Henry VIII: February 1545, 1-10

Pages 60-78

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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February 1545, 1-10

1 Feb. 126. Naval Affairs.
R. O. Warrant of the Privy Council to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver bearer, John Wynter, treasurer for the sea matters, 1,000l. st. Westm., 1 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Westminster and Browne.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., "and in their absence to the Tellers of the Receipt of the same."
ii. Endorsed by Wynter that he has received of Ric. Warner, in part payment of this, 5001. on 3 Feb. 1544.
1 Feb. 127. Guisnes.
R. O. Warrant of the Privy Council to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver bearer, Wm. Burnell, to be conveyed to Guisnez and delivered, by indenture, to Thos. Palmer, treasurer there, 5,0001. st., and for the conveyance of the same 201. st. Westm., 1 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Westminster, and Paget.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., "and in their absence to the Tellers of the Receipt of the same."
1 Feb. 128. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS
A. . p. 251.
Where you are advertised, by letters of us of the Council, of the King's pleasure in such things as "require your execution and answer," his Highness's pleasure is that, from henceforth, you "signify, by your letters, immediately unto his Majesty your answer of such letters as you shall receive from hence, or as you shall have otherwise occasion to write hither accordingly." Westm., 1 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Browne and Paget.
P. 1. Add.
1 Feb. 129. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
R. O. Having seen your sundry letters with those sent therewith from the lord wardens and others of the Borders, the King "hath commanded us to signify": —
1. If victuals may be conveyed to Langholme, such footmen as are there and a convenient number of horsemen (the King thinks that fifty will suffice) shall be entertained there. For the wages and victualling of such as, by Wharton's appointment have kept it since its taking, he shall see Wharton contented; and shall take order for the victualling and pay of the men henceforth. 2. Money shall be sent with such speed "as we can." 3. As lord Tullibarne's proceedings appear very suspicious some errand shall be devised upon which to send him hither; and thereupon as much matter as possible gathered to charge him withal. 4. Sir Thomas Holcrofte, having a great account to make of his receipt, the time whereof is at hand, is to repair hither incontinently. 5. The earl of Lynoux and Thomas Bishopp, now lying at Carlile for the King's service, are to be paid, respectively, diets of 4 mks. and, since their arrival there. 6. Whereas, by letters of lord Eure, it appears that in the late road in Scotland at which Sir George Bowes was taken, "sundry soldiers cowardly and traitorously forsook their masters," and so occasioned all the damage then received, the King thinks that some of them should be "extremely punished" and the rest changed for new as there devised. 7. Whereas certain Scots of Lawder, having entered hostages to serve the King, have since declared themselves enemies, "his Matie wolleth the same to be called unto theyre entries, a[nd] a short day to be appoynted upon payne of th' execution of theyre pledges, whereof in cace they shall faile then twoo or three of their said hostages to be putt to execution, which shall be a terrour and a fearfull example to the rest." 8. Mewrehouse, if it be guardable and may always be victualled, is to be kept; if otherwise, razed. 9. The King likes the order taken for the keeping of Coldingham in the absence of Sir George Bowes. [10. The lord of Cesfurth's offer to enter pledges, but only during the time of the Queen's minority, is better than nothing and is to be accepted.] (fn. n1) 11. As Sir Ralph Eure has already sent a garrison to keep Kelso, and Shrewsbury has sent Arcan to consider the possibility of fortifying it, if it may be kept and victuals may always be conveyed thither, a permanent garrison shall remain there. Also the laying of garrisons in the Marshe is to be considered, foreseeing that victuals may be conveyed to them without extreme difficulty; "for his Grace never thinketh to coomm to his purpose of keeping the cowntrey in subjection untyll he shall shall (sic) lay garrisons amonges them, which shall allso be a present ayde to them that shall coomm in to serve him."
Enclose a letter for Shrewsbury to seal and send to Sir Ealph Eure touching Richard Eeede. Westm., 1 Feb. 1544.
[P.S.— The King has received his letters and others from the Wardens of the East and West Marches, and] (fn. n2) perceiving that the earl of Casseles is entered, and probably ere this at Darneton, the King prays Shrewsbury to set his pledges at liberty into Scotland, and to send up the Earl "in honest sort under the conduct of some wise discreet man," for the King thinks that the Earl can make some declaration about the convention shortly to be at Edinburgh.
As touching the wafting of the coals [to Bullen, order is already taken] (fn. n3) there are wafters ready to go to Hull to fetch the provisions there, which should be at Humbre mouth before this reaches you, and therefore the ships should be set forth with the first wind to Ravenspurre, "and so in one conserve to come forward accordingly." You should cause them of Newcastle to man two ships to convey them to Ravenspurre, to tarry there if the said wafters be not come.
Draft, pp. 3. With corrections by Paget and Mason. Endd.: Minute to th'erle of Shrewesburie, ——Janu. 1544.
1 Feb. 130. Shrewsbury to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,650, f. 121.
B. M.
ii., No. 397.
By letters lately sent hither to my lord of Duresme and Mr. Sadleyr, and also by "such others letters, instructions and commissions as arrived here with me," it appears that the King means to require a benevolence. Not having heard whether the Council have assessed him, desires them to signify to the King that he will heartily give as much as was required of him for the last loan, which was 200l. Upon their reply, will take order to accomplish this. Dernton, 1 Feb. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 Feb. 131. Paget to Sadler.
R. O. Has lacked opportunity to write to him so often as they both would, but ordered Mr. Mason and Mr. Hunnyng to signify occurrents here. Now because of my lord of Durham's unkindness in a cause of the King's (of which Paget wrote privately because he hopes to benefit thereby) prays Sadler, as of himself, upon occasion of advertisement by the writer, to "expostulate the matter" with my lord of Durham before the King is eftsoons informed thereof. The master of the hospital of Kepier surrendered it to the King, to get some part whereof has cost Paget 2,000 mks., and, as my lord of Durham was patron or founder, Paget desired to make him privy to it and get his consent, and so both wrote to him and moved the King that the Council of the Augmentation might write. His answer is such as Paget would be loth to report to the King, not knowing how his Highness would take it that one of his Council "should stand, as who saith, a prejudice to his Majesty in all other things passed in like case without the consent of the founder." Moved the matter out of friendship, and, had he thought that Durham would stick at it, "the same should have passed without his consent, as yours and divers others have done"; for the denial will not hinder the proceedings but only signify to the King "how my said lord misliketh his Highness' doings in those things." Requires Sadler to mention it as though Paget had written to him before this. Westm., 2 Feb. at night, 1544.
