Henry VIII: April 1546, 11-20

Pages 287-305

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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April 1546, 11-20

11 April. 584. Philip Count Palatine.
See Grants in April, 37 Hen. VIII. No. 13.
11 April. 585. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 376.
Meeting at Westminster, 11 April. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Durham, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker, Wotton. Business:—Warrant to the Exchequer to pay Ant. Smyth and John Hornewolde 30l, and Hugh Counsell as much, for their conveyance of treasure to Boulogne and Calais. Letters to treasurer of Boulogne that Smyth and Hornewolde should deliver him 16,000l.; to treasurer of Calais that Counsell should deliver him 10,000; to Sir John Haryngton, treasurer of the wars, that Counsell should deliver him 6,000l. towards payments by Hertford's warrant. Placard to Smith, Hornewold and Councell for carts and horses to Dover. Letter to Anthony Aucher to signify to the Lord Admiral that he might arrange for wafting of the above treasure. To the mayor, &c., of Bristol to endeavour to buy a large quantity of biscuit which certain Spaniards had provided there for their ships, and deliver the same to the Lord Great Master; also to detain a hulk which recently arrived with spices. Warrant to the Exchequer to deliver Hugh Counsell 6,000l. for Sir John Haryngton. Letter to mayor, etc., of Lynne to send hither Wm. Robyns, who had at sea spoiled goods of Francis Clays of Bruges and Nic. Berte of Antwerp. Letters to mayors of Dartmouth and Plymouth and the Vice-admiral in the West to search for goods of a certain mark (given) spoiled from the Emperor's subjects; and secretly apprehend the spoilers. To Aucher at Dover to suffer Vollard Vander Luys and Peter Hones to pass over in the King's service. The bp. of Catnes, despatched to Scotland, had commission for post horses to Chester and the preparation of the Katharine Goodman and one pinnace for his passage. Warrant to Williams to deliver Thos. Chaloner 1,166l. 13s. 4d. for Duke Philip, viz., 833l. 6s. 8d for his half-year's pension beforehand, 250l. for his reward, 33l. 6s. 8d. for Duke Frederic's marshal and 50l. for Captain ——(blank). Passport for Artus Kellans, the King's servant, to Flanders on his own affairs. Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to pay Thomas Skevington, keeper of ordnance in Nottingham castle, 143l. 2s. for wages (specified); also to pay Mr. Morasyne and Mr. Shelley, who heretofore conducted a gentleman of the King of Pole to certain of the King's houses, 20l. which they defrayed for horsemeat, etc. Robert Bonham dismissed out of the Fleet, paying the priest 5 mks. in recompense of his hurt, and the King 10l. by way of fine, with other conditions (specified), John Maxie and Reynold Hollingwourth being his sureties.
12 April. 586. [Paget] to Hertford and Lisle.
R. O. The King has seen the letters lately written from you and others to me touching the enterprise of Estaples, and, for the reasons sent therewith, is pleased that you shall not attempt it, but requires you, my lord of Hertford, to do what may be done against Hardelow, Davern, Samer au Boys and such places; in which exploits the bands of Courtpening, who shall be with you within these two days, may serve.
As to the exploit upon the sea, whereof I wrote lately to you, my lord Admiral, his Majesty, hearing that certain French galleys and other ships are ready not far from you, would have you consider whether you may attempt the purpose of Burdeaulx and leave them behind, "which both may come upon your tail and in your absence do some damage upon the Narrow Seas."
Draft in Mason's hand, p. 1. Endd.: My. to my l. of Hertford and my lord Admyrall, xijo Aprilis 1546.
12 April. 587. Paget to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 370.
B. M.
The King has seen your sundry advertisements to me and takes them thankfully. His Highness is well pleased that you entertain the man of Corbye as hitherto. As to the allowances you demand for your office of the musters and for relieving of the horsemen of the town, such money matters should be written to the Council, with whom I may better speak for the advancement of your desires. Pray put me eftsoons, by letter, in remembrance for Blunt, "for the King hath appointed Mr. Browne to the office at Haines now that my lord Gray goeth to Bullen, and so you may advertise Mr. Browne and my lord Grey also." This day Hugh Councel departs with money to pay "all the crews and ordinary under your rule until the beginning of this month." Westm., 12 April 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add, Endd. (inter alia): "There is money sent by Hugh Councel to pay until the vjth of April."
12 April. 588. Scepperus and Vander Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 243.
Since their letters of the 27th ult., have had no communication with the King's ministers except about Penninck's troops and a quantity of wheat, as related. in letters to the Queen. There was no mention of the marriage or the aid. Duke Palatine Philip leaves today, accompanied by Secretary Mason, a man well esteemed. Have been told nothing officially, but hear that he came (1) to concert a league with the Protestants, (2) to offer troops and (3) to treat the marriage with Lady Mary. The King decided (1) to negotiate the league, and for that purpose sends Mason, (2) to hire 10,000 infantry and 3,000 horse, and (3) to defer the marriage. The ministers' remarks, such as, "that we wanted to put our foot on their necks," and that "they must take care of themselves," seem to confirm this information as regards the league, but we cannot believe that the King will enter it, seeing that the majority of his Council are against it and it would violate the alliance with your Majesty. As to the second point, there being no hope of gaining French territory now that Etaples and Hardelot are fortified, the English desire peace or truce after they finish the new fort of Maraise (fn. n1); and they know that 10,000 foot and 2,000 or 3,000 horse could not come through France or through Flanders without your consent, and there is no time to put an army in the field this season. Their action must therefore be only a feint to deceive the French and Germans. As to the marriage, when taking leave of the Queen, the Duke Palatine conversed with Lady Mary for more than an hour, although she was indisposed. She received him well; but some of the principal clergy and others are displeased by his remark to them that he never heard mass until he came hither. For this and other reasons the marriage is not liked. The Emperor will be better able to learn the truth about the Duke's coming and Mason's mission, and also about the King's dealings with Duke Maurice of Saxony and Marquis Albert of Brandenburg with whom he has agents. Have begun conference regarding tariff and claims of the Emperor's subjects. The Commissioners are Sir Wm. Petre, one of the Principal Secretaries, and Nic. Wotton, formerly ambassador, who seem reasonable. Fear, however, that the embargo in Spain will prove an obstacle, as the English have been told there that their ships will not be released on security either for the Emperor's ambassador or the Emperor himself; which gave Paget the opportunity of saying to the writers that he would have no more to do with Renegat's affair, and that the only way was to make peace with France. London, 12 April.
