Henry VIII: August 1545, 21-25

Pages 74-95

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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August 1545, 21-25

19 to 21
176. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 232.
Meetings at Guildford 19, 20 and 21 Aug. Present: "ut supra" [viz. Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horses, Wingfield, Paget.] On the 21st the King removed to Oking. John Mokessand, mayor of Lynne, obtained licence to search for Wm. Piers, pirate, promising to produce him on the morrow after Michaelmas Day or else pay the demands of Morgan Reede and Thos. Gyldeford, of Pole.
Meeting at Oking, 21 Aug., at night. Present: Essex, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Upon letters from my lord Admiral and lord St. John signifying the decay of the Mastres, Jas. Bakere and others skilful in ships were sent to Portsmouth; and where my lord Admiral had stayed three hulks of 500 apiece laden with copper, he was appointed to retain them and bargain for the copper, sending to Portsmouth all other hulks laden with corn which he had stayed or should meet until the lord Chamberlain was furnished, who was charged to continue provision for the sea until November; it was also signified to the lord Admiral that the Council at London were ordered to prepare him 12 masts and convenient tackling.
21 Aug. 177. War Expenses.
R. O. Warrant, similar to No. 33, to deliver John Daws, of London, gentleman, 30l. in prest for riding costs of divers messengers sent to divers places within the realm, and to Calice and Bullen, "for the speedy setting of the provisions provided for victualling of the said places and the North parts." 21 Aug. 1545. Signed by Gardiner, Rous and Ryther.
Subscribed with Daus's receipt dated 25 Aug.
P. 1. Add.: To the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer. Endd.: Shelton.
R. O. 2. Similar warrant to deliver Wm. Girlyng 200l., in prest towards provision of grain in Suffolk for the wars beyond sea last year, being 36 Hen. VIII. 21 Aug. 1545. Signed by Rous and Ryther. Subscribed: Per me Will'm Gyrling.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Shelton.
R. O. 3. Similar warrant to deliver Robert Donne, of Caleys, by the hands of John Rous, gentleman, 100l. in prest towards provision and baking of 1,000 qr. wheat into biscuit for the King, provision of cask for 51,020 lb. of biscuit, and freight of it from Caleys to Bullen. London, 21 Aug. 1545. Signed by Rous and Ryther.
P. 1. Add. Endd: Sol. per Joskyn.
21 Aug. 178. Scepperus and Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 126.
Scepperus arrived here on the 19th, Winchester and Paget being sent to welcome him, and audience was obtained for next day at noon, Winchester and Paget, who are the principal members of the Council, the Chancellor being absent and Suffolk ill, conducted them to the King, who received them with great demonstrations of delight. Scepperus set forth his instructions and exhorted the King to afford some opening for peace; telling him that the Sieur de Noirthoudt was despatched to France with a like mission. The King made a long speech detailing the assaults made upon him by France, which he feared so little that he continued his accustomed pastimes, trusting in God and the valour of his subjects; after taking Boulogne, for his good brother the Emperor's sake, he had refrained from advancing into French territory or provoking the enemy, and he thought that exhortations to peace should rather be addressed to France; hitherto he had withstood the assaults of the King of France, whom he meant shortly to pay back in similar coin but more effectually, for that King, in great straits for money and men, had to abandon this enterprise notwithstanding that the weather had been so favourable as to be called the "French God," and if the Emperor had shown any intention of helping him when the French invaded Guisnes (as he considered the Emperor bound to do by the treaty of alliance, which was not prejudiced by the subsequent treaty with France even if he had consented thereto, which he had not, notwithstanding the assertion of Arras, about whom he muttered between his teeth) they would never have made the attempt and would have readily absolved the Emperor from his promises of marriage and territorial concessions made by the treaties,—for there was more than one treaty, although the ambassadors might not be aware of it, and he was sure "some persons" had been heavily bribed on account of them; the Emperor, however, would attempt nothing against these treaties although well justified therein and backed by England. This brought the King to his own treaty with the Emperor; but he stopped suddenly, saying that he would thresh that matter out with Vander Delft. He added that as to peace he had already gone so far, through Madame D'Etampes, that the King of France promised to pay his pension and arrears and a reasonable sum for the recession of Boulogne; but, when that sum was named at 100,000 cr., and unacceptable conditions were proposed concerning Scotland, negociations had ceased. The season, he said, was now so advanced that galleys could no longer serve, and winter would make peace. He hoped that neither the Emperor nor his sister would advise him to hand over Boulogne; but suggestions for peace overtures should come from the French, who first assailed him. If the Emperor liked, he continued, the King of France might again be brought so low as to consent to anything.
Scepperus, having replied that the Emperor's object in exhorting peace was the welfare of Christendom, and especially of the King and his realm, asked whether he would consent to a truce, so as to give the Emperor more time to promote peace on arriving in Flanders. The King replied Certainly not; he knew that the money provided to his enemy by the bishops was now all spent, and a truce would not advance the cause of peace; he had not refused, and would not refuse, reasonable and honorable conditions of peace.
The above indicates the change wrought here by successes, and indeed Spaniards, Italians and other strangers who have seen the English muster against their enemies give them the highest praise. The King called Van der Delft to witness that the Admiral of France had not dared to await the approach of the English admiral, and added that on Friday evening (fn. n1) last his Admiral was within a mile of the French, but they fled in the night, and at dawn were out of sight. The English are therefore not so inclined to seek peace as they were when Van der Delft wrote to the Emperor on 23 July, when the French fleet unexpectedly appeared at Portsmouth and found the King on his flagship. Would write to M. de Noirthoudt but, finding the King so jealous of his reputation, think it best that the first message about peace should not go to France through them. The King will not listen to ransoming Boulogne, which he called "his daughter," saying that she was not so hard pressed by pestilence and foes as Scepperus had been told. The Councillors say that they have 8,000 men beyond sea ready to succour Boulogne, without counting the troops coming from Germany. This apparently explains the King's expression about repaying the French in similar coin.
As to the peace negociations by Bart. Compagni which Van der Delft reported to the Emperor on the 16th inst., Scepperus recollects hearing that a short fat man from Antwerp was mixed up therein, and such a man is now here, an advocate from Antwerp named Master Ringolt, who frequents Compagni's house. Learnt secretly that Compagni left for France on the day of Scepperus' arrival at this Court; but next day they met him in the street. Believe that his voyage is abandoned, as Paget confidentially assures Van der Delft that it is, and that the negociation was only meant to cool the French efforts against Boulogne, where instead of the five fortifications which they threatened they have only commenced one.
The King is well and leaves today for Hampton Court. Guildford, 31 (fn. n2) Aug. 1545.
21 Aug. 179. Scepperus to Mary of Hungary.
viii. No. 125.
Wrote of his arrival in England to the President. Was just mounting to seek the King, the day before yesterday, when there came to him one of the Englishmen who last year went to the muster of Landenberg's troops in Liege, saying that he was going straight to Antwerp, and thence to the muster of German troops near Siegen in Westerwolt, adjoining Hesse, Cologne and Mayence, about four leagues from Confluence. They were, he said, 30 standards of foot and 4,000 horse, with some artillery to ensure their passage to the King; and he was to lead them over French territory to Calais or Boulogne, hardly touching the Emperor's dominions; their captain was Frederick von Reiffenberg (Reissenberg in Sp. Cal.). Replied that he knew Frederick well, but thought him rather young for such a command (seeking to find out whether he had been put forward by the Protestants). The gentleman answered that Frederick was recommended by the Landgrave of Hesse; the King had been cheated by others such as the Bastard of Gueldres who were not recommended by anyone. Asked if the King had requested the Landgrave to send him or any other captain, the gentleman said that Frederick simply brought a letter of recommendation from the Landgrave stating that he was a soldier and could lead men to the King's service, and he spoke good Latin which had helped him here; he promised to lead his men from Siegen into French territory in three days without touching the Emperor's ground and that they would only have to camp twice in Liege. Told him that was impossible. He answered that he himself did not know the country, but they would find guides, and either pass through by friendship or force like Martin van Rossem. Did not question his assertions as he told this as a great secret; but expects that they will be cheated by this Frederick as by others. Does not think Frederick a man capable of achieving such an enterprise. The other letters report the King's reply to the Ambassador and me. Guildford, 21 Aug. 1545.
