, as the Duke's messenger mentioned the Landgrave, they are commissioned to repair likewise to him, with letters of credence, to commune of these matters. They shall then set forth how kindly we took his gentle offer of service and frank proceeding, and dilate upon the surety which our amity should be to the whole band of their confederacy, marvelling that none of their princes have sought to enter with us by marriage or otherwise, and setting forth the qualities of our two daughters. If the Duke mention Duke Philip's suit for the Lady Mary, they shall say that, because Duke Philip could not perform the conditions, the matter ceased; and, if "the said Duke Maurice" make overture for some other prince in Almain, or say that he knows no meeter personage than Duke Philip, they shall say that they doubt whether we will eftsoons give ear to it for Duke Philip, but if there were any other personage meet for the said marriage his suit would be favourably received.
They shall then report their whole discourse to us and depart towards the Landgrave, to whom (after delivering the letters of credence) they shall say that being certified by a messenger of his son-in-law Duke Maurice, who offered to serve us in person against the Frenchmen, that the Landgrave bore us earnest goodwill and would also serve us in our present wars, we send them to show that we continue to bear him the love which we declared a few years past by sundry ambassadors, and to thank him and learn his mind therein. If he condescend, they shall desire to have the particulars of his offer in writing, and suggest that if honorable means were devised for the establishment of amity between us and him and his confederates we might easily be induced thereto. Upon his answers if they find him well disposed they shall discourse with him of religion and marriage as with Duke Maurice.
In case, upon any occasion ministered by Duke Maurice or the Lansgrave, they have a pretext to go to Duke Hans Frederic of Saxony they shall tell the Lansgrave that if they have any answer from us they will return to him with it; and shall then repair to Duke Hans, and, delivering our letters and commendations, say that a messenger having lately been sent to us from Duke Maurice, with offers of his service and that of his father-in-law the Lansgrave, they are sent into these parts, and think it convenient to visit him. If he take it thankfully they shall, of themselves, enter with him of the state of the world, of the General Council now in hand, and of the Bishop of Rome's practices; and take occasion to discourse concerning religion and marriage as with the others. They shall then say that, having written of their proceedings with the Lansgrave and Duke Maurice, they look daily for answer from us and must return to them to report it; but they will also advertise us of their proceedings with him and return to him with the answer.
They shall then tarry with the Lansgrave till they learn our further pleasure.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp.30. Endd.. Instruct, for Mr. Buckler and Mr. Mount.
91. Bucler and Mont.
R. O.
St. P., x. 278.
The King's instructions to Mr. Buckler, the Queen's secretary, and Mr. Dr. Mounts, sent as his agents to the Landgrave of Hesse.
First, Mr. Buckler, with these instructions and the letters and writings prepared for this journey, shall secretly repair to Spyr[es], where he will find Dr. Mount, to whom he shall communicate these instructions and declare that we have received his sundry letters to our contentation. Then they shall, together, journey with speed to the Landgrave, deliver our letters of credence and proceed as follows:—
They shall say that, lately, by Mount's report, we perceived his offer to send us 8,000 or 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, and his further conference of the affairs of Christendom, and of us and the princes and states there, and of a league between us and the Protestants, including the king of Denmark, with overture of a marriage between Lady Mary and that King's brother, the duke of Holst. We have therefore addressed them specially to him to thank him and to learn particulars, and say that (considering what a number of princes, states and cities are joined together and that we cannot enter their league without the consent of all, which would require either a notable assembly or great delay in sending to each severally, and that our common enemy the Bishop of Rome ceases not to work and finds "no small princes glad to give ear unto the same"), we think it best that we, the king of Denmark, the duke of Holst and himself, with the towns of Lubeck, Hamborough, and Breame and such others as he thinks can come in to us in time, should join forthwith in a league "offensive and defensive" (altered by Paget to "such as they shall think expedient" but afterwards retained). As for the marriage, we thank him for his overture and, having two daughters, both well educated and qualified for a prince of the greatest honor, and "if ought should come to our son without issue (whom God long preserve!) the next inheritors to our realm," there must be honorable conditions offered by the king of Denmark on behalf of his brother (for the man should seek the woman); and we are pleased that the Landgrave should travail therein if he perceives the King well inclined. It will be expedient, considering that the conditions required for our daughters are greater for the one than for the other, that the King of Denmark determine not upon one of them till he knows these conditions, so that if the conditions required for the one are too high, he may yet go through with the other. As the Landgrave seemed, upon his offer of men of war, to desire some reciproque, in case the French king would molest him by the duke of Brunswyke or some other papist; and as the time to employ the men of war approaches, we would know whether the Landgrave will himself lead them (which we much desire and for which he should have decent entertainment) or what other notable men he would send with them, which way they should come and what reciproque he will require. Great expedition being necessary, an embassade should be sent to us speedily, and (considering what a tract of time it would take to send into Denmark and tarry there for answer, and then to send to us and we to send again thither) the Landgrave should be persuaded to send one or two of his Council to the king of Denmark, taking in their way the cities of Lubeck, Hamburgh and Breame, to come direct from thence, with others sent by the said king and cities, fully instructed to conclude with us. No solemnity need be used in this embassade which should come secretly and should be fully authorised and instructed; yet, because there are three points, the league, the marriage and the offer of men of war, the principal point, to which the others are accessories, is the league, which if not speedily concluded cannot help either them or us, the ambassadors must be fully instructed what their masters will do and expect us to do in case of invasion and defension, by land and by sea, how much at the charge of the requirent and how much at theirs that be required, for how long, for traffic in each other's countries and inhibition of enemies' traffic, who shall be reputed a common enemy, maintenance of traitors and rebels, and all other things. [And, that the cities of Lubeck, Hamburgh and Breame may be the readier, we have caused certain of their agents here to be spoken with therein, who have undertaken to write to their towns, nothing doubting of their inclination to the same.] (fn. n2) In case the Landgrave desire that there might be some agreement in religion, mentioning peradventure the return of their last ambassade in vain, he shall be answgred that no prince nor man in the world desires more the glory of God and the true setting forth of His Word than we do; and albeit their commissioners, when here to commune of matters of religion, in conference with our learned men and with us, stood more earnestly upon their Confession than seemed reasonable, or than the truth could bear (since which time divers things upon which they stuck, as set forth by their preachers, are, as their books testify, set forth more modestly) and so departed without conclusion, yet, we both having one common enemy the Bishop of Rome, "unto whose faction no small princes be addicted," and being of like zeal for God's Word and the abolishing of the Bishop of Rome's authority and the superstitions that have crept in with it, no nations in Christendom are more like to agree. If the amity be first agreed upon (for that must be passed out of hand) and he eftsoons address some learned men to confer again with our commissioners upon matters of religion, we trust that a good conclusion will ensue, to the glory of God and establishment of perfect amity between us; to the terror of such as continually practise to hinder the same; as we know that even now there are great practices, wherein Chancellor Naves is a minister and has been this half year, to break the league of the Protestants and dissever the cities from the princes. They shall pray him to keep secret whence he heard this. Finally the Landgrave's answers are to be carefully noted and digested; and they shall advertise us with all diligence of their whole proceedings and of occurrents there.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp.48. Endd.
26 Jan. 92. Wotton to Henry VIII.
St. P., x.259.
R. O.
The Emperor having remitted him for answer to Granvelle, he sent next day, Tuesday, 20th inst., to know when to come for it; and was told to come next morning at 8 o'clock. Granvelle, however, only said that the Council had indeed met upon those matters the day before, but he could not give the answer till he had spoken again with the Emperor. Concluded from this that the answer they had determined upon was thought not expedient to be given. Begged him to consider the loss which our merchants sustained by the delay, and that Henry would doubtless, bona fide, observe the accord. Granvelle, "plucking in his shoulders said he did consider it well," and would answer as soon as he could. Has since sent daily for it, but cannot yet get it.
