Henry VIII: April 1546, 6-10

Pages 269-287

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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April 1546, 6-10

6 April. 549. The Privy Council.
A. P. C, 370.
Meeting at Westminster, 6 April. Present: [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler]. Business:—Warrant to Exchequer to deliver the earl of Lyneux 1,000 mks. towards charges "sending presently into Scotland about an enterprise for the advancement of the King's Majesty's service there." Warrant to treasurer of ——(blank) to pay Rougecrosse, John Morrys and Robert Pinssen 6l. in reward for bringing three Biscayan spies sent hither from Guisnes by Sir John Wallope. Letter to John Stowell and the Mayor of Dartmouth reminding them of the nonfulfilment of a commission heretofore directed to them from the Lord Admiral to restore to the factor of John Quintanadenas, Spaniard, the sugar, alum, &c., spoiled out of a hulk of Flanders by Edw. Gilberd of Dartmouth.
6 April. 550. Scepperus and Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii, No. 236.
She would learn from their recent letters to her and the Emperor their negociation upon the main questions dealt with in hers of the 24th ult. and 1st inst., viz. Penninck's troops and the transit of the grain. As they handed yesterday's letter to Paget for transmission, they will here describe certain points afresh. Francisco Bernardi, master of a large Venetian ship, has been for some time in the King's service and employed in communicating with France without the knowledge of the Venetian secretary here,—at least so the secretary swears, and he has hitherto proved truthful. The object must either be to make truce or peace or induce the French to slacken their preparations in the hope of some arrangement, as was the case last year. The Signory do not want any increase of the Emperor's power in Italy, and mistrust the aggrandisement of Sr. Pierre Loys; but neither the writers nor the Venetian secretary believe that the Signory would enter any league to the Emperor's prejudice. That the English expect something is evident from their expressions yesterday, such as, that if Penninck were stopped the King must take his own course, and that the King got nothing from us but hollow words, and saw, even so soon after last agreement, that things were going in the old way. The Councillors expressed most surprise at our saying that we must not offend the French, as if comparing them with the French, the ancient enemies of Flanders, of which they had always been the friends. The Councillors cannot conceal their annoyance at being left alone in the war and some of them seem displeased at the King's refusal to ally himself with the Protestants, from whom they might get men and supplies without hindrance. Penninck wrote that he had to change Nieuenhausen for Alten because the Protestants warned him not to muster men in their country, and the abbess of Alten, which did not belong to the Emperor's patrimony, consented to the muster; and the Councillors thought it extremely strange that you should threaten to drive them off and capture Penninck. We replied that if Penninck was so careful to respect the wishes of the Protestants he should respect those of the Emperor, whose territory of Gueldres almost surrounded Alten; a muster affected the surrounding country far more than a mere passage of troops; we inferred that neither Penninck nor their commissioners had done their duty and thought the only remedy was for Penninck to go to your Majesty. But we could not appease them, as they fear that on the approach of the cavalry the soldiers will disperse with their wages, and Penninck take excuse for breaking his engagement. We assured them that Penninck would easily settle the route with you, and the passage would thereby be accelerated;—using fair words, for they were repeating that they entered the war for the Emperor's sake, and reason demanded that they should be better treated. Reverting to the matter of the grain, they maintained that the treaty gave them liberty to convey through the Emperor's territories all sorts of grain purchased elsewhere; and also to buy breadstuffs from the Emperor's territories, as Granvelle and the President at Maestricht gave Winchester and his colleagues hopes that they would be permitted to do, subject always to the needs of the country. At this point some of the best disposed of the Councillors said that to prove that they did not wish to importune you for anything unreasonable they had agreed to reduce their own table expenses and send what they could spare to their troops; they trusted for some help from Flanders and would willingly pay the high prices current there; the 400 lasts at Dortrecht were asked as a loan, Erasmus Schetz and two other merchants undertaking to replace it. The Councillors wished to know briefly what to expect, adding the words Aliquid dat qui cito negat with signs of displeasure. We took our principal stand upon the dearth there without exasperatingly disputing details.
Have yet no opportunity to speak of the other points. Duke Philip of Bavaria has not come to get married but to offer service. It is rumored that he will have charge of 25 standards of infantry and considerable cavalry, while Duke Maurice will lead a large army against France and be joined by Marquis Albert of Brandenberg, son of Casimir, with 2,500 horse; but the measures which would seem requisite in such a case do not seem to be taken here, and it may be only a feint. She will know what they are doing beyond sea in St. John's roads and in their flying siege of Ardres. Their forces in the field are daily joined by gentlemen of the King's household, both English and foreign, especially Spaniards. As to Scotland, both sides only watch the frontier. Councillor Adrien Van der Burgh arrived yesterday week. Nicholas Wotton, formerly ambassador to the Emperor and a Privy Councillor, is appointed with Dr. Petre to confer with us, and we begin negociations tomorrow. We do not yet know who is to represent the King, with the Ambassador Carne; for Dr. Barbe, a worthy man, who was nominated, died six days ago. The aid and the marriage have not been mentioned since Paget spoke of them. Scepperus remains here as you command. London, 6 April 1546.
6 April. 551. The Same to the Same.
viii., No. 237.
Delayed this courier a tide upon information that this King had agreed to provide the Protestants with a certain sum of money, the Protestants having at first asked an excessive sum which was afterwards moderated by means of the Elector Palatine. This, as well as the marriage which he desired, may have prompted the coming of Duke Philip. Secretary Mason, now postmaster, was going thither to conclude this matter, who has been considered a worthy man and seems to hate innovations. Scepperus thinks that this negotiation may have been intended to enable the King to make use of the Protestants or at least to make his neighbours think that he may do so, as in the case of the Venetian s intrigue; and he recollects hearing that the Protestants had decided to receive the King into their league on his depositing a sum of money, just as they received the King of Denmark for 40,000 gold florins. The report may originate with the coming of a courier from Germany yesterday, the secret conference in Duke Philip's chamber today, and Mason's search for four or five footmen speaking our language. London, 6 April 1546.
*** The Editor of the Spanish Calendar states that with this letter is a holograph private letter from Vander Delft reminding the Queen of his urgent need and enclosing a long statement of his expenses.
6 April. 552. Scepperus to Schore.
viii., No. 238.
Thanks him the more for his letter of 1 April, knowing how busy he must have been on that day. Is glad that the previous evening he found the English ambassador kinder. The faults of such people, accustomed to presume unduly, can only be remedied by well founded arguments. Pray consider whether a few lasts of wheat may not be given to Lord Cobham, Deputy of Calais, for his household. Some of the best disposed ministers ask for it, and they mention 40 lasts, but suggest at least a smaller quantity. Cobham and his friends may be useful. Recommends Vander Delft's brother-in-law, Jacques Hertzen, LL.D., to be burgomaster of Antwerp. Dare not write rumours current here with regard to the feminine sex. Some change is suspected to be pending. (fn. n1) London, 6 April 1546.