12 April. 589. The Same to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 244
Refer to their letters to the Emperor. Duke Philip will cross the sea if the wind serves, and if not will go by Calais. Today we inspect the customs registers, and as these people seem to proceed honestly we hope to settle the first point. Have not been able to speak of the bailiwick of Hesdin and the cattle taken by Lord Grey, as Paget is so much occupied,—either with affairs of Duke Philip or others. The English are waiting, too, for her reply about Penninck's men and the grain. Bread is becoming very scarce, and all grain is sent over sea to the troops. Nothing fresh about Francisco Bernardi or anything else. The King returns to Greenwich from Westminster this week and will stay in this quarter until Whitsuntide. He has taken measures against the daily depredations and robberies. London, 12 April 1546.
12 April. 590. Cheltenham.
R. O. Note of expenses of Sir Ric. Lygon, steward, at the court held at Cheltenham on 12 April 37 Hen. VIII., viz. 12s. 11d. Certified by Ric. Carrik, deputy steward.
Small slip, p. 1.
13 April. 591. The Privy Council.
A P. C., 380.
Meeting at Westminster, 13 April, Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Baker, Wotton. Business: Warrant to the Exchequer to deliver Ric. Knight, servant to Lord St. John, 1,000l. towards victuals for the sea. To treasurer of Augmentations to pay Wm. Egecombe and Ric. Dane of Bristol 24l., for which Wm. Jaye, Robert Leighton and John Prinne, of Bristol, merchants stood bound to them, "for 6 pieces of ordnance and 3 chambers" bought by them for their ship the Mary James, appointed to serve the King by John Winter, late treasurer for marine causes, who afterwards, they say, bestowed the said ordnance to the King's use: also to pay Gresham and Wingfield, commissioners at Dover, 161l. 7s. 6d. for remainder of their diets (specified) from 28 Oct. last to the 18th inst. Mr. Canner, surveyor of works, and John Russell, master carpenter, had letters to Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, for 100l., in prest, for "amending the beam in the chamber of presence" and other necessaries at Hatfield. Warrants to Candish for 20l. to one Madriachaga, Spaniard, retained since Christmas to have been captain of the Galley Subtil, 10l. to one Sancto. Venetian, to have been patron, and 3l. 6s. 8d to an Englishman to have been with them "for exposition of the language." Letter to mayor, &c., of Falmouth, upon supplication by Michael de la Sarte, Spaniard, showing that the captain of a Falmouth ship, who was said to keep an inn there and to be blemished in one eye, had robbed two Spanish ships (masters Ortuino de Lano and Peter de Ugarte), bound for Antwerp, of certain velvets and other wares (marks given), to apprehend the said captain and his complices and sequestrate the goods. Warrant to Exchequer to deliver, upon letters of Winchester, Riche, Either and Aucher, 2,000l. for victualling the King's pieces beyond sea. In the matter between Wyndeham and Martin de Miranda touching a ship pretended by Wyndeham to be a prize, wherein John Chichestre was bail for Wyndeham, both Chichestre and Wyndeham were sent for. Letter to mayor of Sarum to punish, at discretion, Robert Butler, saltpetre maker, who refused to contribute to the musters, or other lewd fellows in semblable cases. To the earl of Hertford to write to Calais and Boulogne for the apprehension of one Thompson of Calais, an adventurer, for spoiling the Emperor's subjects. Lord Wharton had letters for his despatch, viz., (1) to Lord Maxwell, animating him in the Kind's service; (2) to Mr. Chancellor of Augmentations to provide that neither Northumberland's lands nor Holm Cultram lordship in Cumberland be sold, and, in leasing chantries in the West Marches, to prefer persons recommended by Wharton; (3) to the President and Council in the North to send for the earl of Cumberland and see him and Wharton put on friendly terms; also to examine into the dispute between Lord Evre and Thomas Gower; wherein a letter from Evre was enclosed. Upon complaint by the Emperor's subjects of depredations by "merchauntes adventurours" of England, letters were addressed to Sir Thos. Denys and Sir Hugh Pollard for Devonshire, Sir Hugh Trevanyon, —— St Albyne and —— Trefrye for Cornwall, and Sir Thos. Arundel and Sir Giles Strangwayes for Dorsetshire, to detain all "men of war adventurers" now in port and recall those at sea; and the warden of the Cinque Ports was ordered to write like letters to places within his office.
13 April. 592. Suppression of the Stews.
Soc of Antiq
Procl. ii. 164
Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to proclaim that the King, considering that the dissolute and miserable persons who have been suffered to dwell beside London and elsewhere in places called the Stewes have lately so increased and engender such corruption among the people as to be an intolerable annoyance to the common wealth, youth being there allured to fleshly lusts, and evil disposed persons conspiring robberies, has with advice of his Council decided to extinguish such abominable licence. All persons who have been accustomed to abuse their bodies in such common places called the Stews in and about London shall depart thence before Easter next to their natural countries with bag and baggage. Householders who under the name of bawds have kept the "notable and marked houses and known hosteries" for such persons viz., "such householders as do inhabit the houses whited and painted with signs on the front for a token of the said houses," shall likewise depart. All dwellers upon "the Bank called the Stewes near London" who have sold victuals shall cease victualling and lodging strangers after Easter next until they have made recognisance before the King's Council not to suffer misorder in their houses or "lodge any serving man, prentice or woman unmarried, other than their hired servants," and such houses are not to be let to new tenants until the lessee has made like recognisance.
Finally, to eschew resort to the place there shall after Easter next be no bear baiting in that row or in any place on that side London Bridge. Westm., 13 April 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
13 April. 593. Scepperus to Schore.
viii. No. 245.
Spoke, when last at Utrecht, of this Council's request about certain harquebuses seized in the Netherlands, and Schore asked if they were the harquebuses stopped at Dunkirk belonging to a private merchant, Erasmus Schetz. Learns now that the harquebuses in question were seized in the Zeeland custom house at Antwerp; and the Council request their release, and also passage for other harquebuses from Italy which were seized on the Rhine by the Landgrave of Hesse. Encloses a note signed by Paget. London, 13 April 1546.
*** The Editor of the Spanish Calendar states that Paget's note is still with the letter, and sets forth that 2,500 harquebuses bought by the King in Italy were stopped by the Landgrave and duke of Wurtemburg, and some of them, being afterwards released and sent to Antwerp for shipment by Philip Suerz and his partners, were seized by the Prefect in July 1545. He desires release of these and authority to export the rest.
13 April. 594. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. Encloses a letter just received from Mr. Wallop showing what good success Guysnez men have this day had with their neighbours of Arde. Wallop's wish to have Mons. Gamboa and the strangers assault Arde this night is thought, upon consideration with lord Graye (whom Hertford had already appointed to place in his new charge at Bulloigne tomorrow, he having tarried because his stuff was not come from Guysnez, and also to perfect "my cousin Knyvet amongst the horsemen,") and others, is thought not to be attempted without ladders and necessaries, remembering the depth of the dikes; but, as the enemy will probably reinforce the town tonight or tomorrow, Graye and Knyvet go presently to Guysnes with the horsemen and some footmen of the Low Country to lay wait for them. Asks what shall be done with the prisoners now taken, as by Hertford's coming over the custom of ransoming "for quarterages and other ordinary ransoms" is "at liberty"; and meanwhile writes to Wallop "to keep them, though he appoint their diet the meaner." Camp at Newe Haven in Bullonoys, 13 April 1546. Signed.