21 Aug. 180. Scepperus to Schore.
viii. No. 127.
The accompanying letter from the Ambassador and himself to the Queen shows that no peace overtures are to be expected from this quarter. It is a great advantage that the English do not love the French, and there is no sign of a secret understanding. The English Council know that the Emperor's dominions are necessary for their welfare and believe that England is just as necessary to us. The short fat man of whom you spoke is here but has not condescended to visit us, and the whole intrigue has failed. The King's naval force consists of 16,000 men and is increasing, and the French fleet has withdrawn. On the Scottish side the French have done little. The Scots indeed invaded England for six hours, but were driven out with shame. The King has partisans in Scotland both among the nobles and the savages, 8,000 of whom have entered his service; and there is news that his troops have again beaten the Scots. He desired to thank Schore for good offices. He has now gone to one of his pleasure houses where there is no lodging for us; and we have therefore come to Mortlake where the ambassador has his residence upon the Thames, 7 miles from London. Has written to the Queen of the troops mustered near Confluence. They might cross the Rhine and go through the territory of Cologne to Liege and thence, touching a corner of Hainault to Artois, or else, going by the Ardennes, they might cross the Meuse at Givey, enter Hainault along the Somme and thence towards Hesdin. The French are in no condition to withstand 30 standards of foot and 4,000 cavalry, besides having the English on their shoulders. The Council keep this matter secret and do not think the writer knows of it. Prompted the Ambassador to question them, but they would not give the German colonel's name and started a false scent. Cannot learn that this King has allied himself with the Protestants. Thinks him very tractable with fair words. He speaks very respectfully of the Emperor and the Queen, but does not like the Emperor's treaty with France. Merchants and rich citizens desire peace, but common folk and gentry evince no such wish. They are well equipped, and their artillery is better than the writer could have believed. Mortlake, 21 Aug. 1545.
21 Aug. 181. François Vander Dilft to Paget.
R. O. Has before spoken of the affair of this bearer, whose suit is reasonable, and, as Paget has favoured him hitherto, and he is on the point of his despatch, recommends his object to Paget. Mortlack, where I have just arrived, 21 Aug. 1545.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Petition to the King or his Privy Council by Allard Drumel, Jehan Herlin and company, merchants of Arras, who had 76 tuns of wine in the ship La Marguerite of Crodon, master Herry du Pre, which, about 28 Nov. last, was met by the King's ships of war and brought to London by Captain James Beck. Petitioners have made suit ever since, and desire to be paid the price of the wine, costs and interest, at least 150l. st.
French, pp. 2.
21 Aug. 182. Musters of Mercenaries.
R. O. "Instructions, etc., for the commiss. for the musters."
1. The "said" Sir Ralph Phane, Francis Haul and Thos. Averey, taking the letters, copies of covenants and other writings prepared for them, shall repair to Andwerp and communicate with their colleague Thomas Chamberlain, and receive 22,000l. st.
2. Captain Frederic van Reiffenbergh, in whose favour the Landgrave of Hesse wrote, has covenanted to raise 1,500 horsemen and 8,000 footmen for "our service," and to muster them by 20 Aug. within a mile of Confluence, to enter the enemy's country within three days after, and to pass through it to Boloyn or Calays within 14 days. He has also promised to provide eight brass field-pieces and 400 pioneers. Captain Buckholt and Captain Eytel Wolf have also covenanted to serve, each with 500 horsemen, and Captain Peter of Gueldres with 2,000 footmen, who shall repair "unto the said town of Sene" (Seyne in § 2), to join Reiffenbergh, to whom Secretary Paget has delivered letters to deliver to them. Paget has also written to John Dymmock to bring thither "the said Bastard and his band." And from Andwerp the Commissioners shall write to the said captains to hasten to the mustering place.
3. The said Frederic has received of Stephen Vaughan 5,500l. Fl. for the conduct money of his 8,000 footmen to the mustering place and a fortnight's wages of 1,500 horsemen; and the Commissioners shall, at the musters, pay Reiffenbergh a fortnight's wages of the footmen, and the conduct money of the horsemen, and also a fortnight's wages of the 400 pioneers, and the cost of the field-pieces. They must also pay the Bastard's 2,000 footmen a fortnight's wages—John Dymmock has letters of exchange to Hamborow, and will doubtless have paid their conduct money. Buckholt and Aytelwolf must also be paid a fortnight's wages and their conduct money.
Three of the Commissioners shall tarry at Colleyn or Confluence with the money and covenants, while two of them repair to the mustering place with copies of the covenants to be agreed upon with the captains.
4. Although Reiffenbergh, when here, promised that in case the men were not needed he would not ask for more than conduct money for the footmen and a fortnight's wages for the horsemen, which he has now received from Vaughan, he has since reported that he fears thereby to lose his own credit and diminish the goodwill of the Almains to serve us; and we have therefore caused our said Secretary to write to him to assemble his bands, on the understanding that if discharged before or at the day of musters they shall have one month's wages. If necessary, the Commissioners may pay Reiffenbergh's horsemen one fortnight's wages more at their setting forward, and to the rest of the horsemen and footmen one month's wages.
5. At discretion, the Commissioners may admit two or three extra men in an ensign to the extent of defraying 2,000 or 3,000 cr. more or less; and if either Eitel Wolf, Buckholt or the Bastard fail to bring their whole numbers, the Commissioners may admit others to make up the numbers wanted, if it may be done without causing delay. [6.] They shall ask for books of the names of all the men, and [7] also a book of their ordinances, to be compared with the books brought from hence. [8.] The horsemen to be sworn, not more than six at a time, and [9] to be fully furnished with harness and weapons; and [10] the cart allowed to every 12 horsemen to be furnished with horses or mares and all necessaries. [11.] The footmen to be 500 in an ensign and [12] none save captains and banner bearers to have pages. [13.] The footmen are to be admonished to pay their hosts, and [14] in mustering them no unsuitable person is to be passed, nor [15] is any to pass under another's name, or [16] to borrow weapons from another.
When Dymok comes to his fellows he is to be joined with Chamberlain in the receipt and payment of the money.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 13. Endd.: "Instruccions for Sir Rafe Fane, Fraunces Haull and Thomas Avery, appointed commissioners for the musters."
Add. MS.
6,362, No. 5.
B. M.
2. Original document of which the above is the draft. Signed at the beginning by the King, and headed ''Instructions given by the King's Majesty to his trusty and well beloved servants, Sir Ralph Fane, knight, lieutenant of his Highness' pensioners, Francis Haull, esquire, comptroller of his Highness' town of Calais, Thomas Chambrelain, esquire, governor of the English merchants at Andwerp, Thomas Avery and John Dymmock, esquires, whom his Majesty sendeth presently as his commissioners for the musters of his Grace's men of war in to Almayn." Signed at the head.
Pp. 9. Endd. by Fras. Halle: 1545. Our instructyons r. the xxjte of Awgust.
