Henry VIII: August 1545, 16-20

Pages 61-74

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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August 1545, 16-20

16 Aug. 140. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 230.
Meeting at Guildford, 16 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to the Council at London to allow 5 marks a day from 13 Aug. to my lord of Surrey, appointed to go over with 5,000 men, and deliver him coats and conduct money to Dover for certain of his men, and his entertainment and their wages for a fortnight. Letter to my lord Warden and Mr. Seymour for news of our navy and the French navy. Warrant to Michael Davyd to deliver to Lord St. John, for garrisons and works at Portsmouth and victualling of the navy, 5,000l.; to — Burnell, one of Monsieur de Bure's gentlemen, "as parcel of his reward," 80l.; to Wm. Levett, parson of Buckstedde, for iron pieces and shot, 200l.; to James Yettsevert, for his dangerous voyage from Flanders at my lord Deputy's request, and to encourage him to like service again, 25l.; to Wm. Cantwell, Irishman, reward, 7l. 10s. and 3l. 12s. 10d. for a coat; to Hans van Lubeck, reward 50s.; to Moris Horner, Hans Hardigan, and John van Antwerppe for their voyage into Ireland to search for mines 20l., and for their charges in like affairs before 18l.
16 Aug. 141. Oats for Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant, similar to No. 33, to deliver to Wm. Legat and John Buttes, yeomen, 66l. 13s. 4d. in prest towards provision of oats for Bullen. London, 16 Aug. 1545. Signed by Gardiner and Ryther.
P. 1. Endd. with Leggatt's receipt for 20l. (dated 17 Aug. and signed with a mark) and Buttes's receipt for the remainder. Also endd.: Shelton.
16 Aug. 142. Lisle to Edward Bellingham.
R. O. Thinking that you heard part of the shot between us and the Frenchmen yesterday, and might think that there was some great feat done, I assure you that it was but a bravery of their galleys, which, following us all yesterday, having the wind of us and their fleet the wind of them, about noon set upon us and continued shooting until night. Not a ship was struck, and all they did was to break three oars in the Mistres; and yet they bestowed among us 200 cannon shot. It was night before their fleet came near and both armies anchored within a league. About midnight began a little gale of wind and, thinking to be even with them, we were under sail by daybreak; "but our good neighbours were not to be found." We are becalmed again, so that, had they tarried, they would have had advantage again, but evidently they "will not give the hazard as long as they may avoid it." Until God give a wind that will last 24 hours or a day and a night "we shall have no purpose of them." Send this letter to my lord Chamberlain, that he may advertise the Privy Council. From the Harry Grace a Dieu, thwart of the Whight, 16 Aug.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To my very loving friend Edward Belingham, esquire, one of the gentlemen of the King's Majesty's Privy Chamber and his Highness' general in the Wight. Endd.: Received at Casebroke, 16 Aug., at midnight.
16 Aug. 143. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O. Herewith a letter to Hertford from the Warden of the West Marches; to be declared to the King. Also a declaration of charges here since the sending of last declaration. Are encumbered with the Clevoys's reckonings, who demand a great deal more than it seems they ought to have; and the writers are therefore fain to continue giving them prests, in which they have had, as appears by schedule enclosed, 1,476l. 13s. 4d., besides what they got before coming hither. As the Clevoys would not agree with the book sent hither, made according to Lightmaker's capitulations, they have been caused to put their own reckonings in writing (sent herewith, together with the copy of the said book). Because Lightmaker is not here, some of the Clevoys will not confess the receipt of so much as appears by the book, some ask wages for longer time than there appears to be due, and some ask greater wages and allowance of more officers. Unless the reckonings are perfected there and confirmed by Lightmaker, the writers will have "none end with them." Have taken a copy of the said capitulation, and return the original, as required. Newcastell, 16 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—Of the money here, which (as appears by the said declaration) is 5,443l. 2d., above 700l. is to be now paid for grain, draught horses, &c., so that they have not sufficient by a great deal for next pay of the garrisons, aswell strangers as Englishmen, at the end of this month of August. Pray him to remember their "supply" in time and to answer their former requests, on behalf of the merchants here, for transportation of lead.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
16 Aug. 144. Angus and Others to [Hertford] and Others.
R. O.
St. P., v. 498.
Right worshipful, we have communed together and are determined to serve the King in setting forward the peace and marriage. Our opinion is that he should prepare armies in this time of harvest, both at the East and West borders, furnished to remain some time. At their coming into this realm, proclaim that your purpose is to hurt none who will assist to the performing of the peace and marriage; and if any nobleman please to commune with you on the causes aforesaid you shall "make them sure." The King, if he approve this opinion, should send full power with his lieutenant that we may know his good mind to us, otherwise we shall take great damage. The King's armies should "follow part of our counsels." This last journey of ours was devised by the Queen, Cardinal and Lorge Mangummarry. Huntley fortified it "at his power"; and yet all the device was stopped by us, the King's friends. They meant to besiege the King's houses until they had "gotten bargayn." Captain Lorge will not remain on our Borders, which is taken as an argument that he is not come for our weal but to cause us to battle for France. Pray make us hasty answer in these affairs. Melrose, 16 Aug., "by therles of Angus, Marshall, George Dowglas, and Cassillis."