6 April. 553. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Received his letters of the 5th inst., here at Dover, on the 6th at 5 p.m., with a double of another containing the King's answer to Lisle's former letters. Never heard of the original. Will be with "my lord" (fn. n2) again to morrow, if wind will serve, to declare its effect. Accomplished the King's command touching Estaples and left no part of his instructions undeclared to my lord of Hartford; and it is strange if Hartford has not advertised the King of their whole conference, as he intended. Will henceforth, in such causes of importance, be more desirous to have the matter in writing; and so he desired then, as Paget may remember. Was sorry that, being so "tied to a charge", he could not return to the King to report their consultation. One great impediment to the matter was lack of carriage for victual, without which the army could not sojourn more than a day. Another was that, by two sundry ways, my lord learnt that the fortifying of Estaples was so advanced that, without some abode of the army, it could not be obtained. Has written to my lord Deputy to send for Garbrand, of Lisle; and will also do what he can to get knowledge of the place.
Where Paget writes that the reckoning of the treasurer of the Admiralty fails to account for 2,000l.; knows not which treasurer, Wynter or Legge, is meant. Received of Wynter 1,000l. at Porchmouth, to prepare coats for 5,000 men that should have gone from thence to Calais under his charge; and 400l. of it was already bestowed upon coats before the King stayed the army. Delivered the other 600l. to my lord Great Master and, by his advice, to Mr. Belingham, who was then behind for wages of his crew in the Isle of Wight. Never received any money of Legge since he was treasurer. Borrowed, as the King knows, 2,000l., whereof 1,600l. was sent to Dover (and paid by his clerk, at the lord Great Master's being there, for wages of the Narrow Seas, on 4 Feb. last, "some men for iiijor months, some for v. and some for more"), 200l. was for the wafters then upon the coast of Norfolk and Suffolk, and the remaining 200l. he himself delivered to Robert Legge, treasurer of the Admiralty. That 2,000l. was received by warrant in his own name, signed by the Council, and paid again where it was borrowed. "Other than this I never meddled with his Majesty's money, nor never desired to meddle with any of his Highness' money, I can so evil keep my own." Dover, 6 April 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2, Add. Endd.
6 April. 554. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Since writing his other letters, has received a letter from a servant at Bristowe purporting that a marvellous quantity of biscuit has been lately sold there to Spaniards, and that two tall Spanish ships are now there lading biscuit, of which they have already received aboard 6,000 or 8,000 weight. Considering the present scarcity, signifies this in order that, if the King means to use the great hulk there, the said biscuit and all other made there for Spaniards may be put into her and brought to these parts. This day the Lesse Pynnes, coming from Porchmouth, met a Spaniard bound to Rouen with "whalles fishe and some oyle of the same fishe," being Frenchmen's goods. Proposes to lade some of the fish (which is little worth, having been so long upon the sea) in a Flemish pink, "and send it by Flemings to New Havon or Rouen, and some English mariner that can speak Flemish, and clothe him like a Fleming, keeping one or two of the best Flemings for him." May thus get intelligence of their doings. The oil shall be laid on land and the Spaniard have his freight. Dover, 6 April 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
6 April. 555. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of the P.
of Sc., ii. 465.
Held at Edinburgh, 6 April 1546, by Alex. abbot of Cambuskynneth, John abbot of Paisley, treasurer, Mr. James Foulis, clerk of the register, Mr. Thomas Ballenden, clerk of the justiciary, and Mr. Hen. Lauder, advocate royal, commissioners; together with Patrick Baroun, deputy constable, Thos. Wauchop, deputy marshal, Adam Broun, serjeant, and Thos. Hall, judicator. Business:—Summons against Roderic McCloyd and his colleagues continued to 24 May.
6 April. 556. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Being with President Score for licence to transport 200.000 cr. to Calays, for which Mr. Vaughan wrote to me this day, he wished that Captain Courtpenynge's band were passed; so that now there is no let to their passage as appointed, viz., "in ruptes by smalle numbers." The "very cause" why the President wrote to the Queen was that, although he wrote to Mons. de Hawlstrade and the captains of the bands to permit the passage, he wished her to write also, as they would perhaps expect it. No occurrents to write. Bruxelles, 6 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd., 1546.
6 April. 557. John Dymmoke to Paget.
R. O. This morning his servant is come from Brame with word that the 100 last of corn which Mr. Watson bought is shipped for London, Calys and Dover, and the other 200 last of which Chr. Coke wrote cannot be laden before Easter, having to come by land within four leagues of Brame, and will stand the King in 13l. Fl. aboard ship, besides freight and adventure, and Coke's reward. It shall be laden in Coke's name; and the writer must send hoys from Andwerppe for it, "because men of Brame are not very perfect upon the coast of Nywecastell, nor about Calys and Dover." Repeats the order he has taken therein (No. 541), and would know in time if Paget wishes it changed.
"Sir, news here is for certain that the old King of Polle hath received the word of God in his old age, whereof is very great joy made in all the countries thereabout. Also it is said for a truth that two of those learned men which the Emperor sent into the Prodestanttes have given over themselves and are not able to give answer unto the said Prodestants; so that one of them is gone over to the Prodestantes side and the other cannot make any other answer but as men confounded." Amesterdam, 6 April 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
6 April. (fn. n3) 558. St. Mauris to Covos.
viii., No. 239.
The man (fn. n4) who opened peace negociations with England has returned with a message that if the Admiral of France will come to the frontier of Boulogne the Admiral of England will meet him. The Admiral of France is already there, having gone to drive off 8,000 Englishmen who recently crossed the sea to hold the passage and capture Etaples. The king of England wishes to hold Boulogne and all its territory until his pensions, etc., are paid in four instalments. He demands the highest personages in France as hostages and an exorbitant sum as war indemnity and expenses in fortification of Boulogne. The king of France is to send the Admiral or else some churchman. The writer thinks it will all end in smoke, as the French will not consent to the English retaining Boulogne. The commissioners at Cambrai have separated without doing anything, and therefore Spanish shipmasters should be warned to observe the French regulations. Complained to the King and Dauphin that Scottish corsairs now in Breton ports bad captured Spanish ships; and they at once ordered release. The Queen of Hungary is at Cambrai, going to visit the frontiers of Artois. Both English and French continue their war preparations. The Venetian who is the peace intermediary passed here (i.e. Paris) on his way to Boulogne two days ago, acompanied by Monluc. The rumour in court is that peace prospects are hopeful.