Copy in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Mr. Seer. Paget to Sir Kafe Sadleyr, ijo Februarii, 1544.
2 Feb. 132. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 122.
B. M.
ii., No. 398.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches. Cassilles is arrived here and awaits the Kings orders. He thinks the whole nobility except the Governor and Cardinal desirous of the marriage and the perfection of the late treaties, and says that they presently hold a convention in Edinburgh to devise how they may have peace. The aid out of France is looked for (and promised by the Cardinal and his faction) but most of the nobility expect little from it and would rather have a good end with the King. All the prisoners will enter except Glencarn and Flemyng, who feel themselves so far in the King's indignation as to fear for their lives. Darneton, 2 Feb. Signed.
P.S.— Remember the lack of money here for the garrisons and other charges, and that pay day approaches.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
3 Feb. 133. The King's Mines.
See Grants in February, Nos. 2 and 3.
3 Feb. 134. Horses in Norfolk.
R. O. The account of Sir Fras. Lovell, high sheriff of Norfolk, made and compiled by Fras. Southwell and Walter Myldemaye, auditors jointly of the King's prests, 3 Feb. 86 Hen. VIII., of money received from Sir Ric. Riche, treasurer of the wars anempst France, for provision of "certain cart horses for his Grace's carriages" and the advancement of them according to an indenture dated 24 June 86 Hen. VIII. between the said Sir Francis and Sir Roger Towneshende, Sir John Heydon, Sir James Bulleyn, and other commissioners for taking the said horses, as in a book of particulars signed by them more largely appears, viz.:—
Rec. of Sir Ric. Riche, by John Reason, 9 June 36 Hen. VIII. 656l. 6s. Paid for 399 horses, as in the "said book," 498l. 13s 4d.; for red and yellow cloth and the making of 114 coats for the carters at 4s.; conduct money at ½d. a mile for 114 carters from Norwich to Dover 140 miles; horsemeat for seven days at 8d. a day each horse; costs of Roger Gostlyn, Humph. Jorden, Thos. Hall and John Bull, appointed to conduct the carters and horses to Dover, 12 days at 2s. a day apiece; costs of servants bringing the King's money from Ipswich to Norwich, lying at Norwich about the provision of the coats, and coming to London about the making of this account 73s. 8d.: total 656l. 6s.
Large paper, p. 1.
3 Feb. 135. Robert Lewen to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
R. O. At the commandment of my lord Saint John, certain ships here are laden with sea coals for the King's provision at Bulleyn, Calais and Dover; for the safe guiding of which I and my brethren were advertised by your Lordship and lord Saint John that wafters should come hither. Thomas Stakes, master of the Anthony of Hull, who has been here this sevennight, has only this afternoon declared to us that certain of the King's wafters are at Hull, and that Laur. Fowberie, captain of one of them, commanded him to admonish the masters of the ships here to hasten forward, for the wafters would come no further northward. We beg to know whether, upon his report, the ships with coals are to be sent forward to Humber. Newcastell upon Tyne, 3 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord lieutenant unto the King's most excellent Majesty in the North parts. Endd.: The mayor of Newcastle to th'erle of Shereusbury, iij. Febr. 1544.
3 Feb. 136. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 124.
B. M.
ii., No. 399.
Enclose letters and writings from Lenoux and from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches. Where it appears by the letters of the Warden of the Middle Marches, and of George Douglas, that the said George eftsoons makes means to speak with him, we have written to him to make an appointment for the purpose and to answer the said George's late message by the laird of Bonjedwoorth, touching ambassadors, as directed in the Council's letters of 12 Jan. Darneton, 3 Feb. 1544. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
3 Feb. 137. Wotton to Vaughan.
R. O. "This day I have been with Granvele again for the dissolution of th'arrest." He says that not one of those stayed in England is come home, and when the Emperor is certified that his men are at liberty and satisfied the arrest shall be discharged. Out of England I hear nothing of this matter. These "brabling" matters occasion suspicions and grudges which "might now be well spared." Bruxelles, 3 Feb. 1544.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: at Andwerpe.
3 Feb. 138. Marino Cavalli, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Council of Ten.
v., No. 327.
This declaration of war against England was made for shame, as the English could not be allowed to hold Boulogne now that France is no longer molested by the Emperor. The Queen of Navarre and Madame d'Estampes opposed it against the Dauphin and the others; but finally Madame d'Estampes, knowing that the burden would rest on the Admiral, whom she wishes to crush, concurred with the rest. Melun, 3 Feb, 1545.
4 Feb. 139. Sir John Gage and John Ryther to the Deputy and Council of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 297.
B. M.
Whereas their letters to the King's Council have declared the want of victual in Callice, Mr. Edon has reported that, in the name of the Staple there, he has provided 300 qr. wheat, which was ready to be shipped long ago. Also Mr. Waters of Lynne writes that the "bonde" of Callice has provided, for shipment at Lynne, 250 qr. of wheat and 227 qr. of malt. Trust that it has arrived ere this. Have now appointed Mr. Wudhous to send 300 qr. of wheat and 500 qr. of malt, and Wm. Girling to send a like quantity out of Suffolk. George Kous of Callice has already shipped 100 weigh of cheese and 50 barrels of butter in Suffolk, and more shall go right shortly if it can be provided. Remind them to return money for the same at prices which will shortly be sent by Mr. Sutton. London, 4 Feb. 1544.
The lords of the Council here require that the certificates of receipt of victual there from Mr. Sutton and his deputies be made in the names of your Lordship and the rest of the Council there, declaring particulars, for Mr. Button's discharge. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
4 Feb. 140. Tattershall College.
R. O. Surrender by George Hennage, elk., master or keeper of the college and alms house of Holy Trinity of Tatteshall alias Tattershall, Linc., and the chaplains of the same, of their said college with all its possessions. Dated 4 Feb. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by Hennaye and eleven others, the last of them with a mark. Seal appended.
Note by Ric. Rede, one of the clerks of Chancery, that this was acknowledged before him the same day.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 43. Enrolled, Cl. Roll, p. 5, No. 31.
4 Feb. 141. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 126.
B. M.
II., No 400.
Send letters and other writings from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches, a letter from the mayor of Newcastle (fn. n4) and another from Archane, the Italian, enclosing his platt of Kelso. As the mayor writes that Laurence Fowberie remains with the wafters at Hull and will come no further northwards for the wafting of the coals now laden in Newcastell for Boleyn, Calays and Dover, Shrewsbury has written to Mr. Stanhope to require Fowberie, if there for that purpose, "to draw into the seas as soon as he can." Upon Stanhope's reply Shrewsbury will take order for the setting forth of the ships and hoys. Darneton, 4 Feb. 1544. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
Feb. 142. Archan Archany to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 128.