P.S.—As Englishmen taken prisoners by the French are straitly handled and employed in the galleys, it were well, if the King" set forth any such," to use these prisoners likewise.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
13 April. 595. Sir Thomas Wyatt to Paget.
R. O. Being by your means come to much of my desire I desire you to continue your friendship; "and because the chiefest thing of my request tended unto the liberty which I found not in mine office, as yourself, I am sure, remembreth well; wherein having now occasion to receive the same by means of this new fortress, if it pleased his Majesty to make me worthy the rule thereof, I would be right glad of the same, trusting to make as good an account of it as appertaineth, as ashamed to leave off or it leave me. Otherwise I purpose to prove the liberty of that is mine own; so that if I shall not have the one, I shall desire you that, with his Majesty's favour, I "may have the other." Camp at New Haven, 13 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
13 April. 596. Mont to Paget.
R. O. I wrote to the King on 30 March from Spires. The Emperor went thence to Ratisbon. I hear nothing of our Princes going thither. It is likely that the Elect of Mentz will go thither to receive his fief which at Spires he asked for but did not obtain, for the Emperor commanded him to come to Ratisbon. The constant report is that the Emperor will not stay long at Ratisbon, but will go into Italy by Trent, conducted by the horsemen which Marquis Albert enrolls. The Cardinal of Trent's brother is said to be enrolling some standards of foot against that departure. The Protestants now begin their assembly at Worms (not all yet present) from whence they will go to the Diet of Ratisbon. Report is here that some thousands of Italians are being enrolled for the King, to be used with the duke of Savoy's men in Piedmont. If so, Count William of Furstenberg might be useful, for, besides his rage against the French king, he knows the country there. He told me at Spires that he knew ways of leading an army as far as Lyons and had a plan for capturing High Burgundy, but I took these things as said "militariter." Reyffenberg now frequently comes hither to Reckrod. They are very intimate, and I hear that he is now made the French king's servant,—an argument of his intelligence with the French before. The French captains as yet collect no men, and I almost incline to the opinion that they stay here rather to disturb things than to enlist forces. Both Reckrod and Basfontein are now at Worms. The colloquy of Ratisbon dissolved without any agreement; for a Spaniard, (fn. n2) doctor of medicine and distinguished theologian, whom Bucer brought from Strasburg to Ratisbon, while he persevered in the confession of the true faith was assassinated by his own brother, a courtier whom Malvenda had summoned from Rome to convert him, and the rest perturbed by that example went away. The parricide, who had made all preparations for flight, got as far as Innspruck, where he was apprehended. In these parts is now no news. It is to be feared that this at Ratisbon will end like other diets. Desires instructions. Would willingly go to Worms if he had any commands to execute. Commendations to Petre. Francford, 13 April 1546.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 April. 597. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 384.
Meeting at Westminster, 14 April. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Browne, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Letter to Lord Admiral to provide hoys and wafting at Portsmouth, as the King approved a suggestion by Winchester and Paget, in the absence of the Great Master, to send biscuit, beer and beef from Portsmouth to Dover for supply of the fleet in June and July. Placard for Duke Philip and Mr. Mason for 18 horses to Dover. Letter to Aucher to see Duke Philip provided with one of the King's ships and passage for three or four horses.
To Deputy of Calais to lodge the said Duke at his coming on Saturday or Sunday next (fn. n3) and provide him with wagons and horses. To Dr. Coke to join with Dr. Oliver "in Emerson's matter in Mr. Mason's absence." To bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, president, and the Council in the Marches of Wales, that bearer, Fulk Pigott, searcher of Milford Haven, who sued for ordnance for the two new bulwarks there, is sent back to them that they may either furnish the bulwarks with ordnance which may be spared thereabouts or else advertise hither what is required. Robert Thistlewhat, committed to the Counter for resisting the mayor of London's searching his house, was, at the mayor's suit, called and admonished for his lightness to the mayor and the King's constable of his ward and discharged upon conditions (specified).
14 April. 598. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Arrived this day at Calles with the King's treasure, which, as commanded, he will here pay to Sir John Harryngton, treasurer of the army; and then, wind and weather serving, will depart homewards. Calles, 14 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
14 April. 599. Brende and Brigandyn to Paget.
R. O. Arrived here today with Courtpenyng's lieutenant. The soldiers will all assemble at Marke within these five days. Not many are yet come, but the way is full. The Lieutenant requires one crown in prest for every head till next pay, and Brend will therein tomorrow repair to the Lord Lieutenant while Brigantyne orders things here. "Courtpenyng, who had his despatch touching our passage without speaking with the Regent, but with promise to repair to her before his departure, was, at our going from Andwerpe, sent to for that purpose by Mr. Carne's letter; and, the same making mention of his short despatch, we look for him shortly here." Caleis, 14 April. Signal.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
14 April. 600. The Landgrave to Mont.
R. O. Mont has intimated that the King of England feels aggrieved that these States permit George von Reckrodt to lie in Francfort enlisting men for the French king, who is not so favourable to their religion. These States are neutral and will not hinder either King from enlisting men; but if the King were now with them to oppose this Council of Trent, they would show themselves more friendly to him than to the French king, as Mont may signify. Newenschlos, 14 April 1546. Signed.
P.S. (on a separate paper).—Because Chr. von Landenberg, who has been long sick, again enlists men, the writer would know if he is the King's servant. Would say that he is not to be trusted, being an adherent of Duke Henry. Likewise hears that Meinhart von Ham prepares some standards of footmen, and would know if he also is the King's servant. Dot. ut supra.
German, pp. 3. Add.: "Dem hochgelertenn unnserm liebenn besonndernn Christopherenn Mundt, der rechtenn doctori." Endd.
R. O. 2. Latin translation of the above in Mont's hand.
P. 1.
14 April. 601. Council of Ten to the Governors of Brescia.
v., No. 376.
To watch Ludovico da l'Armi, who has arrived at Castil Goffredo to raise troops for England.
14 April. 602. Lodovico da l'Armi to the Cardinal of Mantua.
v., No. 378.
Having commissions and letters of credence from the King, his master, for the Duke of Mantua, begs to know whether he may execute the commission. Castello Giuffredo, 14 (fn. n4) April 1546.
15 April. 603. The Duke of Longueville to Queen [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.
ii., 52.
Adv. Lib.
In behalf of two Carthusians (one of them Scotch) going to Scotland. We are still in this town "a la poursuite de nostre procteur de Laval." Paris, 15 April 1545 arant Pasques. Signed: v're tresumble et tresobeissant filz, Françoys d'Orleans.
Fr. p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 April. 604. Cardinal of Mantua to Capilupo.
v., No. 377.