6 April. 559. Doge and Senate of Venice to their Bailo at Constantinople.
v., No. 375.
The ambassador writes from Paris, 17th ult., of great preparations to recover Boulogne. Captain Polin, after relieving the fort opposite Boulogne, captured seven vessels off Calais. The Prince of Melphi is sent to Piedmont. Lorges has returned from Scotland with a Scottish ambassador. Enghien died lately in France, and, on 30th ult., the Marquis of Guasto. Letters from England of 7th ult. state that the King was raising money and would send troops to Picardy under the earl of Hertford.
7 April. 560. Henry earl of Surrey.
See Grants in April 1546, 37 Hen. VIII., No. 9.
7 April. 561. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 371.
Meeting at Westminster, 7 April. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Wotton. Business:—Dr. Wotton was, after dinner, sworn of the Privy Council, the oath being ministered by the Lord Chancellor, and took his seat at the Council board. Mr. Blechinden, captain of a bulwark upon the Downs, who had twice, at the complaint of two gunners under him, appeared before the Council without the other parties, being absent, objecting anything against him, was dismissed to his charge, with leave to discharge the gunners. Passport for Mr. Mason, secretary for the French tongue, to import 300 tons of French wares (named) for which he has the King's licence. Letter to the Lord President of the Council in the North to appoint a better place in York for the Mint, as the present place is both unwholesome and insecure. Warrant to Cavendish, treasurer of the Chamber, to pay Walter Myldmay the money remaining due for his service at Boulogne, towards which he has already had 40l. from Sir Ant. Rous, late treasurer of the Chamber. Warrant to Robert Legge to deliver John Rybault, appointed to serve at sea under the Lord Admiral, 35l. Passport for Robert de Sherey, French prisoner, returning to France for his ransom. John Hilly, late master's mate in the King's pinnance named the Sacre, committed to the under marshal as a felon for taking 27 pieces of worsteds out of Flemish hoys.
7 April. 562. Timsbury Prebend, Hants.
R. O. Surrender by John Mason, esquire, prebendary of the prebend of Tymmysbury, Hants, of his said prebend with all its possessions in Tymmysbury and Romesye, Hants, and in Imber, Wilts, and elsewhere. Dated 7 April 37 Hen. VIII. Signed: Per me Jo. Masone. Seal appended.
Note by Sir Edw. North that the above was recognised before him 8 April.
Parchment. [See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records App. II. 46.]
7 April. 563. Lisle to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i. 841.
Yesterday Blakey of Rye who lately, on the Normandy coast, took a victualler coming from Rochelle and a fisherman of Polyte, reported that the victualler declares that 100 sail of ships, with wine and victual for Picardy and Normandy, are ready in the river of Bordeaux to be wafted by three new galliasses made at Bayon, of 300 apiece, two great ships of Bayon, of 400 apiece, and a great ship of Britayne of 600. The fishermen of Pollyet say that 16 sail are in Dieppe, whereof the Sacre is the greatest, and two galleys. At Newhavon are 15 sail of tall ships awaiting only their soldiers and victuallers. At Homeflet three galleys, lately come down from Rowen, are ready for sea; and 18 are rigging before Rowen. The wind has been so extreme from S. and S.W. that ships cannot cross to France for news. Sir William Woodhouse and William Browke are carried ashore very sore sick, and Wm. Tyrrell was set aland at Mergate very sick. Of these three the King "shall have great lack if it should come to any service."
Every Spaniard, Portugall or Fleming that comes from the South is robbed by our adventurers, some calling themselves Scots and some with vizors; so that if remedy be not provided the King will be molested with complaints from the Emperor's subjects. Looks daily for the King's ten rowing barks and one tall ship which are coming from the west with Mr. Reskymer. At their coming, since nothing is to be concluded for Estaples, will be able to distress the Burdeaux fleet and yet leave sufficient to keep the Narrow Seas. Missing the Burdeaux fleet, they might burn some part of Base Normandie. Would know the King's pleasure. With this wind which has blown these six or seven days, no victuals can come from Norfolk and Suffolk. Sent four more wafters to meet them, as he wrote in his last to "my Lords." On Sunday, (fn. n5) sent above 30 sails out of Dover pier with victuals ordnance and tents for the camp. All entered the Hable Estue at noon yesterday. Finds it so written in old French because the haven is round like a tennis ball. Dover, 7 April 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 April. 564. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Spoke with some of the Flemings who have transported the King's victuals and other things from hence, because they would nowise serve, for anything that Rolffe or the commissioners could do, and finds that good sums of money are owing to them and no man appointed to pay them. Some of them have run away with 30 tuns of the King's beer at a time. Thinks it expedient that they should be paid as they serve; and their wages are but a trifling matter. It is said that Thomas Wingfield shall be discharged. Thinks him "one of the meetest men, both for experience and diligence, that is, to be placed here." Dover, 7 April 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 April. 565. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O. At the King's command, signified by Secretary Paget's letters, they have viewed Bulloigne and declare their opinions as follows:—1. The dikes of the Old Man to be so opened that the flankers may flank the points of the bulwarks; also a pale to be set up along the sea side, which side is to be sloped where necessary. 2. The entrenched ground about the milne to be thrown into the dikes, and then, what with the Old Man and High Bulloigne, no man can approach that ground. 3. The Young Man to be thrown down; which would require a great guard and take long to make, and yet, when finished, could do no more than a square tower of 30ft. broad kept by 10 men. The ground, being made plain as before, lies so to the High Town and Old Man that no force dare remain upon it. 4. The citadel to be fortified as begun. 5. The mole to be perfected as appointed, with only a bulwark at the nether end, as begun. 6. The Pase Town to be abandoned, and the houses and church steeple razed; or else "a trench to be made from the corner of the bulwark at the citadel to the bulwark of the High Town next Bulloigne Gate." 7. In the High Town, the platform at Mountrell Gate to be raised, so that ordnance may shoot over the vamure and beat along the outside of the new bray that covers the castle; also the dike from the Green bulwark to the bray of the Castle to be sunk, as begun. 8. The breach of the Castle and the bray to be made as the King appointed; which will take about six weeks.