21 Aug. 183. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Received his letters of the 19th on the 21st, shortly after arriving at Saint Helynes Point with the fleet, which, by reason of the easterly gale which took them on Thursday was sevennight, (fn. n3) at Beauchief, has been fain to "lie a hullyng" ever since, unable to reach Boulloign or the Narrow Seas. Last night, being in danger of being cast so far alee as to be unable to fetch the Wight, they sailed for the Wight at midnight, being as foul a night of wind as they have found this year. Perceives that the King wishes that a boat had been sent after the enemies. Did not omit this. Those sent lost sight of the French fleet, but took a fisher boat between Diepe and Feckam, on Tuesday morning, (fn. n4) from which the writer learnt that the fleet was retired towards Seane Head and the Admiral of France ridden to the French king at Arques, a league from Diepe. Advertised Mr. Comptroller of this, expecting him to signify it to the King. Two boats from Rye took three fishermen of Pullet, beside Diepe, who knew nothing of the retiring of the French fleet; and, on learning this, Lisle sent Hardyng in the Fawcon and one of the barks from the West country, "which is one of the best with sail and oars that ever I saw," and two boats of Rye, to bring word whether the French fleet "be retired into harbrough or drawen to any roode uppon ther owne quoast." Looks for their return to-night. Where the King would have had his fleet shown upon the coast of Boulloign; can do no more than he has done. Not finding the Frenchmen at the foreland of Beauchief or in Pemsey Bay, was sure that they could not be in the Narrow Seas (having the advantage only of the night in which they stole away) but had in the night "shifted course and haled over with their own coast." Wherever they be they will not fight, "for a more commodious day for their advantage they shall never see again," and their demeanour that day was shameful. Touching Estaples, Saint Walerys, Feckham or other places in which the King leaves him discretion, will, as soon as they finish revictualling, endeavour with the first wind to accomplish the King's expectation. My lord of Surrey, who is going over with men to Calais, will, if weather serve, pass without danger of the enemies, for Lisle can from hence fetch the Narrow Seas sooner than they can from the coast of France. Scribbled in the Harry Grace a Dieu, at Saint Helynes Poynt, 21 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.:1545.
21 Aug. 184. Lisle to St. John.
R. O.
St. P., i. 825.
In last letters signified the state of this army, especially for drink, writing that, if the victuallers came not soon, divers of the fleet were likely to drink water. Now knows that divers of them had already tasted it, and has had to relieve some with beer out of his own ship; always looking for the victuallers from Rye until constrained, by want and by fear of being cast too far alee to fetch this place again, to repair hither. Wrote that he had stayed certain goodly hulks laden with corn, and meal and other merchandise for Lussbourne. Has since stayed other two, still more beautiful and well appointed. One of them is a ship of 600 at least, with five tops, belonging to Dansick and laden in Flanders for Lusshebourne. The other passes not 240, but is well appointed and made "gallias fashion." She was in Lisle's company last year when the Admiral of Flanders and he kept the seas together. Has also stayed a bark laden with sea coals for Rochelle. Refers to the Council to say if this is a case of forfeiture; but, as the smiths at Portesmouth, at his departure, lacked coal, this, if not forfeit, may be taken at the Kings price. The hulks, some of which are richly laden, desire answer with speed; which he desires St. John to give them, for he will send them into the haven to be ready himself to go towards the Narrow Seas when wind serves. If the answer come after he leaves, desires it sent by land to Dover. Trusts that he advertised the King of the state of the Mystres, the Gallye Subtill and the Foyste, which must be amended and are needful if the French army come out again (as he thinks they will not). Divers ships after another storm will be unable to look abroad; and the enemy must be in as evil case, for among so many all cannot be strong and well tackled. Meanwhile, would wish this fleet relieved with drink and for other wants. Scribbled in the Harry, 21 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add,: at Portesmouth. Endd.: 1545.
21 Aug. 185. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 823.
This evening Thomas Hardyng and those sent with him to get intelligence of the French fleet report that they saw some 200 of them riding at the Seane Heed, and have brought in the master and merchant of a Flemish pink, which they captured coming out of Newhavon. These say that on Monday last (fn. n5) the French Admiral and a number of gentlemen landed at Newhavon, but there was no appearance of rejoicing, and that their fleet disperses daily to Homflewe, Hartflewe and Newhaven, and the 18 sails of Dieppe go thither with next wind. Whether the ships that draw thus apart are to revictual these men know net, but the men of war daily land from the ships with great numbers of sick, and the army cannot return to the sea for lack of victual and men, for the men "had rather be hanged than go forth again." The common people grudge that their King has been at great charge and nothing done. Fourteen galleys ride at anchor between Hartflete and Newhavon, four are sent up to Rouen and five or six should be at Dieppe.
Longs for weather in which to annoy the King's enemies. In the Harry Grace a Dieu, at Saint Helynes Poynt, 21 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—The lord Chamberlain has just written to know whether the army shall receive their next victuals at Dover or Portesmouth. Cannot answer until he knows the King's pleasure. Explains that at Dover or in the Downs it is impossible to victual when the weather is foul, and there is no place where the great ships can victual so well as at Portesmouth. Supposes that if the French army come not forth again the King will "otherwise determine your pleasure concerning your great ships."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
[21 Aug.] 186. Sir John Horsey the Elder to [Russell].
R. O. By your Lordship's second letter, dated Exeter 19 Aug., I perceive that you marvel at the second search and that I did not stay the search upon receipt of your first letter. Upon receipt of your first letter I was labouring to stop further search when "the same selffe [night]," about midnight the second search had proceeded so far that divers persons came to the constables of Sherbroun commanding them to make like search as as they had done. I stayed them from going to other parishes and gave command to search no further, and sent out friends to stop the search, but it was past before the said persons came to Sherbroune. Your first letter had been sufficient had not the one search come so hastily upon the other. On receiving your second letter I declared it to my cousin Fitzjames; the nearest justice of Somersetshire, willing him to associate himself with the justices nearest to him, as Sir John Saynctelo, Mr. Serjeant Porteman, Mr. Horner, Mr. Popeham and others, to accomplish your command; and gave him a copy of my precept to the King's justices and ministers, to stay the search, try out the beginners and keep watch. Has sent a servant with another precept to bailiffs, constables and tithing men to trace from parish to parish the beginning of the matter if within Somerset or Dorset, and, if he "drive it to a foreign shire," to resort to the sheriff or the next justice of peace of that shire and show the copy of your lordship's letter and of my precept within my sheriffwick. I sent likewise to Sir Thomas Arundell, "being at my cousin Sydenham's house, Berrympton, your Lordship's very said letters." All which was done before receipt of your second letter, which came next morning at 3 o'clock; and then I repaired to Dorcestre, and found Sir Giles Strangwayse, Sir Thos. Trencherde, Mr. Tregunwell, Mr. Lyne, Mr. Merten and Mr. Thomas Trencharde busy about the trial of the said searches, who had taken a bond (copy enclosed) of divers that had been in the search. As far as we can judge, the original comes from some other shire, and yet this whole shire "is thoroughly perused with like searches." Begs to know whether to take like bonds of the rest, being three or four of every tithing, which will be very tedious. Has received a letter from Sir Fras. Bryant, dated at Petherton Parke, who has discreetly stayed the town of Brygewater and examined divers persons of Hunspell, Burneham, &c., doers in the said search, and desires Horsey to send for Robert Mydelham and the tithingman of Burneham. And where inventories were taken of priests' goods, and [their] weapons, books, &c., kept from them, some of which are restored by the justices, the writer desires instruction. The priests accepted their doings patiently because they came in the King's name. Sir Giles Strangwayse, Sir Thomas Trencharde, Mr. Tregunwell and other justices of Dorset, and some of Somerset, have appointed to be at my house, Melcome, next Sunday, trusting to know your Lordship's pleasure and to certify our doings. If you send your letters to Sherbroun by post we shall soon have them at Melcome. Sherbroun, Friday, 11 p.m.
Hol., pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Sir John Horsey's precept to the justices, intimating that he has, this Thursday, 20 Aug., received a letter from Lord Russell, lord Privy Seal, for due watch and ward to be kept throughout the shires of Somerset and Dorset, and no further search of priests' houses to be made; and commanding them to see this obeyed in all their hundreds, and to endeavour to learn "the original of the said late searches, without any further commandment from the King's Majesty or his Council." Shurborne, 20 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: The copie of the precepte sent to the justices and all other the Kynges mynestres.
R. O. 3. Sir John Horsey's precept to all bailiffs, constables, &c. (who have not only made a search among the priests and clergy for their weapons and books, but also another search to take inventories of all priests' goods and chattels, the authority for which searches is not known, and upon which Horsey has received a letter from Lord Russell, lord Privy Seal, the copy of which is sent by this bearer) to try out with the bearer from parish to parish, and from tithing to tithing, "where and of whom ye have received such commandment, and by what [authority] ye have done the same." Signed.