Decipher, p. 1. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2. Another copy in the same handwriting.
Pp. 2.
16 Aug. 145. Intelligence from France.
R. O. [Information obtained by Thomas Condorow.]
"Md. that the Dolphynesse ys . . . . beyng captayne [of] one of the galees, was so hurt, by reason of a shotte [of] the Greate Harrye as they toke hytt, that he dyed at New Haven and there ys buryed, where the Frenche k [ing] and the Dolphyn was this day senyght, as apperyd by a pursyvaunt that [ca]me to Morlees the s[aid] daye.
"Further, Condorow sayethe that at [Bre]st (?) there be 25 cap[tains] wt 25,000 men wch came latly fr[om] Marselys. And 60 good sayles mor yn a redynes ther abowtes, whiche dyd nott stur a Sonday last, beying the 9th of August, from thise portes and havens wher as they be yn Bretayne. And for that purpose the post was send (?) yn hast to geve them warnyng therof.
"And furder sayeth that ther is but 7 men of warr vent[urers ?] gon all this yer as (?) owte of Bretayne, whose captayne ys Mounser Careghan, which ar now wth the greate flete. And furder sayeth that ther ys grete rumour amonges the comons yn Bretayne because that the Dolphyn hath apoynted one Mouns. de Shateow (?) under the goverans and ledyng of the sayd Mouns. de Careghan, which ys of no suche estymacion as the oder.
"And furder sayeth, as he perceyvyd by hys secrete frend, a merchant man, tha[t] all ther intent ys to worke so that they myght have the Yle of Wyght and [Ha]mpton, to the intent they mought have good abode and ro[de ?] ther for ther comodytie to doe farder yn the dyspleasur of this realme, and specially towardes London; saying and [ca]styng thos penworthes :—This shuld serve ther purpose best, aswell for to have releve from ther countree as also for ther settynge forthe towardes London and suche other places that they covett.
"Moreover he sayeth that, three dayes beffore the Frenche flete departyd owte of New Haven towardes the Yle of Wyght, at ther last beyng ther, yt fortune that one of the greatest shipes (fn. n1) yn the navye by chaunce was burnyd, yn the wch shippe the Frenche Kyng and the Dolphyn bothe war but two howres affor. And the shote of the gunnes of the same shippe dyd greate hurt amongest the rest of the fflete; yn wch shippe was 800 men, and not one of them savyd, the fyr was so fervent and had so sowne consumed the shippe.
"Item, ther ys a greate brute yn Bretayne that the Emperour ys no true man nor faithfull of his promyse, because he deferreth the maryage of his nyse to the Duke of Orlyans, wth whome he promysed Flaunders yn maryage.
"All wch sayinges the sayd Thomas Condorow perceyvyd by a frend of his, Mores de Bowde, a merchant man of Murleys. Wretyn the xvjth of August.
(Signed) By me Thomas Condorow."
Pp. 2. Mutilated and faded.
16 Aug. 146. Francisco di Busto to [Armigill Wade].
Harl. MS.
295, f. 166
B. M.
Since I went away, intending to go to the Emperor's court, I learnt in Bruges (? Bruxas altered from "Bruxselas") that his Majesty was on the road to Flanders. I wished, as you know, to serve the King of England in this war; but as it is not possible for me to serve him in Calais, nor have I any preparation to pass to the island, the Captain Castanoso di Bracamonte asked me to go to the fort of Bolonia (Boulogne) to be with Master Pamar (Palmer) where I could very well serve the King, and I said to him that I would do it.
I wish to know of your health, as they say here that many people are dying, and whether the Governor (fn. n2) will be pleased with my going to Boulogne; and I will thank you to answer at once, as this man goes for no other cause, and to pardon me that I put you to trouble without having done you any service. Santome, 16 Aug.
Sends commendations to the Governor. If you seem not to remember my name, I say that I left there thirty days ago and that the Governor provided me with money.
Spanish. Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To the Secretary of the king of England at Calais.
17 Aug. 147. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 231.
Meeting at Guildford, 17 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horses, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Mich. David to deliver to Lucas Fringar for his journey into Almayne and back, 20l.; to Philippe van Dorpen for conduct hither of 200 Almains landed at Lestoff, 75l.; to Francisco the Courier for his voyage to Antwerp and back, in consideration of the dangerous passage and dear living, 23l.; to Nicholas, courier, for a voyage to Plymouth with the Emperor's ambassador's servant, 5l.