Also by Paget's said letters the surveyor here is to send "a plat of the whole"; but I, John Rogers, am so encumbered with business, removing old walls and keeping pioneers at work, that I "remit the further declaration of the whole until the return of me, Sir Richard Lee, with whom conferring these our letters and the plat your Highness already hath, we trust your Majesty will be fully satisfied." Camp at Hambletewe, 7 April 1546. Signed: E. Hertford: T. Seymour: Tho. Wiatt: Rychard L[ee]: John Rogers.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
7 April. 566. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. The lord Admiral was departed before the receipt of Paget's letter, but Hertford, with his brother, Sir Thos. Wyatt, Mr. Lee and Rogers, has viewed the pieces at Bulloign, as may appear by their common letter now sent to the King. Begs to know the King's resolution. Took of Mr. Mondye, surveyor of victuals at Bulloign, a written declaration (herewith) of the victuals there, which shows that "they spend there of the stock of three or iiijor months that were necessary to be always in their hand." Paget may declare the lacks thereof to the lords and others entrusted with that provision. On Monday last (fn. n6) arrived here 24 sail with the ordnance, munitions, tents and victuals. Since then none could come by reason of the foul weather. In the haven are about 50 sail, some of which are discharged but cannot get out because the wind blows full into the mouth of it; yet they lie as well and quietly as could be wished. Gave liberty, by proclamation, for all who had victuals to repair hither and sell, or the army could not have tarried the coming of those ships. It will be Friday or Saturday before the soldiers can work upon the fort, because of the foul weather and the removing of the old walls; but when they begin, although it be a great work, it will not take long. Certain Almaynes and Cleyvoys who had bought horses in Flanders for the King having them stayed by the captain of Graveling, Hertford wrote to Mr. Cerne to obtain the Regent's release. Encloses copy of his answer. Trusting by entreaty or money to have help of the soldiers, he does not now think that the 1,000 more pioneers which he desired will be needed; and, where he moved the King to have certain boats lying about Gravesend brought hither to defend the mouth of the haven, he now thinks that they would only "pester the haven." This morning received advertisement from the Lord Deputy of Calais that Thomas Boys, surveyor of victuals there, has not wheat to "suffice us above one week," that Robert Donne has for Guisnez only 130 qr. of wheat, and that bakers of Calais cease baking for lack of grain. Doubtless Paget remembers the small sum of money he left to the treasurer here, and what the wages of Englishmen, Spaniards, Italians, Clevoyes and labourers monthly amounts to. Requires him, therefore, to give order for its supply; for, with money to pay the soldiers, the King's licence to his subjects to bring victuals hither will greatly help. Camp at Hambletue, 7 April 1546. Signed.
P.S.—The treasurer here has received 1,000l. st. of the treasurer of Calais.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
7 April. 567. Gasper Duchy to Paget.
R. O. Formerly sent him this bearer, Captain Serarista, a Florentine gentleman, expert in war, who has in his company four other gentlemen of good Florentine houses, all expert in war and very courageous, who, to avenge the honor of the Italian soldiers, slew with their own hands Barthelemy de Quyeri who fled from the King's service, and for this have had great honor. They ask nothing of the King, but to serve him still. Begs that bearer may be advanced in the King's favour. D'Anvers, ce vijc d' Apvril xvcxlv, avant Pasques. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add., a la Court. Endd.: 1546.
7 April. 568. Conrad Pennynck to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
288, f. 71.
B. M.
Has, by the King's commission, enrolled and despatched thither eight ensigns of German soldiers, and desires credence for his servant John Geltskrafft. If the soldiers arrive there before he himself comes he begs Cobham to welcome them and bestow them as seems good, providing for their victualling if necessary. Antwerp, 7 April 1546. Signed: Conrardus Pfenninxk, prefectus.
Latin. Hol., p. 1. Add.
7 April. 569. Brende and Brigandyn to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesterday morning letters came from Mr. Carne that passage was granted, and from Courtpenyng that the order was that they might pass where they list, "every rottemaister having a passport of the lieutenant for him and his company." The news was so grateful to the soldiers that within an hour they had trussed and departed, in such haste that we who come forward in haste find them marching always before us. The greater number will be at Caleis in six days. They mostly repair towards Dorte in Hollande "thinking to pass the rivers of Seland till they come to Slues, and thence along the sands to Caleis." The way first appointed, by the borders of France, had been very tedious and over far about. We were determined that part of them should pass the Ryne at Emeryke and go through Cleve and Brabant, as agreed with the Duke's secretary; but "the passages were shut against us, the Duke being removed in haste to the confines of Gulyke upon a message newly come to him from the Emperor, for the conclusion of a marriage with him (as it was said) of the king of Hungrey daughter." Buske, 7 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 April. 570. Brende and Brigandyn to the Council.
R. O. Yesterday we received letters from Mr. Carne and Courtpenyng "of the passage opened and the order for the passing of the soldiers," who may now go which way they list. The soldiers were departed in a moment and with incredible expedition are coming towards Caleys, where it may please you to order the King's Council to place and victual them until all assemble. By reason of their furniture of harness, long lying since the musters, and far journey, they will come without money, so that their captains will require some small prest, or else victuals. Their month began the 22nd ult. Please command us what to do, who, after tarrying two days at Andwerpe to reckon with the Coronell, will together repair to Caleis. Buske, 7 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 April. 571. Brende and Brigandyn to Paget.
R. O. Have written to the King and Council of the opening of the passage and setting forward of the soldiers, who are now well on their journey towards Caleys. Their month began the 22nd ult. and divers of them already lack money, so that they must be relieved at Caleys with some prest of money or victuals. Have lent them some money; and will at Caleys finish the reckonings, which, by Courtpenynge's sudden departure, remain "unperfyte." Both Lucas Frynger and Bastian Lucas, as necessary for interpretation, accompany us to Caleys. Hitherto we have sustained them, but they cannot remain in the field without entertainment. Busk in Brabant, 7 April. Signed.
In Brende's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 April. 572. Charles V. to Juan de Vega.
viii. No. 240
Approves his answer to the Pope upon the proposal by Card. Gambara and the bp. of Ancona that His Holiness should remain neutral. As to the Pope's idea of sending a legate to mediate a permanent peace, he may be told that the present treaty makes the Council possible and consequently there is no immediate need for more. Vega must see that nothing is changed with regard to the Council. Cardinal Farnese's declaration that it might become a trouble both to the Pope and the Emperor is only meant to extort better conditions. The king of France wants the Pope to assist him against England with a grant of four tenths; and presses him also to succour the Scots, while, at the same time, endeavouring to make a marriage between the daughter of Scotland and the son of the King of England—an innovation in French policy. Notes that His Holiness, considering the subjection of England to be easy, would have persuaded Cardinal Carpi that it would be better to begin with England rather than with Germany. Approves the Cardinal's reply at the time, and subsequent answer after consulting Vega. The Pope's hatred to the King of England will be fomented by the French, to obtain his support and so make better terms with England, perhaps even to the prejudice of religion. The French will not carry on the war in Scotland this year, and have sent an envoy to persuade the Queen of Scotland to consent to her daughter's marriage with the son of the King of England.