Some say that Ludovico de l'Armi will lead the troops he is raising for England to Boulogne, but the general opinion is that he will make an expedition into Savoy in the name of the Prince of Piedmont. With Da L'Armi at Castel Giffredo in Montferrat, La Mirandola, on the other side, will certainly make a similar movement on behalf of France to the disturbance of Mantuan territory and danger of the Duke's interests in Montferrat, to which the duke of Savoy has not renounced his claims. Desires to have the advice of Granvelle. Cannot favour England, by reason of the King's professed enmity to the Holy See; for last year when Signor Luigi [Gonzaga] was about to enter the English service the Pope wrote to him (the Cardinal of Mantua) to prevent it. He must beware of seeming inquisitive about this most important political business; and must breathe nothing about the possibility of France desiring to have an agent at Castel Giffredo or La Mirandola's threatening to arm and cross the Po. Mantua, 15 April.
16 April. 605. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 386.
Meeting at Westminster, 16 April. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker, Wotton. Business:—Upon supplication by Barth. Fortuny touching goods spoiled by John Thompson of Calais and Wm. Trymel of Rye, and mostly sold to men of Barstable, "and that also the said Trymel should pass with 3,000 crusados taken out of an hulk coming from Lussheborne," letters were written to Sir Thos. Arundel, Sir Giles Strangwayes, &c., to sequestrate the goods; and the lord Warden also wrote to the mayor of Rye to sequestrate the crusados. Warrant to Exchequer to redeliver to Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. Gresham and Sir Roland Hill their bills for 3,000l. in exchange for those of Stephen Vaughan and 6l. 7s. 4d. Like warrant to Williams for 2,000l. Warrants to the Exchequer to deliver Ric. Knight, towards victualling of the Navy by the Lord Great Master, 1,500l.; and Thomas Chaloner 150l. to be presented to Mons. Skepperus, the Emperor's ambassador, as the King's reward at his return into Flanders. Passport for Skepperus, Letters to customers of Ipswich and Harwich to see that provisions are not shipped along with the King's provisions for Calais and Boulogne in order to evade the customs, and that the King's provisions are entered in the Customers' books and a cocket thereof delivered free to the shipmaster. Upon supplication by Christopher de Miranda and other Spaniards, letters were written to Arundel, Strangwayes, &c., to sequestrate such goods as bearer could declare. Lord Wharton had letters to Williams for 86l. 13s. 4d. in payment of a bill, and 10l. to be delivered in reward to Pate Grame and Robert Foster; and John Uvedale, treasurer of wars in the North, was ordered to pay to Wharton rewards to Scottishmen to the extent of 200 mks. by year. Wharton ordered by letter to let Pate and George Grame have 40 acres of ground "within the Batable" for life. Release of —— (blank) who was committed to Bedlem for lewd words in the time of his frenzy spoken against the King.
16 April. 606. Scepperus and Vander Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 246.
The Emperor's letters of the 5th inst. from Dunkelspiel assume that Scepperus had left; as he would have done but for the Queen's instructions dated the 1st inst. to remain longer. Obtained audience, and Scepperus took leave to-day. The King asked if he had no reply with regard to the marriage. Answered that their letters made no mention of it, and they thought that he should instruct his ambassador to represent his views, as the King of the Romans would be with the Emperor. The King changed the subject by saying that he would not allow himself to be alienated from the Emperor's friendship although he knew how he had been misrepresented in two or three quarters: he wished the Emperor to be informed that the French sought to negociate with him by means of the two Admirals, and he was sending Paget to Calais to hear what the French would say although he knew that their object was only to arouse distrust between the Emperor and him. He would listen to reasonable conditions, but otherwise stand firm and fear nothing. He charged Scepperus to convey his regards to the Queen Regent; and dismissed them graciously. As far as they can ascertain, Duke Philip's business is merely buckler play. The Duke left yesterday at 3 p.m., going by Antwerp, where he is to receive a large sum of money. It is stated that he is the King's pensioner with 10,000 fl. yearly. Scepperus remains for tomorrow's conference, to settle the first of two points agreed upon at Utrecht, viz., concerning the dues and imposts here, which the English have justified by their registers "for hundreds of years back up to the present time, as we have written to the Queen." London, 16 April 1546.
16 April. 607. The Same to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 247.
Refer to their letter to the Emperor. Scepperus will take the sea route, to avoid having to salute Duke Philip, who will stay at Calais for some days. Beg her to order the captain of Gravelines to allow some fresh poultry, fish and similar things to pass for the Lord Admiral of England and Secretary Paget. London, 16 April 1546.
17 April. 608. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 388.
Meeting at Westminster, 17 April. Present: Chancellor, Essex, [Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker, Wotton]. Business:—Letter to earl of Bath that whereas, about 24 March last, the captain of an English man-of-war seized a Flemish hoy laden with Gascon wines of Wm. van Tonger and Derick van Oven, merchants of Antwerp, conveyed her to Ilford Combe beside Barstaple, and was selling the goods as French, whereas the duke of Norfolk's letters to the bp. of Winchester proved the contrary, the Council required the said Earl to make the said captain restore the vessel to bearer, together with the goods or their value. To Sir Ric. Southwell and the Court of Survey to stay process against Angelett Castelyne, widow, or other executors of Wm. Castlyne, dec., for a debt to the King, until the Council might move his Highness therein. Warrants to treasurer of Augmentations to pay Lowys de Noguera, paymaster of the Spaniards, or Antony Mazuelo, the bearer, 40l disbursed over and above the money received by him from the treasurer of Calais; also to pay Sir Ant. Kyngston 81l. 13s. 4d. for costs (specified) of sending 271 men from Bristol to London to Sir Thos. Clere, viceadmiral, and Robert Legge, treasurer. Warrants to treasurer of the Chamber for 38s., for conduct and coats, to John Barroe and Henry Griffyne, late gunners at Walmer castle and dismissed for lewd demeanour to their captain, addressed with letters to the earl of Hertford for their placing; and for 9l. 20d. to Richard Cuthbert, gunner of Alnwick castle, who disbursed it by appointment of Sir Ralph Evre, dec., in fortification at Kelsoo; this upon letters from Sir Robert Bowes. John Wyot, carpenter, for lewd words of the King, sent home to Essex with letters to Henry Tyrrel of Herne, Eustace Sulyarde and John Pointz, for his setting (prescribed) on the pillory at Billerica.
17 April. 609. Paget to Petre.
R. O. Yesterday I forgot to tell you that the King was contented to give audience this day to the ambassador of Venice. Pray remind his Highness; and also learn whether we shall open letters that pass by us, so that upon knowledge of things abroad we may the better proceed. Remember Sir William Woodehouse. Westminster, going to my barge, "this morning at iiij. of the clock." Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: xvijo Aprilis 1546.