B. M.
Papers, II., No. 4002).
According to your commandment, I have viewed the house of Kelsey and send a platt thereof by bearer showing the length and breadth of all the houses. If the King be disposed to build it is the likest place in all the Border and the water which it lacks may, I think, be had in six fathom. I have set in the corners of the platt four bulwarks to flank it, and think it should be "rampayred for the time" and that 500l. will cover the cost.
Hol., p. 1. Add.:— My lord Lieutenant for fche King's Majesty in the North part of England. Endd.: Febr. 1544.
*** On the inner sides of the paper are scribblings in another hand, viz., "Johone Ogle squire of Northumberland." "Robert Ogle wrot this Juhu maye hym blis. Ad divos supros Juhu maye hym bryng. Ad vitam etaram wyche meirr (sic) shall have ending. Amen."
4 Feb. 143. Wotton to Henry VIII.
St P., x. 268.
In communication with Granvele and Schore on 27 Jan., told them that he had letters from Andwerpe that 36 hoys were arrived, of those stayed in England, and indeed he had such a letter from Mr. Vaughan who had learnt it from the governor's deputy at Barow. It, nevertheless, proved not true; and on Sunday, 1st inst., after Wotton had sent to Granvele for the answer, an officer called the audiencer was sent to him to say that, on enquiry at Andwerpe and in Zeland, it was found that none of the ships stayed in England were returned, but only one that was stayed at Calais. As the ten weeks taken by the Emperor to declare himself against the Frenchmen expired on Thursday 29 Jan., Wotton sent on Saturday for access to the Emperor. Answer came that the Emperor was again diseased of the gout, and required him to resort to Granvele. It was Tuesday 3rd inst. before he could get access to Granvele, to whom he showed that he was commanded to declare to the Emperor the cause of the coming hither of Hertford and Winchester and the answer given to them (as instructed by the Council's letter of 12 Jan.). Granvele said that the Emperor intended to observe the treaty as far as he was bound, but must also observe the treaty with the French king; and the Emperor looked yet for "an answer of that thing for the which he had sent Chappuis back into England with his other ambassador." Wotton answered that he knew that the Emperor was bound to observe the treaty with England, but as for any treaty made with the French king he was not so bound unless it was made in accordance with the former, and he knew none such; and, if there were any, the invasions since made by the French king in England and in the territories of Guisnes, Hammes and Calais bound the Emperor to declare him enemy, even under the pretensed treaty with France, by which the former treaty with England is expressly reserved. Granvele said he would report Wotton's sayings to the Emperor.
Wotton then told Granvele of the audiencer's message; and he replied that, indeed, all their ships were yet in England. Wotton said that it might be that they were at liberty, but tarried there still because of these continual winds and tempests; and desired that the Emperor would likewise set our men at liberty according to the agreement, that there should be no sticking as to who should begin, and that he would know "whether th'Emperor would dissolve this arrest here or not?" Granvele replied that when the Emperor was certified that his men were discharged in England, and satisfied, Henry's subjects and their goods should be set at liberty;— making "much ado for certain herpoix (as he calleth it) the which I take to be pitch and tar, the which he saith your Majesty will compel th'Emperor's subjects to sell in England otherwise than they would."
Now it is spoken that the Emperor may not go hence for two months. He intends to use the diet of the wood of Inde, "the which I suppose is not the guaiak but an other fashion lighter to be observed than that." There is now much speaking of the declaration of the Emperor's mind upon the alternative of the marriages. Some say it is done, others that there are daily Councils about it; and the common voice runs upon the marriage of Orleans and the King of Romans' daughter with Milan. The Venetian ambassador says that the Great Turk is at Andrinopoli preparing a great army against Hungary. As the Venetians would be glad if it were so, men think them the readier to divulge such news. Bruxelles, 4 Feb. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 4. Endd.
4 Feb. 144. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. Till the Emperor learns that his men are discharged and satisfied in England ours will not be discharged here, and as, in communication with Mr. Carne and me, they have brought in old matters, as of Jasper Duchi and certain Spanish merchants of Burgos who (they say) cannot get justice in England, "I doubt somewhat whether they will make any business for those matters too." With this rainy and windy weather the Emperor has had gout these three or four days in shoulders, hands and knees, and may tarry here and not go to the Diet at Wormes. We shall shortly know his resolution about the marriages. The last Nuncius, Sfrondatus, who sped so well that he was made Cardinal, is returned home and is succeeded by him that was Nuncius with the King of Romans, the Bishop Cassertanus. The French "hostagiers" prepared to depart hence, but are not gone. The ambassador of Savoy says that a little place in Piedmont called Cavour is not redelivered, but Alba is redelivered. Bruxelles, 4 Feb. 1544. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Feb. 145. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Takes the opportunity of Mr. Wotton's despatch, although he has nothing important to write. Since his letters of the 28th ult., upon a report that 36 hoys of these parts were arrived in Zeland from England, whereby men thought the arrest there discharged, President Score has sent word by the audiencer, on the 1st inst., that, upon search, the Council is certified that none are returned but one small boat that came from Calais. The audiencer said that he had nothing to show concerning the arrest. Carne said he was not sure what ships had returned out of England, but was sure that the Emperor's subjects taken in conveying victuals and munitions to the King's enemies may say that they came to their friends' hands when they were suffered to have both ships and goods again, and therefore men thought the arrest here could not last long. The audiencer replied that to that "he could nothing say; and so departed."
The Emperor is fallen sick again and intends to take the diet of a certain tree, which is not the gwacum, whose name Carne knows not; and will make no haste hence. All is quiet here. Bruxelles, 4 Feb. Signed.
Pp.2. Faded. Add. Endd.: 1544.
146. Henry VIII. to Charles V.
R. O.
vii. 217.]
Is sending to Mr. Wootton, his ambassador, certain writings of importance upon which he desires the Emperor's resolute and friendly answer. Begs him to listen, while Wootton reads them, no less attentively and calmly than he would wish Henry to do in like case.
Modern transcript of holograph original at Vienna, p. 1.
R. O. 2. [Instructions for Wotton.]
First, to show the Emperor that we rejoice to perceive by his letters and credence committed to Mons. Turquoyn (altered from Molenbaiz) and his ambassadors, that he intends to observe the leagues between us according to the ancient amity between us and our houses which both then and since (if deeds bad followed) might have mitigated and removed our troubles; but the contrary effect has since happened.