* * * *
Tanaberth, 7 April 1546.
Ib. No. 241. 2. "M. de Granvelle's opinion on Cardinal Gambara's discourse."
As in the case of the proposals made by the Friar with regard to England, Gambara's suggestions are unquestionably prompted by the Pope in order to avoid doing anything with regard to the Council and the Turk, perhaps even to throw obstacles in the way of peace and disturb the tranquillity of Italy. * * * * *
8 April. 573. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 373.
Meeting at Westminster, 8 April Present:—Chancellor, Privy Seal, [Essex, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Wotton]. Business:—Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to deliver to Winchester, over and besides the 500l "imprested," 400l for the rest of his diets and posting money during his embassy to the Emperor. To treasurer of the Mint, to deliver Mr. Wodall, paymaster of garrisons in the North, 10,000l., partly for his own charge, and partly for Sir William Malory, treasurer of Berwick. To the Exchequer, to deliver Ric. Knight, for lord St. John, 3,000l. for victuals for the sea; also to Thos. Broke, paymaster of the water works at Dover, 785l. 17s. for charges from 8 Nov., 37 Henry VIII. to the 24th inst. Recognisance of Anthony Husey, of London, gent., John Hopkyns, fisher, Win. Watson, clothier, Roger Hunt, gent., Thos. Daniel, clothier, and William Bulley, fisher (whose ships the White Hynde and a "calablasse" of London, in February last, captured the Salamandre of Rouen, John Malete, master, laden with French wares, whereof 51 ballettes of linen cloth have been stayed by John Stawell in Exeter upon letters from the lord Admiral) to restore the cloth if proved the property of the King's subjects or friends. Letter to Wm. Hollond of Dartmouth, who had given bond to the lord Admiral to be answerable for certain alum and other merchandise taken by his ship if proved no good prize, to restore the goods or their value to Bart. Campayne, merchant Florentine, and ——, Spaniard. To the mayor and brethren of Oxford (who, contrary to a certain order of the Council touching profits and amercements of the assise of bread, wine and ale, which, by ancient privileges lately confirmed by the King, pertain to the University, withstand that order, although the said decree is plain and their bailiffs are allowed 5l. annually in the Exchequer for recompense), that the King straitly charges them to permit the quiet levying of the said profits and amercements in accordance with the said decree. To John Stowell, vice-admiral in the West, to deliver the linen cloth and other goods found in the Salamandra of Rouen, for which the owners of the White Hynde have entered recognisance.
8 April. 574. Sir Richard Lee to Paget.
R. O. We have had "much cumbrance in pulling down of the walls of the old housing and digging up of the foundations to clear the ground for setting forth the fortress," and hope on Friday at furthest to have it trenched round. My lord Lieutenant has devised that each captain for every 100 men shall cast 100 foot of the dike up to the ramper, "and the pioneers to bear the earth from the one side of the ramper to the inside of with baskets." The ground seems good, and doubtless the dike will be deep enough; and though we meet with rock "it shall not trouble us much."
At my departing I wrote to Mr. Chancellor concerning the hospital (fn. n7) which the King gave me "and committed the suit thereof to a man of mine, who I think is dead, for that I have heard no word of him." When Mr. Chancellor comes in your company, pray remember me to him. Hambletewfe, 8 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., Sir William Pachet, etc. Endd.: 1546.
9 April. 575. William lord Grey.
Captain of Boulogne. See Grants in April 1546, 37 Hen. VIII., No. 10.
9 April. 576. Prince Edward to Dr. Coxe.
Harl. MS.
5087, No. 4.
B. M.
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI., 7.
Eccl. Mem.,
II. ii. App. L.,
No. 8.
As duty demands, writes to show his remembrance of his dearest Almoner; for he who writes a letter cannot but remember him whose name he writes in the superscription. (fn. n8) Moreover he is persuaded that letters are as sweet to Coxe as hunting and fowling to other men; and letters are indeed better than treasure, for Cicero says that the wise man alone is rich. Begs him to salute the King's secretary and thank him for the little sand-box. Hertford, 9 April 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. A translation in printed in Halliwell's Royal Letters, ii. 6.
9 April. 577. Hertford and Others to Paget.
R. O Having seen the "double" of Paget's letter to "me, the lord Admiral," of the King's pleasure for the enterprise at Estaples, have eftsoons consulted together, conferring therewith intelligence received by espials and by confession of prisoners, and send herewith in articles "such doubts as might ensue thereby." Upon knowing the King's pleasure therein, will spare no pains nor danger to execute it. Hitherto it would have been impossible to essay it, the weather having been so tempestuous and the wind so contrary that the armies by sea and land could not have joined. Camp near the Newe Haven in Bullonoyse, 9 April 1546. Signed: E. Hertford: John Lisle: Wyllyam Grey: T. Seymour: H. Knyvet: Tho. Wiatt.
P.S.—At the closing of this came the coronell of the Albanoyes horsemen, at Bulloigne, who, by Hertford's command, yesternight made a raid to Estaples. They took near the town a Gascon and certain Almains, who confess that there are in it 24 ensigns of lanceknights and Gascons, and that their fortification is already a spear's length "in deepness from the bottom of the dike to the height of the rampere."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. (on § 2).
R. O. 2. [The "doubts" above referred to.]
1. We can only carry by land victuals for two days, every man carrying his own. 2. Might bring victuals by sea if sure of a safe landing place and of the wind. 3. The ground being so wet and rotten, we cannot carry one double cannon with all the "lemoners" here. 4. Leaving 3,000 here we shall not have above 4,000 footmen, and we "would be glad" if 1,000 of the horsemen were able to serve, as shall appear by the musters now being taken. 5. The army by sea, not knowing the landing place and unable to abide above one hour, "by reason of the flats and the sudden fall of the water," might be lost unless supported by the land army. 6. Here 800 pioneers in two days have so fortified that with one day's warning we think "to resist a far greater power." What may 5,000 or 6,000 pioneers, working six or eight weeks, with the support of 5,000 of the French king's best men of war, and a castle adjoining, do to resist the enterprise? 7. The French king's power by sea being ready to come forth might find the King's navy unfurnished with men.
Pp. 2. Endd.: Th'articles.