The count de Challant has shown him that the duke of Savoy, hearing of a universal peace and that the Emperor and Henry would meet, sent the said Count to be present, with letters of. credence to Henry and instructions, which he showed. Seeing now no likelihood of the meeting, the Count gave Wottoo the letters and a copy of the instructions, with a letter of his own (all sent herewith). Sends copy of the treaty betwixt the Emperor and the French king, which he has "gotten of a friend." The ambassador of Savoy says that captain Paulin is sent into Italy with money to convey 17 galleys, of the sort called "gallere renforzate, out of the middle earth seas into our seas." As the four months of deliberation are past, men begin to speak of the alternative of the marriages; and, although the term is thought to be prolonged, it seems that the Emperor "is minded to the marriage of his niece, with the duchy of Mylan." The Emperor departs not hence before Candlemas. Cardinal Meudon and the count de Laval, hostagiers, depart hence, whereby it seems that the French king has observed the treaty. Proclamation is made here that no manner of provisions shall be carried out of the country. This will famish all the Rhine side, which depends on the Low Countries for herring, saltfish, butter and cheese. Bruxelles, 26 Jan. 1544. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
26 Jan. 93. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. His servant, Hugh Good, returned on the 20th, three hours after he had despatched last into England, by whom he perceives Paget's good comfort for part of his suits and good counsel for the rest. Good also brought a letter from Paget concerning the vicarage of Milton, showing that one Sir Johnson importunes him in that matter. A good while ago, when the vicarage fell void, his fellows of Christchurch, at his request, presented his chaplain Sir Wm. Damporte; but thereupon appeared an advowson granted by the house of Christchurch before it was surrendered, which excluded Damporte at that time. Now, when the benefice again fell void, his said fellows (empowered thereto, as they pretend, by new statutes made since Wotton's departure) of themselves agreed upon the presentation of Damporte, and thereof notified Wotton. Sir Johnson, being one of the house, could not be ignorant of this, and yet obtained the King's letters requiring the Chapter to present him, thus surreptitiously obtaining the King's letters for what he knew to be already given and showing a great want of Christian charity. The matter therefore stands in other terms than Johnson has declared, and, as he has thanked his fellows for their goodness to Damporte, and they have granted the presentation, the writer could not now desire them to present Johnson without showing too great inconstancy. On hearing again from Paget, will gladly do his best to satisfy him.
The arrest of our men and ships continues, and I can get no answer from Granvele, but daily am answered that I shall have it next day, "whereof I much wonder." The copy of the treaty sent herewith to the King I had of him (fn. n3) of whom I wrote in last letter that told me of Poole's legacy into France. Bruxelles, 26 Jan. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
26 Jan. 94. Carne to the Council.
R. O As commanded by their letters of the 12th inst. to Wotton and him, to signify the Emperor's proceedings touching the discharge of the arrest here, and as, since writing on the 19th by Simon, Wotton's servant, no answer can be had therein though daily Grandevyll is called upon, to whom the Emperor referred it, thinks well to advertise their "long and cold proceedings therein" lest other practices are meant. This day came to Court here eight mariners to complain of the King's subjects. On the 21st arrived a post from Spain with news that the Spaniards agree that the Emperor's daughter shall marry the duke of Orleans. "Here be two new cardinals, made of late, one is a Spaniard the other is the Bishop of Rome's nuncio that came hither last." Some say that the Emperor has already declared to the French king concerning the marriage of Orleans with the King of Romans' daughter. Frenchmen be much made of in this Court; and they say that Card. Medon and Mons. Lavall who were hostages, shortly depart hence into France. Bruxelles, 26 Jan. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.:1544.
26 Jan. 95.Vaughan to Paget.
R. O Encloses a letter for the King. Here are lately come many hoys out of England with flesh powdered, butter, beer, tallow and cheese, which can ill be spared there. Unless the King has so licensed, it is worthy of extreme punishment. "Hither men convey apace their goods out of England; and we and all other the King's Majesty's subjects still under arrest, and our merchants sore hindered therewith. It were good to look to it; for they will be slow here as they have been ever." Andwerp, 26 Jan.
"Jasper Dowche is come to town. I shall learn truly of him of what stomach they are towards us, by his granting to go into England or refusing to go."
Hol., p.1. Add. (in French). Endd.:1544.
26 Jan. 96. Vaughan to Paget.
R.O. After delivering to this bearer my other letter, with one to the King, I spoke with Jasper Dowche. For news of the Court, he told me that, on the return of the King's answer, he thought that all would be well; but he so botched and patched his tale that it rather disclosed to me that they meant not friendly to proceed in this matter of arrest. Besides, when I asked when he would be ready to depart into England, he answered that he had taken advice of Sor Score how to recover his herrings, and had told Score that he thought the best way was to do some acceptable service to the King, but Score had advised him rather to seek the recovery by exhibiting his account thereof to the Emperor, by way of complaint; and so he would not go to England till he saw this matter of arrest clear. The strangers have great substance in England. Balbany has said that he has 1,000 pieces of silks in England in the hands of Ant. Bonvyce and others. They will shift away their things if not looked to. John Carolo, when I made him lately three new bills, declaring that he had bound himself to the Welsars to prolong payment of such money as he was bound to pay in December last till the Cold Mart now present, and desiring him to return one of my old bills, said that all his old bills were in England. I told him that if he so handled me he was not of that honesty that I supposed, and so touched him that he said I should have my old bill; but "by these conjectures I perceive things be not well meant in these parts, for Jasper Dowche and John Carolo be men that have great intelligence in these parts." You may declare them to the King and his Council. Andwerp, 26 Jan.
Hol., pp.3. Add. Endd :1544.
27 Jan. 97. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
A., f. 253.
Lodge, I. 98.
The King has seen his sundry letters and the others sent with them, and likes his device for answer to those sent him from Newcastle, both for the hoys and their wafting to be at his Highness' charge. As to the question of the lord Warden of the Middle Marches about exchanging the lord of Mowe for George Carr, the King, in consideration of the good service done by the said George, is content. Baynerdes Castle, 27 Jan. 1544.
P. S.— Send herewith a letter to the lord Warden of the Middle Marches showing "our proceedings with one Rede, an alderman of London, who repaireth down thither to serve in those parts." Praying you, at his passing, "to make him as strange countenance as the letter appointeth him strange service for a man of that sort." Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk and Paget.
P. 1. Add. (at p.260).
98. The Privy Council to Sir Ralph Evers.
A., f.255.
Lodge, I. 99.
The King, having prosperously followed the war almost a whole year and being bound to continue therein, required a contribution by way of benevolence from his subjects, beginning with the Council and then proceeding to the citizens of London, all of whom proved well inclined save Richard Reed, an alderman, who could not be persuaded to conform thereto. As, for the defence of the realm and himself he would not disburse a little of his substance, the King thought that he should do some service with his body; and for that purpose sends him to "your school, as you shall perceive by such letters as he shall deliver unto you there t[o] serve as a soldier, and yet both he and his men at his own charge." In any enterprise against the enemies he is to ride and do as the other soldiers do in all things, that he may know what pains other poor soldiers abide, and feel the smart of his folly. Use him "after the sharp discipline militar of the Northern Wars."
Copy, pp.2. Endd.: Coppie of the lettre to Sir Raufe Evre.
27 Jan. 99. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., f. 247.
Lodge, I. 97.
The King sends bearer, Sir Richard Lee, with Antonio de Bergoma and John Thomas Scala, Italians expert in fortifying, to view Tymmouth and set in hand works necessary for its strengthening. If Lee thinks needful to disburse any money Shrewsbury shall "for the beginning" take order for its payment by Mr. Sadlair until more money may be sent. Baynardes Castell, 27 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk and Gage.
P.1. Add.
27 Jan. 100. Suffolk to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 243.
Understanding by my friend, Thomas Standish, my deputy steward of Gisburgh in Cleveland, Yorks., that you have commanded him, by letter, to be ready with 50 men to serve upon the Borders and to be there by a certain day; I pray you, as he has had these three years 12 men serving upon the Borders and himself served in Scotland at both journeys, to spare him at this time. Suffolk Place, 27 Jan. Signed.
P.1. Add.:lieutenant general in the North parts.
27 Jan. 101. Sir Thomas Darcy to John Gates.
R. O. I would be very glad to hear from you and doubt not but you will call upon Mr. Chawnselour to remember my suit to the King. Assuredly I am unable to serve as I have served unless his Highness help me, and I am grieved to be constrained to require aid "in this time of his Grace's greatest charges of wars." As for this benevolence, we find the people as willing as we could desire, most of them saying that with all their hearts they will give it, and "if this be too little his Grace shall have more." If all the country throughout be so toward as this, the King had never such a sum of money. "It will surmount very much the Subsidy." Commend me to Mr. Heyneg and Mr. Deny and all the rest of my fellows of the Chamber. Heynyngham castle, 27 Jan. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To my very loveng friend Mr. Gattes of the Privy Chamber. Endd. by Gates :Mr. Darsyes letter to remember a sute.
27 Jan. 102. Herringby College.
R. O. Surrender by John Heathe (Heith in signature), master or keeper of God's house of Heryngby, Norf., commonly called the College of Heryngby, and the brethren and almsmen there, of the said house and all its possessions in cos., Norf. and Suff., and all lands in its use in fulfilment of the will of John Fenne, dec. Dated Haryngby, 27 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Heith and John Burwyll. Seal broken.