2. To declare that we and many others think the conditions of the peace taken with France prejudicial to the Emperor's realms and friends. By the reports of D' Arras, when addressed to us, he did not intend without urgent necessity to condescend to it; and would God that he knew how craftily that necessity was inculcated and put in his head. Doubtless he has faithful Councillors and servants who, if encouraged, might open "de ce une porte (sic) tresgrande, ce que, moy estant son ancien amy, soubhayteroy estre ainsi." We would also have him consider whether France is able, exhausted as she is, to aid against the Turk and amass such armies by sea and land against us. We think they will leave the aid against the Turk, and so his principal expectation will be frustrated. Another reason for thinking that they wish to escape from that aid is that one of their agents at Calais said that unless they had peace with us they were not bound to aid the Emperor against the Turk. Now, if the French king die (as, by the report of his physicians, seems very likely), does the Emperor think that the Dolphin will be satisfied with this treaty, who already murmurs against it? And then will the Emperor not be constrained to re-enter the war as before?
3. We desire the Emperor to take our frankness in good part when we say that, having aided him in every tempest from his youth until now, as a constant friend ought to do, we are discouraged by many "discourtesies quil use envers nous" (altered from" ingratitudes"); and I pray him not to be offended if I repeat some of them, and, if he will use the like fashion towards us, I doubt not but to satisfy him with reason and truth. The first grievance (leaving apart the aid by sea) is that he gave credence to an agent of his, not authorised by me, in an affair of such importance touching me (so that the league between us was not observed, the report being also so very improbable), that I would be content that he, who is bound to us to be friend to friend and enemy to enemy, should make peace with our common enemy, leaving us in war. And worse, in the sequel when the more my enemy pursued me the more my greatest friend caressed him, and still continues seeking to gratify him and displease us, and to refuse us safe-conduct for our men of war through his countries, which by the last and all former treaties he was bound to give, and to aid us with victuals, whereas at this hour he has forbidden them to be carried into our dominions. Moreover, where our treaty lays down means of redressing causes of subjects, he, without just grounds, detains our goods and the bodies and goods of our subjects; and thus comforts our enemy to continue war against us. We pray him to redress these inhumanities with his own hands, as we expect no redress from his Council, whose sinister and wrong informations we must judge to have caused them; for we know his nature to be too good to treat us thus, but that they, tell him that he could do so, and seek to foreclose our league and promote the French league made very lately by corruption, and no sooner made than broken, as shall hereafter appear.
4. That this peace so disagreeable to most people can, with his honor, be annulled; for the French have broken it already, having, contrary to the article of our comprehension, since attacked us in dominions for which our good brother is bound to repute and declare them enemies. Seeing that, from the time of his request until now, we have not pressed him in this, but deferred doing so until the expiration of the said time, we now hope that he will briefly tell the French that, by attacking us, they have broken their league with him, and he must declare against them unless they offer reasonable conditions; which we, for his sake (seeing him so inclined to a universal peace of Christendom) would be content to accept. For if they will not do this it is evident that they do not mean peace, and, in that case, we require our good brother to declare himself enemy to France; for doubtless Hesdin and Terouanne will easily fall into his hands, the Frenchmen now lacking men victuals and money to furnish them, and their men around Boulogne being now in mutiny for wages and victuals, so that captains and soldiers daily come to our service, and yet they dare not approach the town nor within a league of our men.
French, pp. 14. With many corrections in Henry VIII.'s hand and also in Paget's. Endd.: Articles to be read to th'Emperour of the King's Majesty's own penning.
[5] Feb. 147. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., x. 271 .
The King has received his letters of 26 and 28 Jan. and thanks him for his proceedings, as he will shortly know to his comfort. As the Emperor and his Council forbear to discharge the arrest of the King's goods there, and of his merchants and their ships and goods, Wotton shall declare to the Emperor and Granvele that all here arrested are redelivered, and amends made for trifles which in such cases are wont to be embezzled, as cables or anchors, and the parties were satisfied and had liberty to depart, more than twelve days past, with their merchandise, save herring, which they might sell here as they list without any price being taxed upon it. The rest which is unclaimed is, by the assignment of the ambassadors, delivered to Anselm Salvage, factor for the house of the Vivaldes, and to a servant of Mons. Vandelfe to be kept for the owners. If the ambassadors have not advertised this they have not done like good ministers. Wotton shall call for the discharge of the arrest and require Granvelle to despatch it; telling him that the King cannot but think that they mean something else than the restitution of the arrest here, and, if so, the King will accept plain dealing "in some part of friendship," albeit, considering his kindness to the Emperor in times past and in last war, he looked for greater kindness than is shown at this time, when he finds "cavillation used to avoid the declaration of the same," now that the ten weeks are expired, and is refused passport for his men of war on the ground that the French king would look to have the same. And Wotton may say that the Council have seen the treaty between the Emperor and France and find no such point in it, whereas in ours it is plainly set forth. It has pleased the Emperor to write to sundry of us of the King's Council to help to the continuance of the perfect amity; and therefore we cannot but think that his acts to the contrary proceed not from himself, "but that some others of Counsaill be the doers, which we be loth to note in him, albeit divers have so informed us; "and we pray him to work hereafter so that the world may judge better of their doings, and that ("whatsoever the Venetians have in times past mutined of th'Emperor's proceedings with them when they entered the wars together, or whatsoever the French have slanderously bruited of the breach of promises when he passed through France, or how soever the Bishop of Rome or the Germans have his doings suspect, yet, being none old cause of quarrel, either for possessions or territories or other signory between their Majesties) we may think there shall be no new cause invented to make a quarrel, whereunto who soever would go about to provoke th'Emperor, regarding only the present visage of things, shall, if he cast his eye to the sequel hereafter, see more hurt than benefit ensue both to the Emperor and also to his posterity." The King will be loth to be any longer thus ambiguously handled and will have them open plainly their meaning.
Further, the King, being grieved with the Emperor's strange dealing, frankly opens his heart to him in articles signed with his Majesty's own hand, which articles he penned with his own hand and caused to be written in French; and which, after delivering your letter of credence (which the King has written in his own hand [and would have written the articles also but was weary with writing the minute] (fn. n5) ) you shall read to him, foreseeing that you deliver it not and declaring that none is privy to it but the King and he that wrote it, and that he will find it a frank and grave proceeding of his friend with him, an answer to "that which he allegeth to have been often demanded and not answered" and a friendly request and resolution. You shall note his countenance in hearing it, and if he defer answer, solicit him to make it as soon as possible, renewing the request for the safe-conduct and the discharge of the arrest.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 17. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Wootton from the Counsail—(blank) Februarii 1544.
5 Feb. 148. Chapuys and Vander Delft to Charles V.
viii. No. 9.