9 April. 578. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Today and yesterday 40 or 50 merchants of all nations, especially "such as are surers of men's goods by sea," have been with the magistrates of this town to declare robberies by the King's subjects. Thinks that they have desired them to signify the matter to the Court. Many merchants are already gone thither to complain. Expects that the Queen will either write to the Emperor's ambassador to get speedy redress, or else make another arrest upon the King's subjects here. In Holland are many great ships ready for sea. It is reported that some of them "are appointed to rove upon the sea and take what they can get." Is ready to depart, only awaiting the Queen's passport for conveyance of his money and for change of many imperial crowns, for which he cannot get French crowns or other coin worth carrying. Has sent to Mr. Caern for the passport, but whilst he is at Bruxelles and the Queen at Cambrey, there is little hope of short despatch. Andwerp, 9 April.
P.S.—In Zeland lie six ships of Scotland, richly laden, ready to depart with the first wind. They are easy to be taken with three or four good ships.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 April. 579. Fotheringhay.
R. O. Note headed "[Fo]theringhaye" of the receipt, 10 April, 37 Hen. VIII. by Gilb. Pykerynge, deputy to Robt. Warner, receiver of the Queen's rents in Ntht. and Hunts, from Humph. Wyllson, "bailey there," of 10l. due at Annunciation last. Marked as to be allowed in the year '38.
P. 1.
10 April. 580. Paget to Mont.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 96.
The King has seen his sundry letters by Nicholas the Courier and by Rougedragon. He shall thank the Landsgrave for so frankly declaring conferences with the Emperor lately at Spyres, so readily delivering the arquebuses and promising (which promise the King prays him to perform) to punish that traitor Reiffenbergh. Then, showing that he has advertised hither their late communication together, in which the Landsgrave said that, for defence of the principal points of religion, the King had refused to enter a league, Mont shall tell the Landsgrave that no such motion or overture was ever made to the King, that he (Mont) and Mr. Buckler lay there almost a whole year for that purpose and were at last fain to depart without any answer, and that the King now sends Mr. Mason, his secretary for the French tongue, to the Count Palatine, Elector, "to congratulate him that vocation" and commune of private family matters, and the Landsgrave may send thither a personage instructed of his mind touching a confederacy. And here Mont must "work the Lansgrave" to a purpose which Mr. Mason will declare, by which the King seeks the quietness of Christendom and surety of such as embrace it; and Mason and he shall communicate their proceedings to one another and use all their dexterity to set forward the things now committed to their charge. As to the Landsgrave's suggestion that the King should lay in deposito 100,000 cr., and that he would take it as an honor to receive some of the King's angels, Mont shall say that the King supposes they cannot expect him to lay the 100,000 cr. in deposito without receiving any reciproque, which none that would stand to it has yet proffered; but, as for the angels, the King would think it no less an honor to have his pension received by the Landsgrave; and therefore, if the Landsgrave will thereof entertain captains who may bring men to serve the King at need, and will endeavour to stay men from going to serve his enemies, the King will give him a yearly pension of 10,000 fl. This offer is to be made with good words; and considering the French king's behaviour towards them lately, and their despair of his ever relenting to their religion, they should the more readily stay their men from going to serve him and send away his agents who are there as espials upon them; for now they see plainly whether Rickrade, Bassefontayn, Laplanche and Fraxinus are liars or no, and that the French king uses them, like the Scots, as slaves to spend their blood in return for fair words. Mont may tell the Landgrave, Bruno and Sturmius that they now find Paget's saying to them at Calais, touching the French king, true, and that they have yet time to beware of him. The King desires them to look substantially to their proceedings and not be over hasty to let the Duke of Brunswyke slip out of their fingers, or to set the bp. of Mentz, of whose entry into their League they despair, to take part against them.
Doubtless Mont has informed the Landgrave that Courtpennink's men are for the King. He shall likewise be informed in time if the King levies men by any other coronell. Countie Guillame's gentle offer and reputation are such that, although furnished for this year, the King will give him a yearly pension of 5,000 gilderns to have him always ready to serve with a competent number "according to such covenants and for such wages as you shall receive in a schedule herein closed." The King thanks Bruno for his advertisements, and, where he offers to come hither if the French levy any great numbers there, the King requires him in any case to come hither with diligence fully instructed of things there.
Pray advertise the King, by bearer, whom you may keep for a time, how you have proceeded. I think that Bruno should come without asking passport of the Regent, for, coming without tarrying, he will never be questioned until he comes to Graveling, which he may pass in the night as if in post from Mr. Carne. Seal and deliver my letter to Bruno. These things done, you shall resort to Wormes to hear the doings there; and if you hasten the despatch of the premises you are like to meet Mr. Mason, who within three or four days departs hence to Eydebergh in company of Duke Philip.
P.S.—The articles for County Guillam are the same that Coronel Curtpenyng has accorded to; howbeit the County may put into the reservation "the Emperor, the King of the Romans, the Empire, the Protestants and his own family"; and, likewise, for his own entertainment, if he like the rest of the wages, we will not much "vary." Westm., 10 April 1546.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 19. Endd.: Mynute. Mr. Seer. Mr. Paget to Mr. Mount, xo Aprilis 1546.
581. Count William of Furstemberg. (fn. n9)
R. O. [Articles for an agreement with Count William of Furstenberg.]
1. Let him promise to serve the King of England, if required, against all men except the Roman Empire and the Protestant States. 2. Let him promise to muster 4,000 footmen at one month's warning, "et ad evocandum militem pro singulis peditibus unus talerus (?) numerabitur, sed et unicuique vexi[llo] ...... aurei superaddentur." Each cohort to contain 400 men, of whom 100 shall be schlopetarii, 150 cathaphratarii sen lorica ferrea muniti et hastati, and the rest light armed with spears. 3. The men to be at Calais within a month after the muster of the month's wages paid; there to receive a month's pay and, if they cross the sea, to provide themselves with food. 4. To the chief captain, for pay of the whole regiment of 10 cohorts will be given 27,676 philips of gold monthly. 5. If the Count bring more or less than that number, then, upon the same reckoning, each ensign of 400 foot shall have 633½ pays, viz., 2,654 philips; and as many pays shall be deducted as there are men wanting. 6. For the officers of a regiment of 10 cohorts shall be paid 1,236 philips, and this rate will hold for a regiment of 5 or of 15 cohorts; but if the regiment shall contain 20 cohorts, the captain and other officers shall make no less pays than Count William of Furstenberg or D. Conrad de Bemelberg earned under the Emperor. 7, 8. The King may dismiss them when he will, and is not bound to give them for their return more than one month's pay, &c. 9. Lastly, Count William shall undertake that he and his friends shall do their utmost to prevent enemies raising forces against the King of England.
Latin. Copy, pp. 5. Endd.: Articuli Guilielmi comitis a Furstenberg.