17 Aug. 148. The Council in London to [the Four Tellers of the Exchequer] .
R. O. We require you to deliver Wm. Brakynbury 6,000l., to be conveyed to Guisnes, to John Wotton, treasurer there, "for the satisfaction of the crews and the horsemen Almayns that be come thither of late," viz., you Richard Warner 1,000l., you James Joskyn 2,000l., you Jerom Shelton 1,000l., and you Roger Chaloner 2,000l., "taking of him issues in your several books for the same." Lyncoln Place, 17 Aug. 1545. Signed: John Bakere: Robert Sowthwell: Edward North: Ric. Southwell.
P. 1. Add. at the foot.
17 Aug. 149. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 122.
Since his last from Portsmouth, has continued to follow the King, who has done him all possible honour, frequently requesting his company in hunting and constantly holding kind and familiar conversation with him. On arriving here, received the Emperor's letter of the 6th inst. with the enclosure touching the embargo, the negociations for peace and the aid. Also received a letter from the Queen, requiring him to learn the English view of these points pending her despatch of the personage who is to exhort the King to peace. Being that day invited to accompany the King in hunting, spoke of these matters first to Paget, who is the most influential person here, and then to the King. They were pleased with the Emperor's decision to furnish the aid and send the personage, but, as to ratification of the treaty with France, raised the difficulty which the Emperor mentions as brought forward by the English ambassador, saying that they could not accept it with the reservation mentioned therein of the treaty with England. Could not reply to this, not having a copy of the treaty, but said, unofficially, that he thought the approval was required in order that the King might benefit by the reservation as regards the aid, and that the treaty with England would remain in full force in so far as it did not run counter to the Emperor's treaty with France. The King answered that he did not know which treaty, as if he thought that there were several treaties with France. It was finally agreed that "our views" should be put in writing and the King would reply. Spoke then of the Emperor's desire to bring about peace, whose ambassadors were already on the way hither and to France; and urged the necessity of it, and the expediency of thinking of preliminaries beforehand; but could not elicit more than he wrote in his former letters; except that he learnt in strict confidence that they were already, through Madame D'Etampes, in treaty with France, the French proposing to pay the pension and arrears and 100,000 cr. for Boulogne; but, as no mention was made of the cost of the war, and the French wished to include something about Scotland, the King had cooled and negociations were suspended. The intermediary in this was Barth. Compagni, an Italian merchant in London, who formerly visited the writer about Jasper Doulchy's affairs, and who is now in Court. As to the embargoes, the English become daily more reasonable, and nearly everything has been despatched.
While watching the hunting, chatted with the Queen, who was kind and gracious. She mentioned the death of the Princess of Spain, as did the King and Paget; but the writer knew of the sad event only by common rumour. Since he last wrote, the English fleet of 120 ships encountered the French, sinking a foist and carrying away the poop of a galley; but darkness stopped the fight, and next morning the French were out of sight. In Scotland the King's army of 14,000 has defeated the Scots, the King's foreign troops taking the principal part in the scene. Knows not when this letter will reach the Emperor, as the passage is difficult. Guildford, 17 Aug. 1545.
17 Aug. 150. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O. Tykfford, 17 Aug. 1545:—Wool dealings with Mr. Lightfote, Mr. Leveson and Henry Sowthwycke. Private business, chiefly directions about the inclusion of Ernesdon Wood in Lathbury parish in Cave's patent; for which Johnson must speak with Sir Thomas Poope, master of the woods, if Mr. Claiton proves unreasonable. He may spend in rewards not above 30l. Desires also the inclusion of Willyn and Checheley manor. The seas appear to be so troubled that there is little likelihood of Johnson's being able to pass yet. "With Mr. Denham, if ye have not concluded past an c li. which should serve my brother Tanffeld, take none for me until March, at which time I shall have more need I think than now. It is folly to pay interest without great need."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at London.
17 Aug. 151. Lisle to Gage.
R. O.
St. P., i. 816.
The King's navy is at present, for lack of wind, anchored thwart of Beauchif, to stop the ebb, and with next flood, about 4 a.m., will apply towards Dover. Thought that the French fleet would have been here to stop them, for on Saturday night (fn. n3) both fleets anchored within a league, their galleys having assailed us all that afternoon but their fleet not approaching until after sunset. They dislodged early, and when day came "were as far into the wind of us as we might escry them out of my main top, haling into the seaward." The wind being fresh, their galleys would not have served them. They approached like a wood, but in their removing kept no order. Small boats which Lisle sent to see what course they held reported that they sailed east as though to fetch the Narrow Seas before us and that there was 5 miles between their foremost and hindermost ships. As they are not in this bay Lisle cannot see how they can be first in the Narrow Seas. Asks for intelligence, and that the victual ships at Rye may meet him tomorrow at the Nasse; and, with wind, the whole fleet will be at Dover tomorrow night. Requires him to advertise the King of this. If any of the French remain in the Narrow Seas he will know of them before tomorrow night. In the Harry, under Beauchif, Monday, 17 Aug. at 9 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