On the 30th ult. received his letters of the 27th; and next day the Council, who had received their ambassador's despatch, sent to them to appoint an hour on the morrow when some of the Councillors might speak with them. Excused themselves, as unwell; but yesterday the Council sent again, and at 3 p.m., the Master of the Horse (fn. n6) and Paget came to them, and pointed out that although the sailors had been restored to their ships, and the goods for which owners could not be found, had been entrusted, at the writers' request, to a Genoese merchant, named Angelon Salvaglio, with authority to sell the herring, and the pitch and tar restored to the owners freely, there was no sign of reciprocity on the Emperor's part, and the seizures in Flanders threatened to prevent the King from keeping his word to the Antwerp merchants to whom he owed money. Paget added that in that case the promoters of the seizure would be the greatest losers, naming Jehan Carlo and Jaspar Duchy. Replied that probably the Emperor was not apprised of the fulfilment of the conditions here, which indeed did not seem complete when 18 vessels remained here whose sailors had been obliged to return to Flanders, and the goods had not been restored to owners, who had been forced to repair to the Emperor for help: they had no authority to accept what had been done as full reparation, but would report it. Set forth also the loss suffered through these arrests, and how the King had tried to limit the "note" with regard to pitch and tar, and had broken it by refusing to restore certain Rhenish wine to a citizen of Bruges. As to this wine the Council have confessed that it would have been restored had it been in other hands than the King's, who sent word a week later that if the writers did not consider restitution to be complete without it he would consider the arrangement cancelled; the difficulty being that it was captured, with 12,000 cr. worth of tissues belonging to Italians which have been taken as good prize, in a ship which was captured by the French in an English harbour and, six hours later, recaptured by an English ship of war. The Councillors seemed alarmed at the delay, as though fearing that the Emperor would hold the property seized as a "set-off to the King's violation of the treaty made with the Viceroy of Sicily."
Humbly thank him for accepting the "note"—which they made to conciliate the merchants here. Have tried to soften the King's resentment at being placed on the same footing with France as regards the passport for troops, which by the treaty of friendship the Emperor is bound to grant. Pointed out the impossibility of granting such permission, and that the routes by the Mediterranean and by Hamburg and West Friesland were open. The English afterwards touched, as if incidentally, upon the declaration against France, but the writers soon closed their mouths on that subject. They then remarked that the Emperor had told their ambassador that the writers "had been pressing ceaselessly for a decisive reply to certain points, but had been unable to obtain any satisfaction"; they did not know of any special point. Replied that they would read the Emperor's letters again and also write to him about it. Requested also that the English troops should be prevented from injuring the Emperor's subjects and that the question of the property of citizens of Burgos seized at the beginning of the war might be decided. The Councillors professed surprise that these old claims were raised now, and said that the embargo would never be released if it waited for the settlement of all outstanding claims. London, 5 Feb. 1545.
5 Feb. 149. Mary Queen of Scots to Card. Betoun.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 176b.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 239.
Begs him as legate to confer the priory of Arquhattan, Orkney dioc., void by the death of prior Duncan, upon John Campbel, an honorable and noble youth, as the priory, situated among wild people, requires a native ruler. Stirling, ad nonas Feb. 1544. Signed by Arran.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
5 Feb. 150. Vaughan to Wriothesley.
R. O. The time being now come for payment of the King's money to the merchants strangers, the Bonvyces, specially (being sorest charged), make wonderful moan that they cannot be paid the money exchanged in England with the King's Adventurers and Staplers; for, during the Emperor's arrest, no Englishmen can recover their debts or sell their cloths, and therefore Vaughan has received no money from them to pay the strangers. The King's credit here will be much hindered, and the English merchants hindered in the sale of their cloths. The ambassador will not labour to have Vaughan discharged out of arrest without the King's commission; and he dare not begin to make any payment lest the Emperor should be persuaded that it is done in contempt of his commandment and confiscate the money. Has no answer to the many letters he has written to the Council and to Wriothesley and Paget, except one from Wriothesley reporting what money was made over by Bonvice and Ancelyne Salvage, the Staplers and Adventurers. Knows not how much he should receive of each of the Staplers and Adventurers. Considering that this matter disappoints the King's affairs, means secretly to get what money he can and pay it to those that should have it, at his own risk. If the creditors are not now served the credit will not be hereafter recovered. Mr. Chamberleyn, governor to the Merchants Adventurers, lately wrote that he was appointed to see every of the shippers satisfied, and Vaughan forwarded the letter to Wotton to show what was done in England and give occasion to labour for discharge of this arrest; but Wotton has answered that Granvele says that of all the ships stayed in England "none hitherto is returned but one, but whensoever (he said) that the same were returned and the same satisfied, th'Emperor will straight discharge th'arrest." Encloses Wotton's letter.
Hears "that th'Emperor lyeth in the diet and drinketh gwayacum, and will not go into Almayn but sendeth thither Granvele." Spaniards and others go into England "in heaps" to recover goods taken in these wars; among them, Spaniards that are denizens in France to claim goods of the seven first French ships that were taken in Hampton laden with canvas and linen cloth. "Here are lately arrived men's factors of this town with great sums of money out of England by sea; also here are arrived hoys laden with cheese, butter, beer and tallow." Some of them report that they bribed the searchers. From Lye in Essex many things pass hither "by sufferance of searchers." Andwerp, 5 Feb.
P.S.—Perceiving, by letters out of England, that the King takes his service in good part, Jasper Dowche says again that he will go within fourteen days. The more Wriothesley tells his friends that Vaughan praises him the more he will do at Vaughan's request, "and the sooner will he come."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1544.
6 Feb. 151. Sir Robert Southwell to Mr. Lentall.
R. O. Requires him to send fair written in parchment the particulars of the grange of Doneham, Line., now in tenure of Vyncent Grantham, parcel of the late monastery of "Barlynche." The Rolls, 6 Feb. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: auditor.
6 Feb. 152. Archbishopric of York.
Close Roll.
36 Hen. VIII.,
p. 5, No. 38.
Surrender of lands to the Crown. See note to the grant of 14 March to the Abp., among GRANTS in MARCH.