P. 1. Slightly mutilated. Endd.: The copie of the precepte sent by my servant from tethyng to tethyng.
R. O. 4. Bond, dated 20 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII., of Nic. Samfforde, of Cerne, Dors., yeoman, John Jamys, of Cleve, Dors., Edw. Adams, of Tynckelden, Dors., Thos. Adams, of Ilsyngton, Dors., Ric. Guye, Wm. Laurence and Robt. Brownynge of Tolpudell, Dors., husbandmen, to Sir John Horsey, sheriff, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir Thos. Trenchard, John Tregonwell, George Delalynde, Robert Martyn, and Thomas Trenchard, in 100l., to appear before the King's Council or the justices of Dorsetshire if called upon.
Bond in Latin, condition in English, p. 1. Endd.: The copie of the obligacion with the condycion.
21 Aug. 187. Hertford to Wharton.
R. O. Has appointed bearer, Robert Sutton, to take charge of the ordnance in the castle and citadel of Carlesley, as master gunner, upon the recommendation of Sir Philip Hobby, master of ordnance for the North parts, and others; and begs Wharton to see him placed there accordingly. Newcastle, 21 Aug. 1545. (Signed) E. Hertford.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: "The copy of the letter that was sent to my lord Wharton, lord Warden of the West Marches, for placing of Robert Sutton," &c.
22 Aug. 188. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 233.
Meeting at Oking, 22 Aug. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Upon letters from my lord Admiral and lord St. John of our navy's being at St. Ellyn's Point the King appointed my lord Admiral to be sent for to come in post from Portsmouth; and to lord St. John it was signified that sea coal taken out of ships stayed by the lord Admiral must be paid for because not forfeit. Sundry letters written to divers parts of the realm, as to the Earl of Hertford, in the North, the Duke of Norfolk, &c., for "stay of search of priests' houses, if the case so required," because lewd persons had attempted such searching and making of inventories in Somerset, Wilts and those parts.
189. Charles Duke of Suffolk.
R. O. Memoranda of the contents of grants by the Crown to Charles duke of Suffolk, viz.—
1. 1 Feb. 6 Hen. VIII. See Vol. II., 94.
2. 10 Dec. 27 Hen. VIII. See Vol. IX., 1063 (7).
3. 10 Dec. 27 Hen. VIII. See Vol. IX., 1063 (6).
4. 4 April 28 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XII., i. 1103 (5).
5. 7 April 28 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XII., i. 1103 (11).
6. 29 March 30 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XIV., i. 651 (58).
7. 29 March 30 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XIV., i. 651 (57).
8. 19 March 30 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XIV., i. 651 (45).
9. 19 Dec. 30 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XIII., ii. 1182 (18).
10. 10 March 32 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XVI., 678 (9).
11. 9 Feb. 33 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XVII. 137 (22).
12. Date lost. Apparently the grant of 13 March 36 Hen. VIII. Vol. XX., i. 465 (38).
Very rotten and worm eaten. About 46 large pages stitched together at the top.
22 Aug. 190. Russell to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., i. 827.
Searching of priests has caused no small stir in Dorset and Somersetshire. Being bruited as commanded by the King (and yet no commission shown) the matter passed from constable to constable and from tithing man to tithing man, who, being ignorant people, took no advice of justices or gentlemen and ran as headlong a search as Russell ever heard of. Has taken order to prevent it in this shire and stop it in Dorset and Somerset, and encloses Sir John Horssey's letters therein. (fn. n6) Frenchmen h[ave taken thre]e or four fishermen of [Ly]m, between that and Dartmouth. As most of the fishermen here are taken from hence as mariners to serve the King, no fish is to be had; and women are going out fishing, and sometimes are chased home by the Frenchmen. French prisoners have lately stolen over to France from Mylbroke and Dartmouth and reported the lack of mariners and men on this coast, bragging that with a few men they can do us great displeasure; but they will "find it a hot coming unto." Could, if he knew the King's pleasure, match these French wafters who take the fishermen. The only good news is that Frenchmen have taken a Spaniard ship worth . . . . . which Russell discharged from hence, "[and spoiled him] of all that ever he had, insomuch that [they left him] not one drop of water nor victuall; and [so the said Span]yarde came into Fowye for victual declaring the manner of the Frenchmen towards him." They have taken another valuable Spaniard within these three or four days. Learns today, by letter from Dartmouth, that a Spaniard from Rochelle reports that a Scot took two Spanish ships laden with wine and woad and cast all the men overboard, and that the captain of Brest has the Scots in prison for drowning the men. Is glad they begin with the Spaniards, who will see if at their hands "they shall have like restitution as they have had at ours." Excetour, 22 Aug. Signed.
Pp.3. Mutilated. Add. Endd.: 1545.
22 Aug. 191. Hertford to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 359.
Lodge, i. 130.
Forasmuch as the King's ancient enemies, the Scots and Frenchmen, of their insatiable malice, intending both by sea and land to annoy this realm, are assembled with a main power to make invasion, it is requisite to levy an army royal within the limits of the writer's commission, for the putting ready whereof the earl of Shrewesbury, then the King's lieutenant, sent letters of warning to all shires within his commission to be ready by 12 May last. Commands him to send forward the number prescribed "herein" of his servants, etc., within his rooms in Yorkshire, picked men, archers and billmen (arms described); to be at Newcastell, 2 Sept., where they will receive the usual allowances. Newcastell, 22 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. S.—Foresee that the footmen now newly assigned to you may be picked men and well armed; for, like as in doing your duties I will declare it, so, in case your men are not found meet to serve, they shall not only be returned home with rebukes but I will also signify your untowardness.
"The said earl to send 100 men."
Pp. 2. Add. Beneath the address is written "Post of Ferybrige, I charge you on the King's Majesty's behalf to deliver these letters according to their direction upon pain of your allegiance."
22 Aug. 192. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Sends letters which his messenger who carried the Council's letters to Mr. Dymock brought back, together with a letter to himself from Dymock. What with the Emperor's staying the passage through these countries and the French King's corrupting strangers going to serve the King, neither Almains nor Italians are to be trusted. Hear daily of the French King's practices, now to fire the gunpowder in Bulleyn and other towns, now to corrupt those in charge of the powder, and now to corrupt Italians and Spaniards to deceive the King. Lightmaker (as Mr. Chamberleyn is told) is secretly gone with his host of Andwerp to the French King, "to promise to deceive the King's Majesty together with his brethren." Means have been used to corrupt the Italians and Spaniards who serve in the North to turn to the Scots. The King's captains should be vigilant, "for the French King's practices hourly work and his treasons never cease working."
Begs to come home, now that these finances are made and the receipt of the money may be done by Mr. Chamberleyn. Is again ill, and many here are sick with pestilence and other diseases. The man he left to oversee things at home is gone into Wales, and all things are "left to wreake as they call it." Longs for the King's answer to his letters by Francis and my lord of Norfolk's servant. Chr. Haller writes to you, in answer, I think, to the letter that my lord Chancellor and you wrote him. Once again, I beg you, help me home. "I have nobody in my house that I may trust, but all young folks, which be no safe keepers of themselves." Andwerp, 22 Aug.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
22 Aug. 193. Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 576.
Wrote in his last, the 13th inst., of the case of Sr Ludovico de Larme, whose appearance Harvel has asked the Signory to prorogue till 10 Sept. They promise, for Henry's sake, to do all that may honestly be done. The said Ludovico is in the Duke of Ferar's lands, and the rest of the captains await Henry's orders. Has paid them wages for two quarters "ending all September," each about 1,000 cr., and has no money to pay them further. Signor Loigi Gonsaga, whose letters the writer sent, remains most desirous to serve Henry, notwithstanding the instance made by the adversaries against it. The Contye Collaltino de Colalto, who visited Henry with the Contye Ludovico de Rangon, for the courtesy shown him in England is wonderfully inflamed to serve. Commends him highly. Other noblemen who offer service are Signor Hermes Bentivoglio, of Bononye, whose family are adversaries to the Bishop of Rome, the Contye Alexandro Trivulcio and the Signor Hercole da Preda, of Milan.