17 Aug. 152. Russell to the Council.
R. O. All these parts are ready for any attemptate, and the people have of their own accord provided themselves with white coats in Dorcett, Somercett, Devonshire and Cornewall. An English mariner, being prisoner in Britaine, and, because known to be an expert fellow, detained there this half year after his ransom was paid, has declared as in the enclosed billet received this day from Sir Hugh Trevanien. Cannot believe the number of ships and men mentioned therein. Trusts that most of the ships from hence are long ago with the King's fleet. Some, pretending lack of victuals and grain, which indeed is very scarce, drew back, intending to go on their own adventures, for many are wholly given to pillage and robbery. Has some of these in ward and has bestowed their ordnance in other ships and in bulwarks. Others of them, who have stolen away, shall be punished when they come home. If he can get mariners, will send four or five pinnaces over to Britaine to view the coasts, and, by taking prisoners, learn news. Exceter, 17 Aug. Signed,
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
17 Aug. 153. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Since I concluded the bargain with Fernando de Assa and Marten Lopes, the said Lopes has told me that Jasper Dowche "is in a great rage," suspecting they have sold their alum, and means to buy it again of the King. They hate the said Jasper, so that if the King were to sell it him they would never bargain more with his Majesty. Expects to make more bargains with them (for they have all the alum of Civita Vecha in farm till the year 1552), and writes this in order that Jasper may be put off, if he have begun any suit therein, and may not know of the bargain. Andwerp, 17 Aug.
Certain Italian captains, lately come hither out of Italy, have importuned him to lend them money, and he has prested to them 60 cr. Having now made an end of the King's things here, where Mr. Chamberleyn and Mr. Damesell are sufficient to receive the money from the Fowker and Haller, begs leave to come home, where he left a "raw house." It has been a very contagious summer here, with pestilence and other diseases. Pray let Haller have the obligations he desires, or else my credence will be small to serve the King here. I took of him 60,000 crowns of 6s. "with interest and all."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
17 Aug. 154. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 246.
B. M.
Lodovico Marescotto and Antonio Gramenia, two captains out of Italy coming to serve the King, have importuned him so much that he is driven to be surety for them to John Carolo for 60 cr. They have given their bond to pay it within eight days after their arrival at Calais. Begs him to defalk the money out of their wages, and keep it, or Vaughan is like to lose it. The Emperor will be at Loveyn within these three days. Andwerp, 17 Aug.
The Emperor has sent Skipperus into England, who departed hence on the 15th to take shipping out of Seeland. Pray send my letter to Mr. Secretary by the first that goes.
P.S. (outside the letter).—"I send Mr. Secretary's letter by this bearer because he goeth straight to London."
Hol. p., 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
17 Aug. 155. William Damesell to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 323.
B. M.
By your servant Jeronimus I lately sent your Lordship two "remmottes of crymosine satten," but have not heard if you received them. No news but that the Emperor will be within two days at Brusels; "and yesterday departed from hence Mons. Skeperus, one of the chief of the Council here, in a hoy of this town towards England." Andwerpe, 17 Aug. 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
18 Aug. 156. The Privy Council.
A. P. C. 232.
Meeting at Guildford, 18 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Mich. David to deliver to John Wynter, for marine causes, l,000l.; to John Honninges for a voyage from Wormes with letters, 20l.; to one Turpin for a voyage from Calais, from my lord Deputy, 6l.; to Thos. Chawmberlayne, money disbursed to John Drommonde, Scottishman, 10l. Warrant to Sir John Williams, to deliver to Harry Harwardde, customer of Pole, for fortifications in the West, 200l.; to my lord Chamberlain for victuals for the sea, 2,000l. Warrant to Mr. Carew to deliver to my lord Chamberlain for victuals for the sea, 2,000l. Letter to my lord Admiral suggesting that if the French were gone far he should repair to the Narrow Seas to open the passage and take in victual at Rye, taking up by the way certain French galleys and ships reported to be between Dover and Calais; but leaving all to his discretion. Warrant to Mich. Davye to deliver to Geo. Mylles for the fortification at Sandone Bay, 600l.
18 Aug. 157. Corn Powder for the North.
R. O. Warrant by the Council in London to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer to pay Michell Mathewe, servant of Sir Ant. Knevett, lieutenant of the Tower, 10l. 10s., for transporting certain corn powder to the earl of Hertford. Lyncoln Place, 18 Aug. Signed: John Bakere: Robert Sowthwell: Edward North.