6 Feb. 153. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Hears that the French ambassador to Denmark passed this way in his journey thither, and spoke with the Emperor. Here was on the 4th inst. the Countie de Santo Bonifatio, who departed on the morrow (as he showed Carne) straight towards Italy. On the 4th a gentleman of Luxembourge, who last year was with the Emperor against the French and now would serve the King against them, came to know who was the King's general captain for the Almains. Upon Carne saying that he knew of none "appointed in that behalf," the gentleman said that he would go to Calais; and added that, lately, talking with one of the French king's secretaries at Luxembourg and saying that Boloyn could not be won by force, seeing that always the King might victual it by sea, the secretary answered "that the French king intended to send an army of 30,000 to Scotlande and to send an army of 40,000 to the sea and to keep only at Boloyn a siege volant" Brussels, 6 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
7 Feb. 154. The Privy Council to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer.
R. O. We directed a warrant to you, 9 Dec. last, to pay 7,500l. st. to Sir Richard and Sir John Gresham, to be made over by exchange to Stephen Vaughan, the King's agent in Flanders. The King's purpose is now altered, and you are to deliver again to Sir Richard and Sir John the said warrant with all acquittances made for the receipt of the money, taking instead a bill signed by Anthony Bonvixy of receipt of such bills of exchange as Sir Richard and Sir John will deliver you, amounting to 3,5002l. to be received in Flanders, and also another bill of receipt subscribed by Achelyne Salvage, of the house of Anthony Vivolde, of other bills of exchange, to be likewise delivered, for 4,000l Westm., 7 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Gage, Browne and Wyngfeld.
P. 1. Add. (Another address to Sir John Bakere and the Tellers of the Receipt cancelled.)
7 Feb. 155. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 130.
B. M.
ii., No. 130.
Encloses letters from the Warden of the East Marches and one to the King from Lenoux. Yesterday Cassillis departed, conducted by Shrewsbury's servant Robert Blunt; and they should be in London on Friday or Saturday next. Order is taken for Cassells' pledges to be sent into Scotland. On 30 Jan. received certain blank letters, commissions and instructions for the practise of the Benevolence in the counties of York, Lancashire, Westmoreland and Northumberland. For the execution thereof in Yorkshire the abp. elect of York can do better service than any other man; and they suggest that the King should send him home, together with lords Scrope and Conyers. Meanwhile have delivered the commission and instructions for that shire to Sir Henry Savell to be conveyed to the residue of the Council at York and by them set forth. It is requisite to send also commissions for the Bishopric of Duresme, Newcastle and Hull, which are shires in themselves. Darneton, 7 Feb. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 Feb. 156. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O. On Tuesday, 3rd inst., Granvele having promised to report what he then declared and give the Emperor's answer, he waited two days, and then, on the third, sent a servant to Granvele to know when he might have access to the Emperor to obtain the answer. Granvele said that the Emperor had no other answer to give than he gave before. Wotton then wrote to Granvele that perhaps the servant had not done his message well, or had spoken of the arrest; but his request was to speak with the Emperor about the declaration against the enemy. Sent the letter by another servant, to whom Granvele said that the first servant had well reported the matter, and Wotton had heard the Emperor's mind therein both from himself and from Granvele and Schore, and that, till his ambassadors certified Henry's answer to his request he could make no other answer. Granvele added that since the coming of the first servant (in the morning) he had again spoken with the Emperor, who willed Wotton "to take this for an answer."
As the Emperor cannot go shortly up to the Diet, he sends Granvele first, who leaves in eight or ten days. A gentleman of France named Recherd has been here and spoken with the Emperor, and is passed as ambassador into Danernarke. Bruxelles, 7 Feb. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 Feb. 157. Wotton to Wriothesley.
R. O. The Emperor will make no direct answer concerning his declaration till he have answer of the thing for which he sent Chappuis back into England with his other ambassador. "What that is I know not perfectly." I hear that a French ambassador has passed here into Danemarke; of whose coming I before gave advertisement. Mons. de Granvele goes shortly to Wormes, either because the Emperor cannot go shortly or goes not at all. Bruxelles, 7 Feb. 1544.
Hol., p. 1, Add.: lord Chancellor of England. Endd.
7 Feb. 158. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. As he expected, the Emperor will make no answer touching the declaration till the King answers that which his ambassadors have required. These Italian ambassadors have been earnest to know if any truces be taken between the King and the French king, and tell Wotton that Frenchmen here say that the French king has sent the Prince of Melfy, an Italian, ambassador into England. If not true, this is probably divulged for some purpose. Bruxelles, 7 Feb. 1544.
The count of Sainct Bonifacio was with me within these three days, and, according to your letter, I offered to assist him for the restitution of his gear and for a passport; but he thought better not to speak of it at this time, "and so is departed." By his words, he seems well minded to do good service. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Feb. 159. St. Mauris to Covos.
viii. No. 10.
* * * Sends a prophecy recently discovered or got up here touching the war which the French are preparing against the English. Melun, 7 Feb. 1545.
ii. Summary of news contained in St. Mauris's letters of 7 and 28 Feb. and 24 and 31 March.
*** Modern transcript in B.M. from the French archives. Add. MS. 28,594, f. 68. Fr., pp.6.
8 Feb. 160. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 265.
Require him to take order for the passage, by the Borders, of the bearer, George Filpe, servant to the lord of Bromston, of Scotland, whom the King has licensed to return home. Westm., 8 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Essex, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield and Paget.
P. 1. Add.
8 Feb 161. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 132.
B. M.
ii. No. 402.
Send letters received from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches, with one to the King from the gentlemen of Tevidale in Scotland in his service, who, since the Scots laid garrisons against them with Buckleugh and others their enemies, desire to have garrisons of Englishmen laid amongst them in Tevidale (whereto the warden of the Middle Marches seems agreeable) and, especially, to have wages. Considering that English garrisons cannot safely lie among them if they break faith, and that victuals are scarce, the writers have forborne to lay any garrisons in Tevidale until they know the King's pleasure. Perceive by last letters from the Council that if there are any places within the Mershe of Scotland where garrisons may be laid, the King would have them viewed. Had already written in that behalf to the Warden of the East Marches, who answered that no sure place could be found, as appears by his letter lately sent up. Darneton, 8 Feb. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
8 Feb. 162. Lord Evers to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 263.
John Ker, captain of Warke, intending to sue for certain abbey lands in these parts, has moved me to write in his favour. As he has done the King as good and manful service as any man in the Marches, and has been as sore hurt and in danger of death, I beg your Lordship to write favourably of him to the King. Berwyke, 8 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: the King's Majesty's lieutenant general in these North parts.
8 Feb. 163. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. Being appointed to receive of the Merchants Adventurers 15,000l. to pay the "merchants creditors here," is told that the Adventurers are so hindered by the arrest, wherein they remain, that they cannot pay by their day. Their cloths they cannot sell and those who owe them money refuse to pay them during this arrest; so that they will not be able to pay the third part of the sum. "The house of the Bonvyce made such moan to me that I found shift to pay him 1,185l. Flemish, wherewith I have for a day or twain satisfied him."