From Rome it is reported that the Bishop has "proponed" in Consistory to give Parma and Plaisance in heritage to his son Piero Loigi. The prelates are aggrieved thereat, but the thing is already concluded with the Emperor, to whom the Bishop gives 350,000 cr. for the investiture. It is also mentioned that the Council at Trent will be removed elsewhere, but men reckon that it will be dissolved. From Constantinople is no mention yet of the ambassadors who went to the Turk. The Frenchmen vaunted here that they had taken the Isle of Wit, but it was afterwards known that they got small honor by their landing there and elsewhere, and that their navy little prevailed. An agreement is reported between Henry and the French king. Venice, 22 Aug. 1545.
Hol., pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add.
22 Aug. 194. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 14. Meeting, . . . Aug. Present: Governor, Cardinal, bp. of Orkney, earl of Huntly, abbots of Paisley and Dumfermling, lord Ruthven, Secretary, Clerk Register. Business:—The Cardinal having disbursed 600l. in carrying artillery from Edinburgh castle to the Borders and back at "this last raid and host in England," my lord of Paisley, treasurer, was ordered to repay the money out of the tax of 26,000l.
Meeting at Linlithgow, 22 Aug. No presence named. Business:—A convention of the lords summoned for 24 Sept., at Linlithgow.
22 Aug. 195. The Queen of Hungary to M. de St. Mauris.
iii. 183.
* * * * *
Ships of the Low Countries arrested by the French under the pretext that they were taking victuals into England; complaints which ought to be made threupon, adding the promise that good justice will be done upon the Emperor's subjects who infringe the prohibition of all exportation of merchandise (les defenses si formelles de toute exportation de denrees).
French abstract, headed: 22 aout, 1545.
23 Aug. 196. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 234.
Meeting at Oking, 23 Aug. Present: Essex, Winchester, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters addressed to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Calais, and John Wotton, treasurer of Guisnes, to pay 100 soldiers sent by Ludovico de Larmy, and afterwards muster the strangers as the Lord Deputy did before. Letters addressed to the Lord Chancellor to repay 116l. to one Beale, who left so much with the treasurer of Boloyne; also to peruse the declarations of Calais, Guisnes and the North, and send money thither "as it might be had"; also to peruse "writings brought by one Brynkburne, justice of peace in Wiltshire, touching search of priests' houses and certain lewd writings of priests," and order the parties according to law. The bp. elect of the Isles and Lord Maclane's brother, having access to the King and desiring to confer with Lennox, to whom they brought letters, Hertford was written to that if Lennox might be spared he should be sent up in post.
23 Aug. 197. The Privy Council to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 496.
The King has received letters "from the Earl of the Isles of Scotland, by the bishop elect of the same and a brother of the lord Macklayn," who also brought letters (herewith) for Lennox, with whom they desire to confer. Hertford shall write to Linoux to come hither for that purpose if he thinks that he may conveniently be absent from thence; and shall take order for his passage by post. Pray him to pray with them for my lord of Suffolk, who died yesternight at 4 o'clock, and for lord Poynenges, who died on Tuesday. (fn. n7) Oking, 23 Aug. 1545. Signed by Essex, Gardiner, Browne, Paget and Petre.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
[23 Aug.] 198. The Lord of the Isles.
R. O. [Articles proposed to the Council by the commissioners of the Lord of the Isles.]
"My lordis, yir ar ye artikillis concernyng or besynes giffen be ws as commissionaris to my lord erll of Ros and lord of lies of Scotland," viz.:— 1. The Earl desires the King to send Lennox with an army now instantly, and promises that then the most part of Scotland will come to the King's obedience. 2. To be supported, now that he is become the King's subject, against all Scottish enemies, and provided for if the King agree with the Scots. 3. Especially not to agree with Argyill until the Earl recovers the possessions which Argyill falsely took from him while he was in prison. 4. To have surety for the pension of 2,000 cr. promised him by the Council in the King's name. 5. Of the 8,000 men whom he promises the King, he desires wages for 3,000, who being gentlemen must be sustained and helped, and will hold the rest ready at his own expense.
Pp. 2. Endd.: 1545.
23 Aug. 199. War Expenses.
R. O. Warrant by the Council in London to the treasurers and chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver to Wm. Grene, servant to the Duke of Norfolk, 100l., disbursed by the Duke for "conducting of certain Almayns." Lincolne Place, 23 Aug. 1545. Signed: John Bakere: Robert Sowthwell: Ric. Southwell.
P. 1. Add. at foot.
R. O. 2. Similar warrant to deliver to Thos. Tyrrell, 120l. to be conveyed to Sir Thos. Seymour at Dover for provision of certain salt for the King's use; and also 151l. 13s. 4d. to be delivered in prest to Sir Thos. Cheyne, treasurer of the Household, for transporting 4,550 soldiers from Dover to Caleis, at 8d. a man. Lincolne Place, 23 Aug. Signed and addressed like the preceding.
P. 1.
23 Aug. 200. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O. Touching the back side of the Olde Man where the Council supposed that there might be made a road for 5 or 6 small boats or crayers, nothing can be devised either there or elsewhere within this haven which "their" fortress or the ordnance now planted at the "maunds" over against the Old Man will not command, so that nothing can come from the sea unless in fair weather discharged upon the open shore behind the Old Man, like the cheese which the Council spoke of; but that is not possible "if it blowe anything straynable." Enclose a bill of remains taken here by Mr. Ant. Auger and Mr. Ant. Bryckes of biscuit, &c., now in the King's store, and the expense of victuals in July last and since, showing great want of wheat for the time assigned, although other victuals may "stretch out sufficiently." The great incumbrance in stretching them is to please the strangers, being 635 footmen and 102 Albanoys horsemen, of whose doings "we stonde in great care, for as much as no weke escapyth but one or two of those fotmen departyth to the Frenshe camp from hens, and that oute of several bands, whereby we mistruste that some espials rents emongs them." Mistrust (fn. n8) most one Byons, captain of 100 men, and lately captain of the French galley taken here, a Provensall born who entered the King's service from being a prisoner: and many of his retinue are likewise Frenchmen. Still, these strangers serve very honestly. Enclose also a schedule of the numbers of soldiers and labourers. Trust to the arrival shortly of another lieutenant to be their governor, and of some mass of money for wages, the garrison and labourers being unpaid for four months ending 14 Aug. Have much ado to keep them from mutiny, and, indeed, with the advice of Lord Ponynges, dec., were forced to execute one Sharpe, of the Guard, chief stirrer of the business, last week, in the Market Place of the High town, since which time four Englishmen have departed to the enemies. To keep the garrison in good order and prevent any evil practise in the night, the writers take turns to watch nightly in the town, taking Mr. Guydolphine and Mr. Edward Ponynges, captain of the Guard, to keep their tourus emongs us in the same watch. I, the treasurer, by lord Ponynges' death, require a new warrant for payments, and beg that such a discharge may be sent by him whom the King shall appoint lieutenant. I enclose copy of the last bill signed by His Highness, and desire that it may extend to payments due heretofore, as, through the sickness of Lord Ponynges and lack of money, sundry payments are still pending.
Within (fn. n9) these two days an Italian and a "landskneyyht," from the French camp, have reported that their fortresses are in great forwardness and that there seem to be 20,000 footmen and 1,000 horse, and that the Dolphin, now at the French Court, 5 or 6 leagues from Abbeville, will be at the camp on Monday or Tuesday next with 12,000 footmen and 3,000 horsemen. Yet the Italian says that there is a bruit of contention between the Emperor and French king for the duchy of Lorayn, and that "the same men be rather provided for those parts than to come to the camp here." They say also that the French navy is arrived at Diepe and disembarks their army of the sea. A Frenchman has just come offering service, who affirms the same news, adding that their victuals came by sea, and, lately, upon sight of certain hulks which anchored hereby, their crayers and boats fled away, so that they lack victuals throughout their camp.
Cannot well answer their Lordships what number will suffice these pieces until the opening of next year, until they perceive how the haven will remain to them, and how the enemies plant their powers and garrisons. High Bulloig[ne], 23 Aug. 1545. Signed: John Bryggys: Rauff Ellerkar: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: A. F.: John Jenyns: Rec. Wyndebank: Thom's Palmere: Tho. Wiatt.