17 April. 610. Peace Negotiations.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 102.
Memorial given by the King to Lisle and Paget, sent in commission "to treat and conclude upon a peace, with certain commissioners sent from the French king, at this present, for the same purpose."
1. The place of meeting to be, if possible, Guisnes or Calays; or else the first meeting to be upon "indifferent ground" and all other meetings at their discretion. 2. To require to have Boulloyn and Boullonnoys for ever, or, if that is refused, provoke "them" to declare what part of the same they would have restored; and if they come to reasonable offers advertise the King. 3. To require the yearly payment of the pension as in former contracts. 4. To require the whole arrears of the pension in hand, or at least "the one half and the residue to be paid at Michaelmas"; and, if the Frenchmen think that day too short, to signify what respite they desire. (fn. n5) 5. To get for costs of the war and expense of keeping Boulloyn as much as they can above 3,000,000 cr., and not to "relent under that sum" without further instruction, the money to be paid at Cales, 1 May 1556 or 1566. 6. The Scots to be comprehended as in last treaty with France, "upon condition also that they shall deliver presently into our hands their young Queen for the performance of the marriage with our son Prince Edward" and keep the other covenants made in last treaty of marriage. If they refuse delivery until the time appointed by that treaty, then to require hostages to be laid; "and for default of performance of covenants, to be taken for no comprehense." 7. To have "special regard to the preservation of our treaties with the Emperor and other our friends." 8. From time to time to report proceedings, and proceed as directed by letters of the King and Council.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 5. Endd.: The lord Admirall and Mr. Secretary Mr. Pagettes instructions, xvijo Aprilis 1546.
R. O. 2. Commission to Hertford, Lisle, Paget and Wotton to treat with plenipotentiaries of the French king for peace, &c., at Cales, Guisnes or Ardres. Westm., 17 April 1546, 37 Hen. VIII.
Latin. Draft, adding the names of Hertford and Wotton to a copy originally meant for Lisle and Paget alone, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute of the commission for my lordes of Hertford and Admirall and Mr. Paget.
17 April. 611. Philip Count Palatine to Paget.
R. O. Gerardus the goldsmith, who, by the King's command, has served him for some time and conducted him hither, he would not send back without a letter; knowing the man's desire to serve the King faithfully. Begs Paget to commend Gerardus to the King and remember his petition for a better living; and also to humbly commend the writer to the King, his lord. Dover, "dec[ima] septima die Aprilis, anno mdxxxxvi." Scaled.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.
17 April. 612. Hertford to Henry VIII.
R. O. According to the tenour of his last letters to Mr. Secretary Paget, sent lord Graye and his cousin Knyvet, with the horsemen, to Guysnez to encounter the reinforcement likely to be sent to Arde. Departing hence on Tuesday evening last, (fn. n6) day was at hand when they arrived at Guisnez; so that they could not undiscovered lay their ambush, and, therefore, they rested until 4 p.m., and then marched forth to their post. No footmen or new succour for Arde came, but in lieu thereof 200 horses laden with sacks of corn, conducted from Tyrwan by 200 horsemen and 60 footmen under Mons. de Bonvile himself, captain of Tyrwan. Through "ill skoute," these had discharged their victuals at Arde and were gone three miles homeward ere Graye and Knyvet heard of them; but, as they were reported to have carts with them, the ambush "brake and followed in chase of them" unto within two miles of Tirwan, all through the Emperor's country hard by St. Homers. The Frenchmen, ever fleeing shamefully, were reviled as cowards by the country people; and the "women and peasants" kept the prisoners and horses taken by our men until their return, "willing them to follow and take more." If our horses had not been weary all had been taken or killed. As it was, 11 men of arms and archers, all the 60 footmen, and at least 100 of the carriage horses were taken. In this chase lord Graye and Knyvet, being foremost, were well backed by the Clevoys and strangers, horsemen, as bearer my lord John can declare, who is a "forward gentleman" and has here served, as Lord Graye's lieutenant, "very painfully and honestly." New Haven in Bullonoys, 17 April 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 April. 613. Nicholas Hartwell.
R. O. His last will, made 17 April 1546, 37 Hen. VIII., bequeathing his body to be buried in the parish church of St. Sampson of Middelton Tregonwell, and leaving his "coverlet of dornyckes" to Master Doctor Tregunwell, with other bequests of sheep, &c., to the churches of Middelton Tregunwell and Helton, and to testator's wife and family. Witnesses, Thomas Prinne and Samson Persey.
Hol., p. 1.
17 April. 614. Carne to Paget.
R. O. On the 14th received answer to the ambassadors' letter sent to the Lady Regent touching the corn at Dorte, viz., that, far from refusing licence for the King's things to pass, she had accomplished all his desires; but as to this corn she could make no other answer, nor yet can, for people are perishing here for lack of corn, insomuch that she is driven to provide it and sell it to the poor within the price, and she fears that there will not be enough to last till new corn may be had, and has denied corn to the King of Portyngall and the Spaniards, the Emperor's own subjects. "Surely there is great dearth, for the bread that might have been bought for a stiver within this month is now almost by the one half less." Has informed Mr. Dymoke of this answer; for whom he has obtained licence for 100 lasts more of Estlande wheat, which licence the President promises to renew when it is returned to him ("for that that passeth is always written upon the back"). Dymoke wrote further that at Hansterdame he is driven to pay custom of 3s. Fl. for every last of corn, which the Spaniards also pay; and the writer has, through President Schore, obtained the Queen s order to take no more of the King's provision than the town duty of 2 stivers per last, which she cannot remit.
Was sent for the same day to hear complaints to the Council by certain "merchants Hispanyardes"; which were made by a doctor, pensioner of Andwerpe, on behalf of all the merchants, who set forth how they were spoiled and ill used at sea by the King's "armies and soldiers," whereby they had lost to the value of 200,000 fl. The Council desired Carne to advertise their complaint, the particulars of which should be sent to the ambassadors there; and they prayed him to write that restitution might be made according to the treaty. They say that lately "none can pass without distrussing of all or else a great fleece," and that the robbers are not punished. Wishes that means were provided to avoid such exclamations. Wrote on the 10th, by Mr. Vaughan, that he had sent for Courtpenynge. He, accordingly, came to Bruxelles, and Carne sent him on the morning of the 12th to the President, who had no more to say, as he reported, than to require him to hasten his band through the country (who answered that within four days all should be passed) and move him to come to the Emperor's service (wherein he answered as before, as signified by Carne's letters of the 4th to the Council, that without the King's licence he could serve no man). They were not together more than "a mynyt of an hower"; for Carne had persons to watch whether they had long treaty.
Mr. Dudle arrived with the King's present to the Lady Regent on the 15th inst., but she has been forth a hunting until yesternight. Some say that the Marquis of Gwasto is dead. "I am informed also that the xvth of this the princes of Germany that be Protestants should be together at Franckforde, there to treat of their affairs touching their religion and their order. For the defence thereof they have described in areadiness (as I am informed) of horsemen graris armature 12,000, of horsemen levis armature 6,000, of footmen 90,000; and provision made for money and other necessaries for the same. Which is much if it be true.