The Emperor, being sore troubled with the gout, is entered into the new diet. Andwerp, 8 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. 1544.
9 Feb. 164. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. The Council having appointed him to receive 15, 0001. of the Merchants Adventurers, to pay money due by the King; because the Adventurers remain under arrest and can neither sell their cloths nor receive their debts, they will not be able to pay the third part of 15, 000l.; as they tell him, with great moan. The Bonvyses seem so pinched with the lack of money that he has made shift to pay them 1,1 85l. Flemish, and so eased them for a day or twain. Is not yet certified by the Council how much he shall receive of every of the Merchants Staplers and Adventurers; and loth they will be to pay except they have their bills rendered to them, which are not yet come to his hands. While they remain under arrest "the merchants of the Stullyard ship daily cloths from London hither; and take thereby great advantage, for the Frank-forde mart, being at Our Lady next, hasteth men here to buy cloths that the same may be dressed and made ready to be sent to the said mart."
The Emperor minds shortly to take the new diet. Begs to know what shall be done with the creditors here if the Adventurers fail payment. Andwerp, 9 Feb.
A Frenchman, burgess of Andwerp, dwelling at the sign of the Healme, sues for goods lately taken at sea. The goods are undoubtedly Frenchmen's "of which he should have had the doings only as a factor."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
10 Feb. 165. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS
A. p. 267.
The King having received into his service this bearer William Litche, Scottishman, who now repairs to the Borders for the getting into England of his wife and children and goods, we require you to take order with the Warden of the Middle Marches to let one of Litche's servants pass into Scotland, and otherwise to assist him. Westm., 10 Feb. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Gage, Browne and Petre.
P. 1. Add.
10 Feb. 166. Archane Archana to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656 f, 139
B. M.
ii. No. 403 3.
Sends the platt of Warke castle, which is in marvellous ruin and the captain has very little room or stabling. The King's munition carts stand in the midst of the court without cover. There is much lead lying unoccupied in the cloister at Kelsaie which might do good service at Warke. Begs him to write to the King to bestow the writer in some other place where he may serve better than at Warke. Alnewicke, 10 Feb. 1544. signed. (fn. n7)
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Feb. 167. Wharton to Shrewsbury.
Lodge, i. 101. Has received his Lordship's letters of the 5th. inst., signifying the King's pleasure concerning Langholme, viz., that the footmen already there and about 50 horsemen be entertained there. Has them ready under a convenient person to be there on Monday next, 16th. inst. Lennox, Thomas Bishop and Wharton are practising for the sending up to Court of the lord Tulybardine. Will afterwards send Shrewsbury such matter as they can charge him with. Declared to Lennox and Bishop the effect of Shrewsbury's letters, viz. that Lennox should have 4 mks. a day and Bishop 10s. a day, during their abode in these parts, since their arrival at Carlisle on 17 Dec., at afternoon. Lennox desires his thanks to be given to the King for that liberality. Has, according to Shrewsbury's letters, discharged the earl of Cassillis's pledges and returned homewards my lord President's men who brought them. The said pledges entered Scotland on 9 Feb. Has practised with a Scotchman whom he has long used as a spy, and who is trusted by Laird Johnston, to continue the division between Johnston and Robert Maxwell and move Johnston to seek aid from Wharton. Both are now before the Council in Edinburgh for their agreement, as they have been sundry times before; but before Johnston went he sought a meeting with Wharton's servants, Edw. and Wm. Storie, and came to them on Candlemas Day at 10 p.m., ten miles from his house in Scotland, and used many fair words to have Wharton's favour. Offered him 300 cr. and his brother the abbot of Selsid 100 cr. (and the said spy 100 cr.) and to sue to the King in his favour, if "by his draft" Robert Maxwell may be captured. He thereupon promised that, whether they agreed at Edinburgh or not, he would "work a purpose" against Robert Maxwell. They are all false; but Wharton would be glad to trap either Robert Maxwell or Johnston. Carlisle, 10 Feb.
Printed by Lodge from "Howard Papers."
10 Feb. 168. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 274.
On the 9th inst. received the Council's letters of the 5th, with Henry's letter to the Emperor and the articles, and sent to Court to require access to the Emperor. Adrien of the Chamber went in to the Emperor and returned with answer that the Emperor "was ill at ease and entering into the diet," and willed Wotton to declare his matters to Granvelle. Being then told that Wotton had letters to deliver and a charge to declare to the Emperor in person, Adrien went again and brought answer that, if Wotton would send at 4 p.m., he should if possible speak with the Emperor. However, about one o'clock, he was sent for; and found the Emperor with his feet on a low chair and one arm in a towel looking worse than Wotton ever saw him. After some talk of his disease and his determination next day "to enter into the diet of the wood of Ynde," Wotton declared his instructions and delivered his letters of credence, and then read the articles, at leisure and with his best punctuation. That done, the Emperor said that the way Henry used was to be commended and it was convenient for friends so to open their minds frankly; and he would consider the matters, which were weighty and important; but, being diseased in body and thereby troubled in mind, he could not remember all that Wotton had read and therefore desired a copy, or at least the effect of it; and, as Henry had -made only one secretary privy to it, so he would make no man privy but one secretary, who should go home with Wotton to write it out. And he marvelled that in the said articles it was taken that he had arrested Henry's subjects here without cause, seeing that all his ships passing there were arrested; and yet he intended no breach of amity but only the indemnity of his subjects. When Wotton answered that his subjects' ships and goods were long ago at liberty, he said he was informed that some of them were at liberty, but were fain to leave their goods to be sold in England where they bear not like prices as elsewhere, and no way was taken for the security of his subjects in future, and as he had no letters from his ambassadors concerning that matter he had not released the arrest here. Wotton declared that as had no instructions to deliver a copy of the articles he dared not do so. The Emperor said that because they were important and he mistrusted his own memory he would fain have had a summary of them, and he desired that at the least Wotton would declare them to the Queen. Was perplexed, but answered that, being commanded to declare the matter secretly to the Emperor only, he durst not pass the bounds prescribed to him; but if there was any point "not well understanded" he would declare it again. As for his subjects' ships and goods in England, told him that they were all at liberty and might sell their goods as well in England as elsewhere, unless indeed he thought it reasonable that they should be suffered to carry them into France to victual the enemy. "That is," quod th'Emperor, "no revictualling of enemies, but a trade of merchandise, used yearly." "Well, Sir," quod Wotton, "is it then your pleasure that I shall signify to the King my master that you will not discharge th arrest here unless his men may go away with their herrings and carry them into France, and also till the time that an order be taken for the security of your subjects in time to come." He answered that he would not say so, but, since the King had done somewhat therein, it was reason that somewhat should be done here; and, as he himself was entering into the diet tomorrow, Granvele would make a further answer. As for the other matters contained in the articles they were, he said, of great importance and he was not in a condition to weigh them duly, but when he began to amend he would answer them; and if any other thing came in the mean season Wotton should resort to the Queen in it. Wotton replied that they were indeed important, but he had had good leisure to think upon them and might even now make answer, and named the declaration against France and the safe-conduct. The Emperor said he was not fit to meddle with such matters, but as for the safe-conduct Wotton might speak to Granvele. "Sir," quod I, "seeing it is your pleasure so, I shall resort to Granvele for these things; howbeit that the King my master thinketh that your Majesty would weigh them as indifferently as any Councillor about you." But could get no other answer. As for the Emperor's countenance, being occupied with reading the book, he could not well note it. Thinks, however, as the Emperor "looked so piteously before and after," his countenance could change very little. Will labour to speak with Granvele this day. Bruxelles, 10 Feb. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
10 Feb. 169. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. If these last letters had come later I could not have declared the articles, for this day the Emperor enters the new diet. "In his answers I noted ij things; first, that he was so ready not only that I should declare th'articles to the Queen but also to let one of his secretaries write them out, who, no doubt, should have been Joisse Bave, and he would no more have declared them to Granvele and his son of Arras than I would not drink if I were athirst, having a good cup of the best French wine that the Mareschall de Bies hath left behind him a t'other side the water of Boleyn; the which would provoke me the more for because I drank none good sith the time that I was a man of war in France. Another thing that I mused at was that needs th'Emperor would have a copy or a summary of th'articles, or that I should declare them to the Queen, for- because he could not remember them; and when I offered to read to him again anything that either he doubted in or remembered not well, he cared not for it."