Note by Sampson Michell that this was acknowledged before him the same day.
ii. Assent to the above by Sir John Heydon, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Thos. Clere, Edm. Billyngford, John Groos, Chr. Playter, Edm. Clere, Eobt. Herward, John Hacon and John Lavyle alias Norman, feoffees of the lands of the said college, and Wm. bp. of Norwich, to whom belongs the appointment of the master, fellows and almsmen. Also surrender of the advowson of Heryngby church, and all the lands in Heryngby, Stokesby, Thyrkeby, Runham, Tunstall, Staleham, Ingham, Brumpsted, Hykelyng, Horssey, Berton, Smalburghe, Beston, Edyngthorpp, Witton, Bacton, Paston, Swafyeld, Knapton and Worsted, Norf, also the manors of Rothenhale and Kessynglande, and lands in Pakefyeld, Kessynglaud, Carleton, Gesylham, Russham, Mutford, Hensted and elsewhere in Mutford hundred, Suff., which they hold by grant of Nic. Lyng, chaplain. Dated 28 Jan'. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Note by Sampson Michell as before, made 13 Feb.
iii. Grant by Sir John Heydon, s. and h. of Sir Hen. Heydon, Sir Robert Clere, Sir Edm. Jenney, Wm. Jenney eldest son of the said Sir Edm., Walter Hobert, s. and h. of Sir Jas. Hobert, Ric. Jenney, Thos. Bower, elk., and Chr. Moye to Nic. Lyng, chaplain, of the advowson and lands indicated in § ii above, which they lately held together with Sir Hen. Heydon, John Barney, Nic. Jenney, Wm. Gurney, jun., Edm. Paston, John Groos, John Jenney, elk., master of Brundisshe, Thos. Banyard, Andrew Jenney and Thos. Gerard, elks., Edm. Pers of Yarmouth and John Holler of Mouton, now dec., by enfeoffment of Hen. Spylman, apprentice of the law, Thos. Duke and John Elyngham. Appoint Simon Throckmerton and John Goldyng as their attorneys. Dated Haryngby, 1 June, 10 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Parchment. Endd. with note of delivery of seisin, at Wursted, the same day.
iv. Grant by Nic. Lynge, chaplain, to Sir Edm. Jenney, Sir Robt. Clere, Sir John Heydon, Sir Chr. Heydon, Wm. Paston, John Hevynyng-ham, Wm. Jenney, eldest son of Sir Edm., Walter Hobert, Ric. Jenney, Thos. Bower, elk., Chr. Jenny, John Jenney, Hen. Heydon, John Groos, Thos. Byllyngford, Wm. Duke, Chr. Playter, Thos. Clere, Edm. Byllyng-ford, John Barney of Redeham, Ralph Barney, Wm. Mekilfeld, Thos. Batman, Edm. Mekilfeld, Edm. Clere, John Fenys son of Sir Robert Fenys, Ric. Holdyche and Robt. Herward of Boton, esquires, Chr. Moy, John Hervy, Thos. Halywey, elk., Robt. Pepyn, elk., rector of Knodeshale, John Hacon, Ric. Busshop, Wm. Buschop, John Norman, Wm. Heye, chaplain, Simon Gerard and Wm. Grundesburgh of the lands indicated in § ii above; to fulfil the will of Hugh at Fen. Appoints Throkmerton and Goldyng as his attorneys. Dated Haryngby, 2 June, 10 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed. Endd. with note of delivery of seisin at Wursted, the same day.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 23.
27 Jan. 103. Carne to the Council.
R. O. Yesterday, because Wotton and he could get no answer touching the discharge of the arrest, he moved the President to know the Lady Regent's answer therein, which she promised to give after speaking with the Emperor. Thought thus to bring Mons. Grandvylle the sooner to it. The President sent word "that this day the matter should be advised"; and something has been said, as Wotton's letters will show. This day Mons. Nigre, chancellor of the Order, came to Carne's lodging to declare that Jacop Jacopss., a burgess of Middelbroghe in Zelonde, had delivered a supplication to the Emperor, and thereupon the Council desired Game's answer. Jacop, being last year in England with wheat, was compelled, with his ship, to serve the King, was taken by the enemies, lost his ship and was driven to ransom himself; and now sues to have reasonable amends. Replied that the King did him no wrong to cause him to serve upon honest wages, and, as for his loss, Carne had heard nothing of it and could not tell whether princes ought to make amends in such cases, but would gladly refer to the King's Council therein. The Chancellor said that it should be long for the poor man to tarry. Replied that he "could no other do," and marvelled that such complaints were now increased, except it was thought that the English goods arrested here should be ready for all complainants. The Chancellor answered that the Emperor had too much regard to the amity, the arrest should be discharged here when discharged there. Encloses the copy of the said request with Jacob's bill of damages and testimonial; and begs to know how to answer, for the matter is somewhat regarded here, seeing that the Council sent the Chancellor about it.
No news but that the French king lies "so sick that the physicians doth judge that he can not recover." Bruxelles, 27 Jan. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.:1544.
27 Jan. 104. Charles V. to Chapuys and Vander Delft.
VIII. No. 8.
The English ambassador has moved him, 1, to declare war against France now that the ten weeks' delay is expired, 2, to raise the embargo in accordance with the agreement, and, 3, to grant safe conduct for German and Italian troops coming to the King's service. Answered as follows : —
1. Since Hertford and Winchester were here, Vander Delft and Chapuys were sent to settle the matter, but the English have kept it in suspense and therefore the declaration remains suspended. The Ambassador only replied that he would communicate this; and they should answer similarly therein.
2. The Emperor would have the demand examined, but had been badly treated by the King and could not ignore the complaints of his people. The Ambassador said that the King had already decided to restore the vessels before Torquoin arrived in England; he let out, however, that he had written as soon as he knew of Torquoin's mission and could not disprove the fact that the King's release was in consequence of the embargo.
3. The French must not be given cause for asserting that the Emperor broke the treaty of the peace made by express consent of the King of England; but the matter should be considered.
The above mentioned agreement is here considered very prejudicial. Knows not whether they have actually signed it, as the copy they sent is only signed by the English, but Chapuys' letters to Arras seem to indicate that the agreement was executed. If so the Emperor intends to reply that although they had no instructions to conclude it and the date is omitted, yet he is content that the release shall be affected accordingly; since however he has no information that the embargo is raised in England as the agreement declares, he sees no reason for decreeing the release here, and so driving the Netherlanders to despair of redress in England; but if the English embargoed here will give security to satisfy the claims of his subjects in like case, the embargo shall be raised, Has ordered this reply to be sent to the English ambassador, with an intimation that Portuguese merchants complain of injuries in England to the extent of 100,000 fl., as in the claim sent herewith, which is to be pressed there. Knows by experience that if the English request to retain the herrings upon payment is conceded they will try to get them at less than cost price. The Ambassadors shall be vigilant to prevent this. Pitch and tar are not on the prohibited list. The request of the English that violence used at sea should not be met with reprisals may be answered thus, viz. : — That Netherlands merchants can easily be distinguished, and the King is so well obeyed that he can take measures rendering reprisals unnecessary. Touching the passport for Italians and Germans, has ordered reply to be made that the French are requesting like passports and other concessions prejudicial to the English, which he intends to refuse; and moreover his territories suffered intolerably last year from the passage of Germans for the king of England. Italians may be brought by sea from the Mediterranean and Germans from Hamburg and West Friesland. The King's use of his troops hitherto and his seizure of the Emperor's ships give the Emperor good reason to refuse passage to any strong body of his soldiers.
Sends this before replying to the Ambassador that he may not anticipate them, "as ho generally does." Brussels, 27 Jan. 1545.
27 Jan. 105. Charles V. to his Ambassador in France.
d'Etat iii. 49.
Replies to his letters of the 11th, 15th and 23rd. * * * * As to the treaties of Madrid and Cambray they remain in force, as even the French use them when it suits their purpose, and notably in the writing last delivered here by the Councillor ——(blank) touching the comprehension of the King of Scotland among the confederates. * * * With regard to what the ambassador of Venice told you and the report that the King holds it for certain "que nous arresterons a ce de Millan," you do well to enquire closely into all occurrents; and we require you to notify us as often as possible, and especially how they are with England, and if the truce will be made, and if it will be by the consent of the Dauphin, and, likewise, if they will have the treaty of peace ratified by the Estates.* * * Brussels, 27 Jan. 1544.
28 Jan. 106. Spanish Mercenaries.
R. O. The Council's warrant to Sir John Baker, or, in his absence to the Tellers of the Receipt of the Exchequer, to deliver 1,000 mks, to Sir Philip Hobby who goes to Falmouth to prest certain Spaniards for the King's service in the wars, for their prest money and conduct to Dover. Westm., 28 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Wyngfeld and Paget.
In Mason's hand, p.1.