P. 1. Add. at the foot.
18 Aug. 158. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 818.
The whole army is here under Beauchif, the wind taking them yesternight at north east and blowing so round a gale that they cannot go into the Narrow Seas. Trusts that Mr. Comptroller, yesterday, signified their being here; and that the King has heard of the "proper skirmish that the French galleys made us upon Saturday last (fn. n4)," of which Lisle certified Mr. Bellingham, to be reported to the lord Chamberlain. Describes it. The Mistress, the Anne Gallaunt, the Greyhound and all the "shalupes" and rowing pieces did right well. The galleys were repulsed before the rest of their fleet came up, at whose approach our fleet anchored to show that we were not afraid, and the French Admiral shot off two warning pieces as if meaning to do the like, but when day broke they were almost out of sight. Expected to find them here, and, as they are not between this and the Camber Nashe, he cannot judge where they should be. The wind is right against our going to Dover, but, if it does not "overblow" we trust to get there within three tides. Scribbled in the Harry Grace a Dieu, 18 Aug., at 11 a.m. Signed,
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
18 Aug. 159. Russell to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i. 817.
Have long looked for the Frenchmen here and are daily better prepared for their coming. This morning, had a letter from Sir John Horsei signifying that about Shirbrone commandment was brought, "by men of honesty as is supposed," to constables and tithing men to search the houses of priests and put all "weapons, books, letters and spits wherewith they roast their meat" in safe keeping. As it is not known that the King or Council have commanded this, has written to Horsei to try out the authors of the said search. There are divers bruits here, viz., that my lord Great Master, my lord Marques and my lord of Arundell shall go to raise the siege of Bolloign and that the Isle of Wight was taken and burnt, with other false lies, the authors of which he has punished in the pillory. Begs that Paget will sometimes write him the truth of such news. Exceter, 18 Aug. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
18 Aug. 160. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. Sends a letter he has received from the Warden of the East Marches enclosing intelligence; also intelligence out of Scotland obtained by the Warden of the West Marches: to be declared to the King. Is informed that Sir Piers a Dutton, of Cheshire, is dead, who was rider of Delamere forest, and begs Paget to move the King that Sir Thomas Holcroft (who here accompanies the writer) may have that office. Newcastell, 18 Aug. 1545.
P.S.— It is reported that Sir Thomas Lee is dead, for which Hertford is sorry. He held Sherburn hospital in the bpric. of Durham; and if the King stay the gift thereof for a time "his Majesty should not only, as I suppose, satisfy Sir Thomas Hilton for the commodities rendered by him to Sir Francis Leeke, captain of Tynmouth, but also it would grow, as I am advertised, beneficial to his Highness."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Aug. 161. William lord Grey to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 325.
B. M.
I have examined my soldiers of the taking of the merchant's goods at Turneham and "they have confessed the parcels which I have valued according to the price of the said merchant; "who will not receive money for what was taken, but demands "for his dispense and all" 400 cr., whereas the merchandise is not above 200 cr., as appears by his certificate brought from Ardre. To have a witness that I offer him reason, I send by bearer a letter open and two schedules of his demand and the soldiers' confession, for your Lordship to seal and send to Mons. de Rieulx; and also, that you may essay whether you can cause the merchant to take the money, I send it also by bearer. Guisnes, 18 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
18 Aug. 162. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., x. 570.
The disease of the lord Lieutenant (fn. n5) here is known to the King by his own letters. As it increases and is likely to end in death, the King may deliberate thereon, the matter being the more important at this approach of the enemies. Order is taken in the Lord Lieutenant's presence that after his death Sir Ralph Eldercar, high marshal, shall keep the keys of High Boulogne, and the whole Council order the pieces here. Bulloign, 18 Aug. 1545. Signed: John Bryggys: Rauff Ellerker: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: John Jenyns: Tho. Wiatt: Thom's Palmere: Rec Wyndebank: A. F. (fn. n6)
In cipher, pp. 2. Add.
R. O. 2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
P. 1.
18 Aug. 163. The Same to the Same.
R. O.
St. P., x. 572.
The King's lieutenant here died this night past, so that they are now without a head. Will keep his death secret as long as they may (which cannot be long) and afterwards show countenance that they are not discouraged by the want of him. High Bulloign, 18 Aug. 1545.
P.S. (added on a later day):—The above is the minute of a letter sent to your lordships by a trumpet who was intercepted on his way to Calais and stayed in the French camp until today. He kept it from the enemies, who took and perused his other letters and returned them hither. Among them is one which opens both the death of Lord Ponings and how much we are behind of payment. Although we think it proceeded of want of discretion, we enclose it to show what is come to the enemies' knowledge, and we have committed the party to ward for his lightness. Received "this other day" their Lordships' letter concerning the state of the haven, victual etc., and will answer it with speed. Signed: John Bryggys, Rauff Ellerkar: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: John Jenyns: Rec. Wyndebank: Thorn's Palmere.