I thank you for the rest of your letters. Bruxelles, 10 Feb. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Feb. 170. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Within three days Granvelle with some of the Emperor's Council "goeth towards the Diets into Gerinanye for th Emperor, forbecause he himself, who entereth here into the diet this day, cannot be there." A new Nuncio from the bp. of Rome came hither on the 7th inst. " Here is no other communication now but of the noble and valiant removing and chasing away of the Frenchmen from the siege of Bolloyne by my lord of Hertford." Bruxells, 10 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
Feb. 171. Vaughan to Wriothesley.
R. O. By reason of the Emperor's arrest the Merchants Adventurers and Staplers neither can sell their cloths nor receive their debts; so that, instead of receiving 15,0001. of the Adventurers and 2,000l. or 3,000l. of the Staplers, I shall not receive 5,000l. I have found shift to pay the house of Bonvyce 1,700l. Flemish, and hope to pay more. Our merchants are loth to pay unless they receive their bills. I have often written in this matter but have no answer. Pray let me know the Council's pleasure; for I pay although under arrest, "seeing it standeth much upon the King's Majesty's honor. Yesterday Mr. Buckelar arrived here and this day he departed. Jasper Douche hindereth our arrest here very much. He is a wicked fellow. It may please you to let no man know that I so write. I doubt lest he will not keep his bond and promise made to me for discharging us of the payment of valued money. Here is a saying that th'Emperor entereth into the new diet this day or tomorrow."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: to my 1. Chauncelor—Febr. 1544.
10 Feb. 172. Walter Bugler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x 283
This day letters from Venice, Florence and other places of Italy report that the Turk has stayed his journey towards Austria for this year, and the Bishop of Borne intends to accelerate the Council at Trent and makes "earnest pretence to declare his curse against your Majesty, which is esteemed very vain to him that God hath blessed." To levy men the French king sent a gentleman to Germany, whom the Lantgravius took upon the Rene and still keeps. Writes this by report of Italians and other honest men here. It is bruited that Guasto shall come to the French king to render the state of Millayne. Departs forward tomorrow. Antwerpe, 10 Feb. Signed.
P, 1. Add, Endd,: 1544,
10 Feb. 173. Walter Bugler to Paget.
R. O. Not to seem negligent, has written to the King. Has here made exchange of his money, and tomorrow sets forward, after speaking with Mr. Wotton. Hears that Mr. Monte is at Argentine "which is an hindrance to my purpose. The passages be very evil." Antwerp, 10 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Healed. Endd.: 1544.
Feb. 174. Thomas Karlell to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 168.
B. M.
ii., No. 413 1).
On Tuesday, 10th inst., by command of the Warden of the East Marches, waited upon the Warden of the Middle Marches, who spoke with Sir George Douglas at Norahame. Was there told by a gentleman of Scotland that, on Sir George's return to the Council of Scotland, a herald should go to Shrewsbury, and to the King, to see if the prisoners taken at Solome Mosse might be ransomed; and if not they would enter although the Governor and Council did not wish it. They look for aid out of France ere March be done, and will make fair weather till then. If it come not, they will sue for peace and grant the King his first desire. The Cardinal and Sir George are wondrous great, and the Cardinal will either bring Sir George to the French king's ways or Sir George bring the Cardinal to the King's Majesty's ways. Sir George is promised a French pension. If they get aid they will do as they see cause.
Hears that two captains of these marches shall be discharged and begs his lordship to write to the Warden to give him 50 men in wages: and he trusts to get the house of Dunsse to lie in, which is 9 miles from England, between Wedderburne and Hume, or else he will lie in Bille and make a roof to it. Begs leave to let his prisoner John Foster, laird of Gamylshelles, (fn. n8) (whom he took the day that Sir George Bowes was taken), go home for four days to see his wife who is sore sick. Offers to send news of Scotland so that his Lordship may have it as soon as the Warden. Supposes that the Warden has advertised him how Roger Wetherynton and the writer, with 30 horsemen, were at Crenshaw castle in Lamarmor, belonging to the lard of Swynton, warden of the East Marches of Scotland, where all the country folk chanced to be assembled to receive wages, and, after many a great stroke took 12 of them and all the lard's cattle, "he himself being there."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: Febr. 1544.
Lamb. MS. 2. Copy of the preceding, not addressed.
695, Vol. II.
D. 1
Pp. 2.


  • n1. Cancelled.
  • n2. These words are cancelled and the word "thurtenth" written in the margin, indicating that this is to be the 13th article of the letter,—the preceding paragraph being apparently reckoned as the 12th although not numbered.
  • n3. Passage cancelled.
  • n4. No. 135
  • n5. Cancelled.
  • n6. Sir Anthony Browne
  • n7. Quite different signature from that of No. 142.
  • n8. Transcribed inaccurately "Hamyshelles" in § 2.