28 Jan. 107. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 262.
On Tuesday, 27th inst., was sent for by Granvele, with whom he found President Score. Repeated the effect of what he declared to the Emperor. Granvele answered that the Emperor and his Council had divers times consulted thereupon, and now commanded this answer to be made, viz., that the copy of the accord received by the Emperor was not signed by his ambassadors, nor authentic, nor had they power to make it, and (although the Emperor had too much regard to good neighbourhood to discuss that) it had not been observed in England, where the Emperor's subjects still remained under arrest, and therefore he had not revoked the arrest here, as he would have done had the like been done in England. If caution were given that they should be released and satisfied in England he would revoke the arrest here; but the satisfaction must be reasonable, for it was not meet to sell their herrings so that the owners lost two thirds, nor to compel them to sell their pitch and tar in England against their wills. Score added that there was plenty in this country if the King wished any. Wotton replied that he had no doubt that the accord was a common accord, and perhaps the ambassadors signed a copy delivered to Henry, but young Molenbais, or Turcoyn, who was sent into England for that matter, could tell; and, as for their authority, the Emperor wrote to them to take order therein, and surely their powers were very little if they might not act in such a case. Gave reasons (detailed) why the ships were stayed in England, saying he had not heard of those which (Score said) went, for salt, empty; and told them that, as for the release being first made in England, it ought not to be so, for the agreement was that no respect should be had thereto, and yet he had letters from Andwerpe that it had been done, and 36 hoys were already arrived in Zeland besides others that had come to Andwerpe; and as for the caution which they spoke of, he had no charge to speak in it. Upon this they said that they would send to Andwerpe, and, if it were found true, their arrest should be discharged. Asked whether it would be discharged incontinently in case the arrest was discharged in England. They said that their subjects ought to be satisfied reasonably for their victuals, alleging the case of Jaspar Duchy whose herrings were sold in England last year, and, though worth 9,000l. st., brought him not past 900l. st.; as for Wotton's question they would think upon it and answer in a day or two. It was not known that Mr. Vaughan was Henry's agent (if Wotton would deliver a bill of such it would be considered) and he was arrested as governor of the merchants. Replied that he was no governor, but sent to pay certain money due by Henry; and as for giving a bill he dare not do so without knowing Henry's pleasure. As to the point that, to avoid occasion of piques, the Emperor should declare himself and forbid intercourse, Granvele said that the Emperor "had by his ambassadors required to know how your Majesty took their proceedings here; whereupon as yet they had no answer," and therefore deferred answering. As for the safeconduct, Granvele said that the French ambassador had made like suit, and also for harness and munitions, and to have the Scots comprehended in the peace, and many other requests (showing a book of them, of two or three sheets of paper) and had just been denied them all; and the Emperor, being in peace and amity with both kings, should not grant to one what he denied to the other; adding that soldiers, when assembled, did great damage (as Landenberghe's men did last year, and put the country of Luyke in great hazard) and there was such hatred between Italians and Almains that Italians could not be brought without being either slain by the Germans or enticed into France, and, as for Germans, they would be conveyed better by sea, or else their captains could bring them severally, without safeconduct; there was a commandment that no Germans should serve any foreign prince, which upon grant of a safeconduct would be disregarded, and some would go to the French king and some to Henry, leaving the Emperor destitute of men for the wars against the Turk. And therefore the Emperor could not grant any such safeconduct. Wotton replied that the treaty with England was made before the pretended treaty with the French king and expressly declared that any future treaty should be void as far as prejudicial to it; and the treaty expresses that the Emperor should grant such a safeconduct when required, whereas in their league with the French king Wotton could not believe that there was any such article. The captains would take order to prevent damage (and in Landenberghe's case it was not Henry's fault) and Henry thought it expedient to use Italians; who might, with the Emperor's safeconduct, come safely through Germany, and could not be brought by sea, even if they were content to go, for Henry had not enough ships to transport his own men. And Wotton desired them to consider the amity and the league which the Emperor has ever professed that he will observe. Granvele replied that the Emperor was not bound to it except during the time of the common invasion; and Score said that the treaty was in two parts, first the general articles, and 2nd the articles concerning the common invasion, among which this was. Wotton told them that when the common invasion was meant it was so expressed, but this article was general. To this they obstinately refused to agree; and, finally, he could get no other answer from them than that they had declared the Emperor's mind.
In times past they used to speak much of the treaty, but now they speak of the amity and nothing of the treaty, and elude the true meaning of any article Wotton alleges. Bruxelles, 28 Jan. 1544. Signed.
Pp.7. Add. Endd.
28 Jan. 108. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. The considerations for the stay of the arrest here appear in his letter to the King; "and also why th'Emperor may not, id est will not, grant the safeconduct." Granvele and Score showed him pleasant countenance and were merry with him both before and after, asking questions of England, and whether, when at Wormes, he would go to Spires to see les dames of his acquaintance; but now "words and countenances do not move me half so much as sometimes they have done." The Venetian ambassador in France has written to the Venetian ambassador here that the French king is still sick and not likely to recover. Granvele says that we go shortly to Wormes; and the Emperor rides forth this day two miles to see how he can endure travel. Bruxelles, 28 Jan. 1544.
Hol., p.1. Add. Endd.
28 Jan. 109. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Here they appear to be "relented," and now say that the arrest shall be discharged when the arrest there is discharged, or else the merchants here bound that it shall be discharged there. Thinks it dangerous for the merchants to enter such a bond, which will not be discharged until all doleances here are answered. Here is one that pretends that he was compelled to serve the King into Scotland and, coming from Lythe with wool taken there, was taken by the enemies, and so lost his ship and all that he had. Being desired by the Council here to answer him, Carne referred him to the King's Council; but he "said that he would in no wise come there to sue and therefore would needs have remedy here." Encloses "his supplication, the bill of his interest, and his certificate," and asks what answer to make upon the matter. Bruxelles, 28 Jan. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.:1544.
29 Jan. 110. Boulogne.
R.O. Warrant of the Privy Council to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver to Mr. Rous, to be conveyed to Boloyn and delivered by indenture to Sir Hugh Pallet, treasurer there, for the garrison and other charges, 1,666l. 13s. 4d. st. Westm., 29 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk and Paget.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., "and in their absence to the tellers of the same."
29 Jan. 111. German Mercenaries.
R. O. Warrant of the Privy Council to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver in prest to bearers, Idelwolf van Goetenbourough and Godfred de Bocholt, captains of 1,000 Allemaynes, for levying the same for the King's service, 1,000l. st. Westm., 29 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Wyngfeld and Paget.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., "and in their absence to the tellers of the same."
29 Jan. 112. The Chapel In The Fields, Norwich.
R. O. Surrender by Wm. bp. of Norwich, patron of the college or chapel of St. Mary in the Fields in Norwich, Miles Spencer (Spenser in signature) LL. D., dean, master or keeper of the same, and the canons there, with the assent of the dean and chapter of Norwich, of the said college with all its possessions in Norwich, Eston, Bougthorp, Hygham juxta Norwich, and Smalburgh, Norf. Dated 29 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Assent of John bp. suffragan of Thetford, dean of the cathedral of Holy Trinity, Norwich, and the chapter of the same. Dated 31 Jan. Signed and sealed by the Bp. and Spenser and sealed by the Cathedral chapter.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 35.
30 Jan. 113. Sir Thomas Lord Poynings.
Creation as baron. See Grants in January, No. 29.
30 Jan. 114. Archbishopric Of York.
See Grants in January, Nos. 4, 20, and 28.
115. Robert Holgate, Archbishop of York.
III. 870.
I. 187.
Oath of Robert archbishop of York at his consecration, renouncing the authority of the bishop of Rome and all foreign powers, and professing allegiance to the King and his successors, according to the Act made in the session of Parliament of 14 Jan. 35 Hen. VIII., and the Act of 28 Hen. VIII.
From Cranmer's register.
116. The Council Of The North.
R. O.
St. p., v. 402.
"Instructions given by the King's Highness to the right reverend father in God, his right trusty and right well beloved Councillor the archbishop of York and such other as shall be named hereafter, whom his Majesty hath appointed to be of his Council resident in the North parts."
The Abp. is named president, with a "voice negative," so that nothing may pass without his consent, and the rest are required to pay him such reverence (kneeling except) as to the King's own person. The following are chosen Councillors, viz. (fn. n4) :—the earls of Westmoreland and Shrewsbury, William lord Dacres of the North, William lord Ewre, Thomas lord Wharton, John Hyend, serjeant at law, Edmond Molyneulx, serjeant at law, Sir Marm. Constable, the elder, Sir Hen. Savell, Mr. Thomas Magnus, clk., Robt. Challoner, Thos. Gargrave, Ric. Norton and John Uvedale, secretary and keeper of the signet. Full directions as to the bringing in of malefactors, attendance, salaries, movements, powers, &c., with special charge to prohibit retaining, to declare the laws touching the Bishop of Rome's usurped power and the abrogation of holy days, and to prevent enclosure of commons and extreme taking of gressoms and "overinge of rentes."
Draft, pp. 19. With marginal annotations in Sir Edward Coke's hand.