In cipher, pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Decipher of the above without the date or signatures.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: The Counsaill at Bulloyn to the Counsaill here, xviijo Aug. 1545.
18 Aug. 164. Seth Traves (?) to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 213.
B. M.
Even if Cobham had not commanded him to write the news he heard by the way he would not have neglected to do so. Has in sundry places heard rejoicing that the French have won the Narrow Seas "and no doubt (say these men) but, or Allhallowmas, Bollayne will be French again." Said, on hearing these words, that the King suffered the Frenchmen to prove what they were able to do, with all their bragging, and afterwards would show his power. Had the words been spoken by sober men, and not babbled by drunkards, he would have been more grieved. The day he departed from Calice, he fell in with certain lanceknights who had been at the Sluse and were not suffered to come into the English Pale. They swore great oaths, demanding why Italians were admitted to serve the King and they rejected; what the Devil could Italians do more than they? Erelong the King would lack lanceknightes. Told them that Calice was furnished with footmen, and yet, if there were any captains of lanceknights at Calice "as were of other nations, peradventure they might have wages as other had." Bruges, Tuesday, 18 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
18 Aug. 165. The Bastard of Gueldres to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since my departure from your Majesty, and commission to assemble men of war for your service, I, with much labour, assembled a fine company of skilful men and was ready to set out for your country, when there came one who calls himself Taphoren, who told the captains of the band that you had no need of men and that they would find themselves deceived by me, and other lies, insomuch that they dispersed. In proof of this the captains have given me their certificate sealed and signed, and offer to testify before your Majesty that the said dispersal was Taphoren's work, which I will maintain to his face before you. He has told other lies which touch my honour, viz. (1) that I received 8,000 angelots to pay the men, (2) that I led them in the duchy of Mekelenburch and elsewhere "sur la garde' (whereas I gave hostages to the princes and received from them the victuals and necessaries for the soldiers), and (3) that I confederated with the Frenchmen in Antwerp before my second return into England. If God please I will shortly be with Ripenburch's company in the King's presence.
As for news, here is a captain called Harbert van Langen with 4,000 foot and 2,000 horse assembled in the King's name (de la Royale Majeste). Some say that they belong to the Emperor, some to the Count Palatine, and some to the French king, and it is said that 15 more ensigns of foot and 1,500 horse are to join them. They have now besieged a little town called Verden belonging to the bp. of Bremen. But for Taphoren the King should have had all these footmen. Breme, 18 Aug. 1545.
P.S. on a detached paper:—Awaits answer whether to bring his 5 ensigns with Rypenburch's company. If so, money is necessary, etc.
French. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
18 Aug. 166. The Bastard of Gueldres to Paget.
R. O. To the same effect and almost in the same words as the preceding. In this letter he writes that Taphoren claimed to have the King's commission over himself; and at the end he begs favor against his traducers. Breme, 18 Aug. 1545.
French. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
19 Aug. 167. Scepperus to Schore.
viii., No. 124.
Describes his passage from Flushing to London, where he arrived yesterday. The passage from Calais has been stopped these three weeks by the French galleys. Found here neither the ambassador nor his wife; and cannot certainly learn where the King is, but will go to Guildford in search of him as soon as post horses can be had. Saw no fighting ships, but in the Thames many ships and small craft carrying soldiers to Boulogne. Hertford left here hurriedly by the King's command, but it is not known whither; likewise the Earl of Surrey. The people desire peace, but must dance to their leaders' tune. On the 16th the English ships of war put out to meet the French, their only fear being the galleys, against which they are powerless in this weather. London, 19 Aug. 1545, 7 o'clock.
19 Aug. 168. Sir Thomas Hennege to Sir Edward North.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 326.
B. M.
The King being informed that much suit is made for certain houses in Hallywell beside London which the Countess dowager of Rutlande has for a term of years yet to come, and which his Highness will have reserved, commands that in anywise so much as belongs to the Countess shall not be sold. Guildeforde, 19 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: chancellor of the Court of Augmentations. Endd.: Mr. Hennage for my lady of Rutland:
19 Aug. 169. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.
St. p., v. 493.
Send letters received by Hertford from the Warden of the East Marches showing that the Scots assemble again to the Borders. Considering their sudden departure lately for lack of victuals, they cannot so soon be furnished for any great enterprise. Hertford has received the Council's letters of the 14th and Paget's of the 16th, and is much comforted to learn that the King approves his doings and his device for Kelso. He will make preparations, and desires to be remembered with money, as the pay day of the garrisons draws nigh, as appears by the declaration last sent up, and it is expedient to have a mass of money besides. Hertford would gladly have some man of judgment and experience in fortification at Kelso, and begs the King to let him have Sir Richard Lee or else Hancock, whom he lately put to the King's service; but he would rather have Lee, if only for 10 days at the first approach to Kelso.