On the afternoon of the 15th arrived a post from the Emperor's ambassador in France. What he brought is "kept privy," but immediately all post keepers throughout this country were warned to suffer no horses to pass without learning "whence the courier cometh and what is his business"; and like order was sent along the frontier to examine men passing between this country and France. This "maketh them here to fear the wars." Thanks for diets. Bynkes, 17 April. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add Endd.: 1546.
ii. Paget to Petre.
"Mr. Peter, Curtpenyng is here with all his 3,000," the best in order that have been seen. Every man has been a soldier before. Each band has at least 150 armed according to the covenant, and most of the ensigns 200 such, and yet the King at no greater charge. "I received this letter as I was closing up this packet. Will'm Paget.
"I think the stay of the posts whereof Mr. Kern maketh mention in the end of his letter grew of the first posting of Francisco Bernardo through Flanders into Fraunce."
P. 1. On the fly leaf of the above.
17 April. 615. Mary of Hungary to Vander Delft and Scepperus.
viii., No. 248.
Has received their three letters of the 5th and 6th inst., the two of the 6th reaching her two days before the English ambassador handed her that of the 5th. Penninck has since come hither and obtained passage for his troops. Requires them to obtain audience of the King and tell him that she is sorry to hear that he and his Councillors have formed such an opinion of her, although she thinks that hitherto she has done everything that could reasonably be expected and intends to please and assist him in all things. Defends at great length her action with regard to Penninck and the grain—as in previous letters, additional points being that the abbess of Alten has written denying that she consented to the musters being taken there; that there will be much ado to hide the transit of these troops from the French who are already offended; already poor people have died from famine, and the stock of grain will not suffice until August; instead of bringing grain from Thilmont, which is the granary of Brabant, by way of Louvain, the merchants now carry it to Maestricht and thence down the Meuse to Dortrecht where it is represented as from Cleves and Julliers. The English contention that last agreement secures free transit for victuals, horses, munitions, &c., is not supported when the fourth clause of the treaty of Cambrai is considered with it; but it appears to be her first duty to provide against famine, as she has explained to the English ambassador, who promises to write of the scarcity here. Her anxiety to please the King has led her to give the Ambassador leave to export 100 lasts of Oestlandt wheat from Amsterdam, besides the 100 lasts previously authorised; and she will provide more if possible. Cannot discover that the English ever had more than 80 lasts shipped at Dortrecht.
The deputies of Antwerp with a great number of merchants of various nations established there came to Brussels to complain to the Privy Council of the English depredations, by which since February they have lost 35,000 cr. Not a ship is allowed to pass without something being taken, and when the victims go to England to recover their property they are illtreated. The President referred the deputation to this place; and they repeated their statements in presence of the English ambassador. They urged her to seize all English subjects and their goods; but, in the end, reluctantly agreed that she must first send to the King to demand restitution. They send a man with instructions and proofs. Meanwhile, sends their statements of claims, to be presented to the King and Council in order that reparation may be made and last year's agreement with Paget carried out. Failing this, the Emperor must provide other remedies, as the merchants are pressing her to decree a seizure and she is willing to do so. This matter must be handled dexterously, so that the persons spoiled, who are mostly Spaniards, may obtain recompense. The King might require his ships of war to give security not to injure his allies and to make proper declaration of all they capture at sea. The merchants say that their mariners are usually unable to identify their plunderers, and that dealers are always waiting in the English ports to buy plunder, so that their goods cannot be traced. The Antwerp deputation presented the letter (herewith) about their injuries by English sailors. Anything in it not included in the two previous instructions taken by Van der Burgh may be embodied in your demands. Binche, 17 (?) April 1546.
17 April. 616. Charles V. to Scepperus and Vander Delft.
viii, No. 249.
Wrote to Vander Delft from Dunkelspiel under the impression that Scepperus had returned to the Queen, as he wrote to Granvelle that he intended. Has since received theirs of the 26th. As to Penninck's troops the Queen's instructions suffice. As to the aid, Scepperus must adhere to his instructions and, if the Council are not satisfied, offer to write to the Emperor and the Queen. As to the marriage, they must listen and try to understand the English aims without saying more than they have. The English ambassador told Granvelle that Duke Philip went to offer service. There is small likelihood of his negociating anything of consequence. The Ambassador in France reports negociations with the English so far advanced that only war indemnity and fortifications of Boulogne remain pending. Monluc was to go to England about it with a Venetian named Mafeo, and the Admirals of England and France were to meet. Regensburg, 17 April 1546.
17 April. 617. Venice.
v. No. 380.
Motion to prohibit enlistment in foreign services negatived by 16 to 10.
17 April. 618. [Count Ludovico Rangone to Henry VIII.]
R. O. Thanks for the loving letter in which the King wrote that he refrained from employing him lest he should suffer loss by the Bishop of Rome and the Duke his son. Is so desirous to serve, especially with Signor Alloisio his kinsman, that any loss incurred thereby would be a pleasure; and he wishes for no recompense save that the King may know that anything written or said to the contrary has been done against his will. The King may enquire by some of his people in Italy whether the writer is able to be of service. Roca Bianca, 17 April 1546.
Italian. Copy, p. 1.
18 April. 619. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 390.
Meeting at Greenwich, 18 April. Present: Essex, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker, Wotton. Business:—Upon letters received from the Earl of Hertford the Lord Chancellor was ordered to issue proclamations allowing all men to convey victual to the fort at the New Haven in Bolonoys. Ric. Knight had warrant to the Exchequer for 1,000l. for sea victuals.
18 April. 620. Cranmer to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 205.
B. M.
C's. Works,
Has received his letters dated Calis, 11 April, requesting the writer to "revoke the inhibition brought unto the Arches by John Holland in the matter between him and William Porter." Cannot with justice interrupt Holland's appeal and again remit the matter to the Commissary of Calais, but has sent to the Dean of the Arches and resumed the matter into his own hands. Begs Cobham to send the interrogatories, testament and the acts before the judge, and he will end the matter according to justice. Will stay the matter for a time; but if Cobham cannot shortly end it he (the writer) must proceed. Thanks for wine. Desires to buy some if any come to be sold reasonably. Commendation to Lady Cobham, Mr. Treasurer, Mr. Marshal, Mr. Wenteworth and my Lady. Bekisbourne, 18 April. Signed.
P.S.—Where you write that Lady Baynton may have the college, but not meddle with Cobham Hall; pray send your mind therein to your agent, for she is willing to have it if she may have convenient ground thereunto.
Pp. 2. Add.: deputy of Calis.
18 April. 621. Great Weldon, Northants.
Add. Ch.