117. Cardinal Pole to Paul III.
Poli Epp.
IV. 41.
The Pope has given him hope, in answer to his petition by his proctor, that in somewise the offence may be removed which by the ambition of one man who calls himself an Englishman (fn. n5) would disturb the minds of all that nation. Is the more anxious for this because if that which had such a wicked and deceitful beginning should remain valid (ratum maneret) scarcely anything could more alienate or drive to despair the many who retain some devotion to the Holy See but dare not show it, if they see their Archbishoprics (especially that which is nearest Scotland) conferred at the pleasure of the Scots themselves. What offends him most in him who has sought the Abpric. is that he himself cannot but know (especially if he be an Englishman, though Pole's correspondents greatly doubt it) that he is more influenced by cupidity than by any desire to retain the English people in devotion to the Pope, to whom and to the Sacred College he has written many falsehoods. If he had trusted in the goodness of his cause he would not have used so many arts to escape the testimony of his citizens; which shows that he wants to rob the English of this Abpric.
30 Jan. 118. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. I lately wrote, by a Spaniard, "that John Carolo began to make courtesy for the delivery of mine old bill after I had delivered him iij. new bills knowledging his promise newly made to the Welsars for the paying of such money as was lately prolonged till this present Cold Marte." He afterwards honestly sent my old bill. Through this arrest, which still continues, I fear that the merchants that should pay me money will be unable to pay by the day appointed. Andwerp, 30 Jan.
Hol.,p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
30 Jan. 119. Robert Tempest to Otwell Johnson.
R. O. Andwerpe, 30 Jan. 1544:—By the copy of your brother's letter, written at Tickford on the 4th. inst., I perceive that he requires the certainty of his business, and I therefore send you this, desiring you to advertise him and desire him to have me excused that I wrote not to him from London, which was due to my sudden departing.
Gives a list of bills and obligations of eleven persons (named) amounting to 1,018l. 13s. l0¼d. due in the Beames Mart last past, of which the writer has paid (12 items, involving names of 10 persons) 754l. 17s. ll¼d. in the said mart. Has written to his master to pay Johnson 300l. or 350l. at the utmost; "but, forasmuch as I must pay for Mrs. Fayry to Mr. Elyot about the sum of 50l. st., I shall desire you to receive of my master but 300l. which will be near about your rest," the certainty of which I cannot write as my books are out of my hands, all except a "vaste booke." We remain still under arrest. I will do with your brother's business as with my master's. Your "fresados" shall be sent shortly "by the grace of God, who preserve you and send us peace."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: dwelling in Lymestrete, at London. Endd.
31 Jan. 120. Lord Poynings.
Captain of Boulogne. See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 30.
121. Guisnes and Boulogne.
R. O.
St. p., x. 250.
Instructions to the earl of Hertford, Great Chamberlain (made upon information by Sir John Wallop, K. G., captain of the castle of Guisnes, that Guisnes is not kept duly fortified) to proceed to Guisnes and, upon consultation with Wallop, lord Graye, captain general of the crews there, and others of knowledge and experience, see all necessary fortifications indelayedly executed. Also, calling the said lord Graye and Wallop together, he shall, in friendly sort, examine the causes of the variance which has of late arisen between them and bring them to a perfect concord; and then, if the town is thought able to be kept against the enemies, and if Wallop will undertake the keeping of both castle and town, he is to have that charge and lord Graye to return to his charge at Hampnes, to be afterwards employed otherwise in the King's service; if, however, Wallop refuse to be bound for both castle and town, things are to remain as at present, and Wallop and Graye mutually to advise and help each other.
Whereas the King at departing from his town of Boulloyn appointed Viscount Lisle, High Admiral, to be lieutenant of that town and castle and seneschal of Boullonoys; now that the enemy prepares to enter the seas with a main army "to invade our dominions and empeach our enterprise," the Admiral's presence is necessary here. Hertford shall therefore, from Guisnes, go to Boulloyn and, assembling the High Admiral and the rest of the Council there, shall declare the revocation of the Admiral and that the King knows that sundry of them are meet for that charge but has chosen Sir Thos. Poyninges, as most experienced in wars with the Frenchmen upon the frontiers and as speaking their language, to succeed to the office of lieutenant and captain-general of the castle, town and county of Boulloynoys, and has appointed him to be created baron, and commissioned Hertford to execute this. Having fortified Basseboulloyn and erected a fortress at th'Old Man, the King has chosen Thos. Wyat to be captain of Basseboulloyn and Thos. Palmer to be captain of the Old Man, each to be sworn of the Council there and have 26s. 8d. a day for his captainship. Hertford and Lisle and the rest of the Council shall then examine the accounts of the treasurer and comptroller and such as have had charge of the victual there, and take their declaration in writing what has been received of provision since the King's departure thence and what remains in store, and how much of every kind is requisite for the victualling of the men of war and workmen (of whom they shall also take musters and appoint to remain in the upper town, besides the horsemen, 2,000 men of war, in Basse Bullen 1,500, and 800 pioneers for the works of both towns, and at the Old Man 1,000 men of war and 1,200 pioneers). Order shall be taken for musters of all men of war and workmen at every payment. Hertford and Lisle shall also view the state of defence of the town and the artillery and munitions there. They shall then return home to the King.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 16. Endd.: Instructions for my lord of Hertford for Guisnez and Boulloyn.
122. The Privy Council to the Council at Boulogne.
R. O You shall receive to be surveyors of the victuals there, in lieu of Mylward, these bearers, Anthony Bryx and Anthony Auchar, to whom you must deliver by indenture the said victuals. They shall deliver the same from time to time to such captains or their victuallers as shall be appointed by your warrant, my lord lieutenant; and you, Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Comptroller, must receive of the said surveyors, three days before every pay day, all the tallies or debentures for the same; which, subscribed or marked with the hand of the captain or his victualler, shall be a discharge to the said Anthony and Anthony, and to you, Mr. Treasurer, a charge, as money to be received of the captains' wages. You, Mr. Treasurer, shall pay them monthly such wages as by their bill they shall certify to be due to the persons in charge of the victuals, and also from time to time deliver money "for frehe (qu freight?) and carryage of the sayd vytelles from the watar syd to the plessys where yt schall be howsyd, as the lieutenant shall assigne by a bil of his hand." Further Anthony Bryx shall have wages of 10s. a day with two clerks at 12d. apiece and 8 servants, footmen, at 6d.; and Anthony Aucher the like. Of the victual now in the Base Town as much is to be bestowed in the Upper Town as stowage can be found for.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 3. Endd.: Mynute from the Counsail to the lord Poyninges touching Mr. Auchar and Briges.
Jan. 123. Knights.
Add. ms.
5,482, f. 9.
B. M.
"These knights were entered in the office of Chester anno 36 Henry 8 in January":—
Sir Thos. Gerrard, Sir Ric. Sharborne, Sir Peter Freshwell, Sir Thos. Coken, Sir Ric. Egerton, Sir Laur. Smight, Sir Wm. Ratcliffe, Sir Thos. Talbott, Sir Ric. Holland, Sir Ant. Nevell, Sir Hugh Willoughby, Sir Edm. Savadge, Sir Thos. Bradborne, Sir Edw. Warren, Sir Geo. Blunt.
In a modern hand among other notes.
Jan. 124. ——to——.
R. O. I have made report to the King's "Council [of his court of] General Surveyors how that dyvers [of his Grace's te]nantes of Hame were contented at. . . . . . . . . op[o]n ye k's busynes to survaie there . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l sommes of money to be rated opon certaine yor holdynges [towards the] reviving of such rentes as wtin ye same manor [be fallen in] decaie; and also how dyvers of youe were not [contented with the] same. In consideration whereof they have [now command]ed me to acertaine youe that ye shal paye but your olde re[ntes, the which] I have set owt examined under my hande as they be payable in a rentall he[rewi]th enclosed, which I pr[ay and] require youe maie forthwith be delyvered to ye ryve there for ye yere untyl the K's tenantes of Camme have taken order before ye K's Majesties said Councell for theyr semblable holdynges [with] other thinges there to be alledged ageinst theym." London, —— (blank) day of January, 36 Hen. VIII.
Draft in Anthony Bourchier's hand, p. 1. Much mutilated.
ii. On the back are memoranda in another hand, viz. "Sussex.—Drayton, Dudlesfold, Chechester fe fe[rme]. Buck.—We[ndon] Forest. Southt.—Olde Fyshebourne."
125. Grants In January, 1545. (fn. n6)
1. Lewis ap Watkin, serjeant at arms. To be customer of the ports of Pembroke and Tennbie in co. Pembroke and of the port of Haverfordweste within the lordship of Westhaverforde, co. Pembroke; and butler and silaginarius in the said ports; and bailiff of the lordship of Rowse within the lordship of Haverford West. With profits as enjoyed by Jas. Whittneye or Henry Williams. Westm., 11 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Greenwich, 3 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 8, m 38.