In cipher, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 3. "The nombre of all horsmen and fotmen, wyth artyfycers and laborers, beyng in the townes and fortresses of Hyghe and Basse Boulogne ami th'Olde Man.
"Horsmen in Hyghe Boulogne 285, whereof strangeors 185. Footmen 2,510.
"Base Boulogne.—Albanoys horsmen 102, footmen 2,762. Whereof strangeors horsmen 102, strangeors footmen 450. Artyfycers and laborers 599.
"Th'Olde Man.—Footmen 1,261. Artyfycers and laborers 2,062. Over and besids Maste (sic) Brycks, Master Awcer wyth theyr sarvants, darks, brewers, bakers, and all manner of artyfycers and laborers partaynyng to thordre of the victals, 274.
"Sum total 8,065, unde strangers 737."
All in cipher, pp. 2. Endd.: "The nombres of all the men both within the Highe and Base towns of Bulloyn and also Th'Olde Man; with thexpens and remain of the victailz there."
R. O. 4. "The expendyth of victuals at Boulogne in the monyth of July last past.
"Fyrst weat wth xxxli quarters lost in fannyng, scryring, lacke of weight and gryndyng, 338 qrs. 2 bz. Rye 22 qrs. Barley 18 qrs. Meale in Hambro barrels 126 qrs. Meale in heryng barr. 80 qrs. Malte 656 qrs. Wheate for headcorne 80 qrs. Hopps 6,000 pounde. Sacks spent in ollage and lecage 6 buts. Whyte heryng nil. Red heryng 6 cads. Stocke fyshe 1,900. Otes 200 qrs. Beanes 100 qrs. Haye 30 lods. Strawe 3 lods. Logs 250 lods. Byllets 72,000. Butterbarrell. Cheseuaye.
"Money deu for the sayde rictuals. Bread, besyds the deductyon of the advauntage, 609l. 18s. Byere wyth 24 ton of Englysh beere remaynyng the fyrste daye of July, 516l. 11s. Barreld beof 315l. 15s. Butter 38s. Chese 35l. 15s. Red heryng 43s. 4d. Stock fyshe 19l. 5s. Otes 16l. 12s. Beanes 24l.
"Somme of thole money deu for the victuals before expendyd wyth the remayneth uppon taylles 1,551l. 17s. 4d.
"The wages of the bakers, brewers, laborers and other wh. (fn. n10) ys incertayne muste be deducted.
"A viewe of thexpences of bredcorne and dryngecorne at Boulogne from the fyrst daye of August tyl the 22th of the same monyth, with the remynte of the same the 23th of the saad monith.
"The remyne the fyrst daye of August:—Weat remayniny the said first daye 400 qrs. 6bz. Rye 116 qrs. Barley 200 qrs. Bysquit 86,000 lb. Barrelled meale in Hambra barr. not all good 300 qrs. Malte 3,500 qrs. Sacks and malvesyes 390 buts.
"Thexpendyth for 22 dayes:—Spent in weate 181 qrs. Rye and barley 112 qrs. Barr. meale werof 35 barr. starke newyght 158 qrs. Bisquite nil. Malte 720 qrs. Sacks and malvoysyes 3 buts.
"The remayn the 23th of August:—Remainyth in wheat 230 qrs. Rye and barley 24 qrs. Barreld meale 142 qrs. Bisqnit 86 lb. (sic). Malte 2,780 qrs. Sacks and malroisyes 387 buts.
"And farther there remainyth not by estimation forbakyng, bruing and wode for chemeneys the said 2Sth daye of August over 300 tonnes of loqgs, 14,000 byllets, and of hops able to be brued, over 6,000 weyght wh. (fn. n10) wythoute spedy remedye wyl be great lacke."
All in cipher, pp. 3.
24 Aug. 201. The Privy Council.
A. P.C., 235.
Meeting at Oking, 24 Aug. Present: Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters addressed to Hertford in favour of George Gordon, merchant of Camphire, who had bought coals at Newcastle, which were taken, by commission, for Boloyne. The bp. of London appointed by letter to send hither next day Signor de Founteneyre, and John Wynter was also sent for, from Portsmouth.
24 Aug. 202. Provisions for Calais and Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant, similar to No. 33, to deliver Giles Harryson and Hugh Myners, of London, brewers, 66l. 13s. 4d., in prest towards provision of 300 tons "of empty cask for beer to be sent to Calice and Bullen." London, 24 Aug. 1545. Signed by Rous and Ryther.
Subscribed as received by Gielis Harrysson and Hugh Mynours.
P. 1. Add.: To the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer. Endd.: Shelton.
R. O. 2. Similar warrant to deliver to John Halyle l,420l. 16s. 8d. to be paid in part discharge of "a more sum" owing by the King for 2,000 qr. wheat and 1,000 qr. malt provided in Norfolk to be sent to Calice, 600 qr. wheat and "mystelyn" provided there to be sent to Bullen, and 1,000 qr. malt sent to Newcastell, in June and July last; after the rate of 20s. the qr. of wheat and 10s. the qr. of malt "for so much as was delivered good and sweet at the adventure of the merchants," and for that delivered at the King's adventure the price for which the purveyors bought it. London, 24 Aug. 1545. Signed by Rous and Ryther.
P. 1. Add. Endd. with Halile's receipt, as paid by Mr. Jerom Shelton, one of the tellers of the Receipt of the Exchequer; and also with a note of how the amount was subscribed among the four tellers, Warner, Joskyn Chaloner and Shelton.
24 Aug. 203. Scepperus to Schore.
viii., No. 128.
Suffolk is dead and the Admiral increasing in influence. The Duke of Luxemburg named Francis, who was in the Emperor's service before Cambresis, comes hither shortly. The English appear confident of the passage of the Germans. Besides the man referred to in my letter (fn. n11) to the Queen they are sending another commissioner named Ralph Fane who was in Brussels last year about the Landenberger affair. You will do well to secretly seize and keep safe Antonio Musica, a Spaniard whom you know, who is now in Antwerp and writes constantly about things which he ought to avoid. Mortlake, 24 Aug. 1545.
P.S.—We await the Queen's reply to ours of the 21st, and will go to the King, who is in a solitary place, when we have anything to say.
24 Aug. 204. Russell to the Council.
R. O. Thanks for the good news of the flying of the French fleet and repulse of the Scots, to the King's "immortal fame." Such successes bind them to pray to God for their continuance. An Englishman appointed for Portesmouth, but unable for contrary wind to reach the King's ships, chanced to meet a pinnace of this port which Russell sent out to scour the sea and a boat of Calli[ce] of 18 tons, and the three of them attacked two Scottish men of war, of 110 and 80 tons, which had taken three Flemish hoys in the river of Bourdeoux, and boarded one of the Scots five times. She escaped, but so sore beaten that she could only sail "upon one board" and is reckoned to have sunk. If our men had not left her they had lost both the Flemings and the other Scot, which are now within this port of Exmouth. Our men saw 18 Scots dead upon their hatches (and probably there were many more) and had about 20 hurt and slain, besides the captain and the master of the Callice boat. "The Scots report that they never saw a more earnest fight." The prize is great, and manfully gotten. Have here so many prisoners that they have determined not to keep the Scots; and, rather than send them through the realm, will buy a boat for them and send them over to France, so that they may see none of our secrets. Has this day examined the parties. This day certain Flemings taken by a pinnace of this port declare that on Thursday last, sailing from Flusshyng towards Bourdeoux, they met two galleys before Deepe, who said that all the French navy was in Newe Havon for victuals. Wrote before to know the King's pleasure for setting forth some ships here. Many men are now come in, and good service could be done by annoying the enemies who take our fishermen. Sent a commission to Cornwall to find out mariners, and understands that a greater number than he thought "absented themselves and made themselves fishermen." Thanks for their "soon dispatch of the [c]ust[omer] of Pool with the money for Weymouth [and] Por [tland], which stood in great necessity of the same." Exetour, "at x of the clock this [night, bein]g the xxiiij of August." Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
24 Aug. 205. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O. Send letters addressed to Hertford from the Borders since last despatch. In one of them, from the Warden of the Middle Marches, will be seen his earnest suit for repair of Harbottell castle. Considering the necessity of preventing it falling to ruin, have determined to employ therein 100l., the rather as the King has "such good means for the recovery thereof." Beg to know what the King will have done further. In another of the said letters, from John Brygandyne and John Carre, who lie at Warke, are articles from Wm. Woodmanse alias Englishe William, dwelling with lord Hume in Scotland, in which, among other things, is matter against Lord Evre and George Urde of Berwick, which the writers take to proceed of the malice of the Scots. When my lord Admiral was Lord Warden on the Marches, Urde was accused of that matter by a Scot; but as there was no proof except the testimony of a Scot, which by the law of the Borders is not admitted to condemn an Englishman, he was, after some punishment in prison, released. Since receipt of Paget's last letters showing that the King liked Hertford's device for the enterprise of Kelso, all things are prepared for it against the beginning of September. The men called out of England for that purpose are to arrive here on 2 Sept., and they pray him to accelerate the sending of money, so that it may arrive in time to pay the men for their coats and conduct money without delay. Newcastell, 24 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
24 Aug. 206. O'Neil and O'Donell.
Lamb. M.S.