B. M.
Lease by indenture made 18 April, 37 Hen. VIII, by Joan widow of Edm. Knevet and John Knevet, s. and h. of the said Edm., to John Pratte of Moche Weldon, Ntht., of a mease or tenement with certain lands, specified, in Great Weldon from Mich. 1549, for 40 years. Two seals appended.
18 April. 622. Lisle to the Council.
R. O. Received their letters of the 17th with the double of those to my lord of Hartford, which he has "presently" despatched. Could add nothing to them; but does not think that, for the loss only of 140 or 160 men, the town of Ardres might be taken, as the Council seem to conceive; for if the captain had so few men he would be more circumspect in issuing out, and also they will be already reinforced from Tyrwane, which may always be furnished again from Hedynge, and Hedynge from their camp or from Monstrell, unless our army encamp near them. Hartford having the Almains now with him, "and the force at New Havon being something advanced," may leave a number sufficient to defend the same from a sudden attempt, and encamp near Estaples (since the French king has amassed no new bands of Almains or Suises), and so cut the victuals from Ardes and the "new forte" as well as hinder the fortifying at Estaples.
At the King's command, signified by Sir Thos. Clere and others of the Admiralty, has sent five ships to "the Willinges" to waft the provisions provided by Damselles at Antwerp. Sends the more ships because informed that seven sail of Scots are at Camfere laden for Scotland and "double manned." Leaves the rest of the navy to keep the Narrow Seas in the leading of Lord William Howard and Lord Clynton. Spoke yesterday with a Fleming who was at Newe Haven yesterday and says that the galleys are still at Rouen, and "great plague among the 'forsarres''; also that many ships are still within Newe Haven and few in the road. Dover, 18 April 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 April. 623. Mary of Hungary to Scepperus.
viii. No. 250.
Writes this in reply to Paget's remarks about the King's esteem for her repeated in Scepperus' letters of the 27th ult. On the return thither of the gentleman (fn. n7) who brought the King's present, with pretext of her letters instructing him to thank the King, he must signify her ardent wish to preserve the friendship between their houses and say that she would have given him letters of credence, with assurance of her desire for the marriage which was under discussion, but was then absent from Court. He must confine himself to these general terms until the Emperor's answer to his letters of the 27th ult. comes. The Ambassador in France writes that the French say that Scepperus went to persuade the King not to make terms with them, and next year the Emperor would join him in invading France. Warns him of this that he may make some other pretence for his stay, such as the present negociation on private claims. A statement to the Venetian ambassador would probably be communicated to the Venetian ambassador in France. Binche, 18 April 1546.
18 April. 624. The Landgrave to Mont.
R. O. There was no need for the King to thank him for his communication of affairs (eroffnung ergangner handlung) and release of the hacquebuts, because he is ready to serve in greater things. As to Fridrich van Reifenberg, thinks that the King should send a person who knows the man and is authorised to prosecute, to whom the Landgrave will give letters for Reifenberg's apprehension. Will refer the confederation to confidential persons of this League and make answer through Mont. Remembers saying that he would not refuse a gift of angelots; but where the King now offers a pension of 10,000 gulden to be partly employed in retaining captains, and upon condition, &c., he will think about it and write to Mont therein when answer is made as to the confederation. Thanks for the King's warning about releasing Brunswick, in which they will not be too hasty. Gissen, 18 April 1546. Signed.
German, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Latin translation of the above in Mont's hand.
P. 1.
18 April. 625. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. It is bruited that between the Emperor and French king are great practices for marriages, of the Emperor's son with the French king's daughter, and of the Prince of Savoy with the Queen of Navarre's daughter, with restitution of all Savoy except three or four towns. "Here is also fame of composition between your Majesty and the said King by the rendering of Boloigne, in recompense whereof the same shall prevail of Scotland." But the French cease not to fortify towns in Piemont, which seems "not sign of amity." Because of the Duke of Florence's secretary imprisoned by the Bishop [i.e. the Pope], "as by myn ot[her letters I have cer]terfied your Mate," the Duke has written to the Cardinals "that if the Bushop procede ayenst him by spiritual armes he wil have his cawse judgid in place wher no partial or corupt jugement is usid, but only the trewith and realtye; and if he be provokid by temporal armes, then wil he make him answer with dedes and not with wordes." Although both are greatly moved, it is reported from Rome that they shall be reconciled "for fear of kindling some great fire in Italy." The Duke's ambassador here has been very friendly, and I perceive that the Duke has great devotion to your Majesty; wherefore I think him worthy of your favour as "a great member in Italy" and apt to do you service. At Trent there seems to be small union among the prelates, and the session of the Council is prorogued till Corpus Christi Day. By letters from Vienna, the Turks, notwithstanding the truce, make incursions on Ferdinando's confines. "Of the Turk I have nothing of moment." Signor Ludovico de Larmy arrived today and delivered me a letter from your Council. We will treat together for the furtherance of your service; but of your affairs you "shalbe in bref move copiously advertisid." Venice, 18 April 1546.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd. (erroneously): 15 April.
19 April. 626. New Haven in Boulonnais.
Soc. of Antiq.
Procl. ii., 165.
Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to proclaim that the King, minding to have his camp at the Newe Haven in Bolonoys well furnished, until further proclamation to the contrary, licenses all his subjects to ship thither wheat, malt, rye, oats, beans, peas, beefs, muttons, bacon, bread, beer, butter, cheese and all kinds of victuals, wood, coals, hay and straw, provided that the senders enter them in the customers' books and bring back certificate signed by the King's lieutenant or any two of his Council there, Westm., 19 April. 37 Henry VIII.
ii. [Note that the mandate was also given in] Hants, Soms., Dors., Suss., Kent, Essex, Norf., Suff., Linc. and Cinque Ports.
Modern copy, p. 1.
19 April. 627. Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Bill of John Hare, mercer of London, for certain items of velvet, satin and buckram, in all 36s. 7d., due 19 April 1546.
Small slip, p. 1. Headed: "To Mr. Anthony Bocher."