2. Sir Thomas Paston, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Grant, in fee, for 1,280l., of the site, &c., of the late college of St. Gregory of Sudburye, called Sudburye College, Suff.; the manor of Neles, Suff.; the manors of Bronden, alias Brondon Hall, Balydon alias Balydon Hall, Mydelton and Kechyn, Essex; messuages in the parish of St. Michael in Cornehill, London, in or near Byrchyn Lane, in tenure of Peter Honybone, Nic. Aston and Wm. Anston, clothworker, and in the parish of St. Leonard in Estchepe, London, in or near Gracestrete alias Gracious Strete, in tenure of John Bonnar; a close called Pyefeld in Hakeney, Midd.; the rectories of St. Gregory and St. Peter in Sudbury; the advowsons of the rectory of Brondon, Essex, and of the chantries of Acton, All Saints in Sudbury and Melforde, Suff.; a water mill called Brondon Myll, Essex; all messuages, &c., in Sudburye, Cornerth Magna alias Cornerd Magna and Cornerth Parva alias Cornerd Parva, and elsewhere in cos. Suff. and Essex, in tenure of Wm. Tudnam, Ric. Snowden, John Barker, John Crowche, Wm. Maplested, Ric. Dyere, John Fenour, Ric. Beuereton, John Russhebroke, John Rogers, John Harvey, John Stele, John Braye, Ric. Barker, Edw. Howle, Robt. Gerrard, Geo. Bryan, Robt. Vynge, Jas. Bryges, Rog. Golding, Thos. Elkyn, John Inholde, Robt. Fyrmyn, Rog. Leving, Jas. Rolff, Thos. Tassell, John Brandon, Laur. Ayle, John Humfrey, Wm. Hayward, Robt. Fryot, Wm. Smyth, Thos. Davyd, Wm. Hedge, Wm. Locke, Thos. Edon, esquire, Hen. Bonde and Thos. Smyth; a messuage, &c., called le Hermytage in Sudbury and certain closes (named) there; woods called Highwoode, Bromewoode. Ramshyll Woode, Highwoode Croftes, Assheley Woode, Kechin Mershe, Warrens Woode, Brondon Wood and Cadley Woode in the parishes of St. Gregory, St. Peter and All Saints, Sudbury. Suff. and Essex, and in Bulmere, Myddelton, Brondon, Twynsted and Henny, Essex; a pension of 4s. out of the chapel of St. Sepulchre. Suff.; and tithes in Parva Cornerd; all which premises belonged to the said college of Sudbury. And all possessions of that college in Sudburye, Carnerd Magna, Carnerd Parva. Mylforde, Neles, Chilton, Waldingfeld Magna, Waldingfeld Parva and Acton, Suff., in Brandon, Henney, Balydon, Myddelton, Kechin, Boreley, Foxhade (or Foxled), Twynstede. Pedmershe, Lammershe, Wykkam Pawley, Maplested, Bolmere, Heny Magna, Heny Parva and Sudburye, Essex, in London, and elsewhere, surrendered by Ric. Edon, warden of the said college, and the chaplains of the same, 9 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 31 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Gre[enwich]. . . . . (illegible).—P. S. (much injured). Pat. p. 17, m. 11 (dated 3 Jan.).
3. Fiats for the appointment of escheators, viz:—
Cardigan.—Philip Wyllyam.
Pembroke.—William Owen.
Flint.—Piers Moston.
Radnor.—John Price.
Glamorgan.—Chr. Turbervyle
Brecknock.—Lewis Gwatkyn.
Carmarthen.—Griffin Hygon.
Denbigh.—Tuder ap Robert.
Montgomery.—John ap Holl Vaugham.
Each del. Westm., 3 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. and signed by Lord Treasurer Norfolk.
4. Abpric. of York. Congé d'elire to the dean and chapter of York upon the death of the last archbishop. Greenwich, 3 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Greenwich, 5 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 2, m. 42. Rymer, XV., 60.
5. The Benevolence. Form of commission to conclude with the King's subjects within the county of——(blank) for their support, by their benevolence, according to their several powers, of the vast preparations requisite to resist the French king; and to appoint collectors of the said benevolence within the county of——(blank); calling before them the King's subjects and concluding with the same according to instructions sent for this purpose. Del. Greenwich, 5 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
6. Sir Richard Lee, the King's servant. Grant, in fee, for 692l. 20d., of the manor of Hexton, Herts, a watermill in Hexton, in tenure of Wm. Barton, the manor of Newlande in the parish of St. Stephen beside St. Albans, Herts, and the rectory of St. Stephen aforesaid, in tenure of John Lyon. which belonged to St. Albans mon. Also (in consideration of an annuity of 100 mks. granted to him by pat. 22 Feb 34 Hen. VIII., now surrendered) the hospital of St. Juliana beside St. Albans and all its appurtenances in the parish of St. Stephen beside St. Albans and the tithes in the parishes of St. Stephen and St. Michael which belonged to the said hospital; a barn, &c., opposite the mansion of the said hospital, two crofts adjoining the said barn, and tithes of a croft called Strodescrofte in St. Stephen's parish which pertained to the office of almoner of St. Albans mon., tithes of Smalforde in St. Stephen's parish, late in tenure of Sir Ralph Sadler and now of the said Sir Ric. Lee, and the advowson of the vicarage of St. Stephen's, and woods called Newlande Wood (18 ac.) in tenure of the said John Lyon, and Faunton Wood (42 ac.) in St. Peter's parish, Herts, which belonged to St. Albans mon. Greenwich, 30 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Greenwich, 7Jan—P. S. Pat. p. 2, m 36.
7. Anthony Gonson. Residue of a 55 years' lease which was granted, 17 April 23 Hen. VIII, by Lewes priory to his father Wm. Gonson, then esquire of the Body, of the rectory of Melton Mowbray Leic., the lordship of Lewes within the parish of Melton Mowbray and the lands there called Great Spyney and Little Spyney, at rents (stated) payable at the priory's house in Southwark called "the Walnot Tree"; which lease is now in the King's hands because the said William has now of late "feloniously killed himself." Greenwich, 6 Jan. 36 Hen VIII. Del. Greenwich, 10 Jan.—P. S Pat. p. 17, m. 14 In English.
8. William Lyche, Scottishman, captain and owner of the ship of the earl of Lenoux. Licence to export 300 unwrought cloths, and 100 dickers of tanned leather hides or backs. Greenwich, 3 Jan 36 Hen. VIII. Del Greenwich, 10 Jan.—P. S. French roll 37 Hen. VIII., m. 2. In English.
9. The Privy Council. Commission to the lords and others of the Privy Council, viz., the abp. of Canterbury, lord Chancellor Wriothesley, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the lord Privy Seal, the earls of Hertford and Essex, viscount Lisle, the bps. of Duresme, Wynchester and Westminster, the lord Chamberlain, the Treasurer and Comptroller of the Household, the master of the Horse, the Vicechamberlain, the two Principal Secretaries, Sir Ralph Sadler, Sir Richard Riche, and Sir John Baker, or any six or more of them, to make out warrants under the King's stamp in the Council's custody for payments in the King's affairs. The Lord Chancellor to deliver, under the Great Seal, duplicates of this commission to all who require them, which duplicates together with the warrants, and any other similar warrants made by any of the Council since 1 April 35 Hen. VIII., shall be a sufficient discharge to those who pay and this commission shall continue only until Michaelmas next. Greenwich, 11 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 3, m. 28. In English.
10. William Clifton, clk., rector of Surflet, Linc. Licence of non-residence. Greenwich, 4 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Greenwich, 12 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 8, m. 38.
11. Messire Jasper Douche. Licence to him, or his servants, factors or attorneys authorised by his letters, to bring into this realm "at any time within twelve months after the date hereof, all manner of jewels and precious stones, as diamonds, rubies, emeralds, pearls, plate of gold and silver, cloths of gold, silver and tinsel and all other sorts of jewels." to sell them and to carry out free of custom such as remain unsold. Del. Greenwich, 12 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (countersigned by Wriothesley). French roll, 37Hen. VIII. m. 1. In English.