Hertford has spoken with Captain Morgante and Charles Navarro upon the letters devised to them by the French king, and shown the letters in proof that the King has just cause against them. They were much perplexed, and alleged that the letters must have been devised to undo them. They offer to lie in prison until the matter is examined, and to suffer extreme death if found to be traitors, alleging what houses they come of and how careful they have been of their honours. Navarro says that he has never served the French king although means have been made to induce him thereto; and both desire that their accusers and the bringers of the letters may be confronted with them. Declared that the King had no mistrust of them and took the letters as devised to bring them out of credit; and they were well satisfied, but still desired to come to their trial before their accusers. They seem to be innocent of this matter, and Navarro lately did very honest service against the Scots, for which he was greatly commended by the Warden of the Middle Marches, when he had good opportunity to put the effect of the French king's letters in execution. Herewith Hertford returns the French king's letters.
Concerning the farm of Tynmouthe and the stewardship there, Hertford finds Sir Thomas Hilton very conformable; for on learning that the King meant to annex them to the castle and recompense him for them, he offered both them and all he has to be at the King's pleasure. Notwithstanding that the farm cost him a fine of 200 mks. to begin with and is worth to him 100l. yearly, he is content to leave it to Mr. Leeke, who is now in possession. Newcastell, 19 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 4. Endd.: Therle of Hertforde, etc., to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, xixo Aug. 1545.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 9. Endd.: To Mr. Paget, xixo Augusti, 1545.
19 Aug. 170. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O. Lord Ponynges, before his death, bequeathed to his two brethren his lands and goods, and, "as the time of service is now present, so as neither of them may conveniently depart hence," we beg you to take order that the stocks of cattle and other goods may be safely kept for them. Order is taken for payment of the money due to the King by their said brother. Bolloin, 19 Aug. 1545. Signed: John Bryggys s': Rauff Ellerker: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: John Jenyns: Thorn's Palmer; A.F.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
19 Aug. 171. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 573.
This day, on his return from Bruxelles with Paget's mares and wagon, and passport for them, a woman who serves in a house where certain Frenchmen or French practisers lodge, came to him declaring that, as she formerly dwelt in England and was once married to an Englishman, she could not but reveal that Joseph Chevalier, John Oldrino and Michael van Rosendale, lodgers in the house where she dwells, have hired three persons to offer service at Bolloigne as gunners or gunners' mates, and there set fire to all the gunpowder when the French army shall be before the town. She brought with her a poor shearman who confessed that, since the Emperor's being at Wormes, the said practisers have sent him divers times to the French ambassador with letters, and yet employ him to seek persons meet for their purpose. And he showed a bill signed by the said Joseph and John, dated 22 July last, promising, in the French king's name, l,000l. Fl. in money, and 300 cr. a year pension, to Joes de Grave to do this enterprise, which Joes repented at Bruges and returned hither. The other two are gone to Bolloigne and this revealer will travail to learn their names. He says also that the said practisers sent a priest and another Spaniard into England to practise with the Italians and Spaniards in the North to desert to the Scots; and that the said practisers have word that the priest is taken and executed. The other Spaniard, called Gratian, returned out of England on Friday last (fn. n7) and on Monday after left in post towards the French King. The said practisers sent this revealer to offer Thomas Lightmaker 12,000 cr. to do as they should bid him, who answered that the parties themselves should come to him; as they have done divers times, and Lightmaker's host was lately with the French king and had 100 cr. reward. This revealer promises to learn further in two or three days.
Thought it his duty to advertise both lord Poynenges, at Bolloigne, and Paget of the above treason, and begs to be excused if all is not true. Sent his letter for Poynenges to lord Cobham.
About 12 days past, advertised Poynenges of a practice between a Portingale, who is one of the French king's instruments here, and a stranger at Bolloigne, called Alexandre, to betray a certain bulwark about Basse Bolloigne at the coming of the French army. Two Italian brokers dwelling next house to certain Frenchmen, at a wall, heard the said Portingale, Anthony Monyos, declare this to the Frenchmen.
The Emperor is looked for at Bruxelles tomorrow. Pray write whether I shall remain to help Mr. Vaughan here. Andwarpe, 19 Aug. 1545.
Hol., pp. 7. Add. Endd.