R. O. 2. [Statement of the composition and cost of the force under Count William of Furstemberg, (fn. n10) giving the names of the captains, followed in parallel columns by particulars of (1) the number of persons, (2) dead pays, (3) pays for arquebusiers, (4) pays, (5) florins, (6) "armees."]
"Le conte Guill'e de Furstenbergh, coronell de 20 enseignes pietons.
"Les soubz coronelz:—Le baron de Kinsseek, Jorge de Boulach, Bernard von Dalhem."
The captains named are Hans von Osterach, Le conte de Hellsesteyn (?), Jacob von Jelinckhosen, Hans Jacop Grunweiles, Hans Eytell von Niewhausen (two companies), Conrardt von Helmstadt, Gaspar von Wolstamsdorff, Melchior von Rotenburg (?), [Ha]ns Isanter von Retling, Hans von Steinham, Philips Knobloch, Joachim von Bettyngen, Herman van Weyhe, Jacop von Wyndelt (?), Jochim von Westhusen, Jacob Munch, Hans Jacob Druchses, .. stad (?) Wyld, Bernard von Hall.
The totals are "persones" [8]309, "payes mortes" 2,680, "payes pour arquebusiers" 230, "payes" [11,153?], "florins" 44,772, "armees" [1,668].
ii. "[Le] traictement dudit Conte Guill'e ayant des[oubz son regim]ent(?) trois soubz coronelz," viz.:—for himself 400 florins, for 16 horses 192 fl., 16 halbardiers 64 fl., 2 wagons 48 fl., fifer and drummer 16 fl., a clerk 12 fl., a trucheman 8 fl., a sergeant major 20 fl., a doctor of medicine 40 fl., a chaplain 8, 20 sergens de bataille 240 fl., 3 sergens de bagaige 12 fl., 2 maistres de guetz et leur allebardiers 88 fl., 2 fouriers major et leur allebardiers 88 fl., 2 maistres de provisions et leur allebardiers 88 fl. Total, 1,344 fl.
"Les dittes vingt enseignes ont ung provost qu'a pour sa personne 40 flor., son liewtenant 20 flor., son chapelain [8] flor., pour 16 allebardiers 64 flor., pour 16 sergens 64 flor., pour ung jeollier 10 flor., pour ung trucheman 8 flor., [pour] ung escrivain 8 flor., [pour] ung boreau et son homme 20 flor. [somma 242 flor.]
"Le juge 40 flor., pour ung allebardier 4 flor., pour douze conseilliers de justice 48 flor., pour ung sergent de justice 4 flor., pour ung escrivain 4 flor., somma 100 flor.
"Le traictement des soubz coronells:—Pour leur personne a chachun [2]50 flor., pour 4 chevaulz 48 flor., pour 8 allebardiers 32 flor., pour phifre et tamboryn 16 flor., pour ung trucheman 8 flor., pour ung escrivain 8 flor., pour ung chapelain 8 flor., pour ung chariott 24 flor. Somma 394 flor.
"Les trois soubz coronells du Conte Guillame de Furstenber[gh] monte (sic) 1,182 florins.
"Somme totalle du regiment du Conte Guillame [4]642 florins; assavoir florins de quiñze batz ou 25 paters par florin."
French, pp. 3. Much faded.
R. O. 3. "A memorial for the King's Majesty's servant, Christopher Mount, sent at this time into Germany." (fn. n11)
Taking the King's letters of credence and patents to the earl William a Furtstemberge. Mont shall, "with his servant now being here," resort to him to deliver the letters, and say that the King's opinion of him is such that he shall have the pension, in the letters mentioned, that the French king gave him, upon the following conditions (to be received of the said Countie, signed and sealed, before delivery of the patent):—
1. He shall serve no other prince, state or potentate against the King. 2. He shall serve the King in his own person with such soldiers as he can furnish, against all "except only the Protestants of Germany concerning the direct causes of the Empire." 3. Besides the said Protestants, he shall serve no one without the King's special assent; 4, and while serving them shall be at the King's call at need. 5. He shall everywhere maintain the King's honor, and, if he know of any practice to the King's detriment, shall signify it to such of the Council as "he shall know most familiar unto his Majesty."
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: Mr. Christopher's instructions concerning C. G.
582. Henry VIII. to the Elector Palatine.
R. O. "Instructions given by the King's Majesty to his trusty and right well beloved counsellor John Mason, esquire, his Highness' secretary in the French tongue, whom his Majesty sendeth presently as his ambassador to Duke Frederick Count Palatyn, the Elector, for the purpose hereafter ensuing."
To repair, in company with Duke Philip, to the place where Duke Frederic, the Elector, resides, and (first informing himself by conference with Duke Philip and by Dr. Mount, the King's agent there, if not too far out of his way, of the state of things) deliver the King's letters and commendations, and say that, being but lately advertised of his preferment to the honor of an Elector, the King would either have written or sent some special man to congratulate him had his Highness known that it was customary or that any other prince had done so; and now sends Mason for that purpose.
This said, and the Elector's answer heard, Mason shall say that he has other important matters to utter if the Elector will promise upon his honor not to disclose them; and, upon that promise, shall say that Duke Philip, having been now in England to treat about serving with certain men of war, has eftsoons spoken of his marriage with Lady Mary, "calling to our remembrance the old familiar acquaintance between the said Elector and us, with the ancient nobility of that family of the Palatines," and considering the noble qualities of Duke Philip (which move us to desire his advancement), nothing can so much advance this affair of his said nephew as a special amity contracted between us and the Elector and his friends. Wherein if he will get his friends (of whom we account the Landsgrave one of the chiefest) to join, our reputation in the world and his among the princes of the Empire (and Mr. Mason shall induce him to believe that he is in great credit with us) are such that it will be a great stay to Christian religion. And Mason shall show what an ornament this marriage shall be to him and all his posterity, "declaring that the same is now in other terms than it was at the last communication therein of the said Duke Philip; for sithens that time our daughter is made legitimate and heritable to the crown of this realm if aught should chance to us and our son without heirs, which God forbid, so as it may fortune hereafter in time to come that some of the blood and succession of the said Elector may attain to be kings of England, and she is now of such reputation in the world thereby, and other the good qualities of her person, which he must much commend, as both the Emperor for himself and the French king for his son have much desired to have her and made great means for the same. Which being well weighed and considered by the said Elector, the said Mr. Mason shall say there is good cause why he should desire and follow this conjunction of amity; for that the benefit thereof and likelihood of possessions is theirs, and no likeliho[od] of a[ny?] to c[ome] to u[s], and for that also it is their part the rather to follow this matter for that we represent the woman's person, whom it beseemeth not to sue, but rather the man, whose part is theirs." Even if the Duke never came to the inheritance of this realm this alliance would strengthen him. If the Elector would send hither some "secret councillor of his with some honest good learned man, one of an .. fully instructed of his mind in all things, and in the meantime to keep himself in a stay, both for the matters of religion and combining any other way, we will devise with the same upon so honorable conditions as he shall have good cause in reason to be contented." Likewise if he will "credit us for an honorable composition" in his "querell" to the crown of Denmark, "we have no (qu. mo?) commodity to bring the matter to a better end than all the world knoweth, and sooner than some others that have ere this time, and doth yet, promise to do much for him, and hitherto have done little nor intend to do little;" and if he and his friends join in league with us we can do no less than devise in that behalf. Meanwhile Mr. Mason shall say that he is charged to remain with him, and that we have ever borne to him and his family such affection as to be persuaded that he will be ready to do what is acceptable to us; and, therefore, whereas Bassefontayn, Rickerode and Volpesleger are suffered to levy men of war against us and have free passage for them upon the Rhyne and through the Elector's country, although the pretended friendship of the Frenchmen is only in words, we desire him heartily to do what he can to stay the passage of men of war to the French king and so "move us the sooner to condescend to the rest of these overtures for his n'u (? nephew)." And here Mason shall say that by these agents the French king is made privy to the strength and purposes of the Princes, and remind the Elector by how many ways and by whom the French king has ever practised for himself without respect of his friends, whose answer to their late letter declares what they may expect from him.