12. Lord Chancellor Wriothesley, Charles duke of Suffolk, lord Privy Seal Russell, Sir John Gage, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, and Paget and Peter, the King's chief secretaries. Commission (revoking a commission of 26 June 36 Hen VIII to Wriothesley and others to subscribe bills of sales made under a commission of 22 June 36 Hen. VIII.) to Suffolk, Russell. Paget and Petre, or any two of them, to subscribe bills for sale of Crown Lands, &c., made under commission of 3 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. (to lord St. John and others, named); and to Wriothesley and Gage to accept the bills so subscribed. Also to pass under the Great Seal divers bills made under the said commissions of 22 and 26 June, and not yet passed, viz.:—A bill for Wm. Graye for the purchase of Bulmershe manor, Berks and Oxon, &c., for 246l. 16s. 8d., a bill for John Etheryge of Carswell, Devon, and Joan, his wife, for purchase of the cell of Carswell, &c., for 3221. 20d., a bill for Francis earl of Shrewsbury for purchase of lands in Pryors Lee, Salop, &c., for 236l. 2s. 6d., a bill for Ric. Duke for purchase of Henxstriche manor, Soms., &c., for 930l., a bill for Wm. Standishe for purchase of Gaulden manor, Soms., &c., for 212l. 15s. 10d., a bill for John Pope for purchase of lands in Monkes beside Holme in Spaldingmore, Yorks., &c., for 1,575l. 13s. 4d., a bill for John Eyer for purchase of messuages in Lynne, Norf., &c., for 761l. 12s. 8d., a bill for Sir Wm. Butte for purchase of the manor of Edgefelde, Norf., &c., for 7671. 12s. 6d., a bill for Ric. Gunter, of Oxford, for purchase of lands in Bishops Cleve, Glouc., &c., for 112l. 16s. 8d., and a bill for Ambrose Barker for purchase of Chyngenhall manor, Essex, &c., for 201l. 14s. 7d. Del. Westm., 13 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (countersigned by St. John and North.) Pat. p. 14, m. 17d.
13. Pardons for the slaying of Wm. Johnson, labourer, of Holbyche. Lane, (sic), and for abbetting Robt. Dawkins or any other of the murderers, viz., to: —
(1) Ant. Irby alias Eresby of Gosberkyrke in the parts of Holand, Linc., alias Ant. Erby, of Swynneshede, Linc., alias Ant. Iresby, of Sutterton, Linc., alias Ant. Irby or Eresby or Ewresby of Moulton, in Holland, Linc., gent., and Thomas Irby or Eresby or Ewresby of Whapplode alias Gwhapplode alias Quapplode, Linc., son of the said Anthony. Pat, p. 24, m. 22.
(2) William Callo alias Calo alias Callowe of Holbyche, Linc., husbandman, and William his son, and Jas. Assheton alias Aston of Spalding, alias of Chatterton, Linc., esq. Pat. p. 3, m. 24.
(3) Ellen Traforth, wife of George Traforth, esq., of Holbyche, Linc., alias of Charleton, Lanc., alias of Whitfelde, Lanc., alias of Holbyche. Lanc. (sic). Pat. p. 3, m. 25. Del. Westm., 16 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (countersigned by Wriothesley) endd.: "The pardon for the Lyncolnshyre men."
14. Sir Edward North, chancellor of Augmentations. Commission to appoint stewards, woodwards, bailiffs, and collectors of lands within the rule of the Court of Augmentations, under certain conditions and with provisoes that the King may, by signed bill, give such offices within six weeks after they fall void, and that the advice of the Master of the Woods is taken as regards woodwards. Greenwich, 16 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. No note of delivery.—P. S. Pat. p. 18, m. 11. (Undated.) In English.
15. Sir Thomas Seymour, the King's servant. Grant, in fee, for 1,193l. 12s. 2d., of the manor and the advowson of the rectory of Water Eton alias Eton Hastynges alias Water Hastinges, Berks, and the wood called Eton Wood (30 ac.) in Water Eton, and all possessions of John earl of Oxford in Water Eton which were lately purchased by the King. Greenwich, 27 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 23, m. 22.
16. Sir Maurice Barkeley, a gentleman usher of the Privy Chamber. To be constable and door-ward of Barkeley castle, Glouc., keeper of le Castell park with le Worthy enclosed therein, paler of the said park and keeper of the woods of Hynton called Cheslaunder and Redwood, keeper of the stags and hinds within the said park and wood and master of the hunt there; with profits as enjoyed by Sir Ric. Williams alias Crumwell, Sir James Barkeley and Sir Thomas Barkeley, and also the herbage and pannage of the said park and woods, the pasture of Hampstalles lately enclosed in the Castell park, a meadow called Castellmede, the fishery of Smythmore, Glouc., and the fishery of le Gale in Severn within the lordship aforesaid. Greenwich, 4Jan. 36 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 17 Jan.—P S. Pat. p. 17, m. 14.
17. Lady Margaret Bryane, the King's servant. Annuity of 201. from the Annunciation of Our Lady last. Greenwich, 16 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Jan.—P S. Pat. p. 23, m. 7.
18. Thomas Sternholde, groom of the Wardrobe of Robes. To be general receiver of lands in Yorkshire forfeited by the attainder of Adam abbot of Jervaulx, William prior of Bridlington, Thomas lord Darcy, Sir John Bulmer, Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Stephen Hamerton. Sir Francis Bygod and John Wyvell; vice James Nedeham, dec. Westm., 16 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del Westm., 19 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 12, m. 19.
19. Anthony Welden. Lease of the town of Penlossac in the commote of Crithine, co. Caermarvon, with the passage of the ferry boats of Conwey and Canen' Grovant' from Redydraynen' to the town of Dogart; for 40 years. This on surrender of pat. 12 July 33 Hen. VIII. leasing the same to him for life, as his parents Edw. and Eliz. Weldon held them. Greenwich, 16 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 18, m. 30.
20. Abpric. of York. Commission to Thomas abp. of Canterbury, Thomas bp. of Westminster and George bp. of Chichester to confirm the election of Robert bp. of Llandaff to the abpric. of York, void by death, which is hereby assented to, and to proceed to his investiture. Del. Westm., 22 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. -S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 42. Rymer, XV. 60.
21. Sir Thomas ap Morgan, the King's servant. To be receiver in co. Monmouth, in the marches of Wales, of lands forfeited by the attainder of Edward duke of Buckingham; with fees, &c., as enjoyed by Henry Williams. Westm., 16 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Jan.—P. S. Pat. p. 23, m. 6.
22. Robert Roos. Livery of lands as kinsman and coheir of Sir James Strangwais, jun, dec., viz., s. and h. of Robert Roos and Mary his wife, one of the daughters of Sir Jas. Strangwais, sen, dec., father of Sir Thos. Strangwais, father of the said Sir Jas. Strangwais, jun., viz., of the manors of Upsall. Eversilton, Kixwicke, Burton Custable (sic), Hunton, Garreston, Hunthanke, Clifton, Mountgrace. Huton, Casterdale, and Morton, Yorks, and co. city of York, and of the manor of Whatton and a moiety of the forest of Chiviet alias Chyvyot, Nthld., and of the advowson of the church of Harborghe and Bounden Magna, Leic. and of the manors of Aunderby, alias Aynderby, Warlaby, Morton Grange Petto, Humonby and Halikell, Yorks. and co. city of York, and of the manors of Hadston, Lowike and Woller, Nthld., and of the manors of Thorpe and Patishull, Nthld., and of the manor of Hortishall, Notts., and of the manor of Ekylsall, Sleythionberghe and Carleton, Yorks., and of the manor of Chester, Chesh., and of the manor of Stokton. Yorks., and all lands by a certain decree and act of Parliament of 35 Hen. VIII, allotted to the said Robert Roos. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Sewster.) Pat. p. 1, m. 43.
23. Sir William Eure lord Eure. Grant (for his services) of the lordship of Strition alias Stritton Grange, Nthld., and all possessions of Newmynster mon in Stritton, in tenure of John Hunter, Wm. Johnson, John Watson, Rog. Patenson, Robt. Hunter, Wm. Patenson, Wm. Johnson, and Nic. Huntley; closes called Innefeld (80 ac.) and Owtefeld (100 ac.) in Edington, Nthld., in tenure of John Ogle and the lordship of Rotheley beside Riddesdale, Nthld., in tenure of Geo. Fenwyke,—Newmynster; and the tower of Rotheley beside Riddesdale leased with the said lordship to the said George; the manor, prebend and rectory of Salton, Yorks., and the advowson of the vicarage of Salton,—Hexham mon., Nthld.; the site, &c., of the late house or cell of Jarrowe alias Yarrowe, Dham.; a tenement in Sheles, another in Monckton, two salt pans within the demesne lands of Jarrow, lying on the north side of the said cell, and all possessions of Jarrowe in Jarrowe, Sheles and Monckton, in tenure of Ric. Bellaces (except the salt pans at lez Southfeld which the master of the said cell had by permission of the late prior of Durham and the tithes of grain of the towns of Westlow, Herton, Willington. Wallefend (sic), Monketon Overhewarth. Netherhewarth, Felling, Le White House, Folansby, Hebbarn, Symondside and Sheleheugh, Dham., which belonged to Durham mon., as parcel of the possessions of the said cell, and the bells, lead, &c., of the said cell),—Jarrowe. A messuage, &c. called Felton Parva in Felton Parva within the parish of Felton Nova, Nthld,, in tenure of Jas. Carre,—Brenke-bourne mon.; the manor of Dalby. Yorks., in tenure of —— (blank late wife of —— (blank) Whalley,—St. Mary's mon. beside York; woods called Abbottes Wood (7 ac.) and Abbottes Spryng (6 ac.) in Stritton parish (sic).—Newmynster. And all possessions of Newmynster in Stritton, Edington and Rotheley beside Riddesdale, Nthld., and of Hexham in Salton Eldston alias Edston and Brawhy alias Bradby, Yorks, and of Durham in Jarrowe, Sheles and Monckton. and of Brenkebourne in Felton Parva, and of St. Mary's in Dalby. To hold to the said Sir William and the heirs male of his body. With issues from 24 Feb. last.