19 April. 628. Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 103.
Yesterday before noon arrived a French ambassador called Mons. de Estraynge, with a small company, and had audience that afternoon. About 9 o'clock at night President Score sent for Carne and said he was commanded to signify the said ambassador's coming, which was so unexpected that the Queen was still at mass when he arrived. His message was only "generalties" of the French king's amity and goodwill, save that his master marvelled at the passage of the Almains through the Emperor's country by express licence and prayed the Queen to suffer no more to pass; also he said that he would remain here resident until the French king provided another. The Queen's answer was that the passage of Almains was no more to be wondered at now than it was when they passed through to serve the French king against the Emperor; and she marvelled that his master suffered such violence as was daily done upon the Emperor's frontier subjects, for redress whereof she had written. The President further said that this ambassador has been a great practiser for the French king in Germany, and therefore they take his sudden coming hither to be for no good to them, the Emperor's ambassador in the French Court having in recent letters, advertised nothing of it: Carne should be participant of all that passed with him. This ambassador arrived a little before Mr. Dudle delivered the King's present, which was done as the Queen came from the church, Mr. Dudle set forth well the "hacques" (hackneys), hobbies, and all the greyhounds, hounds and great dogs, which were much admired; and the Queen viewed them one after another, and appeared to be "the gladdest woman in the world," declaring that she could not tell how to thank the King for so noble a present. Bynkes, 19 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
19 April. 629. Carne to Paget.
R. O. On the 17th inst. between 5 and 6 p.m. the Lady Regent sent for Mr. Dudle and Carne, who found her accompanied with the countie Dell Alaryn, the President and other of her Council. According to Paget's instructions of the 23rd ult., presented Dudle, who delivered the King's letters and declared his "ambassade" very well, adding an offer of any other thing in the King's realm that might do the Emperor or her pleasure. She expressed her thanks and appointed the morrow to see "them," (fn. n8) immediately after mass, before dinner. Mr Dudle then had them ready, tarrying for her, "first bringing them very fair through the town from his lodging, as he must needs do, being his way, in as good order, methought, as might be; for the show, I ensure you, all the town followed him, wondering on them, seeing them so fair and so well appointed." She seemed very glad, repeating many times that she knew not how to recompense the King's goodness, and requiring Dudle, who would have taken leave, to tarry, because she would write by him and again speak with him. This morning, at the opening of the gates, she went forth a hunting to prove her dogs. Yesternight about 9 p.m. the President sent for Carne, as appears by his letter herewith to the King. He said that as yet the Queen had received no complaint of any misorder of Courtpenyng's men in their passage. Caused Dudle to despatch this post in diligence, and begs Paget to see him recompensed. Bynkes, 19 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
20 April. 630. Beacons.
Lamb. MS.
709 (R. 53.)
Copy (fn. n9) of the order for the placing and lighting of beacons calendared in Vol. XX., Part i., No. 52 (2), without the last article. Grenewich, 20 April, 87 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2.
20 April. 631. O. Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 20 April 1546:—By my last per Mr. Lord I certified you of my previous letters sent per Wm. Castell to which I expected an answer ere this. Your wife intends to ride tomorrow, and I will go with her, leaving order for letters to be forwarded to Tykeforde and thence to Glapthorne; meanwhile I will consult Mr. Brudenell. [Touching the King's fells for next year my master assures me none shall have them from Mr. Cave, and the price will be raised as little as possible. For this last year's 'winters' I paid 100l. 16s. including boat hires to Greenwich. Gave Mr. James Gage the 16l.; he will continue Mr. Cave's friend. I take allowance of Mr. Smyth for Mr. Cave's part of the above and the 30l. B. Hoese must have, which must be paid as soon as I get to Glapthorn, for Ric. Preston says he has been there for it already. Mrs. Fayrey, my brother B., Mr. Smith and Mrs. Baynam. Little wool sold as yet. As to the delivery of your money beyond sea to the King's use, John Newes would bring you particulars. Will send cloth tomorrow by Thos. Brown's ship of Calais, Ric. Bullocke, master. Mr. Kellem cannot yet succeed in your Cotterstocke mutter. Send salt: Mr. Smith and George Grant will take pains therein. Commendations to my brother Warner, good Mistress Baynam, and all friends at Calais.
Pp. 2. Mutilated. Add.: brother, at Calais.
20 April. 632. Lisle and Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 105.
Arrived here this morning about 7 o'clock and found Francisco Bernardo newly come from Ardre, from Monsr. de Monluke, who seems to have first broached this matter to the Venetian ambassador in France. This Monluke has been almost three years ambassador at Venice, and was last sent to the Turk with the Emperor's ambassador, and is grown in special favour with the French king. Bernardo, arriving from Westminster on Sunday last, (fn. n10) at Ardre, declared the likelihood of the writers' coming very shortly; and Monluke (who has been at Ardre "to-morrow shall be a sevennight") immediately sent for the Admiral of France, who will be this night or tomorrow at Estaples, and for whose coming to Ardre he desires safe conduct, which is accorded, with remembrance that under colour of the Admiral's coming Ardre be not refreshed with victuals. Bernardo hopes for an honorable peace, and says that the Frenchmen will come roundly to work and "we shall habb or nab shortly." Calais, 20 April 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 April. 633. Paget to Petre.
R. O. Albeit I savour still the ship and am very ill of being therein all this night past, my lord Admiral and I think good to advertise the King of our arrival and with whom we shall have to treat, viz. the Admiral of France and Mons. Monluke "who is th' Admyrales mynyon because the F. King favouryth hym well." Yesterday I received your letter and perceive that you moved the King for Sir Wm. Woodhous but had no answer. I thank you, not that I gain one penny by it, "or for any suit that ever I made to his Majesty (except ij.)," but, because he is his Majesty's good servant. Begs to be kept informed of occurrents and commended to the Council. Calais, 20 April 1546.
"Tomorrow (fn. n11) or Friday I will go to see the camp at Newhaven."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 April. 634. Camillo Capilupo to the Cardinal of Mantua.
v, No. 381.
Having deciphered the letter about Lodovico da l'Armi, went to Granvelle at 3 p.m. and read him Lodovico's letter. Granvelle answered that he could say, in confidence, that the matter would all end in smoke. The Cardinal must not see Lodovico, but send a message that the Duke is a minor and the Cardinal cannot listen for fear of offending the Pope; and and then issue proclamation against entering foreign pay. He added that the same answer should be made to the French if they demanded a fortress in Mantuan territory in order to counteract Lodovico. Reminded him that the French might take one by force, and that it was from fear of displeasing the Emperor that his advice was asked; but he got irritated and Secretary Rios entered the room, so the writer closed by saying that the best remedy was to refuse General Luigi [Gonzaga's] request for licence to enter the English service, or engage him in the Imperial service. For the General had sent a memorial of request for such a licence. Granvelle replied that no licence would be given, nor would the Emperor interfere in this matter. Ratisbon? 20 April 1546.


  • n1. A misreading apparently for Marquise. The fort was, of course, at Ambleteuse.
  • n2. Juan Diaz, murdered by his brother Alfonso. See Sleidan, Bk. XVII
  • n3. April 17 or 18.
  • n4. In margin of Venetian Calendar the date is "15" April.
  • n5. Altered from "and being thought too hard for their poverty to pay the arrearages at the said time and days, then to stalle the payment thereof to the term of payment of the sums of money for our expenses and other charges hereafter mentioned in these articles."
  • n6. April 13th.
  • n7. Andrew Dudley.
  • n8. The hackneys and hounds. See No 444.
  • n9. Enclosed in a letter from the abp. of York to the Earl of Shrewsbury of 24 May 1548.
  • n10. April 18th.
  • n11. "Tomorrow" (21 April) would be Wednesday, not Thursday.