If the Elector ask upon what points we would ground this amity touching religion, Mason shall say, as of himself, that he has no instruction as yet, "saving that, whereas we have of late been informed that report is made we have refused to enter league touching the authority of the Bishop of Rome, the General Council, and such other things as we had established within our realm, that the said report hath been untrue, for that there was never overture made unto us nor to any our agents in that behalf"; but if the Elector will suspend his resolution in matters of religion until he has declared his meaning to us, and, finding our doctrine conformable to Holy Scripture, be content to join with us therein and induce his friends thereto, he shall (in Mason's opinion) work a most notable act for the quiet of Christendom and provoke us to do what he requires in the other matter of marriage with his nephew. And here Mason shall set forth what a marriage this shall be, how the realm is increased in riches and power, we being lately able to encounter both the French king and the Scots without aid of the Emperor or any other, and how, Duke Philip having nothing to assure to our daughter during the Elector's lifetime, we look for no other recompense but friendship. By the way, and afterwards in Almayn, Mason shall inculcate into Duke Philip's head that "the compassing of the Elector and the others to join with us in this amity and in the unity of doctrine" is the only way to win his suit, and counsel him for the advancement of the matter.
As it is thought that the Elector or some of his Council, and also Duke Philip, will seek to learn upon what points the treaty should consist, Mason shall have a "brief memorial of some of the special points whereunto we would wish the said Elector and other would condescend"; which he may set forth (as of himself) as, in his opinion, most necessary, and shall advertise us of their inclinations therein.
"Finally, the said Mr. Mas[on] shall from time to time communicate to Mr. Mownt, our agent with the Lansgrave, the substance of these his instructions, whereby he may omit no commodity to advance this intended conjunction the better whereas he is; like as we have given the same charge to the said Mr. Mownt for to signify unto Mr. Mason there all his proceedings from time to time with the Lansgrave ........ parts accordingly."
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 7. Faded in parts. Endd.: Mr. Mason's instructions and articles.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 98.
2. "Certain articles to be set forth by Mr. Mason, as of himself, to the Duke Frederic the Elector."
1. That neither the principal contrahents of this league nor such as may hereafter enter it shall agree to any General Council called or kept by the Bishop of Rome; 2, nor shall agree to any place for a General Council without the written consent of his confederates; 3, nor confess that the Bishop of Rome has greater authority than any other bishop. 4. After the return out of England of the Elector's man, the principal contrahents shall appoint a place for the meeting of learned men sent from each of us to consider, by Scripture, "without borrowing of will or fantasy, the other points of religion now in difference from ours"; such to be "men willing an unity in Christendom," discreet and temperate, who shall indifferently report to their masters to what they descend. 5. No confederate shall hereafter decline from any of the points of religion now to be agreed upon, or "relent to any other sect or party." 6. A confederate invaded by any prince or potentate for a matter to which he is by his confederacy bound shall be assisted by all the rest. 7. No confederate shall permit his subjects to serve in war the enemy of any of his confederates; 8, nor suffer subjects of any other prince to pass through his country to such service. 9. They shall keep the King's ambassador or agent in Almayn informed of their affairs, and he will do the same to them. 10. The Elector and Duke Philip to get as many as possible of the electors and other princes and towns to enter this treaty.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 2. Numbers not in original.
10 April 583. Carne to Paget.
R. O. According to your letters of the 5th inst., I have sent your letter to the Commissaries with Courtpenyng's band. On the 4th I wrote to them of Courtpenyng's despatch hence and the passage of his soldiers licensed; on the 6th I wrote that the Queen would write to the Countye of Hoocstrate, captain general of Gelders, to suffer them to pass, and on the 7th I sent the said letters of the Queen for Hoocstrate to Courtpenyng with another to the Commissaries. I trust you shall hear of them at Calais shortly, although I have heard nothing from them. This morning the President said that if Courtpenyng were yet in Andwerpe he would speak one word with him "non alienum a servitio Regis" and not keep him here two hours; and he says that Courtpenyng promised to return to him within three days. Accordingly I sent to Courtpenyng, if at Andwerpe, to be here tomorrow, lest the soldiers be stayed "for fault of his coming again." The President departs towards Bynkes on Monday (fn. n12) and, ere his coming, the Queen will be there,—and I too, to know her answer touching the corn of Dorte which the ambassadors there have written for, whereof the President has no hope. All the bishops of these parts repair in haste to the Council, "to Trent or where it is kept." Bruxelles, 10 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.


  • n1. Apparently as regards the Queen.
  • n2. The Earl of Hertford.
  • n3. The date "April 6," appears in the margin of the Spanish Calendar.
  • n4. Francesco Bernardo.
  • n5. April 4th.
  • n6. April 5th.
  • n7. Of Holy Trinity, Arundel, See Grants in June, No. 15.
  • n8. Halliwell here inserts "because I write your name on my heart," but no such words appear in the copy book.
  • n9. The first of these papers may possibly be the schedule referred to in the preceding letter; the second and third are here placed with it for convenience only, both having been omitted under their true dates.
  • n10. This document belongs to the year 1544. See Vol. XIX., part ii., p. 447.
  • n11. The date of this paper appears undoubtedly to be February 1540 See Vol. XV, Nos. 251, 271, 282 (94).
  • n12. April 12th.