Also grant, in fee. For 4281. 10s. 10d., of the rents of assise and services from lands in Yokeflete, Yorks., viz., the lands of Thos. Metham and Arthur Pylkington, lands called Turnelandes, lands of John Webster and Bobt. Gemson, lands called Farnesley Lands andFramton Lands, land of Bic. Skelton, Chauncerye Lands, lands of Bobt. Herrysonand Edward Herrison, a close called Lordesclose and lands of Thos. Metham and Hugh Clideroo. and all lands of Durham mon. in Yokeflete,—Durham. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 36 Hen. VHL—S. B. (countersigned by North.) Pat. p. 26, m. 17.
24. Fiats for appointment of escheators, viz.:—
Notts and Derb.—Roger Grenehawe.
Soms. and Dors.—John Wadham.
Heref —Ric. Palmer.
Each del. 26 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. and signed by lord Treasurer Norfolk.
25. Laurence de Vyke, merchant of the Isle of Garnesey. Licence to set up a windmill on his own ground there. Granted in consideration that there is often scarcity of bread there "for fault of grinding through lack of water, and that there is in all our said Isle but one windmill." Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 23, m. 9. In English.
26. Sir Richard Lee. general receiver of the Court of Wards and Liveries. Warrant to hand over the treasure, &c., of his said office, which he is content to surrender, to John Beamont, whom the King has appointed to it. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 24, m. 21. In English.
27. John Beamount, the King's servant. To be general receiver of the Court of Wards and Liveries vice Sir Ric. Lee, who held by pat. 13 March 35 Hen. VIII., resigned. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (countersigned by St. John.) Pat. p. 26, m. 36.
28. Abpric. of York. Warrant for restitution of temporalities to the late bp. of Landaph whom the King has translated to the abpric. of York, and who has done homage and compounded. Del. Westm. 30 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. In English.
ii. Restitution, in pursuance of the above, in cos. Yorks., Nthld, Notts, and Derb., Line., Oxon, Surr., Midd., the cities of York and Gloucester and county of Gloucester and the adjoining marches of Wales. Westm., 30 Jan. Pat. p. 2,m. 42. Rymer, XV. 60.
29. Sir Thomas Ponynges. Creation as baron Ponynges; to him and his heirs male. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p 24, m. 21.
30. Sir Thomas Ponynges lord Ponynges. To be the King's lieutenant and captain-general within his county and town of Boulogne, with full powers, described Del. Westm., 31 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 24. m. 22.
31. Licences to alienate lands (fn. n7) (from Patent Roll, 36 Hen. - VIII.)
Alice Jackeson, widow to John Taylour. Garden, &c., in tenure of Marion Raynard, widow, and George Jackeson, in the parish of St. Clement Danes without the bars of the New Temple, Midd., (between le Hartes Home on the east and the rectory of St. Clement Danes on the west, le Covent garden of Westminster on the north and the highway on the south),—St John's of Jerusalem. (Greenwich 1 Jan.) P. 13, m 25.
Hugh Stukeley and Lewis Stukeley, son and heir of the said Hugh to Nicholas Cole. Messuage, &c., in Hyer Yalborn and Paynton. (1st.) P. 20, m. 15.
The same to Steph. Shynner. Messuage, &c., in "Hyer Yalborne Paynton." (1st.) Ib.
George Heton and Wm. Tokere to Sir Edm. Beddyngfeld. Rectory of St. Peter in Clay, Norf., and all their lands in Southpakenham, Norf., in tenure of John Dusgate, and the advowson of the vicarage of St. Peter in Clay,—Bokyngham priory. (2nd.) P. 15. m. 19.
Wm. Garrard and Margaret, his wife, to Wm. Eyre and Margaret, his wife. Lands called Priours in Bromefeld parish Essex, in tenure of Ric. Claydon, and a wood there called Bromefeld Grove (4 ac)—Waltham Holy Cross mon. (4th) P. 15, m. 28.
Francis Goodere and others to Wm. Staunford, attorney of the Court of General Surveyors. Rectory and advowsons of the rectory and vicarage of Southmymmys and manor of Hadlegh Monachorum, Midd., which by pat. of 21 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII., Thomas lord Audeley, then Chancellor, had licence to alienate to the said Francis and his sons Henry and Thomas, with remainder to the heirs of the body of the said Francis with contingent remainder successively to Anne Coke wife of John Coke of Broxbourne, Herts, and the heirs of her body, and to Hen. Goodere, sen., of Southwerke. Surr., and the heirs of his body, and to Wm. Goodere of Egyeware, Midd., and the heirs of his body. P. 20, m. 14
George Heydon to Thos. Hunt, draper, and alderman of Exeter. Messuage in Rolselyff in the parish of Brodeclyst alias Brodeclyff, Devon, leased to Hen. Germayne, and a messuage called Salemeade in the parish of Clyst St. George, Devon, in tenure of Thos. Hache,—priory of St. Nicholas, Exeter. (Greenwich. 8 Jan.) P. 15, m. 31.
Sir Thos. Stanley lord Mountegle, and Henry Crofte to Giles Bateson. Messuage, &c., in tenure of Edm. Burton in Olde Wennyngton, Lanc..—Hornebye priory. (Greenwich, 12 Jan.) P. 15, m. 31.
John Tawe and Edw. Taylour to John Grymston, of Edelmeton. Woods in the parishes of Totnam and Edelmeton, Midd., and the pasture therein (164 ac., names and extents of the several woods given) granted to them by pat. dated Walden. 15 (sic) September 35 Hen. VIII.—Christchurch priory, London. (19th.) P. 15, m. 31 (mutilated).
Sir William Paget, premier secretary to Sir Edw. Aston. Manor of Edleston alias Edillneston. Derb.,—Tutbury priory, Staff'., and the advowson of the parish church there. (20th.) P. 18 m. 36.
Robert Brokilsbye, of Glentworth, Linc., and John Dyon. Of Lincoln, to John Mares, of Southcarlton beside Lincoln. Grange, &c., in tenure of John Fenbye, in Northkelsey, Linc.,—Nonneormsbye mon. (24th.) P. 13, m. 25.
Sir Ralph Buhner, jun., and John Thynne to Henry Adyson. Messuage and lands in tenure of Chr. Robynson in Normanbye, Yorks.,—Gisborne mon. (26th.) P. 2, m. 43.
Robert Brokelsbye and John Dyon to Thos. Dalston, of Carlisle. Advowsons of the rectories of Haveryngham alias Haryngton and Wyrkyngton, in the archdeaconry of Richmond and deanery of Coupland, Cumb. (27th.) P. 20. m. 11.
Sir Richard Lee to Roger Northe. Grange and farm of Walkeryngham, Notts.,—Roche mon., Yorks; and other lands (tenants named) there. (28th.) P. 20, m. 13.
Thomas Broke, merchant tailor, of London, to Thos. Rotsey, of Kynges morton (sic). Manor or grange called Kynges Sucche, in tenure of Humph. Feld, in Kyngesmorton parish, Wore., — Bordesley mon. (30th) P. 5, m. 36.


  • n1. Duck Maurice of Saxony.
  • n2. Cancelled.
  • n3. The ambassador of Savoy. See No. 73. For the copy in question see Vol. XIX. Pt. ii. No. 291.
  • n4. To this list has been added later a marginal note that by virtue of letters from the King's Council dated 11 Dec. 1546, Henry earl of Cumberland was sworn a commissioner. Also Constable's name has been struck out with the note "mortuus est" and that of Sir Robert Bowes inserted. Constable died 12 Sept. 1545 (Inq. p. m. Chanc. Vol. 72 No. 9).
  • n5. Qu. Hilliard? See No. 40.
  • n6. Throughout this volume in grants of monastic land, the words "which belonged to the late monastery of," are generally omitted, and the name of the monastery is printed in italics.
  • n7. These licences are all (save when otherwise noted) dated at Westminster. In this abstract the day of the, month appears in parentheses before the reference to part and membrane of the Patent Roll.