603, p 40.
St. P. iii. 506.
Peace concluded before the lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, at Dublin, 24 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII., between Con O'Neyle earl of Tyrone and Magonius O'Donell, chief of Tirconnell.
In the form of an order of Council, signed by the parties, for restitution of a spoil taken by Terence, the Earl's son, since O'Donell came to Dublin, release for O'Donell's lifetime of a certain rent to the Earl out of Inyshone, restoration of O'Dagherty, who was taken as pledge from O'Donell, &c., and the confirmation of a former order taken between them.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2. Sec Carew Calendar, No. 186.
24 Aug. 207. Philip Landgrave of Hesse to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 579.
Doubtless Henry is informed, by the ambassadors he sent to Worms or otherwise, that Duke Henry of Brunswick promised the French ambassadors who were at Worms that for 3,000 cr. he would disperse the soldiers levied for Henry by Peter a Geldern. And the French ambassadors have openly confessed that they paid him the money to prevent soldiers from fighting for Henry. To-day a certain nobleman has informed the writer that Duke Henry uses all diligence to get Frederic a Reiffenberg removed from the office committed to him by Henry, that his (Brunswick's) sister's son, the Duke of Lauenburg, may be promoted to it, which duke is accustomed to name himself duke of Saxony, Engeren and Westphalia. This shows the deceitfulness of Brunswick and his adherents; and it is to be feared that if they get any of Henry's money they will use it rather to invade the Confederates than to get soldiers for Henry. Fridwalt, 24 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
25 Aug. 208. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 235.
Meeting at Oking, 25 Aug. Present: Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters addressed to the Council of Boloyne signifying appointment of Lord Gray as lieutenant there, whom they should use as they did Lord Poyninges, and meanwhile see to the King's pieces, Sir Thomas Palmer doing what he might to remove the Frenchmen from the top of the hill who beat the Haven and Old Man. To the Council at Calais was signified Gray's appointment to Bullen, the earl of Surrey to be general as Gray was. The premises also signified by letters to Surrey and Gray.
[25 Aug.] 209. [Paget to Norfolk.]
R. O. "It may like your Grace to be advertised that I have received your letters, with the Hungarian, whom I suspect to be a man much of that sort you write of." My lord of Suffolk, who was appointed lieutenant to levy the siege beside Boloyn (my lord of Surrey having the vanguard, my lord Marquis the rearguard and my lord of Arundell marshal of the camp) died this last Saturday afternoon, (fn. n12) and my lord Marquis and my lord of Arundell are discharged.
Now, as my lord Poynenges died this day sevennight, (fn. n13) my lord Gray is appointed to his charge, and my lord of Surrey, who went over with the 5,000 men, is to be general of all the crews at Guisnes and the Marches, a goodly band of 8,000 men, "beyng ment to hym for the best, and in consideracion of the desyre he hath to se and serve." I think that what shall be done towards the enemies shall be by him, the Deputy of Calays, lord Gray and Mr. Wallopp. (fn. n14) The Deputy and Mr. Wallopp are now here in consultation; and my lord Admiral is sent for, to consult upon sea matters. With the French fleet, on Saturday was sevennight, (fn. n15) were exchanged at least 1,000 [altered from 300] cannon shot on both sides, without hurt to us save the breaking of three oars, "and our ordinaunce harde rasheng in their shippes and galees, yet the fyzt endured from Fryday ii a clok after dyner until Saturday eight at nyzt, at wh tyme, the wynde rysing, my lord Admyral hoist his seyles and went to theyr mayn army and ankored nere them; and, in the night, fearing we wold have faught wt them, as in dede, the wynde somwhat ryseng, was determyned by my lord Admyral, they disloged and gone clene out of sight, my l. Admyrall thynkyng they [had] taken their course toward Beauchief and so to have gotten to the Narrowe Sees afore hym; but sithens they have not been seen, except two or three galees wch now and then be uppon the Narroe Sees." We have intelligence that they are dispersed to Newhaven and other places. I doubt whether the Almaynes shall come to join the others as first determined. "Here is Sr Skeperus from th'Emperor to move the King's Mate to a peace, but not otherwise than shall stand with his Mate's honor." He has had his first audience, and made but a general proposition. Out of the North we have no news, save that, after entering our Borders in great force [the Scots] suddenly retired without doing hurt except burning two or three waste villages. Some impute their retirement to scarcity, some to variance among themselves; but now we hear that they intend to return, and, if so, my lord of Hertford "prepareth for them." "Bartil Compeigne, passing towards Italy, spake with Madame Destempes, but their conference came to none effect."
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 2.
25 Aug. 210. For Guisnes and Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant by the Council in London, to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer, to deliver to John Wrothe 2,000l. to be conveyed to Guysnes to John Wotton, treasurer there. Ely Place, 25 Aug. 1545. Signed: Thorn's Wriothesley, Cancel.: John Bakere: Robert Sowthwell: Edward North: Ric. Southwell.
P. 1. Add. at foot.
R. O. 2. Similar warrant to deliver Robert Beale 116l., for so much money delivered by him to the treasurer of Bulloyn. Elie Place, 25 Aug. 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Bakere and Sir Ric. Southwell.
P. 1. Add.
25 Aug. 211. Wriothesley to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has travailed with the rest of the Council here to know what has been received and paid since he left London, and what is likely to be received before 1 November next. Surely the Council here have used great wisdom and diligence; "for of th'anticipation there remaineth not unpaid of the whole sum specified in the view which I delivered to your Majesty at Portesmouth above 5,000l." Of sales there is received almost 20,000l. The Mint and the arrears of the Benevolence have ministered 22,000l.; and of them is again ready to be sent Northward 10,000l. Of the "remayn of th'anticipation u[pon the] sales" is ready to be sent to Guisnes 6,000l., which, with the 7,000l. last sent (which was not "over" at the writer's coming), will satisfy Guisnes, and the 10,000l. will do the like for the North. Between this and 1 November we think there will come in of the anticipation 5,000l. or 6,000l., of the sales 15,000 or 16,000l., of the revenues aforehand 20,000l., and of the Mint 30,000l. Although that must be "holpen with your money to be received on th'other side," it will furnish a good part of your charges. I will, tomorrow or next day, send a particular declaration of payments since my departure hence. By Wednesday there will be trussed in two rafts about 50 masts which are too long to lie in any ship. Of the two boats which are ready to lead them, one shall serve for the Mary Rose and the other remain as a lighter at Portesmouth. "They shall not depart till we hear from your Majesty because of the danger of passage." As to the money sent to Dover for the "fortnight's wages of the men sent over with my l[ord] of Surrey, we have written to know till wh[at d]aye it will serve," in order that further provision may be made. We will signify the answer to your Majesty, and also what money has been sent to Guisnes since 8 May. Ely Place, 25 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Ennd.