19 Aug. 172. Friderich de Reiffenberch to Paget.
R. O. These, written by him and two of his captains for all the rest, will show how he has kept his promise, as also "presens dominus Luchtenmacker" will declare. Expected that the commissaries would be ready and begs that they may be sent as soon as possible, for if they delay and the soldiers have to disperse (as has been already twice done this summer) "poterit vestra dominatio facile conjicere quod inde mali, quod damni instaret, quod denique malæ faniæ totam Germaniam (ex hoc) adversus nos omnes incendet." I would write more, but lack both knowledge of the language and time; as Dominus Mattheus Luchtenmacker will declare, together with the snares laid for us, and the question of raising more soldiers, in all which I beg credence for him. Was coming in person, but, being detained, writes these with his own hand. Cologne, 19 Aug. '45.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
20 Aug. 173. Lands in Essex.
R. O. Indenture made between the King, on the one part, and Lady Elizabeth countess of Bathe, and her son and heir apparent, Sir Thos. Darcye, on the other, who thereby sell to the Crown their manors of Graies, Seynclers and Herons, Essex. 20 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII. [Close Roll, 37 Hen. VIII., part 4, No. 20.]
Extract, much mutilated, consisting of ten large leaves written on the one side only and tied together. Endd. as wade in 37 Hen. VIII.
20 Aug. 174. Lisle to St. John.
R. O.
St. P., i. 820.
The King's new ship called the Maistres is unable to keep the seas without losing her masts and tackle overboard. Her mainmast is loose, and the cross trestles both of foremast and mainmast are broken. The wind continues so strainably at E.N.E. that we can ply no further towards the Narrow Seas, but lie a hulling in the sea here; and I send the Maistres back to Portsmouth to be amended. Will send to Rye, as soon as the wind suffers it, to cause the master carpenter who made her to repair to Portsmouth. Requires him to report the state of the ship to the King. Sundry of this fleet are ill appointed with anchors and cables, especially the merchants and strangers. From a French fisher boat, taken by a boat of Rye, learns that the French army is retired to Seane Head. Retiring thus in fair weather, when they had victuals (for besides the two months' victual they came out with they had weekly supplies from Diepe, Newhavon, Feckham, &c., and the country was famished "through the furnishing of them"), it is unlikely that they will come forth again this year. Their Admiral is ridden in post to the French king at Arkes, a league from Diepe. The poor fishermen say that there was never journey so costly to France as this has been, "nor more shame spoken of amongst themselves." Sent word by land from Beauchief to Rye for the victuallers to meet us; and some of their company with grain passed by yesterday, but they have not come. Meanwhile there is scarcity of drink in the army, and, if the victuallers come not, "a good many of this fleet may happen to drink water." Has stayed here three great hulks laden partly with copper for Lusshborne. The least of them is 500 tons and they are the best appointed hulks ever seen. Also stays two smaller hulks laden with wheat, rye, and meal for Lusshborne, until the King's pleasure be known. Requires him to certify the King of this, for the strangers much desire to know his answer. For more surety the answer should be sent "as well to Dover or Rye," because of the uncertainty of the wind. In the Harry, thwart of Beauchief, 20 Aug.
P.S.—Has stayed another passing hulk laden with wheat and meal, and intends to stay all that come with grain.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
20 Aug. 175. John Dymocke to the Council.
R. O. At the request of divers merchants of Hamborow, I wrote to my lord Chancellor of a ship of this city whereof Allard Fryshe is master, and has an eighth share with six other owners. She has served almost 12 months and, since Whitsunday until 5 or 6 weeks ago, without wages. The master has sued that the ship may either be discharged or bought by the King, and is undone, "for he ys a very poure man and hys wyfife ys deade for thowecght, so that the poure man's chyldres goes in a maner abecgynge." Two of the lords of this city and the owners have again been with me to-day for this; and I heartily require you to have remorse towards the poor man, lest when the King needs ships they be loth to serve, for nowhere is there more willingness to help his Grace than in these three cities, as will be seen by the writing sent to Mr. Vaughan in Andwarppe. Divers gentlemen with 1,000 footmen are gone hence in four ships, at their own charges, to serve the King, part of whom are the Bastard of Gelders' men. Because I promised to write favourably for this ship, five ships laden with victuals and fish for England have been suffered to depart, and four ships which the city of Breame had laden with wheat for Lusheboren are, at my desire, suffered to go into England; for I told them that the Frenchmen had made a forfeit of a ship of Danswycke which was going to Lusborne with wheat, saying that it was for England, "and yet they fowend the shipe be weste of Cylle, wch was noe syne that they wold m'ke porte salle in Yngland, and also dyde put the men of the shipe upon theyr galleys." I am about to bargain with the lords of Breame for certain wheat and meal against next year, but will not conclude before I hear from you therein, and also for 15,000 or 16,000 "flyshes" of bacon. Hamborech, 20 Aug. 1545.
Hol. pp. 3. Add.: To the ricghet honorabell Lorde Chancheler and to the other lordes of the K's mates moste [hono]rabell Councel. In Courte. Endd.


  • n1. The Carraquon.
  • n2. Lord Cobham.
  • n3. Aug. 15.
  • n4. August 15th.
  • n5. "The lord Poyninges, lieutenant here" in § 2.
  • n6. Sir Andrew Flammocke.
  • n7. August 14th.