25 Aug. 212. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. I have made a brief declaration to the King of what has been received and paid since my departure from London, what we have ready to send forth, and what will be gotten in between this and 1 Nov. If you had been as saving in laying out of the money as they here have travailed in getting it in there would have been a greater "remain"; but new charges and many extraordinaries "break the square of our view so much that you shall be driven to use of the money on the other side." Having now "swept the house here clean, you must defray all occurrents of the money there till we may respire, which I trust we shall do within x or xii days; before which time we shall have xl messengers abroad of our own servants, because we will be sure our letters shall be delivered. Ely Place, 25 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.:1545.
25 Aug. 213. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. "Sithens the dispeche unto you of my [letter] I have receyved yours with the bill for y[our pardon?], a byll for Barnardyne and a by 11 for C . . . . . .the bill for the Clevoys is omytted. And [I have] receyved also the memorialles and the vi[ew], a joly view whiche presently cannot be otherwise] remedyed then is writen; but I trust we [shall] within v or six dayes send them 10,000 li. [money] out of the Mynt and other places, wh[erein] asmoche shalbe doon as may be possyble. I shall also cause the billes to be made and sent unto you, whereof you write, and shal[l] send the perticulers of the summes of money sent to Calays, Guisnes and Bulloyn s[ithens] the Kynges Mates cummyng over ass[one as I] can get them from the treasorers. [Thus] most hartyly ffare you wel. Fro[m Ely] Place, the xxv. of August."
Hol., p. 1, Mutilated, Add. Endd.: 1545.
25 Aug. 214. Scepperus and Van der Delft to Gardiner and Paget.
R. O. We have just received your letters, dated today, informing us of certain merchant ships freighted for Spain detained by the King's fleet lest they should fall into the hands of the French and be used for a new expedition against this realm, the captains being permitted to send the goods into Spain by other ships or else to sell them here; asking us to persuade the said captains thereto if they resort to us. Although we think it unlikely that the French after giving up their expedition will attempt another, autumn being at hand when they will be unable to use their galleys, without which carracks, like heavy armed horsemen without a guard of light [horse], will add no force to the weight of war, especially in the sea which separates this realm from France; nevertheless, as you are of a contrary opinion, we will not fail to persuade them, if they come hither, to accept the condition you offer. Mortlach, 25 Aug. 1545. Signed: Cornelius Scepperus—Franciscus Dilfus.
Lat., pp. 2. Faded. Add. Endd.
25 Aug. 215. Twemlow, Cheshire.
R. O. Acknowledgement of receipt, 25 Aug. 37 Henry VIII, by Raffe Pycanere, of Myddyllwych, one of the King's bailiffs, of 3l. 10s. from Laurens Wynyngton. of the Armytache, farmer of the King's lands in the township of Twemlowe, by the hands of Wm. Cadmon, being half year's rent of the said lands due at Michaelmas next. Seal defaced.
P. 1.
25 Aug. 216. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
St P., v 497.
The King having resolved upon the enterprise at Kelso which Hertford signified to Mr. Secretary, all things have been put ready for it. To do it with least danger and difficulty Hertford has devised a proclamation to be made in Scotland, by which the noblemen and others, many of whom are said to favour the peace and marriage, may be induced not to join the contrary faction. Send the proclamation herewith, to be corrected by the King, who is not thereby restrained from this enterprise to fortify Kelso and subdue the Mershe and Twyvydale; for, as most of the inhabitants there had assurance upon their promise of subjection, for which they laid hostages, so, they are not by the proclamation acquitted of that promise". After this proclamation was devised, Thomas Forster, who, by desire, was sent to Anguishe, Casselles, George Dowglas and others in Scotland, brought Hertford a letter (enclosed) sent to him by Sym Penango, servant to George Dowglas. Hertford thereupon willed Forster to go speak with Penango, who delivered a letter in cipher from George Dowglas, which, together with the decipher, is sent herewith. It is addressed from Anguishe, Casselles, the Earl Marshal and George Dowglas. Either they fear an invasion and would make their own way with the King beforehand, or else, supposing his Majesty unable to invade, they would seem to be friends by advising him to do what they think him not able to do. It is as if they had proceeded coldly while waiting to see whether the Frenchmen would land on this coast, and now, when nothing comes of the French brags, they would persuade the King that they remain his friends. And yet it may be that they mean well. This intended enterprise to Kelso should decipher them. They seem to be partly of the writer's opinion in the setting forth of the proclamation. Newcastell, 25 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the above.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: To the Kinges Mate, wt the double of the deciphered ciphre rec. per T. Forster, xxvto Augusti 1545.
25 Aug. 217. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. On the 22nd inst. received Paget's letter by Mr. Avery, advising him to appoint some one to "get out" his books. Cannot do so until he comes home, as the man whom he would have appointed went into Wales four days before. Of the Fowkers' money has already received 20,000l. Fl. in Keysers gilderns and Phillippus gilderns which is the best money here. If spent in the King's army most of it would come into England by the victuallers. Locks the money, as received, in a chest in the Fowkers' house, in sealed bags, until the obligations come and he sees that the jewels are not altered. As to conveying the money openly to Calles, Jasper Dowche thinks that the Queen will hardly grant it. It might be sent in some great vat with merchandise, by ship to Calles, without licence either of Queen or Emperor; but if the Queen know that licence is desired she will "sett streight wayte that it shall not passe." Mr. Chamberleyn is ready to go with the other Commissaries as soon as they receive their money, and have done their business with the Queen. Has written to Riffenbergh and Bucholt that the Commissaries are come, and to Dymock to hasten to the mustering place.
"Your gros greyn for your night gown and my lady's murrey velvet will I send with all diligence, but I shall be very curious in choosing the colour, because my lady would have it like to the colour of a damask that my late wife ware." A maid of Vaughan's, named Anne Kydney, who has been in his house three or four years, is by evil enticement fallen into great lightness, drawing to her a great rout of lewd fellows who use his house as their own and threaten his servants. To be so shamefully abused while serving his Prince in a strange country almost drives him out of his mind and is worse than twenty fevers. Begs Paget to send one or two "honest and sad men" to the house to examine the servants, and, making as little bruit as possible, warn the maid that her conduct has come to the King's ears, and rid her out of the house, in which she has shown so evil an example to his young children and other servants, speaking to her, however, in such a way as rather to win her from evil than drive her to it by despair, and get the names of such as haunt the house, that Paget may punish them.
Abiding the receipt of the Fowkers' and Haller's money, he cannot be home before Michaelmas or Mid-October. Jasper Dowche lately offered to serve the King with 1,000,000 ducats, and said that the Queen was pleased with what he had done. Desires to pay the money to some of the treasurers at Calles; and to know how to convey it thither, for the Emperor will hardly grant the conveyance away of so much.
Encloses a letter to be delivered, by such as Paget sends to his house, to his brother, the vicar of Luton, or John Griffith, if there, or, in their absence, to Mr. Cob and Vaughan's servant Miles, to be read openly before his maid and the rest, that his maid may not dream that this comes by complaint of any servant. The same necessity that causes me to write these long letters "will compel me to marry with some one or other, wherein ye may be my singular good master." Andwerp, 25 Aug.
Pray give order for my house speedily. The Emperor is come to Loveyn. Begs Paget to get him a couple of trusty servants.
P.S. on the back.—"I pray you send my ij letters to my house when ye send those that I write of."
Hol., pp. 7. Add. Endd. 1545.


  • n1. Friday evening would be Aug. 14; but the King evidently refers to the position on Saturday night the 15th, as reported in Lisle's letters, Nos. 142, 151, and 158.
  • n2. So here at the end in Sp. Cal., but evidently an error for the 21st, the marginal date.
  • n3. August 13th.
  • n4. August 18th.
  • n5. August 17th.
  • n6. No. 186.
  • n7. August 18th.
  • n8. This sentence printed in St. P., X, 582, as a footnote.
  • n9. From this point to the end of the letter is printed in St. P. X., 581, as a footnote.
  • n10. A symbol apparently meaning "which" or "whereof."
  • n11. See No. 179.
  • n12. August 22nd.
  • n13. He died on Tuesday the 18th, according to Nos. 163 and 197.
  • n14. Down to this point the letter is printed in Nott's Howard, A pp. No. 26, as a letter to the Earl of Hertford.
  • n15. August 15th.